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II

M
M II
N
N S
S

(Fm
(L))
Fll(F
m(L))
L
L

L
L

S
S
IIm
m
L
Lm
m

1) N S M I, S

.

Lm
m
O
O

5) Lm =Fm (L) Im S.

10) O L Fl (Fm (L)).

G
G
M
M
G
Gll
Nll
G
G N
N
N

II
G
Gll
O
O

2) O Gl =Fl (G) I
Nl =Fl (N), Fl .

O
Om
m
L
Lm
m

6) MGl F, F

.

11) Hm Lm Om =
=Fm (O) H.

N
N

7) H Nl F.

Hm
H
m

3) Hm =Fm (H) M
L=Fl (M), Fm .

H
H
G
Gcc
G
G
IIm
II
m

12)

Fl (Fm (O))
Fl (Fm (H)).

(Fm
(H))
Fll(F
m(H))
H
H
E
E
O
O

Hm
H
m

Hm
H
m

F
F

M
M

M
M

H
Hm
m

8) OMEHFl (Fm (H))


( ).

ISBN 5904570488

9 785904 570484

Pantone 282 C K

9) Nc =Fc (N) Sc =Fc (S)


Im M.

II))))
Fmm((
G
G Fll(F
L
L

G
Gll

IIm
m

13) Gl L Fl (Fm (I)).

H
II
M
IIm
m
Scc S
S
S
N
Ncc N
N

II

N
N

4) Hm N Im =Fm (I)
Gc =Fc (G) G, Fc
.

(Fm
(H))
Fll(F
m(H))
H
H
O
Om
m
L
L
(Fm
(O))
F
Fll(F
m(O))
O
O

N
Nll
H
H

L
L

O
O

Hm
H
m

H
H

. .

(Fm
(H))
Fll(F
m(H))
L
L

L
Lm
m

M
M

H
Hm
m
(Fll(F
(Fm
(H)))
Fm
m(F
m(H)))

14) Fm(Fl (Fm(H)))LmM.

. . 35 ;
. 11, 12; . 1416.



2002



19

. .
- :
. . , . . ,
. . (. .), . . .

1999 .



2002

514.112.3
22.151.0
99

.
, , .
.
,
13 2002 911 .
, : , ,


.

ISBN 5-94057-048-8

. ., 2002.
, 2002.
.
.

(: ).
.: , 2002. 32 .: .
. . .

. . . .

01335 24/III 2000 . 16/VIII 2002 .


60  88 1/16 . 1. . . . . 2,00.
. . . 1,96. .-. . 2,10. 2000 . 2802.
.
119002, , -2, . ., 11. . 241 05 00.
- .
140010, . ., -, 403. . 554 21 86.



. , , , . , - ,
. , , :
, ?
,
.
: , , , .
,
- . , , .
? , , . , , ,
M ( ), . 1, O ,
. 2, I , . 3,
H (), . 4.
: G
(. 5) N (. 6)*).
, . ,
, ,
*) ,
, , ,
200 .

. 1. M
.

. 2. O
.

. 3. I

.

. 4. H .
3

. 5. G ,
.

. 6. N ,
.

. 7. L ,
, . . , ,
.

. 10. Gl , .

. 11. Nl , .

. . - ( ,
) - . .
, , L ( , , ), . 7, Hm (
, , , , ), . 8, Im
( ), . 9,
Gl Nl (,
), . 10 11. , . . ,
, ,
: ,
.

. 8. Hm ,
,
. . , , ,
.
4

. 9. Im ,
.

.
,
A1 BC ( ) ABC (,
). B1 , C1
( ). , AA1 , BB1 ,
CC1 Z (
5

, , ). ,
. 1, 311 .
- , ,

.
, ,
1678 . (,
, , ). ,
.
:

B1

C1
Z
B

A1


ABC A1 , B1 , C1 BC, CA,
AB (. 12).
:
) AA1 , BB1 , CC1
Z ABC;
)

. 12

BA1 CB1 AC1


= 1 ( ).
CA1  AB1  BC1

(  ) , :
BA1 SABA1 SBZA1
=
=
,
CA1 SACA1 SCZA1

BA1 SABA1  SBZA1 SBZA


=
=
.
CA1 SACA1  SCZA1 SCZA

,
CB1 SCZB
=
,
AB1 SBZA

AC1 SCZA
=
.
BC1 SCZB

:
BA1 CB1 AC1 SBZA SCZB SCZA
=
= 1.
CA1  AB1  BC1 SCZA  SBZA  SCZB

: AA1 BB1
Z. CZ AB C2 . A1, B1 , C2 :
BA1 CB1 AC2
= 1.
CA1  AB1  BC2
6

, ,

AC2 AC1
=
, . . C1 = C2 .
BC2 BC1

,
? ,
B. C A1
, BA1 , CA1 .
C A, , ,
A B.
1. ,
, . . ,
, *).
: .

