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S

1

=

1

2

gt

2

=

1

2 g h

g

= h

2

Assertion is true. Reason is also true as assertion is based on this.

Objective Questions (Level 2)

Single Correct Option

1. Applying sine formula in AOB

A
v
Nm
v r
37°
α
B
O
37°
AO
OB
=
v
m
–D m
sin(96° + 37° )
v
sin(
α −
37
°
)
v
r
= m
cos37° sin(
α −
37
°
)
Applying sine formula in
A'
v r
37°
θ O
B'
37°
∆ AOB′
AO
OB ′
=
sin(θ −
37
° )
sin[(α
+
θ)]
v
v
r
m
=
sin(θ −
37
° )
sin[
127° −
+
θ)]
v
m

…(i)

…(ii)

Motion in One Dimension | 39
see
to
question
no.
2
of
objective questions (level 1).
um
T 2 =
(
mg
+
f
)(
mg
f
)

Now, if masses of the bodies are different,

the value of T 2 (time to reach earth) will be different if f (air resistance) is same. Thus, Assertion is false further Reason is correct as explained above.

BAO = 180° − (90° + α) (θ − 37° )

= 90° − α − θ + 37°

= 127° − (α + Q)

Comparing Eqs. (i) and (ii)

 sin( α − 37 ° ) sin[ 127 ° − ( α + θ )] =

=

cos 37 °

sin(

θ −

37

°

)

 sin α cos 37 ° − cos α sin 37 ° cos 37 ° = sin 127 ° cos( α + θ ) + cos 127 ° sin( α + θ ) sin θ cos 37 ° − cos θ sin 37° sinα − cosα tan37° 4 cos( α + θ ) + 3 sin( α + θ ) = 5 5 4 sin θ − 3 cos θ 5 5 sin α − 3 cos α = 4 cos( α + θ ) + 3 sin( α + θ ) or 4 4 sin θ − 3 cos θ or sin α − 3 cos α 4 4 [cos α cos θ − sin α sin θ ] + 3 [sin α cos θ + cos α sin θ ] 4 sin θ − 3 c osθ or sin α − 3 cos α 4 = 4 [cos α − sin α tan θ ] + 3 [sin α + cos α tan θ ] 4 tan θ − 3 or sin α − 3 cos α 4 4 [cosα − 7 sinα] + 3 [sinα + 7 cosα] = 8 8 4 ⋅ 7 − 3 8 or sin α − 3 cos α 4 = 4 [ 8 cosα − 7 sinα] + 3 [ 8 sinα + 7 cosα] 4

40 | Mechanics-1

or 4 sin α − 3 cos α = 32cosα − 28sinα + 24sinα + 21cosα

√50
7
α
1
or 32 cos α + 21 cos α + 3 cos α
= 28sinα − 24sinα + 4sinα
56 cos α = 8 sin α
or
tanα = 7
1
From Eq. (i)
v
v
r
= m
cos37°
sin(
α −
37
°
)
v
m cos 37 °
v
=
r
sin
α
cos
37
° −
cos
α
sin
37
°
v m cos 37 °
=
cos
α
cos
37
°
[tan
α
tan
37
°
]

=

=

v m

cosα

7

4

v

m

3

4

25 cosα

=

4 5
×
×
50
25
1
32

= Option (b) is correct.

2. dv = − 4v + dt

8

a = − 4v + 8

At the time the body acquires terminal speed its acceleration (a) must be zero.

Thus

4v + 8 = 0 v = 2 m/s Terminal speed = 2 m/s. Option (b) is correct.

r

2

|r

2

r

=

1

r |

1

v

1

v

2

|

r

2

v

= 30

1

= 30

r

2

v

^

i

2

r

1

|

|

r

2

r

1

|

1
1
^
^
= −
i
+
j
2
2
→ →
v 1 v
^
2
=
i ≠
→ →
|
v
|
v 1
2

Option (c) is correct.

