Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 34

[1]

MATHEMATI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2010
ELEMENTARY PROBLEMS ON PERMUTATION & COMBINATION
NOTE: USE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE OF COUNTING & ENJOY DOING THE FOLLOWING.
Q.1
1/1
In how many ways can clean & clouded (overcast) days occur in a week assuming that an entire day is
either clean or clouded. [ Ans. 2
7
=128 ]
Q.2
2/1
Four visitors A, B, C & D arrive at a town which has 5 hotels. In how many ways can they disperse
themselves among 5 hotels, if 4 hotels are used to accommodate them. [ Ans. 5 . 4 . 3 . 2 =120]
Q.3
3/1
If the letters of the word VARUN are written in all possible ways and then are arranged as in a
dictionary, then the rank of the word VARUN is :
(A) 98 (B) 99 (C*) 100 (D) 101
Q.4
4/1
How many natural numbers are their from1 to 1000 which have none of their digits repeated.
[Hint: S D =9 ; DD =9 9 =81 ; TD =9 9 8 =648] [ Ans. 738]
Q.5 3 different railway passes are allotted to 5 students. The number of ways this can be done is :
(A*) 60 (B) 20 (C) 15 (D) 10
Q.6
6/1
There are 6 roads between A & B and 4 roads between B & C.
(i) In how many ways can one drive from A to C by way of B ?
(ii) In how many ways can one drive fromA to C and back to A, passing through B on both trips ?
(iii) In how many ways can one drive the circular trip described in (ii) without using the same road more
than once. [ Ans. (i) 24 ; (ii) 576 ; (iii) 360 ]
Q.7
7/1
(i) How many car number plates can be made if each plate contains 2 different letters of English
alphabet, followed by 3 different digits.
(ii) Solve the problem, if the first digit cannot be 0. (Do not simplify)
[ Ans. (i) 26 . 25 . 10 . 9 . 8 =468000 ; (ii) 26

.

25

.

9

.

9

.

8 =421200 ]
Q.8
8/1
(i) Find the number of four letter word that can be formed fromthe letters of the word HISTORY.
(each letter to be used at most once) [ Ans. 7 . 6 . 5 . 4 =42 x 20 =840 ]
(ii) How many of themcontain only consonants? [ Ans. 5 . 4 . 3 . 2 =120 ]
(iii) How many of them begin & end in a consonant? [ Ans. 5 . 4 . 4 . 4 =400 ]
(iv) How many of thembegin with a vowel? [ Ans. 240 ]
(v) How many contain the letters Y? [ Ans. 480 ]
(vi) How many begin with T & end in a vowel? [ Ans. 40 ]
(vii) How many begin with T & also contain S? [ Ans. 60 ]
(viii) How many contain both vowels? [ Ans. 240 ]
Q.9
9/1
If repetitions are not permitted
(i) How many 3 digit numbers can be formed from the six digits 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 & 9 ? [ Ans. 120 ]
(ii) How many of these are less than 400 ? [ Ans. 40 ]
(iii) How many are even ? [ Ans. 40 ]
(iv) How many are odd ? [ Ans. 80 ]
(v) How many are multiples of 5 ? [ Ans. 20 ]
Q.10 How many two digit numbers are there in which the tens digit and the units digit are different and odd?
[ Ans. 5 . 4 =20 ]
Q.11
11/1
Every telephone number consists of 7 digits. How many telephone numbers are there which do not
include any other digits but 2, 3

, 5

&

7 ? [ Ans. 4
7
]
CLASS : XIII (VXYZ) Special DPP on Permutation and Combination DPP. NO.-1
Dpp-1 to 7
[2]
Q.12
12/1
(a) In how many ways can four passengers be accommodate in three railway carriages, if each
carriage can accommodate any number of passengers.
(b) In how many ways four persons can be accommodated in 3 different chairs if each person can
occupy only one chair. [ Ans. (a) 3
4
; (b) 4.3.2 =24 ]
Q.13 How many odd numbers of five distinct digits can be formed with the digits 0,1,2,3,4 ?
[ Hint: 3 3 2 1 2 =36 Ans ]
Q.14
14/1
Number of natural numbers between 100 and 1000 such that at least one of their digits is 7, is
(A) 225 (B) 243 (C*) 252 (D) none
[Hint: 9 10 10 =900 [ 13
th
Test (5-12-2004)]
Total no. of numbers without 7 =81 8 =648
required number =900 648 =252 ]
Q.15
15/1
How many four digit numbers are there which are divisible by 2. [Ans. =4500]
Q.16 The 120 permutations of MAHES are arranged in dictionary order, as if each were an ordinary five-letter
word. The last letter of the 86
th
word in the list is
(A) A (B) H (C) S (D*) E [12
th
(14-5-2006)]
[Sol. The first 24 =4! words begins with A, the next 24 begin with E and the next 24 begin with H. So the86
th
begins with M and it is the 86 72 =14
th
such word. The first 6 words that begin with M begin with MA
and the next 6 begin with ME. So the desired word begins with MH and it is the second such word. The
first word that begins with MH is MHAES, the second is MHASE. Thus E is the letter we seek. ]
Q.17
17/1
Find the number of 7 lettered palindromes which can be formed using the letters from the English
alphabets. [Ans. 26
4
]
[Hint: A palindrome is a word or a phase that is the same whether you read is forward or backword.
e.g. REFER]
Q.18
18/1
Number of ways in which 7 different colours in a rainbow can be arranged if green is always in the
middle. [ Ans 720 ]
Q.19
19/1
Two cards are drawn one at a time & without replacement from a pack of 52 cards. Determine the
number of ways in which the two cards can be drawn in a definite order. [Ans. 52 51=2652]
Q.20 Find the number of ways in which the letters of the word "MIRACLE" can be arranged if vowels always
occupy the odd places.
Hint: [ Ans: 4324321=2424=576 ]
Q.21
21/1
Numbers of words which can be formed using all the letters of the word "AKSHI", if each word begins
with vowel or terminates in vowel. [ Ans: 224+224-26 =84 ]
Q.22
22/1
A letter lock consists of three rings each marked with 10 different letters. Find the number of ways in
which it is possible to make an unsuccessful attempts to open the lock. [Ans: 10
3
- 1 =999]
Q.23
23/1
How many 10 digit numbers can be made with odd digits so that no two consecutive digits are same.
[Ans: 54
9
]
Q.24 In how many ways can the letters of the word "CINEMA" be arranged so that the order of vowels do
not change. [Ans:
6
3
!
!
=120]
Q.25
25/1
How many natural numbers are there with the property that they can be expressed as the sumof the
cubes of two natural numbers in two different ways . [Ans. Infinitely many]
[3]
MATHEMATI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2010
Q.1
1/2
How many of the 900 three digit numbers have at least one even digit?
(A*) 775 (B) 875 (C) 450 (D) 750
[Sol. There are 900 three digit numbers and there are five odd digits. Thus, there are 5
3
=125 three digit
numbers comprised of only odd digits. The other 900 125 =775 three digit numbers must contain at
least one even digit. ] [12 & 13 05-3-2006]
Q.2
2/2
The number of natual numbers from1000 to 9999 (both inclusive) that do not have all 4 different digits
is
(A) 4048 (B*) 4464 (C) 4518 (D) 4536
OR
What can you say about the number of even numbers under the same constraints?
[Hint: Total All four different = 7 8 9 9 10 9
3

OR
Ans. 2204 ; all 4 digit even number number of 4 digit even numbers with different digit ]
Q.3
3/2
The number of different seven digit numbers that can be written using only three digits
1, 2 & 3 under the condition that the digit 2 occurs exactly twice in each number is
(A*) 672 (B) 640 (C) 512 (D) none
[Hint: Two blocks for filling 2 can be selected in
7
C
2
ways and the digit 2
5
2
7
2 C
can be filled only in one way other 5 blocks can be filled in 2
5
ways.]
Q.4
4/2
Out of seven consonants and four vowels, the number of words of six letters, formed by taking four
consonants and two vowels is (Assume that each ordered group of letter is a word):
(A) 210 (B) 462 (C*) 151200 (D) 332640
[Hint :
7
C
4

4
C
2
. 6

! =151200 ]
Q.5
5/2
All possible three digits even numbers which can be formed with the condition that if 5 is one of the digit,
then 7 is the next digit is :
(A) 5 (B) 325 (C) 345 (D*) 365
[Hint : 5 +8.9.5 =365; 1
st
place is five +where 1
st
place is not five 7 5
|
5
+
5
|
9
|
8
|
]
Q.6
6/2
For some natural

N

, the number of positive integral '

x

' satisfying the equation ,
1 ! +2 ! +3 ! +...... +(x !) =(N)
2
is :
(A) none (B) one (C*) two (D) infinite
[Hint: x =1 & x =3 ]
Q.7
7/2
The number of six digit numbers that can be formed fromthe digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7 so that digits do
not repeat and the terminal digits are even is :
(A) 144 (B) 72 (C) 288 (D*) 720
[Hint: 1 . . 3 . . 5 . . 7
3
C
2
2!
5
C
4
4! = 6 120 =720 ]
CLASS : XIII (VXYZ) Special DPP on Permutation and Combination DPP. NO.-2
[4]
Q.8 In a certain strange language, words are written with letters from the following six-letter alphabet :
A, G, K, N, R, U. Each word consists of six letters and none of the letters repeat. Each combinationof
these six letters is a word in this language. The word "KANGUR" remains in the dictionary at,
(A*) 248
th
(B) 247
th
(C) 246
th
(D) 253
rd
[Sol. beginning with A or G =240 [18-12-2005, 13th]
beginning with 6
247
th
K A N G R U
248
th
K A N G U R ]
Q.9 Consider the five points comprising of the vertices of a square and the intersection point of its diagonals.
How many triangles can be formed using these points?
(A) 4 (B) 6 (C*) 8 (D) 10
[Hint: To form a triangle, 3 points out of 5 can be chosen in
5
C
3
=10 ways. But of these, the three points lying
on the 2 diagonals will be collinear. So 10 2 =8 triangles can be formed]
Q.10
10/2
A 5 digit number divisible by 3 is to be formed using the numerals 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5 without repetition.
The total number of ways this can be done is :
(A) 3125 (B) 600 (C) 240 (D*) 216
[Hint: reject 0 +reject 3 5! +4 4! =120 +96 =216 ]
Q.11
11/2
Number of 9 digits numbers divisible by nine using the digits from 0 to 9 if each digit is used atmost
once is K 8!

