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2
2
2

2

2
2

Units & Dimensions Vectors

Single Correct Option

1. Pressure ( p) = Force Area

[p] =

[MLT

2

]

2

[L ]

= [ML

1

T

2

]

2.

Option (d) is correct.

W = I

2

Rt

[R] =

2

[ML T

2

]

2

[ML T

2

A

2

]

=

2

[A T]

[

T

]

V =

L =

[L] =

L dI

dt

W

dt

and W = Vq

q

dI

2

[ML T

2

][T]

2

[A T]

2

= [ML T

2

A

Using Eq. (i)

i.e.,

[R] = [ [

[T ] =

L

]

]

R

T

L

Option (c) is correct.

3. F = 6π ηav

[

]

η =

[

F

]

[

[ML T

av

]

2

]

=

[

= [ML

LL T

1

1

]

T

1

]

Option (d) is correct.

2

Section I

…(i)

]

4. φ = L i

5.

[φ ] = [L][i]

= [ML T

2

2

2

2

A

A

2

1

] A

]

[

= [ML T

Option (a) is correct.

Linear impulse (I) = F ⋅ ∆t

]

[I] = [ML T = [ML T

2

1

][T]

]

Option (c) is correct.

6.

7.

8.

9.

F

=

G m m

1

2

2

d

[

F

][

2

d

]

=

T

[ML T

2

2

][L ]

[G] =

m

= [M

[

1

m

1

2

3

L

]

2

]

2

[M

]

Option (c) is correct.

= µ

0

i

1

i

2

F

[ µ 0 ] =

d

[ML T

4 π

2

][L]

[A

2

]

2

= [ML T

Option (c) is correct.

[ k ] =

[L]

[L T

1

]

= [T]

Option (c) is correct.

[a] =

[ T ]

[ML T

2

]

= [ML T

[b] =

[ML T

2

]

[ T

2

]

= [ML T

3

4

]

]

Option (c) is correct.

2

A

2

]

6 | Mechanics-1

10. E = hν

[

h

]

=

2

[ML T

2

]

[T

1

]

2

= [ML T

Angular momentum (J)

nh

= 2π

[J ] =

[

h

]

=

2

[ML T

1

]

1

]

Option (b) is correct.

11. [Energy] = [ML T ]

]

2

2

2

1

= [M][L T [Mass] = [Ev ]

Option (c) is correct.

2

1

2

12. ε E

0

2

= Energy density = Energy

Volume


1

2

ε E

0

2

  =

2

[ML T

2

]

[

3

L

]

= [ML

1

Option (b) is correct.

13. [a] = [T

2 ]

[

b

]

=

[

T

2

]

[

L

][

ML

1

T

2

]

a

b   =

[MT

2

]

T

2

Option (b) is correct.

14. Velocity gradient = dv

dx

[L T

1

]

[T

=

= [M

[L]

]

1

L

0

0

T

[Velocity gradient] =

1

]

Option (a) is correct.

15. [Force]

= [ML T

[Mass] =

[F]

[L T

2

]

2

1

= [FL

T

2

]

]

Option (a) is correct.

16. Coefficient of friction (µ) = Limitting frictional force

Normal force

Option (b) is correct.

]

[µ] = [M

0

0

L

T

0

]

17.

q = CV

and

q = iCR it = iCR

Option (a) is correct.

q

V = iR

0

0

L

[CR] = [t] = [M

=

1

q

1

2

4 πε

2

0 r

T A

18. F

0

]

19.

Unit of ε 0 = Newton-metre 2 /coulomb 2 .

Option (b) is correct.

Angular momentum (J)

nh

= 2π

I = Σ mr 2

n =

mvr

h = 2

π

J

/

I

I

h

Σ

mr

[L T

2

Σ

=

1

]

=

L

mr 2

[T

1

]

= Frequency

Option (a) is correct.

20.

v

=

at

+

b

t

+ c

21.

[c] = [T]

b

t

+

c

= [

v

]

or

[L T

[at] = [v] = [L T

[b] =

][T]

1

=

1

]

[L]

[a] = [L T

Option (a) is correct.

