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: - , MASW, ,
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ZONDST2D

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012


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I : .......................................................................................... 47
II : ............................................................................................ 49
III : ................................................................................................... 51

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Cell summarization ............................................................................................................................ 65

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

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Attenuation tomography ........................................................................................................ 91


Layered inversion ................................................................................................................... 93
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MASW ................................................................................................................................... 101
1: .................................................................................. 112
2: .................................................................................................. 113
3: ........................................................................ 115
4: ......................................................................................................... 116
5: ............................................................. 120
6: ....................................... 122
7: ...................................................................... 123

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

ZONDST2D

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012


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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

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Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

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ZONDST2D - .
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: www.zond-geo.ru.
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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

10



Registration file. ,
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, SenseLock.
, USB.


ZONDST2D
Windows 98 . : P IV-2 ,
512 , 1024 x 768, -True color. (
).

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( ).


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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

11



.
SEG-Y.
(.1),
Trace editor

. 1. Trace editor.

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SEG-Y
. Show parameters for every file.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

12

Yes, ,
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SEG-Y
Settings/File options (
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Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

13

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File

Open SEG-Y/Project

File

Add to project

File

Save project

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012


SEG-Y .
.
.

14

.
.

File

Project information

File

Close project

File

Print preview

File

Import topography

ZondST2D (
).

File

Smooth topography

File

Run MASW module

MASW.

File

Run MASW for


groups

Settings

Image options

Settings

Image visible

Settings

Working rect

Settings

Graphics options

Settings

Background color

Settings

File options

Settings

Scaling options

MASW .

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Settings

Units

, , , ,
.

Settings

Set sample time

Settings

Cross-hole survey

.
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Tools

Set working area

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

15

For next shots,


.
Tools

Select all

Tools

Filtering

Tools

Undo filtering

.
.

Tools

Rotate plot



.
.
.

Tools

Picking mode


. [SHIFT]

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/
.

Tools

Zoom mode

.

.

Tools

Display cross

Tools

Edit source pos

Options

Delete current shot

Options

Delete empty shots

Options

Delete dead traces

Options

Seismogram
summarization

Options Trace summarization


Options

Sort shots by

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

,
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Multi Shot.
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Multi Shot.
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16

filename
Options

Sort shots by
position

Options

Options

Sort trace by offset


Collect amplitudes
shot

Options

Collect amplitudes
all

Options

Copy trace

Options

Paste trace

Options

Reciprocity error

Options
Options
Options

Average reciprocity
points
Correct Start times
Correct by
calculated data

Options

Smooth hodographs

Options

Trace autocorrection

Options

Undo action

Options

Delete hodograph

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Settings/File options

SEG-Y
(.2).
SEG-Y ,
.
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

17

. 2. Program setup, SEG-Y.


Automatic .
- .
Forward byte order - .
.
Samples number .
Samples interval ( ).
IEEE/IBM PC/UNIX.
IEEE/IBM Forward byte order.
Sort by name/data
.
One file-One seismogram -
.
Processing .
- ( - FFT
DFT).

. to null

, to maximum ,
to minimum - , to extremum -
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

18

Style :
t0 t0.


SEG-Y ,
.
(1,2,3),
Hodographs (
).
Set source positions, Tools/Edit source pos
- (.3).
dx dz
X Z.

X Sx+dx Z

Sz+dz. Sx Sz
Sx ,
[SHIFT] Sx ,
.

. 3. Set source positions.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

19

Rx, Rz Sx, Sz
Table .
Hodographs
*.crd.
- ,
, (
).



.

/

( ).

, , ,
(. 4 A).

. , ,

(. 4 B).

. 4. .


Settings/Scaling options

(. 5).

,
.
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

20

Norm style .

Common

maximum

.
Trace maximum - .

. 5. Scaling options.
Clipping
, .
Maximum Minimum ,
.
By start data ,
() .
Autoscaling .
, .
Pixel for trace (
) Pixel for sample ( ).
Start time (
) . / ,
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

21



Settings/Graphics options

(.6).

Trace ,
. Primary Additional
( Multi)
.
Negative Positive
(Fill color , Transparent ).

.6. Graphics settings.


Line color . Active line color
. Display line - ,
.
Hodograph
. Current, Previous, Next, Reciprocity,
Calculated , , ,
.
( ).
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

22

[Colors] (
1: ).


