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HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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Hne1enne kopsnn
Copepxauue
Bc1ynnenne ..3
O6 aa1ope ..4
Paspen 1. Hopro1oaka ......5
Inaaa 1. Hnannpoaanne ...5
Inaaa 2. Hnc1pyHen1m ...6
Inaaa 3. Pa6ouee Hec1o 10
Inaaa 4. Texnnka 6esonacnoc1n ..10
Paspen 2. Ma1epnan .11
Inaaa 5. Co6npaeHcn sa noso 11
Inaaa 6. 3aro1oaka naoao nosm ..11
Paspen 3. Hne1enne kopsnnm ..15
Inaaa 7. Hsro1oanenne o6pyua 15
Inaaa 8. Hopro1oaka pyukn 22
Inaaa 9. Yc1anoaka c1oek 23
Inaaa 10. Honcok n nanpaannkune nop pyuky 31
Inaaa 11. HaunnaeH nne1enne 34
Inaaa 12. Bapnan1m ysopoa .38
Inaaa 13. Cyxenne ko pny .38
Inaaa 14. OopHnpoaanne pna kopsnnm ..41
Inaaa 15. Yc1anoaka pyukn 44
Paspen 4. Onnnunan o6pa6o1ka 46
Inaaa 16. Honnpoaka kopsnnm ..46
Inaaa 17. Mopenne 47
Inaaa 18. Hokpm1ne nakoH 47




HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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Bc1ynneuue
3ppaac1ay1e, yaaxaeHm un1a1enL! Cnacn6o BaH, u1o am6pann nHenno a1y knnry pnn
ocaoennn nne1ennn kopsnn ns naoao nosm. Hn cekynpm ne coHneaakcL, u1o aaun
oxnpannn 6ypy1 nonnoc1Lk onpaapanm. H am cospapn1e caok nepayk kopsnny a caHoH
6nnxaueH apeHenn, nonLsyncL panno knnro, kak pykoaopc1aoH.
H1ak, u1o co6o npepc1aanne1 knnra Hne1enne kopsnn. B nepayk ouepepL, a1o
npak1nueckoe noco6ne, a ko1opoH ouenL noppo6no, nouaroao onncan aecL npouecc
cospannn kopsnnm. Paso6pano 6ykaanLno ace: o1 nopro1oakn, c6opa nosm, po nonyuennn
ro1oao kopsnnkn. Hoppo6neunH o6pasoH onncanm ace 1exnnueckne npneHm npouecca
cospannn kopsnnm. Bespe, rpe a1o neo6xopnHo, o6Lncnennn conpoaoxpak1cn
nnnkc1paunnHn, qo1orpaqnnHn peanLnoro npouecca nne1ennn.
Cyuec1aye1 Hacca nn1epa1ypm no nne1ennk ns nosm. HoueHy 6mno npnnn1o peuenne
nnca1L eue opny? O1ae1 npoc1: acn nHekuancn nn1epa1ypa no aonpocy nosonne1ennn
a1o ckopee Honorpaqnn o 1oH, kak k1o-1o 1aH, rpe-1o n u1o-1o nne1e1... UenLk aa1opa
6mno pa1L un1a1enk ue1kyk n nonn1nyk nnc1pykunk no cospannk kopsnnm c nynn. 1o6m
nk6o, sann1epecoaaauncn uenoaek (a pannoH cnyuae, am), nnkorpa panLue ne nHeaun
pena c nne1enneH, Hor asn1L a1y knnry n, cnepyn
onncannk npouecca, po6n1Lcn pesynL1a1a a kopo1kne
cpokn cnnec1n kopsnny caonHn pykaHn. KappnnanLnmH n
npnn1nmH o1nnuneH knnrn Hne1enne kopsnn o1
npoue 6enne1pnc1nkn, nanne1cn o1paxenne nnunoro
onm1a aa1opa a nsnaraeHoH aonpoce. Hnkaknx poHmcnoa
n 6enmx nn1en a 1exnonornn! Bce amnonnnHo n poc1ynno
pnn nk6oro cpepnec1a1nc1nueckoro uenoaeka, o1
noppoc1ka po nencnonepa, ne roaopn yxe o nkpnx a
pacuae1e cnn.
n1an rnaay sa rnaao, am aHec1e c aa1opoH: cnnannpye1e 6ypyuyk kopsnnky;
o1npaan1ecL sa naoao noso; nopro1oan1e pa6ouee Hec1o; nonyun1e nnc1pykunn no
1exnnke 6esonacnoc1n; nop6epe1e neo6xopnHm nnc1pyHen1; npnc1ynn1e k nne1ennk n
6narononyuno saaepun1e caok nepayk kopsnny; npoaepe1e ee qnnanLnyk o1penky;
ysnae1e, kakne Hopnqnkaunn kopsnn aosHoxno nsro1oan1L na 6ase nsyuenno aaHn
1exnonornn.
Xenak aaH npopyk1nanoro u1ennn! H rnaanoe, ckopeuero poc1nxennn pesynL1a1a
cnne1enno caonHn pykaHn kopsnnkn! Ypaun!
Hocanae1cn naMn1n Bn1annn Bacnnueanua. enoaeka, nayunamero Menn nnec1n
saMeua1enunue kopsnnu.
Aa1op knnrn Hne1enne kopsnn, Cnpopenko Hnkona BanepLeanu




HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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O6 aa1ope
Aa1opoH knnrn Hne1enne kopsnn, nanne1cn Cnpopenko
Hnkona BanepLeanu. B caon 26 ne1, aa1op nanne1cn
anapenLueH pnpa 1eHa1nuecknx nn1epne1-pecypcoa,
6norrepoH, onm1nmH pm6onoaoH, aa1opoH co1en c1a1e
(ocnoam 6nsneca; ae6-paspa6o1ka; c1pon1enLnme
1exnonornn; pm6nan noann; akc1peHanLnoe amxnaanne;
napopnme npoHmcnm, a uac1noc1n nne1enne),
ak1nanmH saun1nnkoH npnpopm n an1ysnac1oH
nonynnpnsaunn npnpopoopnen1npoaannoro pasan1nn
uenoaeka.
B caoe apeHn, aa1op sann1epecoaancn aonpocoH
nne1ennn kopsnn ns nosm. Ypaua ynm6nynacL, nauencn
uenoaek, nayunaun aa1opa a1oHy peHecny. BecL nonyuennm 1orpa onm1 n snannn,
aonnouenm a knnre, ko1opan nepep aaHn Hne1enne kopsnn http://LozoPletenie.com/



HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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Paspen 1. Hopro1oaka
Fnaaa 1. Hnauupoaauue
Hpexpe ueH npnc1yna1L k nne1ennk kopsnnm, neo6xopnHo o1ae1n1L ce6e na opnn aonpoc:
pnn uero aaH kopsnna? D1o aaxnm aonpoc, aepL o1 o1ae1a na nero 6ype1 saance1L, kaknH
6ype1 aaue nepaoe nspenne ns nosm. Bapnan1oa specL Hnoro. Bm Hoxe1e ncnonLsoaa1L
kopsnny pnn: noxopoa sa rpn6aHn; nepenoca qpyk1oa, oaoue n ppyro npoansnn;
1pancnop1npoakn poHaunnx xnao1nmx; amespoa na nnknnk; xpanennn nn1ok pnn ansannn;
ykpauennn uae1ounoro ropuka; ncnonLsoaa1L kak pm6onoanm capok; nnn npoc1o, kak
pekopa1nanm aneHen1 nn1epLepa. D1o paneko ne nonnm cnncok aapnan1oa. H a
saancnHoc1n o1 neo6xopnHmx aaH qynkun, kopsnna 6ype1 6onLuo nnn HanenLko,
nsnuno nnn ycnnenno; kpyrno nnn oaanLno; c kpmuko nnn 6es nee n 1.n.
Tak, kopsnna pnn rpn6oa ponxna coaHeua1L a ce6e paa kauec1aa: aHec1n1enLnoc1L n
nerkoc1L. To ec1L, nyxna kopsnna c HakcnHanLno 6onLunHn ra6apn1aHn ns cpepne n
1onko nosm (pnn cnnxennn aeca). HockonLky rpn6m o6LeHnm, no ne 1nxenm ycnnenne
konc1pykunn ne nyxno.
Kopsnna pnn nepenoca uero-nn6o, ponxna 6m1L npouno n ampepxnaa1L 6onLune
narpyskn. Takne nykoukn penak1 ns 1onc1o nosm, n ecnn nyxno, pononnn1enLno
ycnnnaak1 npoaonounmH kapkacoH. Kopsnna pnn nnknnka, 1pancnop1npoakn xnao1nmx nnn
kopsnna-capok ponxnm nHe1L nne1enyk nnn qanepnyk kpmuky. B neko1opmx cnyuanx,
aHec1o 1papnunonno pyukn ns nosm, npnHenne1cn peHenL nnn ppyran Hnrkan nnHka.
Bm ponxnm yxe npepc1aan1L caok 6ypyuyk kopsnnky. A 1enepL akpa1ue noroaopnH o
nnannpoaannn pa6o1.
H1ak, pnn nauana nne1ennn, naH nyxno 6ype1 saro1oan1L nosy, nopro1oan1L Hec1o, rpe Hm
6ypeH pa6o1a1L nap kopsnno n nopo6pa1L nnc1pyHen1. Hocnepoaa1enLnoc1L
nenocpepc1aennoro nsro1oanennn kopsnnm 6ype1 amrnnpe1L cnepykunH o6pasoH:
1.Hsro1oanenne ns 1onc1o nosm o6pyua (ocnoaannn kopsnnm) n pyukn.
2.Yc1anoaka na o6pyue c1oek ns cpepne nosm.
3.Yc1anoaka nanpaannkunx nop pyuky.
4.Yc1poc1ao noncka xec1koc1n.
5.Hne1enne aepxne uac1n kopsnnm.
6.Bmnonnenne cyxennn ko pny.
7.OopHnpoaanne kapkaca pna.
8.Hne1enne pna.
9.Yc1anoaka pyukn.
10.Onnnunan o6pa6o1ka: nonnpoaka, naknpoaka, cyuka.
O1 HoHen1a saro1oakn nosm, n po nonyuennn ro1oao, k ncnonLsoaannk kopsnnkn
npoxopn1 o6muno 7-10 pne. Koneuno, ecnn o1 1oro, kak ckopo am cnne1e1e kopsnny,
saancn1 cypL6a uenoaeuec1aa a1o peanLno cpena1L sa 1-2 pnn (6es naknpoakn). Ecnn
nnec1n pasHepenno, 6es qana1nsHa, no 3-4 uaca a penL, a1o amrnnpn1 1ak:
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a) 1-2 pnn na npnamkanne nosm k 1eHnepa1ype noHeuennn. O6muno a1o kpn1nuno npn
snHne saro1oake nosm.
6) 1 penL na nsro1oanenne o6pyua n pyukn. Hnkc 1-2 pnn na amcmxanne o6pyua.
a) 1 penL na yc1anoaky c1oek, yc1anoaky nanpaannkunx nop pyuky n noncka xec1koc1n. B
a1o1 xe penL xena1enLno nponnec1n nepame 3-5 pnpoa.
r) 2-3 pnn na nne1enne 6op1oa kopsnnm.
p) 1 penL na nsro1oanenne pna, yc1anoaky pyukn n qnnnunyk o6pa6o1ky.
e) 3-4 pnn na amcmxanne naka (a 1ennoe apeHn ropa 6mc1pee).
Hcxopn ns amuenpnaepennmx pannmx, Hoxe1e nnannpoaa1L caok pa6o1y.
A 1enepL nepepeH k nop6opy nnc1pyHen1a pnn nne1ennn.

Fnaaa 2. Huc1pyHeu1m
[nn nne1ennn kopsnnm naH nonapo6n1cn pnp nnc1pyHen1oa, npncnoco6nenn n
pononnn1enLnmx pacxopnmx Ha1epnanoa. PaccHo1pnH noppo6nee pannm aonpoc.
Cnucok ocuoaumx uuc1pyHeu1oa pnn nne1ennn, a naueH cnyuae, amrnnpn1 1ak:
- Hoxn;
- Hacca1nxn;
- Kpec1oaan o1aep1ka;
- PasHe1ounm kapanpau;
- Bepeakn;
- [ocka-ocnoaa;
- Can1nHe1p (pyne1ka);
- TounnLnm kaHenL;
- Haxpaunan 6yHara;
- Knc1oukn;
Takxe naH nonapo6n1cn 1akne pononuu1enuume pacxopume Ha1epuanm:
- Hpoaonoka;
- CaHopesm;
- ManenLkne raospn;
- ak;
TenepL noroaopnH o nasnauennn kaxporo nnc1pyHen1a n oco6ennoc1nx ero npnHenennn
pnn naue sapaun nne1ennn kopsnnm.
HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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Hoxu. Koneuno, no 6onLuoHy cue1y, kopsnny Hoxno cnnec1n, ncnonLsyn 1onLko a1o1
rnaanm nnc1pyHen1 nox (ny n nosy, koneuno). Bce oc1anLnme nnc1pyHen1m Hm
ncnonLsyeH nnuL pnn o6neruennn npouecca n ynyuuennn kauec1aa nauero nspennn. Bes
noxa nonnouennoe nne1enne neaosHoxno!

KaknM onxen u1u nox nn nne1ennn kopsnnu? O1ae1n1L na a1o1 aonpoc opnosnauno
1pypno. OuenL Hnorne noxn npekpacno nopxopn1 pnn a1oro pena (paano, kak Hnorne
nopxopn1 nnoxo, nnn ne nopxopn1 aoace). Hoa1oHy, noroaopnH o 1oH, kaknHn napaHe1paHn
ponxen o6napa1L xopoun nox pnn nne1ennn.
Bo-nepamx, nyuue acero ncnonLsoaa1L pnn nne1ennn kopsnnm cpepnne noxn. D1o
o6osnauae1, u1o knnnok ne ponxen 6m1L uepecuyp kopo1knH nnn pnnnnmH, ysknH nnn
unpoknH, 1onknH nnn 1onc1mH. Tako ce6e cpepnn nox, npnHepno 1ako, kak opnn ns
1ex, u1o na nnnkc1paunnx.
1o kacae1cn oc1po1m nesann, 1akxe nyxna yHepennoc1L. Ono ne ponxno 6m1L 1ynmH, no n
oc1poe, kak 6pn1aa ne ropn1cn. Hox ponxen cao6opno nepepesa1L nop yrnoH cpepnkk n
1onkyk nosy (1onc1yk, c ne6onLunH ycnnneH). Ho, a 1o xe apeHn, noxoH napo 6ype1
ounua1L nosy o1 kopm n nmka. A upesHepno oc1pm knnnok 6ype1 noapexpa1L ppeaecnny,
a a1oro nenLsn ponycka1L. Tak u1o, cpepnn ao
aceH nox caHoe 1o!
Bype1 a1o cknapno nnn cnnouno nox
npnnunnnanLno ponn ne nrpae1. nuno n, c
opnnakoamH ycnexoH ncnonLsoaan pnn
nne1ennn, kak cnnounme noxn, 1ak n
cknapnme, c qnkca1opoH n 6es nero.
Hacca1uxu naH nonapo6n1cn pnn pa6o1m c
npoaonoko (o1kycn1L, sarny1L n.1.n.).
Hpoaonoka 6ype1 sapec1aoaana naHn a
npouecce nne1ennn acero neckonLko pas. Tak
u1o npnHenn1L nacca1nxn npnpe1cn ne uac1o.
Opnako ne sy6aHn xe rny1L npoaonoky...
Kpec1oaan o1aep1ka. HaH nyxno 6ype1 napexno npnkpenn1L pyuky kopsnnm k o6pyuy.
Mm a1o 6ypeH pena1L npn noHoun caHopesoa.
HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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PasHe1ovum kapanpau naH 6ype1 neo6xopnH
pnn pasHe1kn o6pyua n neko1opmx ppyrnx
aneHen1oa a npouecce nne1ennn. Moxno
ncnonLsoaa1L, kak cneunanLnme c1pon1enLnme
pasHe1ounme kapanpaun, 1ak n o6munme,
kanuennpckne, cpepne n amcoko Hnrkoc1n.
Bepeaku 6ypy1 neo6xopnHm naH na aceH
npo1nxennn cospannn kopsnnm. Mm nHn 6ypeH
cansmaa1L nyukn nosm ao apeHn ee saro1oakn,
a 1akxe, qnkcnpoaa1L neko1opme aneHen1m
konc1pykunn kopsnnm a npouecce nne1ennn.
Qocka-ocuoaa 6ype1 cnyxn1L naH, kak
ocnoaanne pnn pa6o1 c noso. Ha ne Hm 6ypeH
pesa1L nosy, ynnpa1L a nee npy1Ln npn ounc1ke
o1 kopm n.1.n. B konue konuoa, Hm HoxeH
nnec1n na c1one, c1yne nnn npoc1o na nony.
[ocka saun1n1 nx noaepxnoc1n o1 nopesoa n
uapannn n nocnyxn1 xec1ko ocnoao.
Xena1enLna pocka ns 1aepporo pepeaa.
HpeanLno 6ype1 pocka ns py6a. Ho a
npnnunne, pockn ns nk6oro ne cnnukoH
Hnrkoro pepeaa ropn1cn. Hs 1o xe cocnm,
anonne cope1. A ao1 nnna nnn onLxa 6ypy1
cnnukoH HnrknHn.
Cau1uHe1p (pyne1ka) nonapo6n1cn naH a opnoH aaxnoH Heponpnn1nn pasHe1ke o6pyua.
[nn a1o onepaunn nyuue acero nopope1 Hnrkn can1nHe1p, ncnonLsyeHm
sakpounkaHn n nop1nmHn. Takxe Hoxno ncnonLsoaa1L o6munyk c1pon1enLnyk pyne1ky.
B kpaneH cnyuae, Hoxno o6epny1L o6pyu aepeako, a ee sa1eH nsHepn1L o6muno
nnneko.
Tovunuum kaHeuu, nnn nonpoc1y ocenok, nyxen pnn sa1oukn noxe. 3pecL, n pyHak,
koHHen1apnn nsnnunn 6epeuL n 1ounuL.

