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ID. NO. 811 002 REV.NO. 03 AIT Gjovik AS 02.03 5K COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: NORWAY
c Unitor ASA 2003
The Unitor name and logo device are registered trademarks of Unitor ASA. Copyright o

UNITOR WELDING HANDBOOK

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Unitor Polymer Repair.

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UNITOR WELDING HANDBOOK


1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
TIG

. . . . . . . . . . . . 165

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
. . . . 213

. . . . . . . . 239
. . . . . . . . . . . 247

4 . . . . . . . . 299

-

. . . . . . . . . . . 301
. . . . . . . . . 301

- TIG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347
-
-

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407

- . . .421

- . . . . . . . . . . . . . .425
- AC/OX , . . . . . . . . . . . 425
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491

5 . . . . . . . . . 507

SAFETY IN WELDING

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..20
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

SAFETY IN WELDING

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196-619080

196-619114

196-635250

SAFETY IN WELDING

60 x 110

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196-633248
196-633255
196-633263
196-633271
196-633289

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196-633222
196-633214

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196-673558

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

13

SAFETY IN WELDING

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176-175273

176-632943

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176-632950

176-653410

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176-633313

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Pos.

A 6
B TIG
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C
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196-632786
196-632794
196-633057
196-510438
196-510446
196-633016
196-175935
196-184184
196-510420
196-510453
196-633040

SAFETY IN WELDING




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WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

23

SAFETYIN WELDING


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ID. No. 811053 Rev. No. 02

29

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

30

SOLUTIONS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
. . . . . . . . . . . 35
..
,, 38

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
.

:
-

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 6

- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
.0
- . . . . . . . . . . . .61
-

.............6
.2

- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
-

. . . . . . . . . . .64

- . . . . . .66

- . . 67
-

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
.

- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
- (York albro)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 73

- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 4
- (Cunifer) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
.5
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
31

SOLUTIONS



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AC/OX
AC/OX

AC/OX

AC/OX

AC/OX

TIG*

32

SOLUTIONS

UWR

= ( )

UWI

= (DC, )

UPC

= ()

S-22 P12 = (, DC)


UWW

= ( )
=
= 16A 230V 50/60Hz
=
= .

P
0
W
E
R

G
A
S

S
U
P
P
L
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S
U
P
P
L
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E
Q
U
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P
M
E
N
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E
Q
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M
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N
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A
N
D

A
N
D

P
R
O
C
E
S
S
E
S

P
R
O
C
E
S
S
E
S

33

SOLUTIONS

AC/OX

MMA

ACA

Plasma

A1

A2

A1

A2

A2

A2

A2

A2

CH-2

ACA

. \

A1: , ,
100-500 .
A2: , 12 20
c c . .
B: , .
C:
, .

34

SOLUTIONS


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TIG
(GTAW) .




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( 7 ).
METAL

Cunifer
Nickel
Alloys

Problem
Steels

Unalloyed/
Low
alloyed
Lowalloyed/
Cast Steels

Yorcalbro

Brass

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Nife (E)
23/14 (E)
Tensile (E) LH (E)
Nickel (E) Tensile (E) Impact (E) LHV (E)
Tinbro (E) Impact (E) *) **)
LHT (E)
Albronze (E)*)
LHL (E)
*) **)
*) **) ***)

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Tensile (E) Tensile (E) Tensile (E)


Nickel (E) Impact (E) Impact (E)
*) **)
*)
*)

Stainless
Steels

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
23/14 (E)
*)

AG-60
AG-45

AG-60
AG-45

AG-60
AG-45

AG-60
AG-45

Tensile (E) 18/8Mo (W)


23/14 (E)
23/14 (E)
18/8 (E)
18/8 (E)
*)
Duplex (E)
*)

Cast
Iron

Nickel (E) Tinbro (E) Tinbro (E) Tinbro (E) Tinbro (E) Nife (E)
Tinbro (E) Albronze (E) Albronze (E) Albronze (E) Albronze (E)Nickel (E)
Albronze (E)*) **)
*) **)
*) **)
*) **)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)
Albronze (E)
*) **) ****)

Copper

Icuni (W)
*)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Brass

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*)

Ialbro (W) Icuni (W)


Tinbro (W) Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E) *) **)
*) **)

Yorcalbro

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W) Ialbro (W)


Icuni (W)
*)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Bronze

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Cunifer
Nickel
Alloys

Icuni (W)
*)

Problem
Steels

Ialbro (W) Icuni (W)


Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Tinbro (E) *) **)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Cast Iron

Stainless
Steels

Bronze

Unalloyed/
Low
alloyed
Lowalloyed/
Cast
Steels

Copper

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Cunifer/ . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Yorcalbro. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
. . . . . . ..
"" . . . . . . . ..
. . .

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

35

36

Nickel (E) Tinbro (E) Tinbro (E) Tinbro (E) Tinbro (E)
Tinbro (E) Albronze (E) Albronze (E) Albronze (E) Albronze (E)
Albronze (E) *) **)
*) **)
*) **)
*) **)
*) **)

Icuni (W)
*)

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*)

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Icuni (W)
*)

Cast
Iron

Copper

Brass

Yorcalbro

Bronze

Cunifer
Nickel
Alloys

Ialbro (W) Ialbro (W)


Icuni (W)
*)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

AG-60
AG-45

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W) Icuni (W)


Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Tinbro (E) *) **)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

AG-60
AG-45

Ialbro (W) Icuni (W)


Tinbro (W) Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)*) **)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

AG-60
AG-45

Problem
Steels

23/14 (E)
Tensile (E)
Tensile (E) Impact (E)
Impact (E) *) **)
*)

Stainless
Steels

Nife (E)
Nickel (E)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **) ****)

Tensile (E) 18/8Mo (W)


23/14 (E)
23/14 (E)
18/8 (E)
18/8 (E)
*)
Duplex(E)
*)

Tensile (E) Tensile (E) Tensile (E)


Nickel (E) Impact (E) Impact (E)
*) **)
*)
*)

Nife (E)
Nickel (E)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Cast Iron
LH (E)
LHV (E)
LHT (E)
LHL (E)
*) **) ***)

Unalloyed/
Low alloyed/
Cast Steels

: : Alumin
: Alumag

*)
AG-60 AG-45 (AG-60 Yorcalbro)
**) FC-bronze -Wearbro .
***) MS GPO,
GPR, Special .
****) ,
FC-Cast iron.

E =
W = /

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

AG-60
AG-45

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
23/14 (E)
*)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Stainless
Steels

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Copper

Problem
Steels

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Brass

Ialbro (W)
Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
*) **)

Yorcalbro

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
*) **)

Bronze

Unalloyed/
Low alloyed/
Cast
Steels

Cunifer
Nickel
Alloys

METAL

SOLUTIONS

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTE

37

SOLUTIONS
,

,
.

.

38

W earmax (E)
Tensile (E)

W earmax (E)
Tensile (E)

W earmax (E)
Tensile (E)

FC-W earbro (B)

Tensile (E)
Impact (E)

Impact (E)

FC-W earbro (B)

Tensile (E)
FC-W earbro (B)

Impact (E)

Universalloy (P)

Hardalloy (P)

Bronzalloy (P)

SOLUTIONS
,

Unalloyed/
low alloyed
cast steels

Problem
steels

-
-

IMS (W)
LHT (E)
LHR (E)
LHL (E)
GPR (E)

Wearmax (E)
Impact (E)
Tensile (E)

Wearmax (E)
Tensile (E)
23/14 (E)
Zinc-coat (P)
Duplex (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)* FC-Wearbro (B)*

Tensile (E)

Wearmax (E)
Wearmax (E)
Impact (E)
Impact (E)
Zinc-coat (P)
FC-Wearbro (B)* FC-Wearbro (B)*

Cast iron
Nickel (E)

Nife (E)
Nife (E)
Nickel (E)
Zinc-coat (P)
Nickel (E)
Tinbro (E)
Zinc-coat (P)
FC-Cast iron (B) FC-Wearbro (B)* Albronze (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)*

Stainless
steels

18/8 Mo (W)
Duplex (E)
23/14 (E)
18/8 (E)

Copper

Tensile (E)
Impact (E)
*

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)

Icuni (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)

Brass

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)*

Yorcalbro

Ialbro (W)

Icuni (W)
FC-Wearbro (B)*

Bronze

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)

Ialbro (W)
Tinbro (E)
Albronze (E)
FC-Wearbro (B)*

Cunifer

Icuni (W)

Nickel (E)*

Aluminium

Alumag (W)
Alumin (E)

W
E
B
P

=
=
=
=

*)


,
.

.

Hardalloy, Universalloy
,
Bronzalloy .

39

SOLUTIONS


.

.
-


.

- t
s
V

2
cm3/m
mm
mm
0.0027
.
-
2
4
6

2.5
6.5
8.5
3
9
12.5
0.009.
4
16
21
-
5
25
31.5
( )
6
36
42

7
49
57
" "
8
64
73.5
9
81
94

10
100
114

11
121
138
" "
12
144
162
13
169
190
14
196
224
15
225
248

W
kg/m
0.05
0.07
0.10
0.16
0.25
0.33
0.45
0.58
0.74
0.89
1.08
1.27
1.49
1.76
1.95


,
,
,
.


t < 4 mm

t > 4 mm
-


t

mm
1
1.5
2
3
4
5
6
7

40

mm

cm3/m

kg/m

2
3
4
7
22
25
32
42

0.02
0.02
0.03
0.05
0.17
0.20
0.25
0.33

0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3

t
mm

mm2

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
15
18
20
22
25

2
4.5
8
12.5
18
24.5
32
40.54
50
72
113
162
200
242
323

cm3/m

kg/m

3.5
7.5
10.5
16
22
31.5
40.5
51
64
93
141
204
252
204
405

0.03
0.06
0.08
0.13
0.17
0.25
0.32
0.40
0.50
0.73
1.11
1.60
1.98
2.39
3.18

SOLUTIONS
V-

V-

50
-

t
mm
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
16
18
20
25

mm

cm3/

1
1
1
1.5
1.5
1.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

W
m

11.5
16.5
23
33.5
42
51
66.5
78.5
91
120
135
151
189
227
341

kg/ m
0.09
0.13
0.17
0.26
0.31
0.38
0.49
0.56
0.65
0.86
0.97
1.04
1.33
1.63
2.46

V-

70
-

t
mm
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
16
18
20
25

-
-

mm
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
16
18
20
25

V
cm3/

mm
1
1
1
1.5
1.5
1.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

mm

cm3/

1
1
1
1.5
1.5
1.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

W
m

15
22.5
31
45
57
70
90
107
125
165
188
211
263
320
488

kg/ m
0.13
0.19
0.29
0.38
0.47
0.59
0.76
0.89
1.05
1.34
1.55
1.75
2.17
2.62
4.00

V-

60

W
m

13
19.5
27
39
49
60.5
77.5
92
107
141
160
180
223
271
411

kg/ m
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.30
0.37
0.44
0.57
0.66
0.77
1.02
1.15
1.23
1.60
1.94
2.94

80
-

t
mm
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
16
18
20
25

V
cm3/

mm
1
1
1
1.5
1.5
1.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

W
m

17.5
26
36
51.5
65.5
81.5
104
124
145
193
219
247
308
376
577

kg/ m
0.14
0.22
0.30
0.44
0.55
0.69
0.86
1.02
1.23
1.60
1.81
2.02
2.51
3.11
4.76

41

SOLUTIONS

-
.

-,

-,

,
.
.

,
,

-
.
.


.
.

-

.

,
,,

, .

--

, -

,
,

42


,
.

SOLUTIONS


,
.

(Brinell)

100

, ,

200

, - ,

300

, - .
.

400

, .
.

500




.
,
. ,
.



( ).

,

,

.

( )


,

.

43

SOLUTIONS

/
1.
2. - 20%

(NaOH)
3. 5

: Al + Cu
Al + Ni
Al + Zn
/: Al + Si
( 2%)
:


.
,
,

.


.
:
.
/:

44

: (Mg)



, :


.
:
- .

,
(
).

, ,
.

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTE

45

SOLUTIONS:Polymer Repairs



.
, , .

1.

, /
.
.

.

2. - /
.
- .

3. .
- .
,
.
,
"" .

4.
,
.

5.
, ,
.

6.
.


.



-
.
. 3, .

46

SOLUTIONS: Steel
:
, , (Fe)
( C ).

.
:

,
, ,

.

, , .
- ( (%) :
1% )
C
Mn
Si
,
0.18
1.30
0.40
- .
- (
1 5 % )
- (
5% )

(Mn),
(Si), (Cr), ()
- .

Al

0.057

0.02

0.03

-

:
SPECIAL, LH, LHV, LHT, LHL, LHR,
ICROMO, TENSILE, GPS, HSTSF.


, :
. ,
-

. , .


:
.
-

.
(%) :
.
Fe
C
Mn
-
(,

0.18
0.60
..)
-
Si
S
P
( , )
0.30
0.03
0.03
-
(
. :

)
Unitor
:
GPO, GPR, LH, LHV,MS, IMS,

SPECIAL




() , ,
, ().
(

),

47

SOLUTIONS:Steel


.
,

.

,
- .
(%)

Fe

Mn

Si

0.10

0.90

0.30

Mo

Cr

0.50

1.00

0.03

0.03

,

,

.

.
LHL
.

""


.

.

.

LHR.


.
Unitor

LHT ICROMO.

, ,

.

2

N/mm2 N/mm

C
HB
%
%

Si
%

Mn

Cr

Cu

Ni

Mo

Max.
St 37-C

362-441

216

24

ca. 120

0.2

0.06

0.05

0.009

St 42-C
St 42-D

412-490

235
-

22
-

ca. 130

0.22
0.2

0.5
0.5

0.05
0.05

0.05
0.05

0.3
0.3

0.4
0.4

0.009
0.009

St 52-C
St 52-D

510-608 314
-

21
-

ca. 150-160
-

0.2
0.18

0.5
0.6

1.5
1.6

0.05
0.04

0.05
0.04

0.3
0.3

0.4
0.4

0.009
0.009

St 50-1
St 50-2

490-673 274
-

20

ca. 140-150

0.08
0.06

0.06
0.05

0.009

St 60-2

588-706

333

15

ca. 180-190

0.06

0.05

0.009

St 70-2

686-834

363

10

ca. 210-220

0.06

0.05

0.009

MN-steel

ca. 700

ca. 400

ca. 25

ca. 200

1.2

0.6

12.5

CN 18
SCM 22

800-950
600-750

600
400

13
18

240-290
180-230

0.3
0.18

0.8
0.8

0.75
0.8

1.8
-

0.35
0.35

SE 3 MS

590-740

330

17

350-500

0.25

0.2

1.2

0.3

0.18

0.18


:
:

48

St 37-42
St 52-70

0.35

Mn-steel
CN 18, SCM 22
SE 3 MS

SOLUTIONS:Steel


(
30 ),


.
( 160 )

3 .
" " -.
.
( 160 )

3 ,
V-, -




V- .

AG-60-252
AG-45-253

MS-200
IMS-210

GPO-302N
SPECIAL-303N
MS-200

FCBRONZE-261
BRONZE-264

FCBRONZE-261
BRONZE-264

49

SOLUTIONS:Steel


,

.

GPO-302N/
SPECIAL-303N
MS-200
IMS-210

GPO-302N
SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N
LHV-316N

, ,
, .

GPO-302N

, ,
.

GPO-302N

SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N

SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N

50

GPO-302N
SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N

SOLUTIONS:Steel

.


,
, ,
.

,
. ,

.

GPR-300H
LHH-314H

SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N
LHV-316N
SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N
LHV-316N
SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N
LHV-316N

SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N
LH-316N
TENSILE-328N

51

SOLUTIONS:Steel



,

.

,
:
, ..

LH-318N
ICROMO-216

SPECIAL-303N
LH-314N
LHV-316N
TENSILE-328N

LH-314N

" "


.

.

52

LHR-320N

LHL-319N

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTE

53

SOLUTIONS:Problem Steels
:
(
)

54


.
, ,
.
.

.





(Heat Affected Zone).


.
, ,

.


.

,

.
, ,

.


Unitor Tensile,
850 N/mm2.

, .

Unitor
Wearmax-327.

,
""

:

Unitor Tensile-328N

, ,

U.S.TI
,

SOLUTIONS:Problem Steels



( -)

,

,

.
( )

, , .
LH -.

55

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTE

56

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel


:

,

0,04%
.

(Cr)
430-870 .

, .. -
. , .
, ,
,
.
.

11,5% ,


,
.


.
,



: ,
,
.
/.

(Ni) 6%
(AISI)


,
.
.


() -
.


.
(,

)
.
-
.
.


:
1. ( 40% )
2. ( 40% )
3. .
4.
( - - - )
5. ,
,
( )

57

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel





. -
200 300
AISI,
17%, ,

2
AISI
T

, 7%.
.


.


.

% *

Cr

Ni

301
302
302 B
303
303 Se
304
304 L
305
308

0,15
0,15
0.15
0,15
0,15
0,08
0,03
0,12
0,08

16,0 - 18,0
17,0 - 19,0
17,0 - 19,0
17,0 -19,0
17,0 - 19,0
18,0 -20,0
18,0 -20,0
17,0 -19,0
19,0 - 21,0

6,0 - 8,0
8,0 - 10,0
8,0 - 10,0
8,0 -10,0
8,0 - 10,0
8,0 - 12,0
8,0 - 12,0
10,0 - 13,0
10,0 -12,0

2,0 -3,0 Si
2,0 - 3,0 Si
0,20 P 0,15 S (min) 0,60 Mo (opt)
0,20 P 0,06 S (min) 0,15 Se (min)
-

309
309 S

0,20
0,08

22,0 - 24,0
22,0 -24,0

12,0-15,0
12,0 - 15,0

310
310 S
314

0,25
0,08
0,25

24,0 - 26,0
24,0 -26,0
23,0 -26,0

19,0 -22,0 1,5 Si


19,0 -22,0 1,5 Si
19,0 - 22,0 1,5 -3,0 Si

(E)
(W)
(T)
18/8-321N (E)
S-316-M-GF-221 (W)
18/8 Mo-221 (T)

23/14-322N (E)
-

S-309-M-GF-222 (W)

IMPACT-329S (E)

18/8-321N (E)
316
316 L
316 N

0,08
0,03
0,08

16,0 - 18,0
16,0 - 18,0
16,0 - 18,0

10 - 14,0
2,0 - 3,0 Mo
10 - 14,0
2,0 -3,0 Mo
10,0 - 14,0 1,0Si 2,0Mn 2,0-3,0Mo 0,10-0,16Ni

S-316-M-GF-221(W)
18/8 Mo-221 (T)

317
317 L
321
329
330
347
347 M
348

0,08
0,03
0,08
0,10
0,08
0,08
0,03
0,08

18,0 - 20,0
18,0 - 20,0
17,0 - 19,0
25,0 -30,0
17,0 - 20,0
17,0 - 19,0
19,0
17,0 -19,0

11,0 - 15,0
11,0 -15,0
9,0 - 12,0
3,0 - 6,0
34,0 - 37,0
9,0 - 13,0
10,0
9,0 - 13,0

3,0 - 4,0 Mo
3,0 - 4,0 Mo
T i (5x%C min)
1,0 - 2,0 Mo
0,75-1,5 Si 0,04 P
Cb + Ta (10x %C min)
Cb 13 x Cmax 0,65
Cb+Ta (10x%C min but 0,10
max 0,20 Co)

23/14-322N (E)
S-309-M-GF-222 (W)

* , .
, 2,0% Mn, 1,0% Si, 0,045 P
0,03 S
Fe.

58

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel



:
- ,
.

-
- : 304 ( )
310 ( ), 316
.
( )
317 ( ).
-
UNS: 30400, S 31000, S 31600, S 31700.



:
-

925 .
-
.


. ,
.

-

.
(
Duplex).
- ,


.

( ).

.

59

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel



AISI 400
, , 14%
27% .
.

.



.

AISI

% *

Cr

Mn

405
409
429

0.08
0.08
0.12

11.5 - 14.5
10.5 - 11.75
14.0 - 16.0

1.0
1.0 Max
1.0

0.1 - 0.3 AI
1.0 Si Max, Ti min. 6 x C, 0.045 S, 0.045 P
1.0 Si

430
439 F
430Fse

0.12
0.12
0.12

14.0 - 18.0
14.0 - 18.0
14.0 - 18.0

1.0
1.25
1.25

0.060 P, 0.15 S (min), 0.60 Mo (opt)


0.60 P, 0.060 S, 0.15 Se (min)

434
436
439

0.12
0.12
0.07

16.0 - 18.0
16.0 - 18.0
17.75 - 18.75

1.0
1.0
1.0

0.75 - 1.25 Mo, 1.0 Si


0.75 - 1.25 Mo, (Cb+Ta) Min 5 x % C, 1,0 Si
0,6 Si - 0,5 Ni, 0,15 AI, Ti 12 x C (1.0 max)

442
444
446

0.20
0.025
0.20

18.0 - 23.0
17.5 -19.5
23.0- 27.0

1.0
1.0
1.5

1,0 Ni, 1,75 -2,5 Mo, 0,035 N max


(Cb+Ta) min 0,2 + 4 (%C+%N) 0,25 N
0,75 Ni, 0,75 - 15 Mo 0,2 -10 Ti

26-1

0.06

25.0 - 27.00

0.75

29-4

0.01

28.0 - 30.0

0.3

29-4-2

0.01

28 - 30.0

0.3

0,04 Ni, 0,2 Cu 0,025, 0,75 Si


0,015 Ni, 3,5 - 4,2 Mo 0,15 Cu
0,02 Ni, 0,2 Si, 0,025 ,P0,02 S
2,0 - 2,5Ni, 3,5 -4.2 Mo, 0,15 Cu
0,02Ni, 0,2 Si, 0,025P
, 0,025 S

(E)
(W)

23/14-322N (E)

S-309-M-GF-222 (W)

* , .
, 2,0% Mn, 1,0% Si, 0,045% P
0,030% S. - .

:
-
-
-
- AISI 409 (), 430 ( )
- UNS: S 40900, S 43000

60

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel



, - 400 AISI,
,
.
-
.

AISI
T


.

.



.

% *

(E)
(W)

Cr

403
410
414

0,15
0,15
0,15

11,5 - 13,0
11,5 - 13,5
11,5 - 13,5

0.5 Si
1.25 - 2.5 Ni

416
416Se
420

0,15
0,15
0,15 min.

12,0 - 4,0
12,0 - 14,0
12,0 -14,0

1.25 Mn, 0.15 S, (min.), 0.060 ,P0.60 Mo (opt)


1.25 Mn, 0.060P, 0.15 Se (min.)
-

422

0,2- 0,25

11,0 - 13,0

431

0,20

15,0 - 17,0

1.0 Mn, 0.5 - 10.0 Ni, 0.75 Si, 0.75 -1.25 Mo,
0.75 - 1.25 W, 0.15 - 0.3 V, 0.025 P, 0.025 S
1.25 -2.5 Ni

S-309-M-GF-222 (W)

440A
440B
440C

0,60 - 0,75
0,75 - 0,95
0,95 - 1,20

16,0 - 18,0
16,0 -18,0
16,0 - 18,0

0.75 Mo
0.75 Mo
0.75 Mo

Non-weldable

23/14-322N (E)

* , .
, 2,0% Mn, 1,0% Si, 0,045% P
,
0,030% S. - .

-
-
-
- AISI 440 ( ), 410 ( )
- UNS: S 41000, S 44004

61

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel



(-)
50%
50%
.

300 .

2226%, 2-5%,
4-8%
2%.

,
.
-



.
25%,



.

,
, ,
.


.
(%)
Cr Ni Mo N Cu Other PREN
23% Cr Mo-free Duplex Stainless steel
Duplex stainless steel grades.
Avesta
SAF 2304 23 4
- 0,1 25
Creusot Ind. UR 35N
23 4
- 0,12 25 , ,
Sandvik
SAF 2304 23 4
- 0,1 25
22% Cr Duplex Stainless steel
2205
22 5,5 3 0,16 - Mn 1.5
Avesta
Bohler
A 903
Creusot Ind. UR 45N
22 5,3 3 0,17 35
Fabr. de Fer
. 1,4462/PRE35
Krupp
Falc 223

Mannesmann A F22(1,4462) 22 5,5 3 0,14 34/35 .
Nippon KokanNK Cr22
Sandvik
SAF 2205
Sumitomo
SM 22Cr
TEW
Remanit 4462
Valourec
VS 22

(E)

DUPLEX-325N (E)

:
-
-
-
.
- AISI : 2205
- : S 31803

62

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel




"" .

,
,

()
.
,
, .
,
,
, .

1.
LH-314N
(
, )
SPECIAL-303N.

2.




23/14-322N.

-
-
-

(AISI)

-
- -


.
.

405, 410, 430


304
304 L
347, 321 L
309
316
316 L
317

()
(W)

23/14-322N (E)

S-309-M-GF-222 (W)

63

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel





.

.
,
,
.

, .

,
.

.


.


.




.


,
.

,
.


.

.

(Pitting Resistance Equivalent) PRE

.
.
PRE :
PRE= %Cr + 3.3 x %Mo + 16 x %N

(500 -900 )

64


,

,



(Critical Pitting Temperature,CPT)

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel


" "
SCC

60 .
SCC

Ni.
,
" " - Ni ,
,
,
, SCC
, ..
- .
,
,
. :
-
.


" "


, SCC

,

,

, SCC
(Stress corrosion cracking).



,

.

SCC
,
.

,

.

65

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel





, ,
,
.


.

.
,

.
,
, ,
,
,

.

,

, ,

.
,
.



, .



.
2 . 6 .
: 196-632984
,

.
: 196-632992
:


.
1 .
: 095-661777

66

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel



:


.


.


( AISI 304 316).

(,
).


,

(, ).


, ..



, ,
.



.

.



(,
).


!

.

.
.

,

.

,

.
,
.


. .
INOX,

.
,


.
(Iron Free INOX)

0,10% ,
.

/INOX

67

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel


( )

( ).
,
.
.
:
.

,


-
.
.
.

.

.


:
4", 4,5", 5", 7", 9"
:
:

: #24
-:
:
,
.

.

4" 100mm
4,5" / 115mm
5" / 125mm
7" / 180mm
9" / 230mm

68


25 .
633515
633531
633547
633563
633579


10 .
633523
633539
633555
633571
633587

SOLUTIONS: Stainless Steel


INOX:
:
5", 7", 9"
:

: #24
-: ,
:
, ,
.
:


25 .


10 .

5" / 125mm
7" / 180mm
9" / 230mm

633595
633611
633627

633603
633619
633635f



:
4", 5", 7"
:
Aluminium oxide
: #24, #36 #50
-:
:
,
.
:


25 .

4" 100mm
5" / 125mm
7" / 180mm

#24

#36

#50

()

692574 633643 633667 179424


692582 633651 633675 691998
692590 633659 633683 603381


4", 5", 7"
:
:
-,
: #24, #36 or #50
-:
:
, ,
, , , .

4" 100mm
5" / 125mm
7" / 180mm


10 .

#24
692574
692582
692590

#36
633643
633651
633659

#50
633667
633675
633683

69

SOLUTIONS:Cast Iron
: :

- ,
.
,
.


( ).
, 2.5-4%.
,


(
). - ,
:
(. )
:
( )

,
,
.

0
500 , - -:
Unitor FC - Cast iron
Unitor NIFE - 344N
Unitor NICKEL - 333N


(
).
, , NIFE - 344N
NICKEL - 333N,
.
2-3 , .

, .
,

50.

70

Unitor NICKEL-333N
,
.


.

.


.

,

150 .


.


NICKEL-333N.


Unitor CH-2.
, ,

.
Unitor NIFE-334N



-
.



.

.
-


.

Fe

Si

Mn

3-3.35

2-2.4

0.6-0.7

0.2

0.2

SOLUTIONS:Cast Iron

,
,
,

.
: ,
, ,
, .
,
,
, ,

.



: ,
, ,
.


.
.

NIFE-334N

NICKEL333N

FCCAST
IRON-268
NIFE-334N

NIFE-334N
NICKEL333N


, :

.

NIFE-334N
NICKEL333N

71

SOLUTIONS:Copper and Copper Alloys


:


,


.
.

.

,

.



.


.
0
900
, ..
,


.
.

FC-BRONZE AG 45 AG 60

.

(Yorcalbro)

, ,
,
.
5 50% .
,
,
63-75% ,
..:
- Cu 70%, Zn 30% ( 70:30)
- Cu 60%, Zn 40% (-)
: AG 45 AG 60
AG 60/45 FLUX
FC-BRONZE
BRONZE FLUX
FC-WEARBRO
WEARBRO FLUX

72

,
:
(Cu 70% Zn 29%,
Sn 1%) (Cu 58-64%,
Sn 1%, Zn-).
,
.

.

SOLUTIONS:Copper and Copper Alloys


(Yorcalbro)

.

:

,
TIG (GTAW).
.

.

:

:.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cu 76%, Al 2%,

Zn 21,96%, As 0.04%

:

. . . . : . . . . . . (
. . . . . . ). 580-700 N/mm 2
. . . . 360-470 N/mm2
:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310-370 N/mm 2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . () 165-194 HB

83-111 HB
63-78 HB
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . ()
8-15%
. . . . 55-65%
65-75%
. . . . . . . . . . .
c . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.34

000013.


,
.

3.5 /,
1.52 /.

- 4",


,
Unitor AG 60
Unitor ALBRO.
- 4"
TIG

Unitor
.
IALBRO-237MF
.
IFUX-238PF.
,
, , : IALBRO-W-237
, ..
-
,
, ,
,
,

.
t 400 - 500
20-30

.

- .
15

.

350 - 400 .

.

73

SOLUTIONS: Copper and Copper Alloys

..
15%
.
Fe, Ni Mn.
Cu 79%, Al 9.5%, Ni 5%,Mn 2.3%.


. -


Al 9-10%, Mn 11%, Ni 1-2%,
- .

- , ,
.
.

0.05 0.1% .
,
,
: Sn 10%, Pb 5-25%
.
:
Cu 88%, Sn 10%,Zn 2%.

: TINBRO-341
:AG 45, AG 60
AG 60/45 FLUX
FC-BRONZE
BRONZE FLUX
FC-WEARBRO
WEARBRO FLUX

: TINBRO
: AG 45, AG 60
AG 45/60 FLUX
FC-BRONZE
BRONZE FLUX
FC-WEARBRO
WEARBRO FLUX.

(Cu+Al)

,
,
, .



,

( )

74

Cunifer

NiAl

MnAl

SOLUTIONS:Copper and Copper Alloys


(Cunifer)
" 10" ( )
" 30" ()
,

- ,
.

.

,
, ,


,
.


" 10" " 30"

CUNIFER 10

CUNIFER 30

Ni 30%, Fe 0.7%
Ni 10%, Fe 2%
Cu 87%, Mn 1% Cu 68.5%, Mn 0.8%

2
/
- ()
- t
-

530-580
390-500
310-390

%
- (.)
- t
-

10- 15
20- 35
40- 55


- (.)
- t
-

155-184
97-126
78 -97

165-204

8.9

8.9

. 1

0.000016

0.000015


,
,
, ,
,

,
.

,
.
,
,
,

.


,

630-700
360-400
5- 10
40- 55

87-107

70/30
-
.

,

,
90/10.

70/30,

.
,


.
:

AG 60
AG 60/45 FLUX
TIG:
ICUNI 30-239
: ICUNI -W-239

75

SOLUTIONS:Copper and Copper Alloys

30
, .

