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3
1 ...........................................................................4
1.1 - ...............................4
1.2 - ...6
1.3 ...................................................................................7
2 ..............................10
2.1 .....................................................13
2.2 .
................................................................................17
2.3 ......................................................28
2.4 ...........................32
3 -...............................................36
3.1 ..................................................................36
3.2 .........................................................................46
3.3 ........................................................50
3.3.1
...........................................50
3.3.2 ....................54
3.3.3 .56
3.3.4 - ...59
3.3.5 - .............................................................................61
3.4 .......................................................66
3.5
..............................................................................69
3.6 ....................................................71
3.7 - .................74
3.8 .................................................79
4 ..............................87
4.1 ...............................................................87
4.2 - .........................88
5 ......................................................................93

6 ...................................................................95
. .....................................................................................96
. ..........................................98
.
..............................................................107
. ......................115
.
........................117
. - ....122
. 127
.
, .134
. .....................137
.
- - ..............................................139
..................................................................................142

.., .. -

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,
,

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1
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6 (. 1.2) . 1, , .
2, 4, 5, 6 , 3
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(),

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.., .. -

1.2 -

- = m/T, m
; T [30].

,
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,

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1.1

, ,
,
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/()
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-80-160
0,071
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0,027
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Challenge,
0,050
SMRV 030 SMRV
150

-63-100
0,065

0,031

0,120
, Renold
0,038*
0,046

Innovari,

P202 P602
0,049**

-80
0,053
,
0,012
-160
0,066
Harmonic Drive AG,
0,019
CSF-5-14-05-1UCC
CSF-5-14-14-1U-CC
: * , **

.., .. -

-
, 510 ,

. , ,
P203P603 Renold
Innovari = 0,0320,051.

10
5
.
,
.
1.3

u
-

k
u = u1uiuk,
ui i- .
umaxi
- . 1.2.
(), ,
. = 1 1...ik k
, i i . i
. 1.3

.., .. -

8
1.2
umaxi
-

umaxi
:
6,3

12,5

6,3

8,510

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80150

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72
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,
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.

.., .. -

9
(. 3.2
).

1.
2.



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.., .. -

10

, -,
[12] . 2.1,
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, , .

. 2.1

.., .. -

11

. ,

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,

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, ,


.
.
0,2 .
,

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.
(. 2.2 [22])

.., .. -

12

72 17 ,
: ( ),
( ),
( )
-, ,
.
,
- [Browning
(), SEW
(), Sumitomo () .] -.

. 2.2

Bockwoldt
() -- .

Rotor
(),
Renold
(),
Innovari ()
-, -
-.

.., .. -

13

- Stber, Bauer () .
,
,

( SEW, Bauer, Nord),


( Renold), ( Baldor Dodge),
( Innovari, Rossi) . .
2.1
-
: 1)
,
; 2)
,
; 3)
, ,
,
.
. 2.3

--
-: () - Pujol
Muntala (); () - ZAE
(); () - Bauer
().
GFC Bockwoldt (), Renold (), Rossi
(), -, . ,
. () .
, , Swedrive
(), Bonfiglioli () .
KEB () .

.., .. -

14

. 2.3

.., .. -

15


- ZF ()
. 2.4 ( ).

. 2.4

, ,
(. 2.5, ), .
,
(. 2.5, ). ,


, .
, ,

,
.
(. 2.5, )
,

.., .. -

16

(. 2.5, )
, (. 2.5, )
.

. 2.5


,

.
,
,
,
,

.
,
,


. ,
SEW ()
NOCO,
Klberpaste-46MR401,

.., .. -

17

Henkel Loctite 8009 ( .


).


.
, :

, ,
,
. -
,
, .

. , ,
, .

,

.


.
2.2 .


.
,
.

.., .. -

18

,
-,
.
.

.
. -
:

(
25 /)
; ,


(
).
,

.
.

.
.
[]
1o [28, 35]. [a]
, 1
5 . [r]
[]
[r] = []l/360,
l .

.., .. -

19

KTR [35] BoWex


,
(. 2.6). -
.
,
, ,
.
, ,
BoWex I (. 2.7, )
, BoWex AS (. 2.7, )
,
BoWex Spec-I (. 2.7, )
.
,
Loctite 222.

. 2.6

. 2.7

.., .. -

20


,
[28, 35].
.
,

, ,
.
-,
-.
,
, ,
.

.
35
21, .
( 50894 96)
2,5 400 6 48 .

,
2 . 1500
-1, 1o.
- [35]
KTR Rotex
, .
,
,

.., .. -

21

0,7
4,8 ,
0,17
1,2

o
1,5
14 180 . , ,
(
).
[35].
-

.
.
. ,
Varvel

(. 2.8)
.

. 2.8

- ()
(. 2.9)

.., .. -

22

.

(

).
.

[] 2KT/(Dzdl),

,

[] 2KT(0,5l + )/(0,1Dzd3),
K 1,5 ; D
, ; z
; d ;
l ; [] = 24
; []
; ,
.

.., .. -

23
. 2.9

( 21424 93)
6,3 16000 .
6 .
0,04 10
,
1o
,
5 .
1
,
, 0,2
.
KTR Revolex
, ,

. Revolex KX (. 2.10)


, 10.

1,6 . 4
2 ,
0,25
0 ,75 0,1o

30 225 .

.., .. -

24

. 2.10


(. 2.11) ,
.
.

. 2.11

Revolex KX-D (. 2.12)


( 2533 %)
14,
.

. 2.12

.., .. -

25

,
.

,
,
.

.
: ;
.

( ) . . 2.13
( 8- ),

.
(
)

.

. 2.13

.., .. -

26

. 2.14 -,
() 2 1
4 . 3.

