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10

(10 ; 6 ).
1.1. 15.
.
: 105.
1 + 2 + ... + 9 + 105
10
:
= 15.
: , 150. ,
, ,
. ,
, 1 + 2 + ... + 9 = 45.
, , 105.
1.2. ,
S. ,
S?
: , .
. 1

,
,

(.
.
1).

,
(

).
,
.
1.3. 88, .
.
, ,
?
: , .
,
, ,
.
(15 ; 7 ).
2.1. f(x) 6, x
f(sinx) + f(cosx) = 1?
: , .
, f(x) = 2x6 + 3x4. , f(sinx) + f(cosx) = 2sin6x + 3sin4x 2cos6x
+ 3cos4x = 2(sin6x + cos6x) + 3(sin4x + cos4x) = 2(sin2x + cos2x)(sin4x sin2xcos2x + cos4x) +
3((sin2x + cos2x)2 2sin2xcos2x) = 2(1 3sin2xcos2x) + 3(1 2sin2xcos2x) = 1.
, , , :
, ,
,
sinx cosx. : (sin2x + cos2x)3 = 1 sin6x +
3sin4xcos2x + 3sin2xcos4x + cos6x = 1 sin6x + 3sin4x(1 sin2x) + 3(1 cos2x)cos4x + cos6x = 1
(2sin6x + 3sin4x) + ( 2cos6x + 3cos4x) = 1.
. , sin33x +
3
cos 3x = 1,
.
1

2.2. ABCD , CD N ,
MAN = 45o. , , AMN,
.
. c MN,
MN (. . 2).
, ,
, AMN.
, MCN, OM =
1
ON. MAN = 2 MN, ,
M N, .
. 2
.
1
MCN MAN = 90 2 MN,
MCN (. . 2). I
, MCN, AMI =
ANI = 90, , M N AI.
,

,
AMN, .
: 1)
. 2
1
90 2 ,

; 2)
(): OI = OM = ON = OA.
. D
N (. . 2). MAB + NAD = 45 =
MAN, B D
. , M = C = 90 DN = DC = 90,
B D MN. , B D
K,
MAN.
. 2
AK.
:
, , HAM
= OAN. OAD = OAN + NAD = HAM + NAD = MAB + NAD = 45,
.
2.3. -,
, 18 . ,
.
, . - ?
: .
, 17 ,
. , 4 , ,
.
, , 63 = 18.
, - .
(20 ; 8 ).
3.1. a 11 + 7 + 3 = 1. n
a4 + a3 = an + 1?
: n = 15.
f(x) = 11 + 7 + 3 ,
f(x) = 1. , f(0) = 0, f(1) = 3, , 0 < a < 1.
2

, 11 + 7 + 3 = 1.
, : 15 + 11 + 7 = 4. 11 + 7 + 3 = 1,
15 3 = 4 1 a4 + a3 = a15 + 1. a4 + a3
= an + 1, , an = a15. 0 < a < 1, n = 15.
,
. ,
n .
3.2. ,
, ?
: 1 : 1.
ABCD c ,
D , ,
(. . 3 , ).
. 3
.
, , CD DA K, L, M N
(. . 3). , KOE = ADE < 45
BKOL , BK.
DE = ADE = KOE = LOC = MOC (

), OND =
OMD OKE = OLC = OMC ( ).
, AKON BKOL.
, SADE = SOND + SAKON + SOKE = SOMD + SBKOL + SOMC = SOMD + SBEOL + SOLC +
SOMC = SCDEB, DE .
. r, DA = 2 (. . 3).
2r

AD + BC
AB + CD
2r 2
+1
2r +
r
NL
2r
sin 2 =
sin 2
, SADE =
2
2
SABCD =
=
=
4

1
1
1
r2
r2
( r + rctg ) 2 tg
AD AE
AD 2 tg
( tg + 2 + ctg )
1 + 2ctg + ctg 2 tg
2
= 2
= 2
= 2
= 2
=
2
r
1
1

r2
+1
+ 2

2 sin cos
sin 2
. ,

=
. 3
S ADE 1
=
S ABCD 2 , DE

.
. BCD
AD F (. . 3).
CFDE ( ), DO

CDF,
,

: FD = CD. AD > CD, F


AD. , COD FOD
, , .
90 . AKON BKOL
(. . 3), .
OF , DA , F
. ,
, . ,
OFAE, ,
( ).
, DE
.
3.3.
9. .
3

: .
, 5 (
5), , 7, 9, 1
3 ( ). ,
, 10, 10n (n ).
, (10n 3)(10n 1)(10n + 1)(10n +
3) = (100n2 9)(100n2 1) = 10000n4 1000n2 + 9. ,
1000, .
(25 ; 9 ).
x2 + y2 z 2 3
=