AG-60-252
AG-45-253

30 ,
I-

-
.


,
.

FCBRONZE-261
BRONZE-264

FCWEARBRO-262
TINBRO-341
BRONZ-ALLOY

TINBRO-341

.


.

76

TINBRO-341

SOLUTIONS:Copper and Copper Alloys



,

.

FC-BRONZE261
BRONZE-264
TINBRO-341

FC-BRONZE261
BRONZE-264

FCWEARBRO-262


(Yorcalbro) 100 ,

,
.

AG-60-252



100 ,

.

IALBRO-237MF
IALBRO-W - 237

77

SOLUTIONS:Copper and Copper Alloys


Yorcalbro,
.

IALBRO-237MF
IALBRO-W -237


100 ,

.



100 , , .


,
.

AG-60-252

ICUNI-30-239
ICUNI-W -239

ICUNI-30-239
ICUNI-W -239

78

.
SOLDERING
TIN-240

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTE

79

SOLUTIONS: Aluminium
:

(Al) - ,


. ,

.




.

,
,
.

.

AlMg 3 AlMg 1

.


(silumin).



.

2.000 ,
,
,
t 660.

, .

.

80

,
.



.
,

.

,
- . ,
,
.

""
:
: ALUMIN-351N

:
ALUMAG-235
: ALUMAG-W-235


.
Unitor ALUFLUX-234F.

SOLUTIONS: Aluminium

,

.
.


.
.

ALUMAG-235
and
ALUFLUX-234F

ALUMIN-351
ALUMAGW-235

ALUMAG-235
and
ALUFLUX-234F
ALUMIN-351N

ALUMAGW-235

81

SOLUTIONS




,
.
,
.

-
,
.

.


,
,

.

,

.

,

.

82




.


.

,

,

.
,

.

-

,
.
,
, ,
.
-
,
.
.

SOLUTIONS


. :
,


.
.
-
. ,

,
.

,
.

.



.

""
.






,


,
.



. ,
,
.
,
,


,

,

.

, .


,
.


,


,
, , "

" (Heat affected
()
zone HAZ)
.
.



.

83

SOLUTIONS

,
.
, ,
, .
50C

.
:
,
.
:
,

.
,
,
.


- .

Ec= %C+%Mn + %(Cr+Mn+V) + %(Ni+Cu)


6
5
15
Ec=0.35 -

.

,

,
.

.

,
BS 5135:1984
SS 064025.
Ec,
,

,
.

84


,
,


.
,

.

.
.
, ,
.

,

.
,
,
,

.

,
,

,
.

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTE

85

SOLUTIONS



.


.


-
(NDT),
,
, .
, , , . ,

. , ,
- ,
.

,

- , ,
,
, .
.

: ,
, ,

86


.

, ,
, , .
,

, ,
,
. ,

,
, .
, ,


.

.

.


, ,
, ,
.

,
, ,
,
,

.

,
,

.

SOLUTIONS
:
50% -

,
, .



:
. ,
, .


( )




,
.

,
( ),

, .

,


.

.

87

SOLUTIONS



.



, ,
..



,
.

,
,
,
.


.

88

,

,

.


.



.

SOLUTIONS


, , -,
. ,
, ,

,
.


.
,


. , ,

.

,
.10-

.

,

.


,
,

/ .

,
, .
,

,

.

,
,

,

.

2
-


.
.

A-


.

.

89

SOLUTIONS


,
.


,
,
.


.

.
,


, .

1)

2)

,

.
,
.

3)

4)


,
.




.
.


Product description
Magna Flux
Crack detection kit*
Cleaner SKC-S
10 pcs of 400 ml in a box
Penetrant SKL-SP1
10 pcs of 400 ml in a box
Developer SKD-S2
10 pcs of 400 ml in a box

90

Unit Product no.


Set 193-653535
Set 193-653543
Set 193-653550
Set 193-653568

*
3 .
, 2 . , 3
1 .

SOLUTIONS

:
* /

*
*
*
*
*

*

*


,
,
,
/


( )


.
.


.

.

,
.
.

91

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTE

92


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
TIG-

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

. . . . . . . . . . . . 181
. . . . . . . . . . . . 203

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

. . . . . . . . . . . . .239


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247

93

COATED ELECTRODES
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
GPO-302N
118
GPR-300H
. . . . . . 120
SPECIAL-303N
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

LH-314N


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

LHH-314

. .126

LHV-316N


. . . . . . . 128

LHT -318N

,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

LHL-319N

,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

"" . . . . . . . . . . . 134
LHR-320N
TENSILE-328N "" . . . . . . . 136
IMPACT-329S
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

WEARMAX-327
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
18/8-321N
. . . . . . . . . 142
...
23/14-322N . . . . . . . . . 144
...
DUPLEX-325N . . . . . . . . . 146
PICKLING GEL . . . . . . . . . . . 148
NIFE-334N
. . . . . 150
NICKEL-333N . . . . . . . . . . 152
TINBRO-341 . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
ALBRONZE-344 . . . . . . . . . . . 156
ALUMIN-351N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
CH-2-382
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
ACA-384
- . . . . 162
94

COATED ELECTRODES


"Unitor"
:


.



.
""
,

,
.

LMA

(
) ,

,

.

,

.


,
. ,
Unitor
"",

,

,
.
,

, , .

. " LMA" .
,
.



,

,
.
.
,

,
,
. ,
.
,
Unitor ,

, AWS .

95

COATED ELECTRODES

,
?
-
.


.

,
,
.


,

A
B Penetration
C Heat affected zone (HAZ)
Metal globule
Gas shield
Slag

Core rod
Coating

A B C
Weld pool

96

.
,
( 7000 C)
,
.




.

,
,
.
,

.
, ,
,

, ,

.
,



.

, ,

.

,

.

.
,
.

,


.

COATED ELECTRODES


,



. , .

, ,
.
.


( ),



.
,
(2,5;3,2;4,0 ..)

.
.


.
,
,

,

,

.
,
,




(deposition
rate).

97

COATED ELECTRODES

-
,
.
, ,


:

,

,

,
.
AC

.


""
,

"".

98

7000,



AIR

AIR


/
.

,
:
1)

.
2)


.
3) .
4) :

.
.

COATED ELECTRODES

,
- ,

, ,
, .

- ,
,



.

:
1. ()
2.
3.
4. (
)


.

,

.

50% ,
( ).
,
.


,
.
-



,
.

.

,
..

,

,
, ,
.

c

440 .
-
.

.


/ /
,
.
pH,
.

,

AC DC. ,
,
- V-
.


440 Ma.


.



, .

(LMA)

,
,
.



,
.
- ,



. ,

99

COATED ELECTRODES
,
,
,


.
.
.

-






.
.
,
, , .

,
.

, ,



.




.

, ,

.


,



490-530 MPa.

,
,

100

COATED ELECTRODES
LMA


LMA
, ..
.

LMA

LMA- -
.

.


.
LMA /
(HAZ)


, LMA
.

.
.
LMA-

LMA :
SPECIAL-303 N
LH-314 N
LHH-314 H
LHV-316 N
LHT-318 N
LHL-319 N
LHR-320 N
18/8-321 N
24/14-322 N
DUPLEX-325 N
LMA
:

LMA
Electrode

101

COATED ELECTRODES

,


.
,


( ),

,
.


-
,

(
).
,

(HAZ) .
,

:



.




.
:


, , ,
.





,
.

ml H2 /100 g

:

102

> 15 ml/100 g
< 10, < 5 < 3 ml/100 g




.
:

oC
(oF)

. .
%

5-15

(41-59)

60

15-25

(59-77)

50

25

(77)

40





10 C (18 F)
.
,
,


.
,

.

,


90-110 C
0.5-1 .


350 C 2 ,

5-10 ml/100 g. (BS 5135,
C).
3
.

, < 4.0 ml/100 g,

42-400 C 1-2 .
1 .

COATED ELECTRODES


80 C
.
,

,

300-350 C
1-2 .
3 .



.

.

80

300-350 C


,
.

8 .

103

COATED ELECTRODES

Minidryer-350
()


.

350, 450 mm.

40 mm
.. .
Minidryer-350
100 C
350 C (212 F 662 F).

-40 mm .

.

,
,
,
.
,

.
: AC 230 V 50/60 Hz.
:

Minidryer-350.

.

.

. Primary
Current
V
W
A
C

Mini230,
dryer-350 50/60 Hz

104

400

1.8

100 - 350

The Minidryer -350

:
Minidryer - 350.
: 094-637827.
:
H
094-637835.

.
200 . Minidryer
2 ( 400 )

T
Minidryer- 350.
: 094-637843

mm
mm

100 x 460

170 x 170 x 570

kg

kg

COATED ELECTRODES




,

/
.

.


.

Unitor Minidryer-350
(094-637827)
100-350
.

2
:
GPO-302 N
GPR-300 H
SPECIAL- 303 N
LH- 314 N
LHH-314 H
LHV-316 N
LHT-318 N
LHL-319 N
LHR-320 N
TENSILE-328 N
IMPACT-329 S
WEARMAX-327
18/8-321 N
23/14-322 N
DUPLEX-325 N
NIFE-334 N
NICKEL-333 N
TINBRO-341
ALBRONZE-344
ALUMIN-351 N
CH-2-382
ACA-384



.
(Heating Cabinet)

70 (158 F)

3
Unitor Heating Cabinet-85
(094-637850)
85 (158 F)
.
/
, GPO-302N
.
3
.

,
.

300C (572 oF)


350C (662oF )
350C (662oF )
350C (662oF )
350C (662oF )
350C (662oF )
350C (662oF )
250C (482oF )
250C (482oF ) 1
250C (482oF ) 1
350C (662oF )
350C (662oF )
350C (662oF )
200C (392oF )
80 C (176oF )
200C (392oF ) 1
250C (482oF ) 1
,

120C (248 oF) 1


180C(356 oF) 10 *

105

COATED ELECTRODES


(Heating Cabinet-85)

,

.

30
85 (86-185F).

5 .
.

.
.
100 ,

50 .
,

.


,
.

.

The Heating Cabinet -85

:
Heating Cabinet-85
: 094-637850

:
H Heating
Cabinet-85
: 094-637876
T Heating
Cabinet-85
: 094-63 78 84

.
Voltage .
V
W

Heating
230,
Cabinet- 50/60 Hz
85

106

500

1,3

30-85

mm
mm

460 x 520 x 860 564 x 640 x 1095

kg

kg

350

70

COATED ELECTRODES


(Arc Welding Cabinet)
-
, 27
,

,
, ,
.
-
.

.
-,



.
-

, ,
, ,



094-670000
094-669994

:
600x600x300 mm
. 310 mm.

:

:
SPECIAL-303 N2,0 mm 1
1,7 kg
,
:
GPO-302 N
2,5 mm 1
5,2 kg
GPO-302 N
3,2 mm 2
10,8 kg
GPO-302 N
4,0 mm 1
5,2 kg
,
, :
GPR-300 H
4,0 mm 1
5,5 kg
GPR-300 H
5,0 mm 1
5,6 kg


(Arc Welding Cabinet)
, :
SPECIAL-303 N2,5 mm 1
SPECIAL-303 N3,2 mm 2
SPECIAL-303 N4,0 mm 1

4,1 kg
8,2 kg
5,2 kg

, ,
:
LHH-314 H
5,0 mm 1
5,5 kg
,
:
LHV-316 N
3,2 mm 1

4,8 kg

:
LHT- 318 N
2,5 mm 1
LHT- 318 N
3,2 mm 1

1,7 kg
1,7 kg

:
LHL-319 N
3,2 mm 1

1,8 kg

""
l:
:
LHR-320 N
3,2 mm

1,8 kg

,
, :
18/8-321 N
2,5 mm 1
1,7 kg
18/8-321 N
3,2 mm 1
1,7 kg
23/14-322 N
3,2 mm 1
2,0 kg
"" :
TENSILE-328 N 2,5 mm

1,6 kg

:
NICKEL-333 N 2,5 mm
NICKEL-333 N 3,2 mm

1
1

2,0 kg
2,2 kg

:
ALUMIN-351 N 3,2 mm

1,1 kg

:
ALBRONZE-3443,2 mm

1,3 kg

:
WEARMAX-327 2,5 mm

1,6 kg

:
CH-2-382
3,2 mm

1,4 kg

107

COATED ELECTRODES



, .. EN.

DIN, DS NEN.

-

.
AWS (American
Welding Society)

EN AWS
.

EN 499

DIN 1913
BS 639
NEN 2560
DIN 8529

EN 757

EN 1600

DIN 8556
BS 2926
NEN 3581

DIN 8575
BS 2493
NEN 3580

EN 1599

AWS
EN

GPO-302 N
E 6013
GPR-300 H
E 7024
SPECIAL-303 N
E 7016
LH-314 N
E 7018
LHH-314 H
E 7028
LHV-316 N
E 8018-G
LHT-318 N
E 8018-B2
LHL-319 N
E 8018-C1
LHR-320 N
E 8018-G
18/8-321 N
E 316L-17
23/14-322 N
E 309MoL-17
DUPLEX-325 N E 2209-17
TENSILE-328
E 312-17
IMPACT-329
WEARMAX-327 E 307-26
NIFE-334N
E Ni Fe-C1
NICKEL-333N
E Ni-C1
TINBRO-341
E Cu Sn C
ALBRONZE-344 E Cu A1 A2
ALUMIN-351 N
-

108

E 38 0 RC 11
E 42 0 RR 73
E 38 2B 32 H10
E 42 4 B 42 H5
E 42 4 B 73 H5
E 46 5 B 41 H5
E CrMo 1B 42 H5
E 46 6 2Ni B 32 H5
E 46 5 Z B 32
E 19 12 3 L R 1 2
E 23 12 2 L R 3 2
E 22 9 3 N L R 3 2
E 29 9R32
-

DNV
2
2
3YH10
3YH10
3YH10
3YH10
- H10
5YH10
3YH10
316L
309Mo
YES

.
GL
LR
BV
2
2
3YH10
3YH5
3YH10
4YH10
6Y55H10
3YH15
4571
4459
4462

2
2, 2Y
3, 3Y
3, 3Y
3, 3Y
4Y40
5Y40
3, 3Y
316L
SS/CMn
-

2
2
3, 3YHH
3, 3YH5
3YHH
3YHH
UP
UP
3YHH
UP
UP
-

ABS
2
2
3H5, 3Y
3H5, 3Y
3H5,3Y
3Y
SR
3H5, 3Y400
3H5, 3Y
-

COATED ELECTRODES

.



. () :

ABS
.
BV

DNV
(.
GL
).
LR

:
Y
=
H or H15 = <10 ml H2 /100g (
) <15 ml H2100g ( ).
HH or H10 = <5 ml H2/100g (
) <10 ml H2/100g ( ).
H5

= < 5 ml H2/100g ( ).

N/mm 2
(min)

1
2
3
2Y
3Y
4Y
2Y40
3Y40
3Y42
3Y46
4Y40
4Y42
4Y46
5Y40
5Y42
5Y46

305
305
305
375
375
375
400
400
420
460
400
420
460
400
420
460

N/mm

min. 47 J

22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
20
19
22
20
19
22
20
19

+20
+/-0
-20
+/-0
-20
-40
+/-0
-20
-20
-20
-40
-40
-40
-60
-60
-60

400-560
400-560
400-560
460-660
460-660
460-660
510-690
510-690
520
550
510-690
520
550
510-690
520
550

Note: ABS
2Y
109

COATED ELECTRODES
EN 499-1995

MPa
35
38
42
46
50

MPa

440-570
470-600
500-640
530-680
560-720

355
380
420
460
500

46

Z
A
0
2
3
4
5
6


Charpy-V
in 47 J

+20
0
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60

min. %

1
2

22
20
20
20
18

,
-

,

3

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

<105
<105
>105 125
>105 125
>125 160
>125 160
>160
>160

2Ni

A
B
C
R
RR
RC
RA
RB

AC + DC
DC
AC + DC
DC
AC + DC
DC
AC + DC
DC

H5


,
max ml/100 gr

H5
H10
H15

5
10
15

( )
-
-
-

Mo
MnMo
1 Ni
2 Ni
3 Ni
Mn 1 Ni
1 NiMo
Z

Mn

Mo

Ni

2.0
1.4
>1.4-2.0
1.4
1.4
1.4
>1.4-2.0
1.4

0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6

0.6-1.2
1.8-2.6
>2.6-3.8
0.6-1.2
0.6-1.2

* Mo<0,2, Ni<0,3, Cr<0,2, V<0,05,


Nb<0,05, Cu<0,3

110

COATED ELECTRODES
Guide to EN 757-1997

MPa
550
620
690
790
890

55
62
69
79
89

min. %

MPa
610-780
690-890
760-960
880-1080
980-1180

1
2
3

18
18
17
16
15

4
5



,
-
,

3

,%

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

E 62

105
105
>105 125
>105 125
>125 160
>125 160
>160
>160

MnNI

AC+DC
DC
AC+DC
DC
AC+DC
DC
AC+DC
DC

Indicates mechanical
properties after stress
relief treatment.

H5


,
max ml/100 gr

H5
H10

Z
A
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

+20
0
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80

5
10

*, %

Mn

Charpy-V
in 47 J

Ni

Mn Mo
1.4-2.0
Mn 1Ni
1.4-2.0
0.6-1.2
1 Ni Mo
1.4
0.6-1.2
1.5 Ni Mo
1.4
1.2-1.8
2 Ni Mo
1.4
1.8-2.6
Mn 1 Ni Mo
1.4-2.0
0.6-1.2
Mn 2 Ni Cr Mo 1.4-2.0
1.8-2.6
Mn 2 Ni Mo
1.4-2.0
1.8-2.6
Mn 2 Ni Cr Mo 1.4-2.0
1.8-2.6

Z

Cr

Mo

0.3-0.6
0.6-1.0

0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6
0.3-0.6

* C 003-0,10, Ni<0,3, Cr<0,2, V<0,05,


Nb<0,05, Cu<0,3, P <0,025, S < 0,020

111

COATED ELECTRODES
EN 1600-1977

,%

R=
B=

23 12 2L R

1
2
3
4
5

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

105
105
>105 125
>105 125
>125 160
>125 160
>160
>160

AC+DC
DC
AC+DC
DC
AC+DC
DC
AC+DC
DC




,
-
,

3

*, %

Si

Mn

Cr

Ni

Mo

Other elements

0.12
0.06
0.12

1.0
1.0
1.0

1.5
1.5
1.5

0.030
0.030
0.030

0.025
0.025
0.025

11.0-14.0
11.0-14.5
16.0-18.0

3.0-5.0
-

0.4-1.0
-

0.08
0.04
0.08
0.08
0.04
0.08
0.04

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.0-5.0

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025

18.0-21.0
18.0-21.0
18.0-21.0
17.0-20.0
17.0-20.0
17.0-20.0
17.0-20.0

9.0-11.0
9.0-11.0
9.0-11.0
10.0-13.0
10.0-13.0
10.0-13.0
12.0-15.0

2.0-3.0
2.5-3.0
2.5-3.0
3.0-4.5

Nb
Nb
N 0.20

0.030
0.035
0.030
0.030

0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025

21.0-24.0
24.0-28.0
24.0-27.0
24.0-27.0

7.5-10.5
6.0-8.0
7.5-10.5
8.0-10.5

2.5-4.0
1.0-3.0
2.5-4.0
2.5-4.5

N
N
N
N

13
13 4
17

19
19
19
19
19
19
19

9
9L
9 Nb
12 2
12 3 L
12 3 Nb
13 4 N L

-.

22
25
25
25

9
7
9
9

3
2
3
4

NL
NL
Cu N L
NL

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

2.5
2.0
2.5
2.5

0.08-0.20
0.20
0.10-0.25, Cu 1.5-3.5
0.20-0.30, Cu 1.5, W 1.0

18
18
20
20
25
27

15
16
25
16
22
31

3
5
5
3
2
4

L
NL
Cu N L
Mn N L
NL
Cu L

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

1.0-4.0
1.0-4.0
1.0-4.0
5.0-8.0
1.0-5.0
2.5

0.030
0.035
0.030
0.035
0.030
0.030

0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025

16.5-19.5
17.0-20.0
19.0-22.0
18.0-21.0
24.0-27.0
26.0-29.0

14.0-17.0
15.5-19.0
24.0-27.0
15.0-18.0
20.0-23.0
30.0-33.0

2.5-3.5
3.0-5.0
4.0-7.0
2.5-3.5
2.0-3.0
3.0-4.5

N 0.20
Cu 1.0-2.0, N 0.25
N 0.20
N 0.20
Cu 0.6-1.5

0.20
0.04-0.14
0.10
0.04
0.10
0.04
0.15

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

4.5-7.5
3.0-5.0
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5

0.035
0.035
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.035

0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025

17.0-20.0 7.0-10.0
18.0-21.5 9.0-11.0
18.0-21.0 9.0-12.0
22.0-25.0 11.0-14.0
22.0-25.0 11.0-14.0
22.0-25.0 11.0-14.0
27.0-31.0 8.0-12.0

0.5-1.5
1.5-3.5
2.0-3.0
-

Nb
-

1.0
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

2.5
2.0
2.5
2.5
1.0-5.0
2.5
2.5

0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030

0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025
0.025

14.5-16.5
18.0-21.0
24.0-27.0
20.0-23.0
23.0-27.0
23.0-27.0
14.0-18.0

1.5-2.5
-

18
18
20
23
23
23
29

8 Mn
9 Mn Mo
10 3
12 L
12 Nb
12 2 L
9

16
19
25
22
25
25
18

82
9H
4
12
20
20 H
36

0.08
0.04-0.08
0.15
0.15
0.06-0.20
0.35-0.45
0.25

112

7.5-9.5
9.0-11.0
4.0-6.0
10.0-13.0
18.0-22.0
18.0-22.0
33.0-37.0

COATED ELECTRODES
AWS A5.1-1991


.
,




( , ,
"z" ml
100 gr, "z" 4.8 16

3


(
E 7018M,
.

E
E

70
70

18
16

M
1

(1ksi =1000 psi ~ 6.9 N/mm 2).

E 6010
E 6011
E 6012
E 6013
E 6019
E 6020
E 6022
E 6027
E 7014
E 7015
E 7016
E 7016-1
E 7018
E 7018-1
E 7018M
E 7024
E 7027
E 7028
E 7048

min
ksi

AWS

HZ


min.
min

ksi

N/mm2

ksi

N/mm2

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
70
70
70
70
70
70
a)
70
70
70
70

414
414
414
414
414
414
414
414
482
482
482
482
482
482
482
482
482
482
482

48
48
48
48
48
48

331
331
331
331
331
331

Charpy-V

min %
J/

22
22
17
17
22
22

. . .

48
58
58
58
58
58
58
b)
58
58
58
58

331
399
399
399
399
399
399
b)
399
399
399
399


( 7016, 7018, 7024)


( 7024)

22
17
22
22
22
22
22
24
17
22
22
22

27 / -29
27 / -29
.
.

27 / -18
.
.

27 / -29
.

27 / -29
27 / -29
27 / -46
27 / -29
27 / -46
67 / -29
.

27 / -29
27 / -29
27 / -29

) 70 ksi (482 N/mm2)


2
b) 53-72 ksi (365-496 N/mm )
2
. 2,4 max 77 ksi (531N/mm )
c) -

1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
4

1
2
4

/.

. .
. . ..

. ...
. ...
. ...
. .
. .
. .
. ...

AC

DC

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

+
+
-
+ / -
+ / -
c) + / -
-
c) + / -
+ / -
+
+
+
+
+
+
+ / -
c) + / -
+
+


.
. -.
,

113

COATED ELECTRODES
AWS A5.5-1996

3
E 80

18

C1

min
ksi
(1ksi =1000 psi-6,9 N/mm2



2
2
min./N/mm
AWS
min./N/mm

E 70 xx-x
E 80 xx-x
E 80 xx-C3
E 90 xx-x
E 90 xx-M
E 100 xx-x
E 100 xx-M
E 110 xx-x
E 110 xx-M
E 120 xx-x
E 120 xx-M
E 120 xx-M1

-A1
-B1
-B2
-B2L*
-B3
-B3L*
-B4L*
-B5
-C1
-C1L*
-C2
-C2L*
-C3
-NM
-D1
-D2
-D3
-G/-M/-W
* C max. 0.05%.

114

480
550
550
620
620
690
690
760
760
830
830
830

390
460
470-550
530
540-620
600
610-690
670
680-760
740
745-830
745-830

, %

C/Mo
~0.1/0.5
Cr/Mo
~0.5/0.5
Cr/Mo
~1.3/0.5
Cr/Mo
~1.3/0.5
Cr/Mo
~2.3/1.0
Cr/Mo
~2.3/1.0
Cr/Mo
~2.0/0.5
Cr/Mo/V
~0.5/1.0/0.05
Ni
~2.5
Ni
~2.5
Ni
~3.5
Ni
~3.5
Ni/Cr/Mo/V
~1.0/0.1/0.3/0.05
Ni/Mo
~1.0/0.5
Mn/Mo
~1.5/0.3
Mn/Mo
~1.8/0.3
Mn/Mo
~1.5/0.5
All other alloy steel electrodes


AWS

E xx 10
E xx 11
E xx 12
E xx 13
E xx 15
E xx 16
E xx 18
E xx 20
E xx 27

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2

AC

DC

x
x
x
x
x
x
x

+ pol
+ pol
- pol
+/- pol
+ pol
+ pol
+ pol
c) +/- pol
c) +/- pol

, ..

., .

1
2


, .

AWS

min. J

E 8018-NM
27
E 8016-C3
27
E 8018-C3
27
E 8016-D3
27
E 8018-D3
27
E 9015-D1
27
E 9018-D1
27
E 10015-D2
27
E 10016-D2
27
E 10018-D2
27
E 9018-M
27
E 10018-M
27
E 11018-M
27
E 12018-M
27
E 12018-M1
68
E 7018-W
27
E 8018-W
27
E 8016-C1
27
E 8018-C1
27
E 7015-C1L
27
E 7016-C1L
27
E 7018-C1L
27
E 8016-C2
27
E 8018-C2
27
E 7015-C2L
27
E 7016-C2L
27
E 7018-C2L
27
All other

C
-40
-40
-40
-51
-51
-51
-51
-51
-51
-51
-51
-51
-51
-51
-18
-18
-18
-59
-59
-73
-73
-73
-73
-73
-101
-101
-101

COATED ELECTRODES
AWS A5.4-1992

-15
-16
-17

E 312 17
-25

AWS
E 209 -xx
E 219-xx
E 240-xx
E 307-xxx
E 308-xx
E 308 H-xx
E 308 L-xx
E 308 Mo-xx
E 308 MoL-xx
E 309-xx
E 309 L-xx
E 309 Cb-xx
E 309 Mo-xx
E 309 MoL-xx
E 310-xx
E 310 H-xx
E 310 Cb-xx
E 310 Mo-xx
E 312-xx
E 316-xx
E 316 H-xx
E 316 L-xx
E 317-xx
E 317 L-xx
E 318-xx
E 320-xx
E 320 LR-xx
E 330-xx
E 330 H-xx
E 347-xx
E 349-xx
E 383-xx
E 385-xx
E 410-xx
E 410 NiMo-xx
E 430-xx
E 502-xx
E 505-xx
E 630-xx
E 16-8-2-xx
E 7 Cr-xx
E 2209-xx
E 2553-xx

-26


DC +. . .
DC + AC. . .
-16 Si :
-
-

- 45
- ,
.
-15, .
. .
-16, .
. .

Cr

0.06
20.5-24.0
0.06
19.0-21.5
0.06
17.0-19.0
0.04-0.14 18.0-21.5
0.08
18.0-21.0
0.04-0.08 18.0-21.0
0.04
18.0-21.0
0.08
18.0-21.0
0.04
18.0-21.0
0.15
22.0-25.0
0.04
22.0-25.0
0.12
22.0-25.0
0.12
22.0-25.0
0.04
22.0-25.0
0.08-0.20 25.0-28.0
0.35-0.45 25.0-28.0
0.12
25.0-28.0
0.12
25.0-28.0
0.15
28.0-32.0
0.08
17.0-20.0
0.04-0.08 17.0-20.0
0.04
17.0-20.0
0.08
18.0-21.0
0.04
18.0-21.0
0.08
17.0-20.0
0.07
19.0-21.0
0.03
19.0-21.0
0.18-0.25 14.0-17.0
0.35-0.45 14.0-17.0
0.08
18.0-21.0
0.13
18.0-21.0
0.03
26.5-29.0
0.03
19.5-21.5
0.12
11.0-13.5
0.06
11.0-12.5
0.10
15.0-18.0
0.10
4.0-6.0
0.10
8.0-10.5
0.05
16.0-16.75
0.10
14.5-16.5
0.10
6.0-8.0
0.04
21.5-23.5
0.06
25.0-27.0

Ni
9.5-12.0
5.5-7.0
4.0-6.0
9.0-10.7
9.0-11.0
9.0-11.0
9.0-11.0
9.0-12.0
9.0-12.0
12.0-14.0
12.0-14.0
12.0-14.0
12.0-14.0
12.0-14.0
20.0-22.5
20.0-22.5
20.0-22.0
20.0-22.0
8.0-10.5
11.0-14.0
11.0-14.0
11.0-14.0
12.0-14.0
12.0-14.0
11.0-14.0
32.0-36.0
32.0-36.0
33.0-37.0
33.0-37.0
9.0-11.0
8.0-10.0
30.0-33.0
24.0-26.0
0.7
4.0-5.0
0.6
0.4
0.4
4.5-5.0
7.5-9.5
0.4
8.5-10.5
6.5-8.5

Mo

Nb + Ta

Mn

1.5-3.0
4.0-7.0
0.75
8.0-10.0
0.75
10.5-13.5
0.5-1.5
3.30-4.75
0.75
0.5-2.5
0.75
0.5-2.5
0.75
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
0.5-2.5
0.75
0.5-2.5
0.75
0.5-2.5
0.75
0.70-1.00
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
0.5-2.5
0.75
1.0-2.5
0.75
1.0-2.5
0.75
0.70-1.00
1.0-2.5
2.0-3.0
1.0-2.5
0.75
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
0.5-2.5
3.0-4.0
0.5-2.5
3.0-4.0
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
>6xC 1.0
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0 8xC
1.0
0.5-2.5
2.0-3.0
8xC 0.40 1.5-2.5
0.75
1.0-2.5
0.75
1.0-2.5
0.75
8xC 1.0
0.5-2.5
0.35-0.65 0.75-1.20
0.5-2.5
3.2-4.2
0.5-2.5
4.2-5.2
1.0-2.5
0.75
1.0
0.40-0.70
1.0
0.75
1.0
0.45-0.65
1.0
0.85-1.20
1.0
0.75
0.15-0.30 0.25-0.75
1.0-2.0
0.5-2.5
0.45-0.65
1.0
2.5-3.5
0.5-2.0
2.9-3.9
0.5-1.5

Si

Cu

0.90
1.0
1.0
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.60
0.30
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.75
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.75
0.60
0.90
0.90
1.0

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.02
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.015
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

0.10-0.30
0.10-0.30
0.10-0.30
0.08-0.20
0.10-0.25

0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
3.0-4.0
3.0-4.0
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.6-1.5
1.2-2.0
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
3.25-4.00
0.75
0.75
0.75
1.5-2.5

115

COATED ELECTRODES

ASW IX ASME
EN ISO 6947, NEN-EN 287



EN 26947

116

AWS:1G
EN: PA

AWS:1F
EN: PA

AWS:1G
EB: PA

AWS:2F
EN: PB

AWS:2G
EN: PC

AWS:2F
EN: PB

AWS:2G
EN: PC

AWS:2F
EN: PB

AWS:3G
AWS:3F
EN: PG (down) EN: PG (down)
PF (up)
PF (up)

AWS:5G
EN: PG (down)
PF (up)

AWS:5F
EN: PG (down)
PF (up)

AWS:4G
EN: PE

AWS:6G
EN: H-L045

AWS:4F
EN: PD

AWS:4F
EN: PD

PA

PB

PC

PB

PF

PG

PE,PD

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

117

GPO-302 N

Unitor GPO-302 N/ 6013

AWS A 5.1

EN 499

E 6013

E 38 O RC 11

DNV

GL

LR

BV

ABS

PA

PB

DIN 17100
NF A35-501

BS 4360
DIN 1681
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155

NF A 36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
,
DIN 17175

DIN 17102

NF A36-203

PC

PF

PG

PE, PD

St33, St37-2 to St44-3


A33, A34-2, E24-2 (-4), E28-2 (-3) E30-2 (-3)
Gr. 40A-C, 43A-C
Grade A, B, C, D
GS38
StE210.7
, StE240.7
, StE290.7
, StE320.7, StE360.7
X42, X46
St37.0/4, St44.0/4
HI, HII, 17Mn4
A37 (CP), A42 (CP), A48 (CP)
A510AP, A530AP, A550AP
151/154/161-Gr
. 360/400, 164-Gr.360
St35.8, St45.8
StE255 to StE315
E275D

E 43 3 R 11

AC
DC+/-

NEN-ISO 2560

Mn

0.05 - 0.12

Si

0.15 - 0.65

0.10 - 0.50

MPa

MPa


ISO-V (J)

520

400

27

At 0 C = 70

mm.

