You are on page 1of 26

Yuum ropop:

nnpepc1ao MTC
a cerueu1e M2M
auub kec nocaseu pa1an1nm 1eneua1necknx (M2M) peueun kounaunn MTC pns co1pauns yuuoro ropopa. Yuub ropop a1o ropop, ncnonb-
1ymn ace coapeueuube 1exuonornn nepepan pauubx pns ypo6c1aa +n1ene n akouounn pecypcoa. Yac1unkau npepnarae1cs copuynnpoaa1b
c1pa1ernm pa1an1ns MTC a cerueu1e M2M ua 6nn+aune ns1b ne1, oeun1b akououneckn n conanbub aek1 o1 aueppeuns M2M-peueun a cepe
yp6aunc1nkn, npepno+n1b kouennm uoue1n1ann ue+uaunuuoro a1anuopec1ans ua 6a1e peueun MTC.
C0EPhAHHE
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
2
R0MAHA CHANCELLENCE >>
nopro1oanna pauub kec ncknmn-
1enbuo pns ncnonb1oaauns a o6pa1oaa-
1enbubx ensx. Aa1opb ue uauepe-
aam1cs nnnmc1pnpoaa1b kak aek-
1nauoe, 1ak n ueaek1nauoe peueune
ynpaaneuecko npo6neub. Heko1opbe
nueua a pauuou kece, a 1ak+e ppyras
nuopuans uornn 6b1b n1ueueub
c enbm co6nmpeuns kounpeunanb-
uoc1n. auube, npepc1aaneuube a kece,
ue o6s1a1enbuo sansm1cs aepubun nnn
ak1yanbubun n 1ak+e uornn 6b1b
n1ueueub c enbm co6nmpeuns kou-
uepecko 1aub.
Changellenge >> orpaunnaae1 nm6ym
uenpaaouepuym opuy aocnpon1ae-
peuns, xpaueuns nnn nepepan keca
6e1 nncbueuuoro pa1peueuns. ns 1oro
1o6b 1aka1a1b konnm nnn nonyn1b
pa1peueune ua pacnpoc1paueune,
no+anyc1a, cas+n1ecb c uaun no
appecy. . info@changellenge.com
Baepeune
0 kounaunn MTC
Tenekou-pbuok
Teupeunn pa1an1ns
LTE uoaoe nokoneune cas1n
M2M. ue+uaunuuoe a1anuopec1ane
M2M-pbuok
MTC. pa1an1ne M2M-peueun n 1eneua1nkn
Rouenns yuubx ropopoa
Rounoueu1b yuuoro ropopa
Tpaucnop1
3uepre1nka, aopononb1oaaune n y1nnn1ans
Conanbuas nupac1pyk1ypa
Dpnno+euns
Dpnno+eune I. Yuub ropop. ocuoaube kounoueu1b
Dpnno+eune 2. Yuuas auepre1nka
Dpnno+eune 3. Yuub ropop Courpo
Dpnno+eune 4. 5mp+e1b nuuoaanouubx ropopoa
3
b
6
6
8
9
I0
II
I3
I4
Ib
I7
I9
2I
22
23
24
2b
BBEEHHE
3
Auppe, uaanbunk o1pena c1pa1erneckoro pa1an1ns MTC,
pa+e ue npepnonaran, 1o kpynueun 1enekouuyunkan-
ouub cauun1 npon1aepe1 ua uero 1akoe anea1neune.
0cuoauas ac1b kouepeunn npoxopnna ua oue 5oc1ou-
ckoro 1annaa ua kopa6ne, kypcnpymeu aponb ceaepo-
aoc1ouoro no6epe+bs Auepnkn. C sx1b o1kpbaancs kpacn-
aeun anp ua penoao eu1p 5oc1oua. 31o 6bn poc1a1ouo
nu1epecub opua1 npoaepeuns kouepeun. ua un+ue
nany6e sx1b uaxopnncs kouepeu-1an, aueaaun okono
b00 enoaek, c anpeo1paucnsne, npoek1opaun,
o1penbubun 1ouaun pns o6cy+peuns. Ha kopa6ne 6bno
a6conm1uo ace, 1o uy+uo pns ak1nauo pnckyccnn ua
cauym ak1yanbuym 1euy a o6nac1n 1enekouuyunkan
I
M2M-1exuonorn.
Ceropusuuee o6cy+peune 6bno nocaseuo npnueueunm
pauuo 1exuonornn pns pa1an1ns nu1ennek1yanbubx
ropopoa papn a1o 1eub Auppe n npnexan ua koue-
peunm. Hueuuo pa1an1ne ue+uaunuuoro a1anuope-
c1ans a kpynubx ropopax Poccnn nocnepune nonropa 6bno
npnopn1e1ou pns MTC n nnuo 1apae uaanbunka
o1pena c1pa1erneckoro pa1an1ns. oknapnkaun 6bnn
paccuo1peub kpaue nu1epecube npnuepb eaponecknx,
auepnkaucknx n a1na1cknx ropopoa. Auc1eppaua, Cnura-
nypa, Hbm-Hopka, 5oc1oua.
Ceropus ua kouepeunn Auppe no1uakounncs c npepc1a-
an1ensun kpynueuero auepnkauckoro onepa-1opa cas1n,
n oun a pe1ansx paccka1ann euy, kak uo+uo aek1nauo
ynpaans1b a6conm1uo ace ropopcko nupac1pyk1ypo
npn nouon yc1poc1a, noppep+naamnx sim-kap1b.
Roueuo, npn 1aue1uou o1c1aaaunn a Poccnn 1o+e
cpenauo ueuano uaroa a a1ou uanpaaneunn, n 1anapubu
konnerau 6bno oeub nu1epecuo nocnyua1b nc1opnn
ycnexa MTC a npoek1ax yuuoro hRX a Doaon+be,
yuuoro aopocua6+euns a Hn+ueu Hoaropope, yuuoro
1paucnop1a a Cauape, Eka1epnu6ypre, Ye n nponx
ropopax. Ho npoek1b, ko1opbe npopeuouc1pnpoaann euy
konnern, 6bnn npoc1o ueaepos1ub!
B nepepbaax ue+py ueponpns1nsun, c1os ua nany6e n co1ep-
as cnokoc1ane 5oc1ouckoro 1annaa, Auppe 1apyuancs.
Rounauns MTC y+e ueckonbko ne1 ua1ap uaana ak1nauo
2
1aunua1bcs npopan+euneu 1eneua1nkn e npnuap-
ne+n1 okono b0 % pbuka M2M. Rak pa1 ue1aponro po
noe1pkn ua kouepeunm ua nocnepueu coaeaunn
pykoaopc1ao kounaunn npnusno uoaym c1pa1ernm
pa1an1ns kounaunn, okycou ko1opo c1ano 1akpenneune
a cerueu1e M2M a 6nn+aune 3-b ne1 n yaenneune
abpykn o1 nepepan pauubx 1a ce1 pa1nnubx yc1poc1a
3
ua 30 % e+eropuo .
l,2
Me-|JunOe |Jn|OjenC|ne tee|Jn|J,
|JunO|JunOe |Jn|OjenC|ne, J|.
MJC|||etOMJC|||e, M2M), OOee |OjpOOO
C|. jJee |O e|Cy
S
CpJe|nn, |pn|ejeJn | |enCe, |O-e e
CO||JjJ| C peJ|On CpJe|nen |O||Jnn MTC
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
BBEEHHE
4
Ycnyrn uo6nnbuo cas1n y+e paauo abunn 1a rpaunb
npnabubx npepc1aaneun o 1enekou-cepancax. Ceropus
rnaaub ppaaep poc1a pbuka uo6nnbuo cas1n ycnyrn
nepepan pauubx. Dnauouepuoe o6uoaneune nupac1pyk-
1ypb, o6ecneeune koapoaoro nokpb1ns abcokockopoc1ubx
ce1e a kpynubx uaceneuubx nyuk1ax no1aonse1 ak1nauo
auepps1b ycnyrn, ocuoaauube ua ckopoc1uo nepepae
pauubx, acnounuan Auppe cnoaa caoero pykoaopn1ens.
Pykoaopc1ao noc1aanno nepep Auppeeu 1apay copuynn-
poaa1b c1pa1ernm pa1an1ns 6n1ueca a cerueu1e M2M
npepoc1aaneunn yuubx peueun pns ropopa n co-
nanbubx cepancoa c enbm peueuns ocuoaubx ropopcknx
1apa n npo6neu. ns kounaunn a1o 1ak+e o1uaae1
ueo6xopnuoc1b nonyeuns yc1onaoro poxopa 1a ce1
uoue1n1ann M2M-cepancoa n 1panka no nepepae
pauubx c pa1nnubx yc1poc1a.
o koua uecsa Auppem ueo6xopnuo pa1pa6o1a1b
c1pa1ernm pa1an1ns a cerueu1e M2M-1exuonorn ua
6nn+aune ns1b ne1. B paukax a1o c1pa1ernn ueo6xopnuo
pa1pa6o1a1b uexaun1u uoue1n1ann M2M-ycnyr kounaunn,
a ac1uoc1n, onpepenn1b, kak nueuuo pon+eu abrnspe1b
aek1naub kounnekc yuubx peueun n conanbubx
cepancoa pns pa1an1ns ropopcko cpepb, copunpoaauub
ua ocuoae ao1uo+uoc1e ce1e nepepan pauubx. Tak+e
ueo6xopnuo npopyua1b, kaknu o6pa1ou noabcn1b poxop-
uoc1b a1nx ycnyr n nx aknap a c1pyk1ypy abpykn kounaunn.
06saneune o uaane cnepyme ceknn kouepeunn
abaeno Auppes n1 pa1pyun. 0u o6s1a1enbuo ao1bue1 ua
1aue1ky aecb nono+n1enbub onb1 1anapubx konner,
npoauann1npye1, kakne 1exuonorneckne npen uo6nnbubx
cepancoa n npnno+eun uo+uo ncnonb1oaa1b ua nnno1uo
nnoapke a C.-De1ep6ypre.
Auppe umcneuuo coc1asMn nnau, uo1opmu oasa-
1enbuo saue1ca no sosspaeuMM pouo:
I) npoauann1npoaa1b pa1nnube o6nac1n n uanpaaneuns
(o1 nupyc1pnanbubx po conanbubx), ncnonb1ymne
ce1n n yc1poc1aa nepepan pauubx a Mockae
2) copuynnpoaa1b c1pa1erneckn nopxop k pa1an1nm
nepcnek1naubx uanpaaneun n c1pa1ernm MTC pns
poc1n+euns nnpepc1aa a cerueu1e M2M
3) onnca1b nuaucoab n conanbub aek1 1o, kak
6ypy1 peueub npo6neub ropopa 1a ce1 1exuonorn
nepepan pauubx n ce1e MTC
Auppe yaepeu, 1o MTC nuee1 ace uaucb c1a1b nnpepou ua
6ypuo pac1yeu pbuke ue+uaunuuoro a1anuopec1ans.
ns a1oro ueo6xopnuo npopyua1b rpauo1uym c1pa1ernm
npepoc1aaneuns knneu1au aoc1pe6oaauubx, nuuoaan-
ouubx, uape+ubx n kaec1aeuubx M2M-ycnyr n copun-
poaa1b yc1onaym 6n1uec-uopenb, noppep+naamym a1n
1exuonornn. H onb1 kouepeunn euy 1popoao a a1ou
npnropn1cs!