.

Tools/Rotate plot 90 (.7).

.7. .
, ,
,

Settings/Image visible (.8). , Color


palette Settings/Image options (.9).

. 8. .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

23

. 9. Color palette.


:
-

- Options/Sort shots by filename;

- Options/Sort shots by position;

- Options/Sort trace by offset.


Table
( ).

Multi (
).
Start
time Scaling options Hodograph

( ) . /
, .
.

Hodograph (
).

Selecting
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

. ,
24

,
Multi Shot Options/Trace summarization.
Options/Copy trace Paste trace
.
Picking mode

.
. [SHIFT]
.
, (
Trace editor

) .


.
:
Selecting

+ Picking mode

+ Graphics settings

Hodographs, Reciprocity.
, Hodograph
Graphics setting (
).

[TRL]+[ALT]+ .
(, )
[CTRL]+[Z].

. C

Hodograph


FirstTomo XTomo.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

25

Table


(.10).

.10. Table.
Sx Sz
.
Set source positions (
).

.
.
For next shots ()
.

.
V / .
, .
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

26

Rx

.
.
Rz .

.
Gain .

. , (
) .
.
For next shots .
Dead .
.
t,ms
( ).

Array (.11).

.11. Array.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

27

.

. Hodographs.
[CTRL]+

.

Hodographs

.
.
(.12).

.12. Hodographs.

.
[SHIFT].

[SHIFT].
. .
( )
, . .

- :

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

28

Laccolite god file

Laccolite god directory

.
.
ST/SRT.

ST/SRT files

XTomo.

XTomo file

.

.
(: 1 , 2 ,

Coordinates

3 ..),
Coordinates.
: X Z X Z.

- :

Laccolite god file

Laccolite directory

.
.
XTomo

XTOMO file
FIRSTOMO file

DOGSTOMO3D


FirstTomo.

DogsTomo3D.
*.crd (

Crd file

- .

- .

, .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

29

. /
, .
.

Table

Array, ,
. Array
, . [ALT]+

Hodographs.

Multi

(.13). , ,
.
.
.

.13. Multi.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

30

Type . One
. Source -
(,
).
, . All -
.
, . Reciprocity
( ).


,
Seg-Y Seg2. ,
.
(
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Edit source pos ( ).
,
(, , ).
, ,
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.
Multi. 2
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Source.
, Shot. (/)
.
,

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, .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

31

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( )
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Reciprocity , ,
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ZondST2D


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Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

32

( [SHIFT]). /
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.

Trace

autocorrelation


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( ).
. (
)
50-60 . ,
(
Correct Start times) .
, .
.
, :
1. (
).
2.
. Reciprocity error.
3. ( Correct
Start times) .
4. .
5. .



. ,

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

33

.
( ).

. ZondST2D ,
.
. Fourier
transform .
. All traces
, - .

(
). / .
(
( ))
.
(

).

,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

34

. All shots.
Wavelet denoising
. ,
, :
Wavelet type .
Wavelet order ( ).
Decomposition level
. ,
.



ZONDST2D
(Create survey)

, ,

,
. ZONDST2D :
XTOMO.
.
, ZONDST2D,
*.ST ( ).
Zond data file

Zond.

Program configuration

, ( TAB
SPACE)

(,
)

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

35

,
10000, /
500.



. ( ):
.
.

(
). (

.
.
.
.
/.
.
( ).
.
.

File

Trace editor

File

Create Syntetic survey

File

Open file

File

Save file

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

.

.

36

File

Edit data

File

Recent

File

File

English

File

Reg file

File

Register

File

Exit

Options

Project information

Options

Mesh constructor

Options

Show model tools

Options

Program setup

Options

Data editor

Options

Survey scheme

Options

*Layered inversion module

Options

*Attenuation tomography

Options

Geological editor

Options

Create/Edit borehole data

Options

Remove borehole data

Options

3D sections plot

Options

Print preview

Options

Observed graphics settings

Options

Calculated graphics settings

Options

Data /First times

Options

Data /Apparent resistivity

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

, Notepad.
.

.

.

.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
/ .
.
3D .

.

.

.
.

.

37

Options

Data /Hodographs

Options

Data /IsoOffset

Options

Data/Centered

(
).

Options

Data /Ray paths/Direct


( ).

