You are on page 1of 11

List of difficult verbs

I. Vowel verbs
a) regular
1 paideu,w I educate paideu,sw evpai,deusa pepai,deuka pepai,deumai evpaideu,qhn
2
qhra,w
-a/n
I catch qhra,sw evqh,rasa teqh,raka teqh,ramai evqhra,qhn
3
tima,w
-a/n
I honor timh,sw evti,mhsa teti,mhka teti,mhmai evtimh,qhn
4
poie,w
-ei/n
I make poih,sw evpoi,hsa pepoi,hka pepoi,hmai evpoih,qhn
5
doulo,w
-ou/n
I serve doulw,sw evdou,lwsa dedou,lwka dedou,lwmai evdoulw,qhn
b) particular
6
eva,w,
eva/n
I allow eva,sw ei;asa ei;aka ei;amai eiva,qhn
7 de,w I bind dh,sw e;dhsa de,deka de,demai evde,qhn
8 qu,w I sacrifice qu,sw e;qusa te,quka te,qumai evtu,qhn
9 lu,w I loose lu,sw e;lusa le,luka le,lumai evlu,qhn
1
0
fu,w I grow fu,sw e;fusa evfu,hn
1
1
fu,omai I spring up fu,somai e;fun pe,fuka
1
2
aivne,w
-ei/n
I praise -aivne,sw /&omai -h;|nesa h;|neka h|;nhmai h|vne,qhn
1
3
cra,wmai
-a/sqai
I use crh,somai evcrhsa,mhn ke,crhmai evcrh,sqhn
1
4
za,w, zh/n I live zh,sw /zh,somai e;zhsa
1
5
peina,w
-a/n
I hunger peina,sw evpei,nasa
1
6
gela,w
-a/n
I laugh gela,sw /&omai evge,lasa gege,lasmai evgela,sqhn
1
7
spa,w
-a/n
I draw -spa,sw -e;spasa e;spaka -e;spasmai -evspa,sqhn
1
8
tele,w
-ei/n
I finish telw/( tele,sw! evte,lesa tete,leka tete,lesmai evtele,sqhn
1
9
avrke,w
-ei/n
I suffice avrke,sw h;rkesa hvrke,sqhn
2
0
avkou,w I hear avkou,sw /&omai h;kousa avkh,koa h;kousmai hvkou,sqhn
2
1
lou,w I wash lou,sw e;lousa le,loumai evlou,qhn
2
2
cri,w I anoint cri,sw e;crisa ke,crika ke,crimai evcri,sqhn
2
3
klei,w I shut klei,sw e;kleisa ke,kleika ke,kleimai evklei,sqhn
2
4
r`u,omai I deliver r`u,somai evr$rusa,mhn evr$ru,sqhn
2
5
kale,w
-ei/n
I call kalw/ /kale,sw evka,lesa ke,klhka ke,klhmai evklh,qhn
2
6
kai,w I burn -kau,sw -e;kausa ke,kauka ke,kaumai
evkau,qhn
/evka,hn
2
7
klai,w I weep klau,sw /&omai e;klausa ke,klauka ke,klaumai evklau,$sqhn
2
8
pne,w I blow pneu,somai e;pneusa
2
9
ce,w( cu,n
$nw
I pour cew/ /ce,w e;cea ke,cuka ke,cumai evcu,qhn
3
0
!r`e,w" I flow
r`eu,sw
/&omai/r`uh,soma
i
evrru,hn
poreu,oma
i
I travel poreu,somai pepo,reumai evporeu,qhn (dep.)
II !o"so"a"t verbs
a) palatal #k g c)
3
1
diw,kw I pursue diw,#w evdi,w#a dedi,wca dedi,wgmai evdiw,cqhn
3
2
feu,gw I flee feu,xomai e;fugon -pe,feuga
3
3
sulle,gw I pick up sulle,#w sune,le#a sunei,loca
sulle,legmai/
sunei,legmai
sunele,cqhn/
sunele,ghn
3
4
diale,gom
ai
I converse diale,#omai diele#a,mhn diele,cqhn
3
5
a;gw I lead a;xw h;gagon /-h;xa h=ca -h=gmai h;cqhn
3
6
avnoi,gw I open avnoi,xw
avne,w|xa /hvne,w|
xa /
h;noixa
avne,w|ga
h;noigmai /
avne,w|gmai/
hvn&
avnew|,cqhn
/hvn& /
hvnoi,cqhn
/hvnoi,ghn
3
7