4. Displacement along y-axis at time t

Y
v 0
P
a = 2t
u = 0
a
= 2 t
dv
y
=
2 t

dt

or

or

y = At t = 0, v y = 0 (given)

dv

y

=

v

t

2

2

+

t dt

C

1

 ∴C 1 = 0 ∴ ⇒ or or At t = 0, Y = 0 ∴

y =

v

dy

t

2

= t 2

dt

=

t

dy

y =

3

t

2

+

C

+ C

2 2

(given)

Y =

t

3

3

2

X

…(i)

Displacement along x-axis at time t :

x = v t

0

x

3. Particles will collide if

or

t =

v

0

v

1

|v

1

v

1

v

2

=

r

2

r

1

|

v

|

5

|

k

r

r

10

|

v

1

2

2

10

^

j

+

) (

^

= − 5 i + 5 j

^

^

1

^

i

^
= (
5
i
+
2
|
= 5
2
2

v

v

+

5

^

j

+

5

^

k

)

Substituting above value of t in Eq. (i)

Y =

1 x

3

v

0

3

Option (a) is correct.

2

5. t = αx + βx Differentiating w.r.t. time t

6.

1 = α ⋅2x

dx

dt

+ β⋅

dx

dt

or

or

v(β + 2α ⋅ x) = 1

dv

dt

v =

(β

+

2α

1

x

= −

(β

+ 2

α

x

2 α

)

2

)

1

2 α

a = −

(β

+ 2

α

x

)

2

v

2 α

=

(β

+ 2

= − (2

= − 2 α v

α v

3

2

α x)

)

v

2

v

dx

dt

3

Retardation = 2 α v Option (a) is correct.

f

= a bx

v dv

dx

= a bx

or

or

v dv

v

2

2

= (

a

= ⋅

a

x

bx dx

)

bx 2

+ C

2

As at x = 0 car is at rest C = 0

v

2

=

bx

2

ax

2

2

For v to be maximum.

d

dx

i.e.,

or

Substituting x =

v

2

max

2

  ax

bx

2

2

= 0

a bx = 0

x =

a

b

a

b

=

in Eq. (i),

a

a

b

b

2

2

= a

2 b

a

b

2

v

max =

a

b

…(i)

Car will come to rest when

ax

bx

2

2

= 0

x = 2

a

b

Distance between two stations = 2a

b

Option (a) is correct.

Motion in One Dimension | 41

7. Force = − kx 2

or

or

Acceleration = − k

2

kx

2

x

2

m

2

m

kx

2

m

v dv

dx

= −

v dv =

dx

v

2

2

= −

k

m

x

3

3

+ C

Now at x = a, v = 0

k
a 3
∴ C =
m 3
2
2
3
v
kx
ka
Thus
= −
+
2
m ×
3
m ×
3
∴Velocity at x = 0
3
2
ka
v =
3 m

Option (d) is correct.

8. v

x = 4 + 4

t

and

v

y = 4

t

dx

dt

or

and

dy = 4t dt

dt

+ C

+ 1

+ C

2

1

= 4 + 4t

and

dx

=

(4 + 4 )

t

dy

t dt

x = 4t + 2t

= 4

2

x = 4t + 2t

y = 2t

2

2

or

C 1 = 1

Thus

and

At

and at t = 0, y = 2

C 2 = 0

Thus

Substituting value of t in Eq. (i) in terms of y

…(ii)

t = 0 x = 1

…(i)

y = 2t

2

+ 2

using Eq. (ii) we won’t get relationship as

mentioned in option (a), (b) or (c).

Option (d) is correct.

9. a =

1

2

gt

2

 = 4 × tan120° = 4 × [− tan60° ]

=

4

3 m/s 2

Magnitude of acceleration = 4 3 ms 2 . Option (a) is correct.

