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Nairobi |

May 24, 2014
No. 17948

PUBLIC HEIST | The years and the cast may be dierent, but the script is the same
Swindling the public of money
started in 1963 when Kenyatta met
Bruce McKenzie. Then Moi and
Kibaki came in with Goldenberg
and Anglo Leasing. As Uhuru deals
with the ghosts of his fathers, we
reveal how wheelerdealers took
over our Treasury Story Page 15
How Kenyans lost
billions since 1960
Sh100bn Sh56bn Sh1.4bn
Bruce Mckenzie:
Kenyattas Agricul-
ture Minister used of-
ce to rake in billions
Kamlesh Pattni:
Face of the biggest
Treasury heist since
Nasir Ali: His claim
for Duty Free Shops
exposed rot in the
AGs oce.
From Wako
to Githu:
How the AGs
oce turned
against the
republic in
London and
Geneva courts.
enyans working in the private sec-
tor will from next month enjoy
paid-up holidays anywhere in
the country, as the government seeks
to revive the tourism industry reeling
from insecurity.
In a statement released from State
House, Nairobi, President Uhuru Keny-
atta said that from June 12, companies
would be allowed to pay for their em-
ployees going on their annual leave and
deduct such expenditure in their taxes.
Through this measure, we shall di-
rectly give at least 25,000 Kenyans a
chance to go for a weeks holiday every
month at the expense of their employers,
bringing over 300,000 additional Ken-
yan guests in our hotels throughout the
country, Mr Kenyatta said. This is part of
State gives
workers free
holidays to
revive tourism
Amount in CBK raises questions whether
devolved units have capacity to absorb
funds with less than a month to next years
allocation. P. 47
News P. 2-11, 17-18
Opinion P. 12-13
Letters P. 14
Weekend P. 37-40
World P. 41-45
Business P. 46-48
Sport P. 51-56
Who was holding Embu
Speaker and why?r
P. 2 Questions, questions and more questions
as Kariuki Mate is reunited with his family
four days after he went missing in Nairobi
High value
more yields:
The crossbreeds
for every dairy
and beef farmer
union with his wife and two
children at the hospital.
Unconrmed reports indi-
cated that a saloon car picked
him up after he walked out of
the Utalii Hotel on Monday
Yesterday, his wife, Caro-
line Wangari, withdrew the
case against the Director of
Criminal Investigation and
Inspector General of Police
David Kimaiyo after her hus-
band was found.
A Pangani Police Sta-
tion-based detective was on
Thursday charged with his
abduction and connement
and released on a Sh100,000
bond by a Nairobi court.
Mr Nicholas Muriuki Kan-
gangi denied having anything
to do with the Speakers disap-
Celebrations erupted in
various parts of Embu County
after residents received news
that Mr Mate had been
At his Kanyuambora home,
his mother said she had been
in touch with her son who as-
sured her that he was well and
would soon go home.
Song and dance
He called me in the morn-
ing and told me that he is OK
and wished to come back
home but was in hospital
unhurt and would get well,
she said as family members
and neighbours joined her in
song and dance.
Ms Edita Gachoni Nyaga,
an aunt of the Speaker, said
they had been prayed daily
at the local church and at the
home. She said she was called
at midnight and informed that
Mr Mate had been found.
Mr Mates uncle, Mr Evan
Kibaara, said most of the
neighbours paid them a visit
in the morning after they
heard on radio that Mr Mate
had been found.
In Nairobi, Mr Mates wife,
Caroline, through lawyer
Charles Njenga, told High
Court Judge David Majanja:
I wish to withdraw this case
as the alleged missing Embu
Speaker has been traced.
She had gone to court on
Wednesday claiming that her
husband had disappeared in
the hands of the police and
had therefore been arrested
or taken into custody.
She demanded that her
husband be released uncon-
ditionally and that the court
summons the Criminal in-
vestigations, the Inspector
General of Police and the
Starehe District Criminal In-
vestigating Ocer to conrm
whether Mr Mate was in police
custody as well an explanation
of his arrest.
The lawyer was accom-
panied by Embu County
Assembly members, Runy-
enjes and Mbeere North
members of Parliament Cecil
Mbarire and Muriuki Njaga-
gua, Senator Lenny Kivuti,
Women Representative Rose
Mitaru and Deputy Speaker
Ibrahim Swaleh.
Mr Justice Weldon Korir did
not grant her prayers.
Ms Wangari had said that
she was apprehensive that her
husband might be subjected
to injury, mental anguish and
inhuman conditions and that
his missing had caused anxiety
and speculation in the Embu
County Assembly.
Mr Mate chaired two im-
peachment sessions against
Governor Martin Nyaga
On Thursday, detective
Kangangi was charged with ab-
ducting and conning Mr Mate
in an unknown location.
Additional reporting: Maureen
Kakah and Charles Wanyoro
etails of the abduction of
Embu County Assembly
Speaker Kariuki Mate
will not be disclosed until in-
vestigations are nalised, police
have said.
Mr Mate was found on
Thursday night in Limuru.
Yesterday, his elated mother
Edith Wamugo said the Embu
County Assembly Speaker had
called her on Thursday night
from Aga Khan University
He said he missed some
traditionally ground millet
porridge but I told him I could
not take it to him since I didnt
know where the hospital was
located. I will ensure someone
delivers it to him, she said at
Kanyuambora Village, Embu.
Mr Mate was assisted by a
truck driver who found him
stranded and appearing to be
in a stupor in Limuru near St
Pauls University and took him
to Gigiri Police Station from
where he was transferred to the
Aga Khan Hospital.
The crew of the lorry are
among the people police have
so far recorded statements
from. His driver and personal
assistant were interrogated and
Mr Issac Thiga, the Speakers
driver survived a road accident
after being rammed by a truck
on Tuesday after his release
from police custody and is
also recuperating in the same
A teary Mr Kariuki united
with his wife and two children
at the hospital where members
of the Embu County Assembly
had gone to visit him.
The Speaker, who was in a
wheelchair, appeared stable
when doctors allowed jour-
nalists to see him, but they
were not allowed to interview
him. According to the Gigiri
OCPD Vitalis Otieno, Mr
Mate was taken to the Gigiri
Police Station by a lorry driver
who had picked him up on his
way to Nairobi. Mr Mate had
unsuccessfully stopped other
The details of what he has
said about his ordeal will
remain a secret for the time
being as police continue with
We are sure he was not
taken away by animals but
human beings. He was dropped
somewhere near St Pauls Uni-
versity and he had tried to stop
motorists in vain by the time
a crew riding a cabbage truck
stopped to assist him, Embu
Senator Lenny Kivuti said at
the hospital.
Mr Kivuti said the Speaker
was ice-cold when he was found
and brought to hospital.
Mr Mates colleagues are
demanding thorough investi-
gations to unravel the motive(s)
behind the abduction.
We hope this had nothing to
do with the impeding impeach-
ment of the governor... but even
if it was, we are not going to
be cowed. The people of Embu
must get the services they are
duly entitled to, Embu deputy
Speaker Ibrahim Swaleh said.
Mr Mate appeared stable
but shed tears after his re-
I missed my mothers
uji, says Embu speaker
Lorry crew dropped
him at a police
station after he
had unsuccessfully
stopped several cars
SPOUSES PAIN | Kariuki Mate had gone missing for four days, prompting his wife to sue the State to produce him
I will ensure that
someone delivers
it (porridge) to
Speaker Kariuki
Mates mother
Amount of bond, in thou-
sands, granted to Ser-
geant Nicholas Muriuki
who was charged with
abducting Speaker Mate
Sta at the Embu County Assembly celebrate after receiving news that Speaker Kariuki Mate had been found. Right: Embu Senator Lenny Kivuti
(holding phone), Runyenjes MP Cecily Mbarire (right) and other county leaders with Mr Mate (seated) at Aga Khan Hospital yesterday.
In your
Caught on camera was
68-year-old Mutua
Maingi an AK-47
assault rie in hand,
ready to re. He was
on a mission to steal
and perhaps kill anyone
in his way. Police say
he was a master of
disguise, wearing
dierent faces and
changing clothes to
suit the occasion. Last
Monday, he was felled
by police bullets after
he ran out of luck. Read
about the life and times
of the robber of the
decade and what police
and neighbours say
about the grandfather
of crime who fooled so
many for so long.
ewspapers, TV and radio stations in Europe and America
have covered recent events in Kenya with great zeal. The
BBC Radio 5 Live, one of Britains most popular stations,
ran a two-hour phone in on terrorism threats in Kenya. In the
US, the New York Times splashed a picture of rioting university
students on its front page, on a day that the Boko Haram
militia in Nigeria had killed more than 100 people. Now some
Kenyans think theres a Western conspiracy against the Jubilee
government whose ultimate aim is to ground it economically. Is
the choices have consequences warning coming to bear?
Dear Pope, can
we please marry
your priests?
A group of Italian women
have caused a stir in the
Catholic Church after they
wrote to Pope Francis asking
that priests be allowed to
marry. The women said
they are either in a secret
relationship with some priests,
have been in one before or
would desire to have one. The
letter has rekindled the old
debate about Catholic priests
and their celibacy vow.
End of the road
for godfather
of gangsters
Only in the SUNDAY NATION. Dont miss your copy
Genuine travel warnings or
anti-Jubilee conspiracy?
May 24, 2014
2 | National News
atundu South MP Joseph
Ngugi Nyumu, who died
on Wednesday, was the
only surviving son in his family.
His mother, Ms Ruth Wangari,
fed, clothed and educated the MP
and his four siblings, singlehand-
edly with whatever coin she could
According to the MPs uncle,
Mr John Ritho, the last-born son
in the family, Mr Jesse Ndirangu,
was shot dead by robbers in Nai-
robi in 2005.
Jesse was born on October 5,
1975. Their eldest sister Njoki
Nyumu, died in the US where
she was working as a medic.
The cruel hand of death has
robbed my younger sister of three
of her children now at their prime
age. It is too hard to bear, said
Mr Ritho. Only the youngest two
daughters are alive.
Mr Ritho said politician
Ngugi, 41, was bright in
school and managed to get
good grades and admission
to Egerton University.
The MP, who was the second
born in the family, was raised
in poverty by his mother after
she separated from Mr Simon
Nyumu Ngugi who reportedly
lives in Ol Kalou in Nyandarua
Mr Ritho, 70, said after going
back to her parents home, Ms
Wangari was given a portion of
land by their father at Gitare Vil-
lage where she settled.
It was not easy raising
the five children on
her own, but with
the support of
our elder
w h o
senior government employee,
she managed, said Mr Ritho,
Ms Wangaris elder brother.
When the Nation team visited
the MPs rural home in Gitare
Village on Thursday, a day after
his death in his home at Runda,
Nairobi, his elderly mother was
inconsolable and could not
muster the strength to speak
to journalists as relatives con-
doled her.
The MP collapsed in his bath-
room and was pronounced dead
on arrival at Nairobi Hospitals
Warwick branch, Gigiri.
An astute businessman, the MP
freed his family from the
shackles of poverty,
importing and
uting mobile phone accessories.
He constructed a magnicent
house for his mother. The home
stands out in the village.
In the compound, relatives
and well-wishers were cleaning
the compound and welcoming
visitors as plans were made to
prepare the grave, where the
MP will be buried on Friday
next week.
Residents of Gatundu South
and leaders described him as a
Humble politician
It is unbelievable that the
young energetic and develop-
ment-conscious leader is no
more, said Mr Charles Kagochi,
a resident and Democratic Party
(DP) Kiambu County chairman.
Mr Bosco Ngunjiri, a classmate
of the MP at Gitare Primary
School, said the MP treated all
people with respect irrespective
of their status.
He was a great leader and his
death has robbed the people of
Gatundu South of a focused and
humble politician, he said.
The MP was expected to pre-
side over a prayer service for the
recently-opened Gatundu Market
before visiting Gatundu Childrens
Home this Sunday.
Mr Nyumu joined politics last
year and captured the Gatundu
South seat on a TNA ticket
against a strong opposition from
three other candidates.
The father of two boys was
born in Gitare village, Gatundu
South in 1973. He attended Gitare
Primary School and Baringo High
School in 1989 before proceeding
to Egerton University.
He started business as an
importer of mobile phones and
At the time of his death, Mr
Nyumu was the secretary of the
Kiambu MPs caucus.
Among those who sent condo-
lence messages were legislators
Alice Nganga (Thika Town),
Humphrey Njuguna (Gatanga),
Francis Munyua (Juja), Kimani
Ngunjiri (Bahati), Kanini Kega
(Kieni) and Kabando wa Kabando
President Uhuru Kenyatta vis-
ited and condoled with the family
on Thursday.
TRAGEDY | In 2005 Gatundu South legislators brother was shot dead by robbers while his sister, who is a doctor, died in the US
A family haunted by one tragedy after another
Triple blow
to single
have died
in their
It was not easy
raising the ve
children on her own
Nyumus uncle, John
The year when Joseph
Ngugi Nyumu (below) was
born. He died on Wednes-
Mr Nyumus distraught mother breaks down on learning of his death at his Runda home, Nairobi, on Wednesday
morning. He was pronounced dead on arrival at Nairobi hospital.
Xyxyxyxyxyxyxyx Xyxyxyxyxyxyxyx
May 24, 2014
National News 3
Coast tourism stakeholders have wel-
comed President Kenyattas initiative
to help save the industry.
The President yesterday announced
that the government would allow com-
panies to pay for vacation trips for their
employees and recover the expenditure
from their taxes.
They said the plan would boost
growth in the tourism sector.
Under performance of this industry
has been attributed to all the issues
President Kenyatta has touched on
in his statement and as players at the
Coast we believe they will go a long
way to boost growth, said Kenya As-
sociation of Hotelkeepers and Caterers
executive ocer Sam Ikwaye.
According to Mr Ikwaye, the hotel
industry has suffered following the
travel advisories by the United States
and Britain.
For years, we have made the mistake
of relying too much on international
tourists, he said.
The Presidents statement on tour-
ism sector, Mr Ikwaye noted, was the
rst positive and tangible news the
industry has received from the govern-
We are extremely happy the park
fees have been reviewed and the provi-
sion that will enable Kenyans to tour
their own country will go a long way in
changing the matrix of this industry,
he said.
Mombasa and Coast Tourism Asso-
ciation chairman and Heritage Hotels
chief executive Mohammed Hersi (left)
described the governments move as
good news and an anecdote that the
industry had been waiting for.
Hoteliers and tour rms welcome Presidents directive
a new raft of policy measures
taken by the government to
revamp tourism, which is on
its knees following the issu-
ance of travel advisories by
major source markets due to
high insecurity.
The steps were agreed upon
during a crisis meeting held at
State House, Nairobi, between
the President and stakehold-
ers to look into new ways of
reviving a sector that is a key
pillar to the economy.
The initiative is meant
to reduce the impact of the
travel advisories, while in
the long run boosting local
Last week, British tour
companies evacuated more
than 300 visitors from Kenya
following a warning by the UK
Government of impending
terrorist attacks.
The government has also
agreed to exempt all air-tick-
eting services by travel agents
from Value Added Tax (VAT)
to boost the countrys com-
petitiveness as a preferred
tourist destination in the
region. The exemption takes
eect from May 29.
And the Kenya Revenue
Authority was instructed to
clear all outstanding income
tax-related refunds owed to
the tourism industry, also
by May 29.
We expect this measure
to improve sector liquidity
and cash-ow, Mr Kenyatta
The President also directed
that all budgetary resources
earmarked for foreign visits
at the National Government
level be reallocated to do-
mestic travel to further boost
tourism sector recovery.
Similarly, we urge Parlia-
ment and the Judiciary to do
the same. We also urge the
county governments to do the
same, said Mr Kenyatta.
The proposed changes will
be factored into the Budget
for the 2014/15 nancial year
set to be tabled in Parliament
next month.
A decision was also reached
to lift the ban restricting the
public service from holding
conferences and meetings in
private hotels.
The industry has also
agreed to give Kenyans better
vacation packages than those
oered to international visi-
tors. Under the preferential
treatment, Kenyans will pay
about Sh5,200 daily per per-
son on full-board.
The move is expected to
trigger an increase in the
number of Kenyan tourists,
contributing to the countrys
total bed occupancy.
Park fees will also be re-
duced from $90 to $80 for
regional and international
tourists, while local tourists
will pay Sh1,000, down from
The chairman of the
Tourism Committee under
Council of Governors, Mr
John Mruttu, who is the Gov-
ernor for Taita-Taveta, said
the industry appreciated the
measures being taken by the
national government.
I also welcome what has
been agreed with the hotel
owners, where hotels on the
beach and in the parks will
stop selling curios and other
wares, leaving this business to
small-scale traders, he said.
The chairperson of the
Kenya Tourism Federation,
Ms Lucy Karume, urged
the industry to maintain the
image of the country as a
preferred destination.
Tourism is one of Kenyas
top foreign exchange earners
and a source of livelihood for
millions of citizens. The oth-
ers are tea and horticulture.
International arrivals fell by
30 per cent last year as the
eects of travel advisories,
insecurity and poor services
began to bite.
Additional reporting by
Mwakera Mwajefa, Wachira
Mwangi, Eunice Kilonzo and
Bozo Jenje
Through this
measure, we
shall directly
give at least
Kenyans a
chance to go
for a weeks
holiday every
President Keny-
atta bids fare-
well to Chief of
Defence Forces
General Julius
Karangi at Jomo
Kenyatta Inter-
national Airport
yesterday as he
left the coun-
try for South
Africa yesterday
to attend the
inauguration of
President Jacob
Zuma. Deputy
President William
Ruto looks on.
Uhurus radical
step to save our
tourism sector
DOMESTIC TOURISM | Companies to pay for vacation by employees and recover the same from taxes
May 24, 2014
4 | National News
Senate team set to
probe Chepkwony
A committee to decide
the fate of embattled
Kericho Governor Paul
Chepkwony has been
The Senate, through a
a motion tabled by Major-
ity Leader Kithure Kindiki,
formed a committee of 11
senators to investigate
proposals for the removal
of the governor.
The members are Mr
Kiraitu Murungi (Meru,
APK), Mr Stephen Sang
(Nandi, URP), Mr Daniel
Karaba (Kirinyaga, TNA),
Ms Fatuma Dullo (nomi-
nated, URP), Ms Beatrice
Elachi (nominated, APK),
and Mr Billow Kerrow
(Mandera, URP).
The rest are Mr Danson
Mwanzo (Taita Taveta,
ODM), Mr Christopher
Obure (Kisii, ODM), Mr
Abdirahman Hassan (Wajir,
ODM), Ms Catherine Mukite
(nominated, Ford-K) and
Mr Mutula Kilonzo Junior
(Makueni, Wiper).
Prof Kindiki said
the Kericho county as-
sembly had forwarded
relevant documentation
in accordance with con-
stitutional requirements,
petitioning the Senate
to look into allegations
levelled against Prof
The committee is ex-
pected to investigate the
matters within 10 days
and report to the House
to either endorse or reject
their decision. Should
the committee nd merit
in the claims levelled
against the governor and
the senators adopt the
report, the county leader
will be impeached.
Prof Chepkwony (left)
was impeached by the
county assembly over abuse
of oce and outing the
Public Procurement and
Disposal Act. The governor
is also accused of violating
provisions in the County
Government Act.
Prof Kindiki said the
rest of the senators would
have an opportunity to in-
terrogate the matter when
the committee presents its
report in the House.
KDF deployed
in Mandera to
assist police
The Kenya Defence Forces have
been deployed to assist police in
Mandera County in response to
Defence Cabinet Secretary
Raychelle Omamo on Thursday
issued a gazette notice deploying
the military to the volatile region
to work with the National Police
Recently, Mandera suffered
armed attacks in which dozens
of people, including security of-
cers, were killed.
Although some of the incidents
have been ethnic, most of them
have been attributed to Al-Shabaab
Early this week, the militants
attacked drivers ferrying miraa
from Meru to Mandera. They set
one vehicle on re and escaped
with three others. Security ocers
who pursued them were ambushed,
leaving 13 ocers, reservists and
civilians dead.
The gunmen also attacked a
county security convoy, but no
one was injured.
The gazette notice identies the
Garissa-Malindi road through Hola
and Garsen as among the areas
to be patrolled. The soldiers will
also assist police in securing the
Mandera -Thika road through
Elwak and Modogashe and the
Mandera-Isiolo road through
Moyale and Marasbit.
overnors and security
chiefs will share intel-
ligence reports after the
publication of new rules, Inte-
rior Cabinet Secretary Joseph ole
Lenku has said.
The regulations will lead
to the creation of the County
Policing Authority (CPA) to be
chaired by governors or their
In addition, a special police unit
will be established and deployed
in the counties, Mr Lenku told
the county bosses in Naivasha
This will be done in con-
sultation with the county
He assured the county bosses
that the National Government
would gazette the regulations
with speed.
The CPA will work with county
security committees, which are
chaired by county commission-
With this policing authority,
the public will get an opportunity
to say how they want to be po-
liced. The people would be able to
hold police accountable through
the authority, he added.
The governors had accused the
National Government of failing
to involve them in security mat-
ters, which they claimed had led
to escalating crime and terror
County security committees,
they said, did not share impor-
tant information on crime with
them making it dicult for them
to assist the National Government
in tackling insecurity.
Some of these security ocials
in the Provincial Administration
are still living in the past, said
Bungoma Governor Kenneth Lu-
saka. They are not compliant
with the new Constitution.
Mr Lusaka, a former District
Commissioner, said the Constitu-
tion allowed governors to receive
regular security brieng from the
county security chiefs.
But what we have been getting
is piecemeal information and it
is given to us like its a favour,
he said as most of his colleagues
supported him.
The county leaders asked Inte-
rior PS Mutea Iringo to prepare a
circular directing county security
chiefs to share intelligence reports
with them.
However, Mr Lenku said with
the CPA in place, there would be a
framework that would enable both
levels of government to manage
security and peace.
There should be frequent con-
sultation between the national and
county governments for security
matters, he said.
Bomet Governor Isaac Ruto
said the arrangement would end
mistrust between the public and
The meeting brought together
all regional government bosses
to discuss ways of cooperating
with the National Government
to address insecurity.
Terrorists have struck at dif-
ferent places, killing scores and
leaving others severely injured.
The attacks have become a threat
to the economy.
Mr Lenku said security could not
be left to the government alone.
WAR ON CRIME | Leaders meet and discuss strategies
meets with
bosses over
to publish
rules that
will create
a County
and allow
the leaders
to share
Governors to chair new security organs
Interior Cabinet Secretary Joseph ole Lenku (right) with Governors
Wyclie Oparanya (left) and Kenneth Lusaka at Enashipai Resort in
Naivasha yesterday. The minister met with county bosses to discuss
County leaders gave their
views on how to improve
Wajir Governor Ahmed
Abdulahi: He accused some
preachers of radicalising
youths in madrassas.
Marsabit Governor Ukur Yat-
tani: We have a porous bor-
der that is not manned and
we need to have police units
to be established to end cross
border attacks.
Preachers accused
of spreading hate
May 24, 2014
National News 5
Suspect fumes over
suspicious look talk
There was confusion in a Nyeri
Court when a man charged with
possession of bhang demanded
to know why a police ocer who
arrested him said that he looked
suspicious. Michael Maina who
has denied being found with four
rolls of bhang on September 30,
2013 in Nyeri town demanded to
know why police arrested him on
the basis of looking suspicious.
Hearing continues on June 24.
Sh2.9m set aside for
water supply, says MP
Laikipia East constituency has
allocated Sh2.9 million for water
provision. About Sh800,000 will
be used for rehabilitation of bore-
holes, Laikipia East MP Anthony
Mutahi said. He said some parts
of the constituency were in dire
need of water after heavy rains
destroyed six dams in December.
Meanwhile, the Environment
ministry will examine the coun-
tys ground water to establish its
Passenger screening on
to curb terror attacks
Members of the Matatu Welfare
Association in Mombasa County
have started screening passengers
boarding their vehicles. Chair-
man Sammy Gitau yesterday said
recent attacks on public transport
vehicles prompted them to take
this action. We want to ensure
commuters are safe. With metal
detectors, we hope we will pre-
vent loss of lives, he said while
launching the drive at Buxton
Atwoli retains VP post
at global trade union
Central Organisation of Trade
Unions secretary general Francis
Atwoli was yesterday re-elected
for the second year running as
Vice President of the Interna-
tional Trade Union Confederation
(ITUC). Mr Atwoli was elected
unopposed by more than 1,700
delegates attending the third
ITUC Congress in Berlin, Ger-
many where he was also elected
unopposed as a member of the
ITUC General Council.
Joy as missing woman
found alive in forest
A 79-year-old woman who
disappeared in Nyahururus Kian-
dege Village has been found alive.
Ms Grace Wanjiru Rukwaro had
gone into the Marmanet Forest to
collect her cows on Tuesday but
failed to return, sparking fears
that she may have been attacked
by elephants. Villagers yesterday
celebrated and conducted prayers
after a search team found her
resting under a tree deep in the
woods yesterday morning.
Ministers rally
behind Waiguru
Four Cabinet Secretaries
have termed as malicious
the ongoing campaign by
some MPs to impeach
Cabinet Secretary Anne
Waiguru .
The four said they
stood by the Devolution
and Planning Cabinet
They are Informa-
tion, Communication
and Technology Cabinet
Secretary Fred Matiangi
(below), Kazungu Kambi
(Labour), Adan Mohamed
(Industrialisation) and
Judi Wakhungu (Environ-
They said they stood
by Ms Waiguru in the dis-
charge of her duties.
Speaking in Nairobi yes-
terday in the presence of
Ms Waiguru, Dr Matiangi
said they had a responsibil-
ity to serve Kenyans and
would continue to do so
undeterred. We did not
come here to discuss about
impeachment. We are very
busy serving the people,
said Dr Matiangi.
During the brieng, Ms
Waiguru declined to com-
ment on the matter.
This is the rst time
Cabi net Secretari es
have openly come out
to defend their besieged
On Thursday, Senate
Majority Leader Kindiki
Kithure and his National
Assembly counterpart
Aden Duale dismissed
calls to impeach her, say-
ing those who sponsored
the motion were acting
as individuals and not as
Ms Waiguru has been
under re for transferring
former National Youth
Service Director Kiplimo
Rugut from her docket to
the Ministry of Sports.
Igembe North MP Mith-
ika Linturi and Nandi Hills
MP Alfred Keter are lead-
ing the onslaught.
Ms Waiguru has denied
that she engineered the
transfer of Mr Rugut and
the sacking of former Youth
Enterprise Fund chairman
Gor Semalengo.
WELL-BEING | Anti-jigger drive
Eldoret South police boss Nicholas Maina (left) and
Wareng Administration Police Inspector Jackson ole
Kisira attend to a child during an anti-jigger campaign
by Ahadi Kenya at Kipkenyo Primary School in Eldoret
yesterday. Over 2,000 pairs of shoes were distributed to
those attacked by jiggers.
he ICC yesterday gave
Deputy President Wil-
liam Ruto and radio
journalist Joshua arap Sang the
green light to appeal against a
ruling that allowed the court
to compel eight prosecution
witnesses to testify.
In yesterdays ruling, the
trial judges also allowed At-
torney-General Githu Muigai
to le his views on the matter
as stipulated in the rules.
Mr Ruto and Mr Sang had
sought to appeal against a rul-
ing allowing the International
Criminal Court to force eight
witnesses who had with-
drawn from the case to give
The AG has also opposed
the ruling in his amicus cu-
riae observations, arguing
that the court only had the
right to summon voluntary
When assessing the rst
Ruto defence issue and the
rst Sang defence issue jointly,
it is clear that they both deal
with the question of whether
the court has the power to
compel witnesses to testify,
the ruling reads.
Mr Ruto argued that the
ruling, if implemented,
would make the witnesses
feel coerced by the court,
something that would hinder
the principles of a fair trial.
But even in allowing the
accused to challenge the rul-
ing, the judges argued that
the invitation of the eight
witnesses would not amount
to unfairness to Mr Ruto and
Mr Sang.
The Sang defence sub-
mits that the issues raised
aect the fair conduct of the
trial as the accused have long
been plagued with a changing
prosecution witness list. The
accused has a right to know
with certainty the witness who
will testify against him, said
Mr Sangs defence team in the
The ruling on the applica-
tion by Mr Ruto and Mr Sang
seeking to be allowed to appeal
was approved by the majority,
though presiding judge Chile
Eboe-Osuji wrote a partially
dissenting judgment.
Other Trial Chamber (v)
judges Herrera Carbuccia
and Robert Fremr ruled that
the defence had the right to
appeal against the judgment to
compel the eight witnesses to
appear before the court.
Ruto, Sang given nod
to appeal on witnesses
Accused will now
challenge ruling
allowing court to
compel eight, who
withdrew, to testify
ICC CASE | Presiding judge gives dissenting opinion

The accused has

a right to know
with certainty the
witness who will
testify against
Joshua arap Sang
defence team
May 24, 2014
6 | National News
May 24, 2014
he Central Intelligence
Agency is sponsoring a
surveillance operation
that records the time, source
and destination of telephone
calls in Kenya, reports a publi-
cation with access to secret US
documents leaked by whistle-
blower Edward Snowden.
Code-named MYSTIC,
the CIA spying programme
in Kenya is said to have the
potential to allow agents to
listen to the actual content of
virtually every call made in the
country on the global system
for mobile (GSM).
At present in Kenya, the CIA
collects metadata infor-
mation about phone calls that
does not include what is said
in them.
The operation in Kenya is
sponsored by the CIA, and
collects GSM metadata with
the potential for content at
a later date, says a May 19
report in The Intercept.
This new online channel
was co-founded by Glenn
Greenwald, an investigative
journalist and a Snowden
The Intercepts story says
the more far-reaching surveil-
lance system enabling the US
National Security Agency to
listen in on nearly all phone
conversations in a targeted
country has already been de-
ployed in the Bahamas.
This enormous eavesdrop-
ping capability on the part
of the NSA is referred to as
SOMALGET, The Intercept
The existing phone-sur-
veillance operation in Kenya
is likely intended, at least in
part, to gather intelligence on
Somalias Islamist militants.
The United States is known
to be carrying out surveillance
operations in Kenya and So-
malia in order to prevent
attacks by Al-Shabaab and
track down its leaders.
It is not clear whether the
US eort to collect metadata
on phone calls in Kenya has
the approval of the Kenyan
The NSA makes no apology
for its international intelli-
gence-gathering activities.In
a statement issued in response
to The Intercepts revelations,
the agency said: The fact that
the US government works with
other nations, under specic
and regulated conditions,
mutually strengthens the
security of all.
CIA monitoring calls
in Kenya, says report
Spying programme
allows agents to
listen to actual
content of virtually
every calls made
BIG BROTHER | Islamist militants also targeted in exercise

The operation
in Kenya is
sponsored by the
The Intercept
County rep hurt
as car rams lorry
A member of the Embu
County Assembly sustained
minor injuries when the car
he was driving rammed a
lorry at Nembure area on the
Embu-Chuka road after a tyre
burst. Mr John Mwangi (Ga-
turi South) was treated at Ky-
eni Mission Hospital. The tyre
burst as he approached his
Nembure home on Wednes-
day night. He then lost con-
trol and hit the lorry that had
stalled on the roadside. Gov-
ernor Martin Wambora was
among the leaders who visited
Mr Mwangi in hospital.
Worker charged
with marrying child
A 22-year-old casual worker
was yesterday charged with
marrying an underage girl.
Mr Paul Waweru denied the
charge before a Molo magis-
trate. He is accused of luring a
12-year-old schoolgirl at Mona
Village in Molo District and
secretly living with her for
two months as he made bride
price arrangements with the
minors family. The magis-
trate released him on a bond
of Sh200,000. The case will
be heard on June 15.
BEAUTY | Conserving environment
Miss Environment Kenya 2013 Matia Kyengo plants a tree
at Machakos County Peoples Park yesterday. The occasion
marked the launch of the Kenya @50 tree planting cam-
paign in the county.
TEL: 054-30301; 054-30302
P.O BOX 4211-30200
E-mail: countyoftransnzoia@gmail.com
The County Government of Trans Nzoia is in the process of undertaking spatial
planning for the County-Urban and Regional Planning. The County Government
invites for sealed bids from eligible firms for Supply of Digital Aerial
photography Services.
Applications marked Supply of Digital Aerial Photography Services should
be deposited in the Tender Box situated at Kitale Town hall and Addressed to:
The County Secretary
County Government of Trans nzoia
P.O Box 4211-30200,
A complete set of Tender Documents may be obtained by interested firms at the
County Supply Chains Management office. Compelete documents to be received
on or before 6
June, 2014. Tenders will be opened immediately thereafter in the
presence of the bidders or their representatives who choose to attend

The County Secretary
County Government of Trans Nzoia.
May 24, 2014
8 | National News
Hyena deaths
in the Mara
alarm KWS
Three more hyenas have died
outside Maasai Mara National
Reserve from suspected poison-
ing by herders.
The latest development at Mara
Rinda area raises the number of
spotted hyenas that have been
killed in the ongoing human-
wildlife conict in the last three
weeks to 14.
According to villagers who
discovered the carcasses on
Monday, the hyenas are believed
to have been fed on poisoned meat
as their bodies bore no marks of
visible injuries.
Locals have always blamed the
hyenas for the multiple deaths of
livestock. Something should be
done to avert this trend, said a
villager, Mr Masit ole Sapit.
Kenya Wildlife Service has
warned over the killings, saying
the beasts play a big role in eco-
logical balancing.
These animals have ecological
and scientic value as they eat
carcasses thereby cleaning the
environment, said David Kimutai,
a KWS scientist based in Mara.
IEBC clears four for
ward seat contest
Independent, Electoral and
Boundaries Commission has
cleared four candidates to bat-
tle it out for the Misikhu ward
County Assembly seat. The seat
fell vacant after the High Court
annulled the election of New Ford
Kenyas Robert Mwembes follow-
ing a petition. Those cleared are
Mr Mwembe, Ms Millie Masungo
(Ford Kenya), Mr Protus Masinde
(Independent candidate) and Mr
Aaron Mafumbo (ODM).
olice are searching for a
handcuffed man who es-
caped after some people
hurled a grenade at the security
officers who had arrested him on
Thursday night.
A policeman and a passer-by were
injured during the attack, which
happened on Biashara Street in
Mombasa town centre.
County Commissioner Nelson
Marwa said three officers had
arrested a man they suspected of
planning to commit a crime.
The officers, who had handcuffed
the man, were taking him to a po-
lice station on foot when the blast
Three young men emerged
from behind and hurled a grenade
towards the ocers, injuring one,
he said.
As panic and confusion ensued, the
suspect and the three attackers disap-
peared into the narrow alleys.
Police unsuccessfully shot at them.
The injured policeman was admitted
to Jocham Hospital.
Police sources said one of the at-
tackers carried a big black bag.
Mr Marwa declined to reveal what
the suspect had been arrested for, only
saying he was due to be questioned
for criminal activities.
Isolated cases of insecurity
He assured Coast residents and
visitors that Mombasa is safe, and
that isolated cases of insecurity
should not scare them.
The county chief said all local lead-
ers had resolved to work together to
tackle insecurity.
Governor Hassan Joho, Senator
Hassan Omar, Mvita MP Abdulswa-
mad Sharif and some members of the
county executive and assembly visited
the scene of the attack.
Hunt on for blast suspect
INSECURITY | County chief assures visitors that Mombasa is safe
Ocers look for a
handcued man who
had been arrested
but escaped after a
grenade blast

Three young men

emerged from behind
and hurled a grenade
towards the ocers,
injuring one
Mombasa County
Commissioner Nelson
Counties fail digital
test in rates collection
Three counties in western
Kenya are yet to comply with
proposals that they go digital in
revenue collection as the 2013/
2014 nancial year crawls to an
end. Busia, Nyamira and Siaya
are yet to fully comply with the
directive given by the Controller
of Budgets in a report released in
February. The order came after
the budget oversight body noted
a decline in revenue generated by
counties in Western Kenya.
Police shot dead ve suspected
robbers and recovered a firearm
along Kindaruma Road in Kilimani,
Kilimani CID chief George Ojuka
said they got information that about
eight men had raided Top Plaza, tied
up the watchmen at the gate before
proceeding to the oces.
They broke into the Mumias Sugar
Company headquarters on the rst
oor where they stole computers and
cash of unknown value.
When ocers went to the scene, the
gangsters shot at them forcing them
to retreat. The stando that lasted
over 5 hours was brought to an end
when ocers from the Ruiru-based
Recce Unit arrived and shot dead the
last suspect who was hiding on the
third oor
One of the security guards who rst
arrived at the scene said they rushed
to the place after an alarm was raised
at around 3am. One of the guards
secretly alerted them that there was
danger and they informed the police.
The guard at the gate signalled that
there was a problem. He was also in
pain since he was hit by a speeding
vehicle as some of the thugs escaped,
said Mr Obed Gacheru.
Police shot dead three suspects
when they arrived while two others
were shot dead about 4 hours later.
Mr Ojuka said that the tenants were
yet to establish what was stolen from
the oces. Detectives are now looking
for the other suspects said to have
escaped in a white car with other
valuables including computers.
Police said they have not ruled out
collusion in the raid.
About eleven suspects have been
shot dead in Nairobi in the last one
week. Two of the suspects were
shot dead in Gigiri, Buruburu and
Police shoot ve dead in siege at plaza
The number of hours it took
policemen to break the stand-o at
Top Plaza during which they shot ve
suspected robbers dead
Ocers from the Flying Squad expel spent cartridges from their guns as they engaged robbers who had raided Top Plaza
on Kindaruma Road, Nairobi yesterday. They were later joined by members of the crack Recce Squad. The then killed ve of
the suspects and ended the ve-hour siege.
on bad road
jolts governor
Nakuru Governor Kinuthia Mbu-
guas entourage yesterday got stuck
for more than four hours in Kuresoi
after heavy rains pounded the area
making the roads impassable.
Mr Mbugua (below) was to
commission various development
Residents expressed joy at the
governors experience, which later
made him allocate Sh7 million for
the renovation of Kamwaura Taita
Road. At Kabongoi dispensary, he
gave out Sh50,000 for the purchase
of drugs and promised to employ
a full-time nurse.
His delegation later visited Mau
Forest evictees in the area, where
he donated Sh1 million for food
and clothing.
The evictees are awaiting com-
pensation from the government.
About 219 families beneted from
the governors visit as he promised
to help them fast-track the release
of the money.
The families appealed to both
the county government and the
National Government to con-
sider their plight since they were
languishing in poverty.
They live in extremely poor
conditions and their dwellings
are tents.
Sh2m tablets bought
for county leaders
The Bomet County Assembly
has bought 40 tablets worth
Sh2.2 million for its 35 represent-
atives and ve senior ocials.
Speaker Georey Korir said the
gadgets will help enhance ef-
ciency in conducting assembly
business. Speaking to the Press
yesterday, Mr Korir said the
tablets will come in handy when
carrying out research. They will
hasten information ow as the as-
sembly goes hi-tech, he added.
MCAs head to Israel
for agricultural tour
Ten members of Tana River
County Assembly left the country
yesterday to Israel for an agricul-
tural tour. The Agriculture and
Livestock Committee would visit
the countrys major farms and
industries to familiarise with lat-
est technologies. County spokes-
man Ali Wario said the knowledge
acquired would be important in
planning the County Agricultural
Strategy being developed.
Hospital on the spot
over mans death
A family has threatened to sue
the Kisumu East District Hospi-
tal over negligence. Relatives of
Jackton Midundo, 34, who died,
say the hospital failed to attend to
him for ve days, which led to his
death Thursday evening. They
have vowed to take the hospitals
authorities to court should they
fail to release a full medical report
and the le of the patient, which
allegedly went missing immedi-
ately he died.
May 24, 2014
National News 9
n adavit that city lawyer Ken-
neth Kiplagat led in the High
Court in 2010 sheds light on
the inner workings of the Attorney
Generals office, which has come
under severe criticism from many
quarters, including the President,
over its handling of the Anglo Leas-
ing scandal.
Kiplagat was appointed by former
Attorney General Amos Wako to
act for the government in resisting
a claim of $500 million (Sh40 bil-
lion) brought by businessman Nasir
Ibrahim Ali against the government
in connection with the dealings
between Alis World Duty Free and
Kamlesh Pattni, the architect of the
Goldenberg scandal.
Alis claim, led at the International
Centre for the Settlement of Invest-
ment Disputes (ICSID) in London,
was that Pattni, with the support of
the government, had expropriated his
company, World Duty Free, without
compensation, and that the loss he
suered amounted to the colossal
sums he claimed before ICSID.
Alis claim was eventually dismissed
because of an admission made in his
own ling that he had oered a bribe
of $2 million to retired President Moi
to be allowed to set up shop in Kenya.
The tribunal found that in accepting
the bribe, Moi was here acting cor-
ruptly, to the detriment of Kenya and
in violation of Kenyan law.
The dismissal of the claim put a
gloss over controversies that sur-
rounded the defence of the suit,
some of which are similar to the is-
sues that have emerged in the latest
round of the Anglo Leasing contro-
versy. In particular, the Law Society
of Kenya asserts that the Attorney
Generals oce was deliberately lax
in defending the Anglo Leasing suits
in Geneva, Switzerland, and London,
with a view to giving Anglo Leasing
an advantage.
Kiplagat made similar allegations
in his adavit.
The lawyer alleged that he came
up against a high-level scheme in the
government, calculated at throwing
away the case so that Ali would be
awarded the massive compensation
He claimed that when, very early in
the case, he recognised the hostility
against him, because he had refused
to cooperate with the schemers, he
decided to keep a detailed narrative
and written communication of the
various acts of sabotage in prepara-
tion of the conduct of the defence of
the Republic of Kenya as I held the
view that an audit or inquiry will be
mounted in the event that the case
was illegally compromised...
Kiplagats adavit alleges collu-
sion between Kenyan ocials, and
representatives of World Duty Free,
calculated to concede an advantage
to the latter. According to him, the
Attorney Generals oce was never
available to give instructions to the
lawyers when required, thus com-
promising the proper defence of
the case.
Lack of support
Throughout the defence of the case,
there was a stream of frustrated letters
from both Kiplagat, and Freshelds,
the UK law rm that Kenya had in-
structed to act alongside him, over the
lack of support from the government
in the management of the case.
In one such letter to the Attorney-
General, dated May 2005, Kiplagat
laments the lack of preparations for
the hearing which was then imminent,
saying that we have left ourselves with
little time to review the quality and
competence of our [ling]. In short we
are throwing away Kenyas case.
This same allegation has been
made in Anglo Leasing, where So-
licitor-General Njee Muturi ended up
personally acting for Kenya, while ill-
prepared to do so.
In the same letter, Kiplagat ex-
presses fear that investigations of the
conduct of the Kenyas defence...will
expose us all to liability under the Anti-
Corruption and Economic Crimes
Act, adding that he was compelled
for the umpteenth time to place my
reservations on the record about the
manner in which we are putting at risk
billions of taxpayer money by failing
to adequately and eectively defend
the interests of Kenya.
Kiplagat maintained often strong
communication with former Solicitor-
General Wanjuki Muchemi, portrayed
How Sheria House became the shrine
SCANDAL | Lawyer alleges that he came up against a high-level scheme in the government, calculated at throwing away the case so that Ali would be awarded the massive compensation claimed
Mr Kamlesh Pattni: The busi-
nessman is said to be the ar-
chitect of Goldenberg
Lawyer sheds light on the inner workings of the Attorney Generals oce
Senator Janet Ongera: She
was relieved of her job a week
after swearing an adavit
Mr Wanjuki Muchemi: Former
Solicitor-General is portrayed
as the real force in AGs oce
Senator Amos Wako: Kipla-
gats les shows he had no real
authority in his oce
Lawyer Paul Muite: He rep-
resented businessman Nasir
Ibrahim Ali
I sympathise with the
Attorney General because
he has been put in a corner
surrounded by all these
Lawyer Kenneth Kiplagat
As Kenyans
for the
ent to
win cases
rms in
lawyers in
the AGs
oce were
the eort
as the real force in the Attorney Gen-
erals oce, whom he accused of not
facilitating the proper representation
of the Kenya Government in a case
the Republic is exposed to a judgment
in excess of Sh40 billion!
The purpose of the letter, Kiplagat
said, was to put on record his concerns
which included the fact that because
of the failure to pay legal fees due to
both him and Freshelds, he had con-
tinued undertaking the legal defence
of the country, including extensive
foreign travel, at personal cost.
Kiplagat said while he could
wait, Freshelds must be paid im-
mediately, as they did not have his
patriotic obligation to defend Kenya,
which had made him act for so long
without fees.
He outlined that he had oered to
pay Freshelds himself but they had
refused. Clearly recording for poster-
ity, he said that it was incumbent
upon all of us to act in the best
interests of Kenya, and threatened
to report the Solicitor-General to his
superiors for jeopardising the interests
of the country.
There were similar complaints by
the British lawyers. In one letter, they
wrote that it was three weeks before
the deadline for ling but they would
not le any documents unless their
fees were paid. They warned that a
failure to meet ling deadlines would
automatically lead to a default judg-
ment against Kenya.
At several stages in the case, Paul
Muite, acting for Ali, freely crossed
the line between his client and the
government. For instance, Muite was
reported to be the source of informa-
tion that ocials in the government,
but outside the Attorney Generals of-
ce, would grant his client a certain
application he proposed to make to
the tribunal.
A deserted Inter-
national Arrivals
terminal at JKIA
where normal
operations were
disrupted for
several hours
after an Egyptian
Airline veered o
the runway on
June 6, 2012.
Nasir Ibrahim Ali: The busi-
nessman brought Sh40 billion
claim against the government
May 24, 2014
10 | Special Report
SCANDAL | Lawyer alleges that he came up against a high-level scheme in the government, calculated at throwing away the case so that Ali would be awarded the massive compensation claimed
of crooked deals
In a letter to the Attorney-General,
Freshelds advised that Wako should
write to them that you have been in-
structed to instruct Freshelds not
to resist the application. The tribunal
will then understand that this was not
your doing any more than ours, the
letter concluded.
In another letter, Freshelds noted
the contents of a letter from Muite that
the Respondent does not object to
his request for an adjournment. Fresh-
elds complained that Mr Muite has
not found it necessary to communicate
with us, or indeed the Attorney-Gen-
eral because he has found another
channel of communication... and has
chosen to deal with our client directly
without informing us. They termed
his conduct unusual.
Kiplagat also complained over the
lack of cooperation from the Kenya
Airports Authority (KAA), the gov-
ernment department which provided
the arena for the interaction between
Pattni and Ali, and therefore the direct
evidence that would support Kenyas
case at ICSID.
Kiplagat lamented that on numer-
ous occasions Freshelds and myself
have had to endure numerous frustra-
tions in obtaining documents from the
authority necessary for the defence
of Kenya.
For their part, Freshelds com-
plained that the Kenya Airports
Authority has consistently failed to
cooperate with us in our attempts to
investigate the present status of World
Duty Free...
Janet Ongera, now a senator, and at
the time the deputy managing direc-
tor of the KAA, was presented as the
only direct witness on behalf of the
government. She was relieved of her
job a week after swearing an adavit
for use in Kenyas defence.
According to Kiplagat, her dismissal
was engineered by named high-level
conspirators, and was calculated to
further weaken Kenyas case. Two
weeks after she was dismissed, Alis
side led a document at ICSID as-
serting that no credibility is to be
attached to the Respondents star
witness, Janet Ongera. The gov-
ernment red her shortly after her
witness testimony.
In the scheme of things, Ongeras
testimony was of considerable impor-
tance. She provided evidence of the
relationship of landlord and tenant,
between the KAA and World Duty
Free, a relationship characterised
by perennial rent defaults that made
World Duty Free a regular item of
discussion in KAAs board meetings
and eventually led to direct interven-
tion by the Treasury.
Letters from the tenant always
explained that a poor business envi-
ronment had led to the inability to pay
rent, which was now in massive ar-
rears. This evidence would have shown
that World Duty Free was not exactly
a thriving business and the gure of
$500 million claimed as the loss suf-
fered by Ali was contrived.
Kiplagat claims that to force him to
stop acting for Kenya, the Controller
and Auditor-General subjected him to
illegal proling, taking the form of
queries to the Attorney-General over
his qualications to act for the govern-
ment. (Kiplagat, was an A student
at Alliance High School, where he
always topped his class, and holds a
rst class law degree from the Uni-
versity of Nairobi, and doctorate from
Yale Law School).
Kiplagat asserts that attempts to
remove him from the case had to do
with his refusal to cooperate with the
conspirators. For his part, Wako de-
fended his choice of Kiplagat as based
on the constitutional powers vested in
his oce. Today, claims of proling in
the Attorney-Generals oce are still
claimed, and ethnicity is claimed to
be a major consideration in who gets
appointed to positions of leadership
in the oce.
Kiplagat raised the issue of the
lawyers who acted for the govern-
ment before the East African Court
of Justice and who were paid Sh72
million, all for a weeks worth of
work and contrasted this with his
situation where over a number of
years, he had to undertake overseas
travel in defence of the government,
at personal cost.
He used this to make the point that
the proling by the Solicitor-General,
which allowed the settlement of fees
for some and not others, was illegal.
In the Anglo Leasing case, Wakos
role has come under some attention,
with his successor, Githu Muigai,
using allegories to dierentiate his
role from that of his predecessor.
No real authority
Wako, however, has denied these
accusations, asserting that at all
times, he acted correctly. While Wa-
kos assertions are at variance with
the ndings by the Public Accounts
Committee as led by Uhuru Kenyatta,
which placed signicant responsibility
on him for the scandal, his role in the
Duty Free case was nothing short of
valiant. Wako had appointed Kiplagat
to act and then remained his sole ally
in government, keeping him on the
job against eorts to remove him
from the case.
Although Wako was the formal head
of oce, Kiplagats documentation
shows that the Busia senator had no
real authority in his own oce. In a
letter to Freshelds, Kiplagat wrote:
I sympathise with the Attorney
General because he has been put
in a corner surrounded by all these
Kiplagat concludes that it is a mat-
ter of common knowledge within the
legal fraternity that the civil litigation
department at the Attorney Generals
chambers is a deal-making chamber
where cases are routinely compro-
mised and fraudulent settlements
made to the grave prejudice of the
Kenyan taxpayer.
This conclusion resonates with the
allegations on Anglo Leasing, and un-
dercuts the sanctimonious assertions
by Muigai, that his oce acted prop-
erly in the Anglo Leasing case.
The injury that the country feels,
and the personal embarrassment to
the President, over having to pay
Anglo Leasing more money, call for
action that will lead to clear answers to
the questions that have been raised.
Kiplagats example, as a stubborn
and courageous insider, who both
resisted and documented a massive
conspiracy to defraud the country in
the Duty Free case, provides compel-
ling evidence that nothing short of an
independent inquiry into the Attorney
Generals oce will be enough.
The amount businessman Nasir
Ibrahim Ali was claiming from the
government in connection with World
Duty Free
While the leadership team in the
Attorney Generals oce that was
in charge of the big cases before in-
ternational tribunals have come and
gone, Ms Muthoni Kimani (above),
the Deputy Solicitor-General has
been the constant player in the
management of these suits. By
virtue of her position, she leads the
activities of the government in civil
litigation. She was the focal point
in the Anglo Leasing cases.
In one Anglo Leasing case, the
government instructed the rm of
Wambugu and Company Advocates
as the local lawyers, and Edwin Coe,
LLP, as the foreign lawyers.
Ms Kimanis role in the defence
of the Anglo Leasing was evident
in a letter dated August 11, 2008
which she wrote to Mr Wambugu
about the defence that he had sent
to the London lawyers for ling on
behalf of Kenya in the Universal
Satspace case, one of the Anglo
Leasing cases.
Her letter said that there had
been insucient time to consult
with other government depart-
ments on the content of the defence
that Kenya should le in the suit
and that, as a result, the defence
had been drafted without their
Ms Kimanis letter berated Mr
Wambugu for allowing allegations
of bribery and corruption to be
included in the Kenyan defence.
She said she did not understand
on what basis the paragraphs al-
leging bribery and corruption were
included when under our law the
standard of proof of such allegation
is beyond reasonable doubt.
She continued that the persons
alleged to have committed the same
have never been charged in court
and/or convicted of the oences.
As a Kenyan lawyer, your input
if any in the defence should have
guided the English counsel on these
points. Ms Kimani then suggested
amendments to the draft defence,
consisting mainly of a number of
deletions that should be made to
the draft, so as to omit any allega-
tions of bribery and corruption.
Ms Kimanis letter was copied
to a long list of senior government
ocials, including ministers, all
presumably involved in the manage-
ment of the Anglo Leasing cases.
One of these was the minister for
Justice and Constitutional Aairs,
Ms Martha Karua, who replied to
Ms Kimanis letter taking issue
with two matters. First, Ms Karua
said she did not understand how
Ms Kimani could have authorised
the ling of a defective defence be-
cause there was no time to consult
the relevant departments.
According to Ms Karua, doing
this was strange given the fact that
the matter is a long standing one
where the Attorney Generals oce
has been seized of instructions and
the facts throughout.
She added that the matter has
also, like all other Anglo Leasing
type matters, been the subject
of many inquiries and various
reports have been made on the is-
sues, which are the subject of the
defence. These reports were all
accessible to [Ms Kimani]
Secondly, the former minister
was surprised by the claims by
Ms Kimani that allegations of
bribery and corruption required
a dierent standard of proof from
what is ordinarily required in civil
cases. She said: I am not aware of
any requirement of proof beyond
reasonable doubt in civil matters.
My understanding is that the de-
fence seeks to vitiate the contract
on the ground that they were en-
tered into in the cause of criminal
Ms Karua added that in the
various committees we have sat
in, I have consistently raised the
issue that our pleadings should
cite fraud and illegality and that
all along my understanding was
that the government defence was
founded on the fact that the con-
tract was fraudulent and induced
by corruption and bribery.
It would seem that Ms Karua
carried the day as the defence
of bribery and corruption was
included the ling by Kenya.
More recently, Ms Kimani has
chaired one of the fire-fighting
meetings, the latest of these having
taken place last month, to discuss
ways of settling the debt to two of
the Anglo Leasing companies.
The Oce of the Attorney Gen-
eral has been criticised for a soft
approach to the Anglo Leasing
cases, which allowed the compa-
nies unwarranted judgments. Ms
Kimanis advice to drop allega-
tions of bribery and corruption is
certainly controversial, even within
the government, and can be seen
as lending credence to these ac-
State Law Oce on
the spot for soft
approach to suits
In the various committees
we have sat in, I have
consistently raised the issue
that our pleadings should
cite fraud and illegality
Former minister Martha Karua
May 24, 2014
Special Report 11
Governors have key
role in security war
ising insecurity in the country presents a
good opportunity for the national and county
governments to forge a useful and workable
relationship. This is an issue in which they have a
mutual interest and where the rivalry and suspicion
that have characterised links between the two must
not be tolerated. After all, both should be driven by
the commitment to work in the interest of the peo-
ple who voted them to power.
The entire leadership must close ranks and craft
comprehensive measures to ensure the peoples
safety. A government that cannot guarantee this has
no moral authority to purport to derive its legiti-
macy from the people.
Unity is paramount now, especially to confront
the external threat posed by Somalias Al-Shabaab
and its local allies. We are pleased to note that the
leaders are keen to jointly tackle these problems.
The governors recently held a meeting with Presi-
dent Kenyatta, during which they discussed the
thorny issue of the role of county commissioners.
The President specically addressed accusations of
attempts to undermine devolution.
But perhaps a continuation of this is a meet-
ing held yesterday, during which Interior Cabinet
Secretary Joseph ole Lenku outlined a plan for
governors to share intelligence with county com-
missioners. This needs to be speeded up to boost
The governors are elected by the people and are
their political and executive leaders rolled into one.
It would be foolhardy for the national government
to ignore them in making decisions that directly af-
fects the counties.
The parley is a step in the right direction. After
all, the roles of the two levels of government are
clearly outlined in the Constitution. But even more
important, there are institutions and the expertise
to quickly resolve conicts when they arise.
LINUS GITAHI: Chief Executive Ocer
JOSEPH ODINDO: Group Editorial Director
DENIS GALAVA: Managing Editor
Published at Nation Centre, Kimathi Street and printed at
Mombasa Road, Nairobi by Nation Media Group Limited
POB 49010, Nairobi 00100 GPO
Tel: 3288000, 0719038000. Fax 221396
Registered at the GPO as a newspaper
NEGLECTED | Gabrielle Lynch
here is a storeroom
at the National Mu-
seum of Kenya in
Nairobi that is full of human
remains. There are 475 skel-
etons in all, full and partial,
together with some disem-
bodied skulls. They are kept
in cardboard boxes on dusty
So why would a museum
keep skeletons? Whose
skeletons are they? How
did they get into a museum
storeroom? What are they
still doing there 50 years
later? And will a time come
when someone decides that
these are ancestors who
deserve a dierent kind of
resting place?
The bones were donated
to the museum at inde-
pendence, but the boxes
sit largely neglected due to
the fact that no one has any
use for such a collection. In
the past, bones were some-
times collected for dubious
scholarly purposes, most
famously craniology the
idea that someones men-
tal faculties and character
could be ascertained from
close study of the shape of
someones skull or cranium.
More commonly, skeletons
are used to date other
bones, but for that one may
occasionally need to con-
duct tests on the remains
of several skeletons from
dierent periods, not 475
dating from the same his-
torical period. Alternatively,
human remains can be used
as a shocking reminder of
past violence and a call for
non-repetition, as is the case
with memorials in post-gen-
ocide Rwanda or post-Red
Terror Ethiopia. However,
for that, the skeletons need
to be displayed, visited and
discussed none of which
is occurring at the National
Museum of Kenya.
Unusually, while museums
around the world hold large
stocks of unknown human
remains, it would not be dif-
cult to nd out who many
of the dead are. The card
indexes that accompany the
collection provide a record
of various details, which
often includes a name, a
home village, and the place
where the dead was found,
as well as more scientic
notes on the likely cause
of death. Beyond such par-
ticulars, what these human
skeletons share is that they
all hail from the 1950s and,
more specically, resulted
from killings that took place
during the Mau Mau Emer-
gency, the violence of the
period clearly evident from
the sharp wounds that mark
many of their skulls, femurs,
tibias, humeri and radii.
They also constituted
evidence in trials against
suspected Mau Mau with
the majority buried in the
normal way and only later
exhumed by the police.
As David Anderson notes
in his book Histories of the
Hanged, the skeletons in-
clude the victims of Mau
Mau courts in Nairobi, dug
up during Operation Anvil,
and the many loyalists who
were murdered in Mau
Mau assaults and come
from all over Kikuyuland.
It is, therefore, likely that
many of the dead would be
labelled as having been loy-
alists during the emergency.
Once exhumed, police
and post-mortem reports
were used during judicial
trials but then, instead of
the bodies being reburied
or returned to the next of
kin, the chief police patholo-
gist at the time, Dr Morris
Rogo, decided to donate
the collection to his friend,
and curator of the National
Museums of Kenya, Dr
Louis Leakey.
With little scientic or
historical value associated
with such a collection, the
bones were then relegated
to the storeroom where they
This history has left the
current administration
with a dicult collection,
and substantial resources
would be required to decide
upon, and then implement
any decision on their future
treatment. Diculties in-
clude the way in which the
collection was acquired and
then donated; the politics
surrounding the bones as
loyalists; and the nancial
costs and politics surround-
ing dierent options such as
forensic tests and repatria-
tion to rural homes or burial
in a mass grave as a memo-
rial to past violence.
Few also seem to know
of their existence, which
means that there is little
political or public pressure
to make a decision on the
collections future. But this
is not to say that they have
been entirely forgotten. For
example, Anderson ends
his book with a call for the
skeletons to be buried at
Heroes Acre, an area of the
Uhuru Park set aside by the
Narc Government for a yet
unused national site of com-
My view is that the re-
mains should not just be
left in cardboard boxes sur-
rounded by dust in a room
that people rarely enter
on the basis that no one
has taken the time and re-
sources to decide what to do
with them.
Instead, they should be
moved to a more appropri-
ate home. Whether this
happens, how, and where is
up to Kenyans to decide.
Prof Lynch is an associ-
ate professor of Com-
parative Politics, Uni-
versity of Warwick, UK.
The Mau Mau skeletons at the
museum deserve decent burial