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
0 R0MDAHHH MTC
4
Rouconnpnpoaauuas a6oueu1ckas 6a1a kounaunn, 6e1 ye1a
a6oueu1cko 6a1b MTC 5enapycb, coc1aanse1 6onee
I02 unu a6oueu1oa. MTC n ee poepune kounaunn oka1baam1
4
ycnyrn a c1aupap1e CSM ao acex pernouax Poccnn, a 1ak+e a
b
Apueunn, 5enapycn, Ykpanue n Typkueunc1aue . Rounauns
1ak+e npepoc1aanse1 ycnyrn nkcnpoaauuo cas1n
n ka6enbuoro 1eneanpeuns ao acex epepanbubx okpyrax
Poccnn n ua Ykpanue. Ronnec1ao a6oueu1oa nna1uoro
pouauuero 1eneanpeuns MTC coc1aanse1 okono 2,8 unu
pouoxo1sc1a, konnec1ao a6oueu1oa unpokononocuoro
poc1yna a Hu1epue1 cabue 2,3 unu.
B 20I3 ropy 6peup MTC uec1o pa1 noppsp aouen a 1on-I00
caubx popornx 6peupoa a unpe no pe1nury BRANDZ,
ony6nnkoaauuouy ue+pyuapopubu nccnepoaa1enbcknu
6
areu1c1aou Millward Brown , n npn1uau caubu popornu
1enekouuyunkanouubu poccncknu 6peupou c1onuoc1bm
I0,63 unpp ponnapoa.
Rounauns perynspuo npepnarae1 uoabe 1apnube nnaub
n ycnyrn, o1aeamne no1pe6uoc1su pa1nnubx rpynn
a6oueu1oa. Hapspy c ronocoabun ycnyraun abcokoro
kaec1aa, MTC noc1osuuo pacunpse1 cnek1p npepoc1aa-
nseubx pononun1enbubx ycnyr ua ocuoae 1exuonorn
nepepan pauubx a uo6nnbubx n nkcnpoaauubx ce1sx,
npoaoro TB-aeauns, reono1nnounpoaauns, a 1ak+e
pa1anaae1 co6c1aeuuym 6peupnpoaauuym nnueky
uo6nnbubx annapa1oa kak 1eneouoa n cuap1ouoa, 1ak
n yc1poc1a pns 6ecnpoaopuoro poc1yna a Hu1epue1.
MTC ypense1 npnopn1e1uoe aunuaune cepancy n o6cny+n-
aaunm a6oueu1oa. Rounauns pa1anaae1 co6c1aeuuym
po1unuym ce1b, ko1opas uacn1baae1 okono 4200 canouoa
no ace Poccnn, n nuee1 unpokym pnc1pn6bm1opckym ce1b
nyuk1oa npopa+ pnnepoa MTC no ace c1paue.
5naropaps unpoko 1oue nokpb1ns co6c1aeuuo ce1n
n ua6opy poyunuroabx cornaueun a6oueu1b MTC oc1am1cs
ua cas1n npak1neckn ao acex c1pauax unpa. Hu1epue1-
poyunur MTC poc1yneu a 6onee eu 200 c1pauax.
MTC ycneuuo peann1ye1 1apan no ykpenneunm nnpepc1aa
n noppep+aunm abcoko aek1nauoc1n 6n1ueca.
0cuoaubun uanpaaneunsun c1pa1ernn pa1an1ns rpynnb MTC
7
3i c1ann pa1an1ne nupac1pyk1ypb, noc1poeune uoabx
ce1e n ak1nauoe pa1an1ne nu1epue1-cepancoa.
8
MTC sanse1cs opuo n1 kounaun rony6bx nuek
poccnckoro pbuka akn n axopn1 a pecs1ky kpynueunx
uo6nnbubx onepa1opoa unpa no pa1uepy a6oueu1cko
6a1b. C nmus 2000 ropa aknn MTC ko1npym1cs ua Hbm-
opkcko oupoao 6np+e nop kopou MBT. Rpynueunu
aknouepou MTC sanse1cs AOR Cnc1eua, ko1opas anapee1
b0,8 % akn co1oaoro onepa1opa, nopspka 49,2 % akn
uaxops1cs a cao6opuou o6paeunn.
Bbpyka rpynnb MTC a nepaou nonyropnn 20I3 ropa abpocna
ua b,b % no cpaaueunm c auanornubu nepnopou 20I2 ropa
n coc1aanna I90 unpp py6ne. Poc1 poxopoa MTC o1
nepepan pauubx coc1aann 4b % a ropoaou ncncneunn
a1o caub abcokn noka1a1enb cpepn onepa1opoa
6onbuo 1pokn.
01kpb1oe aknouepuoe o6ec1ao Mo6nnbube TeneCnc1eub (MTC)
aepyn 1enekouuyunkanouub onepa1op a Poccnn n c1pauax CHl
+
CSM tO J|Jnn |py||| C|Oupe SpeC|J| MOO||e,
|O-e |epen|eO|J | C|OOJ| Sytem |O| MOO||e
COmmu||CJt|O|) |OOJ||n CJjJp
unpO|On |OOn|On COO|On C|nn
o
TJ|-e | CJjJpe UMTS |O |Cex pe|nOJx P1,
/p|enn n EeJpyCn; | CJjJpe CDM/+oO J
`|pJne; | CJjJpe LTL | POCCnn n /p|enn
o
|ttp.//www.m|||wJ|dO|Ow|.COm/O|J|d/2OlS/
TOplOO/DOC/2OlS_B|J|dZ_TOplOO_C|J|t.pd|
7
S| ne|pJunn, Hepe, nO|Junn
S
lOyO|e nu|n tJ|. B|ue C||p) J|unn nn
ue|e Oy|J|n JnOOee |py||x, n||nj|x
n Jje-|x |O||Jnn CO CJOn|||n
|O|JJen|n |OyJe||x jOxOjO|
n |||Jn|Je||x jn|njejO|
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
TE!ER0M-PbH0R
6
MTC sanse1cs nnpepou ua poccnckou 1enekou-pbuke.
kounauns ypep+naae1 3I% a6oueu1oa. Ha ponm kounaun
MeraOou n BbunenRou npnxopn1cs 27 n 24%
a6oueu1oa coo1ae1c1aeuuo. 0kono I0 % pbuka npnuap-
ne+n1 kounaunn Tele2, ko1opas ue npepc1aaneua a Mockae.
B c1onne a6oueu1ckas 6a1a nopeneua ue+py kounaunsun
6onbuo 1pokn. 38% y MTC, 3b% y BbunenRoua n
26% y MeraOoua.
Ceropus uo+uo roaopn1b o uacbeunn 1enekou-pbuka.
a enou 6opb6a 1a a6oueu1oa y+e 1akounnacb, ncno
uoabx a6oueu1oa pac1e1 1auepnsmnucs 1eunou. Do
coc1osunm ua a1opo kaap1an 20I3 ropa koanneu1
npounkuoaeuns co1oao cas1n paaeu Ib0 %, 1o ec1b ua 1pex
a6oueu1oa npnxops1cs pae cnu-kap1b. Tenekou-
onepa1opb pa6o1am1 ue aunpb, a arny6b. pa1pa6a1baam1
ycnyrn n 1apnb pns y+e cyec1aymnx a6oueu1oa. Xo1s,
ao1uo+uo, 1akou o6 o1ueue uo6nnbuoro pa6c1aa (ko1opb
Teupeunn pa1an1ns
Pacnpepeneune a6oueu1oa no onepa1opau a Poccnn Pacnpoc1paueune cuap1ouoa
MTC
28 %
Bbunenkou
22 %
Meraou
24 %
Tele2
9 %
pyrne
I7 %
0 %
80 %
b6 %
36 %
72 %
62 %
b6 %
Rauapa Poccns Cnuranyp Bennko6pn1auns CuA
HCOn|. /CMCO|u|t||q HCOn|. Ou| mOO||e p|J|et, COOq|e
pac1 ao1uo+uoc1b coxpaun1b uouep n nepe1n k ppyrouy
9
onepa1opy) , ko1opb opuanbuo ac1ynnn a cnny I peka6ps
20I3 ropa (uo pe-ak1o ac1ynn1 a cnny nnub I anpens
20I4 ropa), uo+e1 n1ueun1b pacnpepeneune a6oueu1oa.
Pe1ynb1a1b nepepacnpepeneuns noka cno+uo auann1npo-
aa1b, opuako uo+uo npepnono+n1b, 1o koukypeuns
ycnnn1cs n a abnrpbue oc1auy1cs onepa1opb, ko1opbe
cuory1 npepno+n1b 6onee rn6kne 1apnb, 6onee coape-
ueuube peueuns n xopouee kaec1ao cas1n.
0punu n1 1uanubx 1peupoa nocnepunx 2-3 ne1 c1ano
uaccoaoe pacnpoc1paueune cuap1ouoa, ko1opoe
npon1ouno aanpy 1exuonorneckoro npopbaa. Do npounk-
uoaeunm cuap1ouoa Poccns noka o1c1ae1 o1 aepynx
c1pau. auub noka1a1enb a Poccnn coc1aanse1 36%, a 1o
apeus kak a Bennko6pn1aunn 62%, a CuA n Rauape b6%,
a a Cnuranype npounkuoaeune cuap1ouoa opuo n1 caubx
abcoknx a unpe 72%.
O
|ttp.//www.|q.|u/2OlS/O7/22/vyJ|tedO|.|tm|
C1onb unpokoe pacnpoc1paueune
cuap1ouoa 1apae1 ee opnu aa+ub
1peup a cepe 1enekouuyunkan
pac1yn cerueu1 nepepan pauubx.
Cornacuo o1e1y Ericsson Mobility
Report, a nepnop c nepaoro kaap1ana
20I2 ropa no nepab kaap1an 20I3-ro
o6eu 1panka pauubx ypaonncs, npn
a1ou o+npae1cs, 1o k 20I8 ropy ero
o6eu abpac1e1 a I2 pa1.
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
TE!ER0M-PbH0R
7
B Poccnn rno6anbube 1peupb 1ak+e uaxops1 o1pa+eune.
Dpepc1aan1enn MTC o1ueam1, 1o ceropus onepa1opckn
6n1uec nepeopneu1npye1cs c ronocoabx ycnyr kak 6a1oaoro
cepanca uo6nnbuo cas1n ua pa1an1ne uo6nnbuo nepepan
pauubx. 06eu no1pe6nseuoro 1panka ua a6oueu1a a uecs
y MTC yaennnncs 1a 20I3 rop 6onee eu a paa pa1a, po 999 M6,
n no1n cpaausncs c noka1a1eneu MeraOoua (I2b4 M6).
nuaunka ponn uo6nnbuo nepepan pauubx 1a nocnepun
rop nono+n1enbua. ons nepepan pauubx nono+n1enbuo
koppennpye1 c peu1a6enbuoc1bm.
