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HOLY MARY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

PROJECT SEMINAR
ON

BOGARAM(V), KEESARA (M), RANGAREDDY (Dist)- 501301

SUBMITTED BY S.VINAY REDDY (10QH1A0453) AMIT NITIN BONGALE (10QH1A0404) M.ANAMIKA (10QH1A0405) P.SATISH REDDY (10QH1A0444) Under the supervision of Internal Guide Mr.N.VEDA KUMAR M.Tech (ASSISTANT PROFFESSOR) Head of the Department Prof. M.DEVAM RAJUB.E,M.TECH.(PH D) (PROF. & HOD of ECE)

ABSTRACT
The main aim of the project is to operate the fan using SENSORS Effective way of operating a fan is by using TEMPERATURE SENSOR

without the help of a regulator. Here we use THERMISTOR (LM35) as a temperature sensor.

Contents
Introduction Block Diagram Power Supply Micro-controller AT89C51 LCD

Relay
DC Motor Schematic Representation Real Time Applications Advantages & Disadvantages Future Scope Conclusion

INTRODUCTION
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS is a special-purpose system in which the computer is completely encapsulated by or dedicated to the device or system it controls.

This project TEMPERATURE SENSOR BASED CEILING FAN CONTROL SYSTEM mainly explains you about the use of a fan with out the help of regulators. The input devices we use here are temperature sensor, power supply, analogto-digital converter[ADC 0804]. The output devices connected to the micro-controller are LCD, Relay & fan.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

POWER SUPPLY
230V AC

Power supply internally consists of a step down transformer, rectifier,


filter & a voltage regulator

TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Device that detects (senses) changes in the

ambient conditions or in the state of another


device or a system, and conveys or records this information in a certain manner.

LM35 is a precision IC temperature sensor with its output proportional to the temperature (in oC). LM35

It has three pins namely GND.

Output,VCC &

ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER [ADC]


ADC is short for Analog Digital Converter, Sometimes called a A-D or A to D Converter.

An ADC is a device that converts a continuous


analog signal to a multi-level digital signal without altering its content. The signals that are monitored are sounds, movement, and temperature into binary code for

the PC.

MICRO-CONTROLLER(AT89C5 1)

PIN DESCRIPTION

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF 8051 C

ALPHANUMERIC 16X2 LCD

16X2 LCD

RELAY
A relay is used to isolate one electrical circuit from

another.
It allows a low current control circuit to make or break an electrically isolated high current circuit path. The basic relay consists of a coil and a set of contacts. Relay is used as an electromagnetic switch. Relay

FAN
Here in the place of a fan we actually use a AC motor for a clockwise rotation with speed in accordance to the temperature sensor.

Motor is a device that creates a motion, not an engine. It


usually refers to either an electrical motor or an internal combustible engine.

SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION

SOFTWARE
Here we are use KEIL micro vision 4 and PROTEUS software for

purpose of simulation of code.

Keil vision 4

Proteus

KEIL Vision 4
It is possible to create the source files in a text editor such as Notepad, run the Compiler on each C source file, specifying a list of controls, run the Assembler on each Assembler source file, specifying another list of controls, run either the Library Manager or Linker (again specifying a list of controls) and finally running the Object-HEX Converter to convert the Linker output file to an Intel Hex File. Once that has been completed the Hex File can be downloaded to the target hardware and debugged. To build (compile, assemble, and link) an application in Vision4, you must: 1 Select Project (forexample,166\EXAMPLES\XYZ\XYZ.uv4). 2 Select Project - Rebuild all target files or Build target. 3 Vision4 compiles, assembles, and links the files in your project.

PROTEUS
Proteus is software for microprocessor simulation, schematic capture, and printed circuit board (PCB) design. It basically consists of :-

ISIS Schematic Capture

PROSPICE Mixed mode SPICE simulation


ARES PCB Layout VSM System Benefits

ADVANTAGES
The need for manual input through a remote device is unnecessary as the sensor detects the temperature conditions when switched on. The size & redundancy for the whole machine is also varyingly reduced

which saves time and cost.


As the temperature sensor recognizes patterns of variations and acts accordingly by the code imprinted on the micro-c0ntroller, the overhead of the manual input is eliminated.

DISADVANTAGES
The major disadvantage lies in the case of a closed room. In a closed room as the temperature rises with the increase in fan speed HUMIDITY increases too. Here in this case, humidity plays an important role. An obsolete solution is to use a humidity sensors as well for the control of humidity in the case of a closed room

Future scope
Controllers are essentially small, purpose-built computers with input and output capabilities. These controllers come in a range of sizes and capabilities to control devices commonly found in buildings, and to control sub-networks of controllers. Inputs allow a controller to read temperatures, humidity, pressure, current flow, air flow, and other essential factors. The outputs allow the controller to send command and control signals to slave devices, and to other parts of the system. Inputs and outputs can be either digital or analog.

Real-time Applications

References

www.national.com
www.atmel.com

CONCLUSION
The Temperature sensor controlled DC fan is a prototype for a machine to work in temperature variant conditions & without human effort at all. The theoretical implementation have been so far successfully accomplished and hence the experimental part of the project work lies ahead of us which will be completed in the allotted time with the help of my co-partners. Hence we thank Sir Veda Kumar who made us cross every hurdle we have

stepped to come all this way


We thank the HOD and Principal

Sir to put faith and provide us with

such an opportunity Last but not the least we thank the audience my fellow students for their cooperation