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27
2013


, , ,
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28
28


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1.
:
1 15 ,
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) 385 = (30 + 8)5 = 305 + 8;
) (27 14)9 = 279 149;
) 5 + 54 + 75 = 5(4 + 7);
) 323 173 + 34 = 3(23 17 + 4).
3. , + = 10, :
) 7 ( + ); ) 4+ 4; ) 5 + 5 + 6.

1. , :
) 3226 1132;
) 4316 + 4313.
:
4325 4313 = 43(25 13) =
= 4312 = 43(10+2) = 430 + 86 = 516.
2. 1) 27101. ,
101.
2) :
) 19101;
) 25101;
) 33101.

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.
2. :
) 42 + 61 + 28 + 39 + 30;
) 495225.
.
3. 18(37 + 44). , ,
:
1837 + 44, 1837 + 1844, 37 + 1844.
4. 8317 + 2717.


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29
29

2013

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30
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15% 115% . 115% 1,15,
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31
31

2013



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2013

. 6

13.
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1) :
0,1 + 0,2 + 0,3 + + 0,9;
0,01 + 0,02 + 0,03 + + 0,09;
0,001 + 0,002 + 0,003 + + 0,009.
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0,000001 + 0,000002 + 0,000003 + + 0,000009.
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4

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= 4; 15; ; .
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3

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b = 4; 15; ; .
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4) , 5,
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32
32

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33
33

2013

2013

6
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.


.
: gglevitas@gmail.com,
(8-495) 389-27-17 ( );
(8-495) 314-51-83 ( ).


.
, . , x(y) = xy.
:
.
() =
, > 0 < 0.
: ,
, , .

1. ,
:
41(67); 4973;
26(35); 4468?
1(). ,
:
12(30); 1921;
16(32); 5543.
1(). , :
97(16); 7742;
59(41); 1454.
1

35
2013

2. : 210(7).
2(). : 120(4).
2(). : 220(3).

3. : 2107.
3(). : 1204.
3(). : 2203.

4. : 210(7).
4(). : 120(4).
4(). : 220(3).

5. : (2) = 102.
5(). : (3) = 201.
5(). : (4) = 101.

CD-.

1. , :
41(67); 4973; 26(35); 4468 ?
. 41(67) , ____________ ______________________. , ________________________.
49____ ______________________,
______________________. , ________________________.
_____(35) ______________________, ____________ ______________________. , ________________________.
___________ ______________________, _________
_______________________________. , ________________________.
: : 4973, _______________________;
: ________________________________________.

1(). , :
12(30); 1921; 16(32); 5543 ?
. ____________ __________________ ______________________. , ________________________.
____________ ______________________, ______________________. , ________________________.
____________ ______________________, ______________________. , ________________________.
____________ ______________________, ______________________. , ________________________.
: : _________________;
: ________________________________________.

2. : 210(7).
. __________,
.
________ ,
______________________. , ________________________.
_____, __________________ __. , 210__, 1470.
, 1470.
: ________.

2(). : 120(4).
. ________________________ , ________
____________.
__________________ ,
______________________. , ________________________.
__________________ _____, __________________ __. , ____________ 120__, ______.
, ____________________________ _______.
: ________.

2013

36
36

1. : (57) : (19).
1(). : (828) : (36).
1(). :
(10,81) : (4,7).
1
2. : 324 : (18).
2(). : 689 : (56).
2(). :
1,7 : (0,5).

4.
1,2
.
4

4().
25,5
.
1,5

4().
1, 98
.
2,2

3. : (238) : 14.
3(). : (1596) : 38.
3(). :
(0,46) : 2,3.

5. 0,2 = 6,6.
5(). 3,4 = 8,5.
5().
5,6() = 36,4.

1. :
(57) : (19).
____________________
__________,
________________
____________ :
(57) : (19) = | 57 | : | __ | = __ : 19 = _.
: (57) : (19) = _.