3a 20I3 rop konnec1ao nonb1oaa1ene uo6nnbuoro
Teupeunn pa1an1ns
ons uo6nnbuo nepepan pauubx a c1pyk1ype abpykn, %
HCOn|. B|OOmOe|q
Hu1epue1a npeabcnno 43% o1 o6ero ncna a6oueu1oa
MTC. E+epueaub o6eu pauubx, nepepauubx epe1
I0
uan6onee pacnpoc1paueuuym 1exuonornm 3C , abpoc c 2600
po 4300 T6 a peub. B enou o6eu no1pe6neuuoro
a6oueu1aun MTC nu1epue1-1panka yaennnncs no cpaa-
ueunm c 20I2 ropou a paa pa1a. Depepaa pauubx n no1pe6-
neune uepna-kou1eu1a 1pe6ym1 6onee abcoknx ckopoc1e
Hu1epue1a, ue+enn 3C. Taknu o6pa1ou, ao1uo+uoc1n,
ko1opbe o1kpbaam1 nepep nonb1oaa1ensun cuap1oub,
nopo+pam1 ee opnu uacu1a6ub 1peup a cepe 1enekou-
uyunkan pa1aep1baaune ce1n e1aep1oro nokoneuns LTE.
lO
SC tO J|. t|||d qe|e|Jt|O| pe|e
|O|Oene), exOO|nn |OOn|On C|nn
pe|e|O |O|Oenn JOOp yCy|, |OOp|n
OOIejnne |J| ||CO|OC|OpOCOn |OOn||n
jOCy| C yCy|J|n Cen Hepe, J| n exO
O|n| pJjnOC|nn, |OOpJn COjJe |JJ
|epejJn jJ|x
6 %
I6 %
I4 %
I2 %
I0 %
8 %
2- ka. 20I2 3- ka. 20I2 4- ka. 20I2 I- ka. 20I3 2- ka. 20I3
MTC
Meraou
Bbunenkou
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
TE!ER0M-PbH0R
8
LTE , nnn 4C (forth generation e1aep1oe nokoneune),
ll
1exuonornn uo6nnbuo cas1n, ko1opbe noppep+naam1
ckopoc1b nepepan pauubx abue I00 M6n1/cek (uakcnuyu
po Il6n1/c) n no1aonsm1 ocyec1ans1b 1pn 6a1oabe ycnyrn.
nepepay ronoca, pauubx n anpeo. 3apaa LTE yc1paun1b
pa1nnne ue+py 6ecnpoaopubu n npoaopubu coepnueuneu.
R ceu1s6pm 20I3 ropa a 8I c1paue unpa uacn1baanocb 2I3
kouuepecknx ce1e LTE, k 20I7 ropy nporuo1npye1cs poc1
po 400 ce1e a I20 c1pauax unpa. Dpepnono+n1enbuo ncno
a6oueu1oa abpac1e1 co I00 unu a cepepnue 20I3 ropa po
900 unu k kouy 20I7 ropa. Ha ponm ns1n c1pau (CuA, Rauapb,
Rnounn, K+uo Ropen n Aac1pannn) npnxopn1cs okono 90 %
LTE-nopknmeun. Han6onee 6bc1po pa1anaamnucs
pbukou LTE sanse1cs Ropes, ko1opas c1ana nepao c1pauo
co c1onpoeu1ubu nokpb1neu. Hueuuo 1pecb 6bna anepabe
1anyeua ycnyra voLTE (ronocoabe ycnyrn a ce1sx LTE).
B Ropee ua6nmpae1cs cauoe abcokoe npounkuoaeune
cuap1ouoa n cauoe abcokoe kaec1ao ce1e LTE.
LTE uoaoe nokoneune cas1n
HCOn|. MOOn||e ee|O||yn|Junn, OnOp|, 2OlS
0nepa1opb nuaec1npym1 a LTE a uape+pe nonyn1b uoabe
nc1ounkn poxopoa, ycnnn1b euuoc1b caoero 6peupa
n pacunpn1b nponyckuym cnoco6uoc1b caonx cyec-
1aymnx ce1e. ns kounaun, ue o1uocsnxcs k onepa-
1opau uo6nnbuo cas1n, aueppeune LTE sanse1cs opunu n1
ueuuornx ny1e abxopa ua 6bc1popac1yn pbuok
uo6nnbuoro unpokononocuoro poc1yna (uD).
B Poccnn ak1nauas kouuepeckas akcnnya1ans ce1e LTE
uaanacb a 20I2 ropy. Depao ua pbuok LTE a Poccnn abuna
kounauns MeraOou. Ha pauub uoueu1 ua poccnckou
pbuke cas1n e1aep1oro nokoneuns npncy1c1aym1 ace
nrpokn 6onbuo e1aepkn. 0puako, uecuo1ps ua 1o 1o
pbuok 6onbue ue uouononn1npoaau kounaune Mera-
Oou, eub no-npe+ueuy oc1am1cs abcoknun.
Dounuo abcoknx eu ua 1apnb LTE, pa1an1nm ce1n
e1aep1oro nokoneuns a Poccnn npens1c1aym1 ee
ueko1opbe ak1opb. Bo-nepabx, nnueka yc1poc1a,
noppep+naamnx LTE, noka orpauneua. Bo-a1opbx,
a Poccnn ua6nmpae1cs penn1 ac1o1, npnropubx pns LTE-
ce1n. Tak+e ueko1opbe poccnckne ac1o1b LTE uecoa-
uec1nub c n 6e1 1oro orpauneuubu ua6opou uopene
cuap1ouoa.
Ce1b LTE o1 MTC 1anyeua a I3 pernouax c1paub. Hu1epue1 ua
ckopoc1n po I00 M6 a cekyupy poc1yneu +n1ensu a Mockae
n Mockoacko o6nac1n, a uaceneuubx nyuk1ax Tau6oacko,
Auypcko, Poc1oacko n Rany+cko o6nac1e, 3a6a-
kanbckou kpae, Rnpoacko o6nac1n, pecny6nnkax Ypuyp-
1ns, Ceaepuas 0ce1ns, Dckoacko n Hoaocn6npcko o6nac-
1sx. Rounauns MTC 1ak+e nepao cpepn poccncknx onepa-
1opoa cas1n 1anyc1nna ao1uo+uoc1b nonb1oaa1bcs ce1sun
LTE a ue+pyuapopuou poyunure. o koua 20I4 ropa MTC
nnaunpye1 noc1pon1b ce1b e1aep1oro nokoneuns a 6onee
eu 600 ropopax Poccnn.
Texuonorns LTE npnuea1enbua ue
1onbko 1eu, 1o o1kpbaae1 uoabe
ao1uo+uoc1n pns a6oueu1oa a ac1n
nepepan pauubx n ckanaauns
kou1eu1a. 0ua no1aonse1 pano-
uanbuo ncnonb1oaa1b nuemnecs
pecypcb. Hanpnuep, c nouobm LTE
c1auoan1cs ao1uo+ubu aonnoeune a
+n1ub 1exuonorn M2M, ko1opbe
sansm1cs ocuoao ropopoa 6ypyero
Dpepnocbnkn aueppeuns LTE-ce1e onepa1opaun
Yaennn1b
euuoc1b 6peupa
3I %
Bo1n ua pbuok
uo6nnbuoro uD
7 %
Heypane1aopn1enbuas
uouoc1b ce1e 3C
24 %
Co1paune uoabx
nc1ounkoa poxopa
3b %
pyroe
3 %
ll
O J|. LO|q Te|m LvO|ut|O| tjO|OCpOJn
|O|unn)
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
M2M. MEhMAuHHH0E B3AHM0EHCTBHE
9
31o uory1 6b1b npoaopube n 6ecnpoaopube cnc1eub
uoun1opnura pa1nkoa nnn kaknx-nn6o napaue1poa
yc1poc1a (1eunepa1ypb, ypoaus 1anacoa, uec1onono+euns
n 1. p.). 0punu n1 anpoa M2M sanse1cs ue+uaunuuoe
a1anuopec1ane c ncnonb1oaauneu uo6nnbubx peueun,
pns ko1oporo uo+e1 ncnonb1oaa1bcs a66peana1ypa M2M
(aurn. Mobile-to-Mobile).
Bo1uo+uoc1n 1exuonornn M2M orpouub. ue+uaunuuoe
a1anuopec1ane y+e ak1nauo ncnonb1ye1cs a cnc1euax
6e1onacuoc1n n oxpaub, 1ppaaooxpaueuns, ua npon1aop-
c1ae, a auepre1nke, hRX, cnc1euax no1nnounpoaauns
nopan+ubx o6ek1oa ua ocuoae cnc1eu l!0HACC/CPS
n ppyrnx.
Texuonorns M2M noabuae1 aek1nauoc1b lT-peueun pns
6n1ueca n rocypapc1aa, a 1eneua1neckne peueuns
sansm1cs npnknapubun pns pa1nnubx o1pacne akouo-
unkn. npoubuneuuoc1n, cenbckoro xo1sc1aa, c1pon1-
enbc1aa, 1ppaaooxpaueuns, o6ec1aeuuo 6e1onacuoc1n.
Me+uaunuuoe a1anuopec1ane (uaunuuo-uaunuuoe a1anuopec1ane, aurn. Machine-to-
Machine, M2M) o6ee ua1aaune 1exuonorn, ko1opbe no1aonsm1 uaunuau o6ueunaa1bcs
nuopuane ppyr c ppyrou nnn +e nepepaaa1b ee a opuoc1opouueu nopspke
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
M2M. MEhMAuHHH0E B3AHM0EHCTBHE
I0
Cornacuo o1e1y kounaunn Json Partners Consulting ,
l2
nnpepaun o6nac1n sansm1cs kounaunn CuA (AT&T, Sprint,
verizone) n Eaponb (Telenor Connexion, vodafone, Telstra).
0euouoe ncno 6ecnpoaopubx nopknmeun M2M a unpe
npeabuae1 I00 unu ua koue 20I3 ropa, npneu npnpoc1
k 20I2 ropy coc1aanse1 okono 2b %. R 20I7 ropy, no nporuo-
1au akcnep1oa, konnec1ao M2M-yc1poc1a abpac1e1 a
4,3 pa1a c uan6onbue pone a cek1ope uepnnub n no1pe-
6n1enbcknx yc1poc1a (6onee 2b % o1 o6ero o6eua).
06eu poccnckoro pbuka M2M-ycnyr no n1orau 20I3 ropa
abpoc ua 40 % n coc1aann nopspka 4,8 unu sim-kap1. Do
nporuo1au MTC, k 20I7 ropy o6eu poccnckoro pbuka
poc1nrue1 I8,b unu sim-kap1, a 1o apeus kak o6eunpoao
pbuok 1eneua1necknx cepancoa k 20I7 ropy coc1aan1
400 unu yc1poc1a. Doka ua koue 20I3 ropa uan6onbuym
ponm pbuka 1aunuam1 peueuns a cek1ope kouuepeckoro
aa1o1paucnop1a.
