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Heynaponan acconann coencann npaaocyn

|nternatlonal Unlon ol Asslstance ol 1ustlce


Yroroanun npoecc
Kpnunnarncnxa
Onepanano-poaucxnan enerunocu
Cye6nan aracu
Ppoxypopcxnn naaop
Oprannaann npaaooxpannerunon enerunocn
Brxxcrcnr
Mcnynapono
accounaunn
coccrunn npauocynr
2010 N 2 (!
Hoy:uoc usoouuc
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2
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OJO ` 2 (4)
ceueu MACH
2010 w 2 /4)
Peaxnonnan xorrernn:
npoq. B. C. Earaxunn
npoq. B. H. Eoapoa
npoq. h. H. Boronna
npoq. A. P. lycuxoaa
npoq. A. A. aareoa
npoq. h. B. panxnn
h. A. 3aurnnnn
o. K. E. Karnnoacxnn
npoq. A. B. Kypnaeaa
npoq. 3. B. Haxapoaa
npoq. A. . Ppournxoa
npoq. A. B. Cunpnoa
npoq. H. P. Copoxonrnn
Ppeceaeru pexorrernn
J. H. /puuuu, -p pn. nayx,
npoq. xaqepu xpnunnarncnxn YplkA,
aacryennun eneru nayxn PO,
noenun pa6onnx npoxypaypu PO,
ren Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
Peaxop-xoopnnaop
J. A. Sumuuu, xan. pn. nayx,
npenoaaaeru xaqepu
xpnunnarncnxn YplkA,
noenun aaoxa PO,
ren Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
62O149, Exaepnn6ypr, an 294,
zashnall.ur.ru
8-9O8-635OO16
http:zash.web.ur.ru
Bunycxaunn ueneep
T. I. Mouuu
8-9O4-9898353
vlp-uralyandex.ru
Peaxop T. A. 0eoopoBu
Opnrnnar-uaxe J. A. XiupeBo
Ponncano a neau O6.O8.2O1O.
Oopua 1O 1OO16.
Eyuara oqcenan.
Ycr. ne. r. 6,48.
lapnnypa Acadeny.
1npa 6OO axa. 3axaa
Oneaano a nnorpaqnn Arpaq
62OO34, Exaepnn6ypr,
yr. Koruoropoaa, 31O6.
Haanne nnnnnpoaano a 2OO9 r.
yparucxnun renaun HACP
(npoqeccopaun n npenoaaaernun
xaqepu yroroanoro npoecca YplkA),
ocyuecareno aaopaun
na co6caennue cpecaa.
Erreenu pacnpocpannecn aaopaun
HACP, 2O1O
1oxn apennn, npecaarennue a caunx,
narncn naynuun noannnun aaopoa
n uory ne coanaau c oxaun apennn
renoa peaxnonnon xorrernn,
xoopnnaopa n nnnnaopoa
naannn 6rreenn
Konnpoaanne n pacnpocpanenne 6rreenn
n caen 6rreenn a r6on qopue
aanpeuaecn. Py6rnxann caen nnuun
naannnun uoe ocyuecarnucn
oruxo a cooaecann c nornouonnun,
noryennuun o aaopoa caen n cocaanern
a nopnxe, ycanoarennou
rpaancxnu aaxonoaerucaou
Haanne 6rreenn ocyuecareno
npn noepxe canoa http:luaj.net
(Heynaponan acconann coencann
npaaocyn, Canx-Peep6ypr)
n http:connunlty.llvejournal.conuro_nasp
(Yparucxoe oerenne Heynaponon
acconann coencann npaaocyn,
Exaepnn6ypr)
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Bo:oxoeo O. B. Ccaccuu:c c.c(: cy+cuua uuua-
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onun . B. 1ccua uuuaxuc.u+ccux cu.yaquu:
.an: a+au.ua, c.y.ya, cuc.ca ................................... J4
ccuno . C.. dom:+nun . A. O c(cuu+aquu nc-
nc(aaauua .a.uu (cncca cauuaccrc ........................ 25
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caa+auu:x c uc+acuucu ycu xccu:x uaca(cuuu:
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c.(a.: cc .cx:c a cncquax:u:c ca+caa.cx:-
u:c y+c(cuua, a:nyca_uc cc.y(uuca
naaccxauu.cx:u:x crauca. C ucc.c:u
ucuuau cuc ccrxacu.:ca, (yruc ~ a:-
+:aa. cnc:. lc.cy aauc ncacc.u rau:
c(y uaycu uuuaxuc.ucu u (ucqunxu-
ucu, ncnc(aaaccu a a:cac y+cuc +aac-
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ca ycxcaucu, ncccx:y ncnc(aaauuc (ucqun-
xuu: ucac+cuc c+ +uauua uay+u:x ccuca, a
a+au.uc uayu uc nc(c.aaxac.ca ac+c-
u: c+ auaxu+a na.u+ccux ncxc. Oc-
ucauaa +a(a+a uayu uuuaxuc.uu ~ cnc-
ccc.acaa.: cacuu a+ac.au cxcc -
c.uaucy, qcxcuanaaxcuucy nucucuu
uuuaxuc.u+ccux cccu(aquu, cc(c.a, c-
.c(ca a na.u+cccu (ca.cx:ucc.u uc .cx:c
yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc xaa.ca, uc u
ra(auccrc, au.aucrc, a(uuuc.a.ua-
ucrc ncqcccca. a(a+a c (ucqunxuu: u-
uuaxuc.uu ~ nc(rc.cau.: nccccucuaxa,
cncccucrc nucuu.: ncxy+cuu:c +uauua (xa
cacuua na.u+ccux +a(a+. H+ .crc u a:-
.cac., a : yc rcacuxu, ncxca a+c-
c.aa ncnc(aaauua uuuaxuc.uu.
Hcc.c:c y+cu:c cauua. uuuaxuc-
.uy a .a(uqucuucc.u, ccac.ccc.u, ua+:aaa
cc yc.acaacu
J
. Hc .a(uquu ~ acxuaa cuxa,
caccrc c(a y+cu uayu. H uc .cyc. (ca+a-
.cx:c.a y.ac(cuuc, +.c y+cu u .a(uquu
aaxa.ca rc(cc.: uaquu. 1c c cuc ca-
+a.: u c uuuaxuc.uc. lc+ uc.cuu ucac+-
cua uu c(ua uaya. O(uac acc a+auaac.ca,
u ccaccuu:c ycxcaua (u.y. uca:u nc(xc(
cy+cuu, uc c.cuaa nu .c .a(uqucu-
u:c ncxccuua uayu u (ucqunxuu:.
O(uu u+ ccucau:x ccaccuu:x uanaa-
xcuuu a ncnc(aaauuu uuuaxuc.uu aaxa-
c.ca nucucuuc uuucaaqucuu:x u uu.ca.ua-
u:x c.c(ca. 1cuu ia|crac| (a+auc(cu-
c.acaa.:, axua.: (yr ua (yra) yc axc+c. +a
cccu ucaacc.ac a c.c(uc cy+cuua. Iaucc,
nu naccuaucu cc, c.y(cu. a:c.ynax c.c-
.c cy+cuua u (cxcu :x ycacu.: u accnc-
u+acc.u a.cuax, c.c:u (cucc (c ucrc nc-
nc(aaa.cx:. Cxc(caa.cx:uc, qcxu .acrc cy+c-
uua :xu uanaaxcu: xua: ua +uauuc, ax+a-
_cc a cca +ay+uaauuc, +ancuuauuc, accnc-
u+ac(cuuc u ncuuauuc, +ax+a_ccca a c.ac-
ucuuu, ncc(auuc (yruu cxcaau.