2. :
324 : (18).
. __________
______________,
________________ ____________

:
324 : (18) = (324 : 18) = _ _.
: 324 : (18) = ______.

1(). :
(828) : (36).
________________
________ __________________________
, ____________ ________________:
(828) : (36) = | ___ | : | __ | =
= ___ : __ = __.
: (___) : (__) = __.

2(). :
689 : (56).
. __________
_________________,
______________ ________________
____________
__:
689 : (56) = __ ( _ _ _ : _ _ ) = __ __.
+

3. :
(238) : 14.
(238) : 14 = __ ( _ _ _ : _ _ ) = _ _ _ _.
+

: 689 : (56) = __ _ _.
+

: ( ___ ) : __ = __ _ _.

3(). :

(1596) : 38.
( ____ ) : __ = __ ( ____ : __ ) = __ __.

1()

2()

3()

4()

5()

1()

2()

3()

4()

5()

: (____ ) : __ = __ __.

37
37

2013

9
. ,
.

-2013:

2013 . .
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.

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3) 180.
4) 13 25, 19.
6. 4 30 ?
.

38
2013

7.
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8. . ,
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CD-.

2
1
1. 26. ,
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M. AM, AB = 26, BM = 24.
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BH AD
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39
39

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2013

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40
2013

. 2

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a
h
h1
.
= 1=
CD h2 h h1

CD = a

h h1
.
h1

AKB CKD:
2 (SAKB + SCKD ) = a h1 + a
= ah1 + a

(h h1 )2 = a h
h1

h h1
(h h1 ) =
h1
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h1

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-

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1659 . . -

2h1 +

41
41

h2
.
h1

2013

, 2h1

h2
= 2h2 = const.
h1

xy = const, (x + y)min

x y = 0, x = y. 2h1 +

h2
h1 min

h2
2h1 = ,
h1
h
h1 =
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2
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2

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42
42

R. , , . ,
S = r2 = (R2 h2).

Q = R2 h2 = (R2 h2).
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).

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OA = R. , A, AT, 2R (. 8).
. 7

1
3

1
3

V = R2R = R3, V = R2 R = R3.


. 8

1
2
V1 = R3 R3 = R3 .
3
3

V = 2V1,
V=

4
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3

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= 2OB. , BN 1. 1, , OAT BN.
: OAT.
SOAT =

1
1
AT OA = 2R R = R2 ,
2
2


S = R2.

!

1. .. . .:
, 2007. 2. . -
// , 4, 2003. 3.
.. . .:
, 2006. 4. .. . .: , 1964. 5. .. .
.: , 1948. 6. ..
. .: - . .. , 2006. 7. ..
. .: , 2005.
8. ..
.
: , 2007.

43
43

2013

m at . 1 s e p t e m b e r. r u

, ,

XXII

67- .
15 2013 . : 121165, , . , 24, , , info@arhimedes.org.
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2013

60 /. 5 5 . A B 1 .
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6.


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44
44

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25 2012 10- ,
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.

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1514 . .
(http://www.
mccme.ru/olympiads).
. , , .: / .: .. , .. , .. . .: , 2007.
,
, .


(10 ; 6 )
1.1. 2 x2 16 + x2 9 =

10
.
x 4

1.2. ABCD (AD C BC) CD


EF AB. , = 5, EF = 4.
1.3. (p; q) , .

45
2013


(15 ; 7 )
2.1. 1 + 20112 +

2011
2011
+
.
2012
2012

2.2. 20 3 ,

.
?
2.3. : 4, 14, 24, , 94,
104. , ,
, ,
11?

, ,


(20 ; 8 )
3.1. x + y, (1 + tg x)(1 + tg y) = 2.
3.2. , PK
.
AR BR
. ,

SAPB
= m. SKPB

S
MPA .
SBPA

3.3. n ( , ).
, , Q , .
, P = Q.


(25 ; 9 )
4.1. a b,
4 43 + 62 + a + b = 0 ?
4.2. ABCDEF 1.
D, CF
?
4.3.
, 1
. , , , ? ( . 1.)