,
,
.
.
.
,
,
e (. . 2.13)
.
.

. 2.14

. 2.15
- Sumer
().
-
-
(, ),

.., .. -

27


.
, ,
.
.
,

,
.
.

. 2.15


(. 2.16) ( ).
(. -) .

.

.., .. -

28

. 2.16

.
:

- ,
- .

,
.

.
2.3

u = 6,3.
,
u 5,
(. 2.17, ).
SEW (), Lenze (),

.., .. -

29

Renold () Rossi ()
8,65
( RX), 11,86 ( GST) 10,86 ( RP).
Lenze u 12,5.

(. . 2.3),

(. 2.17, ).

,
.

1,5; 1,25; 1,0 , z1


711 , 2040 o,

20 o [7, 25].
o
40
20
, ,
,

= b2sin/(m) , b2
. ,

,
.
[40]
-.

,
5055 HRC .

.., .. -

30

. 2.17


, , [10]
x1 > 0
.



13755 81 . 2.18, ,

.
, ,
, .

,
,
.

.., .. -

31

. 2.18

u > 3 [19]
x1 + x2 = 0, x2
(x2
). aw
da1 da2 :
aw = 0,5(d1 + d2);
(2.1)
da1 = d1 + 2m(1+ x1);
(2.2)
da2 = d2 + 2m(1+ x2),
(2.3)
d1 = mz1/cos d2 = mz2/cos
; z2 = uz1 .

Ra20
( 6636 69) (aw: 32; 40; 50; 63; 71; 80;
90; 100; 110; 125; 140; 150;180; 200; 220; 250; 280 ).


b2 (0,20,25)aw. 1.
b1 ,
, 24 .

.., .. -

32

[19],


.
YFS (. 2.18, ),
zv = z/cos3 . ,

(. )
.

.

, , ,


12,5.
40o ,
711,

(.

).
5
m = 1,01,5 .
(. ) .
2.4
-

.., .. -

33

(. . 1.1), ,

. , ,
-. ,
, Browning ()
(. 2.19, ) -
,

,

(. 2.19, ). SEW ()
-
(. 2.20, ),
(. 2.20, ) ,

.

. 2.19

.., .. -

34


.
2
+4%.

. 2.20

, -

( , )
.

1.
2.
3.
4.



?

?

?

.., .. -

35

5.
6.


711
8,612,5?

- ?
-,

?

.., .. -

36

3 -
3.1

[23].

.
.

,
. ,
, .

.
.

.
. 3.1,
,
. .
:
a, a, a.
L1 H1.

(. 3.1, ) (
),
( L2 H2)

.., .. -

37

,
,
.
,
,
(. 3.1, ),
( L3
H3) .

. 3.1


-
(Bauer, Nord, SEW, Renold,

.., .. -

38

Inovari, Rotor .).



-
.
[13]
, .
. 3.2
,
d , .


H7/p6,
.

. 3.2

. 3.3
Nmax
d.
max
,

Ra1 = Ra2 = 0,8 (


). max,
,
pmax -
, (

.., .. -

39

E1 = E2 = 2,1105 )
: pmax 1 d2 = 3d pmax 2
d2 = 1,5d. ,
,
. pmax,
l
d , F = pdlf

F :
1) F 1 d2 = 3d, f = 0,2; 2) F 2 d2 = 1,5d, f = 0,2; 3) F 3
d2 = 1,5d, f = 0,1. f
, 0,2
0,1 .

. 3.3

. 3.4
.
2
: 1) 4.6; 2) 6.6; 3) 8.8.

.., .. -

40

. 3.4

. 3.3 . 3.4
d,
.

,
. ,
(. 3.5, ),
,
(. 3.5, ).
[14],
,


( ), .

(100
200)
,
- -.
(0,65
0,8).

--

.., .. -

41

, SEW, Bauer, Lenze .



8250 0,93, ,
,
,
,
,
- .

- ,
-
-,

. 3.5

-- , , -,
,
.

.., .. -

42


,
.
. 3.6
-- , [16]
,

- .

. 3.6

.., .. -

43

- :
1 2;

3 4;
5 6.
,
1 .
,
,
7 ,

.

,
-.
3 5
.
-
8 .
9.


.
3.6,
-
: 10 11 ; 10
12 . 4 6
5 13 ,
.
,

.., .. -

44

,
.
, ,
12
.
. - 3
8 14 .
5 13
10 11.

. 3 2.
10 11

.
,
.
3.6,
-,
. 2 - 3
. - 3
.
,
.
( ),
2.
15
16, 17 (
14) - 3.
3.6,

.., .. -

45

-. - ,

-:
1)

; 2)
.
, 5 13
4 6 (. ).
18 ,
.
- 3. 2
- 3 .
19 20.
.

21. 18

.
, :

,

.

-
-

--
-,

8250 0,93.

.., .. -

46

3.2

,
.
[25, 33],

1,25 /,

1,25 12,5 /. v, /,

(
250 , ),
[25] v = (gr)1/2,
, g = 9,81 /2
, r , , ,
,
v = (550/r)1/2.
1215 /,
, ,
.
25 /
.
2560 /
, .
,
,
.
( 60 /)
.

.., .. -

47

[18]
.

(

), ,
(
. ).

80C
800015000, 25000
[18].
(

10C).
2 3 .

, - ,
,
.
,

.

. ,
,
[36]. DIN (
)
.

.., .. -

48


3040% .

.

(

20 %).

[18]
,
,
.
,
4 . ,
(. 3.7), 4 .

-,
,

[24]
.
-
.

,
, ,
- - David Brawn
(. 3.8),

.., .. -

49

,
.
-

( 10000 ),
.

. 3.7

. 3.8

,
, ,
-.