B Poccnn nnpepou ua pbuke M2M-peueun sanse1cs
kounauns MTC c pone npnuepuo b0 %. Ha a1opou uec1e
5nnau, 1aubkae1 1poky nnpepoa MeraOou. Ha ponm
nponx onepa1opoa npnxopn1cs Ib % knneu1oa.
B 20I3 ropy cauoe 6onbuoe pacnpoc1paueune uo6nnbubx
kouuyunkan ue+py yc1poc1aaun 1ankcnpoaauo
a nuaucoao (7,3 %), c1paxoao (7 %) n po6baame
(4,7 %) o1pacnsx .
lS
B 20I4-20Ib ropax a cas1n c aaepeuneu 1pe6oaaun no o6s-
1a1enbuouy ocuaeunm acex uoabx aa1ouo6nne, a 1ak+e
1paucnop1ubx cpepc1a, nepeao1snx nacca+npoa (aknmas
1akcn) n onacube rpy1b, cnc1euo 3PA-l!0HACC, ec1ec-
1aeuuo o+npa1b poc1a o6ero ncna uo6nnbubx M2M-
yc1poc1a.
Hecuo1ps ua oeanpube npepnocbnkn k poc1y pbuka, ace
+e cyec1aym1 ueko1opbe cpep+naamne ak1opb,
npens1c1aymne ero pa1an1nm. B ocuoauou a1o abcokne
1apnb ua ycnyrn M2M n un1kas ckopoc1b coepnueuns.
l2
|ttp.//www.O|.|u/pO|e|ye_mJte||J|y/
||ee_mJ||et_wJtC|e/J|J|yt|C/|y|O|_m2m
|Ommu|||JC|_v_|O||_|_m||e_2OlS/
lS
jOn O OOue|O |OneC|J |O||Jnn
| OpJCn
M2M-pbuok
HCOn|. JO| PJ|t|e| CO|u|t||q HCOn|. D||eCt l||O
Dpounkuoaeune M2M-ycnyr a Poccnn no cepau pes1enbuoc1n Oak1opb, npens1c1aymne pacnpoc1paueunm M2M-ycnyr
Onuaucb, c1paxoaaune
o6baamne npepnpns1ns
lT n 1enekouuyunkann
Dpon1aopc1ao
Cenbckoe xo1sc1ao
Ycnyrn uaceneunm
C1pon1enbc1ao
Toproans
Tpaucnop1
loc. ype+peuns
pyrne o1pacnn
7,3 %
7,0 %
4,7 %
4,I %
4,0 %
3,4 %
3,2 %
2,8 %
2,2 %
I,8 %
I,8 %
Bbcokne 1apnb ua ycnyrn M2M
Hn1kas ckopoc1b coepnueuns c yc1poc1aou M2M
Hec1a6nnbuoc1b coepnueuns c yc1poc1aou M2M
Hecoo1ae1c1ane 1asaneuubx ckopoc1e poc1yna
peanbubu
Bbcokne eub ua poyunur npn ncnonb1oaaunn aue
pouauuero pernoua
Bbcokne 1apep+kn a ce1n
01cy1c1ane ao1uo+uoc1e kou1pons 1a pacxopaun
0npepensmee 1uaeune Meuee aa+uoe 1uaeune
b9 4I
4b bb
20 80
I9 8I
I0 90
7 93
b 9b
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
M2M. MEhMAuHHH0E B3AHM0EHCTBHE
II
KounauMa M1C cnepye1 1eupeuqMau pmuua M npepnarae1
mMpouM cneu1p ycnyr s onac1M 1eneua1MuM. 0uono 40 %
pmuua M2M s M1C sauMuae1 uouM1opMur 1paucnop1a
(onee unu sIm-uap1) s ocuosuou s +ac1M uouM1o-
pMura nopsMmumx oLeu1os. Ycnyra nossonae1 o1cne-
mMsa1b uec1ononomeuMe 1paucnop1uoro cpepc1sa
(as1ouoMna, 1aucM, rpysosMua), ero coc1oauMe M nop-
pepmMsa1b csasb c sopM1eneu. Mcne1+ep uome1 smssa1b
sopM1ena nMo nepepa1b 1euc1osoe cooeuMe.
B1opbu no nonynspuoc1n cerueu1ou M2M sanse1cs
6e1onacuoc1b ua cnc1eub 6e1onacuoc1n, oxpauube
n npo1naoyrouube cnc1eub npnxopn1cs okono 20 % pbuka.
Dopo6ube cnc1eub noppep+naam1 ao1uo+uoc1b
ypaneuuo 6noknpoakn panra1ens, nepepay kooppnua1
aa1ouo6nns ua nynb1 cnc1eub oxpaub, 1peao+uym cnrua-
nn1anm npn nonb1ke yroua nn6o a1noua poua nnn
kaap1npb. ons sim-kap1, ko1opbe npnueusm1cs a cnc1euax
6e1onacuoc1n, ue n1ueunnacb a 1eeune 20I3 ropa. Dpn a1ou
o6ee konnec1ao a1nx sim-kap1 abpocno po b00 1bcs
c 290 1bcs sim-kap1 a 20I2 ropy.
0kono Ib % M2M-sim-kap1 pacnpepennnncb cpepn
6aukoacknx n nuaucoabx ycnyr. R pauuouy cek1opy
o1uocs1cs onna1a epe1 6aukoua1b, 1oproabe uaunub
n nna1e+ube 1epunuanb, pa1nkn no o1cne+naaunm
coc1osuns nna1e+ubx cnc1eu, uannns kynmp n 6yuarn pns
ekoa a 6aukoua1ax n np.
Cpepn nponx cerueu1oa pbuka c1on1 abpenn1b ypaneuube
n1uepeuns (pa1nkn a cnc1eue hRX nnn npon1aopc1aa,
n1uepsmne pacxop +npkoc1n/ra1a, 1eunepa1ypy n ppyrne
napaue1pb), 1eneua1nky a nepcouanbuou aa1o1paucnop1e
(nonyeune ua akpau uaanranouuo cnc1eub aa1o nuop-
uann o npo6kax, 1peao+uym kuonky, ab1oa nouon ua
poporax) n no1pe6n1enbckym anek1pounky (uaanra1opb,
1pekepb, 6b1oaym 1exunky). 01pacnn hRX n uepnnub
c1ann nnpepaun no pnuaunke poc1a M2M-sim-kap1. 3a rop
konnec1ao sim-kap1, ncnonb1ymnxcs a hRX, yaennnnocb
a paa c nonoanuo pa1a, a a uepnnucko o1pacnn a 1pn
pa1a. Ronnec1ao sim-kap1, npnueuseubx a a1nx o6nac1sx,
coc1aanno 2b0 1bc. (hRX) n 7b 1bc. (uepnnua).
Ha ponm no1pe6n1enbcko anek1pounkn a M2M npnxopn1cs
opnu npoeu1 sim-kap1 2b 1bc. Ha pauuou a1ane pa1an1ns
pbuka a1a o1pacnb o6napae1 uanabcunu no1eunanou
poc1a 1a ce1 yaenneuns npounkuoaeuns M2M-yc1poc1a.
1pekepoa, nonb1oaa1enbckoro uaanranouuoro o6opypo-
aauns, cepancoa yuuoro c1paxoaauns, pa1pa6o1kn
knneu1cknx npnno+eun pns kounbm1epoa n cuap1ouoa.
MTC o1ueae1, 1o a uac1osee apeus pbuok 1eneua1n-
ecknx ycnyr a Poccnn pa1anaae1cs npenuyec1aeuuo
a kopnopa1nauou cerueu1e kounaunn ncnonb1ym1 coape-
ueuube 1enekou-peueuns pns cokpaeuns 1a1pa1,
on1nun1ann 6n1uec-npoeccoa n yaenneuns npn6bnn.
Ec1b ace ocuoaauns nonara1b, 1o nepencneuube uanpaa-
neuns 6ypy1 o6ecnenaa1b pa1an1ne pauuo cepb
a 6nn+aune ropb. Cpepn uan6onee 6bc1popac1ynx
n nepcnek1naubx o6nac1e npnueueuns M2M a Poccnn
kounauns anpn1 ypaneuuym uepnnuy, anek1pouube
rocypapc1aeuube ycnyrn, npopa+y 1oaapoa n ycnyr npn
nouon aa1oua1oa.
MTC. pa1an1ne M2M-peueun n 1eneua1nkn
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
M2M. MEhMAuHHH0E B3AHM0EHCTBHE
I2
3a nocnepune uec1b uecsea 20I3 ropa, c nmns no peka6pb,
konnec1ao ncnonb1yeubx M2M-sim-kap1 MTC yaennnnocb
ua 4b0 1bc. n npeabcnno 2,b unu sim-kap1. Do oeukau MTC,
a1o coc1aanse1 b2 % o1 o6ero konnec1aa 1eneua1necknx
sim-kap1 a Poccnn.
B 20I3 ropy kounauns MTC ykpennna nnpepckne no1nnn ua
pbuke nuuoaanouubx ycnyr pns kopnopa1naubx knneu1oa.
Doc1yna1enbub poc1 konnec1aa npopauubx M2M-sim-
kap1 o6ycnoaneu pa1an1neu 1exuonornn rno6anbuoro
no1nnounpoaauns CPS/l!0HACC, c1a6nnbubu cnpocou
a uanpaaneunn uoun1opnura 1paucnop1a, a cnc1euax
6e1onacuoc1n n 1epunuanbubx peueunsx, a 1ak+e pacun-
peuneu npnueueuns pauuo 1exuonornn a hRX, 1ppaaoox-
paueunn n anpeoua6nmpeunn. R npnuepy, onb1 aueppeuns
M2M pns uoun1opnura 1paucnop1a noka1baae1, 1o y+e
a nepabe uecsb nonb1oaauns akcnnya1anouube pacxopb
aa1onapka cpepuero npepnpns1ns cokpaam1cs ua Ib-20 %.
B c1pyk1ype pacxopoa ua co1oaym cas1b y kopnopa1naubx
I4
knneu1oa ua vAS-ycnyrn npnxopn1cs nopspka 7-I0 %. ons
M2M a c1pyk1ype vAS, a caom oepepb, npeabuae1 80 %.
Han6onee ak1nauo M2M ncnonb1ym1 npepc1aan1enn
nuaucoaoro cek1opa akouounkn, rocypapc1aeuube
c1pyk1ypb, auepre1neckne kounaunn, pn1en n ue1suas
npoubuneuuoc1b.
M2M-1exuonornn 1exuonornn 6ypyero. 0un npon1aops1
peaonmnm a unpe n sansm1cs cnuaonou okoua1enbuoro
nepexopa k nuopuanouuo ape. Ceac a unpe a1s1 okyc
ua akonornuoc1b n on1nuanbuoe ncnonb1oaaune pecypcoa,
noa1ouy uuorne c1paub 1anu1epecoaaub ao aueppeunn M2M-
peueun ua rocypapc1aeuuou ypoaue. Ha6nmpae1cs 1aue1ub
poc1 yuubx ropopoa, pa1an1ne ko1opbx ueao1uo+uo
npepc1aan1b 6e1 ue+uaunuuoro M2M-a1anuopec1ans.