(15 ; 7 )
5.1. : [x]{x} < x 1. (, [x] x, {x}
x.)
5.2. , 60.
5.3. :
n4 + 2n3 + 2n2 + 2n + 1 = m2.

, ,

1.1. 5.

, x > 4.
2
2
(4; +) f (x) = 2 x 16 + x 9
, g (x) =

10
x 4

f(x) = g(x) . f(5) = g(5), x = 5


.
1.2. 20.
,
AD > BC. ,
,
P Q AD
(. 1).

ABQP . , PED
QEC (
), , .
, SABCD = SABQP = ABEF = 20.
1.3. (3; 2); (2; 3).
p5 q5 (p q),
, | p q | = 1. , 1, ,
= 3, q = 2 ( ).
: 35 25 = 243 32 = 211
,
3, 5, 7, 11, 13 (152 = 225 > 211).
2.1. 2012.
2011 = ,
2

(a + 1)2 + a2 (a + 1)2 + a2
a
a
a
1 + a2 +
+
=
+
=

a + 1
a +1
a +1
a +1
=

(a ) + a
2 2

. 1

2013

46
46

a 4 + 2a 3 + 3a2 + 2a + 1 + a
=
a +1
2

+ 12 + 2 a2 a + 2 a2 1 + 2 a 1 + a
a +1

(a

+ a +1 + a
a +1

1. 1 tg x tg y 0, :

(a + 1)2
= a + 1.
a +1

tg x + tg y

,
2012.
. ,
: , , 2( +1).
2.2. 400 + 4412 .
, ,
,
ABCD 20 3 (. 2).

1 tg x tg y

= 1 tg (x + y) = 1

x+y=

+ k, k Z.
4


x + y

.
4

2. 1 tg x tg y = 0, tg x + tg y = 0.

tg x = tg y,
tg x + tg y = 0,

2
tg x = 1,
tg x tg y = 1
. x y, ,
.
3.2.

. 2

, ABQR.
,
AQ ABQR.
,

SMPA 1
= .
SBPA m

PABR PKBR K, (. 3)
SAPB AB
.
=
SKPB KB

l = AQ = RQ2 + AR2 = 202 + (21)2 =


= 400 + 4412 68,9 ().
. ,
.
2.3. , .
,
,
11 (S =

a1 + a11
11,
2

a1 11 ). , 11,
,
11. , , -
11. , , 44. , .
3.1.

. 3

,
SBPA BA
=
.
SMPA MA
AB BA
.
=
KB MA
KB MA

=
.
KA MB

KAP = MPAR = , MBP = KPBR = ,

KB KP tg
=
= tg tg
KP
KA
tg

MA MP tg
=
= tg tg .
MP
MB
tg

, , ,

.
4

:
(1 + tg x)(1 + tg y) = 2
1 + tg x + tg y + tg x tg y = 2
tg x + tg y = 1 tg x tg y.

SMPA SKPB 1
=
= .
SBPA SAPB m

. ,
, -

47
47

2013

, ,

.
,
, , PK PM .
3.3. xk yk
k. ,
,

x1 + y1 = x2 + y2 = = xn + yn = n 1.
,
,
x1 + x2 + + xn = y1 + y2 + + yn.

P Q = x12 + x22 + ... + xn2 y12 + y22 + ... + yn2 =

= x y
2
1

2
1

)+ (x

2
2

2
2

) (
)+ ... + (x

2
n

2
n

)=

I. y = t4 , y = mt + n ,
(. 4).
II. f(t) = t4 mt n.
f R(t) = 4t3 m
R : t0 = 3

m
.
4

f(t) R,

(; t0] [t0; +), , t0 ( ). , y = f(t)



.
4.2. , .
, .
(. 5).
, AC CE.

