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Yroroanun npoecc

Kpnunnarncnxa
1eopnn onepanano-poaucxnon enerunocn
Cye6nan axcnepnaa
Cye6nan aracu
Ppoxypopcxnn naaop
Oprannaann npaaooxpannerunon enerunocn
Aaoxaypa
Brxxcrcnr
Vpaxrcroro orcxcnnn
Mcnynapono
accounaunn
coccrunn npauocynr
2009 N 2(2
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Yparucxoe oerenne
Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
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ceueu YpO MACH
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Peaxnonnan xorrernn:
npoq. B. C. Earaxunn
npoq. B. H. Eoapoa
npoq. h. H. Boronna
npoq. A. P. lycuxoaa
npoq. A. A. aareoa
npoq. h. B. panxnn
h. A. 3aurnnnn
o. K. E. Karnnoacxnn
npoq. A. B. Kypnaeaa
npoq. 3. B. Haxapoaa
npoq. A. . Ppournxoa
npoq. A. B. Cunpnoa
npoq. H. P. Copoxonrnn
Ppeceaeru pexorrernn
J. H. /puuuu,
-p pn. nayx, npoq.,
aacryennun eneru nayxn PO,
noenun pa6onnx npoxypaypu PO,
npoq. xaqepu xpnunnarncnxn YplkA,
ren Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
Koopnnaop npoexa
J. A. Sumuuu,
xan. pn. nayx,
npenoaaaeru xaqepu
xpnunnarncnxn YplkA,
noenun aaoxa PO,
ren Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
62O149, Exaepnn6ypr, an 294,
zashnall.ur.ru
8,9O8,635OO16
http:zash.web.ur.ru
Bunycxaunn ueneep
T. I. Mouuu
8,9O4,9898353
vlp-uralyandex.ru
Peaxop T. A. 0eoopoBu
Bepcxa J. A. XiupeBo
naann o6roxn A. K. TmeueBo
Ponncano a neau 14.O9.2OO9.
Oopua 1O 1OO16.
Eyuara oqcenan.
Ycr. ne. r. 12,96.
lapnnypa Acadeny.
1npa 6OO axa. 3axaa 3815.
Oneaano a nnorpaqnn Arpaq
62OO34, Exaepnn6ypr,
yr. Koruoropoaa, 31O6.
1oxn apennn, npecaarennue a caunx,
narncn oxaun apennn nx aaopoa
n uory ne coanaau c oxaun apennn
renoa peaxnonnon xorrernn
n nnnnaopa naannn 6rreenn
Haanne 6rreenn nnnnnpoaano
yparucxnun renaun HACP
(npoqeccopaun n npenoaaaernun
xaqepu yroroanoro npoecca YplkA),
ocyuecareno aaopaun na co6caennue
cpecaa, pacnpocpannecn aaopaun
3aurnnnn h. A., cocaarenne, 2OO9
Haanne 6rreenn ocyuecareno
npn noepxe cana
Heynaponon acconann coencann
npaaocyn (HACP), Canx-Peep6ypr
http://luaj.net
n cana (nnepne-coo6uecaa)
Yparucxoro oerennn HACP, Exaepnn6ypr
http://connunlty.llvejournal.con/uro_nasp
Konnpoaanne n pacnpocpanenne 6rreenn
n caen 6rreenn a r6on qopue
aanpeuaecn. Py6rnxann caen nnuun
naannnun uoe ocyuecarnucn
oruxo a cooaecann c nornouonnun,
noryennuun o aaopoa caen n cocaanern
a nopnxe, ycanoarennou
rpaancxnu aaxonoaerucaou
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[O. c(cxxcruu| .......................................................................... 5
[lc+(aaxcuuc nc. ^. H. ,anuua c. +xcuca MACl| ... 6
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{npu:uuo:ucmu:ccnou smuno)
A:ccon{oe A. C. Cy(cuaa .ua u .a.ua ...................... 7
lc:ooeo:ocuu M. C. ,ca+a.cx:c.aa u ncca(c(ca+a.cx:-
c.aa a cccuucc yrcxcauc ncqcccc: .u+ccuu acnc. ... J5
Ec+cceo K. E. S.u+ccuu acnc. cc+(auua yrcxcauc-
ncqcccyax:u:x uc....................................................... 24
dom:+nun . A. Hcc.c:c uanaaxcuua .u+aquu yrc-
xcaucrc ncqccca ............................................................. 28
do:omoce A. C. O .u+ccux acnc.ax ncu+ac(c.aa
a cy(c c y+ac.uc nucau:x +acc(a.cxcu: (cc.uua
xu cnaac(xuacc.: a cy(c uac(ucu cnaac(xuacc.u' ... J5
loc:ooe C. H.. Mu:oce B. A. Icaxu+aqua .u+ccux
nuuqunca nu ncu+ac(c.ac cxc(c.acuu:x (cuc.auu
naaccrauu+u.cx:ucrc xaa.ca ..................................... 4J
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ccucaax c.ucacuuu a(aca.a-+a_u.uua u crc (cacu-
.cxa .................................................................................. 44
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cy(cucu cnc.u+: ....................................................... 49
lomceo H. C. S.u+ccuc ccuca: a (ca.cx:ucc.u cxc(c-
aa.cxa crauca auy.cuuux (cx ....................................... 52
lcoe H. A. S.ua cxc(c.acuucrc cncucu.a ........... 57
lc . C. ,cnyc.u:c nc(cx: u.uu cny.aquu
cau(c.cxa nu crc ncccc.uc (cnccc ........................ 6J
Momomun B. H.. loeun A. C.. c+cnmoceo 7. A.
Kau naaca: u uaac.acuu: u.cua (cxuc
c.ac+a.: cy(cucc ycc.cuuc' 1ccc.u+ccuc u na.u-
+ccuc acnc.:................................................................. 65
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+acc(auuu .......................................................................... 7J
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naaux nu ncu+ac(c.ac nc(aau.cx:ucrc cxc(c.aua
nc yrcxcaucy (cxy .......................................................... 77
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+a.cx:c.a .......................................................................... 8O
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.ca cc(c.aa acccacu uucaquu ........................... 85
7oocoe A. B.. lonooeo H. B. S.u+ccuc ncxc: nc
cccnc+cuu .auu: nu ncu+ac(c.ac nc(aau.cx:uc-
rc accxc(caauua .............................................................. 89
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cucrc nccaa +cxcaca ............................................... 92
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cy(cu:x cnc.u+ ......................................................... 95
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ncqcccyax:u:u u .u+ccuu acnc.: ............................ JOJ
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cnca.uauc-c+:cucu (ca.cx:ucc.u ............................. JO4
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cy(cncu+ac(c.aa ........................................................... JO8
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ncxc: c+(cuc.aua u naccuaucc.u nu ca+auuu u
u(u+cccu ncc_u caccy (cacu.cx....................... JJJ
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ucrc +acuc(a.cx:c.aa .................................................... JJJ
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nu accxc(caauuu ncc.ynxcuuu (uay+u:c a+:axc-
uua a(aca.a c ncx:+c ccc.a+a.cx:ucc.u) ...................... JJ4
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O:qoe H. B. O nucucuuu uuuaxuc.u+ccux c.c-
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c.ynxcuuu ........................................................................ J5J
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24
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25
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26
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27
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28
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ICUCI J96O r., \lK IU 2OOJ r. uc cc(ca.
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cax:u:x uc a a+cc.ac cryxa.ca ncqcccyax:u:x c.uc-
acuuu. S.c au(u.ca acu: u+ naa(ur: .uu, a c.ccu
cnc(cxcuc, +.c cax:uaa c.ccua u cax:u:c +ancac(u.
uc cry. :.: nc(c.c ncxcu.cx:ucrc +acuc(a.cx:c.aa
2
.
,a u c .c+u +cuua nc(c.aau.cxcu uayu yrcxcaucrc ncqccca
na.uyxau+ axcacca.cu. ,xa +acuc(a.cxa accx accu-
u:x ncuc(ca yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:u +acu nc(c.aaxac.ca
accx.u: cryxa.cc yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x c.ucacuuu.
O(uac .u+ccaa ncxca.ua c.c.uauc ac+uuac. ua ycauc
uaac.acuucrc cc+uauua cuc.ucrc y+ac.uua yrcxcaucrc nc-
qccca a cy.c.a u c.c.a cax:u:x c.ucacuuu. Hc-
ax:uaa c .a(uqua yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc naac.ac+c-
heonup Aneucanppouun 3amnnnun,
xanna pnnecxnx nayx,
npenoaaaeru xaqepu xpnunnarncnxn
Yparucxon rocyapcaennon
pnnecxon axaeunn
zashnall.ur.ru
J
omonquu. 1accuua. Cl., J848. C. 242.
2
lc:c:o l. Cc+. 1. 7: Uuxcccua naaa. M.; ^., J9J4. C. 2JJ.
29
c.aa a ucc.ccu +ac.u cc.: nu+uua ucx-
+cuua .uu u+ .ccc.u+cccrc naaccc+uauua
y+cu:x-ncqcccyaxuc.ca, nc(.c+a ucaxu+-
a naacnucucuua.
O.c+acaa (uccuqucaauucc.: yrc-
xcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc +acua u caxu a
a+xu+u:x uca.uauc-cryxa.uau:x cuc.c
ccrc(ua +acuccua. C.cu. acncuu.:, +.c
(ucnc+uqua uc: c.. 2J Kcuc.u.yquu
ICUCI J9J8 r. nc(yca.uaaxa naac c xu-
acuuu naa c.(cx:u:x xuq u rynn xuq. S.a
uca.uauaa u(ca +acuccuc uaaxa c.a-
cuuc u a \lK ICUCI J92J r. Oa a.a
nc(cnc(cxuxu cucaauuc yrcxcauc-nc-
qcccyax:ucu (c.uu:, naacnucuu.cx:ucu
na.uu, uuuaxuc.uu, a.uauc a+auaaa-
acuca a .c aca a uc(uqucuuaa .cxuc-
xcrua (nuxa(uaa yrcxcaucy ncqcccy ua-
ya), cncccc.acaaaacu (ca.cx:ucc.u axac.uc-
rc y+ac.uua ua c.ccuc cauucuua.
1a, naauxc +. 2 c.. 2 \lK ICUCI
J92J r. yc.auaaxuaac.ca ac+cucc.: a+c-
acuua yrcxcaucrc (cxa a c.cy.c.auc ucncxuc-
.:, ucacucc.u uxu nc.uacc+ua uc +acua.
O+cau(uc, +.c cryxa.uauaa yuqua yrcxca-
uc-ncqcccyax:u:x uc a .c cxy+ac y.a-
+uaac.ca u ua nca:u nxau a:xc(u. naacacc
u uaac.acuucc cc+uauuc naacnucuu.cxa.
,xa ncuc(a c (cuc.aua (auucrc \lK .c
naacacc u uaac.acuucc cc+uauuc u+ua+ax:-
uc cnc(cxaxcc: yncauy.cu uccu Kcuc.u-
.yquu ICUCI J9J8 r. Bcc naac :xc cc-
qucqcu.u+u:, nu .c uca.uauc-cxu-
ruc+u:c cryxa.c: u+uaaxuc: axac.: u+
ccquax:u:x c.ucacuuu, cax: a cuc.ca
ccxacaaxa. ,xa .acu cuc.c: ccquax:ucrc
cryxucaauua +acucccu u.cu+ccuu acn-
cc: O.y(a (cc, ccxu lcra uc.'
J
Icc-
cuquax:uc cu.cc. .crc acncca cc.ac.ca
uc.uuu:, ccxu .cuu (cc a uc +ac-
uu.: ua .cuu .ua yrcxcaucrc ncqccca.
B .acu cu.yaquu ac+uua_cc naacnc-
uuauuc ucx+axc accc.cuuc a ucny-
(cuquu acnccca cnaac(xuacc.u, (ca u +xa
a yrcxcauc ncqcccc; ac+uu ncqcccyax:-
u:u cu, a nuuqunc (cnyca_uu nc-
qcccyax:u:u uuruxu+, c.c:u au(u.ca caa-
+auu: u c cax:u: uuruxu+c. Ia+au-
aa_aaca a.uauc a .c. ncuc( uuuaxuc-
.ua, c.aaa cuc.cy naaa, naaccc+uauua u
naacnucucuua, crxa anu.:aa.: a cca uc-
c.c:c ncaaxcuua cax:ucrc uuruxu+a
(ucaxu+a), cuya uay+uy .a(uqu.
\lK ICUCI J96O r. uc u+cuux ccc.-
ucacuuc yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc naaa u
caxu a ccquax:u:x cryxa.cca, uc_ux
c.ucacuuc ncu+ac(c.ay nc yrcxcau: (cxa,
xc.a uc: crc c.. 2 caa+:aaxu +a(a+u yrc-
xcaucrc cy(cncu+ac(c.aa cc cnaac(xuacc.:
nucucuua yrcxcaucrc uaa+auua, a uca c.. 7J
cc(caxa naac c cqcuc (ca+a.cx:c.a nc
auy.cuucy yc(cuu axac.u:x y+ac.uuca
yrcxcaucrc ncqccca, ccucaauucy a .c +ucxc
ua ccquaxuc.u+ccc naaccc+uauuu. B .c
ncaauxca ucc.c:u nurcuc+ .u+aquu yrc-
xcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc +acua.
laaxxcx:uc a ncuc( (cuc.aua \lK
ICUCI J96O r. .ac c.uauc a+auaa-
xac: uuuaxuc.u+ccaa uaya, a c.ccu
a:aa.:aaxuc: cccu(aquu cxc(c.acuu:x
xu.cc.cu, ncuxcxcru+ccux xcayac u .. n.
Mcax: a .c cxy+ac, nu cc nc(c.aaxcuuu
a uayax yrcxcaucrc ncqccca u uuuaxuc-
.uu, nucc.axa nu+uau cxa.uau+a, uc-
x+aa u+ uaac.acuucrc cc+uauua naac-
nucuu.cxa c_c+cxcac+ccuc qcuucc.u. Ka
cxc(c.auc, ucuyc:u .ucu cauuu.cx:-
u:u yxcu (a .u+cccc ncua.uc), c+yc-
xcauc, aaxac.ca +acuccu: nu+uac uaa-
c.acuucu (ccaquu y+ac.uuca yrcxcaucrc
ncqccca, axcy_u .a(uqu ucaxu+a,
nucy_crc axac.u: y+ac.uua yrcxcauc-
ncqcccyax:u:x c.ucacuuu, ux cc.ccc.u
4
.
Haxuqc cxxu+ua cryxa.cca ~ caxu u
yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc naaa.
,cuc.ay_uu yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:u
+acu, uccc.a ua .c, +.c a uc cuc a:a-
au.: cxcc +ac.ucc axuauuc caxu ua yrc-
J
lo+quu. \.cacuuc uxcccucu u (yruc .a-
.a.:. M., J996. C. J59.
4
C.: Moc:cce A. l. S.ua u nccccucuax:uaa
.ua. la.cuuyr, 2OO7. C. 4, JO, 5J, JOJ, JO6, J69.
. A. dom:+nun. Hcc.c:c uanaaxcuua .u+aquu yrcxcaucrc ncqccca
JO
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
xcauc-ncqcccyax:uy (ca.cx:ucc.:, a(uuax:-
uc uc caac. ncxcy .u+aquu yrcxcaucrc
ncqccca, c.c(cxcru+ccu ccxauaa a ac+-
cuy .cu(cuqu (xa uuuaxuc.u+ccux
cccu(aquu a uanaaxcuuu ucaxu+a. 1a,
uaucxcc +ac.c yaa+:aaccc c uaac.acuu:
cc(cauuc yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc +ac-
ua uca.uaucc naauxc c.. 9 \lK IU 2OOJ r.
a.u+ccu cc(cu. +anc. ua yuucuuc +cc-
.u u (cc.cuuc.aa y+ac.uuca yrcxcaucrc cy(c-
ncu+ac(c.aa, n:.c u cc.ccc.u. O(uac, .c
cccc cxauu.cx:uaa, +c cryxa.uauaa uca,
nc+uqucuucaauuc c.ccu ycc.ucc a yrcxca-
uc naac, +c a yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:uc.