.., .. -

50

,
.
, ,
, -
,

- 4 ,

,
.
3.3
3.3.1

,
: ;

;
.

.
. ,
.
l/d < 10, l

, d .

.., .. -

51

,
, , ,
, ,
,

, l/d < 8.


-

, ,
.
(l/d 10) ,
.
,
,
,
.
FR (. 3.9, ),

a ,
l/a.

l/a 22,5.

,
- ,
(. 3.9, )
, ,
, ( ,

.., .. -

52

) .
( L ) ,
, ,
Fr1 Fr2 -
,
.
l0
l0 0,25(d + D)tg,
; d D
.
,
l0.
, ,
d D
, (. 3.9, )
L .

d D ,

-
(. 3.9, ).
,


- .

.., .. -

53

. 3.9

.., .. -

54

3.3.2
-
, .


,

(. 3.10, ), .
.
,
D
, .
D D + (44,4)d
D 1,25D + 10 , d .


,
, .
,

[13] (.
3.10, ). ,
,
.
- SEW, Bauer,
Lenze () .
D 1,15D + 10 .

.., .. -

55

. 3.10

,
, .
(.
). , ,
.

( 8752-79).
,
,

(. . 3.10, ).
ISO

200, .

.., .. -

56

.
, 100,
.
.3.10, .
3.10,

.
,
( 13940-86)
( 13942-86) , ,
: ,
,
; ;
,
,
300 .
,
,

.
3.3.3
-
. -

, ,

(. 3.11, ),

.., .. -

57

(3.12, ).

.
- (
SEW) -
25000
40000 .
.
,
, .

(. 3.11, ),

.

. 3.11

.., .. -

58

,
.

(. . 3.12, ),

(. . 3.12, ).

)
. 3.12


,

.

, 1998 .,
.
, ,

,

.., .. -

59


,

,
.
Rotor (), SEW,
Nord, Bauer, Flender (), Bonfiglioli, Motovario, Box
()
3000 ,
(,
-),
, ,
0,01
.
, ,
[ ZAE ()]
.
, ,

-
.
3.3.4 -
-
,

50891-96

.., .. -

60

.


, .
-
, ,

.


.

,
(. 3.13, ), (. 3.13 ),
- SEW, Nord, Bauer .,


,
.

,
.
, ,
-
. ,
,
.

.., .. -

61

. 3.13

3.3.5 -
-
. 3.14,
.

.
.
, ,

, (

.., .. -

62

100,
).
.
,
.

. 3.14

- ,
,
,
, .
. 3.14,
,

.., .. -

63

. ,


. , ,

,
. ,
. ,
-
-
, .
-
,
. ,
,

-
-2,

. 3.15, . Harmonic Drive AG,


,

- -
(. . 3.15, ). -
,

.
. 3.16.

(. 3.16, )
. , ,
.

.., .. -

64

(. 3.16, ),
- 116000 176000,
.

,
(. 3.16, ). ,
, .
,
.
,
.

. 3.15

.., .. -

65

(. 3.16, )
,
, (
),
, .
, ,
161/60.1, ,
.

(. 3.16, )
. ,
.
.
,
.

. 3.16

.., .. -

66

(. 3.16, )
.
,

.

,
,
.
-

,
.
.
-
[11] .
, ,

.
3.4
[8, 24, 26]
: 6.6;

.
,

d, , ,
d = T0,33,

.., .. -

67

(
), d = 1,56T0,33,
T , , .

[25]

d = (0,080,12)aw, aw
.
,
, , ,
, .
,
-.
- Bauer, SEW,
Nord () . ,


8.8, 10.9 12.9
(. 3.1).

, .
, , -.

3.1
,

8.8
10.9
12.9
8.8
10.9
12.9

3
3,5
4

1,28
1,96
2,90

1,80
2,75
4,10

2,15
3,30
4,95

12
14
16

83
132
200

117
185
285

140
220
340

5
6
8

5,75
9,90
24

8,10
14,0
34

9,70
16,5
40

18
20
22

275
390
530

390
550
745

340
660
890

.., .. -

68
10

48

67

81

24

675

950

1140

, ,
. 3.1, ,

(3.1)
T = F [tg(+)d2/2 + fd/2]
= 0,7 [ [2]
=
(0,60,7)] f = f = 0,15,
2
F = d3 /4 ;
; ; d3
; d2 = d 0,65P
; P ; = arctg(f/cos300)
; = arctg [P/(d2)]
;
f, f ; d
.
.

- (. . .1
) ,
max -
,
max - 1,30,7 + 0,25[T/(4x)][4/(d32)];
(3.2)
T ; x

;
0,25 (

).

.., .. -

69


(. . 3.13, )
max < ,
max 1,30,7 + 0,25(Fa/z)[4/(d32)];
(3.3)
Fa , ; z
.
, :

8.8, 10.9 12.9.

(3.2), (3.3),
,
.

, (3.1)
. 3.1.
3.5


20 [3] ,


,
. ,
1000 ,
500.
,
, ,

.., .. -

70

,
. ,

,
.
Volkswagen ()
,


,
.


,
DIN 65151-2002 .

(
). . 3.17 t
(F-F)/F
[5, 34]
.

.
80 % .
,
80 .
( 1) 10 .,
( 2) 25 .,
( 3) 35 .,
( 4),

.., .. -

71

( 5) ( 6) 80 .
,
.

.
( )
.
,
,
.
.

. 3.17

.
3.6

,

.., .. -

72

23360-78 : ( 1);
( 2);
( 3). -
, .

H7/p6.
- Bauer, SEW, Nord ()

2 ( II
23360-78).
. 3.18 ()
() - SEW
.
- ,
.

.
.
,
.
, ,
,
-.

