Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 29

1

4093

.
.
.

2008

513.
. .
. . 1: / .
. . -; .: .. , .. ,
.. , .. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. . , 2008. 56 .
: ,
, .

.
, ,
, ,
,
-
.
:
(.
. . , . .. )
. .
. . 1
:







..
..

60 84 1/16.
. . . . . 3,5.
. - . . 3,5. 300 .
.
390005, , . , 59/1.
- .

3
1. .


.

i
.
i +1
1+ i 3
.
1.3. z =
1 i 3
1.1. z =

1.5. z =

2i
.
i 3

3 i
.
3 +i
1+ i
.
1.9. z =
i
1.7. z =

1.11. z =

3i 3
.
5i

13
.
6 i 2
5i
.
1.15. z =
1 i
3 +i
.
1.17. z =
3 i
3+i
.
1.19. z =
2+i
1.13. z =

3 + 3i
.
4i
5
.
1.23. z =
11 i 11
1.21. z =

1 i 3
.
i
6
1.4. z =
.
1+ i

1.2. z =

1.6. z =

1 i 3
.
3i

7
.
2 +i 6
3i
1.10. z =
.
3+i

i
.
3i + 1
3
.
1.27. z =
13 + i 13

1.25. z =

1.29. z =

2 2 i2 2
.
3i

1.31. z =

2 i 2
.
6i

1.14. z =
1.16. z =
1.18. z =
1.20. z =

5 +i 5
.
6i
1
+i
2
.
3+i
7 + i7
.
3i
11
.
2 3 + i2
2i
.
3i 1

1 i 3
.
1+ i 3
3i
1.24. z =
.
2i

1.22. z =

1.30. z =

4i
.
1 i 3

2. :
1) ;
2) .

1.8. z =

1.12. z =

2 3 i
.
5i
2i
1.28. z =
.
3 i

1.26. z =

1
3
.
2.2. i
2

2.1. 3 + i .

(
2.5. (

2.3. 2 i 2 3 .

2.4. 1 + i 3 .
5

5 i 5 .

1
3
.
2.6. + i
2

)
3) .
3

2.7. 11 + i 11 .

2.8. 2 3 2i .

2.9. (1 + i ) .

2.10. 1 i

3
1
.

2.11.
i
2

( 15 i 5 ) .
2.15. ( 2 i 2 ) .
2.13.

(
2.12. (

7 + i 21 .

(
)
2.16. ( 3 + i 3 ) .
5

2.14. 8 + 8 3i .
4

5
3

3 i

2.17.
5 5 .

2.18.
4

2.19.

3 i
.
4 4

2.21. 6i 6 .

(
)
2.25. ( 12 + i 12 ) .
6

2.23. 2i + 2 .
5

3 i

2.27.
3 3 .

(
2.31. ( 2

3 i 3 .

3.3.

3.5.

3.7.

3.9.

3.11.

i.

3.15.

1
.
81

3.16.

3i 3 .

3.17.

1
3
.
+i
2
2

3.18.

81 + i81 3 .

3.19.

128 + i128 3 .

3.20.

8 i8 3 .
1.

(
)
2.26. (2 i 2 3 ) .

3.21.

32i .

3.22.

2.24. 5 3 5i .
3

3.23.

i
.
125

3.24.

3.25.

32 + i32 .

3.26.

8 + i8 3 .

3.27.

1+ i .

3.28.

4 2 i4 2 .

2.30. 5 5i .

3.29.

3.30.

128 i128 3 .

3.31.

1
.
256

3 i2 .

8.

3.2.

1 i 3
.
2

1
.
16
1 .
1
.
8

3.4.

3.6.

3.8.

2 i2 .

3.10.

2 i2 3 .

3.12.

32i .

3.14.

3.
.
3.1.

16 .

1 i 3
.
2.22. +

7
7

2.28. ( i + 1) .

2
2
i+ .
3
3

2.20.

2.29. 3 + i3 .

3.13.

27 .

i
.
27
i .

i 27 .

1
3
.
+i
32
32

1
3
.
+i
2
2

4. , .
4.1. z 2 + (3i 2 )z + 5 3i = 0 .

4.2. z 2 (2i 5)z + 5 5i = 0 .

3
i = 0.
2
4.4. z 2 + (3i 2 )z + 1 3i = 0 .
1
4.5. iz 2 + (1 + i )z + 4i + = 0 .
2
1
4.6. z 2 + (1 i )z i + 4 = 0 .
2
4.3. z 2 (1 + 3i )z 1 +

7
3
+i = 0.
4
4.8. iz 2 + (2 i )z + 1 + 3i = 0 .
3
4.9. z 2 + (2i + 1)z + i + = 0 .
2
1
1
1
4.10. z 2 i 2 z + i = 0 .
2 16
2
3
4.11. 2iz 2 + (i 3)z + i = 0 .
4
1
4.12. z 2 + (1 3i )z + (6i 1) = 0 .
4
1

4.13. z 2 + (6 i )z + 3i = 0 .
4

4.14. z 2 (4i + 1)z + 2i = 0 .


2

1 1
1

4.15. iz 2 + 2i z + i + = 0 .
2 16
2

4.16. 6 + i z 2 + (5i + 1)z + 1 = 0 .


2

1
4.17. z 2 + (5i 1)z + ( 10i 23) = 0 .
4
4.18. z 2 + (2 + 3i )z + 3i = 0 .
4.7. z 2 (2 + i )z +

4.19. z 2 + (2i + 1)z + (i 1) = 0 .

4.20. ( i 1)z 2 + (2i 1)z + 1 = 0 .

1 2
i z + (3i 1)z 6 = 0 .
4
1
4.22. (2 i )z 2 + (i 1)z + = 0 .
2
4.21. 1 +

8
4.23. (2 3i )z 2 + (2i 3)z + 1 = 0 .
4.24. z 2 + (2i + 3)z + (1 + 3i ) = 0 .

4.25. (2i + 1)z 2 + (4i 3)z 3 = 0 .


4.26. z 2 + (3i + 4 )z + (6i + 1) = 0 .

4.27. (i 1)z 2 + (2i 5)z 5 = 0 .


4.28. (i 3)z 2 + (2i 4 )z 1 = 0 .

5 2
z + (i 5)z + (1 i ) = 0 .
2
4.30. z 2 + (i 2 )z + (4 i ) = 0 .
3
4.31. z 2 + (i + 3)z + (i + 2 ) = 0 .
2

4.29.

5. ,
.
5.1. z 1 1 , z + 1 > 2 .
5.2. z 1 i 1 , 0 Re z < 2 , 0 < Im z 2 .
5.3. z 1 i < 1 , arg z

.
4
5.5. z + i 3 , z i > 3 .

.
4

5.4. z 1 , arg(z + i ) >

5.6. z + i 1 , z 2 .
5.7. z + i < 2 , 0 < Re z 1 .
5.8. 1 z 1 2 , Im z 0 , Re z < 1 .
5.9. 1 z i < 2 , Re z 0 , Im z > 1 .

.
4
5.11. z > 1 , 1 < Im z 1 , 0 < Re z 2 .

5.10. z < 2 , Re z 1 , arg z <

9
5.12. z 1 > 1 , 1 Im z < 0 , 0 Re z < 3 .

arg z .
4
4

5.14. z i 1 , < arg(z i ) < .


2
4
5.15. z + 1 1 , z + i < 1 .
5.13. z + i < 1 ,

5.16. z + i 1 , z 3 .
5.17. z 1 + i 1 , Re z < 1 , Im z 1 .
5.18. z 1 i 1 , Im z > 1 , Re z 1 .
5.19. z i 2 , Re z > 1 .

10
1) ;
2) -
;
) , .

4 5 7
6.1. ) 1

) 2

2 3

6 2 1

3 1 6

x+7

6.2. ) 1

5
2

5.20. z + i 2 , z i > 2 .

2
2

1
2

5.21. z 2 i 2 , Re z 3 , Im z < 1 .

4 2
3 1 1

5.22. Re z 1 , Im z < 2 .

2 1

6.3. ) 1

5.23. z 2 i 1 , 1 Re z < 3 , 0 < Im z 3 .

.
4

5.25. z 1 < 1 , arg z , arg(z 1) > .


4
4
5.26. 1 < z z < 2 , Re z > 0 , 0 Im z 1 .
5.27. z z 2 , Re z < 1 , Im z > 1 .
5.28. z z < 2 , Re z 1 , Im z > 1 .
5.29. z > 2 , 2 < Im z 2 , 0 < Re z 3 .
5.24. z i < 1 , arg z

5.30. z 3i 1 , 0 < Im z 3 , 1 < Re z < 1 .


