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_________________ 2014 .

2014


.................................................................................................................................................. 3
I. .................................................................................................... 5
1.1. , . 5
1.2. (Saas, Pass, Iass) ...............................................................................12
1.3. .................................................................................................................19
1.4. , ...................................................................20
1.5. ......................................................................25
1.6. ..........................................................29
1.7. , (Paas, Iaas, Saas)
.....................................................................................................................................................36
1.8. ..............................................................43
II. ...............50
2.1. UCOZ ............................................................................................50
2.2. ...............................................................................................................................54
............................................................................................................................................59
..................................................................................................61


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:

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Ucoz;

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, ,
,
.

I.
1.1. ,

2007
, , . ,
, ,
,

.
- ,
, , , .
,
. ,
, .
,
. ,
Windows, Unix-
10 % 20 % , .

90- , . .
.
,
.
.

.
", , . .
, ,
.
,
.

.1.

.

. , -
.
:

40

. IBM.
, (
-). 60-

.
.

, ,

.
1990-,
.
1999 . VMware
CISC- x86 ,
x86
, , :

VMware ,
.

WMware

VMware vSphere 4,
, , .
VMware ESX Server.
WMware , ,
IT- : Oracle (Sun
Microsystems), Citrix Systems (Xen Sourse), Parallels ( SWsoft).
2003 , Microsoft.


, :

Windows 2008 Server R2 c Hyper-V;

Microsoft Application Virtualization (App-v);

Microsoft Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI);

Remote Desktop Services;

System Center Virtual Machine Manager.

,
, Amazon.
2006 , , ,


. Amazon EC2 -,
,
.
(Infrastructureas a Service IaaS).
, ,
.
, -,
,
[3].
,
.
.
, 2015
.
.
. , ,
, ( )
,
.
.
( , )
Microsoft ,
Intel AMD.
.

. 5-10
, 15 %, .
60-70 %.
,

5-10 .

,

.

. ,
.

. , Microsoft Windows Server


2008 Enterprise, 1
4 ( ), Windows
Server 2008 Datacenter ,
[1].
:

,
,

.
. , ,
, . ?
, , , .
.
,
,
, ,
( ).

.
linux windows , ,

.

.
,

. ,
, .

, ,
.

. ,

, .

.

, ,
.

2.

- ,
.
, ,
. ,
,

(Service-Oriented

Architecture,

SOA),

(ApplicationService Provider, ASP),ITIL / ITSM .

10


,
(, ASP).
-
, .
Web 2.0 -,
. -
-,
(API). ,
,
(, Facebook), ,

.
,
:
, ,
. ,
, .

11

1.2. (Saas, Pass, Iass)



.
,
-,
( ) , ,

.


, .
:
,
.
.
.

(Softwareas

Service,

SaaS) - ,
()
() . Feng Office
Community Edition, Simple Groupware, Zarafa .

Service,

( ) (Hardware as a

HaaS)

( , ..)
. ,
,
, .
Open VZ, Free VPS, Linux-VServer, Apache Hama,
GlusterFS Open Source Project, Moose File System (MooseFS) .,
Open Source Linode
.

(Communications as a Service CaaS)

12

IP- (VoIP), (IM), .


CaaS

. FOSS- Ekiga,
iLBC, Speex.

(Monitoring as a Service, MaaS)


. Open Source-
Ganglia, Zabbix, Hyperic HQ.
Nagios.

(Infrastructure as a Service,

IaaS) (
) .
IaaS SaaS, HaaS, ,
, CaaS MaaS
, , ,
.

Eucalyptus, OpenNebula, OpenStack, Nimbus .

(Platform as a Service, PaaS)


, , , ,
.
, .
Open Source Xen Cloud Platform,
Cloud Foundry, Apache Hadoop, Apache Hive .

( ) (Desktopas a

Service, DaaS) ,
.
, , , (
) ,
, .

(Workspaceas a Service,

WaaS) SaaS,
. DaaS
, .

13

, SaaS PaaS.
IaaS , ,
. SaaS
.
, Google
Microsoft, ,
.