2

]

y =

=

A

A

sin

sin

 

 λ

2π

λ

2π

2π x

λ

= θ (angle)

(

c t x


)

c t

2 π x

λ

[x] = [λ] = [L]

Further, y = A sin θ

[A] = [y] = [L]

Option (a) is correct.

22.

[ X ] = [M

=

1

L

[T A

3

2

T

]

3

2

[ML T

2

]

A

2

]

Units & Dimensions Vectors 7

23.

=

[ t ][

i 2

]

[

Work

]

X is resistance.

F

= 2

^

i

3

^

j

+ 4

^

k

2

[ W = i Rt ]

r

= 3

^

i

+ 2

^

j

∴ τ = r × F =

+ 3




^

i

3

2

^

k

^

j

2

3

^


4

3

k



24.

τ = 17 i 6 j 13 k

^

^

= 1

^

or 2 (0.5)
or
2
(0.5)

+ (0.8)

2

+

(

c

)

2

or

or

c = Option (b) is correct.

0.25 + 0.64 + c

2

2

=

|A

B|

B)

→ →

+

A B

=

=

= 1 c 2 = 1 0.89

(A

A

2

+

0.11 → → B) (A ⋅ 2 B − 2
0.11
B) (A
2
B
− 2

B)

A B

25. |A

→ →

+ B|

→ →

(A

A

2

+ B) (A

+ B

+ 2

 

→ →

i.e.,

A B

= 0

 

Angle between A and B = 90°

26.

→ →

 

(A B) (A

+

B)

= 0

 

 

A A

+

B

A

B B

A

2

A B

2

B

= 0

= 0

A = ± B

|A|

=

|B|

27.

Option (d) is correct.

Work (=

F

 

) is a scalar quantity.

s

Option (d) is correct.

28. Speed = |v|

Option (d) is correct.

29. |A| = 3,|B| = 5 and angle between A and B

is 60°.

 

A B

=|

A

||

B

|cos 60°

= (3)(5)

1

 

2

= 7.5

Option (b) is correct.

30. A

or

or

+ B

=

C

A

(A

+

A

+ 2

B) (A

A

B

+

A

2 + 2

A B

B)

B B

+

+

2

B

=

=

=

C C

C C

C

2

or

or

or

or

A

B

= 0

|A||B|cos θ = 0

cos θ = 0

π

= 2

θ

Option (d) is correct.

31. Magnetic field intensity. Option (d) is correct.

32. P

+

Q

=

R

(P

+

Q) (P

2

P

+

2

Q

+ 2

2

12

+

2

5

+

2

Q)

+

P

P

P Q

Q

Q

=

=

=

R R

R

2

13

2

= 0

Angle between P and Q = π

2

Option (b) is correct.

33. Option (b) is correct.

→ → → 34. P + Q + R = 0 → → → ∴
34. P
+
Q
+ R
= 0
P
+ Q
= −
R
or
(P
+
Q) (P
+
Q)
or
P P
+
Q Q
+ 2
P Q
→ →
2
2
or
P
+ Q
+ 2
P Q
2
2
Let Q
=
P
and R = P
2
 

=

(

R)

=

R R

=

R

2

 

(

R)

 

…(i)

Thus, Eq. (i) takes the form

or

2

P

+

2

P

+ 2

PQ

cos θ = 2

2

P

2PQcos θ = 0

8 | Mechanics-1

or

or

Angle between P and Q is 90°

cos θ = 0 θ = 90°

→ → → P + Q + R = 0 → → → ∴ P
P
+
Q
+
R
= 0
P
+
R
= −
Q
or
(P
+
R) (P
+
R )
=
(
Q)
(
2
2
2
or
P
+ R
+ 2
PR
cos φ =
Q
2
2
2
or
2 PRcos φ = Q
− P
− R
2
or
or
2 PRcos φ = − R
2P cos φ = − R
or
2P cos
φ = − P
2
1
or
cos φ = −
2
∴ φ = 135°

Q)

Angle between P and R is 135°.

135° → R → P 90° → 135° Q
135°
R
P
90°
135°
Q

Option (a) is correct.

 

35.