5.31. z i 1 , 0 < arg z <

.
4

6. 3- :
) 2- :

x+4

6.4. ) 5

1
3

2 3
3
1

3
1

2 3

6.7. ) 2

1 4

x +1

5x

15

2 =0
x
2x

x+6

3x = 0
x2

2x + 2 x 3 x + 1
6
x

1 2

6.6. ) 1 5

1 = 0
x 3

3 5
2 1 6

2 =0

1
x
2x 1 x

) 1

6.5. ) 4

) 11 x + 1

x+2
3

3 = 0
1

3 2x + 1 x + 1
x+6
5

) 6

x
4
)

6
2

=0
x

x + 2 2x 3 = 0

x+5 2x

11
5

x + 3 2x + 1

1 2

6.8. ) 4

3 1
2 6 3

2 4
6.9. ) 3

1 2 2
3

6
1

) 3

5
1

1 4

x2

3
2

2x 2 x 6
)

6
x 5

4
9

x+3

6.17. ) 5

6.18. ) 1

6 7
3 1

=0

2 1
1 3 3
3

3 2

8
=0

9
5

x
x+4 =0
3

x + 8 2x 1 = 0
5
6
x 5

4
3 = 0

2x + 1 x 3

x+2

x+4 4
1
)

=0

3
x +1 4 = 0
x 1 10 2 x
3 x

3
) 2 x + 8

x+3

x
3

9 =0
1

1 x

4 =0

2x + 2 x 2 x

1 2

2 3
2 3 1
2 1 3
1

3 4
2 5

6.23. ) 6

6.21. ) 1

6.22. ) 5

2x

) 3

6.19. ) 5

6.20. ) 1

2 5 1

2x + 1 3 x + 6

3 2 1

2 1 4

2x

x
3

1 3
7 2

6.16. ) 2

2 1 4

x+6

) x + 4

x+6 5 =0
2x + 1 x

1 2
5 2 4

6.15. ) 1

2 1
6

x4 =0

7 =0
x 1 2x

) x 4

2
3 4
1

x 3

6.13. ) 3

6.14. ) 2

1 2

2 3

x 1 = 0
x 5

) x 11 x 4

6.11. ) 1 6

6.12. ) 5

3
1

3 1
2 1 2

6.10. ) 4

1 5

x+2 x+7

x+2
3

3
1

12

5 3

1 2 4

x + 2 2x 3
)

2
7

x
10

x2 =0
x

10

) x 4

4
x
) 2

x+5
5 =0
x +6 x 3
3

2x

x 1

x 5

=0

13
5
6.24. ) 1

2 3
3 1

2x
) x 3

x +1

x
8

2 =0
1

6.25. ) 6

) x 3

2x + 3

x + 4 1 2x 5

6.26. ) 1

3
2
2 1 3

1 3
1 5
7

6.28. ) 5

3
5

1 2
1 6 3

6.29. ) 4

14
9

6.27. ) 2

1 2

6.30. ) 3

2 6
2 1 7

1 4 5
6.31. ) 2

3 x

) x + 3

2
) 4

x
1
) 4

=0

7.3.

x+5 7 =0
5
1

4x

x
x+3

x
6

x 1

=0
7.7.

x+4

4 =0
5

4 =0

7.5.

x
6

) x 4

7.1.

x4 x

x 3

x2 x

4-

1) 4- ;
2) 2- .

x +8 1 = 0
x+2 x

x
4

7.
2- :

x+5 =0
x

x
1

) 2 x + 5

14

7.9.

1 2 4 1
3 1 2
4
4 3
5
6
1 5 4
2
2 1 3 5
1 4 6 2
3 2 4
7
2 5 5 4
3 1 4
7
1 2 3 5
2 3 5 4
2 6 3
8
1 1 3 2
3 2 1 1
2 1 3 2
5 4 1 3
1 2 1 2
1 2 3 4
3 1 2 1
2 5 1
2

1
2
7.2.
3
2
2
6
7.4.
6
4
6
3
7.6.
3
9
2
3
7.8.
1
2
6
4
7.10.
4
2

3 2
4 1
5 2
8 3
1 1
2 2
3 4
2 1
4 5
2 4
1 2
4 1
3 2
5 4
7 4
2 3
2 3
1 2
3 1
7 3

0
1
1
5
2
4
8
1
2
5
1
4
5
3
1
3
4
3
1
2

15

7.11.

7.13.

7.15.

7.17.

7.19.

7.21.

1 4
2 1
2 5
3 6
2 1
3 2
4 3
1 2
1 4
2 0
3 5
1 6
1 2
2 1
3 4
4 3
1 2
2 4
3 5
1 6
1 2
1 3
3 5
2 4

1 3
3 2
2 1
1 5
1 5
4 1
5 1
3 4
1 2
3 1
4 2
4 3
3
2
3 4
5 1
1
3
3
1
1 7
2
8
4 5
1 4
5 2
1 3
3 1

7.12.

7.14.

7.16.

7.18.

7.20.

7.22.

5 3
2 4
4 2 3 7
8 1 1 5
7 3 3 1
3 2 5
3
2 3 6
5
1 6 9 11
4 1 4
2
2 5 1 2
1 2 3 1
3 4 1 2
2 3 3 7
1 2 4 3
3 2 6 4
4 5 2 3
3 8 2 1
2 3 1 3
4 6 3 5
6 9 5 7
8 9 7 9
1
2 3 4
2 3 4 5
3 4 5 6
4
5 6 7

16

7.23.

7.25.

7.27.

7.29.

7.31.

2 7
4
5
4 4
8
6
1 9 3 5
3 5
7
5
4 2 3 3
8 3 2 5
20 6 1 12
4 1 4 2
6 2 3 9
3 1 2 3
6 3 5 3
9 3 4 18
3 2 1 2
5 4 3 4
7 4 1 2
2 7 3 4
5 1 2 3
1 3 2
1
2 4 6
4
3 1 3 1

7.24.

7.26.

7.28.

7.30.

3 4 3 6
9 8 5 9
3 8 7 16
6 6 3 5
5 2 3 1
4 1 2 2
1 2 3 1
3 4 1 2
5 3 2 4
4 2 1 3
2 2 3 2
1 1 7 2
2 5 8 8
4 3 9 6
2 3 5 9
1 2 7 8

8. . :
) A B , B A ;
) f (A ) ;
) A 1 .
)