Options

Data /Ray paths/Calculated

,
.

Options

Data/Display with shifts

Options

Model /Block section

Options

Model /Smooth section

Options

Model /Contour section

Options

Model /Velocity

Options

Model /Sensitivity

Options

Model /dVelocity

.
.

.

.
.

.

.

Options

Model/Quality

0 1.
Contour section.

Options

Model/DOI index

.
Contour section.
.

Options

Model/Smooth contours

Options

Model/X=Z scale

X Y.

Options

Model /Extend bottom

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

38


.
Options

Model /Cut by rays

Options

Model/Model histogram


.

.

Options

Advanced /Inverse
procedure/Display process


( , ,
,
).

Advanced/ Inverse
Options

procedure/Optimization/
Line search

.

,
.

Options

Advanced/ Inverse
procedure/Optimization/ Full

.
,
.

Advanced /Inverse
Options

procedure/Optimization/
Factor 1.2



(
)

Advanced/ Inverse
Options

procedure/ Optimization /
Length- step

.

,

.

Options

Advanced/ Inverse

procedure/ Solver /

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

39

CG
Advanced/ Inverse
Options

procedure/ Solver /
Seidel
Advanced/ Inverse

Options

procedure/Underwater
options

.

.

.

Advanced /Inverse
Options

procedure/Average window
8x4

m0

(
Occam).

Advanced /Inverse
Options

procedure/Invert start times


MAX-10

.


.

Advanced /Inverse
Options

procedure/Invert visible
hodographs

Options

Options

Options

Options

Options

Advanced Inverse
procedure/Invert Slowness
Advanced Inverse
procedure/Invert Velocity
Advanced/ Cells
summarization
Advanced/ Set boundaries
Advanced/ Velocity-Offset

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

plot


.
/
.
.
.
.
.

(
).
.

.

40


.

.
Options

Advanced/ t0 fields

Options

Advanced /Reverse on load

Options

Advanced /Shift on load

Options

Advanced/ Set weight

.

.

.

Options

Advanced /Receiver RMS


/.

Options

Options

Advanced /Real topo


coordinates
Advanced /Extended nodes


.

.

Options

Advanced /Orientation


(auto),
(vertical, horizontal).

Options

Options

Import/Export /Borehole
data
Import/Export/ Import
model/data

Options

Import/Export/ Remove data

Options

Import/Export /Save

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012



.

.
,
.

41

selection
Import/Export/ Load

Options

Options

selection

Import/Export/ Save

selection

Options

Import/Export/Extract 1D log

Options

Import/Export/ Load 1Dlog

Import/Export/Background

Options

image
Import/Export/Output

Options

settings
Import/Export/ Export ray

Options

paths
Import/Export/ Import

Options

topography
Import/Export/ Export to

Options

Options

Excel/Model
Import/Export/ Export model

Options

Options

.
.

.
.

Excel.

to DXF

DXF.

Import/Export/ SeisOpt

picking
Import/Export Section file

SeisOpt.

SectionCor (*.sec).

:
, .
. Zond 2D,
, , .
,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

42

Delete /

.
.

Insert /

F /

.
magic wand

X /

V /

/ /

.
.

Space


,
:
.
.
.
.
.


*.ST,
. ,
,
.
Options/Mesh Constructor (.15).
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

43

. 15. Mesh constructor.


Z nodes
.


16.

1.05 .

Minimum .

. X
.
Maximum . ,
, ..
.
Nodes number . 15-18
. X
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

44

Intermediate nodes .
1 2.
X ( ).
X .
.
Regular mesh ,
.

/ (
).
X nodes
.
Minimum .
Maximum - .
Nodes number .
(.. x
)
.
Intermediate nodes
/ (0 - 4).
Regular mesh ,
.

/.
Top velocity .
Bottom velocity .

.

[Apply],

.
: ,
,

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

45

).


.
.

. . ,
.
.

Contour-section. ,
Remove background.

.

,
. ,
.
Modeling
.
Modeling :
Show background .
Remove background .
Get values from background
. (
).
,
. .
Remove all polygons .
Display ColorScale ,
.
Colors from ColorScale .
, .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

46

Exit from modeling mode .


( ).

