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05.23.

17


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..

2008

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1.

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3

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1.1.

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1.2. ().
1.3. ().
1.4. ().
1.4.1. .
1.4.2.

7
10
13
18
18

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1.5. 1.
2.

22
23

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2.1. .
2.2. .
2.3.

24
24
27

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2.4.

30

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2.5. .
2.6. 2.
3.

33
37
53

. .
3.1. .
3.2. .
3.2.1.

54
54
67

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3.2.1.1. -.
3.2.1.2. .
3.2.1.3.

67
67
69

71

3.2.1.4. , .
3.2.2. .
3.3. 3.
4.

74
76
80

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4.1. .
4.1.1.

81
81

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4.1.2.

81

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4.1.3. .
4.1.4. .
4.2. .
4.2.1. .
4.2.2.

83
93
98
105
105

106
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4.2.3.
108
110
111
113
138

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4.3. 4.
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.
.


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139 ,

256 , 37 , 20
1 .
:
- -
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c 15-24 2008 .
-

25 2008 .
.

.

. ... ..,

. ... ..

.

1.

.
1.1.
.
,
.. [61-63]

.. [157-159], .. [81],
.. [179], .. [163,164], .. , ..
[165], .. [177,178], .. [195], ..
[173], .. [63], .. [136], ..
[212-214] . [2,4,16,96,145,149,154,174],

.
,
/ /
/ ./, , , ,
(), ().

, .. [61-63], ..
[157-159], .. [96], .. [77], ..
[154,155], .. , .. [165], .. [218,219], ..
[151] [20,95,195,207,209,211,222].
,
-, ..
[171,172], .. [127], .. [123], .. [38,39]
[173,185,189].

.
, ,
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. ,


, -

10

. -

:
1.
;
2.
.

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11

,

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(),

(),

() .
1.2. ().

,
().

: .. [47,50], ..
[2-7], .. [157,158], .. , ..
[177], .. [8], .. [24-26], .. [97-101], .
[137] [17,37,46,128,129,143,208,230].

,


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[165].
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/, / /
/ /.

12

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,


[114,165];
, .


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[37,128,143,158,177,204,208].
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13 [144], [209],

[165].

[144],
[209]. , ,
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13

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.. [42,43,46] ..
[2-4].

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[87,153,165,177,178]

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4- , 2-,
.
,

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[89,101,175].

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..
[230-233], .. [11], .. [218,219]
[154,167] ,
,

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14

, ,


.
1.3. ().

//.

.
1943. [244], .. ,
[243].
,
[241], .
,
.

: .. , .. , . [256]. ..
[181-184], A. M [138-140], .. [236-238], ..
[169,170], . [103-105], . , . [113], ..

[255]

[1,12,43,45,83,85,115,116,

121,142,160,220,225,239,242].
, ,
-
,

, :

15

1. ;
2. ;
3. ;
4.
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[85,170],
, ..
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[104,110,115,122,181]. ,
,

( ).
: ,
[28,30,36,84,100,103-105,
113,116,120,225,226].

16

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,
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,

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,
[79,80,105,115,116],
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, ..

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(
).
,


(ANSYS, NASTRAN, SCAD, LIRA .).


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. [60,79,80,138-140,150]
,
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,
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, [169,184,229].

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17

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[103,105],
,
.

[103,121,188,226].
,

, , [79,80,100,103-105,110,166],
,
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.
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,
[105,169].

,
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-

18

[79,80,103,105,115,169,183], - [104,169,170],
, ,
[176]
.
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[188,226],
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[223], ,
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[40,51,52,100,103-105,122]

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19

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, :
1.
,
/ , ,
/.
2.
, ,
, , .
3.
.
4. ,
BM.
5.

.

,
.
1.4. ().
1.4.1. .


.
.. -

20

[196-198].

, ..
,
.
.
.
.. [13]

,
.
.

. [13]
.

.. [130-132], .. [56-58], ..
[66,67, 70,71], - ..
[12-14], .. [200-202], .. [67,71]
.
[67]

()

..

.
, ,

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, .

21

, , ,
, (
), ,
.

[14,130,131,196 .], [94],


[132] - [31,34,56-58].
, ,
. [200]
, [70,240] .

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,

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:
1.


.
2.

.
3.
.
4.
[130], ..

6-

, [132].

22

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[33,35,41,56-58],
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. ,
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() ,
. [10,53,102,203,206]
.

[48,59,115,180,234,235,240],
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, -, [199],
.

[71,240]


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23

[49,165]. ,
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1.4.2.
.
..

[64-76,245-249]


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[64-76] ,

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24


. [64-71] ,

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[71,76]; ,

.

[71,72,74], [64,71],
[71], [71], ,
[71],
[71].

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1.5. 1.

.
.
,

25


, ,
.
, [71,240]
. [71]

.
.

2.
.
2.1. .

, .
,
,
[158].
, ,
.

. x y xyz ,
a b (. 2.1).

) :

26

1
f = Ax + By + (r0 x 2 + t0 y 2 ) .
(2.1.0)
2
, , r0, t0
:
1
2 f
1
2 f
= 2 = t0 ,
= 2 = r0 ;
(2.1.0)
Ry
y
Rx
x
: Rx, Ry (. 2.1).
pz
O
y

Mx

Myx

Mxy
Tx

My
Ty

Nx

z
Ny
S

Rx
Ry

. 2.1
[158]

,
, (2.1.0) :

2
2
2

V 1 v V 1+ v U
W
+
+

(
t
+
vr
)
=
0;

0
0
y 2
2 x 2
2 xy
y

U
V

D 2W + B ( r02 + t02 + 2vr0t0 ) W B ( r0 + vt0 )


+ ( vr0 + t0 )

p
=
0,
z
x
y

2U 1 v 2U 1 + v 2V
W
+
+

(
r
+
vt
)
= 0;
0
0
x 2
2 y 2
2 xy
x

4
4
4
= 4 +2 2 2 + 4 ;
x
x y
y
2

U,

(2.1.0)

x y, W ( z), v
; pz

27

Ed
Ed 3
B
=
; D =

;
; d
12(1 v 2 )
1 v2
( . 2.1);
.
,
(2.1.0),
U, V
W.
(2.1.0)
, .
() [71]
.
M =

Mx + My
1+ v

(2.1.0) :

2
2
2

V 1 v V 1+ v U
W
+
+

(
t
+
vr
)
=
0;

0
0
y 2
2 x 2
2 xy
y

U
V
2
2
M B ( r0 + t0 + 2vr0t0 ) W + B ( r0 + vt0 )
+ ( vr0 + t0 )
= p z ;

x
y

2W 2W

D 2 + 2 = M ,

y
x

2
2

: = 2 + 2 .
x
y
2U 1 v 2U 1 + v 2V
W
+
+

(
r
+
vt
)
= 0;
0
0
x 2
2 y 2
2 xy
x

(2.1.0)

W, U
V
[158].
x y:

28

V
Nx = B
+v
W (r0 + vt0 ) ;
y
x

U
Ny = B
+v
W (t0 + vr0 ) .

(2.1.0)

:
1 v V U
+
.
2 x y

x y:
S=B

2W
2W
M x = D 2 + v 2 ;
y
x

2W
2W
M y = D 2 + v 2 .
x
y
:

(2.1.0)

(2.1.0)

2W
M xy = M yx = D (1 v )
.

x y:

2W 2W M
Tx = D 2 + 2 =
;
x x
y x

2W 2W M
Ty = D 2 + 2 =
.
y y
x y

(2.1.0)

(2.1.0)

2.2. .
(2.1.0)
,


. ,
ABC (. 2.2) , ,
,
x, .

29

. 2.2
: :
- ;
- ;
- ;
- .
[158]
.
1. (x=0):
W
=0.
x
2. (y=b):
U=V=W=

(2.2.0)

2W
2W
M
=

D
+
v
U=V=W=0; y
2
x 2
y

= 0 .

(2.2.0)

2W
= 0 ,
, Ox
x 2
(2.2.0) :
2W 2W
= 2 = 0.
y 2
x

(2.2.0)

V = W = 0;

2
2

W
W
M x = D 2 + v 2 = 0;

y
x

V
Nx = B
+v
( r0 + vt0 ) W = 0.
y

(2.2.0)

U=V=W=0; M =
3. (x=a):

30

V 2W
=
= 0 , (2.2.0)
,
y y 2
:
2W 2W
U
V = W = 0; M = 2 = 2 = 0;
= 0.
x
y
x
4. (y=0):

U
Ny = B
+v
( t0 + vr0 ) W = 0;
x
y

1 v V U

S=B
+
=
0;
2 x y

2W
2W

M y = D 2 + v 2 = 0;

x
y

W
Qy = M D (1 v ) 2 = 0,

y
x y

Qy [158].

(2.2.0)

(2.2.0)

,
. x=0; y=0.
, - ,
:
2W
2W
=0.
W=0; U=0; V=0;
=0;
y 2
x 2
: =0.

(2.2.0)

M x = 0 ; M y = 0 ; Nx = 0 ; N y = 0 ; S = 0 ; R = 0 ,

(2.2.0)

2W
R = 2 D ( 1 v )
[214].
xy
. (2.2.0)
[71]:

31

R = 0 ; N x + S = N y + S = 0 ; =0.

(2.2.0)

, R0
.
: ,
.
:
V
2W 2W
U
= 0,
=
=
0
=
0
V=0; W=0;
;

U=0;
y
x 2
y 2
x

(2.2.0)

:
U=V=W=0;

W
W
= 0
=0.
y
x

(2.2.0)

2.3.

.

(2.1.0)
:
2u 1 v 2u 1 + v 2
w
+
+
C1
= 0;
2
2

2
2

2 1 v 2 1 + v 2u
w
+
+
C2
= 0;
2
2

2
2

2m 2m
u

+ 2 + C4
+ C5
= p + C3w ;
2

2w 2w
+
= m ,
2 2
:

(2.3.0)
(2.3.0)
(2.3.0)
(2.3.0)

32

Ed 2
Ed 2
Ed 3
u=
U; =
V; w =
W;
2
3
2
3
2
4
p0 (1 v ) a
p0 (1 v )a
12 p0 (1 v )a

M
x
y
p
m=
; = ;
= ;
p= z;

2
p0 a
a
a
p0

C1 = 12 1; C2 = 12 2 ; C3 = 12 2 3 ; C4 = 1; C5 = 2 ,
d
d
d
d
d

(2.3.0)

; p0 z ;
a
2 = ( + v ) ;

2
a
2
2

3 = ( + + 2v ) ; = r0 a; = t0 a.


a
1 = ( + v ) ;

(2.3.0)

(2.1.0) (2.1.0) :
u

+v
C1w;

u
+v
C2 w;

2
2

w
1 v u
w
s=
+
;
m( ) = 2 + v 2 ;

2w
2w
2w
( )
( )
( )

m = 2 + v 2 ;
m = m = ( 1 v )
;

2
2
2
2

t ( ) = 2 + 2 =
; t ( ) = 2 + 2 =
,




:
n ( ) =

n ( ) =

N xd
;
p0 a 2

n ( ) =

m ( ) =

Mx
;
p0 a 2

m( ) =

t ( ) =

Tx
;
p0 a

n( ) =

N yd
p0 a

s=

;
2

My
p0 a 2

Sd
;
p0 a 2
M
m ( ) = xy2 ;
p0 a

T
= y .

p0a

(2.3.0)

;
t ( )

(2.3.0)

(2.2.0), (2.2.0), (2.2.0), (2.2.0) :


:

33

w
= 0;

- :

u==w=0; w =

u==w=m=0;
- :
u
=0;

=w=0; m=0;

(2.3.0)

(2.3.0)

(2.3.0)

n( ) = s = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ;
q
( )
q =

( )

Qy
p0 a

3w
=
m (1 v)
= 0,

(2.3.0)

=0; =0.
, - ,
:
w=u==m=0.
(2.3.0)
,

r=0; n ( ) + s = 0; n ( ) + s = 0 ; m=0,

(2.3.0)

R
2w
= 2( 1 v)
r =
.
p0 a 2

: ,
. :
w=m==0;

= 0 u=0;
= 0,

(2.3.0)

:
w=u==0;

w
w
= 0
= 0.