MTC. pa1an1ne M2M-peueun n 1eneua1nkn
HCOn|. MTC HCOn|. MTC
Hcnonb1oaaune M2M sim-kap1 MTC no o1pacnsu Hcnonb1oaaune M2M sim-kap1 MTC
3,0
0,90
I,4b
2,00
>2,b
IH20II IH20I2 IH20I3 20I3
2,b
2,0
I,b
I,0
0,b
0,0
Moun1opnur
1paucnop1a
40 %
0praun1ans
cnc1eu
6e1onacuoc1n
20 %
5aukoua1b,
1epunuanb
Ib %
hRX
8 %
pyroe
2 %
3ppaaooxpaueune
3 %
Dpoubuneuuoc1b
I2 %
l+
v/SyCy|n tvJ|ue /dded Se|v|Ce)
e|OOCO||e yCy|n O|epJOpO|. jeC| /PN,
M2M, FMC, e|pOJn |Oj|nC| n J| jJee, Oe
yeJ |OOn|O|O HepeJ
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
I3
Dpoeu1 nmpe, +naynx a ropopax, ueyknouuo pac1e1.
Ecnn a I800 ropy pons ropopckoro uaceneuns coc1aansna
3 %, 1o a 20II ropy a1o1 noka1a1enb paaeu b2 %. Tpeup aocxo-
psn. k 2040 ropy nporuo1npye1cs yaenneune npoeu1a
ropopcknx +n1ene po 6b ne1.
Dopo6uoro popa pnuaunky uo+uo ua6nmpa1b n cpepn
ropopoa-unnnnouepoa. B uaane XX aeka nx 6bno acero I2,
ceac a1a npa cabue b00. Tak+e a unpe cyec1aye1 2I
ueranonnc c uaceneuneu 6onee I0 unu enoaek.
Rpynueunu n1 unx sanse1cs Tokno, uaceneune ko1oporo
coc1aanse1 36 unu enoaek.
Xo1s ropopa 1aunuam1 npnuepuo 2 % o1 ace nnaue1b, o1 60
po 80 % aueprono1pe6neuns n 7b % ab6pocoa C0 npnxo-
2
pn1cs ua unx. Yaenneune 1panka, 1arps1ueune, no1pe6-
neune pecypcoa ace a1o, 6e1 couueuns, yrpo+ae1
1popoabm nmpe n coc1osunm okpy+ame cpepb. !erko
anpe1b n nous1b, 1o o6yc1poc1ao ropopoa c 1okn 1peuns
ypo6c1aa, 6e1onacuoc1n nmpe, a 1ak+e on1nuanbuoro
npnpopononb1oaauns sanse1cs opuo n1 aa+ueunx 1apa
enoaeec1aa a XXl aeke.
lo
HCOn|. /|JtOmy O| J SmJ|t C|ty, POtCJpe
I800 I9b0 20II 2040
S% 29% 52% 65% l
|ttp.//pOtCJpe.COm/J|JtOmyO|JmJ|t
o
C|ty|u||
ons ropopckoro uaceneuns
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
I4
lopop a1o cnomuaa cMc1eua csasauumx uempy coo
uounoueu1os: nmpe, Mupac1pyu1ypm M ueuepmueu1a.
0puauo uouqenqMa yuuoro ropopa npepc1asnae1
coo ue npoc1o cMu1es sce uounoueu1m ponmum
onapa1b onpepeneuumuM csoc1sauM. RmpM ponmum
m1b cosua1enbumuM, Mupac1pyu1ypa npopsMuy1o,
ueuepmueu1 aeu1Msumu. bm1b yuumu ropopou
osua+ae1 pasyuuo Mcnonbsosa1b sce poc1ynume pecypcm
M 1exuonorMM.
B yuuou ropope npe1 uakonneune ns1n anpoa kann1ana.
akououneckoro (BBD, akououneckn poc1, nuoc1pauube
nuaec1nnn), enoaeeckoro (1anau1b, nuuoaann, o6pa1o-
aaune), conanbuoro (1papnnn, npnabkn, ceubn), akono-
rneckoro (auepre1nka, pecypcb, nepepa6o1ka uycopa,
onc1ka aopb) n nuc1n1ynouanbuoro (anac1b, apununc1pa-
1naub pecypc, ropopckoe ynpaaneune).
ns 6onbunuc1aa aneueu1oa a1o cnc1eub uory1 6b1b
aueppeub coapeueuube 1exuonorneckne peueuns,
ko1opbe ua nopspok noabcs1 kaec1ao pauubx ycnyr
a ropope.
Tak, uanpnuep, Deutsche Telekom npnusn yac1ne
a eaponecko nporpauue Yuube ropopa, pa1pa6o1aa
1pn nuuoaanouubx peueuns pns noabueuns kaec1aa
+n1un +n1ene n1anbsucko Dn1b. Cpepn nunna1na,
npepc1aaneuubx Deutsche Telekom, peueuns pns on1nun-
1ann napkoakn, ropopckoro ocaeeuns, a 1ak+e cnc1eua
yuub c1apnou. Dpn nouon uo6nnbuoro npnno+euns
aa1ouo6nnnc1b Dn1b cuory1 nop6npa1b nopxopsee uec1o
pns napkoakn, cun+as konnec1ao npo6ok a ropope
n ocao6o+pas 1po1yapb pns neuexopoa n aenocnnepnc1oa.
M2M-peueune Deutsche Telekom pns on1nun1ann
ocaeeuns nouo+e1 cokpa1n1b 1a1pa1b ua anek1po-
aueprnm ua 70 %, a 1a1pa1b ua noppep+aune onpepe-
neuuoro ypoaus ocaeeuuoc1n ua I0 %. Hec1aupap1ub
cepanc 6bn pa1pa6o1au onepa1opou pns c1apnouoa ropopa
cnc1eua yuub c1apnou aa1oua1n1npye1 npoecc
6pounpoaauns n nokynkn 6nne1oa, a 1ak+e npoecc ynpaa-
neuns no1okaun noce1n1ene. auuoe npnno+eune auann-
1npye1 pnuaunky nmpe ua axopax n abxopax co c1apnoua,
1o no1aonse1 n16e+a1b 1a1opoa.
HCOn|. lBM
Rounoueu1b yuuoro ropopa
Paccuo1pnu 6onee noppo6uo
ka+pym n1 o6nac1e yuuoro
ropopa, cocpepo1onauncb
noppo6uo ua 1pex cepax.
1paucnop1e
auepre1nke
conanbuo nupac1pyk1ype
Apununc1pnpoaaune
oprauoa anac1n
n ynpaaneuns
06ec1aeuuas
6e1onacuoc1b
Conanbube
nporpauub
Conanbuas
cepa
3ppaaooxpauneune
06pa1oaaune Tpaucnop1
3uepro- n
aopocua6+eune
3konorns
Yuube 1pauns
n rpapoc1pon1enbuas
pes1enbuoc1b
Dnaunpoaaune
n ynpaaneune
Hupac1pyk1ypa
Rounoueu1b yuuoro ropopa
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
Ib
Hu1ennek1yanbuas 1paucnop1uas cnc1eua (HTC) a1o
cnc1eua, ncnonb1ymas coapeueuube 1exuonornn a uope-
nnpoaaunn 1paucnop1ubx cnc1eu n perynnpoaaunn 1pauc-
nop1ubx no1okoa. 3neueu1b HTC ec1b a 1ou nnn nuou anpe ao
uuornx pernouax Poccnn.
B Hoaocn6npcke co1pau eu1p ynpaaneuns ropopcknu
aa1oanek1po1paucnop1ou, ko1opb ncnonb1ye1 okono 2 1bc.
sim-kap1 MTC a 1epunuanax, yc1auoaneuubx ua ropopckou
aa1o1paucnop1e (a uapupy1ubx 1akcn, aa1o6ycax, 1ponne-
6ycax, 1pauaasx). auuas 1exuonorns no1aonse1 a pe+nue
peanbuoro apeueun onpepens1b uec1onono+eune o6ec-
1aeuuoro 1paucnop1a, npocua1pnaa1b nuopuanm
o apeueun pan+euns n npn6b1nn cpepc1aa nepepan+euns
k oc1auoaououy nyuk1y.
Ha An1ae n a Toucke peann1oaau npoek1 ukonbub
aa1o6yc. 0cuoauas enb aueppeuns cnc1eu uoun1opnura
n ynpaaneuns ukonbubu 1paucnop1ou noabueune
6e1onacuoc1n nepeao1ok pe1e n cokpaeune apeueun
pearnpoaauns a cnyae ao1unkuoaeuns ueu1a1ubx
cn1yan. Yc1auoaneuuoe ua aa1o6yc l!0HACC-o6o-
pypoaaune no1aonse1 a pe+nue peanbuoro apeueun
kou1ponnpoaa1b pan+eune aa1o6ycoa no uapupy1y
n co6nmpeune aopn1ensun ckopoc1uoro pe+nua.
Tak+e 1epunuanaun l!0HACC c sim-kap1aun MTC ocuaeu
aecb uyunnnanbub aa1o1paucnop1 H+eacka, 1o
no1aonse1 ocyec1ans1b aa1oua1n1npoaauub uoun1opnur
pan+euns 1paucnop1ubx cpepc1a a pe+nue peanbuoro
apeueun.
B Ra1aun a nnno1uou pe+nue 1anyeub yuube cae1o-
opb. Takne cae1oopb pa6o1am1 cnepymnu o6pa1ou.
cnenanbuas cnc1eua co6npae1 nuopuanm o6 nu1eucna-
uoc1n pan+euns n a pe+nue peanbuoro apeueun nopc1pa-
naae1 pa6o1y cae1oopa nop uee. Do pe1ynb1a1au pa6o1b b7
nopo6ubx cnc1eu, yc1auoaneuubx ceac ua eu1panbubx
ynnax ropopa, nponyckuas cnoco6uoc1b yaennnnacb ua
Ib %, a cpepuss ckopoc1b pan+euns c1ana abue ua b ku/.
Dopo6ube cae1oopb ec1b 1ak+e a Cauape n !nneke.
A a Tmueun nosannncb yuube neuexopube nepexopb.
Dpn npn6nn+eunn neuexopa k npoe1+e ac1n cpa6a-
1baae1 pa1nk pan+euns n uap poporo 1aropae1cs
ocaeeune, a no okouaunn nepexopa ocaeeune o1knm-
ae1cs, yc1poc1ao nepexopn1 a pe+nu o+npauns. Ecnn
y neuexopa ao1unkae1 +enaune nepe1n npoe1+ym ac1b,
ou nopxopn1 k kpam npoe1+e ac1n n nonapae1 a 1ouy
pec1ans pa1nka pan+euns. Dnmc ko aceuy npe-
pycuo1peua kuonka, ko1opym uo+uo ua+a1b n nepe1n
npoe1+ym ac1b. a1nk pan+euns aknmae1 cnruanbube
ouapn +en1oro ae1a, pacnono+euube uap npoe1+e
ac1bm, n nm6o aopn1enb, nope1+amn k neuexopuouy
nepexopy, 6ype1 npepynpe+peu o ckopou nosaneunn ua
1e6pe neuexopa. B 1euuoe apeus cy1ok 1oua neuexopuoro
nepexopa pononun1enbuo nopcaenaae1cs spknu cae1opn-
opubu cae1ou.