Z A1 , B1 , C1 ,
,
B1
. (,
. ,
Z
, A
,

C1
, .)
, Z,
.
B
C
, AZ  BC,
BA1 CB1 AC1
CA1  AB1  BC1

. 13

B1

(. 13)? C1
A1 ?
A
, ,
A1 , B1 , C1 , AA1 , B
C
A1
BB1 , CC1 (. 14).
. 14
, , , , - . , .
*) .
7

. ! , .
, Z AB
ZA
AB :
= 1.
ZB

2. , AB
99
, A, ,
100
100

.
99

,
, A
, ,
A. , ,
,
, . . ,
.
3. ,
A .
BC A1 , ,
C B, B1 C1 .
BB1 , CC1 , A1
, ,
BA1 CB1
= 1.
CA1  BC1



Z, Z

sin ACC1 sin CBB1 sin BAA1
= 1.


sin BCC1 sin ABB1 sin CAA1
. , ACC1 BCC1 ,
:
AC1 sin ACC1
BC1 sin BCC1
=

=
.
CC1 sin CAC1
CC1 sin CBC1
, :
AC1 sin CBC1 sin ACC1 sin CBA sin ACC1 b sin ACC1
=
=
=
.
BC1 sin CAC1  sin BCC1 sin CAB  sin BCC1 a  sin BCC1
8

:
1=

BA1 c sin BAA1


CB1 a sin CBB1
=
,
=
.
CA1 b  sin CAA1
AB1 c  sin ABB1

BA1 CB1 AC1 c sin BAA1 a sin CBB1 b sin ACC1


=
=
CA1  AB1  BC1 b  sin CAA1  c  sin ABB1  a  sin BCC1

sin BAA1 sin CBB1 sin ACC1


.


sin CAA1 sin ABB1 sin BCC1

Z ( ).
.
, .
,
.
I (. . 3).
, ,
.
(. . 4). , , ( ). sin(90  a) = cos a
cos a cos b cos c
= 1.
cos b  cos c  cos a

O (. . 2). , ,
, , .

, ?
. ,
. 15

,
. , (. 15).
,
. !
9

.
[3]. A1 , B1 , C1 BC,
CA, AB . BA1 = x1 , CA1 = x2 , CB1 = y1 ,
AB1 = y2 , AC1 = z1 , BC1 = z2 . :
1) ,
A1 , B1 , C1 , ;
2) x21 + y21 + z21 = x22 + y22 + z22 ( ).
( : x1 y1 z1 = x2 y2 z2 .)
, , ,
, . Z.
A
(. 16):

IB CA,
C1 . AA1 , BB1 , CC1 N.
, ,
, , , , IA , BA1 = p  c, CA1 = p  b, . .

.
pc pa pb
= 1.
pb  pc  pa

5. , ,
, . ,

AB21  CB21 = AZ2  CZ2 ,


BC21  AC21 = BZ2  AZ2 ,
CA21  BA21 = CZ2  BZ2 ,

C1
B1
Z

, .
( ) : B
A1
C
,
. 16
, . .
,
.
G (. . 5). A1 , B1 , C1 BC, CA, AB . AA1 , BB1 , CC1 ( G), ,
, :
BA1 = BC1 ,

CB1 = CA1 ,

AB1 = AC1 ;

BA1 CB1 AC1


= 1.
CA1  AB1  BC1

. 17

(. 17).
,

(*)

.
ABC. Z
,
( ) A1 , B1 , C1 . , *).

N (. . 6). A1 IA BC, B1

*) . 8 ,
PQ PQ .

4. ,
:
AB1 = AC1 = p  a,

10

BC1 = BA1 = p  b,

CA1 = CB1 = p  c.

11

A2

B1

B1

A2

B2

B2

Zm

C2

C1

A1

Z
Zl

. 18

C2

A1
)

C1

. 19

A2 , B2 , C2 (. 18). AA2 , BB2 , CC2


Zm . Z ABC.