, then K has the value equal to ______. [Ans. K =17]
[Hint: Case-I : reject '0' ; Case-II : reject 9
Case-I: 9!; Case-II: 0, 1, 2, ......, 8; 9! 8! =8 8!; I +II =(17)8!]
Q.12
12/2
Number of natural numbers less than 1000 and divisible by 5 can be formed with the ten digits, each
digit not occuring more than once in each number is ______ .
[Hint : single digit =1 ;
two digit: 5 =8 + 0 =9 Total =17
three digit: 5 =8 8 =64; 0 =9 8 =72 Total =136
hence Single digit +two digit +three digit =154 Ans.]
Q.13
11/3
Number of 3 digit numbers in which the digit at hundreath's place is greater than the other two digit is
(A*) 285 (B) 281 (C) 240 (D) 204
[Sol. When all 3 are distinct
z y x
3 2 1
rd nd st
10
C
3
2 (largest being at the 1
st
place and the
=240 remaining two can be arranged in two ways) [11th, 16-11-2008]
when y =z
10
C
2
1 (largest on the 1
st
place and remaining two being
=45 equal on the 2
nd
and 3
rd
place) e.g. (211, 100)]
Total =285 Ans. ]
Q.14
12/3
Number of permutations of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 taken all at a time, such that the digit
1 appearing somewhere to the left of 2
3 appearing to the left of 4 and
5 somewhere to the left of 6, is
(e.g. 815723946 would be one such permutation)
(A*) 9 7! (B) 8! (C) 5! 4! (D) 8! 4!
[5]
Sol. Number of digits are 9 [12th, 28-09-2008] [Dpp-3]
select 2 places for the digit 1 and 2 in
9
C
2
ways
fromthe remaining 7 places select any two places for 3 and 4 in
7
C
2
ways
and from the remaining 5 places select any two for 5 and 6 in
5
C
2
ways
now, the remaining 3 digits can be filled in 3! ways
Total ways =
9
C
2

7
C
2

5
C
2
3!
=
! 7 ! 2
! 9

! 5 ! 2
! 7

! 3 ! 2
! 5
3! =
8
! 9
=
8
! 7 8 9
=9 7! Ans. ]
Q.15 Number of odd integers between 1000 and 8000 which have none of their digits repeated, is
(A) 1014 (B) 810 (C) 690 (D*) 1736
[Sol. Let the last place is 9
1/3/5/7/9
then we have 7 8 7 =392 (1
st
place only 1 to 7 can come)
If the last place has 1 | 3 | 5 | 7 then
we have (6) (8) (7) (4) =1344[0, 9 or 8 can not come at units place]
Total =392 +1344 =1736] [11th, 25-01-2009, P-1]
Q.16
4/3
Find the number of ways in which letters of the word VALEDICTORY be arranged so that the vowels
may never be separated.
[ Hint: VLDCTRY Y or 8! 4! =40320 24 =967680 Ans ]
[Valediction means farewell after graduation froma college. Valedictory : to take farewell]
Q.17
7/3
The number of ways in which 5 different books can be distributed among 10 people if each person can
get at most one book is :
(A) 252 (B) 10
5
(C) 5
10
(D*)
10
C
5
.5!
[Hint: Select 5 boys in
10
C
5
and distribute 5 books in 5! ways hence
10
C
5
. 5!]
Q.18
8/2
A new flag is to be designed with six vertical strips using some or all of the colours yellow, green, blue and
red. Then, the number of ways this can be done such that no two adjacent strips have the same colour is
(A*) 12 81 (B) 16 192 (C) 20 125 (D) 24 216
[Hint: 1
st
place can be filled in 4 ways
2
nd
place can be filled in 3 ways
3
rd
place can be filled in 3 ways and |||ly 4
th
, 5
th
and 6
th
each can be filled in 3 ways.
hence total ways =4 3
5
=12 81 ]
Q.19
4/4
5 Indian & 5 American couples meet at a party & shake hands . If no wife shakes hands with her own
husband & no Indian wife shakes hands with a male, then the number of hand shakes that takes place in
the party is :
(A) 95 (B) 110 (C*) 135 (D) 150
[Hint:
20
C
2
(50 +5) =135 ]
Q.20
192/1(10/3)
There are 720 permutations of the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Suppose these permutations are arranged
fromsmallest to largest numerical values, beginning from1 2 3 4 5 6 and ending with 6 5 4 3 2 1.
(a) What number falls on the 124
th
position?
(b) What is the position of the number 321546? [Ans. (a) 213564, (b) 267
th
]
[Sol. (a) digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
starting with 1, number of numbers =120
starting with 2, 1, 3, 4 number of numbers =2
123
rd
finally 124
th
is =213564
(b) N =321546
number of numbers beginning with 1 =120
number of numbers beginning with 2 =120
starting with 31 .............................. =24
starting with 3214 .......................... =2
finally =1
hence N has 267
th
position ]
[7]
MATHEMATI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2010
Q.1
5/3
How many numbers between 400 and 1000 (both exclusive) can be made with the digits 2,3,4,5,6,0 if
(a) repetition of digits not allowed.
(b) repetition of digits is allowed.
[ Hint: (a) 354 =60 ; (b) 366 =108 1 =107 ]
Q.2
9/3
The 9 horizontal and 9 vertical lines on an 8 8 chessboard form'r' rectangles and 's' squares. The ratio
r
s
in its lowest terms is
(A)
6
1
(B*)
108
17
(C)
27
4
(D) none
[Sol. no. of squares are [12 & 13
th
test (29-10-2005)]
S =1
2
+2
2
+3
2
+........ +8
2
=
6
) 17 )( 9 ( 8
=204
no. of rectangles r =
9
C
2

9
C
2
=1296
hence
r
s
=
1296
204
=
324
51
=
108
17
]
Q.3
11/3
A student has to answer 10 out of 13 questions in an examination . The number of ways in which he can
answer if he must answer atleast 3 of the first five questions is :
(A*) 276 (B) 267 (C) 80 (D) 1200
[Hint :
13
C
10




number of ways in which he can reject 3 questions fromthe first five
or
13
C
10



5
C
3
=

286 10 =276 or
5
C
3
.
8
C
7


+
5
C
4
.
8
C
6
+
5
C
5
.
8
C
5
= 276

]
[ Note that
5
C
3
.
10
C
7
is wrong ( cases repeat]
Q.4
12/3
The

number of three digit numbers having only two consecutive digits identical is

:
(A) 153 (B*) 162 (C) 180 (D) 161
[Hint : when two consecutive digits are 11, 22, etc = 9 . 9 =81
when two consecutive digits are 0 0 =9
when two consecutive digits are 11, 22, 33, ... = 9 . 8 =72 Total ]
Q.5
1/4
A telegraph has x arms & each arm is capable of (x

1) distinct positions, including the position of rest.
The total number of signals that can be made is ______ . [ Ans. (x



1)
x
1 ]
Q.6
2/4
The interior angles of a regular polygon measure 150 each . The number of diagonals of the polygon is
(A) 35 (B) 44 (C*) 54 (D) 78
[Hint : exterior angle =30
Hence number of sides =
30
360
=12
number of diagonals

=

2
) 3 12 ( 12
=54 ]
[Note that sumof all exterior angles of a polygon =2t and sumof all the interior angles of a polygon =(2n-4)
t
2
]
CLASS : XIII (VXYZ) Special DPP on Permutation and Combination DPP. NO.-3
[8]
Q.7
3/4
Number of different natural numbers which are smaller than two hundred million & using only the digits
1 or 2 is :
(A*) (3)

.

2
8
2 (B) (3)

.

2
8
1 (C) 2 (2
9
1) (D) none
[Hint: Two hundred million =2 x 10
8
; (2
1
+2
2
+2
3
+2
4
+2
5
+2
6
+2
7
+2
8
) +2
8
=766 ]
Q.8
5/4
The number of n digit numbers which consists of the digits 1 & 2 only if each digit is to be used atleast
once, is equal to 510 then n is equal to:
(A) 7 (B) 8 (C*) 9 (D) 10
[Hint: (2 x 2 x .............2) n times-(when 1 or 2 is there at all the n places] [ Ans. 2
n
2 ]
Q.9
6/4
Number of six digit numbers which have 3 digits even & 3 digits odd, if each digit is to be used atmost
once is ______ . [ Ans. 64800 ]
[ when 0 is included (
4
C
2
.
5
C
3
. 5 . 5

!) and when 0 is excluded (
4
C
3
.
5
C
3
. 6

!) ]
[Hint: alternatively,
5
C
3

5
C
3
6! since all digits 0, 1, 2, .........8, 9 are equally likely at all places
required number =
5
3
5
3
6
10
C C !
9 digits
or required number of ways =
5
C
3
.
5
C
3
. 6 !
4
C
2
.
5
C
3
. (6! 5!) ]
Q.10
16/9
Find the number of 10 digit numbers using the digits 0, 1, 2, ....... 9 without repetition. How many of
these are divisible by 4.
[Sol. Digit 0, 1, 2,........8, 9
For a number to be divisible by 4 the number formed by last two digits must be divisible by 4 and can be
04, 08, 12, ........, 96 ; Total of such numbers =24
Out of these 44 and 88 are to be rejected. (as repetition is not allowed)
Hence accepted number of cases =22
Out of these number of cases with '0' always included are 04, 08, 20, 40, 60, 80 (six)
no. of such numbers with these as last two digits =6 8! ...(1)
e.g. [ 04 ]
no. of other numbers =16 7 7! =14 8! ....(2)
e.g. [ 16 ]
Total number =6 8! +14 8! =(20) 8! Ans. ]
Q.11
14/8
There are counters available in x different colours. The counters are all alike except for the colour. The
total number of arrangements consisting of y counters, assuming sufficient number of counters of each
colour, if no arrangement consists of all counters of the same colour is :
(A*) x
y
x (B) x
y
y (C) y
x
x (D) y
x
y
Q.12
8/4
18 points are indicated on the perimeter of a triangle ABC (see figure).
How many triangles are there with vertices at these points?
(A) 331 (B) 408
(C) 710 (D*) 711
[Hint:
18
C
3
3
7
C
3
=816 105 =711 ] [08-01-2005, 12
th
]
Q.13
9/4
An English school and a Vernacular school are both under one superintendent. Suppose that the
superintendentship, the four teachership of English and Vernacular school each, are vacant, if therebe
altogether 11 candidates for the appointments, 3 of whom apply exclusively for the superintendentship
and 2 exclusively for the appointment in the English school, the number of ways in which the different
appointments can be disposed of is :
(A) 4320 (B) 268 (C) 1080 (D*) 25920
[9]
[Hint :
3
C
1
.
4
C
2
. 2

! . 6

! ]
Q.14
10/4
A committee of 5 is to be chosen froma group of 9 people. Number of ways in which it can be formed
if two particular persons either serve together or not at all and two other particular persons refuse to
serve with each other, is
(A*) 41 (B) 36 (C) 47 (D) 76
[Sol. 9
other 5
separated D / C
AB
AB included
7
C
3