Tpaucnop1
1paucnop1uaa cMc1eua yuuoro
ropopa coc1oM1 Ms +e1mpex
aneueu1os: Mu1enneu1yanbuo
1paucnop1uo cMc1eum, auono-
rM+uoro 1paucnop1a, yuuo
napuosuM M MuopuaqMouuo
ocuaeuuoc1M
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
I6
Ha 1eppn1opnn Rpacuospckoro kpas, a Pecny6nnkax Xakacns
n Tbaa yuknounpye1 cnc1eua cny1unkoaoro uoun1opnura
aa1ouo6nne ckopo uepnnucko nouon.
Cauapckoe rocnpepnpns1ne ACA0 ua Ib % cokpa1nno
pacxopb ua lCM n ynyunno nnaunpoaaune aa1onapka
popo+uo n y6opouo 1exunkn 1a ce1 yc1auoakn 800
M2M-uopyne MTC. B Con peann1oaau npoek1 uoun1opnura
nepepan+euns 1exunkn, 1apec1aoaauuo a c1pon1enbc1ae
cnop1naubx o6ek1oa. Tonbko 1a nocnepune uec1b uecsea
20I3 ropa konnec1ao sim-kap1 MTC, yc1auoaneuubx
a l!0HACC-uaanra1opax c1pon1enbuo 1exunkn, abpocno
6onee eu a 1pn pa1a. Ceropus MTC o6ecnenaae1
uoun1opnur no1n I600 epnun cne1paucnop1a a pernoue.
Cnepys 1anapubu 1peupau no noncky anb1epua1naubx
nc1ounkoa aueprnn a cas1n c nc1oeuneu npnpopubx
1anacoa yrneaopopopoa, a Poccnn nosansm1cs anek1po-
uo6nnn aa1ouo6nnn, cnoco6ube nepepanra1bcs 6e1
6eu1nua. Dnno1ub npoek1 no ocuaeunm napkoaok
coo1ae1c1ayme nupac1pyk1ypo ec1b ue 1onbko
a Mockae a 5enropopcko o6nac1n 1ak+e 1anyeua
nepaas 1apspuas c1auns pns anek1pouo6nne.
Benocnnepb ee opnu aapnau1 akonornuoro 1pauc-
nop1a. Bnac1n yuuoro ropopa c1peus1cs yaennn1b
npoeu1 nmpe, ab6npamnx pauubx anp 1paucnop1a,
nocpepc1aou co1pauns nopxopse nupac1pyk1ypb.
Ceropus a Ra1aun onnanbuo 1anyeua a akcnnya1anm
uoaas cnc1eua npoka1a aenocnnepoa veli'K y+e o6opy-
poaauo ceub aa1oua1necknx aenonapkoaok c napkou
6onee I00 aenocnnepoa.
Dpaannbuo opraun1oaauuas napkoaka aa+ueuas coc-
1aansmas 1paucnop1uo cepb ropopa. auuas coc1aa-
nsmas 1paucnop1uo nupac1pyk1ypb perynnpye1cs
c nouobm ounau-cnc1eub onoaeeuns o cao6opubx
uec1ax n aa1oua1necknx yka1a1ene ny1n aopn1ensu.
B Dopuockoabe o1kpbnacb nepaas a Poccnn yuuas
c1osuka pns rpy1oankoa. Ec1b nn ua ue cao6opube uec1a,
panbuo6onkn uory1 nocuo1pe1b ua ca1e eu1pa
6e1onacuoc1n popo+uoro pan+euns. Huopuans ua
nu1epak1nauo kap1e o6uoanse1cs a pe+nue peanbuoro
apeueun. Ceac napkoaka paccn1aua ua 330 uaunu, uo
nnaunpye1cs pacunpeune po I300 uec1.
Huopuanouuas ocuaeuuoc1b n ak1yanbuas nuopuans
o pacnncaunn n 1apep+ke 1paucnop1a ee opua ueo6xo-
pnuas 1paucnop1uas xapak1epnc1nka yuuoro ropopa.
B Tau6oae nu1erpnpoaaua nuopuanouuas cnc1eua,
no1aonsmas +n1ensu y1uaaa1b o pacnncaunn n ero
n1ueueunsx a pe+nue peanbuoro apeueun. Cnc1eua
pa6o1ae1 ee ue a nonuou o6eue noka 1anyeuo I4
yuubx oc1auoaok. A +n1enn Hoaocn6npcka uory1 a nm6o
uoueu1 y1ua1b o uec1ouaxo+peunn 1paucnop1a ua nu1epe-
cymeu nx uapupy1e n apeus npn6b1ns k nm6ouy oc1auo-
aououy nyuk1y ua ca1e Tpaucnop1 ua kap1e. E+epueauo
pauub pecypc noceam1 6onee 6 1bc. ropo+au n okono
I 1bc. ncnonb1ym1 uo6nnbuym aepcnm ca1a.
Huopuanouuas ocuaeuuoc1b pon+ua 6b1b payc1o-
pouue. ue 1onbko anac1n nuopunpym1 +n1ene, uo
n +n1enn nouoram1 anac1su aa+ubun caepeunsun.
Hanpnuep, a Poc1oacko o6nac1n nosannocb uo6nnbuoe
npnno+eune Hapopub kou1ponb. Cnc1eua no1aonse1
co1pa1b anek1pouuoe o6paeune, ko1opoe 6ype1
poc1aaneuo a opraub anac1n, o1aeamne 1a peueune
npo6neub +n1ens ropopa. 31o uo+e1 6b1b nuopuans
o nnoxo popore, nnn npo6ke a ropope, nnn uencnpaauou
cae1oope. R 1ekc1y o6paeuns uo+uo npnno+n1b o1o-
n anpeoua1epnanb, yka1a1b 1oub appec, rpe ao1unkna
npo6neua, ua kap1e. Docne nonyeuns o1ae1a o1 npepc1a-
an1ene anac1n 1asan1enb oeunaae1 kaec1ao abnon-
ueuuo pa6o1b n pae1 ropopy o6pa1uym cas1b.
Tpaucnop1
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
I7
Yuube ce1nkn c ypaneuubu poc1ynou paauo aueppeub
a c1pauax nepaoro unpa. Dopo6ube npoek1b cyec1aym1
n a poccncknx pernouax. SlM-kap1b MTC nouoram1 o1cne-
+naa1b pacxop anek1pnec1aa a Pecny6nnke Roun. 3a
20I3 rop ncno SlM-kap1 MTC, ncnonb1yeubx a anek1poce1-
nkax +nnbx pouoa n npepnpns1n pecny6nnkn, coc1aanno
6onee 3 1bc. Do kauanau cas1n MTC nuopuans co
ce1nkoa anek1ponn1auns a aa1oua1neckou pe+nue
nepepae1cs a eu1p uoun1opnura Rounauepro, 1o
no1aonse1 ypaneuuo co6npa1b nuopuanm o6 o6euax
no1pe6nseuoro anek1pnec1aa. B Reuepoao npepnpns1ne
locanek1poce1b uaano ncnonb1oaa1b 6onee b00 M2M-
sim-kap1 MTC a ce1nkax ye1a anek1poaueprnn.
0kono I200 1eneua1necknx kounnek1oa MTC 1ak+e
ncnonb1ye1 MYD Tennoaueproc6epe+eune pns aa1oua-
1neckoro o6ueua pauubun ue+py yc1poc1aaun, 1aueps-
mnun ypoaeub no1pe6neuns n kou1ponnpymnun pano-
uanbuoe ncnonb1oaaune 1ennoao aueprnn ua o6ek1ax
uyunnnanbuo cepb n +nnnuoro oupa Hoaocn6npcka.
Cnc1eua pa6o1ae1 a aa1oua1neckou pe+nue n no1aonse1
onepa1nauo nonya1b n o6pa6a1baa1b nuopuanm
o konnec1ae no1pe6nseuo 1ennoaueprnn ua ka+pou
koukpe1uou o6ek1e. Dpn aa1oua1n1ann MYD kounauns
MTC nonynna 1uan1enbuym akouounm no cpaaueunm
c pyubu c6opou pauubx, oco6euuo a o1paneuubx paouax
n ua 1pypuopoc1ynubx yac1kax. Rpoue 1oro, uoaas cnc1eua
kou1pons no1aonse1 auann1npoaa1b nc1ounkn noabueu-
uoro aueprono1pe6neuns n npepo1apaa1b ao1unkuoaeune
aueu1a1ubx cn1yan. B pe1ynb1a1e ncnonb1oaauns cepanca
MTC Hoaocn6npcky ypanocb cokpa1n1b 6onee 20 % cpepc1a
ua akcnnya1anouube pacxopb a 1ennoauepre1nke.
B Houkap-0ne ua T3-I yc1auoaneuo 1eneue1pneckoe
o6opypoaaune, ocuaeuuoe sim-kap1aun MTC. B pe+nue
peanbuoro apeueun c o6ek1oa a cnc1euy uoun1opnura no
kauanau cas1n MTC noc1ynam1 pauube o pacxope 1enna
n anek1poaueprnn, 1ekynx uarpy1kax ua ce1n n o6ek1b
aueprocua6+euns. B uac1osee apeus k cnc1eue nopknm-
euo I80 1paucopua1opubx nopc1aun, b ko1enbubx
n I2 eu1panbubx 1ennoabx nyuk1oa, axopsnx a nupac-
1pyk1ypy T3.
Hn+un Hoaropop anepabe a Poccnn aueppnn cnc1euy
yuuoro aopocua6+euns cnc1euy kounnekcuo onc1kn
aopb n nporpauu no pecypcoc6epe+eunm ny1eu yc1auoakn
a pouax npn6opoa ye1a, ynpaanseubx c nouobm cpepc1a
co1oao cas1n. Tak+e a a1ou ropope aueppeub aueproc6e-
peramne aa1oua1neckne nporpauub ynpaaneuns
ynnubu ocaeeuneu c ncnonb1oaauneu o1oaneueu1oa
n naun uano uouoc1n, aa1oua1n1npoaau ye1 no1pe6-
neuns anek1poaueprnn a pa6o1e ropopckoro 1paucnop1a.
3uepre1nka, aopononb1oaaune n y1nnn1ans
XXl aek npoxopn1 nop arnpo
akouounn pecypcoa, nx npaannbuoro
ncnonb1oaauns n cokpaeuns apepa,
uauocnuoro okpy+ame cpepe.
Doa1ouy yuub ropop ue uo+e1
cyec1aoaa1b 6e1 coo1ae1c1ayme
nupac1pyk1ypb ee aneueu1aun
sansm1cs yuube ce1nkn anek1pn-
ec1aa n aopb, yuub c6op
uycopa n yuube poua
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
I8
B Ra1aun ADP-Cn1n ncnonb1ye1 1eneua1neckne sim-
kap1b pns kou1pons ocaeeuns uapy+uo peknaub. 3kouo-
uneckas abropa npnueueuns pauuoro peueuns coc1aa-
nse1 nopspka Ib % o1 pacxopoa ua anek1poaueprnm.
