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ES-2024

Ethernet


3.80
6/2007
1

IP-

http://192.168.1.1

admin

1234

www.zyxel.com




, ES2024 Web-.
TCP/IP.



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Web-
Web-
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, ES-2024 .

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Web.


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Web- ZyXEL

www.zyxel.com.

, . ,

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The Technical Writing Team,
ZyXEL Communications Corp.,
6 Innovation Road II,
Science-Based Industrial Park,
Hsinchu, 300, .
E-mail: techwriters@zyxel.com.tw

ES-2024

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ES-2024


............................................................................................................................... 27
................................................................................................... 29
........................................................... 35
............................................................................................ 39

........................................................................................................... 45
Web- ................................................................................................................... 47
................................................................................................. 57
............................................................................... 61
............................................................................................................... 67

.................................................................................................... 81
(VLAN) .................................................................................... 83
MAC- ............................................... 95
............................................................................................................................... 99
.......................................................................................... 101
.................................................................................117
..............................................................................119
...................................................................................................... 123
................................................................................................................. 127
........................................................................................................ 135
............................................................................................. 139
............................................................................................... 143
...................................................................................................................... 147
......................................................................................................... 163
IP- ............................................................................................ 177
............................................................................................. 189

IP- .................................................................................................................... 193


......................................................................................................... 195
................................................................................. 199
DHCP ...................................................................................................................................... 203

.......................................................................................................................... 211
........................................................................................................................ 213
................................................................................................................... 221
............................................................................................................................ 241

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Syslog .................................................................................................... 243
........................................................................................................ 247
MAC- .......................................................................................................... 255
ARP .......................................................................................................................... 259
...................................................................................................... 261

........................................................................................................ 263

10

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................................................................. 3
.......................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................... 6
.................................................................................................................. 9
............................................................................................................................ 11
............................................................................................................... 19
................................................................................................................... 23

I: ................................................................................. 27
1
............................................................................................... 29
1.1 ............................................................................................................................ 29
1.1.1 ......................................................................... 29
1.1.2 ............................................................................. 30
1.1.3 ................................................................. 30
1.1.4 VLAN IEEE 802.1Q ................................... 31
1.2 ................................................................................ 32
1.3 ............................................................ 32

2
.................................................... 35
2.1 ............................................................................................................ 35
2.2 ...................................................................................... 36
2.2.1 ................................. 36
2.2.2 ................................................................. 36
2.2.3 ............................................................................. 37

3
........................................................................................ 39
3.1 ................................................................................... 39
3.1.1 ...................................................................................................... 40
3.1.2 Ethernet .......................................................................................................... 40

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3.1.3 Mini-GBIC ....................................................................................................... 41
3.2 .................................................................................................................... 42
3.2.1 ........................................................................................................ 42
3.3 ........................................................................................................................ 43

II: ........................................................... 45
4
Web- ................................................................................................................ 47
4.1 ............................................................................................................................ 47
4.2

................................................................................................................ 47

4.3 (Status)

................................................................................................. 48

4.3.1

................................................................................................. 54

4.4 ................................................................................................ 54
4.5
4.6

................................................................................................ 54

......................................................................................................... 55

4.6.1 ............................................................................... 55
4.7 Web- ........................................................................................... 56
4.8 ............................................................................................................................. 56

5
............................................................................................ 57
5.1 .................................................................................................................................. 57
5.1.1 VLAN ....................................................... 57
5.1.2 VID ........ 59
5.1.3 IP- .............................................. 60

6
......................................................................... 61
6.1 .................................................................................................................................. 61
6.2
6.2.1 Status: Port Details

................................................................ 61

.................................................................................... 62

7
........................................................................................................... 67
7.1 .................................................................................................................................. 67
7.2 .................................................................................................... 67
7.3

............................................................................................................ 70

7.4 (VLAN) ......................................................... 72


7.5 Switch Setup ........................................................................................................... 73
7.6 IP

12

................................................................................................. 74

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7.6.1 IP- .......................................................................................................... 75
7.7 .............................................................................................................. 77

III: .................................................... 81
8
(VLAN) .............................................................................. 83
8.1
( IEEE 802.1Q) ................................................................................................. 83
8.1.1 ................................................................. 84
8.2 VLAN ................................................................................ 84
8.2.1 GARP ........................................................................................................ 84
8.2.2 GVRP ........................................................................................................ 84
8.3 VLAN ............................................................................................ 85
8.4 VLAN .............................................................................................................. 86
8.5 VLAN ............................................................................................................. 86
8.5.1 VLAN ................................................................................. 86
8.5.2 VLAN

..................................................... 87

8.5.3 VLAN ................................................................................. 88


8.5.4 VLAN ............................................................................................ 89
8.6 VLAN

............................................................................. 91

8.6.1 VLAN ........................................................................ 92

9
MAC-........................................ 95
9.1 .................................................................................................................................. 95
9.2 MAC- ......................................... 95

10
............................................................................................................................ 99
10.1 ................................................................................... 99

11
..................................................................................... 101
11.1 STP/RSTP ....................................................................................... 101
11.1.1 STP ................................................................................................ 102
11.1.2 STP .................................................................................. 102
11.1.3 STP ................................................................. 103
11.1.4 MSTP ..................................................................................................... 103
11.2 ................................................... 106
11.3

........................................... 106

11.4

........................................ 109

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11.5 MSTP

........................................................................................110

11.6 MSTP

.....................................................................................114

12
.......................................................................... 117
12.1 ......................................................117

13
...................................................................... 119
13.1 ....................................119

14
................................................................................................... 123
14.1 .............................................................. 123

15
.............................................................................................................. 127
15.1 ............................................................................................. 127
15.2 ............................................................................... 127
15.2.1 .................................................................... 128
15.3 ...................................................................................... 128
15.4 ..................................................................................... 129
15.5 LACP

..................................................... 130

15.6 ............................................................... 132

16
.................................................................................................... 135
16.1 .................................................................................... 135
16.1.1 IEEE 802.1x ............................................................ 135
16.2 .............................................................................. 136
16.2.1 IEEE 802.1x ............................. 136

17
........................................................................................ 139
17.1 .......................................................................... 139
17.2 ..................................................................... 139
17.3 ....................................................... 141

18
........................................................................................... 143
18.1 ........................................................................ 143
18.1.1 (SPQ) .................................................................. 143
18.1.2 (WRR) ............................................... 144

14

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18.2 ................................................................... 144

19
................................................................................................................... 147
19.1 .................................................................................................. 147
19.1.1 IP- ................................................................................... 147
19.1.2 IGMP ................................................................................................. 147
19.1.3 IGMP ................................................. 148
19.1.4 IGMP VLAN ............................ 148
19.2 .......................................................................................... 148
19.3 ........................................................................................... 149
19.4 VLAN IGMP ................................................ 151
19.5 IGMP ......................................................................................... 153
19.6 MVR .................................................................................................................... 154
19.6.1 MVR ................................................................................................. 155
19.6.2 MVR ........................................................................................................ 155
19.6.3 MVR ............................................................................... 155
19.7 MVR .................................................................................................. 156
19.8 MVR ................................................................................................ 158
19.8.1 MVR ....................................................................................... 160

20
...................................................................................................... 163
20.1 , ......................................................................... 163
20.1.1 ........................................................ 164
20.1.2 RADIUS TACACS+ ............................................................................................ 164
20.2 ................................................. 164
20.2.1 RADIUS
20.2.2 TACACS+

............................................................................ 165
......................................................................... 166

20.2.3

................................................................ 168

20.2.4 ................................................................ 171


20.3 RADIUS ........................................................................... 173
20.3.1 , ................................................. 173
20.3.2 , .................................................................... 174

21
IP-........................................................................................ 177
21.1 IP- ......................................................... 177
21.1.1 ARP- ............................................................ 177
21.2 IP- .................................................................................... 179
21.3 IP- ...................................... 180
21.4 ARP- .............................................................................. 181
21.4.1 ARP- ..................................................... 182

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21.5 ARP- .............................................................................. 183
21.5.1 ARP- ................................................. 185
21.5.2 VLAN ARP- ........................................... 186

22
........................................................................................ 189
22.1 ........................................................ 189
22.2 .................................................................. 191

IV: IP-.................................................................... 193


23
...................................................................................................... 195
23.1 ..................................................................................... 195
23.2 ............................................................................. 196

24
............................................................................ 199
24.1 DiffServ ............................................................................................ 199
24.1.1 DSCP ........................... 199
24.1.2 DiffServ ................................................................... 200
24.2 DiffServ ..................................................................................... 200
24.3 DSCP IEEE 802.1p .................... 202
24.3.1 DSCP .................................................................................................. 202

25
DHCP...................................................................................................................................... 203
25.1 DHCP ................................................................................................................. 203
25.1.1 DHCP ..................................................................................................... 203
25.1.2 DHCP ................................................................................. 203
25.2 DHCP ........................................................................................................... 203
25.3 DHCP ..................................................................................................... 204
25.3.1 DHCP .......................................................... 204
25.3.2 DHCP ..................................................... 205
25.3.3 DHCP ........................................ 206
25.4 DHCP VLAN

................................................................... 207

25.4.1 : DHCP VLAN ................................................... 208

16

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V: ...........................................................................211
26
..................................................................................................................... 213
26.1 Maintenance ....................................................................................................... 213
26.2 ............................................................... 214
26.3 ............................................................................................ 214
26.4 ................................................................................................... 215
26.5 .............................................. 215
26.6 ........................................................................ 216
26.7

....................................................... 216

26.8 FTP .................................................................................................. 217


26.8.1 .................................................................. 217
26.8.2 FTP ....................................................................... 218
26.8.3 FTP- ........................ 219
26.8.4 FTP .................................................................................................. 219

27
............................................................................................................... 221
27.1

........................................................................................... 221

27.2 ................................................................................. 221


27.3 SNMP ................................................................................. 222
27.3.1 SNMP v3 ..................................................................................... 223
27.3.2 MIB ............................................................................... 223
27.3.3 Trap SNMP ......................................................................... 223
27.3.4 SNMP ................................................................................................. 227
27.3.5 SNMP

............................................................... 230

27.3.6 ...................................................... 231


27.4 SSH .................................................................................................... 233
27.5 SSH .......................................................................................... 233
27.6 SSH ............................................................... 234
27.6.1 SSH ................................................... 234
27.7 HTTPS ................................................................................. 234
27.8 HTTPS ................................................................. 235
27.8.1 Internet Explorer .................................................................. 235
27.8.2 Netscape Navigator ............................................................. 236
27.8.3 .................................................................................................... 237
27.9 ............................................................................... 238
27.10

........................................................................................... 238

28
.......................................................................................................................... 241
28.1 Diagnostic ............................................................................................................ 241

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17

29
Syslog ................................................................................................ 243
29.1 Syslog .................................................................................................................. 243
29.2 Syslog .......................................................................................................... 243
29.3 Syslog ........................................................................................... 244

30
..................................................................................................... 247
30.1 ................................................................................... 247
30.2 .............................................................................. 248
30.2.1 - ................................................ 249
30.3 .............................................................................. 251

31
MAC-........................................................................................................ 255
31.1 MAC- ...................................................................................... 255
31.2 MAC- ................................................................................ 256

32
ARP ........................................................................................................................ 259
32.1 ARP ...................................................................................................... 259
32.1.1 ARP ................................................................................. 259
32.2 ARP ................................................................................................ 259