17

1 3

2 1
8.1. A =
,
3 5

6 0

2 1
3 5
.
B =
1 3 0
2

3 7 2 0
1
, B =
8.2. A =
3
1 2 5 3

1 0 3

8.3. A = 2 1 4 ,
3 5
0

2 1

3
0
8.4. A =
,
5 7

3 1

1
3

8.5. A = 0 2 4 ,
3 0 1

2 1

0 4
8.6. A =
,
2 3

0 1

3 1 4 0
,
8.7. A =
2 0 3 5

5
.
4

0
7 3

B= 4
1 1 .
2 3 1

0 1 2 1
.
B =
1 3 4 2
0
3
2

B = 6 1
2 .
3 2 1

7 8 1 0
.
B =
5 2
0 3
1 0

3 1
.
B=
0 3

2 1

18
1 2

8.8. A = 5 0 ,
4 1

2 3 1 0

8.9. A = 3 5 2 4 ,
7 1 0 0

2 0 3

8.10. A = 4 5 1 ,
0 3 7

3 2

0 1
8.11. A =
,
4 5

1 0

2 1 0 3
,
5 7 3 2

8.12. A =

0 1 2 4
,
1 2 3 1

8.13. A =

5 2

8.14. A = 1
4 ,
6 1

5 7 1
.
B =
0 1 3
3 1 5

2 0 1
.
B=
0
6 0

3
5
1

5
1

B= 4
0 1 .
1 3 0

5 1 3 0
.
B =
2 4 7 1
1 3

2 0
.
B=
5 1

0 2

5
3

2 0
.
B=
3
4

1 2

1 0 3
.
B =
4
2 6

19
1
3 4
,
8.15. A =
2 5 3

3
8.16. A =
6

2 0

1 5
,
4 1

0 3

2 5 1 0
,
7 1 3 2

8.17. A =

4 6 2
,
7 3 1

8.18. A =

1 3

2 2
8.19. A =
,
0
4

5 1

2 1 5

8.20. A = 0
3 1 ,
4 6 2

5 1

0 2
,
8.21. A =
7 3

1 2

6 4

B= 1
3 .
2
2

3
1 2
2

B = 1 5 2 1 .
4
1
6
0

4 3

1 2
.
B=
2
5

0
6

3
1

B = 0 4 .
5 2

2 3 5 0
.
B =
6 1 3 4
1 2 6

B = 4 5
1 .
2 3 2

1 3
2 5
.
B =
0 3 4 2

20

8.22. A =

0
1

3 6
.
B=
2 4

1
2

1 2

4
0
,
8.23. A =
3 1

3
0

6 3 0 0
.
B =
2 1 1 2

2 5 7 2
,
3 1 0 4

1 2 3 4
,
0 1 2 1

8.24. A =

2 1 3

8.25. A = 4 2 0 ,
0 1 5

3
0

2 1
8.26. A =
,
3 4

1
0

3 5

0
1
.
B=
2
1

3 0

5 2 1

B= 1
0 4 .
3 1 0

1 2 0 3
.
B =
4 2 1 0

1 2

0
3 1 1 2
2
, B =
.
8.27. A =
1 4
6 1 2 0

3 5

2
3

1 0 3
.
8.28. A = 1 1 ,
B =
3 4 0

21
1 3 0

8.29. A = 2 1 3 ,
6 2 0

3 1

2 2
8.30. A =
,
4
0

1 5

7 0 5

B = 4 2 1 .
1 3 6

0 5 3 1
.
B =
7 2 0 3

1 2 7 0
,
4 3 1 1

8.31. A =

3 4

2 1
.
B=
5 1

0 3

1 5
.
2 3
5 3
.
f (x ) = 3x 2 + x 4 , A =
0 1
1 2
.
f (x ) = x 3 + 2x , A =
2 0
0 2
.
f (x ) = 2x 2 3x 1 , A =
3 1
1 4
.
f (x ) = x 2 3x + 1 , A =
0 3
3 2
.
f (x ) = 2 x 2 3x 9 , A =
1 0
3 0
.
f (x ) = 4x 2 + 5x 3 , A =
1 2

8.1. f (x ) = 2 x 2 5x + 2 , A =
8.2.
8.3.
8.4.
8.5.
8.6.
8.7.

22

1 2
.

2
0

3
2

.
8.9. f (x ) = 5x 2 x + 7 , A =
0
1

3
1

.
8.10. f (x ) = x 2 + 8x , A =

2
4

1
1

.
8.11. f (x ) = x 2 3x + 5 , A =

3
4

4
2

.
8.12. f (x ) = 2 x 2 + 3x + 2 , A =
0
5

1
2

.
8.13. f (x ) = 3x 2 + 4 x 3 , A =

3
4

2
3

.
8.14. f (x ) = x 2 + 5x + 1 , A =
3
1

2
1

.
8.15. f (x ) = 4 x 2 + 2 x 5 , A =
5
0

1
2

.
8.16. f (x ) = x 2 2 x + 3 , A =
2
0

5
3

.
8.17. f (x ) = 2 x 2 + 4 x 3 , A =
1
2

1
1

.
8.18. f (x ) = 2 x 2 x + 1 , A =

3
2

3
4

.
8.19. f (x ) = 5x 2 3x + 3 , A =
1
2

1
3

.
8.20. f (x ) = x 2 + 2 x 1 , A =

2
0

8.8. f (x ) = x 2 + 4 x 3 , A =

23

4 1
.
2
3

3
1

.
f (x ) = 3x 2 x + 2 , A =
2
0

1
4

.
f (x ) = x 2 x + 2 , A =

5
2

2
1

.
f (x ) = 2x 2 + 2x 3 , A =

1
3

1
2

.
f (x ) = 3x 2 x + 2 , A =

2
3

0
3

.
f (x ) = x 2 + 3x 4 , A =

1
2

4
1

.
f (x ) = x 2 4x + 3 , A =

5
2

2
1

.
f (x ) = 3x 2 + x 1 , A =
3
5

1
1

.
f (x ) = x 2 x + 6 , A =

3
1

3
1

.
f (x ) = x 2 + 5x 1 , A =
0
2

2
0

.
f (x ) = 3x 2 3x + 4 , A =

1
1

8.21. f (x ) = 4 x 2 3x + 2 , A =
8.22.
8.23.
8.24.
8.25.
8.26.
8.27.
8.28.
8.29.
8.30.
8.31.
)

2 1 5

8.1. A = 0
3 1
4 6 2

2 5 1

8.2. A = 0 3 4 .
0
1 2

24
3 1 5

8.3. A = 0 4 0
5 2 2

1 2 3

8.5. A = 3 2 4
2 1 0

5 6 3

8.7. A = 0 2 0
7 4 5

1 2 3

8.4. A = 2 0 5 .
1 1 2

2 3 1

8.6. A = 4 5 2 .
5 7 3

3 0 2

8.8. A = 5 3 1 .
6 0 3

1 2 1

8.9. A = 3 0
2
4 2 5

2 1 1

8.11. A = 3 4 2
3 2 4

1 2 4

8.13. A = 5 1 2
3 1 1

1 1 2

8.10. A = 0 3 1 .
4 1 4

3 2 1

8.12. A = 2 3 1 .
2 1 3

1 2 3

8.14. A = 0 2 4 .
0 0 2

4 1 2

8.15. A = 0 2 3
0 1 4

3
1
2

8.17. A = 1 5 2
4
1
2

1 2 6

8.16. A = 4 5
1 .
2
0 2

3 2 0

8.18. A = 3 1 5 .
2 0 1

25
4 5 2

8.19. A = 1 1 1
3
2
0

2 2 3

8.21. A = 1 1 0
1 2 1

4 1 1

8.23. A = 4 2 0
1 2 1

2 4 6

8.20. A = 0 2 4 .
0 0 2

1 1 1

0 .
8.22. A = 2 1
1 1 1

3 1 0

8.24. A = 0 2 1 .
0 1 3

1 2 1

8.25. A = 2 1 2
1 2 3

6 2 0

8.27. A = 0 4 2
0 2 6

2 3 1

8.29. A = 0 1 2
3 1 1

3 1 2

8.26. A = 3 2 4 .
3 5 1

0
2
4

2 .
8.28. A = 4 6
8 2 10

2 3 5

8.30. A = 0 3 0 .
4 5 2

26
x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 = 7,

9.3. 2 x1 + 3x 2 + x 3 = 10,
x + 4 x x = 6 .
2
3
1

x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 = 1,

9.4. x1 + 3x 2 4 x 3 = 16,
2 x + x + 3x = 11.
2
3
1

x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 12,

9.5. 2 x1 + x 2 x 3 = 5,
x 2 x 3x = 20 .
2
3
1
5x1 + x 2 x 3 = 0,

9.7. x1 + 2 x 2 5x 3 = 3,
x 2 x + 4 x = 2 .
2
3
1

2 x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 = 6,

9.6. 3x1 x 2 + x 3 = 4,
x + 3x + 4 x = 12 .
2
3
1
x1 2 x 2 3x 3 = 2,

9.8. x1 2 x 2 + 5x 3 = 6,
2 x x x = 4 .
2
3
1

2 x1 + 2 x 2 x 3 = 2,

9.9. 3x1 + 6 x 2 + x 3 = 10,


x + x 4 x = 8 .
2
3
1

x1 + 2 x 2 3x 3 = 4,

9.10. x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 12,
2 x x + x = 7 .
2
3
1

x1 + 5x 2 x 3 = 4,

9.11. 2 x1 5x 2 + 2 x 3 = 1,
x x x = 2 .
2
3
1
x1 + 2 x 2 3x 3 = 11,

9.13. 2 x1 x 2 x 3 = 3,
x 2 x + 4 x = 18 .
2
3
1

3x1 3x 2 6 x 3 = 9,

9.12. x1 + x 2 7 x 3 = 6,
5x x 2 x = 3 .
2
3
1
x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 = 4,

9.14. x1 2 x 2 2 x 3 = 5,
2 x + 7 x 9 x = 0 .
2
3
1

3 2 1

8.31. A = 2
1 0 .
3
4 1

x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 = 4,

9.15. 2 x1 3x 2 4 x 3 = 1,
x + 5 x 5x = 7 .
2
3
1

x1 x 2 x 3 = 3,

9.16. 2 x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 = 3,
x + 3x 3x = 1.
2
3
1

9. ,
.