= (x1 + y1)(x1 y1) + + (xn + yn)(xn yn) =


= (n 1)((x1 + + xn) (y1 + + yn)) = 0.
, P = Q, .
. ,
, :
n

k =1

k =1

k =1

P Q = xk2 yk2 = xk2 yk2 =


n
n
n

= (xk + yk )(xk yk ) = (n 1) xk yk = 0.

k =1
k =1
k =1

. 5

4.1. , .
,
:
4 43 + 62 + a + b = 0
4
( 43 + 62 4x + 1) + a + b = 4x + 1
(x 1)4 + (a + 4)x + b 1 = 0.
t = x 1,
:
t4 + (a + 4)(t + 1) + b 1 = 0
t4 = (a + 4)t (a + b + 3).
, t4 = mt + n
m n .

ACDE
:
ADCE ACDE + AECD.
( ., : .. . 2 . . 1:
, .
.: , 2004, . 86 .. . .: , 2007,
9.70.)
CE
, CD < 1, DE < 1, CE
AC CE.
:
AD

. 4

2013

AC
AE
DE +
CD < 1 + 1 = 2.
CE
CE

4.3. , .
,
. - m
. , .

48
48

m
, -
.
, (. 6).
( ) ( D), , . D ( )
,
, .

, CH1 = BH1 CH1 SA. ,


BH1 =
.
-.
I. , 60,
BH1C, H1 (. . 7).
= BC, A H1, , AH1C
, .
, > 60, .
II.
, 1

a 3
(. . 7). H1A1 2

1
BH1, H1A1 H1 A1 < AA1 =
, tg H1BA1 =

. 6

, n
k m.
, ,
, . , (p, q r), .
5.1. [2; +).
: [x] = a, {x} = b, x = a + b.
:
ab < a + b 1 ab a b + 1 < 0
(a 1)(b 1) < 0.
x
0 {x} < 1, b < 1. > 1,
[x] > 1. , x 2.
5.2. SABC
BH1 SA (. 7).

a 3
.
2

H1 A1
< 3,
BA1

H1A1 < 60. H1A1 > 30, > 60.


III.
(. . 7).
BA1 = SB sin

BA1 = BH1 sin

= SB sin sin = 2SB sin cos sin .


2
2
2
2
2

,
sin

1
=
.
2 2 cos
2

1
1

> 1, sin > .


< 90,

2 2
2
cos
2

, > 30, , > 60.


2

0 <

.
, ,
: ctg

= 3 sin , 2

: cos = sin ,
2 2
.
.

. 7

IV.
:
1) cos = cos cos + sin sin cos 1

2) cos 1 = cos 1 cos 1 + sin 1 sin 1 cos ,

49
49

2013

cos =

, 60,
BH1, .

2
0,5 cos2 0,5 1 sin
1
=
=1
< 0,5,
sin2
sin2
2 sin2

0 < < 90;


2) cos = cos2 + sin2 cos 60 =
= cos2 + (1 cos2 )0,5 = 0,5 1,5cos2 < 0,5,
0 < < 90.
> 60,
.
.

.
,
S
(. 8), , = 180.

. 9

,
,
. ,
ABC, ,
, , (. 10). BARC, 0.

. 10

. 8

, ,

, ,
1, 1 1 ,
.
,
60,
,
,
(. . 7):
1) cos 60 = cos2 + sin2 cos ,

, , , S ,
(. 9), , = 60.
, (x), x = SO,
[0; +).
: BH1

5.3. n = 0; m = 1 n = 1; m = 0.
:
n4 + 2n3 + 2n2 + 2n + 1 =
4
= (n + 2n3 + n2) + (n2 + 2n + 1) =
= n2(n + 1)2 + (n + 1)2 = (n2 + 1)(n + 1)2.
, (n2 + 1)(n + 1)2 . :
1) n2 + 1 , ,
n = 0. m2 = 1, m = 1;
2) n + 1 = 0, n = 1. m = 0.

!
:
.. ,
. , .

2013

50
50

4
-2010
24 2010 .
-2010, . .. .
1
1
1

1+
.
x 2
x+4
(x + 4)( x 2)

(1)


4 < x 3 + 2

5 2.