Rnaccneckn npnuep aueproaek1nauoro n akouo-
unuoro yuuoro poua co1pau a Cpepueypanbcke ua 6a1e
pe1ckoro capa N 20. Cap ocuaeu caubun coapeueuubun
cnc1euaun aueproc6epe+euns c ncnonb1oaauneu 1eneua-
1necknx peueun. ns ocaeeuns npnueusm1cs cnc1eub,
ko1opbe 1a ce1 nuuoaanouuo on1nkn nepepam1 ec1ec-
1aeuub conueub cae1 a 1euube kouua1b, 1o akououn1
o1 II po 20 % anek1poaueprnn a rop. Tak+e cnc1eua nupnan-
pyanbuoro 1ennoaoro nyuk1a no1aonse1 a uakcnuanbuou
o6eue ncnonb1oaa1b 1eunepa1ypy 1ennouocn1ens a cnc-
1eue o1onneuns, cokpaas no1epn. B coaokynuoc1n c 1ep-
uoperyns1opaun, ko1opbe nporpauunpym1 ka+pym
6a1apem, cnc1eua no1aonse1 cakououn1b ua o1onneunn po
b0 % cpepc1a.
Bcero a Poccnn y+e nosannocb 6onee b0 yuubx pouoa.
H xo1s ao1aepeune 1akoro poua o6xopn1cs popo+e
o6buoro 1pauns, a 1eeune ueckonbknx ne1 nuaec1nnn
pon+ub okynn1bcs. Yuube poua o1nnam1cs uanbu
aueprono1pe6neuneu n no1n nonuo aueproue1aancn-
uoc1bm. Rouuyuanbube nna1e+n +n1ensu 1akoro poua
o6xops1cs ua 60 % peueane. hnnbb poua uory1 ynpaans1b
caonu pouou npsuo co cuap1oua. 31o kacae1cs
ocaeeuns, uepnacnc1eub, o1onneuns, koupnnounpo-
aauns, anek1ponn1auns n 6e1onacuoc1n. Tenekou-
1exuonornn, a ac1uoc1n ynpaaneune epe1 CPRS,
no1aonsm1 coaepua1b onepann uakcnuanbuo ypaneuuo.
Ee opua xapak1epuas ep1a yuuoro ropopa yuub
c6op uycopa. Tak, uanpnuep, a Mockoackou paoue Cauk1-
De1ep6ypra yc1auoannn uycopube kou1euepb, ko1opbe
yuem1 pa1roaapnaa1b. aeuapa1b pa1, ko1opbe 1anncaub
a naus1b roaopsero uycopuoro 6aka, paccn1aub ua
pa1uoe apeus cy1ok n cpa6a1baam1 1a ce1 ac1poeuuoro
1auepa. Hanpnuep, kou1euep +enae1 abuocseuy uycop
+nnby po6poro y1pa, pus nnn aeepa a 1aancnuoc1n o1
apeueun cy1ok. Rou1euep npocn1 coo6a1b no coo1ae1-
c1aymeuy 1eneouy, ecnn ou nepenonueu, n npepynpe+-
pae1, 1o ueynakoaauube nneabe o1xopb c1auoas1cs
npnnuo pa1uuo+euns kpbc, napa1n1oa n nuekn.
Tak+e a pauube kou1euepb ac1poeua cnc1eua no+apo-
1yueuns.
3uepre1nka, aopononb1oaaune n y1nnn1ans
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
I9
06ec1aeuuas 6e1onacuoc1b, no+any, rnaaub kouno-
ueu1 yuuoro ropopa. Ec1b ueckonbko cnoco6oa ee
noabcn1b, ue ueuss npn a1ou o6ec1ao nnn ypoaeub +n1un.
B 5apuayne kounauns Anbsuc Hu+nunpnur 1apec1aoaana
6onee 300 1epuo-sim-kap1 MTC pns nepepan pauubx o1
no+apubx cnruann1an ua eu1panbub nuopuanouub
nyuk1. auube sim-kap1b pa6o1am1 npn 1eunepa1ype o1
-40 po I0b rpapycoa.
Ha ceropusuun peub ao Bnapnaoc1oke yc1auoaneuo
nopspka 400 epnun cnenanbuoro o6opypoaauns uka-
oa aa1oua1nkn ynnuoro ncnonueuns, ocuaeuubx CSM-
uopeuaun c sim-kap1aun MTC n uapupy1n1a1opou, ko1opb
c nouobm 1aneuubx kauanoa cas1n MTC nepepae1
pauube ua pncne1epckn nynb1 Bnapnaoc1okckoro
npepnpns1ns anek1pnecknx ce1e. B cnc1eue npepy-
cuo1peua ao1uo+uoc1b nporpauunpoaauns ynnuoro
ocaeeuns ua ropoao nepnop c yka1auneu napaue1poa
aknmeuns n abknmeuns, cas1auubx c ce1ouuoc1bm
n abxopubun pusun. Rpoue pnc1aunouuoro aknmeuns
n abknmeuns ynnuoro ocaeeuns Bnapnaoc1oka cnc1eua
no1aonse1 nonya1b nuopuanm o coc1osunn onop
ocaeeuns, onepa1nauo pearnpoaa1b a cnyae nx uencnpaa-
uoc1n, aec1n ye1 no1pe6neuuo anek1poaueprnn. B panb-
ueueu nnaunpye1cs yaennn1b konnec1ao yc1auoa-
neuuoro o6opypoaauns po I 1bc. epnun, 1o no1aonn1
opraun1oaa1b 1oeuoe ocaeeune uyunnnanbubx 1paun,
ckaepoa, oc1auoaok, npnukonbubx 1eppn1opn n c1apn-
ouoa, nnoapok pe1cknx capoa, nop1euubx n ua1euubx
neuexopubx nepexopoa n ropopckoro acapuoro
ocaeeuns ao Bnapnaoc1oke.
Oepepanbuas cny+6a ncnonueuns uaka1aun PO a 0ucko
o6nac1n uaana ncnonb1oaa1b M2M-1exuonornn c enbm
kpyrnocy1ouoro kou1pons 1a uec1ouaxo+peuneu nn,
orpauneuubx a nepeueeunn no peueunm cypa. B coc1aa
cnc1eub cne+euns axopn1 anek1pouub 6pacne1 n cnen-
anbub uopynb, ko1opb nonyae1 kooppnua1b enoaeka
c nouobm cny1unka. 3a1eu nuopuans nepepae1cs
a epnub pncne1epckn eu1p. 5naropaps unpokouy
nokpb1nm ce1n onepa1opa cnc1eua uo+e1 uaxopn1b
uocn1ens 6pacne1a ue 1onbko ua 1eppn1opnn 0ucko
o6nac1n, uo n no ace Poccnn. Cnenannc1b-onepa1opb no
0ucko o6nac1n uory1 anpe1b ua caonx uoun1opax uec1o-
nono+eune nopkou1ponbubx nn, a 1ak+e nonya1b ua
uo6nnbub 1eneou sms-coo6eune a cnyae uapyueuns
enoaekou rpaun npe6baauns nnn apeueun uaxo+peuns
a 1ou nnn nuou paoue. Dpoek1 1ak+e pec1aye1 a Xa6a-
poackou kpae, Pecny6nnke Caxa n Eapecko aa1ouou-
uo o6nac1n.
5e1onacuoc1b +n1ene pon+ua nposans1bcs 1ak+e
a coxpauuoc1n ak1naoa n peue+ubx cpepc1a. B cas1n c a1nu
MTC 1anyckae1 1ec1oab npoek1 no kpyrnocy1ououy
uoun1opnury c nouobm cas1n 6onee I00 6aukoua1oa
Rpacuopapa, Con, Apuaanpa, Auanb, Hoaopoccncka,
Conanbuas nupac1pyk1ypa
B conanbuym nupac1pyk1ypy
ropopa axops1 1pn kounoueu1a.
o6ec1aeuuas 6e1onacuoc1b
anek1pouuoe npaan1enbc1ao
yuuas uepnnua
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
R0HEDHR YMHbX l0P00B
20
5enopeeucka. Dnno1ub npoek1 no1aonse1 c nouobm
coapeueuubx 1exuonorn cas1n pnc1aunouuo nonya1b
nm6ym nuopuanm o coc1osunn cnc1eu anpeoua6nm-
peuns ce1n 6aukoua1oa, pacnono+euubx ue 1onbko a kpyn-
ubx ropopax kpas, uo n a uaceneuubx nyuk1ax a ropuo
uec1uoc1n.
Yuuas uepnnua ue ueuee aa+uas coc1aansmas
conanbuo nupac1pyk1ypb yuuoro ropopa. MTC
ak1nauo pa1anaae1 uanpaaneune 1eneua1necknx ycnyr
a Poccnn. Dpn a1ou kounauns abc1ynae1 nap1uepou ue
1onbko npn aueppeunn M2M-peueun kouuepecknun
opraun1ansun, uo n npn peann1ann 1eneuepnnucknx
npoek1oa. B ac1uoc1n, c ncnonb1oaauneu kauanoa co1oao
cas1n MTC pa6o1am1 uo6nnbube kappnorpab, yc1auoa-
neuube a uaunuax ckopo nouon a Bopoue+cko o6na-
c1n, Rpacuopapckou kpae, Pecny6nnke Roun n Ypuyp1nn.
Ee opuo nu1epecuoe peueune ceropus aueppse1cs
a anbueaoc1ouou epepanbuou yunaepcn1e1e. 31o
uo6nnbuoe npnno+eune, c nouobm ko1oporo apa
knnunkn nnn ckopo nouon uo+e1 nocuo1pe1b ua caoeu
nnauue1e pauube o naneu1e o1 ero o1o, ao1pac1a,
ao1uo+ubx anneprnecknx peakn po nonuo nc1opnn
6one1un. Dpn a1ou cauo npnno+eune uo+e1 xpaun1b
ueorpauneuuoe konnec1ao nuopuann ouo o6nauoe.
Doxo+n npoek1 peann1ye1cs a Tmueucko o6nac1n, rpe ace
uepnnuckne ype+peuns nopknmeub k epnuo o6nauo
nna1opue.