(2.3.0)

34

2.4.
.
[71]
:
2

2
2 +
+
+
+
+

2
2i
i
2i
i
2i
+ i
+ i
+ i
+ i
+ i
(2.4.0)
= p .
2

2
i =1
(2.3.0) (2.3.0)
n

(2.4.0). i (2.4.0)
u, , w m.
(2.3.0)
2.5 [71] (2.1.21) [71]
: u =1, ===0, =
1=1=0, 1 =

1 v
, 1
2

1+ v
, 1=1=0 2 w 2=0, 2=-C1,
2

2=2=2=0, (2.1.21) [71] =0.


u, w
i,j. h .
2.3, I, II,
III, IV , i,j.
(2.4.0). (2.4.0)
, u, , w
.
(2.4.0) (2.1.21) [71]

(2.3.0), (2.3.0), (2.3.0). (2.4.0), (2.4.0), (2.4.0).
u, , w m.
(2.4.0) (2.4.0) m: ..

35

m , m . (2.4.0) p

: p , p , p =

p
p

; p =
.

:
1
(
2

mi1/ 2, j =

1
(
2

I III

I II

mi, j 1 +

I III

I II

mi1, j +

mi, j ) ;

I III

mi, j ) ;

III IV

mi, j +1/ 2 =

1
(
2

mi +1/ 2, j =

1
(
2

II IV

(i-1,j)

(i-1,j-1)

I
(i,j)

II
(i+1,j-1)

III IV

mi, j +1 ) ;

II IV

mi , j +

II IV

mi+1, j ) .

(i,j+1)

IV
(i+1,j)

mi, j +

(i-1,j+1)

III

(i,j-1)

III IV

mi, j 1/ 2 =

I II

(i+1,j+1)

. 2.3
h
1 v h

1 v h
+
ui 1, j 1 + 10 (1 v ) ui 1, j + +
ui 1, j +1
h
2

h
2

h
h

1 v h

2 5(1 v) ui , j 1 20 +
ui , j 2 5(1 v) ui , j +1 +

h
h
h
h
1 v h

1 v h
+ +
ui +1, j 1 + 10 (1 v) ui +1, j + +
ui +1, j +1 +
2

2
h
h
h
3
+ (1 + v) ( i 1, j 1
2
i +1, j 1

i1, j +1
+i +1, j +1 ) +

+ C1 ( wi 1, j 1 + 10 wi 1, j + wi 1, j +1
2

36

wi +1, j 1 10 wi +1, j wi +1, j +1 ) = 0 ;

(2.4.0)

h 1 v
h
h 1 v
+
i 1, j 1 2 5(1 v) i 1, j + +
i 1, j +1 +
2 h
h
2 h

h
h 1 v
h
+ 10 (1 v) i , j 1 20 +
i , j + 10 (1 v) i , j +1 +
h
2 h
h

h 1 v
h
h 1 v
+ +
i +1, j 1 2 5(1 v) i+1, j + +
i +1, j +1 +
2 h
h
2 h

3
+ (1 + v) ( ui 1, j 1
2

ui 1, j +1

ui +1, j 1

+ui +1, j +1 ) +

h
+ C2 ( wi 1, j 1
2

wi 1, j +1 +

+10 wi , j 1

10 wi , j +1 +

+ wi +1, j 1

wi +1, j +1 ) = 0 .

(2.4.0)


:
h
h

h
L( m ) = + mi 1, j 1 + 10 2 mi 1, j + + mi 1, j +1

h
h
h
h
h

h

2 10 mi , j 1 20 + mi , j 2 10 mi , j +1 +

h
h
h
h
h

h
+ + mi +1, j 1 + 10 2 mi +1, j + + mi +1, j +1 ;

h
h
h
h
h
L( m ) = h 2 I II mi, j 1 + 4 + I II mi, j +
h
h

h
h
+ 4 + III IV mi, j + 2 III IV mi, j +1 +
h
h

(2.4.0)

37

h
h
+ 2 I III mi 1, j + 4 + I III mi, j +
h
h

h
h
+ 4 + II IV mi , j + 2 II IV mi+1, j ;
h
h

( p) =

h
6

pi 1, j 1 + 2 I pi 1, j + 2 III pi 1, j +

III

(2.4.0)

pi 1, j +1 +

+2 I pi , j 1 + 13 I pi , j + 13 III pi , j + 2 III pi , j +1 +
+2 II pi , j 1 + 13 II pi , j + 13 IV pi , j + 2 IV pi , j +1 +
+ II pi +1, j 1 + 2 II pi +1, j + 2 IV pi +1, j +

( p)

h 2
=
(
12
h 2
+
(
12

IV

pi +1, j +1 ) ;

I II

pi, j 1 + 5 I II pi, j ) + ( 5 III IV pi, j +

III IV

I III

pi1, j + 5 I III pi, j ) + ( 5 II IV pi, j +

II IV

(2.4.0)
pi, j +1 ) +
pi+1, j ) .

(2.4.0)

(2.3.0) (2.4.0)
(2.4.0):
L( m ) + L( m )

C4 ( ui 1, j 1 + 10ui 1, j + ui 1, j +1
2
ui +1, j 1 10ui +1, j ui +1, j +1 )

h
C5 ( i 1, j 1
2

i 1, j +1 +

+10i , j 1

10i , j +1 +

+i +1, j 1

i+1, j +1 ) =

= ( p ) + (p ) C3 ( w) .
( w) = ( p ) w.

(2.4.0)

38

(2.3.0):
L( w) = ( m ) + (m ) ,

(2.4.0)

L(w), ( m ) (2.4.0), (2.4.0), m, p

w, m; (m) (2.4.0), m
m.
:

p =

I II

mi, j = I mi, j II mi, j ;

I III

pi , j = I pi , j III pi, j ; m =

m
;

p
.

. 2.3.

II

pi , j p

i,j , II.
. ,
p
m.
,

h
. ,
. , w
. m
-
. .
2.5. .
(2.4.0), (2.4.0), (2.4.0), (2.4.0)
.
,
(2.3.0), .
, =0,
:

39

u=v=w=0;
(2.5.0)
w
w =
=0.
(2.5.0)

w = 0 ,
II 5.1[71], (2.1.16) [71].
(2.1.16): , , p , p , p
2.1 [71] II , = = = 0 ,
(2.3.0) w; p m

= = 1 ; = = = 0 :
h
wi 1, j
h

h
h
+ 5 wi 1, j + + wi1, j +1
h
h

h
h

2 + 5 wi , j 10 + wi , j 2 5 wi , j +1 +

h
h
h
h
h
h
+ wi +1, j + 5 wi +1, j + + wi +1, j +1 =
h
h
h
=

h
( 5mi1, j + 8mi1, j +1 mi1, j+2 )
24

h
( 74mi, j + 56mi, j +1 10mi , j +2 )
24
h
( 5mi +1, j + 8mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 ) +
24

h2
+
5mi, j + mi, j +1 ) .
(
12

, w=0 w =

:
h
h

h
+ + wi 1, j +1 2 5 wi , j +1 + + wi+1, j +1 =

h
h
h
=

h
( 5mi1, j + 8mi1, j +1 mi1, j+2 +
24

(2.5.0)
w
= 0 , (2.5.0)

40

+74mi , j + 56mi , j +1 10mi , j + 2 +


+5mi +1, j + 8mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 ) +

h2
(2.5.0)
+
5mi, j + mi, j +1 ) .
(
12
i,j =b/a (2.5.0) ,
w . i,j =0 (2.5.0)
(2.3.0) : i, j, , h, j, i, , , h. A
=1 ,
w .
=0
(-),
u=w=0; m = 0 ; n( ) =0. u=w=0 n( ) =0

= 0.

(2.3.0)
(2.1.16) [71] i,j . :
1+ v
( 7ui 1, j 8ui 1, j +1 + ui 1, j + 2
4
7ui +1, j + 8ui +1 j +1 ui +1, j +2 ) +
1 v h
1 v h
1 v h
+
i 1, j + 5
i 1, j +
+ i 1, j +1

h 2
h 2
h 2
h
h
1 v
1 v h
1 v
2
+ 5 i, j 10
+ i , j 2
5 i , j +1 +

h 2
h 2
h 2
1 v h
1 v h
1 v h
+
i +1, j + 5
i +1, j +
+ i +1, j +1

h 2
h 2
h 2
h
C2 ( wi 1, j + wi 1, j +1
2
12 wi , j + 14 wi , j +1 2 wi , j +2
wi +1, j + wi +1, j +1

) =0,

(2.5.0)

41

i , j = i , j +1 = i , j = 0 .

= 0 ; u=w=0 (2.5.0), :
1+ v
( 8ui1, j+1 + ui1, j+2 +
4
+8ui +1 j +1 ui +1, j + 2 ) +

1 v h
1 v h
+5
i 1, j +
+ i 1, j +1
h
2

h
2

h
1 v h
1 v
10
+ i , j 2
5 i , j +1 +

h 2
h 2
1 v h
1 v h
+5
i +1, j +
+ i +1, j +1

h 2
h 2
h
C2 ( + wi 1, j +1 +
2
+14 wi , j +1 2 wi , j + 2 +
+ wi +1, j +1

) = 0.

(2.5.0)

i,j =b/a (2.5.0) ,


, =

1+ v
. i,j =0
2

(2.5.0) (2.3.0) : u, , , h,

, i, j, C2 , u, , , h, j, i, C1. A =1
, u , =

1+ v
.
2

, , = 0 :
( )
m( ) = 0 ; q =0; n( ) =0; s =0,

(2.5.0)

q ( ) = m (1 v) w
(2.5.0)

IV 5.1[71]. mi , j (2.3.0)

42

(2.1.16) [71] : m = 1 , = 1 ===0, 1 u

1=C4, 1=1=1=1=0, 2 2 = C5 , 2 = 2 = 2 = 2 = 0 ,
(2.1.16) [71] p (2.3.0).

mi1, j

mi+1, j , 2.1 [71]

; :
h
h
h
+ 7 + mi 1, j + 2 3 mi 1, j +1 mi 1, j + 2
h
h
h
h
h

h

12hmi , j 2 7 + 4 mi , j 4 3 mi , j +1 + 2 + 2 mi , j +2 +

h
h
h
h
h
h
+ 7 + mi +1, j + 2 3 mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 +
h
h
h
h

h
+4h + 2 mi, j + 2h mi, j +1 +

h
h
+

C4
( 7ui1, j 6ui 1, j +1 + ui1, j+2 +
2
+7ui +1, j + 6ui+1, j +1 ui +1, j + 2 ) +

+ hC5 ( i 1, j + i 1, j +1

12i , j + 14i , j +1 2i , j + 2
i +1, j + i +1, j +1 )

h
3 ( 5wi 1, j + 8wi 1, j +1 wi 1, j +2 +
12
+74 wi , j + 56 wi , j +1 10wi , j + 2 +
+5wi +1, j + 8wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j + 2 ) =

h
( 5 pi1, j + 8 pi1 j +1 pi1 j +2 +
12
+74 pi , j + 56 pi , j +1 10 pi , j + 2 +
+5 pi +1, j + 8 pi +1, j +1 pi +1, j + 2 ) .

(2.5.0)

43

(2.1.14) [71] wi , j

I (. 2.3):
2
2
2
wi , j 2 wi 1, j 2 wi 1, j + 2 wi 1, j +1 +
h
h
h
h

2
2
+ 2 w
wi , j 2 wi , j +1 .
i, j +
2
h
h
h

w
i, j =

(2.5.0)

(2.5.10.) (2.5.0) II wi , j

. (2.5.0) (2.5.10.), :
w
i, j =


1
1
wi 1, j 2 wi 1, j + 2 wi 1, j +1 +
2
2h
h
h


2
2
w
+
w

wi , j +1
i
,
j
i
,
j
h2
h2
h2

1
1
2 w
wi +1, j + 2 wi +1, j +1 .
i +1, j
2
2h
h
h
+

(2.5.0)

( )

m = ( w + vw ) m = ( w + w ) :

w =

1
vm m( ) ;
1 v

1
m m( ) .
1 v
(2.5.0) (2.5.0), :
w =

w
i, j =

1
vmi 1, j mi(1,) j
(
2
2h 1 v
2vmi , j + 2mi(,j) +
+ vmi +1, j mi(+1,) j )

1
( wi1, j wi1, j+1
h2
2 wi , j + 2wi , j +1 +

(2.5.0)

(2.5.0)

44

+ wi +1, j wi+1, j +1 ) .

