[MLT ]
[L ]
2
2
[ ] ML T
1 2
Option (d) is correct.
2. W I Rt
2
[R]
[ML T ]
[A T]
[ML T A ]
T
2
2
2 2 2 2
[ ]
(i)
V L
dI
dt
and W Vq
L
W
q
dt
dI
[L]
[ML T ][T]
[A T]
2
2
2
[ML T A ]
2 2 2
Using Eq. (i)
[R]
[ ]
[ ]
L
T
i.e., [ ] T
L
R
,
]
]
]
Option (c) is correct.
3. F av 6
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
F
av
[ML T ]
LL T
2
[ ]
1
[ML T ]
1 1
Option (d) is correct.
4. L i
[ ] [ ][ L i]
[ML T A ] A
2 2 2
[ ]
[ML T A ]
2 2 1
Option (a) is correct.
5. Linear impulse ( ) I F t
[I]
[ML T ] [T]
2
[ML T ]
1
Option (c) is correct.
6. F G
m m
d
1 2
2
[G]
[ ][ ]
[ ]
[ML T ] [L ]
[M ]
2
1 2
2
2
F d
m m
2
[M L T ]
3 1 2
Option (c) is correct.
7. F
i i
d
0 1 2
4
[
0
]
[ML T ][L]
[A ]
2
2
[ML T A ]
2 2 2
Option (c) is correct.
8. [ ]
[L]
[L T ]
[T] k
1
Option (c) is correct.
9. [ ] a
[ML T ]
[ T ]
[ML T ]
2
3
[ ] b
[ML T ]
[ T ]
[ML T ]
2
2
4
Option (c) is correct.
Units & Dimensions
Vectors
2
10. E h
[ ]
[ML T ]
[T ]
[ML T ]
2
2
h
2
1
1
Angular momentum ( ) J
nh
2
[ ] J h
[ ] [ML T ]
2 1
Option (b) is correct.
11. [Energy]
[ML T ]
2 2
[M][L T ]
2 1
[Mass]
[ ] Ev
2
Option (c) is correct.
12.
1
2
0
2
E Energy density
Energy
Volume
1
2
0
2
2
3
,
]
]
]
E
[ML T ]
L
2
[ ]
[ML T ]
1 2
Option (b) is correct.
13. [ ] a [T ]
2
[ ]
[ ]
[ ][ ]
b
T
L ML T
2
1 2
a
b
,
,
]
]
]
[MT ]
2
Option (b) is correct.
14. Velocity gradient
dv
dx
[Velocity gradient]
[L T ]
[L]
1
[T ]
1
[ ] M L T
0 0 1
Option (a) is correct.
15. [Force]
[ML T ]
2
[Mass]
[F]
[L T ]
2
[FL T ]
2 1
Option (a) is correct.
16. Coefficient of friction ()
1
4
0
1 2
2
Unit of
0
Newtonmetre
2
/coulomb
2
.
Option (b) is correct.
19. Angular momentum ( ) J
nh
2
I mr
2
h
I
J n
mr
2
2
/
mvr
mr
2
h
I
,
,
]
]
]
,
,
]
]
]
[L T ]
L
[T ]
1
1
Frequency
Option (a) is correct.
20. v at
b
t c
+
+
[ ] [ ] c T
b
t c
v
+
,
,
]
]
]
[ ]
or [ ] b
[L T ] [T] [L]
1
[ ] [ ] at v
[L T ]
1
[a]
[L T ]
2
Option (a) is correct.
21. y A c t x
,
,
]
]
]
sin ( )
2
,
]
]
]
A c t
x
sin
2 2
x
(angle)
[ ] [ ] [ ] x L
Further, y A sin
[ ] [ ] [ ] A y L
Option (a) is correct.
22. [ ] X
[M L T A ]
3 1 3 2
[T A ]
[ML T ]
2
2 2
6  Mechanics1
[ ] [ ]
[ ]
t i
2
Work
X is resistance. [Q W i Rt
2
]
23. F i j k
+ 2 3 4
^ ^ ^
r i j k
+ + 3 2 3
^ ^ ^
r F