a;rcw I rule a;r#w h$r#a h$rca h$rgmai h;rcqhn
3
8
a;rcomai I begin a;r#omai hvr#a,mhn
3
9
khru,ssw I proclaim khru,#w evkh,ru#a evkhru,cqhn
4
0
tara,ssw I disturb tara,#w evta,ra#a teta,raca teta,ragmai evtara,cqhn
4
1
ta,ssw I arrange ta,#w$ -ta,#omai e;ta#a te,taca te,tagmai
-evta,cqhn
/-evta,ghn
4
2
pra,ssw I do pra,#w e;pra#a
pe,praca
/&ga
pe,pragmai evpra,cqhn
4
3
fula,ssw I guard fula,#w evfu,la#a pefu,laca pefu,lagmai evfula,cqhn
4
4
plh,ssw I strike plh,#w -e;plh#a pe,plhga pe,plhgmai
evplh,ghn %
-evpla,ghn
4
5
evkplh,ss
omai
I stun evkplagh,somai evkpe,plhgmai ev#epla,ghn
4
6
-avlla,ssw I change -avlla,#w -h;lla#a h;llaca -h;llagmai -hvlla,ghn
4
7
a`rpa,%w I seize a`rpa,sw /&#w h&rpasa /&#a h&rpaka
hvrpa,ghn /
-hvrpa,sqhn
4
8
e&lkw I drag e`lku,sw /e&l#w ei&lkusa
4
9
kra,%w I cry out kra,#w /&#omai e;kra#a /e;kragon ke,kraga '
hkw I arrive hxw h!xa
evle,gcw I convict evle,gxw h;lehxa hvle,gcqhn
b) labial #p ( f)
5
0
pe,mpw I send pe,m)w e;pem)a pe,pomfa pe,pemmai -evpe,mfqhn
5
1
gra,fw I write -gra,)w e;gra)a ge,grafa ge,grammai evgra,fhn
5
2
!a&ptw" I kindle a&)w h*)a h*mmai -h&fqhn
5
3
a&ptomai I touch a&)omai h`)a,mhn
5
4
ko,ptw I cut ko,)w /&omai e;ko)a /&)a,mhn ke,kofa ke,kommai -evko,phn
5
5
kalu,ptw I cover kalu,)w evka,lu)a keka,lummai evkalu,fqhn
5
6
!qa,ptw" I bury qa,)w e;qa)a te,tafa te,qammai evta,fhn
5
7
lei,pw I leave -lei,"w -e;lipon /e;lei)a! le,loipa -le,leimmai -evlei,fqhn
5
8
s#re,fw I turn -s#re,"w e;s#re"a e;strofa
-e;s#rammai
-e;s#remmai
evs#ra,fhn
5
9
-#re,pw I turn tre,)w -e;#re"a te,trofa te,trammai
ev#ra,phn
/evtre,fqhn
6
0
tre,fw I nourish qre,)w e;qre)a te,trofa te,qrammai evtra,fhn
c) de"tal #t d q)
6
1
pei,qw
I
persuade
pei,sw e;peisa pe,peika pe,peismai evpei,sqhn
6
2
pei,qomai I obey pei,somai pe,poiqa ' pe,peismai evpei,sqhn
6
3
nomi,%w I think nomiw/ evno,misa neno,mika neno,mismai evnomi,sqhn
6
4
evrga,%o
mai
I work evrga,somai
hvrgasa,mhn
/eivrgasa,mhn
ei;rgasmai eivrga,sqhn
6
5
kaqi,%w I sit
kaqi,sw
/kaqi,somai
evka,qisa keka,qika
6
6
kaqi,%om
ai
I sit
kaqi,somai/kaqi%h
,somai
evkaqisa,mhn
6
7
!kaqe,%o
mai"
I sit
kaqh,somai
/kaqedou/mai
evkaqe%o,mhn
evkaqe,sqhn
(dep. I sat)
6
8
ka,qhmai I sit kaqh,somai
6
9
sw|,%w I save sw,sw e;swsa se,swka se,swsmai evsw,qhn
d) li&uid #l r)
7
0
de,rw I beat derw/ e;deira de,darka de,darmai evda,rhn
7
1
spei,rw I sow sperw/ e;speira e;sparka e;sparmai evspa,rhn
7
2
ai;rw I raise avrw/ h=ra h=rka h=rmai h;rqhn
7
3
evgei,rw I raise up evgerw/ h;geira
evgrh,gora
'
evgh,germai hvge,rqhn
7
4
-te,llw
-te,llomai
I
accomplis
h
telw/
-telou/mai
-e;teila
-evteila,mhn
-te,talka