(2.5.0)

( )
(2.5.0) (2.5.0) (2.5.0) (2.5.0) qi , j

m( ) = 0 :

h
h
+ ( 7 + 6v ) + mi 1, j + 2 3 mi 1, j +1 mi 1, j + 2
h

h
h

h
h

12hqi(,j) 2 ( 7 + 6v ) + 4 mi , j 4 3 mi , j +1 + 2 + 2 mi , j +2 +
h

h
h
h

h
h
+ ( 7 + 6v ) + mi +1, j + 2 3 mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 +
h

h
h
h

h
+4h + 2 mi, j + 2h mi, j +1 +

h
h
+

C4
( 7ui1, j 6ui 1, j +1 + ui1, j+2 +
2
+7ui +1, j + 6ui+1, j +1 ui +1, j + 2 ) +

+ hC5 ( i 1, j +i 1, j +1

12i , j + 14i , j +1 2i , j + 2
i +1, j + i +1, j +1 )

h
122
3 5 2 2
12 h

122
( 1 v ) wi1, j + 8 + 2 2
3

122
+ 74 + 2 2
h

122
+ 5 2 2
h
=

122
( 1 v ) wi , j + 56 2 2
h
3

122
1

v
w
+
8
+
( ) i+1, j
2 2
3

( 1 v ) wi1, j +1 wi1, j+ 2 +

( 1 v ) wi , j +1 10wi, j +2 +

( 1 v ) wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j +2 =

h
( 5 pi1, j + 8 pi1 j +1 pi1 j +2 +
12
+74 pi , j + 56 pi , j +1 10 pi , j + 2 +
+5 pi +1, j + 8 pi +1, j +1 pi +1, j + 2 ) .

(2.5.0)

45

(2.5.0)
( )
( )
qi , j qi , j =0.

i,j =b/a (2.5.0)


, q ( ) , = C5 . i,j
=0 (2.5.0) : u, , , , h, , i, j,
4, 5 , u, ,, , h, j, i,5, 4. A =1
, q ( ) , = C4 .
, (2.5.0), VI 5.1 [71],
(4.1.2) [71] .

(2.5.0)

(4.1.2)

[71]

1
m m( ) ) . (
(
1 v

m( ) = 0 ) i,j :
wi 1, j 2 wi , j + wi +1, j =
h2 1
h3 1
=
mi 1, j + 10mi , j + mi +1, j ) +
mi, j .
(2.5.0)
(
12 1 v
12 1 v
i,j =b/a (2.5.0) . i,j
=0 (2.5.0) : , h, i, j , , j, i. A
=1 .
n( ) =0 s=0

ui , j , ui , j , i , j ,i , j

ui , j (2.3.0) (5.1.3) [71]

: u = 1 , =

1 v
1+ v
, ===0, 1 1 =
,
2
2

1=1=1=1=0, 2 w 2 = C1 , 2 = 2 = 2 = 2 = 0 ,

(5.1.3) [71] p 0. ui 1, j

46

ui +1, j , 2.1 [71] .

:
ui, j =

1
36

h 1 v
h 1 v
h 1 v

6
3
+
u
+
12
u

6
ui 1, j + 2 +
i

1
j
i

1
j
+
1


h 1 v
h 1 v
h 1 v
+6 3 +
ui +1 j +1 + 6
ui+1, j + 2
ui +1 j 12
2
2
h 2

1+ v
( 13i1, j 14i1, j+1 + i1, j+2
2
26i , j + 28i , j +1 2i , j +2 +
+13i +1, j 14i +1, j +1 + i +1, j +2 )

C1 ( 6wi 1, j + 7 wi1, j +1 wi 1, j + 2
12 wi , j 14wi , j +1 + 2 wi , j + 2 +

+6 wi +1, j + 7 wi+1, j +1 wi +1, j + 2 ) .

(2.5.0)

i,j =b/a (2.5.0) ,


=

1+ v
. i,j =0
2

(2.5.0) (2.3.0) : u, ,

C1, , h, , i, j , u, C2, , , h, j, i; i , j . A =1

, =

1+ v
2

i , j =0 (2.1.16) [71]

(2.3.0) : =

1 v
, = 1 , ===0, 1 u
2

47

1 =

1+ v
, 1=1=1=1=0, 2 w 2 = C2 , 2 = 2 = 2 = 2 = 0 ,
2

(2.1.16) [71] p 0.

i 1, j i +1, j , 2.1 [71]

. :

i, j =

1
1 + v
( 7ui 1, j 8ui1, j +1 + ui 1, j +2
h 2
1 v
4
+5

h 2

7ui +1, j + 8ui +1 j +1 ui +1, j + 2 ) +

1 v h
1 v h
1 v h
+ 7
+ i 1, j + 2 3
i 1, j +1
i 1, j + 2

h 2
h 2
h 2
h
1 v h
1 v
20
+ i , j 4
5 i , j +1 +

h 2
h 2
1 v h
1 v h
1 v h
+ 7
+ i +1, j + 2 3
i +1, j +1
i +1 j + 2

h 2
h 2
h 2
hC2 ( wi 1, j + wi 1, j +1

12 wi , j + 14 wi , j +1 2 wi , j +2
wi +1, j + wi +1, j +1

) .

(2.5.0)

i,j =b/a (2.5.0) ,


, =

1+ v
, = C2 .
2

u =0 (2.5.0)
(2.3.0) : u, , C2, , h, , i, j , u, C1, , , h, j, i. A
=1 , u ,

1+ v
, C1 .
2

( )

(2.5.0), (2.5.0) ni , j = i , j + vui , j C2 wi , j , :

48

49

1+ v
h 1 v
1+ v
h 1 v
1+ v
h 1 v

ni(,j) = 61 3 +
ui 1, j + 121
82
2
72
ui 1, j +1 61
ui 1, j +2 +

2
2
2
2
2
h 2

1+ v
h 1 v
1+ v
h 1 v
1+ v
h 1 v

+ 61 3 +
ui +1, j 121
82
2
72
ui +1, j +1 + 61
ui +1, j +2

2
2
2
2
2
h 2

1+ v
1+ v
1 + v
1 v h
1 v h
1 v h
13
1 2 7
+ i 1, j + 14
1 + 22 3
i 1, j +1
1 + 2
i 1, j +2 +
2

2


h 2
h 2
h 2

2
1+ v
1+ v
h
1+ v
1 v h
1 v
+ 26
1 202
+ i , j 28
1 + 42
5 i , j +1 + 2
1i , j + 2
2
h
2

2
h
2

( 6 C11 hC22 ) wi 1, j ( 7 C11 + hC22 ) wi 1, j +1 + C11wi 1, j +2 +


+12 ( C11 + hC22 C2 ) wi , j + 14 ( C11 hC22 ) wi , j +1 2 ( C11 hC22 ) wi , j +2
( 6 C11 hC22 ) wi +1, j ( 7 C11 + hC22 ) wi +1, j +1 + C11wi +1, j +2 ,
1
: 1 = v
;
36

2 =

1
h.
1 v
4
+5

h 2

(2.5.0)

47

1+ v
1+ v
1 + v
1 v h
1 v h
1 v h
13
1 2 7
+ i +1, j + 14
1 + 22 3
i +1, j +1
1 + 2
i +1, j +2
2

2


h 2
h 2
h 2

50

ui , j =0 (2.1.16) [71] : u

= 1 , =

1 v
1+ v
, ===0, 1 1 =
, 1=1=1=1=0, 2
2
2

w 2 = C1 , 2 = 2 = 2 = 2 = 0 , (2.1.16) [71] p

0. ui 1, j ui +1, j ,

2.1 [71] .
:
ui , j =

h 1 v
7 +
ui 1, j +
h 1 v h 2

4 + 5

2
h
1

h 1 v
h 1 v
+2 3
ui 1, j +1
ui 1, j + 2
h 2
h 2
h 1 v
h 1 v

20 +
ui , j +1 +
ui , j 4 5
2
h 2
h

h 1 v
h 1 v
h 1 v
+ 7 +
ui +1, j + 2 3
ui +1, j +1
ui +1, j + 2 +
h 2
h 2
h 2
+

1+ v
(7i 1, j 8i 1, j +1 + i 1, j + 2
2
7i +1, j + 8i +1 j +1 i+1, j + 2 )

C1 ( 7 wi 1 j 6wi 1, j +1 + wi 1, j + 2 +
2
+7 wi +1, j + 6 wi +1, j +1 wi +1 j +2 ) .

(2.5.0)

i , j =0 (5.1.3) [71] ui , j

(2.3.0). :

i, j =

1
1 v h
h
h

6
3
+

+
12

6
i 1, j +2 +
i 1, j +1
i 1, j
1 v h 2

36
2
h
h
1 v h
+6 3
+ i +1, j 12 i +1, j +1 + 6 i +1, j + 2

h 2

51

1+ v
( 13ui1, j 14ui1, j+1 + ui1, j +2
2
26ui , j + 28ui , j +1 2ui , j + 2 +
+13ui +1, j 14ui +1, j +1 + ui +1, j + 2 ) +

hC2
( 13wi1, j + 14wi1, j +1 wi1, j+2 +
2
+13wi +1, j 14wi +1, j +1 + wi +1, j + 2 ) .

(2.5.0), (2.5.0) si , j =

1 v u
+
, :
2
i , j

(2.5.0)

52

2
h 1 v
1+ v

1+ v
h 1 v 1+ v
h 1 v
si , j = 3 7 +
4 ui 1, j + 23 3
4 ui 1, j +1 3
4 ui 1, j + 2
13
+ 14
+
1 v
h

2
2
h

2
2
h

2
2

1+ v

h 1 v
1+ v
1+ v
h 1 v

203 +
4 ui , j 43 5
4 ui , j +1 + 2
4ui, j +2 +
+ 26
+ 28
h

2
2
h

2
2
2

h 1 v
1+ v

1+ v
h 1 v 1+ v
h 1 v
+ 3 7 +

13

u
+
2

+
14

4 i +1, j
4 i +1, j +1

3 h 2
3 h 2 + 2 4 ui +1, j +2 +
2
2

h 2

1+ v
h
h
1 v h
1+ v
1+ v
+ 7
3 64 3
+ i 1, j 8
3 124 i 1, j +1 +
3 64 i1, j + 2

h 2
2
2
2

hC
hC
hC

+ 7 C13 13 2 4 wi 1, j + 6 C13 + 14 2 4 wi 1, j +1 C13 + 2 4 wi 1, j +2


2
2
2
2

hC
hC
hC

7 C13 13 2 4 wi +1, j 6 C13 + 14 2 4 wi +1, j +1 + C13 + 2 4 wi +1, j +2 ,


2
2
2
2

1
1
3 =
4 =
h 1 v ;

1 v .
:
4 + 5
36

2
h
2
( )
(2.5.0), (2.5.0) ni , j = 0 ; si , j = 0 .

50

1+ v
h
h
1 v h
1+ v
1+ v
7
3 64 3
+ i +1, j + 8
3 124 i +1, j +1
3 64 i +1, j + 2 +

h 2
2
2
2

(2.5.0)

53

.
.

u, , w .
:
1
(2.5.0)
( 3ui, j + 4ui+1, j ui+2, j ) .
2h
1
ui , j = ( 3ui , j + 4ui , j +1 ui , j + 2 ) .
(2.5.0)
2
, , w w i, j
ui, j =

(2.5.0), (2.5.0) u w.
u , u , , , w , w
(2.3.0) (2.3.0).
(2.3.0) n ( ) , n ( ) s i,j
(2.3.0):
ni(,j) + si , j =
+

1 h 1 v
h 1 v
h 1 v

3 1 +
ui , j +1
ui , j + 2 + 4ui +1, j ui + 2, j +
ui , j + 4

2h 2
2
2

1
2


1 v
1 v
1 v

3 v + h 2 i , j + 4vi , j +1 vi , j + 2 + 4 h 2 i +1, j h 2 i + 2, j

C1wi , j .

ni(,j) + si , j =

(2.5.0)

1
h 1 v
h 1 v
h 1 v

3
v
+
u
+
4
u

u
+
4
vu

vu
i, j
i , j +1
i , j +2
i +1, j
i + 2, j +

2h
2
2
2

1
2

1 v
1 v
1 v

3
1
+

+
4

+
4

i
,
j
i
,
j
+
1
i
,
j
+
2
i
+
1,
j
i
+
2,
j
h 2

h 2
h 2

C2 wi , j .