:
4 < x < 3 3 x 3 + 2 5 2.
,
,
.
, ,
.
. .
: x 2 > 0 x + 4 > 0,
4 < x < 2.
:
4 < x < 2

x + 4 x 2 (x + 4)( x 2) + 1.
(2)
, .

:

( x+4

x 2

= 2 2 (x + 4)( x 2).

y = x + 4 x 2,

(x + 4)( x 2)

2 y2
,

2

(2) :
y

(3)
5 1 x + 4 x 2 5 1.
: y(x) = x + 4 x 2, [4; 2], ( y( 4) = 2
y( 2) = 2). ,

y1 (x) = x + 4 y2 (x) = x 2. : (4; 2)
y(x) y(x) =

, :
x + 4 x 2 2 = 1 + 5 2 ,

x + 4 x 2 0
(x + 4)( x 2) = 5 2,

3 x 2

) (

x = 3 + 2

(2)

x 2 + 6x + 17 4 5 = 0, x = 3 2 5 2,

3 x 2
3 x 2

2 y2
+ 1 y2 + 2y 4 0
2

5 1 y 5 1.

1
1
+
> 0.
2 x + 4 2 x 2

y(x)
.
(3) .
, 5 1 < 2. , 5 1 1; 2 . (3) (
4 < x < 2) : 4 < x x0, x0
x + 4 x 2 = 1 + 5 (. .).

)=

= (x + 4) 2 ( x 2)(x + 4) + ( x 2) =
,

. , . ,

5 2.

, x0 = 3 + 2 5 2, 4 < x 3 + 2 5 2.

51
51

2013

MimioTeach

, ,
, .
.

,
.
MimioTeach , .
MimioTeach .
,
.
MimioTeach ,
,
.
MimioTeach
.
,
.
: MimioTeach
MimioClassroom,
-, .
: ,
,
Mimio.

, :

http://www.mimioclass.ru

8 (800) 5555-33-0

Mimio

2013

52
52

9
. ,
.

..
www.vcnmo.ru
,

www.mmf.nsu.ru/pupil/use

az

f (x) = 0

=t

s = vt
lo
ogab = c

g(x))< 0

f ( ; y) 0,

g (x; y) 0

ssiin
inx = a

a2 b2

lg

1. .. , , . 7.
. : - - , 2010. 2. .. : 2.
. // .
2012. 6. . 4652. 3. .. : 5. // . 2012. 9. . 5259. 4. ..,
.. , , . 4.
. : - - , 2008. 5. .., .. :
. : - , 2012. 6. ..
, , .
2. . : - - , 2010.

53
2013


.

. ,
, . - ,
, .
, ,
, ( )
.

[1].


. ( , ) ( ), .
. :
, ;
,
.
, ,
, , ( ). .

1. a,

52x 10x + (a 2)4x 1 = 0
.
4x,

5

2

2x

1
2
z z + (a 2) = 0,
4

z > 0,

x =

1
5
+ (a 2) = 0.
2
4

z =
2

, : a
(3) ?
(3). ,

(x + a)2 = x 1 x2 + (2a 1)x + a2 + 1 = 0

(1)
(2)

, .
. (1)
, , a = 3.
(1), 0,5, (2), a = 3 .
(1) ,
, :
.
z =

1 3 a
.
2

z+ a, a 3, z 0
a 2. ,
a (; 2] c {3}.
2. a,
log x 1 (x + a) =

1
2

(1)

.
x + a > 0,
x 1 > 0, x 1 1. : 2,
:
2
log x 1 (x + a) = 1,
(2)
(1)
x + a > 0
(. [2, 3]). ,
,
(x + a)2 = x 1,

(2) x + a > 0,
(3)
x 2.

, x 1 > 0 (3) .