/,
.
ZONDST2D data files ( *.ST).
: 1) , 2)
( ), 3) (
).
I :
, ,
.
ZONDST2D ()
:
Sz Sy Sz ( . Transmitter)
Rx Ry Rz ( . Receiver)
Y Z - . ,
,
(-) .
-- sample_with_z_source, sample_with_chdata.

/
(, (.16)).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

47

. 16. -, -,
-.

( ).
:
() ft
, Weight,
.
. (..
Weight) 1
.
,
, ,
.
(
).

***.


. -sample_with_ext_nodes.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

48

II :
, topo,
.
.
topo ,
. - - topo1.
topo~ (.17).
,
.
,
. - - topo2a/topo2b.

. 17. .
topo# () (.18).
, X
. -

. ,
/ P .

( ), X
. - - topo3.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

49

. 18.
( ).
topo^ ,
. -- topo4.
, , topo~#.
topow ,
( ).

( ) (. 19).
(
( , )),
(2-4).
, . - water1. . - - water3,
.
.

. 19. ,
.
topo* ,
. - - water2.
,
, Real topo coordinates, ,

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

50

, . Grid file
Real topo coordinates .
III :
model.
: ,
, ,
(topo coefficient).

( n m).
n-1 m-1 .



Options/Data/First times Options/Data/Apparent velocity
, .
Options/Data
Hodographs (. 20),

IsoOffset (. 20).

.20. : -Hodographs, -IsoOffset.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

51

:

( ). ,
, ,
(.21A). ,
, (.21B).

. 21. .

:

).


.

[SHIFT].
. .
( )
, . .

.

Options/Observed(Calculated) graphics settings.



, 0.
[ALT] ,
[ALT] ,
0.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

52

[SHIFT]

.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

53


/
Options/Data editor
(. 22). 10 :
Sx

X*.

Sy

Y*.

Sz

Z*.

Rx

X*.

Ry

Y*.

Rz

Z*.

ft

Vk

pr

Weight

* - Coordinates/Positions
,
( Coordinates)
( Positions).

. 22. Data editor.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

54

, ,
.
. 0 1.
,
.

Options/Data/Ray

paths/Calculated

- ,
(.23).

. 23.
Data editor.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

55

Option/Program

setup.


,
.
[Default] .
Inversion (.24).

. 24. Program setup, Inversion.


Inversion ,
.
,
(.25).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

56

,
.

. 25. .

.
Smoothness constrained
.
( ) (.26).

. 26. Smoothness constrained.



:

A W WA C C m A W
T

(6)

.
.
, .
Occam
[Constable,
1987].
(.27).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

57

. 27. Occam.

:

A W
T

WA C T C m AT W T f C T Cm

(7)


Smoothness factor. ,
.
Marquardt
(Ridge regression) [Marquardt, 1963].
,
(.28).

. 28. Marquardt.

:

A W
T

WA I m AT W T f

(8)

, .

Marquardt, (

), Smoothness constrained
Occam.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

58

Focused
[Portniaguine,
2000].

, ,
(.29).

. 29. Focused.

:

A W
T

WA C T RC m AT W T f C T RCm

(9)


Threshhold.
,
( , ).
( ) Ri
e ri :
Ri

Blocks

e2
e 2 ri

(10)

.
(.30).
,
Marquardt:

A W
T

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

WA I m AT W T f

(11)

59

. 30. Blocks.

( Focused),
Cell summarization.
, .
.
Smoothing factor
(, ).

, : 0.5 2; : 0.005 - 0.01.

(.31). Occam Focused.

. 31. , Occam
smoothing factor: 0.01 () 1.0 ().
4.5 %, 6 % .
Depth smoothing - .
Stop criteria .
Iterations ,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

60

RMS error ,
.
Reduction ,

%)

.
Robust weighting scheme
,
.
.
Focusing parameters.
Threshold
(
).
(0.001-1) (.32).
( ).
.

. 32. , Focused
Threshold: 0.01 () 0.1 ().
Use reference model , .

(.33).
Occam Focused.
,
. ,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

61

. 33. (), , Occam


(), ().
Options
(.34).

. 34. Program setup, Options.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

62

Model
Min velocity, Max velocity
.
Smoothness ratio
. -
< 1, - > 1. ,
, 0.2 1 (.35).