(2.5.0)

wi , j r i,j :

wi, j =

1
3wi, j + 4 wi+1, j wi+2, j ) ;
(
2h

(2.5.0)

54

3wi , j + 4 wi , j +1 wi , j + 2 ) ;
(

wi +1, j = ( 3wi +1, j + 4wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j +2 ) ;


2

wi + 2, j = ( 3wi + 2, j + 4wi + 2, j +1 wi + 2, j + 2 ) .
2

(2.5.0) (2.5.0), :
wi , j =

w =

(2.5.0)

1
( 9wi, j 12 wi, j +1 + 3wi, j +2
4h
12 wi +1, j + 16 wi +1, j +1 4wi +1, j + 2 +
+3wi + 2, j 4wi + 2, j +1 + wi+ 2, j + 2 ) .

(2.5.0)

, ,
, u, , w m
.
2.6. 2.


u, , w m
.

, ,
.

.
,
.

55

3.
. .
3.1. .

. :

, .. ,
, i,j
, .
(2.4.0), (2.4.0), (2.4.0), (2.4.0)
ui,j, i,j, mi,j, wi,j :

1
1
1 v h
ui , j = 1
+
ui , j +
ui 1, j 1 +

v
h
1
+
C

h
2

1
20 ( 1 + C1 ) +

2
h
h

1 v h
+ 10 (1 v) ui 1, j + +
ui 1, j +1 +
h

h
2

h

+ 2 5(1 v) ui , j 1

h

2 5(1 v) ui , j +1 +

h
1 v h

1 v h
+ +
ui +1, j 1 + 10 (1 v) ui +1, j + +
ui+1, j +1 +
2

2
h
h
h
3
+ (1 + v) ( i 1, j 1
2
i +1, j 1

i 1, j +1
+i +1, j +1 ) +

+ C1 ( wi 1, j 1 + 10 wi 1, j + wi1, j +1
2

wi +1, j 1 10 wi +1, j wi +1, j +1 ) ;

(3.1.0)

56

1
1
h 1 v
i , j = 1
+
i , j +
i 1, j 1
h
1

1
+
C

2
h

2
20 ( 1 + C2 ) +

2 h

h
h 1 v
2 5(1 v) i 1, j + +
i 1, j +1 +
h
2 h

h
+ 10 (1 v) i , j 1
h

h
+ 10 (1 v) i , j +1 +
h

h 1 v
h
h 1 v
+ +
i +1, j 1 2 5(1 v) i +1, j + +
i +1, j +1 +
2 h
h
2 h

3
+ (1 + v) ( ui 1, j 1
2
ui +1, j 1

h
+ C2 ( wi 1, j 1
2

ui 1, j +1
+ui +1, j +1 ) +

wi 1, j +1 +

+10 wi , j 1

10 wi , j +1 +

+ wi +1, j 1

wi+1, j +1 ) ;

(3.1.0)

1
mi , j = 1
mi , j +
1
+
C
(
)
1

1
h
h

h
+
+ mi 1, j 1 + 10 2 mi1, j + + mi1, j +1
h h

h
h
20 ( 1 + C1 ) +
h
h

2 10 mi , j 1

h

2 10 mi , j +1 +

h
h

h
+ + mi +1, j 1 + 10 2 mi +1, j + + mi +1, j +1 +

h
h
h
+ L( m )

57

C4 ( ui 1, j 1 + 10ui 1, j + ui 1, j +1
2
ui +1, j 1 10ui +1, j ui +1, j +1 )
h
C5 ( i 1, j 1
2

i 1, j +1 +

+10i , j 1

10i , j +1 +

+i +1, j 1

i +1, j +1 ) +

+C3 ( w) ( p ) (p ) } ;

wi , j =

(3.1.0)

1
h
h

h
+ wi 1, j 1 + 10 2 wi1, j + + wi 1, j +1

h h

h
h
20 +
h
h

2 10 wi , j 1

h

2 10 wi , j +1 +

h
h

h
+ + wi +1, j 1 + 10 2 wi +1, j + + wi +1, j +1

h
h
h
( m ) (m ) .

(3.1.0)
(2.5.0) i,j
:
mi , j =

1 24 h

+ wi 1, j +1
74 h h
h

2 5 wi , j +1 +

h
+ + wi +1, j +1 +
h

+ ( 5mi 1, j + 8mi 1, j +1 mi 1, j +2 +

58

+56mi , j +1 10mi , j + 2 +
+5mi +1, j + 8mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 )

2h ( 5mi, j + mi, j +1 ) .

(3.1.0)

(2.5.0) :

i , j =

1
1 + v
( 8ui1, j +1 + ui1, j+2
1 v h 4
10
+

h 2
8ui +1 j +1 ui +1, j +2 ) +
1 v h
1 v h
+5
i 1, j +
+ i 1, j +1

h 2
h 2
h
1 v
2
5 i , j +1 +

h 2
1 v h
1 v h
+5
i +1, j +
+ i +1, j +1
h
2

h
2

h
C2 ( wi 1, j +1 +
2
+14 wi , j +1 2 wi , j + 2 +
+ wi +1, j +1

(2.5.0),

) .

(2.5.0),

(3.1.0)
(2.5.0)

(2.5.0)

qi(,j) = ni(,j ) = si , j = 0 :
mi , j =

h
h
h
( 7 + 6v ) + mi 1, j + 2 3 mi 1, j +1 mi 1, j + 2

h
h

h
h
2 ( 7 + 6v ) + 4
h

h
h

4 3 mi , j +1 + 2 + 2 mi , j + 2 +

h
h
h

h
h
+ ( 7 + 6v ) + mi +1, j + 2 3 mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 +
h

h
h

h
+4h + 2 mi, j + 2h mi, j +1 +

h
h

59

C4
( 7ui1, j 6ui1, j+1 + ui1, j+2 +
2
+7ui +1, j + 6ui+1, j +1 ui+1, j + 2 ) +

+ hC5 ( i 1, j + i 1, j +1

12i , j + 14i , j +1 2i , j + 2
i +1, j + i +1, j +1 )

h
122
3 5 2 2
12 h

122
( 1 v ) wi1, j + 8 + 2 2
3

122
+ 74 + 2 2
h

122
1

v
w
+
56

( ) i, j
2
h2
3

122
+ 5 2 2
h

122
( 1 v ) wi+1, j + 8 + 2 2
3

( 1 v ) wi1, j +1 wi 1, j +2 +

( 1 v ) wi , j +1 10wi, j +2 +

( 1 v ) wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j +2

h
( 5 pi1, j + 8 pi1, j+1 pi1, j +2 +
12
+74 pi , j + 56 pi , j +1 10 pi , j +2 +

+5 pi +1, j + 8 pi +1, j +1 pi+1, j + 2 ) ;

1
h2 1
h3
wi , j = wi 1, j + wi +1, j +
mi 1, j + 10mi , j + mi +1, j ) mi, j ;
(
2
12 1 v
12

(3.1.0)
(3.1.0)

60

i , j =


1
1+ v
h 1 v
ui 1, j +
61 3 +
72

1+ v
h 2
2
1 v h

202 h 2 + 26 2 1

h 1 v
1+ v
h 1 v
1+ v

+ 121
82
2
ui 1, j +1 61
ui 1, j +2 +
2
2
2
2

1+ v
h 1 v
1+ v
h 1 v
1+ v
h 1 v

+ 61 3 +

12

u
+
6

2
i +1, j
1
2
2

i +1 j +1 1
ui +1, j +2 +
2
2
2
2
2
h 2

1 v h
1+ v

1+ v
1 v h 1+ v
1 v h
+ 2 7
+ 13
1 i 1, j + 22 3
+ 14
1 i1, j +1 2
+
1 i 1, j +2

2
h 2
h 2

h 2

58

h
1+ v

1+ v
1 v
42
5 + 28
1i , j +1 + 2
1i , j + 2 +
h
2

2
2

1 v h
1+ v

1+ v
1 v h
1+ v

1 v h
+ 2 7
+ 13
1 i +1, j + 22 3
+ 14
1i+1, j +1 2
i +1 j + 2 +
1i+1, j +2

2
h 2
h 2

h 2

( 6 C11 hC22 ) wi 1, j ( 7 C11 + hC22 ) wi 1, j +1 + C11wi 1, j + 2 +


+12 ( C11 + hC22 C2 ) wi , j + 14 ( C11 hC22 ) wi , j +1 2 ( C11 hC22 ) wi , j +2
( 6 C11 hC22 ) wi +1, j ( 7 C11 + hC22 ) wi +1, j +1 + C11wi+1, j + 2 } ;

(3.1.0)

60

(2.5.0), (2.5.0) (2.5.0)


( )
( )
ni , j = ni , j = si , j = ri , j = 0 :

ui , j =

1
h 1 v
h 1 v

ui , j +1
ui , j + 2 + 4ui +1, j ui + 2, j +
+4
h 1 v 2
2

3 1 +

2
h
1 v
1 v
1 v

+ 3 v +

+
4
v

+
4

i
,
j
i
,
j
+
1
i
,
j
+
2
i
+
1,
j
i
+
2,
j


h 2
h 2
h 2

2hC1wi , j } ;

i , j =

(3.1.0)


1
h 1 v
h 1 v
h 1 v

ui , j + 4
ui , j +1
ui , j + 2 + 4vui +1, j vui + 2, j +
3 v +

2
2
1 v h 2

3 1 +

h 2

1 v
1 v

+ 4i , j +1 i , j + 2 + 4
i+1, j
i + 2, j
h 2
h 2

2 C2 wi , j } ;

wi , j =

(3.1.0)

1
( 7 wi, j + 12 wi , j +1 3wi , j +2 +
16
+12 wi +1, j 16wi +1, j +1 + 4wi +1, j +2
3wi + 2, j + 4 wi + 2, j +1 wi+ 2, j + 2 ) .

(3.1.0)

(3.1.0) (3.1.0).

.

, .
.

. .


.

61

u, , w, m,
.
.

i,j

: I, II III, IV
(5.3.1) [71] (2.3.0). ,

ui 1, j , ui +1, j :

ui, j =

1
6

h 1 v

h 1 v
h 1 v
u

3
u
+
ui 1 j +1
i 1 j
2 i 1 j 1 2
h
2

h 1 v

h 1 v
h 1 v
ui +1, j 1 + 2
3 ui +1, j
ui +1 j +1 +
2
h
2
2

1+ v
( i1, j1
2
2i , j 1
+i +1, j 1

1
+ C1 ( wi 1, j 1
2
wi +1, j 1

i 1, j +1
+2i , j +1 +
i +1, j +1 ) +

wi 1, j +1
+ wi+1, j +1 ) ,

(3.1.0)

(2.1.16) [71] (2.3.0)


:
ui , j =

1
u
1 v h i 1, j 1
6h
2

ui 1, j +1 +
h

62

h 1 v
+3
2 ui , j 1
h
2

h 1 v
3
2 ui , j +1 +
h
2

+ ui +1, j 1
h
+

ui +1, j +1 +
h

1+ v
( i1, j1 2i1, j + i1, j+1
2
i +1, j 1 + 2i+1, j i +1, j +1 ) +

+ C1 ( wi 1, j 1
2

wi1, j +1

wi +1, j 1

+ wi+1, j +1 ) .

(3.1.0)

u
(2.5.0), (2.5.0), (2.5.0), (2.5.0).
,
(3.1.0), (3.1.0) : u, , C1,
, u, C2. , (2.5.0), (2.5.0)
(2.5.0), (2.5.0) u .

i,j

(2.1.16) [71]

(2.3.0). mi , j = 0 :

mi, j =

1
mi 1, j 1
6h h
h

+ 2 3 mi , j 1

mi +1, j 1
h

+ mi 1, j +1 +
h
h

2 3 mi , j +1

+ mi +1, j +1
h

h
h

h I II mi, j 1 2h + 2 I II mi, j +

h
h

63

h
+2h + 2 III IV mi, j + h III IV mi, j +1 +

h
h

+ C4 ( ui 1, j 1
2

ui1, j +1

ui +1, j 1

+ui +1, j +1 ) +

hC5
( +i1, j1
2
i +1, j 1

+C3

i 1, j +1
+i +1, j +1 ) +

h
( wi1, j 1
8
+6 wi , j 1

6 wi , j +1 +

+ wi +1, j 1

wi +1, j +1 )

h
( pi1, j1
8

h2
4

wi 1, j +1 +

pi 1, j +1 +

+6 pi , j 1

6 pi , j +1 +

+ pi +1, j 1

pi +1, j +1 )

III IV

pi, j +

h2
4

I II

pi, j .