Human remains
date back to the
1950s and are a
result of killings
during the struggle
for independence
The bones were donated to the museum
at independence, but the boxes sit largely
neglected because nobody needs them
A lifeline for tourism
he tourism sector was yesterday given a
much-needed lifeline following recent fears
about its future. The industry has suered a
30 per cent slump as a combination of travel advi-
sories, insecurity and poor services have stied the
number of foreign tourists, especially to the Coast.
A key aspect of yesterdays announcement was
policy changes to spur local tourism. The gov-
ernment oered incentives such as tax rebate to
employers paying sta to go on holiday, cutting
gate fees to national parks and lifting a ban on the
government holding meetings in private hotels.
On their part, hoteliers oered to cut their rates
to Sh5,100 full board per person, a bargain from
what they are currently charging. This comes in
the wake of travel advisories by Kenyas traditional
tourist markets like the United Kingdom, United
States and France, which account for more than 50
per cent of the one million visitors a year.
For a long time, Kenya has been sold vigorously
to the outside world, leaving locals as bystanders.
Its a shame that it took the action of foreign gov-
ernments for the industry to appreciate the key role
Kenyans can play in keeping it aoat.
May 24, 2014
12 | Opinion
wenty years ago, I
engaged with a rst
secretary of the British
High Commission over human
rights concerns in Kenya. We
did not nd much common
ground and our conversa-
tion came to an abrupt end
when she stated that her rst
concern was British interests,
everything else was secondary.
I was not impressed, and
since then have not expected
too much from foreign diplo-
mats since indeed their major
concern is the welfare, safety
and prosperity of their own
people. That little lesson from
history came to mind when the
British Foreign Oce issued
its travel advisory warning on
Kenya, and travel companies
proceeded to evacuate 400
visitors from Mombasa within
24 hours. The evacuation
may have appeared alarmist
were it not for the fact that as
the tourists were leaving the
Coast, 12 more poor Kenyans
were being slaughtered in Nai-
robis Gikomba market.
The British and Americans
obviously had access to impor-
tant intelligence information,
so who could blame them for
protecting their own people?
Last December, the Kenyan
Government, too, evacuated
several thousand of its citizens
from South Sudan in a very
well-organised mercy mis-
sion. However, it would appear
that Jubilee now lacks the
sustained energy required to
protect the lives of its citizens
at home.
After the Gikomba attack,
many expected an emer-
gency Cabinet and security
team meeting to address the
frequent killer attacks. But in-
stead it was business as usual
as Mr Kenyatta headed o to
Bungoma to attend the home-
coming of a governor who is
15 months in oce, and the
following day he appeared at
some school function.
Despite a dozen vicious
attacks, you get the distinct
impression that the Execu-
tive is not that bothered. They
speak the language of ghting
terror, but it is a language that
is uttered to justify increas-
ing state power rather than
protecting Kenyan citizens.
Otherwise, the attacks have
become almost acceptable in
a fatalistic manner. The media
are already tiring of reporting.
Just like trac accidents, they
are there to capture the hor-
ror and painful moments but
never investigate the larger
picture. Indeed, terror attacks
are at par with trac carnage
in our tolerance, indierence,
and 24-hour outrage.
But there is one major dif-
ference in that terror attacks
increase in intensity, frequency
and destructiveness if not
tackled head on, and Kenya
could well be headed the Boko
Haram route if its response
remains feeble and lethargic.
All the more disgusting is
that the 18 bogus contracts
that make up the Anglo Leas-
ing invoice were all security
related. As former UK High
Commissioner Edward Clay
said, Kenyans are swindled
twice: their taxes are stolen
while their security has not
improved. In fact, grand cor-
ruption of this nature is a
crime against humanity as it is
responsible for the deaths of
thousands of Kenyans.
Maybe the Sh1.4 billion had
to be paid but all of that could
be recovered if there was po-
litical will to investigate and
prosecute. That will almost
certainly not happen as both
Jubilee and Cord had their n-
gers in the pie. The chickens
are coming home to roost even
if their identity is still covered
in darkness.
dolan54@gmail.com @Gabriel-
The chickens are coming home to roost

After the Gikomba

attack, many expected an
emergency Cabinet and
security team meeting.
But instead it was
business as usual
hat we are in the midst of
a massive security scare is
not in question. For the last
few months, we have seen terror
attacks, grenade and bomb blasts,
security swoops, travel warnings,
increase in robberies and general
crime. And now we are discovering
mass graves with little information
about the whys and hows.
But what we can also say without
a doubt is that the regime is either
clueless about what to do to restore
security and calm our fraying
nerves or it is deliberately using
ineective means for a reason
that only it understands. And the
net eect is that panic is grow-
ing, as evidenced by the numbers
and tenor of text messages going
around, some oering really dodgy
explanations, while others try to
deect responsibility.
We have seen extortionist im-
migration swoops paraded as
security measures contrary to
domestic and international law
that the regime states it respects
when it comes to paying for cor-
ruption. They know, as we do, too,
that these swoops will not work
and will only serve to antagonise
and marginalise entire sections of
our society. And they know that
such stigmatisation and proling
only creates deeper tensions in our
already divided society.
Worse is that we have seen more
attacks despite these swoops!
The latest in this bumbling se-
curity measures is the illegal order
by the Inspector General of Police
(IGP) to remove tinted windows
from all cars and I can bet that he
has not removed his yet! What will
be next? That we all walk around
naked for security reasons?
And in the midst of all this, there
have been badly planned eorts to
pay for the Anglo Leasing corrup-
tion that is signicantly responsible
for the security mess we are in! We
have been assured never mind
the correct legal and moral position
in paying up in our faces for cor-
ruption that investigations to get
to the bottom of Anglo Leasing will
be conducted.
Lets not hold our collective
breaths about this promise: It will
surely go the way of the promise for
a Commission of Inquiry into West-
gate which could have exposed
the weaknesses in our security and
counter-terrorism approaches with
a view to xing them and other
false promises that come fast and
furiously when there is too much
So incoherent and incompetent
is the regimes security response
that those who can do something
about it on their own are doing so,
leaving us to our own fates. The UN
has established measures to reduce
the risks for its sta, the USA has
called in more marines, and is re-
ducing the number of its ocials
in Kenya; and the UK has not only
taken out an advisory against trav-
elling to Kenya, but we have seen
the evacuations of tourists. This is
not UKs rst travel advisory since
2008. But it is the rst time since
then that there have been evacua-
tions of its citizens.
The regimes angry response
that we will simply replace Western
tourists with the Chinese is neither
reassuring nor sensible from an
economic or security standpoint.
Yes, please source tourists from
China, Nigeria, Russia, and Arme-
nia. But rather than seek to replace
the traditional ones, add to them!
Its common economic sense, for
wont Kenyans be better o with
ve million tourists rather than the
one million we have been getting?
Remember, South Africa is aiming
for 10 million tourists! Obviously
vicious anti-West or anti-Chinese
tirades do not endear us to tourists
from the countries we rant about!
Its like cutting o our nose to spite
our face!
Our security is not enhanced
when the knee-jerk reaction to
every crisis is to blame others
rather than take responsibility, to
the extent that some are blaming
the West for the bombs! With all
these attacks we would expect a
deep security shake-up to restore
condence and credibility. But alas,
the same people who have been at
the helm of security retain their po-
sitions, comfortably.
This then begs the question:
What hold do they have that makes
them indispensable?
Reckless incompetence in handling
of our security is simply baing
Scene of a recent terror blast at
Mwembe Tayari in Mombasa.
Panic is
growing in
the country
over lack of
security yet
no State
ocial is
ready to
take the
nglo Leasing, the clever
and secret system of
buying stu for soldiers,
police, jailers, spies and post-
men by using loan sharks as
middlemen, died from too much
publicity and asphyxiation
through choking.
Blame it on Mr John Githongo
former and only ethics and
Governance Permanent Secre-
tary for failing to appreciate
that money costs money, and that loans must be
paid with interest.
Born on October 30, 1997 when Kenya signed a
Sh2.2 billion deal to buy and install a system for
prisons to talk to each other, the child Anglo Leas-
ing marked its rst milestone on June 8, 1998 with
a new agreement to buy four police helicopters at
Sh2.7 billion.
August 16, 2001 was its coming of age on that
day alone, Kenya signed away Sh10.8 billion: Sh4
billion for the supply of a forensic laboratory for
the Criminal Investigation Department and Sh6.8
billion to buy police vehicles. In the year 2002, the
childs appetite grew exponentially, requiring the
governments signature on six equipment contracts
worth Sh12.5 billion for post oce, the police and
the spy agency. Mr Daniel arap Moi was President.
Midway through the rst year of Mr Mwai
Kibakis presidency, Anglo Leasing needed the sus-
tenance of gifts purchased by a Sh4.6 billion naval
ship, as well as three more contracts to modernise
police equipment and the issuance of passports
worth Sh11.7 billion.
But it must have been the Sh3.1 billion spy cam-
eras deal signed on January 20, 2004 that choked
the child when it noticed Mr Githongos bulbous
eyes trained upon it in horror. It was a terrible
death, resulting from choking and pure shock.
The contorted expression on the face was
unsightly, the state of the body impossible to con-
template. Death is hard and messy, and having
someone deal with the unpleasant details is always
a help. The country has been struggling to come to
terms with the loss of such a talented child in such
terrible circumstances. For a long time, Kenya has
been in denial about the death of Anglo Leasing,
stoking its false hope with embalming uid to cre-
ate an illusion of life when none exists.
It was not until the current Attorney General
brought his special talents as mortician to govern-
ment that this needless death was given meaning.
As mortician, the Attorney General has made it so
much easier to bear the nations collective loss by
focusing on the contribution Anglo Leasing made
to the nation in its short and dramatic life.
Finally, the country has no choice but to confront
the reality of Anglo Leasings death. Now, there
will be some honesty about public life and what it
entails, and the ghost of this wonderful being who
died so young can nally rest. The tumultuous
death, which disgured the face and other body
parts, the government mortician has been kind
enough to reconstruct the body and make Anglo
Leasing presentable for a nal public encounter.
At this time of deep sorrow, 17 years after Anglo
Leasing came into the world, Mr Uhuru Kenyatta is
President. Looking at Anglo Leasings body, disin-
fected with germicide, all the blood and other uids
drained from the body cavity, and embalming uid
pumped in, there is nary a chance the corpse will
become a breeding ground for bacteria. The dyes
injected into the body have given it a healthy glow
for display in an open casket, and there is no smell.
The mortician has provided the nation with com-
fort and guidance as it plans the disposal of the
body thoughtfully selecting the casket, the cem-
etery, and the location of the grave.
Anglo Leasing has
no smell, thanks
to the mortician
Kwamchetsi Makokhas sideways
look at nancial of scandals
May 24, 2014
Opinion 13
FAIR PLAY | Peter Mwaura
abu Gah, a well-known rapper, tells
this story. It was around 8.30am.
He was travelling in a matatu with
his mother, eldest sister and her two
children. The driver then switched on the
radio and Maina Kagenis distinctive, sul-
try voice came on air.
It was Classic 105. Kageni was dis-
cussing sex, with his talk show sidekick
Mwalimu Kingangi, and how useless
some men are and whether women
should deny them what he calls pale pale,
a euphemism for sex. A female had called
in, speaking mainly in Kiswahili which
needs no translation as its easy to catch
the drift.
She proceeded to complain about a man
who apparently had become a sex pest
towards her.
Kageni and Kingangi just let out a
huge laughter and kept encouraging the
woman to go on and on. Gah, in his own
words, was totally embarrassed and
ashamed. I was sitting with my fam-
ily. My mother. My niece and nephew. I
wished I wasnt there. I tried asking the
driver to switch stations and he ignored
me like I was a nagging wife!
Listeners like Cabu Gah seem to be in
the minority. More people seem to love
the sex talk. Edward Wachi is representa-
tive of those people. He says Kageni and
Kingangi always make his day. I always
board a mathree tuned to (their) show.
All the same, many people, including MPs
and clergy, complain about the sex talk in
radio shows, in particular Kagenis. They
argue the shows do not serve any useful
purposes and are harmful to children.
Many complain the material broad-
cast is too graphic, pornographic and
oensive. Still, the sex talk continues
unchecked. They are some of the most
popular radio programmes. Now, if ever
we had any doubts, we know why. Sex
sells, according to the study, Free Speech
or Cheap Talk? released by the Media
Council of Kenya on Tuesday.
Sex, the study observes, is prioritised in
radio talk shows because it increases audi-
ences and hence advertising revenue.
No democracy, in fact, has been able to
obliterate sex talk shows. In the 1970s,
the US targeted sexually explicit pro-
gramming, which it described as smut.
However, it was acting in vain. It could
not prevail over the growing popularity
of sex talk shows and growing power of
Kenya is experiencing a similar phe-
nomenon. Sex talk shows, on reection,
are not all that bad. They provide utilitar-
ian information, entertainment and a
release from psychological tension and
pressure. However, the MCK study says,
they have raised a number of moral ques-
tions, among them the question: Should
such topics be discussed during the morn-
ing hours when young listeners can tune
Radio sex talks not bad, just the timing

All the same, many people,

including MPs and clergy,
complain about the sex talk in
radio shows, in particular Kagenis.
They argue the shows do not
serve any useful purposes and are
harmful to children
Philip Ochieng
n all languages, time is the
great bestower of honour
to words and phrases. And
it takes a great deal of time to
change linguistic habits. That is
why, as far as the older genera-
tion of Kiswahili speakers are
concerned, the Kiswahili word
poa is a verb tout court.
The innitive form kupoa
means to cool or to cool
down. Things and natural phenomena that can
cool down or be cooled down include liquids and the
What experts call climate change is a drastic
planetwide cooling down of great concern in inter-
national councils.
Yet, in its popular use at least in Kenya it
has taken the word poa a breathtakingly short time
to grow in signicance from a verb to an adjec-
tive. In any Nairobi street nowadays, the word poa
rushes out of every mouth to arm that one is in
good shape, both bodily and mentally.
However, in a reverse linguistic phenomenon, it
was from the verb to cool that the adjective cool
came to refer also to human tempers.
As an adjective, cool came to meal equable and
concerning the weather or climate not varying
very much throughout the year.
The English adjective equable, which came from
the Latin aequabilis, means, with regard to cli-
mate or the weather, changing very little the year
The human equivalent of equability is equanim-
ity, which means calm, even-tempered, reasonable,
mentally composed.
Etymological hound
The etymological hound will trace the English
noun equanimity to the Latin adjective aequus,
meaning even, and noun animus, which refers to
mind or spirit.
Whereas aequus has spawned the English adjec-
tive equal and noun equality, animus has given us
the noun animal (literally, that which has a soul).
The honour by which a person from Latium
a Tiberian area of Rome might have sworn
one pledge or another was: Salvave animam meam
(save my soul).
It is to Latium the area known to the modern
Italian as Lazio that we owe the linguistic term
But it is hardly likely to be fortuitous that the
black American person the Western worlds
English-speaking group whose soul has been most
tortured in slavery in recent human history was
the one who longed for a cool soul and then in-
vented the term for it.
However, in their love of adventure, members
of any national youth group are likely to wish one
another such a soul at the beginning of every es-
It is thus that, in the Third Worlds imitation of
with it Western cultures, Kenyas urbanites
daily glued to black American TV adventure has
borrowed the word cool.
But Kiswahili, not English, is the language that
unites our multi-tribal youth. So why is it that, from
the mouth of a black American youth, although the
word cool has been repeated a million times a
day, it still sounds natural and fresh, while from the
mouths of Kenyas youth, the word poa sounds so
Is it because all unintelligent imitation is likely to
produce only second-rate goods? I dont know.
In our eort to
imitate, we end
up with second
hand goods
oday I want to go
personal. The rea-
son will become
clear by the time you
nish reading this piece.
There comes a time in
the life of a nation when
individuals must assess
what gains they derive
from acquiescing to being
a member of that politi-
cal community. That time
has come up for me at
least three times. The
signing of the agreement
on the standard gauge
railway on Sunday, May
11, was my third moment.
The second moment
for me was in 2006, just
after I nished graduate
studies in the US and was
presented with a job op-
portunity there. I had left
Kenya in 1999 to start my
studies and Kenyatta Uni-
versity, then under Prof
George Eshiwani, granted
me leave with 80 per cent
of my remuneration. This
sign of goodwill became
the basis of my deci-
sion in 2006 to return to
I did not think of this
return as doing Kenya
a favour; I thought of it
as Kenya doing me and
my family a favour. I had
taken stock of the chal-
lenges that would face me
while working in a public
university and my chil-
dren who had to relocate
mid-way their primary
school education. Though
I had no illusions of how
dicult it would be, I
was committed to giving
back whatever Kenyatta
University had given me.
I served three years of my
bond and still stayed on
in the public university
system where I currently
I have three children.
In bringing them all back
to Kenya, I received a lot
of condemnation from
colleagues, both in the
church we attended in the
US and from colleagues
in Kenya.
Upon arrival, I took
my children to a local
private primary school.
Though a private acad-
emy, Brainston Academy
is located at the heart
of Githurai, a place that
is a stark contrast from
Evanston, Illinois where
we had lived for ve
years. Friends wondered
why I returned to Kenya,
and worse, why I took
my children to a school
in Githurai. As I write,
the boys adjusted, passed
their exam and are in
high school while my
daughter, born in the US,
is Kenyan in every way.
It is patriotism to
Kenya that has driven
my choices in the past; I
hope that there is enough
of it remaining to sus-
tain my choicesin the
future. But last week, the
stupidity of my patriot-
ism became apparent
upon the signing of the
railway contract with the
Chinese. That single act
mortgaged my childrens
salary for a long time to
come. The signing was
not about the Chinese
bringing goodies before
a delighted number of
Presidents. The signature
tied us to the Chinese
apron coat for a long time
to come.
Some very brilliant
Kenyans, like Dr David
Ndii and Kiriro wa Ngugi,
have demystied the
high-sounding language
in which the SGR is cast.
Its promises are large but
its cost is even larger. I
have not seen any cred-
ible supporter of the
railway who talks to the
substance of its long-term
implications. The point
Dr Ndii makes about the
need to make sure our in-
vestment today does not
unfairly commit our chil-
dren to debilitating debt,
is a sound one.
This is why I worry, not
about myself, but my chil-
dren. My children will pay
for the SGR for a long
time even before they n-
ish school. The decision
made indicates that no
one in government cares
about my view on it. A
good many of those who
support the project do
so in complete ignorance
and with utmost arro-
My challenge is to en-
sure my children have
options. They should not
continue to be as foolish
as I have been with blind
patriotism to Kenya.
Godwin Murunga is senior
research fellow, Institute
for Development Stud-
ies, University of Nairobi.
POINT BLANK | Gideon Murunga
Blind patriotism as the future of
our children is mortgaged is foolish
Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang at State House, Nairobi after signing the standard gauge
railway agreement on May 11, 2014. From left are Presidents Yoweri Museveni, Uhuru Keny-
atta, Paul Kagame and Salva Kiir.
of the
deal tied
us to the
apron coat
for a long
time to
May 24, 2014
14 | Opinion
daobi Tricia Nwaubani is
one of the new exciting
Nigerian women writers,
who include the much feted Chi-
mananda Ngozi Adichie and my
favourite Lola Shoneyin. Nwauba-
nis debut novel, I Do Not Come to
You by Chance, paints a hilarious
if tragic portrait of advance fee
scammers, the chaps who send
out those emails about stranded
loot of deceased African dicta-
tors and corrupt ocials waiting
to be reclaimed with your kind
Anyone who has received such
an email has probably wondered
whether people actually fall for
these scams. Apparently they
do. The scammers in Nwauba-
nis novel go by names like Cash
Daddy, World Bank and Pound
Sterling. Their lives revolve
around debauchery, expensive
cars and regaling about the stu-
pid foreigners who fall for their
scams. They call them mugus,
which loosely translates to big
The advanced fee scammers
seem to live by two simple rules.
The rst is that in a world teem-
ing with greedy people, there
are bound to be some wealthy
ones foolish enough to fall for
their scams. There are mugus
in America, Germany, Russia,
Argentina, France.There are
mugus all over the world.
The second is that all Nigerian
public ocials are corruptible.
Here is the main character in the
novel narrating his uncle Cash
Daddys phone conversation,
about a public ocial who wont
sign a document. And so what
if its not their policy? he yelled.
What car does he drive? Cash
Daddy asked Burn down that
old car and resurrect another one
for him within three days. Then
take that document back to him
to sign.
At its core, Anglo Leasing type
contracts are advance fee frauds.
This is how it works. Scammers
oer to supply as well as nance
a government project. They set
up two companies, the supplier
and the nancier. The government
signs contracts with both.
The government provides pay-
ment in advance in the form of
IOUs for the nance contracts.
IOUs are like postdated cheques.
The scammers in the meantime
discount the IOUs with third
parties for cash to nance the
contract. Immediately, the gov-
ernment starts paying interest on
the nance. This is only part
of the scamin fact the good
part. The contract will have been
inated in the rst instance. The
goods supplied, if at all, will most
likely be junk.
Anglo-Leasing type scams have
been going on for a long time.
The earliest ones on record date to
the early 1970s. They are known as
the Halal Meat Company and the
Ken Ren Fertilizer Company.
Former Butere MP Martin
Shikuku once said that the rain
began to hit us one day in 1963
when one Bruce Mackenzie was in-
troduced to Jomo Kenyatta. Said
to have been a British spy, Mac-
kenzie was Kenyattas Minister for
Agriculture from independence
until 1970. He died in a mysteri-
ous plane crash over the Ngong
Hills in 1978, not unlike the one
that killed George Saitoti.
At the height of the Anglo-Leas-
ing scandal in 2004, I asked John
Githongo, Who is Anglo Leas-
David (pause), Anglo Leas-
ing is us. Who is us? He slows
down the treadmill (we were in
a gym). You know that cartoon
character sleuth who follows a
thiefs tracks all the way back to
house where he started? Yes,
Donald Duck. Yap. You look-
ing at him.
The Ken-Ren Fertilizer plant
was never build. Some junk ma-
chinery shipped into the country
lay in the Mombasa port for
decadesit may still be there.
After more than thirty years, two
Ken-Ren related loans suddenly
appeared in our books.
The records show that the Ken
Ren Fertilizer Company Restruc-
turing Agreement of 16.6 million
Euros (Sh1.4 billion), was con-
tracted on November 14, 2000,
but is repayable in semi-annual
instalments from September 30,
2003 to March 31, 2014.
The Ken Ren Rescheduled Debt
Agreement of 32.5 million Euros
(Sh2.9 billion) is shown as having
been contracted on November 6,
2002, and is repayable semi-an-
nually from December 31, 2013 to
June 30, 2015.
November 2000 happens to be
the date that the government lost a
Ken Ren case to an Anglo Leasing
type company. It is rather peculiar
that shylocks would be so kind as
to give us a three-year grace period
for a judgement debt.
It is far more likely that the
loans were inserted in our books
in 2003. The Kibaki regime, it
seems, hit the ground running.
But we are not supposed to be
able to gure that one out. We
are mugus.
The mandarins have been
bawling at the top of their voices
that we are staring economic Ar-
mageddon in the face if we dont
pay the scammers. If we do not
oat a sovereign Eurobond, the
government was going to have to
borrow domestically to plug the
budget financing gap and the
interest rates would go through
the roof.
They were told that the
scammers would be back for
more. They would not listen.
Having jalopies regularly resur-
rected, college fees taken care of,
even the occasional escapade to
the pleasure houses of the Orient,
has a way of making one hard of
Once a country oats its cur-
rency and fully liberalises its
capital account as we did two
decades ago (that is allow free
movement of money in and out
of the country), the distinction
between foreign and domestic
borrowing becomes academic.
Many of the bond funds we are
told must be reassured by suc-
cumbing to blackmail are already
heavily invest in shilling denomi-
nated bonds listed on the Nairobi
Securities Exchange.
The key consideration they
make is whether the interest
dierential between the shilling
interest they earn and the dollar
interest rates is sucient compen-
sation for the risk of the shilling
weakening against the dollar.
There is nothing preventing the
government from oating a dollar
denominated bond in Kenya and
listing it on the Nairobi Securities
Exchange. It stands to reason that
investors who buy shilling bonds
listed in Kenya will just as happily
buy dollar denominated bonds
listed in Nairobi.
You would think that for all our
anti-Western bravura and the Vi-
sion 2030 rhetoric about making
Nairobi a nancial hub, we would
seize this opportunity to establish
our own Afrodollar bond market.
After all, our new Eastern bossom
buddies are the biggest buyers of
sovereign debt, surely they would
snap it up.
No, we would rather pay bandits
so that we oat a Eurobond on
the Irish Stock Exchange. Huo
unaitwa ukoloni.
When they entered public life,
Kenyatta, Moi and Kibaki were
practically penniless. If you take
their lifetime earnings from gov-
ernment, net of living expenses
and expensive private school and
university fees, it is doubtful that
any of them would have been able
to aord a house in Muthaiga.
You have to be an exceptional
human being to spend your entire
life in public oce and build up
a bigger fortune than the most
enterprising hardworking full-
time business people. WE ARE
It has struck this particular
mugu as noteworthy that the
Kibaki regime started o reviv-
ing scams from the Kenyatta era,
and Jubilee (aka Kanu reloaded)
has started o working the ones
from the Moi era.
Uhuru is Kenyattas biological
son. He is Mois political son. It is
said he is Kibakis godson. Apples
dont fall far trees.
Where to turn, but the Good
The Lord God compassionate
and gracious, slow to anger, and
bounding in loving kindness and
truth;.Yet he will by no means
leave the guilty unpunished, visit-
ing the iniquity of fathers on the
children and on the grand children
to the third and fourth generation
(Exodus 34:6-7)
When that time comes, people
will no longer say, the parent have
eaten sour grapes, but the chil-
drens teeth have grown numb.
Rather, each person will die for
his own sins. The teeth of the per-
son who eats the sour grapes will
themselves grow numb. Indeed
a time is coming, says the Lord,
when I will make a new covenant
with the people. (Jeremiah 31:
Say Hallelujah!
Dr Ndii is MD of Africa Econom-
ics. netsolafrica.com
PUBLIC FINANCE | In November 2000, the government lost a Ken Ren case to an Anglo Leasing-type company
How Kenya lost billions since independence
dissects the
anatomy of
since 1963,
and why
regimes are
to the
If you take their
lifetime earnings from
government, it is
doubtful that any of
them would have been
able to aord a house in
Dr David Ndii
Justice Samuel Bosire chaired the Goldenberg commission of inquiry but did not get to the root of the countrys largest nancial
scandal. Right, Mr John Githongo, who quit Kibakis government after failing to bust Anglo Leasing ghosts.
May 24, 2014
Opinion 15
ast week, President
Uhuru Kenyatta
breathed some life
into the almost moribund
government structure
formerly known as the pro-
vincial administration.
I nd sentiments against
his decision selsh. What
we should be calling for is
for the ocers to act within
the law.
Granted, the struc-
ture was infamous during
the Kanu era since it was
abused and misused, but
still, the same body did an
enviable job maintaining
law and order.
For long, society mis-
ts dreaded a visit from an
assistant chief or a chief,
leave alone a DO or a DC,
thus many evils were pre-
empted. It can still do that
today. The structure is not
perfect but how can one
fancy a village without an
assistant chief? A gov-
ernment devoid of strong
tentacles that cascade to
the grassroots is like a tree
without roots.
Opponents of the Presi-
dents move must be
reminded that the Constitu-
tion calls for a restructuring
of the much-maligned pro-
vincial administration to
conform with the current
dispensation, not to do
away with it altogether.
What the President did
was long overdue. After
the passage of the current
Constitution, the provin-
cial administration lost
vigour and impetus, yet the
ocers working under it re-
mained. With the coming
of the county governments,
the ocers turned mori-
bund and were exposed to
ridicule yet the two levels of
government have clear-cut,
distinct roles.
It is not right, thus, for
county governments to cry
foul, claiming the crown
will overshadow them.
How can that happen when
county governments have
a lot to do and massive re-
sources to use?
A grave issue like secu-
rity cannot be left to county
governments, just as the de-
velopment agenda cannot
be left solely in the hands of
the national government.
With the twin menace
of run-away insecurity and
owing illicit drinks, the
restructured provincial ad-
ministration has a huge task
In Things Fall Apart,
Chinua Achebe says: Let
the eagle perch and the kite,
too. Whoever tells the other
no, may its wing break.
The message here for the
two-tier government is to
learn to co-exist and work
To the editor
The editor welcomes brief letters on topical issues.
Write on e-mail to: mailbox@ke.nationmedia.com
You can also mail to: The Editor, Daily Nation,
POB 49010, Nairobi 00100.
There is nothing wrong with
new structure of government
Are MPs right to attempt to impeach CS Waiguru?
USHA SHAH: No. They only
want to impeach Ms Waiguru
because she is a woman and
doing a good job. Impeach-
ment is too drastic an action
against her.
This is just a battle between
Parliament and the Executive.
MPs should give Waiguru time
to do her job.
Yes. Ms Waiguru should re-
alise that hers is a political
job. She rubbed politicians
the wrong way and made her
boss, the President, appear to
favour certain tribes.
do not understand what im-
peachment is all about.
Mombasa County Commissioner Nelson Marwa (left) and Mom-
basa County Police commander Robert Kitur.
Follow the law to avoid
anarchy in the country
There is a problem with the ap-
plication of law in this country.
Here are a few cases. The Inspector
General of Police recently ordered
that all vehicles with tinted win-
dows be impounded. The other day,
the Cabinet Secretary for transport
banned night travel by PSVs. Later,
the court allowed vehicles to travel
at night. The number of governors
being impeached is alarmingly high.
It seems the trend is that a big man
will sit somewhere, come up with
an idea that he thinks serves public
good and go ahead to pronounce it
like it is the law. My fear is that if
such excesses are not checked, then
this country will degenerate into
Terror war needs more
than all the tough talk
The events of the past week have
exposed many loopholes in the
government and proved that lip
service cannot win the war against
terrorism. The order by Inspector
General of Police that all vehicles
should not have tinted windows is a
case in point. Many Kenyans were
shocked when the IGP got the sup-
port of Internal Security minister
Joseph ole Lenku, who also main-
tained that the order applies to all
vehicles. This has left many won-
dering how professionally the war
against terrorism is being handled.
The government must change tack
as the tough talk by the President
dismissing terrorism as cowardice
is not all that can be done to keep
us secure. Empty talk cannot assure
us of our security any more.
Kenyans exposing
themselves to danger
Terror attacks have become
a common phenomenon in the
country today, especially during
weekends. What strikes me most as
being odd, however, is that crowds
usually rush towards the scene of
an explosion, yet milling around
such a scene could be catastrophic.
At the recent Gikomba market twin
explosions on Friday last week,
I saw a mammoth crowd at the
scene, oblivious of the danger they
were exposing themselves to. We
have to allow emergency services to
evacuate the injured.
Lower hotel rates will keep
the tourism industry going
Kudos Seeds of Gold for the
inspiring stories on farming
The Kenya Tourism Board, which is cur-
rently marketing tourist destinations to
locals under the Magical Kenya banner, is
doing an excellent job in trying to keep our
tourism industry alive, especially now that
the sector is facing many challenges. How-
ever, stakeholders in the ailing industry
should consider lowering their rates further
to make it more aordable for local tourists
to turn out in large numbers. This will keep
the hotels going as they await for the ef-
fects of the travel advisory to run out.
DAVE MUNGAI, via e-mail
ANGLO LEASING PAIN. While he empathises
with President Uhuru Kenyatta, who in authorising
the payment of a whopping Sh1.4 billion to two of
the shadowy Anglo Leasing companies saying he did
so with a lot of pain and a heavy heart, B. Machuki
is still unhappy that taxpayers hard-earned money
has gone to some ghost entities. Machuki would
have wanted to see heads roll. It seems okay, but
no ocer has stepped aside, no one has been red
and none has apologised. Cry Kenya! His contact is
POISONOUS STENCH. Can the National Environ-
ment Management Authority (Nema) go to the rescue
of Athi River Town residents, who have had to con-
tend with nauseating stench in recent months? urges
Steve Makau, adding: We suspect it could be a bro-
ken sewer or chemical emission from a factory that
happens early in the morning and late in the night
to evade scrutiny. Both the national and Macha-
kos county governments, he pleads, should investi-
gate and bring an end to the menace. His contact is
PROBOX PUZZLE. The majority of the popular
Toyota Probox owners, including some very respect-
able members of society, David Kanji claims, drive
very fast, with the kind of recklessness associated
with the matatu drivers. But the same people, adds,
drive very well when behind the wheel of other car
makes. He poses: Can someone enlighten me on
this? Is there a psychological angle to how the Probox
is driven? Who will solve this puzzle? His contact is

Have a particular day, wont you!
STREET PROTESTS. The protests by the students
of public universities in Nairobi and other towns over
alleged plans to increase fees and reduce the Higher
Education Loans Board disbursements caused distur-
bances in the streets, needlessly aecting people who
had absolutely nothing to do with it, says Edmond
Kipngeno. Next time, he pleads, the students and the
management of the universities should try resolving
matters amicably. His contact is edmondkipngeno@
PERFECT MARRIAGE. Entering the raging de-
bate on the biblical reference to marriage, L.K. Sur-
tan takes issue with Lynette Onyangos quote: Man
shall leave his mother and father to cleave unto his
wife and become one esh. This, according to Sur-
tan, is proof of her having viewed and interpreted the
scripture narrowly. The perfect marriage, he argues,
is to be found in Genesis 24. Here, it is the woman,
Rebecca, who left her parents and went to cleave to
Isaac. Surtans contact is sourtanne@gmail.com.
HONOUR. Austrian Ambassador George Reisch
decorates Commissioner of Police Bernard Hinga
with the Grand Ocers Cross First Class for his part
in the rescue operation of Dr G. Judmaier in Septem-
The Saturday Nation always features suc-
cess stories in agriculture, horticulture, and
animal husbandry. There was even a fea-
ture on how to make money from breeding
donkeys (Saturday Nation, May 17, 2014).
These stories inspire youths to be more
enterprising. However, there was a piece
decrying the overuse of fertiliser, which
could make the land less fertile. The same is
the case with chemical pesticides. The good
news is that there are organic substitutes
for chemical fertiliser and pesticides.
Send your comments to mailb
What are your
views on the new
Sh3bn bill from
Anglo Leasing?
May 24, 2014
16 | Letters
Sh200m drive
to light up
Kitui villages
Kitui Governor Julius Malombe
yesterday launched an ambitious
village electrication drive.
The programme seeks to extend
electricity connections to all the
40 electoral wards.
The work will be undertaken
through a partnership between
the county government and the
Rural Electrification Authority
at a cost of Sh200 million.
The electrification authority
will provide technical support
and Sh50 million while the county
government has set aside Sh150
Dr Malombe said the drive will
increase electricity connections
from the current 30 per cent to 90
per cent in the next three years.
New power lines
Speaking during the launch of
the countys Accelerated Rural
Electrication Programme at the
Kenya Forestry Research Institute
centre in Kitui, Dr Malombe said
his government plans to allocate
an extra Sh195 million towards the
work in the next nancial year.
The project involves the con-
struction of 79 new power lines
that will extend electricity connec-
tivity by an extra 126 kilometres
spread across all the 40 wards of
the county, he said. Priority in the
connections will be given to educa-
tion and health institutions, as well
as shopping centres, he added.
he impeachment of Gover-
nor Martin Wambora has
revived rivalry between
Embu Countys two predomi-
nant peoples.
Mr Wambora is the only
Muembu in top political oce
in the county. He has since been
temporarily reinstated by the
High Court.
With the impeachment, the
Aembu feel left out in the countys
leadership. However, his fate lies
with the court after he challenged
his removal.
Senator Lenny Kivuti, one of
the most senior politicians in
the county, is from Mbeere, so is
National Assembly Speaker Jus-
tin Muturi. Gachoka MP Mutava
Musyimi is also from Mbeere, but
of Kamba descent.
Embu County Woman Repre-
sentative Rose Rwamba Mitaru,
County Assembly Speaker Kariuki
Mate and Majority Leader Andrew
Musakwa are Ambeere.
Should Mr Wambora lose the
battle to retain his job, his deputy,
Ms Dorothy Nditi, a Mumbeere,
will automatically become his
If that happens, the Aembu are
likely to feel they will be playing
second fiddle in the countys
politics, to the Ambeere, who
are the minority.
Mr Wambora was elected on a
TNA ticket and blames Mr Kivuti,
Mr Muturi and Runyenjes MP
Cecily Mbarire for his removal.
He accuses them of abandoning
him in his hour of need.
He expected them to reconcile
him with the County Members
of Assembly, who impeached
him twice or to seek President
Kenyattas intervention.
Mr Kivuti, the Alliance Party
of Kenya deputy leader, says the
governor should neither blame
him nor his party.
He said Mr Wambora ap-
proached him, when he was rst
impeached, and requested him to
ask APKs ward representatives
to support him. He declined the
request. I would have expected
Wambora to convince the MCAs
himself even from his TNA party
to support him, Mr Kivuti told
the Saturday Nation.
He said Mr Wamboras party
TNA has majority members in
the County Assembly and had
11 MCAs on his side and won-
dered why he could not sway at
least one more to block the rst
impeachment motion.
However, Mr Wamboras politi-
cal adviser, Mr Joshua Kanake,
says there has been a deep-seated
grudge between the governor and
Mr Kivuti after he (Wambora)
moved from APK to TNA.
Mr Kanake says Mr Wambora
was only allowed to float one
name out of the 13 nominated
MCAs and claims the nomina-
tions were skewed to favour the
Ambeere. As such the governor
could not control the County
These dierences mimic the
Embu-Mbeere rivalry during the
Kanu regime, when the Aembu
supported the Democratic Party
(DP) while the Ambeere stuck
with Kanu. DP always clinched
both Manyatta and Runyenjes par-
liamentary seats, but Siakago and
Gachoka remained Kanu damu.
Additional reporting by Charles
Embu County Assembly clerk Jim Kauma (centre) reads the outcome of a
vote that impeached Governor Martin Wambora recently. The governors
removal has sparked old political rivalry between Mr Wamboras Embu
community and the Mbeere.
was the
only Embu
in top
and his
has left
his people
feeling left
in the cold
as Mbeeres
the regions
Ethnic rivalry grinds county aairs to a halt
IMPEACHMENT | Governor accuses countys top leaders of abandoning him at the hour of need
During the Kanu regime,
President Moi carved out
Mbeere District from the
larger Embu and created two
constituencies in each of the
new administrative units.
It was seen as a reward to
the Ambeere, who supported
Kanu, the ruling party.
The Aembu supported the
Democratic Party, whose
leader was Mwai Kibaki.
Region backed
Kanu and DP
Respect presidency,
advises Mudavadi
Politicians were yesterday
criticised for abusing their
Politicians should re-
spect each other, said UDF
leader Musalia Mudavadi
Let us not use uncon-
stitutional methods in
dealing with challenges in
our country. We are allowed
to criticise each other so that
we can change but respect
the institution of the presi-
dency and other offices,
he said.
He spoke during a work-
shop that brought together
UDF bigwigs and county
representatives at the Dudu
Villa Hotel in Lamu.
Mr Mudavadi said leaders
ought to embrace the Con-
stitution and correct any
anomalies related to leader-
ship constitutionally instead
of resorting to abusive and
outdated politics.
He issued a stern warn-
ing to UDF leaders found
insulting others, saying ac-
tion would be taken against
I know there is freedom
of speech but the freedom
must be exercised well. In-
sulting your fellow leaders
in power is not wise. Lets
respect each other. Our
Constitution is crucial and
every section has been well-
explained. Lets respect it,
insisted Mr Mudavadi.
His allegiance
During the meeting,
deputy party leader Jeremiah
Kioni criticised Kakamega
Senator Boni Khalwale for
insulting those in power. He
questioned the senators al-
legiance to UDF.
I have a beef with Khal-
wale. This habit of insulting
any leader he comes across
is not right. He should bear
in mind that he was elected
on a UDF ticket, said Mr
If he is man enough, he
should defect from UDF
since he has publicly shown
that he hates it. Why should
he insult the President? As
a party, we do not advocate
that. If he goes on like that,
then the party will be forced
to take action, added Mr
May 24, 2014
National News 17
akuru Town is well-known for being
a trendsetter. It was once voted the
cleanest town in East Africa. But it
seems to have lost this distinctive title.
The town was also at the forefront in
imposing a ban on smoking and spitting
in public. However, the ban has been
The headquarters of the Nakuru County,
it has been fast-growing. It lured entrepre-
neurs from various parts of the country.
Skyscrapers are coming up where once
stood diminutive buildings.
Small-scale traders had encroached on
most of the streets from the town centre
to backyard thoroughfares.
Financial institutions are clustered in
the town centre. Every bank in the country
has a branch or two in the area. The same
goes for educational institutions that have
established satellite campuses.
The county government is doing a
commendable job in ridding the town of
makeshift business stalls, which have been
an eyesore. It is replacing them with per-
manent ones made of steel and mabati.
Traders used to have a hard time when-
ever it rained but they are now a happy
lot due to the permanent stalls.
Capital ight to the town, especially
from areas hit hard by post-election such
as Eldoret and Kericho, has contributed
to the growth of the area.
A small Somali community thrives.
It sells mainly miraa, clothes and travel
Nakuru recently made another milestone.
It became the rst town to launch free Wi-
Fi services for the residents. However, the
residents are yet to enjoy the benets of this
noble initiative by the county government
due to a technical hitch with the system.
On the ip side, the town is experiencing
problems that characterise major urban
areas. Crime is high in some residential
areas. The recent murder of a doctor in
Section 58 Township is a case in point.
Some areas are no-go zones after dark.
Street children
The streets teem with prostitutes, who
operate even during daytime. Some of the
sex workers are so aggressive that they
attack anyone who ignores their sexual
Kenyatta Avenue and Gusii Road, among
other streets, are full of sex workers shortly
after dark. Among them are underage girls.
Some of them come from as far as Kisumu
and Nyeri.
What is also of concern is the rising
number of street children and families.
Some have designated some areas as their
turfs and are a nuisance to pedestrians and
motorists as they beg for alms.
Beggars have taken over strategic loca-
tions. It is worrying that some of them
come from well-to-do families and one
wonders why they are on the streets
Nakuru county ocials seem to be sleep-
ing on the job. Some streets are ridden
with potholes and need to be repaired yet
nothing is being done.
Open air market
The Wakulima open air market is in dire
need of clean-up to rid it of the sludge that
ows whenever it rains.
This is true of the matatu stage next to
the Gikomba Shopping Complex, where
you have to watch your step.
The authorities need to give attention
to a public toilet next to the upcountry
bus stage. It reeks to high heavens. Since
there are some eateries nearby, the toilet
is a health risk.
Many ratepayers do not get services
reective of what they are charged.
While Nakuru town sets trends, it is sad
that it fails to sustain them. Ineciency
on the part of the authorities is largely to
blame for this.

Tell us the interesting things about your
town. Send your stories to satnation@ke.n
Nakuru a trendsetter but
has not lived up to billing
Hawkers go about their business on Kenyatta Avenue in Nakuru Town.
MY TOWN | Authorities failing to deal with crime and prostitution eectively
free Wi-Fi
services for
but the
system has
Experts warn of food crisis as rains fail
Farmers in the North Rift
region anticipate poor maize
yield caused by depressed rain-
fall that aected planting.
Agriculture experts have
warned of a food crisis as more
than 40 per cent of planted
maize failed to germinate.
A survey by the Uasin
Gishu County Department
of Agriculture found that the
poor germination affected
many farmers.
Productivity is expected
to be lower because some of
the crops are already show-
ing nutritional deficiency,
said Mr Cyril Cheruiyot, the
Uasin Gishu County Executive
for Agriculture.
Some of the farmers have
been forced to uproot with-
ered maize and plant beans
for domestic consumption.
Due to the reduced rainfall,
crops experienced about 30 per
cent germination, which will
lead to loss of expectation of
harvest of food, said Uasin
County Director of Agriculture
Joseph Cheboi.
The county produced an
average of 4.5 million bags
of maize last season, which is
expected to signicantly drop
this year.
IN THE DOCK | Businessman accused of forgery
Mr Mohan Galot, a businessman, in a Nairobi court yesterday where he was charged with forgery
and giving false information to the registrar of companies. He denied the charges and was released
on a cash bail of Sh500,000. The case will be heard on June 6.
IEBC clears 7
for Bonchari
Campaigns for the Bonchari
parliamentary seat started in ear-
nest yesterday with the clearance
of the candidates in the race.
The Independent Electoral and
Boundaries Commission gave
seven candidates the greenlight
to fight it out in the elections
scheduled for June 23.
The candidates cleared yester-
day are Mr Oroo Oyioka(ODM), Mr
Zebedeo Opore (Ford People) and
Charles Onyancha (Wiper). Others
are Mr David Ogega (DP), Paul
Matagaro(KNC ) and Charles
Mogaka (NLP) and Geoffrey
The exercise was conducted by
the constituency returning ocer
Mr Peter Resa at the constituency
CDF Hall.
Mr Oroo who on Tuesday
claimed that his opponents were
buying IDs from voters in his
strongholds and asked police to
arrest those involved.
Mr Onyancha expressed opti-
mism of trouncing his opponents
but called for peaceful campaigns,
saying Bonchari people must be
allowed to elect a leader of their
Mr Ogega urged the voters to
reject the three leaders who have
been battling in court to pave the
way for a fresh representative to
champion their interests in the
National Assembly.
Court clears way
for Mathare poll
The Mathare Parliamen-
tary seat has been declared
The Supreme Court
yesterday ruled that Mr
George Wanjohi was
handed victory in a
cloudy process that vio-
lated the Constitution.
A Bench of six judges
criticised the Inde-
pendent Electoral and
Boundaries Commission
(IEBC) for undermining
The commission had
declared Mr Stephen Ka-
riuki (below) the winner
but recalled his certicate
of victory, nullied it and
declared his opponent, Mr
Wanjohi, the winner.
The judges said IEBC
committed a grave mistake
by recalling and cancelling
Mr Kariukis certicate as
it unilaterally undid the
voters verdict without
involving the courts.
They said the com-
missions mandate in the
election ceased with the
announcement of the re-
sults and the handing over
of the certicate.
Any dispute arising
after that should have
been taken to court and
not resolved administra-
tively, they said.
The recall of the cer-
ticate which was issued
with accompanying pub-
licity and in the glare of
voters only served to un-
dermine the legitimacy of
the electoral process in the
eyes of the voters and was
contrary to the law, said
Justice Jackton Ojwang.
The Bench, chaired by
Supreme Court Deputy
President Kalpana Rawal,
upheld a decision of the
Court of Appeal that had
declared Mr Wanjohis win
They said it was di-
cult to know who won and
annulled both certicates
that were issued to the two
They declined to declare
either of the politicians
the winner saying voters
had to be given a chance
to elect a leader of their
choice. They ordered the
IEBC to pay Mr Kariukis
legal costs.
May 24, 2014
18 | National News
ixty years since she rst arrived
in Kenya in 1954 to work as
a bookseller for the Church
Missionary Society, Marjorie
Oludhe Macgoye has published
yet another, major work. Enti-
tled Rebmann, the novel on the 19th century
German missionary to the Kenyan Coast
from 1846 to 1875 will probably come as a
surprise to many readers.
Why a novel on such a remote historical
gure, and a missionary at that?
A committed Christian, Macgoye has
been associated with the Anglican Church
in Kenya since 1954. The motivation for
writing on Johannes Rebmann stems from
the fact that he was a pioneer missionary
and one of the patriarchs of Protestantism
in Kenya.
A novelist, essayist, poet and childrens
fiction writer, Macgoye is
known to generations of
Kenyan readers for A Freedom
Song, originally published in
the anthology Poems from East
Africa (1971), for years a set
text in the secondary school
literature curriculum. Now
acknowledged as the mother
of Kenyan literature, Macgoyes
rst book, Growing Up at Lina
(1971) was followed by Murder
in Majengo (1977) and the po-
etry collection Song of Nyarloka
and other Poems (1977). In Song
of Nyarloka, Macgoye examines
questions of identity through
a young woman who has crossed
over from a European ancestry and adopted
Kenya as her new home.
A thoroughly Kenyan writer who has stu-
diously eschewed the expatriate viewpoint
of the likes of Elspeth Huxley and Karen
Blixen, Macgoye draws inspiration for her
writing from lived experience and from
observation of the life around her. Deeply
empathetic to the lowly, Macgoye always
anchors her writing on the experiences of
ordinary people.
Presaged by the expository The Story
of Kenya: A Nation in the Making (1977),
Macgoyes next novel, Coming to Birth
(1986), tells the story of a young Luo
woman whose coming of age symbolises
Kenyas turbulent emergence from coloni-
alism to nationhood. Awarded the Sinclair
Prize for Literature in 1986, the novel
brought Macgoye to the attention of the
literary world as a signicant African writer
and conrmed her as a Kenyan author of
equal status with such pioneering gures as
Ngugi wa Thiongo and Grace Ogot.
In The Present Moment (1987), Macgoye
seeks to expand the range of her characters.
Set in an old peoples home, the novel ex-
amines Kenyan history through the voices
of seven women from dierent ethnic and
religious backgrounds. By sharing their in-
timate stories, the women overcome their
cultural, religious and ethnic dierences
and discover their sisterhood.
As Macgoyes scope continued to expand,
the novels of urban life Street Life (1987)
and Victoria and Murder in Majengo (1993)
were followed by the histori-
cal novel Homing In (1994),
in which the author examines
the memories of a settlers
widow and those of her
Kikuyu maid. Chira (1996),
regarded as the rst serious
Kenyan novel on the Aids
pandemic, was followed
by the collection of poetry,
Make it Sing and other Poems
Winner of the Jomo Ken-
yatta Prize, A Farm Called
Kishinev (2005) is note-
worthy for its panoramic
view of Kenyan history.
The novel is based on the
British 1903 oer of Uasin Gishu
to Jews escaping persecution in Eastern
Europe. A betting answer to critics who
fault Kenyan writers for the alleged thematic
narrowness of their works, it explores Jew-
ish identity in Kenya in the context of the
interplay between international politics,
colonial dominance, and anti-Semitic and
anti-African ideologies. The novel implicitly
makes the point that Kenya has never been
cut o from the rest of the world.
Rebmann: A Novel (2014) continues the
authors fascination with Kenyan history.
Signicantly, it shows that Macgoye has
never abandoned the missionary mandate
A chat with the latest literary
sensation from Nigeria, Lola
Shoneyin. Page 38
Its her most complex work to date, the story of Rebmann,
a missionary who was forced to retire as a new civilising
mission supplanted his evangelical approach at Rabai
BOOK REVIEW | Book shows that Macgoye has never abandoned the missionary mandate that rst brought her to Kenya
Celebrated author Marjorie Oludhe Macgoye
Macgoye goes
back to her roots
with new novel
As he
embarks on
the jour-
ney home,
blind and
ailing, is
by uncer-
tainty about
a Europe
he has not
seen for 30
years. He is
haunted by
a sense of
a mission
that rst brought her to Kenya, a man-
date that was driven by the desire to be a
Christian witness. Her enduring interest
in Christianity and missionary aairs is
evident in her contribution to a Church
history entitled, Rabai to Mumias: A Short
History of the Church of the Province of
Kenya (1994).
Published by New Academia in Wash-
ington DC, Rebmann tells the story of
Johannes Rebmann (1820-1876) who,
alongside Ludwig Krapf, was the founder
of the rst CMS mission station in Kenya
at Rabai. The novel ts logically in the tra-
jectory of a writer who has always sought
to forge a national consciousness that
will enfold Kenyans of all races and ethnic
Macgoyes most complex work to date,
Rebmann is a work of painstaking histori-
cal research and imagination. It tells the
story of a missionary who, after nearly 30
consecutive years at Rabai, was forced to
retire as a new civilising mission sup-
planted his evangelical mission. The story
unfolds as an extended ashback.
As he embarks on the journey home,
Rebmann, blind and ailing, is inundated by
uncertainty about a Europe he has not seen
for 30 years. He is haunted by a sense of a
mission unaccomplished and nostalgia for
the place he has been forced to leave. His
reections drip with revealing anecdotes
of his time at Rabai.
A self-effacing man, little has been
known about Rebmann and his work. But
in his recent book, Johannes Rebmann: A
Servant of God in Africa before the Rise
of Western Colonialism (2011), Church
historian Steven Paas rescues from ob-
scurity a gure who paved the way for the
penetration of Christianity to East and
Central Africa.
Although convinced that history and
literature oer complementary modes of
telling the same story, Macgoye favours
literature because it allows the pains and
perturbations of real life to be communi-
cated with ... more intimate conjectures
about motivations than supercially true
May 24, 2014