.
, ,
2
1,
:

.., .. -

73

(,
);

-;

, ,
.

. 3.18

.., .. -

74

3.7 -

400 (Bonfiglioli, Innovari,
Renold .)
.
. -
.
.

400

,
.
-
,
,
.
,
L, K E ( 3.19)
() S ,
60o.

()

()
30o,
45 72 ,
8 5o.

-.
-,
.

.., .. -

75

3.19

Renold ()
(. 3.20) - (. 3.21, ) -
(. 3.20, ) -.

. 3.20

. 3.21

.., .. -

76

Sumitomo () Paramax 9000 ,


(. 3.22, ),
- (. 3.22, ),
(. 3.22, ).
- -:
(. 3.23, );
(. 3.23, );
(. 3.23, ). .

. 3.22

Renold
(. 3.24, ) (. 3.24, )
(. 3.24, ) .
Paramax 9000 ,
.
RX GSM ().
Trames () -

.., .. -

77

. 3.23

Innovari () Rotor ()

- (.
3.25). . 3.26 (),
() (). ,
.

. 3.24

.., .. -

78

. 3.25

Rossi (),
(. 3.27, ),
- (. 3.27, ) - (. 3.27, ) -.

. 3.26

.., .. -

79
. 3.27

:

400 ,
.
,

45 72 .
,
-,

.
3.8

-

().
, .

,
, ,
.

,

.., .. -

80

.
-,
(
3),
,
.

,


.
- ,
. 3.28, .
,
, ,
,
,
.
,

.
, .

, .
.

T
.
- .

.., .. -

81

-
. - .

. 3.28


. .
,
T.
,
.
,
, ,

,
. ,
.

.., .. -

82


.
,
,
, .

().


-
.
, ..

.
. 3.29 - ,
.

.
. 3.30
: ;
.

(. 3.30, ) , .
D
. d l
d D/8; l = (1,52,0)d.

.

.., .. -

83

15,
.

. 3.29


, .
.
, ,
.
70. , ,
z 3 5.
.
. ,
, ,

.., .. -

84

.
,
.

.
,
.
T,
a = 0,5 D sin(/2) (. . 3.30, )
F, .
.

(. 3.30, ) D
d ,

r.

. 3.30


: ;

.., .. -

85

.


.
4o.
T,
OB F,
( A) .
.


(. ) ,


-.

1. ,
?
2. - -,
- ?
3.
?
4.
?
5.
,

?

.., .. -

86
6.
?
7.
- ?
?
8. ?
?
9. ?
10. 2?
11. -?
12. -
?
?

.., .. -

87

4
4.1
- ,
, (.
4.1), : (1); (2);
(3); -
(4). ,


. ,

.

. 4.1

:

.

.., .. -

88

4.2 -

,
,
,
,

. 4.2,
-
, 4.2, ,
.

. 4.2

.., .. -

89

(. 4.2, ) Alpha, Nord, Bauer,


SEW, Paramax, Bonfiglioli, Trames .
-
.

,
(. 4.2, , ),
.
,
.
14o (
, 7o),
,
.
,

.


3o.

.
10.9 12.9.

.
.
(. . 4.2, )
,

(
Clampex 603 KTR).

.., .. -

90


.
.

, -,
, ,
.
,
(, Loctite 8155),
KTR
,
.

H7/g6,

Ra = 1,6 .
SEW Eurodrive
TorqLOC (. . 4.2, ),
( h11) (Ra 3,6 )
,
-
.

Clampex 603
(. 4.3):
,
,
(. . 4.2, , -).

.., .. -

91

. 4.3

-

.
-,
,
.
-
-
.
- ,
.
: ,
; ; , .

-, -,

.

.., .. -

92

, ,

-
, :

.
, :

- ;

, .

1.
-?
2.

- ?

.., .. -

93

5
I300
: B5 . . 5.1, ; B14 . . 5.1, .
B5 ,
B14 .
. 5.1.
B5.

. 5.1

.., .. -

94
5.1

d1

63

11

71

1.
2.

B5

l1

B14

d22

d20

d24

d25

d22

d20

d25

23

10

130

160

110

75

60

14

40

12

165

200

130

85

70

80

19

50

12

165

200

130

100

80

90

24

50

15

215

250

180

115

95

100

28

60

15

215

250

180

130

110

112

32

80

15

265

300

230

130

110

132

38

80

19

300

350

250

10

165

130



IM300?
B14 IM300
?

.., .. -

95

6
,
50891-96,
.
(
) 40
, ,
50% . 200 250

0,9
.
SEW
48 . :
12% ; 6% ;
3% ; 2%
.
Bauer
200 , 2/3
.
,
.
,
.

.
1.
2.


-?

-?

.., .. -

96

.
-

[34]:
;
;
,
, ,

(-); .
, ,
,
,

.
-
(, )
,
. -
- ,
-
,

.
.

.
, :

.., .. -

97

, ,
,
,
.


, ,



,

,
.
,
,
,
.

.
,
,
,
.

,
10
.

.., .. -

98

.


()
().

, ,

.
.. .
.
-
[31].

- Henkel,
Loctite .
EuroLoc,
Loxeal, Permabond, Permatex, Rite-Lok, Sika Lock, Sonlok.

(, , )
[4, 37]
,

. ,
-, - .

,
, .
, ,

.., .. -

99

.
(-),
,

.
,

250
400 o,
.

.

,
( [1]
- -1

1,9 1,2), ,
.
,
, .

H7 H8 g6
f7, ,
H7/n6, H7/k6. ,
(. .1) .
,
200oC,
,
. 0,1 %
.

.., .. -

100

,
h 1,0
15 35o .