Haxpavuan 6yHara pasnnuno c1enenn uepoxoaa1oc1n 6ype1 npnHenn1Lcn naHn
poaonLno uac1o. Ek o6pa6a1maak1cn o6pyun, pyuka, ounuennme yuac1kn c1oek, nosa pnn
nne1ennn. Korpa kopsnna yxe ro1oaa, ee 1akxe o6pa6a1maak1 naxpauko.
HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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Kuc1ovku. Onnnunan o6pa6o1ka kopsnnm noppasyHeaae1 nokpm1ne nakoH (nnorpa c
npepaapn1enLnmH HopenneH). [nn naknpoakn kopsnnm naH n nonapo6n1cn knc1oukn.

Hpoaonoka npnHenne1cn pnn apeHenno qnkcaunn neko1opmx aneHen1oa a npouecce
nne1ennn kopsnnm. [nn a1nx uene xopouo nopxopn1 Hnrkan npoaonoka (Hepnan,
ankHnnneaan) c poaonLno 6onLunH pnaHe1poH
(1-2 HH). Hpoaonoka HenLunx pnaHe1poa
Hoxe1 oc1aann1L aHn1nnm na nose, a naH a1o
ne nyxno.
CaHopesm nyxnm pnn kpennennn pyukn
kopsnnm k o6pyuy. CaHopesm nop6npak1cn
ncxopn ns pnaHe1pa o6pyua n pyukn. Ecnn pnn
kopsnnm npnHenne1cn pyuka-nnHka ns 1kann
nnn ppyroro Hnrkoro Ha1epnana caHopesm ne
nonapo6n1cn.
Menkue raospu ncnonLsyk1cn pnn c6opkn
o6pyue.


Rak npnHenne1cn pnn qnnnuno o6pa6o1kn kopsnnm. D1o npnpae1 kopsnne 6onee
npesen1a6enLnm, napnpnm anp n npopneaae1 cpok ee cnyx6m.

HHETEHHE KOP3HH Aa1op: Cnopenko H.B. www.LozoPletenie.com

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Fnaaa 3. Pa6ovee Hec1o
H1ak, nnc1pyHen1m nopo6panm. TenepL nyxno onpepenn1Lcn c pa6ounH Hec1oH, rpe 6ype1
cospaaa1Lcn kopsnna. Bapnan1oa specL Hnoro. Bm Hoxe1e nnec1n kopsnny na paue, ao
paope caoero uac1noro poHa, a rapaxe, Hac1epcko n paxe a opno ns koHna1 caoe
kaap1npm. Ecnn pa6o1m nponsaopn1cn a 1ennoe apeHn ropa (ocenLk), 1o neo6xopnHa
kpmua nnn npoc1o naaec.
[nn pa6o1 nyxen ynop, pa6ouan noaepxnoc1L, 1ak ckasa1L. Ek Hoxe1 cnyxn1L neamcokn
c1on, 1a6ype1, poanm poua1m non. Mec1o pa6o1m cnepye1 sac1enn1L 1pnnko, 6pesen1oH,
nnenko n.1.n. [eno a 1oH, u1o a npouecce nne1ennn kopsnnm 6ype1 Hnoro Hycopa
(o6peskn nosm, kopa). Ypo6nee y6npa1L Hycop c 6pesen1a, ueH kaxpm pas nopHe1a1L nnn
nmnecocn1L non.
Bm Hoxe1e cnpe1L na nony, 1orpa pa6oue noaepxnoc1Lk 6ype1 cnyxn1L 1oxe non. Ecnn am
6ype1e pa6o1a1L na 1a6ype1e nnn c1yne, ypo6nee pacnonoxn1Lcn na c1yne uy1L HenLue
amco1m. Toxe caHoe co c1onoH. Ecnn o6o6un1L: pa6ouan noaepxnoc1L ponxna 6m1L uy1L
amue nnn na 1oH xe ypoane, na ko1opoH cnpn1e am.
C1on nnn 1a6ype1, ponxen 6m1L yc1ounamH, c poano noaepxnoc1Lk. A na nx noaepxnoc1n
kopsnna ponxna noHeua1Lcn nonnoc1Lk.
nuno n nne1y kopsnnm a caoe koHna1e, a o6muno kaap1npe. H sac1nnak non 6pesen1oH.
Hon cnyxn1 n cnpenLeH n pa6oue noaepxnoc1Lk. HcnonLsyn 6onLuyk pocky-ocnoay, n
nonnoc1Lk saunuak non o1 aosHoxnmx noapexpenn.
BaxnmH qak1opoH npn am6ope n o6opypoaannn pa6ouero npoc1panc1aa nanne1cn 1nn n
nanpaanennoc1L ocaeuennn. nuno n nac1on1enLno pekoHenpyk nnec1n a cae1noe apeHn
pnn n npn ec1ec1aennoH ocaeuennn. [eno a 1oH, u1o nosy pnn nne1ennn nyxno ounua1L o1
kopm na 100%. Oc1aanennme yuac1kn nmka 1eHnek1 n nop1n1 aneunn anp kopsnnm. A
npn nckycc1aennoH ocaeuennn npokon1ponnpoaa1L kauec1ao ounc1kn nosm ropaspo
cnoxnee. Cae1 ponxen napa1L na pa6ouee Hec1o npnHo nnn cneaa.
Bo1 1akne npoc1me npaanna npn am6ope n nopro1oake pa6ouero Hec1a pnn nne1ennn.