i j k
^ ^ ^
3 2 3
2 3 4
or
17 6 13 i j k
^ ^ ^
24. ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.5 0.8
2 2 2
1 + + c
or 0.25 0.64 + + c
2
1
or c
2
1 0.89
c 0.11
Option (b) is correct.
25.     A B A B
+
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) A B A B A B A B
+ +
A B A B
2 2 2 2
2 2 + + +
A B A B
i.e., A B
0
Angle between A
and B
90
26. ( ) ( ) A B A B
+ 0
A A B A B B A B
+ 0
A B
2 2
0
A B
    A B
3,   B
and B
is 60.
A B A B
  cos 60
j
(
,
\
,
( ( ) ( ) 3 5
1
2
7.5
Option (b) is correct.
30. A B C
+
( ) ( ) A B A B C C
+ +
or A A A B B B C C
+ + 2
or A B C
2 2 2
2 + +
A B
or A B
0
or   cos A B
0
or cos 0
or
2
Option (d) is correct.
31. Magnetic field intensity.
Option (d) is correct.
32. P Q R
+
( ) ( ) P Q P Q R R
+ +
P Q R
2 2 2
2 + +
P Q
12 5 2 13
2 2 2
+ +
P Q
P Q
0
Angle between P
and Q
2
Option (b) is correct.
33. Option (b) is correct.
34. P Q R
+ + 0
P Q R
+
or ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) P Q P Q R R
+ +
or P P Q Q P Q R R
+ + 2
or P Q R
2 2 2
2 + +
P Q (i)
Let Q P
2 2
and R P 2
Thus, Eq. (i) takes the form
P P PQ P
2 2 2
2 2 + + cos
or 2 0 PQcos
Units & Dimensions Vectors 7
or cos 0
or 90
Angle between P
and Q
is 90
P Q R
+ + 0
P R Q
+
or ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) P R P R Q Q
+ +
or P R PR Q
2 2 2
2 + + cos
or 2
2 2 2
PR Q P R cos
or 2
2
PR R cos
or 2P R cos
or 2 2 P P cos
or cos
1
2
135
Angle between P
and R
is 135.
Option (a) is correct.
35. Angle ( ) between P Q
+ and P Q
tan
sin
cos
+
Q
P Q
Angle between P Q
and P
tan
sin( )
cos ( )
+
+ +
Q
P Q
Q
P Q
sin
cos
tan[ ( )]
tan tan
tan tan
+
+ 1
+
+
Q
P Q
Q
P Q
Q
P Q
Q
sin
cos
( sin )
cos
sin
( cos )
( s
1
in )
( cos )
P Q
+
2
2
2 2
PQ
P Q
sin
cos
4 3
^
and B i j
+ 8 8
^
$
A B C i j
+ + 12 5
^ ^
8  Mechanics1
P
90
Q
R
135
135
Q
Q
Q
P
Q
P
+
P
'
C
C i j
^
^ ^
 
+
+
C
12 5
12 5
2 2
+
12
13
5
13
i j
^ ^
Option (b) is correct.
41. A i j k
+ 2 3 2
^ ^
$
, B i j k
+ + 5
^ ^
$
n ,
C i j k
+ +
^ ^
$
2 3
Vectors A B C
, , and will be coplanar if
their scalar triple product is zero i.e.,
( ) A C B
0
$ $ $
( )
^ ^ ^
i j k
i j k 2 3 2
1 2 3
5 0










+ + n
or ( ) ( )
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
13 4 7 5 0 i j k i j k + + + n
or 65 4 7 0 + n
or n 18
Option (a) is correct.
42. Option (a) is correct.
43. ( ) ( ) a b a b
+
+
a a b a a b b b
0 0 a b a b
2( ) a b
2( ) b a
Option (a) is correct.
44. A i j k
+ + 3 4 5
^ ^ ^
B i j k
+ 3 4 5
^ ^ ^
cos
( )
  
A B
A B
+
+ +
9 16 25
3 4 5
2 2 2
0
90
Option (c) is correct.
45. A B + 7
A B 3
B 2 N
Option (c) is correct.
46. Angle between A i j
+ 2 3
^ ^
and B i j
+
^ ^
A B
AB
+
+
2 3
2 3 2
2 2
5
13 2
5
26
Component of A
along i j
^ ^
+
C i j
+
5
26
2 3 ( )
^ ^
  C
5
2
Option (a) is correct.
47. R P P P P
2 2 2
3 2 2 3 2 + + ( ) ( ) cos
or R P P
2 2 2
13 12 + cos (i)
Further
( ) ( ) ( ) cos 2 6 2 2 6 2
2 2 2
R P P P P + +
or 4 40 24
2 2 2
R P P + cos (ii)
Dividing Eq. (ii) by Eq. (i),
10 6 13 12
2 2 2 2
P P P P + + cos cos
or 6cos P
or 120
Option (b) is correct.
48. tan
sin
cos
+
Q
P Q
As 90 , tan
P Q + cos 0
i.e., cos
P
Q
P
P 2
Units & Dimensions Vectors 9
= 90
R
P
Q = 2P
1
2
120
Option (a) is correct.
49. A B
0
A B
(i)
A C
0
A C
(ii)
From Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii), we conclude that
A
and C
.
This implies that A
is perpendicular to
B C
.
Option (c) is correct.
50. P Q PQ R
2 2 2
2 + + cos
or P Q PQ
2 2 2
2 8 + + cos
or P Q PQ PQ PQ
2 2
2 2 2 64 + + + cos
or ( ) (cos ) P Q PQ + +
2
2 1 64
or ( ) (cos ) 16 2 1 64
2
+ PQ
or 2 1 192 PQ(cos )
or PQ PQ cos 96 (i)
tan
sin
cos
+
Q
P Q
(as
90 )
P Q + cos 0
Q P cos (ii)
Using Eq. (ii) and Eq. (i),
P P PQ ( ) 96
or + P P Q ( ) 96
or P 16 96
P + 6 N
Q 10 N
Option (a) is correct.
51.   ( ) A B A B
3
  sin   cos A B A B
3
tan 3
60
        cos A B A B A B
+
2 2 2
2
+ + A B AB
2 2
2 60 cos
+ + A B AB
2 2
  [ ]
/
A B
+ + A B AB
2 2 1 2
52. C
is perpendicular to both A
and B
C A
0
or ( ) A B A
0
Option (d) is correct.
53. ( ) ( )
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
2 3 8 4 4 0 i j k i j k + + + +
+ + 8 12 8 0
1
2
Option (c) is correct.
54. P Q R 0
+ +
If,
 