(Everything as a service, EaaS)

,
. , ,
, Google Microsoft.

. 4. SaaS, PaaS, IaaS

IaaS ,
, .
, ,

14

, IaaS
, , ,
.

. ,
:

..);

);

, ,
, , ,
IaaS.
, .
:

, ,

, .

15

,
. , -,
, ,


.

,
. ,

. ,
.., ,
, , ,
, ,
.

. 5. IaaS

16

. 6. IaaS-

(PaaS) . -

.
.
:

PaaS
,
. PaaS , ,
-,
-, .
, .


PaaS.
AppEngine Google,
-,
( , ,
). Google AppEngine
AppScale, , , Google.

17

PaaS Microsoft Windows


Azure. Windows Azure ,
Microsoft ( SQL Azure SQL Server,
Exchange Online, Share Point Online Microsoft Dynamics CRM Online)
(.NET Framework Visual Studio, 2010
Windows Azure Tools). , Visual Studio
2010, , Windows Azure.
.
SaaS . SaaS
, ,
. .
SaaS:

.
SaaS ,
,
. , SaaS
.

. 7. SaaS

18

1.3.
.

( . Private cloud) ,

,
(, ),
.
( - ),
, .

( . Public cloud) ,

( - ).
.

( . Community cloud) ,


, (, , ,

).

,
( -
), ,
.

( . Hybrid cloud)

[1].

19

1.4. ,

.
,
, ,
.
, .
. ,
,
, .
, .. ,
.

.

.
,
, .
,
.
, .
.

.

.
. ,
.

.
,
.

.

20

. , ,
.
.
. ,

(,

).
,
.

.

,
.

, .
.
.

, .

.
,
.
,
( 1.). firewall
IT
, ,
.
.

21

. ,

, . ,
, firewall, ,
IPS , . ,
.

, .
:

: DoS-, -
,
, SQL-,
, .
,
,
.

, . , Cross Site
Scripting, , -,
.
(SSL)
. ,
.
.

.
.
,
. ,
.

, - ActiveDirectory,
,
-,

22

.
, , - .

, , ,
, .

,
.

Cloud

Security

Alliance

(CSA).

, .

. .

. ,
, ,
, .

.
, .
, AES,
TLS, IP sec .

, ,
.
, LDAP (Light
weight Directory Access Protocol) SAML (Security Assertion Markup Language).

.
, VPN (Virtual Private Network),
VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) VPLS (Virtual Private LAN Service).

. ,
,
.
. .

23



.
. ,
.
.

24

1.5.
.

, DVD CD
,
.
.
.

IT

. 10-15 %.
, ,
.
, 50 %.

.
,
,
.

. Cloud

Computing ,
.
, ,
.

,
. , ,
.
, .
, .
.

. ,

, ,

25

,
.

, ..
, .
, ,
. ,
-
.

. ,

,
.
,
.

Cloud Computing .
, Unix
Microsoft Windows ,
- .


,
, , Word 2007
Word 2003 OpenOffice.


,
.


-.

, . Cloud Computing

26

,
,
.
.
.
.

-.

Cloud Computing . .
,
, .
, ,
, .

. ,

- ,

.

,
. , GoogleDocs ,
Microsoft Excel.

,
.
cloud computing .

, , . ,

, ,
.

27

() . , ,

,
, .

.8.

28

1.6.
,
, ,
. ,
IT, .
,
.
,
, .. -
, , .. ,
. ,
,
.

. 9.


. ,
,
.
,

29

, , (,
Cloud Kick Rackspace System Center Microsoft).


.
,
, ,
, ,
. ,
, .
-,
: ,
,
.
-, ,
: .
, ,
.
-,
: ,

, ,
.

. , Amazon WebServices
,
,
Amazon. , Amazon Web Services
, ,
.
Microsoft,

: ,
-. , Microsoft
,

30

. Microsoft
Windows Azure
(
Web Worker). , System
Center,

.
.
. ,
,
-.
, WSP, Salesforce.com,
2010 Salesforce.com
170 900 ,
37 000 . , Salesforce.com,
, , :
Salesforce.com 95 % ,
, 64 %
.
Microsoft
Accenture, 2010 .
Microsoft

.
, ,
,

-.