5
C
1
=30 (
7
C
3
denotes any 3 from(CD and 5 others no. of ways when CD)
AB excluded
7
C
5

5
C
3
=11 is taken and one 3 from remaining five)

41 ] [18-12-2005, 12
th
+ 13
th
]
Q.15
11/4
A question paper on mathematics consists of twelve questions divided into three parts A, B and C,
each containing four questions. In how many ways can an examinee answer five questions, selecting
atleast one from each part.
(A*) 624 (B) 208 (C) 1248 (D) 2304
[Hint: 3 (
4
C
2
.
4
C
2
.
4
C
1
) +3 (
4
C
1
.
4
C
1
.
4
C
3
) = 432 +194 =624 ]
Alternative : Total [no of ways in which he does not select any question from any one section]
12
C
5
3
8
C
5
; Note that
4
C
1
.
4
C
1
.
4
C
1
.
9
C
2
is wrong think !]
Q.16
12/4
If m denotes the number of 5 digit numbers if each successive digits are in their descending order of
magnitude and n is the corresponding figure, when the digits are in their ascending order of magnitude
then (m n) has the value
(A)
10
C
4
(B*)
9
C
5
(C)
10
C
3
(D)
9
C
3
[Hint: m n =
10
C
5

9
C
5
=252 125 =126 =
9
C
5
or
9
C
4
Alternatively:
9
C
5
+
9
C
4

9
C
5
=
9
C
4
=
9
C
5
]
Q.17
1/5
There are m points on a straight line AB & n points on the line AC none of them being the point A.
Triangles are formed with these points as vertices, when
(i) A is excluded (ii) A is included. The ratio of number of triangles in the two cases is:
(A*)
m n
m n
+
+
2
(B)
m n
m n
+
+
2
1
(C)
2 n m
2 n m
+ +
+
(D)
m n
m n
( )
( ) ( )

+ +
1
1 1
[Hint:
m C n C
m C n C mn
n m
n m
. .
. .
2 2
2 2
+
+ +
]
Q.18
3/5
In a certain algebraical exercise book there are 4 examples on arithmetical progressions, 5 examples on
permutation-combination and 6 examples on binomial theorem. Number of ways a teacher can select
for his pupils atleast one but not more than 2 examples from each of these sets, is ______.
[ Hint: (
4
C
1
+
4
C
2
) (
5
C
1
+
5
C
2
) (
6
C
1
+
6
C
2
) ] [ Ans. 3150 ]
[Alternatively : add one dummy exercies in each and compute
5
C
2

6
C
2

7
C
2
]
Q.19
1/9
n
r
n
r
n
r
r
n
C
C C +
+
=

1
0
1
is equal to :
(A)
n n
n
( )
( )

+
1
2 1
(B)
n+1
2
(C)
n n ( ) +1
2
(D*)
n
2
Q.20
8/5
The number of 5 digit numbers such that the sumof their digits is even is :
(A) 50000 (B*) 45000 (C) 60000 (D) none
[Hint:
2
10 9
4

]
[11]
MATHEMATI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2010
Q.1 Number of ways in which 8 people can be arranged in a line if A and B must be next each other and C
must be somewhere behind D, is equal to
(A) 10080 (B*) 5040 (C) 5050 (D) 10100
[Sol.
D C
AB [12
th
11-05-2008]
AB
and 6 other is 7! but A and B can be arranged in 2! ways
Total ways =7! 2!
when C is behind D
required number of ways =
! 2
! 2 ! 7
=5040 ways Ans.]
Q.2
2/5
Number of ways in which 7 green bottles and 8 blue bottles can be arranged in a row if exactly 1 pair of
green bottles is side by side, is (Assume all bottles to be alike except for the colour).
(A) 84 (B) 360 (C*) 504 (D) none
[Sol. G G G G G G G / B B B B B B B B [12
th
& 13
th
03-12-2006]
one gap out of nine can be taken in
9
C
1
ways
now green remaining 5
gaps remaining 8
5 gaps for remaining 5 green can be selected in
8
C
5
Hence Total ways
9
C
1

8
C
5
=9
3 2 1
6 7 8
=72 7 =504 Ans.
Alternatively:
9
C
6
6 =504 Ans. (think ! how)
(6 bottle in 6 gaps and the remaining in any one of these 6 gaps)]
Q.3
4/5
The kindergarten teacher has 25 kids in her class . She takes 5 of themat a time, to zoological garden as
often as she can, without taking the same 5 kids more than once. Then the number of visits, the teacher
makes to the garden exceeds that of a kid by :
(A)
25
C
5

24
C
5
(B*)
24
C
5
(C)
24
C
4
(D) none
[Hint: Number of trips which exceeds when one kid is never included
25
C
5

24
C
4
=
24
C
5
]
Q.4
6/5
Seven different coins are to be divided amongst three persons . If no two of the persons receive the
same number of coins but each receives atleast one coin & none is left over, then the number of waysin
which the division may be made is
(A) 420 (B*) 630 (C) 710 (D) none
[Hint: 1, 2, 4 groups] [Ans.
7
1 2 4
!
! ! !
3 ! ]
Q.5
7/5
Let there be 9 fixed points on the circumference of a circle. Each of these points is joined to every one
of the remaining 8 points by a straight line and the points are so positioned on the circumference that
atmost 2 straight lines meet in any interior point of the circle. The number of such interior intersection
points is :
(A*) 126 (B) 351 (C) 756 (D) none of these
[Hint : Any interior intersection point corresponds to 4 of the fixed points , namely the 4 end points of the
intersecting segments. Conversely, any 4 labled points determine a quadrilateral, the diagonals of which
intersect once within the circle . Thus the answer is A ]
CLASS : XIII (VXYZ) Special DPP on Permutation and Combination DPP. NO.-4
[12]
Q.6
10/5
The number of ways in which 8

distinguishable apples can be distributed among 3 boys such that every
boy should get atleast 1 apple & atmost 4 apples is K
7
P
3
where K has the value equal to
(A) 14 (B) 66 (C) 44 (D*) 22
Q.7
11/5
A women has 11 close friends. Find the number of ways in which she can invite 5 of themto dinner, if two
particular of themare not on speaking terms & will not attend together. [Ans. 378]
[Hint:
11
C
5

9
C
3
=
9
C
5
+2
9
C
4
=3
9
C
4
=378 ]

5 to be
selected


9
C
3
+
9
C
4
+
9
C
4
or
11
C
5

9
C
3
]
Q.8
12/5
A rack has 5 different pairs of shoes. The number of ways in which 4 shoes can be chosen from it , so
that there will be no complete pair is :
(A) 1920 (B) 200 (C) 110 (D*) 80
[Hint:
5
C
4
. 2
4
or
10 8 6 4
4
. . .
!
=80 ]
Q.9
3/6
There are 10 seats in a double decker bus, 6 in the lower deck and 4 on the upper deck. Ten passengers
board the bus, of them3 refuse to go to the upper deck and 2 insist on going up. The number of ways
in which the passengers can be accommodated is _____. (Assume all seats to be duly numbered)
[ Ans.
4
C
2
. 2!
6
C
3
. 3! 5! or 172800]
Q.10
4/6
Find the number of permutations of the word "AUROBIND" in which vowels appear in an alphabetical
order. [Ans.
8
C
4
4 !]
[Hint : A, I, O, U treat themalike. Now find the arrangement of 8 letters in which 4 alike and 4 different =
8
4
!
!
]
Q.11
5/6
The greatest possible number of points of intersection of 9 different straight lines & 9 different circles in
a plane is
(A) 117 (B) 153 (C*) 270 (D) none
[Hint:
9
C
2
. 1 +
9
C
1
.
9
C
1
. 2 +
9
C
2
. 2 =270 ]
Q.12
6/6
An old man while dialing a 7 digit telephone number remembers that the first four digits consists of one
1's, one 2's and two 3's. He also remembers that the fifth digit is either a 4 or 5 while has no memorising
of the sixth digit, he remembers that the seventh digit is 9 minus the sixth digit. Maximum number of
distinct trials he has to try to make sure that he dials the correct telephone number, is
(A) 360 (B*) 240 (C) 216 (D) none
[Hint:
|
.
|

\
|
! 2
! 4
|
.
|

\
|
place fifth for
ways 2
|
.
|

\
|
place 6
ways 10
th |
.
|

\
|
place 7
way 1
th

th
7
3 3 2 1


x
7
=9 x
6
x
6
can take 0 to 9
=240 ] [12 & 13
th
test (09-10-2005)]
Q.13
7/6
If as many more words as possible be formed out of the letters of the word "DOGMATIC" then the
number of words in which the relative order of vowels and consonants remain unchanged is ______.
[Hint: I A 0 3! 5! 1 =719 ]
Q.14
8/6
Number of ways in which 7 people can occupy six seats, 3 seats on each side in a first class railway
compartment if two specified persons are to be always included and occupy adjacent seats on the same
side, is 5! (k) then k has the value equal to :
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C*) 8 (D) none
[Hint: including the two specified people, 4 others can be selected in
5
C
4
ways . The two adjacent seats can be
taken in 4 ways and the two specified people can be arranged in 2! ways, remaining 4 people can be
arranged in 4! ways .
5C
4
. 4 . 2

! 4

! =5

! 8 =8 . 5

! C ]
[13]
Q.15
9/6
Number of ways in which 9 different toys be distributed among 4 children belonging to different age
groups in such a way that distribution among the 3 elder children is even and the youngest one is to
receive one toy more, is :
(A)
( ) 5
8
2
!
(B)
9
2
!
(C*)
( )
9
3 2
3
!
! !
(D) none
[Hint : distribution 2, 2, 2 and 3 to the youngest . Now 3 toys for the youngest can be selected in
9
C
3
ways,
remaining 6 toys can be divided into three equal groups in
( )
6
2 3
3
!
! . !
way and can be distributed in 3! ways
9
C
3
.
( )
6
2
3
!
!
=
( )
9
3 2
3
!
! !
]
Q.16
10/6
In an election three districts are to be canvassed by 2, 3 & 5 men respectively . If 10 men volunteer, the
number of ways they can be alloted to the different districts is :
(A*)
10
2 3 5
!
! ! !
(B)
10
2 5
!
! !
(C)
10
2 5
2
!
( !) !
(D)
10
2 3 5
2
!
( !) ! !
[Hint : number of groups of 2, 3, 5

=

10
2 3 5
!
! ! !
& can be deputed only in one way ]
Q.17
11/6
Let

P
n


denotes the number of ways in which three people can be selected out of 'n' people sitting in
a row

, if no two of themare consecutive.
If

, P
n +1




P
n


=

15 then the value of 'n' is :
(A) 7 (B*) 8 (C) 9 (D) 10
[Hint : P
n
=
n 2
C
3
; P
n +1