2.5
3.2
4.0

**/

60-100
80-150
100-200

50
57
65

mm.

mm.

2.5
3.2
4.0

350
350
350


.
295
190
120

Kg/h
0.8
1.3
1.6

/ *
.
Danish Std.
**
86
1
53
2
39
2

* MSDS
** 90% .

118


5.2
5.4
5.2


095-699165
095-699173
095-699181


3
3
3

GPO-302 N
Unitor GPO-302 N -


.

.



,

,

(
, ..)

.


.


.
GPO-302 N
,
,
,
.





.
-
, ,
,

.
GPO-302 N (2,5 )
SPECIAL-303 N (2 )

.

3
GPO-302 N

119

GPR-300 H

Unitor GPR-300 H / 7024

AWS A 5.1

EN 499

E 7024

E 42 0 RR 73

DNV

GL

LR

BV

ABS

2, 2Y

PA

PB

DIN 17100
NF A35-501

St33, St37-2 to St44-3


A33, A34-2, E24-2 (-4), E28-2 (-3), E30-2 (-3)
Gr. 40A-C, 43A-C
Grade A, B, C, D
GS38
StE210.7
, StE240.7
, StE290.7
,
StE320.7
,
StE360.7
X42, X46
St37.0/4, St44.0/4
HI, HII, 17Mn4
A37 (CP), A42 (CP), A48 (CP)
A510 AP, A530 AP, A550 AP
151/154/161-Gr
. 360/400, 164-GR. 360
St.35.8, St.45.8
St.E255 to St.E315
E275 D

BS 4360

E 51 2 RR 180 31

AC
DC+/-

NEN-ISO 2560

DIN 1681
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A 36-203

Mn

max. 0.12

0.45 - 0.95

Si
0.25 - 0.65

MPa

MPa

555

480

26

mm.
3.2
4.0
5.0

130-170
180-230
250-340

**/

69
69
68

Kg/h

2.5
3.8
5.8

/
.
**

21.0
13.5
9.1

ISO-V (J)
At -20oC= 50
*

Danish Std.
2
2
3

* MSDS
** 90% .

mm.

mm.

3.2
4.0
5.0

450
450
450

85
51
35

120

5.8
5.5
5.6

095-699231
095-699249
095-699256

3
3
3

GPR-300 H
GPR-300 H


-
,
-

.
180%.
60%
.

,

.


50 / "" 3,5-6 .




.



""



7/10
.

,
(.
).
GPR-300 H

,

.
,


.


.
,
.

121

SPECIAL-303 N

LMA
E

lect

rod

Unitor SPECIAL-303 N / 7016

AWS A 5.1

EN 499

E 7016

E 38 2B 32 H10

E 51 4B 21(H)

DNV

GL

LR

BV

ABS

3YH10

3YH10

3, 3Y

3, 3YHH

3H 5, 3Y

PA

PB

PC

DIN 17100
NF A35-501

BS 4360




NEN-ISO 2560

AC
DC+

PF

PE, PD

St33, St37-2 to St44-3


A33, A34-2, E24-2 (-4), E28-2 (-3), E30-2 (-3)
Gr. 40A-C, 43A-C
Grade A, B, C, D, AH, DH
GS38
StE210.7
, StE240.7
, StE290.7
,
StE320.7
,
StE360.7
X42, X46
ST37.0/4, ST44.0/4
HI, HII, 17Mn4
A37 (CP), A42 (CP), A48 (CP)
A510 AP
, A530 AP
, A550 AP
151/154/161-Gr. 360/400, 164-Gr. 360
St.35.8 to St.45.8
St.E255 to St.E315
E275 D

DIN 1681
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A36-207
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A 36-203

Mn

max. 0.10

0.70 - 1.20

0.30 - 0.70

MPa

MPa

530

420

28

mm.
2.0
2.5
3.2
4.0

**/

40-80
50-90
90-150
120-190

Kg/h
0.6
0.9
1.4
1.9

75
54
57
79


ISO-V (J)

At -20oC = 120

/
.
**

143
77
46
24

2
2
2
3

Danish Std.

* MSDS ** 90% .

mm.

mm.

2.0
2.5
3.2
4.0

350
350
350
450

115
200
120
75

: 350 (662F) 2-

122

1.7
4.1
4.1
5.2

095-699199
095-699207
095-699215
095-699223

6
3
3
3

SPECIAL-303 N
Unitor SPECIAL-303 N
: .




.
Unitor SPECIAL-303 N
AC DC + .

,
.

.
2

123

LH-314 N

LMA

Ele

ctro

de

Unitor LH-314 N / 7018

AWS A 5.1

EN 499

E 7018

NEN-ISO 2560

E 42 4 B 42 H5

E 51 5B 120 20H

DNV

GL

LR

BV

ABS

3YH10

3YH5

3, 3Y

3, 3YH5

3H5, 3Y

DC+/-

PA

PB

PC

DIN 17100
NF A35-501

BS 4360


DIN 1681
BS3100
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A 36-203

PF

PE, PD

St33, St37-2 to St52-3


A33, A34-2, E24-2 (-4) to E36-2 (-4)
Grade 43D, 50D
Grade A, B, C, D, E, AH, DH, EH
GS38, GS45, GS52
A1, A2, A3, AM1, AM2, AW1
StE210.7, StE240.7, StE290.7, StE320.7, StE360.7
X42, X46, X52, X60
St37.0/4, St44.0/4, ST52.0 /4
HI, HII,17Mn4,19Mn5
A37 (CP, AP), A42 (CP, AP), A48 (CP, AP), A52 (CP, AP)
A510 AP, A530 AP, A550 AP
151/154/161-Gr. 360/400/430,164-Gr. 360/400
St.35.8, St.45.8
St.E255 to St.E420
E275 D, E344D, E390D, E430D, E455D

Mn

0.02 - 0.10

Si

0.75 - 1.25

0.30 - 0.70

MPa

MPa

540

445

29

At -20C = 140
At -40C = 70

/
.
**

62.5
31.3
20.5

2
3
3

mm.
2.5
3.2
4

**/

75-105
95-155
125-210

Kg/h
1.0
1.5
2.1

58
80
85

ISO-V (J)

Danish Std.

* MSDS ** 90% .

mm.

mm.

2.5
3.2
4

350
450
450

161
95
78

: 350 (662 F) 2-

124

4.0
5.0
5.6

095-699264
095-699272
095-699280

3
3
3

LH-314 N
Unitor LH-314 N -

,


.
"
"
,

.
, ,
,
,
,

.


.
.

LH-314 N.


.

LH-314 N
120%.
20% .
,
5/100 ,

. .

,

.
LH-314 N

(.
).
,
,
.
,
,
,
..
. ,

,

.
.
,
(.
).

125

LHH-314 H

LMA
E

lect

rod

Unitor LHH-314 H/ 7028

AWS A 5.1

EN 499

E 7028

E 42 4 B 73 H5

DNV

GL

LR

BV

ABS

3YH10

3YH10

3, 3Y

3YHH

3H5, 3Y

PA

PB

DIN 17100
NF A35-501

St33, St37-2 to St52-3


A33, A34-2, E24-2 (-4) to E36-2 (-4)
Grade 43D, 50D
Grade A, B, C, D, E, AH, DH, EH
GS38, GS45, GS52
A1, A2, A3, AM1, AM2, AW1
StE210.7, StE240.7, StE290.7, StE320.7, StE360.7
X42, X46, X52, X60
St37.0/4, St44.0/4, ST52.0/4
HI, HII,17Mn4,19Mn5
A37 (CP, AP), A42 (CP, AP), A48 (CP, AP), A52 (CP, AP)
A510 AP, A530 AP, A550 AP
151/154/161-Gr. 360/400/430,164-Gr. 360/400
St.35.8, St.45.8
St.E255 to St.E420
E275 D, E344D, E390D, E430D, E455D

BS 4360

E 51 5B 170 36H

AC
DC+

NEN-ISO 2560

DIN 1681
BS3100
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A 36-203

Mn

0.07 - 0.10

0.85 - 1.25

0.25 - 0.65

MPa

MPa

540

430

26

mm.
4.0
5.0

**/

170-240
225-355

Kg/h
3.7
5.7

70
72

ISO-V (J)
At -20C = 110
At -40C = 65

/
.
**

14.4
9.6

4
4

Danish Std.

* MSDS ** 90% .

mm.

mm.
4.0
5.0

450
450

54
36

5.5
5.5

: 350 (662F) 2-

126

095-699298
095-699306

3
3

LHH-314 H
Unitor LHH-314 H -


-
.
-

.

165%.
65% .

,
.

50 /
"" 3,5-6 .



.




.

,
(.
).
LHH
,


. ,


.

.
,
.


7/10

127

LHV-316 N

LMA

Ele

ctro

de

Unitor LHV-316 N / 8018-G

AWS A 5.5

EN 499

E 8018-G

E 46 5 B 41 H5
GL

LR

BV

ABS

3YH10

4YH10

4Y4O

3YHH

3Y

DC+
PA

PB

DIN 17100
NF A35-501
BS 4360

PC

PG

Mn

Si

0.06 - 0.09

1.00 - 1.40

0.3 - 0.7

MPa

MPa

590

470

27

**/

mm.
3.2
4.0

110-150
180-220

PE, PD

St33, St37-2 to St52-3


A33, A34-2, E24-2 (-4) to E36-2 (-4)
Grade 43D, 50D
Grade A, B, C, D, E, AH, DH, EH
GS38, GS45, GS52
A1, A2, A3, AM1, AM2, AW1
StE210.7, StE240.7, StE290.7, StE320.7, StE360.7
X42, X46, X52, X60
St37.0/4, St44.0/4, ST52.0/4
HI, HII,17Mn4,19Mn5
A37 (CP, AP), A42 (CP, AP), A48 (CP, AP), A52 (CP, AP)
A510 AP
, A530 AP
, A550 AP
151/154/161-Gr. 360/400/430,164-Gr. 360/400
St.35.8, St.45.8
St.E255 to St.E420
E275 D, E355D, E390D, E430D, E455D

DIN 1681
BS3100
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A 36-203

E 51 5B 120 50 (H)

DNV

NEN-ISO 256

53
50

Kg/h
1.6
2.8

4.8
5.0

/
.
**

43.7
27.0


ISO-V (J)

At -20C = 130
At -40C = 100
*

Danish Std.
2
2

*MSDS
** 90% .

mm.

mm.

**/

3.2
4.0

350
350

137
99

: 350 (662 F) 2-

128

/
.
**

095-699314
095-699322

3
3

LHV-316 N
Unitor LHV-316 N -

,

.
,
/,

, ,

.



,



40-85 .


.



.

.

, .


,
V-
.
,

LH-314 N
.
, .. ,

,

.
, .
,


,
.
-



(.
)

129

LHT-318 N
,

LMA
E

lect

rod

Unitor LHT-318 N / 8018-B2

AWS A 5.5

EN 1599

DIN 8575

E 8018-B2

E CrMo 1B 42 H5

E Cr Mo 1 B 20

DNV

GL

LR

- H 10

BV

ABS

UP

SR

DC+/-

PA

PB

PC

DIN 17155
DIN 17200
NF A36-206
DIN 17210
NF A35-551
NF A35-552


Q & T

PF

13CrMo44
25CrMo4
15CD2.05, 15C, D4.05
16MnCr5
18CD4, 16MC5, 20MC5
25CD4, 30CD4

:

RP 0.2%
Rm/1000
Rm/10.000

RP /1.0%/10.000

C
0.05 - 0.10

Mn
0.30 - 0.80

PE, PD

Si

400

450

500

550

600

N/mm 2
N/mm 2
N/mm 2

460

440

430
300
240

140
110
80

(80)
(50)
(35)

N/mm 2

250

0.20 - 0.50

350
170

max. 0.015

Cr

max. 0.020

1.25 - 1.45

MPa

MPa

620

530

20

Mo
0.50 - 0.65


ISO-V (J)

At -20C = 38

* 700 , 1

mm.
2.5
3.2

**/

Kg/h
0.8
1.1

70-105
95-150

60
65

mm.

mm.
2.5
3.2

350
350

75
48

1.7
1.7

/
.
**

73
49

3
3

Danish Std.

* MSDS
** 90% .

: 350 (662F) 2-

130

095-699330
095-699348

6
6

LHT-318 N
Unitor LHT-318 N -



1% 0,5%,

,
550.
, ..

,
,
,
,
(.
.

).
,
, 8-10,

200-250.





.


.

,
.



,
..

, .
,


V-

12
Icromo-216.

V- 60
60

/ 12 . 0.5 -1mm
t < 12 mm

1-2 ,
0,5-1 .
,

1-2 mm
620-720 . ,
12


1 1
(30 1/2"),
.

131

LHL-319 N
,

LMA
E

lect

rod

Unitor LHL-319 N / 8018-C1

AWS A 5.5

EN 499

E 8018-C1

E 46 6 2 Ni B 32 H5

DNV

GL

LR

BV

5YH10

6Y55H10

5Y40

UP

ABS
3H5, 3Y400

AC
DC+

PA


( .)

PB

API 5 LX
NF A36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17102
NF A36-203
DIN 17280
NF A36-208
NF A36-204

PC

PF

PE, PD

X52, X56, X60


A37FP, A42FP, A48FP, A52FP
A510FP, A530FP, A550FP
224-Gr
. 490 to LT 60, 282
StE315 to StE460
E355D, E390D, E430D, E445D
11MnNi53, 13MnNi63, 14NiMn6, 10Ni14
1.5Ni 285/355 (15N6), 2.5Ni 285/355 (10N9)
E420T
, E460T

CorTen Mayari R .

Mn

0.02 - 0.10

0.65 - 1.15

Si

0.15 - 0.55

max. 0.020

S
max. 0.020

2.15 - 2.65


ISO-V (J)

MPa

MPa

610

520

26

mm.
2.5
3.2

**/

Kg/h
0.9
1.4

70-110
105-150

55
63

mm.

mm.
2.5
3.2

350
350

78
48

1.8
1.8

Ni

At -60C = 105

/
.
**

*
Danish Std.

70
42

2
3

* MSDS
** 90% .

: 350 (662F) 2-

132

095-683631
095-683649

6
6

LHL-319 N
LHL-319 N
, 2,6% ,
115-120% .

-
. ,
,

,
- .

.


- 60.
.

2,5

.

15

100
(210F).
150 (300F).
.

133

LHR-320 N

LMA

Ele

ctro

de

Unitor LHR-320 N / 8018-G

AWS A 5.5

EN 499

E 8018-G

E 46 5 Z B 32

DNV

GL

LR

BV

ABS

3YH10

3YH15

3, 3Y

3YHH

3H5, 3Y

PA

PB

PC

PF

PE, PD

API 5 LX
NF A36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17102
NF A36-203
DIN 17280
NF A36-208
NF A36-204

X52, X56, X60


A37FP, A42FP, A48FP, A52FP
A510FP, A530FP, A550FP
224-Gr. 490 to LT 60, 282
StE315 to StE460
E355D, E390D, E430D, E445D
11MnNi53, 13MnNi63, 14NiMn6, 10Ni14
1.5Ni 285/355 (15N6), 2.5Ni 285/355 (10N9)
E420T
, E460T

Commercial names

Patinax, Cor
-ten A, Mayari R steels

( .)

EY 4665 1 Ni Cu B

AC
DC+

DIN 8529

Mn

0.02 - 0.10

0.75 - 1.25

Si

P, S

0.15 - 0.55

max. 0.020

Ni

Cu

0.50 - 0.90

0.30 - 0.50

MPa

MPa

590

500

27

At -20C = 54
At -40C = 47

/
.
**

66
40

2
2

mm.
2.5
3.2

**/

Kg/h
0.9
1.3

80-115
100-150

59
70

mm.

mm.
2.5
3.2

350
350

88
48

1.7
1.8

ISO-V (J)

Danish Std.

* MSDS
** 90% .

: 350 (662F) 2-

134

095-683656
095-699389

6
6

LHR-320 N
LHR-320 N


,
"" (Patinax steel, Cor-Ten A steel,
Mayari R steel)
.

,

. , ,

,
.
.
""
,

.

,

.

.
4-6 ,
,
2-3 ,

. ""

242
.
ASTM .

350 MPa (70 000 psi).



.

135

TENSILE-328 N
""

Unitor TENSILE-328 N / 312-17

AWS A 5.4

EN 1600

ISO 3581

E 312-17

E 29 9 R 32

E 29.9 R

N.A.

AC
DC+

PA

PB

PC

PF

PE, PD

:
-
- ,
- ,
-
- Dissimilar steel grades (CMn-steel to stainless steel)

Mn

0.08 - 0.15

Si

0.50 - 1.00

Cu

0.50 - 0.90

Ni

28.0 - 30.0

9.0 - 10.5

MPa

MPa

750

580

25

At +20C = 30

/
.
**

78
42

6
7

2.5
3.2

**/

mm.
50-85
80-125

Kg/h
0.9
1.3

48
65

ISO-V (J)

Danish Std.

* MSDS
** 90% .

mm.

mm.

2.5
3.2

300
350

79
50

: 250 C (482 F) 2- .

136

1.6
2.0

096-699470
096-699488

6
6

TENSILE-328 N
Unitor TENSILE-328 N -
,

,
, ,
, ,
,
.


,
, ..

,

. ,



.


.
,
,

,
.


.
,


.

.
,


, ,

.


.

.

.

137

IMPACT -329 S
Electrode for Heat Resistant Overlays

Unitor IMPACT-329 S

DIN 8555
E 20-UM-250-CRTZ

N.A.

AC
DC+

PA

PB

PC

PF

PE, PD

:
, , ,

900 .
- ""
-
-
-

:
-
-
-
-
-
-

Co

Cr

Ni

Fe

Mn

Si

Rest

20

15

0.1

10

2.0

1.0

0.8

MPa


HB


HB

850

25-30

250

440

Kg/h

/
.

*
Danish Std.

70-120
90-150

66
100

1.36
1.33

40
27

7
7

mm.

mm.

3.2
4

350
350

39
27

1.4
1.4

mm.
3.2
4
* MSDS

: 250C (482F) .

138

096-606460
096-606461

6
6

IMPACT-329 S
1.


,
.
.

2.

, ,

.

.

3.

50-200
.
.

4.


250
:
.


-350.


.
Impact 329 S
.
.

1/3 ,

,
, .
, ,
.


4- .
, ,
,
. .
,
.

5.
,

,
.

6.

, H1 10
4,
.

139

WEARMAX-327
.

Unitor WEARMAX-327
AWS A5.4

~ E 307-26

N.A.

AC
DC+

PA

PB

PC

PF
(2.5mm only)

PE, PD

, .
, T1-steel, N-A-Xtra steel, OXAR steel, Fine

grain steel, Cr Mo steel, Manganese steel, Shear blades.


,
. ,
.

Fe

Cr

Ni

Mo

Mn

Si

Rest

16-20

7-10

1.3-2.3

5-7

1 (Max)

MPa


HB

480-530

30-40

190

MPa

650-700

mm.
2.5
3.2
4

**/

Kg/h

HB

415

150

/
.
**

*
Danish Std.

75-140
90-170
120-240

80
103
105

0.9
1.2
1.8

48
31
21

6
6
7

mm.

mm.

2.5
3.2
4

350
350
350

49
68
42

1.6
3.5
3.4

* MSDS

: 250C (482F)
.

140

095-606454
095-606455
095-606456

6
3
3

WEARMAX-327

Unitor WEARMAX-327 ,


.

.

""
400 ,
,
,
.

, ,
,
, ,
..


,

.

:
,
, ,
..

,
,
, -1,
N-A Extra .


ID.No. 11051
WEARMAX 327

141

18/8-321 N

LMA

Ele

ctro

de

Unitor 18/8-321 N / 316L-17

AWS A5.4

EN 1600

E 316L-17

E 19 12 3 LR 12

DNV

GL

LR

BV

ABS

316L

4571

316L

UP

PA

PB

BS 970 DIN 17440/17445


1554

Extra low
carbon
C<0.03%
Medium
carbon
C>0.03%
Ti-Nb
stabilized

E 19.12.3 LR

AC
DC+

ISO 3581

PC

PF

PE,

AFNOR NF A35- ASTM/ACI


SIS
573/574/576/582 A240, A312, A351

UNS

Z2CND17.12

(TP) 316L
CF-3M

S31603
J92800

316S11

X2CrNiMo17132

1.4404

316S13

1.4435
1.4406
1.4429
1.4401
1.4436
1.4437
1.4410
1.4408
1.4571

Z2CND17.12 I'N
Z2CND17.13 a I'N
Z6CND17.11
Z6CND17.12
Z6CND17.12

(TP) 316LN

316S31
316S33
316S33
316S33
316S33
320S31

X2CrNiMo18143
X2CrNiMoN17122
X2CrNiMoN17133
X5CrNiMo17122
X5CrNiMo17133
G-X6CrNiMo1812
G-X10CrNiMo189
G-X6CrNiMo1810
G-X6CrNiMoT i17122

Z6CND17.12
Z6CNDT17.12

C (P) F-8M
316T i

347S31
347S31
347S31

X6CrNiNb1810
G-X5CrNiNb189

1.4550
1.4552

Z6CNNb17.12
Z6CNNb17.12
Z6CNNb18.10

(TP) 347
(TP) 347
CF-8C, CPF-8C

C
max. 0.030

Mn

Si

0.5 - 1.2

PD

W.Nr.

Cr

max. 0.9

2353

S31653

316 (TP) 316

(2347)
2343

C (P) F-8M

(2344)

Ni

17.0 - 19.0

11.0 - 13.0

2338
2338

FN

2.5 - 3.0

3-10

MPa

MPa

570

460

40

mm.
1.6
2.5
3.2

**/

Kg/h
0.6
1.1
1.4

35-50
60-90
80-125

26
35
46

mm.

mm.
1.6
2.5
3.2

300
300
300

213
89
54

1.7
1.7
1.7

J92900
S32100/
S31635
S34700/S34709
S34700/S34709
J92710

Mo

S31600/
S30409
J92900

ISO-V (J)
At +20C = 60
At -20C = 55

/
.
**

230
97
56

3
4
4

Danish Std.

* MSDS
** 90% .

: 350 (662F) 2-

142

095-699397
095-699405
095-699413

6
6
6

18/8-321 N
Unitor 18/8-321 N -

,
16-18% , 10-14%
, 2-3% .

.
,

,
,
,

.

.



.


.

,
, ,
.

.

,
2-12
.

/

23/14-322 N.

:
1. .

,

.
2.

.
3.

,

3
2-

1-



10 .


.
4.
.

.


,
,
.





.

143

23/14-322 N

LMA
E

lect

rod

Unitor 23/14-322 N / 309MoL-17

AWS A5.4

EN 1600

E 309MoL-17

NEN-ISO 3581

E 23 12 2 LR 32

E 23.12.2 R

DNV

GL

LR

BV

309Mo

4459

SS/CMn

UP

ABS

AC
DC+

PA

PB

BS 970 DIN 17440

316S11 X2CrNiMo17132
CrNiMo

316S13

316S31
316S33
320S31

X2CrNiMo18143
X2CrNiMoN17122
X2CrNiMoN17133
X5CrNiMo17122
X5CrNiMo17133
X6CrNiMo17122
X10CrNiMoT i1812
X6CrNiMoNb17122
X10CrNiMoNb1812

PC

PF

PE,

PD

W.Nr.

AFNOR

ASTM/ACI

SIS

UNS

1.4404

Z2CND17.12

(TP) 316L
CF-3M

2353

S31603
J92800

1.4435
1.4406
1.4429
1.4401
1.4436
1.4571
1.4573
1.4580
1.4583

Z2CND17.12 l'N
Z2CND17.13 l'N
Z6CND17.11
Z6CND17.12
Z6CNDT17.12
Z6CNDT 17.12
Z6CND17.12
Z6CNDNb17.13

(TP) 316LN

S31653

316 (TP) 316 (H)


316Ti
316Ti
C (P) F-8M
316Cb

(2347)
2343
(2344)

S31600/
S30409
S31635/S32100
S31635
S31640
S31640

- : CrNiMo 12
-

C
max. 0.030

Mn

Si

0.50 - 1.20

Cr

0.50 - 0.90

Ni

22.0 - 24.0

12.0 - 14.0

Mo

FN

2.5 - 3.0

12-22


ISO-V (J)

MPa

MPa

610

510

32

At +20C = 50

**/

Kg/h

/
.
**

*
Danish Std.

50-90
90-120
130-180

36
53
56

1.2
1.7
2.5

81
43
28

4
5
6

mm.

mm.

2.5
3.2
4.0

300
350
350

84
50
35

1.7
2.0
2.0

mm.
2.5
3.2
4.0
* MSDS
** 90% .

: 350 (662 F) 2-

144

095-699421
095-699439
095-699447

6
6
6

23/14-322 N
Unitor 23/14-322 N -



.



, ,



,
23/14-322 N
.


,

,

.


23/14-322 N

.

,


.
23/14-322 N



.


,
.



.
,
,
18/8-321 N.

Pickling Gel,
.

54 1

3
2

1.
(LH-314 N)
2.

3.

4. 23/14-322 N
5. 23/14-322 N

145

DUPLEX-325 N

LMA
E

lect

rod

Unitor DUPLEX-325 N / 2209-17

AWS A5.4

EN 1600

E 2209- 17

E 22 9 3 N L R 32

DNV

GL

LR

Yes

4462

BV

ABS

AC
DC+

PA

Duplex - stainless steel

PB

EN 10088-11-2

PC

PF

PE,

PD

X2CrNiMoN 22 53
X3CrNiMoN 27 52
X2CrNiN 23 4
1.4462
1.4417
1.4460
1.4362
Z2 CN 22,5 l'N
2205
S 2377
S 31803
S 31500
S 31200
S 32304

W. Nr.

AFNOR
ASTM/ACI
SIS
UNS

:
. .

Mn

max. 0.030 0.50 - 1.20

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

FN

0.50 - 0.90

21.5 - 23.0

8.5 - 10.5

2.7 - 3.3

25 - 40


ISO-V (J)

MPa

MPa

820

660

25

At +20C = 50

**/

Kg/h

/
.
**

50-90
80-120

38
55

1.0
1.4

91
47

4
5

mm.

mm.

2.5
3.2

300
350

91
55

1.7
2.0

mm.
2.5
3.2

Danish Std.

* MSDS
** 90% .

: 350 (662F) 2-

146

095-699454
095-699462

6
6

DUPLEX-325 N
Unitor DUPLEX-325 N
,

,
, ,
.


: .


,
-
,
.
DUPLEX-325 N

,

.


.
Unitor Pickling Gel
250. .
.
,

.

1.

2.
( )

3.

4.

5.

6a.
( )
b.

7.
+

8.

147

PICKLING GEL


(
)

ASTM A-380 A1

BS CP-312

13 20
20.
.
.
.

: 45 , ..
.

.
, .

50-90 .
.
, ,
.
.
6,5-10,
.

: 10-40 .

. .

pH:0


HNO3

(HF)
0,5-5

8-20

1,25


()
095-661777


6, 6

, ,
.

MSDS .

148

PICKLING GEL
8.







. 9.

.
,
. Pickling
Gel

.

,
.

.



- 7.
.


.


.
20.
45, ..
.



.
.

. . MSDS

1. ;

,
.

2.
40.
3. , ,

.

4.


.
5.
,

+5.
.
6. 50 .
-
. ,
,
.

7.
.

.

149

NIFE-334 N

Unitor NIFE-334 N / NiFe-C1

AWS A5.15

DIN 8573

E NiFe-C1

E NiFe-1-BG 11

N.A.

AC
DC+/-

PA

PB

PC

PF

DIN 1691

DIN 1692

DIN 1693

G
G
G
G
G
G

GTS-35-10
GTS-45-06
GTS-55-4
GTW-35-04
GTW-40-05
GTW-45-07
GTW-S 38-12

G GG-40
G GG-50
G GG-60

G
G
G
G
G
G

10
15
20
25
30
35

Ni

PG

Fe

47.0 - 56.0

PE, PD

42.0 - 48.0

1.4 - 2.0

MPa

MPa

HB

375

300

12

180

**/

Kg/h

/
.
**

*
Danish Std.

75-100
85-160

90
70

0.9
1.8

45
30

2
3

mm.

mm.

3.2
4.0

350
350

68
51

2.2
2.4

mm.
3.2
4.0
* MSDS
** 90% .

: 200 (392F) 2-

150

096-699512
096-699520

6
6

NIFE-334 N
The Unitor NIFE-334 N ,


,

.


,
,
..
.

,

(2-3 ) ,

,
.
, ..

500
.

.
,
,
:
-
;
-
3 ,


.
,
Nickel 333 N.


2-382.

.
,
,
.
,

,
.

.
.


2-382.
.

151

NICKEL-333 N

Unitor NICKEL-333 N / Ni-C1

AWS A5.15

DIN 8573

E Ni-C1

E Ni-BG 11

N.A.

AC
DC+/-

PA

PB

PC

DIN 1691

DIN 1692

DIN 1693

G
G
G
G
G
G

GTS-35-10
GTS-45-06
GTS-55-4
GTW-35-04
GTW-40-05
GTW-45-07
GTW-S 38-12

G GG-40
G GG-50
G GG-60

G
G
G
G
G
G

10
15
20
25
30
35

Ni
92.0 - 95.0

PF

PG

PE, PD

Fe

3.0 - 5.0

0.8 - 1.6

MPa

MPa

HB

300

100

12

150

mm.
2.5
3.2

55-110
80-140

**/

Kg/h

50
65

0.8
1.2

/
.
**

90
45

*
Danish Std.

2
2

* MSDS
** 90% .

mm.

mm.

