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Comprehension

Louis Fidge
Contents
Skills, scope and sequence
Teacher's notes - introduction to the series
Teaching features of the book
Unit1 T-shirts
Unit2 The kittens
Unit3 Whatgoes up?
Unit4 Dressing up
Unit5 Howto make a boat
Unit6 My messybedroom
Unit7 Playing ball
Unit8 The day
Unit9 Things Ican do
Unit10 A giraffe
Unit 11 On the farm
Unit12 The wind
Unit13 Kites
Unit 14 Growi,ng things
Unit 15 At the seaside
Unit16 Animal alphabet
Unit17 The day the doctor came
Unit18 Mybody
Unit19 The big carrot
Unit20 Tenlittle monkeys
The alphabet
Further practice
Alphabet check-up (1)
Alphabet check-up (2)
Page
2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
68
69
Skill s, scopeandseq.uence
Unit1 T-shirts
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Information textwith colour theme (pictures and captions;phrases)
Following instructions; colouring
Picture and word matching
Unit2 The kittens
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Simple story (pictures and captions; phrases)
Handwriting patterns; reading key words
Matching animals with their young (pictures and words)
Unit3
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Whatgoes up?
Information text focusing on 'up' and ' down' (pictures and sentences)
Sentencecompletion ('things thatgo up' theme)
Picture/word matching
Unit4
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Dressing up
Simple story aboutcommon experience (pictures and sentences)
Sentencecompletion ('dressing up' theme)
Picture comprehension and sentence completion
Unit5 Howto make a boat
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Instructional text
Sequencing pictures
Things thatgo together(pictures and words)
Unit6
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Mymessy bedroom
Simple story abouta common experience (pictures and sentences)
Sentencecompletion ('family' theme)
Sentencecompletion (furniture; using labelled pictures)
I
Unit7
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Playing ball
Simple story abouta common experience (pictures and sentences)
Answering questions focusing on verbs (using picture clues)
Picture/word matching (verbs)
Unit8
Text type
Activity
Further practice
The day
Information text (the daily cycle)
Sequencing pictures
Odd one out (using pictures and writing words)
Unit9
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Things Ican do
Information text (autobiographical)
Responding to simple phrasesand pictures ('things Ican do' theme)
Word-making (cvc words in rhyming sets)
Unit10
Text type
Activity
Further practice
A giraffe
Information text (labelled picture; using sentences)
Sentence completion using adjectives (multiple choice)
Writing sentences, using a labelled picture
2
Unit 11
Text type
Activity
Further practice
On the farm
Simple story based on noises of form animals (pictures and sentences)
Word/picture matching (animals)
Classifying animals (form and wild animals)
The wind
Information text in form of poem
Sentence completion using picture clues
Keeping a weather diary (recording ; using sentences)
Kites
Poem
Hand-eye co-ordination and sentence completion
Classifying rhyming words (eve) into sets
I
I
I
I
!
I
Unit 12
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Unit 13
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Unit 14
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Growing things
Information text showing a process (pictures and sentences)
Sequencing pictures and sentences
Sentence completion based on numbers and colours
Unit15
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Unit 16
Text type
Activity
Further practice
At the seaside
Poem
Picture and word matching
Answering simple questions using picture clues
Animal alphabet
Alphabetically-organised text (in form of simple dictionary)
Sentence completion (using alpabetically-organised text with picture clues)
Arranging words in alphabetical order according to first letter
I
Unit 17
Text type
Activity
Further practice
The day the doctor come
