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Objective Questions (Level 2)

Single Correct Option


1. T F f T
max max max max
= + + 2
= + + + ( ) m m g m g m g
A B A A
2
= + ( ) 4m m g
A B

But, T M g
max max
=
M g m m g
A B max
( ) = + 4
i.e., M m m
A B max
( ) = + 4
= + 0.3 [( ) ] 4 100 70 = 81 kg
Option (c) is correct.
2. v i j

= 8 2
2
t t
^ ^
a
v

=
d
dt
= 8 4 i j
^ ^
t
Force (pseudo) on sphere
F i j
s

= + 1 8 4 ( )
^ ^
= + 8 4 i j
^ ^

Gravitational force on sphere
= = mg j j
^ ^
10
Net force on sphere
F i j j

= + 8 4 10
^ ^ ^
= 8 6 i j
^ ^

| | F

= 10 N
Option (b) is correct.
3. Nsin will accelerate B towards left.
Let a be the acceleration of B.
Due to acceleration of B towards left
pseudo force equal to ma will act on block,
toward right.
Thus, N ma mg + = sin cos
N mg ma = cos sin
Option (b) is correct.
4. If a g
When a is f
1
N f
2
Zero Zero Zero Zero
g
2
m
g
1
2

Zero
m
g
2
2

g m g
1
Zero m g
2

(Not yet
attained
limiting
value
which is
2
1
m g)
(Attained
limiting
value)
Now, if a g > , the block of mass m
2
would
be just greater like to move towards left
than g as a then
m a f
2 2
> (max)
While the block of mass m
1
will remain at
rest as then f
1
has margin to increase.
Thus, m
1
will apply normal force ( ) N or m
2
and so will do m
1
on m
2
to stop its motion
(towards left).
Option (d) is correct.
Laws of Motion 89
mg
T
T
B
A
T
T' T'
T' T'
T T
f
2T
F
T

y
x
g
4j
a
2i
a

ma
N
A
m
g
c
o
s

N
B
N sin
(pseudo
force)

90
m
2
m
1
a
m
2 N = 0
f
2
m a
2
m
1
N = 0
f
1
m a
1
5. N ma mg + = sin cos
The block will fall freely if N = 0
i.e., ma mg sin cos =
a g = cos
Option (c) is correct.
6. Speed of A w.r.t. C = v
1
Speed of C w.r.t.
ground = v
0
Speed of A w.r.t.
ground = v v
1 0
Now, speed of B w.r.t.
ground = speed of A is
w.r.t. ground
v v v
2 1 0
=
v v v
1 2 0
=
Option (a) is correct.
7. Fig. 1
m g T m a
2 2 1
=
and a
m
m m
g
1
2
1 2
=
+
Fig. 2
m g T m a
1 2 2
=
and T m g m a =
2 1 2
a
m m
m m
g
2
1 2
1 2
=

+
Fig. 3
m g T m a
2 2 3
=
and T m g m a =
1 1 3
sin
a
m m
m m
g
3
2 1
1 2
=

+
sin
Substituting m
1
4 = kg, m
2
3 = kg
and = 30
a g
1
3
4 3
=
+
=
3
7
g
a g
2
4 3
4 3
=

+
=
1
7
g
a g
3
2
3 4
1
2
4 3
=

+
=
1
7
g
a a
1 2
3 > =
Option (b) is correct.
8. F f T ma =
max
(For lower block)
T f ma =
max
(For upper block)
F f ma = 2 2
max
or F mg ma = 2 2
or a
F
m
g =
2

Option (c) is correct.


9. a a
2 1
90 cos( ) =
i.e., a a
2 1
sin = [ < 0 ]
Option (b) is correct.
90 | Mechanics-1
m
1
m g
2
T
T
T T
T
T T
T
a
2
mg
2
mg
1

T
T
a
3
m
g

s
i
n

1
a
3
T
T
m g
2
ma
N
mg
(pseudo
force)
mg sin
a
ma sin
A
B C
T T
T T
f
F
f

a
1

a
2
10. Had been 90.
For every x displacement of wedge ( ) w the
vertical fall in mass would have been 2x as
the string passes through pulley B.
i.e., v v
1 2
2 =
For the situation given the speed of mass
would thus be
v v
1 2
2 90 = cos ( )
i.e., v v
1 2
2 = sin
Option (c) is correct.
11. The cylinder will start rising up the
inclined plane if
ma mg cos sin >
i.e., a g > tan
a g
min
tan = [cylinder will be at the
point of rising up the inclined plane]
12. At the position of maximum deflection the
net acceleration of bob (towards its mean
position will be)
g a sin cos
as explained in figure.
13. Mg T Ma =
T mg ma =
a
M m
M m
g =

+
T m g a = + ( )
= +

+

m g
M m
M m
g
= +

+

mg
M m
M m
1
= + mg [ ] 1 1
{as m M << , M m M and
M m M + }
= 2mg
Tension in the string suspended from
ceiling = = 2 4 T mg
Option (a) is correct.
14. For 0 < frictional force ( ) sin F mg =
For frictional force ( ) cos F mg =
[ = angle of repose]
For example
Let =
1
3
tan =
1
3
= 30
F (force of friction) Condition
10 mgsin10 = 0.174 mg
20 mgsin20 = 0.342 mg Increase but not
linearly only
30 mgcos30 = 0.500 mg
40 mgcos40 = 0.442 mg Decrease but not
linearly only
60 mgcos60 = 0.287 mg
90 Zero
Option (b) is correct.
15. a
mg
m
B
=

2
=
g
2
Laws of Motion 91
ma cos
ma
(Pseudo
furce)
O
a cos
a
g cos (90 )
= g sin
9
0

g
T
T T
T
mg
Mg
2T
2T
m
v
2
w
m

v
1
90
v
1
B
O
90