2.5
3.2

300
350

121
68

: 80 (176F) 2-

152

2.0
2.2

096-699496
096-699504

6
6

NICKEL-333 N
Unitor NICKEL-333 N -

.

2-3 cm
:
-

3 ,

.

,
.

.




2-3 .
3
, ,
,

.
,
.
,
.

,

,

2-3 ( ).

,


.
,
.


.
-

Nickel-333 N Nife-334 N.
Nickel-333 N


.


Nife-334 N.


.

.

153

TINBRO-341

Unitor TINBRO-341

AWS A5.6

DIN 8555

~ E Cu SnC

E 30-UM-150-C

N.A.

DC+

PA

PB

PC

PF

PE, PD

, :

Cu

Sn

Mn

Rest

7.5-9.5

MPa

MPa

350-400

220-260

15-25

HB

100-150

%
103

Kg/h

/
.

*
Danish Std.

70-90

63

1.33

43

mm.

mm.

3.2

350

42

1.4

mm.
3.2
* MSDS

.
: 350 (662 F)
2-

154

096-606458

TINBRO-341
Cunifer (
Unitor TINBRO-341 - , )
AG-60

AG-60/45 Flux-252 PF
.


TIG-
,
Icuni-30 239.
,
.

,
,
..

.
3 .
4
80 V
X-.


300-500.

.


.
, ,

, 3
.
,
,

,
80-110.

,
.

Tinbro-341
- .


:
Yorcalbro ( )
4"
AG-60
Albro 263 PF
TIG
Ialbro 237MF.

155

ALBRONZE-344

Unitor ALBRONZE-344

AWS A5.6

DIN 8555

~ E Cu Al A2

E 31-UM-150-C

N.A.

AC
DC+

PA

PC

PF

PE,PD

, :

PB

Cu

Al

Mn

Fe

Rest

1.2

2.8

MPa

MPa

HB

550

350

10

140-170

103

Kg/h

/
.

*
Danish Std.

80-160

81

0.92

48

mm.

mm.

3.2

350

46

1.3

mm.
3.2
* MSDS

: 250 (482F)
.

156

096-606457

ALBRONZE-344

Unitor ALBRONZE-344 -
Yorcalbro
,
Cunifer.


, ,


,



.

, ,
, ,
,
.


.
.
60-90.
.
,
.

150,
.

200.


.
.



.

3
.
,

.
-


650,

500,
.

157

ALUMIN-351 N

Unitor ALUMIN-351 N

DIN 1732
EL-AlSi12

N.A.

DC+

PA

PB

PC

FP

, 7% Si
:

G-Al
G-Al
G-Al
G-Al
G-Al
G-Al
G-Al
G-Al
G-Al
G-Al

Si
Si
Si
Si
Si
Si
Si
Si
Si
Si

5
10
10
12
12
11
9
9
7
6

Mg
(3.2341)
Mg
(3.2381)
Mg (Cu) (3.2381)
(3.2581)
(Cu) (3.2583)
Mg
Cu 3
Mg
Cu 4

Al

Si

86.0 - 89.0

Fe

11.0 - 13.5

max. 0.50

MPa

MPa

160

ISO-V (J)

13

mm.
3.2

**/

Kg/h
0.7

70-110

32

mm.

mm.
3.2

350

82

1.1

/
.
**

164

Danish Std.

* MSDS
** 90% .

096-699538*

*
: ,

158

ALUMIN-351 N
Unitor ALUMIN-351 N -

- ,
, (), ,
, ..
2 .

3
V-
60;
1-3 .


.

.

.


300.


,

.

.
, .
;


1 .

.

,

.
?


, .

( !!).

:
-
, ;
- ,
- ;

,

-

.



,

.
NB:

.


300, .

159

CH-2-382
Chamfering

Unitor CH-2-382
N.A.

N.A.

AC
DC+/-

PA

PB

PC

PG

PE, PD

/
/

/
/
N.A.

N.A.

**/

mm.
3.2

160-280

57

Kg/h
-

/
.
**

Danish Std.

* MSDS

mm.

mm.

3.2

350

36

: 120 (248 F)
.

160

1.4

096-606459

CH-2-382

1.
,

.
.
2. 15-20

.
3.
4. !


. ,

.
5.

, 1-3

3
2

6.
,
,
.

161

ACA-384
-

N.A.

N.A.

DC+

PA

PB

PC

PG

PE, PD

, , ,

N.A.

kg/electrode*

mm.
6.3
8.0

0.45
0.68

mm.
6.3
8.0
15 x 5

200-350
200-450
400-600

()

Danish Std.
6-9 (80 psi)
6-9 (80 psi)
6-9 (80 psi)

7
7
7

* MSDS

mm.

mm.

6.3
8.0
15 x 5

305
305
305

90
50
25

1.7
1.5
1.4

096-699546
096-699553
096-699561

3
3
3

: 180 (356F) 10
: ,
.

162

ACA-384
Unitor ACA-384 - - ,

-
.
.
, 8 100 ,


952 .
.
-
!

,

.
- .

, -
1800
, 10 .

(), 2-3 ,
.
.

, -
.
.


( ).

,
,

.
.

.

.
1".
,
,
, .

1/8" .

35
( 35)


.
,
45 - 70. ,

,
.
,
.



.

163

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

164

TIG WELDING RODS AND FLUXES


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
IMS-210 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

168

ICROMO-216
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
18/8 Mo-221. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
ICUNI-30-239. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174

IALBRO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
I-FLUX-238 PF
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

165

TIG WELDING RODS AND FLUXES



(TIG)

. ()


TIG

TIG
TIG
.

500 .


,

.

166

TIG WELDING RODS AND FLUXES

AVS A5.28-1979

Mechanical properties of weld metal

min. N/mm2

AWS
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER

550
550
620
620
550
550
550
550
690
690
760
830

80 S-B2
80 S-B2L
90 S-B3
90 S-B3L
80 S-Ni1
80 S-Ni2
80 S-Ni3
80 S-D2
100 S-1
100 S-2
110 S-1
120 S-1
XX S-G

min. N/mm2
(0.2% proof)

min. %

470
470
540
540
470
470
470
470
610-700
610-700
660-740
730-840

19
19
17
17
24
24
24
17
16
16
15
14

Charpy-V
J/C

27/-46
27/-62
27/-73
27/-29
68/-51
68/-51
68/-51
68/-51

*1)
*1)
*2)
*2)

*1)
*1)





*1) 620 +/-15C ,


1 .
316
.
*2) 690 +/-15C ,
1 .
316
.

-B2
-B2L*
-B3
-B3L*
-Ni1
-Ni2
-Ni3
-D2

Cr/ Mo
Cr/ Mo
Cr/ Mo
Cr/ Mo
Ni
Ni
Ni
Mn/ Mo

, %
~1.3/ 0.5
~1.3/ 0.5
~2.5/ 1.1
~2.5/ 1.1
~1.0
~2.4
~3.4
~1.8/ 0.5

* C max. 0.05%

167

IMS 210
:
TIG
0,5%

-45 550 .
.

:
. Imprint 1.5424 / WMoSi

AWS A5.28

EN 12070

DIN 8575

Werkstoff No.

ER 80 SG

W MoSi

SG Mo

1.5424

DNV

TuV

IYMS

6-9 l/min

DC

.


, %

168

DIN 17155
NF A36-205
NF A36-206
BS 1501-261
DIN 17175

17Mn4, 19Mn5, 15Mo3


, FP), A52 (CP, AP)
A42 (CP, AP, FP), A48 (CP, AP
15D3, 18MD4.05
0.5% Mo-types, plate, casting and forgings
15Mo3, 15Mo5
St45.8, 15Mo3

DIN 17102
NF A36-203

StE285 to StE400
E275D, E355D, E390D, E430D

Mn

Si

Mo

Fe

0.1

0.6

0.5

..

MPa
570

MPa
480

mm.

mm.

2.0

500

150


,
1.8

%
23

ISO-V (J)
At +20 C= 180
At -45 C = 47

097-604850

IMS 210
Unitor IMS-210 ,
, TIG



0,5%

-45 550.

.
, TIG

,
6 .
IMS 210

,


.
.

( MS 200)
Si.
TIG ,
,
Si,

. TIG ,
,
.

TIG
.

169

ICROMO 216
:
TIG
Cr-Mo .

550 . .

AWS SFA 5.28


ER 80 SG *

EN 12070

BS 2901

DIN 8575

Werkstoff No.

WCr Mo1 Si

A 32

SG Cr Mo 1

1.7339

* ER 80-B2

TuV
+

6-9 l/min

DC-



DIN 17155
13CrMo4 4
DIN 17200
25CrMo4
NF A36-206
15CD 2.05
15CD 4.05


DIN 17210 16MnCr5
NF A35-551 18CD4, 16MC5, 20MC5

NF A35-552 25CD4, 30CD4


, %

Si

Mn

Si

Mo

Fe

0.1

0.6

1.2

0.5

..

SR 680/2h

170

MPa
AW

MPa

ISO-V (J)

560

460

22

+20C 100

>520

>440

22

+20C 130

mm.

mm.

2.5

500

56


097-305532

ICROMO 216
Unitor ICROMO-216 TIG
,
.

550.


,

.



.

.

171

18/8 Mo 221
:
TIG .
Cr-Ni-Mo
:
Imprint: ER 316LSi / RW 1.4430

AWS A5.9

EN 12072

DIN 8556

Werkstoff No.

ER 316 LSi

W 19 12 3 LSi

Mo 1912

1.4430

TuV

CL

DC

BS 970 DIN 17440/1744.5 W.Nr.


1554
.

316S11
C<0.03%
316S13
. 316S31
C>0.03%
316S33
316S33
316S33
316S33
Ti.Nb320S31
.
347S31
34S31

6-9 l/min

AFNOR NF A35- ASTM/ACI


573/574/576/582

X2CrNiMo 17 13 2

1.4404

X2CrNiMo 18 14 3
X2CrNiMoN 17 2 2
X2CrNiMoN 17 12 2
X5CrNiMo17 13 3
G-X6CrNiMo 18 12
G-X10CrNiMo18 9
G-X6CrNiMo 18 10
X6CrNiMoT i 17 12 2

1.4435
1.4406
1.4401
1.4436
1.4437
1.4410
1.4408
1.4571

X6CrNiNb 18 10
G-X5CrNiNb 189

1.4450
1.4452

Z2CND 17.12

Z2CND
Z6CND
Z6CND
Z6CND

172

(TP) 316LN
316 (TP) 316

SIS

UNS

2353

J92800
S31603
J92800

(2347)
2343

S31653
S31600/
S30409
J92900

C(P)F-8M

Z6CND 17.12
Z6CNDT 17.12

C(P)F-8M
316Ti

Z6CNNb17.12
Z6CNNb 18.10

(T) 347
CF-8C.CPF-8C

(2344)
2338

J92900
S32100/S31635
34700/S34709
J92710

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

Fe

<0.02

1.7

0.8

18.8

12.5

2.8

Rest


MPa

MPa

>550

17.12 l'N
17.11
17.12
17.12

A240/A312/A351
CF-3M
(TP) 316L
CF-3M

>320

mm.

mm.

2.0

500


42


,
0.5

. .
%
ISO-V(J)
>35

At + 20C = 80
At -120C = 35


097-602979

18/8 Mo 221
Unitor 18/8 Mo 221 -


.
,
18/8 V,

,
TIG-.
( 2 )

TIG-. ,




V- .


.


.
18/8 Mo

,
.


.
TIG-


,
.
- .
:
(

),
.


,
.

, ,
.

TIG ...

. .
V- .

,
,
, ,

.

173

ICUNI 30 239
:
TIG - , 31% Ni
:
-

AWS A5.7

BS 2901

DIN 1733

Werkstoff No.

ER Cu Ni

C 18

WSG-Cu Ni 30 Fe

2.0837

N.A.

7-9 l/min

DC-

-
Grade Cu Ni 20 Fe (DIN 17664)
Grade Cu Ni 30 Mn 1 Fe (DIN 17664)
Grade Cu Ni 30 Fe 2 Mn 2 (DIN 17664)
Werkstoff No. 2.0872
Werkstoff No. 2.0875
Werkstoff No. 2.0883

174

Grade G-Cu Ni 10
Grade G-Cu Ni 30
Werkstoff No. 2.0815
Werkstoff No. 2.0835

Ni

Mn

Fe

Ti

Cu

31.0

1.0

0.5

0.4

Rest

MPa
MPa
420

200

mm.

mm.

2.5

500

30


92


,
2.0

H
115


097-335547

ICUNI 30 239
Unitor ICUNI 30 329 -
TIG-
, ,
Cunifer.
TIG-


.
.
.



.
,

.
, ,
..

.


(
),
AG-60 Flux-252 PF.

TIG
ICUNI 30.

, ,
,
.

.
.

.
.

175

IALBRO 237 MF

TIG ,
Yorcalbro.

AWS A5.7

DIN 1733

ER Cu A1-A2

S-Cu A1 8

N.A.

7-9 l/min

DC-

I-FLUX 238 PF, 250 .. No. 097-603092.


- :
- Grade Cu AL 5A (DIN 17665)
- Grade Cu AL 8 (DIN 17665)
- Werkstoff No. 2.0918
- Werkstoff No. 2.0920

- :
- Grade G-Cu AL 8 Mn (DIN 1714)
- Werkstoff No. 2.0962

- Yorcalbro (Cu 76%, Al 2%, Zn21, 96%, As 0.04%)


, %

A1

Mn

Ni

Cu

8.5

1.0

0.5

Rest

HB

25

115


MPa


MPa

500-600

176

250-300

mm.

mm.

2.4

500

81


kg
1.4


097-519736

IALBRO 237 MF
Unitor IALBRO 237 MF -

TIG-
Yorcalbro.
,

.
TIG-

I-Flux 238 PF,
.

.
.
Yorcalbro 4",

( ),

AG-60 Albro Flux 263 MF.

(TIG)
Albro 237 MF.
:
-
;
-
t=400-500
20-30 .
- , 1,5

1,5 - V-
.
1,5
V- 45
1,5 .;
- .

.
-
;
-
;
,
;
- 15

350-400

- Yorcalbro
.
,

. ,

.

I-Flux 238 PF

.
.

177

I-FLUX 238PF
:
IALBRO-237 MF Yorcalbro .

/
.

.
, .
.
. .


R23
, .
S36/37/39 ,
.
/.
S45
, , .


250
*MSDS

178


097-603092

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

179

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

180

WIRES FOR WIRE WELDING


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

185.

GPS-W -200. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186


HST-SF-203 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .188
HST-SF-232 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .190

S 316 M-GF-221. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192


S 309 M-GF-222. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Icuni-W -239 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Ialbro-W -237 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Alumag-W -235. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200

181

WIRES FOR WIRE WELDING




.
,


CO 2

+ CO 2

(GMAW FCAW):



GMAW ( )
FCAW ( )

200 , 51 ,
50 .


, ,

.

.

182

WIRES FOR WIRE WELDING

AWS A5.18-1993

AWS
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER

70
70
70
70
70
70

S-2
S-3
S-4
S-5
S-6
S-7

ER 70 S-G

Mn

<0.07
0.06-0.15
0.07-0.15
0.07-0.19
0.07-0.15
0.07-0.15

0.90-1.40
0.90-1.40
1.00-1.50
0.90-1.40
1.40-1.85
1.50-2.00

Si

Cu

0.40-0.70
0.45-0.70
0.65-0.85
0.30-0.60
0.80-1.15
0.50-0.80

<0.025
<0.025
<0.025
<0.025
<0.025
<0.025

<0.035
<0.035
<0.035
<0.035
<0.035
<0.035

<0.50
<0.50
<0.50
<0.50
<0.50
<0.50

<0.025

<0.035

<0.50

AWS

ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER
ER

70
70
70
70
70
70
70

S-2
S-3
S-4
S-5
S-6
S-7
S-G

min. N/mm 2

min. N/mm 2
(0.2% proof)

500
500
500
500
500
500
500

420
420
420
420
420
420
420

min.%

..
Charpy-V

J/C
22
22
22
22
22
22
22

27/-29
27/-18


27/-29
27/-29

CO 2 or Ar/C 2
CO2 or Ar/Co 2
CO2 or Ar/Co 2
CO2 or Ar/Co 2
CO2 or Ar/Co 2
CO2 or Ar/Co 2
CO2 or Ar/Co 2

183

WIRES FOR WIRE WELDING

AWS A5.20-1995


0=
1=

. .
2
1 .= 10 ksi (10 ksi= 10 000 psi = 69 N/mm.)


AWS
, N/mm 2
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E

6xT -1
6xT -4
6xT -5
6xT -6
6xT -7
6xT -8
6xT -11
6xT -G
6xT -GS

E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E

7xT -1
7xT -2
7xT -3
7xT -4
7xT -5
7xT -6
7xT -7
7xT -8
7xT -10
7xT -11
7xT -G
7xT -GS


min. N/mm2

428
428
428
428
428
428
428
428

497
497
497
497
497
497
497
497
497
497
497
497

-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-10
-11
-G
-GS

184

-1

min. %

27/-18

27/-29
27/-29

27-29


414


414
414
414
414
414

414
414

22


22
22
22
22
22

22
22

27/-18



27/-29
27/-29

27/-29



x
x

x
x

. .
Charpy-V J/C

22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22

345
345
345
345
345
345
345
345

= Ar/CO

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x
x
x
x


Rutile
Rutile
Rutile
Basic-Rutile
Basic
Rutile
Basic-Rutile
Basic-Rutile
Rutile
Rutile
-


DC+pol
DC+pol
DC+pol
DC+pol
DC+/-pol
DC+pol
DC-pol
DC-pol
DC-pol
DC-pol
-

WIRES FOR WIRE WELDING





"" .





""
.
:

.

,



48 .

,
.
, 8 ,


, .

,

,
,

,

:
- 15-250 C,
60 %
- 25-350 C,
40 %
,

.



40-100 C
30 .

,
,
,





.

"" ,
:
,



2 .

185

GPS W 200
:
GMA

AWS A 5. 18

EN 440

ER 70 S-6

DIN 8559

G422CG3Si1

Werkstoff No.

SG 2

1.5125

TuV

GL

LR

CL

ABS

3 YS

3 S/3 YS H 15

3 SA, 3 YSA

DC+
PA

DIN 17100
NF A35-501
BS 4360
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A 36-205
BS 3059
NF A36-207
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A36-203

Mn

Si

0.08

1.4

0.85


MPa

10 //50V

186

PG

PE, PD

0.03


MPa

UWW -170

3.2/C

Fe

0.025

430

S-22 P12

PF

St33, St37-2 to St52-3


A33, A43-2, E24-2 (-4 to E36 -2 (-4)
50D, 43D
Grade A, B, C, D, E, AH, DH, EH
StE210.7, StE240.7, StE290.7, StE320.7, StE360.7
X42, X46, X52, X60
St37.0/4, St44.0/4, St52.0/4
HI, HII, 17Mn4, 19Mn5
A37 (CP, AP), A42 (CP, AP), A48 (CP, AP), A52 (CP, AP)
Part 1 HPS 33
A510AP, A530AP, A550AP
St35.8, St45.8
StE255 to StE420
E275D, E355D, E390D, E430D, E445D

510

PC

+20% CO2
CO2
10-15 /


, %

PB

22

,
kg/h

10-20

0.67-2.68

mm


mm

0.8

200 x 55

. .
ISO-V (J)
At +20 C = >120

At -20 C = 70

/ *

SS-062802

1.05


090-590117

GPS W 200
GPS-W -200


.


.
.
,
.

,
.
80/20% Ar/CO2
CO2
.

187

HST-SF 203 SELFSHIELD


:
, "",
, .

AWS A 5.20

EN

BS 7084

E 71 T-8

DIN

NEN-ISO

NFA 81-350

T 532 NWH

T SS 51.3.1. BH

DNV

GL

BV

ABS

III YMS H10

3Y

SA 3Y MH

3 SA, 3 YSA

DC-

PA

DIN 17100
NF A35-501
BS 4360

188

PF

PG

PE, PD

St33, St37-2 to St52-3


A33, A43-2, E24-2 (-4 to E36-2 (-4)
Grade 43D, 50D
Grade A, B, C, D, E, AH, DH, EH
GS38, GS45, GS52
A1, A2, A3, AM1, AM2, A W 1
StE210.7, StE240.7, StE290.7, StE320.7, StE360.7
X42, X46, X52, X60
St37.0/4, St44.0/4, St52.0/4
HI, HII, 17Mn4, 19Mn5
A37 (CP, AP), A42 (CP, AP), A48 (CP, AP), A52 (CP, AP)
A510AP, A530AP, A550AP
151/154/161/164-Gr. 360 to 223/224/225-Gr. 490
St35.8, St45.8
StE255 to StE420
E275D, E355D, E390D, E430D, E445D
TTSt35, TTSt41, TTSt45

DIN 1681
BS100
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A 36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A36-203
SEW 680-70

Mn

Si

Al

0.075

1.45

0.33

<0.01

<0.003

0.8


MPa


MPa

448

28

530

PC


, %

PB

S-22 P 12

UWW -170

11.5 m/min./50V

2/ C

6 mm

,
kg/h

0.55-0.89

mm


mm

200 x 55

4.5

Fe

. .
ISO-V (J)

At -20C = 54

/ *

SS-062802

1.3


090-597526

HST-SF 203 SELFSHIELD


Unitor HST-SF 203 Selfshield
""



.

,
3G
.

Unitor HST-SF 203 Selfshield


,
.

.


.

,

.

189

HST-SF 232 SELFSHIELD


:
, "", .

AWS A5.20

EN

BS 7084

E 71 T-8

DIN

NEN-ISO

NFA 81-350

T 532 NWH

T SS 51.2.2. BH

DNV

GL

BV

ABS

III YMS H15

3 YS H10

SA 3Y MHH

3 SA-3YSA-H

DC-

PA

DIN 17100
NF A35-501
BS 4360
DIN 1681
BS100
DIN 17172
API 5 LX
DIN 1626-1630
DIN 17155
NF A 36-205
NF A36-207
BS 1501
DIN 17175
DIN 17102
NF A36-203
SEW 680-70

Mn

Si

Al

0.17

0.65

0.28

0.009

0.004

0.75


MPa


MPa

. .
ISO-V (J)

550

27

At -29C = 45

10 m/min. 55V

190

PE, PD

,
kg/h

12-25 mm

1.7-5.1

S-22 P12

PF

St33, St37-2 to St52-3


A33, A43-2, E24-2 (-4) to E36-2 (-4)
Grade 43D, 50D
Grade A, B, C, D, E, AH, DH, EH
GS38, GS45, GS52
A1, A2, A3, AM1, AM2, A W 1
StE210.7, StE240.7, StE290.7, StE320.7, StE360.7
X42, X46, X52, X60
St37.0/4, St44.0/4, St52.0/4
HI, HII, 17Mn4, 19Mn5
A37 (CP, AP), A42 (CP, AP), A48 (CP, AP), A52 (CP, AP)
A510AP, A530AP, A550AP
151/154/161/164-Gr. 360 to 223/224/225-Gr. 490
St35.8, St45.8
StE255 to StE420
E275D, E355D, E390D, E430D, E445D
TTSt35, TTSt41, TTSt45

635

PC


, %

PB

mm


mm

1.7

245 x 75

6.12

/ *

SS-062802

1.33


090-603423

HST-SF 232 SELFSHIELD


Unitor HST-SF 232
""

5 .

.
-
.
.
3 /
. 1,7
,

( )
, ,
, , .

SELFSHIELD 232
,

.


.
SELFSHIELD 232

. SELFSHIELD 232

.
.
:
,
,

.

191

S 316 M-GF 221


:
: 19% Cr/12% Ni/3% Mo types.

AWS A5.22

EN 12073

DIN 8556

Werkstoff No.

E 316 LT 0-4

T 19123 LPM 1

E 19123 L

1.4430

TuV
+

DC+

PA

PB

Ext. low carb.


C<0.03%

Med. carbon
C>0.03%

Ti-Nb
stabilized


, %

192

PG

W.Nr.

AFNOR NF A35- ASTM/ACI


573/574/576/582
Z2CND 17.12

A240, A312, A351


(TP) 316L
2353
CF-3M

S31603
J92800

Z2CND
Z2CND
Z6CND
Z6CND
Z6CND

(TP) 316LN

S31653

316S11

X2CrNiMo 17 13 2

1.4404

316S13

316S31
316S33
316S33
316S33
316S33
320S31

X2CrNiMo 18 14 3
X2CrNiMoN 17 12 2
X2CrNiMoN 17 13 3
X5CrNiMo 17 12 2
X5CrNiMo17 13 3
G-X6CrNiMo 18 12
G-X10CrNiMo18 9
G-X6CrNiMo 18 10
X6CrNiMoT i 17 12 2

1.4435
1.4406
1.4429
1.4401
1.4436
1.4437
1.4410
1.4408
1.4571

347S31
347S31

X6CrNiNb 18 10
G-X5CrNiNb 18 9

1.4450
1.4452

17.12 a l'N
17.13 a l'N
17.11
17.12
17.12

SIS

316 (TP) 316

(2347)
2343

C(P)F-8M

Z6CND 17.12
Z6CNDT 17.12

C(P)F-8M
316Ti

Z6CNNb17.12
Z6CNNb 18.10

(TP) 347
CF-8C, CPF-8C

(2344)
2338

UNS

S31600/
S30409
J92900
J92900
S32100/S31635
34700/S34709
J92710

Si

Mn

Cr

Ni

Mo

Fe

0.03

0.6

1.5

19.0

12.0

2.8


MPa


MPa

510

PF


Ar + CO2

ARGON +20% CO2


CO2
22-25 /.

BS 970 DIN 17440/1745


1554

PC

350

S-22 P12

UWW -170

11 //50 V

4/C

At +20C = 47

-120 C = 32

30

,
kg/h

15-25

1.2-3.2

. .
ISO-V (J)

/ *

SS-062802

1.10

mm


mm

0.9

200 x 55

2.5

090-597518

S 316 M-GF 221


Unitor S 316 M-GF

,
19% Cr, 12% Ni, 3% Mo,
.

,

400.
,
.
.

80%/20% Ar/CO2.


( 2 )
TIG .

(),

.

193

S 309 M GF 222
:
.
.

AWS A5.22

EN 12073

E 309 Mo LT 0-4

DIN 8556-86

T 23 12 2 LPM1

Werkstoff No.

E 23132

1.4459

TuV
+

DC+
PA

PB

PC

PF

PG

+20% CO 2
CO 2
22-25 l/min.

Ar + CO2

Steel gradesBS 970 DIN 17440

W.Nr.

AFNOR

ASTM/ACI

SIS

UNS

316S11
CrNiMo
316S13

X2CrNiMo 17 13 2

1.4404

Z2CND 17.12

(TP) 316L
CF-3M

2353

S31603
J92800

X2CrNiMo 18 14 3
X2CrNiMoN 17 12 2
X2CrNiMoN 17 13 3
X5CrNiMo 17 12 2
X5CrNiMo 17 13 3
G-X6CrNiMoT i 17 12 2
X10CrNiMoT i18 12
X6CrNiMoNb 17 12 2
X10CrNiMoNb 18 12

1.4435
1.4406
1.4429
1.4401
1.4436
1.4571
1.4573
1.4580
1.4583

Z2CND 17.12 I'N


Z2CND 17.13 I'N
Z6CND 17.11
Z6CND 17.12
Z6CNDT 17.12
Z6CNDT 17.12
Z6CNDNb 17.13
Z6CNDNb 17.13

(TP) 316LN

316S31
316S33
320S31

S31653

316 (TP) 316 (H)

(2347)
2343
(2344)

316Ti
316Ti
316Cb
316Cb

S31600/
S30409
S31635/
S31635
S31640
S31640

- : CrNiMo 12
-


, %

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

0.03

1.4

0.7

22.7

12.5

2.8


MPa


MPa

550

11 m/min/50 V

194

450

S-22 P12

UWW-170
3.4 / C

,
kg/h

15-25 mm

1.2-3.2

mm


mm

0.9

200 x 55

2.5

. .
ISO-V (J)

At +20 C=> 47

-60 C => 32

25

Fe

/ *

SS-062802

1.10


090-606041

S 309 M GF 222
Unitor S 309 M-GF

,
,
,

.


: Cr 23%, Ni 13%
Mo 2,3%.


350,
800.
80%/20% Ar/CO2.
CO2
.
Ar/CO2.

195

ICUNI W 239
:
. - 10-30% Ni
GMA
:
-

AWS A5.7

DIN 1733

Werkstoff No.

ER Cu Ni

SG-Cu Ni 30Fe

2,0837

N.A.

DC+
PA

W.No.

UNS

CuNi10Fe1Mn
CuN20Fe
CuNi30Mn1Fe 2.0882
CuNi30FeMn2

2.0872
2.0878
2.0882
2.0883

C 70600

DIN 17658

W.No.

G-CuNi 10
G-CuNi 30

2.0815
2.0835

C 71500
C 71600

Ni

Fe

Ti

Cu

0.80

30

0.6

<0.5


MPa


MPa

>200

mm
0.8

196

PE, PD

Mn

10 mm/min/40 V

PF

DIN 17664

360

PC

15-20 l/min.


, %

PB

4/C

30

8-10 mm


mm
200 x 55

,
kg/h

1.02-2.80


,
2

120

/ *

1.05


090-590109

ICUNI W 239
Unitor ICUNI-W
-
(Cunifer)
, 30% Ni,

, ,
.



.
.



.
,

.
Cunifer


TIG .
(),

.

197

IALBRO W 237
:
GMA - , Yorcalbro.
.

:
-

AWS A5.7

DIN 1733

Werkstoff No.

ER Cu Al-A1

MSG-Cu Al 8

2.0921

N.A.

DC+
PA

PB

PC

PF

PE, PD

15-20 /.
-

DIN 17665

W.No.

CuA15As
CuA18

2.0918
2.0920

DIN 1714

W.No.

G-CuA18Mn

2.0962

:
- Yorcalbro (Cu 76%, A12%, Zn 21.96%, As 0.04%)


, %

Mn
1.0

MPa

430

9 m/min/40 V

0.8

198

Cu

Rest

180

40

S-22 P12


MPa

AI

8-10 mm

200 x 55

+/- 120

UWW -170

5.5/D

,
/

1.43-2.63


,
2

1030-1040

/ *

SS-062802

1.05


090-590091

IALBRO W 237
Unitor IALBRO-W
/
,
Yorcalbro, ,
.
c
,


.

.


.
Yorcalbro

TIG .

( )
.

199

ALUMAG W 235
:
GMA . 5%

AWS A5.10

ER 5356

Werkstoff Nr.

DIN 1732

MSG-AlMg5

DNV

3.3556

LR

5356

ABS

5083-O&F

ER 5356

DC+

PA

PB

PC

PF

15-20 /.
:
DIN 1725/Part 1:

AlMg5, AlMg4.5, AlMg3


AlMg2Mn0.8, AlMg2.7Mn, AlMg4Mn

:
DIN 1725/Part 2:


, %

G-AlMg3, G-AlMg3Si, G-AlMg3 8 (Cu)


G-AlMg5, G-AlMg5Si
( ,

)

Mn

Ti

Mg

Cr

0.4

<0.15

5.0

0.15


MPa


MPa

240

11 //40V

200

Rest

110

S-22 P12

Al

UWW -170

6/C

17

,
kg/h

8-10 mm

0.69-1.57

mm

200 x 55

/ *

SS-062802

1.05


090-590083

ALUMAG W 235
Unitor Alumag-W ,


,
Al Mg, Al Mg Mn, Al Mg Si
Al Mg (Cu) .
,

,
,
.

