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INFORMAL ASSESSMENT OF PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS

(adapted from Lake Elsinore Unified School District)


Student_______________________Grade_____Date_____Teacher_______________
Task Pre-test Post-test
Hears separate words in speech
(5)
Recognizes rhyming words (5)
Hears syllables in words (5)
Generates rhyming words (5)
Blends onset and rime (5)
Blends individual phonemes (5)
Isolates initial phonemes (5)
Isolates final phonemes (5)
Isolates middle phonemes (5)
Segments individual phonemes (5)
Manipulates phonemes (5)
Scoring Criteria:
Record the number of correct responses for each activity.
Children ho can perform at least !"# stimulus items correctly on an activity may be considered to have an ade$uate %rasp of
the concept.
Children ho perform belo this criterion on any activity ill benefit from direct instruction on the task.
1. Hears separate words in speech
Directions: &' am %oin% to say somethin%. Repeat hat ' say but say the sentence sloly( one ord at a time. Let me sho you.)
Say: &' see to cos.)
*hen say the sentence a%ain( one ord at a time.
Say: &'+see+to+cos.)
,o have the child say the sentence one ord at a time ith you.
-dditional practice e.amples/ &0e can skate fast.) &1y brother plays soccer.)
Say: &,o you try these. Listen( then say the sentence sloly+one ord at a time.)
1ake a check over each ord child says individually.
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
*his cat is my pet. This cat is my pet. This cat is my pet.
*om likes ridin% his bike. Tom likes riding his bike. Tom likes riding his bike.
0ill e have pi22a for lunch3 Will we have pizza for lunch? Will we have pizza for lunch?
*hey ent to Disneyland
today.
They went to Disneyland
today.
They went to Disneyland
today.
Sit in your chair4 Sit in your chair! Sit in your chair!
2. Recognizes rhyming words
Directions: &'5m %oin% to say to ords and ask you if they rhyme. Listen carefully.)
&do%6lo%+Does 7do%5 rhyme ith 7lo%53)
8ractice a fe more e.amples. 'f it seems necessary( e.plain that rhymin% ords sound the same at the end. -lso( demonstrate some
pairs of ords that do ,9* rhyme.
8ractice items/ pi%"bi% bike"toy cat"fat fit"sit rock"bird
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. ball"tall (Do they
rhyme3)
;. fo."bo.
<. sin%"sat
!. yes"toy
#. =eep"sheet
3. Hears syllables in words
Directions: &' am %oin% to say some ords sloly. Clap to sho me the parts or syllables you hear in each ord. Let me sho
you.)
Say/ bike+bike (Clap once as you say &bike))
Say/ apple+.ap6ple (Clap tice as you say &ap6ple))
,o you say the ord and clap ith me/ ap6ple (Child claps also)
Say/ dinosaur
,o you say the ord and clap ith me/ di6no6saur (student claps < times)
-dditional practice items/ man( football( forest
&Say the ord and clap the parts.)
Item Pre-Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. paper
;. do%
<. >alloeen
!. tree
#. table
4. Generates rhyming words
Directions: &'5m %oin% to say a ord and ' ant you to tell me a ord that rhymes ith it.)
8resent a fe e.amples of rhymin% pairs/ sat"rat( fish"ish( fo."bo.. Say that the ords rhyme because the last parts of them sound
alike. *hen( provide some e.amples of ords that do not rhyme/ cat"pi%( fish"co( fo."fast. Say that these ords do not rhyme
because they do not sound alike at the end.
Say/ &,o you try it ith me. *ell me a ord that rhymes ith ?-*.) (nonsense ords are 9@).
-dditional practice items/ pot loose fi%
Item Pre-Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. can
;. fell
<. si%ht
!. rake
#. sun
5. Blends onset and rime
Directions: &'5m %oin% to say the sounds of a ord. Listen to the sounds and put them to%ether to make a ord.)
Say these ounds ith a very short pause beteen them.
"b"+"at". 0hat ord did ' say3
-dditional practice items/ "s"+"ink" "m"+"ake"
Let5s try some more/
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. "d"+"ay" (day)
;. "f"+"ish" (fish)
<. "s"+"ide" (side)
!. "c"+"oat" (coat)
#. "t"+"all" (tall)
6. Blends individual phonemes
Directions: &'5m %oin% to say the sounds of a ord. Listen to the sounds and put them to%ether to make a ord.)
Say the sounds ith a very short pause beteen them.
"s"+"i"+"t"+ (sit) 0hat ord did ' say3
-dditional practice e.amples/ "u"+"p" (up) "m"+"o"((("m" (mom)
Say/ Let5s try some more.
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. "m"+"ai"+"l" (mail)
;. "s"+"t"+"o"+"p" (stop)
<. "p"+"e"+."n" (pen)
!. "d"+"a"+"d" (dad)
#. "%"+"oa"+"t" (%oat)
7. Isolates initial, final, and middle sounds
Initial Sounds
Directions: &'5m %oin% to say a ord and ' ant you to tell me the be%innin% or first sound of the ord.)
Say/ &cat) *hen ask/ &0hat5s the be%innin% sound of cat3) ("c")
-dditional practice items/ %ate( monkey
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. like
;. puppy
<. fat
!. soup
#. animal
Final Sounds
Directions: &'5m %oin% to say a ord and ' ant you to tell me the endin% or last sound of the ord.)
Say/ &cat) *hen ask/ &0hat5s the endin% sound of cat3) (t")
-dditional practice items/ lo%( skate
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. rat
;. lo%
<. horse
!. path
#. truck
Middle Sounds
Directions: &'5m %oin% to say a ord and ' ant you to tell me the middle sound of the ord. Listen carefully.
Say/ cat *hen ask/ &0hat5s the middle sound of cat3 ("a")
-dditional practice items/ sip( %ame
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. seed
;. cup
<. rip
!. boat
#. end
8. Segments individual phonemes
Directions: &,o e5re %oin% to play a ord %ame. '5m %oin% to say a ord and ' ant you to tell me each sound you hear in the
ord. Let me sho you.)
?irst say the ord naturally. *hen practice the ord ith the child( &stretchin%) the sounds.
Say/ &old) Listen hile ' say it sloly. "o"+"l"+"d"
,o say it sloly ith me/ "o"+"l"+"d"
-dditional practice items if needed/ read( man
&Let5s try some more. 0hat sounds do you hear in these ords3 &
Say each ord naturally and record the sounds the child correctly articulates.
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. up
;. it
<. leaf
!. back
#. stop
9. Manipulate phonemes
Directions: &'5ll say some ords. *hen '5ll ask you to say it but leave out a sound. Let5s try some. &
Say/ rat *hen say/ ,o say R-* ithout the "r" (at)
Say/ toad *hen say/ ,o say *9-D ithout the "d") (toa)
-dditional practice items (199SE ithout the "s" (moo)A S'* ithout the "s" (it).
Item Pre-test Response +/- Post-test Response +/-
:. *EE*> ithout the "th" (tee)
;. ?L-@E ithout the "l" (fake)
<. ,E-* ithout the "n" (eat)
!. BEE* ithout the "t" (bee)
#. L'1E ithout the "m" (lie)