he perception in this country
seems to be that, in the hier-
archy of authorial activity, real
writers either write short stories or,
better still, full length novels. Others,
poets and playwrights among them,
are condemned to sit enviously in
the corner, awaiting future eleva-
tion. Which is strange for a society
which prides itself on a history of
oral literature.
Surely, poetry and drama, to which
I have gravitated, should be the most
natural exponents of such a legacy?
However, let me not fall prey to sour
grapes. Rather, let me declare that
my own claim to recognition in this
regard is that I have written regular
proles and opinion pieces origi-
nally under the pseudonym Mwenye
Sikio; six stage plays, of which only
one has been published; a childrens
book on the assassinated politi-
cian Tom Mboya and some closet
Constant preparation
I have also written a non-award win-
ning radio play for a BBC competition.
And, by way of constant preparation, I
have kept what I call my Words Worth
scrapbooks, in homage to elaborate
and enviable diction, since I was a
The truth is, I write because I feel
an urge to. But its easy enough to
create a mythology which would make
such an impulse seem to have been
pre-ordained by fate.
In my case, I was lucky enough to
have been exposed to books at an early
age. When my mother and I joined
my father in early 1960s London,
where he was studying, one feature
of our otherwise unprepossessing,
two-room at was his small library.
As a precocious reader, I was drawn
to adult books. My father travelled
to the States and bought me a life of
Daniel Webster, a pioneering African
American lawyer. I tried to unravel,
without success, The Law of Tort. In
James Baldwins Another Country I
discovered, to my delight, a really
perplexing but sexy bit which I con-
tinued to read, repeatedly.
Once back home, just after in-
dependence, in standard seven of
primary school, I won an English
prize, a copy of Dickens Great
Expectations. In high school, my
teachers of heroic stature taught
Latin, English and French. They
gave me prizes which led to the ac-
quisition of Dosteyevskys Crime and
Punishment my favourite Flau-
berts Scarlet and Black, Stendhals
Madame Bovary and compilations
of Greek and Roman legends. My
mathematics was demonstrably
poor. I determined that I neither
had interest in using iron lings to
prove that unlike poles attract nor in
forming copper sulphate crystals. So,
an artist I was destined to be.
At the University of Nairobis main
campus, I had the good fortune to be
taught literature by Ngugi wa Thiongo,
Okot pBitek, Taban Lo Liyong and
Micere Mugo. I was the First Son in
Joe de Grafts inaugural production
of Muntu, alongside Francis Imbuga,
David Mulwa, Kenneth Watene, Jerry
Okungu, Janet Young and Lydia Kubo.
Hows that for name dropping? The
mythologising could continue but the
take away is that I became hooked,
for life, on all things to do with The
It was Laila Luce of Sasa Sema Pub-
lications who commissioned me to
write on Tom Mboya. I served my ap-
prenticeship for writing plays by, rst
of all, acting in many (about 40) and
directing a few (about ve). In Search
of the Drum Major and Like Ripples on
a Pond, both devised creations and
my rst attempts at the craft, dealt
with lessons learned from the Ameri-
can civil rights movement. Role Play,
Minister, Karibu!, Meetings and Dinner
at Her Excellencys all had Kenya in a
preponderant, background role. Did it
really exist or was it a gment of our
imagination? Most recently, Elements
addressed the female condition.
I wrote Role Play, my rst, origi-
nal eort, after a series of dares: our
literary doyenne, Marjorie Oludhe
MacGoye, had always encouraged me
to write. I welcomed and cherished
her tacit endorsement by retaining
and later returning some of my juve-
nilia. Barack Muluka said to me: If
you write it, it will be published. His
MvuleAfrica imprint did, indeed, in
2005. And Daniele Hartford, artistic
director of the then Courtyard Thea-
tre, said: If you write it, we shall put
it on. To all three, I remain eternally
grateful because, hitherto, I had been
too wimpish to proceed, being so
much in awe of the All Time Greats
that I was timorous of putting ngers
to keyboard and coming up with
complete rubbish.
Thereafter, artistic direc-
tor George Mungai, then
of the Phoenix Theatre,
urged me to write a play
every year and it would
be produced. So, a tra-
dition of sorts has been
established, which is
gratifying. This year,
my oering will be in-
spired by the freedom
fighter Bildad Kaggia
whose life, I believe, well
exemplifies when the
rain started beating
us. The writing
I was introduced to books in the
early 60s London and have been
hooked to The Word ever since
JSO: The truth is
what I write because
I feel a strong urge
TRUPTI: Oh, Linda! Ill never
forget that day. 1st August 1982.
It was awful. I was sixteen at
the time. You know how they
say that there are times when
time stands still. Thats what it
was like. Word got round that
something was wrong. Suddenly,
the radio was like the voice of
God. And then there was the
waiting. Waiting for something
to happen but you didnt know
what. We lived on River Road.
My fathers shop was downstairs
and we lived in an apartment on
top of it. There was total confu-
sion. One minute people were
chanting, celebrating change,
the next minute the government
troops were taking control and
people were eeing for their
lives. Then there was the loot-
ing, looting. I was peeping from
a window. The entire road was
paved with shattered glass. You
cannot imagine! And I remem-
ber the smell of alcohol. Broken
whiskey, gin and vodka bottles,
like some suocating perfume.
We stacked all the sofas and
chairs against the door. But then
at one point there was the bang-
ing, banging, banging. Pictures
fell o the wall. More glass now
in our apartment. I dont know
how many people got in. We
put up no resistance. My father
pleaded with them not to harm
us. They took everything. Uten-
sils. Clothes. TV. Even the shoes
we were wearing. First they said
they would not harm anybody,
but then one of them pointed
at my sister and said, Haka ni
kazuri. Wacha tuonje muhindi.
They pulled her screaming into
the kitchen. They took turns with
her. She is now in Australia. I
cried and cried and cried. Eve-
rybody cried. Even my father. Id
never seen him cry before. In the
afternoon we saw government
troops who had closed in on one
rebel soldier. They followed him.
Everything was like in slow mo-
tion. When we heard gunshots
we knew who it was for. Then a
truck passed by, very slowly. It
was full of dead bodies. Many
of them were naked. There was
blood dripping from the
sides. Isnt it funny how
when people are at-
tacked they seem to
lose their clothes
in the process? I
have never felt
such hate. They
were shout-
ing, Wahindi
waende! Wa-
hindi waende!
I was thinking:
maybe this
isnt my country
after all?
An edited excerpt
from Role Play
IN THEIR OWN WORDS | Kenyan authors speak
When my
mother and
I joined my
father in
early 1960s
where he was
studying, one
feature of our
ing, two-room
at was his
small library
John Sibi-
Removing the log
in our own eye can
be very dicult
Last week, my friends and I delved into a passion-
ate discourse on hypocrisy in the church. I clearly
recall how we rebuked pastors that preach true noth-
ings and blah truisms, and do mischievous things in
the dark. We droned on about how they milk church
funds and use them to acquire superuous luxuries.
Moreover, we accosted the Kenyan pastors that were
caught romancing married women, rather recently.
We all confessed to each other how we had lost faith
in the church, what with its subtle falsehoods and
repulsive facades.
Our hearty discussion got me thinking about a
book that I am presently reading. The book Plays
Pleasant by Bernard Shaw is a collection of plays
that tackles socio-political themes. Shaw launches a
polemical attack on misleading traditions that societies
cling to and pretentious conduct. Sure the book was
written in the 1890s, but the basics of human nature
and societal structure cut through centuries.
The play is called Candida. It centres on James
Morell, a youngish good-looking pastor (they were
called them parsons back then), whose sole message
is peace and fairness to all. He is a fervent advocate
for the integration of socialism into Christianity. And
he lectures this arduously to the entire community. To
Morell, capitalism is like a vermin that only engenders
selshness, classism and love of self. He is quite proud
of himself because he thinks that his congregation
practices the ideals he preaches.
Candida, his wife, breaks him out of this prolonged
and beautiful illusion. She tells him that the women
attend his sermons because they nd him attractive,
and not to drink from his fountain of biblical sagac-
ity. The men are no better. They run their businesses
with a ravenous thirst for money and position. They
are quite the opportunists, only attending Morells
sermons to form nancial partnerships.
Ironically, the pastors father-in-law is the epitome
of selsh capitalism. Morell is utterly shocked by
Candidas revelation, but still doesnt believe that it
is true. And when Candida dubs him a fool for his
inability to spot hypocrisy amongst his own ock, he
plops into a chair, fuming.
Eugene Marchbanks, a rich youth who ends up
working with Morell, only conrms Candidas keen
observations. He tells the pastor that his sermons
are mere ramblings they are useless. To Eugene,
the people who go to listen to the pastor are wasting
their time; they would be better o listening to or
reading poetry.
He dares tell Morell that he does not spend enough
time with his wife because he is so ensconced in his
divine message. He claims that what a person truly
craves is not the divine word, but love. Those who
need love are always too shy to ask for it, he adds.
He drones on about how he longs to be loved; and he
proclaims his feelings for Candida much to Morells
surprise and distaste. Eugene, being so heavily infatu-
ated with the pastors wife, says that he would never
leave her to preach meaningless nothings to people
who were only half-listening
This play made me remember that hypocrisy in the
church is a game played by two teams the shepherds
and the sheep. Many modern-day Christians are no
better than Morells religious congregation. Do we
not see church-going Christians choose pride over
humility; opulence over modesty; promiscuity over
chastity; evil over good every day? Does the ock not
also play a notable role in humiliating the Lord?
Perhaps Eugene, the non-believer who recognised
the value of love (a key pillar of Christianity), was
somewhat holier than the church goers. He may have
been, dare I say, wiser than the pastor for realising
that harsh reality can frustrate even the truest and
holiest of ideals.
And so, perhaps the attack on the inadequacies of
some pastors in carrying out their divine role was
a little one-sided and ad hominem. Maybe I should
remove the speck in my eye before pointing out the
log in the eyes of others. And before I cast that rst
stone, I will remember that I am not sinless.
Tell us about a book that changed your life in not
more than 800 words. Send your story to satnation@
May 24, 2014
20 | Weekend
High value,
more yields
The crossbreeds for every dairy and beef
farmer P. 22 and 30
Normande Sahiwal
Transforming Lives through Quality Education
Seeds of Gold
MAY 24, 2014 the weekly farming magazine
This is about kienyeji chicken. I have
around 15 of them, but the problem
is, I have been let down with coc-
cidiosis. Which are the best drugs?
Rev Avudiko Georey
Hi Georey. Dierent brands of
coccidiostats are available in the
market and if you visit an agro-vet
retail outlet, the attendant will be
able to advise you accordingly.
Nevertheless, the use of such
agents without further measures to
reduce the risk of re-infection will
provide only a temporary improve-
The most eective control measure
is to minimise the risk of infec-
tion by improving the conditions
in the poultry house by ensuring
proper ventilation, proper manure
management, keeping the poultry
house clean and dry and avoid
Seeds of Gold Team,
Egerton University
I would like to get information on
where I can get good quality, high-
yielding and fast maturing seedlings
for avocado and mangoes that
can grow well in Western Kenya
Alex Ongwen
You need to visit Ministry of Ag-
riculture in your area to advice
you on how you can get grafted
avocado and mango seedlings.
They are normally a bit expensive
but the best for what you need.
Production of grafted avocado and
mangoes may start after at least
three years from planting. Good
quality depends on the variety
you choose as you will be advised.
These fruits have specic climatic
requirement, so you will go for
the variety that ts the climatic
requirements of your region
Peter Caleb, Horticultural Scientist,
Department of crops, Horticulture
and soils, Egerton University
Im establishing a farm for exotic
birds and animals in Bungoma
County and I am looking for con-
tacts where I could buy the Llama.
Im told Egerton and Mt Kenya uni-
versities have them although I dont
know who specically to contact.
Kind regards
Kisiangani Emmanuel (PhD)
Hi Kisiangani. The Llama was
introduced in Kenya from Peru in
South America. Currently, there are
just about 200 of them in Kenya at
Egerton University, Mt Kenya Lodge
and Mt Kenya University. However,
those in the university are not for
sale rather for training and exhibi-
tion. Similarly, those in the lodge
are purposely reared for exhibition.
However, for further guidance, you
can contact the Animal Sciences
Department at Egerton University
to give you more details.
Seeds of Gold Team
Egerton University
Seeds of Gold magazine is a gem. I
would like your help on two items
as follows:
1) I would like to keep dorper sheep,
kindly advise where I can get good
2) Finally, I am interested in recruit-
ing a farm manager, do you keep a
data base of such candidates?
Dorper breed does well across the
dierent ecological zones in the
country. They are also appreciated
for their fast growth rates. Kindly,
visit the Kenya Livestock Breeders
Organisation oces in Nakuru or
your sub-county livestock produc-
tion oces for further guidance
on farmers keeping dorper sheep
in your area. Secondly, you may
contact Department of Animal
Sciences, Egerton University, who
have a database of potential live-
stock managers.
Wangui Chege, Research Assistant,
Department of Animal Sciences,
Egerton University.
I am Henry Gichuhi from Mombasa
and many thanks for Seeds of Gold.
I want to start goose keeping. What
are the best breeds to rear? And
Kari improved kienyeji chicken in
comparison to other layers/boilers,
which is the best?
Since goose breeding is mainly in
the hands of private farmers, we
advise you to contact your near-
est livestock production oce to
provide you with more advice on
breeds as well as linkage. The ad-
vantages of the improved kienyeji
chicken developed by Kari include
being dual purpose, that is, it can
be kept for both meat and eggs
and are hardy.
Ronald Kimitei, Research As-
sistant, Animal Science De-
partment, Egerton University.
I need advice on where to get
knowledge in agribusiness using
modern methods. I am enthusiastic
about it. I need short-term training.
Maurice Chichi Choge
Egerton University is a premier
institution oering a wide range
of courses at various levels. Kindly
get in touch with the Faculty of
Agriculture or Department of
Agribusiness Management and
Agricultural Economics so that they
can advise you further. You can also
visit Egerton University website
at www.egerton.ac.ke for more
Mugatha M and Wangui C,
Livestock Research Assist-
ants, Animal Science Depart-
ment, Egerton University.
Hi, Thank you for the good work. I
am interested in farming and would
like to get training.
Can you please suggest a college of
agriculture near Nairobi?
Thank you Abdikani for recognising
Seeds of Gold and for your interest
in agricultural training. However,
the eld of agriculture is wide and
diverse and the training you seek
will depend on the type of agricul-
tural venture you want to pursue.
Kindly indicate your area of interest
for us to advice you better.
Kimitei K, Livestock Research As-
sistant, Department of Animal Sci-
ences, Egerton University.
Thanks for Seeds of Gold. I wit-
nessed my mothers cow giving
birth some time ago and it was ter-
rible. The cow never got up because
she injured one of her hind legs in
the process, or so the vet said. As
a young prospective farmer, this
scared me. What are some of the
precautions a farmer can take to en-
sure safe and successful calving?
Mike, Embu
A dairy cow conceiving and carry-
ing pregnancy to term and success-
fully delivering is the pride of every
farmer. However, management
practices over this period inuence
a lot before and during delivery.
Proper feeding, minimising stress
to the animal and allowing the ani-
mal to have some exercise during
pregnancy are some of the ways to
prevent such incidences. Also, en-
sure presence of a qualied animal
health personnel during deliveries,
particularly with animals known to
have dicult calving.
Lusenaka W, Finalist BSc Animal
Sciences and Wangui C, Livestock
Research Assistant, Egerton Uni-
versity. piuslusenaka@yahoo.com
or prejaw@gmail.com
Dear professors,
I have been reading articles on agri-
business and I must thank you very
much for enlightening us.
I would like to start rearing rab-
bits, but I am not so sure if there is
enough market to sell them. Kindly
advise me on the market.
Wachuka Mutahi
Thank you Wachuka. Rabbit farm-
ing is one of the most potential
avenues for addressing food
security, reducing poverty and
unemployment. However, this area
has not received much attention as
required due to cultural beliefs. In
recent years, people have realised
the benets of rabbit meat and the
demand is on the rise. Kindly con-
sider inquiring from major hotels
and institutions or alternatively
establishing a rabbit market in your
area depending on demand.
Seeds of Gold Team,
Egerton University

Many thanks for your informative
and interesting articles in Seeds of
Gold. I would like to venture into
rabbit farming and rabbit urine ma-
nure in Mombasa. Kindly assist with
any information regarding the same
plus contacts of any person involved
in such a business.
Amani Katana
Thank you Amani. Rabbit farming
has numerous products and by-
products, among urine that has not
been fully utilised. In recent years,
people have realised the benets
of rabbit urine as a form of nitrog-
enous manure and the demand is
on the rise. Kindly, contact your
sub-county livestock production
oce for further guidance on farm-
ers group and community-based
organisation promoting this enter-
prise in your area.
Seeds of Gold Team,
Egerton University
Hello, kindly advise where I can
purchase peacock chicks or eggs for
hatching. I am interested in rearing
them. Provide contacts if possible.
Masharia Mwangi, Muranga
Peacock farming is an emerging
venture and as such farmers are
few in the country. Currently, the
only farmer I am aware of is one
from Kili, who has specialised in
peacock farming. I dont have the
contacts as of now but I will try to
get in contact with the farmer to
get more information for you.
Seeds of Gold Team,
Egerton University
I have six turkeys, one tom and ve
hens. When does a turkey hen start
laying eggs? And is there a good
market for the eggs and the birds in
Kenya? I live in Ngong town.
A mature turkey hen will start lay-
ing eggs at about 36 weeks. This
will depend on genetics and proper
nutrition management during the
early stages of life, with 10-12 eggs
in a clutch. Market for turkey meat
and eggs is mostly in the hotel
industry. You can visit the high end
hotels and draw up contracts with
them for you to supply them with
meat and eggs on a regular basis.
Seeds of Gold Team,
Egerton University
Diseases, sheep and peacocks: Experts
Do you have any question or enquiry on agribusiness, marketing, logis-
tics, processing, innovation, and technology? Our pool of experts from
Egerton University will respond to your questions with proper advice.
Please send your questions to: satnation@ke.nationmedia.com
I read about Girolando, Normande X and
Friesian X Sahiwal as some of the good
dairy crossbreeds. Would you please advise
on where I can get these or any other dairy
crossbreed that can survive in a semi-arid cli-
mate. I would be grateful to hear from you.
The type of breeds to cross and the breed-
ing system to adopt depends on the addi-
tive value of the breeds available as well as
the amount of heterosis (advantage of the
crossbred ospring over the average of both
parents) in the crossbred animals. For better
performance in semi-arid regions, it is always
advantageous to cross indigenous lines with
exotic lines, for example Friesian and Sahiwal
crosses or Friesian and Boran due to their
relative complementarities. For further guid-
ance contact livestock production oce near
Ronald Kimitei, Livestock
Research Assistant, Department of Animal
Sciences, Egerton University.
Prof Omedo Bebe Prof J. Ondura
Cows deliver after a
pregnancy period of about
290 days. After the delivery
of a calf, the foetal mem-
branes detach and drop down
within two hours.
When this does not happen
in the normal two hours and
not more than 12 hours, then
that is referred to as delayed
When afterbirth takes
more than 12 hours to drop,
then it is known as retained
The foetal membranes are
referred to as chorioallantois
and allantois.
The causes of retention of
the afterbirth in cows are
(i) Mineral deciencies, in
particular selenium, Vitamin
E and copper
(ii) Dystocia, which refers
to obstructed labour
(iii) Milk fever
(iv) Immature births (abor-
(v) Induction of parturition
using hormones like corticos-
teroids and prostaglandins.
Retained afterbirth may
cause death of the cow if it
becomes infected and can
cause toxaemia, leading to
metritis or endometritis.
These two conditions will
make the cow lose weight
because of low feed intake,
reduce milk production at the
start of lactation and make
the animal not to conceive be-
cause of unhealthy uterus.
This is usually observed
when cows come back on heat
even when insemination was
done at the correct time or by
a fertile bull.
The cow will take unduly
long time to come on heat,
possibly more than three
months after calving. A cow is
usually ready for insemination
about 85 days after parturi-
The best way to minimise
occurrence of retained after-
birth is to provide animals
with good nutrition, mineral
supplements to avoid any de-
ciencies and monitor the cows
that are calving for prompt
and appropriate management
of the afterbirth.
It is good practice to con-
sult a veterinarian for eec-
tive management of retained
Dr Mutai is a livestock expert,
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
and Surgery, Egerton University
break it down
I refer to your article on Moringa
farming in Nyando, Kisumu.
Please give me the number for
Winstone Odhiambo, the owner
of Edom Nutritional Solutions
based in Nyamsaria.
EDITOR: Contact Winstone Ed-
ward Odhiambo on 0724222356
or 0739178757.
Kindly provide me contacts of
Sun Culture. I come from Busia
I work and live with my family
in Diani. However, I am from
Nyanza. I have almost 3.5 acres
in Mswabweni- Fahamuni Kwale.
I have been doing some farming
for over three years. I do have
a well, my concern is that most
of time the crops fail due to un-
reliable rainfall and we do not
have power yet. I do keep goats,
chickens and cultivate maize,
paw paw and tomatoes. I re-
cently planted nappier grass
Please, I need to get in
touch with Sun Culture.
Richard Mosomi Oyasi
EDITOR: Please reach Sun Cul-
ture on sales@sunculture.com
or 070032002
Thank you for this informative
magazine. I would like to sug-
gest that in future, it would be
more helpful if you could include
a farmers or experts contact in
the article being featured. Other-
wise good work.
Ochwada, Busia
EDITOR: You can reach the
experts through email address
provided and farmers by writ-
ing to us.
Dear Seeds of Gold
I thank you for the great work
you are doing in educating farm-
ers. I always look forward to the
Saturday paper. Could you please
feature a citrus fruit farmer, op-
portunities available and many
more. Many thanks and keep up
the good work
Juliana Mutile
EDITOR: Thank you for your
support. Look out for the story
in next issues.
Where can I buy a charcoal bri-
quettes making machine?
Mainda Twaha
EDITOR: Kindly talk to Patrick
of Alfaster Industries, Nyeri on
0722769087 or Benson of Ben-
mah Products, 0722237869.
Hi sir, my name is Tabby, a rabbit
farmer. I would like you to link
me with Antony Rume, the rabbit
farmer who appeared in Seeds
of Gold.
I would like you to give me his
email address or the phone
number we talk business.
Hi, I am a young farmer rearing
rabbits and I wish to link up with
Antony Rume of Rongai.
Mercy Mungai
Much thanks for the nice and ed-
ucative stories you are doing on
farming. I am interested in get-
ting in touch with Antony Rume,
the rabbit farmer from Rongai.
I would like to visit his farm to
learn more since I am trying to
rear rabbits in my rural home.
Victor Muli.
I am kindly asking if you could
link me with Antony Rume, who
rears rabbits. I would highly ap-
preciate to get his number.
EDITOR: Please talk to Antony
on 0713180761.
Hello, thanks a lot for the
educative articles published
by Seeds of Gold. I have been
able to learn a lot and I am
requesting you to publish more
articles on dairy farming. Also, I
would like to know where to buy
jua kali agricultural machines for
cutting grass for livestock. I have
been checking around town but
Ive not yet been able to see any
shops in town.
Hope Musila
EDITOR: Thank you for your
support. Look out for the stories
in next issues.
I read with great interest and
enthusiasm about Sanjay Malde.
Please send me his details. Keep
up the good informative stories.
Asif, Yala
EDITOR:EDITOR: Please reach
Sanjay on 0700723220.
I read Rutos organic milk pro-
duction with a lot of interest.
I would like to visit his farm in
Uasin Gishu and learn more on
the same.
EDITOR: Reach Paul Ruto on
If yes, tell us on
Your commodity/service
(produce, farm inputs, animal
feeds, farm machinery and agro-
chemicals etc)
Your quantity
Your price
Your location
Your contact
Seeds of Gold will publish this
information every Saturday,
FREE OF CHARGE, to link you
up with potential buyers or
Dealing with retained
afterbirth in cows
The best way
to minimise
occurrence of
retained afterbirth
is to provide
animals with good
Dr Mutai
The huge banana plants on
his farm in Kisumu County are
like a magnet, as they attract
people who come to ask if they
can buy them.
Michael Agalo, the owner
of the farm, says he receives
several queries about the ba-
nanas that have turned him
into a point of reference in his
village when it comes to good
farming practices.
The bananas are tissue
cultured varieties, he says.
In tissue culture, there are
three varieties. I plant two
Uganda Green and Williams
variety which do very well
The varieties are pest and
disease resistant and they give
higher yields. Agalo went into
banana farming after Africa
Now, an NGO, visited the re-
gion and encouraged them to
venture into agribusiness.
They brought together
people who were interested
in farming and asked us to
choose what we wanted to
plant. Other villagers and I
chose bananas because we
knew they had a ready mar-
Each farmer was given 25
suckers in form of a loan. They
were to plant the crop and af-
ter they produced suckers,
they would harvest and give
to other farmers ve suckers
To plant bananas, Agalo
explains, one should rst dig
a hole of about 1m wide by 1m
deep. One then separates the
top soil from sub soil.
You then mix the top soil
and compost manure in the
same ratio and then put the
mixture into the hole. The
mixture is left for one month
for good mixing before plant-
ing. When you plant the
sucker immediately into the
soil, the compost manure can
burn it because it normally
produces a lot of heat, which
is dangerous to the crop. After
about a month, one plants the
suckers. Mulching is neces-
sary. This can be done by
use of dry grass or leaves to
prevent evaporation. Mulch-
ing also adds moisture into
the soil.
After every six months, the
plant should be top-dressed
with urea or Calcium ammo-
nium nitrate fertiliser.
The plant will produce
many suckers, which should
be harvested, but the mother
plant should be left to pro-
duce more, he explains. To
get good yields and to avoid
many suckers in a single hole,
three suckers should be left in
each hole.
He supplies his bananas to
hotels in Kisumu, and at times
sells to small-scale buyers on
his farm. He also sells them in
markets in Kisumu.
I have a ready market
at Kibuye on Sundays, says
Agalo, who makes at least
Sh20,000 per month from
the crop.
The bananas sell for be-
tween Sh500 to Sh1,000,
depending on size.
If you want to keep cus-
tomers happy, you must
produce the best by spending
on new techniques and varie-
ties, says Agalo, who also
grows traditional vegetables,
tomatoes and beans. The
three crops earn him an ad-
ditional Sh50,000 a month.
He depends on rain, thus dur-
ing dry seasons, he parts with
huge sums of money to water
his crops.
According to Dr Lusike
Wasilwa of Kenya Agricul-
ture Research Institute, the
Uganda Green and Williams
banana varieties have a wide
She adds that Uganda Green
is good for cooking, is sweet
and has a nice smell. Williams
has a good ripening character-
istic, has good taste, is large
and mild, which is good for
commercial purposes.
Bananas are very good
sources of potassium, which
can help relax the pounding
blood vessels. They help to
cure or prevent hangovers.
The main causes of hangovers
are dehydration and depletion
of potassium. If you want to
avoid a hangover, drink water
and eat a banana.
My money grows
on bananas
Michael Agalo went into banana
farming after receiving 25 suckers,
now he supplies other farmers with the
seedlings and keeps customers happy
Michael Agalo
tends to his
bananas that
he grows at a
farm in Kisumu.
Maseno University
Uganda Martyrs University University of Lagos
Uganda Christian University
Egerton University
Mzumbe University
University of Botswana
University of
Dar es Salaam
University of Ibadan
University of Jos University of Sierra Leone
University of Ghana
Mention Kapsabet and
what comes to mind on matters
farming is tea.
Tea farming is the top agricul-
tural activity in the region. As one
walks in the area, the lush green
tea elds are a sight to behold.
It tempts one to conclude that
all families in the region grow
tea. But at least not for Salina
The teacher is among few
farmers in the region who are
not growing tea, a crop dubbed
green gold. She is keeping sh,
dairy cows and bees, activities
that earn her a good bonus, more
than what many tea farmers in
the region get.
I am happy keeping fish,
cows and bees. They are better
than tea, says the teacher, who
is known in the region because
of posting good performance in
KCPE exams at Fr Kuhn Acad-
emy, Chepterit.
Interestingly, Salina says she
started sh farming not as an
agribusiness but to keep her fam-
ily healthy, with unlimited supply
of white meat.
As a mother, my intention was
to provide my husband Pius, who
lives in Kampala, and our ve
children living in Nairobi nice
sh, a healthy alternative. I was
tired of buying the commodity
because the prices are higher,
says the 52-year-old.
She established the rst pond
in 2008, which provided plenty
of sh to her family.
However, in 2010, she was
overwhelmed by the surplus,
which made her to start selling
the commodity.
I would sell the sh to neigh-
bours, but the buyers were not
many because sh is not a staple
here. However, Salina still made
good money that made her de-
cide to venture into commercial
sh production by constructing
three more ponds.
What encouraged me to go
into the business is that I have
a permanent source of water on
my farm. I made 10 by 4 metres
She then planted bamboo
trees around them to make sure
the surrounding is as natural as
possible. This, however, worked
against her as predator birds
started to attack her sh. Birds
of prey, some of which I had
never seen, pitched tent at the
ponds. They would pick my sh
and y away. This made me cut
the bamboo trees.
To boost production, Salina
learned of new sh feeds that
have boosted her business.
Initially, I was getting free fod-
der from the Ministry of Fisher-
ies oce in Kapsabet, but it was
not much.
I attended a biogas training
sponsored by a non-governmen-
tal organisation. I was surprised
to learn that cow dung could be
used as sh feed. I embraced it
immediately, says the teacher.
Salina rerouted some of the
slurry she was using as manure
for her crops to the sh bond.
The outcome was marvelous.
The colour of the water darkened
providing camouflage against
predator birds and promoted
the growth of lichens, which
are eaten by sh. Besides, sh
eat sludge. The sh doubled in
weight, she says.
Salina keeps single sex sh
to avoid over population. The
farmer harvests between 60 and
80 sh every month and sends
close to half to her family and
sells the rest to at Sh150 each.
The other farming ventures
that include dairy, bee keeping,
horticulture and poultry give her
good income.
Up to 2011, I was having very
low beans and maize yields. This
is the reason I decided to keep
bees, so that they can pollinate
my crops.
She says she learned that in
China bee farmers were dipping
sticks made of chicken feathers
into bottles of pollen and there-
after pollinating owers.
I started keeping bees prima-
rily for my pollination but if need
be, I can hire my bees out for pol-
lination. It is done elsewhere and
farmers are making good money,
she notes.
Before she started keeping
bees, Salina says the number of
beans in one pod had dropped
to two but the bees have helped
them reach six.
Keeping bees has made me
not use pesticides, which I think
it is a good thing. A farm sprayed
with chemicals repels bees. Some
even die.
She has 47 hives on her 0.2
acre farm. The rst thing in bee
keeping is the source of clean
water, then natural tree owers
and protection from predators
like ants and rodents.
So how does she trap bees
into a new hive? Salina says that
bees like air planes have denite
So, she strategically places
empty hives on their routes.
Salina harvests 17 litres of
honey per hive twice a year.
Members of my family travel
twice a month to collect honey,
sh and milk. I have trained my
family not to eat or drink what
they do not know their source.
Out of 1,700 litres of honey
she harvests annually at dier-
ent times, she sells 1,000 litres at
Sh250 a litre.
Salina, who gets 20 litres of
milk daily from each of her cows,
advises professionals to engage
in farming to act as role models
to other people.
Top in classroom and on the farm
Salina, a
in bee,
sh and
that have
made her
stand out
in Nandi
where tea
is the main
cash crop
Salina Choge
at her sh
farm in
Salina Choge at her dairy
farm in Kapsabet. Right: Her
Salina was this week promoted
to head teacher and posted to
Kapcheluch Academy in Nandi
County owing to her exemplary
performance in KCPE exams. In
last years KCPE, with a colleague
Linus Tanui, they attained a mean
grade of 63 per cent in Social
Studies, ranking second best be-
hind English in subject category
in the region. She had more
than 10 As in her subject. School
head teacher Dimtrious Sino said
that her subject was among the
best in Nandi Central District. I
congratulate and wish her well in
her new position, he says.
Theres need for the setting
up of infrastructure in many
places, where people can bring
their produce and buyers can
come to buy. But the private
sector is also an important
market to consider and we
help link farmers to them as
this increases security and
sustainability. We are currently
working with an association of
sorghum farmers in Machakos
to link them to breweries. In all
this, mobile phones have proved
to be important for farmers to
market their goods and know
the price of produce. Weve seen
this with a group of banana
farmers weve been partnering
with, who transact by M-pesa. It
has reduced the number of bro-
kers, increased eciency and
ensured the growers get more
money than they did before.
Would you advise your favourite
niece to take up a career in farming?
I would. The barrier for the
youth has been the notion
that farming involves spend-
ing treacherously long hours
in the sun and digging with a
hoe. We need to show them
the other side of agribusiness,
to help them see that it is in-
novative, protable, interesting
and attractive. The youth will
get interested to do something
if its dierent and interesting.
Ive already observed things
starting to change. One of my
sons friends in her early 20s
keeps cows for milk. One trend
that I think well come out more
and more with the youth will be
urban farming. Well also see
farming done dierently with
technology used more, smarter
packaging, shorter time periods
for harvest, and unique and ex-
otic produce.
Which countries can Kenyan
farmers learn from and look up to as
a benchmark to get better?
One would be the Nether-
lands. Its a small country, most
of which used to be under water.
Despite its size and despite the
fact that it is under snow almost
half the year, it uses the little it
has intensively such that it feeds
the whole of Europe and has
more for export. It also runs on
cooperatives where the biggest
bank in the country is actually
a cooperative. This combina-
tion of elements of research,
cooperatives, attention paid to
the smallholder farmer and sup-
portive policies come together
and enable the Dutch to become
a serious player in agriculture.
The other country would be Is-
rael. It is a desert but it exports
food to almost every continent.
What is in the future for Agra?
We want to do more to docu-
ment the success stories we
have found and share them
with partners. The idea is to
then convene around these to
shape conversations, which
will be helpful for the African
The other thing we wish to do
is continue to be active on the
level of policy. We are working
with the African Union to urge
African governments to allocate
a minimum of 10 per cent of
their national budgets to agri-
culture as promised in the Com-
prehensive Africa Agriculture
Development Programme.
The long rains have failed again.
Does this herald the end of rain-fed
It doesnt. If farmers use
drought-resistant crops and
improved soil fertility manage-
ment technologies, they can
mitigate the eects of less rain.
Agra is working with breeders
and seed companies to ensure
that drought-resistant seeds are
available and technology on soil
fertility is more accessible. Ir-
rigation could provide a solution
out of this but this would have to
be something considered for the
long-term because as it is, the
percentage of irrigated land is
small, and setting up large-scale
irrigation infrastructure requires
massive investment.
There has been a lot of talk about
climate change and its impact on food
security. How grave is the challenge?
Weather systems are becom-
ing more erratic and violent, and
studies show that many areas are
likely to see less rain in the fu-
ture. This means there is also an
increased incidence of drought.
Majority of Kenyan farmers rely
on rainfall for their production,
which means climate change
could easily aect our agricultural
What innovations can farmers turn
to if they want to make up for the rain
decit and still reap good harvests?
Generally, mobile phones have
in the past years made work
easier for farmers, where they use
them to access information on
the weather, markets, prices, new
practices and products. More
specically, related to what were
doing, farmers can use techno-
logically improved seeds, which
are drought-resistant, mature
quicker, and tailored for their lo-
cations. They can also take up the
latest soil fertility management
techniques, which would help
both in the short and long-term.
What are Agra priority areas and
how have they been of help to farm-
Agra programmes focus on
dierent parts of the agriculture
value chain. We fund programmes
related to research, training of sci-
entists, breeding of improved seed
varieties, improvement of soil and
strengthening the capacity of dif-
ferent players in the value chain.
For example, the Programme
for Africas Seed Systems has
come up with over 450 new im-
proved seed varieties that can give
farmers a better yield because they
are disease and drought resistant.
Apart from this, we get the seed
varieties out of the labs and into
farmers hands by networking
seed companies with agro-dealers
and farmers. We support agro-
dealers, farmers associations and
people running seed businesses.
Our other programmes are
geared at improving soil health,
increasing markets, and provid-
ing storage to reduce post-harvest
losses. One of the things weve
been working on in relation to
this is a warehouse receipt sys-
tem, where farmers can take their
grains, get a receipt and use that
as collateral in a bank.
Speaking of banks, one of the regu-
lar questions readers ask is how they
can access credit facilities if they are
in agribusiness. Does Agra have any
project that oer nancing?
Agra recognises the challenge
farmers have in getting capital
and, yes, one of our largest cur-
rent programmes does try to
address this. We help farmers
access capital in partnership with
the government, the International
Fund for Agricultural Develop-
ment and Agricultural Finance
Corporation. We signed a Risk
Sharing Facility Agreement that
now allows three commercial
banks in Kenya Barclays Bank,
Cooperative Bank and K-Rep
Bank to extend loans to farm-
ers without worrying about bad
credits. The programme gives
loans for farm inputs and for cash
advances needed for urgent things
like school fees and medical bills
as farmers wait to be paid for their
produce. The other set of loans is
for small agricultural business
players. Theres the perception
that farmers are a bad risk for
banks but our experience so far
has shown no case of defaults.
Talk about markets for produce,
especially in Kenya.
Jane Karuku is
the rst female
president of the
Alliance for a
Green Revolution
in Africa (Agra).
Karuku also sits on
the Global Panel
on Agriculture and
Food Systems for
Nutrition. Kingwa
Kamencu spoke
to her about what
Agra is doing
in partnership
with smallholder
farmers to spark
an agricultural
in Africa and
what it will take
for Kenyas
industry to attain
its maximum
food security
The youth and mobile phones
to spark agricultural revolution
Jane Karuku
The number of
new improved
seed varieties
that Programme
for Africas Seed
Systems has come
up with
kiln to produce char that is sold
to briquettes producers. The char
costs Sh10 per kilogramme.
Once the briquettes come out
of the extruder, Twahir normally
dries them in the sun for three to
four days.
He then packs them into
2kg and 5kg packets. For the
hotels and restaurants, he sells
them in 25kg and 50kg gunny
Twahir has employed eight
workers who operate the motor-
ised machines that have a capac-
ity to produce 500kg of briquettes
per hour. His monthly production
capacity is about 20 tonnes.
He sells the briquettes at Sh50
per kilo.
Starting up
A professional accountant,
Twahir, started the business last
year with a capital of Sh200,000
raised from friends and family.
I used the money to buy a
manual charcoal extruder at
Sh30,000. It had a production
capacity of 100kg of briquettes
per day, but I have upgraded to
an electric machine.
With demand of environmen-
tally friendly fuel on the rise,
Twahir says his briquettes busi-
ness has grown.
Briquettes are far much bet-
ter than rewood and charcoal
because they emit less dangerous
gases, which normally cause res-
piratory diseases, he says.
Hinzano, who also produces
the fuel and trains people on how
to make it, says briquettes are
100 per cent organic and burn
The entrepreneur, who runs
Angaza Kenya, says briquettes
can be made at home by hand us-
ing locally available material.
Here, we rely on coconut
waste because that is what we
have. But a farmer can use any
agricultural waste they have, for
instance, from maize, beans and
coee, he says.
Alleviating poverty
When machines are used in
the manufacturing process, qual-
ity briquettes are produced and
production time is reduced, but if
you are not doing it for commer-
cial purposes, you do not need
The two entrepreneurs work
attracted Global Village Energy
Partnerships (GVEP), an insti-
tution that advocates for use of
clean energy.
GVEP supported me to buy
a briquettes making machine
worth Sh115,000. I paid 40 per
cent and they paid the remain-
ing amount. This machine has
helped me boost production,
Hinzano says.
He adds that he ensures resi-
dents know that coconut waste
can transform livelihoods and
alleviate poverty.
The best quality coconut
waste is the one which has a lot
of shells. The more the husk,
the more ash the briquettes will
produce, he says. With his wife
Agnes Mramba, he produces a
tonne of briquettes every month
and earns about Sh50,000.
According to Hinzano, the chal-
lenge with briquettes is widening
the market as most people in ru-
ral areas still use charcoal.
Maurice Onzere, a business
development services coordina-
tor with GVEP, says any farmer
or person seeking to join the
small-energy business can make
briquettes from materials in their
You do not have to have a
big farm to benefit from the
fuel. Even a quarter an acre can
produce enough waste to make
briquettes, he explains.
He adds, Livestock farmers
make biogas from animal waste,
crop farmers should also make
briquettes from plant waste for
use at home or for commercial
According to Onzere, farmers
can make briquettes from various
crop waste, which include ba-
nana and potato peels, saw dust,
sugar bagasse, wheat straw, rice
husks and owers.
Lack of awareness, technical
skills, cultural beliefs and over-re-
liance on charcoal are among rea-
sons farmers have not embraced
the fuel.
A manual briquette-making
machine costs between Sh10,000
and Sh20,000.
While a motorised one goes
for between Sh80,000 and
Sh300,000. Farmers need to
embrace briquettes. They recycle
agricultural waste hence better
waste management. They also
save energy costs thus support-
ing investment in agriculture.
Ash obtained from briquettes
can also be used to enhance soil
Hey, dont burn crop
waste, make briquettes
Twahir and
waste and
make fuel
from it,
which they
and sell to
Can be tailored to a particular us-
age, that is long burning time, stove
types (institutional or households).
They help protect the environment
since the consumption level is low
and produce less smoke, compared
to rewood and charcoal.
Lower overall fuel costs for users as
they are made from biomass waste
They emit less dangerous gases
especially for heavy users of charcoal
like poultry farmers for heating.
One can standardise size, shape
and energy content.
Better option Why embrace this fuel
The tonnes of briquettes
Twahir produces every
month in his factory in
Ramadhan Hinzano
Hinzano with
the briquettes
he makes from
coconut waste
in his plant in
With coconut being one
of the major crops grown at the
Coast, the amount of waste the
plant generates is enormous.
In some villages, the waste has
become a menace as people do
not know how to dispose it. In
others, residents simply burn it.
But what many villagers do
not know is that they can turn
the waste into an ecient and
reliable source of fuel.
Coconut waste is a good
source of fuel, particularly when
used to make briquettes. Bri-
quettes made from the waste
cook longer and thus help to con-
serve the environment, explain
Said Twahir and Ramadhan
Hinzano from Kili County, who
make briquettes from the waste
and sell to tourist hotels and
Twahir, through his firm,
Kencoco Ltd, produces about
20 tonnes of briquettes every
The process
starts with sourc-
ing raw materials,
which include
charcoal and saw
dust, coconut
shells and sugar cane
waste. The waste is then
crushed in a machine.
Normally, I use the charcoal
and carbonised coconut waste,
which are mixed with
or cas-
s a v a
t h a t
acts as a
the mixture is
put in an extruder
machine, which
compacts it to pro-
duce briquettes.
Sometimes the coconut
waste is carbonised in a drum-
Said Twahir with the briquettes he makes in his plant in Mombasa from coconut
Dirty, untidy and lthy. These
are words that are commonly used
to describe a pigsties and pigs.
But pigs are some of the cleanest
animals, and the pigsty can be one of
the best places to sit and relax.
It all depends on the farmer.
How he takes care of the pigs
will determine whether they are
dirty or clean, says Margaret
Wathuti, a pig farmer.
Wathuti, who engages in
pig farming in Kahawa West,
Nairobi, has found beauty
in rearing the animals to the
amazement of her peers.
Residents call the 26-year-
old msichana wa nguruwe (the
girl who rears pigs) because of
her love for the animals.
It was not dicult for Seeds
of Gold to locate her in Kahawa
West as all we needed to ask for
was msichana wa nguruwe.
Her 26 pens, which occupy less
than a half of her leased quarter-an-
acre farm, hold over 60 pigs, and
this does not include the piglets. The
number is the threshold required by
Farmers Choice, the largest buyer in
the country.
You only need ve sows to reach
60 pigs, she says as she lets us into
her farm. And to get these ve sows,
you only need one gilt (a young fe-
male pig that has not mothered),
about two years and commitment.
Margaret ventured into the busi-
ness after failing to proceed to col-
lege when she nished high school
in 2006. With just one Danbred Lan-
drace gilt that she got from her uncle
for free after telling him she wanted
to rear pigs, sheer determination has
brought her to where she is now.
I used to think that lacking the
money to study accounting killed
my dreams, but when I look at my
pigs, I believe they will one day hire
an accountant for me, she says.
After taking care of her rst pig
for some time, she enrolled for a
months training at Farmers Choice
and retook the course a second time
to make sure she got it right. She
still goes for training once a year to
refresh her memory.
Today, she sells about 10 pigs
after every three months for about
Sh15,000 each depending on the
weight. Margaret observes a strict
rearing formula.
They say pigs are noisy and dirty,
can you hear any loud grunting?
Milk and soya keep my
pigs happier, healthy
Margaret oers her
pigs the two delicacies,
among others, and in
turn, they reward her
with Sh15,000 each
every three months
urban farming
The minimum
number of pigs one
needs to be con-
tracted by Farm-
ers Choice.
Can you see any ies? Is my pigsty
smelling bad? she asks as if read-
ing our minds before we ask her why
her pigs are that clean.
She has divided her sty into
separate furrowing pens for almost
mothering sows, weaned piglets,
fattening and dry pens for sows
in early pregnancy. All these are
cleaned after each two days using a
detergent and a lot of water.
If you keep your pens clean,
there is no need to clean the pigs
physically. Pigs love rubbing them-
selves against the walls and roll on
the oor when bored and this cleans
them naturally, she says.
Unlike most farmers who feed
their pigs with leftovers sourced
from markets, hotels and schools,
hers are only given manufactured
feeds. She forties the feeds with
Sunflower seeds, soya beans,
crushed dry maize stalks, rice bran
and dagaa (omena) that she sources
from Gikomba market. She does
this twice daily at 8am and 5 pm.
When you feed them with lefto-
vers from other sources, you dont
know where the food has come from
and it contains a lot of worms be-
cause most of it is stale, she says.
This slows down the pig from
achieving its desired weight on
time, plus you will be calling a vet
from time to time, so you think you
are saving money, yet in essence you
are losing lots of it.
At 1pm every day, she feeds all of
her pigs with fermented milk stored
in a large 200 litre blue container.
Milk has a lot of nutrients. That
is a universal fact. That is why ba-
bies are fed on milk only for the
rst six months of their lives. It is
a booster and makes them grow
quickly and maintain good health,
she adds.
She has made arrangements with
milk sellers and farmers to supply
her with milk they fail to sell, most
of which is stale. This is acquired
very cheaply at Sh15 per litre and
she does the fermenting herself.
When her sows are on heat, she
borrows boars from other farmers
and makes sure they are Danbred
Landrace breeds because they
mature faster, have good feed con-
version and are among the breeds
preferred in making bacon and pork
She sells her pigs to Farmers
Choice when they reach seven
months at Sh220 per kilo.
As a lady, does she fear dirt?
In pigs business, if you fear dirt,
then you fear success and thus you
will die poor. So you have to teach
yourself to do any work as so long
as it makes money.
Patricia Chami, an animal produc-
tion research ocer at Farm Africa,
says there is lack of information on
the correct methods of rearing pigs.
Pigs are quintessential biologi-
cal recyclers, foragers, and grazers.
They love to eat almost anything
they have access to, she says.
Because of this, most farm-
ers feed pigs with leftovers, which
is dangerous. If you want to do it
commercially, feed them with the
accredited feeds for protein, speci-
cally lysine.
Pigs will happily drink fresh milk
but you may nd that its worth your
time to age your milk in barrels for
a few days before feeding them. This
will help the pigs digest it more ef-
ciently, she explains.
Margaret Wathuthi
Wathuthi and
her pigs at her
farm in Kahawa,
Francis Kamau, the ocer in charge
of eld activities at Farmers Choice,
says there are dierent nutrient rations
in commercial feeds that make it impor-
tant for farmers to use them.
Pigs dont require the same nutri-
ents at each stage, he says. There is
starter feed for piglets, grower feed and
nisher feed, and if you adhere to this,
your pigs will be ready for the market in
seven months.
The company also advises farmers to
cut costs by fortifying feeds with other
types of foods.
They should also be vaccinated at
dierent stages.
Erysipalas at three months,
Porein Parvo at six months,
E-coli and Clostridium six
weeks before farrowing
and yearly against Erysip-
alas. All the vaccinations
should be repeated three
weeks after the rst
one, he explains.
Denmark is one of the
top producers of pork.
It exports the produce
to over 130 countries
including US, Japan,
Germany and the UK
cow against diseases. A lion
strayed from a nearby park
and killed the animal. Kamau
wants to have his claim paid.
Is it possible?
Farmers insure their
animals with the objective of
having nancial security and
protection from any calami-
Insurance is grounded
on seven principles, namely
utmost good faith, insurable
interest, indemnity, contribu-
tion, subrogation, loss minimi-
sation and proximate cause. A
claim is paid if it is a result of
an insured risk outlined in the
insurance policy.
It is, therefore, important to
determine the actual cause of
the loss incurred, and this is
taken care of by the principle
of proximate cause, which
looks at how the damage or
loss occurred and, ultimately,
this leads the insurer to the
determine if the risk was in-
deed insured.
Burden of proof
Kamau is required to prove
that the risk that caused the
loss of his cow was insured.
If he had insured his cow
against diseases, with the
exclusion of any other peril,
then the proximate cause of
the loss of his cow is not con-
tained in his insurance policy.
In this case, the insurer
will deny policy liability by
rejecting the claim and dem-
onstrate that the risk was not
insured. The refusal to pay
should be done in writing by
the insurer.
However, if Kamau had
taken an all-risk policy, it
would be dierent. An all-risk
policy covers accidental loss
or damage or destruction
to specied property, as a
result of any cause that is not
specically excluded under
the policy. This means that
the cover would have been
insured against all perils.
Consequently, Kamau
would have only proved that
loss of the cow occurred dur-
ing the validity period of the
insurance cover. If the insurer
wants to apply exclusion, the
insurer would prove that the
attack by the lion was one
of the excluded items in the
It is vital to understand
what is covered in your policy
and what is not. If you are liv-
ing in an area prone to wild-
life attacks, it is your respon-
sibility as a farmer to take up
an insurance company that
insures against attacks by
wildlife, among other risks.
What other recourse can
he seek?
Kamau may seek com-
pensation from his County
Wildlife Conservation and
Compensation Committee
established by the Wildlife
Conservation and Manage-
ment Act, 2013. The com-
mittee is tasked with several
functions, which include
reviewing and recommending
claims resulting from loss or
damage caused by wildlife for
The law provides that any
person, who suers loss or
damage to crops, livestock
or other property due to wild
animals may submit a claim
to the County Wildlife Con-
servation and Compensation
Committee (CWCCC), which
shall verify the claim and
make recommendations as
appropriate and submit it to
the Kenya Wildlife Service for
due consideration.
The CWCCC shall further
review the claim and award a
compensation valued at mar-
ket rates. In this case, Kamau
should submit his claim to the
However, the law clearly
stipulates that no compensa-
tion shall be paid if Kamau
failed to take reasonable
measures to protect his cow
from attack or if his land use
practice is incompatible with
the ecosystem-based man-
agement plan for the area he
lives in.
If Kamau is dissatised
with the award of compensa-
tion by either the committee
or the Kenya Wildlife Service,
he may, within 30 days after
being notied of the decision
and award, le an appeal to
the National Environment
Tribunal and a second appeal
to the Environment and Land
All-risk insurance
policy oers the
best cover for you
You and the law
By Rosemary Mugwe
The writer is a lawyer: rosemugwe@yahoo.com
Traditional vegetables have become a
major delicacy as many families seek to
stay healthy.
The rise in demand for the produce
has oered farmers and businesses ready
Jane Kemunto, a trader at Muthurwa
market in Nairobi, is among those reaping
from the trade.
Some of the vegetables that make her
business thrive include kunde (cow peas)
terere (amaranth) and malenge (pumpkin
leaves), which she gets from Kisii County.
Jane, who has been in business for ve
years, delights in an established clientele,
which she has kept for years.
She, however, says since the start of
this year, the ban on night travel for public
service vehicles and high cost of living
have brought new challenges. The govern-
ment in an eort to curb road carnage
declared that luggage should be carried
in the boot rather than on the carrier. We
are now charged Sh70 per consignment by
the transport providers, who are either bus
companies or 14-seater vehicles, said the
mother of four.
In a typical day, she arrives at the mar-
ket at 5am to collect the consignments
from Kisii. Other expenses in the business
include the daily Sh50 fee charged by
the Nairobi County government and Sh40
weekly fee for guards who look after their
property at night.
Ban on night travel hurts mama mboga
Leonard Munga is an
excited dairy farmer. He is
happy because one of his cows
is pregnant and will give birth
in a few weeks time.
I am expecting to get over
20 litres of milk each day from
the cow, says Munga, who is
based in Kiambu County.
The cow is a crossbreed of
Fleckvieh, a German breed
that was introduced into the
country few years ago.
I went for the crossbreed
because it was expensive to
buy the 100 per cent Fleck-
vieh breed. My cows are a
crossbreed of Friesian and
According to him, the cross-
breed is strong, resistant to
diseases and eats less. The cow
also endures years of milking,
unlike the other breeds. Fran-
cis Kukutia, who is based in
Kajiado County, is another
farmer keeping crossbreeds of
Fleckvieh, with Zebu, Boran,
Friesian and Ayrshire.
Each of these cows give
varying amounts of milk. His
crossbreed of Fleckvieh and
Boran, for instance, yields
eight to 10 litres of milk a
day. I keep the cross-
breed because I wanted
to be a breeder and
supplier of beef in local
butcheries, said Kukutia.
Boran is good for beef but
the reason why I crossbreed
is so that I can also get good
quantity of milk, he says. I
want to be a breeder and sup-
plier of beef in local butcher-
ies, said Kukutia. Kukutia
sells the crossbreed bull-calf
at Sh150,000.
Fleckvieh was imported into
the country from South Africa
about three years ago.
It is a dual-purpose breed,
meaning that its good for beef
and milk.
Gerard Besseling, the man-
aging director of Fleckvieh
Genetics East Africa Limited,
the rm which introduced the
breed in Kenya, says the cow
produces up to 10,000 litres of
milk per lactation period.
He says most farmers pre-
fer to crossbred Fleckvieh and
other breeds to cut costs.
Farmers crossbreed local
breeds with Fleckvieh for extra
yielding. Boran bulls, Jersey
and Ayrshire are some of the
cattle that farmers have cross-
bred with the German cow.
The rm sells Fleckvieh se-
men at between Sh1,500 and
According to him, the o-
spring carries 75 per cent of
Fleckvieh genetics after arti-
cial fertilisation. Fleckvieh
experts consider this to be a
high degree of gene transfer,
25 per cent more than normal
The economic ben- ets of
Fleckvieh can be
compared to
the Sahiwal
b r e e d .
Sahiwal is
a Zebu
b r e e d
Fleckvieh: King of milk
lights up dairy farms
dairy farming
Many farmers are
embracing the
German breed
by crossbreeding
with local ones for
higher yields
Leonard Munga
with his Fleckvieh
crossbreeds in his
Farm in Wangige,
Kiambu County.
that is mainly kept for milk and
beef. Farmers in South Rift are
familiar with this breed. The
animal is tolerant to heat and re-
sistant to most cattle diseases,
he adds.
The Zebu cattle originally
came from Punjab, near the
India-Pakistani border. It was
brought to Kenya in the late
1930s. Since then, it has be-
come popular with local farm-
ers, especially ranchers.
It is praised for its adequate
milk production. In Kenya, the
animal has been crossbred with
other dairy cattles.
Although much research
has been done on breeds like
Sahiwal, extension ocers and
livestock breeders from Kenya
Agricultural Research Institute
(Kari) say they have no data
to back the productivity of
Fleckvieh breed. Fleckvieh is a
relatively new breed introduced
in the country three years ago.
We are yet to conduct research
on it, says Dr Ndeiye Ilatsia, a
livestock breeder at Kari.
The climatic conditions of
some of the places where its
being reared, like South Africa,
may not match some locations
in the country.
The rst point of concern is
whether or not Fleckvieh might
turn out to be antagonistic
considering Kenya is hot, but a
farmer can overcome such chal-
lenges with its crossbreeds.
Limited land is another chal-
lenge for small farmers keen on
capitalising on pure Fleckvieh
for milk and beef production.
Rearing a particular breed is
an individual farmers choice,
said Dr Ilatsia Its however
hoped that the uptake of Fleck-
vieh, Sahiwal, Normande and
Girolando crossbreeds will go
up as farmers absorb them.
According to
tik, Fleckvieh
is the second
largest cattle
breed in the world.
The animal is dual
It is suitable for the
production of milk, beef
and their byproducts.
Its history dates back
to 1830 in Switzerland.
It was developed
from the Simmentaler
Fleckvieh was
developed as an
independent breed by
the Germans.
IMPROVED SEEDS are key to better food production. The
Food and Agriculture Organisation isolates them as a priority in
the ght against hunger and malnutrition.
Similarly, the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (Agra)
notes quality seeds are the solution to improved livelihoods for
farmers and food security in the continent.
Dr Jane Ininda (below), the programmes ocer in charge
of crop improvement at Agra explains: Seeds are specialised
as per geographical region, type of soil, varying weather condi-
tions and local preferences. All these are taken into considera-
tion. In Kenya for example, we cant grow one bean variety
because of the ecological diversity.
A crop scientist herself with over 30 years experience in agri-
culture, Dr Ininda deftly straddles both worlds. Having assessed
the needs of farmers, she gives grants to scientists to come up
with the new varieties. Currently, she oversees 100 scientists.
One thing to take note of with improved seeds is that they
cannot be planted again. One must buy the seeds repeatedly.
The produce of a hybrid cannot be planted again, you plant it
only once. Its recommended that you buy new seeds for the
next season if you want to maintain the vigour, Dr Ininda says.
She, however, recognises that it takes some motivation to
get farmers to buy the seeds as it is not something many do
habitually. Farmers are not used to buying seeds, but part of
my project is to do on-farm demos and campaigns to ensure
that farmers are aware of quality seeds. We sometimes run pro-
motions where we go with new variety seeds and plant them
side by side with regular ones. Farmers notice the dierence
and from that, make decisions. They always choose improved
Dr Inindas team also carries out eld days, demonstrations
at agricultural shows and uses radio programmes to highlight
their work. We also do farmer participatory research, that is we
involve the farmer in our studies.
So, what are farmers saying about improved seeds?
Dominic Makau, who is based in Machakos, has been planting
an improved variety of beans; the Katumani X56 since 2010. He
lauds it for being drought-tolerant, saying that he harvests triple
what he used to get. With the little rain that we get here, the
improved variety is good compared to the traditional one. I now
get more to sell in schools and hotels.
However, he mentions low availability of improved seeds
hinders their use.
Henry Yonga, a farmer from Busia, has planted three acres of
improved cassava variety for consumption and sale. He came
to know about the improved breed through a training organ-
ised by a local NGO. He took up the improved variety when his
previous crop failed. He says that the new variety takes shorter
time to mature. It used to take two years before harvest, but
with the new ones, you can have them ready within six months.
During the dry season, we would not get anything when we
planted regular millet. Last season, I planted the improved vari-
ety and got four bags, but with the regular millet I would have
gotten just one-and-a-half or nothing, says Robert Thiga, who
is based in Tharaka.
Kingwa Kamencu
Improved seeds
give farmers
shot in the arm
Rich harvest
Food suciency
Move aside maize, we
are keeping silkworms
As some farmers in
Kakamega County labour to
grow maize and beans, Elizabeth
Khamati is not interested in the
She is a silkworm farmer, an
activity that has given her great
joy and money as compared to
planting maize and beans.
Silkworms are feeding and
clothing my family. I entirely de-
pend on them for a living, says
the 49-year-old mother of four,
who is part of Iguhu Silkworm
Rearing Group in Ikolomani
Silkworm farming is a good
business. I think everyone
should do it because we all need
Silkworm farming is known as
sericulture. The worms are the
larvae of a moth called Bombyx
Mori. The worms spin a ne,
strong, lustrous bre, which is
the primary source of commer-
cial silk.
The farming is not a common
practice in Kenya, but those who
are keeping the worms like Eliza-
beth nd it protable.
Elizabeth and her colleagues
embraced silk farming after
learning it from Kenya Agricul-
tural Productivity Programme
ocers in 2011, who toured the
region to teach farmers of alter-
native agribusiness ventures.
We embraced the venture be-
cause it needed minimal capital.
For instance, I bought 10,000
worms for Sh500 from Interna-
tional Centre of Insect Physiol-
ogy and Ecology (Icipe).
She also bought mulberry
plants from Shinyalu in the
county. The rest of the group
members joined her.
A male and female moth mate
and they later produce at least
500 eggs, which take about 10
days to hatch. The female dies
immediately after hatching and
the male too follows.
After the eggs hatch revealing
little caterpillars, farmers put
them under a layer of gauze (a
handful of twigs can be used)
and feed them on huge amounts
of chopped mulberry leaves.
At this point, the caterpil-
lars start vomiting silk threads
from tiny holes in their jaws,
which they use to spin into their
cocoons and completely cover
This process takes about 72
hours, during which they can
produce between 500 to 1,200
silk threads.
Once this is complete. We
then extract the silk by dropping
the eggs in warm water. This
will kill the insects inside the
cocoon, explains Emily Bunoro,
a member of Iguhu group.
If the cocoons are left for 10
to 12 days, the caterpillars inside
them turn into winged moths.
This is why you should put
some cocoons aside so that you
can keep harvesting silk after the
hatched moths reproduce.
One can place the eggs from
the second group of moths on
a sheet of paper or a cloth until
they hatch and keep repeating
the process forever.
Not far from Kakamega
County is Kabondo Silk Farm-
ers Project Group, which is also
engaging in the venture.
Secretary Charles Otieno says
one can make over Sh3,000 from
a kilo of silk thread. Rearing
silkworms on half an acre gives
us 15kg in every harvest, which
gives us good money, he sais.
Kabondo silk project mem-
ber Emily Ogwendo says 2,000
worms can thrive on a half an
The worms only feed on mul-
berry plants, she says, adding
that mulberry seedlings can
be acquired from the National
Sericulture Station for Sh3 each.
Icipe also sells them at Sh2,500.
Once one acquires mulberry
plants, one would only be buy-
ing caterpillars because the crop
grows like a weed and can be
used for up to 15 years.
Kari buys the silk at Sh3,500
per kilo. Currently, we process it
at a factory in Kakamega, which
the World Bank helped us set
up before selling to Kari, says
Growing silkworms comes
with various challenges.
Elizabeth says some people
associate it with witchcraft. But
thats not the biggest problem.
Silk farming is a backbreaking
job and often the whole family
is required to pitch in for some
labour. Activities like mulberry
garden management, leaf har-
vesting, special houses and reel-
ing of silk from the cocoon are
taxing, but the good thing is that
it is protable.
Suresh Raina, Head of Com-
mercial Insect Programme at
Icipe, says the sericulture indus-
try is in its infancy.
He notes making the sector
have clear and practical goals
such as what kind of demand,
quality, price and volume of
cocoons and raw silk needed re-
quires strong national leadership
through administrative, nancial,
and technical support.
Icipe has proposed and dem-
onstrated a marketing strategy
for sericulture-based products
and the problems in the market-
ing of the products have been
identied. A marketing strategy
for farmers is being developed
and will include the identication
of relevant market linkages with
private traders, he says.
In order to establish and
promote a new sericulture in-
dustry, theres need to put into
consideration conditions such
as electricity, water, capital and
is what
Iguhu and
to start
now a
kilo of
silk earns
Left: Mulberry
plants which
feed on. Emily
Bunoro, a
member of
Iguhu silkworm
group, with
processsed silk
produed from
the worms.
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Editor: No quails, please
ne cannot discuss the history of the
Pentecostal movement in the church
in Kenya without discussing Deliver-
ance Church. Founded by Apostle Dr. Joe
Kayo, Deliverance Church has had a major
impact in the spread of Christianity in our
country. Bishop J. B. Masinde is one of those
who started with Dr. Kayo in the seventies,
and has been in the ministry since.
2014 is the year we celebrate four dec-
ades of the ministry of Bishop Masinde,
and three decades of Gods faithfulness
to the ministry of Deliverance Church
in Umoja. The journey, however, was
not always as smooth or the ministry
as attractive.
Humble Beginnings
In 1970, John Masinde Makomere was in
his second year of A-levels at Aga Khan
High School. An all rounded student,
he had a passion for science and was
set to excel in whatever eld he chose.
God had different plans for the young
man. The sparking-off point was at a
Sunday youth meeting. The meetings
speaker was originally to be Apostle Joe
Kayo but he sent Bishop Wilson Mam-
boleo to preach in his stead. At the end
of the sermon, John Masinde gave his
life to the Lord, and his life was forever
Saved and Spirit-lled, J.B (as he was
known to his friends) and many young
people like him lacked a spiritual home.
Mainstream churches wanted nothing
to do with them, and labeled the bell
bottom wearing, electric guitar playing
youths as radicals. Apostle Joe Kayo
and the Young Christian Ambassadors
Fellowship proved to be a home for
these young believers. He not only ac-
cepted the young rebrands, he pushed
them to explore their potential. Young
J.B was soon at the heart of things,
even becoming an evangelist while still
in school. The group cut their teeth
A testament of Gods faithfulness
Even youths grow tired and weary,
and young men stumble and fall;
but those who hope in the Lord
will renew their strength.
They will soar on wings like eagles;
they will run and not grow weary,
they will walk and not be faint.
Isaiah 40:30-31