=
n 1
C
3
; Hence
n 1
C
3


-


n 2
C
3


=

15
n 2
C
3


+

n 2
C
2




n 2
C
3
=

15 or
n 2
C
2


=

15 n =8 C ]
Q.18 The number of positive integers not greater than 100, which are not divisible by 2, 3 or 5 is
(A*) 26 (B) 18 (C) 31 (D) none
[Hint: Draw a Venn diagramwith circles named
A : the number of integers from 1 to 100 divisible by 2 =50
B : the number of integers from0 to 100 divisible by 3 =33
C : the number of integers from 0 to 100 divisible by 5 =20
where the overlap portions are the numbers divisible by both
A & B , B & C, etc. (i.e. by 6, 10, 15 & 30).
The total number of integers not divisible is then 26. ]
Use : n (A B C) =n (A) +n (B) +n(C) n(A B) n (B C) n (C A) +n (A B C) ]
Q.19
203/1(2/6)
In how many different ways a grandfather along with two of his grandsons and four grand daughters
can be seated in a line for a photograph so that he is always in the middle and the two grandsons are
never adjacent to each other. [Ans. 528]
[Sol. Total number of ways they can sit =6!
no. of ways when the two grandsons are always adjacent =4 2! 4! =192
where 4 denotes the no. of adjacent positions
(2!) no. of ways in which two sons can be seated
and 4! no. of ways in which the daughter can be seated in the remaining places.
required no. of ways =720 192 =528 Ans ]
Q.20
9/5
A forecast is to be made of the results of five cricket matches, each of which can be win, a draw or a loss
for Indian team. Find
(i) the number of different possible forecasts
(ii) the number of forecasts containing 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 errors respectively
[ Ans: 3
5
=243 ; 1, 10, 40, 80, 80, 32 ]
[Hint: N(0) =1 ; N(1) =2.
5
C
4
; N(2) 2
2
.
5
C
3
; N(3) 2
3
.
5
C
2
; N(4) =2
4
.
5
C
1
; N(5) =2
5
]
[15]
MATHEMATI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2010
Q.1
4/9
There are six periods in each working day of a school. Number of ways in which 5 subjects can be
arranged if each subject is allotted at least one period and no period remains vacant is
(A) 210 (B*) 1800 (C) 360 (D) 3600
[Hint:
6
C
2

5
C
1
4! =1800 S
1
S
2
S
3
S
4
S
5

note that at least one of the subject has to be repeated [13
th
Test (5-12-2004)]
two periods in which one subject is to be repeated
5
C
1
4! one subject ]
Q.2
1/7
There are 10 red balls of different shades & 9 green balls of identical shades. Then the number of
arranging themin a row so that no two green balls are together is
(A) (10 !) .
11
P
9
(B*) (10 !) .
11
C
9
(C) 10 ! (D) 10 !

9 !
Q.3
2/7
Number of ways in which n

distinct objects can be kept into two identical boxes so that no box remains
empty, is
[Hint: Consider the boxes to be different for a moment. T
1
can be kept in either of the boxes in 2 ways,
silmilarly for all other things Total ways =2
n
but this includes when all the things are in B
1
or B
2
number of ways =2
n
2
Since the boxes are identical
2 2
2
n

= 2
n 1
1 ]
Q.4
3/7
A shelf contains 20 different books of which 4 are in single volume and the others form sets of 8, 5 and
3 volumes respectively. Number of ways in which the books may be arranged on the shelf, if the
volumes of each set are together and in their due order is
(A)
! 3 ! 5 ! 8
! 20
(B) 7! (C*) 8! (D) 7 . 8!
[Hint : Volume of each set may be in due order in two ways, either fromleft to right or fromright to left. Now
we have
D
1
D
2
D
3
D
4
, =7! 2! . 2! . 2! =8! ]
Q.5
9/7
In a certain college at the B.Sc. examination, 3 candidates obtained first class honours in each of the
following subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Maths, no candidates obtaining honours in more than one subject;
Number of ways in which 9 scholarships of different value be awarded to the 9 candidates if due regard is
to be paid only to the places obtained by candidates in any one subject is _____. [ Ans: 1680 ]
[ Hint : 3 candidates in P; 3 in C and 3 in M. Now 9 scholarships can be divided into three groups in
! 3 . ) ! 3 (
! 9
3
ways and distributed to P, C, M in
3
) ! 3 (
! 9
ways ]
Q.6
5/7
Number of rectangles in the grid shown which are not squares is
(A*) 160 (B) 162 (C) 170 (D) 185
[Sol. Total =
7
C
2

5
C
2
=210 number of squares [13th, 19-10-2008]
number of squares =

units 4 units 3 units 2 units 1
3 8 15 24 + + + =50
required number =210 50 =160 Ans. ]
CLASS : XIII (VXYZ) Special DPP on Permutation and Combination DPP. NO.-5
[16]
Q.7
6/7
All the five digits number in which each successive digit exceeds its predecessor are arranged in the
increasing order of their magnitude. The 97
th
number in the list does not contain the digit
(A) 4 (B*) 5 (C) 7 (D) 8
[Sol. All the possible number are
9
C
5
(none containing the digit 0) =126 [12
th
test (29-10-2005)]
Total numbers starting with 1 =
8
C
4
=70
(using 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
Total starting with 23 =
6
C
3
=20
(4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9)
Total starting with 245 =
4
C
2
=6
(6, 7, 8, 9)
97
th
number = ]
Q.8
7/7
The number of combination of 16 things, 8 of which are alike and the rest different, taken 8 at a time is
______. [Ans. 256]
[Hint : A A A A A A A A D
1
D
2
......... D
8

8
C
0
+
8
C
1
+
8
C
2
+...... +
8
C
8
=256 ]
Q.9
8/7
The number of different ways in which five 'dashes' and eight 'dots' can be arranged, using only seven of
these 13 'dashes' & 'dots' is :
(A) 1287 (B) 119 (C*) 120 (D) 1235520
[Hint:
7
C
0
+
7
C
1
+
7
C
2
+
7
C
3
+
7
C
4
+
7
C
5
]
Q.10
10/7
There are n identical red balls & midentical green balls . The number of different linear arrangements
consisting of "n red balls but not necessarily all the green balls" is
x
C
y
then
(A) x =m +n , y =m (B*) x =m +n +1 , y =m
(C) x =m +n +1 , y =m +1 (D) x =m +n , y =n
[Hint: Put one more red ball & find the arrangement of n +1 red and m green balls =
m+n +1
C
m
]
Q.11
6/8
A gentleman invites a party of

m +n (m = n) friends to a dinner & places m at one table T
1
and n at
another table T
2
, the table being round . If not all people shall have the same neighbour in any two
arrangement, then the number of ways in which he can arrange the guests, is
(A*)
( ) ! m n
mn
+
4
(B)
1
2

( ) ! m n
mn
+
(C) 2
( ) ! m n
mn
+
(D) none
[Hint:

+
2
)! 1 n (
.
2
)! 1 m (
! n ! m
)! n m (
(A) ]
Q.12
11/7
Consider a determinant of order 3 all whose entries are either 0 or 1. Five of these entries are 1 and
four of them are '0'. Also a
ij
=a
ji
1 s i, j s 3. Find the number of such determinants.
[Ans. 12]
[Sol. We have a
ij
=a
ji
a
12
=a
21
=a (say) [11th, 28-11-2009, P-2] [Dpp, p&c]
a
31
=a
13
=b and a
23
=a
32

c b
c a
b a
1, 1, 1, 1, 1 and 0, 0, 0, 0
Case-I :
If diagonal elements are (1, 1, 1 )
Conjugate element are, (0, 0), (0, 0), (1, 1) as shown.
1 1 0
1 1 0
0 0 1
This can be done in
! 2
! 3
=3 ways
[17]
Case-II :
If diagonal has (1, 0, 0) then the conjugate elements are
(1, 1), (1, 1), (0, 0).
Now conjugate elements can be arranged in
2
! 3
=3 ways
0
0
1
- -
- -
- -
and diagonal elements can be filled in
2
! 3
=3 ways
Hence 3 3 =9 ways
Total determinant =3 +9 =12 Ans.]
Q.13
1/8
Number of different words that can be formed using all the letters of the word "DEEPMALA" if two
vowels are together and the other two are also together but separated from the first two is
(A) 960 (B) 1200 (C) 2160 (D*) 1440
[Hint : | D | P | M | L | can be arranged in 4! ways & the two gaps out of 5 gaps can be selected in
5
C
2
ways.
two A's and two E's can be arranged in
! 2 ! 2
! 4
=6 ways.
4

!



5
C
2

! 2 ! 2
! 4
=1440 ]
Q.14 A four digit number is called a doublet if any of its digit is the same as only one neighbour. For example,
1221 is a doublet but 1222 is not. Number of such doublets are
(A) 2259 (B*) 2268 (C) 2277 (D) 2349
[Sol. Case-1: abbc [13th, 14-02-2009] [Dpp, P&C] done
We can choose a in 9 ways, b in 9 ways, and c in 9 ways. Hence, there are 9
3
possibilities for this case
Case-2: bbac
There are 9 possibilities for b, and 9 possibilities for each a and c. Once again, we have that there are 9
3
possibilities for this case
Case-3: acbb
Once again, there are 9 possibilities for a and c, and 9 possibilities for b. Hence , there are 9
3
possibilities
for this case
Case-4: aabb
We have 9 possibilities for a and 9 possibilities for b. We thus have 81 possibilities for this case.
We can now sum up our answers, to get a total of 3 9
3
+81 =2268 total ways Ans.
Alternatively: Total four digit numbers =9000
let us compute the number which are not doublet
(a) when no two adjacent digits are same
=9 9 9 9 =6561
(b) 3 digits in a row are same at the end of the number
if they are non zero then we have
= 9 8 =72


if they are same then =9
total for (b) =81


(c) 3 digits at the beginning of the numbers are same, then we have
= 9 9 =81
(d) All four digits are same =9
Number of doublets =9000 [6561 +81 +81 +9] =2268 Ans. ]
[18]
Q.15
3/8
In a unique hockey series between India & Pakistan, they decide to play on till a teamwins 5 matches.
The number of ways in which the series can be won by India, if no match ends in a draw is :
(A*) 126 (B) 252 (C) 225 (D) none
[Hint : India wins exactly in 5 matches looses in none
5
C
0
ways
India wins exactly in 6 matches wins the 6
th
and looses anyone in the 1
st
five