Fnaaa 4. Texuuka 6esonacuoc1u
Bcn 1exnnka 6esonacnoc1n npn nne1ennn kopsnn saknkuae1cn a oc1opoxnoH o6pauennn c
noxoH. D1o pexyun npepHe1. Kaxpoe aaue
panxenne ponxno 6m1L amaepennmH. Ecnn am
nopexe1ecL, a1o Hoxe1 sa1pypnn1L
panLneuyk pa6o1y. H cnnen sa caok xnsnL
pecn1kn kopsnn. Ho ao1 korpa nnen ouepepnyk
kopsnny n cnnHan npouecc pnn a1o knnrn 1o
nopesancn paaxpm. BypL1e annHa1enLnm!
A ecnn ace-1akn nopesanncL: oc1anoan1e kpoaL
nepekncLk aopopopa, npopesnnqnunpy1e
pany opoH, nepeanxn1e. Ecnn panm ne
cHep1enLnm (uy1ka), Hoxe1e saknen1L nx
nnac1mpeH, kak a1o cpenan n, n npoponxa1L
nnec1n kopsnny.
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11
Paspen 2. Ma1epuan
Fnaaa 5. Co6upaeHcn sa noso
H1ak, pnn nne1ennn kopsnnm Hm 6ypeH ncnonLsoaa1L naoayk nosy. B a1o kopo1ko rnaae
nac 6ypy1 aonnoaa1L 1akne aonpocm: kypa o1npaan1Lcn sa noso, a kakoe apeHn ropa n u1o
napo 6pa1L c co6o.
Kyc1m nannka pac1y1 a uusuuax, ua 6ono1ax, no 6eperaH pek n ppyrnx aopoeHoa. Hac,
a nepayk ouepepL, nn1epecyk1 opnone1nne poanme n pnnnnme no6ern, 6es pasae1anenn
(a1o pnn nne1ennn). A 1akxe poanan nosa, no no1onue (pnn o6pyue n c1oek). yuue
acero o1npaau1ucn sa noso ua 6epera pek u a ux noHy. 3pecL o6muno Hnoro
noaanennmx pasnnaoH pepeaLea. A nHenno na noapexpennmx pepeaLnx ampac1ae1 caHan
nyuuan, poanan nosa. To xe kacae1cn Hec1 ampy6kn naoamx kyc1apnnkoa. Ha Hec1e nne,
uepes rop ampac1ae1 o1nnunan nosa. Xopouyk nosy Hoxno na1n ua 6ono1ax. Opnako
xopn1L no a1nH Hec1aH 6esonacno 1onLko snHo, korpa 6ono1o napexno ckoaano HoposoH.
Pas yx sauna peuL o cesonax n c6ope nosm, cpenak neckonLko saHeuann. Onncannan a
a1o knnre 1exnonornn noppasyHeaae1 nne1euue us oceuue u suHue nosm. B ueH
specL oco6ennoc1L? Takan nosa ne noHae1cn npn nne1ennn! 3a1o nnoxo unc1n1cn o1 kopm.
B 6onLuoH konnuec1ae nn1epa1ypm ykasmaae1cn saro1oaka nosm aecno. Opnako a1o
npnropno nnuL pnn ap1enLnoro, cepnnoro nponsaopc1aa kopsnn. [eno a 1oH, u1o nosa
aecenne n ne1ne saro1oakn pec1an1enLno xopouo unc1n1cn. Ho npn a1oH n yxacno
noHae1cn. 1o6m ns 1ako nosm Hoxno 6mno
nnec1n, ee pacnapnaak1 a cneunanLnmx
aannax. D1o uenan 1exnonornn. A npoc1n1e, a
kaknx aannax 6ype1e pacnapnaa1L nosy am,
korpa saxo1n1e cnnec1n ce6e opny kopsnnky?
Tak u1o, aecennnn n ne1nnn nosa naH ne
nopxopn1. Hpnpe1cn cHnpn1Lcn c npo6neHno
unc1nuecn, sa1o xopouo rnyuecn ocenne n
snHne noso. Hospne ocenLk n snHo,
cokopanxenne npak1nueckn o1cy1c1aye1. osa
c1anoan1cn 6onee npouno. Ona xopouo rne1cn
n npn a1oH ne noHae1cn. D1o 1o, u1o nyxno.
[nn noxopa sa noso ns cnapnxennn naH nonapo6n1Lcn nnuL nox n neckonLko aepeaok
pnn cansmaannn nosm a nyukn. Opexpa no cesony n 1.n. a1o nonn1no

Fnaaa 6. 3aro1oaka uaoao nosm
H1ak, Hm am6panncL a paon, 6ora1m naoamH kyc1apnnkoH. B nepayk ouepepL nac 6ypy1
nn1epecoaa1L cnoHannme c1aonm c1apmx na, nnn, Honopme naoame kyc1apnnkn. HHenno na
nnx pac1e1 6onLue acero poanmx, pnnnnmx, opnone1nnx no6eroa.
Mne 6onLue npaan1cn saro1aannaa1L nosy snHo. Bo-nepamx, nnc1aa ne Heuae1
o6napyxnaa1L nyuune npnHme no6ern. Bo-a1opmx, snHo 6onLue cao6opnoro apeHenn.
BepL ocenLk napo rpn6m co6npa1L a cnne1ennme snHo kopsnnm, pa pm6y noan1L.
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1o kacae1cn nopop naoamx kyc1oa n coo1ae1c1aenno
nosm, 1o nx aennkoe Hnoxec1ao. BnsyanLno noxoxan
nosa Hoxe1 nHe1L coaepuenno ppyrne caoc1aa. A ecnn
yuec1L, u1o anpoao coc1aa nannka nsHenne1cn a
saancnHoc1n o1 pernona coae1oaa1L Hoxno 1onLko a
o6unx uep1ax.
Ocnoano npnsnak, no ko1opoHy xo1L kak-1o Hoxno
knaccnqnunpoaa1L nosy a1o uae1 kopm. Tak u1o,
nonpo6yeH nopo6pa1L naoayk nosy pnn pasnmx nyxp a
saancnHoc1n o1 a1oro napaHe1pa. B nk6oH cnyuae
npnpe1cn neHnoro noakcnepnHen1npoaa1L, u1o6m
am6pa1L ns Hec1nmx nopop nosm on1nHanLnme.
H1ak, nauneH no nopnpky. Rosa pnn o6pyve u
pyvek. [nn a1nx uene naH nyxnm poanme pnnnnme
ae1an nam. [nnna a npepenax 1.5-2H. [naHe1p a koHne
1.5-2.5cH. Baxno, u1o6m 1akan nosa ne nHena pasae1anenn, a 1onLko 1onkne 6okoame
no6ern, ko1opme nerko o1naHmaak1cn. eH HenLue konycnoc1L, nsHenenne pnaHe1pa
aponL npy1a 1eH nyuue.
[nn nsro1oanennn o6pyue nyuue acero nopxopn1 nosa c
kopo a cepo-senenmx o11enkax. Oco6enno ypaunmH
okasancn cop1 c senenoaa1o uenyuauecn kopo.
Cpesa1L nosy nyxno nop kopenL.
Rosa pnn c1oek kopsuum 6epe1cn ns 1ex xe cepo-
senenmx cop1oa, u1o n pnn o6pyue. Opnako specL nyxna
nosa no1onLue - 0.8-1.3cH a pnaHe1pe. [nnna nosm 1-
1.5H. yuue pesa1L c sanacoH, no1oH nnu1o ne noHeuae1
o6pesa1L nnunee.
Rosa pnn nne1euun a1o opnoropnunme poanme no6ern,
6es pasae1anenn n 6okoamx o1poc1koa. [nnna 1ako
nosm kone6ne1cn a npepenax 0.8-1.8H. [naHe1p a koHne
0.5-1cH. eH poanee 1akne nosnnm n ueH HenLue nx
konycnoc1L 1eH nyuue.
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yuunHn pnn nne1ennn cun1ak1cn nopopm nannka c
kpacno, 1eHno-kpacno, opanxeao kopo. Takxe
6maae1, nennoxo nne1e1cn nosa c couno-seneno kopo.
Ho senenokopmx nos 1ak Hnoro, ne yrapaeuL. Hyxno
npo6oaa1L.
Rosa pnn nne1euun pua npnHenne1cn 6onee 1onkan n
kopo1kan no cpaanennk c noso pnn nne1ennn ocnoano
uac1n kopsnnm. [nnna nosm 0.5-1H. [naHe1p koHnn 0.3-
0.5HH. yuune nopopm 1e xe: kpacnan, 1eHno-kpacnan,
opanxeaan, couno-senenan.
Bce ra6apn1m nosm npnaepenm specL ne pnn 1oro, u1o6m
am xopnnn cpepn nannka c pyne1ko. H napekcL a1o
nonn1no. Bmpesanne nosm nponcxopn1 npnHepno, na rnas.
Ha ypoane: nosa ropn1cn nosa ne ropn1cn. Hpnaepennme
unqpm ycpepnennme, pnn neko1oporo nonnHannn, u1o n
pnn uero nyxno.
Ec1ec1aenno, ace ykasannme nopopm nosm nop6npak1cn opnn pas. Hpnpe1cn neHnoro
noakcnepnHen1npoaa1L a npouecce nsro1oanennn nepao kopsnnm. Ecnn am co6epe1ecL
nnec1n a1opyk am yxe 6ype1e sna1L, k kakoHy 1nny naoamx kyc1oa, sa kako noso np1n.
osy kaxporo 1nna co6npak1 a nyukn n 1yro cansmaak1 aepeako. Hocne 1oro, kak nosa
npnnecena poHo, nyukn napo pasansa1L, nnn xo1n 6m ocna6n1L aepeakn. Hepep nauanoH
pa6o1 nose napo pa1L noc1on1L a 1ennoH anaxnoH Hec1e (aanno nanpnHep). Oco6enno a1o
kpn1nuno pnn saHepsue snHne nosm.



1o kacae1cn konnuec1aa nosm, pnn nne1ennn opno kopsnnm nyxno. 4-5 1onc1mx nosnn
(o6pyu ne acerpa ypae1cn cpena1L cpasy, u1o-1o Hoxe1 cnoHa1Lcn, nyxen sanac). O6muno a
kopsnne 16-20 c1oek. Hoa1oHy nyxno saro1aannaa1L 26-30 nosnn. [nn nne1ennn
nonapo6n1cn 30-50 nosnn. Ho onn1L xe, nyxno 6pa1L c xopounH sanacoH. Bce saancn1 o1
ra6apn1oa nnannpyeHo aaHn kopsnnm, pa n u1o-1o Hoxe1 cnoHa1Lcn.
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Honnm koHnnek1 nosm. Cneaa nanpaao: 1onkan nosa pnn nne1ennn; cpepnnn nosa pnn
c1oek; 1onc1an nosa pnn o6pyue n pyuek.