Simple story about a common experience (pictures and sentences)
Sentence completion ('people's jobs ' theme; using picture and context clues)
Word-making (using words ending in '011', 'ell' and 'ill' in rhyming sets)
Unit 18
Text type
Activity
Further practice
My body
Information text (naming ports of body) in form of poem and labelled picture
Labell ing picture and sentence completion
Sentence completion focusing on 'sensory' verbs (using picture clues)
Unit 19
Text type
Activity
Further practice
The big carrot
Traditional story (pictures and sentences)
Drown responses based on positional words (such as 'on', 'above' etc.)
Sentence completion based on the story (using picture clues)
Unit 20
Text type
Activity
Further practice
Ten little monkeys
Number rhyme
Completing rhyming phrases
Completing familiar nursery rhyme
Teacher's notes - introduction to
the series
The texts
Each book in the series introduces pupils to a wide range of culturally appropriate text
types, including f iction , poetry and non-fiction. The books are carefully graded according
to readability and are incremental in difficulty. The books provide a valuable complement
to any other resources or series currently being used. The fact that each unit is structured
in the same way makes the books accessible and easy to use.
The related activities
The related activities support the development of essential reading skills, encouraging
pupils to read at different levels using literal, inferential and evaluative comprehension
skills. The stimulus passages are also used to help pupils develop skills in grammar,
punctuation, spelling and vocabulary.
The skills, scope and seq,uence chart
The 'skills, scope and sequence chart' (on pages 2-3) provides an immediate overview of
text types included and skills being developed through the related activities and further
practice activities. This chart is very helpful for planning purposes.
Using the books
To gain maximum benefit from the books, it is suggested that they are used systematically,
working through each unit one at a time, in the given order. However, the books may also
be used flexibly, selecting units as desired to complement other work being done in class.
Tackling the texts
The stimulus texts may be tackled in a variety of ways. They could be used for shared
reading. This could take the form of the teacher reading the whole text to the class or
inviting different pup ils to contribute as appropriate. Certain texts e.g. poems, provide
an ideal opportunity for whole class participation . Alternatively the pupils could be asked
to read the text silently or read it aloud in pairs or in groups. Whatever approach is
used, to make the most of each text it should be discussed to ensure pupils have a good
grasp of the literal meaning of the text and any vocabulary they may not have met
before. Key vocabulary words are printed in bold type, and the Teacher's Book indicates
how these might be dealt with. The related activities may initially be done as a class
verbally to help pupils reflect on the texts.
Tackling the related activities
The related activities may be used systematically or selectively as desired. It is suggested
that prior to working any activity there is some discussion with the pupils to ensure they
understand what is required of them.
The Teacher's Book
The Teacher's Book accompanying this series contains comprehensive lesson notes and
answers for each unit, plus three comprehension tests (for fiction, non-fiction and poetry
texts) .
4
Teaching features ofthe book
Units of work
There are 20 units of work. Eachunitisstructured in the same way i.e. a stimulus text,
accompanied by two activity pages, fordeveloping a range of reading and language
skills.
Relat ed acti vity for
individual chi l dren to
Unit number and titl e
complete
Key
vocabul ary i n
bold type
T-shirts
Whatis your favourite colour?
Whatare the colours of t herainbow?
a redT-shirt
a green T-shirt
o yellow r-shm
a blackT-shirt
o rainbow T-shirt
(J - :/
I
- ........
a yell ow r.SOhirt __ 0 blueT- shirt
r >.
I I
\
green
I
.
',,-