:
, ,
.
.
ABC. Z
,
( ) A1 , B1 , C1 . AA2 , BB2 , CC2 , AA1 ,
BB1 , CC1 , Zl (. 19).
Z ABC.

:
, , .

.
F ,
. :
F(F(X)) = X
X,
F F = F2 = Id
( F ).
12

. 20. :
) ; ) .

,
(). , . , , (. . - ,
. 20). , ,
,
, ( ) . ,
. !
, , .
( ) , . . ,
. , , ;
.
(. ), ,
Hm (, )
Im (, ).
L (. . 7) ,
. . , ,
13


,
[3, 4].
6. , .
7. , .

C
Z

,
, . .
, ,
,
.
C
, Z
.
F
. 21

A
B

. 22

EAB = ZAC = ZBC = ABF,


B1

, AE BF . ,
.
E
. 21

, , , ( )
(. 22) [3, 5].
,
. Z, ABC. AZ
A1 . , BC, , BC A1 , BC A2 .
B2 C2 (. 23). AA2 , BB2 ,
CC2 Zc ,
Z.

,
.
A

.
A1 , BC A2 , A1 A2
BA1 C (. 24).
14

B2
A2

Zc

A1

C2

C1

. 23

A1

A2

B
. 24
15

C2

,
Z, ABC. Z :
, , (. 25).
9. .
, , , .
, ( , ), (
)
.

[2].

Zc

B2

Z
B1
A1

C1

A2

8. , ,
, , ,
.
BAA1 = a1 , CAA1 = a2 . A1 A2
A1 BA1 C,

, .
, , , .
.

Der barycentrische Calcul*) ,
1827 .

, BA1 = 2R sin a1 , CA1 = 2R sin a2 ,


,

. 25

BA2 BA1
=
, BAA1 CAA1
CA2 CA1
BA2 BA1 sin a1
=
=
.
CA2 CA1 sin a2

,
CB2 sin b1
=
,
AB2 sin b2

AC2 sin c1
=
,
BC2 sin c2

b1 = CBB1 , b2 = ABB1 , c1 = ACC1 , c2 = BCC1 .


AA2 , BB2 , CC2 , ,
BA2 CB2 AC2 sin a1 sin b1 sin c1
=
.
CA2  AB2  BC2 sin a2  sin b2  sin c2

,

AA1 , BB1 , CC1 , Z. ,
BA2 CB2 AC2
= 1.
CA2  AB2  BC2
16

[mi , Ai ], Ai , mi , ,
(i = 1, 2, , n).
Z,



 
m ZA + m ZA + + m ZA = 
0.
1

( mi , , .)
.
A1 ,
A2 , , An .
, ,
*) (.).
17

( , , g), . 26.
Z
, .

11. , .
, Z
[mi , Ai ] (i = 1, 2, , n), m1 + m2 + + mn = 0?
[1].

ABC,
p, q, r ( ), . .
[p, A], [q, B], [r, C].
Z . A1
[q, B], [r, C] (. . , BC  
r
 

. 26

, m1 + m2 + + mn = 0, Z
(
- ).
,
.
.
.
.

.
. Z [p, A], [q, B]  
AZ  q 
AB ,
=   = l,
BZ
p
, Z AB l ,
, Z l . ,
, AB.
. , ,
,
.
10. .
18

C
). B1 C1 r
[r, C], [p, A] [p, A], [q, B]
(. 27).
,
A1
AA1 , BB1 , CC1 Z.
B1
, Z,
Z
( q
p
) ,
C1
B
A
, , . 27
, , Z A, B, C. ,
Z , -

, ,

AC1
BA1
= a,
= b, BC1
CA1

[1, A], [a, B], [ab, C]. Z


AC
, , [1, A], [a, B], [ab, C] ( a b
).
Z = (p, q, r) ( Z(p, q, r)) , Z [p, A], [q, B], [r, C],
(p, q, r) Z ABC. (
(0, 0, 0))
19

, ,
.

, , ,
, ,
, , C
.
Z
1
, ,
,
2
.
:
1
1

B
A
)
(1, 1, 1).
C
BC 2. ,
1
:
Z
Z, A (. 28, ).
-1
1
. [1, A], [1, B], B
A
)
, , C
. 28
AB (
, , ).
[1, B], [1, C], , , B AC. Z (. 28, ).
12. (1, 1, 1).
, ,
2 : 1,
.
13. : (1, 2, 3), (1, 2, 3), (1, 2, 3), (1, 2, 3).
Z
ZBC, ZAC, ZAB. , (. , . 6) .
, ,
Z = (SZBC , SZAC , SZAB ).
( .)
20


. :
.
a  sin a, b  sin b, c  sin c,
,
,
cos a  a(b2 + c2  a2 ),

cos b  b(c2 + a2  b2 ),

cos c  c(a2 + b2  c2 ).

