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Types of Copper Network Cables

■ Coaxial Cables

■ Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP)

■ Shielded Twisted Pair (STP )

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Coaxial Cable

Coaxial cable is comprised of :


■ Central conductor
■ Dielectric material
■ Copper braid
■ PVC jacket. Braided Shield Conductor

PVC Jacket Dielectric

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Coaxial Cable Characteristics

■ The center conductor and the braided shield


make up the two paths of a signal circuit.

■ Two types of coaxial cable used in networks


are:
– RG-6 (10Base5) Thicknet cable.
– RG-58 (10Base2) Thinnet cable.

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Unshielded Twisted Pair

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Unshielded Twisted Pair
Characteristics
■ Typical impedance is 100 ohms.
■ Contains four pairs of 22 or 24 gauge solid
copper wire.
■ Relatively small diameter of 0.17” makes it
easy to install.
■ Has no physical shielding.
■ Uses cancellation effect to reduce crosstalk
and EMI/RFI noise.
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Categories of UTP Cables

■ Category 1 - Not Rated


■ Category 2 - Telephone Wiring
■ Category 3 - 10Base-T Ethernet
■ Category 4 - 16 Mbs Token Ring
■ Category 5 - 100Base-T Ethernet

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Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)

Shield Drain Wire

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Shielded Twisted Pair
Characteristics
■ Available for:
– 100 ohm 10Base-T
– 150 ohm Token Ring

■ Utilize both shielding and cancellation


interference techniques.

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Typical Fiber Optic Cable

J acket Buffer Cladding Core

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Fiber Optic Cable Characteristics
■ Immune to electrical interference
■ Extremely secure
■ Very low loss
■ Very expensive to install and maintain
■ Requires electrical-optical-electrical signal
conversion

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