Angle (φ) between P

+

Q and P

Q

→ → P – Q → Q θ → φ P φ' → – Q
P
– Q
Q
θ
φ
P
φ'
– Q
Q sin θ
tan φ =
P
+ Q cos θ
P
+ Q

Angle φ′ between P

tan φ′ =

+

Q and P

θ

Q sin (

π

+

)

P

Q cos ( Q sin θ

π

+

θ

)

=

P

Q cos θ

tan[

φ +

(

−φ′

)]

=

tan

φ −

tan

φ′

1 +

tan

φ

tan

φ′

Q sin θ

(

Q

sin

θ

)

=

=

P

+ Q cos θ

P

Q cos θ

1

Q sin θ

( P

+ Q

cos

θ )

2 PQ sin θ

2

P

+

2

Q

cos 2 θ

(

Q

s in

θ

)

( P Q

cos

θ

)

This implies that angle between P

+ Q and

P

Q will vary from 0 to π.

Option (b) is correct.

36. R

2

=

2

P

+

2

Q

+ 2

PQ

cos θ

for R = P = Q

or

2

P

=

2

P

cos θ = − 1

2

+

2

P

+ 2

or

Option (b) is correct.

θ = 120°

→ →

37. W = F s

PP

cos θ

 

^

^

^

^

 

= (

3 i

+

4 j

) (

3 i

+

4 j

)

= 25 J

 

Option (b) is correct.

 

^

^

^

^

^

^

38. P Q

= (

a

i

+

a

j

+

3

k

) (

a

i

2

j

k

)

= a

2

2

a

3

For P

Q

, P

Q

= 0

 

i.e., a

2 2

a

3 = 0

 

or

 

(a 3)(a + 1) = 0

 

a = 3

Other value is ive. Option (d) is correct.

39. If a vector makes angles α, β and γ with

the co-ordinate axes, then

cos

2

α +

cos

2

β +

cos

2

γ = 1


3

7

Now,

and

  

= 4

^

i

3

A

2

=

9

49

,


6

7

  

9

2 36

=

  

+

2

  

2 4

=

49

= 1

49

C

,
49

36

+

49

B

= 8

^

i

= 12

7

4

49

+ 8

j

^

j

^

i

+ 5

Option (a) is correct.

j

40. A

and

+ B

=

Units & Dimensions Vectors 9

41.

→ ^ ^ ∴ B = 2 N ^ C 12 i + 5 j
→ ^
^
∴ B = 2 N
^ C 12
i
+ 5
j
C =
=
Option (c) is correct.
|
C |
2
2
12
+ 5
^
^
12 ^
5
46. Angle between A
= 2
i
+ 3
j
^
=
i
+
j
13 13
^
^
and
B
=
i
+
j
Option (b) is correct.
A B
2
+ 3
^
^ →
^
^
A
= 2
i
+ 3
j
− 2
k , B
= 5
i
+
n j
+
k ,
θ =
=
2
2
2
+
3
2
|A||B|
^
^
C
= −
i
+
2
j
+
3
k
5
=
13
2
∴ Vectors A
,
B
, and
C
will be coplanar if
5
their scalar triple product is zero i.e.,
=
26

or

(



i

2

1

j

3

2

(A

k

2

3

× C)



(

5

^

i

B

= 0

+ n

^

j

+

^

k

)

=

13 i 4 j + 7 k

)

(

^

^

^ ^

5 i

^

+ n j + k

^

)

0

= 0

^

Component of A along i

→ C = 5 26 (2 → 5 |C| = 2
C
=
5 26 (2
→ 5
|C| =
2

^

i

^

+ j

+

3

^

j

)

Option (a) is correct.

65 4n + 7 = 0

 

or or Option (a) is correct.

42. Option (a) is correct.

 

n = 18

 

43. (a

 

b)

×

(a

b)

+

 

a

+

b

×

b

 

b

 

b

 

=

a

×

a

a

×

×

 

 
 

=

0

a

×

b

a

×

b

0

 

 

=

2(a

×

b) =

2(b

×

a)

Option (a) is correct.

 
 

^

^

^

A

44. 3

=

i

+ 4

j

+ 5

k

 

^

^

^

B

=

3

i

+ 4

j

5

k

 

 

cos θ =

(

A B

)

 
 

|

A

||

B

|

 

=

9

+

16

25

 

3

2

+

4

2

+

2

5

 

=

0

⇒ θ = 90°

Option (c) is correct.