. 35.
Smoothness ratio: 1 () 0.5 ().
Precision .
10. .
Model style . Velocity in cell
/ . Velocity in
node .
. Wide ray -
. .
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

63

Cells grouping .
,
.
,
. ,
.
: (Layer)
; (ID) ; (Width)
( ),
, .
.
Width
, -

.
ID
, -
.
: ,
(.36), , ,
(. 36), , ,
(.36).

. 36. .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

64

Topo coefficient (0-5).


0 . 1 -
, (.37).
:

max( Topo) Topox


z * x, z Topox z 1
Tcoeff
max( z )

(12)

Topo , z - .
0

. 37. Topo coefficient 1 5.


Anisotropy - .

Cell summarization
Cell summarization ( )
. Blocks.
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

65

. 38. () () ()
Cell summarization.
Blocks,
(Contrast factor),

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

66

Start layers ,

.
Smooth, (Smooth factor),
. End layers ,
.


Options/Model/Block-section (.39),
Options/Model/Smooth-section (.39),
Options/Model/Contour-section (.39).

. 39. :
Block-section (), Smooth-section (), Contour-section ().
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

67


:
Display model mesh
Display objects
border

Display color bar

Setup

, .
,
.
,
.

.

Zoom&Scroll

Print preview

Setup

Set minimum

Set maximum


.

.

.

Set incremental factor


.


Automatic

Log scale

Set halfspace value


Set cursor value
Color as histogram


.

.

.
.
.

Setup Block-section
Smooth-section 5: ,
Contour-section ! ..

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

68


,
, .

.
Block-section.
(Contour-section) - Option/Model/Sensitivity (.40).
Option/Model/dVelocity
(.40).

. Data/Ray path/Calculated
, . Options/Model/Cut bay
ray ,
(.40).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

69

. 40. .
. . . .
.

ZONDST2D ( *.ST) (
). ,
. ,
, .

. ,
, (Observed)
(Calculated) , ,
(Model, WorkSheet) *.BMP .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

70

Options/Import/Export/Output settings ( ).
.

Zond project data


Zond calculated data

Zond observed data

.
BMP.

Worksheet


BMP.

Model

Output settings.
Program configuration
Zond model with

.
.

calculated

dat- .

Grid file

SectionCorrector.

Section file

. 41. Project information.


,
Options/Project information,
:
Uncial points number

External nodes number


Min/Max points offset
Number of data
Percent of bad data

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012


/.

.
/ .
.
(

71

).
Number of data spacings
Number of topography points
Forward modeling cells number

Inversion parameters number

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

.
.

.

.

72



Options/Import/Export/Borehole data
(.34).
. - sample_with_bhdata.

. 42. .
Import model/data *.ST
ZOND (.43).
, ,

XY *.dat,
, - sample_with_exported_graphic.

. 43. .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

73

Save selection
. ,
, Load selection
Save selection. - - sample_with_impmodel.

Extract 1D log Load 1D log,
X .
X.
, , ,
.
(
) Import/Export/Background image.
, , .
half-space transparency.
*.sec . - sample_with_sectfile. *.sec :
1- ;
2-

X1 Y1 X2 Y2.
sect.emf
0 0 152.4 53.3
Blocks section ,
. ,
(.44).

. 44. Block-section .
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

74

Smooth section ,
(.45).

. 45. Smooth-section .

, .

dat-. Zond
SectionCorrector.

Output settings.

Output settings Automatic
Vertical scale, Horizontal scale,
Print resolution dpi Font size (.46).

. 46. Picture settings.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

75



. ( *.txt) ,
.
:
( ),
. .
:

0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
10.5
11
11.5
12
12.5
13
13.5
14
14.5
15
15.5
16
16.5
17
17.5
18

118.3035394
126.9002384
123.4170888
116.1519574
117.240884
111.9424174
142.0405875
125.3686538
521.0730567
735.5232592
707.7315998
706.3561614
725.9945623
722.433627
717.0991126
716.9836552
725.5024012
722.3551713
731.5717173
723.5097884
726.8844987
725.962034
743.2485878
726.4061156
734.399887
727.9166309
116.1921851
517.9613065
125.3706264
111.2952478
131.911879
107.9217309
114.9327361
134.0939196
138.4457143
129.1165104

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

76

. 47. .

:
( )
. .
. .
23 , ,
(.48).

