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2011 .

, 11 .

(2011 - 1 / 18)

2011 .

, 11 .

(2011 - 2 / 18)


2011



2011

2011

2011

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2011

2011 .

, 11 .

(2011 - 3 / 18)

2011 .

, 11 .

(2011 - 4 / 18)

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2011


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B1

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15 .

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B3

2011

3x2 = 27 .

2011

2011 . , 11 .

B4

(2011 - 5 / 18)

ABC C 90, AB = 5 ,
cos A = 0,8 . BC .

B5

B6

B7

2011 . , 11 .

B8

(2011 - 6 / 18)

y = f ( x )
, 3.
x = 3 .

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log 2 200 + log 2

1
.
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B9

12 .
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B10

. , ,
, h ( t ) = 5t 2 + 18t ( h ,
t , ). ,
9 .

B11


3

y = 2cos x + 3 x
3

B12

, , 12 .
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0; 2 .

1.
2011

2011

2011 . , 11 .

(2011 - 7 / 18)

2011 . , 11 .

(2011 - 8 / 18)

2
1-6
2. (1, 2
..), .
C1

ABCA1B1C1 2 ,

6cos 2 x cos x 2
= 0.
sin x


.
3

5 . A1BC

log x +3 ( 9 x 2 )

1
2
log 2x +3 ( x 3) 2 .
16
D

BA ABC , 30 , D, AD = 2
BD = 1 . , A, D
BC.

a,

a x 4 +1 = y + 2 x ,

x 2 + y 2 = 4
.

( ,
1) a b,
a b,
b
, .
a

2011

2011

2011 . , 11 .

(2011 - 9 / 18)

2011 . , 11 .

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7
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10
11
12

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1
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2

1

2
3
4
5
6

2
+ 2 n,
3
30
1
1 7
a=4
a = 2, b = 5

2
arccos + 2 n, n Z .
3

2011

(2011 - 10 / 18)

6cos 2 x cos x 2
= 0.
sin x
.
1.
arccos 2
3
6cos 2 x cos x 2 = 0,

sin x > 0.
2
1
,
2
3
sin x < 0 .
0

cos x = t

1
2
6t 2 t 2 = 0 . t = t = .
2
3
2
arccos 3
1
2
cos x =
cos x =
3
2

(. ). ,
, sin x < 0 .
2011

2011 . , 11 .

: x =

(2011 - 11 / 18)

2
2
+ 2 n x = arccos + 2 n , n Z .
3
3

2
2
:
+ 2 n, arccos + 2 n, n Z .
3
3

1
2
.
1
,
, .
0
,
.

ABCA1B1C1 2 ,
2
5 .
A1BC .
. H
BC (. ).
ABC ,
A1BC , AH

BC .
A1H
, A1HA
BCA BCA1 .
A1 AB : AA1 =1 .

AHB : AH = 3 .
HAA1 :
AA
1
tg A1HA = 1 =
.
AH
3
30 .

C1
B1
A1

C
H

: 30 .
. ,
.

2
2
.
1
,
.
0
,
.
2011

2011 . , 11 .

log x +3 ( 9 x 2 )

(2011 - 12 / 18)

1
2
log 2x +3 ( x 3) 2 .
16

.
, x :
9 x 2 > 0, ( 3 x )( 3 + x ) > 0,

x > 3,
x + 3 > 0,

x 2,
x + 3 1,
x 3.
x 3 0;

: 3 < x < 2 2 < x < 3 .

1
log x +3 ( 3 x ) + log x +3 ( 3 + x ) log 2x +3 ( 3 x ) 2 ;
4
1 2
log x +3 ( 3 x ) + 1 log x +3 ( 3 x ) 2 .
4
log x +3 ( 3 x ) = y . :
1
2
y y2 1 ; y2 4 y + 4 0 ; ( y 2) 0 ; y = 2 .
4
2
, log x +3 ( 3 x ) = 2 , ( x + 3) = 3 x ; x 2 + 7 x + 6 = 0 .
: 6 1 . 3 < x < 2 2 < x < 3
x = 1 .
: 1 .
2. x ,
x 3 = 3 x .
.