(3.1.0)

m
i,j

(3.1.0) u, , C1, C2, , h, , i, j , u, C2, C1, , , h, j, i;


:
mi, j =

1
6

h
h
mi 1, j 1 + 2 3 h mi 1, j mi 1, j +1 +

h
h
+ mi +1, j 1 2 3 mi +1, j + mi +1, j +1

h
h
I III mi , j 1 2 + 2 I III mi, j +
h
h

h
h
+2 + 2 II IV mi , j + II IV mi+1, j +
h

64

C4
( +ui1, j1
2

ui 1, j +1
+ui +1, j +1 ) +

ui +1, j 1

h
+ C5 ( +i 1, j 1
2

+i +1, j +1 ) +

i +1, j 1
+C3

i1, j +1

h
( wi1, j1 + 6wi1, j + wi1, j+1
8
wi +1, j 1 6wi +1, j wi +1, j +1 )

h
( pi1, j1 + 6 pi1, j pi+1, j1 +
8
+ pi 1, j +1 6 pi+1, j pi +1, j +1 ) +

2 h I III 2 h II IV
+
pi , j
pi , j .
4
4

(3.1.0)

mi , j (=0) (2.3.0)

(5.1.3) [71] : m =1, =1, ===0; 1 u


1=1=1=1=0, 1=C4 2 2=2=2=2=0, 2=C5;
(5.1.3) [71] (2.3.0).

mi1, j

mi+1, j , 2.1 [71]

. mi , j = 0

:
mi, j =

1
36

h
h
h
6 3 h + mi 1, j 12 mi 1, j +1 + 6 mi 1, j + 2


h
h
h
6 3 + mi +1, j + 12 mi +1, j +1 6 mi +1, j + 2 +

h
h
+6h 4 + mi, j + 6mi, j +1
h

C4 ( 6ui 1 j + 7ui 1 j +1 ui1, j + 2

65

12ui , j 14ui , j +1 + 2ui , j +2 +


+6ui +1, j + 7ui +1, j +1 ui +1, j + 2 ) +
1
+ hC5 ( 13i 1, j + 14i 1, j +1 i 1, j + 2 +
2
+13i +1, j 14i +1, j +1 + i +1, j + 2 )

1
hC3 ( 6 wi 1, j + 7 wi 1, j +1 wi 1, j + 2
2
6 wi +1, j 7 wi +1, j +1 + wi +1, j + 2 ) +
1
+ h ( 6 pi 1, j + 7 pi 1, j +1 pi 1, j + 2
2
6 pi +1, j 7 pi +1, j +1 + pi +1, j + 2 )

h ( 10 III IV pi, j h III IV pi, j +1 ) .


(3.1.0)
2

i,j =b/a (3.1.0) ,


=5 . i,j =0
(3.1.0) (2.3.0) u, , , h, , i,

j, C4, C5 , u , , h, j, i C5, C4; mi , j . A =1

, =C4
.
m , m
(2.5.0), (2.5.0) u m.
m i,j =0
(2.5.0).
w , w m , m
m, p w, m,
.

66

w
(6.1.11) [71] .

wi, j =

I III

wi, j =

II IV

wi, j = wi, j :

h 3
h3
1
h
h2

2
11

w
+
i 1, j 1

3 wi 1, j +1 +
2 i 1, j
h h 3

h
20h +
h
h
+2 11 wi , j 1
h

h
+2 11 wi , j +1 +
h

h3
h3
h
h2
+ 3 wi +1, j 1 2 11 2 wi +1, j + 3 wi +1, j +1


h
h

h2 h
h3
h2 h

2
m

i 1, j

i 1, j 1
mi 1, j +1 +
2 h

2 h

+2h mi , j 1 + 20h mi , j + 2h mi , j +1

h2 h
h3
h2 h
mi +1, j 1 2 mi +1, j mi +1, j +1 .
2 h

2 h

(3.1.0)

w (2.3.0):

w
i , j = mi , j wi , j .

(3.1.0)

:
=0 - -,
wi, j = wi
,j = 0.

=0 , wi , j = 0 ; mi,j wi , j

(3.1.0).

=0 wi , j , wi , j (2.5.0),

(2.5.0) m, m( ) .
:
wi, j =
:

1
wi1, j + wi+1, j ) ;
(
2h

(3.1.0)

67

wi 1, j 1 + wi 1, j +1 ) ;
(

wi +1, j = ( wi +1, j 1 + wi +1, j +1 ) .

2
(3.1.0) (3.1.0), :
wi 1, j =

(3.1.0)

1
( wi1, j 1 wi1, j +1 wi+1, j1 + wi+1, j +1 ) .
4h

=0 wi , j :
wi, j =

(3.1.0)

1
(3.1.0)
( 3wi1, j 4wi1, j +1 + wi1, j+2 3wi+1, j + 4wi+1, j +1 wi+1, j +2 ) .
4h
=0 (3.1.0) : i, j j, i.
wi, j =

=b/a, =1, .
==0:
wi, j =

1
( 9wi, j 12wi, j +1 + 3wi, j +2
4h
12wi +1, j + 16wi +1, j +1 4 wi +1, j + 2 +

+ 3wi + 2, j 4wi + 2, j +1 + wi + 2, j + 2 ) .

u , u ,

(3.1.0)

, , m , m , w , w , w

(2.3.0).
.
3.1
VisualBasic 6.
3.2. .
3.2.1.
.
3.2.1.1. -.
=0,3; /d=1

/d=5,
(. 3.1). 3.1 ,
/ 1/;

68

, 1212
[240] / 2/, 66 [158] / 3/
[158] / 4/.
01

02
12

20

21

22

1/4

11

1/4

1/4

10

1/4

00

1/4

1/4

1/4

1/4

. 3.1

pz
1

W%22
N%

x 22

M% x 22
S%
00

3.1
/d=1
2

/d=5
2

[240]

[158]


[158]

44

88

1616

[240]

[158]


[158]

44

88

1616

0,474

0,482

0,484

0,486

0,459

0,485

0,0490

0,0493

0,0480

0,0480

0,0429

0,0480

0,1986

0,2310

0,2420

0,2431

0,2480

0,2424

0,1049

0,1185

0,1200

0,120

0,1090

0,1200

0,1331

0,1264

0,1259

0,1257

0,1170

0,1259

0,0057

0,0042

0,0036

0,0035

0,0015

0,0036

0,2792

0,2600

0,2577

0,2580

0,2650

0,2578

0,1796

0,1760

0,1739

0,1736

0,1620

0,1736

[158] [240] ,
,
:
W% =

Ed 3

W ; N% x =
4

d
p0 ( a / 2 )

N x ; N% y =

p0 ( a / 2 )
1
1
M% x =
M x ; M% y =
My.
2
2
p0 ( a / 2 )
p0 ( a / 2 )
2

d
p0 ( a / 2 )

N y ; S% =

d
p0 ( a / 2 )

S;

3.2 W% , M% x , N% x S% , 1616 / 1/,


(/b=1) /d=5, =0,3
(. 3.1)
[240] / 2/ [158] / 3/;
, W% , N% x S% [158],

69

M% x [158]. 3.3
W% , M% x , N% x ( 22) /b=1,

/d=1, =0,3; 3.4, /b=1, /d=5, =0,3.


,
[158].

00
01
10
11
12
21
22

W% 10
1
0
0
0
3,57
4,15
4,15
4,80

M% x 10

2
0
0
0
3,60
4,15
4,15
4,80

3
0
0
0
3,61
4,15
4,15
4,80

1
0
0
0
1,54
1,46
0,640
0,356

N% x 10

2
0
0
0
1,52
1,44
0,652
0,350

3
0
0
0
1,54
1,47
0,663
0,363

1
0
0
0
8,92
8,59
11,84
12,0

3.2
S% 102

2
0
0
0
8,92
8,73
12,0
12,0

3
0
0
0
8,94
8,74
12,0
12,0

1
17,39
10,43
10,43
6,55
0
0
0

2
17,36
10,62
10,62
6,53
0
0
0

3
17,36
10,64
10,64
6,52
0
0
0

3.3

44

88

1616

[240]
1212

[158]

W%22
N%

0,474

-2

0,482

-1

0,484

0,486

0,21

0,459

-5

0,1986

-18

0,2310

-5

0,242

0,2431

0,29

0,2480

M% x 22

0,1331

0,1264

0,1259

0,1257

-0,16

0,1170

-7

x 22

3.4

W%22
N%

x 22

44

88

1616

[240]
1212

[158]

0,0490

0,0493

0,0480

0,048

0,0429

-11

0,1049

-13

0,1185

-1

0,120

0,12

0,1090

-9

0,0057
58
0,0042
17
0,0036
0
0,0035
-3
0,0015
-57
M% x 22
3.3, 3.4: - %.

[158] 3.1 / 4/.


[158]
1 % (. 3.3, 3.4).

.
3.2.1.2. .
,

70

, /b=2; =0,3; /d=1 /d=5,


(.
3.2). 3.5
; ,
168 / 2/ [240]
/ 3/ [195].
O

1-1

1/2

20
40
60

1/2

22

24

42

44

62

64
84

82

80
1/8

04
1/8

02

1/8

00

1/8

1/8

p
1

1/8

. 3.2

W%

a/b=2, /d=1
2

168

3216

0,02365

0,02374


[240]

0,02380


[195]
0,02350

W% 10
1

a/b=2, /d=5
2

84

168

32x16

0,004454

0,004845

0,004972

3.5
3


[240]

[195]

0,00474

0,00464

3.6
M% x 102
1
2

71

02
0
0
-1,389
-1,5423
04
0
0
-1,975
-2,1094
40
0
0
-0,513
-0,5833
42
0,2772
0,3126
0,2059
0,0148
44
0,4593
0,5170
0,3979
0,2765
80
0
0
-0,4920
-0,5059
82
0,2844
0,2880
0,0593
-0,0256
84
0,4845
0,4740
0,1790
0,1125
3.6 W% M% x
(. 3.2) /b=2, /d=5 =0,3 168.
/ 1/ ,
168 [240] / 2/.

. 3.3
. 3.4
. 3.3, 3.4 [240]
W% M% x
(=1/4): 1 168, 2
168 [240].
3.2.1.3.
.
, ,
- , ,

72

(. 3.5).
O

pz

x
pz

b/2

. 3.5
. 3.6
3.7
(. 3.6),

=2,1107/2,=0,3,

z=1/2.

a=20,

b=10,

=1,5,

d=0,3,

1/

, W ) SCAD
Office v.11 / 2/ .
3.7
W ()

01
11
21
31
41
02
12
22
32
42

1
16x8

32x16

4020

0,0
0,08592
0,13510
0,21221
0,39156
0,0
0,11462
0,18380
0,29405
0,56756

0,0
0,09121
0,14862
0,2454
0,46735
0,0
0,12193
0,20273
0,34044
0,66726

0,0
0,09222
0,15135
0,25248
0,48391
0,0
0,12332
0,20656
0,35037
0,68929

(4020)
0,0
0,11573
0,15709
0,22527
0,40283
0,0
0,19322
0,27127
0,39215
0,71130

(8040)
0,0
0,11529
0,15676
0,22255
0,39415
0,0
0,19288
0,27051
0,38839
0,70080

(16080)
0,0
0,11500
0,15647
0,22095
0,38898
0,0
0,19262
0,26995
0,38613
0,69442

73
W

0.7

0.7

0.6

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.1
O

0.3

0.3

10

12

14

16

18

20

2
2

10

12

14

16

18

20

. 3.8

. 3.7

. 3.7, 3.8 W
y=b/2 y=b/4: 1 4020, 2
16080.
3.8
(. 3.6),
: a=b=10, =2, d=0,4, =2,1107/2, =0,3, z=1/2.
/ 1/
,