. 48. .
.
0 1 0 13 1
4 1 0 13 1
4 1 0 19 2
11 1 0 19 2
11 1 0 27 3
16 1 0 27 3

( *.crt) ,
. CRT

.
2280.txt

2280

- (

)
18 2 2 1 0 1 0 0

18 .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

77

2 - ( , 1 - 20).
2 - 0 - 3.
0 - ( ); - - carot1.crt
1 - ( )
; - - carot2.crt
2 - ; - - strati.crt
3 - ( ) ,
;

1 - 0 - 2.
0,1 ;
1,2 - ;

0 - (
, ) 0 n-1, n
.
1 - .
0 - 0, 1.
0 .
3246.txt
3246
102 2 2 1 0 1 0 0


BHEeditor. http://zond-geo.ru.

. 49. BHEeditor.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

78


, .

. ,
,
.

, ..
.
Model style .
(Velocity in cells),
. ,
. .
(Velocity in nodes),
, .
.
(
).
.
(Wide ray) .
. ,

.
.
. (Ray
radius settings): ( )
(.. ).
.
, , .
, ,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

79

Precision .
,
. 10-20
. ,
. , .


: /
(), / ( )
( ), (.50).
/
. ( )
. ,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

80


/, .

.

, .
.

.50. Create synthetic survey.



. ( ):
/.
/.
, .
( ) /.
.
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

81

.
.
[SHIFT],
(/ ),
.
.
.
.
.
.
/ ( ).
/ .
,
.
.
,
.
.

.
Select all positions ,
.
Deselect all positions .
Create full array ,
,
.
.
.
.

, ,

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

82

,
,
.

,
, .



.
.

. . ,
.
.

Contour-section. ,
Remove background.

.

,
. ,
.
Modeling
.
Modeling :
Show background .
Remove background .
Get values from background
. (
).
,
. .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

83

Remove all polygons .


Display ColorScale ,
.
Colors from ColorScale .
, .
Exit from modeling mode .



block-section.
.
,
.
, .
, ,
.

. ,

, .
.
.

, ,
Mesh constructor.
Set maximum
Redivide

Thick mesh

Thin mesh

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

.

( ).

.

.

84

,
Redivide


Thick mesh

(
).

Thin mesh


:
Display cell setup
Cell to cursor value
Edit mode
Selection\Free form
selection
Selection\Rectangular
selection
Selection\Elleptical
selection

.

.
.

.
.

. .

. .

.

Selection\Magic wand

, .

.

Selection\Remove
selection
Mesh options\Add
column /row

.
.

.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

85

Mesh options\Remove
column /row
Mesh options\Resize
column /row
Clear model
Clear parameters


.
.
.
.


:
.

Zoom&Scroll .

, , .
, ,
.

: , ,
.
(


.
.

. . ,
.
.

Contour-section. ,
Remove background.

.
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

.
86

,
. ,
.
Modeling
.
Modeling :
Show background .
Remove background .
Get values from background
. (
).
,
. .
Remove all polygons .
Display ColorScale ,
.
Colors from ColorScale .
, .
Exit from modeling mode .

[SHIFT]

. [SHIF]
.
. ,
.
[CTRL]
.

.
.

Cell setup (.51).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

87

. 51. Cell setup.


.
Value .
Fixed .
Min value, Max value .
Apply to selected ,
.

.
(
)

,
- Zond calculated data, , .
, Import
model/data ( ),
, - Zond model with calculated.

:

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

88

Display model mesh


Display objects
border

Display color bar

Setup

.

.
.

Set incremental
factor

Automatic

Log scale

Set halfspace value


Set cursor value
Color as histogram
Set maximum
Redivide

Thick mesh

Thin mesh

Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

Print preview

Set maximum

Zond geophysical software

Set minimum

Zoom&Scroll

Setup

, .


.

.

.


.

.

.

.
.
.
.

( ).

.

.
89

,
Redivide


/.

Thick mesh

(
/).

Thin mesh


:
Display cell setup
Cell to cursor value
Edit mode
Selection\Free form
selection
Selection\Rectangular
selection
Selection\Elleptical
selection

.

.
.

. .

. .

. .

Selection\Magic wand

.
.
.

Selection\Remove
selection
Mesh options\add
column /row
Mesh options\remove
column /row
Mesh options\resize
column /row

.
.
.
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

90

Clear model
Clear parameters

.
.