Bishop J.B . and Persiah Masinde Bishop J.B. Masinde preaching at the days of refreshing
conference in 2012.
witnessing and leading worship in sec-
ondary schools, colleges and university
campuses, as well as leading camps and
challenge weekends. Soon many of the
young people who had been touched by
their ministry came in search of the fel-
lowship when they migrated to the city.
On 22nd November 1970, The Deliver-
ance Church was born and J.B was one
of the 56 people present in that rst
service. The edgling congregation ex-
perienced several changes in address:
from Kariokor Social Hall, to Charter
Hall, then Taifa Hall at the University of
Nairobi, to the Kenyatta International
Conference Centre (KICC). Finally, the
mother church was headquartered
in Eastleigh. By then four other con-
gregations had been born - Muranga,
Mombasa, Kisumu and Kimulwo. Such
exponential growth has since been the
hallmark of this ministry. History is
proof of Christs faithfulness in build-
ing His Church. By the year 2000 when
the rst General Overseer, Bishop Wil-
liam Tuimising was handing over to
Bishop Mark Kariuki, 594 congregations
had been established across the na-
tion. Since then, the number has grown
to over 1,200 congregations across 15
regions in the African Continent, with
branches in Zambia, Tanzania and Con-
go, just to name a few.
Recognizing the gifting and anointing
on then Pastor J.Bs life, Bishop William
Tuimising sent him to plant a church in
Eastlands in an estate called Umoja in
May 1984. Armed with the blessing of
his pastor, a tent, a few benches, and a
small group of willing volunteers as the
nucleus of the new church, Pastor J.B set
out. The tent was pitched on the avail-
able open space right next to the Umoja
I Market. A week of open air crusades
to reach out to the community com-
menced and the maiden Sunday service
was held thereafter. It was under these
humble circumstances that Deliverance
Church Umoja (DCU) was born on the
20th of May 1984.
One of the earliest visiting ministers to
DCU was Archbishop Arthur Kitonga.
He delivered a Word from the Lord God
that said every seat or bench brought
into the sanctuary, God would bring
people to ll . The church leadership
heeded the man of God and bought
more benches. God proved His faith-
fulness by lling the seats during each
church service. Soon there were more
people attending the service than the
seats could hold. Standing congregants
became a norm despite the ministrys
efforts. This was a challenging yet excit-
ing period of the ministry.
In the two and a half years that DCU had
worshiped in that open space, the tent
collapsed four times but never when
the congregation was under it. The walk
of faith continued as Pastor J.B and the
leaders in DCU purposed to raise money
from the congregation to construct a
sanctuary on a piece of land purchased
in Umoja Innercore. Four fundraisers
later, the church had just KES 300,000
in hand. The rst building on the site,
the toilet block, was complete but the
contractor required KES 1.1 million to
nish the sanctuary. By Gods grace, he
was paid in full eight months later as he
handed over the keys of the new build-
ing. The church had raised more than
enough to foot the bill. This remains a
highlight in the history of this ministry
and has been great testimony to Gods
faithfulness. The exodus from the tent
by the market to their permanent dwell-
ing in 1987 was full of joy and singing.
The overow of people every Sunday led
to the introduction of a second service
and then a third. Even after expanding
the new sanctuary and subsequently
doubling the structure to provide more
space, there were still members of the

May 24, 2014
Advertising Feature 33
A testament of Gods faithfulness
Bishop J.B.
preaching in a
crusade in Umoja
in the early days
of DCU
Bishop J.B. Masinde and his interpreter
(Benson Kabucho) preaching in the
tent that housed DCU
congregation standing along the walls
or sheltered under tents outside.
With about nine thousand members to-
date, Deliverance Church Umoja is at
heart a family church. It has strong chil-
dren, youth, teens mens and ladies min-
istries which are all active in communi-
ty-based outreach. The churchs vision
is to work in partnership with the Holy
Spirit in reaching the world for Christ,
to make and release disciples into the
ministry, and to present the church as a
tting bride to Christ in eternity.
Evangelism has always been an integral
part of DCUs mandate and practice.
Members go on missions on a weekly
basis, with teams attending major wit-
nessing drives in different parts of the
country every month. Missioners are
invited to organize outreaches to their
rural homes, bringing positive impact on
their communities and reaching many
for Jesus. Operation Rudi Nyumbani is
geared towards preaching the gospel
in every corner of the nation. Concur-
rently, Operation Hapa Hapa looks to
evangelize Umoja and its surroundings.
Church planting goes hand-in-hand
with preaching the gospel. From the
rst daughter church plant in Kitwii,
DCU has planted more churches in
Kayole, Kahawa West, Zimmerman,
Westlands, Tala, Athi River, Mwala, Kan-
gundo, Kibani, Kitui, Embu, Mwiki, Meru,
Donholm and Lusaka (Zambia), among
many others.
DCU has a social impact on the commu-
nity and the nation as a whole. In the
last three years the church has visited
all Counties preaching the gospel doing
medical camps supporting the needy
and promoting co-existence among
communities. The churchs VCT centres
offers counseling and testing for HIV in
a youth-friendly environment. Frequent
medical camps bring much-needed
medical attention to the people both in
Umoja and in the mission eld.
The Kings School which was established
to give quality primary school education
with a Christian foundation has grown
from 10 pupils in 1994 to over 600 with
a record of excellent academic perform-
ance. The Kings Bible School was start-
ed to train members of the church to be
effective workers in ministry.
Marriage Pride Initiative is a monthly
meeting held in the Central Business
District where those who are married
or planning to wed can receive teach-

Deliverance Church Umoja, Umoja Estate, Off Moi Drive, P.O Box 62644 00200, Telephone:+254 20-788400, Cell:+254 722-519595, E-mail:info@dcumoja.org
Twitter @dcumoja Face book Deliverance Church Umoja
May 24, 2014
34 | Advertising Feature
ing on the principles of godly mar-
riage. It leads the ght against the
degeneration of marriage and the
family and teaches couples how live
in marriage as God intended rather
than what the world promotes.
Refreshing Times is a weekly pro-
gram that brings sound teaching
from the word of God to a greater
audience every Sunday on a local TV
station. It enables DCU to impact
those who are not regular congre-
gants of the church yet are blessed
by Bishop Masindes ministry.
Deliverance Church Umoja has come
a long way from that rst building.
It has now been demolished to make
way for 4000-seater sanctuary. The
church continues to be an apostolic
base where the gospel is preached,
sound instruction is given and the
saints are equipped to step out and
do the work of the ministry in the
market place and full time ministry.
Deliverance Church Umoja
Sunday services- 7am
2nd service 9:15am
3rd service - 11:15am
Teens service- 9:30am
Prayer and miracle service
Bible study-Wednesday 6:30pm
Bishop JB Masinde in a worship session
A testament of Gods faithfulness

May 24, 2014
Advertising Feature 35
esides being senior pastor at DCU, Bishop JB was or-
dained in 2004 and is a member of the Apostolic Coun-
cil over Deliverance Church. He is also an exceptional
interpreter having shared the pulpit with Joe Kayo, Morris
Cerullo, Reinhard Bonnke and Benny Hinn. He has served on
the board of various organizations including the Bible Society
of Kenya, Life Ministry and the International Leadership Uni-
versity (formerly NIST).
In addition to graduating magma cum laude with a BA in The-
ology from the East Africa School of Theology in 1990, he was
endowed with an honourary Doctorate of Divinity from the
The Ministry of Bishop JB Masinde
Deliverance church Makerere Uganda in a past days of refreshing
leading worship
Theological Seminary in Birmingham in November 2006.
In 2009, he wrote his rst book, Retaining the Honey after the
Honeymoon, a natural outcrop from years of being a marital
counselor and a champion of the Marriage Pride Initiative.
He was bequeathed yet another honorary Doctorate of The-
ology by the United Graduate College and Seminary, USA in
August of 2010.
From the early 1970s, Bishop J.B has been travelling to preach
the gospel and he continues his international ministry, build-
ing the body of Christ around the world. He is part of Salt and
Light International, a group of churches that offers support
to one another in strengthening the ve-fold ministry, espe-
cially the apostolic and prophetic, as the basis of strong lo-
cal churches. Further, the apostolic anointing on Bishops life
allows him to be received pastorally by churches and apos-
tolically by pastors, helping to bring his sons into their destiny
through mentorship, positive inuence and blessing.
Bishop Masinde is married to Persiah Muthoni Masinde who
has been his constant unedgling support during 38 of the 40
years of ministry. Their children, Stephen and Joy Mdivo, Joan
Masinde, Peter and Peace Mutuma, Daniel and Philippa Tei
and Paul Masinde all serve the Lord in various capacities in
different congregations in Kenya and America. The Masindes
have ve grandchildren, Nicole, Christian, Gabriel, Israel and
Jonathan. They have also been blessed with many spiritual
sons and daughters across the world.

We congratulate Bishop
John B Masinde as he
celebrates 40 years
in the ministry and
Deliverance church
umoja on its 30th
We are proud to be associated
with Deliverance Church
Umoja as the Main Contractor
of the New Sanctuary
44 Kenya Industrial Estates
Likoni/Lusingeti Rd, Industrial Area
P.O. Box 28928-00200
Tel: +254-20550011
Tel/Fax: +254-20 6530373
Cell: +254-722-724796, 309288
Email: plansteel@yahoo.com
Construction of
Umoja Church
Steel Structure
Pressed Steel Tank on a Tower
Design, Fabricators & Erection of steelworks i.e. churches, halls
warehouses, Tanks, Towers and General Construction.
May 24, 2014
36 | Advertising Feature
n Sunday, May 4, I got a call from
author John Kiriamiti, who asked
me, with a heavy heart, to guess
who had just died. Then he broke the
news to me, that it was Mwangi Gicheru.
I imagined that Kiriamiti, author of tough
true crime narratives like My Life in Crime
and My Life in Prison (which had given
me nightmares as I edited them for him
in the early 1980s), might be shedding a
few tears for his friend.
I had interviewed Gicheru, Kiriamiti and
David Maillu in November, 1985, for an
article for Men Only magazine on the state
of Kenyan publishing. I wrote: All the lat-
est novels are about survival in the street,
for that is where the money is. Kenyans
who have to tighten their belts in order
to make ends dont have two pounds (an
enormous amount at the time) to spend
on a new novel, unless it is gripping. It
can be gripping in many ways politi-
cally, sexually, or in violence. Publishers
are reluctant to touch new novels, espe-
cially by unknown writers for the times,
they say are bad. Books are not selling.
And the leading publishing houses, being
foreign-owned, do not have the obligation
to promote serious Kenyan literature, at
their own expense.
We young writers of the time used to have
agonised discussions at a bar called Sans
Chique on Moi Avenue, now defunct but
which was then a regular meeting place for
writers and journalists, as was the National
Theatre bar.
In fact, it was at Sans Chique that I rst
met Mwangi Gicheru. We had quite a few
things in common. He had tried music, ap-
peared on TV and produced a song called
Thi ino ti ya Mundu (meaning this world
belongs to no one).
He told me he was born in July 1947, a
year after me. He had written the Ivory
Smugglers for the Spears series while I had
done Lover in the Sky and also produced
some songs under my own label, like his
Pako Pako. We both dreamt of the big Af-
rican novel, we had both appeared on TV
and in print and hit the cul de sac every
time. We were really the pioneers in these
creative ventures.
At about that time we were beginning
to write, the entire stock of Kenyan lit-
erature consisted of about a dozen books,
the best known being The Promised Land,
No bride Price, Weep not Child, The River
Between, Song of Lawino, Potent Ash and
Orphan Kill me Quick. But there were also
countless authors of immense talent who
had published short stories and poems in
magazines and literary journals but had
found it very dicult to break through the
bottleneck of getting a book published.
The East African Publishing House,
which had spearheaded Kenyan publishing,
had fallen or was about to fall, life was very
bleak for the authors. The reading public
had never been very supportive.
All I really would like, Mwangi Gicheru
said to me, is a publisher able to take all
I can produce.
That was the dream of everyone. You
could write, like he had done, The Ivory
Merchant, Across the Bridge, and Two in
One, but to live on writing, when the sales
were always at best poor, one would have
to produce a book every two months and
that wasnt possible.
He told me that he grew up during the
Emergency. His father used to work in
Kisumu, and Gicheru had to stay with is
grandmother. He very early learnt to ght
and fend for himself.
Under his grandmothers inefficient
surveillance, Gicheru was able to play
truant as often as he liked. While only in
Standard Five, he spent most of his time
selling newspapers, and a sense of business
was born in him.
Still, he amazed people by being good
in exams. After leaving high school, he
got a job as a government clerk with the
Ministry of Lands and Settlement. Never
born for the desk, he was soon o in the
air, with the East African Airways. Always
restless, he left the EAA for BOAC, British
Overseas Airways Corporation.
In all these airlines, he worked in the
freight department but he got chances to
y abroad, to France and to Britain. Always
a back-street man, he felt at home in the
back streets, like the Rue Pigale in Paris, the
equivalent to Nairobis Latema Street.
Suddenly, he gave up employment. He
wanted to become a singer, hence the TV
shows and the disc he cut under his own
label. Four discs later, he was unable to
cope with the music pirates and he gave
up to do odd jobs.
It was in that period that he got to
know all sorts of shady characters. When
he ran broke, he decided to try his hand
in writing, and the result was The Ivory
Merchants. Encouraged by the success of
that rst book, he sat down to write Across
the Bridge. The Double-Cross followed, into
which he put to good use his experiences
with the airlines.
One of his biggest fans was John Ki-
riamiti, who had been jailed for bank
robbery and been put in charge of the
prison library.
While in prison, I read Across the Bridge.
I thought I could write a book like it, from
my prison experiences. This was the book
that inspired me to write, Kiriamiti once
told me.
When Kiriamiti came out of jail, he
sought out Gicheru and a life-long friend-
ship developed. I happened to be a fairly
regular visitor to Mombasa. Gicheru and
I would meet there and he would show
me around the island in his car. Early this
year, I rang him up, as I used to do often,
asking him for an interview for my series
on the Kenyan writers I have known. I was
expecting his call any time, but the one
I got was from Kiriamiti, who told me,
that Saturday morning, that Mwangi had
been found dead in his home in Mtwapa,
Kili County.
I got word only thirty minutes ago. I
know no more, Kirimaiti said sadly.
All I could do was to write an SMS into
Gicherus phone, giving my condolences
to whoever was had it. One of his friends
got the message and told me they were
planning to y his body to his Nanyuki
farm for burial.
I will always remember Gicheru as the
handsome and cheerful Monsieur Ameri-
caine leading me through the streets of
Mombasa, in the 1970s and 1980s.
All his exciting books are still in print
and will live long after him, keeping his
memory intact. May he rest in peace.
The Mwangi Gicheru that I knew
I will
Gicheru for
me around
in his car in
the 1970s
OBITUARY | Author of Across the Bridge died on May 4 at his house in Mtwapa, Kili County
Writer Mwangi Gicheru at his home in Mtwapa, Kili County, in this
picture taken on May 1, 2013. He died on May 4, 2014.

I was
expecting his
call any time,
but the one I
got was from
who told me,
that Saturday
morning, that
Mwangi had
Sam Kahiga
A richly multi-generic work that
boldly blurs the boundaries between
history and literature and between
biography and ction, Rebmann com-
bines fact and conjecture to recreate
Rebmanns life. Macgoye seeks to tell
a kind of truth about the situation
which the history books even the
church histories do not tell.
The truth is stirring. Depicted
as the exemplication of the best in
the tradition of European missionary
endeavour in Africa, Rebmanns desire
to integrate with the people he serves
is evident in his eorts to understand
their languages and worldview.
His view of the missionarys role
as that of a witness to the gospel, a
model Christian piety and an example
of peace and concord engenders an
admirable respect for the cultural and
religious sensibilities of the people he
He sees his mission as a palm tree
that must take years to mature. This
enables him to cultivate rapport with
his hosts and to gradually negotiate
a space for the gospel in a complex
milieu of Mohamedan values, cultures
and practices such as slave trading
that are often in contradiction with
Christianity. An archetype of patience
and understanding, Rebmann negates
the conventional image of the mis-
sionary as a theologically intolerant
crusader breathing damnation on
heathen religions and cultures.
Indeed, contrary to the perception
of the pioneer missionaries as only
interested in the spiritual conversion
of the African, Macgoye shows them
as visionaries who held surprisingly
progressive views about such mun-
dane but still topical issues as the
improvement of African agriculture,
environmental conservation and ac-
Ultimately, Macgoyes greatest
achievement is the way she manages
to humanise Rebmann. She breathes
life into a remote historical charac-
ter and imaginatively recreates him
as a living man with whom we can
We get the image of a martyr a
heroic gure who even after losing
his family to ravages of fever and ma-
laria, never wavers in his commitment
to his evangelical mission.
Rebmanns is a story about a mis-
sionary that the author clearly admires
but it is also a story about the pioneer
missionaries in Africa, a group whose
humanity, passion, self-sacrice and
legacy in the making of modern Africa
has hardly been appreciated.
In Rebmann, Macgoye implicitly
contests the prevalent representation
of missionaries in Kenyan literature
most prominently by Ngugi wa
Thiongo as wilful agents of colo-
nialism who came wielding the Bible
on the one hand and the gun on the
Indeed, when the era of the colonial
civilising mission arrives, Rebmann
is shoved aside as useless and forced
to retire to Germany, where he soon
dies as much of bad health as, one
suspects, of a broken heart.
A masterpiece, it is evident that
the author has invested much time,
energy and passion in the novel. It is
a novel that no other Kenyan writer
could have written and which, apart
from literature enthusiasts, will be of
particular interest to Church histori-
ans and historians in general.
The book will soon be available in
major Kenyan bookshops.
Dr Kamau is a Senior Lecturer in Lit-
erature at Laikipia University.
Book takes a new look at pioneer missionary Rebmann
The St Pauls Church, Rabai that was constructed by the Church Missionary Society. Right: Johannes Rebman and his trusted
Rabai protege, Isaac Nyondo.
May 24, 2014
Weekend 37
I am hosting Kwanists at Masinde
Muliro University of Science and
Technology in Kakamega this week-
For a long time, it has been per-
ceived, albeit wrongly, that I am
disdainful to the activities of Kwani?
writers. To some people, for me to
share a platform with Kwanists is akin
to attempting to mix water with oil.
But this is all a wrong perception.
I have spent my years in the acad-
emy, so far, attempting to excite,
provoke and push discussions to
the periphery of critical thought. I
never want to accept the obvious, the
mundane and the common place. It
is this perception of life and of lit-
erature that drove me to demand to
be told what Kwani? had brought to
the literary table when they started
making their presence felt. They did
not disappoint. I demanded this,
not for the sake of polemics. I was
simply prosecuting my responsibility
of advancing knowledge and critical
thought. In doing this, one is bound
to step on sensitive toes, those who
perceive genuine criticism as an af-
front. Now, Kwani? team and I share
a common goal.
The team, comprising award win-
ning authors Tony Mochama, Eva
Kasaya of the Tale of Kasaya fame,
and Stanley Gazemba, he who gave
us the award winning novel, The Stone
Hills of Maragoli, will be my special
guests. The 80 creative writing stu-
dents selected to participate in the
workshop are those who have shown
potential by writing a novella of not
less than 10,000 words.
So, the Kwani? team is not coming
to meet raw enthusiasts, but those
ready to take o in the world of crea-
tive writing. They are all between 18
and 22 years, anxious to replace the
older generation of writers. They are
the Margaret Ogolas, the Francis
Imbugas and the Mwangi Gicherus
of the future. I am excited that the
Kwani? outt is realising that they
are no longer budding writers, but
now old enough to initiate the next
generation into the craft.
Indeed when the Kwani? movement
emerged, they displayed some arro-
gance, and that is why I asked them
to tell us what they had brought to
the literary table. It was all done in
good faith. I looked at Binyavanga
Wainaina and Tony Mochama as my
younger brothers who could engage
with me on matters literary.
Tony Mochama a.k.a Smitta
Smitten went on to write a poetry
anthology entitled What if I am a
Literary Gangster. This was after I had
referred to the entire team as literary
gangsters. I later jokingly referred to
him as a literary terrorist when we met
and made peace in a book launch in
some hotel around Gigiri in the pres-
ence of Barrack Muluka. I believe that
one of these ne days, he will borrow
this and write a book entitled What
if I am a Literary Terrorist? Hope-
fully, he will, this time, not misspell
(deconstruct) my name.
We cannot wish away Kwani? and
their contribution to literature. Kwani?
to me, is a literary movement that
attempted to deconstruct the truth
that existed and challenged the older
generation. They challenged, for
instance, the meaning of the term
literary text as Prof Henry Indangasi
understands it and have signicantly
contributed in bursting the banks of
literary criticism.
Binyavanga Wainaina writes beauti-
ful prose. I recently read his One Day I
Will Write about this Place and enjoyed
the staccato bursts of sentences that
sparkle in every paragraph. He is an
experimentalist per excellence. As
true revolutionaries, Kwanists are
our bolekaja writers of the 21st
century in Kenya and have joined
others in Kenyas literary history
who broke ranks with their peers to
give something new.
David Maillu and Charles Mangua
did this by defying the trend in the
1970s by giving us texts that changed
Kenyans reading habits. Kithaka wa
Mberia did this by defying the strict
rules of writing Kiswahili poetry. To
me, the meeting in Kakamega is sig-
nicant in two ways: one to connect
the younger generation to the national
literary grid and for Kwani? to pass
the baton, for in the true sense, now
Kwanist are wazees since they are just
an age set behind me.
Prof Kabaji is deputy vice-chancel-
lor (Planning, Research and Innova-
tion) at Masinde Muliro University of
Science and Technology (MMUST)
My relationship with Kwani? and future of literary criticism
Author Tony Mochama
uxom and rounded, the burnished
gold African print caftan she is
draped in makes her cut a regal,
imposing gure, like the neighbourhood
matriarch that nosily wanders from house
to house, ensuring everyone is on their
best behaviour.
It is dreadlocks, the bright red lipstick
and the preppy, black-framed spectacles
that, however give her away; she is not
the miss goody-two-shoes you thought.
Indeed, delving into Lola Shoneyins
work, you stumble onto a colourful world
of exuberant irreverence, facetiousness
and wit.
Sitting in the quiet media room at Villa
Kempinski Hotel in Nairobi recently,
Shoneyin told me why she writes. Be-
cause I love Nigeria and Africa. I write to
interrogate my culture, encouraging people
to ask questions. I ask all the time: with
all this that we know, is this the best that
we can do?
The Secret Life of Baba Segis Wives,
which she is best known for, revolves
around Bolanle, a university graduate in
her early 20s who unexpectedly chooses
to join a polygamous family as the fourth
wife. Though driven by the search for
peace away from her own dysfunctional
home, the literal vipers-nest she nds there
makes her see that she had all along been
chasing an illusion.
Focusing on the topic of polygamy in
the book was for more personal reasons.
Growing up, there were aspects of our
traditional practices that I thought would
have eects on people I love. The more we
ask and evaluate our cultures, the better
we will be as human beings.
Longlisted for the Orange Prize in 2011,
there is almost nothing to dislike about
this novel, it sparkles and dances with
magic. Ribald and witty, it is no surprise
that readers all over the world have given
the book 4.4 stars out of a possible ve
on Amazon.com.
Its humour is a big part of its charm.
Baba Segis daily greeting ritual on arriv-
ing home, where he greets his children and
initially ignores his wives, is rendered thus:
Midway to the sitting room, Baba Segi
paused at the bogus archway, as if it had
suddenly occurred to him that the children
couldnt have delivered themselves.
And then theres the larger than life
characters: Iya Segi the suppressed lesbian
that loves money more than life, Iya Femi
the feisty, devious one you never want to
get on the wrong side of, Iya Tope, mild,
dreamy and lost in space, and their wide
array of children. Baba Segi, though ini-
tially an ogre, becomes a teddy bear that
we have much love and sympathy for by
the end of the book.
Indeed, that surprise element is an-
other part of the books potency. Though
vocally against polygamy, Shoneyin does
not give us a clichd set up, where the
women have been forced to succumb to
culture. Indeed, most of the wives walk
into the marriage purposefully and with
a sense of relief, viewing it as a potential
safe haven rather than something to en-
dure. Shoneyin again turns the polygamy
stereotype on its head; it is the man of the
house, Baba Segi, that we end up pitying
at the end of the story.
Polygamy aside, sexuality is another
theme of signicance in her work. I do
think in Africa we need to be less prudish
about ourselves. For me, sex is hugely
political, what sort of sex is acceptable
to a woman, when do you say no, how do
you say no, sex being used as a weapon
against women.
The Secret Lives of Baba Segi approaches
sexuality blithely, steamy descriptions of
sexual encounters laced through the book.
Apart from the rape scene, sex is presented
as sensual and wholesome for these women,
rather than something shameful.
Shoneyin reveals a perceptive under-
standing of sexuality in her poetry as
well. The poem Skirt raiser, references
fellow Nigerian writer Toni Kans bawdy
Night of the Creaking Bed, giving a playful
mock exposition of the fracas and rumpus
in society caused by an individuals sexual
Indeed, of what has been written about
her, it is perhaps this literary partner-in-
crime of hers, Toni Kan, that has captured
her essence best. Reviewing her third
poetry anthology, Kan said of her debut:
Lola served literary notice that she was
not a poet to be glossed over, another fe-
male poet producing well behaved and
politically correct poetry. Her poems were
going to be loud and sassy and politically
incorrect. She was going to tackle issues
that evince a deeply reective nature as
well as a public engagement and concern
with issues that are ercely and unapolo-
getically feminist.
Shoneyins whiplash tongue turns to
the problem of sex in polygamous unions
where she makes a tongue-in-cheek sug-
gestion about how the Swazi King will keep
his numerous wives from having aairs in
the future.
But even beyond this, the author
poignantly discusses how sex has been
wielded against women on the continent,
how rape is trivialised, with police blaming
rape victims, sexual abusers walking free,
and families refusing to acknowledge rape
incidents within them to avoid shame.
I use sex in my novels as a metaphor
for freedom. Theres all sorts of sex and we
need to draw the distinctions between sex
that is wholesome, sex that is healthy, sex
that is violent, sex that harms and hurts,
and sex that heals. This is what I try to
capture in my novel.
Her view is not informed on a merely
theoretical level. The experience of a close
friend who had been raped at 16 and then
suered a nervous breakdown, inuenced
the writing of this story. I really wanted
it to be there in that section of the novel
because I wanted to speak out on her
behalf. Shoneyin also explores language,
She is loud, sassy and
politically incorrect
writer Lola
her way
Author and poet Lola Shoneyin during the interview at Kempinsky Villa Rosa Hotel in Nairobi
on April 1, 2014.
PROFILE | A chat with West Africas latest literary sensation
For me, sex is hugely political,
what sort of sex is acceptable to
a woman, when do you say no,
how do you say no
Author Lola Shoneyin
May 24, 2014
38 | Weekend
athematics is perceived
to be so diametrically
opposite to literature
that a suggestion of their inte-
gration is certainly strange. The
trend has been that if a student
who enjoys literature has turned
away from mathematics, and the
vice versa.
The only thin line connecting
mathematics with literature, as
adduced by Prof Egara Kabaji and
Dr Lushya (Saturday Nation, May
10, 2014) is the transfer of knowl-
edge from the classroom to real
life situations. This is possible
in mathematics, as application
of mathematical concepts to
real life situations is the beauty
of the subject. When a teacher
can demonstrate, for example,
where Pythagoras theorem can
be used, the students are able
to connect appropriately. Math-
ematics is rich with applications.
Carpenters need accuracy in
measurement, matatu touts and
mama mboga need prociency
in arithmetic, traders need com-
mercial arithmetic, the electoral
commission, researchers and
planners need statistics, pollsters
need probability.
The two subjects part ways in
the mode of studying them. It is
common to see people reading
novels in a bus. Pull out a maths
book when travelling and people
will wonder if you are normal.
One studies maths with pen
and paper. We do maths but
read literature.
So, why the dismal perform-
ance in maths?
Firstly, that ours is a non-
mathematical nation is an
over-statement from our two
university teachers. Our curric-
ulum developers are insensitive
to the range of learners, who are
herded into a single assessment,
like cattle into a cattle-dip. Truly,
to subject the same complex
mathematical jargon to a student
whose main goal is to complete
school and one who wants to
study engineering is unfortunate.
Seven years ago, an alternative
syllabus was rolled out by the
then Kenya Institute of Educa-
tion for the lower performers in
science and maths, but someone
at Jogoo House declined to launch
it. Foreign curricula take care of
dierent abilities of learners.
Secondly, complaints of teach-
ers rushing through the syllabus
are common. Chances that such
teachers can relate maths con-
cepts to real life is anybodys
guess. Passion for a subject like
maths is a calling.
Thirdly, parents and society
have not helped in shaping the
right attitude among children
towards mathematics. For par-
ents to tell their children that they
were never good in mathematics
yet they are successful in life, is
really unfortunate. Teachers then
have to erase such mentality.
Fourthly, the SMS era is here
with us and language is not the
only casualty. We now have a
generation of learners who have
no patience for detail. It is a
generation of students who do
not care about the relevance of
what they learn to their day to
day life.
Finally, mathematics is a
language in its own right.
Story telling has no place in
a mathematics class. Math-
ematics teachers need to relate
mathematical concepts to life
experiences. These experiences
should sharpen the thinking
skills of students who should
in turn identify the relevance of
mathematics. Students who enjoy
mathematics, at whatever level
of learning, will be seen by their
level of organisation even in their
exercise books. These are early
signs that teachers can nurture.
After all, in order solve a math-
ematical problem, one needs to
identify what is required, what is
given in the problem and connect
the two using the appropriate
The writer is the head of maths
at Nairobi Academy
Maths and literature can
never relate to each other
Teachers have to be creative when
teaching mathematics.
Readers corner
Literary Discourse
To contribute to this page,
please send your comments
to satnation@ke.nationmedi
a.com or write to The Editor,
Saturday Nation, POB 49010,
Nairobi 00100.
This letter is in reaction to Frankline Mukembus
article (Saturday Nation, May 17, 2014) titled Teach
Kiswahili instead of Vernacular in school.
He argued against the ministry of Educations
directive for lower primary pupils to be taught in
In fact the ministrys directive is to teach in lan-
guages of the catchment area. Our 42 indigenous
languages are nowhere to feature in urban, cosmo-
politan schools. A school in Nairobi cannot teach
Kikuyu language. The outside environment of such
a school has Kiswahili as the language of the common-
ers in the streets, the estates and daily businesses.
It is therefore paramount to teach such pupils rst in
a language they best understand Kiswahili.
In the case of an inter-tribal marital background, the
language that dominates the surrounding area should
be used in school. That could either be the language
of the mother, the father or of the area of residence.
This will foster national unity as Frankline Mukembu
argues. It is therefore far fetched to claim that the
government may be forced to hire as many teachers
as there are languages in a particular school.
I disagree strongly with Mukembus idea of instruct-
ing our rural children in Kiswahili as long as Kiswahili is
not the pupils rst language. This is where indigenous
languages best apply. If the children used Dholuo be-
fore joining or while out of school, the same language
should be used in school as they get introduced to
Kiswahili and English. You cannot ignore the rst
language abruptly and expect children to grasp what
you are teaching them in a strange language. In fact
this is not a new policy from Cabinet Secretary Prof
Kaimenyi. It has been practised over the years.
Teaching in the language of the catchment area is not
intended for examination but instead for easy transition.
The writer is a teacher of English at Manjuu Second-
ary School in Kandara constituency
Children can learn
best in local dialects
Many literary artists usually draw their inspiration
from nature. The beauty of nature ora and fauna,
snow capped mountains, and waterfalls not only
inspire creativity but are also nourishing and have
a therapeutic eect.
Oral narratives, especially those with animals as
characters (fables), are memorable and didactic. The
zebras white and black stripes are explained as having
been painted by the hare (Kaka Sungura). The hyena
is mocked due to its gluttony. The elephants size
shows its might but it is often defeated by the hares
wit or trickery. Other symbolic animal characters are
monkey (trickery), lion (bravery), dove (peace), owl
and vulture (death), tortoise (wisdom), and squirrel
(thievery). These animals do directly represent us,
our avarice, folly and wisdom.
What I am driving at is that we should protect our
natural heritage, especially animals. By protecting
them, oral narratives will continue to be relevant and
realistic, unlike stories of dinosaurs, which are extinct.
George Orwels Animal Farm could not be a classic had
he used human beings as characters. Penultimately,
without nature, the sages could not have come up
with proverbs and sayings, like: living near a river
does not mean eating sh daily, do not make fun of
the crocodile while your leg is in still in the water,
never employ a hyena to take care of your goats, and
a goat that is eaten by a hyena leaves no hide for tan-
ning. These sayings borrow directly from nature and
as we preserve nature we preserve orature.
Lastly, let the government de-tusk and de-horn all
the elephants and rhinos.
The writer journalists, and a teacher of English and
literature based in Nairobi
For the sake of orature,
let us preserve animals
Just as the eggs define a
chicken so are literary theories
to literature graduates and
authors. Yet, Mr John Onkangi
dismissed literary theory as
obsolete in modern literature
(Saturday Nation, 17, 2013).
Onkangi argues that great
writers have excelled without
the knowledge of literary theo-
ries but failed to mention the
writing prowess of those that
understand the theories. While
we might agree with his senti-
ments that writing is a gift, we
cannot dismiss the understand-
ing of the theories as an added
factor to creativity.
To further discredit Onkan-
gis arguments that those who
understand theories, including
professors, write boring books,
there are exceptionally great
writers whose comprehension of
literary theory is unlimited. Nobel
laureates, Caine Price winners,
Booker Price and other literary
awards nominees subscribe to
Marxism and their books are
as interesting as those done
by amateur writers like Joseph
Conrad, William Shakespeare
and even David Mailu.
Unlike amateur writers, profes-
sional writers like Charles Baxter,
David Baldacci, Sydney Sheldon,
Chinua Achebe and Ngugi wa
Thiongo are all products of the
Marxixt theory. Just as the theory
states that writers try to solve
and ridicule the current state of
governance and nancial use,
books by these authors mock
the status quo.
Achebes rst novels tackled
emotive issues affecting the
Nigerian government and the
encounter of the Igbo with the
missionaries. His book, A Man
Of The People examines the 1969
Nigerian aborted coup which led
to his confrontation with the au-
thorities and ultimate exile. The
same applies to his other book,
Things Fall Apart, its sequels
No Longer At Ease and Arrow
Of God.
Just like Achebe, Ngugi, Bald-
acci and Sheldon, too, followed
the Marxist theory in their popu-
lar titles like The River Between,
Total Control and Bloodline re-
spectively. Ngugi tackled female
genital mutilation in The River
Between, and A Meeting In The
Dark as well as mockery of the
government in I Will Marry When
I Want, which led to his arrest,
detention and exile in 1978.
In Total Control, Baldacci ex-
amines the supremacy battles
of competing companies for
softwares and other inventions.
These are the battles that Sam-
sung and Apple have fought of
late. To say that literary theories
are obsolete in modern literature
is failing to appreciate the impact
of the theories.
The writer is a at Kenya Institute
of Media and Technology
Writer was wrong on relevance of
literary theory in modern literature
I have been a proponent of
the policy of teaching lowe
primary school pupils using
vernacular until Frankline
Mukembu opened my eyes in
his article (Saturday Nation,
May 17, 2014) titled Teach
Kiswahili instead of vernacu-
lar in school.
Article 10 of the Constitution
highlights the national values
of governance, which include,
among others, patriotism, na-
tional unity and participation
of the people.
In my honesty and opinion, I
am convinced that if vernacular
is incorparated in our already
awed education system, then
achieving the provisions of
Article 10 will be a far fetched
The best way, then, is use
the language accepted coun-
trywide Kiswahili which
will make it easier to develop
and implement the curricu-
lum. At the same time, weed
out tribalism.
The writer is the founder and
chairman of Leeland Invest-
ment Group in Elgeyo Marak-
wet County
First reform
I recently bumped into a
professor friend of mine on
the corridors of a private uni-
versity. Before he could greet
me, he saked: Kennedy, you
have also come to buy a degree
from this place?
We both laughed and
embarked on a 30-minute
discussion about university
education in Kenya. At the
end of it, we both agreed that
university education had lost
value. It is no longer an issue of
getting knowledge but acquir-
ing papers that would propel
one to a higher position of
We now have university
graduates who cannot use a
computer. It is possible to have
a trained graduate teacher, with
a rst class honours degree,
who cannot address students
on assembly. It is possible to
have an accountant who cannot
balance a book of accounts. My
advise to the Education min-
ister would be to resist the
temptation to increase fees
anf first reform university
The writer is a law student at
the University Of Nairobi
May 24, 2014
Weekend 39
Benga songbird Linet Aluoch Pamba
will tonight perform at the Travel-
lers Dream Club in Kisumu. She will
be backed by her group, Karapul Jazz
Band. Every Wednesday, she performs
at the Vunduba Bar, also in Kisumu.

Rumba fans in Kilgoris Town, Narok
County, and its environs should turn up
tonight and tomorrow afternoon at the
Villa Inn for the best of rumba shows.
There will be lots of food and drinks for
revellers from 6pm tonight.
Patricia Kihoro and The Gladwell Thea-
tre Company will stage the play Life in
the Single Lane today and tomorrow at
the Shifteye Gallery in Nairobi. It is an
intriguing musical narrative featuring
Jason Runo and Toby Koech.
The 23rd European Film Festival is on
until June 1, at the Alliance Franaise
Auditorium in Nairobi. Participating
countries include Austria, Belgium,
Denmark, France, Germany, Greece,
Italy, the Netherlands and Switzerland.
The talented Italian String Quartet LO
Russo alongside Kenyan Moipei Quartet
will tomorrow afternoon perform at
the Gilgil Country Club (2.30pm). On
Tuesday evening at 6.30pm, they will
perform at Karen Country Club.
The third edition of the Lusophone Film
Fest will be held tomorrow evening
at the Goethe Institut in Nairobi. It is
a showcase of the diversity of lm
production in the eight Portuguese-
speaking countries spread across four
MAY 27
Alliance Francaise in Nairobi will next
Tuesday host Ricky na Maraki, the Afro
Jazz Legends Edition. It will feature
veteran Francis Njoroge and Suzanne
Gachukia. The show will start at 6pm
and end at 9pm.