42 | Mechanics-1

1
2
10.
x
gt
1 =
2
1
2
x
+ x
=
g
(2 )
t
1
2
2
1
2
1 2
x
g
4 t
gt
2 =
2
2
3
2
=
gt
x 2
2
2
x
x
=
gt
2
1
x
x
2
1
⇒ t =
g
Option (a) is correct.
2
2
2
11. y
+
x
=
l
dy
dx
2y
+
2
x ⋅
=
0
dt
dt
x dx
or
dy = −
dt
y
dt

Option (c) is correct.

x dx

= −
x tan30
° dt
= − 2
3 m/s
12. Maximum separation (x max ) between the
police and the thief will be at time t (shown
in figure)
Police
108 km/h
v
90 km/h
Thief
t
2 s
7 s
time (t)
− 1
v
90 kmh
t −
2 =
=
− 2
a
5 ms
90
1000
=
×
5
3600 s
i.e.,
t = 7 s
1
–1
–1
x max = [90
kmh
× 7
s
] −
×
5 s
×
90 kmh
2
90
× 1000
9
=
×
3600
2 m

= 112.5 m Option (a) is correct.

13. If meeting time is t

2

v sinθ = usin

30

°

3

 i.e., sin θ = 3 4

or

θ = sin

1 3

4

Option (c) is correct.

1

αβ

14. Distance =

2

α

+

β

t

2

 0 = 1 2  1   1 × + 4   4  t 2 t = 500 s v (m/s) 24 O A B C 24 = 4 t (s)

= 22.36 s Option (a) is correct.

15. Let BC = t

t

t′ = 6 s

OB = 50 s

Let OA = t

AB = 56 t

1032 =

1 [56 + (56 t)] × 24
2

t = 20 s

maximum acceleration = 24

m / s

20 s

Option (b) is correct.

16. From OAB

= 1.2 m/s 2

0.2t
(4 – 0.2t) m
P
– 0.2t
60°
Q B
O
(3 – 0.2t) m
2
2
2
OA
+
OB
AB
cos AOB =
2 ⋅
OA OB

i.e.,

or

OA

AB

2 2

2

AB

OB

)

OB

+

= = (4

2

+

OA

0.2t

2

2

=

OA OB

OA OB

2

− + (3

0.2t

)

2

AB

2

= 16 + 0.04

t

2

+ (4 0.2t)(3 0.2t)

1.6

t

+ 9 + 0.04

t

2

1.2t + 12 1.4t + 0.04t 2

or

For AB to be minimum

AB

2

= 0.12

t

2

4.2

t

+ 37

or

(

AB

)

2

min

0.24t 4.2 = 0 t = 17.5 s

(

= 0.12 17.5

)

2

(

4.2 × 17.5

( AB

)

2

min

= 36.75 73.5 + 37

=

0.75 m 2

= 7500 cm = 50 Option (d) is correct.

2

3 cm

)

+ 37

17. Velocity of ball w.r.t. elevator = 15 m/s Acceleration of ball w.r.t. elevator

Max. height attained by ball
H
+
15 m/s = v BE
2
2 m
10 m/s
5 m/s
50
m

= (10) (+ 5) = − 15 m/s 2 Final displacement of ball w.r.t. elevator = − 2 m

= 15

t

+

1

2

(

2

15

) t

2

i.e.,

 15 t 2 − 30 t − 4 = 0 t = 30 + 900 + 4 × 4 × 15 = 2.13 s 2 × 15

Option (a) is correct.

18. Velocity of ball w.r.t. ground (v

= (15 + 10) m/s

= 25 m/s

BE

)

Motion in One Dimension | 43

Now

+

H = 31.25 m Maximum height by ball as measured from ground = 31.25 + 2 + 50 = 83.25 m Option (c) is correct.

or

v

0

2

=

u

+ 2

= (

25

)

2

as

2

(

2

2

10

) H

19. Displacement of ball w.r.t. ground during its flight = H = 31.25 m

Option (d) is correct.

20. Displacement of ball w.r.t. floor of elevator at time t

s = 15 t +

1

2

(

15

)

s will be maximum, when ds

= 0

dt 15 15t = 0 t = 1s

)

i.e.,

i.e.,

s max = (15 × 1) +

1

2

(

10

)(

1

t

2

+

2

2

+

2

= 12 m Option (a) is correct.

