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Hemodialysis

by: Liana Lee Sencin


What is hemodialysis?
Hemodialysis is a treatment used for
patients to rid blood of metabolic
wastes, urine, harmful toxins and
other extra fluids.
Our Kidneys
Excretory Functions
Maintains plasma osmolarity by
eliminating water
Maintains plasma pH near 7.4 by
eliminating excess hydrogen
Excretes nitrogenous end products of
protein metabolism
Endocrine Functions
Renin- affects sodium, fluid volume, and
blood pressure
Erythropoietin- which regulates red
blood cell productions in bone marrow
Prostaglandin- regulates blood flow in
the kidneys

Chronic Renal Failure
A person with this
disorder will not
benefit from the
normal functions
of kidneys. There
is complete renal
failure.
Diabetes
Hypertension
Glomerolunephritis
Cystic Disorders
Drug toxicity
Damage to supporting
structure of kidneys


Causes:
Hemodialysis
Hollow -fiber
Dialyzer
Hollow-fiber Dialyzer
Dialysate inflow tube
Dialysate outflow tube
Blood inflow tube
Blood outflow tube
10,000 hollow fibers
(large surface area)
Process of Dialysis
Blood circulates outside the
body and passed through
the dialyzer
Comes into contact with a
counter flow of dialysate
solution
Toxins are removed from
the blood through diffusion
Excess water is removed
from the blood with a
certain amount of filtration
Process of Dialysis
Blood is injected with
heparin, an anticoagulant.

Blood is then returned
back to the body through
the artery.
Diffusion in Dialysis
Constant movement of dialysate
solution and maintains a high
concentration gradient
Electrolytes are added to dialysate so
that there will be a healthy amount in
blood
Ultrafiltration
Dialysis machine causes hydraulic pressure
There is higher pressure in blood
compartment than in the dialysate
compartment
This forces water and any other molecules
small enough to pass through the
membrane to evacuate the blood.
Works Cited
Sakai, Kiyotaka,2000. Frontiers Medical
Biological Engineering. Dialysis
membranes for blood purification.Vol.
10, No. 2: 117-129.
www.yahoo.com
http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/p
ubs/hemodialysis/index.htm