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Sample Setting Calculation for REF Protection (MCAG Relay)

Substation : 220 kV GSS HISSAR


Transformer Name : BHEL
Relay Name : MCAG, EE

Calculation:
Transformer Name: BHEL
MVA = 100
Voltage Ratio = 220/132
Rated Voltage in kV (HV Side) = 220
Rated Voltage in kV (LV Side) = 132
Vector Group = YNA0d1
% Impedance of the transformer=0.1132
Relay Operating Current = 0.2A
Magnetizing Current of the Ref (Ct) = 60mA
Knee Point Voltage of the Ref (Ct) = 1000 V
Relay Burden = 1VA
CT Ratio (HV Side) = 500/1
CT Ratio (Neutral Side) = 500/1
CT HV Side Vector Group = Star/Star
CT Ratio (LV Side) = 500/1
CT LV Side Vector Group = Star/Star
CT resistance (Rct) =5
Lead Resistance value=2.5
Rated Current (HV Side) = MVA / (3*kV)
=100*10^6/ (3*220*10^3)
=262.43 A
Maximum fault current contributed =Rated current /Percentage Impedance
=262.43/0.1132
=2318.286A
Maximum fault current contributed secondary=2318.286/500
= 4.636 A

I Operating Current =If *(Irelay Operating +n*Imag)
= 4.636 /1000 (0.2 /1000+4*60)
=1.112 mA
Operating Voltage Vs = If*(Rct+2*Rl)
=4.636*(5+2*2.5)
Vs =46.36V

R stable =Vs/I operating R burden/Ioparating
2

=(46.36/0.2)-(1/0.2
2
)
R stab =206.8

Stability Check : Stable If 2*Vs<Knee point Voltage
2*46.36<1000

Relay setting is stable.

Setting is in order.