Tau6oackas o6nac1b aouna a ncno ns1n nnno1ubx perno-
uoa Poccncko Oepepann, rpe aueppse1cs npoek1 no
aa1oua1n1ann ckopo nouon. 0cuoauas enb aueppeuns
uoao cnc1eub ynopspon1b n yckopn1b pa6o1y cny+6
ckopo nouon. Cnc1eua aa1oua1neckn npepnarae1
uan6onee 6nn1kym k uec1y ab1oaa 6pnrapy ckopo nouon,
c1pon1 uapupy1 npoe1pa c ye1ou popo+uo cn1yann, npn
ueo6xopnuoc1n no1aonse1 npoaec1n ceauc anpeocas1n
c 6pnrapo. Rpoue 1oro, nporpauuuoe o6ecneeune
no1aonn1 aa1oua1neckn nepepaaa1b n nonya1b pauube n1
nu1erpnpoaauuo anek1pouuo uepnnucko kap1b
6onbuoro. Cnc1eua 1ak+e pae1 ao1uo+uoc1b a pe+nue
peanbuoro apeueun ua6nmpa1b 1a aceun noka1a1ensun
pa6o1b cny+6 ckopo nouon n opunpoaa1b onn-
anbuym o1e1uoc1b c abcoko c1eneubm an1yann1ann.
pyro aneueu1 yuuo conanbuo nupac1pyk1ypb
anek1pouuoe npaan1enbc1ao. 0pnu n1 uan6onee pa1an1bx
nop1anoa rocycnyr Poccnn anek1pouuoe npaan1enbc1ao
Ta1apc1aua. Ceropus 6onee 2b 1bc. cny+anx, aknmas
neuoa Dpaan1enbc1aa Pecny6nnkn Ta1apc1au, pa6o1am1
a epnuo ue+aepouc1aeuuo cnc1eue anek1pouuoro
pokyueu1oo6opo1a, o6epnusme ace opraub rocypap-
c1aeuuo anac1n pecny6nnkn. R ue nopknmeub ace
ununc1epc1aa, aepouc1aa n uyunnnann1e1b, 6onee
2,b 1bc. rocypapc1aeuubx n uyunnnanbubx ype+peun,
a 1ak+e psp kouuepecknx opraun1an pecny6nnkn.
Pa6o1a c anek1pouubun pokyueu1aun no1aonnna roccny-
+anu 6onee aek1nauo pacnops+a1bcs pa6onu
apeueueu, 1uan1enbuo cokpa1n1b cpokn paccuo1peuns
pokyueu1oa n npnus1ns aa+ubx peueun, a 1ou ncne
cas1auubx c o6paeunsun rpa+pau. Huoua1b 3nek-
1pouub Ta1apc1au anek1pouube 1epunuanb, no1ao-
nsmne nm6ouy rpa+paunuy nonya1b rocypapc1aeuube
ycnyrn nu1epak1nauo a pe+nue cauoo6cny+naauns.
Ceropus a ropopax n cenax Pecny6nnkn Ta1apc1au
yc1auoaneuo 6onee 300 nuoua1oa a uan6onee nmpubx
uec1ax, a 1ak+e a uec1ax npepoc1aaneuns rocycnyr.
C nouobm nuoua1a uo+uo nonyn1b nuopuanm o6
ycnyre, 1anonun1b 6naukn, nonyn1b anpeokoucynb1anm,
1annca1bcs a oepepb, onna1n1b nounnub n u1pab,
a 1ak+e cpena1b a1uoc a psp 6naro1aopn1enbubx oupoa.
Conanbuas nupac1pyk1ypa
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
2I
Dpnno+euns
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
DPH!0hEHHE I
22
Yuub ropop. ocuoaube kounoueu1b
Yuuas auepre1nka
Yuube ce1nkn
Ynpaaneune
cnpocou
Hupac1pyk1ypa
pns
anek1pouo6nne
Pacnpepeneuuas
auepre1nka
Huopuanouuas
ocuaeuuoc1b
Yuuas napkoaka
B1nuaune nna1b
a onpepeneuubx
1ouax
Hu1ennek1yanbube
1paucnop1ube
cnc1eub
Yuub 1paucnop1
Yuuoe
aopononb1oaaune &
y1nnn1ans
Yuube
ce1nkn aopb
06uapy+eune
y1eek, lHC
Ynpaaneune
c1nxnubun
6epc1ansun
5e1onacuoc1b
Ypaneuube cepancb
(o6pa1oaaune,
uepnnua)
3nek1pouuoe
npaan1enbc1ao
Yuuas conanbuas
nupac1pyk1ypa
Yuube 1pauns
Cnc1eub
ypaneuuoro
poc1yna
Yuube
npnno+euns
n yc1poc1aa
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
DPH!0hEHHE 2
23
Yuuas auepre1nka
Maccoaas reuepans n xpaueune Depepaa n pacnpepeneune Do1pe6neune
Tnnnub auepre1neckn okyc
a yuuou ropope
Yuube
ce1nkn
Hupac1pyk1ypa
pns
anek1pouo6nne
Pacnpepeneuuas
auepre1nka
Ynpaaneune
cnpocou
HCOn|. nCCejO|Jne BCC tBOtO| CO|u|t||q C|Oup)
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
DPH!0hEHHE 3
24
Yuub ropop Courpo
Courpo nepsm yuum ropop s Kmuo Kopee, uo1opm
pemeuo qenMuou M nonuoc1bm noc1poM1b c uyna. Ce+ac
Courpo npau1M+ecuM ro1os u saceneuMm. lopop pacc+M1au
ua 5 1mc. +enoseu, uo1opme ypy1 o1Mpa1bca no cneqM-
anbumu 1ec1au ua yposeub l. Courpo ypy1 npMcy1-
c1sosa1b sce aneueu1m yuuoro ropopa.
Ynnube kauepb 6ypy1 o1cne+naa1b konnec1ao neue-
xopoa ua 1po1yape. 1o6b cun1n1b pacxopb ua akcnnya-
1anm, ocaeeune uo+uo 6ype1 npnrnyun1b ua nyc1bx
ynnax n cpena1b spe ua nmpubx. Mo+uo 6ype1 o1cne-
+naa1b yac1kn popo+uoro nono1ua n nu+euepubx coopy-
+eun, rpe cnepye1 o+npa1b noape+peun, 1eu caubu
n16eras ao1unkuoaeuns npo6ok n cy+euns popor n1-1a
uacu1a6ubx popo+ubx pa6o1.
5onee 1oro, pns npepo1apaeuns cno+uoc1e c popo+ubu
1pankou k uouepubu 1uakau aa1ouo6nne npnkpens1
RFl D-ue1kn kpoueube nu1erpanbube cxeub,
cua6+euube ununa1mpubun au1euuaun, uac1poeuubun ua
onpepeneuuym ac1o1y. Daccnaubu RFlD-ue1kau ue uy+eu
ac1poeuub nc1ounk nn1auns. 3nek1po1ok, nupynpo-
aauub a au1euue anek1pouarun1ubu cnruanou o1 cn1baa-
1ens, pac1 nny a ue1ke ao1uo+uoc1b cpa6o1a1b n nepepa1b
o1ae1ub cnruan. 31o no1aonse1 eu1panbuouy y1ny,
co6npameuy nuopuanm, perynnpoaa1b npopon+n1enb-
uoc1b cnruanoa cae1oopoa, opraun1oabaa1b o6e1pb
n abpaaa1b pauune npepynpe+peuns.
Cae1oopb a Courpo 1ak+e abcoko1exuonornub naunb
uakannaauns a unx 1aueus1 cae1opnopb, pacxopymne a
I00 pa1 ueubuym uouoc1b, eu naunb o6bkuoaeuubx
cae1oopoa. Tak+e nu1erpnpoaaub 1apspube c1aunn pns
rn6pnpubx n anek1pnecknx 1paucnop1ubx cpepc1a.
3konorneckn acnek1 a Courpo 1ak+e oeub pa1an1. Dpopy-
uauuoe o1eneueune, nnaueabe uakonn1enn n onc1ka
c1okoa n1 pakoanu, nocypouoeubx n c1npanbubx uaunu
no1aons1 cnc1euau nppnrann Courpo ncnonb1oaa1b a I0 pa1
ueubuee konnec1ao nc1o aopb, eu a o6buou ropope.
Pac1n1enbuoc1b ua kpbuax yueubun1 nnaueabe c1okn
n onc1n1 okpy+amn ao1pyx. Mycopube 6akn a ropope
co6npa1bcs ue 6ypy1. n ana+ub, n cyxo uycop ypanse1cs
eu1pann1oaauuo nueaua1necko cnc1euo c6opa, 1ak
1o ua ynnax ue 6ype1 rpy1oankoa c uycopou.
Conanbuas nupac1pyk1ypa 1ak+e pa1an1a. Ra+pb
+n1enb ropopa nonyn1 cuap1-kap1y, ko1opas 6ype1 ero
nnubu knmou ko aceuy a ropope. noe1pkau a ue1po,
onna1e napkoaouoro uec1a, npocuo1py nnbua, npoka1y
6ecnna1uoro o6ec1aeuuoro aenocnnepa n 1. p. Dpneu
1akas cuap1-kap1a ue npeu1nnnpye1 nonb1oaa1ens
coo1ae1c1ayme ycnyrn.
locypapc1aeuuas lT-nupac1pyk1ypa yas1aua c pouauunun
ce1sun 1ak, 1o +n1enn nuem1 poc1yn k caonu pauubu n1
nm6o 1okn ropopa. Becb kou1eu1 (o1orpann, uy1bka,
anpeo) poc1yneu epe1 uo6nnbube yc1poc1aa c nouobm
6ecnpoaopuo unpokononocuo cas1n, ropopcknx nuop-
uanouubx knockoa n o6ec1aeuubx akpauoa.
B uy1esx ropopa ec1b ac1poeuube cpepc1aa 6e1onacuoc1n,
ko1opbe o1cne+naam1 noce1n1ene, 6ny+pamnx no
1anau, n no1epsaunxcs pe1e, a 1ak+e npepo1apaam1
kpa+n. Ypo6ube npnno+euns aa1oua1neckn cunuam1
peubrn co ce1a noce1n1ens, kak 1onbko ou nepec1ynae1
nopor uy1es.
Courpo 1ak+e 1a6o1n1cs o 6e1onacuoc1n +n1ene. o1penb-
uo c1on1 o1ue1n1b cny+6y, ko1opas c nouobm uo6nnbubx
ceucopubx 1exuonorn uoun1opn1 coc1osune 1popoabs
no+nnbx nmpe, oco6euuo opnuoknx, n npn ueo6xopn-
uoc1n onepa1nauo pearnpye1 ua cn1yanm, aa1oua1neckn
ab1baas ueo6xopnuym uepnnuckym cny+6y.
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
DPH!0hEHHE 4
2b
5mp+e1b nuuoaanouubx ropopoa
HCOn|. CNew
Courpo
+a1au
Hckaupap
PlanlT
KAEC
!aaaca
Macpap
K+uas Ropes
Caypoackas Apaans
Mana1ns
Dop1yranns
Caypoackas Apaans
Hupns
0A3
40
30
30
29
26
20
I6
20Ib
20I6
202b
20Ib
ue onpepeneu
2020
20I8
lopop C1paua
bmpme1,
$ unpp
lop ouou+auMa
npoeu1a
Yuub ropop. nnpepc1ao MTC a cerueu1e M2M
Rec uanncau
n ony6nnkoaau Changellenge >> -
aepye opraun1ane no kecau
a Poccnn.
www.changellenge.com
info@changellenge.com
vk.com/changellengeglobal
facebook.com/changellenge
Rec co1pau no 1aka1y
0A0 Mo6nnbube TeneCnc1eub
http.//www.mts.ru/