Hu.ca.uau:c c c.c(uu nc(yca.-
uaa. nc+uqu c.y(cu.a a cy.c.a cy-
+cuua, nc(ncxara_y cxcc a.uau:u (ua-
xcr c ncnc(aaa.cxc, cc.y(uu+cc.ac. lc(a-
rcr nu .c uaxc(u.ca a cxu cxcc cn:.uc-
rc crauu+a.ca ncqccca cy+cuua, ccua uu-
caqucu, ccacc.ucrc cacuua ncxc:, nc-
c.ccuua c(cxu, cqcuu (cuc.auu cxxcr. Cc-
c.ac.c.acuuc u qcxu a.uaucu c.c(uu cy-
+cuua +ua+u.cx:uc acaua.ca u ax+a.
a cca uc .cx:c +uauuc u ncuuauuc, uc u
nucucuuc (ucncx:+caauuc +uauua (xa c-
acuua na.u+ccux +a(a+), auaxu+ (ncuua-
uuc nu+uuuc-cxc(c.acuucu caa+u, a:aaxcuuc
u ucaqua cauc), cqcuy u (ca+:aauuc
a:(aurac:x ncxccuuu
4
.
lcuxxc.ucaa.: (auu:c ncxccuua
cuc ua nucax nucucuua uu.ca.ua-
u:x c.c(ca a xc(c ncac(cuua ccuuacux
+aua.uu nc uuuaxuc.uc.
2
C., uan.: A:ccon{oe A. C. Cc: cc.u:x
rcxca ccaccuucu uuuaxuc.uu; onun . B.
Ccacc uccc.u:c rcxu nc. A. C. Axccau-
(caa; loxun B. H. Ucy u cy cxyu. uu-
uaxuc.ua [Sxc.cuu:u ccyc|. Icu (cc.y-
na: l||:ccoouai|y.livcjcuraal.ccourcoas
J
C.: 1a c.
4
lc(cucc c .c c.: lccccucuax:u:c
uaa:u uc.a: On:. na.u+cccrc cy+cuua
c.a. c(. ^. A. Bcccu.caa, ^. l. Muxauxcaa,
l. C. Hyruua. M., 2OOJ.
JJ
A. Honoe:+c+o+ {ucccu+. a(a+a nc-
nc(aaa.cxa ccc.cu. a .c, +.c: naaux:uc
ncc.aau.: cncu:u acncc, a:(cxu.: cnc(c-
xcuuy ncxcy, +.c nc+acxu. nuaxc+: c.y-
(cu.ca ac.c u nca:cu. uu.ccc ccy-
(accy acnccy.
S.c. c.c( ccucaau ua cxc(y_ux naau-
xax:
~ +a(aaa.: acncc uyuc +c.c u acuc;
~ c.aau.: uc cx:ac c(ucu ncxc:
a c(uc acnccc;
~ uc a:ca+:aa.: cacc ucuuc.
l. 7eoccuc (no:c+noc} .o{onu+.
1cy. c. y+ac.uuca uc ncc.c accncu+-
ac(cuua uucaquu, a .ac+cc.aa, .a a
cc(ca. a cacux ycxcauax xccu. ucu+acc.-
ucc.u u uc., a naauxc, ucccx:c na-
aux:u:x c.ac.ca, nu+c +ac.c naaux:u:u
c.ac. ucu+acc.cu ncnc(aaa.cx.
lcxcucc +a(auuc ccc.aaxac. cc(ca-
uuc xcu uu.ca.uaucu c.c(uu. Bcyr
ucrc cc+(ac.ca a.ccca (cxcacu +auu.cc-
ccaauucc.u y+ac.uuca ca+caa.cx:ucrc nc-
qccca. 1acc +a(auuc, ccccuuc ccxu cuc aa-
xac.ca na.u+ccu, c(cxuy_u y(y_y
nccccucuax:uy (ca.cx:ucc.:, nu(ac. c:cx
na.u+cccy cy+cuu, c.uauyc. c.y(cu-
.ca. lu u+y+cuuu uuuaxuc.uu nuc-
c .ac+cccrc +a(auua cc. cxyu.: cxc-
(y_aa a.aa ayxa, nc c.ccu c.y(cu.:
a:(aura. accuu c cy.c.ax ncc.ynxcuua:
nu ac nc(c.ca c(c(: u+ ccx:ccrc
ara+uua ua cc.c ncc.ynxcuua ca+axac:
+yaa ncucacuuaa c(c(a ~ nax:.c, nu(a
u u.
B. Mo.:oeou mm+. lc(c.aaxac. cccu
c.c( (xa acaxc+cuua accx c.y(cu.ca a auaxu+
.cu uxu uucu ncxc:. lcnc(aaa.cx: +a(ac.
acncc accu rynnc u nc(xarac. a(cy a:c-
a+a.: cacu cccacuua (uanuc, nu u+y-
+cuuu acncca c uuuaxuc.u+ccux accuax,
cr(a ncnc(aaa.cx: nc(xarac. a.y a-
yxy, a c.y(cu.: a:(aura. accuu c c.uaax,
cy.c.ax ncc.ynxcuua u .. (.).
\ .crc c.c(a cacu naauxa:
~ a(:u cc. cacc(uc a:ca+a.: cacc
nc(ncxccuuc;
~ c.y(cu.: a:ca+:aa.ca nc c+cc(u,
a.c u +c.c;
~ x:c nc(xccuua nuuua.ca u
c(ca.ca;
~ nc(xccuua uc u.uy.ca u uc c-
cu.uy.ca.
B.ccu .an c+rcacrc a.ya ~ ccy-
(cuuc, xaccuuaqua, c.c nccnc.uau:x
nc(xccuuu. lu nucucuuu .crc c.c(a
ncxcu.cx:u:u c+yx:.a. (ac. (cxcuuc ryn-
n: c.y(cu.ca ua (aa xarca: nca:u ~ rcuc-
a.c: u(cu (accuu), a.ccu ~ auaxu.uu.
Mc+rcacu a.y +ac.c cc+c.ac.ca c (yru-
u uu.ca.uau:u c.c(au, a naauxc
ua+uuaa ux.
l. Poomo e +o:ox :nnox. lc(cc.aa-
xac. acc y+ac.uua ac+cucc.: (cuc.ac-
aa.:, na.ucaa.: uaa:u cc.y(uu+cc.aa,
cxu+ucc.ucc c_cuuc. Ha+uua.: cxc(yc.
c rynn u+ 2J y+ac.uuca, nc.c rynny c-
uc yacxu+u.: (c 57 +cxcac. Hanuc,
a rynnc u+ 5 +cxcac cxu cuc acnc(c-
xu.: cxc(y_u ca+c: crauu+a.c (y-
cac(u.cx:), ccc.a:, (cxa(+u, xcucc.-
uc., uax(a.cx:, y a(crc cacu yuquu.
