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2

2u
2 u
=
c
+f
t 2
x 2

-
u|t=0 = (x)

u
= (x)
t t=0

u
= (t)
x x=0
u|x=1 = (t)





.
.
n
n
n
n+1 2u n + u n1
um
m
m
2 um+1 2um + um1
=
c
+ fmn
2
h2

0
um
= m + O( + h )
1 u0
um
m
= m + O( + h )

u1n u0n
= n + O( + h)
h
n
uM
= n + O( + h )



O()
1 u0
um

m
= m + [utt ]0m + O( 2 + h )

utt
(t0 , xm ). ,
[utt ]0m = c 2 [00 ]m + fm0 + O( + h )
( t = 0) (x)
[utt ]0m = c 2

m+1 2m + m1
+ fm0 + O( + h2 )
h2

.


1 u0
um

m
2 m+1 2m + m1
0
= m +
c
+ fm + O( 2 + h2 )

2
h2



O()
u1n u0n
h
= n + [uxx ]n0 + O( + h2 )
h
2
uxx
h (tn , 0). ,
[uxx ]n0 =

u2n 2u1n + u0n


+ O(h + )
h2

( ).
u1n u0n
u n 2u1n + u0n
= n + 2
+ O( + h2 )
h
2h
u0n .
u1n u2n
n 1 n 2.




n = n e im
. um
2 + 1
e i 2 + e i
4

=
= 2 sin2
2
2

h 
h
2
2
2

2 2 1 2 sin2
+1=0
h
2
1 2 = 1
 2
2


2
D
2 2 2 2 2 2
2
=
sin
1 1 = 2 sin
sin
2
4
h2
2
h
2 h2
2
D > 0
|1 |, |2 | . D
1.
D < 0, < h



v = ut , w = ux .

  

   
v
0 c 2 v
f
+
=
1
0
0
t w
x w
T
T
i A = i i (
)


 
 0 c 2

1
1 c
= c 1 c
1 =
1 = c
1
0
c


 
 0 c 2

1
1 c
= c 1 c
2 =
2 = c
1
0
c

T
i





(v + cw )
(v + cw )
c
=f
t
x
(v cw )
(v cw )
+c
=f
t
x

u
u
+A
=f
t
x
T
T
i A = i i

( i , u)
( i , u)
+ i
= ( i , f)
t
x
ri = ( i , u)




,
,
i > 0 i < 0.
n
(ri )nm (ri )nm1
(ri )n+1
m (ri )m
+ i
= ( i , f)nm , m = 1, M, i > 0

h
n
(ri )nm+1 (ri )nm
(ri )n+1
m (ri )m
+ i
= ( i , f)nm , m = 0, M 1, i < 0

h
i = 0,

ri
= ( i , f),
t
m
n
(ri )n+1
m (ri )m
= ( i , f)nm ,

m = 0, M




.
(),
.

.
n
(r1 )nm+1 (r1 )nm
(r1 )n+1
m (r1 )m
c
= fmn ,

h
n
(r2 )nm (r2 )nm1
(r2 )n+1
m (r2 )m
+c
= fmn ,

m = 0, M 1
m = 1, M

r1 m = M r2
m = 0. .
,
.



, , ( 1
)
v |x=0 = 0
(v cw )|x=1 = 1
(r1 )nM (r2 )n0
n.

r1 + r2
v=
2
r1 r2
w=
2c

r1 + r2 |x=0 = 0
r2 |x=1 = 1


(r1 + r2 )n0 = 0
(r2 )nM = 1
(r1 )n0 (r2 )nM .
(r1 )nM (r2 )n0 .
(r2 )n0 = (r1 + r2 )n0 (r1 )n0 = (r1 )n0 . (r1 )nM
. , (r2 )nM
,
!
.

, +
0
( + + + 0 = n) K K +
.
(i , u)|x=0 = i ,

i = 1, K

(i , u)|x=1 = i ,

i = K + 1, K + K +


i 0.
.



,
,
() .




. . .
.
.
.

.
.
.

0
1
1 {z }
+1
{z K }
|
{z +} |
det |
6= 0


x=0
i <0
i =0




0

+ +1 . . . n +1 . . . +0 K +1 . . . K +K +
{z
} 6= 0
{z
} |
{z
} |
det |


x=1
i >0
i =0




(u, v ), (r1 , r2 ).
v |x=0 = v |x=1 = 0.
:
n
(r1 )nm+1 (r1 )nm
(r1 )n+1
m (r1 )m
c
= fmn ,

h
n
(r2 )nm (r2 )nm1
(r2 )n+1
m (r2 )m
+c
= fmn ,

h
n+1
(r1 )M
= (r2 )n+1
M

(r2 )0n+1 = (r1 )n+1


0
(r1 )0m = [v0 cw0 ]m
(r2 )0m = [v0 + cw0 ]m

m = 0, M 1
m = 1, M

0-
(u, v )

n .
n + 1,
.
r1 , r2


( )

n + 1 ,
2




n
n+1 v n
(v + cw )nm+1 + (v cw )nm1 2vm
vm
m
c
= fmn , m = 1, M 1

2h
n
n+1 w n
(wc + v )nm+1 + (wc v )nm1 2cwm
wm
m

= 0, m = 1, M 1

2h
(v + cw )n+1
(v + cw )n0
(v + cw )n1 (v + cw )n0
0
c
= f0n

h
v0n+1 = 0
n
(v cw )nM (v cw )nM1
(v cw )n+1
M (v cw )M
+c
= f0n

h
n+1
vM
=0
0
vm
= [v0 ]m
0
wm
= [w0 ]m

0-

n .
n + 1,
.


u v . ,
.

n + 1 ,
2

!
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