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Bearing capacity of foundations

Bearing capacity of surface foundation

Failure mechanism of surface foundation

Failure zones below surface foundation-Terzaghis method

Terzaghis bearing capacity theroy

qu = cN c S c + q N q S q + 0.5 ' BN S
Bearing Capacity Factors: Nc, Nq, Nr = f()
Shape Factor

Sc 1.3 1.0 1.3

Sq 1 1.0 1

Sr 0.8 1.0 0.6

Square Continuous Round

General (Vesics) Bearing Capacity Equation

Vesics Bearing capacity factors


Selection of Strength Parameters

Always use saturated strength For plain strain condition

can be increased by 10% If positive excess water pressure is generated during loading, use undrained strength, otherwise use drained strength

Drained or undrained strength

Plain strain friction angle

Punching failure

Effective stress analysis of foundation on sand

Bearing capacity of footing in sand

Bearing capacity of footing in sand (layered soil)

Footing in excavation

Groundwater Table
qu = cN c S c + q N q S q + 0.5 eq' BN S

Dw < Df Df < Dw < Df + B Dw >D f +B

'eq = ' = sat w 'eq = '+ 'eq =

Dw Df B ( ' )

Use worst case Dw

Effect of hydraulic gradient on bearing capacity

Effect of adjacent footing in slope

Effect of horizontal load on bearing capacity

Effect of eccentric load on bearing capacity

Equivalent area of surface footing

Total stress analysis of foundation in clay

Effect of soil layer on bearing capacity of footing in clay

Effect of overburden pressure on bearing capacity in clay

Pressure distribution below footing in clay and sand

Pull out resistance of shallow footing

Pull out resistance of footing at depth

Bearing capacity on rock