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A380

TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL


MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics
Data Communication Network
This document must be used for training purposes only
Under no circumstances should this document be used as a reference
It will not be updated.
All rights reserved
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form,
by photostat, microfilm, retrieval system, or any other means,
without the prior written permission of AIRBUS S.A.S.
LEVEL I - ATA 42 INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS & AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION
NETWORK
Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data Communication Network
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Integrated Modular Avionics Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Avionics Data Communication Network Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . 10
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
TABLE OF CONTENTS Mar 21, 2006
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INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS & AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK
INTRODUCTION
General
The Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) and Avionics Data
Communication Network (ADCN) supply shared avionics resources and
powerful data exchange capability to various A/C systems.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS & AVIONICS DATA
COMMUNICATION NETWORK INTRODUCTION
Mar 15, 2006
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GENERAL
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS & AVIONICS DATA
COMMUNICATION NETWORK INTRODUCTION
Mar 15, 2006
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INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION
General
Thanks to the new avionics concept Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA),
most of the conventional LRU functions are done by avionics applications.
These independent applications are hosted in shared IMA modules, called
Core Processing Input/Output Modules (CPIOMs).
As a consequence, IMA concept reduces the maintenance cost due to less
spare computers.
Each CPIOM integrates new hardware and software technologies and
hosts these independent applications in the same computing and memory
resource, and also supplies an Input/Output interface service to some of
the conventional avionics.
Moreover, in order to satisfy the high demand of conventional avionics,
this service capability has been increased thanks to additional IMA
modules called Input/Output Modules (IOMs).
CPIOMs and IOMs are Line Replaceable Modules (LRMs).
These LRMs dialogue through the Avionics Data Communication
Network (ADCN) by the means of communication technology developed
from a non-aeronautical standard, which has been adapted to aviation
constraints.
This technology is called Avionics Full DupleX Switched Ethernet
(AFDX).
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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GENERAL
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION
CPIOM
The CPIOM integrates shared memory and computing resource to execute
independently its hosted avionics applications.
In addition the CPIOM processes independently specific input/output
data for each application.
This data is AFDX data when the applications dialogue through ADCN
and non-AFDX data when they dialogue directly with conventional LRUs.
There are 7 types of CPIOM, each one identified by a letter (A to G):
-A: PNEUMATIC+ OPTIONAL AIR CONDITIONING
-B: AIR CONDITIONING
-C: COCKPIT + FLIGHT CONTROLS
-D: DATA LINK
-E: ENERGY
-F: FUEL
-G: LANDING GEAR
Each type is associated to a specific part number.
CPIOMs with the same part number are interchangeable but may require
a software reconfiguration.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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CPIOM
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION
IOM
The IOM does not host avionics applications.
The IOM converts non-AFDX data, coming from conventional LRUs,
into AFDX data used within the Avionics Data Communication Network
(ADCN) and vice versa.
There is only one type of IOM identified by the letter A.
All IOMs are fully interchangeable.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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IOM
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION
General
On the A380, computers are structured within an Avionics and an Open
world.
The Avionics world gathers the aircraft systems supplied within 7
functional areas, related to:
-Flight Controls and Auto Flight,
-Cockpit,
-Engines control,
-Energy,
-Pneumatic and Cabin,
-Fuel,
-and Landing Gear.
These functional areas group LRUs and/or Line Replaceable Modules
(LRMs) that share a common interest or characteristics.
The open world hosts mainly avionics, flight operations, communication
and cabin applications.
For security reason, 2 firewalls protect the Avionics world against
malicious data coming from open world.
Within the avionics world, the A/C systems computers exchange
operational and maintenance data.
For most of them, this exchange is done through the Avionics Data
Communication Network (ADCN). This network is based on a
communication technology developed from a non-aeronautical standard,
which has been adapted to aviation constraints.
This technology is called Avionics Full DupleX switched ethernet
(AFDX).
The ADCN supports also data loading operations.
ADCN Subscribers
The A/C system computers connected directly to the ADCN are the
LRMs, which are Core Processing Input/Output Modules (CPIOMs) or
Input/Output Modules (IOMs) and the LRUs including an AFDX
interface. These computers are called ADCN subscribers.
The communication between the ADCN subscribers is done through the
AFDX technology.
The other LRUs, not including an AFDX interface, are connected to the
ADCN through its subscribers.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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GENERAL & ADCN SUBSCRIBERS
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION
ADCN & AFDX Technologies
The ADCN is supported by the AFDX technology.
The AFDX is a communication technology based on commercial Ethernet
protocol adapted to aeronautical constraint to meet the avionics
requirements. It gives the following advantages:
-secure and reliable communications,
-high data rate 10 and 100 Mb/s.
-flexibility for future developments of system architecture,
-and less wiring,
The ADCN is made of AFDX switches and AFDX cables.
The AFDX switches are electronic devices. They manage the data traffic
on the network between the connected subscribers.
Indeed, the AFDX switches receive data from an ADCN subscriber or
from others switches, analyse and route it to one or several appropriate
recipients through AFDX cables.
The AFDX cable is a Full Duplex physical link between a subscriber and
an AFDX switch and between two AFDX switches. The term Full duplex
means that the subscriber can simultaneously transmit and receive on the
same link.
This link is a STAR QUAD cable, composed of four wires uniformly
twisted, one pair for transmission and one pair for reception.
For availability reasons, the ADCN implements a redundant network.
Indeed, all ADCN subscribers have a connection to both redundant
networks A and B thanks to the redundant switches.
Moreover the ADCN supports the "SIDE1/SIDE2" segregation principle
at the systems level.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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ADCN & AFDX TECHNOLOGIES
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION
The ADCN Overview
The Avionics Data Communication Network is composed of 16 switches,
8 per network, and related AFDX cables. These switches interconnect
the aircraft systems components:
-8 Input Output Modules (IOMs),
-22 Core Processing Input Output Modules (CPIOMs),
-50 Line Replaceable Units (LRUs) with AFDX interface plus 2 optional.
Note that the 22 CPIOMs are classified in 7 types:
-4 are in type A,
-4 are in type B,
-2 are in type C,
-2 are in type D,
-2 are in type E,
-4 are in type F,
-4 are in type G.
Pairs of superposed switches show the full network redundancy.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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THE ADCN OVERVIEW
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 42 Integrated Modular Avionics & Avionics Data
Communication Network
AVIONICS DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORK PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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AIRBUS S.A.S.
31707 BLAGNAC cedex, FRANCE
STM
REFERENCE L0Y06082
MARCH 2006
PRINTED IN FRANCE
AIRBUS S.A.S. 2006
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
AN EADS JOINT COMPANY
WITH BAE SYSTEMS