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.. , 2011
1.
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. 1. : ;
1

ANSYS
,
: .
(Eigenvalue Buckling Analysis), , . .
.
(Nonlinear buckling analysis)

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,
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, ,
, ..

. ,
.


.

. 2. :
1 ; 2 ; 3, 5 ; 4, 6 ;
7,8,9,10 ; 11, 12 ;
13, 14,15,16

2.
. 2

.
(4 . 2).
L = 0,78 ;
D = 0,030
d = 0,02 (. 3).
, , . 3.

, 21398 490 . , ,
, P =
28950 .
:
( D 2 d 2 ) (0,030 2 0,02 2 )
F

3,927 10 4 4 .
4
4

:
J

( D 4 d 4 ) (0,030 4 0,02 4 )

3,191 10 8 4 .
64
64

2 EJ
P
( L) 2 ,
E ( E 2 1011 ), , ( 1 ).
,
, :
P

2 2 1011 3,191 10 8
103,52 .
0,78 2

, , , [1],
1,5, :

P
P

3,576 .

ANSYS .
( ) (prestress effects), 4

. ,
.
1. ANSYS : Utility
Menu>File>Change Jobname. : link1.db.
2. : Main Menu>Preprocessor.
3. .
3.1. : Modeling>Create>Keypoints>
In Active CS
Keypoint
number
1
2

0
0

0
0.78

0
0

3.2. : Modeling>Create>Lines>Lines>Straight Line


.
4.
. , BEAM3.
Element Type>Add / Edit / Delete Add, Beam / 2D elastic (BEAM3), OK,
.
Material Props>Material Model,
Define Material Model Behavior Structural/Linear/Elastic/Isotropic EX=2e11 ( ), PRXY=0.3 ( ), OK, .
Real Constants> Add / Edit / Delete Add, OK, Real Constants for BEAM3 :
AREA = 3.927e-4 ,
IZZ = 3.191e-8 ,

HEIGHT = 0.03 (), OK,


.
5. .
5.1. (100) : Meshing>MeshToolSize Controls: Global Set NDIV=100, OK.
5.2 :
MeshTool Mesh, Pick All Mesh
Lines.
6. : Main Menu>Solution.
7. .
7.1.
x y: Define Loads>Apply>Structural> Displacement>On Keypoints ,
, OK, VALUE = 0 UX, UY.
7.2.
x: Define Loads>Apply>Structural> Displacement>On Keypoints
, , OK,
VALUE = 0 UX.
7.3.

Define

Loads>Apply>Structural>Force/Moment
> On Keypoints ,
, OK,
VALUE = -1 FY.

(. 4), . 4.

.
6

8. : Analysis Type>New Analysis>Static, OK.


,
(prestress effects).
: Analysis Type>Soln Controls
Calculate prestress effects.
9. : Solve>Current LS, OK. . ANSYS
Solution is done!
10. .
10.1. : Analysis Type>New Analysis>Eigen Buckling, OK. .
10.2. : Analysis
Type>Analysis Option, NMODE = 1, OK.
10.3. : Solve>Current LS, OK. . ANSYS Solution is done!
11. .

LOAD MULTIPLIER, . LOAD MULTIPLIER ANSYS Output
Window .

103530,27.
1,
,
. , , -

. 5.

0,01%.
(. 5) ,
: Main Menu>General Postproc>Read Results>First
Set, Main Menu>General Postproc>Plot Results> Deformed Shape.
3.
,
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, .
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, .
, , .
ANSYS -.
,
.
(. . 4) ,
x.
, ANSYS .
1. : Main Menu>Solution.
2. : Analysis Type>New Analysis>Static, OK.
3. :

Analysis Type>Soln

Control
(. 6):
Large Displacement Static ;
8

. 6. Solution Controls

Automatic time stepping, On ;


Number of substeps, 20 (
);
Max no. of substeps, 1000 , ;
Min no. of substeps 20 (
);
Write every substeps .
4. 105 : Define Loads>Apply> Structural> Force/Moment> On Keypoints , , OK,
VALUE = -105000 FY.
5. 50 , ( 52): Define Loads>Apply>Structural>Force/Moment>On Nodes ,
52, OK,
VALUE = 50 FX.

(. 7), .

6. : Solve>Current LS, OK. . ANSYS


Solution is done!
7. .

52 ()
,
2 ( ).
7.1.
POST26: Main Menu>TimeHist Postpro
7.2.
+ (Add Data),
: Nodal Solution>DOF Solu. 7.

tion>X-Component of displacement,
Variable Name Dis-

placement, OK, 52, OK.


7.3. + (Add Data), : Nodal
Solution>Reaction Forces>Structural Forces>Y-Component of force, Variable Name Force, OK, 2, OK.
Displacement Force (. 8).
7.4. X-Axis Force,
Displacement, Graph Data. ANSYS (. 9, ) .

