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B2 REVISION CHAPTER 1 CELLS, TISSUES & ORGANS

KEY WORDS:
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
Ribosome
Chloroplast
Vacuole
Specialised


Diffusion
Concentration
gradient
Multicellular
Tissue
Organ
Organ system

ASSESSMENT:








What do plant cells have that animal
cells do not?

What is the function of:
Nucleus

Mitochondria

Ribosomes

Chloroplasts

Cell Wall
Sketch and label a plant and an
animal cell;
Draw and label 2 specialised cells. Explain their structure is adapted to suit their
function
Use pictures and words to describe the three ways substances
can move in and out of cells
Diffusion




What is a tissue?





What is an organ?





What is an organ system?
B2 REVISION CHAPTER 2 ORGANISMS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
KEY WORDS:
Photosynthesis
Glucose
Limiting factors
Quadrat
Sample size
Range
Mean





Median
Mode
Transect
Reproducible
Valid
Variables

ASSESSMENT:








What is the equation for
photosynthesis

Where in the plant does it occur?

How are leaves adapted to
perform photosynthesis?
Explain how light, CO
2
and temperature are limiting factors of
photosynthesis
Explain how plants use glucose for
the following:
Respiration


Transport


Storage


How do we measure the distribution of organisms?




How do we know this data is accurate?
How doe the follow factors affect organisms in their
environment?
Temperature:



Light:



Water:



CO
2
and O
2
:



B2 REVISION CHAPTER 3 ENZYMES
KEY WORDS:
Catalysts
Enzyme
Active site
Denatured
Digested
Carbohydrase
Amylase



Protease
Lipase
Bile
Emulsifiers
Biological
detergents

ASSESSMENT:








What are enzymes made from?


What do enzymes do?



How do they work? (explain &
draw the lock & key mechanism
What effect does temperature
have on enzyme activity




What effect does pH have on
enzyme activity
What are the 3 groups of enzymes in digestion? What is
their substrate and what do they break them down into?

1)


2)


3)


Why is the stomach acidic?



What is bile, what does it do and how does it do it?
Describe 3 industrial uses for
enzymes
How can we speed up digestion?
Changing the pH:




Altering the surface area:
B2 REVISION CHAPTER 4 ENERGY FROM RESPIRATION
KEY WORDS:

Aerobic respiration
Mitochondria
Glycogen
Anaerobic respiration
Oxygen debt
ASSESSMENT:








What is the formula for aerobic respiration?




What is the role of
mitochondria in respiration?





Why do organisms respire?






A student pedalled an exercise cycle at constant speed for 5 minutes.
The students heart rate was recorded at one-minute intervals during the
exercise and also during recovery.










Describe the effect exercise has on the heart:





A students breathing was monitored before and after vigorous exercise.
The student breathed in and out through a special apparatus. The graphs
show the changes in the volume of air inside the apparatus. Each time the
student breathed in, the line on the graph dropped. Each time the
student breathed out, the line went up.







Describe the effect of exercise has on breathing:

What is anaerobic respiration?



How does it cause muscle fatigue?



What is oxygen debt?



B2 REVISION CHAPTER 5 SIMPLE INHERITANCE
KEY WORDS:
Alleles
Mitosis
Meiosis
Stem cells
Therapeutic
cloning
Mendel


DNA finger
printing
Chromosomes
Dominant
Recessive
Polydactyly
Cystic fibrosis


ASSESSMENT:








What are stem cells?


State 2 uses of stem cells:




State 2 problems with stem cell
research:




Chromosomes are made of long strands
of what?


Small sections of this are called what?



What do genes code for?


What is DNA fingerprinting?
What is mitosis and why is it needed?



What is differentiation?



How does it differ in plants and
animals?




What is meiosis?



Why is it important?



How does it help generate variation?
How many chromosomes in a) gamete and b) somatic cell?

What is an allele?


What does a) dominant; and b) recessive mean?



What is Cystic Fibrosis and what causes it?




Draw the punnet's square for 2 CF carriers




























How do these fossils support the theory of
evolution
B2 REVISION CHAPTER 6 OLD & NEW SPECIES
KEY WORDS:

Fossils
Extinction
Geographical isolation
Endemic
Speciation

ASSESSMENT:








What are fossils?




How are they formed?





What can we learn from
fossils?




Why do we describe
fossil records as
incomplete?



What is extinction?


Describe how
environmental change leads to extinction




organisms can cause extinction




Describe how new species can evolve through geographical
isolation:









Higher: include info on speciation
What caused the
extinction of the
dinosaurs?