33
.................................................................................................. 261
33.1 .............................................................................................. 261

VI: ....................................................... 263


A .......................................................................... 265
B IP- ................................................................................... 273
C .............................................................................. 283
D ........................................................................ 289
................................................................................................................................... 291

18

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1 .................................................................................... 30
2 ............................................................................ 30
3 ............................................. 31
4 VLAN .............................................................. 32
5 ....................................................................................... 35
6 ................................................................................................ 37
7 ....................................................................................... 37
8 : ES-2024A .............................................................................................. 39
9 : ES-2024PWR ........................................................................................ 39
10 ........................................................................................ 41
11 ............................................................................................... 42
12 ........................................................................... 42
13 .......................................................................................... 42
14 .................................................................................................................. 42
15 Web-: ................................................................................ 48
16 Web- (Status) ......................................................... 48
17 ................................................................................ 54
18 : ................................................................. 56
19 Web-: ................................................................................... 56
20 : ............................... 58
21 :
......................................................................................... 59
22 : IP- .................................................... 60
23 Status ...................................................................................................................... 61
24 Status: Port Details ................................................................................................. 63
25 Basic Setting > System Info .................................................................................... 68
26 Basic Setting > General Setup ................................................................................ 70
27 Basic Setting > Switch Setup .................................................................................. 73
28 Basic Setting > IP Setup .......................................................................................... 75
29 Basic Setting > Port Setup ...................................................................................... 77
30 VLAN ........................................................................................... 86
31 Switch Setup: VLAN ............................................................................ 86
32 Advanced Application > VLAN: VLAN Status ......................................................... 87
33 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Detail ......................................................... 87
34 Advanced Application > VLAN > Static VLAN

....................................................... 88

35 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Port Setting .............................................. 90


36 Advanced Application > VLAN: Port Based VLAN Setup (All Connected) ............. 92
37 Advanced Application > VLAN: Port Based VLAN Setup (Port Isolation) ............... 93

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38 Advanced Application > Static MAC Forwarding .................................................... 96
39 Advanced Application > Filtering ............................................................................ 99
40 STP/RSTP ......................................................................... 104
41 MSTP .................................................................................. 104
42 MSTI ..................................................................... 105
43 MSTP RSTP ............... 106
44 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol .................................................. 106
45 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > RSTP .................................... 107
46 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: RSTP ......................... 109
47 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > MSTP ....................................111
48 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: MSTP ........................114
49 Advanced Application > Bandwidth Control ...........................................................117
50 Advanced Application > Broadcast Storm Control ................................................ 120
51 Advanced Application > Mirroring ......................................................................... 124
52 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation Status ................................................. 128
53 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting ................. 129
54 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting >
LACP ......................................................................................................................... 131
55 ........................................ 132
56 ....................................................... 133
57 IEEE 802.1x ....................................................... 136
58 Advanced Application > Port Authentication ......................................................... 136
59 Advanced Application > Port Authentication > 802.1x .......................................... 137
60 Advanced Application > Port Security ................................................................... 140
61 ........................................................ 142
62 Advanced Application > Queuing Method ............................................................. 144
63 Advanced Application > Multicast ......................................................................... 148
64 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting ........................................... 149
65 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting >
IGMP Snooping VLAN ............................................................................................... 151
66 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting >
IGMP Filtering Profile ................................................................................................ 153
67 MVR ................................................................................... 154
68 MVR ..................................... 156
69 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR .............................. 157
70 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting >
MVR: Group Configuration ........................................................................................ 159
71 MVR ................................................................................................. 160
72 MVR ................................................................................................. 161
73 MVR ........................................................................................ 161
74 MVR ........................................................................................ 162
75 AAA .................................................................................................................... 163
76 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct ................................................................. 164
77 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > RADIUS Server Setup ......................... 165

20

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78 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > TACACS+ Server Setup ...................... 167
79 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > Auth and Acct Setup ............................ 169
80 : Man-in-the-middle ................................................................................ 178
81 IP Source Guard .................................................................................................... 179
82 IP Source Guard Static Binding ............................................................................. 180
83 ARP Inspection Status ........................................................................................... 181
84 ARP Inspection Log Status .................................................................................... 182
85 ARP Inspection Configure ..................................................................................... 184
86 ARP Inspection Port Configure .............................................................................. 186
87 ARP Inspection VLAN Configure ........................................................................... 187
88 STP ........................................................................... 189
89 ....................................................................................................... 190
90 ......................................................... 190
91 ............................................................. 191
92 Advanced Application > Loop Guard ..................................................................... 192
93 ...................................................................................... 195
94 IP Application > Static Routing ............................................................................. 196
95 DiffServ: Differentiated Service ................................................................................ 199
96 DiffServ ............................................................................................ 200
97 IP Application > DiffServ ....................................................................................... 201
98 IP Application > DiffServ > DSCP Setting ............................................................. 202
99 IP Application > DHCP Status .............................................................................. 204
100 IP Application > DHCP > Global ......................................................................... 205
101 DHCP ..................................................... 206
102 DHCP ................................................ 206
103 IP Application > DHCP > VLAN

........................................................................ 207

104 DHCP VLAN ........................................................................... 208


105 DHCP VLAN .......................................... 209
106 Management > Maintenance .............................................................................. 213
107 : .......................................................................... 214
108 : ...................................................................... 215
109 Management > Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade ............................................ 215
110 Management > Maintenance > Restore Configuration ....................................... 216
111 Management > Maintenance > Backup Configuration ........................................ 217
112 Management > Access Control ........................................................................... 221
113 SNMP .................................................................... 222
114 Management > Access Control > SNMP ............................................................ 228
115 Management > Access Control > SNMP > Trap Group ...................................... 230
116 Management > Access Control > Logins ............................................................ 232
117 SSH .................................................................................. 233
118 SSH .......................................................................................... 233
119 HTTPS ..................................................................................... 235
120 Security Alert (Internet Explorer) ....................................................... 236

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121 1 (Netscape) ...................................................................... 236
122 2 (Netscape) ...................................................................... 237
123 : ............................................... 237
124 Management > Access Control > Service Access Control .................................. 238
125 Management > Access Control > Remote Management .................................... 239
126 Management > Diagnostic .................................................................................. 241
127 Management > Syslog ........................................................................................ 244
128 Management > Syslog > Server Setup ............................................................... 245
129 ...................................................................................... 248
130 Management > Cluster Management ................................................................. 248
131 : Web- ........................ 249
132 :
- ...................................................................................... 250
133 Management > Clustering Management > Configuration ................................... 251
134 MAC- ......................................................................... 256
135 Management > MAC Table ................................................................................. 256
136 Management > ARP Table .................................................................................. 260
137 Management > Configure Clone ......................................................................... 261
138 ............................................................................. 274
139 : .................................. 276
140 : .................................. 277

22

ES-2024


1 ............................................................................................................... 40
2 ........................................................................................................................ 43
3 ................................................................................... 49
4 Web- ...................................................... 50
5 ............................................................................... 52
6 Status ....................................................................................................................... 61
7 Status > Port Details ................................................................................................ 63
8 Basic Setting > System Info ..................................................................................... 68
9 Basic Setting > General Setup ................................................................................. 70
10 Basic Setting > Switch Setup ................................................................................. 73
11 Basic Setting > IP Setup ......................................................................................... 75
12 Basic Setting > Port Setup ..................................................................................... 77
13 VLAN IEEE 802.1Q ...................................................... 85
14 Advanced Application > VLAN: VLAN Status ......................................................... 87
15 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Detail ........................................................ 88
16 Advanced Application > VLAN > Static VLAN ........................................................ 89
17 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Port Setting .............................................. 90
18 Advanced Application > VLAN: Port Based VLAN Setup ....................................... 94
19 Advanced Application > Static MAC Forwarding .................................................... 96
20 Advanced Application > Filtering ............................................................................ 99
21 STP .................................................................................. 102
22 STP ........................................................................... 103
23 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > RSTP ................................... 107
24 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: RSTP ....................... 109
25 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > MSTP ....................................111
26 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: MSTP ........................114
27 Advanced Application > Bandwidth Control ..........................................................118
28 Advanced Application > Broadcast Storm Control ............................................... 120
29 Advanced Application > Mirroring ........................................................................ 124
30 : ..................................... 128
31 : - ......................................... 128
32 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation Status ................................................ 129
33 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting ................ 130
34 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting >
LACP ......................................................................................................................... 131
35 Advanced Application > Port Authentication > 802.1x ......................................... 137
36 Advanced Application > Port Security .................................................................. 140
37 ....................................................... 142

ES-2024

23


38 ................................................................................... 143
39 Advanced Application > Queuing Method ............................................................ 145
40 Multicast Status .................................................................................................... 149
41 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting .......................................... 150
42 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting >
IGMP Snooping VLAN ............................................................................................... 152
43 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting >
IGMP Filtering Profile ................................................................................................ 153
44 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR .............................. 157
45 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting >
MVR: Group Configuration ........................................................................................ 159
46 RADIUS TACACS+ ...................................................................................................... 164
47 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > RADIUS Server Setup ......................... 165
48 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > TACACS+ Server Setup ...................... 167
49 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > Auth and Acct Setup ........................... 169
50 VSA .................................................................................. 172
51 ........................................... 173
52 RADIUS Exec .................... 174
53 RADIUS Exec Telnet/SSH ........ 175
54 RADIUS Exec .................... 175
55 IP Source Guard ................................................................................................... 179
56 IP Source Guard Static Binding ............................................................................ 180
57 ARP Inspection Status ......................................................................................... 182
58 ARP Inspection Log Status .................................................................................. 183
59 ARP Inspection Configure .................................................................................... 184
60 ARP Inspection Port Configure ............................................................................ 186
61 ARP Inspection VLAN Configure .......................................................................... 187
62 Advanced Application > Loop Guard .................................................................... 192
63 IP Application > Static Routing ............................................................................. 196
64 IP Application > DiffServ ....................................................................................... 201
65 DSCP IEEE 802.1p .............. 202
66 IP Application > DiffServ > DSCP Setting ............................................................ 202
67 IP Application > DHCP Status .............................................................................. 204
68 .............................................................................. 205
69 IP Application > DHCP > Global ........................................................................... 205
70 IP Application > DHCP > VLAN ............................................................................ 207
71 Management > Maintenance ................................................................................ 213
72 ........................................................................... 217
73 FTP-
............................................................................ 219
74 ................................................................................................ 221
75 SNMP ............................................................................................ 222
76 Trap SNMP (System) ................................................. 224
77 Trap SNMP (Interface) ........................................ 225

24

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78 Trap SNMP ,
(AAA) ...................................................................................... 226
79 Trap SNMP IP ........................................................................ 226
80 Trap SNMP (Switch) ........................................ 227
81 Management > Access Control > SNMP .............................................................. 228
82 Management > Access Control > SNMP > Trap Group ....................................... 230
83 Management > Access Control > Logins ............................................................. 232
84 Management > Access Control > Service Access Control ................................... 238
85 Management > Access Control > Remote Management ..................................... 239
86 Management > Diagnostic ................................................................................... 242
87 Syslog ........................................................................................... 243
88 Management > Syslog ......................................................................................... 244
89 Management > Syslog > Server Setup ................................................................ 245
90 ZyXEL .......................................................... 247
91 Management > Cluster Management ................................................................... 249
92
FTP ............................................................................. 250
93 Management > Clustering Management > Configuration ..................................... 251
94 Management > MAC Table ................................................................................... 256
95 Management > ARP Table ................................................................................... 260
96 Management > Configure Clone .......................................................................... 262
97 .................................................................. 265
98 ......................................................................................................... 266
99 ......................................... 268
100 ...................................................................................... 270
101 IP- .................. 274
102 .............................................................................................................. 275
103 ..................................................................... 275
104 ....................................................... 276
105 1 ...................................................................................................................... 278
106 2 ...................................................................................................................... 278
107 3 ...................................................................................................................... 278
108 4 ...................................................................................................................... 278
109 .......................................................................................................... 279
110 24- ......................................... 279
111 16- ......................................... 280

ES-2024

25

26

ES-2024

(29)
(35)
(39)

27

28

1.1
Ethernet 24 10/100
/ Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC. ES-2024PWR
(PoE).
Web. , Telnet, SSH
(Secure SHell), -
,
(SNMP) .
, ,
. A . 265.

