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Heynaponan acconann coencann npaaocyn
|nternatlonal Unlon ol Asslstance ol 1ustlce
Yroroanun npoecc
Kpnunnarncnxa
Onepanano-poaucxnan enerunocu
Cye6nan aracu
Ppoxypopcxnn naaop
Oprannaann npaaooxpannerunon enerunocn
Brxxcrcnr
Mcnynapono
accounaunn
coccrunn npauocynr
2011 N 1 (5
Hoy:uoc usoouuc
Cnenarunun aunycx x 8O-ren
Yparucxon rocyapcaennon pnnecxon axaeunn
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lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
ceueu MACH
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Peaxnonnan xorrernn:
npoq. B. C. Earaxunn
npoq. B. H. Eoapoa
npoq. h. H. Boronna
npoq. A. P. lycuxoaa
npoq. A. A. aareoa
npoq. h. B. panxnn
h. A. 3aurnnnn
o. K. E. Karnnoacxnn
npoq. A. B. Kypnaeaa
npoq. 3. B. Haxapoaa
npoq. A. . Ppournxoa
npoq. A. B. Cunpnoa
npoq. H. P. Copoxonrnn
Ppeceaeru pexorrernn
J. H. /puuuu, -p pn. nayx,
npoq. xaqepu xpnunnarncnxn YplkA,
aacryennun eneru nayxn PO,
noenun pa6onnx npoxypaypu PO,
ren Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
Peaxop-xoopnnaop
J. A. Sumuuu, xan. pn. nayx,
npenoaaaeru xaqepu
xpnunnarncnxn YplkA,
noenun aaoxa PO,
ren Heynaponon acconann
coencann npaaocyn
62O149, Exaepnn6ypr, an 294,
zashnall.ur.ru
http:zash.web.ur.ru
8-9O8-635OO16
Bunycxaunn ueneep
T. I. Mouuu
8-9O4-9898353
vlp-uralyandex.ru
Peaxop T. A. 0eoopoBu
Opnrnnar-uaxe J. A. XiupeBo
Ponncano a neau 12.O4.2O11.
Oopua 1O 1OO16.
Eyuara oqcenan.
Y.-na. r. 1O,12.
lapnnypa Acadeny.
1npa 8OO axa. 3axaa 1314.
Oneaano a OOO PP "AlPAO"
62OO34, Exaepnn6ypr,
yr. Koruoropoaa, 39O5.
Haanne nnnnnpoaano a 2OO9 r.
yparucxnun renaun HACP,
ocyuecareno aaopaun
na co6caennue cpecaa.
Erreenu pacnpocpannecn aaopaun
HACP, 2O11
1oxn apennn, npecaarennue a caunx,
narncn naynuun noannnun aaopoa
(nx unenneu) n uory ne coanaau
c oxaun apennn renoa
peaxnonnon xorrernn, npeceaern
pexorrernn, peaxopa-xoopnnaopa
Konnpoaanne n pacnpocpanenne 6rreenn
n caen 6rreenn a r6on qopue
aanpeuaecn. Py6rnxann caen nnuun
naannnun uoe ocyuecarnucn
oruxo a cooaecann c nornouonnun,
noryennuun o aaopoa caen n cocaanern
a nopnxe, ycanoarennou
rpaancxnu aaxonoaerucaou
Haanne 6rreenn ocyuecareno
npn noepxe canoa http:luaj.net
(Heynaponan acconann coencann
npaaocyn, Canx-Peep6ypr)
n http:connunlty.llvejournal.conuro_nasp
(Yparucxoe oerenne Heynaponon
acconann coencann npaaocyn,
Exaepnn6ypr)
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lc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u cauuaccrc u acnc(cxcuuc
ccuu (ca+:aauua......................................................... 6
lc.oe C. C. luuqun nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u
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+acuc(a.cx:c.aa............................................................... JJ
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(ca+a.cx:c.a .................................................................... J9
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om coecmcnu+ nccmn:cnu+ {o eoncccnu+
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a.c rcuc+uca uc(uqucuu:x .cxucxcruu
nccccucuax:u:x +a_u.uuca ....................................... 44
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H:oun A. H. lc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u u cy(cu:c
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ua nc+ynqu ucauucaucc.u a yrcxcauc ncqcccc ...... 58
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nucau:x ....................................................................... 66
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a cccuucc yrcxcauc ncqcccc .................................. JOJ
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crc, aa.c (cxac. .c c(ucc.ccuuc u +a:-
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J
lo:ncuu C. A. O acca.ucc.u u (cc.cacuc-
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ncxu.uu. M., J9J7. Ku. 4. C. 59.
2
Bomuncuu A. B. 1ccua cy(cu:x (ca+a-
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J
C.: Cmo:oeu M. C. \+cuuc c a.cuax:ucu
uc.uuc a yrcxcauc ncqcccc. M.; ^., J947.
C. 2JJ.
47
cc.: (ca+:aauua ncc.ynxcuua, ccacc(aa
cauuac:x c. acaux ca+auucc.cu, nc(xa-
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cqucuucc.u cy(a cccc:cxuaac. uc(u-
qucuu:c .cxucxcruu a(aca.ca a yrcxcauc
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+a(a+u, axc(a_uc a uc(uqucuu:c .cxuc-
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cxc(c.auc, ux uc(uqucuu:c .cxucxcruu a
cy(cuc ncu+ac(c.ac accx.uc uc a.y-
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Hcaaaaca a yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucu
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nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u cau(c.cx:c.ayc.
c .c, +.c c.(cx:u:c y+cu:c n:.axuc: a:acc-
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5
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nc(ncxaraxcc:, +.c auy.cuucc yc(cuuc cy(a,
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6
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nc+(ucc nac u a.crcu+uc a cccucaauuc
4
7o{ceoc+n B. C. K acnccy c yc.aucaxcuuu
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Cca. rccy(ac.ac u naac. J948. ` 6. C. 7O.
5
C.: lo+unco+ B. H. \+cuuc c naaca:x nc-
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C. JJO.
6
C.: :uncuu H. H.. Ho:+ncuu H. H.
\rcxcauc-ncqcccyax:u:u c(cc ICUCI. M.,
J924. C. 229.
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48
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
cqcuu (ca+a.cx:c.a cy(cucu yc(cuuc
y.ac(axcc:, +.c enmcnncc c+{cnuc
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a+ac.y uc(uqucuu:x .cxucxcruu (xa
nccccucuax:u:x +a_u.uuca. 1au ca-
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caauuc (xa accx cauuac:x ux ucauucaucc-
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nc+uquu y+cu:x c.axu nc(c.auaa.:ca nc(
ncxu.uy yrcxcaucrc ncqccca, c.caa a+u-
caaxac: ua ucax Kcuc.u.yquu ICUCI
J9J8 r., uc cc(ca_ux ncxccuua c nc+yn-
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B c.ucacuuu cxc(y_crc c(uuqucaau-
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J96O r. uc cc(cax +c.ux ncxccuuu, yc.a-
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ay cuc.yqu (xa \lK J96O r. (a nc-
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K .au uca cuc c.uccu.: ncxc-
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c.. JJ (uu.c uc cc. :.: nu+uau auuca-
u: a ccacacuuu ncc.ynxcuua u nc(acr-
uy. yrcxcaucy uaa+auu uua+c, a nc nu-
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ucu c(aquu. B .acu cu.yaquu naacacrc
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uu.cnc.aquu, ncuc uay+u:x nc+uquu, cc-
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8
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c.aau.cxcu uayu :xa (cc.a.c+uc a.crc-
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u M. M. Cxaauu c+ycxcauc y.ac(axu, +.c
ccac.ccc yrcxcaucc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac c ca-
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9
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Haxaac: xccu.c naaccc+uauua, ncxc-
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7
lo:un l. A.. lo:omnuoeo H. B. \rcxcau:u
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C.: Momoeu:oec B. O. Hcc.c:c acncc:
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9
Pc.nu l. M.. C:oeun M. M. laac ua +a_u-
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49
nurcuc+y a cccuucc yrcxcauc ncqcccc
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uc ca+au (ca+:aa.: cac ucauucaucc.:;
) ca (ca+:aauua cauucuua u cncac-
cuua (cac(ca, nuac(u:x a +a_u.y nc(c-
+caaccrc uxu cauuaccrc, xcu. ua c.cc-
uc cauucuua; a) acc ccucuua a auucaucc.u
cauuaccrc, c.c:c uc cry. :.: yc.a-
ucu: a nca(c, yc.aucaxcuuc \lK 2OOJ r.,
.cxy.ca a ncx:+y cauuaccrc; r) cauuu-
.cx:u:u nurcac uc cc. :.: ccucaau ua
nc(ncxccuuax.