.
,

3 .

.

.

, ,


.

300
. , ,


, ,
.

.

201

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

202

GAS WELDING RODS AND FLUXES


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204

MS-200. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
Alumag-235. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
Aluflux-234 F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

203

GAS WELDING RODS AND FLUXES



-
(31000C)
.

Cylinder



.


.


:
.

3.2 mm
(1/8 ') .


3.2 mm (1/8 ')
.



Unitor
.

500 .

,


.

204

GAS WELDING RODS AND FLUXES



.
-

.

,

.


,
.


,
,
(
).
,
,

.
,
,
,
.





.
,
,
.

-

- ,
,
.
(,
,
)

,
.

,

,

.
(
)

.



3100

205

MS 200
:

0,2%
:

AWS / A 5.2

EN12536

BS 1453

DIN 8554

R 60

OII

A2

61121

TuV
+


, %


R St 37.2, U St 37.2, St 37.3
St 44.2, St 44.3
St 37.0, U St 37.0, St 44.0
P235GH-P265 GH, HI, HII

Si

Mn

0.1

0.15

1.0


MPa

206

mm

0.030


MPa

390-440

300

Fe

0.030

. .
%
ISO-V (J)
20

+20C = 50

mm.

2.0

500

280

3.5

092-539551

3.0

500

125

3.5

092-539569

MS 200
Unitor MS 200


.
.

.
, ,
.

,

45

,
6 .


.
S .
, ,

.

45
.
.
4
,
- .
.
350.

45

45

, MS 200,

Si

. TIG
Si

.
,

TIG .
TIG
IMS-210.

45

207

ALUMAG 235
:
Mg
5%. , ,
.
:
Imprint 5356 ALMG 5

AWS A5.10

DIN 1732

Werkstoff No.

ER 5356

WSG-Al Mg5

3.3556

ABS

DNV

LR

Aluflux 234, F250 gram container. Order no. 092-603043.


:
DIN 1725/Part 1: AlMg5, AlMg4.5, AlMg3.

AlMg2Mn0.8, AlMg2.7Mn, AlMg4Mn

:
DIN 1725/Part 2: G-AlMg3, G-AlMg3Si, G-AlMg3(Cu)
G-AlMg5, G-AlMg5Si, G-AlMg9
, ,
.


, %

Mn

Ti

Mg

Cr

0.4

<0.15

5.0

0.15


MPa
240


MPa

110

mm

mm.

500

17


47


,
0.5

Al
Rest

, C
562-633


092-514265

Alumag-235 TIG
.
:, 6-9 l/min.

208

ALUMAG 235
Unitor ALUMAG 235
, ,
.
.

, ,


.

300 . , ,
,

, ,
.

.




ALUFLUX-234F,

.


.

.


.

.


.

TIG (GTAW)
TIG



.



.
.
.

209

ALUFLUX 234 F
:
Alumag-235 .
:
.


. . .
.


R23/24/25
R36/37/38
S1/2
S22
S26
and
36/37/39
S45

,
,


,

, , /
,


250
* MSDS

210


092-603043

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

211

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

212

BRAZING RODS AND FLUXES


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214
Bronze-264. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
FC-Bronze-261 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
FC-Wearbro-262. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
FC-Cast Iron-268
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
AG-45-253. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

AG-60-252 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Tin-240 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Bronze Flux-261 PF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Wearbro Flux-262 PF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
AG-60/45 Flux-252 PF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Albro Flux-263 PF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

213

BRAZING RODSAND FLUXES


.




.
,
.

.
.

,

.

,
.


.
,
.


,
.

.

100
, .

, ,

.

214

BRAZING RODSAND FLUXES



400,

(soldering).
400,

(brazing).
""



.



(silver brazing)

.


400C

""

/ . ,
.

215

BRAZING RODSAND FLUXES





.



. ,
,
,
.

,
,
, ..
,
,

.


,
.
(
)

.




,


.

.

.


.


.

(),

,
.

216

,
,
.

.

,
.

. ,
,

500 .
,


,

,
.


,
.

,

.

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

217

BRONZE 264

() ,
, , .

AWS A5.8

EN 1044

BS 1453/1845

DIN 8513

Werkstoff. No.

RB CuZn A

CU 304

C2/CZ 6AC

L-Cu Zn 39 Sn

2.0531

900

870-900

flux-261 PF (250 g ) 093-603076.

. (%)

Cu

Mn

Si

Sn

60

0.6

0.4

0.35


MPa
MPa
490

218

mm

mm.

Al
0.005

Ni

Zn

0.01

Rest


, C
HB

35

100

870-900

500

54

1.7

093-174326

500

36

093-514240

BRONZE 264
Unitor Bronze 264
, , ,
(
),
.

AG-60 252.


(.. ).

.
,
.



/,
..
, , ,
, .

.

.
.


,


.


.
, ..
.
Bronze Flux 261 .PF

( ).


261 PF.


,
.

.
.
.



,


.

219

FC BRONZE 261

,,
, , . .

, . .

NF A 81-362

ISO 3677

59 C 1

B Cu 59 Zn Ag Si 850-890

Working temperature C

- C

890

850-890

Bronze flux-261 PF (250 g container) 093-603076.

. (%)

Cu

Mn

Sn

Ag

Zn

60

0.3

0.1

Rest


MPa
450-550

220

HB

%
30

125

mm

mm.

Quantity
per package

500

69

093-233551

500

32

093-233569

FC BRONZE 261

Unitor FC-Bronze 261



, , ,
- , ,
.

,
.


.



- .

AG-60 252.
5
.

.

261 F.


( ),

.


.
- .


.

..

.
35-45.

10 .
.
.

3
.

10

221

FC WEARBRO 262


, , , , .
.

. .

AWS A5.8
RB Cu Zn D

- C

910

890-920

Bronze flux-261 PF (250 g container) 093-603076.

. (%)

Cu

Ni

Zn

49

10

Rest


MPa

400-600

222

26

HB
175

mm

mm.

500

33

093-233577

500

13

1.1

093-233585

FC WEARBRO 262

Unitor FC-Wearbro 262


, , , ,
.
, ,

.




,
.
,
, ,
, ,

. ,

,


"" .
.



.


Wearbro Flux 262 PF.


.

(
)
- .
,
.

,
.
.
.

.

223

FC CAST IRON 286

, , .
.

, . .

N.A.

- C

1170

1140-1180

. (%)

Si

Mn

Ni

Fe

0.7

0.6

Rest

HB


MPa
200-300

224

200-240

mm

mm.

500

12

0.7


093-603084

FC CAST IRON 286

Unitor FC-Cast iron



"" ,
.

.

.
.

. ,

..
, ,
.

,
.
,
( ) ,
.
90

( ).

,
.

V- 90
.
.


300-400.
- .


,
15-30
.

, .
.
.
. ,



.

.
.

225

AG 45 253

,
, , ,
.
, .

ISO 3677

DIN 8513

B AG 44 CuZn 675-735

L-AG 44

- C


730

680-740

AG-60/45 Flux 252 PF (250 g container) 093-603050.

. (%)

Cu

Ag

30

44


MPa

226

400-480

Zn

20

HB
130

mm

mm.

2.0

500

28

0.4


093-519744

AG 45 253

Unitor AG-45
,

, ,
, , ,
, SG
.

, , . AG 45
,
, . 0,1 .

45%,
.
AG 45 .
,
,
(, ).

.
AG 60/45 252 PF,


. ,
"" .
. 600-650,
,
.

.

.

.
,
,

AG 60 252.

3

,
.


.
0,1 .

.

227

AG 60252

, ,
, , ,
, . Yorcalbro Cunifer 90/10 70/30.

. .

ISO 3677

DIN 8513

B AG 55 ZnCuSn 620-660

L-AG 55 Sn

- C

650

630-660

AG-60/45 Flux 252 PF ( 250 ) 093-603050.


Yorcalbro:
ALBRO FLUX 263 PF ( 250 ) 093-604371.

. (%)

Cu

Ag

Sn

21

55

2.5


MPa

430

228

25

Zn

HB
130

mm

mm.

2.0

500

24

0.5


093-233601

AG 60252

.
Unitor AG-60 , TIG .
, .

55% .
,
.
. ,
, .
50%, .
AG 60


,
.
.

AG 60
.

,
,

..

AG 60
Yorcalbro Cunifer.
.
,

.


0,1 .
,

,
,

..

Albro Flux 263 PF
AG 60/45 Flux
252 PF.

,
.

, .
.
,

.
,
,

-


flux AG-60/45 Flux 252 PF
Yorcalbro
Albro flux 263 PF

229

TIN 240


, , , .

DIN 1707

BS 219

1-Pb Sn 40 Sb

,

.

C
230

183-235

. (%)

Sn

Sb

Pb

39.5-40.5

0.5-2.4


MPa

90 (Ms 58)

230

mm

mm.

1.6

0.5


093-305342

TIN 240

Unitor SOLDERING TIN 240
,

,
.
,
.

,
,
,
,
(

). ,
,
. ,
..

.

,
,


.

,
.

3

.

231

BRAZING RODS AND FLUXES




:
- ;
-
;
-

;
-
;
-

-
.


,
.
,


.

,

.

, ,

.
.


.



.
,

,

.

. ,
.

232

BRONZE FLUX261 PF

FC Bronze 261 Bronze 264.

.

Bronze-264:

FC Bronze-261: . .
.

. .
.


250


093-603076

233

WEARBRO FLUX262 PF

FC Wearbro 262.

.
.
.
.
.

. .
.


250

234


093-603068

AG 60/45 FLUX252 PF

AG-60-252 AG-45-253.

.

AG 45-253:
AG60-252:
. .

.

R25
R20/21
R34
S26

S36/37/39 , /
S45


250


093-603050

235

ALBRO FLUX263 PF

AG-60-252 Yorcalbro


.
, .

, , .

R25
R34
S26

S36/37/39 , /
S45


250

236


093-604371

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

237

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

238

FLAME SPRAYING POWDERS


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Masking Compound R-104 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Universalloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Bronzalloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Hardalloy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
Zinc-coat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

239

FLAME SPRAYING POWDERS


"Unitor Spray Jet"


.

,

, ,
,
,
.



.

,
""


.
-
,

,

.
""

,

.

240


,
.

" ",
" " "
",

,
. ""
,



5 .

.
.

MASKING COMPOUND R-104



- .

400 . ,
. . ,
, :
, ,
, 75
6-12 . . , ,
.

. .


0.4


091-604645

241

UNIVERSALLOY


Unitor Universalloy ,
,
.

.
Universalloy
.
,
,
, , .
- , , ,
, , .. , .
, , .

Ni

Mo

Al

90%

5%

5%

, um

2.4-2.7 / 3

-90 +45

242

1425C

0.1 - 5.0

600C

130-145 HB

.
. .

, .

,
,

USJ-N-A

. .

Unitor spray Jet


50 -70C

36-40 S/50

0.75 kg/m2

Unitor Spray Jet


ASTM B 213-77


ASTM B 329-81

F ()

180

1.50

2.50

0.50

. .

.
25-30 /.

1.0

3 -8

250C


091-575456

BRONZALLOY

Unitor Bronzalloy
, ,
, .
, ..
.
, .
5 2
.

- , ,
, , .

Cu

Al

90%

5%

5%

, um


ASTM B 329-81

780C

1.5 - 5.0

160 HB

250C

.
.
. .

,
,

USJ-N-A

. .

Unitor spray Jet


50 -70C

20 -25 s/50

0.63 /2

2.5-2.8 / 3

-125 + 45

Unitor Spray Jet


ASTM B 213-77

F ()

180

1.50

2.50

0.50

. .

.
25-30 /.

1.0

3 -8

250C


091-575464

243

HARDALLOY

Unitor Hardalloy , ,
, .
300.

/,
. 1,5
2 .
- , ,
, ,
, ,
.

Ni

Cr

Mo

Si

Fe

TiO2

Al

70.5%

8.5%

5.0%

2%

2%

2%

3%

7%

, um

2.4-2.7 / 3

-90 +45

244

1425C

0.1 - 5.0

600C

130-145 HB

.
. .
.

,
,

USJ-N-A

. .

Unitor spray Jet


50 -70C

36-40 S/50

0.75 kg/m2

Unitor Spray Jet


ASTM B 213-77


ASTM B 329-81

F ()

180

1.50

2.50

0.50

. .

.
25-30 /.

1.0

3 -8

250C


091-575456

ZINC-COAT

Unitor Zinc-coat .

.
.
,
0,1 0,3 . 0,3
.
.

.

.
,
.
.

Zn
> 99.5%

, um

2.4-2.7 / 3

-90 +45

1425C

0.1 - 5.0

600C

130-145 HB

.
. .
.

,
,

Unitor Spray Jet

Unitor spray Jet

. .

50 -70C

180

36-40 s/50

0.75 /2


ASTM B 213-77


ASTM B 329-81

USJ-N-A

F ()

1.50

2.50

0.50

. .

.
25-30 /.

1.0

3 -8

250C


091-575456

245

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

246

POLYMER REPAIR COMPOUNDS


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Polymer Kit-A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254

Product overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256


Leak Stop - Pipe repair. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Metalgrade Ready-Stick
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262
Metalgrade Express. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266
Metalgrade Rebuild. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Metalgrade Hi-Temp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Aquagrade Rebuild. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278
Ceramigrade Rebuild. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

282

Ceramigrade Liner
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Rubbergrade 6 Rebuild
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Rubbergrade 6 Remould
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294

247

POLYMER REPAIR COMPOUNDS

Metalgrade Ceramigrade
,


,
""
.
Rubbergrade


,
.

,
.



,
, ,

.


.


,

.

:
.


,

- .


.



-/.

.

.

.
.

.
//

248

POLYMER REPAIR COMPOUNDS



.
,
,
"" .

.

,
.

.
,
,
.
.

,
,
.


,
.
.


,

249

POLYMER REPAIR COMPOUNDS


?


()
(),
.


( 75%)

( 25%).
,

.

..
,
,
.
.

, ..
,
,


.


,
,
.



.
""
,
,
.

250

POLYMER REPAIR COMPOUNDS



,
.
.

,
.

.
,
,
.
.


,
.
(
)

SA 2,5.
75-125 .
.
,

80
.
, ,
.
,
Release Agent.


.

Release Agent

251

POLYMER REPAIR COMPOUNDS



,
. .
85%
3.
: 5 ,
.


/
.

.

.
,
.


.

.
.

.
,
.

.


,
,
.
.

,
, .

.

.

252

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

253

POLYMER KIT-A


Polymer Repair System KIT-A 106-59300
12,5

3


,
,


,
.
Metalgrade, Aquagrade
Ceramigrade
,

,
""
.
Rubbergrade


,
.

,
.


,
, ,

.


.


,

.

254


,

.


.

:
1 Leak-Stop II
1 Metalgrade Ready-stick
1 Metalgrade Express
1 Metalgrade Rebuild
1 Metalgrade Hi-Temp
1 Aquagrade Rebuild
1 Ceramigrade Rebuild
1 Ceramigrade Liner
1 Rubbergrade 6 Rebuild
1 Rubbergrade 6 Remould

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

255

PRODUCT OVERVIEW



.

Leak Stop
Pipe repair
Sets

, ,
.
,
. Metalgrade Ready
Stick
.

Leak Stop I
Set
Leak Stop II
Set
Leak Stop III
Set

< 1" (25)


1 2" x 4' (50 mm x 1200 mm)
1"-2" (25 mm - 50 mm)
1 2" x 12' (50 mm x 3600 mm)
> 2" (50 mm)
1 4" x 12' (100 mm x 3600 mm)

Metalgrade
Ready Stick
Set

.

. , ..
Leak Stop
.
3 , 0,72

Metalgrade
Express
Set

,
.
.
, ,
.
0,25 .

Metalgrade
Rebuild
Set


. .
1093.
, ,
, .
10 0,13

Aquagrade
Rebuild
Set

0,16

100-630384

0,23

100-606006

0,33

100-630392

0,86

101-659227

0,58

101-659235

1,10

101-659243

0,42

101-663427

0,95

104-659250

,
.

.
0,5

Metalgrade
Hi Temp
Set

.
,
. .
0,5

256

PRODUCT OVERVIEW

Ceramigrade
Rebuild
Set



.
, ,
..
0,5

Ceramigrade
Liner
Set

.


. ,
, .
3 0,143

Rubbergrade 6
Remould
Set

1,00

102-659268

0,92

102-659276

0,59

103-659284

0,59

103-659292

0,15

107-607459

0,10

107-607460


,
.
0,5

Rubbergrade 6
Rebuild
Set



.
3 0,143

Abrading tool
w/pad.
1 pcs


Rubbergrade .

Spare pads
f/abrading tool
Set

5 .

257

LEAK STOP

- Leak Stop

/
/

Leak Stop I
100-630384 / 158 g.e

1 pc. 2"x4' (50 mm x 1,2 m)


black repair tape in a pouch

0-1"
(0 mm-25 mm)

Leak Stop II
100-606006 / 232 g.e

1 pc. 2"x12' (50 mm x 3,6 m)


black repair tape in a pouch

1"-2"
(25 mm-50 mm)

Leak Stop III


100-630392 / 325 g.e

1 pc. 4"x12' (100 mm x 3,6 m)


black repair tape in a pouch

2"-4"

1 , 1
1

2
5C 28C/40F-89F

()

2-3

5 30
20C (68F)

30

18
48 20C

ASTM D2095-72

16 kg/cm 2

230 psi

ASTMD638-111

275 kg/cm2

3920 psi

ASTMD790-1-B

159 kg/cm2

2260 psi

(Shore D)


+ 260C/500F

ASTMD2240

82 type (d)

- 29C/- 20F

20C
(68F). .
, Leak Stop
. .
, .

258

LEAK STOP

. ,
.
Leak Stop - ,

,
. :
.
1. .


.
,
,

. ,
, ,

.

, ,

10 ,

.
,
Leak Stop.
,
,
.
,
,
,
.

,

.
,
- .


.

2.

.
Leak Stop.
-
5 .

Leak Stop

: ,
,

. - 3-5
.
.

259

LEAK STOP
3.


:

,
,
. 5-7
,
,


. ,


12 . ,
.

.
,
.
,
.
.


.
,
.

, ,
.

.
:
,



.
,
.

4.



.

260

5. :
Leak Stop
,
.

.
,
,
.


.

LEAK STOP

Leak Stop
400 psi (28 bar).
Leak Stop I 1 pc. 2" x 4' (50 mm x 1,2 m) .
100-630384 0-1" (0-25 mm).
:


Leak Stop I
50 psi/3,5 bar

150 psi/10,5 bar

400 psi/28 bar

1/2" (13 mm)

3/4" (19 mm)

1" (25 mm)

1 1/4" (21 mm)

1 1/2" (38 mm)

Leak Stop II 1 pc. 2" x 12' (50 x 3,6 ) .


100-606006 1"-2" (25-50 ).
Leak Stop III 1 pc. 4" x 12' (100 x 3,6 ) .
100-630392 2"-4" (50-100 ).
:


Leak Stop I
50 psi/3,5 bar

150 psi/10,5 bar

400 psi/28 bar

1" (25 mm)

1 1/2" (38 mm)

2" (50 mm)

2 1/2" (63 mm)

3" (75 mm)

3 1/2" (88 mm)

4"(10 mm)

5"(125 mm)

6"(150 mm)

8" (200 mm)

10" (250 mm)

12" (300 mm)

14" (350 mm)

16" (400 mm)

18" (450 mm)

261

METALGRADE READY-STICK

- Metalgrade Ready-Stick

Product No 101-659227
3 x 120
Metalgrade Ready-Stick
3 x 120
1
0,75
1
0,86
1

2

Metalgrade Ready-Stick




5 C 40C


,
5C

10C

30

25

15C 20C
20

25C

30C

35C

40C

15

15

12

10

: +5C +40C


t .

5C

10C

15C

20C

25C

30C

35C

40C

80

60

45

35

30

28

26

20

180

120

90

70

60

60

55

45

8 7 6 4 3 2 2 1

9 8 7 5 5 4 4 3

/3

1,95
/

1,96

1,96

cc/1000gm

15 mm thickness

100

500

Excellent

ASTM D412

70 N/mm2

10200 psi

ASTM D412

8 N/mm2

1200 psi

ASTM D4060

ASTM B117

(Shore D)

ASTM D2246

ASTM D256

> 5000 hours


80
> 5 kJ/m 2

48 20C

262

+ 90 C / 195 F

+ 80 C / 176 F

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Metalgrade Ready-Stick
. .
, .

METALGRADE READY-STICK


. ,
.

MetalGrade Ready-Stick -

2.

,

,

. :
, ,
. .


,
.

.
1:1.
1.
.
1.
A 1:1.
Universal Cleaner

.
,

. ,
.
,
.
)
.
)
,
.
) ,


(
).
)

Universal Cleaner
)
,

( ,
. .),
Release Agent.

263

METALGRADE READY-STICK

3.

.
,
,
c
.


,
RELEASE AGENT.
Metalgrade Ready-Stick

,

.

4.

(.
)

.
5.


Universal
Cleaner.

.

6.
Metalgrade
Ready-Stick ,
.


.
,
,
.


.
.

264

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

265

METALGRADE EXPRESS
- METALGRADE EXPRESS

Metalgrade Express
Engineering Repair Compound

Product No 101-659235
Metalgrade Express
0,25 ltr Engineering Compound
Gross Weight: 0,86 kg

Supplied complete with all


necessary equipment all in one
carton box set

435 g Base + Activator


1 Mixing Container
1 Pair of Gloves
1 Spatula
1 Applicator
1 Roll reinforcement bandage
1 Technical Data Sheet
2 Safety Data Sheets

Made in the RSA

5C

10C

0,9

5C

10C

15C


t .

15C 20C

25C

30C

35C

40C

3 1/2

1,5

20C

25C

30C

35C

40C

90

45

35

25

20

15

15

10

300

150

120

90

80

70

60

40

7 days 5 days 4 days 3 days 2 days 2 days 1 day

1,6
/

1,8

1,7

1 day

cc/1000gm

15 mm

100

585

ASTM D695
ASTM D1002

47 N/mm2

7000 psi

18,5 N/mm

2700 psi

6600 psi

ASTM D790

ASTM B117

5000 hours

(Shore D)

ASTM D2246

78

(Rockwell R)

ASTM D785

100

48 N/mm

ASTM D149

30 volts/mil

. .

ASTM D257

1 x 109 Ohm/cm

48 20C

+ 80 C / 176 F

+ 70 C / 158 F

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Metalgrade Express
. .
, .

266

METALGRADE EXPRESS


,
.

MetalGrade Express
-
,
,
,
.
:
, ,
..

2.


.



.

.
1.


Universal Cleaner
.


,

. ,


.
,
.
3.
A)

Universal Cleaner.
. ,
B)

.
C) ,


(
).
D)

Universal Cleaner.


.

E)
,
( ,
..),
Release Agent.

267

METALGRADE EXPRESS


,

.

,
Metalgrade
Express,
, Metalgrade
Express, .


Metalgrade Express.
,

,
Release Agent. Metalgrade
Express
,
,
.

.

4.

(.
)

.

6.
,

.

.
,
,
.


.

.

5.




.

.

268

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

269

METALGRADE REBUILD
- Metalgrade Rebuild

Metalgrade Rebuild
Engineering Repair Compound

Product No 101-659243
Metalgrade Rebuild
0,5 ltr Engineering Repair
Compound
Gross Weight: 1,08 kg

Supplied complete with all


necessary equipment all in one
carton box set

933 g Base + Activator


1 Mixing Container
1 Pair of Gloves
1 Spatula
1 Applicator
1 Roll reinforcement bandage
1 Technical Data Sheet
2 Safety Data Sheets

Made in the RSA

5C 40C

2,5


,
10C 15C 20C 25C 30C 35C

5C
20

18

15

40C

13

12

10

: +5 C +40 C

5C

10C

15C

20C

25C

30C

35C

40C

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

100

70

60

55

50

45

35

25

8 6 5 4

48

24

14 10 9 7 5 4


t .

/3

1,7
/

cc/1000

15 mm

100

540

1,9

1,85

ASTM D695

55 N/mm2

8000 psi

ASTM D1002

19 N/mm

2800 psi

38 N/mm

5600 psi

ASTM D790

ASTM B117

(Shore D)

ASTM D2246

80

(Rockwell R)

ASTM D785

100


BS 4247 Part 1
48 20C

270

+ 90 C / 195 F

+ 80 C / 176 F

5000

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Metalgrade Rebuild
. .
, .

METALGRADE REBUILD


. ,
.

MetalGrade Rebuild-
,
,
.
:
,
, ,
,
..

1.

2.



.

.


.

Universal Cleaner

,
. ,

,
.
A)
Universal Cleaner.
B)

.
C) ,


(
).
D)

Universal Cleaner.


.
E)
,
(, ,
..),
Release Agent.

271

METALGRADE REBUILD

3.

6.


.


,

. Metalgrade
Rebuild
,
.


,
.
,
.

,
Metalgrade Rebuild,
,
Metalgrade Rebuild,
.

. Metalgrade
Rebuild
,

,
Release Agent.

,
Metalgrade Rebuild
.

. ,
,
.



.
.

4.
Metalgrade Rebuild

,

,
,
..
,
.
5.



Universal
Cleaner.

.

272

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

273

METALGRADE HI-TEMP

- Metalgrade Hi-Temp

/
/
Metal Grade HI-TEMP
101-663427 / 420 g.e

:
10 pcs. pouches w/repair
compound

For use on high temperature


applications

5 , 1
1


2
5C 28C/40F-89F

()

15*

* , .
16-24 hours
7 - 35

1)
16 - 24 ,
. 100
2)
54 - 70 , 100 2-4

1,56 g/cm3


ASTMD 1002

274

ASTM E-831-93, C -1

8x10-6

6 hours at room temp.

0,6 N/mm2

90 psi

24 hours at room temp.

1,9 N/mm2

280 psi

6 hours at room temp. +


1 hour at 200C / 400F

2,7 N/mm2

390 psi

24 hours at room temp. +


3 hours at 90C / 200F

3,1 N/mm2


+ 1093C/2000F

450 psi


- 40C/- 40F

, .
,

, .. .
, Metalgrade Hi-Temp
. .
, .

METALGRADE HI-TEMP


,
.
Metal Grade Hi-Temp


.


1093.
Hi-Temp

,
.
: Hi-Temp

.

1.
, ,


. ,
,

.
a)
(, , )
.
b) .
)
SA 2,5.
, ,


.
d)

, ,
.
,

.

,


,
.

,
.
) ,

(, )

.

2.
Hi-Temp -
.

, .



.
,
.

3.

.


,

.

, ,
,
,
, ,
, .

275

METALGRADE HI-TEMP
HI-TEMP
9 .

5-7 .

,
9 ,
:

9 .

(16-24 )
9 .
. ,

.
HI-TEMP 9 ,
,

.
.
9

.

90.

. HI-TEMP,


.

9
.

16-24
.

6.
,
HI-TEMP

.
24
20,
. ,

,
. HI-TEMP
.

, ,

.

5.
.


.
HI-TEMP

4.

276

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

277

AQUAGRADE REBUILD

- Metalgrade Rebuild

Aquagrade Rebuild
Engineering Repair Compound

Product No 104-659250
Aquagrade Rebuild
0,5 ltr Engineering Repair
Compound
Gross Weight: 0,95 kg

Supplied complete with all


necessary equipment all in one
carton box set


805 g Base + Activator
1 Mixing Container
1 Pair of Gloves
1 Spatula
1 Applicator
1 Technical Data Sheet
2 Safety Data Sheets

Made in the RSA

Paste

Beige

Paste

White

5 C 40C


,
5C

10C

45

40

15C 20C
35

25C

30C

35C

40C

25

25

20

20

15

: +5C +40C


t .

5C

10C

15C

20C

25C

30C

35C

40C

360

240

120

80

90

80

70

60

480

360

300

240

180

180

150

120

14 10 8 7 7 7 6 5

16 12 10 8 8 7 7 6

/ 3

1,55
/

1,7

1,6

cc/1000gm

100

625

15 mm

ASTM D412

34 N/mm2

ASTM D412

18 N/mm

ASTM D4060

ASTM B117

(Shore D)

ASTM D2246

85

ASTM D256

4 kJ/m 2

5100 psi
2600 psi

> 5000

48 20C

278

+ 80 C / 176 F

+ 70 C / 158 F

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Metalgrade Rebuild
. .
, .

AQUAGRADE REBUILD


,
.
AquaGrade Rebuild

.
: ,

,
, , ,
.. AquaGrade Rebuild
,

. ,
.

3.



,
.

1.
, ,


. ,
,

.
a)
(, , )
.
b) .
)
SA 2.
, ,


.

2.

, .

.

.


.
,

.

279

AQUAGRADE REBUILD

,
.

4.

,
,


.

5.



Universal
Cleaner.

.

6.
,
AQUAGRADE REBUILD
.

. ,
,
.



.
.

280

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

281

CERAMIGRADE REBUILD

- Ceramigrade Rebuild

Ceramigrade Rebuild
Engineering Repair Compound

Product No 102-659268
Ceramigrade Rebuild
0,5 ltr Engineering Repair
Compound
Gross Weight: 1,04 kg

Supplied complete with all


necessary equipment all in one
carton box set

895 g Base + Activator


1 Mixing Container
1 Pair of Gloves
1 Plastic Spatula
1 Plastic Applicator
1 Technical Data Sheet
2 Safety Data Sheets

Made in the RSA

5 C 40C

2,5

2,5


,
5C

10C

18

15

15C 20C
12

25C

30C

35C

40C

10

10

: +5C +40C


t .
/

90

80

60

40

30

20

15

10

240

180

120

90

90

60

60

50

7 6 6 5 5 3

8 7 7 6 5 4

/3

1,8
/

1,8

1,8

cc/1000gm

100

555

10 mm

ASTM D412

84 N/mm2

12400 psi

ASTM D412

24 N/mm

3500 psi

ASTM D4060

0,08 cc / 100 cycles

ASTM B117

> 5000

(Shore D)

ASTM D2246

80

ASTM D256

3 kJ/m 2

48 20C

282

+ 80 C / 176 F

+ 70 C / 158 F

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Ceramigrade Rebuild
. .
, .

CERAMIGRADE REBUILD


,
.
CeramiGrade Rebuild -
,
, ,
.
:

, , ,
, ,
..

,

.

Universal
Cleaner
,
.

E)
Universal Cleaner,
Universal Cleaner
,

.
,
,
. ,


.
,

.
Universal

Cleaner

,
CERAMIGRADE REBUILD
.
.
.
A) (,
, ) Universal
Cleaner.
B) .
C)

SA2. ,
,



.
D) , ,
,
,

.
,

.
E)
Universal Cleaner,
,
.

1.

283

CERAMIGRADE REBUILD
F) ,


(,
),
Release Agent.

2.


, .

.

.


.
,

.

3.

5.



Universal
Cleaner.

.

6.
,
CeramiGrade Rebuild
.

. ,
,
.



.
.


.


,

. CeramiGrade
Liner
,
,
Release
Agent. ,


,
,
,
, 4 .

4.

,
,

.