-te,talmai

avgge,llw I tell -avggelw/ -h;ggeila -h;ggelmai -hvgge,lhn


7
5
$a,llw I throw $alw/ e;$alon $e,$lhka (e,(lhmai ev(lh,qhn
7
6
-s#e,llw I send -s#elw/ -e;s#eila -e;s#alka -e;s#almai -evs#a,lhn
7
7
fqei,rw I corrupt fqerw/ e;fqeira
e;fqarka/e;f
qora
-e;fqarmai evfqa,rhn
7
8
miai,nw I defile mianw/ evmi,ana memi,agka
memi,ammai
memi,asmai
evmia,nqhn
7
9
me,nw I remain menw/ e;meina meme,nhka
8
0
kri,nw I judge krinw/ e;krina ke,krika ke,krimai evkri,qhn
8
1
kli,nw I lean klinw/ e;klina ke,klika ke,klimai -evkli,qhn
8
2
cai,rw I rejoice
carh,somai
/cairh,sw
evca,rhn
$keca,rhka

evca,rhn
8
3
avpok#ei,n
w
I kill avpok#enw/ avpe,k#eina avpe,ktona avpek#a,nqhn
8
4
fai,nw I shine fanw/ e;fhna /e;fana pe,fagka pe,fasmai evfa,nqhn
8
5
fai,nomai I appear
fanou/mai
/fanh,somai
$pe,fhna' evfa,nhn
III 'erbs wit( e)te"ded prese"t ste*
a) -n- or -an-
86 !fqa,nw" I anticipate fqh,somai e;fqasa -e;fqaka
87 -$ai,nw I go -$h,somai -e;$hn -$e,$hka
88 -te,mnw I cut temw/ -e;temon te,tmhka -te,tmhmai -evtmh,qhn
89 evlau,nw I drive evlw/ h;lasa evlh,laka
evlh,la$s
mai
hvla,qhn
90 a%mar#a,nw I sin a%mar#h,sw
hmar#on
/h%ma,r#hsa
h%ma,r#hka
91
auv#a,nw(
au;#w
I grow
auv#h,sw
/&somai
au;#hsa hu;#hka hu;#hmai huv#h,qhn
kerdai,nw I gain
kerdh,sw
kerdanw/
evke,rdhsa
evke,rdana
evkerdh,qhn
xhrai,nw
xnrai,nomai
I dry up evxe,rana evxh,ramma evxhra,nqhn
b) -n- or -an- a"d "asal i"fi) i" root
92 lam$a,nw I take lh,&m'"omai e;la$on ei;lhfa -ei;lhmmai -evlh,&m'fqhn
93 lanqa,nw
I escape
notice
lh,sw e;laqon le,lhqa -le,lhsmai
94
evpilanqa,
nomai
I forget evpilh,somai evpelaqo,mhn evpile,lhsmai
95 manqa,nw I learn maqh,somai e;maqon mema,qhka
96 #ugca,nw I happen teu,#omai e;#ucon
#e,#&e
'uca/tetu,chk
a