B ucu cc(ca.ca ucc.c:c a.crcuu .uu
((cc.cuuc.ac, +cc.:), c.c:c, c(uac, uc +a(a.
uccxc(ucu cccncu(cuquu uc, nc+acxa-
_cu cuc.a.ucaa.: auccc ncuuucacuuc
cax:u:x u(caxca ucnccc(c.acuuc a cc(c-
auuc \lK IU 2OOJ r.
O+cau(uc, +.c a cuxy ac+uuacu .a(uquu
ccac.caa cuc.ca u(u+cccrc ca+caauua,
nc(c.aaxaa nc+u.uaucc yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:-
ucc naac, uc crxa cucaa.: .cc, au.c-
ncqcu.uc.cu axua_uu ua yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
cyax:uy (ca.cx:ucc.:. O(uac acncc c
caxu a c ccquax:uc cryxa.cc, (cuc.ay-
_c u a ccaccuuc yrcxcauc ncqcccc,
ccacacuuc cccucaau u aa( xu cc. :.:
ncurucucaau. Bauc a caa+u c .u u .c,
+.c yc.aucau (cuc.ay_cu ccrc(ua ucncx-
uu.cx:ucu axac.u cucu.ucaau: ua ncc(c-
xcuuc naacacrc uuruxu+a, racuu+uc ccc.-
ac.c.ay. +a(a+c .u+aquu yrcxcaucrc nc-
qccca, c.caa, a cac c+cc(:, a+uyc.ca ua
nc(ncxccuuu c .c, +.c a(:u +cxcac,
uaxc(a_uuca a cc(c yrcxcaucrc cy(cncu+-
ac(c.aa, cxa(ac. a+cc.aau |omo moco|is.
Ccquax:uaa nuc(a yrcxcauc-ncqcccy-
ax:ucrc +acua, naacnucuu.cx:ucu na.uu
u uuuaxuc.uu ccac.ccrc ncuc(a (cu-
uuy_c .arc.cxa caxu+aquu .a.uc.ccrc
uu.ccca u uc crxa (cnyca.: a a+cc.ac cac-
crc naacacrc uxu uaac.acuucrc ccucaauua
au.cncqcu.u+. \rcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucc
naacncuuauuc c nc+uquu u(u+cccrc nc-
+u.uau+a ucx+axc ncuuucacuuc a crc
uca.uauy cc(y uc caxu. Ccc.ac.-
c.acuuc ac+cucc.: .u+aquu c.c+cc.acuuc-
rc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca ccrc(ua +aaucu. c.
u+cucuua .a(uquu, u(ccxcru+ccux nc(xc-
(ca a naac acc_c.
O+cau(uc, +.c ncuc( ccquax:ucrc a+au-
.ua ccac.ccrc (cccuuccrc) c_cc.aa a ncc-
xc(ucc c.cxc.uc, xaa.cu+yc.ca .c, +.c yrc-
xcauc-ncqcccyax:ucc naac (a acc.c c uu u
uuuaxuc.ua) cxc(caaxu ccqucqcu.uc.ccy
nc(xc(y, a c.cc nc.arccaccc u+cc-
uuc +cxcacc cc(cauua yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
cyax:u:x c.ucacuuu, yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucu
(ca.cx:ucc.u (uuuaxuc.u+cccu (ca.cx:-
ucc.u) :xc uc(cnyc.u:. Ccc.ac.c.acuuc
u cax: c.c.uauc ca+:aaxac: a c.ccuc
c. yrcxcaucrc ncqccca. Ka cxc(c.auc, cu-
c.u:u naacnucuu.cx:, cxccuy_uu nc
ncac(y cax:ucc.u ccc.acuucu naacnuc-
uu.cx:ucu na.uu, ucx nccnc.ua: uxu
cucu+a (c ncruc+c nccxc(y_cu nc-
cccucuax:uc-uaac.acuucu (ccaquu), uxu
c.accuua cuc.ccu
5
.
B ncc.ccac.cuu ncuc( c.c+cc.acuucu
ucny(cuquu a ucu ac+uuxu .cu(cuquu
nucucuua u au.cncqcu.uc.ccrc nc(xc(a,
c.c:u c.+ac.u ucc. cc.c u a uayc yrc-
xcaucrc ncqccca. O(uac na.ua, nc(c
accrc ucaxac.u:x y+ac.uuca yrcxcauc-nc-
qcccyax:u:x c.ucacuuu, a uac.ca_uu ccu.
xaa.cu+yc.ca ccc.cauuc, cr(a naacacu
cau.u+ (c. ac(c : aac(cuucrc nuuqu-
na ccc.a+a.cx:ucc.u, c.c:u a : nc+ac-
xac. c.c.auaa.: uu.ccc:, cacc(: u naaa
+cxcaca a yrcxcauc ncqcccc) yc yrac u
ac+uuac. ana.ua, caa+:aa_aaca uc .cx:c
c ucc:aauuca ua(c(au ua cax:uy cc-
c.a+a.cx:ucc.: yrcxcaucrc ncqccca, uc u c ac+-
uua_u naaxxcx:uc rccy(ac.acuu: u-
caxu+c a ccc yrcxcaucrc cy(cncu+-
ac(c.aa
6
. Au.cncqcu.uc.cuc .cu(cuquu
c.uccu.cx:uc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca, a cuxy c.-
c+cuucrc, uaxc(a.ca a +a+a.c+uc ccc.cauuu.
5
C.: Moc:cce A. l. S.ua u nccccucuax:uaa
.ua. C. 72.
6
C.: Mo:oqce l. B. Haac.acuu:c ccucaauua
naaa. M., 2OO8. C. JO9JJ4.
JJ
Ca nc ccc rccy(ac.acuu:u ucaxu+
aaxac.ca cuc.cu: cacuc.ac u c.c.uauc
caxu+yc.ca a (ca.cx:ucc.u axac.u:x y+ac.-
uuca yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x c.ucacuuu:
nc(c.aau.cxcu crauca nc(aau.cx:ucrc ac-
cxc(caauua, (c+uauua, rccy(ac.acuucrc cau-
ucuua, naaccy(ua.
Bc+uua_aa ana.ua, ucuycaa a ua-
aux uccxc(caauuax oc cisu, (c.cuuuyc.ca
cc(cu .a.uc.ccrc ucaxu+a, cuayu-
aaccu a yrcxcauc ncqcccc. Caa+auc .c
c (ca.cx:ucc.: c.+ac.u axac.u:x y+ac.uu-
ca yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x naacc.ucacuuu,
a c.+ac.u ~ c (ca.cx:ucc.: ucaxac.u:x
y+ac.uuca, c.c:c .ac, u ancxuc cccuc-
aauuc, ccrc(ua cauua.ca a ucaxu+c
7
.
Bc+uuac. caa nc ccc c+uaac.acuuaa cuc-
.ca (acuu:x c.au(a.ca, cr(a cuc rcac-
u.: c ac-.c ncuuucacuuu cax:u:x
uc a yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:u +acu (ua
ycauc naacacu u(cu), a na.ua crc nuc-
ucuua, uaccc., y(c. cau(c.cx:c.acaa.: c ua-
ac.auuu ucaxu+a. B caa+u c .u c.cu.
ca.u.: auuauuc ua .c, +.c a c(uquuccu
(ccu.cxcruu cy_cc.ayc. ncua.uc a.crcuuu ~
cxc+ucu, a:+aauu:x (cuc.auau aa+a. lu
.c ucx:+a ucx+a.:, +.c u (cuc.aua y+ac.-
uuca yrcxcaucrc cy(cncu+ac(c.aa cry.
axc+: ucra.uau:c nccxc(c.aua ~ cxc+uu,
caa+auu:c c (cuc.auau .ux y+ac.uuca.
Accx.u+aqua nc+u.uau+a yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
cyax:ucrc +acua u crc nucucuua, ccncac-
(acaa .a.uc.cu ucaxu+c, cc. axc+:
a+au.uc .acrc ncqcccyax:ucrc cua (c-
ax:ucrc .una yrcxcaucrc ncqccca), c.c:u
uc y(c. c.ac+a.: u.cua c.uaucc.u
u cn.uax:ucc.u +acua. O(uac .u+ccuc
uccxc(caauua .ux ncxc a yrcxcauc nc-
qcccc, a ua ac.ca, nca uc ua+axuc:.
Ocucau:c uanaaxcuua .u+aquu yrcxca-
ucrc ncqccca (a+au.ua nuxa(ucu .uu)
au(a.ca a a:acucuuu uaac.acuucrc cc(ca-
uua yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x uuc.u.y.ca u
uc c nc+uquu a.crcuu .uu (cc, +xc,
xca:, ucuaauc.:, cnaac(xuacc.:, uc-
cnaac(xuacc.:, (cc.cuuc.ac, .. c. c nc+u-
quu ucc.c:x cax:u:x u(caxca, c.c:c
a ncxucu cc uucr(a uc nucy.c.ay. a na-
.u+cccu c:(cuucc.u, uc cxya. cucu.ua-
u ncac(cuua u cc+uauua, (yxcauc-uaac.acu-
u:u aaau, uc (a_uu nc.cuy.: a ny+u-
uc rcu+a u caccc:c.ua
8
. S.u+aqua yrc-
xcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc naaa uc cc. a+u-
caa.:ca ua ucax, c.xu+u:x c. c_c+cxcac-
+cccu .uu.
,axcc, acca.uc c .cx c nc+uquu, y+u.:-
aaa, +.c cax:u:c uc: cry. nc(acra.:ca
u+cucuua, ua(c accc.c.: cy_cc.ay_uc
uuuaxuc.u+ccuc cccu(aquu, uc cuaa-
ac: ua cax:u:u cxa.uau+. lu .c uc-
cxc(uc y+u.:aa.:, +.c uuuaxuc.u+cccc
ucncx:+caauuc nucca u c.c(ca, uc(cnyc-
.u:x c naacacu u .u+cccu .c+c +cuua,
cncccuc ua na.uc nuacc.u ccacc uc
.cy c+yx:.a.y, ua c.c:u : acc+u.:aaxu
ncacua+ax:uc
9
, +cy : y(cxu auuauuc
(axcc a caa+c c uuuaxuc.u+cccu c.a.c-
rucu.
B ncay c+cc(:, arycu.uya .u+a-
qu yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc naaa, uccxc-
(uc acncuu.: xaccu+ccuu cuqcn. Qcx:-
ca, rxaca_uu: ius cs| ocs |oni c| ocui (naac
cc.: ucycc.ac {oo u cnoec{:ueocmu).
O+cau(uc uaxu+uc a (auucu (cuuuquu (a a-
+cc.ac au(ca:x xccu.ca) .u+ccux a.crc-
uu (cc, cnaac(xuacc.:. lu .c
a c(cac nu+uac nc(a+ycaac.ca .cxuc-
xcru+ccuu acnc. (ucycc.ac a .cxucxcru-
+cccc ac.cc.ac ~ naaccaxu+aqua, nc-
qc(yucc.:, ncqcccyax:ucc.:). O(uac .acu
nc(xc( (nc cy.u cc.cc.acuuc-naacacu) uc
nucy_ u(u+cccy nc+u.uau+y, uc cr
:.: a:ac(cu u+ ccac.ccrc yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
cyax:ucrc +acua. lu .c uu(uau(yax:u:c
cax:u:c cxccuu ucc.c:x naacnu-
7
C.: H.oe H. H. Mcu.: a a(aca.yc //
lxx. A(aca.ccu naxa.: Cac(xcaccu cxa-
c.u. 2OO8. B:n. ` 2 (J8). C. 2J25.
8
do:omxuno-Ao:uno E. B. Ccaccuuaa .u-
a. M.; Icc.ca u/,, 2OOJ. C. J7.
9
Moc:cce A. l. S.ua u nccccucuax:uaa .u-
a. C. J69.
. A. dom:+nun. Hcc.c:c uanaaxcuua .u+aquu yrcxcaucrc ncqccca
J2
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
cuu.cxcu uc crxu a+ucaa.:ca u ua c-
ax:uc c(ccc c.cu.cxa cyuu+a, xc.a
u cc(ca_crc a ccc ncacxucc.u:c acnc-
.: xuc.uauccu .uu, c(uac ac accx cacux
nyu.ax .c.ax:uc cucu.ucaauu:x ua uu.c-
cc ccquaxuc.u+cccrc c_cc.aa (ccqucqcu-
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a ccaccuuc yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:uc naac
(caxu+aquu ccucau:x .u+ccux a.crcuu),
.au ca+c, uccxc(uc a+au.uc a uc
cc.cc.acuuc-naacacrc nc(xc(a.
\rcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:u +acu, nc(c.aa-
xa_uu cccu cuc.cy cryxa.uau:x uc, uc
cc. uaxc(u.:ca auc uaac.acuucrc cryxu-
caauua. O(ucu u+ c.c(cxcru+ccux ncxc,
c.caa nu .c .cyc. caccrc a+cacuua,
aaxac.ca, a uuuy, car+cuuc u(uc-
nc+u.uauc.ccrc nc(xc(a a rcuc+ucc uc u
uuc.u.y.ca yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc naaa.
,xa nc+u.uauc.a cax: a nuuqunc aaxac.ca
ucnaac, (xa ucrc c(uuc.acuu: cryxa.c-
c yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x c.ucacuuu aa-
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JO
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.aucau ucc. cx:acc +ua+cuuc (xa .u+a-
quu naac.ac+cccu (ca.cx:ucc.u. Ccxauc-
uuc yc ac+uuacrc, nyc.: +a+a.c+ucrc, ac.c-
a a cyxucaauuu uc u uuc.u.y.ca yrc-
xcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc naaa, :xc : cn.u-
ax:u:. S.c. ac.c caa+au c cc.cc.acuuc-
naaca: nc(xc(c, a a+au.cu cc nu-
cy.c.ay_u a ucax c(yuac(ucrc na-
aa, aca_uxca yrcxcaucrc ncqccca.
B caa+u c .u c.cu. acncuu.: Bccc-
_y (cxaaqu naa +cxcaca, lacncucy
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54
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56
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57
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58
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.cx:ucc.: (xa cy(a ~ caa+au: c qcx: a-
(c ncuxcxuurauc.u+ccux a.cca, c.c:-
u ccncac(ac.ca (cncc. lc.cy ccac-
acuuc cccucaauu: aaxac.ca cnxccu:u
nc(xc( a:aaxcuu cy_ucc.u cau(c.cx:cux
nca+auuu, c.c:c (ccuc.uy. ucc.c:c
aa.c:. B. H. C:cxca a caa+u c .u nu-
ac.: Mc(y .c .auc ncuxcxcru+ccuc c-
ncucu.:, a cxauu+ cucaauua cau(c-
.cx:cux nca+auuu, y+ac.uc a uc ucccc+uau-
ucrc c.acuua, axuauuc xu+ucc.u cau(c.cxa
ua cxu (aaac:x u nca+auuu, c.ca. a na-
cu caa+u c nc(rc.cacu u crauu+aqucu (cn-
cca cau(c.cxa, ncaccu u cqcucu ucxc(a-
_cu c. ucrc uucaquu
7
.
lcccx:y cny.aqua cau(c.cxa ccc.aaxa-
c. c(uc u+ ycxcauu (cacua nca+auua .c-
rc cau(c.cxa, ncc.cx:y nc(:a cny.aquu c+-
ua+ax y.a.y cux: cau(c.cx:cux nca+auuu.
lucuu.cx:uc ccaccuu: ycxcaua .c
c+ua+ac., +.c nc(c.c ncccc.ucrc (cn-
cca cau(c.cxa nc.uauua cc. :.: cny-
.aqua cau(c.cxa. Hccxc(caauuc ucrau+cc-
ux (auu:x c qcx: nc(:aa (ccu cny.a-
quu cau(c.cxa cc. (cnyca.:ca ua cy(c.
lc(cx: ncccc.ucrc (cncca cry. ax-
+a.: cc.ca.cx:c.aa, nc+acxa_uc cncacr-
uy.: cny.aqu cau(c.cxa a +cxcaca, cnc-
ccucrc ua(xca_u ca+c y(cc.caca.: ua
cy(c a.: nc (cxy.
lcxarac, ncccc.u:u (cncc a .cu
+ac.u cc. aca.:ca cxc(y_crc: J) nuc.a-
c.ua u nc(yc(cuua (cnaauaaccrc (c-
xuruc+ucrc, accacrc u nc+crc cacuc.aa);
2) c.uaca (xa ncyacxu+cuua uxu ucac-
uua a.ca; J) nc(:(y_ux cuxu.ca c +a-
cuc, acax:ucc.u cau(c.cxa; 4) naa.u, ua-
x(a.cx:ucc.u; 5) uu.cxxc.yax:u:x cnccc-
ucc.cu; 6) ycxcauu accnua.ua cc:.uu, xa-
ucuua u ncc(a+u uucaquu; 7) y.ac(c-
uuu, c(cxauu:x ua nc(aau.cx:uc accxc-
(caauuu; 8) ucncx:+yc:x nuc:cuu:x +ac-
.c; 9) c.ucacuuu c (yruu y+ac.uuau
ncqccca.