Attenuation tomography
Attenuation tomography
Q . ,
.

,
.
. ,
, ( )
.

(
) collect amplitudes shot/all Amplitude picking .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

91

,
.


( ). ,
.
( Cell summarization)

.

Attenuation tomography. .
, ,
.

.
,
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

92

.
( ) ( [ALT]).
,
. ,
, .
.

. ,

Q,
.
Q,

.
(XYZ) , DXF
CAD

SURFER.

Layered inversion

Layered

Inversion


.

.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

93

, ,
.
. T0 .
( ),
.
- ,
, . ,

.

, ;
.
.
, .
.
,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

94

- .
-
.
- .
- ( ).
- .
.
,
.
- , .
- , .
- ( ).
( ).
( ) .
.
,
.
Save project .
Save as XYZ
. Surfer,
, GXF
AUTOCAD.
Load borehole data Remove borehole data
.
.

. ,
. ,
, .
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

95


, .
, ( ),
.
( ).


.

. ,
. ,
. , ,
.
(, 5-6 ).
( ) .
,
.
-
.
, .
. ,
(3-10
). 1-3
.
, ,
.
( ) .
, *
* * .

. ,
( ).
.
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

96

.
, , .
,
. ,
,
.

.
, (
).
?
.

Inversion

.
, .
,
. V nodes 1 layer, V nodes 2-n
layers, Number X nodes. /
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

97

: V nodes 1
layer, V nodes 2-n layers.

. 5-10 ,
(
). , , ,
.
.

. -
. : Invert V, invert Z.
.
(
). .
.
. ( )
.

(Smoothing factor V, Smoothing factor Z)


. (0-1),
(0-1).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

98

.
,
( ) .
.
/ ,
.
.
5-10.
.
, .
,
.
.

. , .

: Color scale min, color


scale max.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

99



.
.
.
Vx/Vz
.
Anisotropy. , (
) ,
(Vx/Vz) .

, .. (
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

100

) .
, , ,
.

MASW
MASW ,
.
,
, ,
.
MASW,
. MASW
(). , ,

, .
MASW

. ,
.
, MASW
.
.
,
.
, f-k f-v
.

. ZondST2D
, 1999 .
, :
, .
(Vs). MASW
Vs.
,
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

101

1. .
.
.
2. . .
, ,

.
3. .
- .
-
.
ZondST2D
.
.
MASW,
. MASW
.
, .
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

102


:
-
- MASW. MASW
. , Forward
.
- MASW.
- .
.
- .
- .
- VF . .
- KF . .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

103

- .
, .
.
,
.
Save MASW

File

project
Load MASW

File

project

File

Load borehole data


Save model as

File

XYZ

File

Save models

Options

Delete active curve

(+).
.
.

Surfer.
.

( ).

Options

Units


.
.

Options

Picking

Options

Zoom&Scroll

Options

Fundamental mode

Options

Mode 1

Options

Mode 2

Options

( )
.
.

Goto inversion

mode

MASW.
MASW ,
. ,
.
( ).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

104

.
()

.
, .
(
). .
,
. ,
,
( ) .
.
.
, (
).
,
.
.
.

.

. f-k
[ALT]. [ALT] (
). ,
(
). /
( [ALT]).
.
.

. ,
.
.
. ,
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

105

.
(
). (
). ,
,
.
. ,
. ,
.
Spectrum
MASW.
, .
Processing
.

VMin, VMax, FrqMin FrqMax


.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

106

.
.
OffsetMin OffsetMax
MASW (, ).

Smoothness

. 0 .
Offset 1/r^ - .
0 . -
1/r^(n). ,
.
Zero padding
( ).
Array MASW. Forward
. Reverse - . Forward&reverse
.
.
[Apply].
.
.
, .

MASW.
.

, .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

107


.
- .
- .
- MASW.
.
- MASW.
- .
- .
- .
- .
.
,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

108

Options
Options

Settings
Run Forward
problem

.
.

Options

Run Inversion

Options

Copy model

Options

Paste model

Options

Poisson ratio

Options

Vp value

Options

Auto Recalculation

Options

Draw labels

Options

Options

Export/Model to
CAD
Export/Report to
Excel


.

.

( ).
Vs .
dxf
CAD.
Excel
.
.

Options

Export/Pseudo
boreholes


MASW.

( ).