5
C
1
ways and so on .
5
C
0
+
5
C
1
+
6
C
2
+
7
C
3
+
8
C
4
=126
Alternatively : Total number of ways in which Series can be won by India or Pakistan =
10
C
5
required number of ways =
10
5
2
C
=126 ]
Q.16
12/9
Sameer has to make a telephone call to his friend Harish, Unfortunately he does not remember the 7 digit
phone number. But he remembers that the first three digits are 635 or 674, the number is odd and there is
exactly one 9 in the number. The maximumnumber of trials that Sameer has to make to be successful is
(A) 10,000 (B*) 3402 (C) 3200 (D) 5000
[Sol. There are 2 ways of filling the first 3 digits, either 635 or 674. Of the remaining 4 digits, one has to be 9
and the last has to be odd. If the last digit is 9 then there are 9 ways of filling each of the remaining 3
digits. thus the total number of phone numbers that can be formed are 2 9
3
=1458.
If the last digit is not 9, then there are only 4 ways of filling the last digit. (one of 1, 3, 5 and 7). The 9
could occur in any of the 3 remaining places and the remaining 2 places can be filled in 9
2
ways. Thus the
total number of such numbers is : 2 4 3 9
2
=1944 1944 +1458 =3402 Ans ]
Q.17
6/9
A teamof 8 students goes on an excursion, in two cars, of which one can seat 5 and the other only 4. If
internal arrangement inside the car does not matter then the number of ways in which they can travel, is
(A) 91 (B) 182 (C*) 126 (D) 3920
[Sol. They can sit in groups of either 5 and 3 or 4 and 4
required number = 1
! 3 ! 5
! 8

+
! 2 ! 4 ! 4
! 2 ! 8

=126 ] [12
th
test (05-06-2005)]
Q.18
3/10
One hundred management students who read at least one of the three business magazines are surveyed
to study the readership pattern. It is found that 80 read Business India, 50 read Business world, and 30
read Business Today. Five students read all the three magazines. How many read exactly two magazines?
(A*) 50 (B) 10 (C) 95 (D) 65
[Hint: n (A B C) =100
n (A) =80 ; n (B) =50 ; n (C) =30
now n (A B C) =

) A ( n

) B A ( n +n (A B C)
100 =80 +50 +30

) B A ( n +5

) B A ( n =65
now n (E
2
) =

) B A ( n 3n(A B C) =65 15 =50]


Q.19
13/9
Six people are going to sit in a row on a bench. A and B are adjacent, C does not want to sit adjacent
toD.EandFcansitanywhere.Numberofwaysinwhichthesesixpeoplecanbeseated,is
(A) 200 (B*) 144 (C) 120 (D) 56
[Hint: ; C and D separated ; E and F any where [11-12-2005, 11th (PQRS)]
and E, F can be seated in 3! 2!
no. of gaps are 4 | | E | F |
C D can be seated in
4
C
2
2!
Total ways 3! 2!
4
C
2
2! =144 Ans. ]
[19]
MATCH THE COLUMN:
Q.20
26/10
Column-I Column-II
(A) Number of increasing permutations of m symbols are there from the n set (P) n
m
numbers {a
1
, a
2
, ., a
n
} where the order among the numbers is given by
a
1
<a
2
<a
3
<. a
n1
<a
n
is
(B) There are m men and n monkeys. Number of ways in which every monkey (Q)
m
C
n
has a master, if a man can have any number of monkeys
(C) Number of ways in which n red balls and (m 1) green balls can be arranged (R)
n
C
m
in a line, so that no two red balls are together, is
(balls of the same colour are alike)
(D) Number of ways in which 'm' different toys can be distributed in 'n' children (S) m
n
if every child may receive any number of toys, is
[Ans. (A) R; (B) S; (C) Q; (D) P] [11
th
pqrs & J (24-11-2006)]
[Sol. (A) From n elements select m in
n
C
m
ways and can be arranged only in one way.
(B) 1
st
working can be given to M
1
M
2
M
3
........ M
m
'm' men
any one of m must k
1
k
2
k
3
.......k
n
'n' monkey
|||ly 2
nd
, 3
rd
, ....., n
th
monkey in m way
total ways =m
n
(C) Number of gaps =m
select n gaps in
m
C
n
ways for n red balls total ways =
m
C
n
(D) 1
st
toy in n ways
2
nd
toy in n ways
and so on. Total ways =n
m
]
[21]
MATHEMATI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2010
Q.1
4/8
Number of cyphers at the end of
2002
C
1001
is
(A) 0 (B*) 1 (C) 2 (D) 200
[Hint:
2002
C
1001
=
)! 1001 ( )! 1001 (
)! 2002 (
no. of zeros in (2002)! are
400 +80 +16 +3 =499
no. of zeroes in (1001 !)
2
=2(200 +40 +8 +1) =498
Hence no. of zeroes is
2
) ! 1001 (
)! 2002 (
=1 ] [12
th
(25-9-2005)]
Q.2
5/8
Three vertices of a convex n sided polygon are selected. If the number of triangles that can be constructed
such that none of the sides of the triangle is also the side of the polygon is 30, then the polygon is a
(A) Heptagon (B) Octagon (C*) Nonagon (D) Decagon
[Sol.
n
C
3
[n +n(n 4)] =30
n =9 satisfies it (C) ] [11th, 13-01-2008]
Q.3
1/10
Given 11 points, of which 5 lie on one circle, other than these 5, no 4 lie on one circle. Then the maximum
number of circles that can be drawn so that each contains atleast three of the given points is :
(A) 216 (B*) 156 (C) 172 (D) none
[Hint:
5
C
2
.
6
C
1
+
6
C
2

5
C
1
+
6
C
3
+1 =156
alternatively
11
C
3

5
C
3
+1]
Q.4 Number of 5 digit numbers divisible by 25 that can be formed using only the digits
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 0 taken five at a time is
(A) 2 (B) 32 (C*) 42 (D) 52
[ Hint : 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 0
A number divisible by 25 if the last two digits are 25 or 50
(i) Now, if 5 is not taken then number of numbers = 0
(ii) If 0 is not taken = 6
(iii) if 2 is not taken then = 6 and
(iv) If 1 | 3 | 4 is rejected
then in each case we have, = 6
= 4
2 . 2 1
if 3, 4, or 1 is not taken then 10 number for each case.
Total =30
Hence total =

30

+

6

+

6 = 42 ]
CLASS : XIII (VXYZ) Special DPP on Permutation and Combination DPP. NO.-6
[22]
Q.5
8/8
There are 12 guests at a dinner party. Supposing that the master and mistress of the house have fixed
seats opposite one another, and that there are two specified guests who must always, be placed next to
one another ; the number of ways in which the company can be placed, is:
(A*) 20 . 10 ! (B) 22 . 10 ! (C) 44 . 10 ! (D) none
[Hint: 6 places on either sides G
1
G
2
will have 5 places each on either side and can be seated in 2 ways
10 2! 10! Ans ]
Q.6
9/8
Let P
n
denotes the number of ways of selecting 3 people out of 'n' sitting in a row, if no two of them
are consecutive and Q
n


is the corresponding figure when they are in a circle. If P
n
Q
n
=6, then 'n' is
equal to :
(A) 8 (B) 9 (C*) 10 (D) 12
[Hint : P
n


=
n 2
C
3
; Q
n
=
n
C
3
[ n +n (n 4) ] or Q
n


=
n n
C C
1
4
2
3
.

P
n




Q
n
=

6 n =10 ]
Q.7
207/1(10/8)
Define a 'good word' as a sequence of letters that consists only of the letters A, B and C and in
which A never immidiately followed by B, B is never immediately followed by C, and C is never immediately
followed by A. If the number of n-letter good words are 384, find the value of n. [Ans. n =8 ]
[Sol. There are 3 choices for the first letter and two choices for each subsequent letters.
Hence using fundamental principle
number of good words =3 2
n1
=384
2
n1
=128 =2
7
n =8 Ans. ]
Q.8
11/8
Six married couple are sitting in a room. Find the number of ways in which 4 people can be selected so that
(a) they do not form a couple (b) they formexactly one couple
(c) they format least one couple (d) they formatmost one couple
[Hint :
12
C
4
=
6
C
2
+
6
C
1

5
C
2
2
4
+
6
C
4
2
4
] [Ans. 240, 240, 255, 480]
Q.9 In a conference 10 speakers are present. If S
1
wants to speak before S
2
& S
2
wants to speak after S
3
,
then the number of ways all the 10 speakers can give their speeches with the above restriction if the
remaining seven speakers have no objection to speak at any number is
(A)
10
C
3
(B)
10
P
8
(C)
10
P
3
(D*)
10
3
!
[Hint: S
1
S
2
S
3
or S
3
S
1
S
2

10
C
3
. 2 . 7

! ]
Q.10
2/9
Let m denote the number of ways in which 4 different books are distributed among 10 persons, each
receiving none or one only and let n denote the number of ways of distribution if the books are all alike.
Then :
(A) m =4n (B) n =4m (C*) m =24n (D) none
[Hint: m =
10
C
4
. 4

! and n =
10
C
4
]
Q.11
5/9
The number of all possible selections of one or more questions from 10 given questions, each equestion
having an alternative is :
(A) 3
10
(B) 2
10


1 (C*) 3
10


1 (D) 2
10
[Hint : 1
st
question can be selected in three ways and so on ]
Q.12 Number of 7 digit numbers the sum of whose digits is 61 is :
(A) 12 (B) 24 (C*) 28 (D) none
[Hint: only 7, 8 and 9 can be used]
[23]
Q.13
9/9
The number of ways of choosing a committee of 2 women & 3 men from 5 women & 6 men, if Mr. A
refuses to serve on the committee if Mr. B is a member & Mr. B can only serve, if Miss C is the member
of the committee, is
(A) 60 (B) 84 (C*) 124 (D) none
[Hint : ; ;
(i) Miss C is taken
(a) B included A excluded
4
C
1
.
4
C
2
=24
(b) B excluded
4
C
1
.
5
C
3
=40
(ii) Miss C is not taken
B does not comes;
4
C
2
.
5
C
3
=60 Total =124
Alt. Total [A, B, C present +A,B present & C absent +B present & A, C absent]
Alternatively : Case 1 : Mr. '

B

' is present '

A

' is excluded & '

C

' included
Hence number of ways =
4
C
2
.
4
C
1


=

24
Case 2 : Mr. '

B

' is absent no constraint
Hence number of ways =
5
C
3
.
5
C
2


=

100 Total = 124 ]
Q.14
10/9
Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F are to be seated at a circular table. The number of ways this can be
done if A must have either B or C on his right and B must have either C or D on his right is :
(A) 36 (B) 12 (C) 24 (D*) 18
[Hint : when A has B or C to his right we have AB or AC
when B has C or D to his right we have BC or BD
Thus we must have ABC or ABD or AC and BD
for D, E, F on a circle number of ways =3! =6
for C, E, F on a circle number of ways =3! =6
for , E, F the number of ways =3! =6 Total =18 ]
Q.15
11/9
There are 2 identical white balls, 3 identical red balls and 4 green balls of different shades. The number
of ways in which they can be arranged in a row so that atleast one ball is separated fromthe balls of the
same colour, is :
(A*) 6 (7

! 4

!) (B) 7 (6

! 4

!) (C) 8

! 5

! (D) none
[Hint :
9
2 3
!
! !
number of ways when balls of the same colour are together =
9
2 3
!
! !
3