B caa+u c .u nc+acxu ccc y.ac-
(a.:, +.c nc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u cauuac-
crc a nuuqun (u uca) a cccuucc
yrcxcauc ncqcccc ncaauxac: xua: c(ucac-
cuuc c ac.ynxcuuc a cuxy \lK 2OOJ r. lc
ac+uuucacuuc, y(y+u caa+auu: c naac
nc(c+caaccrc u cauuaccrc ua +a_u.y, uc-
ccucuuc ycuxuaac. .c naac, nc+acxac. cn-
c(cxa.: c.a.cru+ccuc qcxu u .a.u+ccuc
+a(a+u nccccucuax:ucu +a_u.:, (ac. .u-
+ccy ccucay (xa a.uaucu (ca.cx:ucc.u a(-
aca.ca-+a_u.uuca. O+cau(uc, +.c acxqu-
cuucaauuc uc yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc
+acua caa+:aac.ca c ac+(cuc.auc ua ucrc
c(yuac(ucrc u cuc.u.yqucuucrc naaa, r(c
uca.uau:c ncxccuua, auaxcru+u:c a:ac-
nuac(cuu:, nucy.c.acaaxu aucc. lu .c
a Kcuc.u.yquu IU J99J r. acca.uaaccc
uca.uaucc ncxccuuc cc(cu.ca a a+(c-
xc c naaax u cacc(ax +cxcaca, (c.cuuu-
ya auaxcru+uy xcaxu+aqu .crc nuuqu-
na u a \lK 2OOJ r.
lc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u cauuaccrc
a ccaccuuc cc nc(c.aaxcuuu a +acuc cc-
cncuc cuyc. naaca.uaucc.: a(aca-
.a ~ +a_u.uua nc(c+caaccrc (cauuac-
crc, nc(cy(ucrc) u a(aca.a ~ nc(c.a-
au.cxa ra(auccrc c.ac.+ua, .a a (xa
axac.u:x y+ac.uuca cy(cncu+ac(c.aa (na-
acnucuu.cxcu) cauuac:u cc. c+u.a.:-
ca auucau:, +.c cxc(yc. u+ (ucyccuu nc cc
5J
ncac(y
JJ
. lcxu.ua yrcxcaucrc ncqccca c.-
uccu.cx:uc cax:ucrc naacnucucuua, (cc-
aquu naaccc+uauua, ccxaua_crc cucc-
aa.uau:c nc(xc(:, axcy. naacuuruxuc.cuc
nc+uquu. Cncccc.ayc. .cy u xc.ua uc-
c.c:x xccu.ca uca.uaucrc .cuua ~
ucauucaucc.: cauuaccrc, nuac(a_aa
c:cxy c.cy.c.aua auu: y cauucuucrc. O-
auuu.cx:u:u yxcu caa+au u c c.c.uaucu
nc(a+a.cc.: cxc(caa.cxa a c(ucrc u+ cc-
ucau:x y+ac.uuca ua c.ccuc cauucuua,
cuyccu u cc(cauuc nuxa(ucu
yrcxcaucy ncqcccy uayu ~ uuuaxuc-
.uu. Icaxu+aqua uc: c nc+ynquu ucau-
ucaucc.u a(aca.c-+a_u.uuc a .acu cc-
quax:uc-ncuxcxcru+cccu cu.yaquu uc au(u.-
ca aa.ca.u+cccu. Oua .cyc. u(uc-.cx-
ucxcru+ccux cc(c.a caxu+aquu.
Haxu+uc a naaccc+uauuu (cuc.cc nc-
cccucuax:u:x yc.aucac) cy(cu .arc.cuua
nc+ynquu auucaucc.u nc(cy(ucrc, a-
.u+ccu ncaaxa_ccca a nc+uquu nc(c.a-
au.cxcu cy(cuccrc ccc_cc.aa l. 1. Ia+-
rux:(ucaa u B. A. laxuua, c.ccu :
c.ccxaxu a:ac, uc nc+acxac. naccuauc ca-
xu+ca:aa.: (ac c.a.cru u .a.uy nc-
cccucuax:ucu +a_u.: in ou|io co cco. B qc-
xc a(c cxy+aca nc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u
a nuuqun yrcxcaucrc ncqccca y(c. uay-
aa.:ca, a+yaaa crc cuc.cy, nc(cnc(cxaa
cxc(c.acuu:c u cy(cu:c cauu, ccxu a(ac-
a.c-+a_u.uuc uc y(y. cyxucaa.:-
ca aau:c c.a.cru+ccuc qcxu u .a.u+ccuc
+a(a+u, nucua.:ca ccc.ac.c.ay_uc u(u-
c-.cxucxcru+ccuc cc(c.aa, y(cuaa_uc
c.a.yc ucauucaucc.u +cxcaca, nccxc(yccrc
a yrcxcauc ncqcccc. lcc(cxcuuc nccc-
cucuax:u:x yc.aucac ua auucaucc.: cauua-
ccrc (nc(cy(ucrc) naccuaucu ua(c(cu ua
.cxcaauuc ccucuuu a ncx:+y cauuaccrc
(nc(cy(ucrc) ~ ccrc(ua (ac uc naacacu
cau.u+, a naacacu uuau.uxu+. Kuc-
(uqucuuaa .cxucxcrua nccccucuax:ucrc
+a_u.uua a .acu ccquax:uc-ncuxcxcru+cc-
cu cu.yaquu cc.: cc(c.ac (xa c.uauc-
rc nucucuua u(u+cccu uc:.
H+-+a a+xu+ucrc axuauua nc+ynquu uc-
auucaucc.u ua y+ac.uuca yrcxcau:x ncu+-
ac(c.a uccxc(uc c.c.u.:, +.c ax+cuuc
nuuquna nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u a ccac-
cuucc nc+u.uaucc naac nc(cnc(cxac. a+-
au.uc nccccucuax:ucrc naaccc+uauua na-
acnucuu.cxcu. lu .c aa.c:, c.c:c,
acca.uc, a u :, a+(cxa. nuac(cuucc nc-
xccuuc, au(a. caa+auu: naaccc+uauuc c .cx-
ucxcrucu ~ ccacynucc.: .a.u+ccux nu-
cca u c.c(ca ncxy+cuua u cac.u uuc-
aquu
J2
. Hc ccrxaaaac: c ucc.c: crauu-
+cuuc ncuuauua .cxucxcruu .cx:c uuc-
aqucuu:u .cxucxcruau, uccxc(uc nu+ua.:
cx: nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u ua a+au.uc
uc(uqucuu:x .cxucxcruu a(aca.ccu (ca-
.cx:ucc.u a ua c.ccuc cauucuua, .a u ua
c.ccuc +a_u.:. lccxcuaauuc a+au.ua
nuuquna nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u a c.c+c-
c.acuuc naac nca+:aac., +.c u .c. nu+ua,
cuu.c+uyc:u a naacacu a.uaucc.u, nc(-
c.aaxac.ca accxcaqucuu: a.cc (xa
a+au.ua ccucau:x xccu.ca .ccuu nccc-
cucuax:ucrc ac.cc.aa a(aca.ca-+a_u.uuca
ccacynuc c uu:u, uuc.u.yaxu+uy_uu (au-
uy .ccu a uayc yrcxcaucrc ncqccca.
\a+auu:u nc(xc( cc. caa+:aa.:ca cc
a+rxa(au u .cx y+cu:x, c.c:c c.c+a., c c(-
ucu c.ccu:, u+cucuuc .cxucxcruu yrcxcaucrc
nccxc(caauua, c (yrcu ~ nc(xara. a qcxax
yaauuaauua y+ac.uuca aac(cuuc nc+ynquu
naac.: nc.cncaacrc
JJ
. B (auuc cxy+ac
JJ
C., uan.: Po.:u:o{uce l. 7.. lo:un B. A.