sin
 
sin
 
sin
P Q R
10  Mechanics1
C = A B
A B
A
B C
C B
55. OA AB OB
+
AB OB OA
+ + + ( ) ( )
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
2 6 4 0 3 i j k i j k
+ + 2 3 5 i j k
^ ^ ^
Option (c) is correct.
56. Using answer to questions no. 35, as angle
between A B
+ and A B
is 90
A B
2 2
2 0 + cos
or A B
2 2
2 cos
or A B
2 2
2
2
j
(
,
\
,
( cos
j
(
,
\
,
(
2
or A B
2 2
cos
or A B
2 2
A B
Option (a) is correct.
Match the Columns
1. (a)     A B A B
or   sin   cos A B A B
or tan 1
2
3
4
,
Thus, (a) (r) (s).
(b) A B B A
(given)
or A B B A
( )
or   sin   sin A B A B
or sin sin
or 2 0 sin
0 rad
Thus, (b) (p).
(c)     A B A B
or     A B A B
+
2 2
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) A B A B A B A B
+ +
or A A B A B A B B
+ + +
+
A A B A A B B B
or 4 0 A B
A B
( )( )
( )
. /
N
m
N m
3. [ ] [ ] [ ] a y L
[ ] [ t M L T ]
0 0 0
[ ] [ ]
T
1
[ ] [ M L T ]
0 0 0
4. h
E
J
per sec
Js
[ ] h [ML T ][T] = [ML T ]
2 2 2 1
5. [ ] [ ] [ ] b x L
2 2
Units & Dimensions Vectors 11
A (0, 3, 1)
X
Z
O
Y
B (2,6,4)
b
at
p
,
,
]
]
]
[ ]
[ ] [
a
b
tp
,
]
]
]
,
,
]
]
]
L
TML T
M T ]
1 2
2
2 3
6. S ut at u t a t
t
+
j
(
,
\
,
( +
,
,
]
]
]
1
2
1
1
2
1
2 2
( ) ( )
+ + u a at u at a . ( ) ( ) 1
1
2
1 1
1
2
2
+ u
a
t
2
2 1 ( )
Here t in second. Hence the given
equation seems to be dimensionally
incorrect. But it is correct because 1 is
hidden.
7. LHS is dimensionless. While RHS has the
dimensions [L
1
].
8. LHS is dimensionless. Hence n 0.
9. Just write the dimension of different
physical quantities.
10. E km n a
x y z
.
Here k a dimensionless constant
[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] E m n a
x y z
(k a dimensionless constant)
[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] F m v r
x y z
2
12. (a) [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] d F L T
x y z
+
+ + + +
A B
AB
6 2 8
9 1 4 4 4 16
12
336
3
21
14. A B R
+ (say) + 3
$ $
i j
A B S
(say) +
$ $
i j 5
Angle between R
and S
cos
+
+ +
R S
RS
3 5
9 1 1 25
8
260
4
65
cos
j
(
,
\
,
(
1
4
65
15. Their dot product should be zero.
16. Ratio of coefficients of
$
,
$
and
$
i j k should be
same.
17. No solution is required.
18. Component of A
along B
A B
A
B
cos
19. A B R i j k
+ + 5
$ $ $
$
R
R
R
20. A B C
(say) + + 3 8 2
$ $ $
i j k
Now A C
+ 6 8 2 0
A C
B C
+ 0 8 8 0
B C
+ (
$ $
6 3
12  Mechanics1
R
B sin
A
B cos
A
24.
Applying sine law, we have
a
A
b
B sin ( ) sin ( ) 180 180
c
C sin ( ) 180
or
a
A
b
B
c
C sin sin sin
25.
R i j i j
+ P P P P
$ $ $ $
2 3 4
(
$ $
) 2 2 P P i j
26. R P Q PQ
2 2 2
2 + + cos
S P Q PQ
2 2 2
2 + cos
R S P Q
2 2 2 2
2 + + ( )
Units & Dimensions Vectors 13
3P
2P 4P
P
B C
B
A
C