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-29 C to 425 C < -29 C FOR CORROSION FLUIDS


METERIALS CARBON STEEL (CS)
LOW TEMP. CARBON
STEEL (LTCS)
STAINLESS STEEL (SS)
COMMODITIES ASTM NO. ASTM NO.
BASIC MATERIAL
COMPOSITION
ASTM NO.
ASTM NO.
(Note 1)
A106 Gr. B A333 Gr. 6 1 1/4Cr - 1/2 MO A335 Gr. P11 A312 Gr.TP XXX
A672 Gr. B60 CI.22 A671 Gr. CC60 CI.22 2 1/4Cr - 1MO A335 Gr. P22 A358 Gr. XXX
A53 Gr. B 5 Cr - 1/2 MO A335 Gr. P5 A409 Gr. TP XXX
API 5L Gr. B 9 Cr - 1 MO A335 Gr. P9
--
A105 A350 Gr. LF2 1 1/4Cr - 1/2 MO A182 Gr. F11 A182 F XXX
2 1/4Cr - 1MO A182 Gr. F22
5 Cr - 1/2 MO A182 Gr. F5
9 Cr - 1 MO A182 Gr. F9
A234 Gr. WPB A420 Gr. WPL6 1 1/4Cr - 1/2 MO A234 Gr. WP11 A403 Gr. WP XXX
2 1/4Cr - 1MO A234 Gr. WP22
5 Cr - 1/2 MO A234 Gr. WP5
9 Cr - 1 MO A234 Gr. WP9
A216 Gr. WCB A352 Gr. LCB 1 1/4Cr - 1/2 MO A217 Gr. WC6 A351 Gr. CF8 (SS304)
2 1/4Cr - 1MO A217 Gr. WC9 A351 Gr. CF8M (SS316)
5 Cr - 1/2 MO A217 Gr. C5 A351 Gr. CF8C (SS347)
9 Cr - 1 MO A217 Gr. C12 (Note 2)
A515 Gr. 60 A516 Gr. 60 1 1/4Cr - 1/2 MO A387 Gr. 11 CI.2 A240 Gr. XXX
2 1/4Cr - 1MO A387 Gr. 22 CI.2
5 Cr - 1/2 MO A387 Gr. 5 CI.2
9 Cr - 1 MO A387 Gr. 9 CI.2
BOLTS/ NUTS
A193 Gr. B7 /
A194 Gr. 2H
A320 Gr. L7 /
A194 Gr.4
A193 Gr. B8 CI.2 /
A194 Gr.8
Note 1 :
Note 2 :
Casting is of SS347 Grade with Base Meterial of SS321 single random length 6 meter double random length 12 meter
ASME CODE FOR PIPING ASME DIMENSIONAL STANDARDS
ASME 31.1 POWER PIPING ASME B 16.47 Large diameter steel flanges NPS 26 60
ASME31.3 PROCESS PIPING ASMEB 16.5 Steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings
ASME31.9 BUILDING SERVICES PIPING ASME B 16.10 Face to face end to end dimension for valves
ASME B 16.20 -Metallic gaskets for pipe flanges
ASME B 16.21 non metallic gasket for pipe flanges
API 5L SPECIFICATION FOR LINE PIPE
ASME B 1.20.1- Pipe threads general purpose
API 600 STEEL GATE VALVE
ASME B 18.2.1 Square and hexagonal head bolts
API 602 SMALL BORE CARBON STEEL GATE
ASME B 18.2.2 Square and hexagonal head nuts
API 603 CORROSION RESISTANTS GATE VALVE
ASME B 16.48 Steel line blanks
API 604 DUCTILE IRON GATE VALVE FALNGED ENDS
ASME B 46.1 Surface finish for flanges
API 609 BUTTERFLY VALVE
MSS-SP STANDARDS BRITISH STANDARDS
MSS-SP 6 - Surface finish for flanges BS1414 GATE VALVE FOR PETROLIUM INDUSTRY
MSS-SP 70 Cast iron Gate valve BS1868- CHECK VALVE
MSS-SP 71 Cast iron check valve BS 5351 STEEL BALL VALVES FOR PETROLIUM INDUSTRIES
MSS-SP 72 Ball vlave BS 5352 STEEL GATE, GLOBE, CHECK VALVES <2 NB
MSS-SP-83 Pipe unions BS 5156 - DIAPHRAGM VALVE
MSS -SP-85 Cast iron globe valve BS 1873 - NEEDLE VALVE, GLOBE VALVE
MSS-SP 97 - O, lets fittings BS 7244 FLAME ARRESTOR
MSS-SP 95 Swages BS 3799 SWAGES
API STANDARDS
WROUGHT FITTINGS
(ASME B16.9)
Large Bore Fittings
CASTINGS
PLATES
A193 Gr.B16 /
A194 Gr.4
1) XXX is 304, If Base Meterial is SS304 Usually small Bore Fittings, Flanges and small bore valves are FORGINGS,
Large Bore Fittings are WROUGHT FITTINGS
Large Bore valves are CASTINGS
Spacer & Blank is made from PLATES
2) XXX is 316, If Base Meterial is SS316
3) XXX is 321, If Base Meterial is SS321
4) XXX is 347, If Base Meterial is SS347
ASTM NOS FOR PIPING COMMODITIES
> 425 C
LOW ALLOY STEEL (LAS)
PIPES
A691 Gr. --- (EFW), High Pr & Temp., above 16"