1.1.1
,
.
.
.

.
, , , , , ..

ES-2024

29

1
1

1.1.2

( ) .

. ,
,
. Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC
.
, ,
.
2

1.1.3
,
.
.

30

ES-2024

, ,
ATM, -
Ethernet- ,
.
, ATM,
. ,
,
.
3

1.1.4 VLAN IEEE 802.1Q


(VLAN, Virtual Local Area Network)
.
. .
VLAN
, ();
, .
. 8
. 83.
VLAN
.
. VLAN ,
, .
, , ,
VLAN, . , VLAN 1
, .
VLAN.

ES-2024

31

1
4 VLAN

VLAN 1
VLAN 1

VLAN 2

1.2
.
Web-.
() .
. . 4 . 47.
.
Web-
. .
.
FTP. File Transfer Protocol
/
. . . 26.8 . 217.
SNMP. /
SNMP. . . 27.3 . 222.

1.3
,
, .
. , ,
, .
.

32

ES-2024

(
).
.
,
.

. .

ES-2024

33

34

ES-2024

2.1
1 , .
2 ,
, .
, .
3 ,
.
4 .
5 .

, .
5

ES-2024

35

"

.
, .

,
4 (10 ) 3,4 (8 ) .
.

2.2

, .

2.2.1
.
M3 #2.
M5 #2.

"

2.2.1.1
, ,
.
,
.
.

2.2.2
1 ,

.

36

ES-2024

2
6

2 #2
M3 .
3 1 2,
.
4 .
.

2.2.3
1 (
)
.
7

2 #2 M5
.
3 1 2, .

ES-2024

37

38

ES-2024

,
.

3.1
.
8 : ES-2024A

Ethernet 10/100 /

Gigabit
Ethernet/ Mini-GBIC

9 : ES-2024PWR

Ethernet 10/100 /

ES-2024

Gigabit
Ethernet/ Mini-GBIC

39

.
1

,
.

, , Ethernet24
Ethernet 10/ .
100 /c

RJ-45
Gigabit
Ethernet/ MiniGBIC

Gigabit Ethernet
Ethernet-
.
, mini-GBIC
Ethernet- .

3.1.1

- , :

VT100
9600
, 8 , 1 -

9-
.
(COM1, COM2 COM-) .

3.1.2 Ethernet
24 Ethernet 10/100 /c
. Fast Ethernet
10/100 / 10 /c 100 /c
.
Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC. miniGBIC Gigabit Ethernet. ,
mini-GBIC Gigabit Ethernet ,
Gigabit Ethernet . Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC
100 /, 1000 /, (
100 /c), .

(10/100 /c) ( ) Ethernet
.
(
MDI/MDI-X)
(), () Ethernet.

40

ES-2024

3.1.2.1 Ethernet
Ethernet
:
:
:
:

3.1.3 Mini-GBIC
mini-GBIC (
). ,
. .
, SFP Tranciever MultiSource
Agreement (MSA). INF8074i Rev 1.0 SFF.
Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC. miniGBIC Gigabit Ethernet. ,
mini-GBIC Gigabit Ethernet ,
Gigabit Ethernet .
. Ethernet
.
: SFP
: 1 (1 /)

"

3.1.3.1
mini-GBIC (SFP-) .
1 .
10

2 , .

ES-2024

41

3 .
, ,
.
11

3.1.3.2
mini-GBIC (SFP-) .
1 ( ).
12

2 .
13

3.2
.
.
14

3.2.1
, .

42

ES-2024


.
.

3.3
.
.
2

PWR

/
.

/
10/100 /.

Ethernet
10/100 /.

Ethernet .

Ethernet ,
; ,
.

Ethernet .

Ethernet ,
.

Ethernet
1000 /.

Ethernet
100 /.

Ethernet .

Ethernet,
.

Ethernet .

SYS

ALM

Ethernet
LNK/ACT

FDX/COL
(ES-2024A)

POE
(ES2024PWR)

Gigabit Ethernet
100/1000

ACT

ES-2024

43

3
2 ()

Ethernet- .

mini-GBIC
LNK
ACT

44

ES-2024

II

Web- (47)
(57)
(61)
(67)

45

46

Web-
Web-.

4.1
Web- HTML,
-.
Internet Explorer 6.0 , Netscape
Navigator 7.0 . 1024
768 .
Web- :
.
Windows XP SP (Service
Pack) 2.
JavaScript ( ).
Java ( ).

4.2
1 Web-.
2 http:// IP- (,
192.168.1.1) . [ENTER].
3 . admin,
1234.
, ,
General Setup.

ES-2024

47

4 Web-
15 Web-:

4 OK, Web-.

4.3 (Status)
Web- Status.
Web.
16 Web- (Status)

B C DE
A

A ;
.
B, C, D, E
.

48

ES-2024

4 Web-

B
.
, ,
.

. 26.3 . 214.
C .
D Web-.
E .
.
,
.
3
BASIC SETTING
(
)

ADVANCED
APPLICATION
(
)

ES-2024

IP APPLICATION (IP)

MANAGEMENT
()

49

4 Web-

Web- ..
4 Web-

50

BASIC SETTING
(
)

ADVANCED APPLICATION
(
)

IP APPLICATION (IP)

MANAGEMENT
()

System Info
(
)
General Setup
(
)
Switch Setup
(
)
IP Setup
(
IP)
Port Setup
(
)

VLAN Status (
VLAN)
VLAN Port Setting
(
VLAN)
Static VLAN
( VLAN)
VLAN Detail
(

VLAN)
Static MAC Forwarding
(
MAC-)
Filtering ()
Spanning Tree Protocol
Status (
STP)
Configuration
()
RSTP
MSTP
Bandwidth Control
(
)
Broadcast Storm Control
(

)
Mirroring (
)
Link Aggregation Status
(
)
Link Aggregation Setting
(
)
Ling Aggregation Control
Protocol (
LACP)
Port Authentication
( )
802.1x
Port Security (
)
Queuing Method (
)

Static Routing
(
)
DiffServ
(
)
DSCP Setting
( DSCP)
DHCP Status
( DHCP)
DHCP Relay
(
DHCP)
VLAN Setting
( VLAN)

Maintenance
()
Firmware Upgrade
(

)
Restore
Configuration
(
)
Backup
Configuration
(

)
Load Factory Default
(

)
Save Configuration
(
)
Reboot System
(
)
Access Control
( )
SNMP (
SNMP)
Trap Group (
)
Logins
(
)
Service Access
Control (
)
Remote
Management
(
)
Diagnostic
()
Syslog Setup
(
)
Syslog Server Setup
(
syslog)

ES-2024

4 Web-
4 Web- ()
BASIC SETTING
(
)

ADVANCED APPLICATION
(
)
Multicast Status (
)
Multicast Setting
(
)
IGMP Snooping VLAN
(VLAN

IGMP)
IGMP Filtering Profile
(
IGMP)
MVR (
VLAN-
)
Group Configuration
( )
Authentication and
Accounting
( )
RADIUS Server Setup
(
RADIUS)
TACACS+ Server Setup
(
TACACS+)
Auth and Acct Setup
(

)
IP Source Guard (
IP-)
IP Source Guard Static
Binding (

IP)
ARP Inspection Status
(
ARP-)
ARP Inspection Log
Status (

ARP-)
ARP Inspection
Configure (
ARP)
ARP Inspection Port
Configure (

ARP-)
ARP Inspection VLAN
Configure (
VLAN
ARP)
Loop Guard (
)

ES-2024

IP APPLICATION (IP)

MANAGEMENT
()
Clustering Management
Status (

)
Clustering
Management
Configuration
(

)
MAC Table (
MAC-)
ARP Table (
ARP)
Configure Clone
(
)

51

4 Web-

.
5

Basic setting ( )
System Info
(
)

General Setup
( )

,
.

Switch Setup
(
)

,
, VLAN, MAC, GARP .

IP Setup (
IP)

, IP-
( ),
DNS ( ) IP-.

Port Setup
( )

,
.

Advanced application ( )

52

VLAN (
)

,
802.1Q (
, Switch Setup).

Static MAC
Forwarding
(

MAC-)

, MAC . MAC-
.

Filtering
()

,
.

Spanning Tree
Protocol (

, RSTP/
MSTP .

Bandwidth Control
(

,

.

Broadcast Storm
Control (

,
.

Mirroring
(
)

,
,
, .

Link Aggregation
( )

,

.

Port Authentication
(
)

,
IEEE 802.1x.

Port Security
(

,
MAC- MAC-,
.

ES-2024

4 Web-
5 ()

Queuing Method
(
)

,
, .

Multicast
()

,
VLAN- .

Auth and Acct


(
)

,
.
RADIUS
(Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) TACACS+ (Terminal
Access Controller Access-Control System Plus).

IP Source Guard
(
IP-)

,
ARP- .

Loop Guard (

)

,
.

IP Application (IP-)
Static Routing
(
)

,
. ,
IP-,
TCP/IP.

DiffServ
( )

, DiffServ
DSCP IEEE 802.1p.

DHCP (
DHCP)

, DHCP.

Management ()
Maintenance
()

,
,
.

Access Control
( )

,
, SNMP
.

Diagnostic
()

,
.

Syslog (
)

,
.

Cluster Management
(
)

,
.

MAC Table (
MAC-)

, MAC- (
) , - ,
VLAN ID.

ARP Table (
ARP)

,
MAC- IP-.

Configure Clone
(
)

,
.

ES-2024

53

4 Web-

4.3.1

. Management > Access Control > Logins,
.
17

4.4
, Apply
.
.
, Save
Web-.
,
.

"


Save.

4.5

( )
:

54

ES-2024

4 Web-

1 ( VLAN 1).
2 ,
CPU. CPU .
3 CPU.
4 .
5 .
6 / IP-.
7 .
8 .

"

,
.

4.6
( ),
,
,
.

4.6.1

.
,
(9600 , 8 , , 1 -,
). , 1234 IP- 192.168.1.1.
:
1 - ,
.
. 3.1.1 . 40.
2 , .
.
3 Press any key to enter Debug Mode within 3
seconds..., .
4 atlc Enter Debug Mode.
5 Starting XMODEM upload,
XMODEM .
6 atgo
.
.