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Paspen 3. Hne1euue kopsuum
Fnaaa 7. Hsro1oaneuue o6pyva
CaHoe nauano npouecca nne1ennn kopsnnm a1o
nsro1oanenne o6pyua, na 6ase ko1oporo 6ype1
qopHnpoaa1Lcn acn oc1anLnan kopsnna. [nn a1oro naH
nonapo6n1cn caHme 1onc1me n pnnnnme naoame npy1m ns
saro1oanenno naHn nosm.
Ecnn Hm nHeeH peno c snHne noso, npy1m pnn o6pyue
ponxnm o6nsa1enLno yc1on1Lcn a 1eHnepa1ype
noHeuennn, rpe 6ypy1 aec1ncL pa6o1m. [nn a1oro, nocne
saro1oakn nose napo pa1L 1-2 pnn noc1on1L, o1o1n. H
1onLko nocne a1oro npnc1yna1L k nsro1oanennk o6pyua.
1o6m caepny1L ns naoaoro npy1a o6pyu kopsnnm, ae1ky
uyxuo cnepaa xopomeuuko pasHn1u. Ecnn nm1a1Lcn
cxopy ckpy1n1L nosy a konLuo ona naaepnnka
cnoHae1cn.
PasHnnak1 nosy pnn o6pyua o6muno payHn cnoco6aHn: o6 koneno nnn yron 1a6ype1a n.1.n.
Hpepnou1n1enLnee, koneuno o6 koneno, kak a1o nokasano na qo1o. B a1oH cnyuae npoue
kon1ponnpoaa1L caoe ycnnne, a 1akxe HenLue pnck nepenoHn1L npy1 o6 1aeppyk rpanL.











Korpa nosa xopouenLko pasHn1a no ace pnnne, npnc1ynak1 k caopaunaannk npy1a a
konLuo (kpyrnoe nnn oaanLnoe). 4opHa 6ypyero o6pyva saancn1 o1 nnannpyeHo aaHn
kopsnnm. [yHak, u1o am yxe porapanncL: o6pyu a1o, no cy1n, aepxnee o1aepc1ne
kopsnnm. O1 ero pasHepoa n qopHm nanpnHyk saancn1 reoHe1pnn kopsnnm.
H1ak, oc1opoxno caopaunaaeH pasHn1m naoam npy1 a konLuo. B kynake npouno cxnHaeH
coepnnenne. Koneuno, a nose Hnoro any1pennero nanpnxennn. Ona c1peHn1cn cnoaa
amnpnHn1Lcn. 1o6m npnpa1L o6pyuy qnkcnpoaannyk kpyrnyk qopHy, neo6xopnHo
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sakpenn1L konum nosm aHec1e, a sa1eH ounc1n1L o6pyu o1 kopm n nmka. Tak on 6mc1po
amcoxne1 n npnHe1 nyxnyk qopHy.


Coepnnenne konuoa o6pyua 1yro cansmaaeH aepeako. Haxnec1 konuoa ppyr na ppyra
ponxen 6m1L poaonLno 6onLunH - 20-30cH. Hcxopn ns a1oro, c ne6onLunH sanacoH,
o6pesaeH nnunee.
Ecnn qopHa o6pyua nonyunnacL ne coaceH poano (a 1ak, uaue acero n 6maae1), 1o caHoe
apeHn a1o ncnpaan1L, noka o6pyu ne ounuen o1 kopm n ne amcox, npnnna okonua1enLnyk
qopHy.
[nn ampaannaannn ouep1ann o6pyua, ero c1nrnaak1 pononnn1enLno aepeako. Hocne
a1oro Hoxno ounua1L o6pyu o1 kopm, u1o6m saqnkcnpoaa1L qopHy n cnn1L any1pennne
nanpnxennn a ppeaecnne.
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Oukypnaanne nosm o6muno ocyuec1anne1cn a paa a1ana. Cnepaa noxoH noppeaae1cn kopa
n pnnnnmHn nonockaHn o1pmaae1cn o1 o6pyua. To, u1o ne o6oppanocL 1ak, cuecmaak1
noxoH. esane npn a1oH ponxno panra1Lcn nou1n napannenLno npy1y. D1o nosaonne1 cnn1L
kopy n npn a1oH ne noapepn1L ppeaecnny.
mko, oc1aaueecn na o6pyue nocne cnn1nn kopm, ypanne1cn 1akxe noxoH. TonLko nesane
c1aan1 nepnenpnkynnpno nose n panxennnHn aponL npy1a, c ne6onLunH ycnnneH,
cocka6nnaae1cn ace nmko. Ounua1L o6pyu nyxno po 6eno ppeaecnnm. He ponxno
oc1a1Lcn nn nn1nmuka nmka. 31o aaxuo! Ho1oH sacoxuee na ppeaecnne nmko ypann1L
ouenL cnoxno, a ono nop1n1 aneunn anp kopsnnm.




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TenepL, cnepye1 nopoxpa1L 1-2 pnn, noka o6pyu amcoxne1 n saqnkcnpye1 caok qopHy.
Hocne a1oro, aepeakn cansmaakune coepnnenne Hoxno cHeno cnn1L. [nn yckopennn cyukn
Hoxno noHec1n1L o6pyu aosne papna1opa o1onnennn nnn any1pn nero.
Hyxno cnn1L c1nrnaakune o6pyu aepeakn. Y6epn1cn, u1o qopHa saqnkcnpoaana. Hocne
a1oro cnepye1 ns6aan1L nosy o1 oc1a1koa kopm n nmka, ko1opme 6mnn nop aepeako.
O1ae1c1aennm HoHen1 qopHnpoaanne c1mka o6pyua. Hpen specL a 1oH, u1o6m cpesa1L
konum nop yrnoH. Coepnnna cpesm, Hm nonyunH c1mk, 6nnskn k pnaHe1py o6pyua.


Hoaepxnoc1n ckouennmx konuoa o6pyua c1apak1cn cpena1L HakcnHanLno poanmHn n
nopornannmHn ppyr k ppyry. CaHo coepnnenne ckpennnk1 HanenLknHn raospnkaHn.
[ononnn1enLno Hoxno ykpenn1L c1mk kneeH. Ho ecnn c1mk nopornan xopouo, 1o a1o ne
o6nsa1enLno.
O6muno coepnnenne amnonnne1cn payHn raospnHn (ecnn c1mk 6onee pnnnnm, 1o 1peHn).
Opnn raospL saronne1cn cnapyxn. On ponxen npo1n nackaosL. Ero sarn6ak1 nsny1pn n
oc1pne npnuy1 a ppeaecnne o6pyua.
B1opo raospL sa6naak1 c npo1naononoxno c1oponm. Xena1enLno ero ykopo1n1L, u1o6m
on 6mn nonnoc1Lk ckpm1 a ppeaecnne o6pyua (1ak HenLue nop1n1cn aneunn anp o6pyua
n kopsnnm a uenoH). BHec1o raospnkoa 1eope1nueckn Hoxno npnHenn1L HanenLkne
caHopesm. Ho o6muno y nnx cnnukoH rpoHospkne unnnkn. Xo1n ecnn asn1L ounnkoaannm
caHopes (6nec1nun) n y1onn1L unnnky a o6pyue, 1o amrnnpn1 a1o nennoxo.

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Korpa coepnnenne ro1oao, o6pyu cnepye1 cnerka npononnpoaa1L 1onko naxpauno
6yHaro. D1o ns6aan1 noaepxnoc1L o1 Henknx uepoxoaa1oc1e. Cpenae1 ppeaecnny
rnapko n npnn1no na ouynL. Korpa na o6pyue 6ypy1 yc1anoanenm c1okn n kopsnna
6ype1 yxe ro1oaa, nonnpoaa1L 6ype1 yxe cnoxnee. Tak u1o nyxno cpena1L a1o ceuac.


O6pyu ro1oa. Hpexpe ueH nepe1n k yc1anoake c1oek n panLneueHy nne1ennk, cnepye1
nopro1oan1L pyuky pnn naue 6ypyue kopsnnm. D1oHy n nocanuena cnepykuan rnaaa.