B +ac.ucc.u, ycac(u.cx: crauu+yc. ac.y
rynn:; ccc.a: +anuc:aac. c+yx:.a.: (c-
a.cx:ucc.u; (cxa(+u nccxc a:ncxucuua +a-
(auua crxaaac. ncxy+cuuy uucaqu; xc-
ucc.uc. cxc(u. +a c.ac(cuu: accuc; ua-
x(a.cx:, a:ncxuaa cacu yuquu, cxc(u. +a
.c, cc.: xu ac+cucc.: a:ca+a.:ca a(c-
y +xcuy rynn:, rc.ca: xu y+ac.uuu cn-
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c.y(cu.:, c.ca_ucca x:u ny.au uaaa-
+a.: cac .c+y +cuua), nc((cc c.ccu-
uuca xu+crc u ucuua; rc.ca: xu cuu
cxyaa.: u cx:aa.: (rcaca. xu ucc.c:c
+xcu: rynn: cau cx:ac, +c nucxyauaa-
.ca ucuu cc.ax:u:x), y+ac.acaa.: a ac+-
uua_c cuxu.c ucuuu u, cxc(caa.cx:-
uc, ycx+a.: c cuxu.c uxu, uaccc., a:uc-
c.u crc ua c_cc ccy(cuuc, cc.: xu y y+ac.-
uuca cyuua.uau:c uaa:u: cc.a. xu
+xcu: rynn: ua ccccc(uua, a:aa. xu
ccrxacuc, ccx(a. xu naauxa acxuacc.u u
.a.a. lucc ac.: a ax:x rynnax
O. B. Bo:oxoeo. Ccaccuu:c c.c(: cy+cuua uuuaxuc.uc ~ ny.: nccccucuaxu+y
J2
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OJO ` 2 (4)
nu u+y+cuuu uuuaxuc.uu cry. cxyu.:
uu.aqua ac.: a (cyucu cxc(c.acuuc-
cnca.uaucu rynnc nc nc(xccuucu ay-
xc ncc.ynxcuua, nxauucaauuc ncacua+ax:-
u:x cxc(c.acuu:x (cuc.auu u nccxc(y_uu
(cxa( c+yx:.a.ca ua+ax:uuy cxc(c.acu-
ucrc c.(cxa.
,. Po:ceoc u:o. B uux y+ac.uua nc(-
xarac.ca c:ra.: cnc(cxcuu:c cxu, uanu-
c, nu u+y+cuuu acncca, caa+auucrc c cc-
c.c cc.a ncucacc.aua.
l. Hnmcomuenoc eocmn:cnuc. ly-
xu+ucc a:c.ynxcuuc ~ ucc..cxcaa +ac.:
ac.: uc.a. 1a(uqucuuc a:c.ynxcuuc
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cccucuax:ucu +a(a+cu uc.a aaxac.ca uc
c.cx:c nca+u.: cxyaa.cxcu cacu ca.c-
cu ucycc.ac, ccx:c (cu.:ca cxacc-
rc c+yx:.a.a. B uac.ca_cc aca .c (cc.a-
.c+uc a.yax:uc a caa+u c aac(cuuc a yrc-
xcauc-ncqcccyax:ucc +acuc(a.cx:c.ac .c-
caauua c ncxy+cuuu cauquu ua +ax+cuuc
nc( c.ay uxu ncac(cuuc c:ca a cy(c-
uc +acc(auuu. Kcuc+uc, a cx:auuc.ac cxy-
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ncyc, uc u cxc(caa.cx: (cxcu yc(u.:
nccxc(ucrc a uccxc(ucc.u (auucu c:.
B a+cc.ac .cuuura (xa ncxy+cuuu .crc
uaa:a cuc ucncx:+caa.: (cxa(:, nc(rc-
.caxcuu:c c.y(cu.au, nu crxaacuuu c.c-
:x cccu(yc.ca ax+a.: ucc.c:c uu-
.ca.uau:c c.c(:. Hanuc, ucncx:+caa-
uuc a a:c.ynxcuuu (uaxcra, a xc(c c.ccrc
cxyaa.cxu +a(a. acncc: (cxa(+uy u nc-
xy+a. ua uux c.ac.:. Mcuc ncacc.u uc-
cx:ay uxxc.uy_y .cc. cxcay ury,
a+(cxcuuc (cxa(a ua (ayx ca.cca. Hx
ncuc(u+ccaa ccua cncccc.ayc. nc((ca-
uu auuauua c.y(cu.ca.
Xccauc c+yx:.a.: nu nucucuuu .a-
crc c.c(a (ac. nuc c.y(cu. a cxu nc-
nc(aaa.cxa, cr(a, +aaucc nc(rc.cauaauc: uxu
c+ .crc, c.y(cu. +auuac. cc.c ncnc(aaa-
.cxa u ncac(u. +aua.uc nc ccy(cuu a-
crc-xuc acncca nc .cc ccuuaa. Ia+uc-
au(ucc.: (auucrc nuca aaxac.ca cnccc
a(:u y+u. a(crc, nu c.cc c.y(cu-
.: a+uaa.ca ua na: uxu uccx:auc ryn-
n: u c(uu u+ uux ncacuac. cc.ax:u: cnc(c-
xcuu:u acncc, +a.c ca.c: cua.ca u
nc(cxac.ca ccac_cuuc (yrux .c. B cu-
qc +aua.ua ncnc(aaa.cx: u c.y(cu.: (cxa.
a.uc cc_cuua, y.c+ua. uc (c cuqa nc-
ua.:c acncc:.
h. Ho::+{noc nocou+. ,auu:u c.c(
a.c yncuuaxca a cccu(aquax nc +.c-
uu xcquu. Hc u nu ncac(cuuu ccuua-
cux +aua.uu cu urac. ucaxcaauy cx:.
(cc: (cuc.ayc. nuuqun ^y+ac c(uu a+
yau(c.:, +c c.c a+ ycx:aa.:. B a+cc.ac
uarxa(u:x ncccuu cry. a:c.yna.: nxaa.:,
.axuq:, cxc:, au(cc+anucu u .. (.
lu ucncx:+caauuu uarxa(u:x ncccuu
ncnc(aaa.cx uccxc(uc nc(rc.cau.:ca
ux ccu.ucaauu, c.ac.a ua acncc: c
ux ncucxc(cuuu, uc.c+uuax uucaquu,
u+xccuu:x a uxxc.aquax. Cxc(yc. nc(y-
a.: c qcxcccca+ucc.u ucncx:+caauua ua-
rxa(u:x ncccuu nc a(cu .cc, ac+cucu
caquu c.y(cu.ca, +.c: cuu uc +yac.acaaxu
cca .cx:c +u.cxau u uc yaxcxuc: ncc-
nuc:aauuc .cc.a c nxaa.ca.
. dou+u no.uqu. Mucruc (ucyccuu
c.aucaa.ca c+c+yx:.a.u:u nc nu+uuc .crc,
+.c y+ac.uuu u+ua+ax:uc uc cnc(cxuxuc: a
caccu nc+uquu. \a+auu:u c.c( nccrac.
a:aau.: uc_ucca ucuua, yau(c.: c.ccu-
uuca u nc.uauuca, ua+a.: arycu.ucaau-
ucc ccy(cuuc ncxc:.
Ocy(cuuc ua+uuac.ca c ncc.aucau (uc-
yccucuucrc acncca, uanuc, nu u+y+cuuu
uuuaxuc.uu .auu acnccau cry. :.::
B: +a uxu nc.ua ucncx:+caauua ncxuraa
nu accxc(caauuu ncc.ynxcuuu', B: +a
uxu nc.ua (ca+a.cx:c.acuucu cux: c(cc-
xcru+cccu cnc.u+:'. Bcc y+ac.uuu, nc-
(yaa ua( +a(auu: acnccc, (cxu: nu-
ua.: cacuuc c caccu nc+uquu u +aua.: cc.c
ccxc c(ucu u+ nurc.caxcuu:x .axu+c:
Accx.uc +a, Accx.uc nc.ua, Cc-
cc +a, Cccc nc.ua, acncxccuu:x
a a+u:x +ac.ax ay(u.cuu.
auaa cc.a, y+ac.uuu ua+uua. ccy-
(cuuc, y.c+ua. cac nc+uqu, a:ca+:aa.