ES-2024

55

4 Web-
18 :
Bootbase Version: V1.07 | 04/20/2005 13:38:02
RAM: Size = 32768 Kbytes
FLASH: AMD 32M *1
ZyNOS Version: V3.70(TX.0)| 07/11/2006 19:59:04
Press any key to enter debug mode within 3 seconds.
....................
Enter Debug Mode
sysname> atlc
Starting XMODEM upload (CRC mode)....
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Total 49152 bytes received.
Erasing..
................................................................
OK
sysname> atgo

,
1234.

4.7 Web-
Web-, Logout .
.
.
19 Web-:

4.8
Web-
, .
, Help
Web-.

56

ES-2024

5.1
:
VLAN
VLAN
IP-
Web-.
1 Ethernet- . ,
, .
2 Web- 192.168.1.1 (IP-
), Web-.
. 4.2 . 47.

5.1.1 VLAN

VLAN, ().

-.
10
VLAN 2.

ES-2024

57

5
20 :

10

VLAN 1

VLAN2

1
Advanced
Application VLAN,
Static
VLAN.

2 Static VLAN
ACTIVE,
- Name
2 VLAN Group
ID VLAN2.

"

VLAN Group ID VID IP Setup



VLAN ID.

3 VLAN2 10 ,
Fixed, 10 VLAN.
4 VLAN (,
) ,

58

ES-2024

TX Tagging VLAN
.
5 Add VLAN Save,
.

5.1.2
VID
(PVID)
, ,
VLAN, .
2 VID
10, , ,
VLAN 2.
21 :

10
PVID = 2

VLAN 1

VLAN2

1

Advanced Applications
VLAN.
VLAN Port
Setting.
2 2 PVID
10
Apply,
VLAN.

,
Save.

ES-2024

59

5.1.3 IP-
IP-
192.168.1.1. IP- .
.
22 : IP-

192.168.1.1

192.168.2.1

VLAN 1

VLAN2

1
Basic Setting IP
Setup.
2
IP Setup.
VLAN2 IP 192.168.2.1
255.255.255.0.
3 VID
VLAN,

IP-
.
,
VLAN ID
Static VLAN.
4 Add.

60

ES-2024



( Web) .

6.1
Web-
,
.

6.2
Status Web, Status, .
23 Status

.
6 Status

Port

Ethernet-. ,
Port Details (. . 24 . 63).

Name

, Basic Setting, Port Setup.

ES-2024

61

6
6 Status ()

Link

(10M 10 /, 100M 100 /


1000M 1000 /) (F H
). , (Copper
Fiber ) .

State

STP,
STP (
. 11.1.3 . 103).
STP , FORWARDING
STOP .

PD (
PWR)

,

(PoE) .

LACP

LACP (
) .

TxPkts

RxPkts

Errors

Tx KB/s

Rx KB/s

Up Time

, ,
.

Clear Counter

,
Clear Counter;
Any Clear
Counter.

6.2.1 Status: Port Details


, Port
Status.
.

62

ES-2024

6
24 Status: Port Details

.
7 Status > Port Details

Port Info
Port NO.

Name

Link

(10M 10 /, 100M 100 /


1000M 1000 /) (F H
). , (Copper
Fiber ).

Status

STP,
STP (
. 11.1.3 . 103).
STP , FORWARDING
STOP .

PD
PWR.
PowerCon ,
sumption

(PoE) .

ES-2024

63

6
7 Status > Port Details ()

PD
MaxCurre
nt

PWR.
,

(PoE) .

PD
PWR.
MaxPower ,

(PoE) .
LACP

, LACP.

TxPkts

RxPkts

Errors

Tx KB/s

Rx KB/s

Up Time

,
.

Tx Packet
.
TX Packets


(, , ).

Multicast

Broadcast

Pause

802.3x Pause.

Rx Packet
.
RX Packets


(, , ).

Multicast

Broadcast

Pause

802.3x Pause.

TX Collision
.

64

Single

,
.

Multiple

,
.

Excessive

, -
.
,
.

ES-2024

6
7 Status > Port Details ()

Late

, ,
512 .

Error Packet

RX CRC

, ()
CRC.

Runt

,
( 64 ), CRC.

Distribution
64

( ),
64 .

65-127

( ),
65 127 .

128-255

( ),
128 255 .

256-511

( ),
256 511 .

512-1023

( ),
512 1023 .

10241518

( ),
1024 1518 .

Giant

, -
.

ES-2024

65

66

ES-2024


System Info ( ),
General Setup ( ), Switch Setup ( ), IP Setup
( IP) Port Setup ( ).

7.1
System Info (,
),
(,
). General Setup
. , General Setup

.
. Switch Setup
. IP Setup IP-
, ()
DNS .

7.2
, Basic
Setting > System Info.
, ,
.

ES-2024

67

7
25 Basic Setting > System Info

.
8 Basic Setting > System Info

System Name

- ,
.

ZyNOS F/W
Version


, .

Ethernet
Address

MAC- Ethernet.

PoE Status ( PWR)


Total Power

,
PoE ,
(PoE).

Consuming
Power

,
PoE.

Allocated
Power

,

PoE.

Remaining
Power

,
.

:
16 ;
PoE .

68

ES-2024

7
8 Basic Setting > System Info ()

Hardware Monitor
Temperature
Unit



.
( Centigrade,
Fahrenheit).

MAC, CPU and LOCAL


.

Current

, .

MAX

,
.

MIN

,
.

Threshold

Status

,
Normal, Error.

Fan Speed
(RPM)


(
, ).
,
.

Current


(RPM).

MAX


(RPM).

MIN


(RPM).
( 2000 /), <41.

Threshold

Status

,
Normal.
, Error.

Voltage (V)

,

.

Current

MAX

,
.

MIN

,
.

Threshold


, - .

Status

,
Normal; Error.

ES-2024

69

7.3
,
. ,
Basic Setting General Setup.
26 Basic Setting > General Setup

.
9 Basic Setting > General Setup

70

System Name

-,
. 64
; .

Location

.
32 ; .

Contact Person's
Name

.
32 ; .

Use Time Server


when Bootup

, .
,
, , .
.
Daytime (RFC 867) , ,
.
,
.
Time (RFC-868) 4- ,
0:0:0 1970/1/1.
NTP (RFC-1305) Time (RFC-868).
None. .
1970-1-1
0:0:0.

ES-2024

7
9 Basic Setting > General Setup ()

Time Server IP
Address

IP- .
60 .
60 . .

Current Time

,
( ).

New Time
(hh:min:ss)

, , .
Apply Current Time .

Current Date

,
.

New Date (yyyymm-dd)

, , . Apply
Current Date .

Time Zone

UTC
( , GMT
) .

Daylight Saving
Time

,

.

.

Start Date

, (
Daylight Saving Time). 24 . :

.
2:00 .
, Second (),
Sunday (), March () 2:00.

.
( 01:00
). ,
Last (), Sunday (), March (),
.
, 2:00,
+1 (GMT+1).

End Date

, (
Daylight Saving Time). 24 . :

.
2:00 .
, First (),
Sunday (), November () 2:00.

.
( 01:00
). ,
Last (), Sunday (), October
(),
. , 2:00,
+1 (GMT+1).

ES-2024

71

7
9 Basic Setting > General Setup ()

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

7.4 (VLAN)
(VLAN, Virtual Local Area Network)
.
. .
VLAN
, ();
.
-
VLAN
.
- ,
,
.
,

.

.

.

"

VLAN
;
.


802.1Q . 8 . 83.

72

ES-2024

7.5 Switch Setup


, Basic
Setting Switch Setup. VLAN
, VLAN Type: 802.1Q
Port Based.
.
27 Basic Setting > Switch Setup

.
10 Basic Setting > Switch Setup

VLAN Type

802.1Q Port Based. VLAN Setup


, VLAN
: 802.1Q Port Based.
. 8 . 83.

MAC Address
Learning

() MAC-
. MAC-
.

Aging Time

10 3000 . ,
MAC- MAC-.
.

GARP Timer: VLAN


. Join
GARP. Leave.
Leave All . GARP . VLAN.
Join Timer

Join Timer Join Period


VLAN GARP (GVRP) .
Join Period.
Join Time 100 65 535 ;
200 .
VLAN.

ES-2024

73

7
10 Basic Setting > Switch Setup ()

Leave Timer

Leave Time Leave Period


GVRP .
Leave Period. Leave Time
Join Timer; 600 .

Leave All Timer

Leave All Timer Leave All Period


GVRP .
Leave All Period. Leave All Timer
Leave Timer.

Priority Queue Assignment


IEEE 802.1p 8 MAC , .
.

.
, 8
. , ,
,
.
( ,
IEEE 802.1d ( 802.1p)).
Level 7

, ,
.

Level 6

,
( ).

Level 5

,
.

Level 4


, , SNA.

Level 3

,
, ,
. -,
.

Level 2

, .

Level 1

, , ,
, ,
.

Level 0

,
.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

7.6 IP
IP Setup , DNS
IP-.

74

ES-2024

7.6.1 IP-
IP-.
IP- 192.168.1.1. , IP-
. 255.255.255.0.
IP- ,
VLAN.
IP- . 99 . 268.
28 Basic Setting > IP Setup

.
11 Basic Setting > IP Setup

Domain Name
Server

DNS ( )
IP-, . IP- DNS,
IP- .

Default Management IP Address


IP- .
DHCP Client

, DHCP-,
IP- , IP-
IP- DNS.

ES-2024

75

7
11 Basic Setting > IP Setup ()

Static IP
Address

, DHCP-
IP-.
.

IP Address

IP- , ,
192.168.1.1.

IP Subnet
Mask

IP- ,
, 255.255.255.0.

Default
Gateway

IP- ,
, 192.168.1.254.

VID

VLAN, IP-
. VLAN (CPU)
. 1.
VLAN
, .
VLAN,
. , , ,
, VLAN .

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Management IP Addresses
IP- .

76

IP Address

IP- VLAN,
VID .

IP Subnet
Mask

IP- , .
, 255.255.255.0.

VID

VLAN.

Default
Gateway

IP- ,
, 192.168.1.254.

Add

Add, .
.

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Index

IP Address

IP- .

IP Subnet
Mask

IP-.

VID

VLAN.

Default
Gateway

IP- .

Delete

Delete, .

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

ES-2024

7.7
.
, Basic Setting > Port Setup.
29 Basic Setting > Port Setup

.
12 Basic Setting > Port Setup

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
Active

, .
. .

Name

- . 64
- .

: -
Web-
.
Type

10/100M Ethernet/Fast
Ethernet 10/100/1000M Gigabit Ethernet.

ES-2024

77

7
12 Basic Setting > Port Setup ()

78

Speed/Duplex

Ethernet- .
Auto (), 10M/Half Duplex (10 /,
), 10M/Full Duplex (10 /, ), 100M/Half Duplex (100
/, ), 100M/Full Duplex (100 /, ) 1000M/Full
Duplex (1000 /, ) ( Gigabit Ethernet).
Auto ()
,
. ,

.
,
,
. ,

. , ,
, .

Flow Control


, -
. (Flow Control)

.
IEEE 802.3x

() .
IEEE 802.3x
,
.


( ), -
. ,
Flow Control.

802.1p Priority

,
(802.1p).
Priority Queue Assignment . 10 . 73.

PD

PWR,
mini-GBIC .
(powered device, PD) (,
),
PoE,
Ethernet 10/100 /.
,
.

