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Physics 211

Kinematics v = v0 + at r = r0 + v0t + at2/2 v2 = v02 + 2a(x-x0) g = 9.81 m/s2 = 32.2 ft/s2 Uniform Circular Motion a = v2/r = 2r v = r = 2/T = 2f Dynamics Fnet = ma = dp/dt FA,B = -FB,A F = mg (near earth's surface) F12 = -Gm1m2/r2 (in general) (where G = 6.67x10-11 Nm2/kg2) Fspring = -kx Friction f = kN (kinetic) f SN (static) Work & Kinetic energy W = Fds W = FS = FScos (constant force) Wgrav = -mgy Wspring = - k(x22 - x12)/2 K = mv2/2 = p2/2m WNET = K Potential Energy Ugrav = mgy (near earth surface) Ugrav = -GMm/r (in general) Uspring = kx2/2 E = K + U = Wnc Power P = dW/dt P = Fv (for constant force) System of Particles RCM = miri / mi VCM = mivi / mi ACM = miai / mi P = mivi FEXT = MACM = dP/dt Impulse I = F dt P = Favt

Formula Sheet

Fall 2009
Simple Harmonic Motion: d2x/dt2 = -2x (differential equation for SHM) x(t) = Acos(t + ) v(t) = -Asin(t + ) a(t) = -2Acos(t + ) 2 = k/m (mass on spring) 2 = g/L (simple pendulum) 2 = mgRCM/I (physical pendulum) 2 = /I (torsion pendulum) General harmonic transverse waves: y(x,t) = Acos(kx -t) k = 2/, = 2f = 2/T v = f = /k Waves on a string:

Collisions: If FEXT = 0 in some direction, then Pbefore = Pafter in this direction: mivi (before) = mivi (after) In addition, if the collision is elastic: * Ebefore = Eafter * Rate of approach = Rate of recession * The speed of an object in the Center-of-Mass reference frame is unchanged by an elastic collision. Rotational kinematics s = R, v = R, a = R = 0 + 0t + 1/2t2 = 0 + t 2 = 02 + 2
Rotational Dynamics

For Constant

v2 =

I = miri2 Iparallel = ICM + MD2 Idisk = Icylinder = 1/2MR2 Ihoop = MR2 Isolid-sphere = 2/5MR2 Ispherical shell = 2/3MR2 Irod-cm = 1/12ML2 Irod-end = 1/3 ML2 = I (rotation about a fixed axis) = r x F , || = rFsin Krotation = 1/2I2 , Ktranslation = 1/2MVcm2 Ktotal = Krotation + Ktranslation W = Statics F = 0 , = 0 (about any axis)
Angular Momentum: Work & Energy

(mass per unit length )

(tension )

P=

1 v 2 A 2 2 dE 1 = 2 A 2 dx 2 d2y 1 d2y = Wave dx 2 v 2 dt 2

Equation Fluids:

=
B=

m V

p=

F A

L=rxp Lz = Iz Ltot = LCM + L* ext = dL/dt cm = dL*/dt precession = / L

p Bulk (V / V )

modulus

p 2 = p1 + g ( y 2 y1 )

FB = liquid gVliquid
F2 = F1 A2 A1