Options

Goto processing
mode

( )
, ,
.
.
(
) .
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

109

Vp Vp
PR. ,
.

.
(Vs
). ,
. .
.
MASW.
Vs .
.
Start model ,
.

Vs, Vp,
, .
Start thickness Thickness factor
(1-5).
.
Layers number .
3-7 .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

110

[Reconstruct]
. .
Inversion
. ,
, , .
Vs minimum Vs maximum
.
Graphics
.
Color scale min Color scale max
Vs.
Draw borders , .
Colors .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

111

1:


.
Style .
Interpolate ,
: min color, 1/3 color, 2/3 color
max color. const ( color)
. random
Line
. ,
Line .
Pointer
. ,
Pointer .
Border
. ,
Border .
[Options] .
[Default]
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

112

2:

.
[SHIFT] .
Format .
[Border]
.
[Color] .
[Pattern] .
[Outline]
.
[Shadow]
.
Point .
Visible / .
Style .
Width .
Height .
Inflate margins ,
.
[Pattern] .
Zond geophysical software
Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

113

[Border]
.
[Gradient] .
Marks .
Style.
Visible / .
Draw every , ..
.
Angle .
Clipped , ,
.
Arrows
.
[Border] .
[Pointer] (
Point).
Length .
Distance
.
Arrow head .

None

[Pointer]. Line
. Solid .
Size , .
Format
.
[Color] .
[Frame] .
[Pattern] .
Bevel : , .
Size .
Size .
Transparent Transparency .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

114

Text:
[Font] .
[Outline]
.
Inter-char spacing
.
[Gradient]
.
Outline gradient ,
: .
[Shadow]
.
Gradient
.
Shadow
.

3:

.
[SHIFT]
.
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

115

Style ,
, ..
Position
.
Symbols .
Title .
Text .
Format, Gradient

Shadow ,

4:


. [SHIFT]
. : Options
Default. ,
.
Scales
.
Auto ,
. , ,
Minimum Maximum.
Visible / .
Inverted .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

116

[Increment change] .
Logarithmic - .

LinLog options.
Base .
LinLog options ,
-


.
Dec Shift ( )
. ()
, .
Min dec () ,
.
Rounded limits ,
.
Minimum Maximum
.
Auto , -
[Change].
Offset
.
Title .
Style:
Title .
Angle .
Size . 0
.
Visible / .
Text:
[Font] .
[Outline] .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

117

Inter-char spacing
.
[Gradient]
.
Outline gradient , :
.
[Shadow]
.
Labels .
Style:
Visible / .
Multiline .
Round first .
Label on axis .
Alternate .
Size . 0
.
Angle .
Min separation %
.
Text:
[Font] .
[Outline] .
Inter-char spacing
.
[Gradient]
.
Outline gradient ,
: .
[Shadow]
.
Ticks .
[Axis] .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

118

[Grid] .
[Ticks] .
Len .
[Inner] .
Len .
Centered .
At labels only
.
Minor
.
[Grid] .
[Ticks]
. Length .
[Minor]
. Len .
Count .
Position .
Position %
( ,
Units).
Start %
( ).
End %
( ).

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

119

5:

Options.
Box margins.
Left ( ) .
Right ( ) .
Top ( ) .
Bottom ( ) .
Object difference -
, .
Selection admissibility -
, ,
( Magic Wand).
Parameter alteration
( ), Edit,
[Shift].
[Font] .
Colors.
Color bar.
Min color, 1/3 color, 2/3 color Max color
,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

120

Others.
Body border ,
Parameter alteration
.
Grid .
Selection - .
Fixed - .
Transparency halfspace ,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

121

6:

.
Box margins.
Left margin ( ) .
Right margin ( )
.
Top margin ( )
.
Bottom margin ( )
.
Fill&Line colors.
Min contour , 1/3 contour, 2/3 contour Max contour
Min contour Max contour 1/3
contour 2/3 contour.
.
Num levels .
,
.

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

122

Min isoline Max isoline


Min isoline Max isoline.
.
Isolines , .
User data limits.
User limits - ,
Minimum Maximum
.
Minimum
.
Maximum
.

7:
Geological editor
, .

, .
,
.
, .
,

CAD.

.
.
Geological editor ,
.
, .

Zond geophysical software


Saint-Petersburg 2001-2012

123

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