! .>


a blockT-shirt
'----'
yellow
'
,
_/
!

. .
0

a green T- shirt
Text for reading and discussion
with the class
Alphabet check-up
Further practice
activity for
(pages 68-9)
each unit
This may becompleted
(pages 48-67)
atany appropriatetime
ofthe year.
Match the T-shlrts.
Match t he words.
_ // Iyellow I

L.::::...
j green


greenI Iyellow I --
48
5

T-shirts
What is yourfavourite colour?
What are the colours ofthe rainbow?
a red T-shirt
a blue T-shirt
a green T-shirt
a yellowT-shirt
a black T-shirt
a rainbow T-shirt
6
--
-- -
Colour.
__
00000
red blue green yellow black
Colour.
a yellowT-shirt a blue T-shirt
I
ored
-- --
a black T-shirt a green T-shirt
r_of further p ..:.::' 48 _ -.-.;_roctice t
7
urn topage
The kittens
Do you have a cat?
What do we call baby cats?
a cat
a fat cat
some kittens
some milk!
8
Trace overthe lines. Read the words.
a cat
a fatcat
",..-..--,
/0" :
I I
, I
I I
\ '
\ ,,"
\c-"
--..- '
:"" .....
" \
'0\
I I
I I
\ /
\ ./
",/
..x
,. .....
.....
some kittens
~ \
"at' ,:
I
/
/
I
I
I
\ ,,'
~ ---
........... _-_...,."..., ' ..... _- - - ,.,.-'
some milk
for furtherpractice t 49
9
Llrn to page
Whatgoesup?
Whatgoes up? Howmany
things can you name?
The bird goes up.
1/1 I
, r
f I The rocket goes up.
, I

The balloon goes up.
The rain comes down!
10
What goes up?
Write.

balloon
A balloon. goes up.
kite
A goes up.
bird
A goes up.
plane
A goes up.
rocket
A goes up.
1 1
Dressing up
Who are you?
I am a nurse. I am a princess.
I am an astronaut. I am a teacher.
I am a cook. I am mel
12
---------
---------
Who isthis? Write.

astronaut Th.Ls Ls on a.stron.a.ut.
pnncess Thts Ls a. _
nurse Thts Ls a.
teacher Thts Ls a. _
Whatare you? Draw.
Ia.m a.
1 3
Howto make a boat
Have you ever made anything at home?
What did you use? How did you do it?
What you need
/
.
a box a straw paper scissors paints a brush
What you do
1 2
14
Numberthe pictures to tell the story.
The first one isdone for you.
Whathappens next?
Draw.
15
Mymessy bedroom
Whatdo your parents say aboutyour bedroom?
Do you keep it tidy?
Look atmy books!
Look atmy crayons! Look at my clothes!
Look at my bed! Look atmy sister!
16
Look atthe family.
mother father
brother sister
Write.
~
Thts ts th.e
Thts Ls th.e
Thts ts th.e
r o t h r ~ Th.Ls ts th.e
Draw.
This is me.
My name is
~
_
mother
17
Playing ball
Throw a ball. Catch a ball.
LL
Bounce a ball. Head a ball.
Kick a ball. Break a window!
18
Write.
skipping-
running
throwing

catching
.-
jumpIng
. 0
kicking
Is Meg kicking?
No. Meg Ls sktpptriq.
Is Meg catching?
No. Meg Ls run.n.Ln.g.
Is Megjumping?
No. Meg Ls _
Is Meg skipping?
No. Meg Ls _
Is Meg throwing?
Is Meg running?
19
The day
Read the sentences.
Is each daythe same?
-
The sun
goes down.
The moon
shines.
I
: 0-
, ,"
The sun
The stars
shines.
twinkle.
/
The sun
comes up.
20
Number the pictures to tell the story.
The first one is done for you.
-. , c. C ~ - - r- " - - - ---- -- -----,
, .
: 0 -
I , "
The sun shines. The stars twinkle.
\ / /:
The sun goes down. The moon comes out.
The moon shines. The sun comes up.
21
Things Ican do
Whatspecial things can you do? Can you do
some things thatyourfriends can't do?
~ - - - - - - - - ~ .
I can run. I can hop.
---
I can swim.
I can make my
mouth go pop.
I can do anything!
.r;r:.1
. ~ - m
I can sing.
22
-----
What can you do? [Z]
smile make a face hold a spider
m
JJ
whistle
stand on
my head tie my laces
eat spaghetti
Write. Draw. 1/
/
I ca.n.
23
Agiraffe
Haveyou ever seen a giraffe? Whatwas it like?
A giraffe has
two small ears.
A giraffe has
Agiraffe
a small head.
eats leaves.
A giraffe has
a long neck.
A giraffe has
a shorttaiI.
A giraffe has
fourlong legs.
24
Choose the word.
1 A giraffe has a sma.ll head. (big, small)
2 A giraffe has two ears. (big, small)
3 A giraffe has a neck. (long, short)
4 A giraffe has four legs. (long, short)
5 A giraffe has a tail. (long, short)
Write anothersentence about a giraffe.
25
On thefarm
Whatanimals live on a farm? What noises do
they make?
The cow said, "Moo". The horse said, "Neigh".
The sheep said, "Baa". The chicken said, "Cluck".