31

. 10.

Microsoft
90 %.
, 90 %.
-,
, ,
2009 .

Greenqloud,

, [4].
.
,
.


-:

. -
:
,
.

32

, ,
. ,

. , .

.
2011 Enomaly. ,
SpotCloud,

,
Enomaly . :
, 500
. ,
: 2
, .
.
: , Amazon Web Services,
Salesforce.com Google ,
,
. , ,
. ,
, :
,
.

.
, , .
-,

, ,
. :
, .
, .
-,

,

33

.
.
-,
,
,
.

. -, ,
, .
,
, , .
, ,
, ,
Linux+Ruby,
. -, ,
. -,

: - ,
,

.
,
, IaaS- Eucalyptus,
-. Eucalyptus
:
, .
2010 OpenStack :
Eucalyptus, .
IaaS- , CloudStack Citrix
OpenNebula, .
IaaS. PaaS-
, VMware
Cloud Foundry. Cloud Foundry

(frameworks) , Spring, Rubyon Rails node.js,

34

. , Cloud Foundry
VMware,
Amazon Web Services .

as a Service. ,
IaaS, PaaS SaaS . ,
IaaS PaaS , , Windows Azure
Amazon Web Services, - .
, PaaS-, , SaaS, , ,
, SaaS
, ,
.
,
. , Gartner , , ,
Everything as a Service (
). Dell, ,
,
, Dell :

Computer as a Service;

Storage as a Service;

Virtual Desktop as a Service.


Hardwareas a Service Infrastructure as a
Service,
.

35

1.7. ,
(Paas, Iaas, Saas)
(BSA) 22 2013
,
. ,
16 , , 24 .
, IT-
,

.
IDC , 2015
1,2 .$.
, , ,
,
. :

. ,
,
, , , ,

, BSA.
,
- , . ,
, ,

.

36

. 10. BSA

. 11. BSA ()
2016. Orange Business Services

37

, 130 . $ 2013
530 . $ 2016 . IaaS
560 . $.
:
SaaS ( ) IaaS ( ).
50 % 40 % , .
PaaS ( ),
.
, ,
2016
. ,
,
.
13 % IT- .

32 % 633 . $. Parallels ( ,
)
2013 ,
. ,
32 %
20,5 . . ($633 .). : IaaS (7,8 .),
SaaS (7,4 .) - - (4,2 .).

(1,1 . .), ,
. 2016
2,2 55,6 . . (1,7 . . ) [2].
, Parallels :
,
. , 32 %, - 22 %,
- 19 %. , ,
2,2 . ,
:
- 65-70 % . Parallels
40 %-

38


[3].
IaaS . 2012
IaaS 36 %, 7,8 . . ($242 ) 15 %
, 9 % , 2012 .
IaaS 30 %
2016 17 . . ($526 .).
- 23 %,
4,2 . . ($128 .). 16 % (500 . )
. 54 %
- 10 % 2016 5,5 .
. ($171 .).
- - (SEO),
(CMS) . (SaaS). ,
7,4 . . ($228 .).
, :
66 % (
- 70 %);
60 % :
, , .
.
1,1 . ($33 ), 63 % 2016 4,5
. ($139 ).
IaaS ,
. CloudSigma,

. , , Slidebar / Parking,
,
,
, Amazon, .


.

39

.
, ,
CPU. .
,
(
).
ISP Server Selectel . ISP Server
, ,
. Selectel
,
, , ,
, ,
.
Amazon Web
Services, .
, , -
, .
, , ,
, ,
, . ,

: Amazon Web Services
- ,
.

,
. - ,
, .
SaaS

, . ,
,

40

. , ,
.

, .
, ,
,
,
.

. 12. SaaS

, ,
.
SaaS

1020 .
SaaS
SaaS
SaaS ,
.
, ,
,
.