! 4

! = 6(7! 4!) ]
Q.16
1/9
Product of all the even divisors of N =1000, is
(A) 32 10
2
(B) 64 2
14
(C*) 64 10
18
(D) 128 10
6
[Sol. 1000 =2
3
5
3
[11th, 28-11-2009, P-2] [Dpp, p&c]
Number of divisors =16 which are (2
0
+2
1
+2
2
+2
3
)(5
0
+5
1
+5
2
+5
3
)
Product of all the 16 divisors is
=(5
6
)(5
6
)(5
6
)(5
6
)(2
6
)(2
6
)(2
6
)(2
6
)
=2
24
5
24
Now odd divisors are 1, 5, 25, 125
and product of odd deivisors =5
6
Product of all the even divisors =2
24
5
24
=2
18
5
18
2
6
=(10
18
)64 Ans.
Alternatively: Prodcut of all the even divisors =(2
4
5
6
)(2
8
5
6
) (2
12
5
6
) (think!)
=2
24
5
18
=64 10
18
Ans. ]
[24]
Q.17
209/1(14/7)
Find the number of 4 digit numbers starting with 1 and having exactly two identical digits.
[Ans. 432]
[Sol. Case-I : When the two identical digits are both unity as shown.
any one place out of 3 block for unity can be taken in 3 ways and the remaining two
blocks can be filled in 9 8 ways.
Total ways in this case =3 9 8 =216
Case-II : When the two identical digit are other than unity.
; ;
two x's can be taken in 9 ways and filled in three ways and y can be taken in 8 ways.
Total ways in this case =9 3 8 =216
Total of both case =432 Ans. ]
Q.18 Consider the word W =MISSISSIPPI
(a) If N denotes the number of different selections of 5 letters from the word W =MISSISSIPPI then N
belongs to the set
(A) {15, 16, 17, 18, 19} (B) {20, 21, 22, 23, 24}
(C*) {25, 26, 27, 28, 29} (D) {30, 31, 32, 33, 34}
(b) Number of ways in which the letters of the word W can be arranged if atleast one vowel is separated
fromrest of the vowels
(A)
! 2 ! 4 ! 4
161 ! 8
(B*)
! 2 ! 4 4
161 ! 8
(C)
! 2 ! 4
161 ! 8
(D)
! 4
165

! 2 ! 4
! 8
(c) If the number of arrangements of the letters of the word W if all the S's and P's are separated is (K)
|
|
.
|

\
|
! 4 ! 4
! 10
then K equals
(A)
5
6
(B*) 1 (C)
3
4
(D)
2
3
[Sol. [13th, 28-12-2008, P-1]
(a) S S S S ; I I I I ; P P ; M
4 alike +1 different =2 3 = 6
3 alike +2 other alike =2 2 = 4
3 alike +2 different =2 3 = 6
2 alike +2 other alike +1 different =3 2 = 6
2 alike +3 different = 3 = 3
25
(b) Atleast one vowel is separated fromthe rest
=total when all vowels together
=
! 2 ! 4 ! 4
! 11

! 2 ! 4
! 8
=
! 2 ! 4 ! 4
! 8 9 10 11

! 2 ! 4
! 8
=
(

1
24
9 10 11
! 2 ! 4
! 8
=
(

1
4
15 11
! 2 ! 4
! 8
=
(


4
4 165
! 2 ! 4
! 8
=
! 2 ! 4 4
161 ! 8
Ans.
[25]
(c) Separate S first
| I | I | I | I | P | P | M | (8 gaps)
| I | I | I | I |
PP
| M |
4
7
4
8
C
! 4
! 6
C
! 2 ! 4
! 7

; S's separated but P's may or may not be separated ;


simplifies to
! 4 ! 4
! 7 ! 6
=
! 4 ! 4
! 10
K =1 Ans. ]
Q.19 Let A ={a, b, c, d, e, f} and B ={1, 2, 3} are two sets.
Let m denotes the number of mappings which are into fromA to B
n denotes the number of mappings which are injective fromB to A.
Find (m +n). [Ans. 309]
[Sol. m=into mappings fromA to B
Case-I: If exactly one element of set B is not the image
of any of the elements of set A then total number of into
functions are
3
C
1
(2
6
2) =3 62 =186
Case-II: If exactly two elements of set B is not the image
of any of the elements of set A then total number of into
functions are
3
C
2
1 =3
and hence m =186 +3 =189 [12th, 19-07-2009, P-1]
Alternatively:
Total mappings =3
6
=729
Surjective mappings
2 2 2
90
8
720
! 3 ) ! 2 (
! 3 ! 6
3
= =

2 3 1
360
2
720
! 3 ! 2
! 3 ! 6
= =

1 1 4
90
4 2
720
! 4 ! 2
! 3 ! 6
=

Total surjective mapping =540


not surjective mappings =729 540 =189 =m
n =number of injective mapping fromB to A.
Injective mapping =
6
C
3
3! =20 6 =120 =n
(m +n) =189 +120 =309 Ans. ]
[26]
Q.20 Let a function f is defined as f : {1, 2, 3, 4} {1, 2, 3, 4}. If f satisfy ( ) ) x ( f f =f (x), x e{1,2,3,4}
then find the number of such function. [Ans. 41]
[Sol. ( ) ) x ( f f =f (x) ; f (x) =y f (y) =y [12th, 23-08-2009, P-2]
Case-1: range contains exactly one element
it can be done in
4
C
1
ways say 1
remaining 3 elements i.e. 2, 3, 4 can be mapped
only in one ways total =
4
C
1
=4
Case-2: range contains two elements this can
this can be done in
4
C
2
ways say 1, 2
f (1) =1; f (2) =2
remaining 2 elements i.e. 3 and 4 each can be
mapped in 2 ways
Total =
4
C
2
2
2
=24
Case-3: range contains 3 elements which
can be done in
4
C
3
ways say 1, 2, 3
f (1) =1; f (2) =2 and f (3) =3
now remaining 4 can be mapped only in
3 ways
Total =
4
C
3
3 =12 ways
Case-4: range contains all 4 elements
f (1) =4; f (2) =2 ; f (3) =3; f (4) =4
only 1 way
Total =4 +24 +12 +1 =41 Ans. ]
[27]
MATHEMATI CS
Dai l y Practi ce Probl ems
Target IIT JEE 2010
Choose the correct alternative (only one is correct):
Q.1 Number of ways in which four different toys and five indistinguishable marbles can be distributed between
Amar, Akbar and Anthony , if each child receives atleast one toy and one marble, is
(A) 42 (B) 100 (C) 150 (D*) 216
[Sol. Toys in group 1 1 2
! 3
! 2 ! 2 ! 1 ! 1
! 4

=36
Marbles O O O O / / =
4
C
2
=6
Total ways =36 6 =216 ]
Q.2 A 3 digit palindrome is a 3 digit number (not starting with zero) which reads the same backwards as
forwards. For example 171. The sum of all even 3 digit palindromes, is
(A) 22380 (B) 25700 (C*) 22000 (D) 22400
[Sol. Number of even 3 digit palindromes =4 10 =40
U T H
[12
th
& 13
th
03-03-2007]
4 ways to fill (hundredth and unit's place) and 10 ways to fill tenth's place
sum =

) place 100 (
th
) 8 6 4 2 ( 10 100 + + +
+

) place units of sum (
) 8 6 4 2 ( 10 + + +
+

) place 10 (
th
) 9 ..... 3 2 1 ( 10 4 + + + +
=20,000 +200 +1800 =22000]
Q.3
3/10
There are 100 different books in a shelf. Number of ways in which 3 books can be selected so that no
two of which are neighbours is
(A)
100
C
3
98 (B)
97
C
3
(C)
96
C
3
(D*)
98
C
3
[11th & 13th, 16-12-2007]
Q.4 A lift with 7 people stops at 10 floors. People varying from zero to seven go out at each floor. The
number of ways in which the lift can get emptied, assuming each way only differs by the number
of people leaving at each floor, is :
(A)
16
C
6
(B)
17
C
7
(C*)
16
C
7
(D) none
[Hint : consider each floor to be a beggar. Now distribute 7 identical coins ( 7 people) in 10 beggars each
receiving none, one or more
16
C
7
]
Q.5 You are given an unlimited supply of each of the digits 1, 2, 3 or 4. Using only these four digits, you
construct n digit numbers. Such n digit numbers will be called L E G I T I M A T E if it contains the digit
1 either an even number times or not at all. Number of n digit legitimate numbers are
(A) 2
n
+1 (B) 2
n +1
+2 (C) 2
n +2
+4 (D*) 2
n 1
(2
n
+1)
[Sol. ............(n places) [12
th
test (09-10-2005)]
Total numbers =3
n
+
n
C
2
3
n 2
+
n
C
4
3
n 4
+.......... (
n
C
2
indicates selection of places)
=
2
) 1 3 ( ) 1 3 (
n n
+ +
=
2
1
[4
n
+2
n
] =2
2n 1
+2
n 1
=2
n 1
(2
n
+1) ]
Q.6
5/10
Two classrooms A and B having capacity of 25 and (n25) seats respectively.A
n
denotes the number of
possible seating arrangements of room'A', when 'n' students are to be seated in these rooms, starting
from room 'A' which is to be filled up full to its capacity. If A
n
A
n1
=25! (
49
C
25
) then 'n' equals
(A*) 50 (B) 48 (C) 49 (D) 51
[Hint: Given A
n
=
n
C
25
25! ; A
n 1
=
n1
C
25
25!
hence
n
C
25
. 25!
n1
C
25
. 25! =25!
49
C
25
CLASS : XIII (VXYZ) Special DPP on Permutation and Combination DPP. NO.-7
[28]
or
n1
C
25
+
n1
C
24

n1
C
25
=
49
C
24

n 1 =49 n =50

n1
C
24
=
49
C
24
n =50]
Q.7
9/10
Number of positive integral solutions satisfying the equation (x
1
+x
2
+x
3
) (y
1
+y
2
) =77, is
(A) 150 (B) 270 (C*) 420 (D) 1024
[Sol. (x
1
+x
2
+x
3
) (y
1
+y
2
) =11 7 or 7 11 [29-01-2006, 12 & 13]
In the first case (x
1
+x
2
+x
3
) =11 and (y
1
+y
2
) =7, which have
10
C
2

6
C
1
solutions (using beggar)
In the second case (x
1
+x
2
+x
3
) =7 and (y
1
+y
2
) =11, which have
6
C
2

10
C
1
solutions (using beggar)
total number of solutions =
10
C
2

6
C
1
+
6
C
2

10
C
1
=270 +150 =420 Ans. ]
Q.8
10/10
Distinct 3 digit numbers are formed using only the digits 1, 2, 3 and 4 with each digit used at most once
in each number thus formed. The sumof all possible numbers so formed is
(A*) 6660 (B) 3330 (C) 2220 (D) none
[Hint: all possible =24
6(1 +2 +3 +4)(1 +10 +10
2
) =6 10 111 =6660
reject 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 ] [12 & 13
th
test (09-10-2005)]
Q.9 There are counters available in 3 different colours (atleast four of each colour). Counters are all alike
except for the colour. If 'm' denotes the number of arrangements of four counters if no arrangement
consists of counters of same colour and 'n' denotes the corresponding figure when every arrangement
consists of counters of each colour, then :
(A) m =2 n (B*) 6 m =13 n (C) 3 m =5 n (D) 5 m =3 n
[Hint : m