FORGINGS
(ASME B16.11)
Small Bore Fittings
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PIPE SIZE NB EQUAL METRIC SIZE OUTSIDE DIA MM ASME B 36.10 - CARBON STEEL PIPE FLANGES
15 21.3 ASME B 36.19 - STAINLESS STEEL PIPE
BASED ON SUFACE
FINISH
20 26.7
1 25 33.4 SHEDULE FOR STAINLESS STEEL PIPE CONCENTRIC
* 1 32 42.2 SPIRAL
1 1/2 40 48.3 5S, 10S, 40S, 80S
2 50 60.3 BASED ON FACE
* 2 65 73 SHEDULE FOR CARBON STEEL PIPE SMOOTH 0.-125
3 80 88.9 SERRATED- 125 250
* 3 90 101.6 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, 160 STOCK ABOVE 250
4 100 114.3
* 5 125 141.3 STD, XS, XXS
6 150 168.3
8 200 219.1 TYPES OF FLANGES
10 250 273 BASED ON PIPE BASED ON FACING STANDARD FITTINGS
12 300 323.9 ATTACHMENT
14 350 355.6 SLIP-ON (2) FLAT FACE SORF BFRTJ
16 400 406.4 SOCKET WELDED (1) RAISED FACE SOFF BFRF
18 450 457.2 SCREWED TONGUE AND GROOVE SWRF BFT&G
20 500 508 LAPJOINT MALE AND FEMALE WNRF
* 22 550 558.8 WELD NECK (3) RING TYPE JOINT WNRTJ
24 600 609.6 BLIND (3) WN T&G
REDUCING
VALVES
ISOLATION VALVES REGUKATION VALVE NON RETURMN VALVE SPECIAL PURPOSE VAL GASKET SPECIAL SPARTS
GATE VALVE GLOBEVALVE CHECK VALVE MULTI PORT VALVE METALIC STRAINER
BALL VALVE NEEDLE VALVE FLUSH BOTTOM VALVE SEMIMETALIC STEAM TRAP
PLUG VALVE FLOAT VALVE NON METALLIC FLAME ARRESTOR
PISTON VALVE PISTON VALVE FOOT VALVE RUPTURE DISK
DIAPHRAGM VALVE DIAPHRAGM VALVE LINE BLIND VALVE BELLOWS
BUTTERFLY VALVE BUTTERFLY VALVE KNIFE GATE VALVE SIGHT GLASS
PINCH VALVE PINCH VALVE HOSES
HOSE COUPLING
AMERICAN STANDARDS PIPING FITTINGS O' LETS FITTINGS
ELBOW SOCKOLET
API - THE AMERICAN PETROLIUM INSTITUTE REDUCERS WELDOLET
AISI - THE AMERICAN IRON ANDSTEEL INSTITUTE CAP THREADOLET
ANSI - THE AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE COUPLINGS LATEROLET
ASTM - THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIAL SWAGES NIPPOLET
AWS - THE AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY NIPPLES FLANGOLET
AWWA - THE AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION STUB ENDS SWEEPOLET
ASME - THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS UNIONS ELBOWLET
MSS -SP- THE MANUFACTURERS STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY TEES
OF VALVE AND FITTING INDUSTRY STANDARD PRACTICE SPACER AND BLANKS
FORGED ASME B 16.11 UPTO 1 ' Socket welded, threaded
WROUGHT ASME B 16.9 ABOVE 2 (INLUDE)
ASME B 16.25 In butt welded edge preparation
ELBOW
SHORT RADIUS ELBOWASME B 16.11 UPTO 1 ' Highly used in socketing
ASME B 16.28 (OLD CODE)
LONG RADIUS ELBOW ASME B 16.9 ABOVE 2 (INLUDE)
REDUCERS
CONCENTRIC ASME B 16.9 for small bore not available
ECCENTRIC ASME B 16.9 FSU For pump suction
FSD Pipe Rack
CAP ASME B 16.11 Only for small bore
COUPLING ASME B 16.11 Only for small bore
HALF COUPLING One side socket welded , one side threded
FULL COUPLING For connect two pipe, and every 6 meter should be place
SWAGES MSS-SP 95 PE x PE, PE x TE, It is used for dissimilar end connection with size reduction
TE x TE, BE x PE Both ends are female and dissimilar end
CONCENTRIC
ECCENTRIC
NIPPLES ASTM A 733 PE x PE, PE x TE, Mainly used in Instrumentation for connecting two females
FIITINGS
BE x TE, BE x BE
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TE x TE
STUBENDS MSS-SP-43 LONG PATTERN For hose connection