284

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

285

CERAMIGRADE LINER

- Ceramigrade Liner

Ceramigrade Liner
Engineering Repair Fluid

Product No 102-659276
Ceramigrade Liner
0,5 ltr Engineering Repair
Compound
Gross Weight: 0,92 kg

Supplied complete with all


necessary equipment all in one
carton box set

775 g Base + Activator


1 Mixing Container
1 Pair of Gloves
1 Plastic Spatula
1 Technical Data Sheet
2 Safety Data Sheets

Made in the RSA

5 C 40C


,
5C

10C

45

35

15C 20C
30

25C

30C

35C

40C

25

20

15

13

10

: +5C +40C


t .
/

300

240

210

180

180

150

130

120

360

300

270

240

240

210

190

180

10 9 8 7 7 5 3

20 15 15 14 14 10 7 3

/3

1,0
/

1,67

1,55

cc/1000gm

100

645

2 mm
n/a

ASTM D412

70 N/mm2

10200 psi

ASTM D412

16 N/mm

2300 psi

ASTM D4060

0,09 cc / 100 cycles

ASTM B117

5000

(Shore D)

ASTM D2246

80

ASTM D256

5 kJ/m 2

48 20C

286

+ 70 C / 158 F

+ 60 C / 140 F

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Ceramigrade Liner
. .
, .

CERAMIGRADE LINER


,
.
f) ,
CeramiGrade Liner
-

,
(, )
,
.

.
2.
: , ,
, ,

, ..
, ,
1.
.
, ,


. ,
,

.
a)
(, , )
.
b) .
)
SA 2,5.
, ,


.
d) ,
,
,
.

,
.
)

, ,
.
,

.

,



,
.

287

CERAMIGRADE LINER
,

.




.

20
20.

3.
,

85%

3
.


,
4 .


.

.


,
.
.

4.

,
,


.
5.



Universal
Cleaner.

.
6.
,
RubberGrade 6 Rebuild
.

.
,
,
.


.

.

CERAMIGRADE LINER

,
,

.
,

,

,
4
20
288

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

289

RUBBERGRADE 6 REBUILD
: Rubbergrade 6 Rebuild

Rubbergrade 6 Rebuild
Engineering Repair Compound

Product No 103-659284
Rubbergrade 6 Rebuild
0,43 ltr Engineering Repair
Compound
Gross Weight: 590 g

Supplied complete with all


necessary equipment all in one
carton box set

3 x 150 g packs Base + Activator


1 Spatula
1 Applicator
1 Pair of gloves
1 Technical Data Sheet
2 Safety Data Sheets

Made in the RSA

5 C 40C


,
5C

10C

15

10

15C 20C
10

25C

30C

35C

40C

25C

30C

35C

40C

: +5 C +40 C


t .
/

5C

10C

60

50

35

25

25

20

15

15

240

180

180

150

150

150

120

480

15C 20C

14 10 8 7 7 7 6 5
18 15 14 12 12 8 7 7

/3

1,2
/

0,98

cc/1000gm

12 1/2 mm

100

962

1,04

ASTM D412
ASTM D624

4 N/mm2

600 psi
2

4,5 N/mm

650 psi

ASTM D790

260 %

(Shore A)

ASTM D2240

65

ASTM D149

. .

ASTM D257

ASTM D257

48 20 C

290

+ 80 C / 176 F

+ 70 C / 158 F

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Rubbergrade 6 Rebuild
. .
, .

RUBBERGRADE 6 REBUILD


,
.

RubberGrade 6 Rebuild -
,
,

. :
, , ,
, ,
..

1.
,

Universal Cleaner.


.
,
,
,
.

.


.

Universal Cleaner.
,

,
Release Agent.
2.

,
.
,
.
( )
.

.
,

4-5 .
.
,

.
, ,

.

RubberGrade 6 Remould
.

3.


,

,

.

291

RUBBERGRADE 6 REBUILD
4.

,
,

.

5.



Universal
Cleaner.

.

6.
,
RubberGrade 6 Remould
.

.
,
,
.


.

.

292

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

293

RUBBERGRADE 6 REMOULD
- Rubbergrade 6 Remould

Rubbergrade 6 Remould
Engineering Repair Fluid

Product No 103-659292
Rubbergrade 6 Remould
0,43 ltr Engineering Repair
Compound
Gross Weight: 590 g

Supplied complete with all


necessary equipment all in one
carton box set

3 x 150 g packs Base + Activator


1 Spatula
1 Applicator
1 Pair of gloves
1 Technical Data Sheet
2 Safety Data Sheets

Made in the RSA

5 C 40C


,
5C
15

10C
10

15C 20C
10
8

25C
8

30C
7

35C
6

40C
5

25C

30C

35C

40C

: +5C +40C


t .
/

5C

10C

60

50

35

25

25

20

15

15

240

180

180

150

150

150

120

480

15C 20C

14 10 8 7 7 7 6 5
18 15 14 12 12 8 7 7

1,2
/

294

0,98

1,04

cc/1000gm

12 1/2 mm

100

962

ASTM D412

7 N/mm2

1015 psi

ASTM D624

4,5 N/mm2

650 psi

ASTM D790

250 %

(Shore A)

ASTM D2240

65

ASTM D149

. .

ASTM D257

ASTM D257

+ 80 C / 176 F

+ 70 C / 158 F

- 20C / - 4F

20C
(68F). .
ISO 9002
, Rubbergrade 6 Remould
. .
, .

RUBBERGRADE 6 REMOULD


,
.
.
RubberGrade 6 ReMould -
,
,

. :
, ,
, ,
, ..

, ,

.

RubberGrade 6 Remould
.

1.
,

Universal Cleaner.


.
,
,
,
.

.


.

Universal Cleaner.
,

,
Release Agent.

2.

,
.
,
.
( )
.

.

,

4-5 .
.
,

295

RUBBERGRADE 6 REMOULD
3.


,

,

.

4.


,

,

.

5.



Universal
Cleaner.

.

6.
,
RubberGrade 6 Remould
.

.
,
,
.


.

.

296

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

297

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

298

PROCESS & EQUIPMENT


.... 301
. 301

TIG ... 347


.. 369
. 407

... 421

... 425

- , ,
.......................................................... 425

.. 473

. 491

299

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

300

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306

.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
UWI-150 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310
UWI-200 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
UWR-303 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .314

UWI-400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
, . . . . . . .327
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338

..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .341

301

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING

(MMAW),
" ", ,
. ,

, ,
.
,
, .

, 1888 . .

1905,
,
.
1938
, MMA .
.
, ,
, ,
- .
, ()
2 mm.

.
:
/
-
.
.

.
.

302

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


, ,
, ,
, , , , .
.
,
.
,
- , , ,
.
,
6000C
28000C (8 )
, .


, .
; (AC)
(DC). - ,
, (-)
(+).
, 50 60 (50 60 Hz).
,
, 100 120 ,
.

303

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


AC




(AC),
.
,
,

,

,
.

AC
,
,

,
AC
.

.


.

.
-
,

,
.


,


.
,
-
(TIG)


,
.
, ,

(GMAW)
.
.



.
.


50-60 .


(DC)

.

( )

304

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



,
:
: DC-,
:
DC + AC.
+
(AC).

50 60 (50-60 Hz).







.

.
, ,


( - +) , ,
- + .


,


,
70 % .
+
,
.




,

-
.

+ 70 %
30 %
,

.

+
+
70 % 30 %
.
DCDC+
"-" "+"

50 %

50 %
AC

305

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING




,


.



.

,
.

.

.
.

.

,


.

- (CC)
(CV).

TIG
. -
,
.

.

,
,
,
.


,

.

,
,


.


,

.




,
,

,
, .

.

306

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


(TIG)


TIG ,

.


(ACA)


(CV)


,
,
,
.


.
,
,

.



.

307

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING





:
1.

,

(AC/DC)
,
,
.

UWI-150

2.




.

3. -
,
,

,


.

UWI-200

4.



.

(DC )
Unitor,
,
4 -
.
,
,

, ,

,
.

UWI-303

UWI-400

308

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


:


,
3.25 mm

UWI
150
x

,
. 4.0 mm

UWI UWR UWI


200 303 400
x

(x)

, ,
, ,
.
TIG , ,

TIG , 1.6 - 2.4 mm .

*
,
: , .

x
4,8

10,5

95

34,5

:
,
(, TIG, )



x
x

x
x

:
1 230 50/60 Hz
3 380-440 50/60 Hz
3 230/380/440 50/60 Hz

x
x

x
x

(x) = .
* UWW-170

, " ".

309

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-150

:
TIG .
, , .
UWI-150
.

:
5-140 ( )
5-150 ( TIG )

.



3.2 .

.
.

, .
, , .

UWI-150
, A
10-140
, TIG
A
10-150
, V
50
. *
%
35

Hz
50/60

V
230

A
16

%
87

B

IP 23

S, CE

mm
200

mm
313

mm
115

kg
4.8

115

200

313

* . 40C
:
:
- UWI-150 ()
- 1
- 2 , .
- 3 .
- 3 .
-

UWI-150

310

pcs

191-658500

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-150

UWI-150

3
UWI-150

UWI-150



11
,
11


11
9 40 A,
10 80 A,
11 175 A,
,
, , 2 ,
,
, ,
, .
,

191-627026

196-619098

196-619080

5
5
5
6
6

196-619114
196-633248
196-633255
196-633263
196-632786
196-632976

6
2

196-632984
196-633008

196-632992
196-516161

TIG
UWI-150 TIG ( .)

-
TIG T-210
pcs
197-607812
DIX 25 UWI-150
-210
pcs
197-607810
Argon / C02
pcs
197-619247
0-32 l/min.


pcs
197-597328

pcs.
197-597310

1/4", ,

mtr
176-576157

1/4"
pcs
176-175596
8-14 mm
pcs
176-175505
TIG
6 pairs 197-632794
TIG 10 (E-10)
50 (E-50)

311

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-200


* :
TIG .
* , ,
.
*
: 20-200
*
3.2 .
*
.
* , .
* , ,
.

..

180

280

432

, DC
- ,
. *

* . 40C

UWI-200
A
V
%
Hz
V
A
%

mm
mm
mm
kg

:
:
- UWI-200
- 1
- 2 , .
- 3 .
- 3 .
-

UWI-200

312

..
pcs
191-670455

20-200
63
40
3
50/60
380-440
10
88.5
B
IP 23
S, CE
275
432
180
10.5

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-200

UWI-200

3
UWI-150

UWI-200



11
,
11


11
9 40 A,
10 80 A,
11 175 A,
,
, , 2 ,
,
, ,
, .
,

191-627026

196-619098

196-619080

5
5
5
6
6

196-619114
196-633248
196-633255
196-633263
196-632786
196-632976

6
2

196-632984
196-633008
196-632992
196-516161

TIG
UWI-200 TIG ( .)

-
TIG T-210

197-607812
DIX 25 UWI-150

197-607810
-210
Argon / C2

197-619247
0-32 l/min.

197-597328


.
197-597310

1/4", ,

176-576157


1/4"

176-175596
8-14 mm

176-175505
TIG 6
197-632794
*
TIG 10 (E-10)
50 (E-50)

313

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWR-303


* : TIG .
*

*
: 5-300 A
*
*
* ,
.
* - 3 : 230V, 380V 440V

70V,
5% RMS, 10%, /
DOT:
.

, DC
,
. *



450

450

680

..
UWR-303
A
V
%
Hz
V
A
%

mm
mm
mm
kg

:
:
UWR-303
3



UWR-303

314

..
pcs


191-670430

5-300
5
35
3
50/60
230/380/440
16
H
IP 23
S, CE
450
680
450
95

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWR-303

UWR-303

..
UWR-303
191-676908
:
400

195-594317
Dix 70, 3 , 50 2
400

196-594325
Dix 70, 3 , 50 2
.

191-676916
. ,10 m

191-676924

196-619080
11
, .

, , 2

ID no. 811002

UWR-303
25

191-645408

TIG

UWR-303 TIG

TIG

. .
TIG T-210
pcs
197-676932
DIX 70 UWR-303
pcs
197-607810
-210
Argon / C02
0-32 l/min.
pcs
197-619247


pcs
197-597328

pcs.
197-597310
. 1/4", , .
mtr
176-576157

176-175596
1/4"
176-175505
pcs
197-632794
8-14 mm
pcs
TIG 6 pairs
TIG 10 (E-10)
50 (E-50)

315

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-400

*
, TIG.
* 3-
380V 440V
50-60Hz
*
10%
*
.
* 5 400
* " ",
.
*
(2UWI-400) .
.* .
* / .
* .

320

400

492

, DC
,
.



:
:
UWI-400
3

UWI-400

316

..

..
pcs
191-670398

UWI-400
A
V
%
Hz
V
A
%

mm
mm
mm
kg

5-400
70
30
3
50/60
380-440
20
85
H
IP 23
CE
400
492
320
34,5

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-400

4
UWI-400 ,
.

..
UWI-400
-
:
3 502
DIX70 400A

3 502 DIX70 400A


8

11

25

UWI-400 .
DIX 70


191-670406
195-594317
196-594325
191-670414
196-619080
ID no. 811002
191-670422

pcs

191-676973
195-632901

2 UWI-400 . 320

317

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-400
TIG

UWI-400 TIG ,
TIG

TIG

TIG T-210
DIX 70 UWR-303
-210
Argon / C02
0-32 l/min.


1/4", , .
1/4"
8-14 mm
TIG

..

pcs
pcs

197-676932
197-607810

pcs
pcs
pcs
mtr
pcs
pcs
6 pairs

197-619247
197-597328
197-597310
176-576157
176-175596
176-175505
197-632794

TIG 10 (E-10) 50 (E-50)

318

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-400

UWI-400 S-22 P12,



S-22 P12 ,
-400 3
Argon / C02
0-32 l/min.


1/4", ,
1/4"
8-14 mm

..
pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
mtr
pcs
pcs
6 pairs


193-602235
193-607451
197-619247
197-597328
197-597310
176-576157
176-175596
176-175505
197-632794

/2 10 (E-10/-10)
50 (E-50 -50)

319

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



2 UWI-400


2 UWI-400 . 700

4
.
1
2
3
4


DIX 70

195-632894

4 pcs


DIX 70, 2

195-632901

1 pcs


195-634121
DIX 70, 2

1 pcs

400
2
3 50 195-633180

400
2
3 50
196-522680

1 pcs

1
2

1 pcs

70
4 2

195-175851*

8m
1

NB.

NB. 702
10 195-320002
20 195-320010
50 195-183665


.
.
*

320

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


2 UWI-400

:
2
UWI-400
.
,
.

.
1
.
.
2

.
8


191-676973
191-670414

NB.

NB .
25

191-670422


.
.
321

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



2 3
.
.

.

UWI-150

230 V

380 V

440 V

2.5 mm2

45 m

4.0 mm2

60 m

2+G

UWI-200

230 V

380 V

440 V

1.5 mm2

30 m

200 m

2.5 mm2

50 m

300 m

4.0 mm2

80 m

500 m

3+G

UWR-303

230 V

380 V

440 V

2.5 mm2

60 m

150 m

200 m

4.0 mm2

100 m

250 m

350 m

3+G

UWI-400

322

230 V

380 V

440 V

4.0 mm2

50 m

50 m

6.0 mm2

100 m

100 m

10.0 mm2

150 m

150 m

3+G

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



( )

, ,
.
-
.

25. :

100%

60%

30%

35 mm 2

225A

290A

410A

50 mm 2

285A

370A

520A

70 mm 2

335A

460A

650A

95 mm 2

430A

560A

790A


TIG ( )
30-40%, -
60%
.
,
.
100 4-

323

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


,
100 70 2
6 V 250 DC.

,
,
.. 200
70 2
12 V .
,


2
, -
, ,

.
,

.


.



:


-

- (IEC 60974-1)

(

)


:
= /
.
(58) .


UWI-400

UWR-303

UWI-200

UWI-150

150 A

2
2

35
50
70 2

460
657
920

298
425
595

176
251
352

64
91
128

200 A

50 2
70 2

391
548

255
357

97
136

300 A

50 2
70 2

174
243

77
108

400 A

70 2

x)

x)

:
,
, ,
.

324

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



,
,
,

.
,
-, -,
-
.


"Unitor oil resistant, welding cable, IEC
245-6, VDE, "HAR", H01N2-D, XX mm2,
100/100 V.",

.
-
35,
50 2.
H01N2-D,

VDE-0250
IEC 245 E/1980 1985 .
H0102-D ,
,
.




100 .


. ,

,

.
,
,
.

,
.

.


,

0,2 .
35, 50 70
10, 20 50 ,

.

, .


AWG
3
2
1
1/0

mm2
26.7
33.6
42.4
53.5

AWG
2/0
3/0
4/0

mm2
67.4
85.0
107.2

mm2

10 20 50

35

195-175836 195-175794 195-175786 195-175778

50

195-175844 195-175828 195-175810 195-175802

70

195-175851 195-320002 195-320010 195-183665

100 ,

195-175729

325

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

326

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


,

,
.

, , (. " ").

, , , ,

.
3 :
200 , 400 600 .
3-
.

, .
, ,
- . . . ,
3 : 200 , .

400 600 .
.
3-
.
,
2

1400 -

.
. -
2
35 95 , 750 .
, DIX
.
. -
, - ,
, -
, - . .



.

327

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING




200 A Dix 25
3 m 25 2
196-627877
UWI-150


200 A Dix 70
3 m 35 2
196-627885
UWI-200


400 A Dix 70
3 m 50 2
196-594325
UWI-400
UWR-303


400 A
3 m
50 2
196-522680
UWI-400
UWR-303,

328

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING




200 A Dix 25
3 25 2
195-633164
UWI-150


200 A Dix 70
3 35 2
195-633172
UWI-200


400 A Dix 70
3 50 2
195-594317
UWI-400
UWR-303


400 A
3 50 2
195-633180
UWI-400
UWR-303,

329

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING

Twisty 200 Amps.


dia. 1.6-3.2 .
196-552497

Twisty 400 Amps.


dia. 1.6-5.0
196-513051

Uniking 600 Amps.


dia. 1.6-8.0
196-511006

330

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



200 Amps.
70
195-653881

400 Amps.
70
195-653899

600 Amps.
70

200 A/400 A/600 A.




,

.

195-653907

.

. ,
.

331

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



Dix 25
"/"
195-632885

4
Dix 70
"/"
195-632893

Safety
"/"
195-513044


35 2 ,10
195-632919

2


2
50 ,10
195-632927


70 2 ,10
195-632935

332

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



Safety Dix 70 "", 2
50 2 0,3 .

195-634121

Dix 70 ""/""/"",2
195-632901
2xUWI-400
.

.

Dix 70/25, "" 70 - "" 25,


2
195-633073

:
:
DIX 25 ""
DIX 70
""

:
DIX 70/25

"" 70
"" 25

333

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



,
.

.

.



,
,
..
.



.




.
J

60,70,80 90,
(-)
20
10 .

334

. .

, , 2
, . , 2
,
, .
, J

6 pcs
6 pcs
2 pcs
pcs
pcs


196-632976
196-632984
196-633008
196-632992
196-516161

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING




,
,

.
,

:
-
-
-

-

4

,

-


.
-
,
,
.
,

.

.
. ,

,
,
.


,

.


,
.


.
,

.
,
,
.

2.0

2.5

250/300

350

40-80

3.25

4.0

350/450 350/450

5.0

6.0

450

450

50-100 90-150 120-200 180-270 220-360

20 x d
20 x d

30 x d
30 x d

35 x d
60 x d

d=

,
,
.

.
.
,

.

335

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING





.
,

.





.

.
,



.

80
90



60, ,

,

1/3 .

,

1/3 .

.

336

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


337

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING



GPO-302 N

2,5
3,2
4,0

095-699165
095-699173
095-699181



,
,

GPR-300 H

3,2
4,0
5,0

095-699231
095-699249
095-699256

SPECIAL-303 N

2,0
2,5
3,2
4,0

095-699199
095-699207
095-699215
095-699223

.


,

LH-314 N

2,5
3,2
4,0

095-699264
095-699272
095-699280

LHH-314 H

4,0
5,0

095-699298
095-699306

LHV-316 N

3,2
4,0

095-699314
095-699322

LHT-318 N

2,5
3,2

095-699330
095-699348



550, 1% Cr 0,5% Mo.

LHL-319 N

2,5
3,2

095-683631
095-683649


. 2,7% Ni

LHR-320 N

2,5
3,2

095-683656
095-699389

""

18/8-321 N

1,6
2,5
3,2

095-699397
095-699405
095-699413


AISI 304/316 L. , ,

338

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING

23/14-322 N

2,5
3,2
4,0

095-699421
095-699439
095-699447


AISI 309.
. .

DUPLEX -325 N

2,5
3,2

095-699454
095-699462

TENSILE-328 N

2,5
3,2

096-699470
096-699488


,
.

NIFE-334 N

3,2
4,0

096-699512
096-699520

NICKEL-333 N

2,5
3,2

096-699496
096-699504

.
.

TINBRO-341

3,2

096-606458

ALBRONZE-344

3,2

096-606457

ALUMIN-351 N

3,2

096-699538

WEARMAX -327

2,5
3,2
4,0

095-606454
095-606455
095-606456

IMPACT-329 S

3,2
4,0

096-606460
096-606461

CH-2-382

3,2

096-606459

ACA-384

6,3
8,0
15x5

096-699546
096-699553
096-699561

. " "

339

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

340

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


-
(Air-Carbon-Arc Gouging)


,

.


, ,
. AAG


.

ACAG-
:
-
-
-
-

-

ACAG-

,

,
,
(5-7 ),
.



UWI-400 -

,
,
.




.



.




UWR-303.

:


.
,

.

341

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING




.
,


.

,

, .

.

400-900 /
5-7 .

10
165 .


,


.
ACAG-
- ,
,
.
-

,
.


, .
-
5-7
-

-
,
150
-


,

342


- ,

, ,
.
,
.
- ,

- ,



-
,

-


,

-

ACAG

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


-

196-528703


: 30 cm
: 3/8
: 30PH

600 Amp
. 2,5
35 mm2

400-900 l/min.
5-7
: 2190


. : 600 Amp
. : 10 mm (3/8")
: 870

: 30SH


: 30 cm. 70mm2

343

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-400 -

1
2
3
4
5
6

-
Dix 70
"" / ""
195-632893
4
Dix 70 "" /
"" / "", 2 195-632901
1
SafetyDix 70 "", 2
195-634121


400 A Safety,
3 m 50 2
195-633180
1
ACAG-
Safety

196-528703
1
2
70
42
195-175851* 8

NB.

NB. 70 2
10 Safety
20 Safety
50 Safety

195-320002
195-320010
195-183665


. .

344

ELECTRODE WELDING AND GOUGING


UWI-400 -

1
2

-

1 pcs
191-676973
191-670414
1 pcs.

NB.

NB. 70 2
25 .

191-670422


. .

345

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

346

TIG welding
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350


TIG

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366

347

TIG welding

TIG -


.

(Yorcalbro),
(Cunifer)
,
,


.

:
-

- ,

,

.
- ,
, UWI-400 c TIG T-210
10
.

(
)


.

UWR UWI.


, TIG
.

348

TIG welding



150 .

TIG-.

.
(TIG)
(

(GTAW)
, ,
,
,
,
Cunifer York Albro.

TIG-,

3 .

,


.
,


.

( ),

.

,

.
,

TIG
,
.
:

- ,


,
- ,





-
.

.

.

349

TIG welding

TIG-

().
:
- ,
,

.
-

-

R-300


-

-


.
, ,
.
,
1% .
TIG-
99,95% .


.

,

.
R-300+


0-32 /. ,



.
,
.

350

10 50

200 .

TIG welding
Shielding gas
ARGON Ar

- ,
, .
.
TIG MIG ,

.

Yorcalbro
Cunifer

:
:

E-10

E-50

,
,
, 3
,
, .
.
, .
, .
.
,

715-905565
715-905174

10
50
3.6
18
2.2
11
200
200
18
81
22
99
1000
1690
140
230
W24,32mm x1/14"
W24,32mm x1/14"

,
,

1 nM3 = 1.637 kg.


1kg =0.611 nM 3

1 bar = 14.5 psi


1 M3 =35.3ft3

1kg = 2.2 lbs

351

TIG welding

- ,


TIG 2%-

( -
) -


. - ,


.
- ,
"",

, "a"

,
(ISO 6848, EN 26848, AWS
.
A5.12, JlS Z3233)
,
.

(),

( ).
,

,
.
, TlG-
,

, ,


.

(
- ),
10 .
:

- -

-
1,6 10
2,4 10

352


197-674710
197-674336

TIG welding

WS
WL10
WL20
WC20
WP
WZ8
WT10
WT20
WT30
WT40

Rare earths
0.90-1.20 La203
1.80-2.20 La203
1.80-2.20 Ce02

0.70-0.90
0.90-1.20
1.80-2.20
2.80-3.20
3.80-4.20

Zr02
Th02
Th02
Th02
Th02

DC
.
,
.
.

.



.

xx x

15-20

353

TIG welding
TIG


.

-210 - ,
(AL203)

.
.


,

,

- .
.
, ,
TIG-
,

.
:

(6)
TIG velcro
.
,


200
.
.

.

.

.
,
3/4,
.

,


.
(1),
, ,

10 ,

,
.


,
4-

/.



(8)
1,6
.
.


Unitor DIX.



354

TIG welding
2

4
3
5


197-607812

197-676932

197-607809

197-607810

1
2
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8

Spares
197-551192
197-551200
197-613767
197-551168
197-551150
197-551184
197-551176
197-551135
197-551127
197-674710
197-674736
197-628123

-210 TIG- DIX 25,


, UWI-140/UWI-150.
-210 TIG- DIX 70,
, UWI-200,UWI-400 UWR-303.
-210 S-MP TIG-
, , UWI-350MP.
-210 -210 S-MP.

f/T-210
f/T-210
f/T210
1.6mm f/T-210
2.4mmf/T-210
1.6 mm f/T-210
2.4 mm f/T-210
6 f/T-210
7 f/T-210
(10 ) 1.6 DC 116
(10 ) 2.4 16
5x8 mm. 4 TIG-

1
1
3
3
1
1
2
2
(10 ) 1.6 DC 116 3 -210 -210 S-MP
(10 ) 2.4 16 3

1.6
2.4
1.6
2.4
6
7

355

TIG welding
T-210 DIX 70
(197-676932), UWI-400

1.

, 8
, 25

191-670414
191-670422

-210
DIX 70 (197-676932), UWR-303

1.
2.

191-676916

191-676924
, 10
, 25 191-645408

356

TIG welding

R 300 + -

.
/ .
TIG

,

,

.

-
.
,





/
.


TIG-.
,

.


.

:
0,32 /
1/4 "
1/4", 3/8" RH
8-14
:
0-32 /




TIG-

. .


197-619247
176-576157
176-175596
176-175505

171-550210
171-550178
197-597328

197-597310
197-632795

357

358

197-607812

197-676932

197-676932

197-676932

UWI-150

UWI-200

UWR-303

UWI-400

191-670414

191-676916

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.


TIG ,

2 Velcro . ,
UWI 400.

1 10

UWI-350 MP 197-607809 Incl. In torch

197-607812

UWI-140

197-607810 197-619247 176-576157 176-175596 176-175505 196-632794 197-597310 197-597328

.
.

UWI-134 DP 197-607812 N.A.

TIG

TIG

TIG welding

TIG welding



.


.
,
,
,
.

100 ,
(.
9) 1,6
(1/6"),
.

100
.

(. 11)
,
2,4 (3/32").
,

.
,
,

.
3-6 .

-6



.
, 3/4

9-10 /.

, , ,

.
,
.

,
.

, ..
.

, TIG-, , .
.
TIG-
( ).
.

, -
.

.

.
"
".

359

TIG welding

, ,
,
. ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, .

<1.5

1.5 - 2.5

2.5 - 4

>4

<1.0

1.0-1.5

1.5-2.5

>2.5

,
DC ""

20-70A

50-120A

100-180A

150-250A

6 /

7 /

8 /

9 /

35

45

60

60

1.6-1/16"

1.6-1/16"

2.4-3/32"

2.4-3/32"

, ,

1.6-1/16"

1.6-1/16"

2.4-3/32"

2.4-3/32"

no.6 (9)

no.6 (9)

no.7 (11)

no.7 (11)

1.6-1/16"

1.6-1/16"

2.4-3/32"

2.4-3/32"

360

TIG welding

,

-


.
.

.
,
,

.
.


.
3-6 .
,
.

,
.
,
(3/4
).


3 .

,

, -
.

2-3 mm

,
,
,
,
.


,
.

361

TIG welding

TIG


.

.

3-6 . ,

,
- ,
,
.




.
75
.



.

30

,
,

.

,
.

,
,
.
30
.



,
.
5

15-20 . ,

.

362

TIG WELDING

-
-

-
( )




.

,

,
, ,
.

:


.
.

.
,
,

.

.



,
,

.
:
-
-
-

-

-
-

363

TIG WELDING

364

. . . .
25-60

23-55

22-54

1.6

60

55

54

1.6

40

37

36

1.6

55

51

50

1.6

80-110

75-100

70-100

1.6

110

100

100

1.6

80

75

70

1.6

105

98

95

2.4

120-200

110-185

110-180

2.4

130

120

115

2.4

110

100

100

1.6

125

115

110

2.4

120-200

110-185

110-180

2.4

185

170

165

2.4

180

165

160

2.4

TIG WELDING

( Cunifer, Yorcalbro)

.
,

,

. .
1

90-100
100-115

1.6

:


Cunifer,

.

1.6

100-115

1.6

115-130

1.6

170-200

2.4

190-220

2.4

190-220

2.4



.
.
, .
25 ppm,
.

Formier (90% N 2 10% H2 )


365

TIG WELDING

TIG


. 2,0
TIG .

IMS-210
2.0 mm

097-604850

ICROMO-216
2.5 mm

097-305532 -

18/8 Mo-221
2.0 mm

097-602979 .

ICUNI-30-239
2.5 mm

097-335547 TIG - ,

10 Cr Mo 910 13 Mo-44

. 560 MPa.


.
18/8-321 N
1,7 , , TIG
. (
2 ) TIG .

V- .

Cunifer.
. -
, , ..

. Cunifer
( )
AG-60 AG-60 Flux.

IALBRO-237 MF 097-519736 TIG


Yorcalbro. 2.4 mm

,
. TIG
I-Flux 238
. Yorcalbro 4
( )
AG-60 AG-60 Flux.

IFLUX-238 PF 097-603092

TIG Ialbro-237 MF Yorcalbro.


,
Ialbro.
,
IFLUX , , .

.
. 250 .

366

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

367

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

368

WIRE WELDING
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
UWW -170. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
S-22 P12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400

. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404

369

WIRE WELDING



,
,
.

, .


.
,
,
.


:
- (
1 )
-
(,

)

370

WIRE WELDING



:
GMAW -
.
FCAW -
.

GMAW -
.
, ..
.

:
MIG- -
.
MAG- -
.
MAG-
, (CO2)
. CO2


.

MIG-
, .
, , , ,
,


.

(+CO2) MIG-.
GMAW-

:

371

WIRE WELDING




.




.


.
.
,


3 .
.

,
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
,
/.

,

0,8
.
,
150 .

,
100 ,







.
.
,

.


.

,




.


.

( )

372

WIRE WELDING

(FCAW)
FCAW

,
.



.


:

,

.

,

.




.




, ,
,

.

.



,

.

373

WIRE WELDING




.

,
,
,
. ,



,

.

,
,
.

,
, ,
.
,
,

.




.
,
6 30 .
GMAW
, ,



(
,
).
,


(-)
.

1 4

.

FCAW

,
,
.

,
, ..
.
,

,
. ,

,



,
.

374

WIRE WELDING


(FCAW)





.