=

3
4
3 =78; n

=

3
4




( )
| |
3 2 2 3
4
+ = 81 45 =36
Hence
m
n


=

78
36


=

13
6
6 m =13 n B ]
Q.10
12/10
An ice cream parlour has ice creams in eight different varieties. Number of ways of choosing 3 ice
creams taking atleast two ice creams of the same variety, is
(Assume that ice creams of the same variety to be identical & available in unlimited supply)
(A) 56 (B*) 64 (C) 100 (D) none
[Hint:
10
C
3

8
C
3
=120 56 =64 ] [Note:
10
C
3
=all diff. +2 alike and 1 diff. +all alike]
Q.11
13/10
There are 12 books on Algebra and Calculus in our library, the books of the same subject being
different. If the number of selections each of which consists of 3 books on each topic is greatest then the
number of books of Algebra and Calculus in the library are respectively:
(A) 3 and 9 (B) 4 and 8 (C) 5 and 7 (D*) 6 and 6
[Hint: =
x
C
3

12 x
C
3
]
Q.12 Three digit numbers in which the middle one is a perfect square are formed using the digits 1 to 9 . Their
sumis :
(A*) 134055 (B) 270540 (C) 170055 (D) none of these
[ Hint: Middle place 1, 4 & 9
Two terminal positions 1, 2, ...... , 9
Hence total numbers = 9 . 9 . 3 = 243 (Terminal digits in 9 ways and middle one in 3 ways)
For the middle place 1, 4 & 9 will come 81 times
sum

= 81 10 (1 +4 +9) A
For units place each digit from1 to 9 will appear 27 times
sum

= 27 (1 +2 +...... +9) B
For hundreath's place, similarly sum

= 27 100 (1 +2 +...... +9) C
A +B +C gives the required sum ]
[29]
Q.13 A guardian with 6 wards wishes everyone of themto study either Law or Medicine or Engineering.
Number of ways in which he can make up his mind with regard to the education of his wards if every one
of thembe fit for any of the branches to study, and atleast one child is to be sent in each discipline is :
(A) 120 (B) 216 (C) 729 (D*) 540
[Hint: Divide 6 children into groups as 123, 411 ot 222
Now total =
! 3 ! 2 ! 1
! 6
3! +
! 2 ! 1 ! 1 ! 4
! 6
3! +
! 3 ! 2 ! 2 ! 2
! 3 . ! 6
=360 +90 +90 =540 ]
Q.14
15/8
There are (p +q) different books on different topics in Mathematics. (p = q)
If L =The number of ways in which these books are distributed between two students X and Y such
that X get p books and Y gets q books.
M =The number of ways in which these books are distributed between two students X and Y such that
one of them gets p books and another gets q books.
N =The number of ways in which these books are divided into two groups of p books and q books
then,
(A) L =M =N (B) L =2M =2N (C*) 2L =M =2N (D) L =M =2N
Q.15 Number of ways in which 5 A's and 6 B's can be arranged in a row which reads the same backwards
and forwards, is
(A) 6 (B) 8 (C*) 10 (D) 12
[Sol. A A A A A | B B B B B B
Middle digit must be A (think !)
+
M
so that even number of A's and B's are available
Take AABBB on one side of M (6
th
place) and then their image about M in a unique way
Number of ways =
! 3 ! 2
! 5
=10 Ans.] [12th, 14-06-2009, P-2]
Q.16 A person writes letters to his 5 friends and addresses the corresponding envelopes. Number of ways in
which the letters can be placed in the envelope, so that atleast two of themare in the wrong envelopes,is,
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 118 (D*) 119
[Hint: 5! =
W 4
and R 1
+
W 3
and R 2
+
W 2
and R 3
+

way one
used none
R 5 4
+all 5 wrong
hence at least 2 in wrong =120 1 =119 ]
Q.17 For a game in which two partners oppose two other partners, 8 men are available. If every possible pair
must play with every other pair, the number of games played is
(A)
8
C
2
.
6
C
2
(B)
8
C
2
.
6
C
2
. 2 (C*)
8
C
4
. 3 (D) none
[Hint: For each game 4 persons are needed . Hence select 4 from 8 in
8
C
4
way . Now from each selection
3 games can be had
8
C
4
. 3 =210 ]
Q.18 The number 916238457 is an example of nine digit number which contains each of the digit 1 to 9
exactly once. It also has the property that the digits 1 to 5 occur in their natural order, while the digits
1to6donot.Numberofsuchnumbersare
(A) 2268 (B*) 2520 (C) 2975 (D) 1560
[Sol. 9, 8 & 7 can be placed in 9 8 7 ways.
There are only five ways to place the 6 (any where except the right most remaining slot, think !) and the
order of 1 - 5 is fixed.
[30]
Number of such numbers are 9 8 7 5 =2520 Ans.
Alternatively-1: 6 places can be selected in
9
C
6
ways and 6 can be placed only at 5 places except the right
most of the 6 selected. Remaining numbers i.e. 7, 8, 9 in 3! ways.
Hence number of numbers
9
C
6
5 3! =84 30 =2520 Ans.
Alternatively-2:

b
6
9
a
5
9
! 3 C ! 4 C
a =selection of 5 places for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 4! for 6, 7, 8, 9 =total ways
b =selection 6 places for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 3! for 7, 8, 9 ] [12
th
& 13
th
07-01-2007]
Q.19 Number of functions defined from f : {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} {7, 8, 9, 10} such that the sum
f (1) +f (2) +f (3) +f (4) +f (5) +f (6) is odd, is
(A) 2
10
(B*) 2
11
(C) 2
12
(D) 2
12
1
[Sol. Giving any randomconfiguration for f (1) to f (5), number of functions =4
5
ways (each element from1
to 5 can be mapped in 4 ways)
Now the sum
=
5
1 i
) i ( f
is either odd or even
if it is odd then we have only two choices for f (6) i.e. the element 8 or 10.
(as odd +even =odd).
If the sum is even then also we have only choices for f (6) i.e. 7 or 9.
hence the total functions =4
5
2 =2
11
Ans.] [12th, 24-08-2008] [TN for 11th pqrs]
Paragraph for Question Nos. 20 to 22
16 players P
1
, P
2
, P
3
,.......P
16
take part in a tennis tournament. Lower suffix player is better than any
higher suffix player. These players are to be divided into 4 groups each comprising of 4 players and the
best fromeach group is selected for semifinals.
Q.20 Number of ways in which 16 players can be divided into four equal groups, is
(A*) [
=

8
1 r
) 1 r 2 (
27
35
(B) [
=

8
1 r
) 1 r 2 (
24
35
(C) [
=

8
1 r
) 1 r 2 (
52
35
(D) [
=

8
1 r
) 1 r 2 (
6
35
Q.21 Number of ways in which they can be divided into 4 equal groups if the players P
1
, P
2
, P
3
and P
4
are in
different groups, is :
(A)
36
)! 11 (
(B)
72
)! 11 (
(C*)
108
)! 11 (
(D)
216
)! 11 (
Q.22 Number of ways in which these 16 players can be divided into four equal groups, such that when the
best player is selected from each group, P
6
is one among them, is (k)
3
) ! 4 (
! 12
. The value of k is :
(A) 36 (B) 24 (C) 18 (D*) 20
[Sol.(i) Number of ways =
! 4 ) ! 4 (
)! 16 (
4 =
! 4 ! 4 ! 4 ! 4 ! 4
) 1 r 2 ( ! 8 2
8
1 r
8
[
=

=
) 24 ( ) 24 ( ) 24 ( ) 24 (
5 6 7 8 2
8

=
) 24 ( ) 24 ( ) 24 (
35 2
9

[31]
= [
=

8
1 r
) 1 r 2 (
27
35
Ans. [11th, 25-01-2009, P-1]
(ii)
16
P ,P ,P ,P
1 2 3 4
12 others
12 others can be divided into 4 equal groups in each of 3 person
4
) ! 3 (
)! 12 (
=
6 6 6 6
)! 11 ( ) 12 (
=
108
)! 11 (
Ans.
(iii)
16
P ,P ,P ,P ,P
1 2 3 4 5
P
6
P P (10)
7 16
;
10
3
7
=
! 7 ! 3
! 10
0 0 0
+P
6
4 players

x x x x x x x
P to P
1 5
12 players
Now,
12
4
4
4
=
! 3 ) ! 4 (
! 12
3
Total ways =
! 7 ! 3
)! 10 (

! 3 ) ! 4 (
)! 12 (
3 =
|
|
.
|

\
|
3
) ! 4 (
! 12
20 k =20 Ans.]
Choose the correct alternatives (More than one are correct):
Q.23
15/10
The combinatorial coefficient C(n, r) is equal to
(A*) number of possible subsets of r members from a set of n distinct members.
(B*) number of possible binary messages of length n with exactly r 1's.
(C) number of non decreasing 2-D paths fromthe lattice point (0, 0) to (r, n).
(D*) number of ways of selecting r things out of n different things when a particular thing is always
included plus the number of ways of selecting 'r' things out of n, when a particular thing is always
excluded.
[Hint: In (C) number =
n+r
C
r
; (D)
n
C
r
=
n 1
C
r 1
+
n 1
C
r
][18-12-2005, 12th & 13th]
Q.24
17/10
There are 10 questions, each question is either True or False. Number of different sequences of
incorrect answers is also equal to
(A) Number of ways in which a normal coin tossed 10 times would fall in a definite order if both Heads
and Tails are present.
(B*) Number of ways in which a multiple choice question containing 10 alternatives with one or more
than one correct alternatives, can be answered.
(C*) Number of ways in which it is possible to draw a sum of money with 10 coins of different
denominations taken some or all at a time.
(D) Number of different selections of 10 indistinguishable things taken some or all at a time.
[Sol. 2
10
1; (A) 2
10
2; (B) 2
10
1; (C) 2
10
1; (D) 10 ] [11th & 13th, 16-12-2007]
Q.25
19/10
The continued product, 2 . 6 . 10 . 14 ...... to n factors is equal to :
(A)
2n
C
n
(B*)
2n
P
n
(C*) (n +1) (n +2) (n +3) ...... (n +n) (D) none
[32]
[Hint: E =2 6 10 14 ........ 2n =2
n
(1 3 5 ....... n) =
! n
)! n 2 (
=
2n
P
n
also E =
! n
! n ) n n ).....( 2 n )( 1 n ( + + +
]
Q.26
20/10
The Number of ways in which five different books to be distributed among 3 persons so that each
person gets at least one book, is equal to the number of ways in which
(A) 5 persons are allotted 3 different residential flats so that and each person is alloted at most one flat
and no two persons are alloted the same flat.
(B*) number of parallelograms (some of which may be overlapping) formed by one set of 6 parallel lines
and other set of 5 parallel lines that goes in other direction.
(C*) 5 different toys are to be distributed among 3 children, so that each child gets at least onetoy.
(D*) 3 mathematics professors are assigned five different lecturers to be delivered , so that each professor
gets at least one lecturer.
[Hint: Given answer is 150 which comes in BCD in A, it is
5
C
3
3! =60]
Q.27
21/10
The maximumnumber of permutations of 2n letters in which there are only a's & b's, taken all at a time
is given by :
(A*)
2n
C
n
(B*)
2
1
6
2
10
3
4 6
1
4 2
. . ...... .
n
n
n
n


(C*)
n n n n n
n
n
n
+ + + +

1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
2 1
1
2
. . . ...... . (D*)
| |
2 1 3 5 2 3 2 1
n
n n
n
. . . ...... ( ) ( )
!