2013

2a + 1 4a 3
.
2

, (3) .
a = 0,75. x =
1,25, (3), a = 0,75
.
,
a < 0,75. x+.
, x + a > 0, ,

x+ + a > 0,
(4)

x + a 0.
x+, x

a. :
3
2a + 1 + 4a 3
+a>0 a ,
4
2
2a + 1 4a 3
x + a 0
+ a 0 a 1.
2

x+ + a > 0

, (4) a 1.
x 2.
, a x+ = 2
x = 2.
, , x+ = 2 a = 1
x = 2 a = 3. , a = 1
x (3), a = 3
x+.
:
a (; 1) c {0,75}.
, ,
,
.
3. a,

2
3 + x x a,
(1)
2
x 7x + 10 0
.

(1) ,

, , -

54
54

, ,
. [2; 5], x2 x + a 3 0, ,

x =

1 13 4a
.
2

13 4a = 0 0,5,
. ,
[2; 5],
x+ = 2

1 + 13 4a
= 2 a = 1.
2

, : a = 1.
,
(x; a).

a = 3 + x x2
(0,5; 3,25), . , , , (x; a),
2 x 5, a .
(x; a), , (. 1).

. 1


a,
. a = 1.
4. a,

a2 a 1
(x + 5 + 2a)2 + ( y + 1 + a)2
,

5
x + 2y 2

.

,
: - ..
.

(x; y)

a2 a 1
5

(5 2a; 1 + a). , x + 2y = 2.
, , , ,
, ,
,
.

a2 a 1 = 0, , x,
y, ,
.
(5 2a) + 2(1 +
a) < 2. , , : a

a2 a 1
,
(x + 5 + 2a)2 + ( y + 1 + a)2 =
5

x + 2y = 2,

( 5 2a) + 2(1 + a) < 2

(1)

?
: x y, ,
y
,
: . ,
, ,
, a,
a.
. (1) , , (1), . , , . a
. , . ,
(1), .

55
55

2013


( .,
, www.vcnmo.ru).
ax + by + c = 0,
a, b, c , x, y ,
M0(x0; y0)
ax0 + by0 + c
a2 + b2


x + 2y + 2 = 0.
(5 2a; 1 + a),

| ( 5 2a) + 2(1 + a) + 2 |

1+ 4

1
.
5

a
a2 a 1
1
,
=
5
5

{1; 0; 1; 2}.
, (1). 2.
,
. , , , , ,
, .
x = 5 2a, y = 1 + a
x, y , , x +
2y = 3.
. ,
, ,
(1).
, ,
x + 2y = 3 x + 2y = 1.
1
, ,

5

a,
| a2 a 1 | = 1.
.

5. , a
a| x 2 | =

3
x +1

a
[0; +).
,
, a .
, .

. 2


, , .
fa(x) = a| x 2 | 2 a| x |, y =




, , . , f(a; x)

2013

f x, f(a; x) = 0
, x = 0 , ,
(., , [4, 5]).


. , ,
, ,
, , .
, (., ,
[1, 6]).
, ,
.

3
x +1

. 2 a < 0 ,
a , , . a
, ,
(. 3). -

56
56

a a| x 2 | , ,
,

a.


a, ,
4
3

a = , , a > 1,5 ,
x 0. .

:
4
3

a = , x 0
. 3

. 4


[0; +),
, , . , , ,
, a,
. ,
a, (. 4) a. .
,
. a
, x
, (x; a)
a x:
3

, x > 2,
2

1
9

x
3
2 4

a=
=
3
(x + 1) | x 2 |
, x < 2.
2

1
9
x

2 4

a x,
, 5 (. [6]).

4
a (1,5; + ).
3


. , a = 0 , a 0.
x > 2,

a(x 2)(x + 1) = 3
x < 2,

a(2 x)(x + 1) = 3.

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

(1)(2).
(2) ax2 ax 2a 3 = 0.
x =

4
a 9a2 + 12a
a > 0 a .
3
2a

x > 2 a < 0 (2) , a

4
(1)(2)
3

. a > 0, , x x > 2 , (1)(2) a . x+ > 2.


9a2 + 12a > 3a,
a > 0,
a > 0 (1)(2) .
(3)(4). (4)
x =

a 9a2 12a
4

a ( ; 0) ; + .