MAY 30
The Florida 2000 nightclub on Moi
Avenue in Nairobi will next Friday host
the F2 Rhumba Extended show featur-
ing the best of Rumba music. It will
feature guest DJ Babz Ogutu alongside
resident DJs Hash, Suley, Sweet Dennis
and Double J.
It all started with entertaining his
friends. He would use gestures and
facial expressions to make everyone
laugh, but hardly did it strike him
that this would one day earn him
a living.
Timothy Kegode, 25, is now a popu-
lar mime artiste at Nakuru Players
Theatre. Kegode started miming in
2007, when he met a German, who
encouraged him to try out that form
of art after watching him and seeing
his potential.
I used to do miming for free to
entertain my friends, and every time
I did it, everyone loved it. I realised
that I could actually do it better if I
put more eort, interest and skill into
it, he says.
Mr Kegode has been visiting the
theatre since he was a little boy,
though he used to only play the
music instruments.
I used to love music. I used to
go to the theatre mainly to play the
saxophone and the guitar until I met
this German friend who trained and
mentored me in miming. Then I did
my rst stage performance at the
theatre, he says.
Like any other form of performance,
Kegodes rst experience on the stage
was a big challenge as he got nervous
on seeing an expectant crowd.
My performance elicited so much
appreciation from the audience that I
resolved to delve deeper into miming
as a way of earning a decent living,
he adds.
Apart from fullling his dreams and
his passion for theatre, Kegode now
lives o his live stage shows in schools
and at public functions.
He charges up to Sh10,000 per
show, depending on the class of
audience and the organisers.
Depending on the time of the year,
I can perform up to ve shows in a
month. The busiest days are during
the school holidays, when children
visit the theatre for shows, and when
we visit boarding schools for perform-
ances, he says.
Over the years, Kegode has had
a number of memorable shows. He
performed at Afraha Stadium in
Nakuru during the World Aids Day
in December 2013. This, to him, was
the biggest stage where he has ever
displayed his immense talent to the
He faces several challenges in his
work, just as happens in any other
form of art. The challenges include
panic due to the big, enthusiastic
audiences, whose expectations are
dicult to full.
Some members in the audience
are not able to interpret or get the
actual meaning of my miming, but
despite this, they are usually thor-
oughly entertained from this form
of art, he says.
Kegodes word to his fellow youth
is to embrace art like any other pro-
fession and try to make it a part or
full-time occupation. Through this, he
says, youth can earn a living.
It may be dicult at rst, but once
you identify your strengths, you will
be able to create your audience as
time goes by,
Kegode is now training several
young actors in the art of miming.
His dream is to expand the art coun-
Mr Timothy Kegode performs one of his miming skits at the Nakuru Players Thea-
tre on April 28.
He makes a fortune out of his art
How Kegode turned
an odd hobby into
full-time occupation
at the Nakuru Theatre
THEATRE REVIEW | Actor wants to spread the genre of miming to the rest of the country
The word mime comes from the
ancient Greek word mimos, which
literally means to mimic.
Miming, also referred to as pan-
tomiming, is a form of art that
involves dramatic representation
by means of facial expressions
and body movements rather than
To get the message conveyed
through this act, you have to look
at the person and understand
the facial expression and body
Form relies on
facial expression
power, and the selective use of reli-
gion. In Baba Segis Wives, the devil is
continuously blamed for everything,
making one think he must be a handy
asset to keep around.
Shoneyin was born in Ibadan in
1974, into a royal family of sorts.
Her maternal grandfather, HRH
Abraham Olayinka Okupe, was the
traditional ruler of Iperu Remo and
had ve wives.
Being married to Olaokun Soyinka,
the son of Nobel laureate Wole
Soyinka, aligns her into Nigerian
literary royalty, perhaps, but she is
proud of striking out her own writ-
ing success.
The Secret Lives of Baba Segis Wives,
though the third novel she wrote, was
rst published in 2010 in London. It
was longlisted for the 2011 Orange
Prize, going on to win the 2011 PEN
Oakland Josephine Miles Literary
Award, as well as two Association
of Nigerian Authors Awards. It has
been translated into ve languages.
Shoneyin has also published three col-
lections of poetry: So All the Time I was
Sitting on an Egg (1998), Song of a
River Bird, Ovalonion House (Nigeria,
2002) For the Love of Flight (2010) as
well as a childrens book, Mayowa and
the Masquerade (2010).
Shoneyin studied literature at
university, attending the interna-
tional writing programme in Iowa
in 1999. I studied literature but Id
gone through phases where I wanted
to be a singer and do all sorts of other
things. Although she has written for
as long as she can remember, she
never thought it was something she
would professionally get into.
Growing up between Nigeria and
Edinburgh (Scotland), the 40-year-
old author spent many years as a
teacher but is now running the Ake
Festival on a full-time basis. The idea
is to bring together 100 African crea-
tives and intellectuals to talk about
issues related to Africa. Its about
promoting, developing, and celebrat-
ing creativity. Shoneyins favourite
writers are Tony Morisson, Isabelle
Allende, Margaret Atwood and Pet-
tinah Gappah.
Africas latest literary star
Shoneyin is loud, sassy
School to stage charity
festival for needy girls
Karima Girls High School in
Nyandarua County will stage a
three-day cultural event, headlin-
ing music, poetry, fashion, dance
and drama.
Dubbed Happy Valley Festival, the
show will be staged from May 31 to
June 2, at Craysh in Naivasha.
Among the artistes to feature are
the 2014 schools drama festivals
narrative winner, Daniel Oriwa,
also known as Otonglo Time, the
Moipei Choir, and Miss Nyandarua
County Florence Ruhia, of Egerton
According to the organisers, the
festival seeks to raise school fees
for needy students at Karima Girls
Rosemary Wangari is a beneciary
of the initiative to educate all stu-
dents from humble backgrounds.
She is an orphan, whose dream of
an education was almost not ful-
lled a year ago. A former pupil of
Murungaru Primary School in North
Kinangop, she had no hope of ever
joining Form One after her KCPE
exam last year. However, Karima
Girls Principal Catherine Irungu
took her in, fees burden and all.
Its our imperative, as teachers
and parents, to see that all children
get a decent education, says Mrs
Speaking to Saturday Nation,
Mrs Irungu said the festival was
supported by well-wishers, parents,
teachers and fellow students.
Gifted minds
The event was rst held at Bomas
of Kenya in Nairobi last December
under the banner, Gifted Minds.
More than 100 girls received bursa-
ries from the fund-raiser.
We are inviting members of the
public, parents and friends of the
school to turn up in large numbers
in Naivasha, said Mrs Irungu, who
is a drama enthusiast. We need to
give our children all the opportuni-
ties available.
Karima Girls came second in the
Creative Dance Category during
the 2014 Kenya Schools and Col-
leges National Drama Festival.
May 24, 2014
40 | Weekend
300 killed in
DR Congo hunt
for prophet

More than 300 people have
been killed in retaliation for at-
tacks blamed on a self-proclaimed
prophet in the Democratic Re-
public of Congo, a rights group
said on Thursday.
The government has previously
denied that any citizens have been
killed in its hunt for the perpetra-
tors of coordinated December 30
attacks it blames on pastor and
former presidential candidate
Joseph Mukungubila Mutombo,
known by his followers as the
eternal prophet.
But the Paris-based Interna-
tional Federation for Human
Rights said some 250 civilians
and six soldiers have been killed in
the Katanga province in the south-
east of the country, and another 71
civilians killed in Kinshasa.
The toll is still previsionary
because there were people, ac-
cording to some witnesses... who
were thrown in the Katanga river.
There are (also) people who are in
mass graves, said Sylvain Lumu,
secretary-general of the League
of Electors, a local group which
helped compile the report.
The government had previously
put the toll at 103 dead, including
95 terrorists and eight soldiers.
On December 30, assailants
stormed the State TV station,
international airport and military
headquarters in Kinshasa. (AFP)
Congolese warlord Germain Katanga
sentenced over 2003 massacre. Page 44
Malawis high court has thrown
out President Joyce Bandas applica-
tion to block the release of election
results, three days after the chaotic
vote began.
Dr Bandas (left) Peoples Party
(PP) had alleged that gures that are
coming from the districts tally centres
are not matching with the number of
voters from dierent polling stations
because the system has been hacked,
according to a court adavit.
But in the ruling obtained by AFP
on Friday, Judge Mike Tembo rejected
the bid as premature since ocial
results are not yet out.
Banda on Thursday alleged serious
irregularities in this weeks highly
charged election, saying people had
voted multiple times, ballots had been
tampered with, presiding ocers ar-
rested, and the computerised voter
counting system had collapsed.
Observers have so far noted
considerable organisational short-
comings, but little sign of rigging.
The countrys electoral commis-
sion chief Maxon Mbendera earlier
rebued Bandas request for an audit
of the votes.
Mbendera said the presidents
claims were a sign of her despera-
tion and told AFP the election was
valid. (AFP)
Malawi court rejects Bandas bid to halt results release
VIOLENCE | Top commander of deadliest militant group gunned down in an overnight ambush
Ocials say senior Egypt jihadist
killed as election campaign closes
CAIRO, Friday
top Egyptian jihadist has been
killed, security ocials said on
Friday, ahead of next weeks
election expected to sweep ex-army
chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi into the
presidency on a pledge to eradicate
Shadi el-Menei, a senior com-
mander of Egypts deadliest militant
group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis (Partisans
of Jerusalem), was gunned down in an
overnight ambush in his native Sinai
Peninsula, the ocials said.
Word of his death, which was not
immediately conrmed by jihadist
sources, came on the last ocial day
of campaigning for Egypts presiden-
tial election, in which Sisi is expected
to comfortably defeat his sole rival,
leftist Hamdeen Sabbahi.
There were conicting accounts of
who carried out the ambush.
Some ocials said local Bedouins
tipped o security forces, who inter-
cepted him and other militants as
they were preparing to bomb a gas
Some Bedouin tribesmen have in
recent months collaborated with se-
curity forces against militants.
Others said it was civilians from
among the Sinais heavily armed tribes
who killed Menei.
Ansar Beit al-Maqdis has claimed
some of the deadliest and most high-
prole attacks on security forces since
the army overthrew Islamist president
Mohamed Morsi last July.
They have included a bombing
at Cairo police headquarters last
December and an assassination at-
tempt against the interior minister in
September, as well as frequent attacks
on the security forces in the groups
Sinai base.
The US State Department desig-
nated the group a foreign terrorist
organisation in April.
Before Morsis ouster, Ansar Beit
al-Maqdis mainly targeted Israel,
through attacks on the gas export
pipeline through the Sinai to Israel
and in January its ghters red a
rocket at Israels Red Sea resort of
But since last July, the group has
sharply escalated its operations, and
the military-installed authorities say
more than 500 people have died in
the violence, most of them security
The group is thought to have been
founded in 2011 in the aftermath of
the Arab Spring uprising that ended
the 30-year rule of president Hosni
Crush militants
Its command structure and funding
sources remain shadowy and analysts
said Menei was just one of a number of
leading gures within the group.
A founder, Tawfiq Mohamed
Fareej, was killed in March when a
car accident set o a bomb he was
The army has poured troops
into the Sinai in a bid to crush the
militants, securing Israels backing
for the deployment in the sensitive
peninsula where troop numbers are
restricted under the two countries
1979 peace treaty.
The military-installed authorities
have repeatedly blamed the surge in
violence on Morsis Muslim Broth-
erhood, which they designated a
terrorist organisation in December,
despite its repeated condemnation
of the violence.
Vengeance is coming, Ansar Beit
al-Maqdis warned Sisi earlier this
year, and the group carried out twin
suicide bombings outside the South
Sinai provincial capital Al-Tur on May
2 on the eve of the launch of the elec-
tion campaign. (AFP)
Country goes to the
polls next week in
contest Sisi is expected
to comfortably win
An Egyptian woman holds a ag bearing an image of Egypts ex-army chief and
presidential candidate Abdel Fattah al-Sisi during a rally in support of Sisi on the
Qasr el-Nile bridge in Cairo on Tuesday.
Amnesty International said
Thursday that dozens of civilians
have been subjected to enforced
disappearance and held for
months in secret detention at an
army camp north of Cairo.
A home-made bomb went o on
Friday in front of a fuel station
run by the army in Cairos Nasr
City district soon after a march
by pro-Morsi protesters was dis-
persed there by security forces
who used tear gas.
Civilians detained
29 children
die eeing
C.Africa: UN
GENEVA, Friday
Nearly 30 children eeing the
war-ravaged Central African Re-
public have died in just a month
from starvation, exhaustion and
exposure after crossing into Cam-
eroon, the UN said Friday.
In the last month, the rate of
deaths among refugee children
has been particularly high, Adrian
Edwards, spokesman for the UN
refugee agency, told reporters in
Between April 14 and May 18,
29 children, the youngest a baby
and the eldest nine-years-old, had
died after crossing into Cameroon,
UNHCR said.
Many refugees eeing bloody
sectarian clashes in CAR have
been forced to hide in the bush
without food or clean water for
weeks on end, and are arriving in
Cameroon, he said.
Most of the children who died
arrived malnourished and gravely
ill, Edwards said, adding that ef-
forts to save them at therapeutic
feeding centres had failed. (AFP)
May 24, 2014
NOTE (i)
NOTE (ii)
Note (iii)
a b c d e=b+c+d
301 BARINGO 2,666,664,803.00 858,200,061.70 9,928,763.75 342,229,358.45 1,210,358,183.90
302 BOMET 3,090,868,017.00 441,480,683.55 91,873,468.45 6,224,475.35 539,578,627.35
303 BUNGOMA 4,938,972,131.00 1,533,084,065.55 567,691,264.20 13,317,018.00 2,114,092,347.75
304 BUSIA 2,766,937,159.00 551,401,691.20 87,211,343.60 395,561,150.25 1,034,174,185.05
305 ELGEYO MARAKWET 1,964,087,429.00 668,348,008.00 90,325,787.80 235,847,946.60 994,521,742.40
306 EMBU 2,092,970,075.00 80,015,120.00 616,879,802.45 363,952,000.00 1,060,846,922.45
307 GARISSA 3,735,245,855.00 1,746,925,116.00 148,952,254.75 356,542,281.30 2,252,419,652.05
308 HOMA BAY 3,416,190,223.00 794,938,162.00 81,476,022.75 140,723,402.95 1,017,137,587.70
309 ISIOLO 1,782,721,029.00 646,787,302.75 45,021,558.25 33,903,668.75 725,712,529.75
310 KAJIADO 2,724,230,822.00 968,926,756.00 344,708,454.50 221,336,360.25 1,534,971,570.75
311 KAKAMEGA 5,743,459,662.00 1,247,181,094.55 152,677,596.70 212,668,355.55 1,612,527,046.80
312 KERICHO 2,633,107,619.20 482,822,338.50 289,639,437.90 130,932,369.00 903,394,145.40
313 KIAMBU 4,841,299,934.40 1,059,200,028.60 7,813,535.00 504,683,252.95 1,571,696,816.55
314 KILIFI 4,746,559,363.00 1,160,110,297.00 780,650,097.85 818,027,271.30 2,758,787,666.15
315 KIRINYAGA 1,912,571,224.15 427,618,165.95 208,862,912.30 293,135,876.80 929,616,955.05
316 KISII 4,580,912,976.00 1,036,455,412.40 167,832,738.25 149,138,111.55 1,353,426,262.20
317 KISUMU 3,514,035,217.45 533,897,954.60 213,861,911.80 665,444,744.00 1,413,204,610.40
318 KITUI 4,611,290,155.00 1,784,871,340.20 561,209,655.35 210,144,742.45 2,556,225,738.00
319 KWALE 3,237,878,288.00 945,357,148.20 320,137,934.20 391,641,832.00 1,657,136,914.40
320 LAIKIPIA 1,805,428,000.00 188,397,964.80 117,800,970.70 424,335,683.00 730,534,618.50
321 LAMU 1,265,643,772.00 471,265,312.00 204,149,506.25 195,592,500.00 871,007,318.25
THE RELEASE OF THE 7, 8, 9, & 10
The constitution under Article 201 (a) requires that there shall be openness in public financial matters Further, section 46(2) of the Public Finance Management Act,
2012 requires the Cabinet Secretary to the National Treasury to publish in the Kenya Gazette revenue collections and exchequer issues by the National Treasury.
In this regard and pursuant to the County Allocation of Revenue Act, 2013, and in consultation with the Controller of Budget, the National Treasury has released the
7, 8, 9 & 10
Tranche of the Equitable Share of Revenue to County Governments. This is based on the Cash disbursement schedule approved by the Senate. In this
respect, here below is a status report of disbursements and balances held in various bank accounts of County Governments at the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK):-
May 24, 2014
42 |
322 MACHAKOS 4,084,656,723.00 345,708,509.75 28,227,613.65 34,029,251.80 407,965,375.20
323 MAKUENI 3,462,587,768.00 1,064,301,350.45 196,381,321.95 708,020,278.00 1,968,702,950.40
324 MANDERA 5,906,648,293.00 3,869,756,127.65 83,524,554.00 225,780,589.40 4,179,061,271.05
325 MARSABIT 3,411,473,343.00 1,296,838,235.90 41,879,407.00 766,563,851.00 2,105,281,493.90
326 MERU 3,907,282,999.00 1,847,021,244.20 260,914,774.35 230,294.80 2,108,166,313.35
327 MIGORI 3,677,959,032.00 875,980,322.00 215,308,942.70 194,621,915.00 1,285,911,179.70
328 MOMBASA 3,050,888,236.00 811,959,707.55 326,026.80 189,684,840.00 1,001,970,574.35
329 MURANGA 3,124,423,321.00 588,806,820.00 29,065,338.55 75,536,945.90 693,409,104.45
330 NAIROBI 6,783,082,563.00 83,746,466.90 27,011,606.85 201,614.35 110,959,688.10
331 NAKURU 4,574,401,133.00 353,079,809.15 26,018,999.10 482,658,739.00 861,757,547.25
332 NANDI 2,762,852,256.00 899,237,545.65 105,731,342.80 181,636,183.45 1,186,605,071.90
333 NAROK 3,337,843,737.00 1,243,408,888.20 19,370,261.70 543,460,016.15 1,806,239,166.05
334 NYAMIRA 2,720,690,521.00 1,019,050,335.00 79,169,541.80 39,833,057.50 1,138,052,934.30
335 NYANDARUA 2,477,884,698.00 779,976,706.00 56,495,153.00 25,071,566.00 861,543,425.00
336 NYERI 2,399,960,625.00 55,603,470.75 463,299,838.75 121,177,109.65 640,080,419.15
337 SAMBURU 2,272,295,431.00 592,610,701.85 314,464,946.50 152,106,275.30 1,059,181,923.65
338 SIAYA 2,965,230,907.00 958,513,535.25 315,099,106.95 505,151,818.20 1,778,764,460.40
339 TAITA TAVETA 1,953,396,739.80 457,481,692.55 168,772,874.90 132,862,388.70 759,116,956.15
340 TANA RIVER 2,542,229,294.00 1,238,504,867.45 17,164,509.70 387,616,741.00 1,643,286,118.15
341 THARAKA NITHI 1,737,965,650.00 231,589,025.05 259,014,015.80 135,549,718.05 626,152,758.90
342 TRANS NZOIA 3,290,519,769.00 842,728,855.10 41,286,510.90 120,069,329.45 1,004,084,695.45
343 TURKANA 6,868,190,990.00 2,651,703,039.05 242,394,948.15 956,477,071.90 3,850,575,059.10
344 UASIN GISHU 3,169,131,294.00 1,116,706,518.95 97,932,115.45 390,002,581.15 1,606,598,410.55
345 VIHIGA 2,403,924,632.00 837,791,116.90 220,249,161.70 92,026,656.95 1,150,066,935.55
346 WAJIR 4,798,359,183.00 1,843,227,677.70 247,473,573.55 414,843,968.60 2,505,545,219.85
347 WEST POKOT 2,841,903,776.00 933,542,228.10 382,136,576.45 137,751,248.30 1,453,430,052.85
TOTAL 158,596,856,668.00 44,466,158,820.65 9,047,418,079.85 13,118,346,450.10 66,633,880,545.60
(i) The bank balances in the recurrent accounts include salary reimbursements due to the National Government for those counties that
have not reimbursed.
(ii) As indicated in the schedule, the county Government have been facilitated with development funds.
(iii) The bank balances include the equitable share of the revenue raised Nationally and County Governments own revenues collected
and banked in the County Governments bank accounts maintained at the CBK.
Dr. Kamau Thugge
Principal Secretary/National Treasury
For: Cabinet Secretary/National Treasury
Dated: 21
May, 2014
May 24, 2014
UN blacklists
Boko Haram
as terror group
ABUJA, Friday
The United Nations imposed
sanctions on Boko Haram, black-
listing it as an Al-Qaeda-linked
terrorist organisation.
This came on Thursday as
protesters stepped up demands
for the release of 200 kidnapped
The terror designation, imme-
diately welcomed by the United
States, subjects Boko Haram to an
arms embargo and asset freeze,
though it remains unclear what
practical impact it will have.
The group, which demands the
creation of an Islamic state in
mainly Muslim northern Nigeria,
has recently escalated its campaign
of attacks that have left thousands
dead since 2009.
Boko Haram are now listed on
the UNs Al-Qaeda sanctions list,
said Australian Ambassador Gary
Quinlan, chair of the Al-Qaeda
sanctions committee.
We will work to try and make
sure that anyone providing mate-
rial assistance to Boko Haram,
whether funding or arms, will in
eect be stopped, he told reporters
in New York.
Mr Quinlan said there was
very clear evidence that Boko
Haram had trained extensively
with Al-Qaeda in the Islamic
Maghreb, particularly on devel-
oping bombs.
A signicant number of Boko
Haram personnel had fought
alongside Al-Qaeda aliates in
Mali and their leader had made
strong statements of solidarity
with Al-Qaeda franchises, he
US Ambassador Samantha
Power hailed the sanctions as an
important step to support Nigeria
in defeating Boko Haram and hold
its murderous leadership account-
able for atrocities. (AFP)
Chad suspends
China rm over
pollution claims
Chad has suspended the local
unit of China National Petroleum
Corporation for allegedly violat-
ing environmental law, Oil Minister
Djerassem Bemadjiele said in a let-
ter seen by AFP on Friday.
The ministerial letter accused
CNPCs Chadian subsidiary of sys-
tematically carrying out polluting
practices banned by both Chadian
and international legislation and
said that all of the companys
exploration and drilling activities
were to have been suspended as
of May 21.
Chad suspended the oil rms
activities over similar concerns in
August 2013, lifting the ban weeks
later, but this time the government
in NDjamena demanded that the
Chinese giant pay 1.2 billion dollars
(880 million euros) in damages for
a serious violation of regulations
on the protection of the environ-
ment. (AFP)
he International Criminal
Court on Friday sentenced
Congolese warlord Germain
Simba Katanga to 12 years in jail
for arming an ethnic militia that car-
ried out a particularly cruel village
massacre in 2003.
The chamber sentences Germain
Katanga to 12 years in prison, pre-
siding Judge Bruno Cotte told the
Hague-based court in its second
sentencing since opening in 2003.
The almost seven years that Ka-
tanga (right) has already spend in
detention will be deducted from the
sentence, he said.
Judges found that he armed ght-
ers of the Patriotic Resistance Forces
in Ituri (FRPI) who carried out the
village massacre in which more than
200 people died.
The scars of the fighting that
occurred that day are still be seen
today, Judge Cotte said on Friday.
The use of machetes in the attack
was particularly cruel and caused
extreme suering, Cotte added.
The man once known as Simba
(lion), showed no emotion as Cotte
read the sentence. During the hear-
ing, he sat with his hands folded in
front of him with his gaze xed on
the judge. The ICC however cleared
Katanga of charges of rape, sexual
slavery and using child soldiers.
Katangas lawyers have appealed
his conviction and now have another
30 days to appeal his sentence.
The decision on the convictions
appeal is still pending.
The sentencing is courts second
since opening its doors in 2003,
with another Congolese warlord
and Katangas one-time adversary
Thomas Lubanga sentenced to 14
years in July 2012.
The Ituri region where the mas-
sacre occurred has been riven by
violence since 1999, when clashes
broke out that killed at least 60,000
people, according to rights groups.
In 2003, the DR Congo was just
emerging from a war that embroiled
at least half a dozen nations, and its
isolated east was rife with violent
militias including the FRPI.
The ghting has been driven by
ethnic conict and battles between
rival militias for control of the
regions rich haul of gold, oil and
In 2004 Katanga was made a gen-
eral in President Joseph Kabilas army
as part of a policy to end the civil
strife until Kinshasa arrested him
in 2005. (AFP)
JUSTICE | ICC sentences mastermind of 2003 village attack in DRC
Congolese warlord Katanga
gets 12 years over massacre
Accused sat with hands
folded and showed no
emotion as the judge
read the sentence
Germain Katanga, 36, was
convicted in March of war crimes
and crimes against humanity
including murder and pillaging
for his role in the attack on
Bogoro village in the volatile
eastern Democratic Republic of
Congo on February 24, 2003
War crimes
Mali in crisis as rebels seize two towns
BAMAKO, Friday
Mali was in crisis on Friday after
losing two northern towns including
the rebel bastion of Kidal to Tuareg
separatists in a humiliating defeat
forcing the government to call for
an immediate ceasere.
Around 20 Malian soldiers were
killed and 30 wounded in the ght-
ing that saw insurgents led by Tuareg
rebels recapture the key northern town
of Kidal, the Defence minister said.
There were dead and wounded
people on both sides, Soumeylou
Boubeye Maiga said.
But a leader of the National Move-
ment for the Liberation of Azawad
(MNLA), said 40 Malian soldiers
had been killed and 70 taken pris-
oner along with several tonnes of
weapons and ammunition.
State troops lost
In the latest military setback for
the beleaguered force, United Nations
spokesman Stephane Dujarric told re-
porters that MNLA ghters had taken
Menaka, a town of 20,000 in eastern
Mali, some 24 hours after the govern-
ment admitted it had lost Kidal.
MNLA movements in Anefis,
Aguelhok and other locations have
been reported, Dujarric said.
Paris on Thursday called for the
cessation of hostilities in the rebel-
infested north of its former colony,
pressing for resumption of talks
between rebels and Bamako.
It is essential that hostilities cease
and inclusive talks start, said foreign
ministry spokesman Romain Nadal.
The chairman of the African Union,
Mauritanias President Mohamed
Ould Abdel Aziz, called on the crisis
to be resolved with dialogue after he
cut short a visit to Rwanda to travel
to Bamako. (AFP)
Two men look at newspapers with headlines announcing the Malian armys defeat by armed separatists in the countrys
north. Around 20 Malian soldiers have been killed and 30 wounded in ghting since Wednesday that saw insurgents led
by Tuareg rebels recapture the key northern town of Kidal and the smaller settlement of Menaka.
Rocket attack hurts 20
in Libyas second city
Twenty family members
were wounded when a rocket hit
their home near an army base
in Libyas second city, Benghazi,
overnight, medical and security
sources said on Friday. The fami-
lys home lies close to the head-
quarters of the armys special
forces unit in Benghazi, which is
backing a rogue general who has
vowed to crush Islamists in the
city, a security ocial said. (AFP)
US alone in helping
Nigeria nd girls
The United States is alone in
helping Nigeria locate more than
200 schoolgirls kidnapped by
Islamists, Secretary of State John
Kerry said on Thursday, despite
help on the ground from Brit-
ain, France and Israel. With 80
military personnel sent to neigh-
bouring Chad for intelligence,
surveillance and reconnaissance
missions, the United States is the
biggest foreign participant in the
eort against the militant group
Boko Haram. (AFP)
Rwanda and France
hold talks in Gabon
Rwandas President Paul
Kagame went into private talks
with Frances Foreign Minister
Laurent Fabius on Friday in the
wings of a development forum
in Gabon, a source close to the
Gabonese presidency said. The
two men shook hands follow-
ing weeks of newly strained ties
two decades after the Rwandan
genocide, according to an AFP
reporter at the third New York
Forum Africa in Libreville. (AFP)
Hundreds for detained
Sudan former PM rally
Hundreds of supporters of
detained former Sudanese Prime
Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi ral-
lied on Friday despite a show
of force by police and security
agents. The National Intelligence
and Security Service arrested
Mahdi, chief of the opposition
Umma Party, on May 16 after he
reportedly accused a counter-in-
surgency unit of abuses against
civilians. (AFP)
Mine kills Tunisian
soldier, wounds ve
A Tunisian soldier was killed
and ve others wounded on
Friday by a mine in the Mount
Chaambi region near the Alge-
rian border, the Defence ministry
said. A mine exploded when a
military vehicle passed, killing a
senior non-commissioned ocer
and wounding ve other soldiers,
two of them seriously, ministry
spokesman Taouk Rahmouni
said on Friday. (AFP)
May 24, 2014
44 | Africa News
America keeps nding ways to divide itself.
We are rich or poor. Straight or gay. Repub-
lican or Democrat. White or non white. Big car
or small car. Gigantic house or condo. City life
or country. Educated or not. Fat or t. Faithful
or agnostic. For Obamacare or against it. Want
guns banned or an automatic weapon in every
home. Meat lovers or vegetarians.
Three news events hit this week: Another
round of the divisive 2016 mid-term elections
that promise more acrimony. Another battle
over whether to put a prisoner to death this
time in Missouri. And the jousting in a variety
states over same-sex marriage. North Dakota,
for example, is trying to get the States teachers
to sign an oath upholding an opinion that same
sex marriage is wrong.
In looking to make sense of things in America,
I decided to look at a country that was one of the
most separated countries in the world. Twenty
years after the end of apartheid, South Africa
now has one of the most forward and unifying
constitutions on the planet.
But, as Nelson Mandela said, it has been a
long journey. Not long ago, South Africa had laws
that separated people by the colour their skin or
place of origin. Blacks could not be managers.
Blacks were forced to live in certain places or
townships. They could not attend White schools.
They could not marry Whites. They could not
vote. Blacks had to carry identication cards.
Detention was allowed without trial, and there
was no relief in the courts. So how did South
Africa become the great shining light of Africa
and an inspiration to the world? We all know
the story of Mandela and his progressive spirit
of reconciliation. But the development of the
constitution, primarily led by Albie Sachs, is
mostly discussed in academic circles.
Sachs lost an arm in the early struggle, the
victim of a car bomb meant to kill him. He now
teaches in classrooms around the world and is
sought after because of his forward thinking.
Central to the constitution is a ban on dis-
crimination of any type. That includes the typical
ways that we dierentiate ourselves origin, race
and religion. But it also includes AIDS, gays and
lesbians, disability, age and gender.
South Africa studied constitutions worldwide.
It attempted to take the best from everyone and
include the current issues that separate us. I
have South African friends who were unable
to vote for most of their lives.
But there remain many things to learn. Rtd
Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu said recently
he was glad that Mandela was dead because he
would be saddened by the slow pace of reform
promised in the struggle.
Best way forward
Although the constitution promised great
progress on innumerable fronts, South Africa
is no utopia. Bringing a population of 52 million
forward is dicult and sometimes the best way
forward is at a slow pace.
For example, Americas early leaders wanted
to deal with slavery at the beginning of the coun-
try, but kicked the issue down the road for about
90 years. They feared the issue would kill the
country and it almost did.
So in looking forward, the question is whether
a constitution can promise too much or too lit-
tle. What is the best way forward to resolve the
conicts that are inherent in human society?
Promise everything possible? Or promise what
can be done at the time?
The only thing certain is that conict is inher-
ent in human progress. We dream of perfection,
but have not yet found a way to make it work
without debate, discussion and resolution. It
is a fact wherever we go.
In search of unity, conict is
inherent in human progress
hailands new military
junta summoned the
kingdoms ousted lead-
ers on Friday and banned
them from leaving the country,
following a coup that has pro-
voked international outcry.
Vowing to halt months of po-
litical bloodshed, coup makers
led by the tough-talking army
chief declared a nationwide
night-time curfew and ordered
masses of rival demonstrators
o the streets.
Former Prime Minister
Yingluck Shinawatra, who
was removed from oce in a
controversial court ruling ear-
lier this month, arrived at an
army facility in Bangkok after
summons from the military.
Dozens of prominent gures
from both sides of the politi-
cal divide, including Yinglucks
successor Niwattumrong Boon-
songpaisan, were ordered to
show up. It was unclear what
awaited them.
If the PM and these person-
alities are not apprehended,
then there would be the threat
that they might set up a gov-
ernment in exile, said Paul
Chambers, a Southeast Asia
expert at Chiang Mai Univer-
sity in northern Thailand.
The army said 155 promi-
nent figures, including the
ousted government leaders,
were banned from leaving the
country without permission.
The military regime headed
by General Prayut Chan-O-Cha
suspended most of the consti-
tution, drawing rebukes from
Washington, Europe and UN
chief Ban Ki-moon, who all
called for civilian control to
be restored.
Secretary of State John Kerry
said there was no justication
for a coup that would have
negative implications for
US relations, and demanded
early elections. The Pentagon
said it was reviewing military
cooperation with Americas
oldest ally in Asia.
Southeast Asian neighbours
urged caution, with Malaysia
warning its nationals to defer
non-essential travel.
Japan, Thailands biggest
foreign investor, stopped short
of a travel warning but called
for a prompt restoration of a
democratic political system.
Toyota and Honda had
curtailed night-time shifts at
their Thai plants because of
the curfew, but a spokesman
for Toyota said it had received
authorisation to resume op-
erations for the time being.
Thailand has been locked in
a political crisis since a 2006
military coup that deposed
Yinglucks elder brother
Thaksin Shinawatra, a bil-
lionaire tycoon-turned-populist
politician who clashed with the
royalist establishment.
The military held on to
power for more than a year
after the 2006 coup and since
then, a power bloc centred on
Thaksins family has battled for
primacy with a Bangkok-based
royalist camp closely tied to the
powerful military. (AFP)
Coup leader summons Thai politicians
TENSION | New military junta bans ousted leaders from leaving country
Thai soldiers stand guard after army chief General Prayut Chan-O-
Cha met with anti-government and pro-government leaders at the
Army Club in Bangkok on Thursday.
Former PM and
dozens of prominent
gures ordered to
show up by military
If not apprehended,
they might set up a
government in exile
Southeast Asia expert Paul
May 24, 2014
International News 45
Salary increase meant to compensate
chiefs for their commitment and
roles in the board. Page 48
illions of shillings meant
for counties are lying un-
spent at the Central Bank
less than a month before the de-
volved units are allocated more
money in the next budget.
The counties had in total over
Sh66 billion lying in their respec-
tive accounts as of Friday last
week, raising questions whether
they have the capacity to absorb
the funds.
Out of the total, Sh44 billion is
money collected by the counties
as fees or commission and the
balance is allocation from the
national government.
Best spenders
A report on county spending
released by the Treasury and the
controller of budget indicated
that the devolved units had re-
ceived Sh158 billion in total so
far, but had only spent slightly
over half of the funds as at the
end of last week.
Though the report does not
indicate how the money was
used, Nairobi County emerged
the best spender, with a balance
of Sh110 million out of Sh6.7 bil-
lion it has received so far.
Other best spenders were
Bomet, Machakos, Muranga,
Nakuru and Nyeri which have
bank balances of Sh539 million,
407 million, 693 million, 861 mil-
lion and 640 million respectively.
These counties met the 25 per
cent first quarter absorption
Committed to projects
Mandera had the highest bank
balance, having used only 30 per
cent or Sh1.8 billion out of Sh5.9
billion allocated to it. The county
has Sh4.1 billion idle in its ac-
count. Governor Ali Ibrahim
Roba said that almost all the
money has been committed to
various development projects.
Most of the money is for
paying road contractors and
developers of various public
amenities in the county and this
is still work in progress that will
be paid after the work has been
accomplished, said Mr Roba.
Mandera received the third
highest allocation after Nairobi
and Turkana.
On its part, Turkana County
spent almost half of its alloca-
tion. It used Sh3 billion out of the
Sh6.8 billion it received.
Other counties that had over
Sh2 billion in their accounts are
Bungoma, Garissa, Kili, Kitui
and Meru.
Baringo, Busia, Embu,
Homabay, Kisii, Kisumu Kwale,
Migori, Mombasa, Nandi,
Narok, Nyamira , Siaya, Tana
River Uasin Gishu, Vihiga and
West Pokot have on average
Sh1.2 billion lying unspent in
their current and development
Did not request money
A report from the controller
of budget Agnes Odhiambo said
counties failed to use over Sh27
billion allocated to them during
their rst quarter of business.
Twenty seven counties failed
to spend any money on devel-
opment. They did not request
money for projects, according
to Mrs Odhiambo.
This low uptake could be at-
tributed to the failure of most
counties to meet the conditions
set for the release of funds as
stipulated in the Public Finan-
cial Management Act, 2012, said
Mrs Odhiambo in the report.
It was established then that
while some counties had well for-
mulated and balanced budgets,
others had decits, unrealistic
estimates, or allocations for
unauthorised items.
Increase allocation
Meanwhile, the council of
governors has called for the
amendment of article 203 of
the Constitution to increase al-
location to the counties to not
less than 40 per cent from the
current not less than 15 per cent
of the national revenue.
There is growing recognition
of the importance of the national
government to increase the al-
location of revenue to counties.
To do so, we may be required
to amend the Constitution to
guarantee national revenue
ow, said the governors in an
advertisement yesterday.
Money collected by coun-
tiues as fees that is lying
unused at the Central Bank
Sh66bn meant for counties unspent
Amount in
CBK raises
units have
capacity to
absorb the
funds with
less than a
month to
next years
SCORE CARD | Nairobi County emerges best spender followed closely by Bomet and Machakos
FISHING | Huge catch as ban looms
Fishmonger Ken Muhia displays a huge catch at Kamere beach
on the shores of Lake Naivasha yesterday. The sherfolk has
about a week to sh in the lake before the periodic three-month
ban takes eect on June 1. The shermen, however, have faulted
the ban saying it has been overtaken by events.

The private sector al-
liance has called on the
government to expedite
issuing of the planned
In what is seen a siding
with the government deci-
sion to clear way for the
Eurobond, Kenya Private
Sector Alliance chairman
Vimal Shah, noted that the
sovereign bond is crucial to
the economy and warned
against further delay.
On Monday, the govern-
ment paid Sh1.46 billion
to two rms related to the
Anglo Leasing-type con-
tracts to clear the way for
Eurobond sale in July.
Anglo Leasing
Government had to do
what it had to do because
there was this judgment
on Kenya regarding Anglo
Leasing, Mr Shah said at
media brieng yesterday.
We urge the authority to
get to the root of this con-
tract, get the perpetrators
and book them in a court
of law.
Kenyan lawyers have
come out strongly op-
posing the Sh1.46 billion
payment citing corrup-
tion. The Treasury noted
that blocking the payment
would have equally derailed
the bond sale which is now
awaiting launch.
According to the private
sector, Eurobond sale has
been under discussion for
some time, therefore it
is the opportune period
for Kenya to open up its
We are still a favoured
country in the eyes of both
local and foreign investors;
we surely cannot aord to
lose the goodwill aorded
by the international frater-
nity, said Mr Shah.
Capital expenditure
He noted that it is also
important to recognise that
the nancing aorded by
the Eurobond is not for
recurrent but rather capital
The Eurobond is poised
to fund infrastructure
projects as part of the Vi-
sion 2030, he said, such
measures will transform
Kenya into a middle-in-
come country as indeed
desired in the next couple
of years.
The sovereign bond will
help government repay a
Sh52 billion two-year syn-
dicated loan.
Fast track sale of Eurobond to
rev up economy, say investors

had to do
what it had
to do because
there was this
judgement on
Kenya regarding
Anglo Leasing,
KEPSA chairman
Vimal Shah
Order sees
Rea Vipingo
owners steer
clear of
takeover talks
Owners of Rea Vipingo failed
to discuss a takeover bid listed
on the companys annual gen-
eral meeting agenda following a
court order obtained by one of the
shareholder on Thursday.
The takeover proposal by Rea
Trading Limited was among the
items to be discussed at yester-
days meeting in Nairobi.
The shareholders only approved
of the companys accounts.
It would be prejudicial to
discuss issues concerning the
acquisition because the matter
is currently before the court,
Rea Vipingo board chairman
Oliver Fowler said after a share-
holder raised the matter for
Rea Vipingos acquisition was
stopped on Thursday pending the
hearing of a case led by Centum
Investment Limited which was
competing against Rea Trading
in the takeover.
The investment company, went
to court seeking to stop the ac-
quisition until its case challenging
the manner in which the Capital
Markets Authority handled the
takeover transaction has been
heard and determined by the
Capital Markets Tribunal.
Capital Markets Authority
fundamentally erred in law and
in fact in failing to appreciate that
a promise for a future disposition
of the proceeds from the sale of a
companys assets cannot consti-
tute consideration for a takeover
oer and is in any event void for
uncertainty, said Centum in the
appeal to the tribunal.
Irregular transaction
The Robinow brothers, who are
already majority owners of Rea
Vipingo at 57.04 per cent stake,
had oered to buy out other share-
holders at Sh70 per share plus a
conditional bonus of up to Sh15
per share from future disposal of
the rms land.
Centum is hoping that the tri-
bunal will declare the transaction
irregular due to the uncertainty
of the conditional bonus leaving
it as the highest bidder at Sh75
per share as opposed to Sh70 per
share proposed by Rea Trading.
It would be prejudicial to
discuss issues concerning
the acquisition because
the matter is currently
before the court.
Rea Vipingo board chairman
Oliver Fowler
May 24, 2014
46 |
Kenya Seed grapples with
Sh1.2bn cash ow shortfall
Kenya Seed company is
grappling with Sh1.2 billion
cash flow deficit owing to
failure by the government to
remit funds meant to subsidise
its products.
This emerged during an
audit by the parliamentary
Public Investment Committee
(PIC) which toured the Kitale-
based company to take stock of
its business since 2004.
The rms managing direc-
tor, Mr Willy Bett, said the
company has been operating
with expensive borrowing
after the government failed to
nance it as pledged.
The company heeded a
government directive to lower
its maize seed prices per kilo
to Sh150 from Sh180 to make
it aordable but the company
has not received funds from the
government to ll the gap, Mr
Bett told the Adan Keynan led
The companys seed prices
have remained the same for the
past decade yet the cost of pro-
duction has doubled, forcing
the rm to turn to overdrafts,
said Mr Bett.
Funyula MP Paul Otuoma
challenged the company to
ensure it meets the countrys
growing seed demand by in-
creasing its acreage in other
parts of the country since its
prime areas face massive land
subdisvion. We are alarmed by
the companys production of
19 million kilogrammes of seed
against the countrys demand
of 35 million kilogrammes of
seed, said Mr Otuoma.
The committee also took
issue with the companys
shareholding, especially by
the conduct of the Agricul-
tural Development Corporation
(ADC) which holds 52.8 per
cent stake.
Weve to sermon the man-
agement of ADC and former
Kenya Seed top brass to clear
the air on what they know
about this companys disputed
shares, Mr Keynan said.
Kwanza MP Ferdinand
Wanyonyi added: Some of
the shareholders acquired
the shares under unknown
circumstances. They should
be made public.
Debts incurred by its subsidi-
aries Simlaw, Kibo, and Mt
Elgon seed companies are
also hurting it too.
But Kiminini MP Chris
Wamalwa took issue with the
companys ethnic composition
after it emerged that the lions
share of its sta are from the
Kalenjin community yet it is a
public company.
Price Kenya Seed has
been selling a kilo of
maize seed for the past 10
years yet the cost of pro-
duction has doubled
ost products in the
market are not prop-
erly labelled yet some
are poisonous, a study shows.
Many consumers do not read
contents of the product labels
either, the ndings state.
As a result, consumers could
be spending money on wrong
products because of ignorance
according to a survey by the In-
ternational Institute of Tropical
Agriculture (IITA). The Kenya
Plant Health Inspectorate Serv-
ice, Pest Control Products
Board and the Kenya Bureau
of Standards were partners in
the research that was also done
in Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia,
Ghana and Nigeria.
Dr Cargele Masso, from IITA
told scientists attending a re-
gional conference in Nairobi
yesterday that lives could be
endangered through poor use
of products.
The forum was organised
by Bio-resources Innovations
Network for Eastern Africa
Development (Bio-Innovate
Africa) in partnership with
the National Commission for
Science, Technology and In-
Bio-Innovate Africas acting
programme manager, Dr Allan
Liavoga, noted that inaccurate
labelling of products threatens
adoption of noble technologies
that can transform peoples
living standards and step up
growth. He warned that con-
sumers stand to lose trust in
products and various technolo-
gies if they nd out that they
had been duped.
It is critical to provide the
right information as opposed to
fantasies, said Dr Liavoga.
The forum was meant to lay
strategies of empowering peo-
ple in order to see them help
in the countrys growth.
Cheating consumers about
some technologies or a par-
ticular product by providing
pleasant but not factual infor-
mation would kill innovation,
Dr Masso said.
Misinformation poses threats
to safety and development of
technologies, he added.
Weve embarked on creat-
ing awareness about the value
of products being properly
labelled to inform consumer
choice, Dr Masso said.
Traders, consumers, farm-
ers and government ocers
are targeted in the second
phase of the Bill and Melinda
Gates Foundation sponsored
project, which runs from 2012
to 2017.
Dr Masso, who heads the
institutionalisation of qual-
ity control mechanism, and
dissemination of top quality
products in Sub-Saharan Af-
rica to improve food security,
project said investing in sensi-
tisation campaigns is the best
way forward.
Market monitoring would
also eliminate poor quality
products and avoid adultera-
tion of goods, he noted.
Consumers, he said, should
know the ingredients of prod-
ucts and the instructions on
their use. Some companies
exaggerate what the product
can do. Some, for instance,
claim that certain agricultural
products will increase yields by
10 per cent yet this is not true,
he said, label claims have to
be realistic, he said.
Dr Charity Mutegu of IITA
said a precautionary statement
on products that pose health
risks is crucial. Some people
might store poisonous farm in-
puts together with food, she
said, this can be detrimental
to consumers health.
Other products lack contact
information where customers
can get in touch with the manu-
factures, said Dr Masso.
WARNING | Many lives in the country could be in danger
Consumers pay the price
for poor labelling: Study
Many buyers do not
read the labels of
target products, says
market survey
To avoid endangering
lives since customers
may store poisons with
To gain customer
trust in various prod-
ucts and technologies.
To enable buyers
give makers of various
goods a feedback.
To eliminate poor
quality goods in the
Why it is wise
to label goods
Nation Media Group is the largest independent media house in East and
Central Africa with operations in print, broadcast and digital media. It
attracts and serves unparalleled audiences in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania
and Rwanda. We are seeking to recruit highly motivated individuals for the
following positions:
Job Ref: HR-PO-05-2014
Reporting to the Procurement Manager and working closely with other teams
within the organization, the key result areas for this position will include:
Key responsibilities:
Effective sourcing of goods and services, both locally and internationally,
as per laid down procedures for company use and eventually selling/
disposing to customers;
Managing supplier/ customers relations;
Monitoring market trends;
Ensuring timely supply of quality goods and services.
Qualications, experience and skills:
Bachelors degree in business management;
Diploma in CIPS or other relevant professional certications;
At least 3 years work experience in a similar role in a reputable
Excellent interpersonal, communication and negotiation skills;
High degree of integrity and honesty;
Ability and readiness to work long hours;
Result driven and a team player;
Willingness to learn and use SAP Materials Management module.
Job Ref: HR-TE-05-2014
The Transmission Engineer will report to the Technical Manager and will be
responsible for ensuring quality transmission and reception of Nation Media
Groups radio and television stations.
Key responsibilities:
Plan preventive maintenance for approval and implement the approved
Carry out corrective maintenance on the transmission equipment during
breakdown ensuring that all broadcast stations are on air for 24/7/
Recommend ways and means of improving efciency (improvement
maintenance) of utilisation of existing transmitter equipment at all the
Coordinate new projects in transmitter stations. This includes
coordination and management of contractors;
Continuously monitor the radio and television signals with a view to
resolving any transmission problems arising thereof;
Predict and ensure proper stock level of spares required;
Be available 24/7 to attend to emergencies;
Working independently with little or no supervision to achieve the set
targets for maximum turn around for resolution of complaints & faults.
Qualications, experience and skills
Bachelors degree in telecommunications/electronics + IT or diploma
from a Communication Institute/Electronics + IT;
At least 3 years technical experience preferably in broadcasting;
Knowledge of both Radio & TV Transmitter systems;
Knowledge of satellite (SCPC & VSAT) systems;
Must have excellent analytical, inter-personal and communication
These positions offer excellent career growth opportunity and a competitive
remuneration package. If you meet the above criteria, apply online at
http://careers.nationmedia.com before 29
May 2014.
Only shortlisted applicants shall be contacted.
May 24, 2014
Business News 47
Last 12 Mths Security Prices
High Low Yesterday Previous Shares

57.00 21.00 Eaagads Ord 1.25 30.75
123.00 80.00 Kakuzi Ord.5.00 145.00 132.00 200
167.00 110.00 Kapchorua Tea Co Ord 5.00 144.00
625.00 450.00 The Limuru Tea Co. Ord 20.00 670.00
30.00 19.40 Rea Vipingo Plantations Ord 5.00 27.50
19.95 11.25 Sasini Ltd Ord 1.00 17.20 17.10 1,500
350.00 210.00 Williamson Tea Kenya Ord 5.00 275.00
Automobiles & Accessories
50.00 21.00 Car & General (K) Ord 5.00 35.00 34.25 200
- - CMC Holdings Ord 0.50 13.50
13.50 9.00 Marshalls (E.A.) Ord 5.00 9.40
7.70 4.50 Sameer Africa Ord 5.00 8.40 8.60 2,300
19.15 15.00 Barclays Bank Ord 0.50 17.00 17.00 903,100
155.00 54.00 CFC Stanbic of Kenya Holdings Ord.5.00 144.00 144.00 682,300
248.00 141.00 Diamond Trust Bank Ord 4.00 236.00 235.00 16,500
42.25 29.50 Equity Bank Ord 0.50 39.75 38.75 2,101,400
42.50 22.00 Housing Finance Co Ord 5.00 38.00 37.75 102,200
145.00 85.00 I &M Holdings Ltd Ord 1.00 129.00 128.00 1,100
51.00 35.50 KCB Ord 1.00 46.75 46.50 1,783,300
39.25 18.50 NBK Ord 5.00 32.75 32.00 130,800
68.00 48.50 NIC Bank Ord 5.00 59.50 59.00 129,700
340.00 271.00 StandardChartered Ord 5.00 311.00 310.00 5,100
25.00 14.50 Co-op Bank of Kenya Ord 1.00 21.75 22.00 516,900
Commercial & Services
6.60 3.40 Express Ord 5.00 5.70 6.00 80,800
- - Hutchings Biemer Ord 5.00 20.25
14.70 8.30 Kenya Airways Ord 5.00 11.85 11.85 229,900
16.50 5.00 Longhorn Kenya Ord 1.00 14.00 13.35 10,200
400.00 271.00 Nation Media Group Ord. 2.50 316.00 316.00 38,200
247.00 44.00 ScanGroup Ord. 1.00 48.25 48.25 2,900
39.00 24.50 Standard Group Ord 5.00 32.25 33.00 4,800
56.50 40.00 TPS EA (Serena) Ord 1.00 40.00 40.00 6,400
24.00 14.00 Uchumi Supermarket Ord 5.00 13.05 13.25 46,200
Construction & Allied
98.50 60.00 ARM Cement Ord 1.00 81.50 81.00 165,400
225.00 170.00 BamburiCement Ord 5.00 173.00 173.00 5,100
98.00 75.00 Crown Paints Kenya Ord 5.00 93.00
18.00 13.80 E.A.Cables Ord 0.50 14.50 14.60 10,100
110.00 56.50 E.A.Portland Cement Ord 5.00 92.50

Energy & Petroleum
17.90 10.00 KenGen Ord 2.50 10.75 10.90 73,200
11.80 7.90 KenolKobil Ltd Ord 0.05 9.15 9.10 435,800
20.75 13.50 KP&LC Ord 2.50 14.55 14.80 56,700
- - KP&LC 4% Pref.20.00 8.00
5.50 5.50 KP&LC 7% Pref.20.00 5.50
28.75 12.65 Total Kenya Ord 5.00 26.25 26.50 3,300
13.00 13.00 Umeme Ltd Ord 0.50 13.00
20.00 7.30 British American Investments Co.0.10 17.50 17.45 186,000
12.20 4.20 CIC Insurance Group Ord.1.00 9.95 9.95 892,100
334.00 217.00 Jubilee Holdings Ord 5.00 334.00 333.00 64,200
21.00 13.10 Kenya Re Corporation Ord 2.50 19.35 19.50 23,000
23.00 9.20 Liberty Kenya Holdings Ord 1.00 19.70 19.90 21,800
145.00 51.50 Pan Africa Insurance Ord 5.00 122.00 124.00 5,800

41.00 17.05 CentumInvestment Co Ord 0.50 39.25 39.50 301,900
6.00 3.50 Olympia Capital Holdings Ord 5.00 4.70 4.70 12,300
37.75 20.00 Trans-Century LtdOrd 0.50 24.00
Manufacturing & Allied
- A.Baumann & Co. Ord 5.00 11.10
190.00 100.00 B.O.C Kenya Ord 5.00 142.00 141.00 200
635.00 521.00 British American Tobacco Kenya Ord 10.00 600.00 600.00 100
67.50 30.50 Carbacid Investments Ord 5.00 31.00 31.00 29,400
426.00 212.00 East African Breweries Ord 2.00 279.00 286.00 146,100
4.00 1.90 Eveready EA Ord 1.00 3.70 3.65 20,500
8.60 4.40 Kenya Orchards Ord 5.00 8.60
5.05 2.85 Mumias Sugar Co. Ord 2.00 3.00 3.05 1,368,700
29.00 14.00 Unga Group Ord 5.00 29.50 29.25 31,200
Telecommunication & Technology
13.40 6.15 SafaricomLtd Ord. 0.05 12.95 13.00 2,740,100
Growth & Enterprise Market Segment (GEMS)
25.00 4.40 Home Afrika Ltd Ord. 1.00 5.10 5.15 198,000
NSE All Share Index(NASI)-(1 Jan 2008=100 Down 0.25points to close at 149.80
NSE 20 Share Index Up 1052 points to close at 4925.58 EquityTurnover-482,230,044 Prv 1,160,791,652

Euro $ C$ SF IR JY ZR
ABC buy 120.13 87.85 148.33 - 98.24 1.50 86.42 8.46
sell 120.27 87.95 148.50 - 98.37 1.50 86.52 8.48
Barclays buy 119.76 87.80 148.03 80.50 98.01 1.50 86.23 8.47
sell 120.21 88.00 148.55 80.83 98.45 1.50 86.59 8.51
Co-op buy 119.82 87.80 148.12 80.57 98.11 1.50 86.28 8.29
sell 120.10 88.00 148.48 80.80 98.35 1.50 86.49 8.65
Equity buy 120.20 87.65 147.43 80.65 98.17 1.50 86.56 8.36
sell 120.69 87.85 147.93 81.03 98.71 1.51 86.91 8.55
NBK buy 119.86 87.80 148.13 80.56 98.10 1.50 86.30 8.44
sell 119.98 87.90 148.29 80.69 98.26 1.50 86.41 8.54
KCB buy 119.60 87.75 147.60 80.55 97.90 1.49 86.00 8.40
sell 120.00 87.95 148.10 80.95 98.30 1.50 86.40 8.60
CBA buy 119.89 88.00 148.30 80.21 98.20 1.50 86.48 8.46
sell 120.15 88.20 148.59 80.78 98.33 1.50 86.63 8.56
CFC Stanbic buy 120.18 87.65 147.27 80.77 98.35 1.49 86.50 8.47
sell 120.47 87.85 147.80 80.96 98.57 1.50 86.69 8.57
GulfAfrican buy 119.95 87.90 148.30 80.66 98.19 1.50 86.46 8.46
sell 120.24 88.10 148.68 80.89 98.46 1.50 86.68 8.57
FCB buy 120.40 86.70 146.50 79.00 98.70 1.30 84.50 8.00
sell 121.20 87.20 147.30 79.70 99.40 1.50 85.40 8.60
Prime buy 119.50 87.50 147.70 80.50 97.90 1.49 86.10 8.40
sell 120.00 88.00 148.20 81.00 98.40 1.50 86.60 8.60
Mean Buy Selll
1 US Dollar 87.8583 87.7722 87.9444
1 Sterling Pound 148.2017 148.0311 148.3722
1 Euro 119.8928 119.7584 120.0272
1 South African Rand 8.4835 8.4464 8.5207
Ksh/Ush 28.8078 28.7227 28.8930
1 Ksh/Tsh 18.9283 18.8528 19.0037
1 Ksh/Rwanda Franc 7.7284 7.6753 7.7815
1 Ksh/Burundi Franc 17.6423 17.3405 17.9442
1 UAE Dirham 23.9204 80.4917 80.6688
1 Canadian Dollar 80.5802 80.2865 80.4902
1 Swiss Franc 98.1781 98.0556 98.3006
100 Japanese Yen 86.3456 86.2472 86.44398
1 Swedish Kroner 13.4014 13.3883 13.4146
1 Norwegian Kroner 14.7558 14.7367 14.7750
1 Danish Kroner 16.0595 16.0394 16.0797
1 Indian Rupee 1.4996 1.4982 1.5010
1 Hong Kong Dollar 11.3320 11.3209 11.3431
1 Singapore Dollar 70.1548 70.0832 70.2263
1 Saudi Riyal 23.4255 23.4022 23.4487
1 Chinese Yuan 14.0843 14.0697 14.0989
1 Australian Dollar 81.1811 81.0840 81.2783
Money Market Funds Daily Yield Eective Annual Rate
African Alliance Kenya Shilling Fund Kenya Shilling 6.53% 6.73%
Old Mutual Money Market Fund Kenya Shilling 6.32% 6.51%
British-American Money Market Fund Kenya Shilling 9.41% 9.86%
Stanlib Money Market Fund Kenya Shilling 7.35% 7.61%
CBA Market Fund Kenya Shilling 6.03% 6.22%
CIC Money Market Fund Kenya Shilling 9.75% 10.20%
Zimele Money Market Fund Kenya Shilling 9.0% 9.31%
Amana Shilling Fund Kenya Shilling 9.73% 9.92%
ICEA Money Market Fund Kenya Shilling 8.34% 8.70%
Madison Asset Money Market Fund Kenya Shilling 9.00% 9.38%
GenCap Hela Fund Kenya Shilling 10.85% 11.30%
Fixed Income Funds/Equity Funds/Balanced Funds Buy Sell
African Alliance Fixed Income Fund Kenya Shilling 11.58 11.20
CIC Fixed Income Fund Kenya Shilling 9.18 9.41
Standard Investment Income Fund Kenya Shilling 102.22 102.78
African Alliance Kenya Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 190.80 179.18
ICEA Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 138.61 145.90
British-American Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 198.81 205.13
CBA Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 155.06 164.61
CIC Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 13.18 13.88
Old Mutual Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 376.23 403.12
Stanlib Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 167.55 167.55
Madison Asset Equity Fund Kenya Shilling 57.12 61.64
GenCap Hisa Fund Kenya Shilling 126.95 122.51
African Alliance Managed Fund Kenya Shilling 22.02 20.74
British-American Managed Retirement Fund Kenya Shilling 133.47 134.60
ICEA Growth Fund Kenya Shilling 139.55 146.90
Amana Growth Fund Kenya Shilling 109.50 109.50
British-American Balanced Fund Kenya Shilling 190.67 196.24
CIC Balanced Fund Kenya Shilling 12.83 13.43
Old Mutual Balanced Fund/Toboa Kenya Shilling 154.61 164.64
Madison Asset Balanced Fund Kenya Shilling 69.44 73.26
Amana Balanced Fund Kenya Shilling 109.30 109.30
Zimele Balanced Fund Kenya Shilling 5.25 5.41
Stanlib Balanced Fund Kenya Shilling 129.37 129.37
GenCap Eneza Fund Kenya Shilling 124.50 120.14
GenCap Iman Fund Kenya Shilling 115.86 110.07
Stanlib Bond Fund B1 Kenya Shilling 105.73 105.73
Stanlib Bond Fund A Kenya Shilling 105.25 105.25
Old Mutual East Africa Fund Kenya Shilling 149.63 158.36
British American Bond Plus Fund Kenya Shilling 145.21 148.17
GenCap Hazina Fund Kenya Shilling 119.08 114.91
ICEA Bond Fund Kenya Shilling 98.80 99.80
Old Mutual Bond Fund Kenya Shilling 102.47 104.91
Algerian Dinar 78.4777
Bahrani Dinar 0.37701
Djibouti Franc 177
Egyptian Pound 7.0049
Jordanian Dinar 0.708
Kuwait Dinar 0.28054
Lebanese Pound 1513
Libyan Dinar 1.2245
Moroccan Dirham 8.1344
Omani Riyal 0.386
Qatar Riyal 3.6403
Saudi Riyal 3.7504
Syrian Pound 148.1
Tunisian Dinar 1.6151
Yemeni Riyal 214.75
UAE Dirham 3.673
Currencies are quoted against the US Dollar
arclays Bank will give its
directors a pay rise this
year as it seeks to attract
and retain the best skills in the
market. At an annual general meet-
ing held yesterday, shareholders
approved to increase the directors
pay following an independent
market survey commissioned by
the bank.
The aim is to properly com-
pensate the directors for their
commitment and responsibilities
in their respective roles with the
view to attracting and retaining
high quality personnel to serve
on the banks board, Barclays
Bank of Kenya (BBK) chairman,
Mr Francis Okello, said.
At Sh16 million annually, direc-
tors remuneration has remained
constant since 2010. But, in 2013,
the payment stood at Sh15 million
as one director stepped aside to
pursue other interests. The board
will now decide by how much the
pay will increase, which will take
eect from this year.
On a lower dividend pay-out, the
directors pointed out that a change
in prudential guidelines released
by Central Bank requiring banks to
increase their ratios was to blame.
The new guidelines require com-
mercial banks to increase their
core capital with BBK preferring
to retain art of it last year earning
to boost its balance sheet.
This meant that the bank had
to either go back to the market
to look for more capital or to
retain more earnings, the banks
managing director, Mr Jeremy
Awori, said.
In the period ending December
2013, Barclays made Sh7.6 billion
in prot after tax. The bank will
pay a dividend of 70 cents per
share for the 2013 nancial year
compared to Sh1 per share paid
out in 2012.
Lenders board will decide by how
much the salaries will increase
Barclays directors to get pay rise
Barclays Bank of Kenya managing director, Mr Jeremy Awori (left), and
the institutions chairman, Mr Francis Okello, during the banks annual
general meeting at the KICC, in Nairobi, yesterday.
COMPENSATION | The top brass remuneration has remained constant at sh16m since 2010
The aim is
to properly
Barclays Bank
of Kenya
Francis Okello
CIC proposes
plans to raise
fresh capital
CIC Insurance plans to oer
its shareholders a bonus share
even as it prepares to raise more
capital by selling additional stake
to them.
In statement released yesterday,
the board of directors says its will
approve one share as bonus for
every ve held. And in prepara-
tion for a rights issue, the board
proposed to double the companys
share capital to Sh6 billion.
The three proposals are,
however, subject to approval
by Capital Markets Authority,
Nairobi Securities Exchange and
shareholders at annual general
The board also gave greenlight
the firms expansion plan that
envisages incorporating other
subsidiaries and entering joint
ventures in order to get new
May 24, 2014
48 | Business
A116 Marriage
ARE U in need of help in love family
affair impotence business lost items
etc Call Seku 0722919565
LONELY? sms LOVE to 22450
MALIK Lost lover Back 24hrs
wealth, job, exam, financial debt,
marriage. Pay after success 0732095797
A181 Beauty
0722638216 men spanish therappy
ASIANS Aroma - 0722108363
ASMARA Aroma 0722795917
MIMI Pedicure 0724298922
TOWN Pedicure 0729677559
Westlands Barber shop 0735737450
A230 Health
REFLEX Centre Call: 0731252262
A244 Herbal Medicine
HAKIM helps in love affairs business
boost lost items etc for more
information call 0700697893
A279 Notices
Age 13 years
Went missing on 11th May, 2014
She comes from Spring Valley,
For any information about her
wherea bout please contact
0702624802, 0710390223 or the
nearest Police Station
Today Sato & every other Saturday
J& B Bottle 2,500/= + free 3 soda
Best Nyama Choma, Kuku Choma &
Fish Choma
Courtesy of EABL
A974 Birds
KUROILER Chicks 0728343327
B001 Livestock
DAIRY Cows /Heifers 0724527239
DAIRY farm visits 0707999364
TRAINING. 0718784649 / 072589396
B015 Poultry
96E Incubators 20K 0722229364
KIENYEJI 1wk @ 130/- 0712829808
KUROILER/Kari chicks 0702411633
Kuroiler chicks on sale 0706351010
B016 Rabbits
RABBIT Farmers wtd 0707818485
B462 Business for Sale
Great opportunity prestigious running
restaurant & resort 13rooms
2apartments fully equipped&renewed
located in Bamburi Beach MSA s/pool
pool bar, 135kwa auto generator call
RESTAURANT for sale in Nairobi
near Jamia mosque Revenue 800K
price 4M Call 0722-839033
B476 Business Opportunities
INVEST 250 /= earns $70k/m sms
B525 Financial
@0202245564 cash on ipads&iphone5
020-2245564 spot loans on Toshiba,
Macpros& HP Laptops btwn 20K-50K
LOANS Available, with logbook or
title deed call us on 0714-862000,
0735-599524, 0732868556, 0739334083
LOANS on the spot between 15-40K
with laptops as security, 0723408602
A822 Computers
LAPTOPS 500 HDD 4gbRam windows
8 @35000/= 0725101786, 0770
324039 @Ebrahims Kimathi Street
SACCO software free WWW.LT.CO.KE
A564 Hostels
BEVERLY Boys Hostel. Home away
from Home. situated along Juja Rd.
Pangani next to Total Petr Stn. Ample
sec. parking and n/hood, hot showers,
dstv. ksh.3,400. Call: 0202466193,
0722619799, 0722904302.
Email: bevhostels@yahoo.com
A571 Hotels
GLORY Palace Hotel 1000/- per
person call: 0723176777, 0726427267,
@SELDOM Hotel-Muranga rd: For
accommodation single 1000/=. Meetings
Conferences & Satelite TV 0722
820601, 0722511159
@UPRUMYS Hotel Parkroad For
accomm. single 600/= Meetings Confe
rences 0711154488, 0722511159
HOTEL Southern Blue, Behind Equity
Bank Ngara, Special room rate Kshs.
2,000, free conferencing facilities, WIFI,
DSTV.072406765, 0787700809
Mancity vs westham 4pm live at
sirona hotel sports bar on a giant
screen be there! call 0722119145
if need directions
RABI-HOTEL, Ngara, Limuru rd.For
accom. single 1200/=. Conferences,
meetings. Ample secured parking and
Satelite TV 0721557367,0722511159
B894 Tour Services
MADARAKA Day 3days Masai Mara
offer 12,500 0722875836
A615 Dairy Products
FRESH milk. Tel. 0734852077
B250 General
GET a job SMS JOBS to 22450
A Private residence in Nairobi
requires a lady House Keeper
/ Cook aged between 35 - 45
years with more than 5 years
Apply and give phone No. to:
P. O. Box 50063-00200,
NAKURU help age centre now open
for elderly care and home care
services (apply for part time job
s)email nakuruhelpage.ctr@gmail.com
To make appropriate enquiries and
take appropriate advice before sending
money, incurring any expense or
entering into binding commitment in
relation to an advertisement.
be liable to any person for loss or
damage incurred or suffered as a
result of his/her accepting of offering
to accept an invitation contained in any
advertisement published in the Nation.
B257 Men
TAXI Drivers rqd 0721918295
B249 Recuitment Agencies
FREE housekeeping & all category visa
available in Qatar students & business
visa for Malaysia & Australia. Call
0788328478. Visit us at Sonulux Bld
8fl Suite 805 Moi Avenue Nbi
Create a new sms
and send to 20115
SMS TO 20115
Corolla 2003
Kshs 500,000
call 07xxxxxxxx
High school Engilsh/literature:
biology/geography teachers
required.To strart immediately.send
CV toresearchconsultku@gmail.com

