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SVPrecis_12th_Physics_Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

1. A charge qo is taken from P to A, P to B and P to C in ma!im"m# hich case ork done is


$ig"re gi%en &elo sho s three points A, B and C in a "niform electrostatic field. At hich of the points ill the electric potential &e ma!im"m#


(eri%e an e!pression for the electric potential at a point along the a!ial line of an electric dipole. At a point d"e to a point charge, the %al"es of electric field intensity and potential are '2)*C and 1+,*C respecti%ely. Calc"late -i. magnit"de of the charge and -ii. distance of the charge from the point of o&ser%ation. Ans
10 (i) 8.89 10 C , (ii) 0.5m


A proton is mo%ed in a "niform electric field of 1.7 10 4 N / C &et een t o points A and B separated &y a distance of 0.1n a. 1hat is the potential difference &et een the points# &. 2o m"ch ork is done in the a&o%e process#
5 24 Ans (i) 1.7 10 volt , (ii ) 2.72 10 J + q 4f a point charge is taken first from A to C and then from C to B of a circle dra n


ith another point charge 56 as centre, then along done# +. 1hat is the

hich path more


ill &e

ork done in mo%ing a 2 c point charge from corner A to corner B of a hen a 10 c charge e!ists at the centre of the s6"are#

s6"are ABC( -as sho n in the fig.


$ind the ratio of linear momenta ac6"ired &y an 8particle and a proton accelerated thro"gh the same potential.

Ans 8 :1
9. 4n a hydrogen atom, the electron and proton are &o"nd at a distance of a&o"t 0.3' a.


Estimate the potential energy of the system in eV, taking the :ero of potential energy at infinite separation of the electron from proton.


1hat is the ma!im"m

ork re6"ired to free electron, gi%en that its kinetic energy in the or&it is half the Ans

magnit"de of potential energy o&tained in -a.#

[ (a) -27.17eV, (b) -13.585ev ]

;. < o point charges, each of 3 109 C located at the t o %ertices of an e6"ilateral triangle of side 20 cm. 2o m"ch ork m"st &e done to &ring a charge of 10 9 C "pto to the third corner of the triangle from infinity#

7 Ans. 2.7 10 J


<hree point charges = 6, > and =6 are placed at e6"al distance on a straight line. 4f the potential energy of the system of three charges is :ero, then hat is the ratio of Q : q ? ?Ans. 1@/A


$ind the electrostatic potential energy of the config"ration of fo"r charges 56, 86, 56 and =6 placed at the fo"r

corners A,B,C and ( of a s6"are of side r. 12. 13.

q2 Ans. 1 4 60

2 4 r
hich are at the same electric

4n the electrostatic field of t o point charges > and =>. Bark t o points A and B potential. <he fig"re gi%en &elo microfarads. capacitance '2*7 $A $ind &et een the A sho s a net ork of capacitors

here the n"m&ers indicate the capacitance in %al"e of capacitance C if the e6"i%alent and B is to &e 2 F . ?Ans. C C


<hree capacitors C1 , C2 and C3 are connected to a &attery of +V as sho n in the fig. Di%en &elo . $ind the charges on the three capacitors. ?Ans@


E and F are t o parallel plate capacitors ha%ing the same area of plates and same separation &et een the plates. E has air &et een the plate and F contains a dielectric medi"m of GC3. a. Calc"late the potential difference &et een the plate of E and F. &. 1hat is the ratio of electrostatic energy stored in E and F. ?Ans. a ) 10V and 2V , (b) 5:1]


$ind the total energy stored in the capacitors in the net ork as sho n in the fig. Di%en that

C1 = C5 = 1 F , C2 = C3 = C4 = 2 F


A 4 F capacitor is charged &y a 200V s"pply. 4t is then disconnected from the s"pply and is connected to another "ncharged 2 F capacitor. 2o energy of the first capacitor is lost in the form of heat and electromagnetic radiation# m"ch electrostatic



?Ans. 2.67 10 2 J A A parallel plate capacitor ith air &et een he plates has a capacitance of 9p$. 1hat ill &e the capacitance if the distance &et een the plates is red"ced &y half and the space distance &et een the plates is red"ced &y half and the space &et een them is filled ith a s"&stance of dielectric constant +. ?Ans. ;+ p$A A parallel plate capacitor is filled ith t o dielectrics as sho n in fig. gi%en &elo . 1hat is its capacity# ?Ans

o A ( K1 + K 2 ) 2d


A parallel plate capacitor is filled

ith dielectrics as sho n fig, gi%en &elo . 1hat is its capacitance# ?Ans.

2 0 Ak1k2 A d ( k1 + k2 )


< o capacitors of 25 F and 100 F are connected in series to a so"rce of 120V. keeping their charges "nchanged, they are separated and connected in parallel to each = other. $ind o"t a. Potential difference &et een the plates of each capacitor. &. Energy loss in the process. ?Ans. -i. 38.4V , (ii) 0.052] ith a &attery,. 1hat ill &e the &attery

22. 2'.

< o capacitors of capacitance 6 F and 12 F are connect in series %oltage if the %oltage across 6 F capacitor is 2 %olts #

?Ans. ' VA

4n a %an de Draff generator, a spherical metal shall is to &e a 15 105 electrode. <his dielectric strength of the gas s"rro"nd the electrode is 5 107 vm 1 . 1hat is the minim"m radi"s of the spherical shell re6"ire.?Ans. 'cmA


H&tain the e6"i%alent capacitance of the net ork in the gi%en for '00V s"pply, determine the charge and %oltage across each capacitors.

200 3 18 ?Ans. Q1 = 10 C , V1 = 10 Q2 = Q3 = 108 C Ceq = V2 = V3 = 50V ; Q4 = V4 = 200V


<he graph sho s the %ariation of %oltage V across the plates of t o capacitors A and B %ers"s increase of charge > stored on them. 1hen of the t o capacitors has higher capacitance# Di%e reason for yo"r ans er. ?Ans A has higher capacitanceA


<he graph sho s the %ariations of charge 6 %ario"s potential difference V for t o capacitors C1 and C2 . the t o capacitors ha%e same plate separation &"t the plate area of C2 is do"&le than that of C1 . 1hich of the lines in the graph correspond to C1 and C2 and represents C2 , line B represents C1 A hy# ?Ans. line A


Calc"late the e6"i%alent capacitance &et een P and > in net ork sho n &elo .


A parallel plate capacitor

ith each plate of area A and separation d is charged to a potential difference V. the ill take place in

&attery "sed to charge its is then disconnected. A dielectric sla& of thickness d and dielectric constant k is no placed &et een the plates. 1hat change, if any a. &. c. 2;. Charge on the plates. Electric field intensity &et een the plates# Capacitance of the capacitor# ,"stify yo"r ans er in each case. A parallel plate capacitor of plate separation d is charged to a potential difference V. A dielectric sla& of thickness d and dielectric constant G is introd"ced &et een the plates a. &. physical e!planation for this change in stored energy. 1hat happens to the charge on the capacitor# hile the &attery remains connected to plates. $ind the ratio of energy stored in the capacitor after and &efore the dielectric sla& is introd"ced. Di%e the


A parallel plate capacitor has a capacitance of 2 $. A sla& of dielectric constant 3 is inserted &et een the plates and the capacitor is charged to 100 V and then isolated. -a. hat is the ne potential difference, if the di8electric slat is remo%ed# ?Ans. 300V@ 0.2,A -&. 2o m"ch is re6"ired to remo%e the dielectric sla&#