:
1
log x +3 ( ( 3 x )( 3 + x ) ) log 2x +3 x 3 2 .
4
, x + 3 > 0 ( 3 x )( 3 + x ) > 0 . , 3 x > 0 .

x 3 = 3 x . :
1
log x +3 ( 3 x ) + 1 log 2x +3 ( 3 x ) 2 .
4

2011

2011 . , 11 .

log x +3 ( 3 x ) = y . :
1
2
y y2 1 ; y2 4 y + 4 0 ; ( y 2) 0 ;
4
,
( x + 3)2 = ( 3 x ) ,

log x +3 ( 3 x ) = 2 ; x + 3 > 0,
x + 3 1;

: 1 .

3
2

1
0
4

x 2 + 7 x + 6 = 0,

x > 3,
x 2;

(2011 - 13 / 18)

2011 . , 11 .

(2011 - 14 / 18)

3
3
OE =
R2 1 + 1.
2
2
R:
3
R2 1 = R 1.
2
.
R2 8R + 7 = 0, R1 = 1,
R2 = 7. 1, (.
).
R = OQ =

y = 2.

x = 1,

x = 6,

x > 3, x = 1 .
x 2;

3
.
,
x.
,
.
,
.
D

BA ABC , 30 , D, AD = 2
BD = 1 . , A, D
BC.
. O
AD. P AD, Q
, O BC, E
BC (. ).
BC , OA, OD OQ
R .
, O AB,
E, O BC
, A.
BPE BP = 2 B = 30
2 3
, PE =
. OA = R AP = 1 , : OP = R 2 1 ,
3
2 3
.
, OE = R 2 1 +
3
OQE, E = 60, :
2011

: 1 7.
2. Q BC
BC (. ).

BQ 2 = BA BD = ( BD + DA) BD = (1 + 2 ) 1 = 3 ,
BQ = 3 .
O BA BC ,
Q . BQO
:
BQ
1
BO =
= 2 , AO = OD = 1 OQ = BO = 1 .
2
cos 30
, O A , D Q
, 1. , O ,
1.
Q1 BC
BC B (. ), ,
2011

2011 . , 11 .

(2011 - 15 / 18)

2011 . , 11 .

Q1 BC , AB H ,
T .
BQ1 = BA BD = 3, HBQ1 = ABC = 30,

BH =

BQ1
1
= 2, HQ1 = BH = 1.
cos 30
2

R , Q1T = 2 R .
HQ1 HT = HA HD , 1 (1 + 2 R ) = ( 2 + 3) 3 , , R = 7 .

(2011 - 16 / 18)

4

.

,
.

,
, - .
,
.

a,
a x 4 +1 = y + 2 x ,

x 2 + y 2 = 4
.

. ( x; y ) . x 0 ,

( x; y ) . , ,
x = 0 .
x = 0 : y = a 2 . ( 0; a 2 )
:
2
( a 2 ) = 4 , a = 0 a = 4 .

.
: 1 7.

: a = 0 .

x2+y2=4

y=|x|2

y =| x | 2,
2
2
x + y = 4
y = x 2
2
,

x2 + y 2 = 1

(. ). , a = 0 .
2011

2011

2011 . , 11 .

2011 . , 11 .

. a = 4 .
y = 4 x 4 + x + 2,
2
2
x + y = 4.
, x 0 y > 2 ,
x 0 , y < 2 . , x 0
. , a = 4 x = 0, y = 2 .

: a = 4 .

: a = 2, b = 5 .

4
3

2
1
0

(2011 - 17 / 18)

5
.
, ,
,
,
.
a ,
.
a .
,
.

( ,
1) a b,
a b,
, b .
a
. b n .

b
b
= a + n , 10n b a 2 = ab .
10
a
, b > a 2 a . a b
, b a 2 ab . (, p
. p a , p

(2011 - 18 / 18)

5
1
5n 4n = 1 , = 1 + .
4
4
n

5
1
f ( n ) = , g ( n ) = 1 + .
4

4
f (n) = g (n) ,
f (1) = g (1) , n = 1 .

. :
) ( 2;5) ;
5
) = 2,5 ;
2
a = 2,
)
b = 5.

4
3

1
0

6
.

,
.
,

, ,
.
,
, .
,
.

b . p b , p a 2 , , p
a . .)
b a 2 = 1 , , ab = 10n .
a b :
1) b = 10n , a = 1 , b a 2 = 1 .
2) b = 5n, a = 2n. b a2 = 1
2011

2011

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