ASME B 16.9 SHORT PATTERN for default connection
UNION ASME B 16.11 THREADED Every 21 meter should be place
TEES ASME B 16.11 EQUAL TEE
ASME B 16.9 REDUCING TEE
LATERAL TEE 6 deg or 45 deg
SPACER AND BLANKS ASME B 16.48
COMMON :
DESIGN STANDARD - ASME B 16.34
TESTING STD - API 598
F TO F & E TO E - ASME B 16.10
GATE VALVE AVAILABLE UPTO 24
API 602 FORGED 1/2 TO 1 '
API 600 FLANGED 1/2 TO 1 '
BS1414 CASTING 2 TO 24
GLOBE VLAVE AVAILABLE UPTO 16
BS 5352 FORGED 1/2 TO 1 '
BS1873 CASTING USED 2 TO 16
CHECK VALVE AVAILABLE UPTO 24
FORGED LIFT TYPE
PLUG TYPE
BALL TYPE
BS 1868 SWING TYPE 2 TO 4
API 594 DUAL PLATE 6 TO 24
VAFER
LUG
DOUBLE FLANGED
BALL VALVE BS 5351 1/2 TO 1 1/2 AND 2 TO 10
BASED ON BODY SINGLE PIECE
TWO PIECE
THREE PIECE
BASED ON BORE FULL BORE
REDUCED BORE
REGULAR BORE
BASED ON MOUNTING FLOATING BALL
TRUNION MOUNTED BALL
BASED ON SEATING SOFT SEATED
METAL SEATED
BUTTERFLY VALVE ABOVE 6' 6 TO 16 AND 18 TO 24
API 609
BASED ON ECCENTRICITY CONCENTRIC Category A Always soft seated
DOUBLE CONCENTRIC Category B soft seated and metal seated
TRIPLE CONCENTRIC Category C metal seated
WATER
PLUG
DOUBLE FLANGED
PLUG VALVE API 599 LUBRICATED
NON LUBRICATED
O. LETS FITTINGS MSS-SP 97 SOCKOLET UPTO 1 1/2 Small bore only
WELDOLET 6 TO 8
THREADOLET Small bore only and temporary connection
LATEROLET Angle piece
NIPPOLET Instrumentation connection
FLANGOLET using for orifice flange
SWEEPOLET
ELBOLET
DIAPHRAGM VALVE BS 5156 STRAIGHT PATTERN
WIER TYPE PATTERN
NEEDLE VALVE BS 1873
PISTON VALVE FLUSH BOTTOM VALVE
VALVES
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RAM TYPE
PISTON TYPE
KLINGER TYPE PATTERN OR GLAND TYPE steam service
FOOT VALVE MSS-SP
STRAINER Y - TYPE
T TYPE
BUCKET TYPE
STREAM TRAP THERMODYNAMIC For piping loops
INVERTED BUCKET TYPTEMPORARY CONICAL STRINER For medium to high condensate load
PLATE STRAINER
BALL FLOAT TRAP UPTO 2 For high condensate load
THERMOSTATIC STEAMFILLED CAPSULE TYPE 2 TO 18 For steam tracing line
TRAP BIMETAALIC
FLAME ARRESTOR CEN 12874 END OF LINE Top of atmospheric storage tank
IN LINE Near to the source of ignition L / D of tank <= 20
DETONATION Away from source of ignition L/D of tank >20
RUPTURE DISK TENSION TYPE
REVERSE BUCKET TYPE
FLAT ON METALLIC disc for fluctuating loads
BELLOWS EJMA (EXPANSION JOINT MANUFACTUR ASSOCIATION)
SINGLE BELLOWS
DOUBLE BELLOWS
UNIVERSAL BELLOWS
UNIVERSAL TIED BELLOWS
HINGED BELLOWS
GIMBLE BELLOWS
PRESSURE BALANCE BELLOWS
SIGHT GLASS FLIP TYPE
FLOAT TYPE
HOSES METALLIC
RUBBER
HOSE COUPLING QUICK COUPLING (CHICAGO COPLING)
QUICK RELEASE COUPLING
THREADED COUPLING
FLANGED COUPLING
CANLOCK COUPLING
SAMPLE COOLERS
SPRINGS
SPRAY NOZZLE
SOLID CONE SCRUBBING
DE SUPER HEATING
MIXING
JET INLINE MIXING
CLEANING
CURTAIN
FOG
SAFETY SHOWER AND EYE WASHER
FLANGES ASME B 16.5 UPTO 24
ASME B 16.47 Earlier MSS-SP 94 26 TO 60
ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 ABOVE 60 This code is used for calculate bolt and gasket for flange
AWWA C 207 60 TO 144'
TAYLOR FORGE ABOVE 144'
SPECIAL PARTS
Tp provide the water curtain around the vessel against the fire hazard
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GASKET ASMEB 16.20 METALIC 900#, 1500 #, 2500# combination of metals, good, reliable, sealing
It is a sealing RTJ gasket is offenly used.