xy
z
2
2
2
3
y +z x
=

x
2 yz
2
2
21
y x z
=

xz
y
4.1. :
.
: (1; 3; 1) ; ( 1; 3; 1) ; (1; 3; 1) ; ( 1; 3; 1) .
x2

2
y

2
y

x2 + y2 z2 3
=

xy
z
2
2
2
3
y +z x
=

x
2 yz
y x 2 z 2 21
=

xz
y

+ y2 z2
3
= 2
xyz
z
+ z2 x2
3
= 2
xyz
x
x 2 z 2 21
= 2
xyz
y

z 2 ( x 2 + y 2 z 2 ) = 3 xyz,
2 2
2
2
x ( y + z x ) = 3xyz,
2 2
2
2
y ( y x z ) = 21xyz,

xyz 0

2 2
2 2
4
z y x y + x z4 = 0
:

.
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
y ( z x ) ( z x )( z + x ) = 0 ( z x )( y 2 z 2 x 2 ) = 0 y 2 z 2 x 2 = 0 x 2 = z 2 .
:
2
2
2
2
2
2
1) y z x = 0 . y z x
21
0=
y . ,
, :
.
2
2
2) x = z . , , :
zy = 3 x,

xy = 3 z,

2
2
y y 2 x = 21xz ,

xyz 0
. , z 0, , y = 3.

y = 3,
y = 3,

x = 1,
x = z,
x = z,

2
2
2
2
y y 2 x = 21xz,
y y 2 x = 21xz, y = 3,
z =1

xyz 0
xyz 0



x = 1,
x = 1,
x = 1,

y = 3,
y = 3,
y = 3,
z = 1
z = 1
z =1



.
4.2. ABC (AB = AC)
.

D, , ,
D . , AD = a.
: 0,5.
. AD K (. . 4). HK
1
AHD, , , HK = 2 AD
= 0,5a. , KE ADB, KE || DB.
= , KHA = ( KH = KA) D = (
). , = 90 0,5, KEH = DBH = 90 0,5. KEH:
EKH = 180 (KEH + KHE) = 90 0,5 = KEH, , ,
EH = KH = 0,5a.
. = D = , = 0,5, DBH = . 4 90 0,5 (.
. 4). ADH: AH = ADcos = acos; DH = ADsin =
asin.

BDH: BH = DHctgDBH = asinctg(90 0,5) = 2asin0,5cos0,5tg0,5 = 2asin20,5.


1
1
1
1
2
, BE = 2 AB = 2 (AH BH) = 2 a(cos 2sin 0,5) = 2 a(1 4sin20,5); EH
1
1
= B + BH = 2 a(1 4sin20,5) + 2asin20,5 = 2 a.

4.3. ,
, (
) ?
. 5
: 48.
, 16 ,
(8 8 ).
, .
, , 64 16 = 48 ,
.
48 . . 5 (
).
(15 ; 7 ).
5.1. f(x) =
0).

(
)2 2
: a + c + b .

a 2 + x 2 + (b x) 2 + c 2

(a > 0, b > 0, c >

. 6

DE b.
: D = a, E = c (
DE, . . 6).
DE D = x, = b x. ACD
2
2
2
(
)
BCE : AC = a + x ; C = b x + c .
+ AB, =
2

( a + c) 2 + b 2 ( , ).
5

,
, DA DE y x .
(0; ), (b; c); C (x; 0).
,
bx c
=
x
a
. ACD BCE ,
ab
x=
a+c.
5.2. ,
3000? ( .)
: 19 20.
,
( ). , , ,
, , , ,
( ) 360.
, 3000 + S, 0 S 270.
3000 + S
120 + S
n =2+
n = 18 +
180
180 .
n , 180(n 2) = 3000 + S,
, n , : S = 60; n = 19 S = 240; n = 20.
, 60
,
, 240, ,
, ,
.
5.3. 1.
. -
123456789?
: , .
. , ,
x, .
x S(x), x + S(x) = 123456789. , 123456789
9 ( 9), x S(x)
9. , x S(x) .
, , , x,
9, . , 1 9,
. , ,
123456789 .
. 1 3.
123456789 45, , 3.
3,
3 . ,
: 1; 2; 1; 2; ... .
, ( 2).
0 , , ,
.