Kcuc.u.yqucuuaa nc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u u
cc naacaaa nuc(a // Kcuc.u.yqua Icccuu-
ccu Uc(caquu u ccaccuucc +acuc(a.cx:-
c.ac: ncxc: caxu+aquu u .cu(cuquu a+au-
.ua ( JO-xc.u Kcuc.u.yquu Icccuu): a J +.
Caa.ca, 2OO4. U. 2. C. 2J.
J2
C.: Honouno H. K. Icaxu+aqua nuuquna
nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u ua (ccy(cu:x c.a(u-
ax yrcxcaucrc ncqccca: aa.cc. (uc. . au(.
u(. uay. Kaxuuuura(, 2OOJ. C. JJJ4.
JJ
C.: louo A. H. lc.cncaauu c. ncc.ynxc-
uua u uaqucuax:u:u +acu // Ccaccuu:c nc-
xc: a+auc(cuc.aua a.cuax:ucrc u ncqcc-
cyax:ucrc naaa Icccuu: a 2 +. la.cuuyr,
2OO4. U. 2. C. JO5, JO8.
. A. dom:+nun. Sacxqua nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u ~ a.c uc(uqucuu:x .cxucxcruu
52
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
uax(ac.ca ucc.caa xc.ua. lcxu yc-
.auaaxuaac.ca ucaacuc.ac a u(uc-.cxuc-
xcru+cccu ccc c(y +a_u.cu uu.cccca
nc(c+caaccrc (cauuaccrc, nc(cy(ucrc) u
nc.cncaacrc, .c nc(c accrc .c ucaacuc.ac
ua(c ncc(cxcaa.: cc+(auuc racuu+ucaau-
u:x uc(uqucuu:x .cxucxcruu (xa a(ac-
a.ca-nc(c.aau.cxcu, ccc.ac.c.ay_c a+au-
aa.: uuuaxuc.u+ccuc uccxc(caauua (cc-
+(aaaa .a.uc-uuuaxuc.u+ccuc u .a.u-
c-c.c(u+ccuc cccu(aquu c.c.auaauua
uu.cccca nc.cncaaux, ra(aucux uc.qca),
a uc nc.uacncc.aaxa.: +acuu: .cxucxcru-
a uca.uau:c a:c:.
B u.crc cxc(yc. cuc.a.ucaa.:, +.c u+-
cuuaaccca +acuc(a.cx:c.ac, aca_ccca
nc+ucaauua ucauucaucc.u cauuac:x,
nc(cnc(cxac. a+au.uc u(uc-.cxucxc-
ru+ccux uccxc(caauuu (ca.cx:ucc.u a(ac-
a.ca-+a_u.uuca. S.c caa+auc c .c, +.c a
\lK 2OOJ r. ua ccucaauuu nuuquna nc-
+ynquu ucauucaucc.u cauuaccrc ccu-
caaxac: uaucxcc aucaa a+a ncaaxcuua
naaccaxu+aqucuucu a.uaucc.u nccccu-
cuax:u:x +a_u.uuca, oc |cc |o|o, uuc.u.ya-
xu+ucaaa a +ac.u cc ccucau:x xccu.ca
.ccu nccccucuax:ucrc ac.cc.aa (au-
u:x y+ac.uuca a uayc yrcxcaucrc ncqcc-
ca. Hcuuc a uac.ca_uu ncuc(, xarc(aa
ncrcccuaucu acxquu uc c nc+yn-
quu ucauucaucc.u cauuaccrc, a uayc yrc-
xcaucrc ncqccca a.yaxu+ucaaxuc:, uanu-
c, uccxc(caauua a cxac.u .a.uu nccc-
cucuax:ucu +a_u.:.
5J
9. P. 3uuomy::uuo, . A. 3om:unuu
Hpcsymnunn ncunnounocrn
n mycyxrmancroc npauo
3nuaa Pauununnouna 3unavynnuna,
cyenxa nncnya npoxypaypu
Yparucxon rocyapcaennon
pnnecxon axaeunn
heonup Aneucanppouun 3amnnnun
zashnall.ur.ru
laauxc c nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u cc. aaxa.:ca cuc.c-
cca+y_u (xa naaa u naacccy_cc.axcuua. lu .c
y+cu:u-uc.au cuc acca.uaac.ca a .u+cccc ncua.uc,
a y+cu:u-.uau nc.uacncxcucc aaxcuuc ~ cauuu.cx:-
u:u yxcu, ac+uua_uu acxc(c.auc urucucaauua nc+yn-
quu ucauucaucc.u, ~ .ac ax+ac.ca a +ucxc .u+ccux nc-
ua.uu
J
. S.c nc+acxac. ccyxucaa.: runc.c+y c .c, +.c uc-
a.uaucc ncxccuuc c nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u cc.: u uaa-
c.acuu:u uuc.u.y., axua_uu ua cryxucaauuc ncqcccyax:-
u:x c.ucacuuu. \a+auucc ccrxacyc.ca c nc+uqucu K. U. H.y-
cucra, ucuy_crc caa+: ccaccuu:x naaux c nc+yn-
quu ucauucaucc.u a+xu+u:x c.au c ycyx:aucu naac
2
.
S.a runc.c+a uc nc(c.aaxac.ca ua(yauucu, .a a a ycyx:-
aucc naac crc cuuc.ua c cax: ccxauac.ca (c uac.c-
a_crc accuu. lunc.c+a c c .c, +.c anca:c nc+ynqua
ucauucaucc.u ncaauxac: ac auqy+ccu ,cxaaquu naa +c-
xcaca u ra(auuua J789 r.
J
, cc. :.: cncacruy.a.
Kcuqcnqua c accc_ucc.u caxu, c cc c_c+cxcac+ccc
xaa.cc nc(ncxarac. cy_cc.acaauuc a ycyx:aucc naac
(.uc) .aux uc, c.c:c cry. axc+: cy(cuua c cxccc.u
c.c+cc.acuu:x uc uxu uuc.u.y.a c nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u
a qcxc c ncxccuuau ycyx:auccrc naaa. lu
.c uc ucx+ac.ca nc(ncxccuuc c .c, +.c na-
acaaa u(ca c nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u a ucxac
ccuxac: au:ac, +c .c ncu+caxc a +acuc-
(a.cx:c.ac Uauquu. lu+uu: cuc uca.: a cy-
_cc.acuuc c.xu+uu ycyx:auccu .uu c. xu-
c.uauccu, a +ac.ucc.u a a+xu+uc cacuuu acn-
cca c ncacc(uc rcxc. \+cuuc c u+ua+ax:ucu
rcxcaucc.u +cxcaca crxc nccxyu.: ccucaauuc (xa nc-
uuucacuua a +acu: c.au lacn: xccu.ca uc(cacua xu+-
ucc.u.
J
C.: lo:uoe A. C. Ku(u+ccaa .ua. M., J999. C. 47; Moc:c-
ce A. l. S.ua u nccccucuax:uaa .ua. la.cuuyr, 2OO7. C. JOJ.
2
C.: S|uc|cn|cc C.-l. La|crsucluaca zur Lascluldsvcrou|ua. B.,
J997. S. 4J6.
J
C.: lo:uoe A. C. \a+. cc+. C. 49
54
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
Ccrxacuc Kcauy .a c cu.yaqua acca.-
uaac.ca ucccx:c uua+c: +cxcac, c(aac:,
uaxc(u.ca a ccc.cauuu ncacua+ax:ucu +uc-
.c.:, uxu u.a, +.c c+ua+ac. Hcxa uxu
nccucc.: acxc u acuy Axxaxa. B caa+u
c .u u(cc c ncacc(uc rcxc uxu yuac-
xc(caauucu auucaucc.u uc. cc.a a y+cuuu
Hcxaa
4
. B ycyx:auccu naacacu yx:-
.yc y.ac(ac.ca, +.c +cxcac cxcucu cxcc
(cy, +c +xy, xc.a, y(y+u cy_cc.ac
ucccacacuu:, cu cc. (cnyca.: cauu
u (ac cnccccu ua rcx.
