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..

2012

553.98+553.98:556.3(075.8)
26.343:26.3573
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..
52
: / .. ;
. : - , 2012. 99 .
, ,
() () .

.
, 131000 , ,
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553.98+553.98:556.3(075.8)
26.343:26.3573

-

..
-

..

, 2012
.., 2012
.
, 2012
2


.....................................................................................................4
1. ...............................................6
1.1. ...........................................................6
1.2. .................................................9
2.

................................................................................11
3. -
(, , , ) .........................................22
3.1. .....................................................................................................22
3.2. ...................................................................................................22
3.3. ........................................................................................................25
3.4. ....................................................................................26
4.
.

() .........................................................................................28
5.
....................43
5.1. TimeZYX .............................................................................................43
5.2. HydroGeo.............................................................................................50
5.3. t-Navigator ...........................................................................................55
5.4. Eclipse ..................................................................................................61
6.1.

...........................................................................69
6.2.

() ....................75
.............................................................................................93
............................................................................96


.

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1.
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1983]. , , Wytch
Farm Frig (Begg et al., 1985).
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&MacDonald, 1987), (SCRF, GSLIB) (Deutsch and Journal,
1992), IFP (Heresim).
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Smedvig Technologist, Paradigm Geophysical Gocad (
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10

2.


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3.2.
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( );
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[Sep];
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27

4.
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42

5.

,
Eclipse (Schlumberger), Tempest (Roxar), VIP (Landmark), TimeZYX
( ).
HydroGeo
(.. , ). ( 2007 )
t-Navigator (RF
Dinamics, .).

5.1.TimeZYX


- (http://www.timezyx.ru) .
TimeZYX
, 2004

.
,
:
, ,
,
, .
TimeZYX -

- . , , ,
2011
. .
TimeZYX
43


. TimeZYX : , ( 1 . ), ,
( ), , .
TimeZYX , . TimeZYX. MS SQL -
, . imeZYX,
(Schlumberger R).

19.05.2005 . TimeZYX . ,
TimeZYX 13.12.2006
,

. 07.07.2006
.
TimeZYX - () .
,
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44

TimeZYX :
, 2D- 3D- ,
,
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Black Oil

.
,
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(down-scaling),
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45

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.
,
, Eclipse (Schlumberger) Tempest MORE (Roxar),
.

PVT-
.

,
.

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.


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46

. 5.1. TimeZYX ( http://www.timezyx.ru/blok-gidrodinamiki.html)


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(, ) .

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/
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6080 % .

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.
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. 5.2. TimeZYX
( http://www.timezyx.ru/blok-gidrodinamiki.html)
49

TimeZYX
: ( , , , ), (, ), - (, ), (), (-),
(), , . ,
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TimeZYX:
, , , Optimum, (), ,
. (Royal Dutch SHELL), SINOPEC, EP Tech ().
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. .. ,
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. .
TimeZYX

: - ,
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5.2.HydroGeo
HydroGeo
.
HydroGeo ( HG) 27 . ,

- :
50

1) - (
/, / ,

);
2) / ,
/, ,
, ;

. 5.3. HydroGeo (.. , 2006)

3)
(
, pH, Eh, -, , , , ,
-);
4) ,

- ;
5) 1, 2 3D-
( + ,
).
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(software), MS Windows. 51

, .

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HG
Borland Turbo Delphi 2006, Delphi Pascal ( 2223 .
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5.3.tNavigator
Rock Flow Dynamics
2005 . , t-Navigator
ECLIPSE 100 300 Schlumberger,
IMEX STARS CMG Tempest MORE ROXAR.
t-Navigator RF Dinamics (http://rfdyn.com/ru, . ).
, ,
, , .
, ,
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. , , , . t-Navigator -
.
.
55

. 5.4. t-Navigator
(http://rfdyn.com/ru/technology/interaktiv_modelwork/)


:
1) ;
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;
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56

. .
t-Navigator


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t-Navigator
! ( http://rfdyn.com/ru/technology/tnavigator_technology1/).



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( 3D-) (,
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!

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(
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, TPFA.
59



2D-
,
, .

, X Y . , 2D-
, , .


.
t-Navigator
. , , , \
. . .
,
Eclipse: .EGRID, .INIT, .UNSMPY, .UNRST, .SMSPEC.
:

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, (Petrel, RMS). ( las-), , .


.
t-Navigator
ECLIPSE 100 300 Schlumberger, IMEX STARS CMG Tempest
MORE ROXAR.
60

5.4.Eclipse

Eclipse (http://www.slb.ru/sis/ECLIPSE/)
Schlumberger.
ECLIPSE
, , .
ECLIPSE ,
- , ,
,
. (,
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, ,
, .
Petrel Reservoir Engineering
Petrel Reservoir Engineering . ECLIPSE + PETREL
,
, .
ECLIPSE Blackoil Simulation
,
.
ECLIPSE Compositional Simulation

.
ECLIPSE FrontSim
; .
61

ECLIPSE Thermal Simulation


.
INTERSECT Reservoir Simulation

Simulation Options and Workflows

ECLIPSE.
ECLIPSE Blackoil Simulation.
ECLIPSE Blackoil , .
, ,
. , .