, .

M = (1, 1, 1).

I = (a, b, c) = (sin a, sin b, sin c).
,
, , , I = (a, b, c). ,
. I = (sin a, sin b, sin c).



1
1
1
H = 2 2 2 , 2 2 2 , 2 2 2 = (tg a, tg b, tg c).
b +c a

c +a b

a +b c

, .
AA1
AA
CA1 tg b
, BA1 = 1 ,
=
(. 29).
tg c
tg b
BA1 tg c
CB1 tg c
,
=
. , H = (tg a, tg b, tg c).
AB1 tg a

, CA1 =

:


sin a sin b sin c
=
,
,
H = (tg a, tg b, tg c) =
cos a cos b cos c


a
b
c
=
=
,
,
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
a(b + c  a ) b(c + a  b ) c(a + b  c )


1
1
1
= 2 2 2, 2 2 2, 2 2 2 .
b +c a

c +a b

B1

c
A1
H

a +b c



 

b
c
1
1
1
a
G=
,
,
= tg , tg , tg
.
pa pb pc

a
A

C1

. 29
21


b
c
a
N = (p  a, p  b, p  c) = ctg , ctg , ctg
.
2

, (*) . 10.

tg

a
sin a
=
2 1 + cos a 

a
2abc
2abc
=
=
=
b2 + c2  a2 b2 + 2bc + c2  a2 (a + b + c)(b + c  a)
1+
2bc
abc
1
1
=
.
a+b+c  pa  pa

tg

b
c
1
1
, tg 
. 2  pb
2 pc

: , , -

b
c
c
b
a
a
r tg , r tg r tg , r tg r tg ,
2
2
2
2
2
2
b
c
c
b
a
a
N ra tg ra tg , rb tg rb tg , rc tg rc tg , r, ra , rb ,
2
2
2
2
2
2

G r tg

rc .

( ).
14. : cos a

b 2 + c 2  a2

2bc

a(b2 + c2  a2 )?

O = (a2 (b2 + c2  a2 ), b2 (c2 + a2  b2 ), c2 (a2 + b2  c2 )) =
= (sin 2a, sin 2b, sin 2c).
,
. , BOC = 2a, , BOC = 180  2a.
1
2

1
2

SBOC = R2 sin 2a. SCOA = R2 sin 2b,


1
2

SAOB = R2 sin 2c. ,


O = (SBOC , SCOA , SAOB ) = (sin 2a, sin 2b, sin 2c).
, sin 2a = 2 sin a cos a.
22

,
.
O.
O ,
: f(a, b, c) = a2 (b2 + c2  a2 ).
: f(b, c, a), f(c, a, b).
. , , ,
:
BC, A, CA B,
AB C.
, f(a, b, c) = f(a, c, b). .
:
BC,
CB.
, , k,
l
f(la, lb, lc) = lk f(a, b, c).
, k = 4. . ,
.
:
( ),
, .
*).
( , [6])
1000,
, -, .
15. ,
.
*) , , , (1- 2-)
,
( ) [4]. , ,
, [46].
23


. X, Y, Z
(p1 , q1 , r1 ), (p2 , q2 , r2 ), (p1 + p2 , q1 + q2 , r1 + r2 ),


XZ  p2 + q2 + r2 

=
, Z
YZ
p +q +r
1

X = H = (tg a, tg b, tg c), Y = O =
l = 2 cos a cos b cos c. :
tg a +

XY, , .
. [p1 + p2 , A],
[q1 + q2 , B], [r1 + r2 , C]. Z.
: [p1 , A], [q1 , B], [r1 , C]
X p1 + q1 + r1 [p2 , A], [q2 , B], [r2 , C]
Y p2 + q2 + r2 .
-
Z. .
, .

sin 2a sin 2b sin 2c


,
,
,
l
l
l

sin a(cos b cos c + cos a)


sin 2a sin a
sin a cos a
=
+
=
=
cos a cos a cos b cos c
cos a cos b cos c
l
sin a(cos b cos c  cos(b + c)) sin a sin b sin c
1.
=
=
cos a cos b cos c
cos a cos b cos c 