. .1

l d T
Fa, , Loctite
[39]
[(2T/d)2 + Fa2]0.5 ld(k + pf),
; k = k1k2k3k4k5k6k7k8
, , ,
, .; p ,

;
f

;
k1 , 1,0
, 0,9 , 0,8 , 0,8

.., .. -

101

, 0,5 , 0,4
,
0,2

; k2 ,
1,0,
1,2,
0,5; k3
0,020,07 1,00,98
0,070,30 0,98
0,45
(
k3 = 1,0); k4 ,
, 1,0
3000 2, 0,8 10000 2, 0,65
20000 2, l/d
0,81,2, 2,5; k5 k6 ,
, 60oC
1,0; k7 , ,
1,0; k8
, 1,0
0,3
.
,

, . .1.
Loctite
641

,

, ,
. -7 Loctite 603

,
0,1 . -111 Loctite
638
.
.

.., .. -

102

-112 Loctite 648


,
, ,
, , .
.1

, oC

,
Loctite 641
- - 7,
111,
112,
Loctite
Loctite
Loctite
603
638
648
(

( 32 )

26 )
0,1

0,25
150

0,1
175


( , )
. .2 [36]. ,
.

:
; ;
.
. .3 . .4



. ,

.., .. -

103

, .

8 6
ISO
Rz = 6,316 ( ).
:

0,8;


1,0;


3,7;


5,0.

. .2

. .3

. .4

.., .. -

104

,

.
( ),
, . .2.
.2
,
- - 114, Loctite
17,
IV,
9,
Loctite

Loctite Loctite Loctite 248 Loctite 268


243
222
290
2701

( 10),

10

20

19

38

25

+150

+150

+150

+150

+150

+150

-IV Loctite 290


. -17 Loctite 222

,

, , ,
. -114 Loctite
243 ,
(, ,
);

.., .. -

105

.
Loctite 248 ,
paceae, ,
eoxoa . -9 Loctite 2701 (
Loctite 270)
32 . ,

. Loctite 268
. ,
.

,
. .3.
.3

Loctite 5203

Loctite 534

Loctite -505,
6, Loctite Loctite Loctite
548
Loctite 510 5910
Loctite 574
5699
518

0,25

0,25

150

200

.., .. -

106

Loctite 5203
.
. Loctite 534

, ,
. -505, -6, Loctite 548, Loctite 574
Loctite 518 ,
. Loctite 510 ,
- . Loctite 5910

.
. Loctite
5699 ,
().
, ,
,
,
, , ,
.
, SEW
()

NOCO,
Klberpaste-46MR401, Henkel
Loctite 8009.

.., .. -

107

.

. .1,
D
D .
. .1, ,
. .1,
: ,
,
D , R
:
SKD, SKR

;
SFD, SFR

;
TFD, TSD, TD, TFR :

;
;
;
SND1, SND2, SWD1, SWD2, SWR1, SWR2
:
;

;
;
( 1 2
);

.., .. -

108

. .1

.., .. -

109

SPD1, SPND1, SPD2, SPND2, SPR1, SPNR1, SPR2, SPNR2




( 1 2
).
.
, (,
) j1, j1, j2, j2

(. .2)
(
) :
;
;
1, 2, 1, 2,
( ,
).

. .2



.
-
.

.., .. -

110



:
= 0,5(SKD+ SKR+ SFD+SFR);
tg = (TSD+2TD)/D+(TFR+TFD)/D;
1 = 0,5(SWD1+SPD1+SPND1+SND1) j1;
2 = 0,5(SWD2+SPD2+SPND2+SND2) j2;
1 = 0,5(SWR1+SPR1+SPNR1) j1;
2 = 0,5(SWR2+SPR2+SPNR2) j2.

(.1)
(.2)
(.3)
(.4)
(.5)
(.6)

(. . .2): 1,
2 l; 1, 2 l; 1,
1 l; 1 l.
u1, u2 1, 2 ,
1, 2,
:
u1 = +(1 F1)+[(1 F1)+(2 F2)] l/l l tg +
+(1 F1); (.7)
u2 = +(1F1)+[(1F1)+(2F2)](l+l)/l (l+l) tg
(2F2),
(.8)
F1, F2, F1, F2

F1, F2, F1, F2.
F F1, F2, F1, F2

.., .. -

111


:
(.9)
F = + .
d1, d2, d1,
d2, D1, D2, D1, D2
B1, B2, B1, B2 ,
F1, F2, F1, F2 .
, ,
[6]:

(.10)
= (F/10)2/3 (0,7 0,002d)/ 1000;
-
= (0,67F/10)2/3 (0,7 0,002d)/ 1000;
(.11)

= kF/d,
(.12)
F , ;
d , ; k = 6510-6, 2/
; k = 5210-6, 2/
.

[6]
= 4kF(1 + d/D)/(dB),
(.13)
k 1,7510-3 3/

.
: d l d
l l.

.., .. -

112

u1 = f1(F1, F2), u2 = f2(F1, F2) 1,


2 , 1, 2,
F1, F2 1, 2,
[32],
(.14)
u1 = F1 11 F2 12;
u2 = F1 12 F2 22 ,
(.15)
4
4
3
2
=
[2(l+l) /d +2(l+l) l/d ]32/(3E);

22
3
4
2
4
11 = [2l /d +2l l/d ]32/(3E); 12 = [3l2(l+0,66l)/d4+
+2ll(l+ l)/d4]32/(3E); E
, .
(.14), (.15)
.
, , M2 = 0 M1 = 0,

F1 = [F1(l+l) F2(l+ l + l)]/ l;
(.16)
F2 = [F1 l F2(l+ l)]/ l.
(.17)
4- (.14) (.17)


(.7), (.8)
F1, F2, F1, F2.
.