PD Priority

PWR,
mini-GBIC .
, ,
,
,
,
.
, Critical.
High
,
Critical.
Low
,
Critical High.

ES-2024

7
12 Basic Setting > Port Setup ()

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

79

80

ES-2024

III

(VLAN) (83)
MAC- (95)
(99)
(101)
(117)
(119)
(123)
(127)
(135)
(139)
(143)
(147)
(163)
IP- (177)
(189)

81

82


(VLAN)
, VLAN ( VLAN Type)
(Switch Setup).

( 802.1Q) .

8.1
( IEEE 802.1Q)

VLAN ( VLAN)
MAC- , .
()
VLAN GARP (GVRP).
VLAN VLAN
,
.
TPID ( , /
Ethernet-) TCI ( ,
Ethernet-).
CFI ( ) Ethernet-
. , Ethernet-,
CFI 1, .
12 VLAN,
VLAN 4 096. ,
VLAN .
VLAN (VID), (0), .
, VID
VID . 4096
VLAN VID, ,
, 4095 (FFF) ,
VLAN 4094.
TPID
2

CFI
3
1

ES-2024

VLAN ID
12

83

8 (VLAN)

8.1.1
,
. VLAN 802.1Q
VLAN, ,
, VLAN.
VLAN 802.1Q , VLAN,
, ,
VLAN, VLAN .
PVID VLAN 1 ,
.
(
) , VID
( ),
.

8.2 VLAN
VLAN
GARP GVRP.

8.2.1 GARP
GARP ( )

GARP . GARP
, ,
, GVRP.
8.2.1.1 GARP
VLAN
. Join
GARP. Leave.
Leave All . GARP
- .

8.2.2 GVRP
GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol, VLAN GARP)
,
VLAN .
VLAN .

84

ES-2024

8 (VLAN)

VLAN IEEE 802.1Q


.
13 VLAN IEEE 802.1Q

VLAN

VLAN

VLAN

VLAN,
.

VLAN

VLAN, /
GVRP.


VLAN.


VLAN.

VLAN
GVRP.

, VLAN,
.

, VLAN,

.

VLAN

VLAN,
.

Acceptable Frame
Type


, ,

.

,
VLAN,
.

VLAN


VLAN

VLAN

8.3 VLAN
VLAN Trunking
, VLAN. ,
VLAN
.
. . , VLAN 1 2 (V1
V2) A B. VLAN (VLAN
Trunking) VLAN 1 2
C, D E;
VLAN. , ()
VLAN Trunking, VLAN
(A B). C, D E
VLAN 1 2 ( VLAN,
) VLAN.

ES-2024

85

8 (VLAN)
30 VLAN

8.4 VLAN
VLAN Basic Setting > Switch Setup.
31 Switch Setup: VLAN

8.5 VLAN
,

VLAN , VLAN.
, VLAN .
VLAN VLAN.
, (
), , VLAN.

8.5.1 VLAN
VLAN . 8.1
. 83. VLAN Status,
Advanced Application > VLAN.

86

ES-2024

8 (VLAN)
32 Advanced Application > VLAN: VLAN Status

.
14 Advanced Application > VLAN: VLAN Status

The Number of
VLAN

(VLAN),
.

Index

VLAN.
VLAN.

VID

VLAN, Static
VLAN.

Elapsed Time

,
VLAN VLAN.

Status

, VLAN ;
Dynamic GVRP, Static
Other , ,
VLAN- (MVR).

Change Pages

Previous Next, / ,
.

8.5.2 VLAN

VLAN. VLAN
. 8.1 . 83. VLAN,
VLAN Status.
33 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Detail

ES-2024

87

8 (VLAN)

.
15 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Detail

VLAN Status

VLAN Status.

VID

VLAN, Static
VLAN.

Port Number

, VLAN.
T, U, ,
VLAN .

Elapsed Time

,
VLAN VLAN.

Status

, VLAN ;
Dynamic GVRP, Static
Other , ,
VLAN- (MVR).

8.5.3 VLAN
VLAN
802.1Q . VLAN
. 8.1 . 83. VLAN Static VLAN
VLAN Status. , .
34 Advanced Application > VLAN > Static VLAN

88

ES-2024

8 (VLAN)

.
16 Advanced Application > VLAN > Static VLAN

ACTIVE

, VLAN.

Name

- VLAN,
. 64 ;
.

VLAN Group ID

VLAN ;
1 4094.

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
Control

Normal, VLAN
GVRP.
.
Fixed,
VLAN.
Forbidden,
VLAN.

Tagging

TX Tagging,
, VLAN.

Add

Add,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clear

Clear, .

VID

VLAN.
, VLAN.

Active

VLAN
(Yes) (No).

Name

- VLAN.

Delete

Delete, .

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

8.5.4 VLAN
VLAN ( IEEE 802.1Q)
VLAN Port Setting.
VLAN . 8.1 . 83. VLAN Port Setting
VLAN Status.

ES-2024

89

8 (VLAN)
35 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Port Setting

.
17 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Port Setting

GVRP

GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol, VLAN


GARP) ,
VLAN .
VLAN
.

Port Isolation

Port Isolation

CPU
. ,
.

Ingress Check

,
.
,
.

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.

90

PVID

1 4094 VLAN .

GVRP

,
GVRP.

ES-2024

8 (VLAN)
17 Advanced Application > VLAN > VLAN Port Setting ()

Acceptable
Frame Type

, .
All Tag Only.
All
, .
.
Tag Only .
.

VLAN Trunking

VLAN Trunking ,
( ,
),
, VLAN.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

8.6 VLAN
VLAN,
MAC-
.
VLAN
. , ,
, - ,
.
VLAN ,
.

"
"

VLAN
1. .

(, IP Setup Filtering),
VLAN,
1.

VLAN .
VLAN CPU Ethernet-.

ES-2024

91

8 (VLAN)

8.6.1 VLAN
Port Based VLAN (VLAN Type) Switch Setup,
VLAN . .
36 Advanced Application > VLAN: Port Based VLAN Setup (All Connected)

92

ES-2024

8 (VLAN)
37 Advanced Application > VLAN: Port Based VLAN Setup (Port Isolation)

ES-2024

93

8 (VLAN)

.
18 Advanced Application > VLAN: Port Based VLAN Setup

Setting Wizard All connected Port isolation.


All connected ,
, .
. ,
.
Port isolation ,
CPU, .
,
CPU. ,
.
, Apply (
), , .
,
, Apply
.

94

Incoming

; ,
.
, .
,
. CPU .
Ethernet-.
VLAN - ,
.

Outgoing

; ,
.
, . CPU
.
Ethernet-. VLAN
- , .

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024


MAC

MAC-.

9.1
MAC-
.

9.2 MAC
MAC- , MAC-.
MAC- .
MAC- MAC-.
.
MAC-
, MAC MAC- .
. 17 . 139.
,
Advanced Applications > Static MAC Forwarding.

ES-2024

95

9 MAC-
38 Advanced Application > Static MAC Forwarding

.
19 Advanced Application > Static MAC Forwarding

Active

, .
, ,
.

Name

-,
MAC-.

MAC Address

MAC- ,
.

: MAC- .

96

VID

VLAN.

Port

, MAC-,
.

Add

Add, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clear

Clear, .

Index

,
MAC- .

Active

,
MAC- (Yes) (No). ,
.

Name

-,
MAC-.

MAC Address

MAC-,
VLAN, MAC-.

VID

VLAN.

Port

,
MAC-, .

ES-2024

9 MAC-
19 Advanced Application > Static MAC Forwarding ()

Delete

Delete, .

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

ES-2024

97

9 MAC-

98

ES-2024

10

MAC- .

10.1
, ,
MAC- VLAN.
, Advanced
Application > Filtering.
39 Advanced Application > Filtering

.
20 Advanced Application > Filtering

Active

, .
, , .

Name

- ( 32 )
. .

MAC

MAC- ,
.

VID

VLAN.

ES-2024

99

10
20 Advanced Application > Filtering ()

100

Add

Add, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clear

Clear, .

Index

. ,
.

Active

Yes, , No,
.

Name

- .
.

MAC
Address

MAC-, VLAN,
MAC-.

VID

VLAN.

Delete

Delete , ,
Delete.

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

ES-2024

11

(STP),
(RSTP)
(MSTP), .
IEEE 802.1d
IEEE 802.1w
IEEE 802.1s
STP
( ). .

11.1 STP/RSTP
(R)STP
, .
,
(R)STP,
.
RSTP,
IEEE 802.1w.
STP (
, STP). RSTP

, . STP
, , ,
,
. RSTP, STP
. RSTP
Discarding, Learning Forwarding.

"

STP
STP, RSTP.

ES-2024

101

11

11.1.1 STP
.
.
,
. , .
21 STP

4 /

250

100 1000

1 65 535

10 /

100

50 600

1 65 535

16 /

62

40 400

1 65 535

100 /

19

10 60

1 65 535

1 /

3 10

1 65 535

10 /

1 5

1 65 535

,
.
. ,
.
.
, ,
.

11.1.2 STP
, STP
, ,
, ,
. , ,
,
.
, STP,
(BPDU). ,
, .
BPDU
Hello . Hello
(Max Age),
.
, .

102

ES-2024

11

11.1.3 STP
STP
.

.
22 STP

Disabled

STP ( ).

Blocking

BPDU .

Listening

BPDU.

: Listening RSTP.
Learning

BPDU.
(), .

Forwarding

BPDU.
.

11.1.4 MSTP
MSTP (IEEE 802.1s)
STP/RSTP ,
STP RSTP :
(Common and Internal Spanning Tree,
CIST), .
( ) ,
.
VLAN (MSTI).
MSTI
VLAN.

VLAN .
11.1.4.1 MSTP
,
VLAN. STP
RSTP VLAN 2 , STP RSTP
.

ES-2024

103

11
40 STP/RSTP

VLAN 1

VLAN 2

B
MSTP VLAN 1 2
. , VLAN
. MSTP
.
41 MSTP

VLAN 1

VLAN 2

B
11.1.4.2 MST
MST ,
.
MSTP MST.
BPDU MST ( ,
) . (
) BPDU
.
, MST,
MSTP. :

104

ES-2024

11

MST
MST
VLAN MST
11.1.4.3 MST
MST (MSTI) . VLAN
MSTI.
MSTI (
MST ID), . , MSTI
MST.
MST . 1 2
2 .
42 MSTI

MSTI 1
MSTI 3

MSTI 1
MSTI 2

11.1.4.4 (CIST)
CIST
STP/RSTP. CIST
MST (MSTID 0). VLAN,
MST, CIST.
MSTP CIST,
MST .
MST ,
RSTP.

ES-2024

105

11
43 MSTP RSTP

11.2
STP .
, Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol >
Configuration.
44 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol

STP, .

11.3

RSTP;
RSTP . 11.1 . 101. RSTP Advanced
Application > Spanning Tree Protocol.

106

ES-2024

11
45 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > RSTP

.
23 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > RSTP

Status

Status, RSTP Status (. . 46


. 109).

Active

, RSTP.
, RSTP.

Bridge Priority

,
.
( )
STP.
, MAC. .
,
.
Bridge Priority , , ,
Hello Time, Max Age Forwarding Delay.

Hello Time


BPDU ( ),
. 1 10 .