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Fnaaa 8. Hopro1oaka pyvku
B nsro1oanennn pyukn ace ananornuno 1oHy, kak Hm penann o6pyu. Bepe1cn 1akxe 1onc1m
naoam npy1 (Hoxno kopoue, ueH pnn o6pyua). osy pasHnnak1 n crn6ak1 a anpe pyrn.
Konum pyrn cansmaak1 aepeako, u1o6m saqnkcnpoaa1L qopHy.
C1enenL nsrn6a n unpnna pyrn nanpnHyk saancn1 o1 naue 6ypyue kopsnnm. Hyxno
onpepenn1Lcn, 6ype1 nn pyuka y nac pacnonara1Lcn no pnnne kopsnnm, nnn no unpnne.
Coo1ae1c1aenno pnnne nnn unpnne nauero o6pyua n rne1cn pyra pyukn.
Korpa pyuka corny1a n sakpennena aepeako, ee 1akxe kak n o6pyu, ounuak1 o1 kopm n
nmka. H oc1aannk1 coxny1L. TenepL pyuka naH nonapo6n1cn a caHoH konue npouecca,
korpa kopsnna 6ype1 npak1nueckn ro1oaa.


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Fnaaa 9. Yc1auoaka c1oek


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Hau o6pyu ro1oa. CnepykunH a1anoH 6ype1 yc1anoaka c1oek 6ypyue kopsnnm na o6pyue.
Hpexpe ueH yc1anaannaa1L c1okn, neo6xopnHo pasHe1n1L o6pyu. [nn a1oro naH
nonapo6n1cn can1nHe1p, u1o6m o6Hepn1L o6pyu; kapanpau, u1o6m nponsaec1n pasHe1ky;
nnc1ok 6yHarn nnn kanLkynn1op, u1o6m nponsaec1n npoc1me pacue1m.


O1HeuaeH na o6pyue pae kpanne c1okn. Onn ponxnm pacnonara1Lcn cnHHe1pnuno a
kpannx 1oukax annnnca, ko1opmH, no cy1n, nanne1cn nau o6pyu. 3a1eH, pnnny
okpyxnoc1n pennH na 16, 18 nnn 20, a saancnHoc1n o1 1oro, ckonLko Hm peunnn pena1L
c1oek. Ecnn kopsnnka neaennka, o6muno poc1a1ouno 14-16 c1oek. Coo1ae1c1aenno pnn
6onLunx kopsnn c1oek Hoxe1 6m1L 18, 20 n 6onee. Hucno c1oek o6nsa1enuuo ve1uoe!
ncno, nonyuennoe npn penennn pnnnm o6pyua na konnuec1ao c1oek uar Hexpy
c1okaHn. Ha a1oH pacc1onnnn Hm n o1HeuaeH nonoxenne oc1anLnmx c1oek na o6pyue.
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eH HenLue pacc1onnne Hexpy c1okaHn, 1eH nno1nee n kpacnaee 6ype1 ysop kopsnnkn.
Opnako, ecnn nepec1apa1Lcn n cpena1L c1okn cnnukoH uac1mHn nnec1n c1ane1 ouenL
1pypno, pa n Hnoro nosm 6ype1 noHa1Lcn. Bce xopouo a Hepy. O6muno pacc1onnne Hexpy
c1okaHn kone6ne1cn a npepenax 4.5-6.5cH.
Korpa pasHe1ka saaepuena, npnc1ynaeH k yc1anoake nepao c1okn. O6muno ee c1aan1 a
opny ns kpannx 1ouek o6pyua, no a1o a6conk1no ne npnnunnnanLno.
BepeH nosy cpepne 1onunnm, ko1opyk Hm saro1aannaann pnn c1oek. O6pesaeH na naue
pocke-ocnoae ee 1onc1m koneu. PexeH nop oc1pmH yrnoH.

D1o1 koneu npy1a Hm npnknapmaaeH k pasHe1ke o6pyua n penaeH saceuky uy1L panLue
nnnnn pasHe1kn. To ec1L, o1Hepnnnm naHn koneu c1okn ponxen 6m1L na 5-7HH pnnnnee
pasHe1kn. 3aueH a1o nyxno, am ckopo noHe1e.

B Hec1e sapy6kn noxoH npopesaeH npy1 c1okn po ero ceppueannm. Ha rnas
npnknpmaaeH pnnny okpyxnoc1n 1onc1oro npy1a, ns ko1oporo cpenan o6pyu. Pacue1 1ako,
kak 6yp1o Hm co6npaeHcn naue c1oko o6aepny1L o6pyu. O1noxna a1o pacc1onnne na
c1oke, penaeH a1opyk sapy6ky n onn1L npopesaeH c1oky po cepepnnm.
3a1eH naH nyxno ypann1L nonoanny ceuennn c1okn Hexpy naunHn sapy6kaHn. D1o1
yuac1ok pasHnnaeH n o6aopaunaaeH o6pyu, kak nokasano na nnnkc1paunnx.
Ecnn cpasy ne yrapann c pnnno ampesannoro yuac1ka, nyuue cpena1L ero HenLue, a
no1oH ampesa1L eue neHnoro. BosHoxno, ncnop1na opny-pae c1okn, am npnc1pon1ecL n
yxe na rnas 6ype1e onpepenn1L nyxnoe pacc1onnne.
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TenepL, koneu c1okn nyxno ounc1n1L o1 kopm n nmka. Kako nHenno yuac1ok ounua1L?
D1o aaxnm HoHen1. Ecnn kopsnna 6ype1 c cyxenneH, 1o Hoxno ounua1L na nonoanny
rny6nnm 6ypyue kopsnnm Hnnyc 1cH (pnn cpepne kopsnnkn a1o nopnpka 12-15cH). [eno
a 1oH, u1o nyuue sarn6a1L c1okn, saunuennme kopo. Hnaue cyuec1aye1 6onLuo pnck,
u1o onn cnoHak1cn.

Honnoc1Lk ounuaeH o1Heuennm koneu c1okn o1 kopm.

1o6m yc1anoan1L n saqnkcnpoaa1L nepayk c1oky na o6pyue, o1pesaeH kycouek Hnrko
npoaonokn. C1oky c1aanH ue1ko no pasHe1ke n npoaonouko npnkpyunaaeH koneu c1okn.

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Ananornuno ace npopenmaaeH co cnepykunHn c1okaHn:
- O6pesaeH 1onc1m koneu nop yrnoH;
- O1HepneH no pasHe1ke;
- BmpesaeH non npoqnnn;
- PasHnnaeH a1o1 yuac1ok;
- O6aopaunaaeH aokpyr o6pyua, npnHepneH;
- Ecnn napo, poaopnH ampesannyk uac1L po nyxnmx napaHe1poa;
- OunuaeH o1 kopm n nmka.
TonLko qnkcnpyk1cn cnepykune c1okn ne npoaonoko. Onn ynnpak1cn a npepmpyuyk
c1oky. HHenno pnn a1oro Hm n o1Hepnnn pnnny konunka na 5-7HH 6onLue pasHe1kn.
Coo1ae1c1aenno, korpa 6ypy1 yc1anoanena nocnepnnn c1oka, c nepao c1okn cnnHae1cn
npoaonoka n ee koneu ynnpae1cn a nocnepnkk c1oky. Kpyr saHmkae1cn.


1o6m c1okn ne rynnnn, nx aepxyukn Hoxno cansa1L aepeako a opnn nyuok.
C1okn nyxno c1aan1L pasoH, a opnn penL, u1o6m konc1pykunn ne nepecmxana. Ecnn a1o
cnyun1Lcn, c1okn nauny1 nonsa1L, u1o sa1pypnn1 nne1enne n ocna6n1 kopsnny.
B opnn penL co c1okaHn napo cpena1L noncok xec1koc1n, yc1anoan1L nanpaannkune pnn
pyukn n nponnec1n 3-5 pnpoa. TonLko 1ak Hoxno coxpann1L xec1koc1L konc1pykunn. Tak
u1o, naunna1e pa6o1a1L nopanLue, u1o6m sacae1no ace ycne1L.
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Fnaaa 10. Honcok u uanpaannmue nop pyvky
Honcok xec1koc1n npepc1aanne1 co6o neckonLko pnpoa rpy6oro nne1ennn ns o6muno
neounuenno nosm. On amnonnne1cn y o6pyua n nopnnHae1cn na 50-60 cH. HaxopncL a
1akoH nonoxennn, noncok o6ecneunaae1 xec1koc1L cnc1eHm c1oek, npepo1apauae1 nx
cHeuennn n nepekocm a npouecce nne1ennn.
Kak nnec1n? OuenL npoc1o. Bc1aanneH 1onc1m koneu nosnnm sa c1oky n nponyckaeH ee
Hexpy c1okaHn, uepes opny. Cnepykun pnp nne1e1cn co cHeuenneH, 1ak u1o6m nosa
npoxopnna sa ppyrnHn c1okaHn. Korpa koneu nosnnm npnpe1 k nauany nnunee
o6pesak1. Kaxpm npoxop xena1enLno amnonnn1L opno pnnnno nosnno. B kpaneH
cnyuae payHn kopo1knHn uac1nHn. Tak amnonnne1cn 5-7 pnpoa n noncok ro1oa. 3a1eH,
noncok nopnnHak1, kak a1o anpno ns nnnkc1paun.