0703621523 Cash on cars laptops
ornaments leds tvs tablets
B243 Domestic/Casual Jobs
2H/girls wntd good sal+off 0721531412
0715207736 BCE drivers t/boy clners
shop att Rockwood Biva
FIELD Sales Jobs SMS 0720751389
Housegirls available 0703621523
B298 Women
HOUSEGIRLS wanted 0703621523
MENS big size & confidence 0726272266
MENSinstant hardrock 200 0726272266
A836 Electrical Appliances
CCTV PTZ Cameras from Ksh 13,500
with 8x zoom 360 degrees pan and
tilt Tel 0701-126128
POWER bk up inverters 1.5KVA
-8KVA auto 10hrs f/inst 0722747246
A109 Lost
LOST title deed no ngong/ngong32466
If found contact 0722-314620
0202245564 Size,delay,hardrock 150/=
0722542568 Aromatherapy W/lands
0723408602 Breast firming Mombasa
0723408602 Hip booster Mombasa
0723408602 maximum big-size @1500
0723408602 mens max control@2000
0723408602 mens max delay@1500/=
0723408602 Reduce pot Mombasa
0723408602 Size,delay,hardrock 150/=
NEW Upperhill Aroma 0720-701703
PARKLANDS pedi 0722763034
M-PESA, Salon, Kinyozi at prime
location Eastern bypass near
Kangundo rd Junction next to Swara
restaurant 0720-922797, 0722-675571
(10) long/d driver t/boy recep msger
Worldwide Mrktng Gill hse 0707812199
DUBAI Sales Ladies Qatar All
constructions Jobs Jordan Hse helps:
contact Timlinks Thika 0728303533/
HOUSEGIRLS jobs in Lebanon,
Oman, good salary. Call 0722148995
REQUIRED Computer teachers five
yrs expired age Thirty and above: Tel
0729612770 &0722731581
SHIFT job avail 0707928283
LOST title deed no. Ndarugu/
Gathaite/617 0714407222
0703488922 max size delay power 200
0722138090 mens delay, power size
The physical Planning Act (Cap 286)
Change of Use
The owner of plot LR No 1/524 located at
the junction of wood Avenue and Chania
Road Kilimani, wishes to change the
use of his land from Single Residential
to Apartments subject to approval
by the relevant authority. Individuals,
Organizations, Institutions etc with
objections to forward the same in writing
within fourteen days of this notice to:
The County Secretary
Nairobi City County
P.O Box 30075-00100, NAIROBI
The owner of Plot No Block 18/BIDII/
1378 in Trans Nzoia County wishes to
change the use of that parcel of land from
Agricultural to Religious Purposes.
This subject to the approval by the County
Government of Trans Nzoia. Individuals,
Institutions or organizations etc. with
objections to the proposal are requested
to do so in writing within 14 days of this
notice to:
The County Secretary,
County Government of Trans Nzoia
P.O Box 4211-30200, Kitale
The owner of land plot. No.
877,878,909&910/block 2 /TIWANI
wishes to amalgamate the mentioned
Residential plots into one. This subject
to the approval by the County Government
of Trans Nzoia. Individuals, Institutions or
organizations etc. with objections to the
proposal are requested to do so in writing
within 14 days of this notice to:
The County Secretary,
Trans Nzoia County
P.O Box 4211-30200, Kitale.
B488 Borehole Services
BOREHOLES Drilling @affordable
rates. 0722-954767
170 Form 4 lvrs needed in Tascan
Mkting co. in Ngara Graceland J4 for
sales promos distbn 7000 wkly. free
training & interviews No experience
needed 0712857055, 0718355523
180 Form 4 lvrs & above needed in
Tascan Mkting co. in Chiromo rd. in
sales promos, distrbn 7000 wkly no
exp. needed free training &
interviews 0711585261, 0708615542
ANTI-AGING Skincare from USA
Call 0732-752656, 0704-446033
A988 Dogs & Dog Training
REGmaleGSD Pups 0722398515
B277 Domestic/Casual Jobs
0722516342, 0721834778 trained h/g
FANTANELA Parlour 0722789281
The owner of plot Number Nanyuki
Municipality Block 9/377 intends to
change use of his property from Private
dwelling to Multi-dwelling Units subject
to approval by the County Government of
Laikipia. Individuals, institutions etc with
objections to the proposal are requested
to forward them in writing within fourteen
(14) days of this Notice to;
The Sub County Administrator
Laikipia East
P.O. Box 156-10400, Nanyuki
B664 Farm Services
WE Build & maintain green houses
CARWASH 4 sale 280K 0736952625
B317 Appliances
MAKIGA Block Making soil preses &
b/master 0700-051071
May 24, 2014
TOY Belta KBV 06 650k 0723628404
B049 Car Hire
EDEN Rent a car, special Rate,
Saloons, 4x4, Prados, Limousines, Pick
-ups, Voxy, 0723719444, 0733758503
0700128555 rav4, Voxy, saloon new,
modern, f/ld, variety from 2500/- p.d
CAR TRACK @ 10K 0727246257
VICTOR safaris & tours ltd car hire
0720545192, 0722379197
B085 For Sale, Private
LORRY exhauster 1.2m 0733706200
MATATU KBT 29pax and KBR
26pax Gigi Motors Call 0725-045941,
MERC C200 KBY 07 2.9m fully loaded
0720445569 v/clean new shape
N/Advan 07 Manual/T KBY-V 0724101880
N/Sunny EB12 89 Nismo m/t 0733763052
Nis Datsun pickup KAK-K 0712678081
Nissan Xtrail KBT 06 900k 0723628404
S/Iegacy bp5 03 d/s.roof alloys 0722519886
S/Impreza06 N12 saloon1.5cc 0733763052
S/Impreza BV Blue 620k 0723365756
T/Fielder 02 BJ silver v/c 550k 0723355120
T/shark 7L KBY dsl 1.75m 0722616632
TOY / 110 KAQ mnl lther/seats n/w
allyrims & whls c/d player accdt free
400k neg v/c 0722541823
COAST (Telephone
Coast Numbers Only)
D787 Aircraft
0721144998 new cars from 1500/=
FIELDER 2002 manual black 1800cc
770k 0721439443
RIRUTA Satellite 1/4acre 8.5m sewer
call KK 0720484944
TASSIA Flat monthly income 200k
asking 22M 0722465544 owner
FIELDER KBJ manl 590k 0725980627
HOUSE 4 sale 5 Star Phase 2 South-C
16m 0722-380581
0722218094 NEW CARS @ 2K
0722831752 New cars @3000 pd
Owuon Owuon Car Hire & Tours
NZE, Premio, Allion, Xtrail, Prado
wanted 4 lease Call 0712-474044
ISZ BB 33p Matatu 0728833900
L/ROVER 110 TDi 99 s/w 0722320891
NIS Homy KAM diesel 480k 0722-260243
NISS Terrano KBQ 0722565647
TOYOTA DX KBC auto 0722565647
T\ SHARK AY @ 400K 0751077558
2.5 ACRES prime land under mature
tea bushes and eucalyptus trees. River
frontage, red loam soil in Kericho
County. Asking price 5m. Serious
buyers only. Call 0711-860 777
UTAWALA 40*80 0727939557
SOUTHC 3BR 28K 0720794014
WESTLANDS 3br call 0723543503
It is exactly a year since you departed from us.
The pain of loosing you is still fresh in our hearts.
Though gone your legacy of humility intergrity courtesy, selfness, dignity and
character still lives on forever.
You shall remain an example to those you left behind.
You are greatly missed by your children Simon and Betty Kioko, Raphael and
Janet Masus, Mwikali and Clement Onchoke and Irene Mumbua. Grandchildren
Elineka, Pendo, Michael and Zuri.Your sisters, brothers and friends
May God continue to shine his perpetual light upon you
Lilian Jebet Mulwa
1st Anniversary
It is with humble acceptance of Gods will that
we announce the death of Mrs Grace Wairimu
Njoroge Director Dangai Herbal Limited that
occurred on 19/05/2014 after a long illness
bravery borne. Beloved wife of Bernard N Kariuki
(Director of Dangai Herbal Limited). Daughter of
the late Stanley Gathekia and Margaret Wanjiru.
Daughter-in-law of Joseph Kariuki and Cecilia
Nyambura. Mother of Joseph Kariuki, Faith
Nyambura Stanley Gathekia Caroline Wanjiru
and Nellie Muthoni. Grandmother of Sophie
Wairimu. Sister of Nellie Karatu, Kariuki Mucheru
Wambui, the late Mugo, the late Ngugi, Wangui
and Kanyanga. Sister-in-law of Lucy Esther DK,
Mary Jane Njeri Babu Purity George & Wanjema.
Aunt of many. Relatives and friends are meeting
daily at her Blue Valley Home and Highway Court
Hotel Embu town from 5.30pm for prayers and
funeral arragements. The cortege leaves Umash
Funeral Home at 8.00 am on Tuesday 27/05/2014
for a funeral service at Our Lady of Assumption
Catholic Church Embu and there after burial at her fathers home, Kamunyange Location,
Kirinyaga County.
In Gods hands you rest, in our hearts you live forever. Blessed be the Name
of the Lord
Grace Wairimu
Celebration of a Life Well Lived
Despite how amazingly time ies, hardly
does a day pass by without having you
in our thoughts. Your journey on earth
touched and changed many lives and
we thank GOD for the memorable
Years we shared together as a family.
Deeply missed by your loving wife
Beatrice Bahati Otsuku; children Lucy
Busolo, Harriet Bahati, and Emmanuel
Bahati; your father Alphonse Malenya,
brothers Rogers, Bernard Malenya,
Polycap, sisters Jenipher Sato and Sarah
Nyikuli, and your in-laws.
Heaven holds the faithful
departed, Amen
Festus Bahati
6th Anniversary
NEW cars wanted long term chauffer
driven Vitz, Voxy etc 0721222975
Datsun 160j running 79k 0713971814
ISUZU TX Tiper tel 0720731245
MITS FH KAZ 07 1.8m 0723-809310
S/Legacy BH5 wagon 0721871396
It is with humble acceptance of Gods will that we
announce the sudden death of our beloved son kingori
(kings) which occurred on 21st May, 2014 at Kampala
Uganda. He was a nal year student of Architecture at
Makerere University, Uganda. Fianc of Agnes Ayebare
(Chyna) of Rukungiri,Western Uganda. Son of the late
Thomas Thitu Minjire and Esther Thitu of KTTC Gigiri.
Brother of Patrick Thitu(Technobrain ltd) and Edwin
Thitu (Multimedia University). Uncle of Marsha and
Tom Minjire. Nephew of Munyiri, SP and GM Gachanja,
Waruhiu, Mrs Mbae, Lucy Kingori, Agnes Kingori,
Nancy Maina, Mr. and Mrs. Njanjo Kingori. Brother-in-
law of Anne Minjire and cousin to many.
Family and Friends are meeting daily at KTTC, Hse
no. C17 Gigiri from 6.00 pm for prayers and funeral
The cortege leaves Kenyatta University Funeral home
at 7:00 am on Wednesday 28/5/2014.
The Funeral and burial service will be held at 10:00am
at their Githima farm Ithekahuno Sublocation, Aguthi
Location, Nyeri County.
In Gods Hands You Rest, in our Hearts You Remain Forever.
Death and Funeral Announcement
Kenneth Kingori
Thitu (Kings)
T/Premio BP slv 680K 0735793338
T/Probox BS 04' 430K 0721147362
TOWNACE man. clean 0716248828
TOY Prado 03' vvti 0724827720
40x60 ft plot on Thika road behind KU
for hostels 3.2m 0733233995
KAMULU 1/2acre touching Outer
bypass 2.2m clean t/deed 0713147310
KAREN 1acre Bogani rd 0733233995
Kitengela 1/4acre 2m 0733233995
Marurui 40x80ft 3.5m 0733233995
Muimara 30x66ft 6m 0733233995
O/RONGAI 1/8ac 6.5m 0733233995
RUIRU 1/8 plots Kamakis 0733233995
SOUTH B 1/8, 1/4 plots 0733233995
THKA - Ngwa-Tola 2plts 0717253153
Baraka 3br house 12m 0733233995
IMARA Daima 2br 7m 0733233995
KAREN 4br bungalow at Hardy on
1/2acre redsoil 42m 0733233995
Kilimani 4br apartment 0733233995
LAVINGTON 4br 2sqs in a secure
area, parking, 1/3ac 55m 0733233995
NGEI ph2, 3br sq sale!!! 0733233995
OLD Muthaiga 6br 1ac 0733233995
Plainsview ph5 3br sq 0733233995
South C 3 & 4br houses 0733233995
STUDIOS at CBD 3.2m 0733233995
Upperhill 4br home 35m 0733233995
NGONG Rd 2br bglw 26k 0726291214
SALE of plots Kamulu 50x100 1.2m
Tel. 0714109716, 0733852028
Call: 0714-147362,
0722-270528, 0710-564646,
Executive 4 bedrooms,
master ensuite bungalow,
parquet floor, 3 Acres mature
garden,dhobi Room, Tiled
bedrooms,Double s/quarters.
Bargain 72.5 million o.n.o.
T Probox 07 KBY 680k 0726260162
B113 Motor Vehicle Repairs
B740 Land, Plots for Sale
1/8 plots4km off Thika Rd (title) Free
laptop 1.3M 0722155873
KAREN 1/2acre 25m 0727136014
KIAMUMBI 1/8 & 1/4 Acre 0722441411
KIKUYU/Ndiuni 1/8 25K 0708313106
KITENGELA 1/8ac 255k 0727136014
KITENGELA 1/8 ac Past Thorn Gr-
oove 450k 0711-167063, 020-550287
Kitengela 11acres 1.3M 0727136014
KITENGELA 1/8ac near bible
college ksh 770000 0721350456
LONGONOT 30plots 0722951152
TOY Rav4 KBN 05 1.1m 0723628404
MAKUYU Muranga plots for sale
with water titles ready, school and
shopping centre, roads are all
weather. Call Megg Properties Co.
owner 0720348327
MURANGA prime plots 50*100
maragi 2kms from mukuyu mkt water
elect title 450k call owner
B768 Premises, Offices to Let
MSA RD: Open space with container
opp Ekha Hotel 2,500sqft
0700743299, 0723847301
B782 Properties for Sale
AWENDO /Migori 3br bungalow
1/8acre 3m 0726317152/0724211204
BTL 6bdrm m/net 9M 0734830430
RUNDA 5br+2Sq neat 0720-724841
YAYA Ctre 4brm apt m/ens 13.5M
neg owner. 0726-698865
B789 Properties to Let
DonholmPh8 1br 12-13k 0727720945
EASTLEIGH Sec-3 & Umoja one
bedroom 0721-278545, 0720-924792
EASTLEIGH Sec III 2br - 14,000/- 1
br 12,000 new 0723790069 no agent
L/Kabete & Banana 2&3br 0725817817
LAVI Mbaazi 3br @65k 0714-606405
LAVINGTON Amboseli Rd new
Flats 2brm 35k, Shop 20&12k, Bsitter
8k Call 0727-948196, 020-2395490
NGONG 3br bungalow 0731-682577
OLIVE Imara Daima 2 &3 brm @30k
& 40k 0713042048
OLIVE Kikuyu rd 2brm very spacious
35k 0713042048
OLIVE Nairobi West shops &
restaurant to let 0713042048
OLIVE Rongai 3br15k,25k 0713042048
SOUTH C bedsitters 0724341087
B817 Wanted to Rent
JOGOO Rd 2br hse stone fenceid &
bore hole @16000 Tena 2br 12000
0722643454, 0722482261 good
D531 Hotels
A. Glory Nyali holiday resort 1,500/- pp
+ b/fast & swimming pool 020-
2107105, 0721-895935, 0720- 298208
0705405223 ALL Softwares 200!
KOMAROCK plot Call 0720359960
Buruburu-3 3br+2rm 0701854021
E462 Business For Sale
Well run pharmacy shop situated in
CBD Mombasa for sale on walk in
walk out basis. Serious buyer to
contact on phone no.0788423688
D557 Apartments available
D557 Apartments Available
PRESTIGE Holiday resort Mtwapa
fully furnished Apartments/Rooms self
catering s/pool AC DSTV WIFI
restaurant 3000/= p/day 0722351275
E761 Premises,Offices for sale
Tomboya St building 270m 0734790088 Baba, one year today (24/05/2014) since the Lord
called you to His eternal home, we take time to
honour a life you well lived. Though physically
gone, we always feel your love, we see your hand
in the family every day and your memories remain
a wonderful treasure we forever hold dearly in
our hearts.
Praise be to the Almighty God for the 81 years
that Baba shared with us and for his immortal
legacy that is our inspiration. Indeed, God has
been our comforter, refuge, strength and the
ever present help (Psalms 46:1). Baba, you are
dearly missed by your loving wife: Mama Grace
Atieno Ngere; children: Dr. John Amenya, Pamela
Oluoch, Janet Aoko, Rose Kinya, Dr. Philip Ngere,
Jared Ngere, Dr. Fred Ngere, Benter Ngere,
Lilian Ngere, Eunice Ngere, Beatrice Achieng
and Penina Ngere; siblings: Rael Nyandiga, Filida
Odhiambo, Musa Ayuka, Esther Odhiambo, Shem
Okeyo and Dora Mbok; in-laws: Mary Amenya,
Edward Oluoch, Dr. Henry Kinya, Dr. Irene Ogali,
Mediatrix Tembwa, Kennedy Matete, Eng. Eric Ouko,
and Arthur Okwako; the many grandchildren and
great grandchildren; relatives and friends.
The celebration of Babas life showed us the
many hearts he beautifully touched who through
prayers; visits; material support; calls; texts; letters and tributes comforted us and continue to
walk with us. A special mention goes to the Kamolo community; Pastor Charles Owako and
Kakayo SDA Church; Dr. Otedo of Kisumu County Hospital; Dr. Parmar of AKUH Kisumu; the
Onyonyos of Gem Dudi; Olangs of Oriang Kasibong; Oluochs of Nyakach Kabodho; Ajwangs
of Kisumu Nyahera; Onderis of Kisii; Ogalis of Funyula Busia; Tembwas of Kakamega; Matetes
of Kano; Oukos of Nyakach Jimo; Okwakos of Ugenya; Rachuonyo/Kanyaluo/Kamolo funeral
committees; Makueni team; Machakos team; DEFCO Eastleigh team; Kajiado Community and
County Department of Health team; Narok County Department of Health team; KEMRI/CDC
team; all relatives and friends and many more whom we may not be able to mention here. Since
it may not be possible to thank everyone individually, kindly accept this expression of our sincere
We humbly give thanks in all circumstances, for this is the will of God in Christ
Jesus for you. 1 Thessalonians 5:18
Jaduong Wilson
Ngere Onduru
1932 - 2013
1st Anniversary / Appreciation
Your memory grows stronger, with every passing year,
Everyday in some small way memories of you come our way,
Though absent, you are always near still missed, loved and always dear
We thought of you with love today, but that is nothing new
We thought about you yesterday and days before that too,
We think of you in silence and often speak your name,
All we have are memories and your picture in a frame,
your memory is our keepsake with which well never part.
God has you in his keeping we have you in our hearts.
So today 11 years from that fateful day, you remain dearly missed by your
wife Monica, children, grandchildren, great grandchildren, brothers, sisters,
relatives and friends.
Till we meet again please know that
we miss you our dearest Babu.
In Loving Memory
Henry Musau Nzeki
1921- 24/05/2003
ROYAL Africa travels NZE, Premio,
Rav4, Xtrail, 0721406662 Westlands
ISU TX55 very clean call 0725304144
NIS QD BK rt100, 800k 0722466855
RONGAI 1/8 2pls 1m @0721235614
RUAKA 50x100 q/sale 0718-778541
1BR upperhill 10,000/= 0720020410
2b/r state hse rd 32000. 0727032058
B/BURU1br 6k 0706108561 0w
NGUMO1br8k 0728282530 ownr
May 24, 2014
50 | Classieds/Transition
WORLD RELAYS CHAMPIONSHIPS | Runners target improved times
he joke doing the rounds
here is that, lest one
forgets, there is actu-
ally a world championship
event starting tomorrow, the
inaugural IAAF World Relays
Reason for this is that due
to the beauty of Nassau, the
capital of Bahamas, most global
scribes have taken to strolls on
the white, sandy beaches and
many are frequenting the
pool bars at the ve star Nas-
sau Melia Beach Resort, the
official media hotel for the
two-day championships that
start today, and the comput-
ers at the media centre remain
largely unmanned.
What a spectacular venue for
the International Association of
Athletics Federations to chose
for their annual agship sprints
event in a country famous for
its sprinters, calypso and reg-
gae music alongside white
endless beaches!
The event starts today at
3.30pm local time (10.30pm
Kenyan time).
Serious challenge
And that will pose a serious
challenge for the Kenyan
team that arrived at midnight
on Thursday night (local time)
and will have just a day for their
body clocks to adjust.
Fortunately for Kenya, the
team is dominated by seasoned
athletes, frequent iers, most
of whom were in Doha a few
days ago for the season-open-
ing IAAF Diamond League
meeting and to whom jet lag
Obiri leads womens
charge in 4x1,500m
as inaugural event
starts in Bahamas
Kenyans begin hunt for gold
Hellen Obiri celebrates after winning womens 3,000m at the IAAF Diamond League in Doha, Qatari early
this month. Obiri will lead the 4x1,500m team at the Bahamas World Relays Championships tonight.
is nothing of an issue. We
have considered experience
above everything else and we
are sure the team selected will
give us a few medals, Kenyas
head of delegation, Athletics
Kenya Vice President David
Okeyo, said on arrival.
Kenya is expected to grab the
gold medals in the mens and
womens 1,500m where World
champion Asbel Kiprop of the
Kenya Police Service and newly
crowned Africa 3,000 metres
record holder Hellen Obiri, a
servicewoman at the Kenya
Defence Forces Air Force, are
expected to play key roles.
The programme throws o
with the opening round of the
mens 4x200m relay where
Kenya is represented by Steven
Baraza, Walter Moenga, Tony
Chirchir and Carvin Nkanata.
The talk of town in the Ken-
yan camp has been the US-based
Nkanata who has quietly etched
his name on Kenyan sprinting
Few will know that Nkanata,
23, holds the Kenya national
record in the 200 metres, a
20.32-second dash he recorded
last year in Alberqueque, New
Even fewer will realise that he
also ran the 13th fastest Kenyan
400m dash (46.31), thus easily
making him Kenyas top sprinter
on parade when the inaugural
championships start at the 15-
seater Thomas A. Robinson
Stadium in Nassau tonight.
World 4x1,500 womens
record set by Kenyans on
April 26 at Nyayo stadium
Little known Eliud
Mwangi stunned experi-
enced runners to claim
mens 10,000m title during
the Kenya Prisons Services
Athletics Championships at
Kasarani yesterday.
The race remained open
at the nal bell as a group
of seven athletics huddled
together with no one mak-
ing a serious move.
It was until the last 150m
that Mwangi from Kericho
summoned his strength
to overtake five athletes
including 2012 World Half
Marathon bronze medal-
list John Mwangangi to
triumph in 28 minutes
and 46.1 seconds.
Mwangi, 25, who ran for
Prisons Sta Training Col-
lege (PSTRC) beat Charles
Cheruiyot from Prisons
Headquarters (PHQ) to
second place in 28:46.3.
Nairobis Josphat Kiprop
was third in 28:46.6.
It was quite unfortunate
for Rift Valleys Mwangangi,
who took the lead with
300m to go only to be
spiked and slowed down.
Mwangangi, the 2011 Africa
Cross Country champion,
nished fth in 28:50.2.
Mwangi, the winner of
the second and third Athlet-
ics Kenya Weekend Meets
in Kisii and Mumias, would
make his intentions clear
after his victory on debut
at Prisons event.
I hope to represent
Kenya at a major champi-
onships in future and that
is why I want to give the
Commonwealth Games and
Africa Championships a
shot, said Mwangi, who is
coached by Evans Bosire.
The 2010 Africa 400m
hurdles bronze medallist
Maureen Jelagat retained
her title in 59.0, beating
the national 110m record
holder Florence Wasike
(60.1) and Anastacia Kanini
(66.9) to second and third
places respectively.
Jelagat represented
Kenya at the London Ol-
ympics before dumping the
hurdles for the 400m plat
race where she also made it
to the 2013 World Champi-
onships in Moscow.
Jelagat is hoping to make
an impression at the Com-
monwealth Games.
Mwangi shocks elite
runners at Prisons race
Eliud Mwangi (centre) wins Kenya Prisons Athletics Champi-
onships 10,000m race ahead of Charles Cheruiyot (left) and
Josphat Kiprop at Kasarani yesterday.
Eliud Mwangis time as
he won Prisons 10,000m
title at Kasarani yesterday
16 boys set for regional cricket training in Nairobi
The Africa Cricket Association will host a
four-day training camp for under-17 boys at
the Ruaraka Sports Club, Nairobi.
The camp which begins today has at-
tracted participants from Kenya, Uganda,
Tanzania and Rwanda with each country
sending four players. The boys will learn
batting and spin bowling skills.
Martin Suji, one of the coaches who will
be running the camp said: For Kenya, we
will have two boys from Nairobi and one
each from Mombasa and Nakuru.
Suji , who was Kenyas opening fast
medium bowler for several years, added:
Current and former internationals have
been invited to give the boys practical les-
sons. Those invited include Hiren Varaiya
and Shem Ngoche. Both are orthodox left-
arm bowlers. Acting national coach, Steve
Tikolo, an o-break bowler and former
skipper, Collins Obuya a leg break bowler,
will also be there. The boys are expected to
be part of their respective national under-
19 teams which will be taking part in ICC
Africa under-19 World Cup qualiers.
Besides Rwanda, which will be taking part
in Africas World Cup qualiers for division
two teams in Zambia in August, the others
are division one sides.
The winner in Zambia will join the seven
division one teams which are: Kenya,
Uganda, Tanzania, Namibia, Zambia
Botswana and Nigeria, for the continen-
tal under-19 World Cup qualiers set for
January at a venue yet to be announced
by ACA.
The top team will represent Africa in the
2016 World Cup slated for Bangladesh.
Former international players have
been invited to give the boys
some valuable practical lessons
Martin Suji, cricket coach
Spurs beat Thunder to take lead in playo
Tony Parker nished with
22 points and Danny Green
made seven-of-10 from
three-point range as San
Antonio Spurs beat Okla-
homa City Thunder 112-77
on Wednesday to take a 2-0
lead in their playo series.
Tim Duncan tallied 14 points
and 12 rebounds and Manu
Ginobili came o the bench
to score 11 points for the
Spurs, who posted their sec-
ond straight dominating win
in the Western Conference
nal series.
We got o to a slow start
but in the second quarter we
moved the ball better and got it
to our shooters, Duncan said.
The Spurs fell behind 26-24
after the rst quarter but out-
scored Thunder 88-51 the rest
of the way. Teams that jump out
to a 2-0 series lead have gone
on to advance 94 percent of
the time. Game three will be on
Sunday in Oklahoma City. We
cant take anything for granted.
Its never over until you win the
fourth game, Ginobili added.
Big boys clash as
Tundo up against
Anwar, Duncan at
Eldama Ravine rally in
Baringo. P. 52
May 24, 2014
MOTORSPORT | Thrilling action awaits fans at Kinwongo Forest spectator stage
he fourth round of
the 2104 KCB Kenya
National Rally Cham-
pionship (KNRC) gets under
way this morning in Eldama
Series leader Carl Tundo,
navigated by Tim Jessop will
take on three-time national
champion Azar Anwar in an
event that will see more than
40 cars compete in the rally
before heading to Flouspa
Hills and Kerio Valley. The
main spectator stage will be
in Kinwogo Forest which is
along a slip road o Kamwosor
Primary School grounds.
Huge expectations
While there is much expecta-
tion from the Proton ST2000
after its debut victory in the
last rally in the hands of Tundo,
several other drivers will return
to action, among them Steve
Gacheru, Raaji Bharij, Stanley
Thuo and Manmeet Singh.
The battle for top spot in
the KNRC overall standings
is expected to be tough, with
current and former national
champions set to line up.
Tundo leads the series after
two victories out of the last
three rounds. His task could
be complicated by the presence
of Ian Duncan, one of the most
consistent and fastest drivers
in the country.
Three-time national cham-
pion Azar Anwar who turned
60 on Tuesday is among the
top seeds vying for glory in one
of the longest running KNRC
I love Nakuru Rally because
this was the event where I re-
corded my rst KNRC victory
20 years ago when it was called
Sanyo 2000 and was 2,000km
long, said Anwar.
Series leader Tundo
up against Anwar,
Duncan in fourth
round of KNRC
Big boys for Nakuru Rally
Rosberg stays with team
Lewis Hamilton and Nico
Rosberg, whose friendship,
rivalry and differing back-
grounds have been at the
centre of much attention
this week, will remain team-
mates for at least two more
years, their Mercedes team
said yesterday.
As the Formula One circus
took its traditional day of
rest yesterday at the Mo-
naco Grand Prix, a Mercedes
spokesman conrmed that the
sports leading pairing - who
are rst and second in this
years drivers championship
- will remain together until the
end of 2016.
We have long-term re-
lationships with both our
drivers, the spokesman
said. No official statement
was made by Mercedes.
As this news was revealed,
following intense speculation,
many seasoned paddock
observers smiled with amuse-
ment at widespread reports
suggesting that the compe-
tition between the two had
Hamilton, it was reported
on Thursday, had made much
of the difference in their
backgrounds - by allegedly
claiming that Rosberg had a
privileged upbringing while
his was disadvantaged - to
claim that he was hungrier
for success because he was
born in Stevenage and came
from a broken home on a
council estate. (AFP)
Sony host KCB in Awendo
Sony Sugar and KCB will
lock horns today at Awendo
Green Stadium in this week-
ends only Kenyan Premier
League match.
After tomorrow, all 16 KPL
teams, with the exception of
AFC Leopards and Western
Stima, will have played 13
matches, leaving only three
rounds of matches before this
seasons rst leg elapses.
KCB will face the Zediekiah
Otieno-coached side hoping to
get a lifeline after collecting
six points in 12 matches to
remain stuck in the relega-
tion zone for the better part
of the season.
Currently placed 10th,
Sony Sugar have left noth-
ing to chance to ensure they
achieve a decent nish in the
top ight league, including
pulling out of the GOtv Shield
Every time the players go
into a match the objective is to
get the three points, and this
weekend will be no dierent.
Our target at the beginning
of the season was a top eight
nish, and that remains our
ambition, Otieno said.
Gor Mahia have meanwhile
consolidated their position
at the top of the league after
ending out hitherto-unbeaten
Chemelil Sugar 1-0 at Mumias
on Thursday. Fifth-placed So-
fapaka continued their good
run, beating Bandari 3-0 in
Machakos on Wednesday.
Mercedes driver Nico Rosberg sits in his car during the second
practice session of the Monaco Formula One GP in Monte Carlo.
Sony Sugars Charles Odete (right) beats Bandaris Mohd Mwa-
chiponi to the ball during a KPL match in Mombasa on May 11.
1. Japreet Chatthe/Gurdeep Pan-
esar (Mitsubishi EVO10), 2. Azar
Anwar.Julius Ngigi (Mitsubishi Lancer
EV8), 3. Baldev Chager/Ravi Soni
(Mitsubishi EVOX), 4. . Carl Tundo/
Tim Jessop (Proton ST2000), 5. Ian
Duncan/Amaar Slatch (Mitsubishi
EVO9), 6. Manvir Baryan/Drew Stur-
rock (EVOX), 7. Rajbir Rai/Tim Challen
(Mitsubishi EVOX), 9. Onkar S. Rai/
Gavin Laurence (Mitsubishi EVOX),
10. Jasmeet Chana/Ravi Chana (Mit-
subishi EVO9), 11. Raaji Bharij/Geo
Mayes (Mitsubishi EVO9), 12. Imran
Mogul/Adnan Din (Subaru N10), 12.
Tejvir Rai/Zahir Shah (Subaru N16),
13. Alasdair Keith/Tariq Malik (Subaru
GC8), 14. Steve Gacheru/Linet Ayuko
(Subaru N10), 15. Mahesh Halai/
Ketan Halai (Subaru N12), 16. Steven
Mwangi/Steven Nyorri (Subaru N10),
17. Don Smith/Bob Kaugi (Subaru
N14), 18. Ronak Shah/Riyaz Ismail
(Subaru Impreza N12B), 19. Aakif
Hirani/Azar Bhatti (Subaru N16), 20.
Aslam Khan/Farhaaz Khan (Porshe
Carera), 21. Manmeet Singh/Adil Mirza
(Subaru STI), 22. Dennis Mwenda/
Edward Njoroge (Toyota Sprinter
GT), 23. Rob Hellier/Mike Huth (Dat-
sun 160J), 24. Ian Freestone/Julius
Mwachuya (Ford Escort), 25. Karan
Patel/Taussef Khan (Subaru GC8),
26. Leo Varese/Kigo Kareithi (Toyota
Corolla RSI), 27. Eric Bengi/Tony
Gichohi (Toyota RunX), 28. Nadeem
Kana/James Mwangi (Subaru 2WD),
29. Adan Suhail/Salim Khan (Daihatsu
Charade), 30. Jonathan Somen/Rich-
ard Hechle (Ford Escort).
Kenya National Rally Championship series leader Carl Tundo drives his Proton ST2000 10 in the KCB
Kiambu Rally. Tundo is the home favourite in the KCB Nakuru Rally this weekend.
We have long-term
relationships with both
our drivers
Mercedes spokesman
I love Nakuru Rally
because this was the event
where I recorded my rst
KNRC victory 20 years
ago when it was called
Sanyo 2000
Azar Anwar, Rally driver
Gor Mahias win over Chemelil
in the KPL on Thursday
May 24, 2014
52 | Sport
ecause the appointment of Dutch coach
Louis van Gaal as Manchester United
had been expected for so long, the
British press was waiting for the news and
dedicated acres and acres of space to mark
the occasion.
Van Gaal certainly comes across as an
extremely colourful fellow and whether
he succeeds or fails, what is guaranteed
is that there will hardly be a dull mo-
ment in town while he is in charge of
The striking thing about the
reams of stories about his ap-
pointment are the strong quotes
from the players of the various
clubs he has coached in the past
about his coaching regime, which
is described as at once dictatorial
and tactically brilliant.
First, the negatives. Describing Van Gaals
no-nonsense approach, the Swede Zlatan
Ibrahimovic had this to say: He is a dicta-
tor with no sense of humour. Giovanni, a
Brazilian international who was a part of the
Barcelona team in which Van Gaal entrenched
the total football philosophy he brought
in from Ajax Amsterdam, recalled the frosty
relations the Dutchman had with Brazilian
Van Gaal is the Hitler of the Brazilian play-
ers. He is arrogant, proud and has a problem.
He is sick, crazy.
Crazy was also the description his great
rival and Holland and Barcelona legend Johan
Cruy would apply: You have to wonder if he
has one or two screws loose
What explains all this hostility? Apparently,
Van Gaal is the type of coach who wants to
have total control over every aspect of his
teams preparations and monitors the behav-
iour of his players even when they are away
from the stadium.
He demands that they keep a diary of what
they eat (meaning, as one newspaper put it
that Wayne Rooney will not get away with
feasting on chips and kebabs while o duty)
and his obsessive focus on details extends to
the behaviour of players in the dining room.
In one story narrated in the Guardian and
a few other newspapers, the rules Van Gaal
introduced at Bayern Munich for meal time
provided a highlight the striker Luca Toni did
not enjoy.
Van Gaal had insisted from the start on
two major protocols at team meals: players
must eat in the same space every day and
they must sit up straight. A few weeks later
Van Gaal spotted Luca Toni slouched in his
seat at lunch and began to shout across the
canteen. When Toni took no notice van Gaal
marched across, grabbed him by the collar
(he is 6ft 1in, Toni 6ft 3in) and yanked his
centre-forward up and almost out of his seat
before walking back to his lunch in silence.
Nobody slouched after that. Least of all Toni,
who left on a free transfer before the year was
Apart from this hyper-strict version of the
man, however, there is the other side of the
Dutch coach, marked by his emphasis on
youth and his ability to produce a stream of
talent that is probably unmatched in world
Some of the players who have come
through the pipeline at teams he has
coached include Bayerns
Bastian Schweinsteiger who
he converted into a central
midelder, David Alaba,
Thomas Mller, Toni Kroos
and Mats Hummels (now
at Dortmund). At Barce-
lona, some of his young
charges were Andrs Ini-
esta, Xavi, Carles Puyol and
Lionel Messi.
His most famous crop of
youngsters was, of course, the
Champions League winning,
star-studded Ajax FC side of 1995,
which featured among others an 18-
year-old Patrick Kuivert.
Kluivert is now Dutch national team as-
sistant coach under Van Gaal and was one of
those praising the appointment.
He would be absolutely the rst pick of
any club, especially top teams everywhere in
the world. He likes to let young players make
their debut if ready for it.
Make the system work
His counterpart, Dennis Bergkamp, was also
full of praise for the Dutchman: Louis gives
his players instructions they need to perform
to make the system work. And the system is
sacred. All players are equal to Van Gaal, big
names do not exist for him, and everyone is
subordinate to the team and system, his sys-
What can the players expect? This was the
take of Mehmet Scholl, one of the coaches
at Bayer under Van Gaal: There are 26, 27
players and he is looking for the 14 to follow
him 14, 15, 16 to follow. His thing is not the
motivation [man-management]. Hes good in
motivation but this is not his main character
His thing is really working on the pitch
thats brilliant. And thats how the players
learn. You know by yourself that if you learn
from somebody you are curious, you want to
learn more.
Some of the players, I can tell you, like
Rooney, I dont think he has to learn anything
more. So that will be dicult for him if the
coach says: You have to do it in a completely
dierent way. Whatever you did until now,
change it.
For the fans and the journalists, on the
other hand, it will be a rollercoaster. Van Gaal,
as you would expect, has no doubts about his
own ability:
I know Im a very good coach. I am who
I am: condent, arrogant, dominant, honest,
hard-working and innovative. When I think
Ive made an error, it can cause me a sleep-
less night. But that only happens rarely.
United have got themselves as brash a
leader as Sir Alex Ferguson was. Whatever
happens, there will hardly be a dull moment
during the Dutchmans reign.
Dose of Van Gaal just what the
doctor ordered at dull Man Utd
Dutch coach considered a dictator,
perfectionist, brilliant tactician
and mentor. He is also supremely
condent and has everybody abuzz
with talk of what he will do in the
English Premier League next season
All players are equal to Van Gaal, big
names do not exist for him, and everyone
is subordinate to the team and system, his
Patrick Kluivert, Netherland assistant coach
Manchester United have got themselves as brash a leader as Sir Alex Ferguson was. Whatever
happens next season, there will hardly be a dull moment at the club during the Dutchmans reign
Netherlands coach
Louis Van Gaal at a
team training session in
Portugal on Thursday.
Kenyan football authorities yester-
day called o the highly publicized
visit to the country of an amateur
football outt consisting former
players of Italian Serie A club Inter
Milan citing unavoidable circum-
The team dubbed Inter Forever
and Inter Milan Legends was
expected in the country yesterday
evening for a four-day trip, which
was to involve a friendly match
against Kenyas Harambee Stars
tomorrow evening at the Safari-
com Stadium, Kasarani.
A source privy to the tour ar-
rangements, but who only spoke
to Nation Sport on condition of
anonymity revealed that condi-
tions were not favourable for the
European team to visit Kenya at
this time.
This trip has been postponed
owing to a few dierent reasons.
We encountered some problems.
But there still remains a possibil-
ity these players will be coming
to Kenya and playing against the
Stars in the not so distant future,
the source said. Nation Sport has
established that a delay in remit-
ting nancial guarantees required
by the Italian team may have
played a vital role in the cancella-
tion of the trip.
Tour agreement
The visitors had among other
demands, requested to be own
in and provided with full board ac-
commodation and transportation
to and from the match venue as
part of the tour agreement.
Separate sources indicate the
former, high prole Europe-based
players might have been put o by
the current security situation in the
country and the travel advisories
issued by several western nations.
However, it is unclear why the
government was keen to bankroll
the trip that had little or no sport-
ing signicance to the country or if
indeed, the authorities were aware
of who would be in the Inter trav-
elling contingent.
Contrary to an announcement by
the tour organisers that it was
Inter Milans rst team, the clubs
ocial website inter.it, indicates
that former Italian goalkeeper
Francesco Toldo, 42 years, who
retired from competitive football in
2010, was to lead the tour.
According to the site, other players
expected included former goal-
keeper Alberto Fontana (47 years),
Dino Baggio (42), Jose Marcelo
Ferreira aka Ze Maria (42), Arturo
Di Napoli (40), Salvatore Fresi (41)
and Dario Morello (46). In March,
a friendly international match be-
tween Kenya and Sudan in Darfur
aborted at the last minute despite
Stars travelling to Sudan.
Kenya friendly
tie with Inter
outt called o
May 24, 2014
Sport 53
razilian legend Pele predicted
an African team would lift the
World Cup before the end of
the 20th century, but it could be some
time yet before it comes true.
Algeria, Cameroon, Ghana, Cote
dIvoire and Nigeria carry the hopes
of the continent at the 2014 tourna-
ment in Brazil and none of them
appear likely champions.
Only Ghanaian Kwesi Appiah of the
ve coaches has been suciently bold
to say his side can go all the way.
A strong side is one that boasts
strength in depth, he said. Ghana
boasts a strong squad and I believe
we can go very far even become
world champions.
But faced with Germany and Por-
tugal in the rst round, many pundits
believe Appiah and his Black Stars
will not even clear the rst hurdle.
Ivory Coast are grouped with Co-
lombia, Greece and Japan, Nigeria with
Argentina, Bosnia and Iran, Cameroon
with Brazil, Croatia and Mexico, and
Algeria with Belgium, Russia and
South Korea.
Africa has a poor World Cup record
with no side getting beyond the quar-
ter-nals and only Cameroon, Senegal
and Ghana progressing that far in 12
Disappointing fact
An even more disappointing fact is
that there has never been more than
one African qualier for the knockout
stage. That sad statistic was supposed
to end four years ago when South Af-
rica hosted the rst World Cup staged
in Africa and hopes of an improvement
were high.
But despite a record six African
participants, it was the usual story
with only Ghana advancing beyond
the mini-league rst phase.
The Black Stars came desperately
close to smashing through the quarter-
nals ceiling, missing a penalty at the
end of stoppage time before losing on
penalties to Uruguay.
Amid all the African fury at the
Luis Suarez handball that triggered
the extra-time spot-kick, Ghanas
dismal display in the shootout was
conveniently forgotten.
Less t Senegal ran out of steam
against Turkey in a 2002 last-eight
AGE-LONG JINX | Algeria, Cameroon, Ghana, Cote dIvoire and Nigeria seek to end poor record
None of ve countries
representing continent
appear likely champs
loss and naive Cameroon tactics
allowed England to snatch a 3-2
quarter-nals victory 24 years ago.
Former England and Liverpool
star John Barnes told the Johannes-
burg-based SuperSport channel that
Africans must improve their mentality
to conquer the world.
Poor treatment
Africans must show the same desire
and discipline when playing for their
country that they do when playing for
European clubs, he said.
Barnes, who played for England at
the 1986 and 1990 World Cups, ac-
cepts that poor treatment by ocials
often leaves African footballers disil-
lusioned. Cameroonian Samuel Etoo
and Togolese Emmanuel Adebayor are
African stars who constantly battle
with ocialdom. The only problem
in Africa is our leaders, who do not re-
spect us, Etoo told the Confederation
of African Football (CAF) website.
Cameroonian ocials temporarily
barred Etoo from the national team
two years ago for instigating the
boycott of a friendly in Algeria over
unpaid bonuses.
Former Liberia star George Weah,
the only African to win the World,
European and African Footballer of
the Year titles, is equally critical of
Former players govern European
football while those without passion
or knowledge of the game rule in
Africa, he says. Footballers rather
than ocials should travel business
class on ights because they are the
ones going to play. (AFP)
Africas glory still long way o
Essien tips Black Stars to go one better
When the worlds attention turns to
the 2014 Fifa World Cup next month,
Michael Essien will be making his sec-
ond appearance on the biggest stage,
but many question marks surround the
AC Milan midelder.
Still considered an automatic choice
for Ghanas Black Stars when healthy
and available, the former Chelsea star
has struggled with injuries and playing
time over the last few years, and at 31
years old, he is eyeing the end of his
career. However, after missing the last
World Cup with a knee problem, Essien
(left) has talked about his excitement
with the talented Ghana team, which
he goes out of his way to laud. The
squad for this tournament is the best
Ghana has to oer, and the quality in
depth is extremely good, especially in
mideld. We have multiple options in
most positions which is always a plus
for any side.
Incredible strength
The former Lyon dynamo, nicknamed
the Bison for his incredible strength
and his ability to dominate a match
from box-to-box, is wary of making
the prediction that Ghanaians want
to hear: that they will do one better
than in South Africa and nally become
the rst African nation to reach the
semi-nals of a World Cup. It seems
a wise position given their brutal draw
into Group G with Germany, Portugal
and USA.
Our initial aim will be to get out
of the group into the second round,
and then take it game by game. Who
knows? We are certainly capable of
making it to the semi-nals or even
nals, he said.
Anything can happen, but we are re-
alistic enough to know we cannot aim
that high from the start. Get the rst
objective of making the second round
out of the way, and we will see how far
we can go. It will be a journey without
doubt, one we are looking forward to.
The age of Ghana midelder Michael
Essien who is part of the Black Stars
squad to the World Cup
Didier Drogba (centre) of Cote dIvoire vies for the ball with Moroccos Mohamed
Oulhaj (right) and Zouhair Feddal during a 2014 World Cup qualifying match at
the Felix Houphouet-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan on September 7 last year.
Englands extra time victory
over Cameroon in the quarter
nals of the 1990 World Cup
Africans must show
the same desire and
discipline when playing
for their country that
they do when playing for
European clubs
John Barnes
Road to Brazil 19 Days to G -AL!
England reveal squads
shirt numbers
Englands shirt numbers for the
forthcoming World Cup suggest
Arsenal midelder Jack Wilshere
is a strong contender to start his
sides opening match against Italy
despite an injury-plagued season.
The Football Association an-
nounced Englands squad num-
bers for the tournament in Brazil
on Thursday and Wilshere was
handed the number seven shirt.
England manager Roy Hodg-
sons decision to give him the
number seven shirt suggests the
midelder could be in line to start
their opening group xture against
Italy on June 14. Frank Lampard
also looks to be in the rst-team
reckoning as he has been given the
number eight shirt.
Suarez fans vent anger
on Newcastle player
Newcastle defender Paul Dum-
mett has been the subject of
online death threats from furious
Uruguay fans who blame him for
Luis Suarezs injury scare ahead
of the World Cup. Suarez, 27, has
undergone minor knee surgery
after a knock playing for Liverpool
against Newcastle on the nal day
of the Premier League season on
May 11. Several Uruguay support-
ers vented their fury on Twitter,
including menacing warnings for
22-year-old full-back Dummett,
who collided with Suarez towards
the end of Liverpools victory at
Germany midelder
Bender out with injury
Lars Bender was on Friday ruled
out of next months World Cup
after suering a thigh injury to
deepen Germanys defensive mid-
eld woes three weeks before their
Brazil 2014 campaign.
The 25-year-old tore a tendon in
his upper right thigh at their pre-
World Cup training camp in north
Italy, which he will leave on Friday,
with Germany facing Portugal in
their opening Group G game on
June 16 in Salvador.
Germany head coach Joachim
Loew has opted not to replace
Bender in his 26-man squad,
which needs to be reduced to 23 by
June 2, but admits the loss of the
Bayer Leverkusen star is a blow.
Anti-World Cup
protests hit Sao Paulo
Thousands of Brazilians back-
ing a movement to help home-
less workers rallied in Sao Paulo
late Thursday to protest a lack of
housing, shoddy public services
and huge spending on the World
Cup. Police put attendance at
15,000 while organizers said it
was more than double that. The
Homeless Workers Movement
said the rally was among the big-
gest in weeks of protests in Brazil
as the country prepares to host
the World Cup in three weeks
time and the Summer Olympics
in 2016. The march was peaceful
as it passed through a major com-
mercial district of Brazils largest
May 24, 2014
54 | Sport
Spanish rivals
clash in Lisbon
tain to be missing their top scorer in
Diego Costa despite the Brazilian-born
striker reportedly travelling to Serbia
to receive special horse placenta treat-
ment on a hamstring injury this week.
Ronaldo pulled out of Reals nal La
Liga game of the season against Es-
panyol last weekend due to an ongoing
hamstring injury, which also saw him
miss crucial games in the Liga title
run in as Real lost out to champions
However, the Portuguese forward
will return to the city where he started
his playing career with Sporting Lis-
bon and admitted he is desperate to
nally lead Real to their 10th European
Cup after ve seasons with the club.
It will be a special game. I will be
playing in my home country, in Portu-
gal, the 29-year-old told Uefa.com
More illustrious city rivals
Real defender Sergio Ramos has
claimed that Atleticos title triumph
makes them the favourites to lift the
trophy for the rst time tonight despite
having a budget less than a quarter
of their more illustrious city rivals.
And Ronaldo believes the pressure
on his side to not lose out to Atletico
is a positive.
Real Madrid have wanted it for a
long time. That is why since the rst
minute we came here we have felt posi-
tive pressure to win the Champions
League. This year we feel we are just
one small step away from winning.
Atletico could seal by far the greatest
season in their 111-year history should
they manage to beat Real in just their
second ever appearance in the nal.
The majority of the credit for Los
Rojiblancos amazing success in recent
seasons has gone to manager Diego
Simeone, but the Argentine has hailed
the eort shown by his players to
overcome the nancial disadvantages
Atletico have in relation to Europes
biggest clubs.
200,000 fans turned out
This season has been the fruit of the
labour that weve been doing for nearly
three years, he said. From the strik-
ers right through to the goalkeeper,
the team is aware of how we need to
play in order to succeed, in order to
highlight our strengths and hide our
weaknesses because, although we do
have weaknesses, we just hope not to
show them.
A reported 200,000 fans turned out
to celebrate Atleticos title triumph in
the centre of Madrid last weekend with
even more expected to party should
they return across the Portuguese
border having won the Champions
League. And Simeone thinks the
clubs fans can associate with the
spirit embodied by his side.
It is great that in one city you
have such a powerful team as Real
Madrid and a battling team such as
Atletico Madrid. The idiosyncrasies of
the clubs couldnt be more dierent,
possibly from a social perspective as
well. Each team uses the tools it has
at its disposal and its a great rivalry.
Real Madrid have wanted it for
a long time. That is why since
the rst minute we came here
we have felt positive pressure
to win the Champions League.
This year we feel we are just one
small step away from winning
Cristiano Ronaldo, Real forward
There are few players that
represent the turnaround in
Atletico Madrids fortunes
since the arrival of Diego
Simeone as coach than Jorge
Resurreccion, or Koke (right)
as he is more commonly
Simeones own resurrec-
tion of Atletico has carried
the club to four trophies in
two and a half years includ-
ing a rst La Liga title in 18
years this season and into
tonights Champions League
nal against Real Madrid in
A product of the Atletico
youth academy, the 22-year-
old has had a stellar season
which has seen him become
not just a regular in Simeones
set-up but also in the Spanish
national team.
However, he didnt always
seem destined for great
things. Koke was part of the
Atletico side that were elimi-
nated from the Copa del Rey
by third-tier Albacete just days
before Simeones arrival in
December 2011 and has ad-
mitted he was on the verge
of leaving the club when the
transfer market opened the
following month.
Simeone has helped me
improve physically and on
the ball, he told Spanish
newspaper El Pais.
When he arrived I was
about to leave, I wasnt play-
ing a lot and I needed minutes
to keep improving.
The manager told me to
trust in him, that I wouldnt
necessarily be a starter every
week but to work hard because
my opportunity would come.
We believed in each other.
That trust has borne spec-
tacular success for both men
as on top of being Atleticos
top creator with 18 assists this
season, Koke has also shown
an eye for important goals
amongst his tally of seven
for the season. He scored the
winner in vital away victories
at Real Sociedad, Malaga and
Athletic Bilbao as well as scor-
ing at home to Real Madrid in
the 2-2 draw at the Vicente
Calderon in March. (AFP)
Finally, Bale enters the big stage
n the
nal day
of the
P r e m i e r
in May
l a s t
year, Ga-
reth Bale
the latest in a
series of wonder
goals to hand Totten-
ham Hotspur a 1-0 win
over Sunderland.
Tonight, Bale will be play-
ing in all white against a side in
red and white stripes once more
in his last game of the season, but in
very dierent circumstances as Real
Madrid meet Atletico Madrid in the
Champions League nal in Lisbon.
A Spurs victory wasnt enough
that day to seal Champions League
football as they lost out once more
to north London neighbours Arsenal
for fourth place and set in motion an
anxious summer for Bale as he tried
to force through a move to the worlds
richest club.
Finally, on September 1, a deal was
ocial announced with the Welsh-
man reportedly becoming the most
expensive player in world football in
the move to the Spanish capital.
That summer stress and early
criticism of his time at Madrid as he
suered from niggling injuries due to
the lack of a pre-season has now been
long forgotten as Bale has the scene he
craved waiting for him at the Estadio
da Luz tonight.
These are the reasons why you
come to Real Madrid, to the biggest
club in the world, to play in nals and
try and win trophies and I am obvi-
ously looking forward to it, said the
Welshman as he faced the glare of over
300 media personnel at Reals open
day ahead of the nal.
I always dreamed of playing a
Champions League nal. It was always
the target and now it has come around.
We have one more step to go and hope-
fully we can win the 10th title.
Zidanes sensational volley
Real have been waiting 12 years for that
tenth European Cup The search for
La Decima, as it is known locally, has
seen the club spend over $1.37 billion
in player transfers alone to recreate
the night when Zinedine Zidanes
sensational volley handed them a
ninth European crown against Bayer
Leverkusen in Glasgow. I remember
watching it. It was in Scotland at
Hampden Park. It was a great mo-
ment for Real Madrid and hopefully
we can repeat that, adds Bale.
I dont think we feel the pressure,
or at least any added pressure. There
is obviously pressure on anyone for
a Champions League nal, for any
player and any team, but we are all
very excited to have the opportunity
and hopefully we can put a great
performance in on Saturday and lift
the trophy.
I dont think it is an obsession. If
you ask any player in world football
it is a dream to win the Champions
League and that comes with its own
pressure for ourselves, but one we can
live with and conquer. (AFP)
Welshmans dream of
playing in Champions
League nal comes true
Real Madrid striker Gareth Bale during their Uefa Champions League round of 16
clash with Schalke 04 at the Santiago Bernabeu on March 18.
Real Madrid 2 Atletico Madrid 1,
European Cup semi-nal, May 13,
1959: Three matches were needed
to decide the only previous meet-
ing between the sides in European
competition in the semi-nals of
the European Cup in 1959.
Real won 2-1 the rst leg at
the Santiago Bernabeu before
Atletico levelled the tie two weeks
later with a 1-0 victory.
In the days before the away goals
rule, Real won a play-o held in
Zaragoza 2-1.
Atletico Madrid 3 Real Madrid
1, Copa del Rey nal, June 26,
1960: Atletico got their revenge
by beating a Real side coming to-
wards the end of their golden age
by winning their rst ever Copa
del Rey with a 3-1 victory in the
The scene of the triumph at the
Bernabeu made the result all the
sweeter for Atletico who had to
come from behind.
Real Madrid 1 Atletico Madrid
3, La Liga, October 30, 1999: In
what was to become the worst
season in Atleticos history as they
were relegated from the top ight,
there was one moment of glory
for Los Rojiblancos as one of just
nine league victories that season
came at the Bernabeu.
Atletico Madrid 1 Real Madrid 4,
La Liga, April 10, 2012: Needing to
win to keep Pep Guardiolas Bar-
celona side from having a fourth
successive La Liga title in their
own hands, Real travelled across
the Spanish capital and got the
victory they required thanks to a
hat-trick from Cristiano Ronaldo.
The game wasnt as easy as the
nal scoreline suggests.
Real Madrid 1 Atletico Madrid 2,
Copa del Rey nal, May 17, 2013:
That 4-1 defeat at the Calderon a
year previously had been Diego
Simeones rst Madrid derby in
charge of Atletico and his trans-
formative eect on his side was
nally rewarded with a rst win
over Real in 14 years in last sea-
sons Copa del Rey nal.
In 2012, Ronaldos hat-trick inspired his side to crucial league victory
Simeone has
helped me
improve physically
and on the ball.
When he arrived I
was about to leave,
I wasnt playing a
lot and I needed
minutes to keep
GAME ON | If you ask any player in world football, it is a dream to win it, says Real Madrid forward
Youngster Koke is the man leading Atleticos resurrection
May 24, 2014
Sport 55