97
punqa,nom
ai
I ask peu,somai evpuqo,mhn pe,pusmai
c) -sk- i" prese"t ste*
98 eu%ri,skw I find eu%rh,sw
eu!ron /hu*
&/eu*ra!
eurhka /hu&&
eu&rhmai/hu&
&
eu%re,qhn
/hu`&
99 avre,skw I please avre,sw h;resa
10
0
avpoqnh|,sk
w
I die
avpoqanou/m
ai
avpe,qanon #e,qnhka (
10
1
dida,skw I teach dida,#w evdi,da#a dedi,daca dedi,dagmai evdida,cqhn
d) reduplicatio"
10
2
gi,&g
'nomai
I become genh,somai evgeno,mhn ge,gona gege,nhmai evgenh,qhn
10
3
gi&g
'nw,skw
I perceive gnw,somai e;gnwn e;gnwka e;gnwsmai evgnw,sqhn
10
4
pi,p#w I fall pesou/mai
e;peson
/e;pesa!
pe,p#wka
10
5
#i,k#w I give birth #e,xomai e;#ekon te,toka ev#e,cqhn
10
6
avnamimn
h|,skw
I remind avnamnh,sw avne,mnhsa
10
7
minmh|,sko
mai
I
remember
mnhsqh,somai me,mnhmai evmnh,sqhn
e) -e- e)te"sio"
10
8
doke,w ei/n I suppose do,#w e;do#a
10
9
game,w
ei/n
I marry gamw/
evga,mhsa
/e;ghma
gega,mhka gega,mhmai evgamh,qhn
11
0
qe,lw
/evqe,lw
I wish evqelh,sw hvqe,lhsa hvqe,lhka
11
1
dei/
It is
necessary
deh,sei evde,hsen
11
2
de,omai I implore deh,somai
evdeh,qhn
#dep)
11
3
me,llw I am about mellh,sw evme,llhsa
11
(ou,lomai I wish (oulh,somai (e(ou,lhmai ev(oulh,qhn
4 #dep)
11
5
me,leimoi It matters melh,sei evme,lhsen
11
6
metame,lo
mai
I repent
metamelhqh,
somai

metemelh,qhn
#dep)
du,namai I can dunh,somai
hvdunh,qhn
(dep.)
/hvduna,sqhn
I' 'erbs wit( differe"t ste*s
11
7
e;cw I have exw /sch,sw e;scon e;schka e;schmai
11
8
avne,comai
I am
patient
avne,#omai avnesco,mhn
11
9
pi,nw I drink pi,omai e;pion pe,pwka pe,pomai -evpo,qhn
12
0
#re,cw I run dramou/mai e;dramon dedra,mhka
12
1
-ai%re,w
ei/n
ai%re,omai

I take
-e%lw/
ai%rh,somai
-ei!lon
ei%lo,mhn
h|rhka
-h|rhmai
-eirhmai
h%|re,qhn
-
12
2
evsqi,w
/e;sqw
I eat
e;domai
/fa,gomai!
e;fagon (e,(rwka
12
3
o%ra,w a/n I see o;"omai ei=don /ei$da!
e%w,raka
/e%o,raka
e`o,ramai/w$
mmai
w;fqhn
12
4
fe,rw I bear oi;sw h;negkon /&ka evnh,noca evnh,negmai hvne,cqhn
12
5
pa,scw I suffer pei,somai e;paqon pe,ponqa
12
6
le,gw I say evrw/ ei=pon /ei$pa ei;rhka ei;rhmai
evrre,qhn
/evrrh,qhn
12
7
fhmi+ I say fh,sw e;fhsa
12
8
e;rcomai I come
evleu,somai
/ei$mi
h=lqon /h$lqa! evlh,luqa
' 'erbs -mi
12
9
avpo,llumi
avpollu,w
I destroy
avpole,sw
avpolw/
avpw,lesa
avpwlo,mhn
avpolw,leka

13
0
avpo,lluma
i
I perish avpolou/mai avpwlo,mhn avpo,lwla
13
1
dei,knumi /
&nu,w
I show dei,xw e;deixa de,deica -de,deigmai evdei,cqhn
13
2
o;mnumi
/&nu,w
I swear ovmou/mai w;mosa
13
3
di,dwmi I give dw,sw e;dwka de,dwka de,domai evdo,qhn
13
4
#i,qhmi I place qh,sw
e;qhka
/evqe,mhn
te,qhka
#e,qeika
#e,qeimai
/kei/mai'
ev#e,qhn
13
5
-ihmi
-iw
I send
-hsw -h!ka
ei*ka
-ei!mai
-ewmai
-eqhn /ei&qhn
13
6
-is#hmi I stand s#h,sw e;s#h,sa evs#a,qhn
13
7
i&stamai I stay sth,somai e;sthn e&sthka '
13
8
pi,mplhmi I fill plh,sw e;plhsa pe,plhqa pe,plhsmai evplh,sqhn