10

. 8. Time History Variable

Data Properties,
0 100 (. 9, ). , , 80 90 10 0,25 0,5
, .. . , ,
, , 8090 .

. 9. :
;

4.
, , , ,
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11

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,
. , .

-4320 (. 10), ( 1 ), , , ()
.

,
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. 10.
-4320

2.01.07-85 -

[2] . , 6 ,
0,5 2,5 . -4320 , , ..
2,5 .
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12

( Ural_roof_smooth.IGS)
( Ural_roof.IGS) ANSYS
Workbench 12.1.
4.1
.

(. 11), Ural_roof_smooth.IGS.
, SolidWorks, .
,

(). , . 11.

,
.
1. ANSYS Workbench 12.1
.
1.1. :
Analysis Systems > Static Structural (ANSYS); ; :
.
1.2. Geometry
( ) Import Geometry > Browse Ural_roof_smooth.IGS.
13

2. :
Model Edit (. 12)
(Outline),
.
(Details of ), . .

. 12. ANSYS Workbench

3. : File > Save Project :


Ural_roof_smooth.wbpj.
.
4. : Outline > Model (A4) > Geometry
> Part 1; Details of Part 1 > Thickness > 0,001.
5. - .
14

5.1. ( ): Mesh Insert


> Method , ; Details
of Automatic Method > Geometry > Apply; Details of Automatic Method
> Method > Uniform Quad.
5.2. (0,02 ): Details of Uniform
Quad Method > Element Size > 0,02.
5.3. : Mesh Generate Mesh. . : Details of Mesh > Statictics.
6. .
6.1. (. 13, ): Static Structural (A5) Insert > Fixed
Support; , CTRL;
Details of Fixed Support > Geometry > Apply.
6.2. : Static Structural (A5) Insert > Displacement; 5
, , CTRL;
Details of Displacement > Geometry > Apply; Details of Displacement >
X Component > 0.
6.3. (.
13, ): Static Structural (A5) Insert > Pressure; , CTRL; Details of Pressure > Geometry > Apply; Details of Pressure >
Define By > Components; Details of Pressure > Z Component > -1.
7. (
):
15

. 13. : ;

Solution (A6) Insert > Stress >


Equivalent (von-Mises).
8. : Static Structural (A5) Solve.
Solution (A6) .
, ,
Equivalent Stress.
9. .
9.1. .
: Analysis Systems > Linear Buckling (ANSYS);
( ) , Solution .
. 14.
9.2. , Linear Buckling (B5).
: Solution (B6) Insert > Deformation > Total.
16

. 14. Linear Buckling

9.3. : Linear Buckling (B5) Solve. Solution (B6)


.
10.
, : Linear Buckling (B5) > Solution (B6) > Total
Deformation. , Details of Total Deformation
Results > Load Multiplier 1169, , .
, (2,5 ), ,
.

17

4.2
(. 15), Ural_roof.IGS. .
1.
.
1.1.
: File > New.

: Analysis Systems >
Static Structural (ANSYS);

. 15.

: .
1.2. Geometry
( ) Import Geometry > Browse Ural_roof.IGS.
2. :
Model Edit.
3. : File > Save Project :
Ural_roof.wbpj.
4. : Outline > Model (A4) > Geometry
> Part 1; Details of Part 1 > Thickness > 0,001.
5. - .
5.1. ( ): Mesh Insert
> Method , ; Details
18

of Automatic Method > Geometry > Apply; Details of Automatic Method


> Method > Uniform Quad.
5.2. (0,02 ): Details of Uniform
Quad Method > Element Size > 0,02.
5.3. : Mesh Generate Mesh. .
6. .
6.1. (. . 13, ):
Static Structural (A5) Insert >
Fixed Support; ,
CTRL; Details of Fixed Support > Geometry > Apply.
6.2. : Static Structural (A5) Insert > Displacement; 12
, , CTRL;
Details of Displacement > Geometry > Apply; Details of Displacement >
X Component > 0.
6.3. ,
: Static Structural (A5) Insert > Pressure; 48 , CTRL; Details of Pressure > Geometry > Apply;
Details of Pressure > Define By > Components; Details of Pressure > Z
Component > -1.
7. (
):
Solution (A6) Insert > Stress >
Equivalent (von-Mises).
8. : Static Structural (A5) Solve.
19

Solution (A6) .
, ,
Equivalent Stress.
9. .
9.1. .
: Analysis Systems > Linear Buckling (ANSYS);
( ) , Solution .
. 14.
9.2. , Linear Buckling (B5).
: Solution (B6) Insert > Deformation > Total.
9.3. : Linear Buckling (B5) Solve. Solution (B6)
.
10.
, : Linear Buckling (B5) > Solution (B6) > Total
Deformation. , Details of Total Deformation
Results > Load Multiplier 5469,5,
, .
(. 16), . 2,19
20

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: 3 . . 3 / .. , .. , .. .;
. .. . .: - . .. , 2008. 432 .: .
2. 2.01.07-85 .

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