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DC pandey LOM part 1 solutions

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1. T F f T

max max max max

= + + 2

= + + + ( ) m m g m g m g

A B A A

2

= + ( ) 4m m g

A B

But, T M g

max max

=

M g m m g

A B max

( ) = + 4

i.e., M m m

A B max

( ) = + 4

= + 0.3 [( ) ] 4 100 70 = 81 kg

Option (c) is correct.

2. v i j

= 8 2

2

t t

^ ^

a

v

=

d

dt

= 8 4 i j

^ ^

t

Force (pseudo) on sphere

F i j

s

= + 1 8 4 ( )

^ ^

= + 8 4 i j

^ ^

Gravitational force on sphere

= = mg j j

^ ^

10

Net force on sphere

F i j j

= + 8 4 10

^ ^ ^

= 8 6 i j

^ ^

| | F

= 10 N

Option (b) is correct.

3. Nsin will accelerate B towards left.

Let a be the acceleration of B.

Due to acceleration of B towards left

pseudo force equal to ma will act on block,

toward right.

Thus, N ma mg + = sin cos

N mg ma = cos sin

Option (b) is correct.

4. If a g

When a is f

1

N f

2

Zero Zero Zero Zero

g

2

m

g

1

2

Zero

m

g

2

2

g m g

1

Zero m g

2

(Not yet

attained

limiting

value

which is

2

1

m g)

(Attained

limiting

value)

Now, if a g > , the block of mass m

2

would

be just greater like to move towards left

than g as a then

m a f

2 2

> (max)

While the block of mass m

1

will remain at

rest as then f

1

has margin to increase.

Thus, m

1

will apply normal force ( ) N or m

2

and so will do m

1

on m

2

to stop its motion

(towards left).

Option (d) is correct.

Laws of Motion 89

mg

T

T

B

A

T

T' T'

T' T'

T T

f

2T

F

T

y

x

g

4j

a

2i

a

ma

N

A

m

g

c

o

s

N

B

N sin

(pseudo

force)

90

m

2

m

1

a

m

2 N = 0

f

2

m a

2

m

1

N = 0

f

1

m a

1

5. N ma mg + = sin cos

The block will fall freely if N = 0

i.e., ma mg sin cos =

a g = cos

Option (c) is correct.

6. Speed of A w.r.t. C = v

1

Speed of C w.r.t.

ground = v

0

Speed of A w.r.t.

ground = v v

1 0

Now, speed of B w.r.t.

ground = speed of A is

w.r.t. ground

v v v

2 1 0

=

v v v

1 2 0

=

Option (a) is correct.

7. Fig. 1

m g T m a

2 2 1

=

and a

m

m m

g

1

2

1 2

=

+

Fig. 2

m g T m a

1 2 2

=

and T m g m a =

2 1 2

a

m m

m m

g

2

1 2

1 2

=

+

Fig. 3

m g T m a

2 2 3

=

and T m g m a =

1 1 3

sin

a

m m

m m

g

3

2 1

1 2

=

+

sin

Substituting m

1

4 = kg, m

2

3 = kg

and = 30

a g

1

3

4 3

=

+

=

3

7

g

a g

2

4 3

4 3

=

+

=

1

7

g

a g

3

2

3 4

1

2

4 3

=

+

=

1

7

g

a a

1 2

3 > =

Option (b) is correct.

8. F f T ma =

max

(For lower block)

T f ma =

max

(For upper block)

F f ma = 2 2

max

or F mg ma = 2 2

or a

F

m

g =

2

9. a a

2 1

90 cos( ) =

i.e., a a

2 1

sin = [ < 0 ]

Option (b) is correct.

90 | Mechanics-1

m

1

m g

2

T

T

T T

T

T T

T

a

2

mg

2

mg

1

T

T

a

3

m

g

s

i

n

1

a

3

T

T

m g

2

ma

N

mg

(pseudo

force)

mg sin

a

ma sin

A

B C

T T

T T

f

F

f

a

1

a

2

10. Had been 90.

For every x displacement of wedge ( ) w the

vertical fall in mass would have been 2x as

the string passes through pulley B.

i.e., v v

1 2

2 =

For the situation given the speed of mass

would thus be

v v

1 2

2 90 = cos ( )

i.e., v v

1 2

2 = sin

Option (c) is correct.

11. The cylinder will start rising up the

inclined plane if

ma mg cos sin >

i.e., a g > tan

a g

min

tan = [cylinder will be at the

point of rising up the inclined plane]

12. At the position of maximum deflection the

net acceleration of bob (towards its mean

position will be)

g a sin cos

as explained in figure.

13. Mg T Ma =

T mg ma =

a

M m

M m

g =

+

T m g a = + ( )

= +

+

m g

M m

M m

g

= +

+

mg

M m

M m

1

= + mg [ ] 1 1

{as m M << , M m M and

M m M + }

= 2mg

Tension in the string suspended from

ceiling = = 2 4 T mg

Option (a) is correct.

14. For 0 < frictional force ( ) sin F mg =

For frictional force ( ) cos F mg =

[ = angle of repose]

For example

Let =

1

3

tan =

1

3

= 30

F (force of friction) Condition

10 mgsin10 = 0.174 mg

20 mgsin20 = 0.342 mg Increase but not

linearly only

30 mgcos30 = 0.500 mg

40 mgcos40 = 0.442 mg Decrease but not

linearly only

60 mgcos60 = 0.287 mg

90 Zero

Option (b) is correct.

15. a

mg

m

B

=

2

=

g

2

Laws of Motion 91

ma cos

ma

(Pseudo

furce)

O

a cos

a

g cos (90 )

= g sin

9

0

g

T

T T

T

mg

Mg

2T

2T

m

v

2

w

m

v

1

90

v

1

B

O

90

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