21. Let the particles meet at time t i.e., displacement of the particles are equal and which is possible when

B'
v B
v
A
u A
θ C
P
θ P'
B
u B
A'
v A
O
4 R
Q
time (s)

Area of ACB = Area of ABC [Area OBCA′ θO being common] Area of APC = Area APC

or

1

AP × PC =

2 2

1

AP′ × PC

 or AP × PC = A′ P′ × P′ C or (PC tan θ) PC = (P′ C tan θ) P′ C or PC = P′ C′

44 | Mechanics-1

OR = PC + PC′ = 2 PC = 8 s. Option (c) is correct.

22. Area of ABO = Area of ABO

1 (v

2

B

v

A

)

4

=

1

2

(u

A

u

B

) 4

i.e.,

v

B

A

− =

A

B

v

v

v

u

= 5 15 = − 10

= 10 ms

u

A

B

1

Option (b) is correct.

More than One Correct Options

1.

i.e.,

a = − α v 1/ 2

dv

dt

= − α

v 1/ 2

or

2 v

Now, at t = 0, v = v 0

− α

− α

v

1/ 2

dv

1

/

2

=

=

t

 ∴ ⇒ 2

C

v

1

/

1

2

dt

+

C

1

2

=

= − α

v

0

1

/

2

t

+ 2

v

1

0

/

2

…(i)

i.e., the particle will stop at

t

= 2

v

1/ 2

0

α

Option (a) is correct. Option (b) is incorrect. From Eq. (i),

or

or

v

v dv

dt

dv

1/ 2

2

3

v

3

/

2

=

=

=

− α v 1/ 2

− α

dx

− α + C

2

As at x = 0, v = v 0 , C

2

=

2

3

v

3 0

/ 2

2 v

3

3 /

2

= − α

x

+

2 3

3

v

0

/

2

i.e., when the particle stops

x =

2

v

3 α

3

0

/ 2

Option (d) is correct. Option (c) is incorrect.

2. a = − 0.5 t (m/s 2 )

or

dv

dt

dv

t

= − 2

= − 1

2

t dt

23.

u A = 6 ms

and at t = 4 s common velocity = 8 ms

To find velocity of A at t = 10 s

1

, u B = 12 ms

1

1

 v A − 8 u A − 8 = 10 − 4 4 or v A − 8 = 6 − 8 6 4 ∴ v A = 5 ms − 1

Option (d) is correct.

v = −

t

2

4

At t = 0, v = 16 m/s

v = −

t

2

4

+ 16

+ C

1

…(i)

From above relation v is zero at

t = 8 s

Options (a) is correct.

From relation (i),

ds

dt

= −

ds =

t

2

4

+ 16

t

2

4

+ 16 dt

i.e.,

s = −

t

3

12

+

16

t + C

2

s = −

t

3

+

16

t

12

[As at t = 0, s = 0]

At t = 4 s

s = 58.67 m

Option (b) is correct.

The particle returns back at t = 8 s

From relation (ii)

s

8

s 10

3

8

= + (16 × 8) = 85.33 m

12

3

10

= + (16 × 10) = 76.66 m

12

Distance travelled in 10 s

= s

= (2 × 85.33) 76.66

= 94 m

8

+

(

s

8

s

10

)

Option (c) is correct.

Velocity of particle at t = 10 s

Motion in One Dimension | 45

v 10

=

(

10

)

2

4

+ 16

= − 25 + 16

= − 9 m/s

Speed of particle at t = 10 s is 9 m/s.

Option (d) is correct.

3. |v| is scalar.

Position of A relative to B :

S AB

 → → = S A − S B ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ = ( 3 i + 4 j − 20t j ) − ( 32t i + 24t j ) ^ ^ = ( 3 − 32t ) i + ( 4 − ) 44t j

Option (b) is correct. Option (d) is incorrect.

4.