2 x1 + 5x 2 + 3x 3 = 10,

9.17. x1 x 2 3x 3 = 4,
2 x 5 x + 2 x = 8 .
2
3
1

x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 1,

9.18. x1 2 x 2 + 3x 3 = 6,
x + x + 5x = 5 .
2
3
1

x1 + x 2 + 2 x 3 = 4,

9.1. 2 x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 3,
x + 3x + 3x = 1.
2
3
1

2 x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 2,

9.2. 4 x1 + 2 x 2 + 5x 3 = 7,
7 x + 5x + 3x = 8 .
2
3
1

27
x1 + 5x 2 + 3x 3 = 9,

9.19. 2 x1 5x 2 x 3 = 4,
x + 4 x 5x = 0 .
2
3
1

2 x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 5,

9.20. x1 x 2 + 5x 3 = 1,
3x + 2 x + 7 x = 8 .
2
3
1

x1 x 2 2 x 3 = 4,

9.21. 2 x1 + x 2 + 2 x 3 = 1,
x + 4 x 5 x = 2 .
2
3
1

2 x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 = 10,

9.22. x1 3x 2 + 4 x 3 = 10,
3x + 5x + 2 x = 10 .
2
3
1

x 1 x 2 + 5 x 3 = 7,

9.23. 2 x1 + x 2 x 3 = 0,
x + 3x + 4 x = 2 .
2
3
1

x1 + 3x 2 3x 3 = 1,

9.24. 3x1 3x 2 + 4 x 3 = 4,
x 3x 3x = 5 .
2
3
1

2 x1 + x 2 + 5x 3 = 5,

9.25. x1 + 2 x 2 5x 3 = 4,
3x 2 x 7 x = 4 .
2
3
1

2 x1 + x 2 + 7 x 3 = 18,

9.26. 2 x1 3x 2 + x 3 = 2,
x + 3x + 3x = 8 .
2
3
1

x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 1,

9.27. 2 x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 = 2,
x x 5x = 7 .
2
3
1

7 x1 x 2 x 3 = 4,

9.28. 5x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 8,
x 7 x x = 8 .
2
3
1
x1 + 7 x 2 x 3 = 2,

9.30. 2 x1 + x 2 3x 3 = 5,
x 5x + 3x = 4 .
2
3
1

x1 + x 2 + 5x 3 = 2,

9.29. x1 + 2 x 2 5x 3 = 3,
2 x + 2 x + 2 x = 4 .
2
3
1
x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 4,

9.31. 2 x1 3x 2 + x 3 = 3,
x + x x = 1.
2
3
1

10. .
, .

28
x1 + 2 x 2 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 9,
x x + 3x 6 x = 14,
1
2
3
4
10.1. )
2 x1 + 4 x 2 5x 3 + 9 x 4 = 17,
2 x1 + 5x 2 6 x 3 + 9 x 4 = 16,
x1 2 x 2 + 4 x 3 16 x 4 = 21,
2 x + x + 4 x + 6 x = 45,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 + 14 x 4 = 44,
x1 + x 2 + 2 x 3 + 6 x 4 = 26,
2 x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 3,
2 x + 5x + 5x = 1,

1
3
4
)
6 x1 2 x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 5,
4 x1 + x 2 + 2 x 3 + x 4 = 4.
x1 + 3x 2 + 2 x 3 3x 4 = 0,
2 x + 2 x 3x + 4 x = 16,
1
2
3
4
10.2. )
3x1 + 5x 2 + 4 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 15,
x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 4,
x 1 + 2 x 2 + 5 x 3 3x 4 = 7,
2 x + 5x + 11x 8x = 16,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+

=
x1 x 2 4 x 3 x 4 5,
3x1 + 6 x 2 + 15x 3 9 x 4 = 21,
x1 + 2 x 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 1,
3x + x + 4 x + 5x = 0,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + 3x 2 + 6 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 2,
4 x1 + 7 x 2 + 5x 3 + 18x 4 = 1.

29

30

x1 + 4 x 2 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 3,
2 x + 3x + x 2 x = 5,

1
2
3
4
10.3. )
4 x1 + 5x 2 3x 3 + x 4 = 21,
2 x1 + x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 + x 4 = 9,
4 x + x + 2 x x = 12,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + 3x 2 x 3 8x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + 22 x 4 = 9,

x1 + x 2 + 8x 3 3x 4 = 8,
3x + x 7 x 5x = 12,
1
2
3
4
10.5. )
3x1 + 6 x 2 + x 3 4 x 4 = 5,
2 x1 2 x 2 + 6 x 3 + 3x 4 = 13,
x1 + 3x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 2,
2 x + 2 x + x = 9,
1
2
4
)
2 x1 + 2 x 3 + x 4 = 23,
x1 + 3x 2 + 3x 3 + 3x 4 = 21,

3x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + x 4 = 1,
x + 2 x + 5x = 0,
1
2
4
)
2 x1 + 5x 2 + x 3 + 8x 4 = 4,
4 x1 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 1.
2 x1 5x 2 + 3x 3 x 4 = 0,
x + 3x + x + 4 x = 6,
1
2
3
4
10.4. )
4 x1 + 2 x 3 + x 4 = 1,
2 x1 + 7 x 2 4 x 3 + 3x 4 = 12,

x1 3x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 4,
5 x + 3x + 2 x + 3x = 7,

1
2
3
4
)
x1 + x 2 2 x 3 + x 4 = 4,
2 x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 4 = 3.
x1 + 6 x 2 + 2 x 3 x 4 = 13,
8x + 5x + 2 x = 15,
2
3
4
10.6. )
x1 + 4 x 3 + 3x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + 2 x 2 3x 3 + 3x 4 = 7,

2 x1 + 3x 2 x 3 7 x 4 = 4,
2 x 5x + 3x + 5x = 4,

1
2
3
4
)
+
+

=
4 x1 3x 2 x 3 17 x 4 8,
4 x1 7 x 2 + 3x 3 + 13x 4 = 8,
x1 + x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 2,
6 x 5x + x 2 x = 3,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 3,
4 x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 = 1.

3x1 + 8x 2 + x 3 + 5x 4 = 19,
4 x + 17 x 2 x + 3x = 25,
1
2
3
4
)

+
+
=
x1 3x 2 2 x 3 x 4 4,
2 x1 6 x 2 + 3x 3 + 7 x 4 = 6,
x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 3,
3x + x + x + 3x = 2,

1
2
3
4
)
5x1 7 x 2 + 3x 3 2 x 4 = 5,
2 x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 = 1.

31

32

5x1 + 6 x 2 + 4 x 3 + x 4 = 3,
5x + 3x + 5x + 3x = 2,
1
2
3
4
10.7. )
x1 2 x 2 + 5x 3 3x 4 = 5,
3x1 x 2 2 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 5,
x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 2 x 4 = 3,
3x 13x x + x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
4 x1 + 15x 2 x 3 + x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + 5x 2 4 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 6,

x1 + 10 x 2 + 3x 3 + 6 x 4 = 10,
2 x + 2 x + x + 4 x = 5,

1
2
3
4
10.9. )
2 x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 9,
5x1 6 x 2 2 x 3 7 x 4 = 10,
x1 + 4 x 2 + 6 x 3 + 6 x 4 = 0,
x + 6 x + 4 x + 9 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 3x 4 = 2,
5x1 + 10 x 3 = 4,

9 x1 5x 2 7 x 3 + 8x 4 = 6,
3x + 2 x + 4 x 5x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + 5x 2 + 9 x 3 11x 4 = 2,
x1 2 x 2 + 3x 4 = 5.
x1 + x 2 + 4 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 1,
3x 2 x 5x 2 x = 3,
1
2
3
4
10.8. )
7 x1 x 2 2 x 3 + x 4 = 10,
6 x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + 5x 4 = 17,

x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + x 4 = 7,
3x + 4 x x + 2 x = 5,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 + 4 x 2 + x 3 + 7 x 4 = 5,
5x1 + 6 x 2 + x 3 6 x 4 = 10.
x1 + 3x 2 + 4 x 3 4 x 4 = 4,
3x + 4 x + 2 x 5x = 0,
1
2
3
4
10.10. )
2 x1 + 3x 2 + 4 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 1,
4 x1 + 2 x 2 4 x 3 7 x 4 = 3,

3x1 + x 2 2 x 3 7 x 4 = 9,
x + 6 x + 7 x + 15x = 16,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+
+
=
x1 5x 2 4 x 3 7 x 4 17,
3x1 + 9 x 2 + 6 x 3 + 9 x 4 = 33,

x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 11x 4 = 5,
3x 4 x x + 8x = 9,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+
+
5x1 2 x 2 x 3 18x 4 = 1,
2 x1 x 2 3x 3 8x 4 = 9,

3x1 5x 2 + 2 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 2,
x 6 x + 3x + 5x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
5x1 + 7 x 2 4 x 3 6 x 4 = 3,
2 x1 x 2 + x 3 = 4.

x1 3x 2 2 x 3 = 1,
3x + x + 4 x 3x = 3,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 6 x 2 4 x 3 + 5x 4 = 6,
2 x1 x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 2.