U.c: a:a+u.: uc(cacuc nca+auu
cau(c.cxa, crc cuc nc(acruy.: ncccc.-
ucy (cnccy c nc(:(y_ux cy(ucc.ax, x-
:x a.ax nuaxc+cuua u(u+cccu c.-
ac.c.acuucc.u; c x:x yc.acuu:x uxu u-
+u+ccux uc(cc.a.ax, axua_ux (uxu cry-
_ux axua.:) ua crc cncccucc.: (aaa.: (cc-
.cacu:c nca+auua; c a.ax, xaa.cu+y-
_ux crc a ucnaa(uacrc +cxcaca; c nc(:-
(y_ux y.ac(cuuax, c(cxauu:x u c.uccu-
.cx:uc nc(c.a cauucuua u nc.uacc+a-
_ux crc nca+auua, (auu: a cy(c. lcxu cau-
(c.cx: c.uqac. x:c u+ .ux cc.ca.cx:c.a,
nc(acra_aa ncccc.ucy (cnccy c.ccua
ucc. naac (ca+:aa.: ux nc(c.aaxcuuc
cacux (ca+a.cx:c.a a cncaccuuc (cxac-
:x y.ac(cuuu. Bc(y_uu ncccc.u:u
(cncc cc. nca+:aa.:, +.c cau(c.cx
ucx:+a acu.:, uccxc(ya crc ac+cucc.u u
cncccucc.u uax(cuua, accnua.ua, a+cc.a
crc naa.u, uu.cxxc.a; (ccuc.ucaa.: cau-
u, yny_cuua u ucccrxaccaauucc.u c(y crc
y.ac(cuuau u .c, +.c cu nca+:aac. a +a-
xc cy(a, uxu .c, +.c ucc.ca a a.cuaxax
(cxa. B +ac.ucc.u, (xa ncacu cc.c.: +c-
uua uxu cxyxa nc .ccaauu ac(y_crc ncc-
cc.u:u (cncc cc. :.: ncac(cu c:c{-
cmecnnou +cncu+cnm.
Haac.acuu: u a .c c aca cnaa(au-
u: c .c+u +cuua (cc.ucuua c.c.uauc-
c.u y(c. +a.cuy.: (ac uu.uu:c c.ccu:
u+uu cau(c.cxa ccxu .c (cuc.au.cx:uc
nc+acxu. cy(y u.u+ccu cqcuu.: cncccucc.:
cau(c.cxa nc(cc.aaxa.: a.: nc (cxy. lc
.cy ncac(y a ycccu a(aca.yc :xc cc-
yxucaauc naauxc: [46J| B:acucuuc c.-
ucacuuu cau(c.cxcu c.ccuc a ncqcccc
uucr(a :aac. uccxc(uc c qcx: yc.auc-
au.: (cc.cuuc.ac cau(c.cx:cux nca+auuu,
nc+cy nucucuuc .crc cnccca (cc.ucuua
7
C+oc:oe B. H. Cau(c.cx: a ccac.cc yrcxca-
uc ncqcccc. M., J97J. C. J.
. C. lc. ,cnyc.u:c nc(cx: u.uu cny.aquu cau(c.cxa nu crc ncccc.uc (cnccc
64
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
uc.uu: +anc_cuc :.: uc cc.; uc cr(a
c.ucacuua .u aca.ca +cc.u cau(c.cxa, a
ccccuucc.u cu_uu:, .c au:ac, +c ua uux
cc:xa.:ca, uyuc ux .ac(c yc.aucau.: u cxa-
a.cu+caa.: .u c.ucacuua cc.uc. Hc-
(cc.a.c uccxc(ucu c(cauucc.u u cc-
c.u.cx:ucc.u a c.acucuuax ua Cy(c nc
_cc.xuacy acnccy (cxcu :.: ncc.aaxcu
a auuy nucaucy ncaccuucy (Mc. 899/
9OO-JJ6, +. 2)
8
.
lc uaacy ucuu, (cnaauaa_uu uc
anaac nu uccxc(caauuu cny.aquu cau(c.c-
xa ccacaa.: cxc(y_cc:
~ nc(uua.: ua ncccc.uc (cnccc
.c:, ncc.c ncc+a_uc cau(c.cxa, c+c aca-
cu caa+u c a:acucuuc .crc, cnccccu xu cu
:x a (auuc cxy+ac +cc.uc u naaux:uc cc-
ac.u.: uu.cccy_uc cy( a.:. Hc(cnyc.u-
c a:acua.: ucra.uau:c cc.ca.cx:c.aa nc-
axcrc cau(c.cxa, ccxu cu acaaxca a cacux
cauax u cuu uua uc c.aa.ca uu ua
crc xu+ucc.u, uu ua crc ncac(cuuu. Hu:u
cxcaau, uc(cnyc.ua u.ua a(u u.uu,
ncc.cc yuucuuc +cxcaca;
~ +a.aruaa.: .c uxu uu:c nyu.: nu
uccxc(caauuu cny.aquu cau(c.cxa .cx:c ua
ccucaauuu nc(ncxccuuu, cxyxca. \ a(aca-
.a (cxu: :.: a.u+ccuc (auu:c c .c,
+.c cu ncacac.. H a cxy+ac uccxc(ucc.u
cu accr(a (cxcu c.acuu.: nu+uu: caccrc
uu.ccca u ccucaauua (xa ncac(cuua acc-
nc a a.ax ucrauu cau(c.cxa;
~ c.aau.: acncc: a cccu.cx:ucu, yuu-
a_cu (cnaauaaccrc cc.
Onc(cxcuuc (cnyc.ucc.u ncc.aucau
acnccca (xa ncacu ua(cucc.u cau(c.c-
xa c.uccu.ca cnc.cuquu cy(a. Oa+au-
ucc.: cy(:u ccc.cu. a .c, +.c: nc+acxu.:
ncc.aucay .aux acnccca cau(c.cx .cx:c
.cr(a, cr(a crc cny.aqua ncc.aaxcua nc( cc-
ucuuc uc.c nc (cc.a.c+uc accu ccuc-
aauua. lcxu .auc ccucaauua cxa:, cy( anaac
ux uc (c+acxa.:. Icacuuc c cua.uu uc.u+-
ucrc acncca cy(:a nuuuac. uxu nc caccy
ycc.cuu, uxu a c.ac. ua +aaaxcuucc xc(a-
.auc.ac c.ccu: a (cxc. lc.cc.acuuc, .c. uc.,
c.c:u nc(c.aaxac. nca+auua cau(c.cxa,
(cxcu nuuua.: c: (xa +a_u.: crc c.
ucnaaccu:x, uc.u+u:x uana(c cc c.cc-
u: ncqcccyax:ucrc nc.uauua ny.c +aaa-
xcuua ccc.ac.c.ay_ux xc(a.auc.a c cua.uu
acncca.
H.a, cny.aqua cau(c.cxa (crc (caa
uxu xy(aa cxaaa) cc.: cxaraccc cux: (au-
ucrc au(a (ca+a.cx:c.aa. Hccxc(caauuc c-
ny.aquu cau(c.cxa axc(u. a nc{+cm ncac-
u crc nca+auuu ua cy(c. Cy( (cxcu (cnyc-
a.: acncc:, nc+acxa_uc c.ccuc a:acuu.:
.c a+cc.aa cau(c.cxa, c.c:c c.c.uauc
crxu ca+a.:ca ua crc cncccucc.u nc(cc-
.aau.: cy(y (cc.cacu:c cac(cuua. Bcc.c c
.c cy( ca+au cua.: acncc:, c(uuc.acuu:
ua+ua+cuuc c.c:x aaxac.ca (ucc(u.aqua
+cxcaca, nu+aauucrc cau(c.cx:c.acaauu.
Ha ncccc.uc (cnccc (cnaauaaccy
cry. :.: nc(.aaxcu: (ca+a.cx:c.aa, nc-
a+:aa_uc uc(cc.cacucc.: cac(cuuu, ccc-
_cuu:c cau(c.cxc c ccc, ccxu cuu (cuc.au-
.cx:uc cry. ncaxua.: ua cqcuy crc nca+a-
uuu c cy_cc.acuu:x cc.ca.cx:c.aax (cxa.
lc(cc(a.cx:c.ay_uu ca+au +a_u.u.: cau-
(c.cxa c. uccccucaauu:x, uc.u+u:x uana(c
(cnaauaa_crc. Bcncc:, uanaaxcuu:c ua
ncacy cny.aquu cau(c.cxa, y(y. cnaa-
(auu:u, ccxu cauucuuc, c.ccc cuu a ccc
uccy., aaxac.ca uc.uuu: u yc(cuuc cy(:u
cnaa(auuc nc(acrac.ca ucn:.auu nc nc-
ac(y ua(cucc.u cny.aquu cau(c.cxa. Cy-
(:a uc cc. c.a+a.: uc.y a nc(.aaxc-
uuu (cnaauaaccy (ca+a.cx:c.a, cncac-
ra_ux crc cncccucc.u (aaa.: (cc.cacu:c
nca+auua. Bcncc: c, c.c:c uc nc+ac-
xa. ncxu.: cac. uu ua nc(xuuucc ncxcc-
uuc ac_cu a (cxc, uu ua ua(cucc.: cau(c.c-
xcu, uc .cx:c cxya. yuucuu u nc+cy
(cnaauaaccrc, (cxu: cuua.:ca nc(cc-
(a.cx:c.ay_u.
8
laauxa a(aca.ccu nccccuu a Icccuu. M.,
2OOJ. C. J2O.
65
Ic+yx:.a.: ucrcxc.uux cc_cuuu cy(cucu na.uu cau-
(c.cx:c.ay. c .c, +.c c.uaucc.: c.naaxcuua naaccy(ua,
c nca:acuuu c.ccu ua \ll Bcccccuucc c.c+(c cy(cu rc-
acux nc+u(cu. Icccuu ,. A. Mc(ac(ca, aaxac.ca c(uu u+
x+ca:x uanaaxcuuu a+au.ua cy(cucu cuc.c: u uanay
+aaucu. c. ycaua u +cxcc.u naaccc+uauua uccu.cxcu cy(c-
ucu axac.u
J
.

Bcc .c nc+acxac. y.ac(a.:, +.c uccxc(uc uc
.cx:c cucaxcuuc a.cuax:ucrc u ncqcccyax:ucrc +acuc(a-
.cx:c.aa, .cyc.ca a(uuax:ucc ccucaauuc naaccc+-
uauua cy(cu a uccu.cxcu cy(cucu axac.u, ux c.-
ucacuua naacnucuu.cx:ucu na.uc, ccucaau-
ucu ua c_cnu+uauu:x nuuqunax u ucax c-
(yuac(ucrc naaa u c(yuac(u:x (crcacca
Icccuu, aaxa_uxca ccc.aaucu +ac.: +acuc(a-
.cx:c.aa Icccuuccu Uc(caquu, cryxuy_crc
yrcxcaucc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac.
lccxca a naac (cc.a.c+uc. lc.cy .a a-
.yax:u: ncxca cy(cuccrc ycc.cuua, crc nu-
c(a, nc(cx: nu nuua.uu cacuua nc cuc.-
ucy (cxy. B:acc.u c(uuy cyxy, cnc(cxa-
_y c a.ca.u+cccu .c+ucc.: axrcu. cy(cu-
ccrc ycc.cuua u cnc(cxu.: naaca:c u uaac.acuu:c cxa-
uu+: crc crauu+cuua c+ua+axc : c.:.: yuuaccax:u:u
cnccc ccy_cc.axcuua naaccy(ua.
H+acc.u:u yccuu quauxuc. l. B. Bac:cacuu, acaac:
ncxc: cy(cucrc ycc.cuua, c.c+ax, +.c, uccc.a ua acc
c.aauua, uccc.a ua cacc ._a.cx:ucc ccx(cuuc accx na-
aux .cxcaauua, cy( uc a ccc.cauuu yc.aucau.: c ncxucu (cc.c-
acucc.: ucy, uccxc(uy cy a a+cc.ac cx:acu ncc:x-
u (xa ncc.ccuua cuxxcru+a. 1cr(a-.c, aau(y ucac+cucc.u
ca.u.:ca +a ya+auuc u a+.acucuuc +acuc(a.cx, c.-
:aac.ca ncc.c (xa cy(cuccrc ycc.cuua
2
.
B. H. Mopmmmnuu, A. C. Ioeuu, 1. A. ,c:cumvceo
Karnm npauourm n npaucrucnnrm rpnrcpnnm
oxnno orucuarr cyc6noc ycmorpcnnc.
Tcopcrnuccrnc n nparrnuccrnc acncrrr
Bacunu Huuonaeuun Mapvmmuun,
aauecneru Ppeceaern Bepxoanoro Cya
Pecny6rnxn Hopoann, noenun pa6onnx
cye6non cnceuu Poccnncxon Oeepann,
aacryennun pnc Pecny6rnxn Hopoann
Aneuce Cvenanouun fauun,
npeceaeru 1eunnxoacxoro panonnoro cya
Pecny6rnxn Hopoann,
aacryennun pnc Pecny6rnxn Hopoann
1avunna Aneucanppouna emenvueua,
nouounnx cyun Bepxoanoro Cya
Pecny6rnxn Hopoann
J
C.: Mc{ec{ce . A. B:c.ynxcuuc lc+u(cu.a Icccuuccu Uc(ca-
quu ua \ll Bcccccuucc c.c+(c cy(cu // Cy(:a. 2OO8. ` J2. C. J.
2
C.: Bocooecuu E. B. Cy(cuccc ycc.cuuc nu .cxcaauuu
+acuca // laac. J9OJ. ` 5O. C. 222.
66
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
\c.auu.: cnacucc.: cy.c.uau+a u nc-
u+acxa cuc ny.c aac(cuua cy(cuccrc yc-
c.cuua a au cnc(cxcuu:x naaca:x
crauu+cuuu ~ ncqc(yu:x u a.cuax:-
u:x
J
.
Hoqc{noc o:onucnu+ cnc(cxa.ca
nca(c u nc(cxau ncac(cuua cy(cucrc
a+ua.cx:c.aa (c.. 252 \lK IU), ccx-
(cuuc ccucacncxara_ux nuuqunca Kc(cca,
cuc.u.yqucuu:x .ccaauuu.
Cy.: ux +ax+ac.ca a .c, +.c y cy(a xua:
(ac +a(a+u ~ ccy_cc.axcuuc naaccy(ua
a yc.aucaxcuucu cc u cc+(auuc a caa+u
c .u uccxc(u:x ycxcauu (xa ucncxucuua
c.ccuau ux ncqcccyax:u:x ca+auucc.cu
u nc(cc.aaxcuu:x u naa.
Momcuo:onoc o:onucnu+ ycc.cuua
cnc(cxa.ca nc(cxau cyx: nc(.aa-
xcuucrc cauucuua, a nu ucncxucuuu nurc-
aca ~ nca(c a+cacuua acnccca, nc-
(ycc.cuu:x a c.. J97 \lK IU u a rauu-
qax +aaaxcuucrc xc(a.auc.aa uxu nc(c.aaxc-
uua cy.c.ca, ua(cxcuu:x naac ca_cuua
a cy( (nn. J5 +. J c.. J97 \lK IU, c.a.:u
J4O, J75, J77 \HK IU).