. 5.5. Eclipse (http://www.slb.ru/sis/item102/)

.
;
, .
ECLIPSE BlackOil
: API-.
1. .
2. .
62

3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
Eclipse , Blackoil Compositional
, ,
:

FLUX boundary




- ECLIPSE 100

(
SimOpt)
, 4D-


(NETWORK)


, ,


Reservoir Coupling

:
o
-
o
- ()
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o

63

- - ECLIPSE
.
- - Eclipse . // .
- FloGrid, Schedule, SCAL, VFPi
b PVTi. - GRAF FloViz. SimOpt, - -,

. Eclipse.
Eclipse Office,
.
, , .
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FloGrid , .
FloViz
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--
( ), .
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SimOpt

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64

ECLIPSE FloGrid
ECLIPSE FloGrid
,
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Eclipse.

.
Eclipse.
, .
1.
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5.
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. 5.6. FloGrid
65

ECLIPSE Office
ECLIPSE Office, , , .

ECLIPSE Office Case Manager, Data Manager, Run
Manager, Result Viewer, Report Generator (http://www.slb.ru/sis/item104/).
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, .
ECLIPSE Office , ECLIPSE,
- - , ,
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, ECLIPSE Office
ECLIPSE. - ECLIPSE .
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Generator. :
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Run Differences
.
DATA-
ECLIPSE
ECLIPSE ,
. , . ,
.
RUNSPEC , , , . .
66

GRID ( ) (, . .) .
EDIT ,
.
PROPS , (, , , .)
REGIONS
:
PVT ( )
, ( )
(
)
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SOLUTION
:

Restart ,
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( , ) ,
.
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.
DATA-
:
67

RUNSPEC ===========================================================
.
.
.
GRID ===========================================================
RPTGRID 6*0 11*1 /
-- GRID INCLUDE
INCLUDE
'GRID.SECT' /
PROPS ===========================================================
RPTPROPS
20*1 /
INCLUDE
'PROPS.SECT' /
REGIONS ===========================================================
RPTREGS
20*0 /
INCLUDE
'REGIONS.SECT' /
SOLUTION ===========================================================
RPTSOL
20*1 /
INCLUDE
'SOLUTION.SECT' /
SUMMARY ===========================================================
INCLUDE
'SUMMARY.SECT' /
SCHEDULE ===========================================================
RPTSCHED
0 1 0 1 1 0 5*2 /
INCLUDE
'SCHEDULE.SECT' /
END ===========================================================

,
Eclipse.
, ,
Eclipse
: ECLIPSE 100 , ECLIPSE 300 .
ECLIPSE 100 . ECLIPSE 300 , , , , . ECLIPSE 300
: , IMPES() (AIM).
FORTRAN77
, FORTRAN77 (ANSI ) .

68

6.
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6.1.

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6.1
Kh

4
5
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8
9


(MD)
2308
2294
2276
2418
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2371
2379
2347
2492
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2436
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2316
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2496
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Kh

%, .


11.28
11.28
11.28
0.00
6.36
6.36
434
6723.90
54
54
1082
1903.70
22.89
22.89
22.89
0.00
89.64
89.64
104.079
16.11
73.04
73.04
73.61
0.78
231.72
231.72
164.06
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117.6
117.6
114.364
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18.6
18.6
20.6
10.75
128
128
52.15
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13253
13253 15803.665
19.25
26.32
26.32
26.313
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22540
22540
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0.00


, Z
. , Kh . ? 6.135, (FM) . (. . 6.2),
Kh, .
, , ,
, .

70

1 [SSTVD]
SSTVD

Co n ta c ts
(F o
r mp ro p e rty
)

PERM_total_ (From property)

1000

Co n ta c ts
(F o
r mp ro p e rty
)

PERM_total_F_M (From property)

1000

2010

2020

2030

Oil zone

Oil zone

2040

2050

2060

2080

Water zone

Water zone

2070

2090

(2100)

(2110)

(2117)

. 6.1. ()
() 1
4 [SSTVD]
SSTVD

Co n ta c ts
(F o
r mp ro p e rty
)

PERM_total_ (From property)

1000

Co n ta c ts
(F o
r mp ro p e rty
)

PERM_total_F_M (From property)

1000

Gas zone

2000

Gas zone

1980

Oil zone

2040

Oil zone

2020

2060

Water zone

Water zone

2080

2100

(2121)

. 6.2. ()
() 4
71

5 [SSTVD]
SSTVD

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_ (From property)

1000

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_F_M (From property)

1000

2050

Oil zone

Oil zone

2060

2070

2080

Water zone

Water zone

2090

2100

2110

2120

(2130)

. 6.3. ()
() 5
6 [SSTVD]
SSTVD

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_ (From property)

1000

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_F_M (From property)

1000

2040

Oil zone

2050

Oil zone

2060

2070

Water zone

2090

Water zone

2080

2100

(2110)

(2115)

. 6.4. ()
() 6
72

7 [SSTVD]
SSTVD

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_ (From property)