33

34

x1 + 2 x 2 + 5x 3 3x 4 = 1,
2 x 2 x + 7 x + 3x = 2,
1
2
3
4
10.11. )
3x1 x 2 + 3x 3 2 x 4 = 4,
4 x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 3,
x1 2 x 2 + x 3 7 x 4 = 6,
3x + x + x 5x = 4,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 3x 4 = 15,
x1 2 x 2 + x 3 7 x 4 = 6,

x1 + 2 x 2 x 3 + 6 x 4 = 1,
6 x + 4 x 5x + 2 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
10.13. )
2 x1 + 3x 2 + 4 x 3 6 x 4 = 3,
3x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 10 x 4 = 1,
x 1 + 2 x 2 + 8 x 3 4 x 4 = 7,
2 x + x + 7 x + 4 x = 11,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 3x 2 10 x 3 + 3x 4 = 5,
2 x1 3x 2 11x 3 + 2 x 4 = 1,

x1 + 5x 2 + x 3 = 1,
3x + 4 x + 2 x + 5x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 x 2 + x 3 + 5x 4 = 5,
3x1 2 x 2 + 4 x 3 + 3x 4 = 2.
x1 + 5x 2 + 4 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 2,
2 x + 3x + x = 1,

1
2
4
10.12. )
4 x1 + 7 x 2 + 2 x 3 2 x 4 = 4,
x1 + 5x 2 4 x 3 3x 4 = 5,

x1 + x 2 3x 3 6 x 4 = 5,
3x + 7 x + 3x + 2 x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + 4 x 2 + x 3 + 7 x 4 = 2,
3x1 + 5x 2 2 x 3 + x 4 = 6.
x1 + x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 17,
2 x + 3x 2 x + x = 4,
1
2
3
4
10.14. )
3x1 + x 2 5x 3 + 2 x 4 = 21,
5x1 x 2 3x 4 = 5,

x1 x 2 + x 3 + 6 x 4 = 3,
5x + 3x + x + 2 x = 3,
1
2
3
4
)
+

=
7 x1 3x 2 3x 3 1,
x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 x 4 = 1,

x1 2 x 2 2 x 3 + x 4 = 1,
3x + 5x + 12 x x = 14,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+

2 x1 3x 2 7 x 3 x 4 = 9,
2 x1 + 5x 2 + 17 x 3 + 9 x 4 = 1,

x1 + 6 x 2 3x 3 5x 4 = 0,
2 x 11x + 5x + 9 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
7 x1 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 4,
4 x1 + x 2 x 3 x 4 = 3.

x1 + 6 x 2 3x 3 5x 4 = 1,
2 x x + 5x + 9 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
11x1 3x 2 + 2 x 4 = 7,
4 x1 + x 2 x 3 x 4 = 3.

35

36

x1 + x 2 + x 3 = 4,
5x + 3x + 5x x = 3,
1
2
3
4
10.15. )
5x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 + x 4 = 14,
x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 x 4 = 2,
x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 + 7 x 4 = 5,
3x 2 x + 5x + 17 x = 11,
1
2
3
4
)
4 x1 + x 2 + 2 x 3 + 17 x 4 = 1,
2 x1 3x 2 + 4 x 3 + 11x 4 = 13,

x1 + x 2 + x 3 x 4 = 14,
3x 2 x + 21x + 4 x = 55,
1
2
3
4
10.17. )
5x1 + 6 x 2 + 5x 3 2 x 4 = 47,
2 x1 + x 2 2 x 3 = 19,
2 x1 + x 2 5x 3 + 3x 4 = 2,
2 x + 2 x x + 2 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
6 x1 + 4 x 2 11x 3 + 9 x 4 = 11,
2 x1 + 3x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 7,

x1 + 2 x 2 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 3,
4 x + 3x + x + 17 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + x 2 + x 3 + 9 x 4 = 1,
2 x1 + 5x 2 + 3x 3 7 x 4 = 4.
x1 2 x 2 x 3 3x 4 = 15,
2 x + 3x + x + 3x = 2,
1
2
3
4
10.16. )
3x1 + 8x 2 + x 3 + 5x 4 = 23,
4 x1 + 7 x 2 + 5x 3 + 14 x 4 = 5,

x1 3x 2 + 3x 3 4 x 4 = 1,
5x x + x 2 x = 4,
1
2
3
4
)
5x1 + x 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 2,
3x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 3x 4 = 1.
x1 + 3x 2 + 4 x 3 + 8x 4 = 3,
3x + 2 x + x + 7 x = 8,
1
2
3
4
10.18. )
4 x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 17,
4 x1 5x 2 + 7 x 3 + 9 x 4 = 27,

2 x1 + x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 3,
x + 2 x + x + x = 3,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+
+
3x1 4 x 2 2 x 3 2 x 4 = 5,
5x1 + 5x 2 + 2 x 3 = 2,
2 x1 + x 2 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 3,
x + 2 x + 3x = 1,
1
2
4
)
2 x1 3x 2 + 4 x 3 + 5x 4 = 7,
9 x1 9 x 2 + 6 x 3 + 16 x 4 = 2.

2 x1 + 3x 2 + 10 x 4 = 5,
4 x + 2 x x 9 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
+

+
6 x1 4 x 2 2 x 3 17 x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + x 2 2 x 3 + 6 x 4 = 1,
x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 5,
2 x + x + 3x + 4 x = 2,

1
2
3
4
)
3x1 + 3x 2 5x 3 x 4 = 3,
3x1 + 6 x 2 2 x 3 + 9 x 4 = 5.

37

38

x1 x 2 + 2 x 3 3x 4 = 2,
3x + x + 4 x + 2 x = 8,
1
2
3
4
10.19. )
2 x1 3x 2 + 7 x 3 + x 4 = 12,
3x1 5x 2 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 20,
3x1 6 x 2 + 7 x 3 + 7 x 4 = 3,
2 x 4 x 2 x 2 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
4 x1 8x 2 + 8x 3 + 8x 4 = 4,
x1 2 x 2 + 5x 3 + 5x 4 = 1,

2 x1 + x 2 + 22 x 3 7 x 4 = 40,
x + 3x + 6 x 2 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
10.21. )
4 x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 = 17,
x1 3x 3 + x 4 = 1,
x1 + x 2 + x 4 = 3,
3x + 3x + 7 x = 3,
1
2
4
)
4 x1 2 x 2 + 6 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 3,
2 x1 + 4 x 2 2 x 3 + 7 x 4 = 4,

x1 3x 2 + 3x 3 7 x 4 = 2,
2 x + x + 2 x + 5 x = 7,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 + 8x 4 = 6,
4 x1 x 2 + 6 x 3 + x 4 = 5.
2 x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 4,
5x + 4 x + 5x + 5x = 1,
1
2
3
4
10.20. )
x1 + 4 x 2 + 2 x 4 = 1,
9 x1 + 6 x 2 + 8x 3 + 7 x 4 = 3,

x1 + 2 x 2 x 3 3x 4 = 4,
x + 5x x + 4 x = 3,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + 7 x 2 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 1,
x1 + 3x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 1.
x1 + 2 x 2 + 4 x 3 + 3x 4 = 5,
3x + 3x + x + 2 x = 4,
1
2
3
4
10.22. )
3x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 7 x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + x 2 + 7 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 5,

x1 + 7 x 2 + 3x 3 + x 4 = 11,
2 x + 4 x + 3x 2 x = 10,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+

=
x1 x 2 2 x 3 3x 4 1,
x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 4 x 4 = 4,
3x1 + x 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 1,
x 3x + 3x + 4 x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 4 x 2 + 4 x 3 5x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + 3x 2 3x 3 + 5x 4 = 3.