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Cnepykun a1an nsro1oanenne n yc1anoaka nanpaannkunx nop pyuky. [eno a 1oH, u1o
pyuka ponxna Hon1npoaa1Lcn any1pn nne1enoro kopnyca kopsnnm. Tak npounee, napexnee
n kpacnaee. Ha pannoH a1ane pa6o1, a Hec1ax, rpe 6ypy1 anocnepc1ann yc1anoanenm konum
pyukn, nyxno noc1aan1L o6Hankn-nanpaannkune. Onnec1n nx, kak 6yp1o a1o konum pyukn.
A korpa kopsnna 6ype1 ro1oaa, a1n sarnyukn y6npak1, a na nx Hec1o ac1aanne1cn pyuka.
Hanpaannkune npepc1aannk1 co6o paa o1peska 1onc1oro naoaoro npy1a. O6muno onn
nHek1 pnnny a nonoanny rny6nnm kopsnnm (po Hec1a cyxennn ko pny).
Kpenn1cn nanpaannkune k kpannH cnHHe1pnunmH c1okaH npn noHoun payx o1peskoa
Hnrko npoaonokn, ko1opyk Hm ncnonLsoaann pnn Hon1axa nepao c1okn.
Korpa npnxopn1 nopa ac1aann1L pyuky, npoaonoukn nepekycmaak1, 1eH caHmH ocao6oxpan
naun nanpaannkune sarnyukn.
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Fnaaa 11. HavuuaeH nne1euue
Bo1 Hm n po6panncL po co6c1aenno nne1ennn. C uero naua1L. Moxno cpasy naunna1L
nnec1n ns ounuenno noso, 1papnunonnmH cnoco6oH. Opnako n npepnoun1ak naunna1L c
1ak nasmaaeHo 1pono kocnukn. D1o oco6oe nne1enne a 1pn nosnnm. Bm6npaeH 1pn
pnnnnmx poanmx nosnnm c kpacnao, xena1enLno kpacno kopo. Tpn nosnnm ac1aannk1cn
sa 1pn nocnepoaa1enLnme c1okn. BepeH nepayk ns nnx n npopeaaeH uepes pae c1okn.
3a1eH a1opyk 1akxe uepes pae c1okn. H 1pe1Lk. H 1ak nonnm kpyr, kak a1o anpno ns
nnnkc1paun. Takan kocnuka ns npko kpacno nosm o1nnuno nopuepkne1 6ennsny nosm
oc1anLnoro nne1ennn n ouenL ykpacn1 kopsnny a uenoH. PekoHenpyk!


TenepL Hoxno nnec1n o6munmH ysopoH, uepes opny c1oky ns ounuenno nosm.

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Hne1euue ponxuo 6m1u nno1umH! Hoa1oHy, ero ace
apeHn nyxno y1paH6oamaa1L pyko nnn cneunanLno
1onc1o nanko ns 1ako xe nosm, ns kako Hm penann
o6pyu.
Ounuenno o1 kopm noso nne1eH 1ak xe, kak Hm nnenn noncok xec1koc1n uepes opny
c1oky, uepepyn kaxpm pnp. yuue acero, ecnn kaxpm pnp 6ype1 amnonnen ns opno
pnnnno nosnnm. Ho nnorpa npnxopn1cn pena1L opnn pnp ns payx o1peskoa nosm. Korpa
nosnna npnxopn1 a nauano (kpyr saHmkae1cn) 1o koneu o6pesae1cn nop yrnoH, u1o6m on ne
amnnpan n napexno ynnpancn a c1oky.

H 1ak Hm nne1eH po cepepnnm amco1m kopsnnm. 3a1eH, npexpe ueH 6ypeH cyxa1L kopsnny,
Hm HoxeH nyc1n1L eue opny 1ponyk kocnuky ns npko kpacno nosm.
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Fnaaa 12. Bapuau1m ysopoa
HoHnHo amueonncanno kocnukn n o6munoro nne1ennn uepes c1oky, cyuec1aye1 Hacca
ppyrnx aapnan1oa ysopoa, ko1opme npnpak1 kopsnnaH oco6yk kpaco1y.
- Moxno nnec1n o6munmH ysopoH uepes c1oky ns ounuenno nosm, no uepepoaa1L ne
uepes pnp, a uepes paa pnpa.
- Moxno nnec1n opny ounuennyk nosnny, a cnepykuyk neounuennyk. H 1ak na
onpepenennoH npoHexy1ke. B n1ore nonyun1cn ysop nanopo6nn uaxHa1no pockn. OuenL
aqqek1nm!
- Moxno nepnopnueckn, cpepn ounuenno nosm nycka1L opny neounuennyk c kpacnao
kpacno kopo.
DkcnepnHen1npy1e!



Fnaaa 13. Cyxeuue ko puy
Korpa Hm nponnenn po cepepnnm kopsnnm, Hoxno npoponxa1L nnec1n poano po pna. Torpa
nonyunH unnnnppnueckyk kopsnny. [nn neko1opmx aapnan1oa kopsnn 1ak n nyxno. Ho na
Hnoro nsnunee, ecnn kopsnna ko pny 6ype1 cyxa1Lcn.
[nn 1oro u1o6m cpena1L na kopsnne nyxno: ao-nepamx ypann1L noncok xec1koc1n, ao
a1opmx pasansa1L aepeaky, c1nrnaakuyk c1okn a nyuok.
[nn caepennn c1oek a konyc, neo6xopnHo nx noppesa1L noxoH, kak a1o nokasano na
nnnkc1paunnx.
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3a1eH, neo6xopnHo ckpy1n1L c1okn a nyuok, neckonLko narnya kaxpyk ns nnx. TeH caHmH
Hm nonyuaeH neko1opyk konycnoc1L c1oek, npyunx ko pny kopsnnm. B npouecce
noprn6annn n ckpyunaannn napo c1apa1Lcn, u1o6m c1okn pacnonaranncL paanoHepno.


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[anee, nonyuennoe cyxenne kopsnnm sanne1ak1 noso po ypoann pna. Hnec1n Hoxno
nk6mH ysopoH. Ecnn kopsnnka npepnasnauena pnn noxopoa a nec no rpn6m, poaonLno
npak1nuno amnonnn1L cyxenne ns neoukypenno kpacno nosm. Hnxnnn uac1L kopsnnm
6ype1 nens6exno nauka1Lcn a necy, a na 1eHno kope a1o 6ype1 ne 1ak saHe1no.
Ecnn xe kopsnna pekopa1nanoro nasnauennn nyuue amnonnn1L cyxenne ns ounuenno
nosm nnn nk6mH ns ysopoa, paccHo1pennmx a npepmpyue rnaae. Ho n a a1oH cnyuae,
nocnepnne 3-5 pnpoa, npepnou1n1enLnee nponnec1n kpacno neounuenno nosm.


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Fnaaa 14. 4opHupoaauue pua kopsuum
Korpa kopsnna nponne1ena na nonnyk amco1y, napo ns c1oek cqopHnpoaa1L kapkac pna
kopsnnm. [nn a1oro, anauane cpesak1cn kpanne c1okn, kak a1o nokasano na
nnnkc1paunnx nop kopenL.

3a1eH, sapesaeH opny ns cnepykunx c1oek, u1o6m nonyunncn ampes, 6naropapn ko1opoHy
Hoxno 6mno 6m corny1L npy1 nop npnHmH yrnoH, 6es pncka cnoHa1L ero.

Cornya c1oky, penaeH saceuky na ypoane cnHHe1pnuno c1okn. Ha Hec1e saceukn penaeH
1ako xe ampes, po ceppueannm. O1 a1oro Hec1a o1c1ynaeH 7-8cH, o6pesaeH n saoc1pneH
koneu c1okn. TenepL Hoxno ee sarny1L n sakpenn1L koneu a nne1ennn, aosne
npo1naononoxno c1okn, ko1opyk o6pesaeH nop kopenL, kak n kpanne c1okn.