(.
. 2.3, . 2.4, ). ( )
1 l (. .3).
F,
f, f
,
u1, u2 1, 2 ,
1, 2,

.., .. -

113

f = F (l l)2l/(3EI);
(.18)
2
(.19)
f = Fl l/(3EI);
f + f = u1 + (u1 u2)l/l.
(.20)
(.18) (.20) F,

(.21)
F1 = F(l + l l)/l;
F2 = F (l l)/l;
(.22)
F1 = F(l + l)/l;
(.23)
F2 = Fl/l.
(.24)

. .3

. ,
,
(. . 2.3, . 2.4, ),
(.1)
(.17), , l, 2, F2 F2 .
.
(. . .1): l = 250
l = 300 , l = 60 , l = 20 , D = 180 , D = 250 .
1-
2- d1 = d2 = 35 , d1 = 50 , d2 = 40 .
d = 28 . 1 2
207. 1 2

.., .. -

114
7210.
.
0. = 2,1105 .
, .
, d = 55 , d = 40 .

SKD = SKR = 0,025 ,
SFD = SFR = 0,05 , TFD = TFR = SWD1 = SWD2 = SWR1= SWR2 =
= 0,03 , SPD1 = SPD2 = 0,15 , SPR1= 0,02 , SPR2 = 0,015 ,
SPND1 = SPND2 = 0,025 , SPNR1 = 0,035 , SPNR2 = 0,025 ,
j1 = j2 = 0,012 , j1 = j2 = 0 .
(.1 .17) F1 = 8943 , F2 = 191 , F1 = 10342 ,
F2 = 1590 .

.., .. -

115

, T
Fa,
p
,
p=

(2T / D ) + F
2

LDf

2
a

(.1)

k 1,5 ; T Fa
; L D
; f .
,
,
, F

/2
(.2)
LD
cos d = pLD ,
F = p
2
0

0,5LDd .
,
,
= 1,3F/(d32),
(.3)
d3 = d 1,227P ;
d ; P .

.., .. -

116

,
.
,
T = F [tg('+)d2/2 + fd/2],

(.4)

= arctg (f/cos ) ; f
; = 30
; = arctg [P/(d2)]
d2 = d 0,65P
; P ; f
; d .
'

. ,
20 (P = 2,5 )
(. . 2.13), D = 90 , L = 68 ,
T = 3000 , k = 1,5, f = 0,2, f = f = 0,15.
20 d3 = 16,933 , d2 = 18,375 .
(.1) (.4) p = 30,9 , F = 160 ,
= 920, T = 610 . > ,
12.9,
= 1080 .

(.1),
(.2) .

.., .. -

117



. ,
21354 87
.
, :
F = kFtYFSYY /(b2m) []F,
(.1)
F ; k 1,21,4
,

; Ft ; YFS
; Y ,
; Y ,
; []F . Ft, ,
d1 T1 = 9550 P1/n1

(.2)
Ft = 2T1/d1,
P1 , ; n1
, -1. YFS,
,

.
2.18,
,

3
x ; zv = z/cos
. Y, ,

.., .. -

118


1
Y = 1/ 1/{[0,95 1,6(1/z1 + 1/z2)]cos(1 + cos)}. (.3)
, ,
Y 1 0/1200 0,7.
(.4)

N 4106
(.5)
[]F = F lim /SF,
6
N < 410
(.6)
[]F = F lim [4106/(N)]1/9/SF,
N t,
., ( N1 = 60tn1, N2 = 60tn2,
n2 , -1);

( ,
); F lim
,
550
50
55 HRC; SF
, 1,7.
,
. : t ,
, n1
, u,
T1 = P1n1/9550, P1 , .
z1 m.
, ( 2.1) (2.3)
aw
. z1

.., .. -

119

. 2.18, x1 .

(0,2
0,25) aw b2 m/sin
. (.2)
; (.1),
(.3) (.6)
.


, [19] .

(. . 2.17, ) ,
- .
, l d
T Fa = Ft tg,
,
[(2T/d)2 + Fa2]0.5 ld(k + pf),

(.7)

[(2T/d)2 + Fa2]0.5 ;
(. ); k ,
,
, . (. );
p , ; f .

, S

1/S2 = 1/S2 + 1/S2 2,


(.8)
S = -1/(KDa) S = -1/(KDa)
; -1 -1 0,6-1

.., .. -

120

; KD 2 KD 2

0,1
;

;
3
3
a = M/(0,1d ), a = m = [2T1/(0,2d )]/2
,

;
2
2 0,5
M = [(0,5b1Ft) + (0,5b1Fr 0,5d1Fa) ]

;
Fr = Fttg/cos
.
. :
40 ( -1 = 400 );

55

50
HRC
(F lim = 550 ); t = 10000 ;
= 0,5; n1 =1445 -1;
u = 10,5; P1 = 1,5 ,
(. . 2.17, )
Loctite 603 ( = 32 ).
.
z1 = 9 m = 1,0 .
,
aw = 63,0 .
= 34,772o. . 2.18, x1 = 0,5,
x2 = 0,5. (0,2
0,25) aw b2 m/sin,
b2 = 15 . (2.1) (2.3) (.1) (.6),
T1 = 9,9 ,
[]F1/F1 = 323,5/330,3 = 0,98,
[]F2/F2 = 323,5/349,7 = 0,93, . ,
.
z1 = 10
m = 1,125 .
,
o
aw = 71,0 . = 24,343
,

.., .. -

121
d1 = 12,348 . . 2.17, x1 = 0,3, x2 = 0,3.
(0,2
0,25) aw b2 m/sin, b2 = 15 .
(2.1) (2.3) (.1) (.6),
Ft = 1606 , Fa = 726,5 , []F1/F1 = 323,5/244,6 = 1,32,
[]F2/F2 = 323,5/231,1 = 1,40, .
.
d = 15 l = 15
.
(.7) k = 0,3, ,
6790 1508 4,5 .
(.8) S = 4,03, .
, ,
.