4 x1 + 5x 2 + 2 x 3 = 3,
x 2 x 4 x = 1,
1
2
4
)
+
+
5x1 5x 2 2 x 3 = 2,
2 x1 + 3x 2 + x 3 + x 4 = 1,
2 x1 x 2 + x 3 3x 4 = 4,
x + 4 x 4 x + 5x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 + x 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 1,
5x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 3x 4 = 2.

39

40

x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 3,
3x + 2 x + x + 5x = 10,
1
2
3
4
10.23. )
3x1 + x 2 x 3 2 x 4 = 1,
2 x1 + 5x 2 + 2 x 3 x 4 = 7,
x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 1,
5x + 4 x + 2 x + 3x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
5x1 + 5x 2 + 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,
2 x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 1,

x1 + 8x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 30,
8x + 5x x + 4 x = 50,
1
2
3
4
10.25. )
x1 + 7 x 2 + x 4 = 32,
2 x1 + 3x 2 + x 4 = 19,
x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + 3x 4 = 2,
2 x x + 4 x 5x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
4 x1 + x 2 + 2 x 3 x 4 = 7,
5x1 3x 2 + 11x 3 + 4 x 4 = 4,

x1 7 x 2 + 3x 3 + x 4 = 5,
2 x + 3x 3x = 9,
1
2
4
)
3x1 + x 2 x 3 + x 4 = 3,
2 x1 + 2 x 2 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 7.
x1 + 4 x 2 2 x 3 3x 4 = 23,
3x + 2 x + 2 x = 27,
1
2
4
10.24. )
5x1 + 8x 2 + 8x 3 + 6 x 4 = 43,
2 x1 + 4 x 2 + 7 x 3 + 3x 4 = 12,

x1 + 3x 2 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 1,
3x + x 2 x + x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 x 2 + 7 x 3 3x 4 = 2,
2 x1 5x 2 + 9 x 3 10 x 4 = 2.
3x1 + 2 x 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 3,
4 x x + x 2 x = 9,
1
2
3
4
10.26. )
2 x1 4 x 2 3x 3 x 4 = 15,
x1 3x 2 + x 3 3x 4 = 11,

x 1 + x 2 + 3x 3 2 x 4 = 7,
4 x + x 3x + x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+

2 x1 x 2 x 3 x 4 = 4,
3x1 + x 2 x 3 = 1,
x1 2 x 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 10,
4 x 5x + 2 x 3x = 2,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 4 x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 5,
6 x1 7 x 2 + 4 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 3.

2 x1 + 4 x 2 2 x 3 + 7 x 4 = 4,
x x + 2 x = 1,
1
2
3
)
+
+
3x1 x 2 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 7,
6 x1 4 x 2 + 10 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 1,
3x1 + 2 x 2 2 x 3 + 7 x 4 = 1,
3x 2 x + 2 x + 3x = 5,

1
2
3
4
)
2 x1 + x 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 1,
3x1 + x 2 x 3 2 x 4 = 4.

41

42

5x1 + 3x 2 + x 3 x 4 = 6,
2 x + x + 2 x 6 x = 3,
1
2
3
4
10.27. )
2 x1 + 4 x 2 + 7 x 3 5x 4 = 22,
x1 + x 2 4 x 3 2 x 4 = 16,
2 x1 + x 2 + 6 x 3 + 8x 4 = 6,
3x + 2 x + 7 x + 7 x = 5,
1
2
3
4
)
4 x1 + 3x 2 + 8x 3 + 6 x 4 = 4,
5x1 + 4 x 2 + 9 x 3 + 5x 4 = 3,

x1 3x 2 + 6 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 8,
5x + 2 x + x 4 x = 1,
1
2
3
4
10.29. )
2 x1 2 x 2 x 3 + x 4 = 5,
6 x1 x 2 + 4 x 3 = 7,
2 x1 x 2 2 x 4 = 2,
2 x 3x + x 2 x = 4,
1
2
3
4
)
x1 x 2 + x 3 4 x 4 = 3,
x1 + x 2 + x 3 8x 4 = 3,

2 x1 + 5x 2 2 x 3 + x 4 = 2,
2 x 2 x + x 5x = 6,
1
2
3
4
)
2 x 1 + 3x 2 + 2 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 7,
2 x1 + 6 x 2 + x 3 = 1.
3x1 x 2 2 x 3 8x 4 = 12,
3x + x 4 x + x = 1,

1
2
3
4
10.28. )
3x1 + 5x 2 + 3x 3 + 3x 4 = 14,
2 x1 2 x 2 x 3 5x 4 = 6,

3x1 + x 2 + 4 x 3 + 5x 4 = 3,
x + 2 x + 3x + 2 x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
4 x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 2,
2 x1 x 2 + x 3 + 5x 4 = 4.
2 x1 + 3x 2 x 3 + x 4 = 1,
2 x + 5x 2 x + 4 x = 2,
1
2
3
4
10.30. )
3x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 + x 4 = 1,
4 x1 + 5x 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 2,

x1 + 5x 2 12 x 3 3x 4 = 15,
2 x 7 x + 21x + 5x = 27,
1
2
3
4
)

+
+
3x1 2 x 2 9 x 3 2 x 4 = 12,
7 x1 + 20 x 3 + 13x 4 = 1,
5x1 + 4 x 2 + 7 x 3 + 3x 4 = 6,
9 x + 5x + 14 x + 2 x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 + 2 x 2 + 4 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 5,
x1 + 5x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 0.

3x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 1,
x + 3x + x + 2 x = 1,
1
2
3
4
)
+
+
=

2,
2 x 1 x 2 3x 4
3x1 3x 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 5,
2 x1 + 3x 2 5x 3 + 3x 4 = 3,
x + 7 x 4 x + 2 x = 3,
1
2
3
4
)
4 x1 + 5x 2 + 7 x 3 6 x 4 = 5,
5x1 + 2 x 2 11x 3 + 5x 4 = 2.

43
3x1 + x 2 + x 3 + 5x 4 = 4,
x + 5x + 2 x + x = 2,
1
2
3
4
10.31. )
2 x1 + x 2 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 15,
2 x1 3x 2 2 x 3 + x 4 = 0,

x1 4 x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 8,
2 x 8x + x + 4 x = 13,
1
2
3
4
)
3x1 12 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 7 x 4 = 21,
2 x1 + 8x 2 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 1,
2 x1 + 3x 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 5,
3x + 5x + 4 x + 7 x = 1,

1
2
3
4
)
3x1 2 x 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 2,
x1 + 3x 2 + 2 x 3 + 11x 4 = 0.
11.
.

x1 + x 2 3x 3 4 x 4 = 0,

11.1. 4 x1 + 5x 2 2 x 3 x 4 = 0,
3x + 4 x + x + 3x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
x1 5x 2 + 2 x 3 16 x 4 = 0,

11.2. 3x1 + x 2 8x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,
2 x 2 x 3x 7 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
x1 4 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,

11.3. 2 x1 7 x 2 + 4 x 3 + x 4 = 0,
x 3x + 2 x 2 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

44
3x1 + 5x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,

11.4. 5x1 + 7 x 2 + 6 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,
7 x + 9 x + 9 x + 6 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
x 1 3x 2 + 4 x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,

11.5. 3x 1 8x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,
2 x 5 x 3x x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
3x1 + 5x 2 4 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,

11.6. 2 x1 + 4 x 2 6 x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,
11x + 17 x 8x + 4 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
x1 + x 2 3x 3 4 x 4 = 0,

11.7. 4 x1 + 5x 2 2 x 3 x 4 = 0,
3x + 4 x + x + 3x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
3x1 2 x 2 + x 3 x 4 = 0,

11.8. x1 + x 2 4 x 3 + 5x 4 = 0,
5x 5x + 6 x 7 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
x1 x 2 + 4 x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,

11.9. 3x1 2 x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,
2 x x 3x x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
3x1 x 2 2 x 3 = 0,

11.10. 2 x1 + x 2 2 x 3 x 4 = 0,
x + 3x 2 x 2 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
x1 5x 2 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,

11.11. 2 x1 9 x 2 + 2 x 3 + x 4 = 0,
x 4 x x 3x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

45

46

x1 + 2 x 2 + 3x 3 x 4 = 0,

11.12. x1 x 2 + x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,
x + 5 x + 5x 4 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 2 x 2 + x 4 = 0,

