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Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso ➢ Leutenant General Jose Lemery , a

Realonda former senator of Spain was the
governor general of the Philippines
➢ June 19, 1861 in the lakeshore of when Rizal was born.
Calamba, Laguna Province,
Philippines. ➢ first love of rizal Leonora
➢ Father Pedro Casanas a native of
Calamba and close friend of the ➢ Leon Monroy former classmate of
Rizal family, was the Godfather Rizal’s father, became the boy’s
➢ His mother almost died during the
delivery because of his big head.

➢ his name “Jose” was chosen by his

mother who was a devoted of the
Christian Saint San Jose, (St. Joseph)

Rizal’s Parents

Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandra II (1818 - 1898)

➢ Born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, ➢ he died in Manila on January 5,

1818 1898 at the age of 80

➢ Studied in Latin and Philosophy at

the College of San Jose in Manila

➢ he was a hardly and independent-

minded man, who talked less and
worked more, and was strong in
body and valiant in spirit.
Teodora "Donya Lolay" Morales Alonzo Realonda y Quintos

• Born on November 9, 1827 in • She died in Manila on August 16,

Meisik (Chinatown), Tondo, 1911 at the age of 85.

• She was educated at the college of

Sta. Rosa, a well-known college for
girls in the city

• She was a remarkable woman,

possessing refined culture, literary
talent, business, ability and a
fortified of Spartan woman.

Rizal’s siblings

I. Saturnina (1850 – 1913)

➢ Nickname : Neneng
➢ She married Manuel T.
Hidalgo of Tanawan,

I. Paciano (1851 - 1930) ➢ older brother and confidant

of Jose Rizal
➢ he died on April 13, 1930
➢ Rizal’s only brother who
was 10 years his senior,
was more than that of I. Narcisa (1852 - 1939)
younger to older brother.
He was a second father to ➢ Pet name: Sisa
Rizal and he immortalized ➢ She married Antonio Lopez
in his first novel Noli Me (nephew of father Leoncio
Tangere as the wise Lopez), a school teacher of
Pilosopo Tacio. Morong.

I. Olympia (1855 - 1887)

➢ Pet name: Ypia

➢ She married Silvestro
Ubaldo, a telegraph operator
from Manila

I. Lucia (1857 - 1919)

➢ She married Mariano Herbosa of Calamba, who was a nephew of father

I. Maria (1859 - 1945)

➢ Nickname: Biang
➢ She married Daniel Faustino Cruz of Biñan, Laguna

I. Jose (1861 – 1887)

II. Concepcion (1862 – 1865)

➢ Pet name : Concha

➢ She died of sickness at
the age of 3, her death
was Rizal’s first sorrow
in life.

I. IX. Josefa (1865 – 1945)

➢ Pet name: Panggoy
➢ She died an old maid at the age of 80.

I. Trinidad (1868 – 1951)

➢ Pet name: Trining
➢ She also died an old maid in 1951 aged 83.

I. Soledad (1870 – 1929)

➢ Pet name: Choleng
➢ She married Pantaleon Quintero of Calamba.
Rizal’s Ancestry

• Rizal was a product of the mixture of races. (Negrito, Indonesian, Malay, Chinese,
Japanese and Spanish). Predominantly, he was a Malayan and was a magnificent
specimen of Asian manhood.

 Father Side:

 Mother Side:
The Surname Rizal

Real surname of the Rizal Family was Mercado which means “market”. It was adopted
in 1731 by Domingo Lameo (the paternal great-great grandfather of Jose Rizal), also a full-
blooded chinese. Rizal’s family acquired a second surname – Rizal which was given by a
spanish alkalde mayor of laguna.

The Rizal Home

➢ The house of Rizal family was one of the distinguished stone houses in Calamba during
Spanish time. It was a two storey building, rectangular in shape, built of adobe stones
and hand – wood, and roofed with red tiles.

➢ Behind the house were the poultry yard full of turkeys and chickens and a big garden of
topical fruit trees – atis, alimbing, chico, macopa, papaya, santol, etc.

A Good Middle-Class Family

➢ The Rizal family belonged to the principalia, a aristocracy in Spanish Philippines. It was
one of the distinguish families in Calamba.

➢ Beneath their roof, all guests irrespective of their color, rank, social position, and
economic status, were welcome.
➢ Sources of Income:

 Harvested rice, corns and sugarcane

 Raised pigs, chickens and turkeys I their backyard
 Good stores and a small flour-mill and a home-made religious ham press
which managed by Doña Teodora.

Home Life of Rizal

➢ The Rizal family had a simple, contented and happy life.

➢ Don Francisco and Doña Teodora loved their children but, they never spoiled them. They
were strict parents and they trained their children to love God, to behave well, to be
obefient and to respect people especially the old folks.

➢ They believed in the maxim: “Spare the rod and spoil the child”.