The mouse said, The farmersaid,
"Squeak". "Bequiet!"
26
Match.
I cow I I horse I I sheep I I chicken I I mouse I [I]
27
The wind
Whathappens when the wind blows?
The wind blowsthe clouds.
The wind blows the tree.
The wind blows the kite.
~ : : : : : : : :
The wind blows the sea.
~ : : : : : = ;
The wind blows the washing.
The wind blows me!
28
-----
-------
-------------
Write.

.:::: .. :::> Th.e wtnd blows th.e clouds.
clouds
Th.e wtnd blows th.e
tree
Th.e wtnd blows
kite
Th.e wind -c:
-----------
sea
Th.e
washing
29
Kites
What isa kite? Howdoes it fly?
Mykite is flying high in the sky,
High in the sky, high in the sky,
Mykite is flying high in the sky-
Tiny and white like a butterfly.
Higherand higherstill it climbs,
Still itclimbs, still it climbs,
Higherand higherstill it climbs-
High in the skyin the summertime.
c6
t
/
/
/
/
30
Colour.
Write.
I have a I have a I have a I have a
------
kite. kite. kite. kite.
31
Growing things
Haveyou ever planted any seeds?
Whatdo seeds need to make them grow?
We getsome seeds. We dig a hole.
We plantthe seeds. We give them some water.
\ I/"
- 0 - .
/ ,' \
The sun shines. Some flowers grow.
32
Number the pictures to tell the story.
The first one is done for you.
We plantthe seeds. Someflowers grow.
..
\ I
II) I J
We getsome seeds.
We give
them some water.
\. I,/'
- 0 - .
/ ,' \
Thesun shines.
33
Atthe seaside
What do you see atthe seaside?
Iwentto the seaside.
Whatdid Isee?
Isaw an octopus.
Itwaved its arms atme.
_. .. ...
Iwenttothe seaside.
Whatdid Isee?
Isaw a dolphin.
Itdived in the sea nearme.
Iwentto the seaside.
. Whatdid Isee?
Isaw a whale.
Itsplashed wateroverme.
Iwentto the seaside.
Whatdid Isee?
Isaw a shark.
Itsnapped its teeth atme.
34
Match.
Match.
fish // I octopus I
I- sh- ar-kI
I whale I
Idolphin I
fish
I whale I
Idolphin I
I shark I
I octopus I
35
Animal alphabet
Doyou knowthealphabet?Can you say the
alphabet on your own?
Aa antelope An antelope runs
very fast.
Bb bear A bearisa large
wild animal.
Cc camel Acamel lives in
the desert.
Dd donkey Adonkey looks
like a horse.
Ee elephant An elephanthas
a trunk.
Ff frog Afrog can hop.
36
-----
-----
Read and write.
Aa
~
An a.n.telope runs very fast.
Bb
A is a large wild animal.
Cc
A lives in thedesert.
d ~ .. A _
- ~ looks like a horse.
An has a trunk.
Ff
A can hop.
37
The daythe doctorcame
Haveyou ever been ill? Whatwas the matter?
Whathappened? 'I
1
/
~ l t
One day I did not My Dad telephoned
feel well. the doctor.
The doctor came He looked at me.
to my house.
The doctor gave me
some medicine.
38
Read and write.
I doctorII bakerII builder I [ teacherIIdentistI Ifarmer I
I help you when you are ill.
I ama
. . . . . . . . . ~ > < . . > o < . L ~
I look after your teeth. I
ama _
I teachyou at school.
I ama
----
I work on a farm.
I ama
----
39
I makebread andcakes.
I ama
-------
I build houses.
Iam a
----
torfurtfierpractice t 64
. urn to page
My body
What are the parts of your body?
I've got one head,
And one nose too,
One mouth and one chin
And so have you.
head eye
I've got one neck
And one chest too,
Two hands and two thumbs
nose
ear
And so have you.
thumb
I've got two eyes,
And two eors too,
Two legs and two arms
And so have you.
hand
chest
40
Match.
I head I r-.
I foot I
I hand I
I eyeI
I mouth I
I neck I
Write.
~
This is my _
Theseare my ~ ~ s ~
These are my _
C
./.
This is my _