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Ananornuno Hm sarn6aeH ace oc1anLnme c1okn, 1eH caHmH qopHnpyn kapkac pna
kopsnnm. 3pecL ec1L aaxuoe npaauno! C1okn ponxnm sarn6a1Lcn no ouepepn, opna
naneao, ppyran nanpaao. TonLko 1ak Hoxno rapan1npoaa1L a6conk1nyk napexnoc1L pna
kopsnnm. Hoa1oHy, Hm n ne ounuann o1 kopm a1n yuac1kn c1oek. B 1akoH anpe nx npoue
sarny1L n ne nonoHa1L. Ecnn ace xe kakan-1o c1oka cnoHanacL sarnn1e pae a opny
c1opony n panLue uepepy1e. A ao1 1pn c1okn noppnp a opny c1opony sarn6a1L nenLsn.




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Korpa kapkac pna nonnoc1Lk ro1oa Hoxno nepexopn1L k nne1ennk pna. [nn nne1ennn
pna npnHenne1cn 6onee 1onkan neounuennan nosa. Haua sapaua sannec1n pno nonnoc1Lk
n kak Hoxno nno1nee, u1o6m uenn 6mnn HnnnHanLnm.


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Fnaaa 15. Yc1auoaka pyvku
Bo1 Hm n nopounn k nocnepneHy a1any co6c1aenno nsro1oanennn kopsnnm. HaH oc1ae1cn
yc1anoan1L pyuky, n Hoxno nepexopn1L k qnnnuno o6pa6o1ke.
Mm nepeaopaunaaeH naue nspenne a ero o6munoe nonoxenne o6pyueH aaepx. TenepL
naH nyxno am1aun1L nanpaannkune, u1o6m ocao6opn1L Hec1o pnn pyukn. [nn a1oro Hm
nepekycmaaeH npoaonoukn, ko1opmHn nanpaannkune kpennnncL k c1oke. HsanekaeH
sarnyukn.
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Pyuky, ko1opan yxe paano ponxna 6mna amcoxny1L n sakpenn1L qopHy pyrn, ocao6oxpaeH
o1 aepeakn. HpnHepneH no kopsnne, o6pesaeH konum pyukn na nyxnyk amco1y n
saoc1pneH nx.




C ycnnneH ac1aanneH pyuky a nonyuennme npoHexy1kn. Konum pyuek ponxnm poxopn1L po
akaa1opa kopsnnm.
osa co apeHeneH Hoxe1 neHnoro ycoxny1L. H u1o6m pyuka ne nauana amnapa1L, ee kpenn1
k o6pyuy nsny1pn ne6onLunHn caHopesaHn, no opnoHy c kaxpo c1oponm.

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Bo1 naua kopsnna n nou1n ro1oaa! HoueHy nou1n? Oc1anacL qnnnunan o6pa6o1ka:
nonnpoaka, Hopenne, ackpm1ne nakoH. O6 a1oH cnepykun paspen knnrn. Ho yxe ceuac
anpen aecL Hacu1a6 nspennn. 1o6m nonyun1L nonnoc1Lk ro1oayk kpacnayk, a rnaanoe,
cpenannyk caonHn pykaHn kopsnnky, oc1anncL nocnepnne u1pnxn. Hosppaannk!

Paspen 4. 4uuumuan o6pa6o1ka
Fnaaa 16. Honupoaka kopsuum
K a1oHy HoHen1y naua kopsnna yxe ro1oaa n nHee1 npnHepno 1ako anp, kak nokasano na
nnnkc1paunn. Bo apeHn nne1ennn n o6pa6o1kn nosm, na ne nens6exno oc1ak1cn
Hnkponepoanoc1n, uepoxoaa1oc1n, saycennum, Hnkpockonm. Haua sapaua na pannoH
a1ane, yc1pann1L ace a1n nsLnnm noaepxnoc1e. [nn a1oro naH nyxno cnepaa npo1ncL no
ace noaepxnoc1n kopsnnm 1onko naxpauno 6yHaro, a sa1eH uepc1nno 1pnnouko.
Oco6oe annHanne npn nonnpoake cnepye1 ypenn1L pyuke, a 1akxe o6pyuy n yuac1kaH
kopsnnm c ounuenno noso. [onxna nonyun1Lcn npnn1nan na ouynL noaepxnoc1L.

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Fnaaa 17. Mopeuue
Haaepnnka am anpenn kopsnnkn c o11enkoH, 1eHnee na1ypanLnoro nnn aoo6ue
nokpauennme a ppyrne uae1a. D1o poc1nrae1cn ny1eH Hopennn o6pa6o1kn ppeaecnnm
Hopnnko. nuno n cun1ak, u1o6m po6n1Lcn aqqek1noro anpa kopsnnm, poc1a1ouno
nokpm1L kopsnny nakoH. Ho ecnn aaH nyxno neu1o 6onLuee, Hoxno o6pa6o1a1L kopsnnky
Hopnnko. Mopn1L caok kopsnny nnn ne1 peua1L aaH.
Pasnoro uae1a Hopnnkn npopak1cn a cneunannsnpoaannmx c1pon1enLnmx n xosnc1aennmx
Harasnnax. Ha kopsnny coc1aa nanocn1 o6muno knc1ouko a neckonLko a1anoa, po6naancL
npn a1oH paanoHepnoro okpaunaannn.

Fnaaa 18. Hokpm1ue nakoH
aknpoaka kopsnnm npnpae1 nspennk 6nec1nun, no-nac1onueHy napnpnm anp. HoHnHo
aqqek1noro 6necka, nak o6ecneunaae1 saun1y kopsnnm o1 anarn n Hexannuecknx
noapexpenn.
[nn o6pa6o1kn kopsnnm nopope1 npak1nueckn nk6o ns c1pon1enLnmx nakoa. Opnako
npepnou1enne cnepye1 o1pa1L na1ypanLnmH nakaH. [nn any1pennnx nnn napyxnmx pa6o1
ne c1onL npnnunnnanLno.


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[nn ncnonLsoaannn nak neo6xopnHo nann1L a kakyk-nn6ypL eHkoc1L (6anouky, cpesannoe
pno 6y1mnkn). O6pa6o1ka kopsnnm ocyuec1anne1cn knc1Lk cpepne unpnnm. 3a1eH,
1pypnopoc1ynnme yuac1kn cnepye1 nonaknpoaa1L 6onee 1onko knc1Lk.
Baxno o1He1n1L, u1o naknpye1cn 1onLko pyuka, o6pyu, napyxnme 6op1a n pno kopsnnm.
Bny1pennne noaepxnoc1n ne naknpyk1! D1o nyxno pnn 1oro, u1o6m nosa npoponxana
6ecnpenn1c1aenno coxna. Hpouecc amcmxannn 6ype1 noc1enenno npoponxa1Lcn a 1euennn
2-3 Hecnuea, noka kopsnna poc1nrne1 caoe HnnnHanLno Haccm n HakcnHanLno
npounoc1n. Kopsnny o6muno cyua1 npn koHna1no 1eHnepa1ype, a cyxoH noHeuennn. He
c1on1 nm1a1Lcn yckopn1L amcmxanne nosm npn noHoun narpeaa1ene nak Hoxe1
no1pecka1Lcn, a nosa pa1L peqopHaunn. Ec1ec1aennoe amcmxanne a1o 1o, u1o nyxno. TeH
6onee, u1o nonLsoaa1Lcn kopsnnko Hoxno 6ype1, kak 1onLko amcoxne1 nak (2-3 pnn).
Hpoc1o cnepaa ona 6ype1 cnerka 1nxenoaa1a. Ho anara ype1 n kopsnnka npno6pe1e1
on1nHanLnm aec.


* * *
Bo1 n ro1oaa aaua nepaan kopsnnka. Hosppaannk! Ecnn aaH nonpaanncn n npouecc n
pesynL1a1 ne oc1anaannaa1ecL. Cnne1n1e eue kopsnnky n eue. C kaxpmH nspenneH aau
onm1 6ype1 pac1n, naamkn pasanaa1Lcn, a kopsnnkn 6ypy1 nonyua1Lcn ace nyuue n nyuue.
HanpnHep y Henn okono pecn1ka pasnmx kopsnn. [nn noxopoa no rpn6m; capkn pnn
pm6ankn; pnn xpanennn 6a6yuknnoro ansannn; pnn noxopoa sa npopyk1aHn na 6asap;
kopsnnm-aasm pnn 6yke1oa; n npoc1o kopsnnkn pnn ykpauennn nn1epLepa. H a1o ne cun1an
1ex, ko1opme n nopapnn caonH popc1aennnkaH n snakoHmH.
Bcerpa npnn1no, a 1akxe nonesno, cpena1L u1o-1o caonHn pykaHn. Tak u1o, aknkua1ecL!
HapekcL, u1o a1a knnra noHoxe1 o1kpm1L pnn aac Hnp nne1ennn.
Ho aceH aosnnkunH y aac aonpocaH o6paua1ecL na ca1 knnrn http://LozoPletenie.com/ n
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