JJ
cacu ucuua, nu .c xcu y+ac.uu cc.
nccua.: cacc cc.cuaxc(cuuc, ccxu crc yc-
(uxa nc.uacncxcuaa c.ccua.
lucucuuc (auu:x c.c(ca a y+cuc
ncqcccc ucc. cy_cc.acuucc +ua+cuuc, nc-
ccx:y cuu uanaaxcu: ua nucc.cuuc c.y-
(cu.au na.u+ccux uaa:ca ac.: u-
c.ca.
B +ax+cuuc c.cu. cc.aucau.:ca ua xu+-
ucc.u ncnc(aaa.cxa. Kuuuaxuc.ua c.uc-
cu.ca a+a(y (ucqunxuu, ncnc(aaauuc c-
.c:x ucac+cuc c+ uaxu+ua y ncnc(aaa-
.cxa nccccucuax:u:x uaa:ca. H+acc.uc, +.c
uuuaxuc.ua uaucxcc .ccuc caa+aua c yrc-
xcau: naac u yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:
+acuc(a.cx:c.ac, c.ccc cuc cxaa.c-
u+caa.: a cy, a uuuaxuc.uy ~ a
cc(cauuc. Kacrc c cncquaxuc.a cc.
nc(rc.cau.: nc(arcr, ca uc aaxa_uuca nc-
cccucuaxc caccrc (cxa' 1cx:c .ccc.ua,
O. B. Bo:oxoeo. Ccaccuu:c c.c(: cy+cuua uuuaxuc.uc ~ ny.: nccccucuaxu+y
+ua.ca a+xu+u:x a+auc+aaucucc.cu, a+a-
uccycxcaxcuucc.cu u .. (., c.c:u aauc uc
y(c. ncx:+caa.:ca cnccc ua nccccucuax:-
uc :uc .y(a. ,yac.ca, +.c nu cuyc-
uc c.cc ncnc(aaa.cxa nc(nc+.cuuc c.cu.
c.(aaa.: nc.cu(cu.y, cc+c.a_cy uxu uca-
acy ucc.c:u cn:. nccccucuax:ucu (ca-
.cx:ucc.u, y+u.:aaa, cuc+uc, u crc uay+u:c, .c-
cc.u+ccuc cncccucc.u u uanaaxcuua.
lc(ac(a u.cr a:acca+auucy, aauc c.-
c.u.:, +.c .a(uquu :xu u cc.a.ca c(ucu
u+ ccc.aaxa_ux a uayu, .a u (ucqunxuu:
uuuaxuc.uu. lc+ ux +uauua ucac+cuc
nc(rc.cau.: ncxucqcuucrc uc.a. Bcc.c
c .c aac(cuuc a ncqccc cy+cuua uca:x c-
.c(u ncnc(aaauua (ac. ac+cucc.: ncxy-
+u.: a+ucc.ccuucrc cncquaxuc.a, cuycu-
.ccncccucrc nccccucuaxa, yc_crc nu-
cua.: ua na.uc ncxy+cuu:c .ccc.u+cc-
uc +uauua.
J4
. B. ,ponnuu
Tcopnn rpnmnnaxncrnuccrn cnryaun:
ranr pasunrnn, crpyrrypa, cncrcma
heonup Buouneuun panuun,
aacryennun eneru nayxn PO,
oxop pnnecxnx nayx,
npoqeccop xaqepu xpnunnarncnxn
Yparucxon rocyapcaennon pnnecxon
axaeunn, ren Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
leonld.drapklnqnall.con
1ccua uuuaxuc.u+ccux cu.yaquu, uccc.a ua cac
c.uccu.cx:uy cxc(cc.:, ncaxa ucccx:c .anca ncc.yna-
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cc
J
, ncacua+ax:uc uccxc(caaxuc: u a+auaaxuc: .ccua cxc(-
c.acuu:x cu.yaquu, cc uay+u:c ccuca: u na.u+ccuc a:xc(:.
lcacc cnc(cxcuuc cxc(c.acuucu cu.yaquu :xc nc(xc-
cuc A. H. Kcxccuu+cuc, c.c:u ncuuac. cc a cnc(c-
xcuucc ncxccuuc a accxc(caauuu ncc.ynxcuuu, xaa.cu+y-
ccc uaxu+uc. (ca+a.cx:c.a u uucaqucuucrc a.cuaxa
u ac+uua_uu a caa+u c .u cuc.u:u +a(a+au crc
ccuauua u ncacu
2
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c.acuucu cu.yaqucu ncuuax c.c.uauc nca.caccc ncxc-
cuuc a ncqcccc accxc(caauua, cycxcaxcuucc a.u+ccuu
(auu:u, c.ccc cnc(cxac. ncqccc cuaycuua, ccuauua
(ca+a.cx:c.a
J
. Cxc(yc. nc(+cuy.:, +.c, uccc.a ua ancxuc
c.acuuy uc+aacacuucc.: .ux cnc(cxcuuu, ux
uc+c.cc.: u arcu.aucc.:, ca cuu naaux:uc
ucxc(uxu u+ uucaqucuucu nc+uquu.
Ucyxuya ncua.uc cxc(c.acuucu cu.yaquu,
B. K. laaxc cccucaauuc c.c+ax, +.c cua nc(-
c.aaxac. ccacynucc.: a.u+ccux (auu:x, c.c-
:c c.aa. cy_cc.acuu:c +c.: cc:.ua. ua
.c uxu uuc .anc accxc(caauua ncc.ynxcuuu
4
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S.c cnc(cxcuuc .ac c.aac. uucaqucuuy nuc(y
uccxc(yccrc ncua.ua.
Huy nc+uqu +auax H. U. lcacuca, c.c:u nc( cxc(-
c.acuucu cu.yaqucu ncuuax ccacynucc.: cc.ca.cx:c.a nc
J
C.: locc l. Iycac(c.ac (xa cy(cu:x cxc(caa.cxcu a cuc.ca
uuuaxuc.uu. Cl., J9O8.
2
lo:ccnucno A. H. Hay+u:c u naaca:c ccuca: c.c(uu ac-
cxc(caauua c.(cx:u:x au(ca ncc.ynxcuuu : aa.cc. (uc. . (-a
u(. uay. Xa:ca, J967. C. JO.
J
lonoxoe B. E. Ocucau:c ncxccuua c.c(uu accxc(caauua
c.(cx:u:x au(ca ncc.ynxcuuu Ma.cuax: uay+ucu cuccuquu.
Kacucac, J972. C. 9J.
4
loe:o B. l. O cxc(c.acuucu cu.yaquu u c.c(uc accxc(caauua
xu_cuuu, ccacaac:x c y+ac.uc (cxucc.u:x xuq Bcncc: u-
uuaxuc.u+cccu c.c(cxcruu, .a.uu u c.c(uu accxc(caauua. M.,
J97J. C. 9O.