This is my _ These are my _
41
1
The big carrot
Do you like carrots? Which vegetables do you
Thelittle old man and the little
old lady and the little boy and
like best ?
The little old man pulled the
big carrot. It did notcome up.
I"
The little old man and the
little old lady and the little
boy pulied the big carrot. It
did notcome up.
2
The little old man and the
little old lady pulled the big
carrot. It did notcome up.
4
the little girl pulled the big
carrot. It did notcome up.
The little old man and the
little old lady and the little
boy and the little girl and the
cat pulied the big carrot. It
did notcome up.
The little old man and the
little old lady and the little
boy and the little girl and the
cat and the mouse pulled the
big carrot. Up it came!
42
carrot cat ball girl car helicopter
Draw.
a carrot on the table
a ball in the box
a car in front of the shop
a cat under the chair
.. ..
a girl next to the boy
a helicopter above the
tree
43
Ten little monkeys
What funny things do monkeys do?
One little monkey swings in a tree.
:_ . Two little monkeys splash in the sea.
... ........ -
Three little monkeys play on a swing.
Four little monkeys dance and sing.
Five little monkeys jump on cars.

P.I. Six little monkeys look at the stars.
Seven little monkeys chase some cats.
Eight little monkeys wear funny hats.
Nine little monkeys nod their heads.
Ten little monkeys sleep in their beds.
44
--- ---
Write the rhymes.
sock
. frog
log
a -i ra9----- on a lagr---_
a ona _
a In a _
a with a
---- ----
box
a with a
--- ---
a In a _
a In a _
a with a
r or further practice t 67
45
urn to page
The alphabet
Look and say. Colourthe pictures.
~
apple bus
b 1-----------,
fire gate elephant
J
hill insect
~
lion monkey
46
n
ostrich plano queen
r s
'0'
,
- _/
" J
rabbit sun tap
x u
umbrella van wall box
y
zoo yoyo
47
Match the T-shirts.
Match the words.
I yellow I
I blue
red
I black I
red
I black
[ blue
I green I
Igreen I I yellow I
48
------
Match the animal with its baby. Write.
cat
dog
hen
puppy
lamb
kitten
nog end _
sh.eep a.n.d _
ca.t a.n.d
sheep foal h.orse a.n.d

-b:
horse chick h.en. a.n.d
49
Match.
[J I balloon I
Irocket I Iplane I

ktte
50
-------
-------
Unit4
Whatdo they need?
teacher princess astronaut
desk crown pan
Write.
Th.e a.stron.a.ut n.eed.s th.e ~ c e suLt.
Th.e tea.ch.er n.eed.s th.e
Th.e cook n.eed.s th.e
Th.e prLn.cess n.eed.s th.e _
51
space suit
Match these things.
~
1 paint
3 pencil
ball
4
/
knife
cup fork 5
00 /
6 lock paper
~
1
-PQLn.t
and brush. 2 and
3 and 4 and
5 and 6 and
52
-------
-------
-------
Unit 6 - further p ebee
Look at this bedroom.
o 0
wardrobe
toy box
Here ts th.e bed.
: : : : : : ~
Here ts th.e
Here ts th.e
bookcase
Write.
Here ts th.e
Here
-..
~
.0.
00.
o 0
53
---------
Match.
I skating I I swimming I I climbing I I singing I
I reading I I painting I
' Cl' Lmb'LrLgf-__
Whatdo you like doing? Write.
Draw.