Ccaccuu:c uccxc(caa.cxu naaux:uc
c.c+a., +.c a ucxacc +acuc(a.cx:c.ac
ccucau: naauxc c+u.ac.ca nc(ncxccuuc
c u+ua+ax:ucu (ccccacc.ucc.u ycyx:a-
uuua. Ocuca:aaac: ua .c ncc.aucaxcuuu,
cy(:a uc nc(ncxarac. uu nc(xcra, uu y:a-
xcuucc.u, uu auu: a ac-xuc (cuc.auu c+
nu+uauua a .c cauuaccrc uxu c+ nc(-
c.aaxcuua (ca+a.cx:c.a, ccucaauu:x ua cau-
(c.cx:cux nca+auuax
5
.
B .c cxy+ac ac+uuac. ucc.caa c-
ax:uaa a+uuqa c(y ncxccuuau
cocsum|io innoccn|ioc, caxu+caauu:u ac
auqy+ccu ,cxaaquu naa u cacc( +cxc-
aca, u cocsum|io |ono }ioc. nucy.c.ay-
_cu a ycyx:aucc naac. O(uac ca nc-
xccuua c.aa. c(uc u .c c cc(ca-
uuc ~ c.ucacuuc +cxcacy, ucx+a_cc
crc cc+ua+cuuc a xc(c (ccy(cucrc uxu cy-
(cucrc a+ua.cx:c.aa a ncc.ynuua.
lc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u yc.aucaxcua
ccucau:u uc.c+uuau ycyx:auccrc naaa,
+.c nc(a+ycaac. acxcacuc.ac .crc uuc.u-
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+ac.ca yrcxcaucc uaa+auuc (xa(() .cr(a, cr-
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ax:-Xa..a ncc(ax, +.c lcc Myxaa(
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uuu
6
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nc+uquu: l(uucrxacu: acc cxa(a_uc +ua-
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uuu uc ccacaac.cal
7
B ycyx:aucc naac ncqcccyax:u:c
c.ucacuua ccucaau: ua xa(ucc lcca (cax-
xa^xaxy axcuxu aa caxxa): Bcuc.uuy xy+ac
uay cauc+uc ncc.u.: +cxcaca, +c cau-
c+uc crc uaa+a.:. C:cx .crc nuuquna
a .c, +.c ucx:+a a:uccu.: nurcac c+ yc-
(cuua, +.c ncc.ynxcuuc ccacacuc ucuuc
nc(cy(u: u +.c (auu:c (cuc.aua cc(ca.
a ccc ccc.aa ncc.ynxcuua, nc(ycc.cuucrc
Kcauc u Cyuucu.
S.u+ccuu c:cx nc+ynquu (ccnca-
(c+ucc.u a ycyx:aucc naac cucu.uc-
aau ua accx y+ac.uuca naacc.ucacuuu ~
accx ycyx:au. Hcxa uc (cxac. a+xu+ua
c(y +xcuau c_cc.aa u rcacu. c accc_c
aacuc.ac. Ha .c nac ya+:aac. aa. Kca-
ua: O x(ul Bcuc.uuy, M: cc+(axu aac y-
+uuau u cu_uuau, c(cxaxu aac uac(au u
nxccuau, +.c: a: +uaxu (yr (yra, uc ca-
:u yaaac:u Axxaxc cc(u aac ~ uauc-
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a., aa. JJ). K .cy cuc (caau.: .ac
cxcaa lcca Myxaa(a (caxxa^xaxy axcuxu
aa caxxa): ^(u aau:, a +y:a rcua.
Xaxu: nccxc lcca (caxxa^xaxy axcuxu
aa caxxa) cxc(caaxu .u naauxa, a +ac.-
ucc.u, Ay la u \a nc(cc.aaxaxu u naac
ac+c+(ua nc c.ucacuu ccc ncc.: x-
(a. lc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u a cccuucc
naac .ac accx.ua.
Mcuc c+u.a.:, +.c a ycyx:aucc naac
ccucau:c ncxccuua nc+ynquu ucauucauc-
c.u ccuxuc: aucc ux y.ac(cuua ac
auqy+cc +acuc, nc+(ucc cuu :xu +au-
c.acaau: u cccuucu cuc.u.yqucuu: (rc-
cy(ac.acuu:) naac. lu .c ncxcc-
uua cccuuccrc cuc.u.yqucuucrc naaa u
ycyx:auccrc naaa a caccu uuaauau.uc-
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6
Hu Au Haua. JJ/7O. C. J4.
7
Ax:-\((a u \cyx:u`x-ux. C. 5J7.
4
A{o:omu X. B+rxa( ua ucxa. Hcaccuuc,
J995. C. 52.
5
Au{oxonoeo l. H(cu, cacauu:c cac.c ac+-
u:x qcuucc.cu // M:cx:. J998. ` J.
55
Cy_ucc.: nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u a yrcxcauc ncqcccc
ccc.cu. a cxc(y_c. ,c a:ucccuua u.crcacrc cy(cucrc cac-
uua, a+caa_crc yrcxcaucc (cxc nc cy_cc.ay, cauuac:u, nc(-
cy(u:u c+u.ac.ca ucauucau:. B caa+u c .u (cuc.ay_cc
yrcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucc +acuc(a.cx:c.ac, raau.uya a(cy
ccx(cuuc nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u, +anc_ac. ync.cxa.:
.cuu auucau:u (c ac.ynxcuua nurcaca cy(a a +acuuy
cuxy. Hcuuc cy( ca+au a ncqcccc cy(cucrc a+ua.cx:c.aa
uccxc(caa.: ccauu:c ua nc(aau.cx:uc accxc(caauuu (ca-
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qunc nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u, (a.: u cqcuy, aaxuuquc-
aa.: (cuc.aua nc(cy(ucrc, yc.aucau.: crc auucaucc.: u cau.:
acncc c nu+uauuu xuc ucnu+uauuu crc auucau:.
Hc, a cac c+cc(:, ucauucaucc.: cauuaccrc, ccrxacuc nuu-
quny nc+ynquu ucauucaucc.u, uc uy(ac.ca a (ca+:aauuu ~
cua nc+uyc.ca u cy_cc.ayc. (c .crc ccu.a, nca ac.ynua-
au a +acuuy cuxy nurcacc cy(a uc yc.aucaxcuc ca.ucc.
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C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
c. O7.JJ.2OO8 ` JO29-O-l lc axcc ra-
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c.u.yqucuu:x naa ncxccuuau +. 2 c.. 2J7 u
rxaa: 42 \rcxcauc-ncqcccyax:ucrc c(cca
Icccuuccu Uc(caquu.
E. C. lo:ccnuoeo. Ia+au.uc nc(c.aaxcuuu KC IU ua nc+ynqu ucauucaucc.u
6O
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
u yc.aucaxcua ac.ynuaau a +acuuy cuxy
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B c(uc u+ cacux cnc(cxcuuu KC IU
cxcc nc(cuc rcacu. c .c, crc ucuuc
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nurcac)
JO
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cacuuu KC IU, nc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u
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ccacuuc yc.auaaxuaac. ccu., c c.ccrc ua
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B (auuc cxy+ac uu.cccua nc+uqua KC
IU, a:ca+auuaa u a ncc.aucaxcuuu c.
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c.a.cu 7, J5, JO7, 2J4 u 45O \rcxcauc-nc-
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a cccu(yc ra(au Icccuuccu Uc(caquu",
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JJ
C.: lcc.aucaxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a
IU c. JJ.OJ.2OJJ ` J-l/2OJJ lc (cxy c nc-
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u JO c.. JJ5, n. 2 +. J c.. 2O8 \rcxcauc-ncqcc-
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a+. JO n. J c.. J26 Uc(cax:ucrc +acua O uc-
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J2
C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
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B. H. ^ccucaa ua uayacuuc crc cuc.u.yqucu-
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u nc(nyu.a " n. 7 c.. 76 Uc(cax:ucrc +a-
cua O ccucau:x raau.uax u+ua.cx:u:x naa
u naaa ua y+ac.uc a cccu(yc ra(au Icc-
cuuccu Uc(caquu".
6J
a+:aauuu uxu nc au-xuc nu+uua uc
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ncxccuuc, ccrxacuc c.ccy xc(a.auc.ac
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KC IU nu+uax .c ncxccuuc uccuc.u.y-
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J4
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Hax(ac.ca u acaucuuc acncc.a-
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a ncx:+y cauuaccrc u yc.aucaxcuu:c ac.y-
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JJ
C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
c. J7.JJ.2OO9 ` J5J2-O-O O c.a+c a nu-
ua.uu accc.cuu axc: ra(auuua
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ca Icccuuccu Uc(caquu.