ES-2024

107

11
23 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > RSTP

Max Age

( ),
, BPDU,
. (
) BPDU
.
STP ( BPDU)
.
, ,
. 6 40 .

Forwarding Delay

( ), ,
. ,
,
. ,
,
;
. 4 30
.
:

: 2 * (Forward Delay 1) >= Max Age >= 2 * (Hello


Time + 1)
Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.

108

Active

,
RSTP.

Priority

.
, ,
.
.
0 255,
128.

Path Cost


.
. ,
. 21 . 102.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

11

11.4

,
Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol. RSTP
. 11.1 . 101.

"

,
RSTP.

46 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: RSTP

.
24 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: RSTP

Bridge

Root ( ). Our
Bridge .
.

Bridge ID

,
MAC-. , Root
Our Bridge .

Hello Time
(second)

( ),
. Hello Time,
Max Age Forwarding Delay .

Max Age (second)

( ),
, ,
.

Forwarding Delay
(second)

( ),
( Listening Learning Forwarding).

: Listening RSTP.
Cost to Bridge

Port ID

,
.

ES-2024

109

11
24 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: RSTP

Topology
Changed Times

Time Since Last


Change

,
.

11.5 MSTP
MSTP, MSTP Advanced Application >
Spanning Tree Protocol. MSTP
. 11.1.4 . 103.

110

ES-2024

11
47 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > MSTP

.
25 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > MSTP

Status

Status, MSTP Status (. . 48


. 114).

Active

, MSTP
. ,
MSTP .

ES-2024

111

11
25 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > MSTP

Hello Time


BPDU ( ),
. 1 10 .

MAX Age

( ),
, BPDU,
. (
) BPDU
.
STP ( BPDU)
.
, ,
. 6 40 .

Forwarding Delay

( ), ,
. ,
,
. ,
,
;
. 4 30
. :

: 2 * (Forward Delay 1) >= Max Age >= 2 * (Hello


Time + 1)

112

Maximum hops

( 1 255) MSTP,
BPDU ,
.

Configuration
Name

- ( 32 ) MST.

Revision Number

.
,
.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Instance

MSTI (
).

Instance

, MST
.
0-16.

Bridge Priority


. ,

=.
0 61440
4096 (.. 0, 4096, 8192, 12288, 16384, 20480, 24576, 28672,
32768, 36864, 40960, 45056, 49152, 53248, 57344 61440).

ES-2024

11
25 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > MSTP

VLAN Range

VLAN,

VLAN, Start.
VLAN,
VLAN, End.
:
Add VLAN
MST.
Remove VLAN
MST.
Clear VLAN
MST.

Enabled VLAN(s)

VLAN,
MST.

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
Active

,
MST.

Priority

.
, ,
.
.
0 255,
128.

Path Cost


.
. ,
. 21 . 102.

Add

Add, MST
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Instance

MST.

VLAN

VID (
VID), MST.

Active Port

, MST.

Delete

Delete , ,
Delete.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

113

11

11.6 MSTP
,
Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol.
MSTP . 11.1.4 . 103.

"

,
MSTP.

48 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: MSTP

.
26 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: MSTP

114

Configuration

Configuration, STP.
MSTP MSTP.

CST

ES-2024

11
26 Advanced Application > Spanning Tree Protocol > Status: MSTP

Bridge

Root ( ). Our
Bridge .
.

Bridge ID

,
MAC-. , Root
Our Bridge .

Hello Time
(second)

( ),
.

Max Age (second)

( ),
, ,
.

Forwarding Delay
(second)

( ),
( Listening Learning Forwarding).

Cost to Bridge

Port ID

,
.

Configuration
Name

MST.

Revision Number

MST.

Configuration
Digest


VLAN-MSTI.
16 ,
BPDU MSTP.
, MSTP.

Topology
Changed Times

Time Since Last


Change

,
.

Instance:

MSTI VLAN.
,
.

Instance

MSTI ID.

VLAN

VLAN, MSTI.

MSTI

MST, .

Bridge

Root MST. Our


Bridge .
.

Bridge ID

,
MAC-. , Root
Our Bridge .

Internal Cost

MST
.

Port ID

,
MST.

ES-2024

115

11

116

ES-2024

12

,
Bandwidth Control.

12.1

/
.
, Advanced
Application > Bandwidth Control.
49 Advanced Application > Bandwidth Control

ES-2024

117

12

.
27 Advanced Application > Bandwidth Control

Active

,
.

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.

118

Active

,
.

Ingress Rate


(/) .
64 1728
, 64.
1729 1999,
1792.
2000 103999
, 1000.
Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC 104 000
1 000 000
, 8000.

Active

,
.

Egress Rate


(/) .
64 1728
, 64.
1729 1999,
1792.
2000 103999
, 1000.
Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC 104 000
1 000 000
, 8000.

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

13

13.1


, DLF- (destination lookup
failure), .
,
/ DLF- .
,
DLF-, .
.
, Advanced
Application > Broadcast Storm Control.

ES-2024

119

13
50 Advanced Application > Broadcast Storm Control

.
28 Advanced Application > Broadcast Storm Control

Active

,
.
, .

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.

120

Active

,
.
, .

Rate

, ,
(/c).
64 1728
, 64.
1729 1999,
1792.
2000 103999
, 1000.
Gigabit Ethernet/mini-GBIC 104 000
1 000 000
, 8000.

ES-2024

13
28 Advanced Application > Broadcast Storm Control ()

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

121

13

122

ES-2024

14

14.1
(,
),
, .
Mirroring,
Advanced Application > Mirroring.
,
.

ES-2024

123

14
51 Advanced Application > Mirroring

.
29 Advanced Application > Mirroring

124

Active

,
.
, .

Monitor
Port

,
().
.

Ingress

,
MAC- MAC-.
All,
().
Destination MAC, ,
() MAC-.
MAC- .
Source MAC, ,
() MAC-. MAC-
.

ES-2024

14
29 Advanced Application > Mirroring ()

Egress


, MAC- MAC-.
All,
().
Destination MAC, ,
() MAC-.
MAC- .
Source MAC, ,
() MAC-. MAC .

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
Mirrored

, .

Direction


. Egress (), Ingress () Both (
).

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

125

14

126

ES-2024

15


()
.

15.1
()
.
, , ,
,
, .
, ,
. ,
.

.
,
.

"


.

.

. 15.6
. 132.

15.2

IEEE 802.3ad ( LACP).

ES-2024

127

15

IEEE802.3ad.
(LACP) ,

LACP

. LACP ,
,
. , :
-
Ethernet-,
LACP.
LACP .
, ,
, , .
LACP Ethernet, .

15.2.1
LACP 1:
30 :

MAC-

0000

00-00-00-00-00

0000

00

0000

31 : -

MAC-

0000

00-00-00-00-00

0000

00

0000

15.3
Advanced Application > Link Aggregation.
Link Aggregation Status.
. 15.1 . 127.
52 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation Status

1.

128

,
, .

ES-2024

15

.
32 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation Status

Index

,
, , .

Enabled Ports

, Link Aggregation .

Synchronized
Ports

,
.

Aggregator ID

: , MAC, , .
. 15.2.1 . 128.

Status


. :
Static
.
LACP LACP.

15.4
, Advanced
Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting.
. 15.1 . 127.
53 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting

ES-2024

129

15

.
33 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting

Link
Aggregation
Setting

Group ID

,
, .

Active

, .

Port

Group

, .

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

15.5 LACP
, Advanced
Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting > LACP.
. 15.2 . 127.

130

ES-2024

15
54 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting >
LACP

.
34 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting >
LACP

Link
Aggregation
Control
Protocol

:
.

Active

, LACP.

System
Priority

LACP 1 65 535.
( ,
)
LACP. LACP LACP.
, LACP.
, .

Group ID

,
, .

LACP Active

, LACP .

Port

ES-2024

131

15
34 Advanced Application > Link Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting >
LACP ()

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
LACP Timeout -,
LACP (
- ).
, .

( ),
.
(1 30 ).
Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

15.6
2-5.
1 ,
, .
2-5 A B.
55

B
A

2 Advanced Application > Link


Aggregation > Link Aggregation Setting.
T1 , ,
. Apply.

132

ES-2024

15
56

1 (T1) ; -
.

ES-2024

133

15

134

ES-2024

16


IEEE 802.1x.

16.1

( ).
IEEE 802.1x2,

, .

RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service, RFC
2138, 2139). RADIUS
. 20.1.2 . 164.

16.1.1 IEEE 802.1x


,
IEEE 802.1x, .

.
RADIUS. RADIUS
, .

2.

IEEE 802.1x
. .
802.1x,
802.1x.

ES-2024

135

16
57 IEEE 802.1x

1

2

16.2
,
( ,
), RADIUS Auth and
Acct > Radius Server Setup.
, Advanced
Application > Port Authentication.
58 Advanced Application > Port Authentication

16.2.1 IEEE 802.1x


IEEE
802.1x. Port Authentication 802.1x,
.

136

ES-2024

16
59 Advanced Application > Port Authentication > 802.1x

.
35 Advanced Application > Port Authentication > 802.1x

Active

,
802.1x .

:
802.1x ,
.
Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
Active

,
802.1x .
802.1x ,
.

Reauthentication

,
, .

Reauthentication
Timer

,
, .

ES-2024

137

16
35 Advanced Application > Port Authentication > 802.1x ()

138

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

17

17.1

MAC- /
MAC-.
MAC- . 9 . 95.

MAC- MAC- ( MAC-).
MAC- ,
.

. :
() MAC-.
MAC-
MAC-.
MAC-
MAC-.

"


.
. 17.3 . 141.

17.2
, Advanced
Application > Port Security.

ES-2024

139

17
60 Advanced Application > Port Security

.
36 Advanced Application > Port Security

Active

,
.

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.

140

Active

,
. , MAC-()
MAC- . MAC .
,
. .

Address
Learning

MAC-
. MAC-
, ( Basic
Settings, Port Setup) MAC-.

ES-2024

17
36 Advanced Application > Port Security ()

Limited Number
of Learned
MAC Address


() MAC- . ,
2 5,
2
MAC-. ,
MAC- . MAC Switch Setup.
0 8192. 0
.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

17.3

. 1 5
:
1 () MAC-.
2 () MAC-.
3 MAC-
MAC-.
4 MAC-
MAC-.
5 MAC-
100 MAC-.

ES-2024

141

17
61


.
37

142

MAC-

0 ( )

,
()
MAC-.

0 ( )

,
()
MAC-.

0 ( )



MAC-,
MAC-.

100



MAC-,
MAC-.

100


MAC,
100 MAC.

ES-2024

18

18.1

.
Queuing Method.
Priority Queue Assignment
Switch Setup 802.1p Priority Port Setup.

,
.
38

Q3

4 ()

Q2

Q1

Q0

1 ()

18.1.1 (SPQ)
SPQ
.
(Q7) . ,
Q6,
,
Q5, .
, .
SPQ
.

ES-2024

143

18

18.1.2 (WRR)

, , .

, . .
,
; ,
. , .
(WRR) ,
,
(, Weight),
. WRR
, , .
, .
,

, .

18.2
Advanced Application > Queuing Method.
62 Advanced Application > Queuing Method

144

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.
39 Advanced Application > Queuing Method

Method

Strictly Priority ( ) Weighted Round


Robin Scheduling ( ).
SPQ
. ,
.
Q3, Q0.
Strictly Priority.
WRR
(, Weight
). ,
.
Strict Priority Q3 (
). Q0 ~ Q2
Weighted Round Robin Scheduling.