I hke
Draw.
54
Unit8 ffurther p cbee
I bicycle I ~ ~ Idoor I r-. Ispade I
Colour the odd one red. Write.

ca.t
" I /
L
-'0-
/ I, <,
DO
o c:::J
DO
I
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
o 0
55
Make the
ftop_
[V@=-
[I)@=-- @=- -
Write.
-
l!1QP- - - -
Make the words.
[98 =- - [08=--
[08=-- [D8=--
Write.
\ I

-: I \
->
56
big body
small ears
small eyes
short
tail
short legs
Write about 'a hippo.
~ htppo h.a.s a. bLg o d ~ ~ _
Ahippo h.a.s _
Ahtppo h.a.s _
Ahippo h.a.s _
Ahippo h.a.s _
Ahippo h.a.s _
Ahippo h.a.s _
57
monkey
cow
lion
sheep
chicken
crocodile
horse
Write.
wild animals farm animals

horse
58
--
Unit 12- further
Keep a weather diary this week.
Weatherwords
. '
0 :
" .
flfffM

cloudy sunny rainy windy cold
,
///

tt ts Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
,
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
59
Write each word in the correct kite.
bat get dot cut bit
fit hot cat jet hut
but fat lot sit pet
Can you read
the words?
60
Unit 14
further p>rocb
ce
anorite.
D D D D
one two three four five SIX
Colour.
Write.
There is on.e brown flower.
---=..:.....::=-=----
There are yellow flowers.
There are green flowers.
There are orange flowers.
There are red flowers.
There are blue flowers.
61
Read and write.
~
Isthis a dolphin?
No, Lt Lsn.'t. It Ls a. _
Isthis a whale?
No, tt Lsn.'t. It Ls a.n. _
Isthis a shark?
No, Lt s ~ t _
Isthis a fish?
62
-----
Uni t 16 - further praet\Ce
ant' 1f
crocodile
goat
Write. .
JP
a is for Qr1.t bis for
-----
c is for
- - - - -
d is for
-----
e is for
-----
f is for
-----
9 is for _ h is for
63
Makethe words.
/J/
-,






Write the letters.
ell ill
_ell
ill
_all
64
Unit18- further pracbce
Read and write.
B r-.jtastel

ears h.ea.r
CJ
eyes
____with my _
mouth with my
. ' . .
L
nose with my

hands with my
Draw. Draw.
Something I like to see. Something Ilike to taste.
65
--- ----
--- ----
---
Read and write.

/
The ran afterthe ma.D.
The ran afterthe _
The ran afterthe
The ran afterthe
The ran afterthe mouse.
The mouse ran into its hole!
66
Unit20- further pract\ce
I 1 Once I caught a fish alive .
I 1 Then I let it go again.
[ Because it bit my finger so. 1
I 1 This little finger on the right.
Finish therhyme.
~

t r ~ , -
One, two, three, four, five.
On.ce I caught a jLsh. alLve.
Six, seven, eight, nine,ten.
- ~
Th.en.
Why didyou let itgo?
Because
Which finger didit bite?
67
Alphabet check-up (1)
Write the missing letters. Colourthe pictures.
uck
~
t ~ ~ n
t ~
all
U
.c.pple
CtJ
_Iephant ish ate at
_00
oon
~
mbrella
r
_oyo
_en
_ap
_Ing
bo
or
_all
est
nsect
an
_Ing
68
Alphabetcheck-up(2)
69
- --9- ~
w_ _x
~ _L
L _ K-.-_ L_ _m
_--.0... ---P- ---Q. R _
Fill inthe missing letters.

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