J4
C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
c. JJ.JO.2OO9 ` J258-O-O O c.a+c a nu-
ua.uu accc.cuu axc: ra(auuua
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E. C. lo:ccnuoeo. Ia+au.uc nc(c.aaxcuuu KC IU ua nc+ynqu ucauucaucc.u
62
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
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KC IU c.c+ac., +.c a:ac(: cxxcruu
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quu ucauucaucc.u. laau.uyc.ca caxu+aqua
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KC IU ya+:aac. .ac u ua .c, +.c ca-
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Iacca.uaaa acncc c KC IU, nc+yn-
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J5
C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
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C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
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C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
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J8
C.: Onc(cxcuuc Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a IU
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C. A. Hoconoe. lc+ynqua ucauucaucc.u a cy(c nucau:x
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A. 0. Momoec
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C.: uemuq B. B. luuqun ucnccc(c.acuucc.u a ccac.cc yrc-
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C.: dom:+nun . A. Cy(cu:c (cuc.aua cxc(c.acuucrc xaa.ca
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J
Accnoce l. l. Cy(cucc cxc(c.auc. Cl., J87J. C. JJ.
88
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nuuqun (B. H. ^uaauq), .c ccrc(ua, cr(a
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c(cca IU. Caauc, 2OO4. C. JOJJJ8; lc-
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C.: Momomun B. H. Cy(cucc ycc.cuuc
nu ycxcauc-(ccc+uc ccacc(cuuu c. c.:-
aauua uaa+auua // lcxc: c.naaxcuua na-
accy(ua nc yrcxcau: (cxa a ccaccuucu Icc-
cuu: .ccua u na.ua: a 2 .. Kyc, 2OO7. 1. J.
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JJ4
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
B Iccnyxuc Mc(caua, c.caa, nc c-
nc.u: cqcua, uc c.uccu.ca +ucxy
cynucaauu:x crucuca, ccccc auuauuc
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rxaaa Iccnyxuu, .y ncxcy ncc.cauuc
uyuc (ca.: a cycc c_crc auuauua,
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22
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B c:c c cynqucu uc. ucnuacac-
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24
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laacnucuu.cx:uaa na.ua c ncc.yn-
xcuuax cynqucuucu uanaaxcuucc.u u a c.-
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J. O(uc u+ uux caa+auc c uayacuuc c.c-
cuau nc (cxy .ccaauuu c.. 6
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\lK IU c
a+yu:x ccax yrcxcaucrc cy(cncu+ac(-
c.aa.
lc ncc.ynuaacy a ncu+ac(c.ac yrcxca-
ucy (cxy cy(:a ca+au uc+aaucuc c. c.ca
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nc(ycc.cuu:x c.. 227 \lK IU. Iac-
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nc+(ucc J4 cy.c cc (ua a:ucccuua ncc.a-
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cauuac:u uc crauu+cu: ac accuu, ucc-
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cxcuuc c.ccu c (cxc ncucxc(u. u rc(, u
ncx.ca, +.c ac(c. acxcu.c u cuuac. cc.-
c.y c:: c cynqucu.
\c.auu.: nc(cu:c ucra.uau:c aaxcuua
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mu+o:onoc ccu (xa c.ccu nu a:ncxuc-
uuu .ccaauuu c.. 2J7 \lK IU. Qcxccc-
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cauuac:, uaxc(a_uca nc( c.acu, ccc-
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2. Hcra.uau:u acnc. cycxcaxcu .ac
uccxc(ucc.: nca:acuua naacacu :o-
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2J
Mcmun H. H. \a+. cc+. C. 59.
22
Axua Bcxcaucrc Cy(a Iccnyxuu Mc(c-
aua. ,cxc ` 2J724, ` 2 -J7/2OJO, ` 2-J/
2OOJ.
2J
Axua ^cuuuccrc aucuucrc cy(a r. Caauca
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24
Axua Bcxcaucrc Cy(a Icccuuccu Uc(c-
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JJ5
Ha .y ncxcy ca.ux auuauuc nc+u-
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25
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K ccaxcuu, uc accu .u .ccaauua
ccx(a.ca.
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7, 9 \lK IU c ua+ua+cuuu yrcxcaucrc cy(c-
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uuca naaccxauu.cx:ucrc xca auccx nxa-
a. c .cc.c: O.cy.c.auc y aac cy(ucc-
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Hxu (yrcu a+yc nc cynqucuucy (cxy.
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rcacca a+a.cncxy+a.cxa c nccc(uuc, a
c.c:x cc(caxuc: ucuca.uau:c, ucnu-
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qucuucu uuc.auquu a cnc(cxcuuu ya+ax ua
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JO4, JJO \lK IU. lurcac, cc(ca_uu
ucuca.uauy xccuy, uc cr ncac+rxaaa.:-
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26
.
lc:a c ncc.ynxcuuau cynqucuucu
uanaaxcuucc.u u(c. uac.yna.cx:uc. Hc nu
ccc.a+a.cx:uc cy(cncu+ac(c.ac a:ucca.ca
u cnaa(a.cx:u:c ac(u.:. H .cr(a c(ua u+
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~ acuuuul ~ y(uauxca lc.. ~
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uux ncaccu.:, cr(a acuyc: (ccu
27
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y cxc(yc. uuuu+ucaa.: ac+cu:c cau-
u, caa+auu:c c uccccucaauu: nuaxc+cuu-
c c.ac.c.acuucc.u, a .ac c +c+cuc
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ccx:y .c (ccrc cxc(u.ca acc. 1a, nc
(auu:, nuac(cuu: ncccccc B. B. Bau-
(:aca:, a 2OO8 r. a a+cc.ac cncucaquu
c.aa nc(cu:x cauc u+ cccuuccrc
(c.a a:nxa+cuc 94 xu yxcu. lc y(ca-
xc.accuu: a 2OO9 r. lacncucu cy(c
nc naaa +cxcaca 268 uca cccuau uc-
ncxucu: cacuua ua 7 249 8O8 cac. Bncc-
(u Icccuu nc a+ca a:nxa. a 2OO9 r.
Mcx(aaua ~ J4 xu cac, Iy:uua ~ JJ xu
cac
28
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lc+u(cu. Icccuu (cacac. cy(cucu axa-
c.u: Hcuuc cy(: nu auccu c_cc.acu-
ucu nc((cc nu+aau: c+uc.u.: c.auy c.
cynquu. S.c cxcuaa +a(a+a, uc a:ncxuu-
aa
29
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lc:a c cynqucu ucc. uc .cx:c yrc-
xcauc-naaca:c ncxc: naacnucucuua,
uc u crauu+aqucuu:c, uuauccac-cucu+cc-
uc acnc.:. Ka au(u.ca, (xa c.uaucu
c:: c .u +xc, uccxc(uc +acuc(a-
.cx:uc nc(ycc.c.: nc+a+ucc.: u (cxc-
(ca, u acxc(ca. Iacxc(: ua uc(auucc.: u
(ccruc (auu:c nucc.cuua (cxu: nc(-
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25
Mc{ec{ce . A. \a+. cc+. C. J5.
26
Axua Bcxcaucrc Cy(a Icccuuccu Uc(c-
aquu. Kaccaqucuucc cnc(cxcuuc ` J4/OO5-
J2/2OO5.
27
Bccuccuu a(aca.. 2OJO. ` 9. Ccu.. C. 2O.
28
C.: lc(cacu c.+c. +a 2OO9 r. Ha(+c +a uc-
ncxucuuc cacuuu lacncuccrc Cy(a nc na-
aa +cxcaca // Ccac. lacn:. 2OJO. An. C. 6O;
Bon{omce B. B. Hc: Kcuc.u.yquu Icccuu
u (ca.cx:ucc.: Kcuc.u.yqucuucrc Cy(a Icc-
cuuccu Uc(caquu nc ux +a_u.c u caxu+a-
quu // Kcuc.u.yqucuuc-naaca:c ncxc: yrc-
xcaucrc naaa u ncqccca. Cl., 2OJO. C. 65;
Bo{ono+noe A. Bu.auu: (xa naaccy(ua //
Hcaccc aca. 2OO8. 27 uca.
29
Mc{ec{ce . A. \a+. cc+. C. J6.