Weight

Weighted Round Robin Scheduling


(1-15).
.

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

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18

146

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19.1
IP- :
( 1 1 )
( 1 ). (
) IP-
.
(Internet Group Management Protocol, IGMP)
,
.
. IGMP 1 2 3
RFC 1112, RFC 2236 RFC 3376.

19.1.1 IP-
IPv4
( ) . IP-
, .
IP- IP- D ( 224.0.0.0
239.255.255.255). IP- IANA
( IANA).

19.1.2 IGMP
IGMP , IGMP
.
(, )
.

,
IGMP .

ES-2024

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19

19.1.3 IGMP
IGMP-,
/ IP- IP-,
IP-.
IGMP-, , ,
.
(IGMP snooping)
,
.
,
(
IGMP ), ,
. IGMP
,
, .

19.1.4 IGMP VLAN


IGMP 16
VLAN.

VLAN.
IGMP 16 VLAN,
IGMP. (auto).
, VLAN,
IGMP.
(fixed).

VLAN,
VLAN IGMP.

19.2
, Advanced Applications > Multicast.
.
. 19.1 . 147.
63 Advanced Application > Multicast

148

ES-2024

19

.
40 Multicast Status

Index

VID

VLAN- .

Port

,
.

Multicast Group

IP- .

19.3
, Advanced Applications > Multicast
> Multicast Setting.
. 19.1 . 147.
64 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting

ES-2024

149

19

.
41 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting

IGMP Snooping


IGMP.

Active

Active IGMP,
,
.

Host Timeout

( 1 16 711 450),
IGMP
Report .

Leave Timeout

- Leave IGMP ( 1 16 711 450).


, IGMP Leave
IGMP.

802.1p Priority

(0-7),
IGMP. No-Change
.

IGMP Filtering

Active IGMP,
, IGMP
.

: IGMP
IGMP
,
.
Unknown
Multicast Frame

,
. Drop . Flooding
.

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.

150

Immed. Leave


Leave IGMP 2.
,
.

Group Limited

,
.

Max Group Num.

(0-255),
.
Join- IGMP
.

ES-2024

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41 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting ()

IGMP Filtering
Profile

IGMP,
. Default
.
IGMP Multicast
> Multicast Setting > IGMP Filtering Profile.

IGMP Querier
Mode

Query- IGMP ,
( ) IGMP. Join- Leave IGMP Query- IGMP.
Auto Query-
IGMP Query- IGMP.
Fixed
Query- IGMP.
, IGMP.
Edge
Query- IGMP. -
IGMP . Join- Leave-
IGMP .

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

19.4 VLAN IGMP


Advanced Applications > Multicast.
Multicast Setting IGMP Snooping VLAN,
. VLAN
IGMP . 19.1.4 . 148.
65 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > IGMP Snooping
VLAN

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19

.
42 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > IGMP Snooping
VLAN

Mode

auto,
VLAN.
fixed,
VLAN.
auto, fixed
16
VLAN ( VLAN,
MVR). , MVR VLAN-
, 15 VLAN.
IGMP,
16 VLAN.

:
IGMP
Multicast Setting.
Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

VLAN

VLAN,
IGMP.

Name

- VLAN,
.

VID

VLAN;
1 4094.

:
VLAN ID, MVR.

152

Add

Add,
.
,
Save

.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clear

Index

VLAN IGMP .

Name

- VLAN.

VID

VLAN.

Delete

Delete , ,
Delete.

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

ES-2024

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19.5 IGMP
IGMP ,
.
IP- ,
. ( Multicast Setting).

,
. .
, Advanced Applications > Multicast
> Multicast Setting > IGMP Filtering Profile.
66 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > IGMP Filtering
Profile

.
43 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > IGMP Filtering
Profile

Profile Name

- ,
.
,
IP-
.

Start Address

IP- ,
IGMP.

End Address

IP- ,
IGMP.
IP- ,
Start Address, End Address.

Add

Add,
.
,
Save
.

Clear

Clear, .

Profile Name

- .

ES-2024

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19
43 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > IGMP Filtering
Profile ()

Start Address

IP-
.

End Address

IP-
.

Delete

,
Delete Profile Delete.
,
Delete Rule Delete.

Cancel

Cancel
Delete Profile/Delete Rule.

19.6 MVR
VLAN- (Multicast VLAN Registration, MVR)
,
Ethernet- , (,
MoD).
MVR VLAN- ,
VLAN .
VLAN
VLAN- .

VLAN,
.
MVR Join- Leave- IGMP
, MVR. Join- Leave-
IGMP.
. VLAN
(1, 2 3) S. ,
VLAN- S.
67 MVR

154

ES-2024

19

19.6.1 MVR
MVR ,
VLAN- ,
.
,
.

19.6.2 MVR
,
MVR.
Leave- Join- IGMP
(
) VLAN- .

.
IGMP.
VLAN-
.

19.6.3 MVR

, ( ) VLAN 1

S. , ,
.
A
IGMP- . IGMP
MVR, .
VLAN
.
,
Leave- IGMP .
VLAN 1 (
).
VLAN ,
.
.

ES-2024

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19
68 MVR

19.7 MVR
VLAN- VLAN-
MVR.
, Advanced Applications > Multicast > Multicast
Setting > MVR.

"
"

156

VLAN-
256 .

VLAN-
VLAN (
VID).

ES-2024

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69 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR

.
44 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR

Active

MVR,
VLAN-
VLAN .

Name

- ( 32 ),
.

Multicast VLAN
ID

VLAN ( 1 4094) VLAN-


.

802.1p Priority

(0-7),
IGMP ( VLAN-
).

Mode

MVR . Dynamic
() Compatible ( ).
Dynamic IGMP MVR
VLAN- .
Compatible IGMP .

Port

ES-2024

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19
44 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
Source Port

,
MVR,
. VLAN .

Receiver Port

,
MVR, .

None

, MVR.
MVR
.

Tagging

,
VLAN.

Add

Add,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

VLAN

VLAN- .

Active

, .

Name

- .

Mode

MVR.

Source Port

Receiver Port

802.1p

Delete

VLAN- ,
Delete Delete.

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

19.8 MVR
, ,
, .
IP- MVR Group Configuration.
Group Configuration MVR.

158

ES-2024

19

"

VLAN- .
, IP-
.

70 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR: Group
Configuration

.
45 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR: Group
Configuration

Multicast
VLAN ID

VLAN-
( MVR).

Name

- .

Start Address

IP- ,
.
IP-
. 19.1.1 . 147.

End Address

IP- ,
.
,
IP-, Start Address.
IP-
. 19.1.1 . 147.

Add

Add, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

MVLAN

VLAN- .

Name

- .

Start Address

IP- .

End Address

IP- .

ES-2024

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19
45 Advanced Application > Multicast > Multicast Setting > MVR: Group
Configuration

Delete

Delete Group
Delete.

Cancel

Cancel, .

19.8.1 MVR
, 1, 2 3
VLAN 1. , 7
VID 200
( News Movie) , S.
A, B C VLAN 1 .
71 MVR

MVR
MVR .

160

ES-2024

19
72 MVR

,
Group Configuration.
(News
Movie) VLAN- 200.
73 MVR

ES-2024

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19
74 MVR

162

ES-2024

20

20.1 ,

.
, .
,
.
,
.
. ,
A ,
B .
,
,
.
.
, ,
.
,
.
, , ,
AAA.
,
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service, . . 20.1.2 . 164)
TACACS+ (Terminal Access Controller Access-Control System Plus, . . 20.1.2
. 164).
75 AAA

ES-2024

AAA

163

20

20.1.1


AAA . ,
(. . 27 . 221).

20.1.2 RADIUS TACACS+


RADIUS TACACS+ ,

,
(
).
RADIUS and TACACS+
.
RADIUS TACACS+
.
46 RADIUS TACACS+
RADIUS

TACACS+

UDP (User Datagram Protocol)

TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)

,

.


()
TACACS.

20.2
/ ,
(RADIUS / TACACS+),
.
, Advanced
Application > Auth and Acct.
76 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct

164

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20

20.2.1 RADIUS
RADIUS .
RADIUS . 20.1.2 . 164.
, RADIUS Server Setup
Authentication and Accounting.
77 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > RADIUS Server Setup

.
47 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > RADIUS Server Setup

Authentication
Server


RADIUS.

Mode

RADIUS.
index-priority
RADIUS;
RADIUS.
round-robin
RADIUS .

Timeout

,
RADIUS.
index-priority
RADIUS - RADIUS.
, - 30 ,
RADIUS 15
, RADIUS.

Index

RADIUS ( ).

ES-2024

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20
47 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > RADIUS Server Setup

IP Address

IP- RADIUS ,
.

UDP Port

RADIUS
1812. , ,
.

Shared Secret

( 32 - ),
RADIUS .
.
RADIUS .

Delete


RADIUS .
Apply.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Accounting
Server

RADIUS.

Timeout

,
RADIUS.

Index

RADIUS ( ).

IP Address

IP- RADIUS ,
.

UDP Port

RADIUS
1813. ,
, .

Shared Secret

( 32 - ),
RADIUS .
.
RADIUS .

Delete


RADIUS .
Apply.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

20.2.2 TACACS+
TACACS+ .
TACACS+ . 20.1.2 . 164.
, TACACS+ Server Setup
Authentication and Accounting.

166

ES-2024

20
78 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > TACACS+ Server Setup

.
48 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > TACACS+ Server Setup

Authentication
Server


TACACS+.

Mode


TACACS+.
index-priority
TACACS+;
TACACS+.
round-robin
TACACS+ .

Timeout

,
TACACS+.
index-priority
TACACS+ - TACACS+.
, - 30 ,
TACACS+ 15
, TACACS+.

Index

TACACS+ ( ).

IP Address

IP- TACACS+ ,
.

TCP Port

TACACS+
49. , ,
.

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20
48 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > TACACS+ Server Setup

Shared Secret

( 32 - ),
TACACS+ .
.
TACACS+ .

Delete


TACACS+ .
Apply.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Accounting
Server

TACACS+.

Timeout

,
TACACS+.

Index

TACACS+ ( ).

IP Address

IP- TACACS+
, .

TCP Port

TACACS+
49. , ,
.

Shared Secret

( 32 - ),
TACACS+
. .
TACACS+ .

Delete


TACACS+ .
Apply.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

20.2.3

. , Auth
and Acct Setup Authentication and Accounting.

168

ES-2024

20
79 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > Auth and Acct Setup

.
49 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > Auth and Acct Setup

Authentication

,
.

Privilege Enable

,
( , )
(,
).

(local) (.
). TACACS+ RADIUS
. ,
, .

.
, ( Method 1,
Method 2 Method 3). Method 1
.
,
Method 2 Method 3.
local
.
radius tacacs+
.

ES-2024

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20
49 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > Auth and Acct Setup

170

Login

,
( , )
(, ).
Access
Control > Logins. TACACS+ RADIUS .
, ,
.

.
, ( Method 1,
Method 2 Method 3). Method 1
.
,
Method 2 Method 3.
local
, Access
Control > Logins.
radius
RADIUS,
RADIUS Server Setup.
tacacs+
TACACS+,
TACACS+ Server Setup.