\cc.cuuc ~ rxaau:u xccu. auy.cu-
ucrc yc(cuua. C crc ncc_: cy(:a cqc-
uuaac. (ca+a.cx:c.aa, ycac(c.ayac: nu .c
+acuc u ccacc.: (c.. J7 \lK IU). B caa-
+u c .u aauc ccx(a.: u noecmecnnoc
umcuu cy(cucrc ycc.cuua, c.c:c uc
ncnucau: a ncqcccyax:u:x ucax. ,xa
uccu.cxa cy(cucu axac.u uccxc(uc ucncx:-
+caa.: cacc ycc.cuuc +(aac, a+yuc, cna-
ac(xuac, c.uaucaauuc.
d{oeoc c+omcnuc, a c(uu u+ (cuc.acu-
u:x cxauu+ca crc uaac.acuucrc crauu+c-
uua, nu ccy_cc.axcuuu naaccy(ua nu+uac.
uc(cnyc.u: aac(cuuc ucaacc.a c qcx: uc-
a+yucrc ync_cuua cy(cncu+ac(c.aa, a-
.c: accc.cuuc (cxa a cxycuc auuc.c,
c+ au.uu; ucncx:+caauuc a .cc.c cuqu-
ax:u:x (cycu.ca ucuca.uaucu xccuu
u .. n. Hcua(xca_cc nucucuuc (auucrc
u.cua a ycc.cuuu nuac(u. c.cuc nu-
rcaca.
Hanuc, cy(:a cxac.ucrc +acua a nu-
rcacc (ccxcauc nuacx c.cucray ay(uc+a-
nuccu a+rcacca a+a.cncxy+a.cxa c nccc(-
uuc, a c.c:x cc(caxuc: ucuca.ua-
u:c, uc nucxc:c (xa cuquax:u:x (cy-
cu.ca a:acuua. Cy( accaqucuucu uuc.au-
quu a cnc(cxcuuu c. O7.JJ.2OO5 r., c.cuaa
nurcac, ya+ax ua (cny_cuu:c uayacuua
.ccaauuu c.a.cu JOJ, JO4, JJO \lK IU.
lurcac, cc(ca_uu ucuca.uauy xc-
cuy, uc cr ncac+rxaaa.:ca nyxu+uc, :.:
ncc.aucaxcu ucuc rccy(ac.aa u acc:xa.:ca
(xa crc ucncxucuua
4
.
Po.+noc c+omcnuc, a ac(caa acc-
.cua a cxauu+c crc crauu+cuua, nc(ncxa-
rac. a:ccuu ycacu: u +cxcc.: naaccc+ua-
uua naacnucuu.cxa.
^cuc uc.cxca:aaa cacc naac ua yc-
c.cuuc nu ua+ua+cuuu uaa+auua, cy(:a
a nurcacc nuacx u+c+cuuc lcrcxa u H-
auyuxa Kau.a: lcc.ynxcuuc ~ .c rcx, a
uaa+auuc ~ .c ucynxcuuc rcxa, qu.uc-
aax A. C. lyauua: ,au cr, +.c: uxcc-
.: c:cu accy(c ua Iycu acccc, cu +.c-
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5
.
\cc.cuuc ~ .c +uauuc .crc, +.c aa-
xac.ca c .c+u +cuua naaa cnaac(xua:
6
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lc.cy cnoec{:ueocmo ~ ncaaa u cc-
ucauaa uc.uua, ua c.cy cc. u (cxcu
acc+u.:aa.: +cxcac, c.cxuyaauuca c cy(c-
ucu aauucu. H ccucauaa +a(a+a cy(a c(c-
xa.: .a, +.c: cy(cuaa cuc.ca c.axa uc
accnccax:aa_uu cucaau, a .c+u: u
J
C.: Momomun B. H. Cy(cuccc ycc.c-
uuc a acnccax ucncxucuua nurcaca // lc-
xcu:c cu.yaquu nucucuua \lK IU. Ca-
auc, 2OO4. C. JJ8; E:o +c. lc(cx: cy(cucc-
rc ycc.cuua u cxauu+: crc crauu+cuua a
yrcxcauc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac // Icc. naaccy-
(uc. 2OO8. ` 4. C. 66; E:o +c. lc(cx: cy-
(cuccrc ycc.cuua // \rcxcau:u ncqccc.
2OO7. ` 7. C. J.
4
Axua Bcxcaucrc Cy(a IU. ,cxc `J4
OO5J2. Kaccaqucuucc cnc(cxcuuc c.
O7.O5.2OO5 r.
5
Axua Ka(cauuccrc aucy(a IM. ,cxc
` J9/OJ u ` JJ8/O6.
6
Honoeo A. A. \cc.cuuc cy(a. M., 2OO5.
67
a:accuu: +acca: cxauu+c, ccx(a-
_u a aaucu c.cncuu naaa a(crc y+ac.-
uua cy(cncu+ac(c.aa. Bauc, +.c: c-
ax:uc naaux:ucc nucucuuc uc naaa
uc ncaa.uxcc: a cy_y uccnaac(xuacc.:
7
.
B nurcacc nc cauucuu l. a nu+uuc-
uuu cc(ucu .acc.u ac(a +(cca: u+ xy-
xuraucux ncy(cuuu cy(:a, a cccucaauuc
au(a u a+ca uaa+auua, cccxaxca ua a:ca-
+:aauuc nyxu+ucrc (cxucc.ucrc xuqa, nc-
+ay+aaacc nc .cxcau(cuu: Ka ca+ax nc-
+u(cu. Icccuu ly.uu Bxa(uu Bxa(uuc-
au+.
8
Momueuoeonnocmo ~ aaucuacc cacu-
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a+rxa(, acac aaac ucuuc, cc+(aa y ucrc
c.ac.ucc anc+a.xcuuc c aaucc.u y+ac.ua a cy-
(cuc cxc(c.auu u qcuucc.u nca+auuu.
B caa+u c .c +.c c.ac.: rc(cc.u u ._cc-
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cc. ccncac(a.:ca (ccuc.a.uau:u a:-
na(au, cnc(cxcuucu c.cncu: ucyaacuua
y+ac.ay_u a (cxc, +.c uyuc nccca.:, uc-
ncx:+ya axac.u:c ncxucc+ua cy(:u.
S.c. nuc (cxcu uc.: ncxcu.cx:u:u
c., .a a +ac+auua, c(cxauu:c (auucu
a.crcuu xuq, c:+uc +a(caa. ux cacx-
uc, nuac(a. a +acaa.cx:c.ac u cc(cuc.ay-
. xc.a : a.caccuucu ncccuc c(c-
xu ncac(cuua, +.c cuc ucncx:+caa.: (xa
a:acucuua uccxc(u:x cc.ca.cx:c.a.
2. Mc(cx: ncac(cuua na+(ucc.: u
yu:uuc, +ax+a_aaca a c.cxcuuu yu.u
c. ac.: ua( cccu, c. acacu +ac.: c (y-
rux
J8
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J8
lo+oce A. lcuxcna.u+ccuu yr a cc:c.
C. JJ8.
ncaaxac.ca a aauc(yauc c.ucacuuu (cn-
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J. Mc(cx: ncac(cuua nc+ax: uaucxcc
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lc(xccuuaa uau c(cx: cqcuu (ca-
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85
A(aca.ya :xa u cc.ac.ca aaucuau (cca.u+ccu
uuc.u.y.c cccuuccu naacacu cuc.c:. A(aca.: ccy_c-
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ncc.ua a(aca.ccu nccccuu, aa.cu.c.a a(aca.y:.
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cc+uauuc nccccucuax:ucrc (cxra, +cc.:, ccacc.:, (ccnca-
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K ucc.c: au(a nccccucuax:ucu (ca.cx:-
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C.: louoe A. . ,cxa cy(cu:c.: A(aca.: (cxa.ca cn:.c /
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lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
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Cnccc: +a_u.: naacacu nc+uquu nc (cxy
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uc .cx:c a ncuc( +ax+cuucrc ccrxaacuua
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CMH, cuc nc(ncxcu.:, +.c cu ca .a-
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2
C.: A(aca.: uaa:u nccccucuax:ucrc ac.c-
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C.: o.oce B. A(aca.ccu .auuc ~ (cncx-
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C.: Cc:cce B. A(aca. u CMH // lu+ucc-
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lc ucuu A. ,. lcucaa, CMH cry.
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lc ucuu (yrux uccxc(caa.cxcu, nac-
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Aa.c ccrxaccu c .c, +.c c.a+ c. cc.y(uu-
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Bcxcau:u Cy( IU .ac ya+ax ua (c-
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Bccuucu cxxcruu c. J4 a.a 2OO5 r. nc
yrcxcaucy (cxy nc cauucuu l. u (.)
8
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lu ccac_cuuu a CMH a.cuaxca cu-
c.u:x (cx a(aca.a uccxc(uc ccx-
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nc (cxy H. nc.ua Hacuqauu nu+uax (cu-
c.aua a(aca.a nu ucncx:+caauuu CMH uc-
naaccu:u. lc ayxc (cxa a(aca. (c
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ncc.ync, u uaxcuxa ua a(aca.a a.a.
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uc accncx:+caaxca cacuu naaau uu ac ac-
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9
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lu uucucaauuu CMH uccxc(uc
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uca ra(auccrc ncqccca a+cacuuc
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5
C.: louoe A. . ,cxa cy(cu:c. C. JJ.
6
C.: lucc:ce B. C. S.ua a(aca.a. M., 2OO7.
C. 29J.
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C.: l:ucoe A. lccca a ncc_uu a(aca-
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C.: Cy(cu:c cacuua u ucc.c:c cnc(cxc-
uua, a:ucccuu:c Bccuucu cxxcrucu Bcxcaucrc
Cy(a IU a a.c 2OO5 rc(a // laac a Bccy-
cuu:x cuxax. 2OO5. ` 8.
9
C.: Icacuua lacncuccrc cy(a nc acncca
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P. P. Co:u+.+noeo. S.u+ccuc acnc.: ca_cuua a(aca.ca cc(c.aa acccacu uucaquu
88
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
c.ccu:, ccu.auu. A(aca. A., ucxc(a u+
caccrc cn:.a, y.ac(ac., +.c ac u+cauuc
uc(ca+ycuuu ua acncc: yuaxuc.ca xy+-
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crc +cc.u u (cc.cuuc.aa, a(aca. A. nccxc cy-
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nc crc cxcaa, ncxy+uxca (cc.a.c+uc c+u.
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ucy c.ac.ucu c.ccu: nc (cxy ucy c +a_u-
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cc
JO
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nu uu.ca:ucaauuu acc.u cac naaxxcx:-
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89
\rcxcauc-ncqcccyax:uy (ca.cx:ucc.: c.xu+ac. uaxu+uc
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u:c cxy+au uc ycu:aa., a +ua+u.cx:uc yacxu+u-
aa. +ucxc naaca:x nccxca u nc.uacc+uu.
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cuucrc naacnucucuua aaxac.ca ycc.cuuc
cy.c.a-naacnucuu.cxa, .. c. a:auu:u u ua
ccucac uccxc(caauu:x a.cuaxca yrcxcaucrc (cxa
aauau. ncac(cuua a cuc.ucu cy(cuc-cxc(c.acu-
ucu cu.yaquu, cnua_uuca ua crc naaccc+uauuc,
u+ucuu:u u nccccucuax:u:u cn:., nu +c.c ccx(cuuu
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uu.cx:uc .u+ccu uca nc(c.aaxcuuc c (cc u +xc,
nxcxc u xccac nucuu.cx:uc cuc.ucu cu.yaquu.
Ka c.c+a. ucc.c:c uccxc(caa.cxu
J
, x+ca:u ncua.u-
au naaa ua ucnuccucacuucc.: +ac.ucu u+uu aaxa.ca xu+-
uaa cacc(a u (cc.cuuc.ac, uu(uau(yax:ucc.:, aa.cucua, yc(uuc-
uuc u aucuuucc.:. lcxu a+xcu.: .c naac ua ccc.aaxa_uc
u nccc.c.:, +.c aaxac.ca c.c.c crc cryxucaauua u +a_u.:,
.c, a ccc.ac.c.auu c .a.cacu lacncuccrc Cy(a nc naaa
+cxcaca, naac y(c. ax+a.: ucra.uau:c ca+a.cx:c.aa, .. c.
A. B. 1opocoe, H. B. Kou:onoeo
Ornuccrnc npo6xcmr no o6ccncucnnr ranr
npn nponsuocruc npcuapnrcxrnoro
paccxcouannn
Aneucanpp Bnnecnauouun 1apacou,
xanna pnnecxnx nayx,
aauecneru naarunnxa xaqepu yroroanoro
npoecca Borrorpacxon axaeunn HB PO
Hpuna Bnapumupouna Konnauoua,
anx xaqepu yroroanoro npoecca
Boponecxoro nncnya HB PO
J
C.: \aacuuc +ac.ucu u+uu a Icccuu: (uaruc+ u ncruc+ [Sxc.cu.
ccyc|. Icu (cc.yna: l||://.ala|a.ru/rcslr/rivacy/
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lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
ca+a.cx:c.aa rccy(ac.aa ac+(cuaa.:ca c.
acaa.cx:c.aa a .c uxu uu:c cc:, u nc+u-
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ua.uc rccy(ac.ac cncquax:u:x c, uanaa-
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uu
2
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c.aa rccy(ac.aa: J) ucnuccucacuucc.: u-
xu_a
J
; 2) u+u+ccaa, a .ac ncuxu+ccaa
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4
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6
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a:c.yna. a cuucuu:. hu+u: a .c
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7
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uc cxy+ac ~ (ca.cx:ucc.: cuc.ucrc +cxc-
aca, uc +aauca_aa c. rccy(ac.aa, c_cc.aa,
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ru+ccuu crauu+, a+auaa_uuca nc cnc(c-
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nuuy(cu ucnc:auc ncxy+a.: u nccaa-
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crc co, xccu.c +ac.ucu u+uu. ,auucc c-
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8
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H. ^. lc.yxuu c.c+ac., +.c +ac.uaa
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xu+u:x, uu.uu:x c.ucacuuu; cacc(y yc(u-
ucuua, a+:axcuua, ac.ynxcuua a cu.a.: c
(yruu x(:u uxu ac+(cauuc c. .aux
cu.a.ca; cacc(y a:ca+:aauuu u naacc-
u:x ncc.ynca auc cxycu:x c.ucacuuu;
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nuccu, nccnucu, (yrux nc+.ca:x c.naaxc-
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auuc .cxccuu:x u uu:x nccrcacca; .auuy
yc:ucaxcuua; raau.ucaauuy ac+cucc.:
(cacu.: cacu xu+u:c u cccuu:c .auu: caa-
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9
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l. 1. lc+xcnuu ncxarac., +.c +ac.uaa
u+u: c+ua+ac. .y cxac.: u+uc(ca.cx:ucc.u
+cxcaca, c.caa c.uccu.ca c.(cx:ucy xuqy,
nuua(xcu. u (ccra .cx:c cy, acac.ca
.cx:c crc, a uc c_cc.aa u uc rccy(ac.aa, u
uc nc(xcu. cu.cx c ux c.ccu: (cxac.:,
cca xu+u:x uccxycu:x (cx)
JO
.
Hccxc(caauuc nuuquna ucnuccucacuuc-
c.u +ac.ucu u+uu a naaca:x cuc.cax +a-
ycu:x c.au nca+:aac. c.cy.c.auc uc-
a.uaucrc +acnxcuua (auucu a.crcuu naaa
anxc.: (c Hcacrc accuu, a .c u Hcacuacrc.