Q.28
22/10
Number of ways in which 3 numbers in A.P. can be selected from 1, 2, 3, ...... n is :
(A)
n |
\

|
.
|
1
2
2
if n

is even (B)
( ) n n 2
4
if n is odd
(C*)
( ) n1
4
2
if n is odd (D*)
( ) n n 2
4
if n is even
[Hint : n =2m, arrange the numbers into disjoint sets
1, 3, 5, .................... (2m 1) m number
2, 4, 6, .....................2m mnumbers
no. of AP's =
m
C
2
+
m
C
2
]
Q.29
23/10
The combinatorial coefficient
n 1
C
p
denotes
(A) the number of ways in which n things of which p are alike and rest different can be arranged in a circle.
(B*) the number of ways in which p different things can be selected out of n different thing if a particular
thing is always excluded.
(C) number of ways in which n alike balls can be distributed in p different boxes so that no box remains
empty and each box can hold any number of balls.
(D*) the number of ways in which (n 2) white balls and p black balls can be arranged in a line if black
balls are separated, balls are all alike except for the colour. [11th & 13th, 16-12-2007]
Q.30
25/10
Which of the following statements are correct?
(A*) Number of words that can be formed with 6 only of the letters of the word "CENTRIFUGAL" if
each word must contain all the vowels is 3 7!
(B*) There are 15 balls of which some are white and the rest black. If the number of ways in which the
balls can be arranged in a row, is maximumthen the number of white balls must be equal to 7 or 8.
Assume balls of the same colour to be alike.
[33]
(C) There are 12 things, 4 alike of one kind, 5 alike and of another kind and the rest are all different. The
total number of combinations is 240.
(D*) Number of selections that can be made of 6 letters from the word "COMMITTEE" is 35.
[Sol. (A) 11
c 7
\
v 4
/

7
C
2
6! =3 7 6! =3 7!
(B) No. of ways =
)! r 15 ( ! r
! 15

=15c
v

r
W ..... W W


r 15
B ...... B B B

This is maximum if r =7 or 8
(C) Total no. of combinations =5 6 2
3
1 =240 1 =239
(D) 2 alike +2 other alike +2 other different = 1
2 alike +2 other alike +2 different =
3
C
2

4
C
2
=18
2 alike +4 different =
3
C
1

5
C
1
=15
All 6 different = 1

=35 Ans. ]
Q.31 Coefficient of x
2
y
3
z
4
in the expansion of (x +y +z)
9
is equal to
(A*) the number of ways in which 9 things of which 2 alike of one kind, 3 alike of
2
nd
kind, and 4 alike of 3
rd
kind can be arranged.
(B) the number of ways in which 9 identical things can be distributed in 3 persons each receiving atleast
two things.
(C) the number of ways in which 9 identical things can be distributed in 3 persons each receiving none
one or more.
(D*) the number of ways in which 9 different books can be tied up in to three bundles one containing 2,
other 3 and third containing 4 books.
[Hint: Consider (x +y +z)
9
=
9
C
r
x
9 r
(y +z)
r
=
9
C
r
x
9 r

r
C
p
y
r p
z
p
[x +(y +z)]
9
put r =7 ; p =4
or
9
C
2

7
C
3

4
C
4
=
! 4 ! 3 ! 2
! 9
]
Q.32 Number of ways in which the letters of the word 'B U L B U L' can be arranged in a line in a definite
order is also equal to the
(A*) number of ways in which 2 alike Apples and 4 alike Mangoes can be distributed in 3 children so
that each child receives any number of fruits.
(B) Number of ways in which 6 different books can be tied up into 3 bundles, if each bundle is to have
equal number of books.
(C*) coefficient of x
2
y
2
z
2
in the expansion of (x +y +z)
6
.
(D*) number of ways in which 6 different prizes can be distributed equally in three children.
[Explanation: B U L B U L; number of ways =
! 2 ! 2 ! 2
! 6
(A) 2 Apples can be distributed in 3 people in
4
C
2
way O O
and 4 Mangoes in
6
C
2
ways O O O O
Total ways =
6
C
2

4
C
2
=
! 4 ! 2
! 6

! 2 ! 2
! 4
=
! 2 ! 2 ! 2
! 6
(A) is correct
[34]
(B) 6 books in 3 bundles, two in each bundle =
! 3 ! 2 ! 2 ! 2
! 6
(B) is incorrect
(C) T
r +1
in (x +y +z)
6
is
6
C
r
(x +y)
6 r
z
r
put r =2
T
3
=
6
C
2
(x +y)
4
z
2
=
6
C
2
z
2
(
4
C
p
x
4 p
y
p
) [11
th
pqrs & J, 21-1-2007]
put p =2
=
6
C
2
z
2

4
C
2
x
2
y
2
)
=
6
C
2

4
C
2
x
2
y
2
z
2
=
! 2 ! 2 ! 2
! 6
(C) is correct
(D) 6 prizes in 3 childrents, two to each =
! 3 ! 2 ! 2 ! 2
! 3 ! 6
=
! 2 ! 2 ! 2
! 6
(D) is correct]
MATCH THE COLUMN:
Q.33
34/10
Column-I Column-II
(A) Four different movies are running in a town. Ten students go to watch (P) 11
these four movies. The number of ways in which every movie is watched
by atleast one student, is
(Assume each way differs only by number of students watching a movie) (Q) 36
(B) Consider 8 vertices of a regular octagon and its centre. If T denotes the
number of triangles and S denotes the number of straight lines that can
be formed with these 9 points then the value of (T S) equals
(C) In an examination, 5 children were found to have their mobiles in their (R) 52
pocket. The Invigilator fired them and took their mobiles in his possession.
Towards the end of the test, Invigilator randomly returned their mobiles. The
number of ways in which at most two children did not get their own mobiles is (S) 60
(D) The product of the digits of 3214 is 24. The number of 4 digit natural
numbers such that the product of their digits is 12, is
(E) The number of ways in which a mixed double tennis game can be
arranged fromamongst 5 married couple if no husband & wife plays (T) 84
in the same game, is
[Ans. (A) T; (B) R; (C) P; (D) Q; (E) S]
[Sol.(A) x +y +z +t =10 [11th, 13-01-2008]
4 movies 10 people (people as alike objects and movies as 4 different beggars)
give one to each x, y, z and t and
hence the number of ways =the number of non-negative integral solution of the equation
x +y +z +t =6
using Beggar method

0 0 0 0 0 0
number of ways is
9
C
3
=84 Ans.
(B) (
9
C
3
4 )
8
C
2
=52 Ans.
(C) at most two children got mobile of the other children
exactly 3R and 2W + all 5 got their own mobile
=
5
C
3
1 +1 =11 Ans.
(D) 12 =2
2
3
hence groups of 4 that work out
1, 1, 6, 2 =
! 2
! 4
=12
[35]
1, 1, 3, 4 =
! 2
! 4
=12
2, 2, 3, 1 =
! 2
! 4
=12
36 Ans.
(E)
5
C
2
.
3
C
2
. 2

! =60 Ans. ]
Subjective:
Q.34
28/10
A commitee of 10 members is to be formed with members chosen fromthe faculties of Arts, Economics,
Education, Engineering, Medicine and Science. Number of possible ways in which the faculties
representation be distributed on this committee, is ________.
(Assume every department contains more than 10 members). [4]
[Ans. 3003]
[Sol. (a) 10 members to be chosen from6 different faculties

10
0 .......... 0 0 0


5

(Use Beggar)
Science F
Medicine E
g Engineerin D
Education C
Economics B
Arts A
number of ways =
15
C
5
=3003 Ans. ] [11th & 13th, 16-12-2007]
Q.35
32/10
On the normal chess board as shown, I
1
& I
2
are two insects
which starts moving towards each other. Each insect moving with
the same constant speed . Insect I
1
can move only to the right or
upward along the lines while the insect I
2
can move only to the left or
downward along the lines of the chess board. Find the total number
of ways the
two insects can meet at same point during their trip.
[ Hint: (
8
C
0

.
8
C
0
)

+(
8
C
1

.
8
C
1
)

+....

+(
8
C
8

.
8
C
8
) =
16
C
8
) =12870 ]
Q.36
186/1(30/10)
10 identical ball are distributed in 5 different boxes kept in a row and labled A, B, C, D and E.
Find the number of ways in which the ball can be distributed in the boxes if no two adjacent boxes
remain empty. [Ans. 771 ways]
[Sol. Case-1 : When no box remains empty
it is equivalently distributing
10 coins in 5 beggar

4 5
0 0 0 0 0
=
9
C
4
=126
Case-2: Exactly one is empty
5
C
1
0 0 0 0 0 0
6

=5
9
C
3
=420
Case-3: Exactly two remains empty
(
5
C
2
two adjacent)
9
C
2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7

(10 4)
9
C
2
6 36 =216
Case-4 : Exactly three empty. There is only 1 way to select 3 if no two adjacent
[36]
Hence 1
9
C
1
=9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total =771 ways ]
Q.37
38/10
Find the number of ways in which 12 identical coins can be distributed in 6 different purses, if not more
than 3 & not less than 1 coin goes in each purse. [Ans. 141]
[Hint: Put one coin in each purse. Now 6 coins remaining.
case (i) 1 coin in each of six purses =1
O O O O O O
case (ii) 2 coin in each of three purses =
6
C
3
1 = 20

O O

O O

O O
case (iii) 2 coin each in two purses and 1 coin each in 2 purses=
6
C
2
.
4
C
2
=90

O O

O O O O
case (iv) 2 coins in one purse and 1 coin each in 4 purses =
6
C
1
.
5
C
4
=30

O O
O O O O
Total = 140
Alternatively : coefficient of x
12
in (x +x
2
+x
3
)
6
=141 ]

Похожие интересы