W ) SCAD Office v.11


/ 2/ .
3.8

01
11
21
31
41
02
12
22
32
42

W ()
1
88

1616

32x32

0,0
0,02273
0,04844
0,08508
0,14203
0,0
0,02886
0,06520
0,12193
0,21656

0,0
0,0267
0,0588
0,1070
0,1824
0,0
0,0343
0,0792
0,1511
0,2665

0,0
0,02898
0,06474
0,11979
0,20520
0,0
0,03742
0,08737
0,16804
0,29513

(2020)
0,0
0,02315
0,04854
0,08719
0,14210
0,0
0,03533
0,07802
0,14442
0,24762

(4040)
0,0
0,0229
0,0479
0,0855
0,1385
0,0
0,0349
0,0770
0,1423
0,2438

(8080)
0,0
0,02299
0,04807
0,08571
0,13871
0,0
0,03511
0,07728
0,14269
0,24411

74
W
1

0.3
2

0.2
0.1
O

10

10

. 3.9
W
0.3
0.2

2
1

0.1
O

. 3.10
. 3.9, 3.10 W
y=b/2 y=b/4: 1 3232, 2
8080.
. 3.7, 3.8 . 3.73.10 ,
;
.
3.2.1.4. , -
.
, ,
- ,
(. 3.11).
3.9
(. 3.12), : a=b=10, =2,
d=0,4, =2,1107/2, =0,3, z=1/2.
/ 1/ ,
( , W
)

75

SCAD Office v.11 / 2/ .

z
pz =1/ 2

10

10

. 3.11
3.9

00
10
11
20
21
22
30
31
32
33
40
41
42
43
44

W ()
1

88

1616

32x32

0,0
0,00942
0,02845
0,04351
0,05124
0,06201
0,07150
0,07062
0,07148
0,07378
0,07912
0,07608
0,07524
0,07492
0,07512

0,0
0,01905
0,03655
0,04825
0,05609
0,06522
0,07254
0,07179
0,07291
0,07472
0,08183
0,07777
0,07593
0,07559
0,07569

0,0
0,02286
0,04130
0,05253
0,06100
0,07030
0,07658
0,07655
0,07795
0,07976
0,08570
0,08244
0,08092
0,08061
0,08069

(4040)
0,0
0,02478
0,03972
0,04850
0,05620
0,06427
0,06782
0,06887
0,07061
0,07232
0,07517
0,07360
0,07301
0,07306
0,07320

a/2=5

b/2=5

. 3.12

(8080)
0,0
0,02972
0,04653
0,05590
0,06444
0,07317
0,07674
0,07800
0,07990
0,08170
0,08460
0,08304
0,08244
0,08247
0,08260

76

W10
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2

10

. 3.13
. 3.13 W y=0: 1
3232, 2 8080.
3.2.2. .
,
(1b1) . 3.14.

a1/a

pz

1
b1/a

. 3.14
,

(1/)(b1/) (1,1).
88, 2020 40x40
[240] 1616, ,
[61]; 3.10.

77

3.10

W%1 ,1
N% x

1 ,1

M% 1 ,1
S%

a/b=1, /d=5, =0,3


1=1=1/2, 1=b1=a/4
[240]
[61]
8x8
2020
4040
0,0339 0,0355 0,0358
0,0365
0,0358
0,0868

0,0891

0,0895

0,0903

0,0896

0,0221

0,0234

0,0236

0,0236

0,0238

0,0608 0,0646 0,0650

2
(

)
: W% = 192(1 v ) w ; N% x = 4n ; S% = 4s ; M% = 4m ; 00
00

.

, 1, 1,
,
a1, b1 (. 3.14).
pz =

P
,
a1 b1

[61]

.
-
,

a1xb1 .

[61]

50;
3.11.
3.11

a/b=1, /d=5, =0,3


1=1=1/2

1
1=b1=0,05a

2
1=b1=0,025a

3
1=b1=0,02a

[61]
4

78

4040
0,00184

W%1 ,1
M% ( )

8080
0,00188

100100
0,00188

0,00189

0,2148
0,2863
0,3094
0,3171
[61] W
1 ,1

a2
W = W%
P;
D

M x = M% ( ) P .
3.12

W%1 ,1
M%

100100
1=b1=0,02a
0,00188

%
-0,53

0,3094
-2,43
3.12 ,
1 ,1


50 [61].

. 3.15

()

. 3.16

79

. 3.15 W% ; . 3.16
M% ( ) =1/2. 1, 2, 3
1=b1=0,05a 4040; 1=b1=0,025a
8080; 1=b1=0,02a 100100, 4 [61]
50.
.
3.17.
m( ) = m ( ) =

P
, 0 .
2 h P0

.
. 3.18, 3.19 W%
M% ( ) (=1/2) h. ,
M% ( )
, .

1
h

. 3.17

80

. 3.18

()

. 3.19

3.3. 3.
3

ik, j ik, j 1

k
i, j

= 105 , ik, j k

k 1
; i , j .

.
,
.
.

81

4.
.
4.1. .
4.1.1.
.

[158]


,
:
2m 2m
+ 2 = p + n( ) + n( ) ;
2

2
w 2w
+
= m ;
2 2
2 2
+ 2 = (1 v 2 ) C ( w + w ) ;
2

2
2
+
= ,
2 2
:

(4.1.0)
(4.1.0)
(4.1.0)
(4.1.0)

82

Mx + My

Ed 3
M=
;
w=
W ;
2
4
(1 + v)
12 p0 (1 v )a

x
y
p
= ;
= ;
p= z;
= r0 a; = t0 a;
a
a
p0

(4.1.0)
;
2
2
2w
2w
Fd
( )
( )

n =
; n =
; w = 2; w = 2; =
;
2
2

p0 a 3

a2

C = 12 2 ;

d
; p0 z ; Mx, My
M
m=
;
p0 a 2

x, y; F ; r0, t0
, (2.1.2); z
z; d ; .
2.3;
, =0 :
- :
w=u==0; m( ) = 0 ;
- :

(4.1.0)

w=u=0; m( ) = 0 ; n( ) = 0 ;
:

(4.1.0)

w
2w
= 0;
= 0;
w=u==0;
2

(4.1.0)

n( ) = s = m( ) = 0;

(4.1.0)

3w
( )
q =
m ( 1 v ) 2 ,


2
S
2F
s
=

=
S
=

;
[158];
p0 a
xy
q( ) =

Qy
p0 a

( )
; m =

My
p0 a 2


- , :

83

w=u==0; m=0.
(4.1.0)
,
:
(4.1.0)
n( ) = 0 ; n( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 .
,
- , :
w=u=s=0; n( ) = 0 ; n( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ;

(4.1.0)

w==s=0; n( ) = 0 ; n( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 .
(4.1.0)
,
- , :
w=u==0; n( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ;

(4.1.0)

w=u= =0; n( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 .

(4.1.0)

,
,
w=u==0; n( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ;

w
= 0;

(4.1.0)

w
= 0.
(4.1.0)


w=u==0; n( ) = 0 ; m( ) = 0 ;

(4.1.0) (4.1.0) (4.1.0)


(4.1.0), w , w , n( ) n( ) .
4.1.2
.

(4.1.0)

(2.3.0).

, (4.1.0)
(2.4.0) w m, m (4.1.0).
m (4.1.0) w w ,
(4.1.0) w , w , n( ) , n( ) .

84

(4.1.0)

(2.2.7) [71],

, p w, m = = 1 . m
(4.1.0), (4.1.0) w ,
w .
(4.1.0)
(2.4.0) w , m (4.1.0).
n( ) , n( ) (4.1.0) = n( ) ,
= n( ) , (4.1.0) w , w ,
n( ) , n( ) .
(4.1.0) (4.1.0)
(2.2.7) [71] w, m , = = 1 .
(4.1.0) = n( ) , = n( ) ,
(4.1.0) n( ) , n( ) .
w , w ,
n( ) , n( ) .
2 L , L , .
(i-1,j)

III
(i,j)

(i,j-1)

II
(i+1,j-1)

(i-1,j+1)

(i,j+1)

IV
(i+1,j)

h
. 4.1

(i-1,j-1)

(i+1,j+1)

85

L( w ) + L( w ) L( m ) = (p ) ( p ) ( n( ) ) ( n( ) ) .

(4.1.0)

L( w ) , L( w ) (2.4.0) m w ,
w =h; ( n( ) ) , ( n( ) ) (2.4.0) n( ) , n( )
n( ) , n( ) .
wi1, j 1 2wi1, j + wi1, j +1 +
+10 wi, j 1 20wi, j + 10wi, j +1 +
+ wi+1, j 1 2 wi+1, j + wi+1, j +1

w
i 1, j 1 10 wi 1, j wi 1, j +1 +

+2 wi, j 1 + 20w
i , j + 2 wi , j +1

w
i +1, j 1 10 wi +1, j wi +1, j +1 +

+ h I II mi, j 1
h (

I III

mi, j +

III IV

mi 1, j I III mi, j II IV mi, j +

II IV

I II

mi, j

III IV

mi, j +1

mi+1, j ) = 0 .

(4.1.0)

(4.1.0) (4.1.0) :
L( n( ) ) + L( n( ) ) = ( 1 v 2 ) C ( w ) + ( 1 v 2 ) C ( w )
h3
( 1 v 2 ) C
12
h3
2
( 1 v ) C
12

{
{

I II

mi, j 1 + 5 I II mi, j + 5 III IV mi, j +

I III

mi 1, j + 5 I III mi, j + 5 II IV mi, j +

III IV

II IV

}
} .

mi, j +1
mi+1, j

(4.1.0)

ni(1,) j 1 2ni(1,) j + ni(1,) j +1 +


+10ni(,j )1 20ni(,j) + 10ni(,j )+1 +
+ ni(+1,) j 1 2ni(+1,) j + ni(+1,) j +1 +
ni(1,) j 1 10ni(1,) j ni(1,) j +1 +
+2ni(,j )1 + 20ni(,j ) + 2ni(,j)+1
ni(+1,) j 1 10ni(+1,) j ni(+1,) j +1 = 0 .

(4.1.0)

86

m =

I II

mi, j = I mi, j II mi, j ;

I III

mi , j = I mi, j III mi, j ; m =

m
;

m
. .


. 4.1.
w ,
,
. ,

w =

w .

, .
(4.1.0), (4.1.0) w = 0 ; w = 0 . ,
, ,
m , m . , m = w ;
m = w ,
3 w 3 w

w = 3 ; w = 3 .

(4.1.0)

:
- =0; (4.1.0)
u
2w
2w
= 0 ; (2.3.7) ,
= 0;
= 0;
2
2

( )

( )

n ( )
=
.
v
2
= 0 . (5.2.22) [71]

2

, , , u , , , ; :

87

3
3
2
+ ( 2 + v)
= 2,
3
2

2
= 0 ; (4.1.0) :

2
n( )
3
+ ( 2 + v)
= 0.

(4.1.0)

(4.1.0)

3

(5.2.20) [71]
2
, , , , , h, i, j, S ,, , n, h,, j, i, - ; n( ) + n ( ) =
:

i, j =

1 3 h
( ) h ( )
1 h ( )

5
n

2
+
n
+
ni 1, j + 2

i 1, j
i 1, j +1
12h 2
h
2
h

h
h
h
3 10 ni(,j ) + 2 2 + ni(,j)+1 ni(,j )+ 2 +
h

1 h ( )
3h
h
+
5 ni(+1,) j 2 + ni(+1,) j +1 +
ni +1, j +2
h
2
2
h

1h
ni(1,) j + 2ni(1,) j +1 ni(1,) j +2 +
(
2
+26ni(,j) 28ni(,j)+1 + 2ni(,j)+2
ni(+1,) j + 2ni(+1,) j +1 ni(+1,) j +2 ) .

( )
ni , j =

1
3ni(,j ) + 4ni(,j )+1 ni(,j)+ 2 ) , (4.1.0) (4.1.0)
(
2h

:
+7 ni(1,) j + 6ni(1,) j +1 ni(1,) j + 2 +

18
+2 7 +
( 2 + v)

(4.1.0)

( )

4
ni , j 12 1 +

( 2 + v)

+7 ni(+1,) j + 6ni(+1,) j +1 ni(+1,) j +2


ni(1,) j + 2ni(1,) j +1 ni(1,) j + 2 +

( )

6 ( )
ni , j +1 + 2 1 +
ni , j + 2 +
2
+
v
(
)

88

+26ni(,j) 28ni(,j )+1 + 2ni(,j )+2


ni(+1,) j + 2ni(+1,) j +1 ni(+1,) j + 2 = 0 .