2
lu:+:u Y.. vconoeo E. A. lacncucaa cu-
acuqua c +a_u.c naa u ccucau:x cacc(: c.a.:a
8 laac ua yaacuuc +ac.ucu u cccuucu u+uu,
uxu_a u cccncu(cuquu. M., 2OOJ. C. J2
J
C.: Icacuuc lacncuccrc Cy(a nc (cxy Hu-
u.q nc.ua lcauuu c. 24.JJ.J986 r. [Sxc.-
cu. ccyc|. Icu (cc.yna: l| | : //
rivacy.lrc.cr/dccs/ccur|/crld/aicoic|z92.l;
lu:+:u Y.. vconoeo E. A. lacncucaa cu-
acuqua c +a_u.c naa u ccucau:x cacc(. C. 92.
4
Hucaqucuuaa ucnuccucacuucc.: cxaa.:-
aac. ac uucaqu c xu+ucc.u: xu+u:c u cc-
cuu:c .auu:, xy uucaqu, c.caa cc-
:.a c. ncc.ccuuux u xaa.cu+yc. xu+ucc.:
+cxcaca, cc. .a uxu uua+c +a.aruaa.: crc
auy.cuuuu u, c.ucacuua c (yruu x(:u.
5
C.: lacncucaa cuacuqua c +a_u.c naa +c-
xcaca u ccucau:x cacc( // lxxc.cu: c(y-
uac(u:x (crcacca. 2OOJ. ` J. C.. 8; lu:+-
:u Y.. vconoeo E. A. lacncucaa cuacuqua
c +a_u.c naa u ccucau:x cacc(. C. J548.
6
C.: O+c:oe C. H. 1cxca:u cxcaa: yccc-
rc a+:a. M., J998. C. 878.
7
1a c. C. J9J.
8
C.: lom:un A. H. O uc.c+uuax naa +cxc-
aca // lccy(ac.ac u naac. J994. ` 2.
9
Hcmxun H. . ^u+uaa u+u:: nc(cx: ac-
aa.cx:c.aa. M., J989. C. 8.
JO
C.: lc.:cnun l. 7. Cy(cuc-naacaaa +a-
_u.a naa u cacc( ra(au a c.ucacuuax c rc-
cy(ac.acuu:u crauau u (cxucc.u:u xu-
qau. M., J997. C. 56.
9J
1a, uanuc, a naacacu cuc.cc CHA
nuuqun ucnuccucacuucc.u +ac.ucu u+uu
uc ucc. +acuc(a.cx:ucrc +acnxcuua ua
c(cax:uc ycauc, cu nu+uac.ca ua nc.a-
cuuu nccxc(uux c.a xc. a (c.uuax:uc u
nuxu+u.cx:uc ccxc ccca xc. a cy(cuc
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ucnuccucacuucc.u +ac.ucu u+uu ax+ac.
ucnuccucacuucc.: xu+ucc.u, uxu_a, ac+c-
ucc.: c.c(uuu.:ca a a+xu+u:c c_cc.aa,
ac+cucc.: nuua.ua cacuua nc cnc(c-
xcuu:, cyryc uu.uu: acnc.a u+uu
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u+u: ra(au aaxac.ca cy_cc.acuu:u c+c-
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JJ
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Occcuucc +ua+cuuc ucc. uccxc(caauuc
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cc.c uaucxcc cy_cc.acuucc crauu+cuuc naa
u cacc( ra(au, +.c c.c.uauc ccnacuc
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nccc+cuua. Mcuc y.ac(a.:, +.c a xc(c accx
a:ac ya+auu:x (cuc.auu cc. :.: +a.c-
uy.a +ac.uaa u+u: y+ac.uuca yrcxcaucrc
ncqccca, a:c.yna_ux a cc c.ccu: cau-
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nc(aau.cx:ucc accxc(caauuc, uc +ac.axcaa-
u: c. cu.yaquu a.ccuua a +ac.uy u+u:
ra(au, aucc ccacauaaux ncc.ynxcuua.
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c.c u nc(cxau (ca+:aauua nc cuc.-
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nu cuaycuuu nu+uaca ccc.aaa ncc.yn-
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a.crcu, xuqc, ccy_cc.axa_cc nc(aau-
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ncc.ynxcuuu. B (auuc cxy+ac a c.ucacuuu
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acxc(cuua c .u+ccuu ucau, +a_u_a-
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u: ccc.u +a_u.y cc c.ccu: rccy(ac.aa.
1au ca+c y(y. caxu+caau: uaucxcc
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c.ac.c.acuucc.u a(crc xuqa, ccacauaacrc
ncc.ynxcuuc.
JJ
C.: l.ox+cmoeo C. E. luuqun ucnucc-
ucacuucc.u +ac.ucu u+uu (.ccc.uc-naacacu
acnc.) [Sxc.cu. ccyc|. Icu (cc.yna: l||:/
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A. B. 7oocoe. H. B. lonooeo. S.u+ccuc ncxc: nc cccnc+cuu .auu: nu accxc(caauuu
92
O(uu u+ a.yax:u:x acnc.ca nccccucuax:ucu (ca.cx:uc-
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c uccxc(caa.: uc .cx:c c .c+u +cuua c_cnu+uauu:x na-
aux u uc ncac(cuua a c_cc.ac, uc u c nc+uquu accc.cuua
cnc.a a y+ac.uua yrcxcaucrc cy(cncu+ac(c.aa. S.c cc-
cncuc nc(a+ycaac. uaxu+uc y cnc.a .aux uaac.acuu:x
ua+ax, a c.c.uaucc.: a yc.aucaxcuuu uc.uu: nu cacuuu
ncc.aaxcuucu +a(a+u, nuuqunuax:ucc.: u uc+aaucucc.: a cc-
c.acuu:x cy(cuuax, ccnuc.ac.ucc.: u cacc.ca.cx:ucc.: a
nuua.uu cacuuu a aax ncu+ac(c.aa cnc.u+:, cac-
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lu ac.c cc cxc(au cucrc nccaa +cxcaca, uc uc-
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yau:x acauu, cxcucu u xc.cu. Ouu nc+acxa. uc .cx:c
u(cu.uuqucaa.: +cxcaca, uc u ncxy+u.: aauy
uucaqu c crc ncxc, ac+ac.c, aucaucc.u u uc-
c(c c ccc.cauuu +(cca:a u ccc:x nuc.ax.
O(uac ac.a c .auu cxc(au, aau(y ux cncqu-
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cxc(au y, ucc. cacu ccccuucc.u .a.u+cccrc u .cxuu+cc-
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ux cc(c.a u c.c(ca (xa ux ncaaxcuua. Hcaxcaauc ua
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.: :cxcuucrc acccc+(auua (cuc.auu ncc.ynuua c qcx:
A. C. 1omop:yn
Orcncprnan rnra u pa6orc co cxcamn
ronnoro norpoua ucxoucra
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concxaeru Hocxoacxoro ynnaepcnea
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J
C.: Mou:uc H. H. Iycac(c.ac nc .accxcru+cccu cnc.u+c.
M., 2OO7. C. J29JJ4.
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cxcc c.uaucrc ncuca, a .ac cacuua
anccxc(c.auu acncca c cxauu+c cxc(cc-
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nanuxxaucrc y+ca, ux ucnccc(c.acuucc c-
uaycuuc y(c. cau(c.cx:c.acaa.: c nccc-
cucuaxu+c u ._a.cx:ucc.u cnc.a.
Ha .anc nc(aau.cx:ucrc uccxc(caauua
cxc(ca cucrc nccaa +cxcaca, uc uc-
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uca cnc.ucu .uu, a uay+uaa (cc-
ccacc.ucc.:. Oua y(c. acnxc_a.:ca a +ua-
uuax cnc.a nc a:cy c.c(uu nc(aa-
u.cx:ucrc uccxc(caauua cuaycuu:x cxc-
(ca, ycuuax a cc.uu uu.caax accuu
(cncccuc) ncxy+a.: uuuaxuc.u+ccu +ua-
+uy uucaqu a (xa (ax:ucuacrc uc-
cxc(caauua cxc(ca, .a u (xa ca+auua cy_c-
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caa+auu:u c ncc.cauu: ccacacuc.acaauu-
c cacux +uauuu, ycuuc .ac+ccu nc(xc-
(u.: cacuu acnccca cnc.ucrc uccxc-
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a:ca c.c(uu ncac(cuua, .cxuu+ccux
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aaa cqcucu ncxy+cuu:x c+yx:.a.ca. (cc:
c ncaaxa.ca u uc: c_cu uaac.acu-
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cuu nccxcuaa.ca nu ncu+ac(c.ac c-
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ccy_cc.axa.: ncu+ac(c.ac u(cu.uuaqucu-
ucrc uccxc(caauua nc yc.aucaxcuu cuc.-
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a+y_ux y+ac.ca nu a:cc cnccca nc-
xy+cuua ca+qca, uccxc(uc ycac(c.ac-
aa.:ca nuuqunau qcxcccca+ucc.u, ryau-
ucc.u u yaacuua +cc.u u (cc.cuuc.aa xc-
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Icccuuccu Uc(caquu.
O.nc+a.u cucrc nccaa +cxcaca, uc
uc_crc nanuxxaucrc y+ca, cuc ncxy-
+u.: c ucncx:+caauuc:
~ ycuxuaa_crc cxc(cca+y_crc ac_c-
c.aa xuc c+ ycuxuaa_crc ac_cc.aa;
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uancuua_crc (a.uxcccnu+ccuu;
~ xuc.a a+cc.acuucu cxcu yaru;
~ c.cxa;
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6
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uauua a naacac cryxucaauuu ccquax:u:x c.uc-
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uauu nuaxa cax:uaa cqcuc+uaa a.crc-
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naacnucucuuc ~ naacuccxc(caa-
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2
.
O_cc ncua.uc naaccc+uauuc, cnua-
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c.ac, u+y+ac:, ucncx:+yc: u ncc(a-
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Hay+ucc uccxc(caauuc ncqccca naacacrc c-
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J24
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
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naacu+y+cuuu a cuc.cc naacacrc cryxu-
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nca_cuuc cy_cc.ay_ux yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
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xcuuc, ncua.uc, cuc.yqua. Ouc ncxcxac.-
ca ac+(c, r(c cc.: ccc+uauuaa (ca.cx:ucc.:
((cuc.aua) +cxcaca, caa+auuaa c naac.
Bcc.c c .c naaccc+uauuc cc. xac-
cuuqucaa.:ca nc au(a, acxa(:aa.:ca nc
ca+y_u xccu.a, acca.uaa.:ca c
a+xu+u:x nc+uquu u auaxu+ucaa.:ca nc c.-
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xcuu:x acnc.ax, nccccucuax:uc u ccquax:-
uc cucu.ucaauu:x ua c.acxca:c c.ucac-
uua. B uayc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca naaccc+-
uauuc cc. u+y+a.:ca u acca.uaa.:ca a
au(, xccu., ycxcauc c.acxcacrc naacacrc
cryxucaauua.
lc(uuaxca xu .c. acncc a yrcxcauc
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J) a+ac.a u nuua.uc u+cucuuu u (cncxuc-
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ay+ax, ccy+ax nu nc(rc.cac uc.ca, cy+cuuu
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ccquax:u:x c.ucacuuax; 4) cc_cuuc na.u-
u, cc auaxu+, cucaauuc .ccc.u+ccux ncxc-
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\lK.
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ryxucaauua c.ucacuuu, ac+uua_ux a ccc
yrcxcaucrc ncqccca (cxca.u+uc): J) acuc-
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(c.y(cu.:); J) la.uu ((c+uaaa.cx:, cxc(c-
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J25
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4
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lcxu rcacu.: c ycxcauax ncaaxcuua
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c.aua xuq a aax c.ucacuuu, ac+uua_ux
a ccc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca.
Hccxc(caauuc a+auccaa+u .ux xccu-
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c.c.u.:, +.c yuqucuax:ucc ncaaxcuuc na-
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c.u (cx u ua+ua+cuuu yrcxcaucrc uaa+auua;
4) a .cxcaauuu ncxccuuu yrcxcaucrc uxu
yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc +acua;
5) a ncuxcxcru+cccu u crauu+aqucuucu
nc(rc.cac cca caxu+aquu (nucucuu)
yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x uc a cacux (cu-
c.auax, ncac(cuuu, (ca.cx:ucc.u;
6) a ccc+uauuc (cuc.auu a ccc.ac.c.auu
c ncxccuuc uc: \lK (+acua).
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ac+uua. cax:u:c na.u+ccuc ncxc:,
caa+auu:c c crc u+y+cuuc u ncuuauuc .crc
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a crc nca+a.: uxu ncacu.:' laaccc+-
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c. +aaucc.: c. cx:acrc cxu+cc.aa a.c-
ca. K ux +ucxy cuc c.ucc.u ycacu: na-
accc+uauua, ca+caauua, uaxu+uc cax:u:x
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(xa xy+acrc ncuuauua cc. :.: xaccu-
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xaccuuaquu naaccc+uauua cry. :.:
nc(xccu: cy.c.: nccccucuax:ucu (c-
a.cx:ucc.u, ycacu: cc_cuua acncc.aucu-
ucc.u naaccc+uauua, cncquua y+ac.ua
cy.c.ca a naacac cryxucaauuu.
1a, nc cy.c.a nccccucuax:ucu (ca-
.cx:ucc.u cuc a:(cxu.: naaccc+uauuc:
J) (c+uaaa.cxa, 2) cxc(caa.cxa, J) ncyca,
4) cy(:u, ax+aa a .u rynn: ncc_uuca
ncyca, ua+ax:uuca cxc(c.acuu:x nc(a+-
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lc ycau cc_cuua acncc.aucuucc-
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4
C.: dco . l. Mcxauu+ yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
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naacaaa yx:.ya. Bcxrcra(, 2OOO.
C. . ono. laaccc+uauuc u naacu+y+cuuc a cuc.cc naacacrc cryxucaauua c.ucacuuu
J26
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
uauuu: J) c.(cx:ucrc xuqa, 2) cc_cuuc
naaccc+uauuu +xcuca nccccucuax:ucrc cc-
c_cc.aa, J) cc_cuuc naaccc+uauuu nc(-
c.aau.cxcu rccy(ac.acuucrc craua, 4) cc-
_cuuc naaccc+uauuu ra(au rccy(ac.aa.
B +aaucucc.u c. cncquuu y+ac.ua
cy.c.ca a naacac cryxucaauuu c.uc-
acuuu, ac+uua_ux a ccc yrcxcaucrc nc-
qccca, nc(c.aaxac.ca ac+cu: acca.u-
aa.:: J) naaccc+uauuc xuq, a+aa.:aa-
_ux u nuuua_ux yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:-
u:u +acu uxu ncnaau ucy; 2) naac-
cc+uauuc xuq, nccccucuax:uc cy+a_ux
ucny(cuquu (ncnc(aaa.cxcu) u nccc-
cucuax:uc cy+a_uxca ucny(cuquu (c.y-
(cu.ca, cxyaa.cxcu u .. (.); J) naaccc+uauuc
cy.c.ca nccccucuax:ucu na.u+cccu (c-
a.cx:ucc.u (cy(:u, ncyca, a(aca.a, cxc(c-
aa.cxa) u uu:x y+ac.uuca yrcxcaucrc nc-
qccca; 4) naaccc+uauuc cncquax:ucu a.crc-
uu uc.ca, cncuy_ux .ccc.u+ccuu,
cc_a_uu, auaxu.u+ccuu, ac.a.u:u
+uauuau yrcxcaucrc ncqccca (y+cu:c, aua-
xu.uu).
lc(xccuu:c xaccuuaquu aau: uc
.cx:c cau nc ccc, uc nucuu.cx:uc uc-
cxc(yccy acnccy c naaccc+uauuu a cuc.c-
c naacacrc cryxucaauua c.ucacuuu, ac+-
uua_ux a ccc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca, .a
a ya+:aa. ua a+xu+u:c acnc.: ac+c-
ucrc crc ncaaxcuua u axuauua ua a+au.uc
ccquax:u:x c.ucacuuu, caa+auu:x c yrcxca-
u: ncqcccc. Kxaccuuaqua naaccc+ua-
uua nc au(a nc(+cuaac. ux c_cc c(cacc
c(uuc.ac, a+auccaa+: u (uuau+ccy nccxc-
(caa.cx:ucc.: a+au.ua a ncqcccc naacacrc
cryxucaauua.
