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(Binary Phase Shift Key, BPSK) [4],

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180. "0" :
s0 ( t ) = A sin ( t ) , (1)
"1" :
s1 ( t ) = A sin ( t + ) . (2)
s0 (t) s1 (t)
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900.
(Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, QPSK) [4],
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270.
"00", "01", "10", "11" 1.
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s00 ( t ) = A sin ( t ) , (3)

s01 ( t ) = A sin t + ,
2 (4)

s11 ( t ) = A sin ( t + ) , (5)


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s10 ( t ) = A sin t +
2

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QPSK ()

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QPSK , -8
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s000 ( t ) = A sin ( t ) , (7)

s001 ( t ) = A sin t + ,
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s011 ( t ) = A sin ( t + ) , (9)


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s010 ( t ) = A sin t +
2

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s100 ( t ) = A sin t + ,
4 (11)

s101 ( t ) = A sin t +
4

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s111 ( t ) = A sin t +
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s110 ( t ) = A sin t +
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(; - phase shift keying, PSK),
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dmod (
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Communications 'psk'.
12

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M

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M = 4; %
sy = 0: M-1; %
Fd = 1; %
Fc = 4; %
FsFd = 40; % Fs/Fd
Fs = Fd * FsFd; %
% -
[s_psk, t] = dmod (sy, Fc, Fd, Fs, 'psk', M);
plot (t, s_psk)

90,
.

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(BPSK)

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6.
(BPSK) .

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Matlab:
clear all;
close all;
f = 2; %frequency of sine wave
fs = 100; %sampling period of the sine wave
18

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t = 0: 1/fs: 1; %splitting time into segments of 1/fs
%setting the phase shifts for the different BPSK signals
p1 = 0;
p2 = pi;
%getting the number bits to be modulated
N = input (enter the number of bits to be modulated: N = );
%generating the random signal
bit_stream=round (rand (1,N));
%allocating the dynamic variables
time = [];
digital_signal = [];
PSK = [];
carrier_signal = [];
%GENERATING THE SIGNALS
for ii = 1: 1: N
%the original digital signal is
if bit_stream (ii) == 0
bit = zeros (1,length (t));
else
bit = ones (1,length (t));
end
% bit0 = (bit_stream (ii) ==0) *zeros (1,length (t));
% bit1 = (bit_stream (ii) ==1) *ones (1,length (t));
digital_signal = [digital_signal bit];
%Generating the BPSK signal
if bit_stream (ii) == 0
bit = sin (2*pi*f*t+p1);

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else
bit = sin (2*pi*f*t+p2);
end
PSK = [PSK bit];
%Generating the carrier wave
carrier = sin (2*f*t*pi);
carrier_signal = [carrier_signal carrier];
time = [time t];
t = t + 1;
end
subplot (3,1,1);
plot (time,digital_signal,r');
grid on;
axis ([0 time (end) - 0.5 1.5]);
subplot (3,1,2);
plot (time,PSK);
grid on;
% axis ([0 time (end) - 2 2]);
axis tight;
subplot (3,1,3);
plot (time,carrier_signal);
grid on;
axis tight;

20

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:
(PN Sequence Generator).
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( Sine
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22

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1)

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1.
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BPSK - Binary Phase Shift Key
QPSK - Quadrature Phase Shift Keying

2. MATHCAD
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