41

Facebook, Google Microsoft,


, .

.
(, ,
) ,
-
. ,
.
PaaS 2014 - $100 $. IDC,
2014 . $380 .
1 %, $5 .
Forrester, , ,
Azure 2013 . $9 . ,
2013 . $100 .
(Microsoft) , .

Microsoft

.
Microsoft , SaaS
, . IDC
12 . $. 3 %,
, , .
, Azure ,
, .

42

1.8.
-
. SaaS-,
Google Apps, -.

, , , ,
-
. ,
, ,
,
. . ITU,
2012
13,28 . .
,
. , -
1,66 % ,
. (
),
13,28, 22,43 .,
. , ,
, ,
. BRICS
: ,
BRICS ,
.

43

. 13. ( )

ITU
: - ,
. ,
-
( , - 8
/ ). , ,

. , ITU Akamai,
:
-
, ,
. , ,
, 1 /
71 ., 936 .,

44

356 . ,
,
.

. 14.

45

. 15.

, ,
.
- .
- ,
, . :

, .
, , - ,
, 2030 ! ,
:

256 /.
.
.
. ,
, ,
.
- ,
, .

.

46

(Service Level Agreements).

, . ,
, .
, , , ,
,
.
.
, SLA , ,
:

( );

( );

IP-;

.
SLA Verizon

DoS-

.
,
,
.
,
,
.
- ,

: ,
.
-
-,
,
. ,
.

47

. 16.

? .
,
cloud- .

, ,
. , ,

. ,
,
[2].
,
- :

-152( ), ,
, . ,

,
[2].

48

. , ,

IT-:
, ,
. ,
, [2].
, ,
, .
, .
, ,
, ,
-152(" "),
, .
( ), ,
,
, - , 34
[2].

49

II.

2.1. UCOZ
UCOZ . uCoz
,
, , -, - .
. uCoz.ru 12-
.

,
, CMS
WoCatalog Pro. Perl. , 29
2005 , . 2007
, 2007 .
:

258 () ;

(),
, ;

, : 3 (,
, ), : 22
. ;

400 .
,
Depositfiles;

21 ;

/ MX , ,
;

FTP ;

50

WYSIWYG online ;

PDA;

RSS ;

jQuery (3
);

API ( );

( );

uID (uNet) (, -).

17.

51

-
UCoz. ,
;
,
. , ;
,
;
,
http://kurswork.ucoz.ru/forum;
,
;
, rss- ;
, ,
;
, ,
;
,
;
, ;
;
,
-;
,
, ;
FAQ - ;
,
;
;
ucoz, ,
-
;
,
;

52

, ,
, ;
, ;
- ,
(). ;
, YouTube.
YouTube;
" " - ,
.

53

2.2.

54

. 18.

.
,
( LiveInternet, IP ..).
, , .
,
.

. 19.

, ,
.

55

. 20.

. 21.

, IT.
.

56

. 22.

, .

. 23.

.
. ,
, , .

57

. 24.

, ,
. ,

58


, , .

.
, , .
.
, ,
, , ,
, ,
.
,
(SaaS, PaaS, IaaS etc.) , , , ,
.
Cloud Compting
. , , ,
, ,
, ,
.
, , ,
,
, . ,
, .
- ,
( ).

.

,
.
,
IT .
, ,

59

. Cloud
Computig , .

.
, ,
.
,
,

(, , ) IT
, .
, ,
.
UCoz,

.
, ,
, .
, , ,
IT- ,
. , , ,
, ,

, .
.

60


1. / . [
]

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9E%D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%
8B%D0%B5_%D0%B2%D1%8B%D1%87%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD
%D0%B8%D1%8F.
2. , . . . Cnews, 2011. 282 .
3. ., . /
//

. [ ] :

http://www.intuit.ru/studies/courses/673/529/info.
4. / : ?
[ ]: http://www.gosbook.ru/node/24989.
5. , / . -2011. 288 .
6. , . DOT.CLOUD. - - XXI
/ , 2011 256.
7. / uCoz. [ ]
: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/UCoz.

61

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