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3E COMPRE REVISION FOR SA1

No Question Answer Unaccepta


ble
Responses
Mark
1
Effe
ct
The poster begins
with the tagline
Everyone loves
quitters. What
effect is this
intended to have
on the reader?
The reader will feel that quitters of
smoking are widely accepted/
popular/likable.

The term quitters is associated with
losers who are generally disliked, but in
this poster, non-smokers are
preferred/widely accepted.

Encourage
the reader
to stop/quit
smoking

Quitters of
smoking are
loved
1
2
IQ
Look at the
picture with all the
people raising
two fingers.

What message
does the gesture
present to the
audience?
It represents I, the smoker himself/

It means the smokers are no longer
smoking (not holding cigarette)/

It means to take a pledge/vow/make a
promise/to be involved in the
campaign/ not to smoke
1
3
LQ
The poster says
smokers felt
marginalised
How did the
solution offered
by the campaign
treat smokers
differently?
Any 1 of the following:

Every quitter was
turned into a celebrity
became champions of the movement
on TV, outdoor, print and social media
given the limelight/centre stage on
different forms of media.

1
4
LQ
Using the
information in the
poster, give 2
pieces of
evidence that
illustrate the
success of the
campaign.
Any 2 of the following:
The no of calls to quit helpline
increased by 313% since the launch

The campaign achieved three times
the average international quitting
success rate

I Quit campaign was showcased at
the World Conference on Tobacco
Control 2012 as a case study for
other nations

2


No Question Answer Unacceptabl
e
Responses
Mark
5(i)

VQ
+
QQ


In paragraph 1,
It was early and still
dark when we
reached the harbour
and the soothingly
rhythmic rocking
of the boat stopped
(lines 1 2).

Identify two words in
the given sentence
which suggest
repetitive movement
The phrase is rhythmic rocking. 1
5 (ii)

VQ
+
QQ
I was awakened by
the rattling anchor
going over the side
(line 2).

Identify the word or
phrase in the given
sentence which
suggests a very
sharp sound.
The word is rattling. awakened 1
6

IQ
In paragraph 2, the
writer only knew
enough words to ask
for a glass of water
(line 11). What does
this suggest about his
understanding of the
Spanish language?
The writer had a very weak
command of the Spanish language/

He barely understood Spanish.
1
7

Eva
l
Paragraph 3
begins with
Faced with its alien
magnificence

What is effective
about the phrase
alien magnificence?
It is effective because it shows that
the place is unfamiliar/foreign/
strange for the writer [1]

But yet at the same time, it shows
how the writer is in
awe/amazed/surprised/astounded
by it. [1]

X different/
new (usu.
refers to
something
that is
unused)
2
8

IQ
Why did the writer feel
a twinge of excitement
while looking out at
the country from the
tower?
He did not know what to expect
from the place that he had just
arrived at. /

He was looking forward to a brand
new beginning in the new land. /

He was looking forward to the new
adventure that the country could
offer him.

Clue:
much of the
country still
to come
1
9

LAI
In paragraph 4, the
writer describes the
changes to the
landscape as night
falls. Explain how the
language used in
paragraph 4 makes
the place appear
unwelcoming to the
writer.

Support your ideas
with three details from
paragraph 4.
The valleys filled with heavy
shadows which took on strange and
eerie shapes suggests that the
place was getting scarier/spookier
as night fell.

The jagged coastline was like
fragments of broken glass suggests
that the coastline was
sharp/menacing/dangerous/threat
ening

Vigo became cold and dim
suggests that the environment was
turning chilly/frigid/darker/less
inhabitable

3
10

IQ
With reference to
paragraph 4, explain
why the writer found it
difficult to sleep.
A bed of stones was extremely
hard/uncomfortable to lie on.
1
11

QQ
In paragraph 5, the
writer wakes up to a
new day. Give three
phrases that suggest
that the place
appeared inviting to
the writer.

Phrase

Shows that the place was inviting.
(Think: Evidence.
Must be able to See or Feel)
1

the pleasant smell of drying bushes
and wild herbs/inhaling the pleasant
smell of drying bushes and wild
herbs
2

the warm earth/I felt the warm
earth
3 rising sun/lay in the rising sun

3

12

IQ
In paragraph 6, why
did the writer feel
lonely when he saw
occasional signs of
life (line 32)? In
paragraph 6, why did
the writer feel lonely
when he saw
occasional signs of
life (line 32)?



He felt lonely as he saw that others
had people/animals for company/

He was without any companion.
X He felt
lonely/alone
(use of words
in question)
1
13

LAI
The writer uses
similes like a
sparkling necklace (6
- 7) and like a
leathery arm of
wrinkled mud (line
44). What does the
writer mean with each
Similes The writer means that
like a
sparkling
necklace
(lines 6 7)
The new city was very
beautiful/grand/attractive to
him/It was as if the new city
was beckoning out to him.

like a leathery
arm of
The river was almost dried
up/appeared brownish/
2
of these expressions?

wrinkled mud
(line 44)
murky

14 Respond to Whole
Text


Para 1-3: enthusiasm

Para 5: hope

Para 6: anxiety

Para 7-8: relief

4
15
(i)

QQ
In paragraph 1, the
writer states that
each new computer
boasts of saving
precious seconds in
handling tasks.