.., .. -

122

. -

,
,

,

0,3, H .. [27]
, ,
______
3
H = m FE2/R2 ,
(.1)
E = 2E1E2/(E1 + E2) ; E1, E2
,
; 1/R = 1/R2 + 1/R4
; m ,
. .6.1,
A/B = (1/R2 + 1/R4)/(1/R1 + 1/R3) 1 .

. . .1,
.
F F = F/cos , .
m

lg m = 0,396 lg(A/B) 0,42.

(.2)

.., .. -

123

. .1

,

0,3,
______
(.3)
H = 0,418 FE/(lR) ,
l , ; R1 R2
; R
: 1/R = 1/R2 1/R1 ( + ,
).
-
( 200
0,02
0,055
0,1 / 0,04
0,12 8 /).
F1,
, .
-

.., .. -

124

Fa Fr ,
M, F1,
Fa, Fr, M:
F1 = F1a + F1r + F1M,
(.4)
F1a= k1Fa/(z sin ), F1r=k2Fr/(z cos )r, F1r=k2Fr/(z cos )
, ,
,
; z
, (,

), k1 , k2, k3 ,
.
(. . 3.16)
= 450, R1 = R2 = Dw/2,
R3 = r/cos = 0,5(d0/cos Dw), R4 = , Dw
, r , d0
,
( = 0,52 Dw). k1 = 1,

, .
k2 = 2,2
, ,
(
). k3 = 4,37,

,
, ,

.., .. -

125

( ),
.
= 450,
,

R1 = R2 = Dw/2, R3 = d/2, R4 = 0,5(d0/cos Dw).
, ,
k1 = 1, k2 = 2,2, k3 = 4,37.

= 450,
=
Dw/2,

R1
R2 = 0,5(d0/cos Dw), k2 = 4,
. k1 = 2,
k3 = 8,

.

.
= 900, R1 = Dw/2, R2 = , k1 = 1, k3 = 4.
.

= 0, R1 = Dw/2, R2 = 0,5(d0 Dw), k2 = 4.
[H]

5, (23) ,
.
,

[H] = (23) ,

Hlim:

.., .. -

126

[H] = Hlim/S, S,

1,1, (,
) 1,2.
Hlim
Hlim0 107
_____
(.5)
Hlim = Hlim0 107/N,
N .
Hlim0 . .2 [23],
: 1 45 ( ); 2
2024 (); 3 15 (
)
6

. .2

.., .. -

127


[15,
17],

,

.
(. .1)
A, z .
d,
d3 = d 1,227P (P ),
l1 = lv lb
l2 = h l1, lv lb .
,

h
( 2d)
.
E E.
= 0,60,7,
.

F = d32/4.
(.1)
,

T, F Fa ,
. F
, .

.., .. -

128

. .1


F.
, F1
, ,
F.
F1 Ft1/f,

(.2)

Ft1 = Tar1/[(zi ri2] ,


, r1;
f = 0,2
; Ta = (0,5L + e + y)F + aFa
, F Fa;
zi ,
ri.

F
Mx = (0,5L + e + y)F + HFa My = T + aF.
, ,

.., .. -

129

+
z

(.3)

= h/(EA) = [(0,5d + l1)/(d2) + (0,5d +


+ l2)/(d32)]4/E , /, ..
(
) .
:
F = F/z +

y ,
x +M
(z x )
z y
1

(.4)

xi yi x y i
; x1 y1
.
F, ,
F = F + F.
(.5)

F = 1,3F + F,
(.6)
1,3

.
:
[7]
= 4F /(d32),
(.7)

(,
);
,

.., .. -

130

max = 4F /(d32);

(.8)

a [2, 7, 21].

,

. T
F Fa .

a = 0,5F /(d32/4).
(.9)

, :
S = / 1;
Smax = /max 1,22,5;
Sa = a /a 2,

(.10)
(.11)
(.12)

; a
.

.
a

[2,
21]

:
45 (55)/ 55 (65) 8.8;
6580 (75110)/ 7595 (85110)
10.9. a

.., .. -

131

, ,
,
.
,
.
(3.1)
T .
. - - Bockwoldt () [38]
CB 2K 112 CB 2K 212 (. .2) (. . .1).
1 27 . .1,
2831. , ,
. .

. .2

d = 1,56T0,33,
[8, 24, 29], -
CB 2K 112-71N/4D 12 ,
- CB 2K 212-100L/4D 22 .
10 CB 2K 112-71N/4D 16 -

.., .. -

132
CB 2K 212-100L/4D (
[38]), , F Fa
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
(.1)(.12), (3.1)
, 0,7
,
,
.
- .
.1
CB 2K 112-71N/4D CB 2K 212100L/4D

-
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

T,
F,
Fa,
l,
l0,
b,
b0,
H,
L,
e,
a,

CB 2K 11271N/4D
0,37
127,1

CB 2K 212100L/4D
2,2
201,7

451,5
7*
2,33***
156
104
146
94
112
40
20
30

2760
30**
10***
230
130
230
130
212
70
35
35

.., .. -

133
14.
15.
16.
17.

x,
y,
E,

, E,

18.
19.

21.

a,

22.

d,

10

16

23.

P,

1,5

24.

h,

36

64

25.

lv,

50

80

26.

l1,

24

30

27.

0,7

0,7

28.

1,09

1,08

29.

Smax

1,39

1,41

30.

Sa

12,8

4,24

20.