∴Option (a) is incorrect.
5. Case I.
d v
v = (Let)
= a
(by definition).
dt
∴Option (b) is correct.
v 2 is scalar.
∴Option (c) is incorrect.
t
t
Average
1
2
velocity = v 1
a
– a 2
Rest
1
Rest
S 1
v = a t
1
1
v
^
is v (unit vector)
v
= a t
2
2
|
v
|
1
1
2
2
s 1 =
a t
+
a t
1
1
2
2
2
2
^
d
v
^
=
a
≠ →
a
Case
II.
dt
∴Option (d) is incorrect.
v' = 2v
t
t
Average
1
3
North
velocity = v 2
2a 1
– a 2
Y (km)
A (3, 4)
Rest
S
2
20 km/h
v′ = 2a t
1 1
37°
B
=
2v
East
X (km)
2 v = a t
2
3
2 (a t
) = a t
2
2
2
3
⇒ t
=
2
t
3
2
1
1
South
2
2
s
=
(
2
a
)
t
+
a t
2
1
1
2
3
2
2
^
1
=
− 20
j
kmh
v A
1
2
= a t
2 +
a
(2
t
)
1
1
2
2 2
^
^
v
=
(
40
cos
37
° )
i
+ (
40
sin
37
° )
j
kmh −1
B
2
2
40 km/h
=
a t
+
2 a t
1
1
2
2
^
^
1
=
(
32
i
+
24
j
)
kmh
2
2 s
= a t
2 + a t
2
1 1
2
2
∴ > 2
s
s
…(i)
v
=
v
v
1
1
AB
A
B
2
4
s
2
a t
2 +
2
a t
1 =
1 1
2
2
^
^
^
= (−
20 j
) − (
32 i
+
24 j
)
∴ s
2 < 4
s
…(ii)
1
^
^
Combining Eqs. (i) and (ii),
=
− 32 i −
44
j
2
< s
<
4
s
s 1
Option (a) is correct.
Option (c) is incorrect.
At any time
2
1
Option (d) is correct.
s
1
In Case I. v
av =
t
+
t
1
2
^
^
^
S
=
3
i
+ 4
j
+
(
− 20
j
) t
1
1
A
2
2
a t
+
a t
1 1
2
2
2
2
^
^
i.e.,
v
=
S
=
(
32
i
+
24
j
) t
1
B
t
+ t
1
2

46 | Mechanics-1

=

=

(

a t

1 1

)

t

1

+

(

a t

2

2

)

t

2

2 (

t

vt

1

+

2

2

) = 2 v

t

)

vt

1

+

2(

t

1

+

t

2

In Case II.

i.e.,

v

2

v

s

2

av =

t

2

a t

1 1

1

+

+ 2

t

a t

3

2

2

2

=

=

(a

t

1

+

t ) t

1 1

1

t

+

3

a t

2

2

(

2

t

2

)

t

1

+ 2

t

2

=

vt

1

+

v

(

2

t

2

)

t

1

+ 2

t

2

= v = 2 v Option (a) is correct. Option (b) is incorrect.

1

6. If the particle’s initial velocity is + ive and has some constant ive acceleration the particle will stop somewhere and then return back to have zero displacement at same time t (> 0). Also if particle’s initial velocity is ive and has some constant + ive acceleration the particle will stop somewhere and then return back to have zero displacement at same time t (> 0). Options (b) and (c) are correct. and options (a) and (d) are incorrect.

7. F = α t

ma = α t

or

m

Graph between a (acceleration) and time (t) will be as curve 1. Option (a) is correct. From equation

…(i)

α

t

a =

i.e.,

α

dt

dv = α

dv

=

m

m

α t

t

t dt

2

v =

m 2

+ c

Graph between velocity (v) and time (t) will be as curve 2.

Option (b) is correct.

8.

or

or

or

5v

a

= −

6

30

s + 6

5a = − s + 30

dv

+ 30

ds

= −

s

5v dv

=

(

s

5

v

2

2

5 v

2

2

=

=

s

2

2

S

2

2

+

+

+

30 ds

)

30

s + c

30

s

1

…(i)

[C 1 = 0 as at s = 0 particle is at rest]

Substituting s = 10 m in Eq. (i),

9.

10.

5

2

v

2

= −

(

10

)

2

2

+ 300

i.e.,

Option (b) is correct.

From Eq. (i) v to be maximum

v = 10 m/s

s + 30 = 0

s = 30

or

5