Obiri leads womens charge
in 4x1,500m at World Relays
Championships. P. 51
Newly-appointed Manchester United
manager Louis van Gaal has what it takes
to bring back glory to Old Traord,
argues Murithi Mutiga. P. 53
tletico Madrid and Real
Madrid have concerns
over the tness of key
players ahead of the rst ever
meeting between two sides
from the same city in the
Champions League nal in
Lisbon tonight.
Real are the worst aected
as defender Pepe and striker
Karim Benzema remain major
doubts, but coach Carlo An-
celotti has insisted that World
Player of the Year Cristiano
Ronaldo will start despite a
muscle problem which has
prevented him taking a full
part in training this week.
Atletico are almost cer-
Real take on city
rivals Atletico in
the worlds biggest
club game tonight
Real Madrid vs Atletico
Madrid, Uefa Champions
League Final,
Madrid showdown in Lisbon
UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE | Ancelotti, Simeone go head-to-head in battle for European prize
Saturday May 24, 2014
Download the NMG PLAY app
on Google Play and scan this
QR code with your smart phone
for pictures, videos and more
Signs that ou are
headed down the
path to povert
Three make-up bus
spend a week without
their kit - and share
their journe
Are ou
sabotaging our
own chance of
nding real, true
Eat health
now, enjo
the benets
for the rest of
our das
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 2 saturday magazine
have had a most discombobulated week this
past week. Its been up and down and to and
fro, sorting out personal and work matters.
On Monda, when the troubles descended on
me and I had to make a hurried eit from the
oce, I jumped into a tai to rush to m destination.
I remember ing m face in the cab on the wa
there a little bit of lip gloss, some powder down
the T-zone, that sort of thing and I remember
pulling out m kohl pencil just as we pulled into the
destination. But in the confusion of reaching for m
purse, pulling out m cab fare, getting change and
so forth, I must have dropped the kohl pencil in the
In an case, I onl realised that I was minus kohl
when I walked into the ladies room at m meeting
point and discovered that it was not in m purse!
Oh, the horror, the horror!
This is all quite new to me; up until a few months
(es, months) ago, I was the one to go everwhere
bare-faced. Not for me the dail rigour of
foundation plus concealer plus blush plus shadow
plus whatumacallit I mean, I had all the stu
in m bathroom, I just didnt bother to use it, or to
learn how.
A few months ago, I decided to give it a shot
and I loved the result so much so that a simple trip
to the kiosk down the road to bu a loaf of bread
these das can onl happen after 10 minutes in
front of the bathroom mirror putting on just enough
make-up to look I woke up like this fabulous.
So here I am kohl-less in Nairobi on a Monda
morning. As it happens, I was onl able to purchase
a new pencil two das later but it was the hardest
two das of m life. I
spent those das not
looking anone in the
ee. Or giving mself
pep talks. And avoiding
mirrors, I denitel spent
those two das avoiding
m reection unless I
absolutel had to look at
When I nall got a
replacement pencil a few
das later, it felt like the heavens had opened and
gifted me m self-condence.
As it turns out, I am not the onl one addicted
to their colour kit. This week, three ladies who love
their make-up just as much as I do spend a week
without it and tell us, in diar format, what it feels
like for them. Turn to our main feature to nd out
whether the ended up empowered or even more
sold on their make-up crutch. Enjo!


Waua Muli
The team
SATURDAY is published ever week b Nation Media Group Limited. It is distributed free with ever Saturdas Dail Nation. Unsolicited manuscripts, artwork, transparencies are submitted at the senders risk. While ever care will be taken on receipt of such material, the Nation Media Group Limited cannot
accept responsibilit for accidental loss or damage. Nation Media Group Limited, 2010. All rights reserved.
Flakes 5
Lizzies World 8
Woman of Passion 9
Heart Advice 11
Money 17
Leisure 21
& stay
in touch
Cover credits: Berl
Onditi wears an
Ankara double
breast jacket and
lime green shorts
with Ankara detail
from Afrostreet
Makeup: Glads
Managing Editor: Denis Galava Editor: Waua Muli
Sub-Editor: Felista Wangari.
Contributors: Kate Getao, Bon Vivant, Jackson Biko, Rupi Mangat, Waceke
Nduati-Omanga, Sona Parmar Mukherjee, Irene Njoroge, Ldia Omolo, Maurice
Matheka, Truphenah Wakaba, Tricia Wanjala, Florence Bett, Joan Thatiah,
Photo Editor: Joan Pereruan
Chief Graphic Designer: Roger Mogusu
Senior Graphic Designer: Andrew Anini
Graphic Designers: MarStella Machimbo, Ken Kamau
Cover photo: Duncan Willets
It was the hardest
two days of my life.
I spent those days
not looking anyone
in the eye. Or giving
myself pep talks. And
ways to
Lambs by day, rabid
dogs by night
Fresh designs for
the modern ethnic
Death in Gods name
Subtle ways in which
you sabotage your
liquid to remove
grease and oil
stains from
To remove lipstick stains saturate the stained
area with hair spra and dab with a damp cloth Use shaving
cream to
from shirt
To remove oil stains from our handbag
coat the mark with bab powder and
wipe o after some time
Use lemon juice on white shirts
to remove rust stains
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 3
Women and their debt
Jackson Bikos article on women who
take soft loans from men and fail to
pa back what the owe resonated well
with m vast rst-hand eperience with
debtors. There is a woman who owes me
Sh45, 000, while man others owe me
several thousand shillings each. These
debts have remained outstanding for
eons and I have a snowballs chance
in hell of ever getting back m hard-
earned mone. owever, defaulting
loan repament is not the monopol
of women. Men too are notorious
defaulters. I have a long list of men who
individuall owe me tens of thousands
of shillings. The interesting thing is that
when these people were borrowing
me mone, the were so humble to the
point of begging and when I lent them
the mone, the showered me with
gratitude and promised to repa within
the shortest time possible. Unfortunatel,
that is the last time I heard from them. I
reall do not understand this behaviour.
M debtors probabl think that I have a
lot of mone to lend out and that I probabl
dont miss what the owe me. But the truth
is that I am a hustler who, in the past, has
trusted others too much, perhaps because I
was hoping that the would also trust me with
their mone if I ever needed to take a loan
from them. I have belatedl learnt ver bitter
lessons and this one is alwas on m mind: If
ou want to lose great friends, just lend them
mone. Kiarie Peter, Laikipia
Anone who has ever tried to take a loan from
a woman will bear me witness that when
it comes to their mone, women are like
auctioneers. If ou fail to pa back on time,
ou will face dire consequences and I sa this
from personal eperience. owever, when ou
give a woman a soft loan ou will never hear
her talk about the mone she owes ou again.
I suspect this is wh there are so man cases of
hit and run whereb a man sleeps with
ou and disappears. Men do this because ou
owe them mone, which the know ou might
never repa. So ladies, take the cue and pa
our debts! Calvin Queens, via email
ow we live with lupus
I was relieved to read about lupus in last
weeks main feature and was specicall
drawn to Wends eperience. I am glad that
the three women interviewed came out to
share their eperiences and I admire their
resolve to live life to the full despite suering
from lupus. I know how bad it can get because
m niece, who is onl 30, was diagnosed
with lupus, last ear, after undergoing four
operations due to kidne complications. When
it started she would feel tired and couldnt lift
her legs whenever she got into a swimming
pool. er neck and hands also started swelling
but doctors couldnt tell us what was wrong,
even after several hospital visits. It is a horrible
ailment which terries me and leaves me
with so man what-ifs One minute I can
be laughing and chatting with m niece, and
the net we rush her to hospital. She cant
work now because she gets so tired and she
also cannot walk or stand for long periods of
time. Because it is not a common disease and
not man people understand it, I have read a
lot about it on the Internet and taken it upon
mself to eplain to other famil members
what the disease is all about. Most people
do not know what lupus is and that it aects
women across the board, regardless of their
status in life, so more people need to learn
about it. Jud N, via email
Thank ou for bringing lupus to light in
the main feature last Saturda. I suer from
lupus and I must sa that man of us suer
in silence because no one seems
to know what is ailing us. It is
also unfortunate that ver little
awareness is being raised about
this condition et it is a serious
ailment. Faith Kasirimo, via email
Kudos to the three women who
opened up about living with
lupus! B sharing their stor, the
encouraged man others who
ma be suering silentl. Their
stor also helped to drive awa
stigma. It was uplifting to read
that these three women have not
put their lives on hold because
of lupus. Man people die before
their appointed time because the
refuse to accept that the suer
from a chronic illness and so are
not able to take the necessar
steps to live full in spite of their
illness. Rev.Geore Avudiko, via
Take control of our earning power
Last weeks personal nance piece b
Waceke Nduati Omanga was challenging
and inspiring. Reading it reminded me of the
truth of a phrase I hear often: The power is in
our hands. It is true that man of us work at
the merc of our emploers. We rel on them
to decide how much we earn and when we
will get mone. We wait for our emploers
to review our salaries, et that ma be the
last thing on their minds. We ignore the
fact that it is up to us to take initiative, and
underestimate our abilit to inuence how
much we earn. We all have inborn skills which
we can use to earn more mone and change
our nancial situations. Let us now take back
our power and unravel our potential b taking
advantage of ever opportunit inside and
outside the workplace. Franklin Mukembu,
& stay in touch
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
What to do when ou hit rock bottom
he road to success sometimes has roadblocks
that ou never anticipated. Man cover
stories of high achieving women will portra
them in an ideal manner when the quote
things like: Think positive,Never give upand so
forth. All this is helpful when ou look at the bigger
picture. What is often omitted in these glowing
features is how these people carried on if and when
the hit rock bottom. It happens to real people all the
time losing jobs, mone problems, failing in love,
marriage and other issues. In some cases, hitting
rock bottom could mean having to start from scratch
after achieving a level of success. It is often said that
the onl place to go after ou hit rock bottom is up,
or depending on what ou do, ou could remain
down and out. ere are some practical and realistic
tips on how to hold our head high at these times. If
ou need pschological help, see a counsellor to help
ou deal with our feelings.
If ou have lost our job, it is natural to feel upset.
owever, no matter how ou feel, get out of
the house. Being out and about will open up new
opportunities for ou because ou will hear of them
from other people. If ou sta out of circulation for
just two ears, people tend to forget about ou. It is
like when ou go out of the countr for a long time.
Out of sight, out of mind. When ou do meet people,
let them know that ou are looking around for
something to do.
If ou are dead broke, it is time to become
practical. The old saing that pride and povert
often dwell togetheris sometimes the reason wh
people hit rock bottom nanciall. Forget about our
image and do something down-to-earth to earn
mone to tide ou over until ou nd our bearing
again. This could be dicult for a person who was,
sa, a corporate eecutive or a banker in skirt suits
and heels, but once ou start, it becomes eas and
even enjoable. Sometimes, this situation leads
people to change their lifestles and
careers permanentl for the better.
Tr not to act desperate. When
things get reall bad, it is eas to
take the path of least resistance. Seeking
smpath from people who simpl do not
care might make ou seem desperate. Resist
giving people sob stories and borrowing fare
lest the write ou o. A little pride will help
preserve what is left of our dignit. Take
a cue from the swan. It looks graceful
and peaceful gliding along, while in
actual fact, its feet are paddling awa
furiousl under the water.
- Irene Njoroge-Kristian
(etiquette lecturer.)
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 4 saturday magazine
Caroline Warugongo-
Mutuma is the founder
Denca Interiors and a
distributor of health and
wellness products with
an international network
marketing compan.
am newl wed and
I am still getting
accustomed to
working around
another persons
schedule. I am an earl bird
and b 5am each da, I am
usuall up for m morning
devotion after which I go for
jogging or move along to
DVD-guided Zumba in the
I run an interior design
rm and m job entails
bringing spaces to life in
line with the desires of m
clients. There is no greater
fulllment than having
someone appreciate m
designs and displa m
work on their walls.
I have studied both
design and IT and I use m
computer to come up with
concepts. This morning,
like most mornings, I was
going through briefs from
a meeting with a client and
sketching. I like to do this
before noon because thats
when I have the highest
energ burst.
This afternoon, m
workers were laing out tiles
for a project I am heading.
This client had ordered a
particular design of tiles
but when she saw them,
on the oor, she changed
her mind and claimed that
she had ordered a dierent
tpe. This prompted me
to go back to m books
which showed that we
had indeed ordered what
she asked for. Eventuall,
after a long afternoon,
she gave in. Lesson
learnt? In this business
which entails teture and
colour, one needs a lot of
documentation. M other
challenge is meeting clients
who do not know what the
want and when I put m
imagination into pla,
the end up being
unhapp with the
work. There are
others who come epecting
me to eecute their big
ideas et the are not
willing to spend the amount
of mone required for that.
I have learnt to trust that
strangers will pa me for
a job well done and I have
learnt to get them to trust
that I will deliver.
At the close of business,
I turn to m other passion:
health and wellness. I was
not particularl a people
person when I began this
business but months of
networking have made me
sociable. I use the products
I sell so that when I go to
make m sales, I market
the eperience and not the
product. I have found this to
be most eective so far.
From m eperience,
I would sa to succeed
in business ou need a
supportive partner and to
be supportive to him in
return. I make sure I get
home before m husband,
Denis, so that I can prepare
dinner and then spend most
of the evening bonding
with him. Design concepts
are ever-evolving and most
nights, I make sure to spend
some time on the Internet
keeping up with these
trends, before I go to bed.
spaces to life
of a Gay woman
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recentl came across a diet book
that advocated the adoption of
a stone age diet on the premise
that the human sstem is better
evolved to eat like a caveman
and that we would be far much
healthier if we ate like our ancestors.
Umm hmm I suppose this is
based on a romanticised version
of what our ancestors actuall ate.
Indeed I remember that it is not too
long ago when women used to chew
food and then spit it into the mouths
of their babies for easier digestion b
the toto. Given that this was before
the age of toothpaste, I doubt if there
are man paediatricians who would
recommend this particular diet as the
healthiest and most natural one for
infants! Whatever the nutritional value
of this naturall processed treat, its
hgiene is suspect.
I suspect that the earliest humans
were quite limited in their repertoire
of cooker skills. It is quite hard to
fricassee and amb our meat when
ou are in danger of being hotl
pursued b an angr mammoth.
Instead, I suspect that the tastiest treat
that a Stone Age mama was likel to
present, was a string piece of dried
game. Otherwise, ou probabl got to
tear our dinner, raw or semi-raw, o
the bone.
As for fruits and vegetables, it is
likel that human beings were still
guring out what eactl the were
dealing with. Luckil in those das
no one bothered to space or limit
the number of children in the famil
so it was quite eas to feed some
new and suspect piece of fare to the
latest toddler and then watch what
happened whether it was a happ
smile or a deathl grimace. In those
das, surviving our mothers cooking
was not just a tired old joke, it was a
real relief.
Of course whether it was poisonous
or poorl cooked, it was still better
than nothing. Yet I suspect that air
burgers were the main fare of our
ancestors. Getting food was not a
matter of popping round to the local
supermarket (or even a few clicks on a
website followed b a home deliver.)
It was a matter of venturing out into a
ver dangerous world where ou had
as much chance of being eaten as of
getting anthing to eat!
And even if ou managed to catch
an animal (before it caught ou) or to
gather a few non-poisonous roots for
consumption, there was alwas the
knott problem of food preparation.
I mean, in those das it was not a
matter of strolling round the kitchen
section of our local mall and picking
up a few luur gadgets, silicon
chopping boards, ceramic knives and
high-end food processors. Instead
ou probabl had to spend a couple
of das tring to fashion a piece of
rock into a knife, and then tr to use
it to cut some food (before it cut ou.)
It is no wonder that the Stone Age
Mum had ver little time for nois,
naught or nos oungsters. And in
those das being sent out because of
bad behaviour probabl meant being
swallowed b a sabre-toothed tiger!
What is more, since Mum probabl
didnt know how to count beond
one-two-three it would be some time
before ou would be missed.
So despite the seemingl ver
health diet observed b our far
distant ancestors, the general life
epectanc was prett dismal. Your
chances of being born without
incident, raised beond toddler-
hood and protecting ourself into
adulthood were etremel slim.
Nobod lived long enough to be
described as analogue! Indeed
anbod who made it to 25 ears old
was revered as an elder of the clan.
So since I am far beond the Stone
Age old age limit of 25 ears old,
I reserve the right to occasionall
season mself with a little junk food
without being nagged about health
Enjo our junk this Saturda!
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
In those days,
your mothers
cooking was not
just a tired old

Adopt the caveman
diet? No, thanks
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 5

The da
I gave
up m
M rlatnh wth mak-u wa
brthd whn I rald that I had an l t
mbnatn kn. I admrd hw m mum, wh
har m kn t, wuld hav th matt lk
aftr alng fundatn. I tl hr Blak Oal
rm t wdr fundatn and dabbd t n
m fa and vla, Blak Oal and I gt marrd.
Make-up budget: Sh5, 000 in one
Da 1
I dd nt thnk I wuld mak t thrugh an
ntr da wthut m mak-u. On I dd m
nrmal rutn, a lttl nt th hur, I ntd
th glw n m t-zn had bm
nuu and I had bgun lghtng
u lk a bulb. I wnt nt an md,
bam arand and almt ut
n a quk t ntan t. Truth ,
I hatd t; t wa hrrbl; I want
mlf. I wa lf-nu and
I wantd t bur m had n
th and all da t th tnt
that m llagu thught I
wa unwll. Th kt ang
that I want mlf tda.
Yu hav n da hw man
tm I wantd t run t m
mak-u bag. Nt t b an
vrratd dva, but whn
u gt ud t a rtan
rutn and u brak t
ld turk, t an drv
u nuts.
Da 2
I tk a hrtr tm
than uual t rar
fr wrk. Whl n
luggh tra n m
wa t wrk, I had
that tmtng urg
t war m mak-u.
It wa bad that I
rahd ut fr m
mak-u bag, thn
I rmmbrd th
hallng. Wll, th
rlv waknd
a m atttud
lummtd a n
a I gt t wrk. M
llagu wr nw
larl ntng ut
that thr wa mthng
qut unuual abut m
fa. Sm akd wh I
want warng m uual brght ltk,
wh m fa lkd bar. Cant a wman
gt thrugh th da wthut a ntant
Da 3
Tda I trd a dnt ar atttud and
h t b blnd t th hn! Funn nugh,
I wa dtrmnd t hang m atttud
that t wrkd. Th ran m kn flt bar
wa vr ml: mak-u mak a lt. I want
turnng nt an ant-mak-u atvt, but I
wa nw wghng th r and n f th
urn. M r wr brathng wndrfull
- t wa unblvabl! At th nt I bgan t
lt m guard dwn and n th n mak-u
tat wthut bng a rma dnna abut t. S
I lt th wnd blw n m kn and lt m har
Da 4
I wa amazd t lat m bautful bld
frkl n m hk that m blmh ntrl
nalr had bn hdng all th tm. And
urrngl, I lvd th frkl; I kt tarng at
thm whnvr I gt a han that da. Th n
mak-u urn wa mhw gttng bttr.
Da 5
M frnd rang m and uldnt blv
that I had mad t t da 5. Sh wa hkd
that h ntd n mtng u wth m. It
nt bn a but thr wa m knd f
frdm t wakng u n th mrnng, wahng
ur fa and mvng n. It want muh
an aaran u but an nnr baut
ndn. Bng dndnt n mak-u an
m u n ndn but gttng t a nt
whr t dnt mattr f u hav ur mak-
u n r nt amazng
Da 6
I ut ntd th lngth f m lah
and I lv t! I al dvrd that m brw
hav alwa bn thk and I dnt nd t
antuat m brw ln. Im gng t b
alrght. I ddnt d and Im ha that th
rmnt ha allwd m t bth d t
m fa. Wth r wthut mak-u I fl gd
abut mlf.
Da 7
Finall, the eperiment is over! I can
go back to m matte look, bright lipstick,
straightened lashes, lined ees and blushed
cheeks. But if I forgot to wear m make-up
for a da, I would pull out m good attitude
and know that I am beautiful either wa.
I dont have to be perfect to feel good.
Sometimes the aws make ou more
beautiful. The most rewarding thing about
this eperiment is that I conquered m
thoughts and attitude, and that was ver
Suzanne Maina, a
rnal atant and
Jecinta Mukundi, bakr and
If u nd m wthut m mak-u n, thn u knw that
mthng rall wrng. It a rlatnh that tartd whn I wa
a tn. I u Blak Oal fundatn and wdr and vrthng l
MAC. Wth mak-u, I fl n m lmnt. Wthut t, I ant fa th
da ahad. I ut wantd t lk mlf u n th hu and hd frm
th wrld. T untr m mak-u-fr lk I ad mr attntn t
m har and lth; f I uldnt turn had wth m fa, m wll-
dn har and mmaulat drng wuld d th b ut n.
Monthl make-up budget: Approimatel Sh6,
Da 1
I walkd arund flng vr lf-nu. I dnt hav rblm
kn but gng wthut m fundatn flt lk a unhmnt. I flt
vr d. I kt glanng at m mak-u uh wth lngng and
almt uumbd bfr ralng that n dng th, I wa armng
m lf-dln. I md m brght l and flt rall hrrbl
th whl da. On th ud, I dnt hav t nd 1 mnut
rmvng mak-u at nght.
Da 2
Im lavng m mak-u uh at hm bau havng t wth
m t tmtng. Whn I lkd n th mrrr th mrnng, I flt
I ndd m maara t thkn m lah; m l ndd m
lur t. But rmmbrng a magazn artl I rad rntl that
ad that gng an mak-u a trnd nw urrd m n. I am
nw n th bank and I war that tllr lkng at m thnkng that I
huld hav ut m lnr n. Sgh!
Da 3
Tda I hav n mtng. I wuld hav lkd t g wld wth
m hadw; mab m url r grn bau n n wll
m and udg m. I gu Ill ut hav t g wld wth m har
ntad. Th bt thng abut tda that th lttl rah n m
frhad ar gn! M kn lk larr and m lk brghtr.
Mab th mak-u-fr urn wrth t aftr all.
Da 4
I wa mtng m grl th vnng and I uddnl flt rall
bad abut bng th nl n wth a bar fa. Th lkd n! I
ddnt fl bautful bau I hadnt glammd mlf u. wvr,
whn a nghbur mntnd that I lkd gd, I flt n. Mab
I rall dnt nd mak-u, but Ill hav t g t th aln t hav
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 6 saturday magazine

woman and her make-up are not to be parted,
and in ever handbag, there is certain to be a
little space, or a bag eclusivel for make-up.
The reasons for wearing make-up are as man
as the numerous tpes of products to meet
ever beaut need. While make-up ma not be a big deal
to those who dont care about it, there are women for
whom make-up is an etension of themselves and the
cant go anwhere without it. The Saturda Magazine
caught up with three make-up acionados who accepted
our challenge to venture out and about sans make-up for
a week. The recorded their eperiences during this ee-
opening adventure.
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
Would ou give up our make-
up for a while? Judith Njuguna
followed three make-up bus
who went a week without their
beloved make-up and brings ou
their stor.
Iv had a mlatd aar wth mak-
u all m lf. Smtm I g all ut wth
bld lur and hav alatn. Othr
tm, I ut nd t t vr m blmh.
I ud t war mak-u whn I ndd
t lk drd u but whn I tartd
wrkng I rald t hl m lk mr
grwn u. San mak-u, I hav a bab fa
that mtm gt m undrmnd r
undrtmatd. M mak-u nund
b ttng, md and man.
Budget: Most of m make-up
is gifted but when I do bu,
I spend a couple thousand
Da 1
It gng t b a tugh wk. Nt
havng th tn f lang n m
mak-u whn I want t fl lk
unhmnt, but what lf wthut a
hallng? Th hardt art gvng u
lnr. I nvr g anwhr wthut t
and I fl vr nakd wthut t. I thnk
m lk kl, u r l. I k
lkng n th mrrr t f m lk
nrmal and I fl unntrd. Th l
wh knw that I nvr g abut wth a
nakd ntd that I ddnt hav
lnr and akd f I wa ka r f rha I
had lt m khl.
Da 2
I wk u wth th urg t war
rd ltk. I am ud t mt u
wth m frnd tda and I fl qut
lf-nu abut hwng u wth a
mltl nud fa. I alwa hav m
khl n vn whn I hav nthng l. It
a art f m dntt and I rall dnt want
t b n wthut t. But Ill manag. A
ul f frnd ntd and akd abut
m lan lk. I raurd thm that I wa
trng ut mthng nw and th lt t
g. Im gttng th hang f th.
Da 3
It qut hll tda. I lk t ut n
m bluh whn th tmratur dr
ut t add m lur that wll gv a
n f warmth and lf t an thrw
glm da. I hav a mtng and I rall
h that I dnt gt that ur-t-
lk I ftn gt whnvr I am mak-u-
fr. It rk m. I tll fl th urg t war
m khl, nw mr than vr bau
I want t lk matur. A uual, at th
mtng vrn hkd that I am
th rn th ar t mt wth. Aftr
laughng vr m bab fa th mtng
rd wll and an and dubt th
ma hav had abut m ar qulld. In a
wrd wa, I atuall qut nd that. It
mwrng t r abv tatn and
dlvr trngl that l ar almt
ntmdatd b m. Mab I huld d th a
lt mr ftn.
Da 4
Tda a gd da. Im atuall
autmd t m mak-u-fr .
Th atuall lk brghtr and mr n.
Th bt art that I dnt hav t k
hldng mlf bak frm rubbng m
fr far f mudgng lnr and lkng
lk a anda bar. But t b hnt, I d
m th dntn m lnr gv m
and I annt, and wll nt, ta awa frm
lnr fr a rlngd rd agan. But
t knw that I an g wthut t f I wantd
t lbratng.
Da 5
I nt m tm wth frnd tda.
Th had mak-u n. On atuall had
n vr mmaulat full mak-u and I
ntantl vtd t. Sh lkd wll ut
tgthr. And thr I wa wth blmhd
kn and n vr u. Agan, I flt vr lf
I flt vr habb mard t hw
h th all lkd. Lk th dd n
ut. Th n wh ut n n rt. I flt
l rntabl. I whd I uld thrw
m mak-u n but I had t hnur m
mmtmnt t th hallng. S I ut ut
n m bt ml and mad th mt f th
I flt vr d. And w tk
tur a wll. Th drn wa tark.
Wll, mab ut t m. Sm ltk wuld
hav bn n. Or an Intagram ltr fr
that ht, ut t vn thng ut a bt
btwn m and m frnd.
Da 6
Fr m ran m kn brakng ut.
That, lu Im warng all blak tda and I
wuld rall lk t azz thng u wth a rd
l. Al, I am gng ut t dnnr wth m
frnd. Evrbd wll b glammd u but
m lan-fad and brkn ut. What a
trat! Ill manag. I ut dnt lk nt bng
abl t vr u m brak ut. I flt
vr raw and d. I kt hkng
m fa n th mrrr t hw th
brakut lk. M awm frnd had
t r m mrrr awa and rmnd m
that I lk ut a gd wth r wthut
makng what I dnt lk abut mlf. I
gu th wr rght.
Da 7
M kn larng ut, thank
Gd! It funn: Im nall ud t lf
wthut mak-u, but m mak-
u-fr wk vr. I vn fl
mfrtabl wth m khl-fr
. Sn tda a rtt
lad-bak da, th lan lk
mt utabl and that th
wa I hav m fa n Sunda
anwa. avng t g mak-
u-fr fr an ntr wk
wa hallngng. Nt
bau I am dndnt
n mak-u but bau I flt
lmtd and rtrtd and I d
nt lk that. And althugh I am
th tal grl grl that lv
t la wth mak-u and fl
gd abut t, th wk I hav
larnt that I am nt addtd
t t (wth th tn f
Shamis Yassin,
aar drtr,
Bara Kal
m brw had bau
I ant ha thm wll
wthut m brw nl.
Da 5
I am gttng ud t
m nw lk. M lah
d lk n bar. And I
thnk m kn glwng
and m full l dnt lk
half a bad wthut an
ltk; th nut l mar
wrk wll and gv thm a
hn. I ad b th mt tr
n twn and I wa vr tmtd
t what nw ltk
th hav, but I wnt t a
bktr ntad. I flt
a lt mr ndnt
than th at fw da. I
thnk I hav that natural
baut that vrn
a Luta ha. Th
hallng tahng m
t mbra m natural lf.
Da 6
I ddnt thnk I uld g th lng
wthut m mak-u. But wrdl, I am
that thugh I wnt dth mak-u ttall, I dnt nd a
muh. I dnt vn thnk l nt th drn. N n
akd m wh m fa wa bar. Mab t all n th mnd. Evn
m wrk ar; I dnt hav t wrr abut m akd u fa
whl Im bakng. Th hat lav a mad-u fa all wat and
wrd-lkng. Tda, th hat ut mak m glw m mr.
Da 7
It th lat da. M kn lk bttr and I lv t. I uld
d th fr a lt lngr, and I rbabl wll. I knw that I an
tvl dth th fundatn, t durng rall al
an. And I lv th hadw fr lk. Wh knw? Im
dthng bth rdut and Ill nl u ltk vr thr da.
I hav larnt that I am bautful ut th wa I am. I dnt nd
an nhanmnt and f I u mak-u nw and thn, t wll b
bau I am trng a drnt lk, nt bau I want t fl
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 7
Constant nagging could lead to death
n man relationships, constant
nagging and arguing have been
the cause of bad blood between
spouses. In fact nagging has often
been the trigger of man break-ups.
Unknown, though, is that nagging
in famil and romantic relationships
is not onl a deal-breaker but is also
a stressor that could easil lead to
an earl death. This is according to a
stud conducted in Denmark.
According to the stud published
in the Journal of Epidemiolog and
Communit ealth, the risk of death
from nagging increases signicantl
around middle age. In the stud
conducted in a span of 11 ears, the
researchers analsed a participants
age, gender, living standards and
the relationship between frequent
arguments and their mortalit. The
researchers used data from the
Danish longitudinal stud on work,
unemploment and health from the
ear 2000. The data comprised of
9,875 men and women aged between
36 and 52 ears. According to the
research, stresses with a spouse or
children increased the risk of death
b 50 per cent to 100 per cent.
Deadl strife
Stressful social relations in private
life are associated with a two to three
times increased risk of ding while
demands and anieties from spouses
and children seem to be the most
important risk factors, said Dr. Rikke
Lund, the studs lead researcher.
According to the ndings, one out
of ever 10 participants reported
having a spouse who caused them
great, constant aniet, while si per
cent reported that their spouses were
a burden. One out of ever 20 partici-
pants reported having frequent argu-
ments and ghts with their spouses
or children. The participants were
followed for a period of 11 ears,
after which 196 women and 226 men
had died. eart diseases and suicide
were also reported as causes of death
in the rest of the participants. Other
causes were cancer, accidents and
liver complications caused b alcohol
abuse. Strikingl, men were found
to be more vulnerable, with unem-
ploed men reporting higher cases of
stress caused b nagging.
igh stress hormone levels
Apparentl, nagged men were
found to be more likel to respond
to stressors with a higher level of
the stress hormone cortisol, which is
credited with interfering with learn-
ing and memor, blood pressure,
increased weight gain, lower bone
densit and immune function, higher
cholesterol and heart diseases. This
is what increased their risk of ding.
Women, on the other hand, seemed
to be shielded b their wide social
networks and b the fact that the
were more likel to relieve their stress
b talking to friends or close famil
In contrast, men were disadvan-
taged because the limit conversa-
tions to themselves. Moreover, most
men interviewed during the stud
said that the person the would want
to conde in was the same person
who was putting demands on them
and worring them.
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
s we sit over coee, Ciru opens up
and tells me all the reasons wh she
couldnt stand me before, and wh
she had had such an adverse reac-
tion to me: she thought I was getting between
her and her man, Chris.
But hes married, I sa. Wh would ou
think he belongs to ou and therefore that I
was getting in our wa? I wiggle m ngers
in the air, quote-mark stle, as I sa those last
four words.
e promised me he would leave his wife
for me she sas with a pained epression
on her face. er coee and slice of chocolate
cake lie untouched in front of her, a clear sign
of her distress.
I cannot help but laugh. Thats the oldest
line in the book, I point out.
I know, I know, she sas.
ow did ou manage to keep our aair so
secret? I ask her. I am in so much shock I still
cant feel an pain. But I am sure it will come.
Right now, what I am is intensel curious a
curiosit that must be sated b gleaning all
the information I can get about this huge
mess I have found mself in.
Ciru laughs bitterl. e alwas said that if
anthing came out that I would be the one to
leave emploment.
And ou believed him?! I am gobsmacked.
That is what is called a ver cheap shot.
What could I do? she counters. I was a
little afraid and I just wanted to make him
Do ou want to take action? Because the
law is ver clear on this. Thats called harass-
ment, I sa. The spirit of revenge is starting to
take root.
No, Ciru refuses. If this all came out I
dont know what I would do.
I can understand where she is coming from.
So what do ou want to do? Wh are ou tell-
ing me all of this?
Ciru bites her lip and stares at the fork in her
hand for a long time. Then she looks up at me,
her ees liquid as if she is about to cr. I just
thought, Ive had enough. Enough of the pain
and the anger and the resentment of ou over
a man who a man who clearl will never be
able to love me like I love him.
I, personall, dont think that Ciru is in love
more like obsession with a man she cant have
but who am I to point that out right now?
I also didnt want anone falling into the
same trap I am in, she continues. Not even
m worst enem. She gives me a pointed look.
Ok, um, thank ou, I sa, ecept I was
never going to fall into that trap. I was not
involved with him like ou think.
Oh, come on, Liz, she sas. You think I nev-
er noticed how ou two look at each other?
I blush and hope Ciru doesnt notice be-
cause there is no wa I am going to admit to
The point is, there was nothing but a work
relationship and thats all there is to it, I sa
with what I hope is an air of nalit.
I have one last favour to ask, Ciru sas. Can
this conversation please sta between us? I
dont want the oce to know
M lips are sealed, I promise her. And we
head back to the oce in silence, but with
a new and refreshing sense of camaraderie
about us.
Back in the oce Louise gives us a strange
look when she sees us walking in together
and not a clawed face or broken tooth in
sight. The minute I sit down at m desk, m
phone starts to ring. Its Louise.
What on earth were ou and Ciru doing
together? she asks incredulousl.
Calling a truce. Its about time, dont ou
Well, if theres some good that has come
out of the two of us switching desks and it
seems there is, then more power to ou, she
chuckles, and hangs up.
Finall, I have a few minutes to properl
absorb all that has happened over the last few
hours. The revelations, the secrets, the admis-
sions, the anger, the near-violence it has
been an overwhelming ride. The onl thing
I know right now is that I must never nd
mself in a situation like this again. I am ver
doubtful that Chris will be coming back to the
oce after his vacation. This means that I nev-
er have to see him again if I dont want to.
And in the meantime, I can set a few new
rules for mself: no irting with the possibilit
of a married man. No irting with colleagues.
In fact, no irting at all with anone. And
nall, time to get m priorities straight b
spending time with the people who matter to
me. So I pick up the phone and dial Fatma.
I wonder if ou and the girls would like to
come over to m house for dinner tonight?
I ask her. Ive got news to share, and I would
like ou all to be there.
I must never
find myself in a
situation like this
Calling a truce

May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 8 saturday magazine
studied and trained as an
air cargo manager, then
joined Kena Airwas
as part of m industrial
attachment. I didnt like a single
da of those si months not the
work, not the routine, not the oce
environment. I suppose it was one of
those careers we pursue because our
parents want us to.
The idea for what I do now
rst found me when m sister was
shopping for a crib for her rst
pregnanc. We were unable to nd
one of good qualit. The colours were
also bland those that were imported
were either white or brown, and ou
couldnt customise them with the
colours ou wanted. So I designed
a crib for m sister. I hired a local
carpenter in the neighbourhood to
make it for me. e did make a crib
alright, but it wasnt what
I wanted or liked. e didnt
understand m design or
m tastes. We had a string
of back and forths for
weeks on end as he worked
and reworked the crib. It
was between the terrible
crib m sister took home,
the relationship that had
turned sour and the endless
reworks that I thought: wh
not just make cribs mself?
So I did: It was full of colour and it
was full of love. And it was practical
enough to meet m sisters individual
needs. And it was here, in Februar
2010, that I started Bab ouse.
I design the cribs mself, drawing
inspiration from the Internet and
personalided solutions for new moms
like mself (I had just delivered m
rst child, and I wanted her
to have the fun things I
could create at Bab
sourced the timber locall from
Industrial Area and Kawangware. I
hired a team of carpenters who would
give me the workmanship to create
the cribs I had designed. I purchased
three machines for cutting, shaping
and gluing the pieces of timber
together. I worked from m workshop
in m backard then delivered the
products for assembl in m clients
One b one, I created products for
newborns, for toddlers and for school-
going kids.
M client base grew through
referrals and through advertising
aggressivel on social media. As the
client base grew, the margins and
returns from the business grew in
proportion. I epanded m business
through ploughing back m prot;
not once have I had to seek eternal
nancing from the banks and
I moved Bab ouse to m own
workshop along Ngong Road where
I now work with m team of ve
carpenters. I have also been working
on bigger and more demanding
Challenging the bab steps
The major challenge I faced was in
nding a team of reliable carpenters
who shared m vision. I admit, I am
a perfectionist and a control freak.
I micro-manage. Unless m team
understands the importance of qualit
of joints that t perfectl into each
other, of paint that blends into the
corners, of products that have no
scratches or minor dents the will
take me to be a pain in the esh. But
its the price of qualit products, and
of having customers who use our
products for a lifetime. And if this is
the price to pa for the qualit of Bab
ouse products, then so be it.
Managing the queue of deliveries
has also been another challenge.
Designing and making the products
doesnt take more than ve das,
at most. Assembling products is a
delicate and length process that
can eat up into our schedules and
timetables. Back logs in orders,
because of assembl time, means
we are sometimes unable to deliver
products to a customer as agreed
upon. Its a challenge I am still
working around.
The business is also aected
when I get new carpenters who dont
know how to use the machines or
who, again, dont share m vision for
qualit. These also contribute to a
skewed timetable.
Another challenge especiall
when I started out was how to
handle customer feedback. In the
earl das of Bab ouse, I didnt
know how to handle negative
comments and criticisms I received
on m Facebook page; it felt like a
personal attack. But I have learnt to
separate the wheat from the cha,
and how to incorporate constructive
feedback into m work. This has
contributed to the increasing qualit
of our products.
I am onl 26. That I found work
I am passionate about, work that
combines m skills in design and m
love for colour, this earl in m adult
life isnt something I forget too quickl
ever da.
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
The furniture mama
Mukami Ndere, 26, is a mother of
two girls aged four months and
two and a half ears. She quit
a job she hated to pursue her
passion for making bab furniture.
She tells Florence Bett about her
My client base
grew through
and through
advertising on
social media.
Grow a thick skin as societ will
not alwas approve or support
of our decision and our ideas
Put our passion rst, mone
last. Mone follows our
ave courage and build
patience. You will get to where
ou want to go. A journe of
a thousand miles starts with
a step
Seek advice from those who
have gone before ou. M
mum alwas told me that no
man is an island
Above all, put God rst
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 9
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
nce upon a time I lived in
the servants quarters of this
reall terric couple. Ver
nice folk, who didnt beat
down m door on the 2nd
demanding for rent. The man would spend
his Saturda afternoons tinkering with his
1969 Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9 and ever
time I passed b he would call me over and
go on and on about the beaut of that car
and just how Mercedes had lost that old
vintage touch. If I were from the shop
with milk to tea, Id forget that tea. God
forbid if I had a guest waiting for that tea.
I trul liked him though. is wife, a cheer
lad with a great-looking pair of calves (its
not eactl coveting if ou onl admire the
calves of someone elses wife, is it?) worked
as a lawer and loved gardening. Perfect
couple: one loved machines and the other
plants. The rattled awa happil, his head
stuck under his bonnet and her nose brown
from soil. The had two small kids, both
under si ears of age. If ou saw a picture
of this couple ou would mistakenl
imagine the were either selling toothpaste
or life insurance.
Thats until night fell because at night
the fought. The fought like cats and
dogs: hard, consistentl and passionatel.
And the threw things around; anthing
that wasnt stuck to the oor was fair
game. I often sat up late at night listening
to this brouhaha. Tables and lampshades
would hit the wall just above m bedstead.
Glasses would break. And the kids would
scream; the eldest, a bo, would be
screaming his lungs out, Mum, stop sitting
on his head!Those times Id smile despite
of everthing. is head? What is she, a pro-
wrestler? ow do ou shape our son into
a man when he grew up seeing his mother
sit on our head? What do ou tell a bo
like that?
And the curse words? M God, ou dont
even want to go there! She would curse
so colourfull and eloquentl her owers
outside would wither. It was amazing how
the homel wife and sweet mother who
watered her lilies with such love and care
during the da would turn into a violent
and pschotic pott-mouth during the
night. Oh, and the man wasnt an better.
Oh, no sir. e kept calling her unattering
names: a devil, a mad woman, a witch, a
murderer. Or the w word. e also threw
in the f word for good measure. And he
screamed the loudest, understandabl
so. I mean, ou would too if a woman was
sitting on our head.
Then suddenl the melee would stop.
The kids would quiet down. Id hear
someone moving about furniture. There
would be mued voices; a cough. A
shower would run. The front door would
open and close, the man going out for a
smoke, I supposed. Restless ceasere would
prevail in the dead of that night and Id drift
o to sleep, nall.
But thats not even the weird bit. The
ver weird bit is how, when the sun rose,
there would be no hint that this couple had
fought so loudl and zealousl the previous
night. I would run into them in the parking
lot, laughing and chatting animatedl like
the were on a honemoon. e would be
all, Biko, come over here I show ou how
this chair was designed never to come o
the bod of this car no matter the nature of
the accident. And she would plafull roll
her ees and wave with a heart hallo, all
molars showing. At some point I considered
seeing a shrink about it because I was
certain I was hallucinating. I was running
But although the couple had mustered
the art of leaving bedroom matters in
the bedroom, if ou looked at the kids
ou could tell that something was afoot
not just the previous night, but in their
lives too. The looked insecure and jitter.
The didnt look ou in the ee. The bo
still sucked his thumb. And although the
parents were quite, uhm, health, the kids
looked somewhat gaunt and underage like
the just wouldnt grow. And it broke m
heart, the hollowness and sheer sadness
those poor kids carried around with them. I
often wonder how the are doing now.
Everbod has had neighbours who
cause hell in the night, ghting like
gladiators and disturbing the peace.
Sometimes cops show up. People walk
out of their doors, in towels, robes and
those bad shorts we love to sleep in. And
its embarrassing to everone involved
(the shorts too.) Its embarrassing for the
couple because ou are viewed in dierent
light when everbod knows that ou
are a philandering pig because our wife
keeps screaming, You dont have to be
here, Philip! You can go to, Josephine, that
obese, big nosed harlot, piece of s***! Its
embarrassing if the whole block knows that
ou actuall dont pa rent or do anthing
for the famil when she screams it out
loud. Its even worse when she calls ou a
useless man who cant satisf a woman!
ow do ou invite the same neighbours
for totos net birthda part and cut the
birthda cake with a straight face? Its also
embarrassing for our neighbours because
the will have to pretend that the didnt
hear the ghts and abuses and insults. The
have to pretend that even though the
heard it all, it doesnt matter. But it does.
And if there are kids involved then it
must be much harder on them. I mean,
nobod wants to watch their mother sit on
their dads head, no matter how much their
dad deserves it.
When our ghts at
night rival those of cats
and dogs, ou make
things awkward, not just
for ourselves and the
kids, but for the hapless
neighbours who have to
listen to it all
Lambs b
da, rabid
dogs b night
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 10 saturday magazine
husband and I have been
married for two ears. Over
the past few months he
has been pushing me to open a joint
account with him, but I keep refusing.
I do not think it is a good idea because
he is wasteful and etravagant. I earn
more than he does and I feel that if
we pool our mone he will waste it
on things that are not important and
leave us broke. e likes hanging out
with his friends a lot of the time and
I dont want to see m hard-earned
mone going to waste ever weekend
or even being used to entertain other
women. I also believe that if I manage
m mone b mself, I will be able to
invest so that we can get a nancial
cushion for the future. The problem
is that ever time I tell him that I
would rather we each have our own
accounts instead of a joint account
he gets upset and angr and this is
putting a strain on our relationship.
Do we reall have to have a joint
account? ow can I convince him that
we dont need one? I need to protect
mself. Please advise me.
Consider giving it a tr. A joint account
might actuall make our husband
better at managing mone because
it requires approval from both
signatories before an transaction is
made. With a joint account, he will not
be able to withdraw mone without
our consent and vice versa. If he were
asking ou to deposit mone into
his personal account, that would be
another stor, but with a joint account
there is more transparenc. Open the
joint account, but have a separate
personal account. You can then agree
to deposit a ed amount into the
joint account and also agree on the
terms of using the mone therein. If
he misuses the mone, then ou can
stop making deposits into the joint
account. Vincent Opondo
This is quite a delicate issue and ou
must look at it in the best interest of
saving our marriage from collapse.
Sit down with our husband and
candidl discuss the modalities of
operating the joint account. Also,
choose an account that requires
both of ou to be present to
make an withdrawal. Above
all, let our salar account
remain intact. You never
know, the joint account
might encourage him
to develop a saving
culture. Denis Namu
The problems ou are
facing in marriage are
a result of not laing
a proper foundation
from the beginning, but
with good communication
ou can solve this crisis ou
are facing. Just open the
joint account and maintain a separate
account for ourself. Ma the Lord
give ou wisdom to deal with this
appropriatel. Rev Geore Avudiko
Ask one of his good friends to talk
to him and make him understand
that even though ou run separate
accounts, ou are not selsh and that
ou use our mone for the good of
the famil. Benson Mbultsi
Dont be afraid. Open a joint account
without ATM cards and which
requires both of ou to sign before
an withdrawal. You then have to
agree on ever withdrawal i.e. the
amount to be withdrawn
and for what purpose. Im
sure such an
arrangement would work. Jimm
Sisco A. Lisutsa
Whatever ou do, be a person rst
and wife later! Better still leave him to
handle his own pennies. What kind of
married man makes his friends and
entertainment his rst priorit when
he obviousl cant aord it? Dont let
him mess up with our mone and be
sure to let him know eactl wh ou
do not want to share an account with
him. Ajusa Ajusa
ave ou ever sat down with him to
discuss projects of mutual benet?
If not, do not agree to open a joint
account with a man who doesnt
share our vision for our famils
future. You can continue investing in
projects that will benet the both of
ou without opening a joint account.
You are the one who knows this
man well and ou know whether
sharing an account with him is a good
decision. Ev Gilbert Mcdero
e is ver aware that ou earn more
than him and thats wh he is insisting
on the joint account. It couldnt be
clearer that he wants to use our
mone for his etravagant lifestle.
Open up and tell him wh ou dont
want to share an account with him.
ell obviousl tr to convince ou
that he will change his spending
habits, but dont give in. Sam Rinsi
Send our questions and feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
Do couples have to operate a joint account?
Maurice Matheka, a relationship
counsellor answers:
Wh, after two ears in marriage,
does our he want ou to open a
joint account now? is motives
are suspicious. Opening a joint
account might lead to a major
fallout later so if ou have doubts
about this ou should stick to our
guns and be candid with him about
our concerns. If talking to him
doesnt work, then write him a letter
till it sinks in that based on our
observations of his past behaviour,
ou are worried about how he
manages his mone, hence our
reluctance to open a joint account.
Remember to tell him that he can
win our condence over time b
getting his mone management
skills in order. If ou do decide to
open a joint account make sure that
withdrawals can onl be made after
ou both approve.
I have been married
for three ears. When I
met m husband, I was
a single mother. e
vowed that if I married
him, he would treat m
daughter like his ver
own child. Initiall he
made good his promise
and like a good father
he paid her school fees
and paid for her upkeep.
But after I gave birth to
his daughter in Januar
last ear he changed. e
stopped paing her fees
and refused to bu her
anthing. e also shouts
at her and she can do
no right in his ees. On
the other hand he treats
his blood daughter like
a goddess and he treats
me well too. This has
aected m rstborn
daughter who is now
10 ears old. She has
become withdrawn and
she is performing poorl
at school. M husband
refuses to talk about
it and tells me that I
should not burden him
with her needs. I believe
in tring to work things
out because I know
there are no perfect
marriages. I do not want
to leave this marriage,
but I dont like the wa
m husband is acting.
What should I do?
I am not sure if m bofriend loves me
hank ou for our question. The
most important thing ou need to
know is that true love is not mere
feelings. Also, it is important for ou
understand that love is not se and se
is not love. You have been dating our
bofriend for ve ears and the fact that
he isnt committed is a clear indication
that the relationship will not work out.
Also his declaration that he wants to
marr someone else shows that ou are
not the one he wants as his wife. e came
back to ou after the other relationship
didnt work, which shows that he is just
using ou as a placeholder as he waits for
another lad to come his wa. This should
signal to ou that ou are in the wrong
relationship. e has never confessed his
love for ou and ou seem to be alread
aware of that he isnt the man for ou but
ou are still holding on, perhaps to ght
loneliness, to feel wanted and mabe also
to overcome feelings of inferiorit.
A relationship should be mutual, but
it is unfortunate that ou seem to be
the onl one committed here. I suggest
ou have a meeting with ourself and
decide whether this is the man ou need
in our life. Note that when ou choose
to sta with a bofriend who has alread
cheated on ou, the likelihood of a stable
relationship is gone. It is therefore ver
important to quit this relationship bearing
in mind that ou are a great lad who
will eventuall meet a person who will
give ou true love and commitment.
: I am 28 ears old. I have been dating m
bofriend for ve ears. I love him but he has
never told me I love ou. In 2012, he told me
that he was getting married to a universit lad. I
was shocked and I decided to leave him. A ear later
he called me asking how I am faring and if we could
meet. Because I loved him I said es to the meeting.
We started dating again but whenever I ask him
about the other lad he doesnt tell me anthing.
Does he love me or am I just wasting time?
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
This week we
advise a woman
who is reluctant
to open a joint
account with her
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 11
Local fashion house Afrostreet
Kollections recentl launched
their modern ethnic design line
of items. Take a peek at some of
their looks.
ow to wear
an innit


n innit scarf is the most versatile of
scarves. Use it to switch up an look, from
smart-casual to relaed. ere are few stles
to tr.
Invest in both light and heav-knit fabrics to
work for dierent weather patterns.
Wrap the scarf round the neck create a cowl neck
look and adjust it until ou get the look ou want.
Depending on the fabric of the scarf, ou can loop it
round the neck loose or tight, there is no rule about
how close to the skin it should be.
Loop the scarf twice to create two laers where the
rst laer rests on the collarbone and the second on
the bust.
Wear the scarf as a shrug or capelet. Loop the scarf
over our head and cover our shoulders.
Wear it over the head as a hoodie and loop once.
Wear as a vest then cinch with a skinn belt or
wide belt. Depending on
the fabric, it should add an
interesting dimension to
our overall look.
Wear it as a shawl; put
our hands through as if
wearing a jacket and ensure
that it lies at on our back,
then pull the top end over
our shoulders.
Wear it as a halter-neck
bustier over a t-shirt or top.
Invest in dierent
tetured fabrics.
Jerse is a great
option as it will oer
more versatilit
because its stretch
and light at the same
with brooches or


May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 12 saturday magazine
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
Kollektions, Caton
ouse, ground oor,
Standard Street,
Tel: 0724 207 517
Jade Collection, Tom
Mboa St (opp. Fire
Station) Nairobi.
Tel: (20) 235 0296/
(20) 2337 7845 /
0724 524 718
Mr Price,
The Junction, Nairobi.
Tel: (20) 386 1894.
Pictures: Duncan Willets
Shoot assistant: Moses
Make-up: Glads
air: Richie for the
Strand Group Africa.
Model: Berl Onditi
Profession: Social
obbies: Travelling and
making friends
Sta on time
Ankara double breast jacket, Sh4, 500;
lime green shorts with Ankara trim, Sh1,
800, Afrostreet Kollektions.
Yellow chion and Ankara rue top,
Sh2, 500; Ankara skirt with aqua panel,
Sh2, 500, Afrostreet Kollektions. Earrings,
Sh500, Jade Collection.
Emerald green dress with kitenge back
and trim detail, Sh5, 500, Afrostreet
Kollektions. Earrings, Jade Collection.
Orange jumpsuit with kitenge panel trim
detail, Sh4, 500, Afrostreet Kollektions.
Gold earrings, Sh1, 000, Mr Price.