component in flange joint
ASME B 16.20 SEMI METALIC 300# , 600#
SPIRAL WOUND GASKET
CAM PROFILE GASKET
METAL REINFORCED GRAPHITE
ASME B 16.21 NON METALIC 150# Compatibility, sealability, used for low temp service
FULL FACE GASKET used for FF Flange
FLAT FACE GASKET used for RF Flange
MATERIAL OF GASKET
TEFLON (PTFE) UPTO 280 F UPTO 280 F PTFE POLY TETRO FLOURO ETHELYNE
CNAF - COMPRESSED NON-ASPECTS FIBRES UPTO 500 C
CNAF/TEFLON/GRAPHITE ABOVE 280 F
VITAN
NEOPRENE
SILICON
ARMID FIBRE 150# FLAT RING
ELASTOMER 300# , 600# SPIRAL WOUND
GLASS FIBRE 900#, 1500#, 2500# RTJ
GRAPHITE
BOLTS & NUTS ASME B 16.5 ( SHOWN IN FLANGE DETAILS)
BOLT ASME B 18.2.1
NUT ASME B 18.2.2
FLANGE SIZE NO OF BOLTS AND NUTS
1/2 - 3' 4
4 - 8 8
10 - 14 12
16 - 18 16
20 - 24 20
ASME SEC VIII is shown the above details
ASME B 18.2.1 Provide the other details about bolt
SUPPORTS
TYPES OF SUPPORTS
PRIMARY SUPPORTS : This is directly attached to the pipe
SECONDARY PIPE : This is directly attached to the structure or foundation to support the primary support
REST SUPPORT :
SHOE WELD SUPPORT : Used for insulated pipe.it will allow the pipe to move axial and transverse direction.
SHOE CLAMP SUPPORT : This is similar of SHOW WELD SUPPORT. But shoe is welded to clamp around pipe.
GUIDE SUPPORT : This will allow the pipe to move longitudinal direction only.
ANCHOR SUPPORT : Restrict the pipe movement in all direction.
SADDLE SUPPORT :Used for 10 and above pipe
TRUNNION SUPPOR :
SPRING SUPPORT : Using where thermal expansion or vibration occurred
HANGER SUPPORT :
U BOLTS : Used for non insulated pipe
INSULATION MATERIAL
1. ASBESTOS 2. CALCIUM SILICATE 3. CELLULAR CLASS 4. MINERAL FIBER
5.MINERAL WOOL 6. MAGNESIA 7. CELLULAR SILICA 8. POLYEUROTHENE FOAM
9. FOAM GLASS
S = P D / 2 T T = P D / 2 S TAKEN FROM HOOPS STRESS 1.366588257 d/6
3624.6 PD
21936 2 (SEW+PY)
10800 SE
168 PY
T = THICKNESS OF PIPE in inch 0.2152 Thickness with allowance
D = DIAMETER OF PIPE in inch 8.63
P = PRESSURE in psig 420
S = STRESS in psi 10800
E = JOINT EFFICIENCY Ex = 1 1
W = LOAD
Y = CO-EFFICIENT FACTOR FOR T< d/6 TAKE THE VALUE FROM TABLE 0.4
A= ALLOWANCE, ADDITIONAL THICKNESS FOR THREADING, CORROSION, OR ERROSION 0.05
MANUFACTURING TOLERANCE 0.24598312 Thickness with mill tolerance
D = inside dia of pipe 0.1652 THICKNESS without allowance
used for high tem, pressure
Used for RF, T&G, M&FM
T = PD + A
2 (SEW+PY)
VALUE OF Y CO-EFFICIENT TO BE USED
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MATERIAL / TEMP 900 F AND BELOW (482) 950 F (510) 1000 F (538) 1050 (566) 1150 F (593) 1150 AND ABOVE (621 C)
FERRITIC STEEL 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
AUSTENITIC STEEL 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7
CAST IRON 0.4
NON FERROUS METAL 0.4
PRESSURE DESIGN THICKNESS (T) CALCULATION OF BLANKS
T= d * SQRT (3P/16SE) + ALLOWANCE
T =
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