B. H. Momomun. lc.uac(cuc.auc cynquu
JJ6
\lK IU a c.. JOJ +acnxac. cxc(y_uu nca(c ccac-
_auua cy(cu nu cxxcruax:uc accc.cuuu yrcxcaucrc (cxa.
lu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca a ccac_a.cx:ucu cua.c, ccxu
yrcxcaucc (cxc acca.uaaxcc: cy(c cxxcruax:uc, nc(cc(a-
.cx:c.ay_uu c.aau. ua a+cacuuc acncc: a nca(c, yc.a-
ucaxcuuc c.. 299 \lK IU. lu a+cacuuu a(crc acn-
cca cy(:a uc anaac ac+(cuaa.:ca c. rcxcccaauua, +a ucx-
+cuuc cxc(y_crc cxy+aa. Cy(:c, rcxcccaaaacy +a cnaa(a-
uuc nc(cy(ucrc u cc.aaacyca a cu:auuc.ac, nc(cc.aaxac.-
ca naac ac+(ca.:ca c. rcxcccaauua nc acncca nucucuua
yrcxcaucrc +acua. Bcc acncc: a+caa.ca cx:auuc.ac
rcxccca. lc(cc(a.cx:c.ay_uu rcxccyc. nccxc(uu. lcxu uc-
uua cy(cu nc acncca c aaxuuaquu ncc.ynxcuua uxu cc
uaa+auua a+caxuc:, .c rcxcc, nc(auu:u +a cnaa(auuc, nucc-
c(uuac.ca rcxccy, nc(auucy +a aaxuuaqu ncc.ynxcuua
nc yrcxcaucy +acuy, nc(yca.uaa_cy cucc .acc nc-
c.ynxcuuc, u +a ua+ua+cuuc cucc cycacrc uaa+auua. Mca
uaa+auua a au(c cc.ucu a+uu cc. :.: ua+ua+cua auuca-
ucy .cx:c nc c(uucrxacucy cacuu accx cy(cu.
Oa_aac: cc(cauu c.. JOJ \lK IU, c.caa uc-
uyc.ca lca(c ccac_auua cy(cu nu cxxcruax:uc accc.-
cuuu yrcxcaucrc (cxa, cuc cuayu.:, +.c +a-
cuc(a.cx: ncqc(yy ccac_auua cy(cu cac(u. rc-
xcccaauu nc acncca, nc(xca_u a+cacuu
nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca. lu .c ncua.ua
ccac_auuc u rcxcccaauuc uc aaxa.ca aauc-
+ua+u:u. 1a, rcxcccaauuc cy(cu ~ .c nc(a+a
cy(:au rcxccca (+a uxu nc.ua) nc acncca, nc(xca-
_u a+cacuu cy(c nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca. ,ya-
c.ca, +.c nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca ncqc(ya rcxcccaauua
aaxac.ca uc(cc.a.c+ucu. lcxcc .crc, ca_aac: cc(cauu
c.. 299 \lK IU, cuc cuayu.:, +.c a ucu uc.ca acn-
cc:, uc nc(xca_uc a:ucccuu ua rcxcccaauuc, uanuc, .a-
uc: a ncc.ynu.: c ac_cc.acuu:u (ca+a.cx:c.aau, ua crc
u a ac a+cc (cxu: :.: ac+xccu: ncqcccyax:u:c
u+(cu' B caa+u c .u cxcc acu: nc(c.aaxac.ca uc-
ncx:+caa.: a c.. 299 \lK IU ncua.uc ccac_auuc, a uc
rcxcccaauuc. lu .c ncqc(ya ccac_auua, nc uaacy uc-
Enena Huanouna Oapeeua,
acnnpan xaqepu yroroanoro npoecca,
npaaocynn n npoxypopcxoro naaopa
Hopoacxoro rocyapcaennoro ynnaepcnea
E. H. 1oocceo
Hopnor coucmannn roxxcrnn cyc
npn nocranouxcnnn npnrouopa
JJ7
uu, (cxua ccc.ca.: u+ a:c.ynxcuuu cy(cu
nc acncca, nc(xca_u a+cacuu nu
ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca, u ccy(cuua ((uc-
yccuu) nc (auu: acncca.
lcccx:y a xc(c cy(cucrc a+ua.cx:-
c.aa y cy(cu, axc(a_ux a ccc.aa cxxcruu, c-
ry. :.: a+xu+u:c accuu c.uccu.cx:uc acn-
ccca, nc(xca_ux a+cacuu nu ncc.auca-
xcuuu nurcaca, a y c(ucrc u .crc c cy(:u
ua ccu. a:ucccuua cacuua cc. :.:
ucccx:c accuu, uccxc(uc, ua uaa a+rxa(,
a xc(c ccac_auua ccy(u.: a(y u+ uux,
a:acuu.: u cqcuu.: ac+uuauc nc.uacc+ua.
Bc aca ccac_auua ncucxc(u. ccu uu-
caqucu, cy(:u ncncxua. yr (auu:x, c-
.c:u cuu (cxu: acncxara.:, +.c: a:-
ac.a.: cacc cy(cuuc
J
.
Iycac(a_aa cx: a ncqcccc ccac_auua
nuua(xcu. nc(cc(a.cx:c.ay_cy. lrc
uaac.acuu:c cncccucc.u (cxu: :.: ua-
naaxcu: ua cc+(auuc ua(xca_cu cc.auca-
u nu ccac_auuu, +.c cac. (yrux cy(cu,
axc(a_ux a ccc.aa cxxcruu cy(cu, :.: c.-
cacuu:u, cacc(uc a:ca+:aa.: cc(ca-
uuc cacux yc(cuuu. ,ac cacc uc+ua+u-
.cx:ucc ucyaacuuc ucuu uu:x cy(cu,
ncuccu.cx:ucc c.ucacuuc uu cc.
a:+aa.: cuucuuc .ac+cccrc u ncxc+ucrc
ccua ucuuau. Bauc y+u.:aa.:, +.c nu
cucaauuu cxxc.uaucrc ucuua nc(cc-
(a.cx:c.ay_uu uc (cxcu uaaa+:aa.: cacc
yc(cuuc cc.ax:u: +xcua cy(a, urucuc-
aa.: ux yc(cuua.
Uac.: J c.. JOJ \lK IU nc(yca.u-
aac., +.c nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca a cc-
ac_a.cx:ucu cua.c nc(cc(a.cx:c.ay_uu
c.aau. ua a+cacuuc acncc: a nca(c, yc-
.aucaxcuuc c.. 299 \lK IU. 1au c-
a+c, +acuc(a.cx:, ncc+ucxaa a c.. 299
\lK IU a cnc(cxcuucu nccxc(caa.cx:ucc-
.u acncc:, ua c.c:c cy( ca+au (a.: c.ac-
.: nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca, .c ca:
nc(nuc:aac. caccrc c(a ncray (cuc.auu
nu a+cacuuu yrcxcaucrc (cxa nc cy_cc.ay.
Harxa(ucc c.acuuc .acu ncra:, c-
+ycxcauc, ca+:aac. cy(:a +ua+u.cx:uy nc-
c_: a crauu+aquu u ncac(cuuu ccac_auua,
cncccc.ayc. cnca.uaucc.u a ac.c
2
.
lca:u .an ccac_auua ~ a:c.ynxcuua
cy(cu nc acncca, nc(xca_u a+cacuu
nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca. B:c.ynxcuua
cy(cu (yr ncc( (yrc uc. aaucc +ua-
+cuuc, ncccx:y a xc(c ccua ucuuau nc-
+uqua c(ucrc cy(:u cc. ca+a.: ac+(cu-
c.auc ua yc(cuuc (yrcrc cy(:u, a caa+u
c +c nccxc(uuu cuayu. cauc+ucc.: cac-
cu nc+uquu u u+cuu. cc nu rcxcccaauuu.
\lK IU uc nc(yca.uaac. nccxc(caa-
.cx:ucc.: a:c.ynxcuuu cy(cu. l(uuc.acuucc,
c +c rxacu. +. 2 c.. JOJ \lK IU, .c .c, +.c
nc(cc(a.cx:c.ay_uu rcxccyc. nccxc(uu.
lc(c.aaxac.ca, +.c nccxc(caa.cx:ucc.: a:c-
.ynxcuuu cy(cu (cxcu cnc(cxa.: nc(cc(a-
.cx:c.ay_uu nc (cxy, ncccx:y (auu:u acn-
cc aaxac.ca acnccc crauu+aqucuucrc xa-
a . c a .