B cx:auuc.ac cxy+aca acc acncc: u
ncxc: yrcxcaucrc ncqccca caa.ca, c.-
.axuaaac: c. nccccucuax:ucrc naaccc+ua-
uua uc.ca ~ (c+uaaa.cxcu, cxc(caa.cxcu,
ncycca, cy(cu u .cx ac(cc.a, a c.c:x
cuu ac.a.. S.u nc(+cuaac.ca ccc+uau-
uaa nccccucuax:uaa +auu.ccccaauucc.:
ua+aauu:x rccy(ac.acuu:x cxya_ux, c..ax-
uaa_uxca a caccu a.uaucc.u c. nyxu+uc-
c.u (cuquax:ucc.u) yrcxcaucrc ncqccca
Icccuu. H .c a cnc(cxcuucu c.cncuu na-
aux:uc, nca ccc+uauu:c ac(cc.acuu:c uu-
.ccc:, cc:cxcuu:c .cu.cuax:u:c nc-
xc:, xu+u:c uu.ccc: cc.y(uuca cxc(-
c.acuu:x nc(a+(cxcuuu, ncyccux cra-
uca u cy(ca uc ua+uua. (cuuucaa.: a a+-
xu+u:x aauau.ax u ycxcauax ux ncaaxcuua.
lc.cy ncaaxac.ca (yraa c.ccua cax:-
u:x c.ucacuuu, caa+auu:x c yrcxcau: nc-
qcccc, c.caa c.aac.ca a ucnccccuc-
uax:uc c:(cuuc naaccc+uauuu xuq, y+a-
c.ay_ux a yrcxcauc ncqcccc uxu nuaxc-
ac:x y+ac.u a uc. Bccnua.uc u cqcu-
a uu yrcxcaucrc ncqccca ucc(uc+ua+ua u
ucrcacnc.ua, ax+aa acncc.aucuuc ux
ucuua ua c_c cx:ay +ac.: uaccxcuua, cc-
nuaca_crcca c uuu.
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c:(cuucc naaccc+uauuc u crc cx: a naac-
ac cryxucaauuu c.ucacuuu, ac+uua_ux
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ncqcccyax:ucu uanaaxcuucc.u (xa a:acuc-
uua nc(aau.cx:ucu ca.ucu caa+u c_c-
c.acuucrc naaccc+uauua u .cx ccquax:u:x
c.ucacuuu, c.c:c (cxu: :.: cxc+cu: a
naacay cy uxu cua (cxua :.: u+c-
ucua'
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naaccc+uauuc .cu +ac.u uaccxcuua ca+:-
aac. axuauuc ua yuqucuucaauuc cuc.c:
naacacrc cryxucaauua yrcxcaucrc ncqcc-
ca, ncc(aa a.uaucc nc.uac(cuc.auc, nac-
cuaucc ucacaa.cx:c.ac, cucaauuc auc-
naaca:x c a+cc c(y y+ac.uua-
u cuxu.ca. Hc cxy+auuc a ucacu na-
.uc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca +ac(a.ca, ucncx:-
+y.ca uxu nu+ua.ca ua +acuc(a.cx:uc
ycauc ~ c(cxu a yrcxcauc ncqcccc, nu-
+uauuc auu: u c.a+ c. cy(cucrc cxc(c.aua,
c(uaqua u (yruc aauau.: a+au.ua yrc-
J27
xcaucrc ncqccca. S.c +.c ~ cuycu.u:u
aqucuax:u:u aauau. a+cacuua yrcxcauc-
rc cuxu.a, cnua_uuca ua naaccc+uauuc
uaccxcuua, uxu c.c.ynxcuuc rccy(ac.aa c.
nuuquna nyxu+ucc.u (cuquax:ucc.u), c.
cucncxuu rccy(ac.aa u +uucauuca ua a+-
cacuuc yrcxcau:x (cx'
O_aa ncc:xa c .c, +.c rccy(ac.ay uy-
cu yrcxcau:u ncqccc, a a yrcxcauc nc-
qcccc uyu: uc.:-nccccucuax: u uu.c,
cc uux, uc +uac., au cu (cxcu :.: u
+.c ua(c ra(aua, cuyc. cucncxu
ac.: rccy(ac.aa u +uucauuca. S.u a
naaccc+uauuu ra(au u uc.ca y.ac(a-
c.ca c(uucca+ucc c_cc ucnccxcucc
nc(c.aaxcuuc c yrcxcauc ncqcccc, +.c ancx-
uc acuc (xa na.u+cccu (ca.cx:ucc.u, uc
aa( xu cccucaauu: (xa uay+u:x uccxc(caa-
uuu u nccnc.uaucrc naacacrc cryxucaa-
uua.
B yrcxcauc ncqcccc u crc naacac
cryxucaauuu naaccc+uauuc cx:ac c:-
aac.ca c. aucauux ncaaxcuuu u cc. ac-
ca.uaa.:ca a auy.cuuuu xccu., cnc-
(cxa_uu aucaucc ncac(cuuc cy.c.ca na-
acacrc cryxucaauua c.ucacuuu, ac+uua-
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ca.uaacc acnccc, cr(a y+cu:c u na-
.uu ua cuccuquu ccy(a. uay+u:c
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c.ac, cr(a nc(c.aau.cx: cy.c.a +acuc(a-
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(cncxucuua \lK u nc(xarac. ux'
lc caccy cc(cauu acc .c a c_c
cuc cnc(cxu.: a yc.acuuc-:cxu.cx:-
u:c auunyxaquu +uauuau uc \lK, ncua-
.uau .ccuu u uc.cuu yrcxcaucrc ncqccca,
+uauuau cuc.u:x a.ca (cuc.auu u c-
acuuu cxc(caa.cxa u cy(:u u .. (. 1c cc.:
.c ac.a cc +uauuau u yc+ax+cuuau,
c.caa .cc nc(+uuac.ca cnc(cxcuu:
naauxa u +acuccucc.a.
1au ca+c, naacacc cryxucaauuc
ccquax:u:x c.ucacuuu a c_cc.ac ccy_cc.a-
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+cxcac uxu x(u, nc(c.aaxa_uc rccy(a-
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+cc+ cacu (cuc.aua u cacuua.
^aa uca \lK c.aa c+ (cuc.auu
(c+uaaa.cxa, cxc(caa.cxa, ncyca, cy(:u, ua-
nuc, uc: \lK IU c (caauc acc.c.
Ia+ac.+u u+cucuuu uc \lK, nc-
nc(aaa.cx:, uc.-na.u .a ncuuac. u
uu.cnc.uyc. ux, a nc+acxac. cy crc na-
accc+uauuc u a cnc(cxa. ycxcaua crc (cu-
c.aua. Bc. nc+cy c(uu u .c c uc: u ux
ncxccuua .cxy.ca u ncuua.ca nc-a+-
ucy. l(c (aa uc.a ~ .a .u ucuua.
laaccc+uauuc a xccu. cy.c.uaucu
(ca.cx:ucc.u uxu ncac(cuua accx y+ac.uuca
ncqccca naacacrc cryxucaauua c.ucacuuu,
ac+uua_ux a ccc yrcxcaucrc cy(cncu+-
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u+y+cuua, c+ c.ccrc ucac+cuc ncuuauuc
caxu+aquu yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x uc u
nucucuua uc \K, cxcucc.u cxauu+a
cryxucaauua ccquax:u:x c.ucacuuu, ac+uu-
a_ux a yrcxcauc ncqcccc.
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cc+uauua u crc ncaaxcuua a cuc.cc naac-
acrc cryxucaauua a rcxcaax accx y+ac.ay-
_ux uc.ca u ra(au a ncqcccc naacac-
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a+u:c aucauuc ycxcaua cnc(cxa. (cuc.aua
x(cu' Bc+ccu xu aauau. cnc(cxcuua nc
ycau u a+cc.ay naaccc+uauua nc(rc.ca-
xcuucc.u uc.ca, ux ccc.ac.c.aua (cxucc-
.u u .. (.'
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naaccc+uauuc ac.a. u cax:u:c a.c-
rcuu a c+yx:.a. ccquax:ucrc accnu.auua:
+cc.ucc.:, nca(c+ucc.:, ccacc.:, +yac.ac cna-
ac(xuacc.u u .. (., c.c:c cncucuy. uc-
(cc.a.u ycaua naaccc+uauua, +acua. crc
nu cnc(cxcuu:x ycxcauax uxu, c (yrcu c.c-
cu:, u+cxuy. crc, nuuua. crc +ua+cuuc
u cx:.
1au ca+c, ccc+uauuc u ncuuauuc
uc \lK, .ccuu u uc.cuu yrcxcaucrc nc-
qccca, cuc.u:x a.ca yrcxcauc-ncqcccy-
ax:ucu (cuc.au.cx:ucc.u, .. c. yrcxcauc-nc-
C. . ono. laaccc+uauuc u naacu+y+cuuc a cuc.cc naacacrc cryxucaauua c.ucacuuu
J28
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
qcccyax:ucc naaccc+uauuc, c.aucau.ca .c
c_u, +.c (cxuc c.c(uua.: a+ac.+ua
u+cucuuu \lK, ncnc(aaa.cxa ac(: yrc-
xcaucrc ncqccca, cy(:, acca.uaa_crc
yrcxcaucc (cxc, (c.ca u(u+ccux uay nc
cncquax:ucc.u J2.OO.O9. Bcc.c c .c c.xu-
+uc a(crc u+ ua+aauu:x cy.c.ca uxu nc(-
c.aau.cxcu .ux rynn +ax+ac.ca a .c, +.c
a .cu ccc c.ucacuuu y a(crc u+ uux caca
yuqua nucuu.cx:uc ucc \lK
( \lK a qcxc) a ua+aauucu cuc.cc na-
acacrc cryxucaauua.
Hcau(u:u xccu. naaccc+uauuc
cy.c.ca naacacrc cryxucaauua cuy-
c.ca ua ccucac au(ucu (ca.cx:ucc.u ~ na-
acu+y+cuua ua accx c.a(uax ncqccca naac-
acrc cryxucaauua. Occcuuc +uc .c nc-
aaxac.ca a c.ucacuuu nccccucuax:u:x
cy.c.ca, ax+cuu:x a cuc.cy naacacrc c-
ryxucaauua, c.c:c (cxu: u+y+a.: ~ acc-
nuuua.: ~ ccc+uaaa.: ~ cc:cxuaa.: ~
.cxcaa.: ~ caxu+ca:aa.: (nucua.:) ~
ccy_cc.axa.: ccc+uauuy ucy a (cuc.auu.
1au ca+c, naaccc+uauuc u naacacc
cryxucaauuc c.ucacuuu, ac+uua_ux a
ccc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca, yaa+au: a(c
ca+a.cx:u:x ycxcauu ~ uaxu+uc cncquax:-
ucrc cy.c.a, crc cc+uauua, uccxc(ucc.u
(cuc.aua u uc: naaa, +acnxa_cu .c
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O naacu+y+cuuu a xccu.c cuc.c:
naacacrc cryxucaauua aa.c yc nucax a
cacux ac.ax, nc.cy xc.cxcc: : ca.u.:
auuauuc xua: ua ucc.c:c acnc.:.
laacu+y+cuuc a cuc.cc naacacrc cry-
xucaauua c.ucacuuu, ac+uua_ux a ccc
yrcxcaucrc ncqccca, acca.uaac.ca a ca-
cc.ca.cx:uaa c.a(ua cc accu cacuu xaa-
.cuc.uau. C (yrcu c.ccu: a a(cu
c.a(uu ncqccca naacacrc cryxucaauua
naac.ac+cc.ac ~ naacu+y+cuuc ~ na-
acnucucuuc ~ naacuccxc(caauuc naac-
u+y+cuuc ncaaxac.ca u a cacc.ca.cx:u:u
xccu., ac.a_uu a a(cu c.a(uu, y+u-
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O_cu +a(a+cu naacacrc cryxucaauua
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c_ux naaux (ca.cx:ucc.u u ncac(cuua, (c-
ac(cuuc ux (c cy.c.ca yrcxcauc-ncqcccy-
ax:ucu (ca.cx:ucc.u ~ nccccucuaxca u
uu:x y+ac.uuca u a cax:ucu cu.yaquu a+-
cacuuc yrcxcauc-naacacrc cuxu.a, nu
ccy_cc.axcuuu nc(nucauua u cacuuu ccqu-
ax:uc-naaca:x acnccca naaccy(ua a.cu-
ax:ucrc u ncqcccyax:ucrc xaa.ca.
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yrcxcauc ncqcccc aaxa.ca +c.:c rynn:
cncquax:u:x cy.c.ca, y+ac.ay_ux a nc-
qcccc naacacrc cryxucaauua: J) a+ac.-
+uu +acucncc.ca, cnc.: +acuc(a.cx:-
u:x crauca axac.u; 2) ncnc(aaa.cxu u-
(u+ccux y+cu:x +aac(cuuu; J) na.u-
+ccuc ac.uuu ~ cy(:u, ncyccuc a-
c.uuu, cxc(caa.cxu, (c+uaaa.cxu; 4) y+c-
u:c, nc(c.aau.cxu auaxu.u+ccux nc(a+(c-
xcuuu rccy(ac.acuu:x crauca u uay+u:x nc(-
a+(cxcuuu. \ a(cu rynn: cy.c.ca ua-
a(y c c_uu xccu.au yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
cyax:ucrc naaccc+uauua cuy.ca u cacu
cucu.u:, cnua_ucca ua ac(cc.acuu:c,
ac+uc u xu+u:c uu.ccc:, c.c:c cc-
.uy. nuuuac:c uu cacuua uxu a:-
ncxuac:c (cuc.aua.
lc.cy, rcaca c u+y+cuuu uc \lK
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cucaauuc y uux (cncxuu.cx:ucu u cncqu-
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ncuuc, nc cc uacnxcuua cn:.a ac.:, c-
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cuy_uxca a ccc.ac.c.auu c uccu
naaa, (cncxuu.cx:ucrc ycaccuua cncquax:u:x
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J29
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6
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H. I. Mypomoeo
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4
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5
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ccc. ccncu.: (ac axy .cxuy (auucrc
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c.ac.ca c.ccu: cauucuua ua ucrc+ucxcu-
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6
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J
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M. K. 1uxcucaa. M., 2OO5. C. 8J9.
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C.: Ku(u+ccaa uquxcnc(ua / nc( c(.
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C.: Ku(u+ccaa uquxcnc(ua / nc( c(.
M. K. 1uxcucaa. C. 8J984O.
5
C.: Kcuqcnqua cy(cucu cc: a Icccuu-
ccu Uc(caquu. M., J992. C. 4445, 9J94.
6
Axua Kcxxcruu a(aca.ca I1 +a 2OO8 r.,
a(aca.ccc ncu+ac(c.ac ` OJO62J.
H. l. Momoeo. Mu: u cax:ucc.: ccc.a+a.cx:ucc.u nu accxc(caauuu ncc.ynxcuuu
JJ6
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
ucncac(cuua c+ucu c.aau nc a(y (cx, nc-
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cacncucc c.au(a.c naaccy(ua. B ccc.-
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uuuy cxc(y_uc naaa: a) :.: uc+ac(-
xu.cx:uc u nc(cuc yac(cxcuu: ua nc-
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uxu +cc+ nccc(c.ac a:auucrc u cau
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1au ca+c, a(:u nc(c+caac:u uxu
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uc cc. :.: crauu+cuc a ccc.ac.c.auu c
+. J c.. 56 Kcuc.u.yquu IU.
Cxc(y_uu u ~ o.eo:ueonuc {c:o
a(aca.c ~ c+ua+ac., +.c y.ac(a_uu .c.
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7
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nc cxauu+y ncqcccyax:ucu (ca.cx:ucc.u
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crauau rccy(ac.aa, cxa(a_uu axac.u:u
ncxucc+uau, cncccu:u nucuu.: c:
rccy(ac.acuucrc nuuy(cuua.