65
60

90
90
1,476105
10.9,
2,1105
940


65

67
T,
31.
. 50891-96: *
** F = 13,13 ; *** Fa = 0 .

290

5,31

.., .. -

134

.
,



[7, 27]
T = 1,25Tmax = 1,259550 k P/n,
(.1)
Tmax ( )
; k ;
P , ; n
, -1.
F
F = T/[0,5(D + D)f z],
(.2)
D D
(. . 3.28); f
; z
.

p = 4zF /[(D2 D2)] [p],

(.3)

[p]
.
(. .1) [9]
:
F = 4Ef[(f f)(f f/2)s + s3]/[(1 2)YD2] F,

(.4)

= 4Ef[(f/2 f)C1 C2s]/[(1 2)YD2] [],

(.5)

.., .. -

135

f , ;
f , , (
f/f 0,30,4); s , ; D
, ; E , ,
(
602,
E = 2,06105 = 0,3); Y = 6[(A 1)/A]2/( lnA),
C1 = 6[(A 1)/lnA 1]/( lnA), C2 = 3(A 1)/( lnA)
, A = D/D1,
D1 ,
602
[] = 3000 .

. .1
. ,
(. . 2.7, ),
-, ,
P = 7,5 ( 38 ),
n = 1440 -1,
k = 2,2.
D = 88 , D = 58 , f = 0,3, z = 1, D = 80 ,
D1 = 50 , s = 1 , f = 5 , f = 0,4 f, E = 2,06105 , = 0,3.
:
50 , m = 1,25 ; z = 38;
= 5 .

.., .. -

136

(.1)

(.5)

T = 136,8 , F = 6250 , p = 1,87 , F = 6440 , = 2830 .


,
,
p = 1,87
f = 0,3.

[] T/(dm zh),
[] 30
; T = 9550 P/n ,
; dm = mz ; h = 0,8m
.
T = 95507,5/1440 = 49,7 ,
dm =1,2538 = 47,5 , h = 0,81,25 = 1 ,
30 > 49,71000/(47,73851) = 5,05 .
, ,
.

.., .. -

137

0,5
[]H 0,418[FE/(Rl)]
,
0,3, R = 0,5d

, F = T/(az),
[]H = 1500 ,

60 HRC, T, , ,

(.1)
T = 0,000936 ld zD,
l, d, D .
.
(. . 3.30, ),
- (. . 3.21, . 3.29) ,

-1
P = 0,55 n = 1375 ,
u = 9,2.
, E = 2,1105 .
50
110 . D = 92 ,
d = 12 , l = 16 , z = 3.
T = 9550Pu/n = 95500,559,2/1375 = 35,15 [ (.1)]
T = 49,6 . ,
, , .

.., .. -

138

.
,
(E = 2.15105 ,
0,3, []H = 1500 ) T, ,
, [27]
T = 0,00107 d2rlz/(0,5d + r),

(.2)

d, r, l, .
.
(. . 3.30, ), ,
.
D = 92 ,
d = 68 , l = 16 , r = 8 , z = 3. (.2)
T = 45,2 . ,
, , .
,
.

.., .. -

139

.
- -
. .1.
: D2
-, D
; B . F
,
0,7
.

T = F [tg(+)d2/2 + fd/2], d2
; = arctg(f/cos300) ;
= arctg [P/(d2)]
; f = f = 0,12
( ); d 1,2d
.

. .1

.., .. -

140

,
, FN = nF/tg( + ), n
; = 3 o ;
= arctg f ; f = 0,12
( ). FN

U = 2pND/{[(1 (D/D2)2]E} [27], pN = FN /(BD2)
;
E .
.
.

= U 5(Ra1 + Ra2) , Ra1 = Ra2 = 0,0016



;
,
( H7/h6 H7/g6).
p = /S,
S = D(C1 + C2)/E ; C1 = 1
; C2 = [1 + (D/D2)2]/[1 (D/D2)2] +
;
.
,
p
p = [Fa2 + (2T/D)2]0,5/(DBfv)
, Fa ;
T ; fv 0,2
(
).

.., .. -

141
. : D = 50 ; D2 = 68 ; B = 23 ;
d = 6; P = 1 ; d2 = 5,35 ; n = 10; = 0,3, 12.9,
= 1080 . ,
T = 2000
Fa = 80 ?

:
= 756 ; F = 13,5 ; T = 13,1 .
FN = 780
pN = 216 ,
U = 0,224 . = 0,03
, p = 162,7 . p
, p = 156,6 , ,
.

.., .. -

142

1. .. // ,
1971, 5. . 51 53.
2. .., ..
. .: , 1990. 368 .
3.
.. .
// , 2010, 1. . 12 15.
4. .-. . .: ,
2007. 384 .
5. .. // .
. , 1 (59). 2011.
. 38 43.
6. ;
2- . / . .. . .: ,
1972. . 1. 664 ; . 2. 520 .
7. : / .. , ..
, .. .; . .. . .:
- . . . , 2007. 520 .
8. .., ..
: . .: , 2004.
496 .
9. ..
: . .: , 1990. 669 .
10. : / .. ,
.. , .. , .; . .
.. . .: . .
-, 1980. 416 .

.., .. -

143

11. .. . // ,
2000, 4. . 23 27.
12. .. ,

// . 2000. 10.
. 45 48.
13. ..
// , 2001,
6. . 27 30.
14. .., .., ..
,

// , 2003, 8.
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//

. 2009. 1. . 33 37.
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- - //
. 2009. 3. . 35 36.
17. /.. , .. , ..
.// . 2011. 2.
. 65 68.

.., .. -

144

18. Bauer, Nord, SEW Eurodrive .


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.
19. .. : . .:
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20. :
- . 100-
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.. . .: . .. . 2008. 272 .
21. .

/
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W.J.
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.., .. -