,


,
.



AWS
,
.
,

, ..
.



,
,

.


.
,

.

,



.
:

.
,

.

2.
: 20% 2
80% , 95% 5% 2.


,
.

.




,
.


.

375

WIRE WELDING


,


()
,
.
,
,

,


, .
:
1)
,

2) ,

,
.

(SMAW)
,

1), ,

.

GMAW-
,

,

.



,


2) ,

376

,


2) ,

/,

( 1) ).




,

.

, ..
/
,

.





.

,

, ,


, , .


,

.

WIRE WELDING

Ar

- ,
,
, .
TIG- MIG.

E-50

,
,
, 3
Filling pressure bar
,
.
,
,
,

715-905565
715-905174
W
W

10
50
3.6
18
2.2
11
200
200
18
81
22
99
1000
1690
140
230
. W24,32mm x1/14"
W24,32mm x1/14"


,
.

Yorcalbro
Cunifer

1 nM
1kg =0.611 nM

- CO2

CO2

MIG/MAG
. ,
80% 20%
CO2,

.



.

.

1 nM
1kg =0.598 nM3

E-10

1 bar = 14.5 psi


1M

1kg = 2.2 lbs

M-10

M-50

,
,
, 3
Filling pressure bar
,
,
,
,

715-905573
715-905581
W
W
/
/
10
50
3.4
17.1
2.2
10.9
200
200
18
81
21
98
1000
1690
140
230
. W24,32mm x1/14"
W24,32mm x1/14"


,
.

1 bar = 14.5 psi


1 M 3 = 35,5 ft3

1kg = 2.2 lbs

377

WIRE WELDING



GMAW- :
1.

2.
()
3.

4.
5.
6. ()
7.
8.

9.

10. :
,
,

11.

.


,


:
-
-


-
,

- ,


.


:
-

-
,
,

378

- .



- ,
-,

, -,

,
.
GMAW-

,
, ,

.

,
1-9
,
. ..


3-4 (
),

.



7-11,
.

,

,
.
S-22 P12
,
2-9,


,

. Unitor Wire
Feeder S-22 P12

, .

WIRE WELDING
300 100%

(
(+) (-) )



, ,

.

UWW-170

1 9,
,

: 16- 230, 1 .

Unitor Wire Weeder - 170,

.

.


100150 ,
,
UWI-400
S-22 P12

S-22 P12; .

UWW-170; 230, 1 , 50/60

379

WIRE WELDING
UWW-170

- ,
25 ,

- 230 , 16 ,

- :
, ,
.
-

,

-
1 5
1 .

UWW-170

UWW-170


, DC




A
/
V
%
A
V

30-170
1,3-10,2
32
20
140
21

60
100
19

0,6-0,8
0,9-1,2
203
51
56
102
16
43

100
75
18

248




. .
. .


. .
. .

305

419

V
Hz
A
A

230
1
50/60
22
16

kg

H
IP 23
25,5
305x248x419

( )

UWW-170 IEC-974.

,
(.10.1.1)
, , S.

380

WIRE WELDING

UWW-170
,
,

230,

50/60Hz 16 .
UWW 130 , 20 , 30%
10 ,

30 170 .

, UWW-170

.
-
230 V 1
"GMAW" ,
0,6 - 1,2
-
(FCAW) ,
0,9
-

(FCAW) ,
0,9-1,2
UWW-170
, ,
,
.

0,8-1,2 .

UWW-170

UWW-170

:
- UWW -170 3,2 ,
. 0,8-1,2 .
- 3
- 2,5
- 3 ,
0,9-1,2
-
-
-

UWW -170 193-590026

381

WIRE WELDING
UWW-170



:

HST-SF-203 1.0 mm
S 316M-GF-221 0.9 mm
S 309M_GF-222 0.9 mm

V-

:
GPS-W-200 0.8 mm
I albro-W-237 0.8 mm
I cuni-W-239 0.8 mm

V-

U-

:
Alumag-W -235 1.0 mm

U-

382

WIRE WELDING
UWW-170


193-633776
0.6-0.9 mm V-


193-633784
0.9-1.2 mm

1 mm 193-653238
U-

GPS-W-200
0.8mm
IALBRO-W-237 0.8 mm
ICUNI-W-239
0.8mm
HST-SF-203
1.0 mm
S-316M-GF-221 0.9 mm
S-309M-GF-222 0.9 mm

ALUMAG-W-235 1.0 mm


1. (1),

(2)

(3). ,


. .
""

2.
.

,
5.
3.

10
4.

(4)
(3)
.
5.


.
,

.

,



.

Thumb Screw

UWW-170
193-635532

383

WIRE WELDING
,

4
2

. .

UWW-170

pcs.

191-632349

pcs.

193-590067

pcs.

193-607825

0,8

set

193-590034

0,9

set

193-590042

1.0-1.2

set

193-590059

pcs.

193-635458

pcs.

193-590075

pcs.

193-613746

* , HST-SF 203 ()

384

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

385

WIREWELDING
S-22 P12
UWI-400
0,6 2.



,

,
.
300

3


.

1,7 ,

,
0,8
.
/

.

S-22 P12

24 V, , AC, 3,5 , 50/60

CV/DC



1.9 - 16 /
0.6 - 2
100 500 100%
23
: 572 ), : 222
: 400
12.2

. .
S-22 P12,


193-602235

400

222

386

572

WIRE WELDING


380- 440 V
3

Power source
UWI-400

S-22 P12

:
-

V-

193-603118
193-602821

- 3

- 3

- 3

387

WIRE WELDING
S-22 P12



:

HST-SF-203 1.0 mm
HST-SF-232 1.7 mm
S 316M-GF-221 0.9 mm
S 309M-GF-222 0.9 mm

V-

:
GPS-W-200 0.8 mm
I albro-W-237 0.8 mm
I cuni-W-239 0.8 mm

V-

U-

:
Alumag-W -235 1.0 mm

U-

388

WIRE WELDING
S-22 P12

V- , 0,8

193-603118**

GSP-W-200
Ialbro-W -237
Icuni-W -239

0.8 mm
0.8 mm
0.8 mm

V- 1,2

193-603340

V- , 1,6

193-603373

V-
0,9

193-603142

HST-SF-203
1.0 mm
S-316M-GF-221 0.9 mm
S-309M-GF-222 0.9 mm

V-
1,8

193-603126*

HST-SF-232

1.7 mm

U- , 0,8

196-603134

Alumag-W -235

1.0 mm

U- , 1,6

193-603498

**

. 245 , 75
( 6,1 ) . 193-602839

1)
2)

200

55

389

WIRE WELDING
S-22 P12
,
(1)
(2).

.

. .
.

193-603506

3
/
, 25
.
,
, .

UWI-400

, 25

, 502
, DIX 70
"/"

-
. . .
1

pcs

191-670422

25 m

mtr

195-175844

pcs

195-632893

mtr
pcs
pcs

176-576157
176-175596
176-175505

1/4" ,
,
25 m
1/4"
1
8-14 .
2

S-22 P12

/
3

390

WIRE WELDING
-400, -

1
2

10

3
6

-400

. 3 ,
0,8 - 1,2 .
, .

- . .

-400 3 ,
, 1,2
.

pcs

193-607451

160 .
-400

pcs

193-607452

330 .
-400

pcs

193-607453

pcs

193-607454

pcs

193-613765

10
10
10
10

set
set
set
set

193-594622
193-594630
193-607455
193-607456

0.8 mm
1.0-1.2 mm
1.2-1.4 mm
1.6-2.0 mm

set

193-613766

-400

set

193-613763

-400

set

193-613764

10

0,8-1,2 4,5

pcs
pcs
pcs

193-594606
193-594614
193-607457

0,8-1,2 () 3
1,4-2,0 () 3

391

WIRE WELDING

R 300 +

.

.
TIG

,

, ,
.




.





.

TIG- .


.
,

.


0-32 /
1/4" ,
1/4", 3/8" RH
8-14

. .
pcs
mtr
pcs
pcs

:
0-32 /
pcs

pcs

pcs
/

pcs
TIG
6

392


197-619247
176-576157
176-175596
176-175505

171-550210
171-550178
197-597328
197-597310
197-632795

WIRE WELDING



,
.
,
,
.



,
.


.

.


6 400 .


, 6 400

. .
pcs

193-591990

set

193-633149

393

WIRE WELDING

GMAW FCAW

MMAW ( )
TIG-.

:
-
-
-
- , FCAW
-

.


,



.
TIG

.
,
,

,
,
.
, ,
:
UWW-170 S-22 P12


.




,




Alumag, Icuni, Ialbro.
3-6
,

394

S-22 P12 .

.

/

,
, ..
, ,
, ,
.


,
.
, 75-80%
20-25% , :
-
MS ,
GPO/GPR/LH/
LHV/SPECIAL.
- 18/8
,
18/8
18/8 .
- 23/14
,
23/14.

,


GMAW/FCAW .

WIRE WELDING

,
GMAW FCAW ,




. ,
"",
.


,


, .

, ,
,
(+) , (-) -
.
,
.

.


.


- , ,


. ,

.


.
-


. ,
.

.

.


.

395

WIRE WELDING
-
, ,
10-15 .

,

.
,

.


- , ,
.


,
- ,

.
-

,
.

-
.
,
"" .
-


10-15 .

, ,

.




. ,
.

.
,
.

396

WIRE WELDING


, , . :
(1)
(2)
(3)
.

, :
6 ;


10, .
, ,
.

: (4),
(5), (6) (7).


""
.

. .



. :

-
-
-
-


-
.
.
. -


.

397

WIRE WELDING

, ,
,
,
.
. ,
:
:
-
-
-
-
.
:
-
-
-

-
.

.

,

, - .


-
, -
.
.
,
, .

398

WIRE WELDING
70-800.

900 ,
450 - .
,
.

, ,
( ). -
, .



, .


.
/
3-5

.
, , .


()

,
. ,
,
.
, , 2-3 ,

.

1-2 .
, -

399

WIRE WELDING
Edge preparation
Steel, Position welding, 80% Ar, 20% CO2 Shielding gas
Material
thickness
mm

Type of
joint

Welding
position

Gas
consumption
l/min.

Wire
diameter
mm

Amp

Volt

Wire speed
cm/min

Number
of
layers

55

16

290

65

17

340

80

17

420

85

17-18

440

2.0

95

18

500

2.0

105

18

550

0.9

1.2

Horizontal
&
Vertical
down.

1.6
1.6

6-10

0,8

Welding parameters

Steel, Position welding, 80% Ar, 20% Co2 Shielding gas


Material
thickness
mm

Type of
joint

Joint
opening
mm

Welding
position

Gas
consumption
l/min.

Wire
diameter
mm

H & VD

10-12

1-2

H & VD

3
4
4
6

50

6
10
10

50

Number
of
Wire speed
layers
cm/min

Amp

Volt

0.8

95

19

430

10-12

0.8

110

19,5

510

H & VD

10-12

0.8

125

22

480

H & VD

10-12

0.8

130

22

500

H & VD

10-12

0.8

120

20

460

1.5

VD

12-15

0.8

120

20

460

12-15

1.2

150

21

330

15-20

1.2

330

32

1100

VU

15-20

1.2

145

21

320

VU

15-20

1.2

150

21

330

15-20

1.2

300

30

900

H: Horizontal, VD: Vertical down, VU: Vertical up

400

Welding parameters

WIRE WELDING
Edge preparation
Stainless steel, Position welding, 80% Ar, 20% CO2 Shielding gas
Material
thickness
mm

Type of
joint

Gas
Wire
consumption diameter
l/min.
mm

Amp

Volt

wire speed
cm/min.

Welding
speed
cm/min

1.6

85

15

460

45

1.6

85

15

460

50

90

15

480

35

90

15

480

30

2.4

105

17

580

38

3.2

125

17

720

40

8-12

Welding parameters

0,9

Number
of
layers

Stainless steel, Horizontal welding, 80% Ar, 20% CO2 Shielding gas
Material
thickness
mm

Type of
joint

Gas
consumption
l/min.

Wire
diameter
mm

Amp

wire speed
cm/min.

Number
of
layers

18

1.6

200-250

280-380

1,5

18

1.6

250-300

380-490

1,5

20

1.6

275-325

460-570

1,5

20

2.4

300-350

190-215

3-4

1,5

20

2.4

350-375

215-235

5-6

1,5

20

2.4

350-375

215-235

7-8

3 (1/8)
6.5 (1/4)
9.5 (3/8)
12.7 (1/2)
19 (3/4)
25.4 (1)

60
60
60
90
90

Welding parameters

401

WIRE WELDING
Edge preparation
Aluminium, Horizontal welding, Argon Shielding gas
Material
thickness
mm

Type of
joint

Gas
consumption
l/min.

Wire
diameter
mm

15

1.3

Welding parameters
Amp

Volt

Wire speed
cm/min

Welding
speed
cm/min

1.0

40

15

600

50

10

1.0

50

15

700

38

1.6

10

1.0

60

15

810

38

2.4

10

1.0

90

15

1050

38

Aluminium, Horizontal welding, Argon Shielding gas


Material
thickness
mm

Type of
joint

6.5 (1/4)

60

Gas
consumption
l/min.

Wire
diameter
mm

Amp

With

18

1.2

6.5 (1/4)

With

20

6.5 (1/4)

With out

9.5 (3/8)
9.5 (3/8)

50
75

9.5 (3/8)
12.7 (1/2)
12.7 (1/2)

402

60
75

Backing
plate

Welding
parameters
Volt

Welding
speed
cm/min

Number
of
layers

180

24

38

1.2

250

26

40

18

1.2

220

24

60

With

20

1.6

280

27

60

With out

20

1.6

260

26

45

With out

25

1.6

270

26

55

With

25

1.6

310

27

45

With out

25

1.6

300

27

45

WIRE WELDING
Edge preparation
Aluminium, Position welding, Argon Shielding gas
Material
thickness
mm

Type of
joint
*

Welding
position

Gas
consumption
l/min.

Wire
diameter
mm

6.5 (1/4)

60

6.5 (1/4)

Volt

Welding
speed
cm/min

Number
of
layers

Amp

20

1.2 or 1.6

180

23

50

60

OH

20

1.2 or 1.6

200

23-24

55

9.5 (3/8)

60

20

1.2 or 1.6

210

23

45

9.5 (3/8)

60

OH

23

1.6

220

23-24

50

12.7 (1/2)

60

23

1.6

215

22-23

30

12.7 (1/2)

60

OH

25

1.6

225

23-24

40

19 (3/4)

75

25

1.6

225

23-24

25

OH

25

1.6

240

24

35

19 (3/4)

75

Welding
parameters

V: Vertical, OH: Over head


*4 mm (1/16)

4 mm (1/16)

Copper alloys, Horizontal, Argon Shielding gas


Material
thickness
mm

Gas
consumption
l/min.

Wire
diameter
mm

Amp

Volt

Wire speed
cm/min

3 (1/8)

15-20

1.6

310

27

500

6.5 (1/4)

15-20

2.4

460

26

345

5 mm

15-20

2.4

500

27

380

5 mm

15-20

2.4

540

27

420

9.5 (3/8)
12.7 (1/2)

Type of
joint

90
90

Welding parameters

NB: When welding Cunifer backing gas must be used


403

WIRE WELDING

/

GPS-W-200

0.8

090-590117

Ar/CO2

DC+

HST-SF-203

1.0

090-597526

Non

HST-SF-232

1.7

090-603423

S 316 M-GF-221

0.9

S 309 M.GF-222

Unitor

S-22 P12

UWW-170


()

10

50

3.2/C

DC-

11.5

50

2/C

Non

DC-

10

55

N.A.

090-597518

Ar/CO2

DC+

11

50

4/C

0.9

090-606041

Ar/CO2

DC+

11

50

3.4/C

Ialbro-W -237

0.8

090-590091

Ar

DC+

40

5.5/D

Icuni-W -239

0.8

090-590109

Ar

DC+

10

40

4/C

Alumag-W -235

1.0

090-590083

Ar

DC+

11

40

6/C

:
,
.
, /2 : 20/.
. " "

404

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

405

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

406

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412
UPC-838 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 418

407

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

408

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING

,
3100

, ,

(
).

.
1535,
884.



.
,

.
,
.

,
.

, , ,

?


,

.


:
658C.
1) 1926.

2)
,
3) ,
,

4)
, ,

5) , ,
,
.

(,
) .

409

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


,
,
,

. ,
.


. - ,

.

,


?
( )
( ).

:
1)
.
?
.

: ,

. , ,

, .

.
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
.
,
.
,

.
2000
10000

.

.
,
,
, ..
.

- .

410

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING







,
,
,
.



,
.
, ,
,
.
., ,
,
, ,
,
28 000.
, ,

.



/
, .
.

411

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING





,

(
) .


.


100
16
.




.





. ,

,
.
"blowback". Unitor
UPC-838

,
.

,
.

.

( ).
-

- ,

.

, 100
200 . ,
,
.

:
. 80 A
:
5.5 /80 PSI


7-10 bar
90-150 PSI
380-440 V
3

412

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


UPC-838
UPC-838 -
.

.






,
,
33,6

324249
- .
UPC-838

UPC-838
.

.

(
,

,
).
.

: 20 .

400 /,
,
.
.
32

125 /.

38

100 /. .
,

: 25
.
.

: 22 .
.



,


.
,
,
UPC-838
.

380-440 , 50-60 .


,


.




.
,
.

413

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


Unitor Plasma Cutter UPC-838



.
.
.

A
A
V
%

40-80
80
140
60

V
Hz

380-440
50-60
3
25

bar
PSI
bar
PSI

7-10
90-150
5,5
80

320

420

490



V

V

IP

kg

mm

mm
mm

UPC-838 :
-

7,5


: 2 . ,
2 . , 1 ,
1

UPC-838


:
7.6
15.2

414

192-670273

192-676940
192-676957

485
355
23
CE
33,6
320
420

490

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


-
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

16.
7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

:
40 Amp.
40 Amp.

- . .

192-670331

192-670323
5
.
192-670315
5
.
192-670307

192-670299
5
.
192-670281

192-670364

192-670323
5
.
192-670356
5
.
192-670349

192-670380

192-670323
5
.
192-670372
5
.
192-670307

192-671479

192-639591
.

192-648147
192-645200

415

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


1.



3

2.

3.

6. 20-30
4.
,



.


.

""



1,5 - 3 .

, ,

,
.
416

5.



.


.

. .

192-609712

192-609727

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


4
45

1.
45

2. ,
.

90
3. ,
,

.

.

417

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING






UPC-838
7-10 bar
.

:
:
2 200 .
:

2 .



50%.


.

/ //


.

.

418




50%.

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


, ,
:

419

PLASMA CUTTING AND GOUGING


OR

420

CURRENT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


. . . . . . . . . . . . . 422

421

CURRENT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM






.

,

.


,
.


,



,
DIX "",
:
DIX "".
-
, -

10 , ""
-
/ .


-


-
, DIX
"/".
, ,


-
/ .

130 vac
-

,
,

.
-


,


/ .

-
,
, ..


,

,
.
.
/

. .
.
/


.

422

CURRENT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM



DIX "",
DIX "".
10-


. UWI-400 UWI-350 MP

70 2
100,7 2
.

Welding current
inlet

Welding current
outlet

,
,
UWI-350 MP
UWI-400
UWR-303
UWI-400
UWI-303

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

. .

195-624320
195-624338
195-624577
195-608760
195-603993
195-604157
195-604306

423

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

424

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426
X-21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
-21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .430

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .444
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445
/ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446
-21 . . . . . . . . . . 448
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .452
-21 ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .454
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 464
. . . . 465
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .468
. . . . . . . . . . . . 470

425

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

/

,

1900- .
- ,

- 3160

( 1: 1.5).
,

( 1: 1.1)

3100 ( 2800C).
,

,

.
30000


.
3 ,
.


,


.
, ,
/ ,
,

45000.

(kJ/2*S)



.

.

426

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

/

.
,

.


,
,
.


/Ox


/

: , ,
(
).

/


.



.

427

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
21
21
, ,
, , ,

/
.
, ,


.

.




.

21
.

21

,
, ,
8
-
,

;
100 ;

90? - 45?;

,

960 .


// 21


-

,
.
,
21


. ,

:

21, 3
()/

.
(80 , 230 , 650)



.

,

-
.
,
,
, ,
,
.


.

428


16 ;
,

.

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

21 .
: 170-174557

21
: 170-539973

429

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
21
21 ,
1)
21 ,
2)

1) 21, ,
170-183897
2) 21, , 170-539965


1)2)

170-174656


*
1)
1)2)
1)2)
1)
1)2)
1)
1)

0-A
0-A
0-A
0-A
0-A
0-A
0-A


40
80
230
400
650
1000
1250

<0,5
0.5-1.0
2-3
3-5
5-7
7-10
9-14

170-174565
170-174573
170-174581
170-174599
170-174607
170-174615
170-174623


, .

*
0-A160
0-A315
0-A500


1-2
2-4
4-6

170-183780
170-183798
170-183806

0-A 1500
0-A 2500
0-A 5000

170-174631
170-234864
170-183756

0-A1000
0-A2500
0-A5000

170-603415
170-603407
170-603399

* /.
. 10% .
.
430

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


0

, 75 170-174664
0
1)2) , 90 170-234807
0
170-234815
, 0
-

1)2)
1)2)
1)
1)

302
302
302
302

2
3
4
5


OX nl/h Ac nl/h

3-10
10-25
25-50
50-100

1300
2150
5650
7800

460
520
690
810


170-174698
170-174706
170-174714
170-174722

, 165

191
191

2
3

25
38


OX nl/h Ac nl/h
3800
4600

490
530


170-183863
170-183855





8-11

6-11


OX nl/h
Ac nl/h
11500

1750


170-174730



1)
1)

, 0-45
170-174672
,
84-960 . 170-174680


1)2)
1)2)

21
21

170-174649
176-175356

21

/ , 6
/ ,6
/ ,9
/ ,9

FR-20+, 21

1)
1 :
()
()

170-597336
170-597344
170-651265
170-651257
170-619270
170-174748

170-174789
170-613762
/ 170-535005

170-174854
/ 170-174771

170-174813
.
170-174821

170-174839

431

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
, ,
.



094 589861
094 589846


, , .

,
.
, - ,

/

,
, : 600 x 600 x 300


- 310


.
15-, 17-, 18,19, 23-, 24
-21.
.
:
-21,
:
- .
.
,
. :
: 40, 80, 230, 400, 650, 1000

1250 /. 0 .
90

3-10 ,
TIG .
10-25 , 25-50 50-100 .
"".
0,
.
0-45


84-960

432

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
:
AG-60 2.0 0.5
AG-45 2.0 0.4

AG-60/45

Albroflux
AG-60
Yorcalbro

:
Alumag 3.0 0.5
Aluflux.

:
FC Bronze 2.0 1.0 3.0 1.0
Bronze 3.0 4.0
FC-W earbro 3.0 1.0 5.0

/ :
MS 2.0 3.5 , MS 3.0 3.5
lcromo 2.5 2

:
Tin-240
1.6 /0.5

1.0

Bronzeflux
Wearbroflux.

:
,
-21


:
FC-Cast Iron,

4.0 1.0

433

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


, .

,
,
,

.

.


.

.




176-175273


50
.
.
10 .

10

176-633305

5
6

10
10

176-633313
176-633321

10

176-633354

10

176-633297

pcs
pcs
pcs

176-632943
176-632950
176-653410

434

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


,

,
.

,

.

/ .
.

176-233148


,

.
TIG .

176-632794


,
. .


2 / 176-633198
10 /

176-633206



. .
- ,
.



, 196-632968
,
5x13x127 144 /
. 196-633081
, .
0
200/400/600/800

435

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

, ,

,



.

,

.
,
,

:
21,
.


,


.





176-526509



.

.

.


, ,
, , .. .
Dims. (WxDxH)
Dims. Folded

:

R+500`+

FR-50

10 m twin hose 1/4" with clips

436

600 x 400 x 630


600 x 400 x 80
14


176-176024

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

-40/ -40
40 50
.
.
,
.
40 50 ,
, ..
150 .

.
, .. .
,
. 400
(S.W.L.) 200 .

. 21
.
28 . ( ).

-40/-40

21


176-176016
176-526509
170-174557


40 50 .
,
.
Su-10, .
" ".

SU-10


176-176008

437

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

A-5/O-5
-5/-5
,

.

,
300
.


.

. ,
,
.



.
21
,
, ,

.


-

.



(
)

A-5/O-5 176-534982



21

176-526509
170-539973

5

:

5
5

438

176-176040
176-176032

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
- .

.

. , .
EN 599:
,
20 bar
,

40 bar
, 60 bar
.
. .

:
. :
.
,
.

,
,


.
EN 599
:

,
/

,
/

,
,
,

6 (1/4)
AC + OX/
9 (3/8")
AC + OX/
6 (1/4'')
Ac/
6 (1/4")
Oxygen/
9 (3/8'')
Ac/
9 (3/8")
Oxygen/
6 (1/4")
Ar/

176-526434

176-624312 .

176-175554 .

176-175562 . -

, ( ).
,
176-175547
.
,
176-576157 .
6 (1/4") .


100 -21.
5-10 . .

, 8000
/,
9 (3/8").
195-175729

,
/ .
, , , 176-175539

439

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING



9 (3/8'') 6 (1/4'')
.

.
,
-
,
.


.
,
.


( ).
.



.


-

Screw-couplings for Gas Hoses



.


.


.
Ac
,
.

.

440



,
,

, 9 (3/8'')
, 6 (1/4'')


.


,
.



,
.

6 (1/4'') Ac 176-175568

6 (1/4'') Ox 176-175596
9 (3/8'') Ac 176-175604
9 (3/8'') Ox 176-175612
, 8-14 ,
176- 175505

,
,
.

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


/ arrestor ,

.

/
.
.

.


SG-1666 6 (1/4'') Ac
S6-1676 6 (1/4'') Ox
SG-16B8 9 (3/8'') Ac
S6-1878 9 (3/8'') Ox

176-320218
176-320192
176-320200
176-320184

:
, .
,
,
!
.
,
. , .

441

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
Gas Regulators for Cylinder

- ,
,


.
R-500+/R300


.

,
-
- .

,

6 (1/4 '')
.

,
.

.
.

3/




(10 .)

( R-300-500 +)

442




. ,
,
.

,
.

/CO2

15
0-2,5
3
5

200
0-16
20
40

200
0-16
20
40

200
0-35/
6,0-7,8
2

3/4''BSP

W21.8x1/14''

3/4''BSP

24.32x 1/14''

171-619205

171-619213

171-619221

197-619247

171-550186
171-550202
171-550152

171-550178
171-550194
171-550160

171-550178
171-550194
171-550160

171-550178
171-550210
171-550160

171-619379

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


1. 1. , ,
,
, .
.
2.
,
,


(
.
).

.
,
3.
.
2. , ,

,
.
.
,

,

. ,
, ,
.
,


4.
.
3.
.

, .
.
,
5. , ,
,

.
.
4.
.
,
.
5.
, .

:

, .. . , . . , . , , . . .
- . , ,
. , .
. . , .

5 .
.

443

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

3) ,


- ,

,
,
,
.
.

,
.
, ,
.
, , ,

.
, , . .

:

,
.
- / .
, .


.

, .

, . .
,
,

.

:
1) .
, ,
,
.

2)

.
,
.
,
,
.

/
. ,
.

444

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


W-66 FR-50




,



.



. ..
().



.
,
,


,
:
- ,

,
from reaching
pipelines or cylinders.
-

a sustained backfire
- ,
,


1000
- ,



(
,
)

- ,
,
,
.

.

.

W-66 f/Ac

1.5
19.8 3/

W-66 f/Ox

10
112 3/

FR-50 f/Ac

1.5
15 3/

FR-50 f/Ox

100
70 3/


W-66S f/Ac
W-66S f/Ox
FR-50 f/Ac
FR-50 f /Ox

171-183970
171-302976
171-619254
171-619262

445

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
The Acetylene/Oxygen Flame
-

,
.


.

.
,
,
.

/
.

,
,
, ,
,

.


.

-
- ,
,
,

.

!
-
,

,

(C2 H2+O2 2C0+H2+).


(2C0+H2+O2 +2C02+H2 0+).

,
,

.


- .


.
-
.
,
.
,
.

446

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING





.
,
,
.

-

- ,
,
.
(,
,
)

,
.

,

,

. (
)

.



,
,
(
).
,

,

.
,
,
,
.

447

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
21
.
(8)
:

(1 2) ,


(7).
(3 4)
.
,
NB.
,

(5, 6, 7 8) .
.

(9),
.
.


,
.


,



(7)
6 (1/4") 10
,
.
(8)

.

(6)
.
.
.

(1)
(6),
(2).

.
(7).


(5)
.

(7).
1.
(8)
,

(1 2),

,
.
. (8)

, .

,
(7).
,
.

(6)
(3 4),

.

2.
(4).
.


,
(7),
.

. ,
.

.



.


.
.

448

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

- -21
,

3-10

10-25

25-50

50-100

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3-0.8

1.0-2.5

1.5-4.0

1.5-4.0

3.0-6.0

170-174698

170-174706

170-174714

170-174722

A 311-2

A 311-3

A 311-4

A 311-5

, / Ox

1600

3600

6800

7800-14100

, /

300

400

500

700

950-430

580-350

500-300

380-180

, /

: ( 174730)

8-11

6-11


Ox
5.7

Ac
0.5

, /
Ox
11500

Ac
1750

449

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

- ,

() .
.

10000 ,
,
() .

.
,

.
.


1.

.
2-3
,

- .

2.
,
,

. ,
,
.
,
(2-3 )
3.
.
,
,
,
,
,
.



,
.



.

450

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

1.
.

4-5
.
, .

2. 12-20
.
. ,

,
, ,
.

3. ,

. (.
.) .


,
21.
900 450 .



42 480 .

21

451

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

A.

.

B.



.

C.
,
.

D.



.
,
.

E.

;
,
,
.
F.
, ,
.

G.

, .

452

WELDING HANDBOOKNOTES

453

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
,
.

.
:
,
(1 2) ,
,


(3 4)
(5) ,
,
(6)
,
(5 6) .

.
(6),
. (10),
(5).


6 (1/4") 10

.

1.
.
,
.
(1 2),
(1)
,
(2).

.
, .
(5)
,

,
(3)

(3 4),
. (5)
.
.
(6)
2.



,
(4)
.
.
.
(5) ,





. ,


.
.



(5).

454

AC/OXCUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

,

,
.

.
,

.

, ,

-21
,

<0.5

0.5
1

2
3

3
5

5
7



( )

174565 174573 174581 174599 174607 174615 174623 174631

40

80

230

400

650

1000

1250

1800

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

40
39

80
73

230
209

400
364

650
591

1000
909

1250
1136

1800
1636

Ox
Ac

455

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING



.

. ,

.

,
.

.


.



.
.




.

,


.


.
,

3
, .

,
.

,

().
4 .

456

WELDING HANDBOOK NOTES

457

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

-


/

.



.
,
,

.
,
- -
.



,

.



. ,
,
,

.



.

550-600 .
,

.
,
,
..
.

, ,
.
, .
,
.

,
.
.

458

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

,



1

,

,
1, ,
2

- ,


, 1

459

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

- ,
.
,
1, ,
2.

- ,

,
1, ,
2

U- ,


,
1

U- ,


1, ,
- 2

460

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


,
.

.


, ,
.

,
.


.



.
,
.

.


,

.

,


.

NB.


.

461

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

,


.

.


3-4
.