Z. , Z = (1, 1, 1) = M.
HM
=
OM

HM
:
OM

sin 2a sin 2b sin 2c


sin b
sin c
sin a
+
+
+
+
cos b cos c cos a cos c cos a cos b
l
l
l
=
=
tg a + tg b + tg c
tg a + tg b + tg c
sin(a + c)
sin(a + b)
sin(b + c)
+
+
cos b cos c cos a cos c cos a cos b
=
=
tg a + tg b + tg c

sin b cos c + cos b sin c sin a cos c + cos a sin c sin a cos b + cos a sin b
+
+
cos b cos c
cos a cos c
cos a cos b
=
=
tg a + tg b + tg c

(tg b + tg c) + (tg a + tg c) + (tg a + tg b)


= 2.
tg a + tg b + tg c

. 30

E
M

. N,
M I ,
NM
= 2 (. 30).
IM

. X = N = (p  a, p  b, p  c),
Y = I = (a, b, c). Z = (p, p, p) = (1, 1, 1) = M,
NM
a+b+c
2p
=
= = 2.
IM p  a + p  b + p  c
p

. H, M
O ,
HM
= 2 (. 31).
OM

24

. 31

16. , , ,
,
(. . 31).
17. , E
, OE = EH (. . 31).
25



. Z (p, q, r),
Zm , Z,


1 1 1
. :
: Zm = , ,
p

BA1 = CA2 , A1
AZ BC, A2 AZm BC.
18. Hm ,
Im Om
.
. Zl Z(p, q, r) :

 2 2 2  2
a b c
sin a sin2 b sin2 c
C
=
.
Zl =
, ,
,
,
p

. . 32
A2

A1

1
c AA sin BAA2
BA2 SBAA2
2  2
c sin BAA2
=
=
= 
=
1
CA2 SCAA2
b sin CAA2
b  AA2  sin CAA2
2

sin CA1 A
CA1 
c sin CAA1 c
b
c2 q
= 
= 
= 2
B
A
b sin BAA1 b
sin BA1 A b r
BA1 
. 32
c

sin CAA1 sin CA1 A

=
,
CA1
b

sin BAA1 sin BA1 A
=
sin CA1 A = sin BA1 A . BA1
c

CB2 a r
=
,
AB2 c2  p

AC2 b p
=
.
BC2 a2  q

. 19
, :
 
 


AC2 AC2 BA2
b2 p b2 pc2 q
b2 p pc2
= 1, 2 , 2 2 = 1, 2 , 2 .
,
Zl = 1,

BC2

BC2 CA2

a q a qb r

a q a r

a2

, :
p
 2 2 2
 2 2 2
2 2
a b pa pc a
a b c
=
.
, 2 , 2
, ,
Zl =
p

a qp

a rp

19. L = Ml , Gl
Nl , .
26

20. (.
4- . ).
) Hm , M, L ,

Hm M
= 2.
ML

) N, Im , , Hm G
.
) H, Hm Om , , .
) I O Gl Nl , ,
.

Zc Z(p, q, r).
A1 A2 BA1 C,
BA2 BA1
=
(. . 23 25). ,
CA2 CA1

, . 16:
BA2 sin BAA1 sin
=
=
CA2 sin CAA1 sin

BAA1
CAA1

sin AA1 B
 BA1
AB
b r
=
=  ,
c q
sin AA1 C

 CA1
AC

A1 AA1 BC.

CB2 c p
AC2 a q
=

=
.
AB2 a  r
BC2 b  p


 
 

AC2 AC2 BA2
aq aqbr
aq ar
,
,
,
Zc = 1,
= 1,
= 1,
.

BC2 BC2 CA2
bp bpcq
bp pc
p

, :
a


p q r
Zc = , ,
.
a b c


,
, (Fc )2 = Fm Fl , . .,
,
, ,
.
27

, Z 



x y z
x y z
(x0 , y0 , z0 ). Fc (Z) = 0 , 0 , 0 , (Fc )2 (Z) = 20 , 20 , 02 .
a b c
a b c

 2 2 2

x0 y0 z0
a b c
, Fm (Fl (Z)) = 2 , 2 , 2 . , Fl (Z) =
, ,
x0

y0

z0

, , , .
Fc 1 ,
Fc Fc 1 = Id = Fc 1 Fc ( , ,
, , ,
).
: (Fc 1 )2 = Fl Fm .
.
. X(p1 , q1 , r1 ) Y(p2 , q2 , r2 ).
XY Z(lp1 + mp2 , lq1 + mq2 , lr1 + mr2 )
( l m ).