(4.1.0)
=0 (4.1.0) : , , i, j , , j, i.
(=1, =b/a)
.
- =0:
w=u=0; w = w = 0 ; n( ) = 0 ;

= 0 ; ,
= 0 ;

(2.3.7) , n( ) = 0 .
-, (4.1.0)
(4.1.0), .
:
w
u
2w
=
0
=0.
=
0
w=0;
;
;
u=0;
(4.1.0)

2
n( ) , n( )
- (4.1.0).
w w w (4.1.0)
i,j (2.2.6) [71] ==1 , p
w, m. , w = 0 ; m 0 ,
w , m, w . :

12
wi 1, j + 4 wi1, j + 2wi1, j +1 +
h

24
wi , j 20wi, j + 8wi, j +1
h

12
wi +1, j + 4wi+1, j + 2wi+1, j +1 +
h

+ hmi 1, j + 5mi 1, j + mi 1, j +1
2hmi, j 10mi , j 2mi , j +1 +
+ hmi +1, j + 5mi +1, j + mi +1, j +1 )

89

h ( mi, j mi, j +1 ) = 0.

(4.1.0)

m m :
1
(4.1.0)
( 3mi, j + 4mi, j +1 mi , j+2 ) .
2h
(4.1.0) 2, (4.1.0)

mi, j =

mi 1, j , mi , j +1 ; :

24
wi 1, j + 8wi1, j + 4wi1, j +1 +
h

48
wi , j 40wi, j + 16 wi, j +1
h

24
wi +1, j + 8wi+1, j + 4 wi+1, j +1 +
h

+7 mi 1, j + 6mi1, j +1 mi1, j + 2
14mi , j 12mi , j +1 + 2mi , j +2 +
+7 mi +1, j + 6mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 )

2h ( mi, j mi, j +1 ) = 0.

(4.1.0)

, w=0 w=0 , (4.1.0) :


+4 wi1, j +1 +
+16 wi, j +1
+4 wi+1, j +1 +
+7 mi 1, j + 6mi1, j +1 mi1, j + 2
14mi , j 12mi , j +1 + 2mi , j +2 +
+7 mi +1, j + 6mi +1, j +1 mi +1, j + 2 )

2h ( mi, j mi, j +1 ) = 0.

(4.1.0)

(4.1.0) w + w = m .
:

7 w
i 1, j + 6 wi 1, j +1 wi 1, j + 2 + 2 wi 1, j +1 wi 1, j + 2

90

14 wi, j 12w
i , j +1 + 2 wi , j + 2 28wi , j +1 + 2 wi , j + 2 +

+7 w
i +1, j + 6 wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j + 2 + 2 wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j + 2 +

+2h ( mi, j mi, j +1 ) = 0.

(4.1.0)

i,j (=0) (4.1.0)


, , i, j , , j, i. (=b/a)

(=1)

.
=0:
3w
.
(4.1.0)
n = 0 ; s = = 0 ; m
2
3
= 0 .
(4.1.0) ,
2
( )

( )

( )

= 0 ; q = m ( 1 v)

ni(,j) (4.1.0).

n( ) = 0 :
ni(,j) =

1
7 ni(1,) j + 6ni(1,) j +1 ni(1,) j + 2 +
28
+14ni(,j) 12ni(,j )+1 + 2ni(,j)+ 2 +
+7 ni(+1,) j + 6ni(+1,) j +1 ni(+1,) j + 2 +
+2ni(1,) j +1 ni(1,) j + 2
28ni(,j )+1 + 2ni(,j)+2 +
+2ni(+1,) j +1 ni(+1,) j + 2 .

(4.1.0)

i,j (=0)
, , i, j ,

, j, i. (=b/a) (=1)
.
(4.1.0) , :

w
i , j = vwi , j .

(4.1.0)

91

3w
= 2 , (4.1.0),

:
1
3wi, j + 4 wi, j +1 wi, j + 2 ) .
(4.1.0)
(
2
m (2.5.0)
wi
,j =

(2.3.0) (4.1.0) 4=5=0:


+8mi 1, j + 4mi 1, j +1
12hmi , j 22mi , j 8mi , j +1 + 6mi , j + 2 +
+8mi +1, j + 4mi +1, j +1 +
+12hmi, j =
= ( ) + (n( ) ) + (n( ) ) ,
:

( )

(4.1.0)

h2
= ( 5 pi 1, j + 8 pi 1 j +1 pi 1 j + 2 +
12
+74 pi , j + 56 pi , j +1 10 pi , j + 2 +
+5 pi +1, j + 8 pi +1, j +1 pi +1, j + 2 ) ,

(4.1.0)

(n( ) ) , (n( ) ) - (4.1.0)

n( ) , n( ) .
8wi1, j 4wi1, j +1
12hmi , j + 22wi, j + 8wi, j +1 6 wi, j + 2
8wi+1, j 4 wi+1, j +1

8wi
1, j 4 wi 1, j +1

+22 wi, j + 8w
i , j +1 6 wi , j + 2

8wi
+1, j 4 wi +1, j +1 +

+12hmi, j =
= ( ) + (n( ) ) + (n( ) ) .
(4.1.0) :

(4.1.0)

92

mi, j =

1
8wi1, j 4 wi1, j +1 +
12h
+22 wi, j + 8wi, j +1 6 wi, j +2
8wi+1, j 4 wi+1, j +1

8w
i 1, j 4 wi 1, j +1 +

+22 wi, j + 8w
i , j +1 6 wi , j + 2

8wi
+1, j 4 wi +1, j +1 +

+12hmi, j
( ) (n( ) )
( n( ) ) .

(4.1.0)
(4.1.0), (4.1.0) (4.1.0), :
qi(, j) =

1
8wi1, j 4 wi1, j +1 +
{
12h
+ 22 + 18 ( 1 v ) wi, j + 8 1 3 ( 1 v ) wi, j +1 6vwi, j +2
8wi+1, j 4 wi+1, j +1

8w
i 1, j 4 wi 1, j +1 +

+22 wi, j + 8w
i , j +1 6 wi , j + 2

8wi
+1, j 4 wi +1, j +1 +

+12hmi, j

( ) (n( ) )
.
( n( ) )

(4.1.0)

( )
(4.1.0) qi , j = 0 .

i,j =0 (4.1.0) , , , , i,
j , , , , j, i. (=b/a) (=1)
.
.

- ,
(4.1.0) (2.3.7):

93

(4.1.0)
w = w = 0 ; n( ) = 0 ; n( ) = 0 .
,
(4.1.0).
,
- , (4.1.0), (4.1.0) (4.1.0).
,
- , (4.1.0), (4.1.0) (4.1.0).
,
, (4.1.0), (4.1.0) (4.1.0).
4.1.3. .

(4.1.0)

(4.1.0),

2, -2:
4wi1, j 1 + 4wi1, j + 4 wi1, j +1
+28wi, j 1 80wi, j + 28wi, j +1 +
+4 wi+1, j 1 + 4wi+1, j + 4 wi+1, j +1 +
12 wi
1, j
+12 wi, j 1

+12 wi
, j +1
12 wi
+1, j +

+h (

I II

3h (

mi, j 1 7 I II mi, j 7 III IV mi, j +

I III

mi1, j +

I III

mi, j +

II IV

mi, j +

= (p ) ( p ) ( n( ) ) ( n( ) ) ;
+12 wi1, j

III IV

II IV

mi, j +1 )

mi+1, j ) =
(4.1.0)

94

12 wi, j 1

12 wi, j +1 +
+12 wi+1, j +

+4 wi
1, j 1 + 28 wi 1, j + 4 wi 1, j +1 +

+4 wi, j 1 80wi
, j + 4 wi , j +1 +

+4 wi
+1, j 1 + 28wi +1, j + 4 wi +1, j +1 +

3h (
+h (

I II

I III

mi, j 1 +

I II

mi, j +

III IV

mi, j +

III IV

mi 1, j 7 I III mi , j 7 II IV mi, j +

mi, j +1 ) +

II IV

mi +1, j ) =

= (p ) ( p ) ( n( ) ) ( n( ) ) ;

(4.1.0)

(4.1.0), (4.1.0) :
4ni(1,) j 1 + 28ni(1,) j + 4ni(1,) j +1 +
+4ni(,j)1 80ni(,j) + 4ni(,j)+1 +
+4ni(+1,) j 1 + 28ni(+1,) j + 4ni(+1,) j +1 +
+12ni(1,) j
12ni(,j)1

12ni(,j)+1 +
+12ni(+1,) j =

h3
= ( 1 v 2 ) C (
12

I II

mi, j 1 + 5 I II mi, j ) + ( 5 III IV mi, j +

III IV

mi, j +1 )

95

h3
( 1 v ) C (
12
2

I III

mi 1, j + 5 I III mi, j ) + ( 5 II IV mi, j +

II IV

+ ( 1 v 2 ) C ( w ) + ( 1 v 2 ) C ( w ) ;

mi+1, j ) +

(4.1.0)

12ni(1,) j +
+12ni(,j)1

+12ni(,j )+1
12ni(+1,) j +

+4ni(1,) j 1 + 4ni(1,) j + 4ni(1,) j +1 +


+28ni(,j)1 80ni(,j) + 28ni(,j)+1 +
+4ni(+1,) j 1 + 4ni(+1,) j + 4ni(+1,) j +1 =
h3
= ( 1 v 2 ) C (
12
h3
( 1 v ) C (
12
2

I II

I III

mi, j 1 + 5 I II mi, j ) + ( 5 III IV mi, j +

mi 1, j + 5 I III mi, j ) + ( 5 II IV mi, j +

III IV

II IV

+ ( 1 v 2 ) C ( w ) + ( 1 v 2 ) C ( w ) .

mi, j +1 )

mi+1, j ) +

(4.1.0)

(4.1.0) -
:
ni(,j) =

7ni(1,) j + 6ni(1,) j +1 ni(1,) j + 2


36

14

2+v

4 ( )
6 ( )

12 1 +
ni , j +1 + 2 1
ni , j + 2 +
2+v
2+v
+7 ni(+1,) j + 6ni(+1,) j +1 ni(+1,) j + 2
ni(1,) j + 2ni(1,) j +1 ni(1,) j + 2 +

96

+26ni(,j) 28ni(,j)+1 + 2ni(,j)+ 2


ni(+1,) j + 2ni(+1,) j +1 ni(+1,) j + 2 .

(4.1.0)

=0 (4.1.0) : , , i, j, , , j, i.
=b/a, =1 .
(4.1.0) :
w
i, j =

7 w
i 1, j + 6 wi 1, j +1 wi 1, j + 2 + 2 wi 1, j +1 wi 1, j + 2 +
28

+14 wi, j 12w


i , j +1 + 2 wi , j + 2 28wi , j +1 + 2 wi , j + 2 +

+7 w
i +1, j + 6 wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j + 2 + 2 wi +1, j +1 wi +1, j + 2 +

+2h ( mi(,j ) mi(,j )+1 ) .

(4.1.0)

=0 (4.1.0) : , , i, j, , , j, i.
=b/a, =1 .
(4.1.0) :
wi, j =

1
8wi1, j 4wi1, j +1 +
{
22 + 18 ( 1 v )
+8 1 3 ( 1 v ) wi, j +1 6vwi, j + 2
8wi+1, j 4 wi+1, j +1

8w
i 1, j 4 wi 1, j +1 +

+22 wi, j + 8w
i , j +1 6 wi , j + 2

8wi
+1, j 4 wi +1, j +1 +

+12hmi, j

( ) (n( ) ) (n( ) ) .

(4.1.0)

=0 (4.1.0) , , , , i, j , , , ,j, i.
=b/a, =1
.

97

n
. m

( )

, m

( )

( )

n ( )

(2.3.0).

m , m .
:
mi, j =

1
( mi1, j + mi+1, j ) .
2h

1
( mi, j1 + mi, j+1 ) ,
2h
m = w w .
=0:
mi, j =

(4.1.0)

(4.1.0)
(4.1. 0)

1
(4.1.0)
( 3mi, j + 4mi, j +1 mi , j+2 ) .
2h
=0 (4.1.0) : , i, j , j, i.
mi, j =

=b/a, =1
. m , m .
w

2w
= w
2


w .

(2.4.1) [71] =0, =1 , p w, w .
h
w, w, w :
h 2
h3

(4.1.0)
wi , j 1 2 wi , j + wi , j +1 = ( wi , j 1 + 10wi , j + wi , j +1 ) + mi, j .
12
12
(2.5.0).
(4.1.0) , w ,
, ,
.