A

45. + B = 7

A

B = 3

47. R

2

= (3

P

)

or

Further

2

+ (2

R

2

P

= 13

)

2

+ 2 × 3

+ 12

2

P

P

2

P

× 2

P

cos θ

cos θ

…(i)

2

or

Dividing Eq. (ii) by Eq. (i),

P

(2

4

R

R

2

2

=

=

)

(6

40

)

2

+

2

P

+

(2

24

2

)

P

2

P

+

×

cos θ

10

2

P

+

6

2

P

cos θ =

13

2

P

+

6

P ×

12

2

P

2

P

cos

θ

…(ii)

cos θ

6 cos θ = − P θ = 120° Option (b) is correct. Q sin
6 cos θ = − P
θ = 120°
Option (b) is correct.
Q sin α
48.
or
or
tan θ =
P
+ Q cos α
R
Q = 2P
θ = 90°
P
As
θ = 90°, tan α
= ∞

P + Qcos α = 0

i.e.,

= − P

Q

= −

cos α

P

2P

10 | Mechanics-1

 

= − 1

2

α = 120°

49.

Option (a) is correct.

A

B

= 0

 
→ A
A

B

×C

 
→ →

B

C

 

A

B

A

C

= 0

 
 

A

C

…(i)

…(ii)

From Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii), we conclude that

A

is perpendicular to the plane containing

B

and C .

This implies that A

B

C .

is perpendicular to

Option (c) is correct.

2

50. P

2

+ Q

+ 2

PQ

cos α =

R

2

or

or

or

or

or

or

2

P

+

2

P

2

Q

+

+ 2

( P + Q)

Q

2

PQ

(16)

+ 2

PQ

+ 2

+

2

2 +

cos α = 8

PQ

cos α − 2

α

α −

PQ

1

1)

) =

=

2

PQ(cos

2

PQ

2

= 64

64

64

(cos

2PQ(cos α − 1) = − 192

tan θ =

PQcos α − PQ = − 96 …(i) Q sin α

(as

P

+

Q cos α

= ∞

θ = 90°)

P + Qcos α = 0

Qcos α = − P

…(ii)

Using Eq. (ii) and Eq. (i),

or

P(P) PQ = − 96

P ( P + Q) = − 96

or

P × 16 = − 96

P = +

6 N

Q = 10 N

Option (a) is correct.

→ →

51. |A

×

B|

=

|A ×

|

A

3
3

(A B)

|A||B|sin θ =

tan θ =

|A || B |cos A||B|cos

θ = 60°

θ

B|

×

B

2

|

|A|

2

×

+ B

+ B

2

|B|

2

+ 2

=

= A

= A

[

=

2

2

|A||B|cos

°

2

AB

+

+ AB

2

+ AB

cos 60

]

1 2

/

A

2

2

+ B

52.

53.

54.

C

is perpendicular to both A and B

 

C = A × B

 
 

A

B

 

C

A

= 0

 

(A

×

B)

A

= 0

 

or

Option (d) is correct.

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ( 2 i + 3 j + 8 k
^
^
^
^
^
^
(
2 i + 3 j + 8 k ⋅ −4 i
)
(
+
4
j + α k
)
= 0
− 8
+ 12 + 8α
= 0
α = − 1
2
Option (c) is correct.
P
+
Q
+
R
=
0
P
β
γ
α
R
Q
|
P
|
|
Q
|
|
R
|
If,
=
=
sin α
sin
β
sin
γ

θ

Units & Dimensions Vectors 11

56. Using answer to questions no. 35, as angle

→ → → 55. OA + AB = OB B (–2,6,4) Z O Y A
55. OA
+
AB
=
OB
B (–2,6,4)
Z
O
Y
A (0, 3, –1)
X
AB
=
OB
OA
^
^
^
^
^
^
= (−
2 i
+
6 j
+
4 k
) − (
0 i
+
3 j
k
)
^
^
^
= − 2 i + 3 j + 5k

Option (c) is correct.

Match the Columns

 

1. (a)|A ×

B|

=

|A B|