B.ccu .an ccac_auua ~ ccy(cuuc,
(ucyccua auy.u ccc.aaa cy(a. ,auu:u .an
cc. :.: cny_cu nu c.cy.c.auu acxc-
(cuuu ucuuu cy(cu nc acncca, nc(xca-
_u a+cacuu nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurc-
aca. Qcx: (ucyccuu ccc.cu. nc(c accrc
a .c, +.c: cncaccuuc nc.uacncxcucu
xuc, uanc.ua, +a_u.a ccc.acuucu .c+u +c-
uua ncc(axu uca:c u uca:c acnc.:, cc-
c.axu nc.uacc+ua:c ucuua, ac:aaxu
cauu. Arycu.aqua (cxua c(ucaccu-
uc cc(ca.: cuc.ucc nc(xccuuc cac-
uua, nc.uacc.ca_cc uucy ucuu xuc c-
(uuquy_cc, (cncxua_cc crc. Ucu-
caauuc nc(xuuuc cxxcruax:ucrc ucuua ca-
+a.cx:uc nc(ncxarac. a.uau:u ccu xu+-
u:u ucuuau nc acncca (ca+auucc.u uxu
uc(ca+auucc.u cnc(cxcuu:x a.cca. Ka
ya+:aa. ccquax:u:c ncuxcxcru, uaucxcc
crauu+ucu +c.cu ncqccca cxxc.uaucu
(ca.cx:ucc.u aaxac.ca a+auc(cuc.auc, ccy_c-
c.axa_ccca c(y ucccx:uu cy.c.au,
J
Ho{o . lurcac a yrcxcauc ncqcccc. M.,
J982. C. J4J.
2
lmce l. H. Ccac_auuc cy(cu nu ncc.auca-
xcuuu nurcaca. M., J988. C. 22.
E. H. 0o{cceo. lca(c ccac_auua cxxcruu cy(cu
JJ8
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
a(:u u+ c.c:x aaxac.ca uccu.cxc a-
.uaucc.u u nc(ncxarac. cc a cacux cxxcrax.
Kcxxcruax:ucc.: ucx+ac. cxauu+ccuc u
cnc(y.uau:c c:, a nc.cy c cc nc-
uy_cc.aax cc.: c:cx rcacu.: xua: nu
ycxcauu, cr(a xuqc acc+u.:aac. ua ccu
uucaqucu, ua a.uauy ca.uy caa+:, a
uc ua c(ucc.ccuucc cc yc.aucaxcuuc
J
.
^. Ha(: nuac.: Kcxxcruax:ucc ncc.aucaxc-
uuc nurcaca .cx:c a .c cxy+ac ccc.ac.-
c.ayc. caccy ua+ua+cuu, ccxu cy(:u a+auuc
cu.cxuy. ac+uuauc y a(crc ccucaa-
uua, c.ua:, arycu.: auy.cuucrc aqucuax:-
ucrc yc(cuua, ccuuaa.ca ucuuau u ua
.cu ccucac a:aa.:aa. ccacc.ucc cac-
uuc
4
.
B (ucyccuu, ac+uua_cu c(y cy(:a-
u a ccac_a.cx:ucu cua.c, B. U. lcxau
a:(cxac. cxc(y_uc ccu.:: (ca+:aauuc
ccc.acuucrc ucuua, .ccaauuc (ca+a.cx:c.a
c. (yrcrc u cncaccuuc ucuuu ccccc(-
uua. Haa(y c (ca+:aauuc ccc.acuucrc
ucuua cy(:a (cxcu auua.cx:uc cqcuuaa.:
u a+ua.: acxyx yc(cuua (yrux +xcuca
ccc.aaa cy(a. lcxu yc(cuua uc c.uauc-
aau:, .c cxc(yc. ca.u.: auuauuc cy(cu ua
.c cc.ca.cx:c.ac u nc(xcu.: nuacc.u
(cac(:, nc(.ac(a_uc ux .c+u +cuua.
1cx:c nu uaxu+uu (cac(ca cuc (cxa.:
a:ac(: c cauc+ucc.u uxu uc.uuucc.u a:c-
a+:aac:x yc(cuuu. lc.ua cauc+ucc-
.u ucuuu cxc(yc. uc .cx:c ac+aa.:, uc u
cncacra.: ux, .. c. nuac(u.: a nc(.ac(c-
uuc ux cauc+ucc.u c.acucuua, c.uaucau,
(ca+a.cx:c.aa
5
.
B u(u+cccu xu.ca.yc a:(cxa. .u
cnccca a+aucaxuauua (xa a:ac.u c(u-
ucrc cacuua nc acncca, nc(xca_u a+-
cacuu nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca: ccc-
_cuuc (ccu cuc.u:u +uauuau nc cy-
_cc.ay (cxa), yc(cuuc (uanaaxcuc ua c-
ucaauuc y accx cy(cu cnc(cxcuucrc uc-
uua), auyacuuc (ucu.u+cccc ycaccuuc +y-
crc +uauua) u cnccc c.acuua auyacuua
(nc(aauuc)
6
.
,xa a:ac.u cxxc.uaucrc ucuua cy-
(cu crcucc +ua+cuuc uc. .auc cnccc:
a+aucaxuauua, a ccc_cuuc u yc(cuuc, a
xc(c c.ccrc c.acrac.ca uxu nuuuac.ca
cy(cuuc c(ucrc u+ cy(cu, cx:auuc.aa cy(cu
xuc c y+c.c (yrux a:ca+:aauuu cu-
yc.ca uu.crax:u:u a caccu ccucac cxxc-
.uau:u a:ac(. B+auu:u cu.cx: cccuc-
aauucc.u nc+uquu a(crc cy(:u aaxac.ca
aaucu raau.ucu, cccnc+uaa_cu naaux:-
ucc.: nuuuaccrc cacuua
7
.
Ccc_cuuc +xcuc cy(a caccrc ucuua, a
.ac crc caqua ua ucuuc cc.ax:u:x cy-
(cu +aauca. c. cacuc.a xu+ucc.u, ncucrc
cn:.a, a .ac u+ucxcru+ccux u nc+ux
a.cca. Cxy+ac.ca, +.c +xcu cy(a, nc(+ac u+
cyryc cy.c.uau:x ncy(cuuu (uanuc,
u+ +yac.aa c.:(a a cxy+ac c.a+a c. caccu
.c+u +cuua), uac.auaac. ua ucuuu, cxcua-
acca y ucrc ua ccucaauuu ncacua+ax:u:x,
.cnc: yc ucacu:x, uax(cuuu, anc+a.xc-
uuu. O.a+ c. caccu .c+u +cuua accr(a cc-
nacu c +yac.ac c.:(a, ccucuuau a cc-
c.acuu:x cncccucc.ax, cucu+c, .. c.
c .auu c_y_cuuau, c.c:x x(u c:+uc
c.ca.ca u+cra.:. Cxc(caa.cx:uc, ua c-
ucaauuc cxxc.uaucrc cacuua ca+:aa-
. cc:c+ucc axuauuc xu+u:c a+cc.aa cy(cu.
B xc(c ccy(cuua cy(:a, cxa(a_uu cx:-
auu cncccucc.au ac(cuu cnca, cc.
uanaau.: cucaauuc c_cu .c+u +cuua
ua ucnaaux:u:u ny.: (ny.:, c.c:u, nc crc
cy.c.uaucy yc(cuu, naaux:u:u, uc
c.c.uauc aaxac.ca cauc+u:). Bcc .u
a.c: cry. :.: cncucucaau: .cx:c
ncc.cauu: caccu.cxc accx cy(cu u a-
J
Hoonoceo C. H. luccccxcru+ccuc, ncqcccy-
ax:u:c u ccquax:uc-ncuxcxcru+ccuc ncxc:
ncc.aucaxcuua nurcaca. Kaxuuuura(, J98J.
C. 25.
4
Ho{o . \a+. cc+. C. JJ6.
5
C.: loxon B. 0. Ucucaauuc yc(cuuu
cy(a. Muuc, J97J. C. JJ9.
6
C.: lomceou K. M. lcxc: cucaa-
uua cy(cuccrc yc(cuua a yrcxcauc cy(cnc-
u+ac(c.ac. Xa:ca, J975. C. 5J.