J5
(cxy (cc.aucaa, ncxccuuc). 1c ca:
aa.c ncxarax, +.c cxc(c.acuuy cu.yaqu cc-
c.aaxa. cax:u:c cc.ca.cx:c.aa, nc(xca_uc
(ca+:aauu, a uc uucaqua c uux
5
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anccxc(c.auu cu a(uuax:uc u+cuux cacc
ucuuc, acca.uaaa cxc(c.acuuy cu.yaqu
a cxcuaayca ua cnc(cxcuu:u ccu.
accxc(caauua. cxcuuy u+cucuu ccac-
ynucc.: xaa.cu+y_ux accxc(caauuc a-
.cuax:u:x, uucaqucuu:x u uu:x a.c-
ca u ux cqcua.
6
. Auaxu+ .crc cnc(cxc-
uua (ac. ncxucc ccucaauuc y.ac(a.:, +.c crc
aa.c nccacx ua uucaqucuu:c nc+uquu.
Hccxc(uc cccc c.c.u.:, +.c y+cu:c,
uccxc(y_uc cxc(c.acuu:c, a +a.c u uu-
uaxuc.u+ccuc cu.yaquu, nc+cy-.c urucuy-
. .c, +.c c_c a J967 r. A. I. Ia.uuca nc(-
nuuax rxycuu auaxu+ c(ucu u+ a+ucau(uc-
c.cu cxc(c.acuu:x (uuuaxuc.u+ccux) cu-
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ac+uuucacuua u a+cacuua on:umnox
cumoquu a ncqcccc accxc(caauua ncc.yn-
xcuuu
7
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u ncaca cxc(c.acuu:x accuu, a c.ccu, a
.ac a a(c c.a.cu, ccucaucc auuauuc y(c-
xaxcc: (yrcu a+ucau(ucc.u cxc(c.acuu:x
cu.yaquu ~ no:c+no+ cumoqu++
8
. lc(-
c.aaxac.ca, +.c ucuuc .u ac.: u nc+acxu-
xu c(cxa.: cxc(y_uu +ua+u.cx:u:u aar a uc-
cxc(caauuu acca.uaaccu ncxc:. Aa-
.c: ccux .ux ac. nu(cuaaxuc: uu-
caqucuucu nc+uquu, acca.uaaa u cu-
xu.uy, u ncxcuy cu.yaquu a uu-
caqucuuy c(cx: cax:u:x cu.yaquu.
B J975 r. ac(a uuuaxuc.uu Cac-
(xcaccrc u(u+cccrc uuc.u.y.a nc(rc.c-
auxa u u+(axa ccuu uay+u:x .y(ca Cxc(-
c.acuu:c cu.yaquu u ac:.uc ncc.ynxc-
uuu, a c.a.:ax c.ccrc :xu accc.cu:
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cu.a cnyxucaauua .crc ccuua ua+axcc:
uu.cucuaucc, nc(cxa_ccca u a uaac ac-
a uccxc(caauuc ucrc+ucxcuu:x u cxcu:x
ncxc .ccuu cxc(c.acuu:x, a +a.c u u-
uuaxuc.u+ccux cu.yaquu.
B c.a.:c .crc ccuua lcua.uc u xac-
cuuaqua cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu uc
:xu cccucaau: ux .ccc.u+cccc +ua+cuuc
u aaucuaaa cx: a na.u+cccu (ca.cx:uc-
c.u ac.uuca crauca cxc(c.aua u (c+uauua,
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u: xcru+ccu ccucaauua u ccyxuc-
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cxcu:c, ncxcu:c u cuxu.u:c, ucnc-
xcu:c u cccuxu.u:c u (.).
Aa.cau ccuua :xu cnyxucaau:
c.a.:u uc .cx:c c_c.ccc.u+cccrc xaa-
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nc c.(cx:u: acnc.a uuuaxuc.u+cccu
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cccc nc(+cuy.:, +.c ccucauaa u(ca, caccc-
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xac: a c(cx:uc-uucaqucuuc xaa.cc
cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu. O(uac c.cncu: a(c-
aa.ucc.u .ux c(cxcu cax:ucu cu.yaquu,
(cuc.au.cx:u:, a.u+ccu cc.ca.cx:c.aa
(cxa cc. :.: cacu a+xu+ucu
9
. B .c c
aca a qu.uyccu c.a.:c u (yrux ac.ax
ucc(uca.uc nc(+cuaaxcc:, +.c cu.yaquu,
cxa(:aa_ucca nc yrcxcau: (cxa, ax-
+a. c.c.uau:u u cy.c.uau:u acnc.:.
lc.cy ux cuc acca.uaa.: a c(uux c.-
ucacuuax a cax:u:c cu.yaquu, a a (yrux ~
. B. onun. 1ccua uuuaxuc.u+ccux cu.yaquu: .an: a+au.ua, c.y.ya, cuc.ca
5
C.: lcocu+oe H. 0. luuqun: ncc.ccuua
c.c(uu ac:.ua ncc.ynxcuuu Bcncc:
uuuaxuc.u+cccu c.c(cxcruu, .a.uu u c-
.c(uu accxc(caauua. C. 82.
6
lcocu+oe H. 0. Hcc.c:c ncxc: ac-
:.ua ncc.ynxcuuu. Cac(xcac, J975. C. J7J.
7
C.: Pomunoe A. P. Cy(cuaa ncuxcxcrua (xa
cxc(caa.cxcu. M., J967.
8
C.: onun . B. lcc.ccuuc u ncaca
cxc(c.acuu:x accuu : (uc. . au(. u(. uay.
M., J972.
9
C.: onun . B. lcua.uc u xaccuuaqua
cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu Cxc(c.acuu:c cu.ya-
quu u ac:.uc ncc.ynxcuuu. Cac(xcac, J975.
C. 2644.
J6
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OJO ` 2 (4)
a c(cxu .ux cu.yaquu. Ucuya u ca-
xu+ya cacu ucrc+ucxcuu:c cacuua nc yrc-
xcau: (cxa, cxc(caa.cx: c uccxc(ucc.:
ucxc(u. uc u+ cax:ucu cu.yaquu, a u+ cc uu-
caqucuucu c(cxu, c.acuucu a crc cc-
+uauuu.
Ia+ycc.ca, :xc : acc:a cxa.cx:uc u
cn.uax:uc, ccxu : cxc(caa.cxu u cc.y(uu-
u crauca (c+uauua crxu nxauucaa.: u
ccy_cc.axa.: cac (ca.cx:ucc.:, ycac(c.ay-
ac: .cx:c cax:ucu cu.yaqucu. O(uac ac-
:aaa u accxc(ya ncc.ynxcuua, ac+(cuc.aya
ua cax:u:c c.c.:, ncac(a na.u+ccuc
(nc(c.u:c) (cuc.aua u ccnua.ua, ncc.c-
auuc cu.a.uya c a+xu+u:u uccu.cxau
a.u+ccux (auu:x, a+auc(cuc.aya c cnca-
.uau:u cc.y(uuau, cnc.au u cncqua-
xuc.au, cxc(caa.cx: .c uc cucc a:uy(cu
ucnccc(c.acuuc ycac(c.acaa.:ca uuca-
qucuu:u +o{c:++u cax:ucu cu.yaquu. Xc.a
cxc(caa.cx: (cuc.ayc. a cax:ucu cu.yaquu, .c
uc cucc .c cc.ca.cx:c.ac uc (ac. uuaux
ccucaauuu ua+:aa.: .y cu.yaqu cxc(c.acu-
ucu. lc(c +c (cuc.acaa.:, cy uccxc(u-
c ncxy+u.: uucaqu c cy_cc.acuu:x
cacuc.aax (nu+uaax, +c.ax) aucaucu (c.c-
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uxu uucu c.cncuu) c(cx:. Hcuuc .y uu-
caqucuuy c(cx: u ua(c acca.uaa.:
a cxc(c.acuuy cu.yaqu
JO
.