11.20. 3x1 x 2 2 x 3 = 0,
2 x + x 2 x x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,

11.13. 2 x1 x 2 + 2 x 3 + x 4 = 0,
4 x 3x + 8 x + 9 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
x1 + x 2 2 x 3 x 4 = 0,

11.14. 3x1 x 2 + x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,
x + 5x 9 x 8x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 + 3x 2 x 3 2 x 4 = 0,

11.21. 2 x1 + 7 x 2 4 x 3 3x 4 = 0,
x + 4 x 3x x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 + x 2 + 4 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,

11.15. 3x1 + 4 x 2 + x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,
2 x + 3x 3x + x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,

11.23. 2 x1 3x 2 + x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,
3x 5x + 3x + 7 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

5x1 3x 2 + 2 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,

11.16. 4 x1 2 x 2 + 3x 3 + 7 x 4 = 0,
8x 6 x x 5x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 + 3x 2 + 5x 3 x 4 = 0,

11.24. 2 x1 x 2 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,
5x + x x + 7 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 + 4 x 2 2 x 3 3x 4 = 0,

11.17. 2 x1 + 9 x 2 x 3 4 x 4 = 0,
x + 5x + x x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 + 2 x 2 2 x 3 3x 4 = 0,

11.25. 2 x1 + 5x 2 x 3 4 x 4 = 0,
x + 3x + x x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 + 3x 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,

11.18. 2 x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + 5x 4 = 0,
x + 10 x 6 x + x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

3x1 + 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,

11.26. 2 x1 + 3x 2 + 2 x 3 + 5x 4 = 0,
9 x + x + 4 x 5x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x1 2 x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,

11.19. 3x1 5x 2 + x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,
2 x 3x x + x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

2 x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,

11.27. x1 3x 2 + 4 x 3 + 7 x 4 = 0,
x + 2 x 3x 5 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

2 x1 x 2 + 3x 3 2 x 4 = 0,

11.22. 4 x1 2 x 2 + 5x 3 + x 4 = 0,
2 x x + x + 8 x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

47
~

) Bx = (x 2 + x 3 ,2 x1 x 2 + x 3 ,3x1 2 x 3 ) .

3x1 x 2 + 3x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,

11.28. 5x1 3x 2 + 2 x 3 + 3x 4 = 0,
x 3x 5 x = 0 .
2
3
1

12.6. ) Ax = (x1 2 x 2 ,0, x1 + 2 x 2 x 3 ) ;

) Bx = ( 2 x1 + x 3 , x1 + 1,3x 2 2 x 3 ) .

x1 + x 2 2 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 0,

11.29. 3x1 + 5x 2 + 6 x 3 4 x 4 = 0,
4 x + 5 x 2 x + 3x = 0 .
2
3
4
1
5x1 3x 2 + 2 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 0,

11.30. 4 x1 2 x 2 + 3x 3 + 7 x 4 = 0,
8x 6 x x 5x = 0 .
2
3
4
1

x = (x1 , x 2 , x 3 ) R 3 . ,
,
.

12.1. ) Ax = (x1 + x 2 ,2 x1 x 2 + 3x 3 , x1 x 2 + x 3 ) ;

) Bx = (x1 + x 2 + 1, x1 x 2 + x 3 ,2 x 2 + x 3 ) .

12.2. ) Ax = (3 x1 + x 3 , x 2 x 3 , x1 + 2 x 2 + x 3 ) ;

) Bx = (2 x1 x 2 + x 3 , x 3 ,3x 2 x 3 ) .

12.3. ) Ax = (3x1 x 2 x 3 ,1,2 x 2 + x 3 ) ;

) Bx = ( x1 + x 2 x 3 ,2 x 2 , x1 x 3 ) .

12.4. ) Ax = ( x 3 ,2 x1 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 + 2 x 3 ) ;

~
) Bx = ( 3x 3 , x1 + 2 x 2 , x1 + x 2 + x 3 ) .
~
12.8. ) Ax = (2 x1 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 ,3x 3 ) ;
~
) Bx = (2 x 2 + 1, x1 x 2 , x1 + x 3 1) .
~
12.9. ) Ax = (2 x1 x 3 ,0, x 2 1) ;
~
) Bx = (x 2 2 x 3 , x1 3x 2 + x 3 , x1 x 2 ) .
~
12.10. ) Ax = (x 2 2 x 3 , x1 + 2 x 3 , x1 + x 2 x 3 ) ;
~
2
) Bx = x 2 , x1 + 3x 3 , x 2 + x 3 .
~
12.11. ) Ax = ( 4 x 3 , x 2 + 3x 3 ,4 x1 x 2 + 2 x 3 ) ;
~
) Bx = (x1 + 2 x 2 , x 2 + 2, x1 + x 2 x 3 ) .
~
12.12. ) Ax = (2 x1 ,3,2 x1 x 2 + x 3 ) ;
~
) Bx = (x1 2 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 x 3 , x1 + 2 x 3 ) .
~
12.13. ) Ax = (3x1 x 2 + 1, x 2 x 3 , x1 + 2 x 2 ) ;
~
) Bx = ( 2 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 ,2 x1 x 2 + x 3 ) .
~
12.14. ) Ax = (x1 2 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 + x 3 ,0 ) ;
~
) Bx = (x1 x 3 , x 2 x 3 + 1, x1 ) .
~
12.15. ) Ax = (x1 x 2 ,1,2 x1 + x 2 x 3 ) ;
~
) Bx = (2 x 2 x 3 , x1 + x 2 , x1 x 2 x 3 ) .
~
12.16. ) Ax = (2 x1 + x 2 ,0, x 3 + 1) ;
~
) Bx = (x1 x 2 + x 3 ,2 x1 ,2 x 2 x 3 ) .

12. .

12.7. ) Ax = x1 + x 2 , x 2 , x1 x 2 x 3 ;

9 x1 + 4 x 2 5x 3 + x 4 = 0,

11.31. 2 x1 + x 2 x 3 = 0,
x + 2 x + x 3x = 0.
2
3
4
1

) Bx = (2, x1 x 3 ,3x1 x 2 + x 3 ) .

48

12.5. ) Ax = x1 , x 2 2 x 3 , x1 + x 2 + x 3 ;

49
~

12.17. ) Ax = (x 2 2 x 3 , x1 + x 3 ,2 x 2 + x 3 ) ;

) Bx = (x1 x 2 , x 2 + 2, x 3 ) .

12.18. ) Ax = (2 x1 x 2 + x 3 ,3x 3 , x1 + x 2 ) ;

) Bx = (x1 x 2 + 1, x 2 x 3 , x1 ) .

12.19. ) Ax = (x1 + x 2 x 3 ,1, x 2 + x 3 ) ;

) Bx = (x 2 2 x 3 , x1 + 2 x 2 x 3 ,2 x1 3x 3 ) .

12.20. ) Ax = (x 2 x 3 , x 2 1, x1 + 2 x 3 ) ;

) Bx = (2 x 2 + x 3 , x1 2 x 2 ,2 x1 x 2 + x 3 ) .

12.21. )
)
12.22. )
)
12.23. )
)
12.24. )
)
12.25. )
)
12.26. )
)
12.27. )
)
12.28. )

~
Ax = (x1 + 2 x 2 ,2 x 2 + x 3 ,0 ) ;
~
Bx = (2 x 2 x 3 , x1 1, x 2 3x 3 ) .
~
Ax = (2 x 2 + 2 x 3 , x1 + x 2 ,2 x 2 + x 3 ) ;
~
Bx = (1,2 x1 x 2 , x 3 ) .
~
Ax = (2 x1 x 2 , x 3 + 2, x1 x 2 + x 3 ) ;
~
Bx = (3x 3 , x1 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 2 x 3 ) .
~
Ax = (x 2 x 3 , x1 + x 2 + 1, x 2 x 3 ) ;
~
Bx = (2 x1 x 2 ,3x 2 x 3 ,2 x1 x 3 ) .
~
Ax = (2 x1 + 2 x 2 ,0, x1 + 3x 2 + 2 x 3 ) ;
~
Bx = (x1 x 2 ,2,2 x 2 x 3 ) .
~
Ax = ( x1 + 3x 2 ,2 x1 x 2 + 2 x 3 ,3x 2 x 3 ) ;
~
Bx = (2 x1 + 3x 2 + 1, x1 + 2 x 2 , x1 x 3 ) .
~
Ax = (3x1 + x 2 ,2 x 2 + x 3 , x1 1) ;
~
Bx = (2 x1 3x 2 + x 3 ,3x 2 x 3 , x1 + 2 x 3 ) .
~
Ax = (3x 2 + 2 x 3 , x1 x 2 ,0 ) ;

50
~

) Bx = (4 x1 + x 2 , x1 x 2 + 3,0 ) .

