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Comparison Between WiFi

and WiMax
By:
Adel AL-Thebyani
Outline
Introduction
Wireless Network
WiFi
WiMax
Introduction
Dial-up access
Broadband access
WiFi access (Wireless fidelity)
WiMAX access (Worldwide Interoperability for
microwave access)
Cont..
Broadband access are that it is pretty expensive
and it doesn't reach all areas.
WiFi access is that hot spots are very small, so
coverage is sparse.
WiMax access is a high speed of Broadband
and is wireless instead of wired.



Wireless Network
Wireless Personal Area Networks
- Up to 10 meter
- IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth)
Wireless Local Area Networks
- Up to 100 meter
- IEEE 802.11 (WiFi)


Wireless Network
Metropolitan Area and Wide Area
Networks
- Up to 50Km
- IEEE 802.16 (WiMax)
WiFi

IEEE 802.11 standards


WiFi Security

IEEE 802.11 standards
802.11g 802.11a 802.11b Standard
100-150
feet
indoors
27-75 feet
indoors
100-150
feet
indoors
Range
2.4GHz 5GHz 2.4GHz Frequency
54Mbps 54 Mbps 11 Mbps Speed
WiFi security
64-bit encryption
- original

128-bit encryption
- much secure


WiMax
Modulation technique
Operating frequencies
Problems in wireless transmission

Modulation technique
LOS PLOS NLOS Modulation
5 miles 3 miles .6 miles QAM64
8.5 miles 5 miles .8 miles QAM16
14 miles 9 miles 1.1 miles QPSK
Operating frequencies
Operation
range
QPSK
Operation
Range
QAM16
Operation
RangeQAM
64
Frequency
Range
30 Miles 25 Miles 15 Miles 710MHz to
740MHz
30 Miles 25 Miles 20 Miles 1.9Ghz
25 Miles 18 Miles 12 Miles 3.5GHz
Problems in wireless transmission
Multipath fading


Intersymbol interference (ISI)




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