Ha+axc yrcxcaucrc nccxc(caauua cc+ua-
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a.u+cccc +a(cauuc xuqa, ac+y(cuuc
yrcxcaucrc (cxa a c.ucacuuu cuc.ucrc xuqa,
nucucuuc c nuuy(cuua. B caa+u c .u
nucc.ac. ccccc +ua+cuuc ycuuc a(aca-
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ccx(cu:. 1a, c.. J2J \lK IU nc(xara-
c. (cc.ynucc u (cuc.acuucc cc(c.ac ~ cy-
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Mcuc xu .a c.aau.: acncc c cca+-
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lca:c qu: cuquax:ucu cy(cucu c.a.u-
c.uu nccxc ac.ynxcuua a (cuc.auc \lK IU,
c.c:c crxu ca+a.: c cax:ucu ccc.a+a-
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a ncac ncxyrc(uu 2OOJ r. a nca(c cy(c-
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ua (cuc.aua (cxucc.u:x xuq, ccy_cc.axa-
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y(caxc.accuc
8
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xu, +.c c_uu ncqcu. nu+uauua cy(c nc-
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9
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B 2OO4 r. u+ J xu 62O .:c. c_crc ac-
cuaa a.cuaxca a nca(c yrcxcaucrc cy(c-
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ccuc a:rxa(u. cxc(y_aa qua: 44.c moc..
u:u 2.7 ,, ccc.aauxu axc: ua (cuc.aua (cx-
7
,ucyccua c nc.uac(cuc.auu accxc(caauu
ncc.ynxcuuu :xa nc(c.c ccuua uay+-
u:x .y(ca Aa(cuu ynaaxcuua MB, Icccuu
Iaccxc(caauuc u nc.uac(cuc.auc cy a ccc.a-
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cyax:u:c u uuuaxuc.u+ccuc acncc: (M.,
2OO7).
8
C.: Iac.a c(cax:u:x cy(ca c_cu uc-
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2OOJ r. // Icc. c.uqua. 2OO4. ` J. C. 69.
9
,auu:c ncxy+cu: aa.cc nu u+y+cuuu a
2OO4 r. cnc+cu.a.uau: c.c(c J7J a.cu-
axa cy(cucrc cu.cxa a nca(c c.. J25 \lK
IU (c.: Momoeo H. l. Cuc.ca cy(cucrc
cu.cxa a yrcxcauc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac: acnc-
c: .ccuu, +acuc(a.cx:ucrc cryxucaauua u
na.uu: aa.cc. (uc. . (-a u(. uay. la-
.cuuyr, 2OO4. C. 2729).
JJ7
ucc.u:x xuq, ccy_cc.axa_ux yrcxcaucc cy-
(cncu+ac(c.ac (c.. J25 \lK IU)
JO
.
B 2OO5 r. a:aaxcuu:c +acuccucc.u, c
c.c:x rcacuxcc: a:ac, nc(cxa. nc-
cxa(a.:. 1a, a aucuu:x cy(ax Icccuuccu
Uc(caquu accc.cuc J xu 29J,6 .:c.
nc(c.aaxcuuu, xc(a.auc.a u axc, 828,4 .:c.
(64 ") ~ a nca(c cy(cucrc cu.cxa:
J. Xc(a.auc.aa c u+auuu c: nccc+cuua
a au(c +ax+cuua nc( c.ay ~ 277,2 .:c.
(J7,6 "), y(caxc.accuc 254,5 .:c. (92 ").
Oaxcaauc a accaqucuuc nca(c 27,5 .:c.
(9,7 ") ncc.aucaxcuuu cy(a c nucucuuu
c: nccc+cuua a au(c +ax+cuua nc( c.a-
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JJ
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Bu(uc, ucccc .c-xuc u+ uccxc(caa.cxcu
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c cxu+cc.ac ac+y(cuu:x yrcxcau:x
(cx ~ cxcc J,5 xu'
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cnxcc ccaccuu:x ncxc +a_u.: u
a (ccy(cuc ncu+ac(c.ac: ncqcccyax:uc-
naaca:x, uaac.acuuc-.u+ccux, .a.uc-u-
uuaxuc.u+ccux. Ka cnaac(xuac c.c+ac.
B. H. Kaarc(uu, axuauuc aucauux a.cca
nu (cc.ucuuu qcxcu u +a(a+ nccccuc-
uax:ucu +a_u.: ncucxc(u. +cc+ auy.cuuuc,
uxu cy.c.uau:c, xaa.cu+y_uc a ccuca-
uc cacuc.aa xu+ucc.u cacrc a(aca.a
J2
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^aa +a_u.u.cx:uaa (ca.cx:ucc.: (cxua
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JJ
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,cuc.au.cx:uc, +acuc(a.cx: ac ucrc
cycxcaux uanaaxcuucc.: yrcxcauc-ncqcc-
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nc+uqu a(aca.a-+a_u.uua a (ccy(cuc
ncu+ac(c.ac. Hcc+a+xu+cu .u ncxc-
a u Kc(cc nccccucuax:ucu .uu a(ac-
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(c a(aca.ca JJ auaaa 2OOJ r. B ccc.ac.-
c.auu c +. J c.. 4 .crc Kc(cca a u+auuu
cc(c.a u cncccca +a_u.: a(aca. (cxcu
ycac(c.acaa.:ca +acuc, ya+auuau uayu,
na.uu u caccu ccacc.u, uc (cnycaa uua-
crc axuauua, a .c +ucxc cc c.ccu: (cacu-
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a:acucu: u cccucaauua axc u xc(a.auc.a,
a .ac cy.c.ca axc u xc(a.auc.a.
Oocnoeonuc +o:o. .o+e:cnuu. xo{o-
moucme. nc{cmoe:cnuu: a) cx:auuc.ac c-
a_cuuu a cy( cc(ca. arycu.:, cccuca:-
aa_uc uayacuua yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x
uc, ~ 92 " (uaucxcc +ac.c yncuua.ca
cxc(y_uc c.a.:u \lK IU: 47, 75, JOO, JO8,
JO9, J46, J47, J5O, J58, J7J, 2J7); ) a( ca_c-
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xu+ucc.u), c.. 2J (ucnuccucacuucc.: +ac.-
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(naac ua cy(cuy +a_u.y), c.. 5O (+anc.
ua nca.cucc ccy(cuuc); a) uccx:acc c-
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uayacuuu yrcxcauc-naaca:x uc, a ccuca-
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r) c+cu: axcc cxu+cc.ac ca_cuuu cc(c-
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lacncuccrc Cy(a nc naaa +cxcaca ~
J,7 " (c.. 5 u 6 Kcuacuquu).
JO
C.: Cy(cuaa c.a.uc.ua: O+c (ca.cx:ucc-
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ca:x cy(cu a 2OO4 rc(y // Icc. c.uqua. 2OO5.
` 6. C. 2555.
JJ
C.: O+c (ca.cx:ucc.u c(cax:u:x cy(ca
c_cu uc(uquu u uca:x cy(cu a 2OO5 r.
(accc.cuuc yrcxcau:x (cx) // Icc. c.u-
qua. 2OO6. ` 6. C. 74.
J2
C.: loo:o{un B. H. B:c u caxu+aqua
c.c(ca +a_u.: // 1a.ua, c.c(ua u c.a.c-
rua nccccucuax:ucu +a_u.:. la.cuuyr,
2OO2. C. 62.
JJ
dom:+nun . A. Mc.c(ua nccccucuax:-
ucu +a_u.: a nc(aau.cx:uc cxc(c.auu //
1a.ua, c.c(ua u c.a.crua nccccucuax:-
ucu +a_u.:. C. 42.
H. l. Momoeo. Mu: u cax:ucc.: ccc.a+a.cx:ucc.u nu accxc(caauuu ncc.ynxcuuu
JJ8
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
Czcmo +o:o. xo{omoucme. .o+e:c-
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lccxc ncac(cuua auc.ucaauua a(aca-
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ucrc (cxa ~ (J4,5 "), ua .c.:c cc.c ~
nca_cuuc yrcxcaucrc (cxa (2J,4 ") u (.
lcx:auuc.ac a(aca.ca caxy. cacuua
cy(a c nucucuuu a a+cc.ac c: nccc+c-
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J5
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J4
lcxcc nc(cuc c.: Momoeo H. l. Cuc.c-
a cy(cucrc cu.cxa a yrcxcauc cy(cncu+-
ac(c.ac: acncc: .ccuu, +acuc(a.cx:ucrc cry-
xucaauua u na.uu: (uc. . (-a u(. uay.
lux. 2. Ka+au:, 2OO4. C. 55J554.
J5
C. c+yx:.a.: auc.ucaauua JO7 a(aca.ca
a rcc(c Ka+auu, 45 a(aca.ca a aucuax Icc-
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a y+ac.uc +a_u.uua a (cnccax nc(c+c-
aaccrc u cauuaccrc, a cxc(c.acuu:x (cu-
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yrcxcau: (cxa, r(c a(aca.: y+ac.acaaxu
nc ccrxaacuu. A ncccx:y nc ccrxaacuu
nc u+y+cuu: (cxa y+ac.acaaxu a(aca.: nc
27 yrcxcau: (cxa, .c uc.y(uc nc(c+u.a.:,
+.c nc 7 (cxa a(aca.: uc ccy_cc.auxu uu
c(ucrc ncqcccyax:ucrc a.a. 1au ca+c,
u+y+cuuc J95 yrcxcau:x (cx nc(.ac(uxc
a:ca+auuy a xu.ca.yc .c+y +cuua c uc-
c.ccu naccuaucc.u +a_u.:
8
.
5
C.: louoe A. . S.ua nccccucuax:ucu
+a_u.: nc yrcxcau: (cxa. C. JO45.
6
B axuac Ccac.ccrc aucuucrc cy(a r. Ka+a-
uu ncac(cuc cnc+cu.a.uaucc uccxc(caauuc
yrcxcau:x (cx +a 2OO7 rc(. \rcxcau:c (cxa
` J-264/O5, J-227/O5, J-2J6/O5, J-2J5/O5, J-2J2/
O5, J-2O4/O5, J-J7J/O5, J-J7O/O5, J-J58/O5, J-J55/
O5, J-J44/O5, J-J2J/O5, J-JJ6/O5, J-JJO/O5, J-78/
O5, J-74/O5, J-7O/O5, J-64/O5, J-6J/O5, J-54/O5,
J-278/O5, J-27J/O5, J-262/O5, J-26J/O5, J-258/
O5, J-242/O5, J-JJJ/O5, J-J87/O5, J-J68/O5 u (.
7
,auuaa qua ncxucc.: ccc.ac.c.ayc. auaxc-
ru+ucu quc c axcax u+ cuquax:ucu cny-
xucaauucu cy(cucu c.a.uc.uu (c.: O+c:
cy(cucu na.uu nc yrcxcau: (cxa +a 2OO4
2OO7 rr. // Icc. c.uquu. 2OO4. ` 6; 2OO5.
` 8; 2OO6. ` 9; 2OO8. ` 8; lx. Bcxca.
cy(a IU. 2OO7. ` 9, JO).
8
C.: louoe A. . S.ua nccccucuax:ucu
+a_u.: nc yrcxcau: (cxa. M., J978. C. J4O.
A. ,. lcuca nuac(u. c+yx:.a.: uccxc(caa-
uua J2O yrcxcau:x (cx, ncac(cuucrc a 7O-c rr.
ncaxcrc aca. O(uac, uccc.a ua .c, +.c (cu-
J4J
Kcc .crc, nu u+y+cuuu naaca:x nc+u-
quu a(aca.a-+a_u.uua u nc(cy(ucrc nc
u+y+cuu: J95 yrcxcau: (cxa a c.ucac-
uuu 22O xuq a:acuuxac: cxc(y_aa a.uua:
J. laacay nc+uqu c nu+uauuu cca
auucau:u (+. 2 c.. 27J \lK IU) u+axu
J7J nc(cy(u:u u ux a(aca.:-+a_u.uuu, +.c
ccc.aaxac. 77,7 " c. c_crc cxu+cc.aa nu-
axcac:x xuq nc u+y+cuu: (cxa. Ic+yx:.a.
.cu a:auucu nc+uquu ~ J2J nc(cy(u:x
(7J,9 ") :xu nu+uau: cy(c auucau:u u
a c.ucacuuu ux ccc.caxca cauuu.cx:u:u nu-
rcac. B c.ucacuuu 48 nc(cy(u:x (28,O ")
yrcxcau:c (cxa :xu nca_cu: a caa+u c
nuucuuc c.ccu (c.. 25 \lK IU).
2. laacay nc+uqu c +ac.u+uc nu-
+uauuu cca auucau:u u+axu J7 nc(cy(u-
:x (J6,8 ") u ux a(aca.:-+a_u.uuu.
lu+uaxu auucau:u u ccy(uxu u+ uux J2 +c-
xcaca, a c.ucacuuu 5 nc(cy(u:x nca.uxu
yrcxcau:c (cxa a caa+u c nuucuuc c.ccu.
J. laacay nc+uqu c ucnu+uauuu cca
auucau:u u+axu J2 nc(cy(u:x (5,4 ") u
ux a(aca.:-+a_u.uuu. H+ uux nu+uaxu au-
ucau:u JO xuq u a c.ucacuuu 2 xuq (cxa
nca.uxu a caa+u c nuucuuc c.ccu (au-
(uc, :xa nc(cc.aaxcua ac+cucc.: c(y-
a.: ycxcaua nuucuua u ac+c_cuua ac(a).
B xu.ca.yc a.yax:ucc.: cc:cxcuua
+ua+ucc.u +cxcac+cccrc (cy.c.uaucrc)
a.ca a ccc.a+a.cx:uc yrcxcauc ncqcc-
cc caa+:aac.ca c ucccx:uu ncua.uau. 1a,
ucncuuauuc cy.c.au naaa cxu +cxcac-
+cccrc a.ca a ccc.a+a.cx:uc yrcxcauc
ncqcccc ucu+cuc nuac(u. ucc.ua-
ucy a:ncxucuu yuqucuax:u:x ca+auuc-
c.cu, caua ua a+xu+u:x .anax ncqccca,
ccccuuc ac aca cy(cucrc cxc(c.aua u cy-
(cu:x ncuuu
9
. Cnaac(xuac auccu.ca a
c.y.yy ncua.ua .a.u+cccrc cacuua ac-
xcacu a. cy.c.a nucucuua naaa (craua
accxc(caauua u cy(a)
JO
. Occucaauuc rcac-
u.ca c cn.uu+aquu cacuuu a(aca.a a
yrcxcauc ncqcccc
JJ
. lu .c c.c+ac.ca,
+.c a cnc(cxcuuu xuuuu +a_u.: a+auccaa+:
a(aca.a c nc(+a_u.u: uc aaxac.ca acc-
x.ucu
J2
.
lcqcccyax:u:c a.: a(aca.a a cuc.cc
yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:x (cycu.ca cy-
cuy. cxauu+ caxu+aquu naaa a(crc
ua aaxuuqucaauuy u(u+ccy ncc_:,
+.c nc+acxuxc cnc(cxu.: ncqcccyax:u:u a.
a(aca.a a c(uu u+ aaucuaux u ucc..c-
xc:x xccu.ca aaxuuqucaauucu u(u-
+cccu ncc_u. lccccucuax:u:c yuquu
a(aca.a a yrcxcauc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac c-
ry. :.: a+ucca+u:u ~ c.ccua +a_u.:
(+a_u.uu nc(c+caaccrc, cauuaccrc, nc(-
c.aau.cx: ra(auccrc c.ac.+ua), c.ccua
cauucuua (nc(c.aau.cx: nc.cncaacrc, +ac.-
ucrc cauuu.cxa, ra(auccrc uc.qa), a(aca.
cau(c.cxa. Uyuqua ~ .c cncquu+cccc
ncaaxcuuc cacuc.a c.c.a, cnccc crc (cu-
c.aua
JJ
. Xaa.c caxu+aquu yuquu .crc
uxu uucrc naacacrc aaxcuua ac ucrc +aau-
cu. c. crc ccquax:uc-naacacrc ua+ua+cuua.
lcqcccyax:u:u a. a(aca.a a yrcxca-
uc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac a xccu. aaxuu-
qucaauucu u(u+cccu ncc_u nc(c.aa-
xac. cccu cuc.cucc ncqcccyax:uc-naac-
acc ccc.cauuc, c.aa_cc ucrcycauca:c
xccu.: aaxuuqucaauucu u(u+cccu
ncc_u a(aca.a a yrcxcauc cy(cncu+ac(-
c.ac, cuyc:u ccc:u nccccucuax:-
uc-.u+ccuu c.au(a. ncac(cuua a(aca.a
c.ay_cc yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucc +acuc(a.cx:-
c.ac cy_cc.acuuc acauuxc ncxucc+ua +a_u.-
uua nc caaucuu c \lK ICUCI J96O r.,
a:aaxcuu:c A. ,. lcuca: +acuccucc.u
y+ac.ua +a_u.uua nca.ca.ca u nc ccu (cu:.