12.29. ) Ax = (2 x1 + x 3 ,1, x1 + 2 x 2 ) ;

) Bx = (4 x1 2 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 , x1 3x 3 ) .

12.30. ) Ax = (3x 2 x 3 , x1 , x1 2 x 2 + 3x 3 ) ;

) Bx = (x1 1, x 2 + 2 x 3 ,2 x 2 x 3 ) .

12.31. ) Ax = (x 2 3x 3 , x 2 + 1, x1 x 2 x 3 ) ;

) Bx = (3x1 x 2 ,2 x1 x 2 + x 3 , x 2 3x 3 ) .

13. (e1 , e2 , e3 )
A.
(e1 , e2 , e3 ) .

3 0

13.1. A = 1 1
1 1

e1 = e1 + e3 ,

0 ,
2
e2/ = 2 e2 + e3 , e3 = e1 e2 .

0 1

13.2. A = 2
1
1 2

e1 = e1 e3 , e2

0 ,
1
= 2 e1 e2 , e3 = 2e2 + e3 .

0
2 1

13.3. A = 1 3
1 ,
0 4 1

e1 = e1 + e2 2e3 , e2 = 2e1 + e3 , e3 = e1 + 3e2 .

51

52

3 1 2

13.4. A = 0
2
0 ,
1 1
1

e1 = 3e2 + e3 , e2 = e1 e2 + 2e3 , e3 = e1 e3 .

0 3 1

13.10. A = 2 1 0 ,
1 1 1

0 3 2

13.5. A = 1 1 0 ,
2 1 1

e1 = e1 e2 + e3 , e2 = 2e2 + e3 , e3 = e1 + e3 .

2 1 1

13.11. A = 1 3 0 ,
1 0 1

e1 = e2 + 2e3 , e2 = e1 + e3 , e3 = 2e1 + e2 e3 .

1 2 0

13.6. A = 1 1 2 ,
0 1 1

e1 = 2e1 + e2 + e3 , e2 = e1 + 2e3 , e3 = e2 e3 .

3 1 2

13.12. A = 0
1 1 ,
1 0
2

e1 = e1 2 e2 , e2 = 2e2 e3 , e3 = e1 e2 + e3 .

2 3 0

13.7. A = 1 1 2 ,
0 1 1

e1 = 2e1 e2 + e3 , e2 = 2e3 , e3 = e1 + e2 + e3 .

1
1 0

13.13. A = 2
1 1 ,
0 2 3

e1 = 2 e1 + e2 , e2 = e1 e3 , e3 = e1 + 2e2 + e3 .

1 0 2

13.8. A = 2 1 1 ,
1 3 0

e1 = e1 2 e2 + 2e3 , e2 = e2 e3 , e3 = e1 + e3 .

1 2 0

13.14. A = 0 3 1 ,
2 1 1

e1 = e1 + 2 e2 + e3 , e2 = e1 + 2 e2 , e3 = e2 + e3 .

1 2 0

13.9. A = 0 1 3 ,
1 1 1

e1 = 2 e2 2e3 , e2 = e1 e2 , e3 = 2e1 + e2 e3 .

0 1 1

13.15. A = 1 2 1 ,
1 0 1

e1 = e3 , e2 = e1 + 2e2 + e3 , e3 = e1 e2 + 2e3 .

e1 = 2e1 e3 , e2 = e1 e2 , e3 = e1 + e2 + 2e3 .

53
1 1 2

13.16. A = 0 0
1 ,
2 1 1

e1 = e1 + e2 e3 , e2 = e2 + 2e3 , e3 = e2 e3 .

54
2 1
0

13.22. A = 0 1 1 ,
1 1 2

e1 = e1 + e3 , e2 = 2e1 + e2 e3 , e3 = e2 e3 .

1 0 0

13.17. A = 2 1 1 ,
1 2 1

e1 = 2e2 + e3 , e2 = e2 + e3 , e3 = e1 e2 + 2e3 .

1 2 0

13.23. A = 1 1 0 ,
2 1 1

e1 = 2e1 e3 , e2 = e1 + e2 + 2e3 , e3 = e2 + e3 .

2 0 1

13.18. A = 1 1
0 ,
1 1 1

e1 = e1 2 e3 , e2 = e1 e2 + e3 , e3 = 2e1 + e3 .

1 1 1

13.24. A = 2
1 0 ,
1 1 0

e1 = e1 + 2e2 e3 , e2 = e1 + e3 , e3 = e2 + 2e3 .

1 1 1

13.19. A = 2 1 1 ,
0 0 1

e1 = 2 e2 , e2 = e1 + e2 e3 , e3 = e1 2e2 e3 .

13.25. A = 1
1

e1 = e2

1 1 1

13.20. A = 2 2 1 ,
1 0 0

e1 = e1 e2 + e3 , e2 = e2 , e3 = 2 e1 + e2 e3 .

2 1
0

13.26. A = 1 1 0 ,
1 2 1

e1 = 2 e1 e2 + 2e3 , e2 = e1 + e3 , e3 = e1 2e3 .

1 1 1

13.21. A = 1 0 0 ,
2 1 2

e1 = e1 + e2 2e3 , e2 = 2e1 + e2 e3 , e3 = e2 .

1 1 ,
1 0
+ e3 , e2 = e1 + e2 e3 , e3 = 2e1 e2 .
1

2 0 1

13.27. A = 1 1 0 ,
1 1 1

e1 = 2 e1 e2 , e2 = e1 + e2 , e3 = e1 + e2 2e3 .

55
1 1 1

13.28. A = 0 2 1 ,
1
0 1

e1 = e2 e3 , e2 = 2e1 e2 + 2e3 , e3 = e1 + e3 .
2 1 0

13.29. A = 1 1 1 ,
0 1 2

e1 = e1 2e2 e3 , e2 = e1 + e2 + e3 , e3 = e3 .
1 2 1

13.30. A = 0 1 1 ,
1 0 1

e1 = e1 e2 + e3 , e2 = 2e1 + e2 , e3 = e2 + e3 .
0 1 1

13.31. A = 1 1 1 ,
0
2 1

e1 = 2 e1 e2 , e2 = e1 e2 , e3 = e1 + e2 + e3 .
14.
.

4 3 3

14.1. 1 2 1 .
1 1 2

7 6 6

14.3. 4 1 4 .
4 2 5

7 6 6

14.2. 2 3 2 .
2 2 3

5 4 4

14.4. 2 1 2 .
2 0 3

56
6 2 1

14.5. 1 5 1 .
1 2 4

2
0
1

14.7. 0
2
0 .
2 2 1

1 2 1

14.9. 1 1
1 .
1
0 1

1 2 12

14.11. 0
4
3 .
0
5
6

2 19 30

14.13. 0 5 12 .
0 2
5

1 1 3

14.15. 1 5 1 .
3 1 1

1 1 3

14.17. 1 1 3 .
3 3 3

1 4 0

14.19. 4 1 0 .14.20.
0
0 1

4 2 1

14.6. 1 3 1 .
1 2 4

1 10 3

14.8. 2 1 2 .
3 10 1

5 7 0

14.10. 3 1
0 .
12 6 3

4 0 5

14.12. 7 2 9 .
3 0 6

1 0 2

14.14. 0 1 0 .
2 0 4

3 1 1

14.16. 1 5 1 .
1 1 3

1 0 1

14.18. 0 1 0 .
1 0 1

2 2 1

2 2 1 .
1 1 3

57
1 1 1

14.21. 1 1 1 .
1 1 1

7 12 2

14.22. 3
4
0 .
2
0
2

2
0
1

14.23. 0
2
0 .
2 2 1

1 0 0

14.24. 2 2 0 .
1 3 3

0 7 4

14.25. 0 1 0 .
1 13 0

5 2 3

14.26. 4 5 4 .
6 4 4

2 1 1

14.27. 1 2 1 .
1 1 2

6 2 2

14.28. 2 5 0 .
2
0 7

2 0 1

14.29. 0 2 0 .
1 0 2

2 2 0

14.31. 2 9 2 .
0
2 2

6 2 1

14.30. 1 5 1 .
1 2 4