XZ  m p2 + q2 + r2 
= 
,
YZ
p +q +r
l

m p2 + q2 + r2
Z 
l p1 + q1 + r1

XY . , l m, XY. X, Y Z, XY, , XY
kx + ly + mz = n.

k, l, m, n. -,
n 0 (x, y, z)
(nx, ny, nz). n = 0. -,
X Y XY,


kp1 + lq1 + mr1 = 0,
(**)
kp2 + lq2 + mr2 = 0.
, . k, l, m
( ). :
28

k = 0, k 0. k = 0

lq1 + mr1 = 0,
lq2 + mr2 = 0,
q1 r2  q2 r1 = 0. k 0, q1 r2  q2 r1 0 (!).
(k, l, m)
, k = q1 r2  q2 r1 . (**)


(q1 r2  q2 r1 )p1 + lq1 + mr1 = 0,
(q1 r2  q2 r1 )p2 + lq2 + mr2 = 0.
. :
l = r1 p2  r2 p1 , m = p1 q2  p2 q1 .
,
(q1 r2  q2 r1 )x + (r1 p2  r2 p1 )y + (p1 q2  p2 q1 )z = 0
Z XY .
21. .
, : ,
. : (k, l, m)
kx + ly + mz = 0, .
(0, 0, 0), 0x + 0y + 0z = 0.
:
A a, A ( A)
a ( a).
p1 x + q1 y + r1 z = 0, p2 x + q2 y + r2 z = 0, p3 x + q3 y + r3 z = 0 (p1 , q1 , r1 ), (p2 , q2 , r2 ),
(p3 , q3 , r3 ) :

p1 x + q1 y + r1 z = 0,
p2 x + q2 y + r2 z = 0,

p x+q y+r z=0


3
3
3
, (0, 0, 0) (. . ). - :
p q r 
 1 1 1
 p2 q2 r2  = p q r + q r p + r p q  r q p  q p r  p r q = 0

 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3
p3 q3 r3

( ).
29

.
: H, O, M .
: H , O , M
.
, x + y + z = 0,
M(1, 1, 1), ,
, ,
(. . 20).
: O H .
,
Z(k, l, m), .
Z AA1 , BB1 , CC1 .
A1 B1 AB,
B1 C1 BC, C1 A1 CA C
.
B1
,
A

A1
Z
(. 33).
C1
, B
. ,
(0, l, m), (k, 0, m),
(k, l, 0), , . 33
, ,
, , ,
lmx + kmy + klz = 0, , ,

). . , px + qy + rz = 0. Z(x0 , y0 , z0 ), ,


x y z
Zc 0 , 0 , 0 .
a

. , , Z, Zm
Z.

. 17,
, . . , , , . , ( 30

apx + bqy + crz = px0 + qy0 + rz0 = 0.


,
px + qy + cz = 0 apx + bqy + crz = 0.

x y z
+ + = 0.
k l m

Z , .
, Z(k, l, m),


1 1 1
kx + ly + mz = 0, Zm , ,
-

. 34

, . , apx + bqy + crz = 0, ( x + y + z = 0), ap =


= bq = cr = 1. ,
x y z
+ + =0
a b c

I ( , Im , ), . 34.
22. ,
Im .
31


, ,
-
. ,

C

, !
A1
, ,
B1

.
, . 23.
Z

B
A

C1
[7],
,
. 35

,
, ( Z,
), . 35!
, ,
.

[1] . , . . . .: ,
1987.
[2] . . , // . 1 (8). 1999.
[3] . . . .: , 2001.
[4] . . .
.: , 2000. ( . . 4).
[5] C. K i m b e r l i n g. Triangle Centers and Central Triangles.
Winnipeg, 1998.
[6] C. K i m b e r l i n g. Encyclopedia of Triangle Centers.
http://www2.evansville.edu/ck6/encyclopedia/
[7] L. E m e l y a n o v. A Feuerbach Type Theorem on Six Circles // Forum Geometricorum. Vol. 1. 2001. http://forumgeom.fau.edu/
32

10

. . .
.

.. . .

. . .
(100 ).
3

. . . .
4

. . . .
5

. . . .
6

. . .
.
7

. . . .
8

. . , . . .

:
.

11

. . .
.
12

. . . .
13

. . .
.
14

. . . .
15

. . . (
).
16

. . .
.
17

. . . .
18

. . .

p.

19

. . . .

. . .
.