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Name: ________________________

Period: _____

Mr. Klauber

English 9
Background

Homer –

The Epic–

The Hero’s Journey -


Hero’s
Star Wars The Matrix
Journey
I: Departure
The call to Princess Leia's "Follow the white rabbit"
adventure message
Refusal of the call Must help with the Neo won't climb out window
harvest
Supernatural aid Obi-wan rescues Luke Trinity extracts the "bug" from Neo
from sandpeople

Crossing the first Escaping Tatooine Neo is taken out of the Matrix for the first time
threshold
The belly of the Trash compactor Torture room
whale

II: Initiation
The road of trials Lightsaber Sparring with Morpheus
practice
The meeting with Princess Leia (wears The Oracle
white, in earlier scripts
the goddess
was a "sister" of a
mystic order)

Temptation away Luke is tempted Cypher (the failed messiah) is tempted by the
from the true by the Dark Side world of comfortable illusions
path1
Atonement with Darth and Luke Neo rescues and comes to agree (that he's
the Father reconcile The One) with his father-figure, Morpheus
Apotheosis Luke becomes a Neo becomes The One
(becoming god- Jedi
like)
The ultimate Death Star Humanity's salvation now within reach
boon destroyed
III: Return
Refusal of the "Luke, come on!" Luke Neo fights agent instead of running
wants to stay to
return
avenge Obi-Wan

The magic flight Millennium Falcon "Jacking in"


Rescue from Han saves Luke Trinity saves Neo from agents
without from Darth
Crossing the Millennium Falcon Neo fights Agent Smith
destroys pursuing TIE
return threshold
fighters

Master of the two Victory ceremony Neo's declares victory over machines in final
worlds phone call
Freedom to live Rebellion is victorious Humans are victorious over machines
over Empire

The Epic Hero -


The Trojan War -

The Odyssey -

Terms to Know -
BOOK ONE - INVOCATION OF THE MUSE…

“Sing in me, Muse, and through me tell the


story
Of that man skilled in all ways of contending,
The wanderer, harried for years on end,
After he plundered the
stronghold
On the proud height of Troy…”
Vocabulary
Book Nine

1. Adversary
2. Appalled
3. Avenge
4. Disdain
5. Entreat
6. Formidable
7. Guile
8. Indifferent
9. Ponderous
10. Whim

Book Ten

1. Beguiling
2. Stealth
3. Snare
4. Vile
5. Succumb
6. Contender
7. Enticing
8. Disconsolate
9. Chide
10. Regaled

Book Twelve

1. abominably
2. lurk
3. chaos
4. scourge
5. dwindle
6. peril
7. travail
8. dire
9. anguish
10. questing

Book Twenty-One – Twenty-three

1. Commandeer
2. Justification
3. plunder
4. gall
5. dithering
6. frenzy
7. omen
8. contemptible
9. wiliest
10. revelry
11. throng
12. restitution
13. implacable
14. aloof
15. desolation
BOOK 9 IN THE ONE-EYED GIANT'S CAVE

SCENE: In the palace of Alcinous in the land


of the Phaeacians where Odysseus tells of the
Lands of the Cocones and the Lotus Eaters as
well as of the Island of the Cyclops.

Characters to know:
Polyphemus –

Odysseus –

The Cicones –

The Lotus Eaters –

Alcinous -
EPITHETS: Who is...

• "teller of tales?"
• "god of the sea blue mane who rocks the earth?"

QUESTIONS:

1. Where do Odysseus and his men go first after they leave Troy?

2. How does Polyphemus prevent Odysseus and his men from leaving his cave?

3. What does Polyphemus' diet consist of?

4. Are the Cyclopes in any way civilized?

5. How does Odysseus escape the cave?

6. What mistake does Odysseus makes as he sails away?

7. What is hubris?

Heroic Qualities of Odysseus_______Weaknesses Of


Odysseus
BOOK 10 THE BEWITCHING QUEEN OF AEAEA

Characters to know:

Aeolus

The Laestrygonians

Antiphates

Eurylochus

Circe

Hermes

Elpenor
EPITHETS: Who is...
the nymph with the lovely braids ?

QUESTIONS:

1. After the attack from the Laestrygonians, how many ships are left out of the original twelve?

2. What sort of character is Circe? What craft does she practice that Penelope also practices?

3. What does she do to Odysseus' men? How do they offend her?

4. What does Hermes give to Odysseus?

5. What makes Odysseus give in to Circe's enticements? Is this typical of him?

6. How long does Odysseus stay in Circe's palace?

7. Why does he want to leave?

8. Where must Odysseus go to learn his way home?

Extended response:

A major theme in the literature of the ancient Greeks concerns the roles of fate (the nonhuman
power that determines the outcome of events) and free will (the power that humans have to
control events) in human life.

• Which of Odysseus’ actions determine the fates of his men?


• When are Odysseus and his men at the mercy of geography, of the acts of gods, and other
things beyond their control?

• What can you conclude about Homer’s view of the ability of human beings to control their
own lives? How does this compare with YOUR view?

BOOK 12 THE CATTLE OF THE SUN

SCENE: Aeaea, dangerous


waters, the island of Helios
(Thrinacia); the sea; Ogygia.

Characters to know:

Tiresias

the Sirens

Scylla

Charybdis

Eurylochus.

QUESTIONS:

1. At the beginning of this episode, where have Odysseus and his men been?
2. Why has Odysseus returned to Aeaea?

3. How does Circe help him?

4. What does the episode of the Sirens tell us about Odysseus' character?

5. What advice does Odysseus take that Circe gives him about Scylla and Charybdis? What does this
tell us about leadership?

6. Why are the cattle of Helios' island so tempting? How do Odysseus’ men anger the sun god?

7. What warning does Odysseus give his men?

8. This is not the first time Odysseus' warnings are ignored. Whose fault is this?

Extended response

Do you think Odysseus has improved as a leader and a hero over the course of his adventures? Support
your opinion with at least 3 specific examples.

• Your Odysseus’ Qualities Chart


Consider: • Tiresias’ warning to Odysseus about acting with restraint and control
• Odysseus’ power over Circe and his later obedience to her
• Odysseus’ treatment of his crew.

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BOOK 21 ODYSSEUS STRINGS HIS BOW

SCENE: Ithaca

Characters To Know:

Athena

Penelope

Eumaeus

Antinous

Telemachus

Philoetius

Eumaeus

Melanthius
Eurymachus

Eurycleia

Amphinomus

Questions:
1. Identify the term: suitor.

2. What does Penelope arrange for the suitors who want to marry her?

3. Why does no one recognize Odysseus when he first arrives?

4. What must the stringer of the bow do with his shot?

5. What is Antinous' and Eurymachus' reaction to the challenge?

6. What is Melanthius ordered to do in order to make the bow easier to bend?

7. How does Odysseus prove his identity to the cowherd and the swineherd?

8. What does Odysseus accomplish at the end of this episode?

BOOK 22 DEATH IN THE GREAT HALL

1. What is Antinous doing when Odysseus shoots him? Why is he the first victim?

2. How do the other suitors appeal to Odysseus?

3. How does Athena help Odysseus, and how much is the


victory his?

4. Who tests the strength and courage of Odysseus and


Telemachus?

BOOK 23 THE TRUNK OF THE OLIVE TREE


1. Where does Penelope order Eurycleia to make up the bed? How does Odysseus react to this?

2. Who made the bed and what is remarkable about it?

3. What does the retelling of this story do for Odysseus?

4. What reason does Penelope give for not recognizing Odysseus earlier?

5. According to Penelope, who made Helen act as she did?