,
.



2.5 .
,
.

.

,
.

.(

2-3 ).


.

.

,
.


,
:
1.0-1.5 30
1.5-3.0 30-60

462

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING



.



3-4 .

,
.


4
.

.



.
,

.

.
,
, .
.
.



4 .


.
,

.

463

AC/OXCUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

( = )

2-3

1.5-2
1.5

1-2

60
3

2
0-1

464

1-2
{}
V- w/

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

MS-200


0.2 %

2.0

500

280

3.5

092-539551

3.0

500

125

3.5

092-539569

ALUMAG-235

,
5% Mg. ,
, Mg,
.

500

47



0.5

092-514265

: Aluflax 234 F, 250 gram container


: 092-603043

465

AC/OXCUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING


.
,

,

.


,
.




.


"" .



.
,
.

,

.


.
/
3-5 .

.
,
,

.
,
.

, .
, ,
,

,
, .

1.
,
,
, ,


.
.
2.
:

1.


3.

,
.

2.

,


.
4.
,

,

,
.
.
3.
,

,

466

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

:
1.
.


.
2. ,
.
,
-

3.
.


.
4. .
.






.

400 .

(Sn).




,
.


. ,
,

.
/
,

()



400,

.




490 ,
, AG-60.
" "
-
,
"-".

467

AC/OXCUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING



,

,

.
0,050,1 ,


.


,

.
, , ,

, 3-5
.


,


.
0.1
,

,



2-3 ,
.

.
,


.

.
,
.
,
. ,
,
.
,
.

468

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

-
"" , ..
.

, ,
,
,
,
.
-


.
,
, ,
,
.

,
.

,
, ,

,
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4

-

I- ,
3




V- ,
3-12

X- ,
12

469

AC/OXCUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

TIN 240
:

, ,
..

1.6

0.5

093-305342

.

.

AG-45-252
:


, , ,
, .
,
.

2.0

500

-

per package kg
28

0.4

093-519744

AG-60/45 Flux 252 PF (250 ) 093-603050

AG-60-252
:



, , ,
, , Yorcalbro Cunifer 90/10 70/30.

2.0

500

-

,
24

AG-60/45 Flux 252 PF (250 )


093-603050
.
Yorcalbro:
ALBRO FLUX 263 PF (250 )
093-604371
.

0.5



093-233601


" ".
470

AC/OXCUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING

BRONZE-264
:

, , ,
. ,
. Si, Mn, Sn ,
.

Mm

mm

500

54

1.7

093-174326

500

36

093-514240

: Bronze flux-261 PF (250 ) 093-603076.

FC-BRONZE-261
:

, , , , , .

Mm

mm

500

69

093-233551

500

32

093-233569

: Bronze flux-261 PF (250 )

093-603076


" "
471

AC/OX CUTTING/WELDING/BRAZING
FC-WEARBRO-262
:
,

, , , , .
"" .

Mm

mm

500

33

093-233577

500

13

1.1

093-233585

: W earbroflux 262 PF (250. ) 093-603068

FC-CASTIRON-268


.
.

Mm

mm

500

12

0.7

096-603084



" "

472

FLAME SPRAYING
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .475

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .476

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .483
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 485

. . . . . . . . . . . . .487

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488

473

FLAME SPRAYING


,



.

,

-
, - .



.

,


,


.

474

FLAME SPRAYING

,
.




,
(
.
).


" ",
,
" " " ",
, ,


,
,
. ""
,
, .




5 . "Unitor Spray Jet"


.
,

""
,
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""





.
60 HRC (800 HV).
250. -
.
,

,

.
""

"Unitor Spray Jet"


, ,
.

475

FLAME SPRAYING




,
" ".



.
, , :

;
-
; ,

-
.


,
.
,
, ..
,
,

.


.

172-575381

476

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19




P/
B/R
N-A
LT-A
//
O- 6 (1 - , 1 .)

4 mm


Ac/Ox/Air
Ac/Ox/ Air

575423
575407
575399
575415
575431
569509

175505
567420

FLAME SPRAYING






.

,

:
1.
.
(4-5)
.
2. (6-9)
.
:
(8),
.
,
.
3. ,
(9),
.
(8)
(6/7).


(
,
).



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).

,
,
.
4.
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.

( - ,
- ).

" " (
).
,
B/R,
.
.
5.
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.

477

FLAME SPRAYING




:

1.

, ,
,
(
),
.

(
)




.
4.
,
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5.
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,
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, (
).

,

.
2.

180.

,

80
.
3.

,
.

( )
:

478

FLAME SPRAYING




,
,
.
:

-
-
-
:
.


(),
().


(ZG)
(. 3) .

.

,

.




:
0.5 - 6.0
2.5 - 3.5
( 900 /)
0.5 - 0.6
( 850 /)



10 ,

( ,

,

).



,
.

.



, ,
.

479

FLAME SPRAYING

,

.


.
"",
,
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,
,
.

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. ,

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"N".

,

< "N"

1 5 "N".

480

,

( )
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,
"",
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FLAME SPRAYING

1.

,
.


.

,
, .

.


,
, ..


,
,
.
,
,
.
.


,
.
2.

,
.
,

.
,
,


.

,
0.5
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.

6-12
.
0.75
.


;
.






,


.

.

45 .
,

.

,
45
.
,
90,

.
.

481

FLAME SPRAYING
3.

-
,
,

.

, ,

,
.

50-60.

90.
.

.

4.




.


,

.

482


,
.
,
45
.

.

,
.
, ,
,
.


G18 - G25
(12-35 ).

5.

.


75

6-12 .
.
,
.

FLAME SPRAYING


.

:
-
-
(
)
- .

,
:

1.
( 25 30 /.)
.

2.


,

.

,

. ,

,

.



-
.

3-8
.
,

100 (4'')
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,

.
4.

.
150-200 .
0-25

,
90 ,
,


.
"on" ( ).

3. ,

1-3 ,
(
).

,

(0.1-0.2 ) ,
,

483

FLAME SPRAYING
20-25
.
,


.
,


.
.


.


250,

100.
,

.

.


150-200
,
.




0.3-0.5 /

5 .
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100.


.

484

FLAME SPRAYING

,
,
,
,
, .

,
.
90
5
,
5
.
.
,
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.
, ,

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,

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.
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0.5 ,
.


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.
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I
()

II
()

485

FLAMESPRAYING


.

1.
,
.

45
.

2. ,
1, .

3.
,
90 ,
.

4.
,

(. 0.01
),
.
,
.

486

FLAME SPRAYING
/

. . , /

25 / 30 /
35 / 50 / 70 /
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
160
170
180
190
200

398
318
265
227
199
177
159
145
133
123
114
106
100
94
88
84
80
76
72
69
66
64
61
59
57
55
53
50
47
44
42
40

478
382
318
272
239
212
191
174
159
147
137
127
119
112
106
101
96
91
87
83
80
76
73
71
68
66
64
59
56
53
50
43

557
445
370
320
280
246
224
202
185
171
160
148
140
132
123
118
112
106
101
97
92
90
85
83
80
77
74
70
66
62
59
56

796
636
530
454
388
354
318
290
266
246
228
212
200
188
176
168
160
152
144
138
132
128
122
118
114
110
106
100
74
88
82
80

1114
890
740
640
560
492
484
404
370
342
320
296
280
264
246
236
224
213
202
193
185
180
171
165
160
154
148
140
132
123
118
112

:
(/) = 3.14 () /

1000
. = 1000 (/)
3.14 x

487

FLAME SPRAYING

MASKING COMPOUND R-104

-
. 400.
, .

Container

0.4 Kg


091-604645

UNIVERSALLOY

Unitor Universalloy - ,
, ,
, .

1.0 Kg


091-575456

BRONZALLOY

,
, ,
.

1.0 Kg


091-575464


" "

488

FLAME SPRAYING

HARDALLOY

Unitor Hard - , ,
,
.
300 HB.


1.0


091-575472

ZINC-COAT

.

.

1.0

091-575480


" "

489

490

250 C
0.5-5.0

. ,
. ,

30-35
0.2/0.08
1.0/0.05

m/min

(./) mm/R

mm

K10/-5

mm

200
25-30
3-8

50-70

1.5
2.5
0.5

1.0/0.05

0.2/0.08

70

K10/+5

250 C
0.5-5.0

200
25-30
3-8

50-70

1.5
2.5
0.5

mm
m/min
mm/R

bar
bar
bar

P
USJ-N-A

Bronzalloy

P
USJ-N-A

,
.,
,

""

-
-

Universalloy


" "

M
A
C
H
I
N
I
N
G

S
P
R
A
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I
N
G

G
A
S

T
O
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C
H

1.0/0.05

0.2/0.08

30-35

K10/-5

250 C
0.5-2.0

200
25-30
3-8

50-70

1.5
2.5
0.5

P
USJ-N-A

Hardalloy

100 C
0.1-0.5

150-200
-

50-70

5.5
2.5
0.5

BR
USJ-LT-A

Zinc-coat

, C , ,

FLAME SPRAYING

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493
. . . . . . . . . . 494
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
. 501

. . . . . 503

491

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

,
.

.
,
,
,
,
.


"".
1600 .

.
, ,
.
, ..
.
,
"".

""
.

492

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

Ar

IMDG

2.2

( = 1)

1.38 ( )

UN-1006


: -



3
()

()
()
( )
(..
2)
(.

3)
(. 1.) () (. . 1)

15 C

E-10

W24.32mm x 1/14''

2.2

200

3.6

140 x 1000

18

E-50

W24.32mm x 1/14"

11

200

18

230 x 1690

81

:
1.
.

2. 70 .
3. , .

. , ,
.

- , , ,
. , , ,
, "" ""
. "" "" ,
. .
. .
, - 0.934% .
.
, - .
TIG MIG .
/wire
.

493

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM



Unimix

Ar-CO2 (80%/20%)

IMDG

2.2

( = 1)

1.40 ( )

UN-1956


: - -



3
()

()
()
( )
(..
2)
(.

3)
(. 1.) () (. . 1)

15 C

M-10

W24.32mm x 1/14''

2.2

200

3.4

140 x 1000

18

M-50

W24.32mm x 1/14"

10.9

200

17.1

230 x 1690

81

:
1.
.

2. 70 .
3. , .

. , ,
.


(UNIMIX) 80% 20%
, MIG/MAG .
- .
.
.
.. ,
. , ,
.
. ,
, .

494

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

O2

IMDG

2.2+5.1

( = 1)

1.11 ( )

UN-1072


: -



3
()

()
()
( )
(..
2)
(.

3)
(. 1.) () (. . 1)

15 C

O-5

W21.80mm x 1/14''

200

1.3

140 x 620

12

O-40

W21.80mm x 1/14"

6.4

150

7.8

230 x 1360

52

:
1.
.

2. 70 .
3. , .

. , ,
.

(2) - , , .
21%.
,
t - 183C
, .
, .
, , , .
,
, .
.
,
.
, .
,
. .

495

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM



-


, ..



.
-
.


.

,
,
.
-

(% )

15-19%

12-14%
10-12%
8-10%
6-8%
4-6%

.
-



.



21%.




.


.

(
)
.
.

,
.
, ,
.
,
, .
, ,
, - ,
, .
8 - 100% ; 6 - 50%;
4-5 -
.
40 - , ,
, .

: , 12%
, ,
,
- .

.
.
.

496

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

C2H2

IMDG

- .
()
.
( = 1)

2.1

0.906 ( )

UN-1001

CO2.

LEL2.2 UEL 80-85


2.0 .
, ,
.
,
.
2 ,
, UEL - 100 %,


( , ) : .

(3)
(. 1)

() ()
()
(. . 1) (.. 2) (. 3)

A-5

G 3/4" BSP

0.7

0.8

140 x 620

14

A-40

G 3/4" BSP

5.6

6.2

230 x 1360

67

:
1.
.

2. 70 .
3. , .

. ,
, .

497

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

,


(2)
.
,
,

,


350 (662F)
2 (200 , 29 psig),

.

,

.
, ,
, .


,

.

, -


,
-


.
,
,

.
.

2% 82%,

2.5% 93%.
,


,
.
.

,





.
, ,

,


,

, ,
, -
.


.
.
- ,

.


.

, ,
, ,
.
.

,
.


, .

, ,

(92.3% )

3100.
(11.6 /.)

, .

498

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM



,
:
.
-
,
, ,

,
-
.
( ,
,


.
)
- :
, , ,
,
.


!
,
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,
.
-

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,
( 50),
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.

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.
,

,
5 ,
, - ,
.
,
.


.
,
,


.


,
.
(t 50),

. .





.
, .
,

499

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM




,
.
,
"" ,
.
,
. ,
,

.

, 1/8
.
750 / .

(. 30 )
t 15
2500 / .


-
, .
. 40 ,

,
16 .
()
().
. 15

15

6000 /

.
-40:

8 .


, ,

. ,
, 65%



.

,
.


.

,

.

Acetylene
Cylinders A-40
1
2
3
4
5
* t ~ 15

500

Maximum extraction, nl/hr


Continuous

Intermittent*

700
1400
2100
2800
3500

2500
5000
7500
10000
12500

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


Rules and safety precautions for handling and
use of Gas Cylinders
- ,
,
.
.
,
,
.
- ,

. ,
,


.
-

.
,
,

.
-


,
.
-

.
-

.
, .
-
,
,
, .
,
.

501

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


, ..,
- ,


.
.


.

. , -



,
.
,
-


.
,

.
, .

,
.
.
-
- ,
.

!
,
-


, .
.


,
45.
.
-
.
.
- ,


.
-
,
.
-

-
.

:



.


.

,
.

502

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM





"" .
,

.


.





( )
.


,
.
.
, ..


, ..
, ,


,
, ,

.


.
,
,




.


,

503

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM







,

.



.
.
:
-


.
,
.

.
-


.
- ,
,
, ,
40.
-

.
-
.
-

.
-

.
- ( )

ST35 .

2.0 .

2.5 .
- ,
.

504


.
-
,
, ..
-

,

.
.

.


.
- ,

.
-
.

"
..

,

",
.

"".





,
, ,


.
,
5 .


. ,
-



.

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


.

(11)



.



.


.


(3)
.
.

(4)
- (6).


-
.
(5)

- .
-,

(8),
.
-

(7). -
(9),

R-501 (10).

.

(8 bar
0.8 bar )
.

.

(9).


.

3 ,

: " .
,
."



(12)
,
(16).

: - .

,
(18),
(17)
2.5 .


.
,
(25).

.

(20),
.

:



.
,
.

(21),
(22)

(23)



.

505

GAS SUPPLIES AND GAS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


1.
2.
3.
4.

, 40
, 40
,
,

5.
6. -

7.

8. ,

9.

10.
R-501
12.

506

13.

14.

15.

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22. ,

23.
24.
25. ,

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510

. . . . . . . . . . . 508
..

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511

. . . . 512
2

, AWG/ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512
. 513
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515
. . . . . . . 516
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
. . . . . . . . 518
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520

507


()
()
.

. .

(m)
(kg)
(s)
(A)
(K)
(mol)
(cd)

(rad)
(sr)

508

m/s 2

()/s
rad/s 2

rad/s

m2
kg/m 3
3
(F)
A.s/V
(S)
A/V

V/m
(H)
V*s/A
(V)
W/A
( )
V/A
(V)
W/A
(J)
N *m

j/K
(N)
kg*m/s 2
(Hz)
()/s
(lx)
lm/m 2
cd/m 2
(lm)
cd*sr

A/m
(Wb)
V*s
(T)
Wb/m 2
(A)
(W)
J/s
(Pa)
N/m2
(C)
A*s
(J)
N*m

,
,

W/sr
J/kg*K
N/m2
W/m*K
m/s
Pa*s
m2/s
W/A
m3
()/m
N*m

(Pa)
-


(V)


(J)


1 000 000 000 000 = 10 12
1 000 000 000 = 109
1 000 000= 106
1 000= 103
100 =102
10 =101
0,1 =10-1
0,01 =10-2
0,001= 10-3
0,000 001= 10-6
0,000 000 001= 10-9
0,000 000 000 001= 10-12
0,000 000 000 000 001= 10-15
0,000 000 000 000 000 001 = 10-18

tera
giga
mega
kilo
hecto*
deka*
deci*
centi*
milli
micro
nano
pico
femto
atto

()
T
G
M
k
h
da
d
c
m
Iu
n
p
f
a

509


(0,001 )

0,0254
25,4
0,3048
0,9144
1,6093
1,8532

39,37
0,03937
3,281
1,0936
0,6214
0,5396

645,2
6,452
0,0929
0,8361
4047,
43560,
640,
2,590

0,00155
0,155
10,764
1,196
0,0002471
0,00002296
0,001562
0,3863







(U.S., )
(U.S. )
(U.S.)
(U.S.)
(U.S. )
barrel (U.S. )



(U.S.)

(.)

(U.S.)

16,387
0,02832
7,48
28,32
0,7646
29,57
0,9464
0,8327
3,785
42,
158,98

0,06102
35,31
0,1337
0,03531
1,3079
0,03382
1,0566
1,2009
0,2642
0,0238
0,00629

(oz)
(lbs)

64,8
28,35
0,4536
0,9072
1,0161

0,01 543
0,03527
2,205
1,1023
0,9842

6895,
6,895
0,06895
0,7031
760,
14,696

0,0001450
0,145
14,50
1,4223
0,001316
0,06805

- (psi)
2 (ksi)

- 2 (psi)
2
2

. .

- 2

510


(.)

( . .)


.

1,013

0,1013

133,32

248,8
- 2
0,4335

0,1000

,

.
(Btu)

1055,
-

1,356

4,187
Btu
-
778,

Btu
3,968
Btu

107,56
Btu

0,2929
-

3600,

0,7457

(U.S.)

119,8
- (gas)
(STP) 359,
- (gas)
(STP)
22,4
-

0,00236
2
2

10,76
(U.S.) 3
5,451
-

4,448
(Kp)
(N)
9,81

0,9872
9,872
0, 007501
0,004019
2,307
10,00

0,0009479
0, 7375
0,2389
0,001285
0,252
0,009297
3,414
0,0002778
1,341

0,00835
0,00279
0,0446
423,7
0,0929
0,1835
0,2248
0,102


: I
1

V
5

X
10

L
50

C
100

D
500

M
1000

:
-
-
-
- II III , 7 VII,
IIIX.

1000.

100 000.

511

mm

1/64
1/32
3/64
1/16
5/64
3/32
7/64

0.015
0.031
0.047
0.063
0.078
0.094
0.109

0.3968
0.7937
1.1906
1.5876
1.9843
2.3812
2.7780

33/64
17/32
35/64
9/16
37/64
19/32
39/64

0.516
0.531
0.547
0.563
0.578
0.594
0.609

13.0966
13.4934
13.8903
14.2872
14.6841
15.0809
15.4778

1/8
9/64
5/32
11/64
3/16
13/64
7/32
15/64

0.125
0.141
0.156
0.172
0.188
0.203
0.219
0.234

3.1749
3.5718
3.9686
4.3655
4.7624
5.1592
5.5561
5.9530

5/8
41/64
21/32
43/64
11/16
45/64
23/32
47/64

0.625
0.641
0.656
0.672
0.688
0.703
0.719
0.734

15.8747
16.2715
16.6684
17.0653
17.4621
17.8590
18.2559
18.6527

1/4
17/64
9/32
19/64
5/16
21/64
11/32
13/64

0.250
0.266
0.281
0.297
0.313
0.328
0.344
0.359

6.3498
6.7467
7.1436
7.5404
7.9373
8.3342
8.7310
9.1279

3/4
49/64
25/32
51/64
13/16
53/64
27/32
55/64

0.750
0.766
0.781
0.797
0.813
0.828
0.844
0.859

19.0496
19.4465
19.8433
20.2402
20.6371
21.0339
21.4308
21.8277

3/8
25/64
13/32
27/64
7/16
29/64
15/32
31/64
1/2

0.375
0.391
0.406
0.422
0.438
0.453
0.469
0.484
0.500

9.5248
9.9216
10.3185
10.7154
11.1122
11.5091
11.9060
12.3029
12.6997

7/8
57/64
29/32
59/64
15/16
61/64
31/32
63/64
1/1

0.875
0.891
0.906
0.922
0.938
0.953
0.969
0.984
1.000

22.2245
22.6214
23.0183
23.4151
23.8120
24.2089
24.6057
25.0026
25.3995

512

mm

AWG

mm2

AWG

mm2

AWG

mm2

20
18
16
14
12

0,519
0,823
1,31
2,08
3,31

10
8
6
4
2

5,26
8,367
13,30
21,15
33,62

1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0

42,41
53,49
67,43
85,01
107,2

AWG
BWG

Brown and Sharp


( AWG)
B&S
GSG

SWG


(U.S.)
(U.S.)

MSG

( )

AZG

USC

(U.S.)

B&S
AWG

5
.

GSG

7/0
6/0
5/0
4/0
3/0
2/0
1/0

(U.S.)

SWG

MSG
USG
BWG

AZG

12,7
11,8
11,0
10,2
9,4
8,8
8,2

1
2
3
4
5

7,34
6,55
5,82
5,18
4,62

7,62
7,01
6,40
5,89
5,38

6,07
5,69
5,31

7,14
6,75
6,35
5,95
5,56

6
7
8
9
10

4,11
3,66
3,25
2,90
2,59

4,27
3,89
3,50

4,88
4,47
4,06
3,66
3,25

4,93
4,55
4,17
3,78
3,40

5,16
4,76
4,37
3,97
3,57

4,57
4,19
3,76
3,40

0,30
0,36
0,41
0,46
0,51

11
12
13
14
15

2,31
2,06
1,83
1,63
1,45

3,18
2,79
2,41
2,03
1,80

2,95
2,64
2,34
2,03
1,83

3,05
2,67
2,29
1,90
1,70

3,18
2,78
2,38
1,98
1,79

3,05
2,77
2,41
2,11
1,83

0,61
0,71
0,81
0,91
1,02

16
17
18
19
20

1,30
1,14
1,02
0,91
0,81

1,63
1,47
1,32
1,17
1,02

1,63
1,42
1,22
1,02
0,91

1,52
1,37
1,22
1,07
0,91

1,59
1,42
1,27
1,11
0,95

1,65
1,47
1,24
1,07
0,89

1,14
1,27
1,40
1,52
1,78

21
22
23
24
25

0,71
0,64
0,58
0,51
0,46

0,94
0,86
0,79
0,71
0,64

0,81
0,71
0,61
0,56
0,51

0,84
0,76
0,69
0,61
0,53

0,87
0,79
0,71
0,64
0,56

0,81
0,71
0,64
0,56
0,51

2,03
2,29
2,54
3,18
6,35

0,15
0,20
0,25

513

/c3 20C
C

Al
Sb
A
As
Ba

2,70
6,68
1,784*
5,73
3,5

660
630
-189,2
814
725

Mn
Hg
Mo
Ni
Nb

7,2
13,55
10,2
8,90
8,55

1260
-38,9
2620
1455
2500

Be
Bi
B
Br
Cd

1,85
9,80
2,3
3,12
8,65

1280
271
2300
-7,2
321

N
0
P
Pt
K

1,25*
1,429*
1,82
21,37
0,87

-209,9
-218,4
44,1
1773
62,3

Ca
C
Cl
Cr
Co

1,55
2,25
1,56**
7,2
8,9

842
3550
-103
1890
1495

Rh
Se
Si
Ag
Na

12,5
4,8
2,42
10,50
0,97

1966
220
1420
960,5
97,5

Cu
F
Au
He
H

8,92
1,69*
19,32
0,177*
0,090*

1083
-223
1063
-272,2
-259,2

S
Ta
Sn
Ti
W

2,07
16,6
7,31
4,5
19,3

119
2996
231,9
1800
3370

l
Fe
Pb
Li
Mg

4,93
7,87
11,35
0,53
1,74

113,5
1535
327,4
186
651

V
Zn
Zr

5,96
7,14
6,4

1710
419,5
1857

* /3
** -37C

514

/c3 20C
C



Brinell
HB
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235
240
245
250
255
260
265
270
275
280
285
290
295

Vickers Rockwell
HV
(*HRB)
(>5 kpl)
HRC
N/mm2
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235
240
245
250
255
260
265
270
275
280
285
290
295

36,4*
42,2*
474*
52,0*
56,4*
60,0*
63,4*
66,4*
69,4*
72,0*
74,4*
76,4*
78,4*
80,4*
82,2*
83,8*
85,4*
86,8*
88,2*
89,6*
90,8*
91,8*
93,0*
94,0*
95,0*
95,8*
96,6*
97,6*
98,2*
99,0*
19,2
20,2
21,2
22,1
23,0
23,8
24,6
25,4
26,2
26,9
27,6
28,3
29,0
29,6

275
295
315
325
345
365
380
390
410
420
440
460
470
490
500
520
540
550
570
590
610
620
640
660
670
685
715
705
735
755
765
785
805
825
835
855
875
885
900
920
940
950
970
990

Brinell
HB
300
310
320
330
340
350
359
368
376
385
392
400
408
415
423
430
436
443
451
459
467
481
495
508
521
535
548
561
574
588
602
615
627
639
650
661
672
682
692
701
711

Vickers Rockwell
HV

(>5 kpl)
HRC
N/mm 2
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
480
490
500
520
540
560
580
600
620
640
660
680
700
720
740
760
780
800
820
840
860
880
900
920
940

30,3
31,5
32,7
33,8
34,9
36,0
37,0
38,0
38,9
39,8
40,2
41,5
42,4
43,2
44,0
44,8
45,5
46,3
47,0
47,7
48,3
49,6
50,9
52,1
53,3
54,4
55,4
56,4
57,4
58,4
59,3
60,2
61,1
61,9
62,7
63,5
64,3
65,0
65,7
66,3
66,9
67,5
68,0

1010
1040
1070
1100
1140
1170
1205
1235
1265
1295
1325
1355
1385
1400
1430
1460
1490
1520
1540
1570
1600
1660
1765
1825
1715
1875
1930
1980
2030
2080
2130
2170
2215
2255

515


t 4-27
-
:
/
X
- /

-
.
S -
, .
E -
, .
L - ,
, .

:
.

516

517



t () =

T (K) =

tre
=

( Re)

tf (F)

0 C = 273,15 K= 0 Re
= 32 F = 491,67 R
100 C= 373,15 K = 80 Re
= 212 F = 671,67 R

518

t
t
t
t

=
=
=
=

5/9 (tf -32)


5/4 t re
T - 273,15
5/9TR-273,15

tf
tf
tf

=
=
=

9/5t+32
TR-459,67
9/4(tre+32)

T
T
T

= t +273,15
= 5/9 t f + 255,37
= 5/9 TR

TR
TR
TR

tf + 459,67

= 9/5t+491,67
= 9/5 T

bar

. 200 15C

. 15 (Ac) 150 (Ox) 15C

519



ABS


( )

ACETONE

AC

, , , ,

,
;

AlR CARBON
ARC GOUGING

AlSl

ALLOYED STEEL

,
, .

ALUMINIUM
BRONZE


(. )

ACETILENE

"A"-MEASUREMENT

520

AMPERMETER

( )

AMPERAGE

ANNEAL

ANSI
ARC BLOW

ARGON

- ;
TIG-

ASM

ASME

;

/

SPHYXIATION

ASTM

AUSTENITE

,
.

11%
.


AWS

BACKUP BAR

,

. .
,
.
.



, ,
,

BACKUP GAS
BASE MATERIAL

BASIC COATING

, .

BERYLLIUM

, ,

BEVEL

BOILER STEEL

- .
,
500-700 .
,

BORE

BRAZING

BRIGHT METAL

BRINELL HARDNESS ,
,
2. /2.

BS

BURNTHROUGH

BV

CADMIUM

CAPILLARY BRAZING ,

.
0,1

521

CAST IRON
ELECTRODES
CE


,
;

CLADDING

COLD LAPS

CONCAVE WELD
CROWN

CONSTRUCTION
STEEL

,
37-60 /2

CONTAMINATION

CONTOUR

CONVEX WELD
CROWN

COPPER

, , 1083 (u)

CORROSION

CRATER

- ,

CRATER CRACKS

CSA

CUNIFER

,
. .

DC

( )

DEEP WELDING
ELECTRODES

DEMURRAGE

DEOXIDIZED FILLER MATERIALS


.

522


DESTRUCTIVE
TESTING

DEWARS

DIN

Deutsche lnstitut fur Normung.

DIRECT CURRENT
DIRECT CURRENT
ELECTRODE
NEGATIVE (DCEN) , .

DIRECT CURRENT
ELECTRODE
POSITIVE (DCEP) , .
DIRECT CURRENT
REVERSE POLARITY
. DCEP
(DCRP)
DIRECT CURRENT
STRAIGHT POLARITY
(DCSP)
. DCEN
DNV

DUCTILITY

,
,
.

DUTY CYCLE

-
, 10 ,
.
, ..
30% 3 ,
"". , ..

ELECTRIC STEEL

ELONGATION

,
.
5 D 10 D, D-

EN


Euronorm EN

523


FCAW

FERROUS METALS ,
FERRUM

FILLET WELD

,

, -

FILLET WELD LEG


,

FLOW METER


.
/

FLUX

,

.

; .

GAS SHIELDED
ARC WELDING

,
-
,
.

GMAW

GRAPHITE

(
)

GREY CAST IRON

,
.

GROOVE ANGLE

V- ,
, , 50-60

GTAW


. TIG
,
(.
)

HARD BRAZING

HARD SURFACING
.

HIGH ALLOY STEEL 5%

IMPACT
RESISTANCE
524

,
,
kp.m .,

.


INERT GAS

INTERMITTANCE

INTERPASS
TEMPERATURE

INVERTER

, ,
.

ISO

KILLED STEEL

LOW ALLOY STEEL , 1-5%


LR

;
.

MAGNETIC ARC
BLOW

. Arc Blow .

MAG-WELDING

MANGANESE

, ,
1245. Mn

MARTENSITE

MIG-WELDING


. GMAW Gas Shielded Arc Welding

MILD STEEL


0,25%

MPa

NDT-TESTS


, ,
..

NON-RETURN
VALVE


,
.

525


NS

NSFI

OUT-OF POSITION ,

WELDING
OXIDE FILM
OXIGEN

5
ORGANIC
ELECTRODE
POLARITY

POLYMER

POROSITY
POSTHEAT

,
,
, .
( 02);
,

,
, ..
.
- DCEN DCRP.

- DCEP DCRP.
(Base) (Activator) ,

,

.


PPM-VALUE

PRIMARY CABLE

PROPANE

,
(3H8)

RECTIFIER

REGULATOR

,
; ,

.

REMOTE CONTROL

526


ROOT PASS

()

RUTILE
ELECTRODES

, TiO2

SECONDARY CABLE ,


- (, )
"S" (Safety)

SPATTER

SPOT WELD


;
" "

STAINLESS STEEL

()
()

STRINGER BEAD

,
.

SURFACING


,
, ..

TACK WELD

,
.

TENSILE STRENGTH ,
/2.
TENSILE TEST

,

, .

THERMIC SPRAYING
;

.
TIG WELDING

THERMOCROME
CRAYONS

, (
).

TUNGSTEN
ELECTRODE


, .
-3410 C.
TIG-.

527

MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION
UNALLOYED STEEL

, 1%

WASH BEAD

WELDING DIRECTION ,


WELDING
TRANSFORMER

WHISKERS

,
. ,

WIG

.
TIG

WROUGHT MATERIAL

528

YIELD POINT

,
,
. N/mm 2 .

YORCALBRO