Which word suggests
that the computer is a
person?

The word is boasts 1
15
(ii)

Eval
Why does the writer
describe the
computer in this way?
The writer does so to emphasise
the wonders/benefits of
computers/to show that computers
are proud of what they can do.

1
16

IQ
In paragraph 1, the
writer talks about
pocket computers and
mobile phones. Why
does the writer use
the phrase even from
some mountain top to
describe
communication with
others?

He means that even in
remote/inaccessible places [1]
such as mountain tops, technology
allows people to keep in contact
with others/connect with society
[1]
2
17

IQ
In paragraph 2, the
writer states All this
saves time, but at a
price. (line 9)

What does price here
refer to?
Price here refers to the real cost to
humans for using technology.

While technology brings benefits, it
has also brought about negative
effects to humans.
1
18

OW
The writer describes
the effects of mobile
phone as a
consequence we do
not like to
contemplate (lines
14 15).

Explain the meaning
Step 1: Identify key words
- consequence
- contemplate

Step 2: Rephrase key words
consequence: effect/result/
implication

contemplate: dwell








think is
2
of this underlined
expression in your
own words.

upon/ponder/consider

Step 3: Put the words together
This means that using mobile phone
causes
effects/results/implications/
repercussions [1] that humans are
not keen to dwell
upon/ponder/consider [1]

unacceptable
19
(i)

LQ
How would Ann
explain her position
with reference to
paragraph 1?

The use of modern
technology helps Man
handle tasks faster.
Any 1 of the following:

Motor-cars cover a hundred
miles in little more than an hour.

Aircraft cross the world inside a
day.

Motor-cars that are produced go
even faster.

Each new computer boasts of
saving precious seconds in
handling tasks.

Pocket computers and mobile
phones enable us to access
information or communicate
faster.
1
19
(ii)

LQ
Identify an example
from paragraph 2 that
Ben can use to
support his view.

Modern technology
has affected people
adversely.

Any 1 of the following:

People suffer from jet-lag when
speeding across the world

People's bodies feel that they
have been left behind in another
time zone when travelling across
the world.

Spending too long at computers
results in painful wrists and
fingers.

Too much use of mobile phones
may transmit harmful radiation
into brains.
1
20 In paragraph 8, the
writer uses the phrase
shaving minutes off
journeys by road.

What does this
The time saved is not significant /
insignificant/ minute
1
suggest about the
time saved by a
motor-car?

21 Summary
(3I7 Note: Take note of HOW I PARAPHRASED, but still kept to the original
meaning/ idea.)

Using your own words as far as possible, summarise the ways in which
technology has brought disadvantages and advantages to peoples lives.
Use only information from paragraphs 5 to 7.

No
Line
Relevant Point Point in Own Words

1
L31
What do we do with the time we
have saved? Certainly, not relax

We do not rest/sit back/enjoy [1]

when we have saved some time. [1]
2
L32
We are so accustomed to constant
activity that we find it difficult to sit
and do nothing.

We find it challenging/hard to stop because
[1]

we are so used to continuous work/
activities [1]
3
L33
Perhaps the days are long gone
when we might listen quietly to a
story on the radio, letting
imagination take us into another
world.
The days of imagination/
contemplating/reflecting
have since
disappeared/vanished. [1]

4
L38
their lives proceeded at a much
gentler pace, and in a familiar
pattern

People in the past led a routine life that is
slower. [1]
5
L39
We must think of the hard tasks our
ancestors face

The work was difficult/ laborious/
challenging back then. [1]
6
L40
they farmed with bare hands People had to farm without the
convenience of machines. [1]

7
L40
Often lived close to hunger Machines have reduced problems of
hunger/famine. [1]

8
L41
had to fashion tools from wood
and stone.

The tools that were used were primitive /
basic. [1]
9
L41
Modern machinery has freed people
from that primitive existence.

Machines have released people from the
basic/fundamental way of life. [1]

10
L43-
44
Technology has also made work in
factories far less tedious, with
machines performing the dull,
repetitive tasks previously carried
out by human.
Without machines, most work was
tiring/weary AND uninteresting /mundane/
boring [1]

11
L45
The computer, too, has brought
major advantages in printing
processes.

Computerization has brought benefits
/improved printing processes. [1]
12
L46
Such is the speed of a
computer printer that an author
can put the finishing touches to a
book and see it printed on the same
day.

A computer printer has sped up the
printing/publication process. [1]
13
L49

The motor-car has been blamed for
its polluting effects and its
demand for more and more roads,

Though the motor-car pollutes, [1]
14
L49

but it has banished the time-
consuming and uncomfortable
journeys endured in horse-drawn
vehicles.

it is more comfortable/faster compared to
earlier forms of transport. [1]


Modern technology has affected our lives so much that we (1) do not sit
back to enjoy even (1) when we have saved some time. Also, (2) we find it hard to
stop (2) because we are so used to working. (3) The days of reflecting have since
disappeared. (4) People in the past led a slower life. (9) Machines have released
people from a fundamental way of life. (10) Without machines, most work was tiring
and mundane. (11) A computer printer has brought benefits to printing processes
(12) and can speed them up.

10 points