98

w, n( ) , n( ) (2.3.0)

= u
= .

u
= u

.

(2.4.1) [71] =0, =1 u, p u : u;
.
w , w (4.1.0), (4.1.0), (4.1.0)
m w. , u .

i,j (3.1.0), (3.1.0) (3.1.0).


(2.3.0),
.
4.1.4. .
3.2
.
.
, .

- =0,3,

/d=5,

=1 (. 3.1).
4.1 ,
I / I/;
, II / II/,
(

SCAD Office v.11 / III/.


4.1
-

II

III

99

44

88

1616

44

88

1616

2020

4040

8080

W%
N%

0,0490

0,0493

0,0480

0,0487

0,0482

0,0480

0,0493

0,0492

0,0492

0,1049

0,1185

0,1200

0,1217

0,1205

0,1204

M% x

0,0057

0,0042

0,0036

0,0047

0,0037

0,0036


-
a=b=10, =2, d=0,4, =0,3, =2,1107/2
qx=qy=1/ . 4.2.
qx =1/

qy=1/

10

10
x

. 4.2
4.2
/ I/; ,
( , W )
SCAD Office v.11 / II/ .
4.2

W
()

II

88

1616

3232

20x20

4040

8080

0,01463

0,01204

0,01138

0,01134

0,01136

0,01137

100

2
1

. 4.3
. 4.3. W : 1
3232, 2
8080. .

,

, -
=10,
b=12, =1, d=0,1, =0, E=2106 /2, pz=1 /2 (. 4.4). 4.3
II
/ 1/. ,

1,25

1,25

1,25

1,25

/ 2/ [218].

. 4.4
4.3
2

W10 ()

1
2

4048
8096
86

11

12

13

21

22

23

31

32

33

0,2356
0,2503

0,3285
0,3415

0,3353
0,3451

0,3023
0,3286

0,4362
0,4600

0,4459
0,4639

0,2948
0,3282

0,4323
0,4631

0,4417
0,4652

0,2776

0,3633

0,3799

0,3611

0,4808

0,5081

0,3413

0,4582

0,4829

41

42

43

0,2860
0,3218

0,4209
0,4540

0,4297
0,4551

0,3323

0,4447

0,4687

101

, ,
- ,
, /d =0,3 (.
4.5).

. 4.5
4.4
/d=0
1

/d=1
2

88

1616

32x32

[214]

88

1616

32x32

88

1616

32x32

0,0244

0,0249

0,0254

0,0249

0,0234

0,0231

0,0231

0,0217

0,0196

0,0190

0,1085

0,1105

0,1113

0,1090

0,0903

0,0895

0,0894

0,0554

0,0518

0,0509

0,840
1,0
-16

0,903
1,0
-9,7

0,942
1,0
-5,8

0,915
1,01
-9,3

0,927
1,01
-8,2

0,950
1,01
-5,9

1,096
1,02
6,5

0,978
1,02
-4,1

0,966
1,02
-5,3

w
m()
r

/d=2
2

4.4

(r).

(). (/d=0)
,
[214].

102

w
/d=0

0.03

/d=1
/d=2

0.02

0.01

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

. 4.6
m()
0.15

/d=0
/d=1

0.1

/d=2

0.05

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

. 4.7
. 4.6, 4.7 w
m()
/d 3232.
4.5

/d=1
/d=2

88
1616
88
1616
I
0,0116
0,0125
0,0044
0,0049
w
II
0,0234
0,0231
0,0217
0,0196
I/II
%
-50,4
-45,9
-79,7
-75,0
I
0,0460
0,0493
0,01328 0,01423
m()
II
0,0903
0,0895
0,05540 0,05180
I/II
%
-49,1
-44,9
-76,0
-72,5
4.5
. I I
, ,
-

; II

103

II , 4.4.
I II. ,
, - ,
, - .
,
(. 4.8).

. 4.8
4.6

3
32x32
0,0644

1
12x12
0,0591

0,3666

/d=0
2
1616
0,0640
0,3702

0,3715

1,7168

1,8228

2,0
-14,2

1
88
0,0630

w
m()
r
(m+
m)
%

3
32x32
0,0582

1
12x12
0,0506

0,3124

/d=1
2
1616
0,0586
0,3122

3
32x32
0,0472

0,2103

/d=2
2
1616
0,0489
0,2079

0,3115

1,8932

1,876

1,88

1,912

2,0868

2,0068

1,952

2,0

2,0

2,05

2,05

2,05

2,05

2,05

2,05

-8,9

-5,3

-8,5

-8,3

-6,7

1,8

-2,1

-4,8

0,2054

4.6
(r).

(m+m).

w
/d=0
/d=1
/d=2

0.06
0.04

0.02

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

104

. 4.9
m

()

0.4

0.3

/d=0
/d=1

0.2

/d=2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

. 4.10
. 4.9, 4.10 w
m() /d
3232.
,
, - ,
,
a1xb1 /d=5, =0,3 (. 3.11).
4.7 I
/

I/;

II / II/ .
4.7
a/b=1, /d=5, =0,3
1=1=1/2

W%1 ,1
M% ( )

1 ,1

I
1
1=b1
=0,05a
4040
0,00184

2
1=b1
=0,025a
8080
0,00188

3
1=b1
=0,02a
100100
0,00188

1
1=b1
=0,05a
4040
0,00185

II
2
1=b1
=0,025a
8080
0,00188

0,2148

0,2863

0,3094

0,2151

0,2863

3
1=b1
=0,02a
100100
0,00188
0,3094

105

. 4.11

()

. 4.12
. 4.11 W% ; . 4.12
M% ( )
(=1/2). 1, 2, 3
1=b1=0,05a 4040; 1=b1=0,025a 8080; 1=b1=0,02a
100100 II , 4 [61]
50.
4.2. .
4.2.1. .
,
, .
.

(2.3.1) (2.3.4).

106


, 2.
4.2.2.
.
(2.4.0), (2.4.0), (2.4.0),
(2.4.0) (2.5.0), (2.5.0), (2.5.0), (2.5.0), (2.5.0), (2.5.0)
. (2.4.0) u, , m w.
=0

(2.5.0). mi , j

(2.5.0). :
+8mi 1, j + 4mi1, j +1
4mi , j 32mi , j +1 + 12mi , j + 2 +
+8mi +1, j + 4mi+1, j +1

h4
( 7ui1, j + 6ui1, j+1 ui1, j+2
2
7ui +1, j 6ui+1, j +1 + ui+1, j + 2 )

h5 ( i 1, j i 1, j +1 +

+12i , j 14i , j +1 + 2i , j + 2 +
+i +1, j i +1, j +1 ) +

+3 (w) = (p ) ,

(4.2.0)

( w) (4.1.0) w.
=0 (4.2.0) : u, , C4, C5, h, , i, j

, u, C5, C4, , h, j, i. =b/a =1


.
=0 - ,

(4.2.0) u, w.
=0 -
(4.2.0) u, , w.

107

==0
(2.3.3) (2.1.15) [71]
. m, m, m, p,
p p, 2.1 [71] .
:
60mi , j + 54mi , j +1 30mi , j +2 +
+54mi +1, j + 24mi +1, j +1 6mi +1, j + 2
30mi + 2, j 6mi + 2, j +1 +
+C4

h
( 51ui, j + 40ui, j+1 7ui, j+2
2
60ui +1, j 44ui +1, j +1 + 8ui +1, j + 2 +
+9ui + 2, j + 4ui +2, j +1 ui +2, j +2 ) +

hC5
( 51i, j 60i, j +1 + 9i, j +2 +
2
+40i +1, j 44i +1, j +1 + 4i +1, j + 2
7i + 2, j + 8i + 2, j +1 i+ 2, j +2 ) +

1
+ h 2 C3 ( 53wi , j + 38wi , j +1 7 wi , j + 2 +
4
+38wi +1, j + 40 wi +1, j +1 6wi +1, j + 2
7 wi + 2, j 6 wi +2, j +1 + wi +2, j +2 ) =

= h2

1
( 53 pi. j + 38 pi, j +1 7 pi , j +2 +
4
+38 pi +1, j + 40 pi +1, j +1 6 pi +1, j + 2
7 pi + 2, j 6 pi + 2, j +1 + pi + 2, j +2 ) .

(4.2.0)
-,
-, ,
u, , w.

(4.2.0)

108

4.2.3.
.
,
, - ,
,
[61] :
a 4 p0
W=
( w0 wk ) ,
D

(4.2.0)

m x
n y
sin
a
b ;
2
2 2
mn ( m + n )

16
w0 = 6

m=1 n =1


16
K mn
m x
n y
wk = 6
sin
sin
.
m=1 n=1 mn ( m 2 + 2 n 2 )
a
b

sin

(t m +r n )
=
( m + n ) + (t m + r n )
2 2 2

K mn

2 2 4

2 2 2

(4.2.0)

a
12 ( 1 v 2 ) a 4
= ,
; =
;
b
d2
4

(4.2.0)

x, y ; m n (m =1, 3, 5, , n
=1, 3, 5, ); r0, t0 , (2.1.0).
4.8
(. 3.1)
(/b=1) /d=1 /d=5, =0,3
50 (4.2.0)-(4.2.0).

4.8

/d=1
1

a/b=1

/d=5
2

109

00
01
02
10
11
12
20
21
22

44

88

1616

3232

44

88

1616

3232

0,8165
0,634
0,858
0,634
1,088
1,043
0,858
1,043
1,017

0,660
0,737
0,872
0,737
1,001
1,006
0,872
1,006
1,007

0,626
0,846
0,925
0,846
1,002
1,002
0,925
1,002
1,002

0,618
0,919
0,961
0,919
1,000
1,001
0,961
1,001
1,001

1,319
1,028
1,420
1,028
1,178
0,997
1,420
0,997
0,756

0,852
1,010
1,136
1,010
1,024
0,991
1,136
0,991
0,926

0,676
0,964
1,024
0,964
1,007
0,999
1,024
0,999
0,983

0,630
0,972
1,001
0,972
1,002
1,000
1,001
1,000
1,000

p
2

1.001

0.961

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.961

0.7

0.8

0.9

. 4.13

p
2
1.001

1.000

1.001

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

. 4.14
. 4.13, 4.14
(=1/2) /d=1 /d=5 3232.

.
,
(a1xb1) .

110

[61] :
a3P
W=
( w0 wk ) ,
bD

(4.2.0)

m x
n y
m x1
n y1
sin
sin
sin
a
b
a
b ;
2
2 2
(m + n )

4
w0 = 4

m=1 n=1


4
K
m x
n y
m x1
n y1
wk = 4 2 mn 2 2 sin
sin
sin
sin
.
m=1 n=1 ( m + n )
a
b
a
b

sin

(t m +r n )
=
( m + n ) + (t m + r n )
2 2 2

K mn

2 2 4

2 2 2

(4.2.0)

a
12 ( 1 v 2 ) a 4
= ,
; =
;
b
d2
4

(4.2.0)

m n (m =1, 2, 3, , n =1, 2, 3, ); x, y
; r0, t0 ,

(2.1.0); x1,

y1 .

p
1.0156

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

. 4.15
. 4.15
(=1/2) a1=b1=0,025a 8080 ,
(4.2.0) (4.2.0) 50;
/d=5; =0,3.
4.3. 4.
4.1
. ,

.

111

4.2
. ,
.

.

.

112

1. ,
, ,
, .
..
().

.
2.

.
3.
.
4. Visual
Basic 6 ,
.

.
5.
.
6.
.
,
.
-

.
-

, .

113

- ,

.
.

.
1.

..

114

. , .8, , 1975.
2.

..
. : ,
.2, , 1966.

3.

..

/,

, 1967.
4.

.., .., .. / /
. :
, .7, 1975.

5.

.., .., ..
. - ,
, 1965.

6.

.., ..
. :
, . 2, , 1966.

7.

.., .. -
. :
, ., , 1968.

8.

.. ,
. .,
, 1951.

9.

..
. ., , 1969.

10. ., ., . .
., , 1972.
11. A.M.
// -
- 1966-1967. , ., 1967.

115

12. ..
. , .364, ., 1971.
13. ..
. ,
.131, ., 1961.
14. .., .., .., ..
, . ., , 1976.
15. ..
//
1, 1990 ., . 14-17.
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