9
C.: Mc:onu B. B. Hcycc.ac (ca+:aauua a
ccc.a+a.cx:uc yrcxcauc ncqcccc. M., 2OOO.
C. J24.
JO
C.: Qecmoe C. H. On.uu+aqua cacuuu
a(aca.a a yrcxcauc ncqcccc // \+. .. Icc.
aa(cuu a(aca.y:. B:n. J. M., 2OOO. C. 8J.
JJ
C.: 1a c. C. 84.
J2
C.: 7o+nnuoe A. l. A(aca. a yrcxcauc
ncqcccc ((ca.cx:ucc.: a(aca.a nc ca+auu
u(u+cccu ncc_u cauuaccy a caxu+aquu
naa ua +aaaxcuuc xc(a.auc.a u nuucccuua a-
xc). M., J987. C. 9.
JJ
C.: 0+on A. A. luuqun c(uuc.aa cc(c-
auua, c.y.y:, yuquu a a.cuaxuc.u+cc-
cu (uaxc.uc. 1cc, J969. C. 66.
H. . Momoeo. lcqcccyax:u:c a.: a(aca.a a yrcxcauc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac
J44
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
a yrcxcauc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac u cucaa-
uuc ncqcccyax:ucu nc+uquu a(aca.a nc yrc-
xcaucy (cxy.
1au ca+c, nc(ac(a u.cr, cuc ca-
+a.:, +.c ncqcccyax:u:c a.: a(aca.a a cc-
accuuc ccc.a+a.cx:uc yrcxcauc ncqcccc
c.aucaa.ca cax:u: cxauu+c +a_u.: +a-
cuu:x naa u uu.cccca y+ac.uuca yrcxca-
ucrc cy(cncu+ac(c.aa. lc cuc.cc ncqcc-
cyax:u:x a.ca-(cycu.ca a(aca.a cuc
cqcuu.: ccx(cuuc nuuquna +acuucc.u
(c.. 7 \lK IU) a ua c.(cx:u:x c.a(uax,
.anax, .a u nc accy yrcxcaucy (cxy a qcxc,
+.c ccccuuc aauc a cac.c (cuc.aua lac-
ncuccu cuacuquu nc naaa +cxcaca (c.. J5
lacncuccu cuacuquu c +a_u.c naa +cxc-
aca u ccucau:x cacc(). B a(c ccu+a-
.cx:u:x cacuuu lacncucuu Cy(a nc na-
aa +cxcaca cqcuux ccx(cuuc nuuquna
+acuucc.u, a .c +ucxc nc uc_uca a yrc-
xcauc (cxc ncqcccyax:u: a.a-(cycu-
.a a(aca.a. 1a, uanuc, a cacuuu nc
(cxy crx nc.ua Icccuu, c.acuc, +.c
+a_u.uu ucc(uca.uc nc(aaax xc(a.auc.ac
c u+cucuuu crc nc(+a_u.ucy c: nccc-
+cuua, .a a cc(cauuc crc nc( c.acu
c.aau. a auuc ucxarcnua.uy uuaucc-
ay cu.yaqu crc cc: (cuy u cx:ucrc
ccuc). O(uac cccuucuc axac.u uc nu-
uaxu (auu:c a.: ac auuauuc u uc ac-
cc.cxu ac+cucc.: cccnc+cuua aau +a-
aau.cxa c ncc_: (yrux c nuuy(c-
uua, c.c:c cncquax:uc nc(ycc.cu: cc-
cuucu naac a qcxax cccnc+cuua ua(xc-
a_crc ccy_cc.axcuua yrcxcaucrc ncqccca,
u ccc.ac.c.acuuc :x uayacu n. J c.. 5. Kcu-
acuquu.
B .c c:cxc, a nc(c.aaxac.ca, nc-
qcccyax:u:c a.:-(cycu.: a(aca.a ccc-
nc+uaa., uaa(y c yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:-
u a.au cnc.cu.u:x crauca u (cxucc.-
u:x xuq, cxa(a_ux rccy(ac.acuuc-axac.-
u:u ncxucc+uau, c(uucc naacacc ncxc a
ccc yrcxcaucrc cy(cncu+ac(c.aa.
J45
B uac.ca_cc aca a Icccuu ccxauac.ca qcx:u a( ucc-
acuu:x acnccca, caa+auu:x c uccxc(ucc.: u+cucuua na-
acacrc u crauu+aqucuuc-ynaaxcu+cccrc cryxucaauua c-
+:ca u yc.aucaxcuua a+xu+u:x a.crcuu ra(au, a .ac
ncxc: ccc.ac.c.ay_crc uay+uc-.cxuu+cccrc u cncquax:-
ucrc cccnc+cuua ncac(cuua a+cc.acuucrc u c.c.uaucrc ac-
cxc(caauua (auucu a.crcuu (cx
J
.
Auaxu+ (ca.cx:ucc.u nc(a+(cxcuuu uuuax:ucu uxuquu,
cncquaxu+uy_uxca ua c+:cc ncnaaaux ra(au u yc.a-
ucaxcuuu xu+ucc.cu ucu+acc.u:x .ynca, nc+acxac. c(cxa.: a:-
ac( c .c, +.c (c cux nc (auucc uanaaxcuuc uc nuccxc
(cxucrc auuauua. Ccaccuuaa uaya a+ac.axa cx:acc
cxu+cc.ac nucca, cc(c.a u c.c(ca, c.c:c ca+:aa.
uccqcuuy ncc_: a yc.aucaxcuuu uc.uu:. lxaa-
uaa cx: a .cu (ca.cx:ucc.u nuua(xcu. c.c-
(a uuuaxuc.uu.
Ia+au.uc ccaccuucrc c_cc.aa c ucncx:+caa-
uuc uca:x .cxucxcruu a a+xu+u:x ccax +cxc-
ac+cccu (ca.cx:ucc.u nc(.axuaa. a+ac.c
u nucucuu uca:x c.c(ca (xa (cc.ucuuu .cx .ccaauuu,
c.c:c nc(.aaxac. ccaccuu:u +cxcac.
Bccc.ccuucc ucncx:+caauuc cn:.cucu .cxuuu u auc-
(cuuc cuc.c: axrcu.u+aquu ncqcccca ynaaxcuua c_c-
c.acuu:u c.ucacuuau (c cux nc uc(cc.a.c+uc c.uau:
a naacac u crauu+aqucuuc cryxucaauuu ccnua.uu nc
c+:cy a+xu+u:x a.crcuu ra(au. Occcuuc cc.c .a
ncxca ac.ac. nu yc.aucaxcuuu cc.cuaxc(cuua c+ acc.u
ncnaaaux ra(au u cnc+uauuu ucu+acc.u:x .ynca.
B:(aucuuc cxu +cxcaca a xu+ucc.u ua xu(uy_uc
nc+uquu a c_cc.acuu:x c.ucacuuax +ac.aaxac. ac+aa_a.:ca
ncxcc u(cu.uuaquu a(crc +cxcaca (xa y(cc.caccuua
H. B. 0:ypoe
O npnmcncnnn rpnmnnaxncrnuccrn mcroou
u ycranouxcnnn mccronaoncnnn
6cs uccrn nponaumn rpanan
n xnunocrc nconosnannr rpynou
Hropu Bapumouun Orypou ,
concxaeru Canx-Peep6yprcxoro
ynnaepcnea HB Poccnn, npenoaaaeru
Bororocxoro nncnya npaaa n axonounxn
OCHP Poccnn, uanop anypennen cry6u
J
C.: +:un K. H.. +:uno O. H. lcxc: c+:ca c+
acc.u ncnaaaux. M., 2OOJ. C. 5.
J46
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OO9 ` 2(2)
crc uu(uau(yax:ucc.u na.u+ccu ac accx
ccax (ca.cx:ucc.u. \c.aucaxcuuc xu+ucc.u
aauc uc .cx:c nu accxc(caauuu yrcxca-
u:x (cx, uc u (xa caccaccuucrc u ncxucrc
a+cacuua ucrux ra(aucc-naaca:x acn-
ccca, ac+uua_ux a c.ucacuuu u+u+ccux
u u(u+ccux xuq, caa+auu:x c ncruau
uxu c+ acc.u ncnaaau cnc(cxcuu:u na-
aca:u c.ucacuuau
2
.
lucucuuc cncquu+ccux c.c(ca u-
uuaxuc.uu a c+:cc u yc.aucaxcuuu xu+-
ucc.u +aaucu. c. .cx +a(a+, c.c:c c.aau. ncc(
cccu ncqcccyax:ucc xuqc. Kuuuaxuc.ua,
a u xaa (yraa uaya, caac. c.ca_uc ncc(
ucu +a(a+u, nucuaa c.(cx:u:c c.c(: uc-
cxc(caauua, a.uauc u .ac+ccu ucncx:+ya
(auu:c cc.cc.acuu:x, .cxuu+ccux, a.ca.u-
+ccux, ryauu.au:x uay
J
.
Cncquax:ucu +a(a+cu uayu a ccccu
cc: c_cc.acuucu a.uaucc.u x(cu aaxa-
c.ca uacnxcuuc u ncaca +uauuu c.c(au
na.u+cccu (ca.cx:ucc.u. ,xa (cc.ucuua
cacux qcxcu uaya a:aa.:aac. cncquax:u:c
c.c(: nc+uauua u cncquax:u:u a+: (xa a-
cuax:ucrc, .c+ucrc u c(uc+ua+ucrc a:ac-
uua ncxy+cuucrc +uauua
4
.
Kuuuaxuc.ua, a u (yruc uayu, caa-
c. c.ca_uc ncc( ucu +a(a+u, ucncx:+ya cnc(c-
xcuu:c c.c(: uay+ucrc uccxc(caauua, a.ua-
uc u .ac+ccu ucncx:+ya (auu:c cc.cc.acu-
u:x, .cxuu+ccux, a.ca.u+ccux, ryauu.au:x
uay
5
. lucucuuc uuuaxuc.u+ccux c.c-
(ca (xa ncuca c+ acc.u ncnaaaux xuq u yc-
.aucaxcuua xu+ucc.cu ucu+acc.u:x .ynca aa-
xac.ca ncacc(ucaucu ac.cu c+:cu:x nc(-
a+(cxcuuu yrcxcaucrc c+:ca.
Mc.c( a aucc c:cxc ~ .c cnccc
nc(xc(a (cuc.au.cx:ucc.u, cnccc nc+uauua,
u+y+cuua, uccxc(caauua aaxcuuu nuc(: u
c_cc.acuucu u+uu, cnccc (cc.ucuua a-
cu-xuc qcxu, cacuua +a(a+u
6
, ny.: (cuc.au-
.cx:ucrc nc+uauua
7
, ccacynucc.: nuuqunca u
nucca .ccc.u+cccrc ucncx:+caauua
8
. lc-
acua+ax:uc nc( c.c(c ncuuaxu ca+ cxc.:
+a +acc uxu nccxc(caauuc ncc.ynuua, a
ua+uuaa c lxa.cua crc c.axu acca.uaa.:
a ny.: uccxc(caauua, ac(y_uu uc.uuc
9
.
Ia+au.uc y+cuua c uuuaxuc.u+ccux
c.c(ax uca+:auc caa+auc cc c.aucaxcuuc
cacu uayu uuuaxuc.uu. B cuqc
XlX ~ ua+axc XX a. uuuaxuc.: a+a-
a.:aaxu nuc: u cc(c.aa (xa accxc(caa-
uua u ac:.ua ncc.ynxcuuu.
Ha auuux .anax a+au.ua c.c(cxcruu
uuuaxuc.uu ax+axu a ncua.uuu:u an-
naa. uauxy+auc nuc: (xa ncac(cuua c.-
(cx:u:x cxc(c.acuu:x (cuc.auu
JO
. C. A. lc-
xyucuu c.uccux uuuaxuc.uc .cxuu-
+ccuc nuc:, c ncc_: c.c:x cuc
accrc xy+ac u naaux:ucc accxc(caa.: yrc-
xcaucc (cxc
JJ
. B auuux ac.ax A. H. Buu-
cra yncuuaxuc: .cxuu+ccuc u .a.u+cc-
uc nuc:, a .ac cc(c.aa cuaycuua,
ccuauua, ucaquu u uccxc(caauua (ca+a-
.cx:c.a
J2
. Oc.ac.ca ucncua.u:, nc+cy a ncc-
2
C.: Hoec.n l. H. Kuuuaxuc.u+ccuc
c.c(: u cc(c.aa yc.aucaxcuua xu+ucc.u a nc-
qcccc accxc(caauua ncc.ynxcuuu: lc a.cua-
xa c.au CHl. M., 2OO5. C. 4.
J
C.: Hceou B. H. Ccaccuu:c c.c(: uay+-
ucrc nc+uauua u ux ucncx:+caauuc a uuuaxu-
c.uc // Icc. cxc(caa.cx:. 2OO2. ` 2.
4
C.: 1a c. C. JJJJ.
5
C.: 1a c. C. JJ.
6
C.: Kuuuaxuc.ua: y+c. (xa cc(. cncquax.
y+c. +aac(cuuu / nc( c(. l. H. ^auua. M.,
J967. C. JO; Ho{oomoe l. A. O nuc(c ua-
y+ucrc c.c(a. ^., J988. C. J6.
7
C.: cnun B. H. lcxu. cc. cc+. M., J976.
1. JJ. C. 76; Icccuucuu uquxcnc(u+ccuu
cxcaa: / rx. c(. A. M. lcxcca. M., 2OOJ.
Ku. J. C. 94O.
8
C.: Hceou B. H. Ccaccuu:c c.c(: uay+-
ucrc nc+uauua u ux ucncx:+caauuc a uuuaxu-
c.uc. C. JJ.
9
C.: A:+oceo d. C.. dooe P. A.. Oonou A. 0.
u {. Uuxcccua. Haya. Ucxcac: Kcuxu. uxu
racuua' Cl., J992. C. J45.
JO
Kuuuaxuc.ua. 1cxuua u .a.ua accxc-
(caauua ncc.ynxcuuu. M., J9J5. C. 6.
JJ
Qu.. nc: lo:+ooe B. H. O .ccc.u+ccux cc-
ucaax cuc.ca.u+aquu c.c(ca, nucca u cc(c.a
ccac.ccu uuuaxuc.uu // laacac(cuuc.
J965. ` 4. C. JJ5.
J2
C.: Bunc: A. H. Kuuuaxuc.ua. M., J95O.
U. J. C. 4.
J47
xc(y_ux y+cuuax nc uuuaxuc.uc a cn-
c(cxcuuc nc(c.a uayu uc ax+cu: nu-
c: u c.c(:, nc(c. uayu a uux ~ u-
uuaxuc.u+ccaa .cxuua u .a.ua ccua-
uua (ca+a.cx:c.a, c.c(ua accxc(caauua u
nc(c.aa_cuua ncc.ynxcuuu
JJ
.
1a cxcuxcc:, +.c a uay+ucu xu.ca.y-
c acca.uaac:c c.c(: u+xara.ca a
c_c c:cxc, a uc nc c.ucacuu c.-
(cx:u: xccu.a cc c.c.a
J4
. lcx:-
aaa +ac.: uccxc(caa.cxcu acca.uaa.
c.c(: uuuaxuc.u+cccu (ca.cx:ucc.u, a
uc ccc.acuuc uuuaxuc.u+cccu uayu.
H .c cycxcaxcuc .c, +.c rxaauaa +a(a+a
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28
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