2a
3

a < 0 x
4
3

x < 2 . a .
(3), ,
a (3)(4) .
a > 0 (1)(2), , a >

4
3

, . 5

4
3

(4), a = . ,

57
57

2013

4
a = .
3



(3)(4) , x 0.
a, , ,
x 0,
x < 0. , ,

a>

4
(4) 3

x+ 0 x < 0. , , x+ 0
a, x < 0
a > 1,5. .




:
, , . ,
.
6. a,

|||x+2|1|3|=3+|x+a|
(1)
.
,
,
. f(x) = | | | x + 2 | 1 | 3 |,
(1), ,
ga(x) = 3 + | x + a |,
a R, , ,
a . .
f(x).
y = x (. 6,a).
2 , x + 2 (. 6,). ,
| x + 2 | (. 6,).

, | | x + 2 | 1 | (. 6,).
f(x)
(. 6,).

2013

. 6

ga(x) = 3 + | x + a |,
a R, |x| ,
a, 3 (. 7).
, 1 7,
a < 9, a > 9,
f(x), , , a > 9 . a = 9

ga(x), . ga(x) , ,
a = 9 ( 2),
a = 3
a = 1 ( 3, 4), ( 5) a < 5 ( 6).

. 7

:
a (; 5) c {1} c {3} c (9; +).
7. a,
4y | x | 4 + 2 | x | 16 = 0,
2
2
x + y = a.
a,
.

58
58


(x; y),
, ,
. x
| x |, , ,
x 0. x :
x

y 4 + 1,

y = x + 5

4
| 4y x 4 | + 2x 16 = 0
y < x + 1,

3x

y=
3.
4

x 0 y =
(. 8,a), y =

x
+1
4

x
+5
4

, ( 2).
, R
,
y=

3x
3 x2 + y2 = R2 ,
4

R > 0 x . , , ,
2. R, 4 , (0; 3), 3 . - 2
, : ,
4 ( 3), , 6.
5 ( (0; 5)), 4, 2 ( (8; 3))
.

x
+ 1 (. 8,). 4
3x
y =
3,
4

y =

,
y =

x
+ 1,
4

(. 8,).
,
(x; y);
| 4y | x | 4 | + 2| x | 16 = 0.
)
)

. 9

, , , y =

x
+ 5, 4


(0; 5). , , x2 +

+ 5 = R2
4

. , R > 0
. ,

17 2 5
x x + 25 R2 = 0 .
16
2

, ,
R2 =
. 8
2

x + y = a a < 0
(x; y), a = 0, x = y = 0,
a > 0, R = a . , R
(. 9, 1). R - -

400
. 17

, (0; 5), , x = 0, y = 5 a = 25. , -, : 6


400

; 25 , -, ,
17

a.

59
59

2013

60
2013

. (. , .). . . 7 . : (
, , , )
.

, 25- . : , , .
.
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12 .
: .

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. , 11- .
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61
61

2013

. ,



.
, - . . .
. , 30:

1 + 4 + 9 + 16 + 25 = 55.
:
1, 5, 14, 30, 55, 91, 140, 204, 285, 385.
. 20:

avilow@rambler.ru,
. , .

62
2013

:
1, 4, 10, 20, 35, 56, 84, 120, 165, 220.
?
, . ,
20 :
2 .
4 . . , . , . . ,
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, : . 10 :
2 .,
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(110) .
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5 + 8 + 9 + 8 + 5 = 15 + 24 + 33 + 42 + 51 =

?! .
, , n .

1
1
n(n + 1)(n + 2) n(n + 1)(2n + 1), n
6
6

.
, .
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1
1
1
n(n + 1)(n + 2) + (n 1)n(n + 1) = n(n + 1)(2n + 1),
6
6
6

63
63

2013

,

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. , .

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2013
mat.1september.ru

: c - 32030 ( ), 26113 (); - 79073 ( ), 12717 ()

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