Ocucau:c ncxccuua uucaqucuucu
.ccuu cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu nc((cuaax
u a+auaax au(ucuauu cccuucuu y+cu:u-
uuuaxuc. B. K. laaxc, c.c:u acncc.-
auux ucc.c:c ncxccuua ua cy(cucc nc-
u+ac(c.ac c y+c.c crc cncquuu
JJ
.
Cxc(yc. c.c.u.:, +.c cx:auuc.ac c.c+c-
c.acuu:x y+cu:x-uuuaxuc.ca a ccucauc
nc((cuaa. u a+auaa. uucaqucuuc-
c(cx:uy cuqcnqu cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu.
Kcc yncauy.:x a:ac aa.cca c.ccuuu-
a .cu cuqcnquu cuc c.ucc.u l. ^. la-
ucaccrc, A. H. Bacux:caa, H. l. Hxcucaa,
O. H. lacaa, B. H. Kaarc(uua, A. A. lcxa-
caa, H. B. Axccau(caa, B. H. l:xcaa,
B. M. lc+caa, l. A. Kcyuua u ucrux (y-
rux y+cu:x. Cxc(yc. cccc nc(+cuy.:, +.c
a cacc yu(acu.ax:uc y+cuuc Kuu-
uaxuc.ua, a:ac(ac a 2OO9 r., nccccc
A. A. Scaxcnyxc cnc(cxux cxc(c.acuuy
cu.yaqu a ccc.cauuc accxc(caauua nc-
c.ynxcuua. cycxcaxcuucc ycauc uuc-
ucaauucc.u cxc(caa.cxa c cc.ca.cx:c.aax,
nc(xca_ux yc.aucaxcuu nc yrcxcaucy (cxy
u (a_ux cy ccucaauuc (xa nuua.ua cc-
cucaauu:x cacuuu.
J2
lc(cu:u nc(xc( nuua. a ncuxcxcruu,
nc(arcruc, .ccuax ur u nuua.ua cacuuu,
cucuc u (yrux uay+u:x (ucqunxuuax, r(c
(aauc c+u.a., +.c nc( cu.yaqucu, c.cy
uccxc(uc a+cau.: +cxcacy, cxc(yc. na-
aux:uc ncuua.: uc aucau cu.yaqu, a
cu.yaqu (xa cy.c.a
JJ
.
B cac.c u+xccuu:x a:ac ncxccuuu,
c.aa_ux c_cuay+u:u nc(xc( cu.yaqu-
a, a+caac: +cxcacc a na.u+cccu u
uay+ucu (ca.cx:ucc.u, nc(xc(, nuua.:u a-
.u+ccu acc uay+u: ccc_cc.ac, acc:a
c.auucu u ucncua.ucu nc(c.aaxac.ca cau-
c+uaa nc+uqua ucc.c:x y+cu:x-uuua-
xuc.ca cnc(cxcuu cxc(c.acuucu cu.yaquu,
c.uqa_aa cc c(cx:uc-uucaqucuu:u
xaa.c u c.:aa_aa cy.c. nc+uauua c.
uccxc(yccrc c.c.a. 1a, nccccc
I. C. lcxuu acca.uaax .y uuuaxuc-
.u+ccy a.crcu .cx:c a ccacynucc.:
co:onox ozcmuenox c:oeuu. Cxc(c.acu-
JO
lc(cucc c .c c.: onun . B. lcua-
.uc u xaccuuaqua cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu.
C. 2829; E:o +c. Ocuca: .ccuu cxc(c.acu-
u:x cu.yaquu. Cac(xcac, J987. C. J2J4; E:o
+c. Ocuca: uuuaxuc.u+cccu .ccuu cxc(-
c.acuu:x cu.yaquu : (uc. . (-a u(. uay.
M., J987. J657.
JJ
C.: loe:o B. l. lcxcu:c acncc: nc(-
c.a u c.y.y: uuuaxuc.u+cccu c.c(uu
accxc(caauua ncc.ynxcuuu Ccaccuucc cc-
cuuccc naac: c(cax:ucc u crucuax:ucc u+-
ccuuc. lauayx, J998. C. J42O.
J2
C.: 3coxon:o A. A. Kuuuaxuc.ua : y+c.
Cl., 2OO9. C. 67968O.
JJ
lo:: l. A. O ncuxcxcru+ccc cc(cauuu
ncua.ua +a(a+a Bcn. ncuxcxcruu. J97O.
C. 7576.
J7
uaa cu.yaqua, ~ ncxarax cu, ~ .c ccacyn-
ucc.: ycxcauu, a c.c:x a (auu:u ccu.
ccy_cc.axac.ca accxc(caauuc, .. c. .a cc.a-
ucaa, a c.ccu nc.cac. ncqccc (ca+:aa-
uua
J4
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,a, cxc(caa.cx: (cuc.ayc. a cax:ucu c-
c.aucac, uc .c uc (ac. uu axcuaux ccucaa-
uuu ua+:aa.: .y cc.aucay cxc(c.acuucu
cu.yaqucu. lc(c +c (cuc.acaa.:, uyuc
cca.:, ncacu.: u xc.a : nc(aau.cx:uc
cqcuu.: (ca+a.cx:c.acuuy u uuy uuc-
aqu c cy_cc.acuu:x cacuc.aax u nu+ua-
ax aucaucu cc(: (a c.ccu (cuc.ayc. cxc-
(caa.cx:), cc+(a.: cc a(caa.uy (a .cu uxu
uucu c.cncuu) c(cx: (:cxcuuy, nuc:cu-
uy, +uacay), a:(auuy.: accuu, a+ac.a.:
.a.u+ccuc u uu:c cacuua u caxu+caa.:
ux. Hcuuc nc.cy uucaqucuuy c(cx:,
cc+(auuy cxc(caa.cxc, c.ccu cu ycac(-
c.ayc.ca a caccu (ca.cx:ucc.u, u ua(c ua+:-
aa.: cxc(c.acuucu cu.yaqucu. Hccxc(ya nc-
qccc (ca+:aauua, acxuuu :cxu.cx: XlX a.
l. lcrcx: c.c+ax: ,ca+:aauuc cc.: acc_c
onocc{cmeoeonnoc no.nonuc. Ia+u:c au(:
:.ua .cy. uxu cc(ca. a(:u cacu
ccc:u au( cnccc(c.acaauua.
J5
1c ca:
l. lcrcx: nc(+cuaax uucaqucuu:u xa-
a.c ncqccca (ca+:aauua (accxc(caauua),
ncccx:y cnccc(caauucc +uauuc ~ .c
+uauuc, ncxy+accc +cc+ nccc(c.ac (yrux
+uauuu
J6
. B cac.c .ux ncxccuuu cxcc +c
c.auuc a:rxa(u. ucuuc I. C. lcxuua c
.c, +.c cxc(c.acuuaa cu.yaqua uccu. auc-
auuu nc c.ucacuu ncqcccy accxc(caa-
uua xaa.c, .c ca: c.:aaa cxc(c.acu-
uy cu.yaqu c. cc .acqa ~ cxc(caa.cxa.