Ankara oor length top, Sh4, 500;
orange skinn pants, Sh2, 500; kitenge
heels, Sh4, 500, all from Afrostreet
Kollektions. Earrings, Sh1, 000, Mr Price.
Keep time with the
latest in watches.
Womens watches
are bold, big and
chunk, to double
up as an accessor.
The are available
in both casual and
smart stles. Choose
one with detachable
straps to give ou
colour and stle
variet, and dierent
face shapes to add
depth to our look.
Red watch, luminious green
watch, black watch, Sh800 each,
all from Jade Collection.
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 13
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
Kollektions, Caton
ouse, ground oor,
Standard Street,
Tel: 0724 207 517
Jade Collection, Tom
Mboa St (opp. Fire
Station) Nairobi.
Tel: (20) 235 0296/
(20) 2337 7845 /
0724 524 718
Mr Price,
The Junction, Nairobi.
Tel: (20) 386 1894.
Pictures: Duncan Willets
Shoot assistant: Moses
Make-up: Glads
air: Richie for the
Strand Group Africa.
Model: Berl Onditi
Profession: Social
obbies: Travelling and
making friends
Sta on time
Ankara double breast jacket, Sh4, 500;
lime green shorts with Ankara trim, Sh1,
800, Afrostreet Kollektions.
Yellow chion and Ankara rue top,
Sh2, 500; Ankara skirt with aqua panel,
Sh2, 500, Afrostreet Kollektions. Earrings,
Sh500, Jade Collection.
Emerald green dress with kitenge back
and trim detail, Sh5, 500, Afrostreet
Kollektions. Earrings, Jade Collection.
Orange jumpsuit with kitenge panel trim
detail, Sh4, 500, Afrostreet Kollektions.
Gold earrings, Sh1, 000, Mr Price.

Ankara oor length top, Sh4, 500;
orange skinn pants, Sh2, 500; kitenge
heels, Sh4, 500, all from Afrostreet
Kollektions. Earrings, Sh1, 000, Mr Price.
Keep time with the
latest in watches.
Womens watches
are bold, big and
chunk, to double
up as an accessor.
The are available
in both casual and
smart stles. Choose
one with detachable
straps to give ou
colour and stle
variet, and dierent
face shapes to add
depth to our look.
Red watch, luminious green
watch, black watch, Sh800 each,
all from Jade Collection.
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 13
ver since he turned si,
Mariam Ngumas son has
taken on the role of the
man of the house. The
single mother of one narrates
how her son is keen to make sure
she is oka, never wandering too
far when her phone rings and
alwas defensivel enquiring
who she was talking to especiall
if she looks upset. When the
come over, her friends and sisters
refer to him as the little man of
the house.
The societ toda, through
numerous avenues, speaks of
the need for a strong male in
the home front. A oung bo
in such a setting who falls and
hurts himself will be told not
to cr, that he is a man and he
can handle it. Subsequentl,
like man mothers in her place,
Mariam initiall found her sons
grownup behaviour appealing,
even giving herself a pat on the
back as she thought it was a
reection of her great parenting
In the recent past, however,
she has increasingl noticed that
he snchronises his emotions
with hers, becoming ver quiet
when she is sad. The child enjos
getting together with his cousins
at their grandparents home and
Mariam knew something was
not amiss when the bo, now
9, turned down an invitation to
spend time with his relatives
during the April holidas saing
that his mother needed him.
I know that ideall, he should
be just a child and he should be
free of the concerns of m world
but because it is just the two
of us, I want him to grow up a
responsible child. Where do ou
draw the line? she asks.
Julius Gitari, a child
pschologist notes that the most
salient mistake that Mariam has
made is allowing others to call
her child the man of the house.
When this happens, he advises,
the person should be corrected
immediatel in the childs
This phenomenon, which
he refers to parentication, is
common in single parent homes
or marriages that are unfullling
or unbalanced. Subconsciousl,
the eldest or most mature child
steps up to take the role of the
most absent or distant spouse
becoming the present parents
True, at that moment when
the are assuming a parents role
in the home, a child is likel to
feel useful and appreciated but
eperts are of the view that this
child will bear emotional scars
into adulthood.
Mariams child for instance
has evidentl been forced to
grow up pre-maturel and is
likel leading a lonel eistence.
e is also likel to miss out on
developmental milestones;
the most important one being
forming friendships.
In the longterm Gitari
cautions that he might learn that
his needs arent as important
as those of others thus setting
himself up as a doormat in future
relationships. e ma also have
diculties relating with peers as
he ma come across as boss.
Salome, a married mother of
three aged between four and 13,
has a parenting polic where she
wants her children to see her as
human. Subsequentl, when she
feels overwhelmed she allows
them to see her break down a
few times. Am I doing it wrong?
she asks.
Julius, the child pschologist,
maintains that the vital message
is reassuring our child that ou
can take care of ourself and
them. If ou happen to break
down in front of him, the most
important thing is letting the
child know that ou are oka
soon after.
Guarding our child
Parentication of a child
almost alwas happens
subconsciousl. The rst step that
a parent in a single parent home
or in an empt relationship can
take towards guarding her son
is being aware that this could
A mother should then make
a conscious eort to remember
that her child is not her support
sstem and that she is in fact his
support. She can demonstrate
this b constantl reassuring
him that she is ne so that he
wont feel the need to take care
of her. It ma sound honest
but avoid telling our son that
ou wouldnt know what to do
without him.
If ou are in a , ask for help
from our friends or famil if ou
need it so that our child doesnt
feel like he needs to step in.
Regardless of our challenges,
the message ou send out to
our son should alwas be that
ou can take care of him and his
siblings, and that he is just a bo
and not a man.
The little man
of the house
ow allowing our
son to take care of
ou like a grownup
would sets him up
for relationship
failure in future. B
Joan Thatiah
Monda; 8:28pm: Maaaaam! Ulisema
utanibaia uniform Siji told me at the door.
Now, who told me to tell her about m plans
to take her to school? She forgets nothing but
its reall too cold to let her out of the house
an time before noon anwa.
Tuesda; 6:33am: Ive started giving Siji
a measure of independence b letting her
choose what to wear. Thing is, trao is her
newest favourite word and thats all she wants
to wear, and particularl the pink ones with an
attached seatbelt. Lol!
Wednesda; 7:12pm: Traged! Nann
received news that her ailing mother had
passed awa. When she called me wailing, m
rst thought was for Siji. The poor child was
shocked. She did not leave Nanns side and
when I eventuall got home, the rst thing she
told me is ...m end analia... I eplained as
best I could about Nanns mumm going to
Thursda; 9:45pm: ave I told ou how Siji
walks around the house like a dinosaur? She
learnt this from the Ice Age cartoon and Nat
Geo Wild. She hangs her hands loosel with
wrists touching just under her chin and takes
large steps in slow motion with her back
hunched and teeth bared... This phase will
pass, right?
Frida; 8:05am: M girlfriend visited this
morning so we could carpool to town and was
shocked at Sijis behaviour when we showed
signs of leaving. Instead of sparing me the
embarrassment and being on best behaviour,
she went all out, tears and foot stamping,
cring that she wanted to go to work with me.
Girlfriend did not spare me for letting her get
awa with this... its honestl much harder than
I ever imagined. I need tuition!
Walk like a dinosaur
is three
years and
24 days old
This child usuall is acutel responsible for his age and will
use language such as those children when talking about his
A parentied child doesnt know how to have fun and will
take himself seriousl all the time.
You ma have crossed the line if ou nd ourself talking
to our son about our love life more than ou do our friends.
It is a bad sign if ou think of our son as our best friend.
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 14 saturday magazine
When people cite
their religious beliefs
as reasons wh the
wont undergo certain
medical procedures,
dont the realise that
God speaks through
doctors too? Asks Dr
Joachim Osur
he number of women ding in
Kena from gnaecological and
pregnanc-related problems
is worringl high. Over 7, 000
women, for eample, die each ear from
pregnanc-related problems alone. While
some of the causes of these deaths are a
direct failure of the health sstem, others
relate to the beliefs of our patients. Toda
I remember three deaths that could have
been prevented. The all happened in
the name of God. One woman was a
Christian, another Muslim and the other
a traditionalist.
Mar, a Christian, had a problem with
her menses. She had been bleeding
nonstop for three months. She was
eamined and found to have broids
growths in the uterus. A blood test
showed that her haemoglobin was ver
low. There was urgent need to transfuse
her with blood and do surger to remove
the broids. Unfortunatel Mars faith
did not allow for blood transfusion. She
was put on hormone tablets to suspend
the bleeding and also injected with iron
to boost her blood production. The hope
was that in a few weeks, her bod would
manufacture enough blood to make it
safe for her to undergo surger.
Three weeks later, Mar started
bleeding again despite using the
hormone tablets. At this point her blood
level was much improved although
not totall back to normal. A decision
was made to take her to theatre all the
same and remove the broids since it
was riskier to let her bleed again with
the broids in place. There was, of
course, a possibilit of heav bleeding
during surger too that under normal
circumstances would be corrected
b blood transfusion. Mar, however,
submitted her condition for undergoing
surger in writing to the eect that in
whatever circumstance, she should not
be given a blood transfusion. Even if
death is imminent, let it be, for it is God
who gives life and e who takes it awa
at is own appointed time. It is better to
die hol than live in sin,read the note in
A team of doctors met and made
a decision on Mars case. Avoiding
surger was out of the question and
would amount to negligence. A decision
was made to do the surger and as much
as possible control the bleeding. Mar
was booked for surger the net da at
Before ou give anaesthesia can I
sa a praer for all of ou and for the
surger?she asked as she was getting
positioned on the theatre table. It was a
rare request and without much thought
her wish was granted.
and ma all of them know that
ou are the Supreme God and ma
the stop indulging in sin b transfusing
our hol children with blood,her words
reverberated in m ears as she said amen
As fate would have it, the surger
was dicult. Mar bled a lot. er heart
became irregular on the operating table.
Ogen levels in her blood declined as
bleeding continued.
Im sorr but we will lose this patient
unless we transfuse her urgentl,
shouted the anaesthetist in desperation.
Ten minutes later Mar was dead.
The second case was Aisha, a Muslim
woman with ectopic pregnanc.
Tests were done and showed that the
pregnanc was in the fallopian tube
which was alread ruptured and so
there was massive internal bleeding. er
condition was eplained to her but to the
surprise of all, she said she did not want
surger. She asked to be left in the room
with her husband to consult further.
After about quarter of an hour, the
allowed the nurse and the doctor back to
the room to give their verdict.
Tumeamua a kwamba hafaniwi
upasuaji, akifa hio ni amri a Mungu, na
ni sawa,said the husband in Kiswahili
meaning that the had decided that
there would be no surger and if she
was to die that was Gods will and it was
all ne. The were happ to sign against
medical advice. The then decided to
leave the hospital and go back home.
Later that night, Aisha was brought
back to hospital unconscious. er tumm
was distended and full of blood. er
husband demanded that she be taken to
theatre because the had praed further
and God had given them guidance that
the operation would be lawful. It was
dicult to resuscitate Aisha. She died
thirt minutes after arrival in hospital.
Premature deaths
The nal case was Anna, a woman
with severe infection after deliver. She
was put on antibiotics but her famil
visited and advised her to stop taking
You see doctor there are things ou
ma never understand; to conceive this
bab we had to sacrice a white lamb.
The spirits had tied m womb and I could
not conceive,she eplained, we know
now the want another sheep to keep
me and the bab alive.
Despite counselling, Anna refused
to take antibiotics. She instead asked to
be discharged and even signed against
medical advice. Two das later Anna was
brought back to hospital on a stretcher.
She had high fever and was in a state of
confusion. Tests done showed that the
infection had overwhelmed her bod
organs and that she was in septic shock.
She passed on that night.
Looking back, I wonder whether
God was in charge in these three
deaths. Doctors are not theologians
and would not def a patients beliefs
but sometimes it is dicult to believe
that God would want is people to die
prematurel from preventable causes. Is
it not possible that God can also speak
through the doctor? Or are doctors not
from God?
Death in Gods name
Change now,
enjo longer
Slight adjustments will improve
the qualit of our life now and
in future. B clinical nutritionist
Sona Parmar Mukherjee
I dont believe that
God would want
his people to die
from preventable
ue to Bab Mukherjees suspected gluten
intolerance, m main carbohdrate source is
now brown rice.
The other da, someone saw me eating
the brown rice as part of m lunch and told me that
thed rather die happ at sit, than eat brown rice
and die at eight.That comment got me thinking.
Most people who do die at sit dont do so
because the want to, rather because the have
suered from some illness. So while brown rice isnt a
cure-all, a healthier lifestle will improve the qualit of
our life.
Let me give ou the eample of diabetes, a lifestle
illness. Granted some people have hereditar factors
that pre-dispose them to it, that doesnt mean that
the will get it. Diet and eercise both pla enormous
roles. For eample, drinking a sugar zz drink ever
da prett much guarantees that oull get diabetes,
even if our lifestle is otherwise health.
Gestational diabetes
While I was pregnant with both m children, I had
gestational diabetes. In some people, pregnanc
hormones can change the bods response to sugar
and to avoid putting on buckets of weight and giving
birth to a super-sized bab, I had to ver careful about
what I ate. While m diet was alread fairl good, I had
to cut out foods like bananas and chocolate and limit
m rice intake. The changes I had to make werent fun,
but at least this diet would last for a few months.
owever, once ouve had gestational diabetes,
the likelihood of diabetes in the future is much higher.
I do not want to have to eat that wa forever. The
solution? To eat a little healthier now so that I dont
have to make an drastic changes later. And dietar
changes arent even the worst things complications
of diabetes range from nerve damage and issues with
vision, to the severel increased risk of heart disease.
While theres medication for all this, dont be
fooled. At that stage, oure in a situation where
oure managing a disease and, over time, ou need
an increasing amount of medication to manage the
eects of that disease and ou have to deal with the
side eects of the drugs. Think of it as the dierence
between tring to maintain a badl driven car and
one thats the same age but has been driven well and
serviced regularl.
Becoming healthier neednt be black and white,
sa the choice between chocolate cake and brown
rice its about nding a balance. A little of what ou
fanc does ou good and make sure oure observing
a health lifestle while at it.
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 15
his ears wedding season is
beckoning and it is time to
consider our hair. Net to our
gown, our hair and face are the
most outstanding features of our
appearance. When it comes to selecting our
bridal hairstle, the rules remain the same: If
our gown and accessories are intricate, keep
our hair simple. If our gown and jeweller
are low-ke, then ou can go all out with an
elaborate hairstle. Alwas ensure that ou,
as the bride, are the centre of attention, and
not our clothes or hair.
This ears stles are all about subtle
sophistication all over the world, as shown.
Braids are worn dierentl this ear in the
popular burgund tone. For brides with
dreadlocks, the special sprucing up, shaping
and accessorising makes them outstanding.
Natural hair stling has man options ranging
from simpl elegant to ultra-sophisticated.
Subtle sophistication
Make our wedding da as
eas as possible b having a
full hair and make-up rehearsal
complete with pictures, at
least two weeks beforehand.
This will give ou time to make
changes so that everthing
sails smoothl on the big da.
ow should I go about
choosing a hairstlist for m
wedding team?
Anita, Nairobi.
Choose our stlist carefull
b asking to see photographs
of their work and b word of
mouth from other brides. The
best stlist should be willing
to come to our house in the
morning to get ou read.
The author is a cosmetolog lecturer
and skincare consultant.
All our natural hair questions answered.
POTOS: ANTONYNJOROGE. Bridal stles createdat air Aair salon, SoinArcadeWestlands. Weddinggowns andensembleb Delvis clusive, TheMall, Westlands.
: I nall took the leap
and went natural. What
items will I need to
maintain m hair?
A: Congratulations on our
decision to return to natural
hair. Although we were all born
with chemicall unprocessed
hair, learning how to care for
our natural hair as adults can be
daunting. Be assured that there
are man on that journe and
ou will have a strong support
sstem, especiall through online
forums and groups. ere are
some of the basic products ou
will need:
A silk or satin bonnet, scarf
or pillowcase This prevents
breakage and tangling at night
and preserves our hairstle.
Sulfate-free shampoo -
Sulphate shampoos are harsh
and dring. Purchase a gentle
moisturising shampoo and use it
conditioner - Preferabl one
without products ending in
cone. You will need a lot of this!
Wide-tooth comb Get one
with large spaces or learn to
use our ngers
to detangle and
comb. This
Water is vital
to moisturised
hair. You can make
our own and store it in
a spra bottle. Avoid products
with petrolatum and mineral
oil as these suocate the hair
strands. Some good leave-
in conditioners work well as
Oil or butter This is essential
to seal in moisture.
Eamples are coconut,
olive, castor, jojoba
and avocado.
Shea butter and
cocoa butter
are great for
etra thirst
Natural hair
is a lucrative
business so there
are a million products
all claiming to be essential, but
with this basic list ou are well-
equipped to embark on our
natural journe.
Best products for natural hair
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
This seasons bridal stles are all about subdued
elegance without taking the attention o the bride.
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 16 saturday magazine
mentioned in an article a while ago
that man people are speeding
down the highwa of povert in a
luur vehicle. Last weekend we had
our Centonom open da and some of
our speakers touched on the ver critical
subject of how lifestle has become a
problem for man of us. We are working
hard to keep up with a lifestle. We are
aspiring after and admiring people who
we perceive to have this lifestle. We are
getting into debt to fund this lifestle.
Then we cheat ourselves that because we
have a great lifestle we are wealth.
You ma have a ash lifestle but be
the poorest person in the room. aving
a great income and lifestle
can cheat ou that our
nancial life is headed in
the right direction but
in actual fact, it ma not
be. Someone at the event
asked me what the signs
that someone is headed
towards povert are.
ere are some of the
signs to watch out for. If
ou are earl in
our working
life this is still
important so
that ou do not
get into the trap
that man have found
themselves in.
You cannot live without our
salar. If our salar was delaed for a
week ou would be rioting in the streets.
We all start out like this and indeed we
ma be here. We need our salaries to pa
rent, food, entertainment, school fees,
etc. This is called dependence. owever
this cannot be our long-term plan. You
need to be activel working towards
being able to live without our salar. To
do that means portions of our income
(the older ou are the more the portion)
should be going towards savings and
investments rather that simpl moving
to a bigger house, going to a more
epensive bar or buing a bigger car. The
bigger car is simpl making ou more
dependent on the salar ou earn.
Your Flossets eceed our Assets.
The value of our cars, personal
belongings, spend on holidas and so
forth eceed actual investments such as
propert, shares, businesses etc. If that is
the case, ou need to reverse this even if
it means selling our ossets. The reason
is simple: Flossets depreciate in value
while assets appreciate in value. ave
more of the things that will appreciate
in value and less
of the things that depreciate in value. An
asset can fund a osset. For eample, the
investment propert ou bu can give
ou income to fund a holida, but the car
cannot fund the holida. Do not sell our
assets to fund ossets. A friend of mine
who is in real estate told me how she has
been nding it odd that her clients with
the huge lifestles and big job titles are
the same ones unable to raise deposits
for the properties the are buing while
other people who come across as ver
simple are able to, and man times pa
o the properties in a couple of months
in cash.
You spend to impress.
Man times, we spend to
impress other people. We
falsel believe that the
phone, the, neighborhood,
club, car gives us respect
or elevates our social
status. Usuall, ou nd
it was not respect ou
got but short-lived
attention. To get the
attention again when
ecitement over
what ou
down, ou will need to bu something
else. This becomes a never ending ccle
and a prison. Spending is not necessaril
bad if it is line with our personal values
and choices. When ou spend to impress,
ou are spending for other people not
ou. There is a dierence between buing
the car to be seen in that car and buing
a car because it is something ou decide
ou want to eperience.
You have a high level of consumer
debt. This means ou have taken loans
to fund lifestle. Consumer debt includes
credit cards, salar advance, school fees
loans, furniture loans, car loans. An loan
that did not result in mone being made
is a bad debt and ou must keep these
kinds of debt to an absolute minimum.
At the end of the da, these debts usuall
mean ou spent more than ou were
earning. You bought clothes ou couldnt
aord with the credit card, ou took our
kids to a school ou cant aord through
a loan, etc.
You dont have a plan for our
life. This is actuall the biggest
clue that ou ma be speeding
down the highwa of povert. In
fact it also ma be the reason that
ou nd the points raised above
appl. The Bible sas that people without
vision perish. I have ended with this
point but it should actuall be where
ou start. I dont believe anone can
tell ou the vision ou should have
for ourself. What I know is that the
steps ou take in life should be
taking ou towards our vision. You
need to be able to tell how our
current job or business is propelling
ou forward. When ou have these
goals, ou can then see wh taking
control of our spending is important,
wh eorbitant spend on lifestle ma
be getting ou further from the life ou
actuall want and what the things are
that have value to ou that ou would
spend on.
Waceke runs a programme on
personal nancial management. Find
her at waceke@centonom.com| twitter
Forget about our lifestle here are the real
signs that our lifestle ma be taking ou to
povert. B Waceke Nduati Omanga
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
Signs ou are
headed for povert
Having a great
income and lifestyle
can cheat you that
your nancial life is
headed in the right
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 17
ou meet a man and start
dating but somewhere
along the wa, something
goes wrong and ou cant
tell what. Suddenl he doesnt want
to be with ou and before ou know
it, a relationship ou thought had
a future cracks in the middle. What
could have gone wrong? This is a
question women who have found
themselves in such scenarios often
ask themselves. What the dont real-
ise is that the could unwittingl be
doing things that threaten the possi-
bilit of a future with the man of their
dreams. ere are three things to pa
attention to if ou are looking to pro-
long the life of our relationships:
Moving in together is the normal
thing to do now, at least
to test the waters before
ou commit full. Twen-
t-si-ear-old Cheptoo*
does it for nancial
reasons. Living together
saves her mone.
I save on rent and other
bills like food and elec-
tricit, sas Cheptoo
who has been living
with her bofriend for
seven months now. The
have been dating for ve ears.
Joan, 29, on the other hand, moved
in with her bofriend who lives on
Waiaki Wa, Nairobi, because she
works just around the corner. er
place was an hours drive awa from
the oce.
While these women moved in with
their bofriends for practical reasons,
shacking up with our man could be
the ver thing that kills an possibil-
it of a longterm relationship with
him. ow so?
According to relationship coach
Anthon Kagiri in essence what the
couple is doing especiall the man
is testing the waters. e is testing if
his good girlfriend will make a good
wife. This makes sense. But what hap-
pens once he has found, after testing
the waters, that she is not wife-mate-
There is nothing to fall back
on to make them work through
the hard times and sustain the
relationship,sas Kagiri
There is value in taking our rela-
tionship into a marriage through
the traditional or church process. B
refraining from moving in together
before going through such processes,
ou create room for a man who is in
it for the long haul, rather than allow
an man who just wants a test-drive
to pass through our life on his wa
to the net catch.
Belief that marriage will stie ou
Ever woman cherishes her pri-
vate space and her independence
as much as the net woman and
Waceke* is no eception. At 35, this
ambitious lawer made a choice earl
in her adult life that she would chose
her career over being in a relation-
ship and raising famil an da.
The men I dated in the past did not
support m career aspirations and
ambitions as much as I did. The had
this backward belief that m career
was not as important as theirs. So,
the didnt stick through the times
when m job made demands of me,
sas Waceke.
Waceke believes that had she chosen
the relationships over her job, she
wouldnt be where she is toda. But
what this has done to her is kept her
from seeing that there are men out
there who would support her aspira-
tions. She views all her relationships
from this skewed angle and as a re-
sult, she unwittingl sabotages ever
relationship she gets into, fearing
that it will take awa her freedom and
stie her.
Wisdoms Edge.com, Rand Carlson,
an author and marriage counsellor,
sas that women who carr such
beliefs shouldnt blame the man
with whom the are getting into the
relationship with: the should look
within themselves rst.
It could mean that ou are unwill-
ing to put the needs of others before
ou. Or, ou carr grudges and are
unwilling to forgive. Or that ou do
not share the beliefs, values, and life
priorities of whomever ou seek to
get into a relationship with. Or, our
career is the most important thing in
our life.
To keep from sabotaging our
relationship through this mindset,
be honest with ourself about
what mask ou are hiding behind.
Ask ourself: what is it about ou
that is undoubtedl setting our
relationships up for failure?
Your choice of clothes
Shallow as this ma sound, our
choice of clothes contribute to
whether a man decides to sta in a
relationship with ou or not. Your
clothes either scream ing or
keeper. Ton and Gilbert, both from
Nairobi, sa that a womans choice of
clothes contributes to their decision
on what kind of relationship the will
get into with her.
A woman who eposes her under-
wear looks cheap and available, sas
30-ear-old Ton who is in a relation-
ship. Ton adds that theres a ne line
between dressing se and
dressing slutt. Too man
women cross these
lines with the
tpe of clothes
choose to wear, ruining their chances
with a man.
Gilbert, 24 and single, sas he once
stopped dating a woman because
she dressed in a wa that made him
look bad. er outts attracted the
wrong kind of attention, especiall
from other men.
So, what tpe of clothes should wom-
en wear to attract men who will be
there for the long haul? According to
the book The Secrets of Fascinating
Womanhood, to attract her man and
maintain her appeal a woman should
dress femininel with frills, soft out-
ts, bright colours and patterns and
delicate silk fabrics that enhance
her feminine shape. When a woman
dresses femininel, she tends to act
femininel as well, writes the author.
But truth is, there are woman who
cant wear clothes that are entirel
feminine, especiall at work. Think
of surgeons or securit guards or
photographers. ow should such a
woman dress without unwittingl
sabotaging her chances of being in a
lasting relationships?
If ou must wear anthing masculine
jeans, loose trousers, cus, pockets,
lapels, bagg clothes wear some-
thing else ultra-feminine to balance
the masculine eect: a soft, colourful
top, or a hair ornament, ribbons or
earrings, writes the author.
Are ou ruining our chances of being in a long-term
relationship? Florence Bett nds out how eactl ou
ma be doing that and what ou can do about it. B
Florence Bett
Are ou setting ourself up
for relationship failure?
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
Dont allow men
who want test-
drives to pass
through your life
on their way to
the next catch
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 18 saturday magazine
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
eecutive chef,
Gardens, Nairobi.
ow did ou become a chef?
I joined Kena Utalii College in 2000.
Thereafter I worked at The Lord Erroll
restaurant where I honed m culinar
What would ou be doing if ou
were not a chef?
M dad wanted me to stud
Who is our mentor and wh?
A chef called Njoroge. As m rst
cooker lecturer, he plaed a big
part in guiding me when I seemed
hesitant. I reall appreciate him.
What is the strangest thing ou
have ever eaten?
That would have to be escargot
(snail), but I wouldnt call it strange
because its ver tast.
What is the most unusual thing ou
have ever cooked?
Grilled swordsh steaks.
Which are our three favourite
restaurants in Kena?
Java, Mercur and Carnivore.
Which dignitar would ou like to
cook for?
Usain Bolt. Who wouldnt want to rub
shoulders with the fastest human on
earth? I am sure after eating m meal
he would thank me personall.
What do ou enjo doing in our
spare time?
I am a TV addict, so I like to watch
movies and m favourite sports.
What tips would ou give our
readers for their food preparation
at home?
Use fresh herbs as opposed to dried
ones as much as ou can; the
produce the authentic aroma and
make our food ver tast.
What would ou eat for our nal
meal on earth?
Rosemar marinated roast chicken
drumsticks, ugali and kachumbari.
Which 5 ingredients are never
missing from our kitchen?
Light so sauce, balsamic vinegar,
Chinese ve spice, crushed black
pepper and fresh rosemar.

Char-grilled pork
chops with chutne
he Caf Villa Rosa is open from
6am to 1 pm. It oers la carte
food but its mainsta is the
buet. The other restaurants
are 88, a Pan Asian eater, and Lucca,
an Italian restaurant. When ou turn
into the hotel from Chiromo Road, the
securit personnel are ver friendl and
there is ample parking. M colleague
and I arrived at Caf Villa Rosa for a late
weekda lunch. A few patrons were
concluding their lunches, mostl
corporate guests who were there for
training or staing on business.
We admired the architecture on our
wa from the lobb to the restaurant.
It featured Italian marble, ornatel
carved wood, gilt-framed mirrors and
high ceilings. The dcor is ver swank
and the nishes are ecellent. We sat
at a cheerful table where the sunlight
comes streaming in through the window.
A waiter greeted us with a smile and
oered to take our drinks order. We
ordered a one litre bottle of water to
We surveed the buet oerings;
although we were among the last lunch
patrons of the da, we were pleased to
see the table still plentifull stocked.
The had a large variet of food on
oer, artfull displaed in various nooks
around the spacious serving centre.
Various tpes of freshl baked breads
were placed b the salad
station. A long line of
condiments preceded the
salads; pickles, vinegar,
infused olive oil, rock salt
and eotic hot sauces. Garden fresh
lettuce and chopped raw vegetables
completed the line-up.
The main buet station had
international cuisine toda. This included
slow-roasted pork, stewed mutton,
chicken tikka, sh llet, stir-fried beef,
vegetables and lentils, accompanied b
all the dierent starches ou can imagine.
A wide range of cold-cuts and cheeses
were also on oer. Well-positioned labels
made it easier to identif the dierent
food items. The soup of the da was
French onion soup. The dessert station
had cakes, tarts, miniature glasses and
bowls with small servings of sweet treats.
Cherries and whipped cream, strawberr
cheesecake, and home-made berr
oghurt were some of them.
We enjoed the selection of foods
here at Caf Villa Rosa. The ambiance was
the most memorable part of our lunch.
The buet oerings were fresh, and
the soup was decent. The pastries were
oka; the cakes were heav and a little
on the dr side. To give credit where it is
due, the chocolate mousse deserves an
honorar mention. It was superb.
Our one litre bottle of water cost
Sh500, which brought our lunch bill for
two to Sh7, 100. To make things easier,
Kempinski include service charge and
gratuities in the bill. One of the newest
luur hotels on the block, Kempinski is
denitel one to eperience. Come when
ou have plent of time to enjo the
dcor and deep pockets to enjo the fare.
The Kempinski otel
is not for the light in
wallet, but if ou can
aord it, it will not
disappoint. B Bon
Epensive but worth it
Caf Villa Rosa,
2pcs pork chops with
bone weighing 125gm
Five spice powder
Salt and pepper
For chutne
100gmtinned peaches
25gm sultanas
30gm red onion,
50ml white wine
50ml orange juice
25ml lemon juice
50gm brown sugar
1tspn cinnamon powder
tsp caenne pepper
tsp black pepper,
1pc bullet chili, cut
n Toss the onions in a sauce pan. Add the fruits
and continue sweating. Deglaze with the wine. Add
the juices and the sugar. Finall add the spices and
the bullet chilli.
n Cook over low heat stirring until the liquid has
reduced b half and put aside.
Pork chops
n Turn on the grill to 180 degrees or heat a heav
pan on our cooking range. Season the pork chops
with salt and pepper and sprinkle the ve spice
powder on both sides. Once the grill is hot (or pan is
smoking) sprinkle with oil and grill or sear the chops
while lowering the heat to 160 degrees so that the
cook slowl. Otherwise nish them o in an oven if
ou have one.
Serve with vegetables or side salad and our choice
of starch. Pour the sauce on top of the chops or
serve aside with a sauce boat.
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 19

Koroto is an old battle eld,sas Wil-

liam Kimosop, Baringos count tour-
ism warden. The original name was
Koroti which means blood in Tugen.
Theres little to show of the battles
fought decades ago. Surrounded b hills and
vales with a brook running nearb, Koroto
seems to be hidden in its own little world far
removed from the outside. Murram roads
weave their wa up the hills and between the
gorges then narrow into walking paths for
the villagers.
Its along these paths that Arab and Swahili
traders plied their wares, keeping the routes
secret for centuries to monopolise trade
in slaves, ivor, rhino horn and pelts. The
bartered them for cowrie shells, brass and
bronze which the locals fashioned into neck-
laces, bangles and anklets. Joseph Thomson
also came to Koroto and some of his porters
are buried at the base of that hill,points Ki-
Im reading Nigel Pavitts Kena The First
Eplorers(published in1988 b Arum Press),
which tells of Thomsons rst fora into Tugen
ills and is the rst report of the long massif
to the outside world. On November 16, 1883,
the eplorer bid the Njemps of Lake Baringo
goodbe to make his wa to the Victoria
Nanza. is mission, which was sponsored b
the Roal Geographical Societ, was to nd
the shortest possible route from the coast to
the lake in the west. Their route (Thomson
and his porters) took them over the angular
boulders and through a tangle of thorns to
the top of the rugged Tugen ills. Their arrival
was announced b the inhabitants shouting
the news from hilltop to hilltop literall.
Cultural showcase
Fast forward to 2014 and even in Koroto,
no one communicates via hilltop an more.
Everone is on mobile phones at the inaugu-
ral Koroto Cultural Festival, which is showcas-
ing Tugen culture and foods.
The Koroto Cultural Centre is the brain-
child of Isaiah Chepator, who was born near
Koroto, and worked as a watchman in an art
galler in Lamu for 11 ears. Toda he is an ac-
claimed artist wanting to
promote his people and
showcase Tugen culture
to visitors.
Theres a lot of mer-
riment at the fest, and
traditional dances revived
from the das of ore. The
cultural centre is modeled like a traditional
Tugen homestead; the main hut has a quiver
of arrows hung on a tree b it and a long
spear with a thin ribbed blade b the main
Its cool inside the hut, with a place for the
kitchen with the three-stone replace, pots
and gourds. A bed made of sturd branches
and decked with cowhide for a mattress is
tempting to sleep on. A smaller door oppo-
site the main door is for the women. A few
feet from the hut is the granar raised on
stilts to keep the grain awa from pests. All
around us are hills and more hills decked in
copper-earth soils, aloes, thorn bushes and
gigantic tamarind trees.
We have the biggest tamarind forest in
Tugen ills,continues Kimosop as we sip
freshl made tamarind juice at lunch. Its a
relic of the Arab traders who carried the pods
with them on their long journes into the
interior that lasted months. The women serve
us with plates of sorghum ugali, roasted meat
and more of the tamarind juice. Delicious.
Late afternoon, driving back to Lake Barin-
go, Im seeing the lake as Thomson probabl
saw a dazzling epanse of water glittering
like a mirror in the erce ras of the tropical
sun, and almost in its centre, a picturesque
island with four islets like emeralds in the
Send our feedback to satmag@ke.nationmedia.com
The area around Lake
Baringo is a fascinating
stud in local histor.
B Rupi Mangat
Ma 24-25
BargainBo 2014
The BargainBo will be a famil da out with a
circus theme and shopping opportunities.
Venue: Karen Blien Museum
Time: Saturda: 9.30am - 6.30pm and Sunda:
Entr: Adults: Sh350; kids Sh150
Ma 24-25
White Water Rafting Challenge
Savage Wilderness and Faraja Cancer Support
have joined forces to hold the rst ever
white water rafting challenge on the river
Tana, near Sagana, to raise funds for Faraja
Cancer Support. Food stands and bar service
available, as well as BBQ lunch at 3pm at Sh1,
000 per person.
Venue: Sagana
Entr free for spectators.
Contact: Tel: 0727 529 287
Email: arwa@farajacancersupport.org.
An Ethiopian Eperience: Art,
Music and Food
Come enjo the art, music and food of
Ethiopia, and handmade goods on sale.
Welcome reception at 5pm and a screening of
the documentar Sincerel, Ethiopia at 6pm.
Venue: abesha Ethiopian Restaurant Gigiri
Entr: Sh1, 500. Admission fee includes an
Ethiopian dinner buet (eclusive of drinks.)
Pa in advance via Mpesa or reserve b
emailing. Contact: 0727 619 772
Compiled b WANGUI TUO
Tugen ills is a long range of
hills stretching 250km from
Rongai to beond Baringo.
Enjo Tugen countr hiking
in the clis famous for Ver-
raus eagles. This is also the
home of the si-million-ear-
old hominid Orrorin tugen-
ensis, discovered in 2001.
Contact William Kimosop,
the Baringo tourism warden,
for information, guides and
places to sta, on greatrift.o
utdoors@gmail.com or call
0720 317 760.
You can sta at Sandai Resort
at Campi a Samaki b the
shores of Lake Baringo.

Across the
Tugen hills
Tugen elders coming out to dance in Koroto
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 20 saturday magazine
Sudoku with Steers
1. Regular system of diet,
exercise etc. prescribed for
some special purposes
7. Fetters
9. A tool used by shoemakers
for making holes in leather
11. Loves foolishly
12. Hard compact bodies each
having three dimensions
13. To test the strength or
endurance of
14. A sack
16. To allow a discount to
17. Yellowish clear watery
uid of blood remaining after
19. Born of
20. Come to happen
21. Articial tooth or set of
articial teeth
1. To cook before an open re
2. A channel worn by water
3. People who act as
intermediaries between
producers and consumers
4. The Greek cupid
5. Word used to deny etc.
6. A very foolish person
8. Nullify
10. An infertile female bee, ant
etc. that toils for the colony
14. African race widespread in E
and Central Africa
15. Swan-like birds
16. An artice or stratagem
17. For example
18. To expel
Each number in our Codeword grid represents a dierent letter of the alphabet. For example,
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2. Despise
8. Prim
10. Suspend
11. Arcs
13. Too
14. Dew
17. Rite
18. Malaria
20. Atom
21. Flak
22. Detects

1. Sprat
2. Disco
3. Emus
4. Pipe
5. Ire
6. Sonnet
7. End
12. Rotate
14. Dials
15. Weeks
16. Fame
17. Rift
18. Mad
19. Lot
1 Take power from a captain
and cite changes (12)
9 Pine mostly found after
moderate distance (5-4)
10 Writing in favour of
someone with no heart (5)
11 Running through call after
work (6)
12 Loss of nerve due to carbon
dated measures (4,4)
13 Advanced, surrounded by
retreating diminutive creatures
15 The skill of a salesman keen
at heart is witty banter (8)
18 Science of planting tea, you
might say, in part of a garden (8)
19 Rotten scandal at university
on the way back (6)
21 A few chasing female
listener frightful (8)
23 Periods of European
disease causing skin rash,
reportedly (6)
26 South American management
degree in dance (5)
27 People making new wine at
sea (9)
28 Upset in dance venue,
joining swimming centre with
daughter (12)
1 Criminal area left after
trouble, say (7)
2 Island group tabloid up in
smoke (5)
3 A note in support of strong
ruler (9)
4 Lined up for audition, given a
reminder (4)
5 Show the other sides
revenue from sales (8)
6 All-round diet includes
source of protein not
enthusiastic! (5)
7 European celebritys guide
for the night (4,4)
8 Calm down and pay up (6)
14 Applauds a demand in case
of cabbies (8)
16 A question and answer panel
stupidly slide out of control (9)
17 A nameless sentimentalist
with a bouquet (8)
18 Female popped in to
recycle rubbish (6)
20 Go down and change scene
within two days (7)
22 Teachers Cornish, with
friend from Paris (5)
24 About relaxation, its the
very top (5)
25 What is central to
demeanour, we hear? (4)
1 Shadow
5 Impose
10 Inapt
11 Up the pole
12 Seduced
13 Radical
14 Lassitude
17 Cheer
18 Binge
19 Ice Hockey
21 Pageant
23 Croesus
25 Signature
26 Angel
27 Bereft
28 Pretty
2 Hoard
3 Deceptive
4 Wound
5 Intercede
6 Plead
7 Spot check
8 Missal
9 Dealer
15 Synagogue
16 Unittrust
17 Chocolate
18 Bypass
20 Yes men
22 Amaze
23 Cheap
24 Sight

SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 Leisure 21

To receive NATIONmobile horoscopes on your mobile, SMS the Star
you want, eg LEO
to 20667 at 10/- above normal rates.
There is a strong possibility that much has happened
to you recently most of which you would prefer to
forget. Intense and upsetting as the tensions between
you and those closes to area just now, avoid keeping
your thoughts and feelings to yourself.
When travelling, be adaptable and open- minded to
the way other people do things. To try to force them
around to your way of thinking would be a big mistake.
Try to get an early night this evening as its likely that
your mental energy will be running at a very low ebb
at this time.
It looks as if its going to be a day when you are
confronted with situations in which your timing and
your sense of balance are just as important as anything
you say or do. Infact, since your intuitions may be less
trustworthy than usual, it would be wise to think twice,
or even three times before you act.
It may be that others are muscling in on plans or deci-
sions that really should be yours to make. However, it
might be a good idea to think twice before raising too
many objections. Their attitudes are good; besides,
the people they know and the ideas they introduce
could more than compensate for their abruptness or
Invariably you dash through life without noticing
whats going on around you, but now it might
be a good idea to slow down and soak up your
surroundings. When you do, it would be useful to ask
yourself if you are entirely happy or comfortable with
what you feel, see or have to live.
Your mind is certainly energized with power and con-
dence, so if you need to promote and publicise your
own personal attributes, you have got a great day for
doing just that. Furthermore, you are brimming with
positive thinking right now, so instead of seeing the
dark side of life, you now believe in yourself and your
talents even more.
LEO (JUL 23- AUG 22)
The planets will be energizing your mind, giving you
increased imagination but perhaps less patience. If you
work in a creative job, take things a step at a time and
dont allow anybody to put unnecessary pressure on
you, otherwise you will nish up exhausted.
Anything related to home and those who live there
should be put on hold for the time being. It looks as
if your emotions are partially or even totally out of
sync with the rest of the world, and you lack sucient
mental energy even to consider what needs to be
done to reduce the problems of others.
The stars suggest a fresh start, so you no longer
need to continue with those who question you. Very
soon you will realize there are far more appealing
alternatives. However, dont make any decisions just
yet because events over the next few days will make
some of them for you.
The stars indicate a turning point in partnership
matters where your input is essential, and with certain
other matters your advice will also be welcome. Its
equally important that you make your priorities clear
at work or in matters that involve your daily outing,
because decisions made today are likely to have far
reaching consequences.
The planets will be in a rather sensitive area of your
chart. It is quite likely therefore that your insecurities
may be surfacing with yourself and other people too.
The best thing to do is to avoid anything important.
Stick to routine and treat yourself this evening that will
lift your spirits.
Other people whether at home or at work appear to
be in an aggressive mood so much so that your instinct
is to stand your ground. However, this is one time
when you shouldnt act on your gut feeling because
no matter how things appear at this time, other eorts
will eventually be to your best interest.
5:00 Pambazuka
8:00 Knowzone
9:00 Wedding Show -
Omnibus 11:00 Great Debate
Contest 11:30 Xtreem Request Live
1:00 Live At 1
1:30 Shamba Shape Up
2:00 Dear Mother
2:45 Tabasamu
3:00 Spider
3:15 I Stand Accused
3:45 Living Hope 5:00 Habibu
5:30 Kaa Rada 6:00 Jastorina
6:30 Saida
7:00 Nipashe Wikiendi
7:45 Naswa
8:15 Wild at Heart
9:00 Citizen Weekend
10:00 Corona de Lagrimas
11:00 Afrosinema
01:30 Afrodizzia
6:00 Christ Embassy
6:30 Joyce Meyer 7:00 Cartoons
8:00 Club Kiboko 9:00 Marvels
10:00 Yolo 11:00 Straight Up Live
1:00 Lunch Time News 1:30 Africa
Speaks 2:00 Movie 4:00 Mbiu Ya
KTN 4:10 Tendereza Live 6:00 Ideal
Space 6:30 KTN Leo 7:30 Guiness
World Record 8:00 Are You My
Type 8:30 Just for Laughs
9:00 KTN Weekend Prime 10:05

K24 TV
4.00 Nu Soul Music. 6.00 Praiz 6.30
Turning Point 7.00 K24 Alfajiri 9.00
Just Kids 10.30 Mishoni 11.00 Riddim
Up live 1.00 K24 Newscut 1.30
Wrestling 2.30 The Loop Live
4.00 Gospel Music Mix
4.30 Mishoni 5.00 Withiout You6.00
Baada Ache 7.00 K24 Wikendi
8.05 Kilimo Biashara 8.30 Mke Ni
Nyumba 9.00 K24 Weekend Report
9.50 Classic Box Oce Movie 11.20
Nusoul Mashup
5:30:The Global Kitchen
6:00: Persuasion Man 6:30: Chopper
Rescue 7:00: Kids Shows
10:00: Junk D 11:00: Blank Canvas
11:30: Rhythm and Roots 012:00:
World of Mysteries 1:15: Mending
Hearts 2:30: Cold February
4:00: Catalyst magazine5:00:
Helicops 6:00: Family Footsteps
7:00: Weekly Report 7:30: Call Of
The Wild8:30: Ebru News 9:15: World
of Football 9:45: Movie
11:00: Podium
05.00 BBC World News
7.00 Fire Ministries 7.30 Miracle in
the Villagei 8.00 Neno Litakuweka
huru 8.30 Jesus is Comng
8.45 Nguvu za Miugiza
9.00 Jesus Winner
9.30 Sunrise Avenue 10.30 J,ambo
Toto 1.00 Angaza Live 1.00 KBC
Lunchtime News
1.30 Legends
5.00 Art and Culture
6.00 Tajj 7.00 Taarifa
7.30 Street Court
8.00 Angels Diary
8.30 House of Payne 9.00 KBC
9.45 Weekend Movie
11.30 Club 1
12.30 BBC World News
AM Live
The Penguins Of
Cool Catz
at 1
- Omnibus
Advertisers Feature
NTV Jioni
NTV Weekend
Art Heist
5:00am AL-Jazeera
6:00am Tumsifu
7:30am Wimbo Mtamu
8:30am Tumsifu
9:00am Kamusi Ya
11:00am Mwana Spoti
12:00pm Bunge La Wazalendo
12:30pm Face to Face
1:00pm Toleo La Mchana
1:30pm Jambaz
2:00pm Malimwengu
3:00pm Mombasati
4:00pm Vipasho
4:05pm Sakata Rumba
5:00pm Vipasho
5:05pm Sifa
6:00pm Mkulima Ni Ujuzi
7:10pm Tujuane
8:00pm Mwisho Juma na
8:30pm I-Seme
9:00pm WWE:Bottomline
10:00pm Irie-Reggae
11:00pm Forbidden Power
01:00am AL-Jazeera

Shark Tank is an American reality competition series that
premiered in 2009, on ABC. It is the American version of the
global Dragons Den franchise and features business pitches
from aspiring entrepreneurs to a panel of potential investors.
11AM, 4.10PM
1.45PM, 6.55PM
11AM, 1.45PM, 6.40PM, 9.15PM
RIO 2 (2D)
12.40PM, 2.40PM, 4.40PM
10.30AM, 9.40PM
11AM, 1.40PM, 4.20PM, 7PM,
10AM, 12.10PM, 2.30PM, 5PM,
7.20PM, 9.40PM
(2D) (P/G)
4.20PM, 7PM, 9.40PM
12.30PM, 2.30PM, 4.40PM
6.40PM, 8.40PM
1.20PM, 3.50PM
6.20PM, 8.50PM
RIO 2 (3D)
May 24, 2014 SATURDAY NATION 22 Leisure
Gacheri, 43, has no children and is living positivel.
She is looking for a man from central Kena who is
also living positivel. e should be tall, good-looking
and stable and read for a serious relationship. Jokers
be warned! Call or SMS 0771 458 461.
I am Smith Teves, a white lad from Brazil looking
for an inspirational partner in Kena. e should
be mature in mind and read to start a famil. If
interested contact me through 0723 611 168 or
email: trovels@gmail.com
Im Chris Braam, a 41-ear-old man from Belgium
working with the United Nations in Kena. I am
looking for an African lad who is mature, god-
fearing and read for marriage. If interested, call or
tet me on 0739 717 482.
I am James W, a saved gent from Mt. Kena but based
in Nairobi. I am a great-at-heart universit-trained
professional aged over 48 with a grown son. Id like
to meet a saved educated lad with an ambitious
mindset, aged 30-42 ears and without a kid. Kambas
are more appealing but I have no tribal barriers.
Please observe the faith part and be patient with
SMS 0722 140 107.
Kenneth, 49, is a secondar school teacher in the
outskirts of Nanuki Town. I would like to meet a lad
residing in Nanuki or the wider Mt Kena region. IV
test is a must. Call/SMS 0717 739 597.
Ndegwa, 48, is IV-positive, self-emploed and
nanciall stable. e is looking for a serious,
nanciall stable IV-positive lad aged 30-55 ears.
Call/SMS 0727 023 305.
I am Dan, a god-fearing and stable man aged 34
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and honest lad aged 28-35. IV test is a must. Call
0720 413 447.
I am Gregor McDonald, a white man from Boston,
currentl in Kena. I am read to meet a serious lad
who is m soulmate. Age is not an issue and she can
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I am a 44-ear-old born again man from central
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Gracious Partners of P.O Bo 26317-00100 provides
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positive persons. We respect our members. Are
ou IV-positive and looking for love, relationship,
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on 0701 252 588.
Get condential dating at Datend, for Kenans/
foreigners who need suitable love and marriage
partners. SMS our prole (e.g. name, gender, tribe,
age, education level, career, residence, IV/marital
status, number of kids, religion, weight/height,
compleion, etc.) and prole of the tpe of lovers/
relationship ou need. Or SMS Loveto 0722 244
271 or 0733 222 008. www.datend.webs.com
SOULMATES: Pa Sh1,000 for individual adverts
and Sh2,000 for agenc adverts at the advertising
centre on the ground oor, Nation Centre, or our
regional oces. Messages should be no more
than 60 words. Disclaimer & caution: Be careful
when meeting someone for the rst time. Meet
in a public place, let a friend know where ou will
be and carr enough mone to take care of our
epenses and transport back home.
e all set out to have a health, happ relationship.
Often, however, we nd ourselves hooked to a bad
relationship. It ma be one that involves continual
frustration, a relationship with someone who is
unavailable or a relationship with someone who
doesnt want a committed relationship. Sometimes ou are unaware
but often ou know deep down that ou should quit this relationship.
Attempts to end it however see ou getting back together with him
soon after.
What it looks like
In contrast to a health relationship, an addiction is composed of
preoccupation, obsession and a feeling of being out of control.
Unfortunatel, it isnt alwas obvious to the person involved.
You know ou are in an addictive relationship if ou know that our
current relationship is harmful but nd ourself not taking an steps
to get out of it. It is a red ag if ou nd that the reasons ou are
giving for staing in our current relationship are not enough to
counter the negative eects that this relationship has on our life.
Pa attention if ou feel terrible aniet and fear when ou think of
our imperfect relationship, which is neither secure nor rewarding,
coming to an end or if ou suer withdrawal smptoms sometimes
characterised b phsical discomfort when ou take steps to end the
ow to get out
A relationship addiction has a lot to do with needing the other
person than it has to do with needing to share in a relationship. It is a
problem breeding from within ou. eres how to move forward:
Be in the present - The rst and most important step towards
getting out of an addictive relationship is awareness. An addict
usuall escapes the present b thinking about a happier past with
this person or fantasising about a blissful future. To get out of this, ou
need to snap back into the present and acknowledge the clear truth
of what ou are feeling, what ou are thinking, and what ou want.
Watch out for patterns Look back to our past relationships
to see if ou notice an patterns. A relationship review where ou
note the personalit characteristics of each person that ouve had a
relationship with and the relationship patterns that each relationship
took can be ee-opening. It will help ou learn what triggers ou
into getting into a relationship of this kind. It could be a feeling of
worthlessness or uncertaint in ourself.
A decision Recover must involve a wish to change. Accept that
obsession isnt the same as love and ou cannot change or control
another person. You can onl change our attitude and our wa of
doing things. Accept ourself for who ou are with our faults and
make a decision to make sure that our doubts will be overcome
without the relationship. Accepting ourself as ou are sometimes is
enough to give ou enough courage to leave a relationship which ou
know deep down is bad for ou.
Make ourself a priorit This means making our recover
our rst priorit. Become selsh and ensure that our needs are
met more eectivel. You will achieve this b increasing our love
for ourself, our views and our earnings without looking to our
signicant other to do this. While ou are struggling with the breakup,
nd something positive to do. Positive moods will increase our
happiness and strengthen our resolve.
Support network- When ou nall break awa from a
relationship that has given ou sustenance, friends can come in
hand. Enlist someone ou trust into our support sstem. It could
be a friend or a sibling. Whenever ou get an urge to call, tet or visit
our addictive partner during our transition from this destructive
relationship talk to this chosen person instead. This person will remind
ou of wh ou broke up in the rst place and wh ou need to let
our e go.
Professional help - If ou have left this relationship and have
tried moving on but ou cant, it is wise to seek professional help to
help ou and move on to a better relationship future.
ow to get out
of an addictive
SATURDAY NATION May 24, 2014 saturday magazine 23