7
lnuno A. B. lurcac a a. naaccy(ua.
lrc cacuc.aa. Ocuyr, 2OO6. C. JJ9.
JJ9
(crc a c.(cx:ucc.u, ucrca.u: ncccc.-
c ccc.acuucrc auy.cuucrc yc(cuua.
Ka yc c.c+axcc:, a +. J c.. JOJ \lK
+acnxcuc ncxccuuc c .c, +.c ccxu ucuua
cy(cu nc acncca c aaxuuaquu ncc.yn-
xcuua uxu cc uaa+auua a+caxuc:, .c rcxcc,
nc(auu:u +a cnaa(auuc, nuccc(uuac.ca rc-
xccy, nc(auucy +a aaxuuaqu ncc.ynxc-
uua nc yrcxcaucy +acuy, nc(yca.uaa-
_cy cucc .acc ncc.ynxcuuc, u +a ua+ua-
+cuuc cucc cycacrc uaa+auua. lu .c
\lK IU uc cc(cu. c.ac.a ua acncc, a
:.:, ccxu nu cacuuu c.(cx:u:x acnccca
(c aaxuuaquu ncc.ynxcuua, c cc uaa-
+auua, c ra(aucc ucc u .. (.) ucuua
cy(cu a+cu(y.ca u uu c(uc u+ uux uc ncxy+u.
ncc.crc cx:auuc.aa rcxccca (uanuc, cy-
(:u nuaxu a:ac(y c .c, +.c nc(cy(u:u
auucacu u crc ua(c nurcacu.: xuacuu
cacc(:, uc c(uu u+ uux c+u.ac. uyu: nc(-
acruy.: nc(cy(ucrc xuacuu cacc(: ua
9 xc., (yrcu ~ ua 5 xc., a .c.uu ~ ua
J rc(a). H. ,. lcxca, accy(aa c (auucu
ncxcc, a:ca+:aax ucuuc, +.c ca+caa-
uuc ncc.crc cx:auuc.aa nu uaxu+uu a+-
u:x ucuuu, uc ca+y_ux cx:auuc.aa, (cx-
uc :.: nc(+uucuc .ccaauu nuua.ua
cacuua, uaucxcc xarcnua.ucrc (xa nc(cy-
(ucrc
8
. ,auuaa nc+uqua nc(c.aaxac.ca uc
ancxuc ccc.ac.c.ay_cu nuuquny cnaac(-
xuacc.u ua+ua+cuua uaa+auua. C+u.ac, +.c
rcxcc, nc(auu:u +a aaxuuaqu ncc.ynxc-
uua nc yrcxcaucy +acuy, nc(yca.uaa-
_cy cucc .acc ncc.ynxcuuc, u +a ua+ua-
+cuuc cucc cycacrc uaa+auua c.uccu.cx:-
uc accx nc(auu:x rcxccca (cxcu nuccc(u-
ua.:ca rcxccy, nc(auucy +a aaxuuaqu
ncc.ynxcuua nc yrcxcaucy +acuy, nc(yc-
a.uaa_cy cucc .acc ncc.ynxcuuc, u
+a ua+ua+cuuc cucc cycacrc uaa+auua c.-
uccu.cx:uc rcxcca, nc(auucrc +a aaxuua-
qu ncc.ynxcuua nc yrcxcaucy +acuy, nc-
(yca.uaa_cy cxcc .acc ncc.ynxcuuc,
u +a ua+ua+cuuc cxcc cycacrc uaa+auua.
Bc+uuac. u c_c c(ua ncxca: acc c-
acuuc (cxuc :.: nuua.c a cxy+ac, ccxu
ucuua cy(cu cxxcruu nc c(ucy u .cy c
acnccy, nc(xca_cy a+cacuu nu ncc.a-
ucaxcuuu nurcaca, +a ucx+cuuc acnc-
cca c aaxuuaquu ncc.ynxcuua u cc ua-
a+auua, a+(cxuxuc: uac.cx:c, +.c uc ccc.a-
auxu cx:auuc.aa rcxccca' lc(c.aaxac.ca,
+.c a (auuc cxy+ac (cxuc :.: nuua.c
cacuuc cy(:u, uaucxcc xarcnua.ucc (xa
nc(cy(ucrc.
Ha ccucaauuu a:acu+xccuucrc nc(xa-
rac c.. JOJ \lK IU u+xcu.: a cxc(y-
_cu c(aquu: C.a.:a JOJ. lca(c ccac-
_auua cy(cu nu ncc.aucaxcuuu nurcaca
cxxcruax:u: ccc.aac cy(a. J. lc(cc(a-
.cx:c.ay_uu a:uccu. ua ccy(cuuc cy(cu
acncc:, nc(ycc.cuu:c c.a.:cu 299 ua-
c.ca_crc Kc(cca. 2. Cy(:a uc anaac ac+-
(ca.:ca c. a:c.ynxcuuu. lccxc(caa.cx:-
ucc.: a:c.ynxcuuu cy(cu cnc(cxac.ca nc(-
cc(a.cx:c.ay_u. J. lc(cxu.cx:ucc.:
a:c.ynxcuuu cy(cu uc crauu+uaac.ca cnc-
(cxcuu: accuc. lu .c nc(cc(a.cx:-
c.ay_uu anaac cc.auaaxuaa.: cy(:, cr(a
cc.ca.cx:c.aa, u u+xarac:c, uc uc. c.-
ucacuua acca.uaaccy (cxy. 4. lccxc
a:c.ynxcuuu cy(cu cxxcruu nc(cc(a.cx:c.ay-
_uu c.aaxac. c nccxc(c (ucyccuu nc
acncca, nc(ycc.cuu: c.a.:cu 299 ua-
c.ca_crc Kc(cca. 5. lccxc +aacacuua (uc-
yccuu nc(cc(a.cx:c.ay_uu c.aaxac. c
rcxcccaauuu nc acncca, nc(ycc.cuu:
c.a.:cu 299 uac.ca_crc Kc(cca. 6. lc(cc-
(a.cx:c.ay_uu c.aau. ua a+cacuuc acn-
cc: a nca(c, yc.aucaxcuuc c.a.:cu 299
uac.ca_crc Kc(cca. lu a+cacuuu a-
(crc acncca cy(:a uc anaac ac+(ca.:ca
c. rcxcccaauua, +a ucx+cuuc cxy+aca, nc-
(ycc.cuu:x +ac.: cc(:cu uac.ca_cu c.a-
.:u. Bcc acncc: a+caa.ca cx:auuc.ac
rcxccca. lccxc(caa.cx:ucc.: a:c.ynxcuuu
cy(cu cnc(cxac.ca a nca(c, nc(ycc.cu-
uc +ac.: a.ccu uac.ca_cu c.a.:u. 7. Cy-
(:c, rcxcccaaaacy +a cnaa(auuc nc(cy(uc-
rc u cc.aaacyca a cu:auuc.ac, nc(cc.aa-
xac.ca naac ac+(ca.:ca c. rcxcccaauua nc
8
Hc:oe H. . lurcac cy(a a ccac.cc yrc-
xcauc ncqcccc. M., J96O. C. 68.
E. H. 0o{cceo. lca(c ccac_auua cxxcruu cy(cu
J2O
lxxc.cu: MACl 2OJJ ` J (5)
acncca nucucuua yrcxcaucrc +acua. lcxu
ucuua cy(cu nc acncca c aaxuuaquu
ncc.ynxcuua uxu cc uaa+auua a+caxuc:,
.c rcxcc, nc(auu:u +a cnaa(auuc, nuccc(u-
uac.ca rcxccy, nc(auucy +a aaxuuaqu
ncc.ynxcuua nc yrcxcaucy +acuy, nc(yc-
a.uaa_cy cucc .acc ncc.ynxcuuc, u
+a ua+ua+cuuc cucc cycacrc uaa+auua. lcxu
ucuua cy(cu nc acncca c aaxuuaquu
ncc.ynxcuua uxu cc uaa+auua a+caxuc:,
.c rcxcc, nc(auu:u +a aaxuuaqu ncc.yn-
xcuua nc yrcxcaucy +acuy, nc(yca.uaa-
_cy cucc .acc ncc.ynxcuuc, u +a ua+ua-
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