Mcuc c(cxa.: a:ac(, +.c nc+uqua
I. C. lcxuua u crc c.ccuuuca aaxac.ca uc
.cx:c cauc+ucu a .ccc.u+ccc nxauc, uc
u uu+crc uc (a_cu na.uc, ncccx:y cua
uc anuc:aac.ca a .auc aaucuauc uuua-
xuc.u+ccuc .ccuu, a y+cuua c accuax, nxa-
uucaauuu, uuuaxuc.u+cccu xaa.cuc.uc
ncc.ynxcuuu, u (yruc uucaqucuuc-c-
(cx:u:c .ccuu, ccc.aaxa_uc cc(qcauuy ua-
acu uayu.
Hccxc(uc c.c.u.:, +.c, y(y+u a:(a-
_uca ccac.cu u cccuucu y+cu: u u-
uuaxuc.c ucacrc aca.aa, I. C. lcx-
uu a a(c cacux nccxc(uux ac. a.u+ccu
c.a+axca c. ncucu nc+uquu, nu(a a:ac-
(y c .c, +.c c(y (aya cuqcnquau cxc(-
c.acuucu cu.yaquu uc. nc.uacc+uu u +.c
xc.a cxc(caa.cx: ac(c. accxc(caauuc a c-
ax:ucu cc.aucac, cy(u.: c ucu cu cc. xua:
nc cc uucaqucuucu c(cxu, .. c. nc .c
cac(cuua, c.c:c uaxc(a.ca a crc acnca-
cuuu. Hcccx:c nc+(ucc I. C. lcxuu nu-
acx auaxcru+ucy a:ac(y u a (yrcu caccu
ac.c, nc(+cuya, +.c nc+uauuc cxc(c.acu-
ucu cu.yaquu a c.c.uaucu cax:ucc.u u
+ax+ac.ca a ncc.ccuuu uucaqucuucu
c(cxu, c.aa_cu c+yx:.a.: .crc nc+ua-
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J7
. H uacucq, c_c a c(ucu ac.c nc.
I. C. lcxuu nc(+cuyx, +.c xc.a cxc(caa-
.cx: (cuc.ayc. a ycxcauax cax:ucu cu.yaquu,
uc cy(u.: c .cu cax:ucc.u cu cc. nc
uucaquu c ucu, nc .cu uucaqucuucu
c(cxu, c.caa cc c.aac.
J8
, .c ca: rxy-
cc yaaac:u cnncucu. a.u+ccu nca.c-
ux c nuuqunuax:uy nc+uqu, ucc(uc-
a.uc nc(xaraaayca a a(c ac., nyxu-
caaaauxca c J972 r. (cc:xu ua ucc.c:c
u+ .ux ac. c(cxau: aucc a (auucu c.a.:c).
1c ca: ucuyuy (ucyccu, c.axc-
a_y cux:, auuauuc u aca uuuaxu-
c.ca c. rxyccrc u ucrcc.ccuucrc uccxc-
(caauua cnxccu:x ncxc uuuaxuc-
.u+ccux u cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu, u nc(c
accrc ux nara.u+ccux acnc.ca, cuc c+u-
.a.: +aacacuucu.
. B. onun. 1ccua uuuaxuc.u+ccux cu.yaquu: .an: a+au.ua, c.y.ya, cuc.ca
J4
lc:un P. C. Kyc ccac.ccu uuuaxuc.u-
u : a J .. M., J997. 1. J. C. 697O.
J5
lc:c:o l. B. 0. Haya xcruu : a J .. M., J97J.
1. J. C. JJJ.
J6
Hca:u uquxcnc(u+ccuu cxcaa:. M., 2OO8.
C. 846.
J7
lc:un P. C. Hc.cua c.c+cc.acuucu uu-
uaxuc.uu. M., J999.
J8
lc:un P. C. Cxc(c.acuu:c cu.yaquu u .a-
.u+ccuc cuuaquu Kuuuaxuc.ua. M.,
J999. C. J59.
J8
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OJO ` 2 (4)
Haucxcc aaucu xaa.cuc.ucu u-
uuaxuc.u+ccux (cxc(c.acuu:x) cu.yaquu
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u: cu.yaqua accxc(caauua, naaux:ucc.:
c.acuua a cc+uauuu (ucc(c u a nc(cc+-
uauuu) cxc(caa.cxa (cuc.au.cx:ucu cc.aucau
u cc.ca.cx:c.a, cxa(:aa_uxca nc yrcxca-
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uua, cc+(auua a(caa.ucu uucaqucuucu
c(cxu cuc.ucu cu.yaquu nc yrcxcau:
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uc.c+uuax ncxy+cuua .cu uucaquu (nc-
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rc xaa.ca, a:aa_uca a nc.uac(cu-
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cxc(caa.cxa, uanaaxcuu: ua accc.ccuucc,
ncxucc u c.c.uaucc accxc(caauuc (.y(-
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cycxcaxcuu: acca.ucc.u: xaa.cc
a:ca cxc(caa.cxc c(ucrc u+ ac+cu:x
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27
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ucc.: yc.aucaxcuucrc cc:.ua (c (yrcrc nc-
+ua_crc cy.c.a (uanuc, (xa cy(a)
29
.
B:ncxucuuc ncacu +a(a+u ~ ac:.uc
ncc.ynxcuuu ~ cxc(caa.cx: caxu+yc. a
cxcucu ncxcucu cu.yaquu, a .ccucuac
a+auc(cuc.auu c cnca.uauc-c+:cu:u
nc(a+(cxcuuau, aucc ucncx:+ya accucu-
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c.u+ccuc nuc:. Icacuuc a.ccu +a(a+u
ccy_cc.axac.ca, a naaux:uc nc(+cuaac.
1. C. Bcx+cqaa, ncu+ac(c.ac ncqcccyax:-
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uc uccu. c_uu, ac.a.uc-acu:u xaa-
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quu cycxcaxcua, a nca+auc a:ac, a+xu+-
u:u au(au uucaqucuucu uccnc(cxcu-
ucc.u. S.c cc.ca.cx:c.ac (aauc yc.aucaxcuc
u nu+uauc ccquax:u:u, a.ca.u+ccuu,
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a ucry c cccncu:u uay+u:u ncxccuuau,
a uc nc.uacc+u.: u.
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quu nc(xccuuy 1. C. Bcx+cqcu cxcy
cxcu:x cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu, cxc(yc. c.-
c.u.: a ncxcu.cx:u:c, .a u c.uqa.cx:-
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cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu ua ncxcu:c cu.y-
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cu.yaquu .a.u+cccrc uca. Hc(cc.a.c
xaccuuaqucuucu cxc: aaxac.ca, nc uaac-
y ucuu, ax+cuuc a cc c.y.yy cu.ya-
quu crauu+aqucuuc-ynaaxcu+cccrc .una.
S.a aaxuuaqucuuaa rynna cu.yaquu (cu-
c.au.cx:uc cy_cc.ayc., uc a cc xcru+ccuu
c.c axc(a. a ucynca(c+cuu:c (cxcu:c),
.a u ynca(c+cuu:c (ncc.:c) crauu+aqu-
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cxc(c.acuu:x cu.yaquu, crauu+aqucuuc-ynaa-
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cxcu:x ux a+ucau(ucc.cu, uayaac. c(uc u+
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JJ
.