1000

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_F_M (From property)

1000

2000

Gas zone

Gas zone

2010

2020

2030

Oil zone

Oil zone

2040

2050

2060

2070

Water zone

Water zone

2080

2090

2100

(2107)

. 6.5. ()
() 7
8 [SSTVD]
SSTVD

Co n ta c ts
(F o
r mp ro p e rty
)

PERM_total_ (From property)

1000

Co n ta c ts
(F o
r mp ro p e rty
)

PERM_total_F_M (From property)

1000

2022.5

2025

2027.5

2030

Oil zone

2035

Oil zone

2032.5

2037.5

2040

2042.5

2045

2047.5

(2050)

(2053)

. 6.6. ()
() 8
73

9 [SSTVD]
SSTVD

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_ (From property)

1000

Co n ta c ts(F o
r mp ro p e rty)

PERM_total_F_M (From property)

1000

1980

Gas zone

1990

Gas zone

2000

2010

2020

Oil zone

2040

Oil zone

2030

2050

(2060)

(2064)

. 6.7. ()
() 9


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5
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2294
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2371
2379
2347
2492
2488
2463
2436
2285
2351

2316
2300
2285
2421
2404
2377
2385
2357
2496
2492
2468
2443
2295
2370

4.06
4.08
5.07
4.03
5.04
3.89
5.5
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-1.95
-2.04
1.61
-1.99
-0.55

11.28
6.36
54
22.89
89.64
73.04
231.72
117.6
18.6
128
13253
26.32
22540
9955.84

Kh

11.28
11.28
6.36
6.357
54
53.97
22.89
22.89
89.64
89.64
73.04
73.61
231.72
231.72
117.6
114.364
18.6
18.857
128
128.796
13253
13433
26.32
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22540
22540
9955.84
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9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

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6, 6 6

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1
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4
5
5
6

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3000
2500
2000
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2
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3
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500
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. 6.24.

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1
2
3
3
4
5
5
6

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3500

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2500
2000

1
2
2
3
4
4
5
6
6

1500
1000
500
0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

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1
1
2
3
3
4
5
5
6

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2
2
3
4
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5
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10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

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. 6.26
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1
2
3
3
4
5
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2
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4
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6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

. 6.27
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0,9
0,8

, ..

0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
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, 3
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, 3
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,
..
0,944
0,889
0,904
0,890
0,913
0,901
0,880
0,871
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0,854
0,908
0,904
0,876
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0,870
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.
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3
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2500

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0,4

0,3

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91



,
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( ). , , .
, (, ).
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, -,
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1. .
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.
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. .
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95


1. . ., . .
. : , 1976.
200 .
2. ., . . .: ,1982. 407 .
3. . .
: . ...
- : 04.00.17. , 1998. 72 c.
4. .., .., ..
. .: , 1984. 208 .
5. . . // . 1997. 2. . 3739.
6. .. - HydrGeo. .: , 1999. 5 c. . -
() 50980000051 .
7. ..
. // . 2002. . 305. . 6.
. 348365.
8. .., .. // . 2008. 10. . 4041.
9. .., ..
//
. 2009. 10. . 3132.
10. .. //
. 2009. 78. . 2223.
11. .., ..
- // . 2010. 1. . 4853.
12. .., .. -
// . 2010. 5. . 3639.
13. .. - 50 //
. 2011. 1. . 3235.
14. .., .. -
// Oil$Gas Journal Russia. 2011.
9. . 7579.
96

15. .. -
: . .: 2006.
344 .
16. ..
. .: . 1983. 189 .
17. .., .. . .: , 2005. 524 .
18. .. . .: .
1986. 333 .
19. .., .., .. . ., 44, 5 1980. . 847856.
20. . ., . .
. .: , 1989. 232 .
21. .., .., .. .
. 1 //
. . . ( ).
http://oilgasjournal.ru/vol_2/articles/25.html.
22. .., .., .. .
. 2 //
. . ( ).
http://oilgasjournal.ru/vol_2/articles/26.html.
23. .., .., .. 3D- //
. 2006. 1. C. 3441.
24. .. Upscaling 3D- . .:
, 2007. 344 .
25. .. 3D-. .:
, 2009. 376 .
26. .. , , 3D- : . .
: 05.13.01: , 2010. 35 .
27. .. -

. . . . .
: 25.00.17: , 2010. 51 .
28. .. . .: ,
1999. 212 .
29. .. . .-:
, 2002. 140 .
30. . . .:
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97

31. . X., . . . .: , 1977. 229 .


32. ..
. .: , 1987. 152 .
33. . . . .: ,
1996. 447 .
34. .. . : - , 2004. 584 .
35. .. . . : , , 2010. 256 .
36. .., .., .. . -: , 2004. 368 .
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// . . 1945. . 52, 2. . 103106.
38. Aziz K. Ten golden rules for simulation engineers // J. Petrol. Technol.
1989. V. 41, 11. P. 1157.
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AIAA journ. 1984. V. 22. P. 15051523.
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..

..

01.11.2012. 6084/16. .
XEROX. . . . 5,76. .. . 5,21.
122912. 100 .



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