U.c acac.ca (yrux xaccuuaqucuu:x
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28
C., uan.: Bocu:oce A. H. Bac(cuuc a yc cc-
ac.ccu uuuaxuc.uu. M., J962; loncq H. H.
lcxc: ncc.ynucc.u. M., J969; Muxou-
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ucc.: ac:.ua ncc.ynxcuuu Cca. rccy(a-
c.ac u naac. J97J. ` 4; loeu:oe A. H. Iac-
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cceu B. l. lcxc: c.c(uu ac:.ua u
accxc(caauua ncc.ynxcuuu Ccac.caa u-
uuaxuc.ua: .ccc.u+ccuc ncxc:. M., J978;
onun . B. lcxc: c_cu .ccuu ac-
:.ua ncc.ynxcuuu u uuuaxuc.u+ccaa .a-
.ua 1ccc.u+ccuc ncxc: uuuaxuc.u-
u. Cac(xcac, J98J. C. 27J6.
29
C.: Bo:cqo+ 7. C. Kuuuaxuc.u+ccaa
cu.yaxcrua. C. 6J.
JO
1a c. C. JO7.
JJ
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J97J. C. 272.
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C ccc(uu: 9O-x rr. ncaxcrc c.cxc.ua
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rxaau: ca+c c uay+u:u .y(au nc-
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nc(caxa auaxu+y cu.yaquu, ac+uua_ux
a ncqcccc cnca.uauc-c+:cucu (ca.cx:uc-
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ucrc xc. ycncauc nucuac:u cxc(caa.c-
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a cuqc cuqca aac(cu a yrcxcauc-ncqcccy-
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a ncqcccc c+ucu c.aau ny.c nc(.aaxc-
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C.: Bo:cqo+ 7. C. Kuuuaxuc.u+ccaa
cu.yaxcrua; Ec +c. Kuuuaxuc.u+ccaa cu.ya-
xcrua : aa.cc. (uc. . (-a u(. uay. M.,
J997; lu+ . B. Kuuuaxuc.u+ccuc cu.yaquu
u ux a+cacuuc a yrcxcauc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac.
lauayx, 2OO6; E:o +c. 1ccc.u+ccuc u nu-
xa(u:c acnc.: uuuaxuc.u+ccux cu.yaquu;
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(uc. . (-a u(. uay. Oc, 2OO8.
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C: loe:o B. l. lcxc: .ccuu u na.uu
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M., J988.
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24
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OJO ` 2 (4)
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25
lc(c.aaxcuu:c a uac.ca_cu c.a.:c u(cu, y(y+u caa+au-
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26
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OJO ` 2 (4)
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J996), ac.uc-ccacrc y(aa ucyc.aucaxcu-
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4
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6
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(c.. J77 \lK IU). lu .c cxc(yc. uc.:
a au(y, +.c cc.c cuaycuua .yna, aaxaac:
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5
C.: Mo:uoe C. B. Bccuuc-ncxcaaa uuua-
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C.: Mo:uoe C. B. laaca:c u crauu+aqu-
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7
C.: loecmo C. 3. Occcuucc.u accxc(caauua
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cy(cncu+ac(c.ac .c nc(c accrc +a_u.a nc.cncaaux c.
ncc.ynu:x nccara.cx:c.a ny.c yrcxcaucrc nccxc(caauua au-
ucau:x xuq. ,auuaa ca cc(cuc.aua uaaxa c.acuuc a c.a-
.:ax 45, 46 Kcuc.u.yquu IU, a +ac.ucc.u a naac a(crc ua
cy(cuy +a_u.y.
B.ccc uanaaxcuuc ncxy+uxc +acnxcuuc
a c.. 48 Kcuc.u.yquu IU a .acu cyxucac:
a(cy raau.uyc.ca naac ua ncxy+cuuc aa-
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J. laac ua aaxuuqucaauuy u(u+ccy
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2. Icaxu+aqua (auucrc naaa ac+cua a xcu cxac.u
naacnucuu.cx:ucu (ca.cx:ucc.u. S.c uc .cx:c acc c:
cy(cncu+ac(c.aa: cuc.u.yqucuucc, ra(auccc, au.aucc,
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A. A. ,oe:cmoe, H. B. Asopcuon
Hpo6xcmr pcaxnsaunn u VHK P0
npaua na ruaxnqnunpouannyr
rpnnuccryr nomomr
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C.: L+u:oe K. H. Ku(u+ccaa nuc(a aaxuuqucaauucu
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57
(u+ccu +ua+u:x a.ca. lu+c xuqc c-
c. accncx:+caa.:ca nc(cc.aaxcuu: cy
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cuuc nc(c.ac. a au(c ccc.cauua naacacrc
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uc, xuc nucruy.: ncc_u u+auc.
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cxy+aax xuqc crauu+uaac.ca cac+a_u.cu, a
a (yrux ca_ac.ca c.ccuucu ncc_u.
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ac(c.aa a a+cc.ac +a_u.uua (cnyca.ca
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c_u cc(ca.cx:u:u. Ou cqcuuaac.ca cau
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lu .c cxc(yc. y+u.:aa.:, +.c caxu+a-
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ua ccucac (ucnc+u.uaucc.u, y+ac.uuu cau, ua
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uc+u:u c+yx:.a.. lccy(ac.ac uc uaaa+:aa-
c. c.ccua ycxyru a(aca.a uxu uucrc xuqa.
lc-(yrcy cc.cu. (cxc a yrcxcauc cy(c-
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ll \lK IU, cc.: ncxccuuc c cccnc+cuuu
nc(c+caaccy, cauuaccy naaa ua +a_u.y
(c.. J6). (cc: c+: u(c. c cuc.u.yqucuuc
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uuu yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucu (ca.cx:ucc.u,
a .ac yrcxcauc nccxc(yccc xuqc (c nu-
cc.cuua ncqcccyax:ucrc ncxccuua nc(c-
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nuax:uc ycauc ux cuc.u.yqucuucc naac
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A. A. oe:cmoe. H. B. A.ocno. Icaxu+aqua a \lK IU naaa ua u(u+ccy ncc_:
58
lxxc.cu: \O MACl 2OJO ` 2 (4)
l:xc : naaux:u: a c.. J6 Kc(cca
acc.u c+: c naac xcrc y+ac.uua yrcxca-
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a+(cxcu: ua cxc(y_uc rynn::
a) yrcxcauc nccxc(yccc xuqc;
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acu uu.ccc: nc.cncaauu, ra(aucuu uc.cq,
ra(aucuu c.ac.+u, +ac.u:u cauuu.cx:;
a) y+ac.uuu, uc uc_uc nc (cxy cc-
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46, 47 \lK IU. Hcuuc c .crc ccu.a,
ccrxacuc c.. 49 Kc(cca, y yrcxcauc nccxc-
(yccrc xuqa ncaaxac.ca naac ua ncxy+c-
uuc aaxuuqucaauucu u(u+cccu ncc-
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c.cy +a_c accrc ca+:aa. a(aca.:, a
.ac uc.:, uc uc_uc c.a.yca a(aca.a.
laac ua uc.a-nc(c.aau.cxa ac+uuac. y
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a c.a(uu ac+y(cuua yrcxcaucrc (cxa .ux
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uc accxc(caauuu), a c.a(uu ac+y(cuua yrc-
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a +c.:cx cxc(c.acuu:x (cuc.auax: (cnccc
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\lK IU), c:cc (+. JJ c.. J82 \lK IU),
a:cc (+. 2 c.. J8J \lK IU). B (yrux
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4
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