Accounting

Update Period

,
.
, Exec Dot1x start-stop.

Type

()
:
System
: ,
, ,
.
Exec

, Telnet SSH.
Dot1x
IEEE 802.1x (
), ,
.
Commands

, .

Active

,
.

Broadcast

,
.
,
, ;
.

ES-2024

20
49 Advanced Application > Auth and Acct > Auth and Acct Setup

Mode


. :
start-stop
, (
Update Period)
.
stop-only
.

Method

(RADIUS TACACS+)
.
Commands
TACACS+.

Privilege

Commands.
,
.

, .

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

20.2.4
RFC 2865
RADIUS (,
). RADIUS
(VSA).
VSA, ,
, :

, .
(

) , .
VSA :
Vendor-ID: ,
(IANA) . ZyXEL
890.
Vendor-Type: ,
.
Vendor-data: , .

ES-2024

171

20

"

VSA ,
RADIUS,
RADIUS.

VSA, , .
50 VSA

Vendor-Id = 890
Vendor-Type = 1
Vendor-data = (/ )

Vendor-Id = 890
Vendor-Type = 2
Vendor-data = (/ )

Vendor-ID = 890
Vendor-Type = 3
Vendor-Data = "shell:priv-lvl=N"

Vendor-ID = 9 (CISCO)
Vendor-Type = 1 (CISCO-AVPAIR)
Vendor-Data = "shell:priv-lvl=N"
N ( 0 14).

:
RADIUS
,

(RADIUS ),

.

172

ES-2024

20

20.2.4.1
RADIUS (.
RADIUS)
VLAN IEEE 802.1x.
VLAN , .
VID . , ,
. , ,
RFC 3580.
51


VLAN

Tunnel-Type = VLAN(13)
Tunnel-Medium-Type = 802(6)
Tunnel-Private-Group-ID = VLAN ID

:
VLAN VID.

20.3 RADIUS
RADIUS ,
,
, RADIUS.
RADIUS, .
RADIUS,
, RFC 2865. RADIUS,
, RFC 2866 RFC 2869.
,
. ,
, .

20.3.1 ,
,
RADIUS .
20.3.1.1 ,
User-Name
User-Name: $enab#$, #
(1-14)
User-Password
NAS-Identifier
NAS-IP-Address
20.3.1.2 ,
User-Name
User-Password

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20

NAS-Identifier
NAS-IP-Address
20.3.1.3 , IEEE 802.1x
User-Name
NAS-Identifier
NAS-IP-Address
NAS-Port
NAS-Port-Type
Ethernet(15).
Calling-Station-Id
Frame-MTU
EAP-Message
State
Message-Authenticator

20.3.2 ,
,
RADIUS .
20.3.2.1 ,
NAS-IP-Address
NAS-Identifier
Acct-Status-Type
Acct-Session-ID
Acct-Session-Id: ++8-
, , 2007041917210300000001. (: 2007/04/19,
: 17:21:03, : 00000001)
Acct-Delay-Time
20.3.2.2 , (Exec)
, ,
( Exec,
Telnet/SSH , Telnet/SSH
Calling-Station-Id):
52 RADIUS Exec

174

User-Name

NAS-Identifier

NAS-IP-Address

Service-Type

Acct-Status-Type

Acct-Delay-Time

ES-2024

20
52 RADIUS Exec

Acct-Session-Id

Acct-Authentic

Acct-Session-Time
Acct-Terminate-Cause

53 RADIUS Exec Telnet/


SSH

User-Name

NAS-Identifier

NAS-IP-Address

Service-Type

Calling-Station-Id

Acct-Status-Type

Acct-Delay-Time

Acct-Session-Id

Acct-Authentic

Acct-Session-Time
Acct-Terminate-Cause

20.3.2.3 , IEEE 802.1x



, :
54 RADIUS Exec

User-Name

NAS-IP-Address

NAS-Port

Class

Called-Station-Id

Calling-Station-Id

NAS-Identifier

NAS-Port-Type

Acct-Status-Type

Acct-Delay-Time

Acct-Session-Id

Acct-Authentic

Acct-Input-Octets

ES-2024

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20
54 RADIUS Exec
.

Acct-Output-Octets

Acct-Session-Time

Acct-Input-Packets

Acct-Output-Packets

Acct-Terminate-Cause

176

Acct-Input-Gigawords

Acct-Output-Gigawords

ES-2024

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IP-
IP-
ARP .

21.1 IP-
IP- ,
ARP-.
:

MAC-
VLAN ID
IP-

ARP MAC, VLAN ID, IP- .


. ,
.
,
( ).
IP- :
.
.
ARP-.
ARP.

21.1.1 ARP-
ARP-
ARP. man-in-themiddle, .

ES-2024

177

21 IP-
80 : Man-in-the-middle

B A.
X , A,
ARP- A.
X:
A B.
B A.
A B
X. X
, .
21.1.1.1 ARP- MAC-
ARP-
MAC-, MAC- VLAN,
ARP-.
MAC- .
MAC- MAC- (.
. 10 . 99).
.
, MAC.
ARP ARP Inspection, MAC MAC Address Filter.
21.1.1.2
ARP-
. ARP, ,
. ARP-,
,
ARP- .

178

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21 IP-

21.1.1.3 Syslog
ARP
syslog syslog (. 29 . 243).

.
21.1.1.4 ARP-
ARP-,
.
1 ,
ARP-.
2 ARP- .
3 ARP- VLAN.
4 ,
ARP ,
.

21.2 IP-

ARP-. ARP-
ARP-.
,
( ). ,
Advanced Application > IP Source Guard.
81 IP Source Guard

.
55 IP Source Guard

Index

MAC Address

MAC- .

IP Address

IP-, MAC-
.

Lease

, , ,
; , 2d3h4m5s ,
2 , 3 , 4 5 .
,
(, ), infinity.

Type


.
static: ,
.

ES-2024

179

21 IP-
55 IP Source Guard ()

VID

VLAN .

Port

.
, .

21.3 IP

ARP-. MAC-
VLAN ID. MAC-
VLAN ID .
MAC- VLAN ID,
, .
, Advanced Application > IP Source Guard
> Static Binding.
82 IP Source Guard Static Binding

.
56 IP Source Guard Static Binding

180

MAC Address

MAC- .

IP Address

IP-, MAC- .

VLAN

VLAN ID .

Port

. ,

.
, Any.

ES-2024

21 IP-
56 IP Source Guard Static Binding ()

Add

,
.

Cancel

,
, ,
.

Clear

,
.

Index

MAC Address

MAC- .

IP Address

IP-, MAC-
.

Lease

Type


.
static: ,
.

VLAN

VLAN .

Port

.
, .

Delete

Delete,
.

Cancel

,
Delete.

21.4 ARP-
MAC-,
ARP.
ARP-
MAC-, MAC- VLAN,
ARP-.
, Advanced Application > IP Source Guard > ARP Inspection.
83 ARP Inspection Status

ES-2024

181

21 IP-

.
57 ARP Inspection Status

Total number of filters

MAC,
ARP.

Index

MAC-.

MAC Address

MAC- MAC.

VID

VLAN MAC.

Port


ARP.

Expiry (sec)

( ),
MAC- .
(Delete).

Reason

,
ARP.
MAC+VLAN: MAC- VLAN ID
.
IP: MAC- VLAN ID
, IP- .
Port: MAC-, VLAN ID IP-
, .

Delete

Delete,
.

Delete

, .

Cancel

,
Delete.

21.4.1 ARP-
,
ARP, syslog.
, Advanced Application > IP Source
Guard > ARP Inspection > Log Status.
84 ARP Inspection Log Status

182

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.
58 ARP Inspection Log Status

Clearing log status table

Apply
, ARP,
syslog.

Total number of logs


, ARP,
syslog.
-
overflow,
.

Index

Port

ARP.

VID

VLAN
ARP.

Sender MAC

MAC- ARP.

Sender IP

IP- ARP.

Num Pkts

ARP,
.

, ARP,
.
ARP Inspection Configure.. . 21.5 . 183.

Reason

,
.
static deny: ARP- -
MAC- VLAN ID.
deny: ARP- -
MAC- VLAN ID.
static permit: ARP-,
.
ARP Inspection VLAN Configure
,
ARP
VLAN ID ARP..
. 21.5.2 . 186.

Time

,
.

21.5 ARP-
ARP-
. , ,
ARP,
ARP-.
, Advanced Application > IP Source Guard
> ARP Inspection > Configure.

ES-2024

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21 IP-
85 ARP Inspection Configure

.
59 ARP Inspection Configure

Active

,
ARP-.
ARP- VLAN
.

Filter Aging Time


Filter aging time

MAC.
(1-2147483647 ),
MAC-
ARP.
MAC-
. MAC-
, 0.

Log Profile
Log buffer size

184


(1-1024), ARP
syslog.
Syslog rate Log interval.

,

, - .

Clearing log status table ARP Inspection Log
Status.. . 21.4.1 . 182.

ES-2024

21 IP-
59 ARP Inspection Configure ()

Syslog rate

syslog,
syslog .
,
Log Interval.
syslog
(. 29 . 243).
, ARP, syslog,
0.
Syslog rate Log interval
:
4 ARP , Syslog rate 5,
Log interval 1: 4
syslog .
6 ARP , Syslog rate 5,
Log interval 2: 10
syslog 2 .

Log interval

(1-86400 ),
syslog syslog.
syslog
, 0.
Syslog rate Log interval
Syslog rate.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save

.

Cancel

21.5.1 ARP-

ARP-.
, Advanced Application > IP Source Guard > ARP Inspection >
Configure > Port.

ES-2024

185

21 IP-
86 ARP Inspection Port Configure

.
60 ARP Inspection Port Configure

Port

. *
.

Trusted State

, (Trusted)
(Untrusted).
ARP, ,
.
ARP-,
,
ARP- .

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save

.

Cancel

21.5.2 VLAN ARP-


ARP-
,
ARP VLAN.
, Advanced Application > IP Source Guard > ARP
Inspection > Configure > VLAN.

186

ES-2024

21 IP-
87 ARP Inspection VLAN Configure

.
61 ARP Inspection VLAN Configure

VLAN

VLAN,
.

Start VID

VLAN,
.

End VID

VLAN,
.

Apply

,
VLAN .

VID

VLAN ID
VLAN . VLAN * VLAN.

Enabled

Yes, ARP-
VLAN. No, ARP-
VLAN.

Log

,
ARP VLAN.
None:
ARP VLAN.
Deny:
ARP VLAN.
Permit:
ARP VLAN.
All:
ARP VLAN.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save

.

Cancel

ES-2024

187

21 IP-

188

ES-2024

22

22.1

,
.
(STP), STP
, .
88 STP
STP


.
, .
. ,
.

, .
( )
:
,
.

ES-2024

189

22

,
.
.
N A
B. B .
N B
N A,
B.
89

N
,
.
,
. ,
.
A N
, P
B. B , P
N A.
N.
90

A
P
N

N,
A . ,
.
, .
,
. N
. N ,
N , .

190

ES-2024

22
91

"

N
P


(. . 7.7 . 77).

22.2
, Advanced
Application > Loop Guard.

"


, (RSTP
MSTP).

92 Advanced Application > Loop Guard

ES-2024

191

22

.
62 Advanced Application > Loop Guard

Active

,
.

syslog,
, SNMP.

Port

.
,
.

:
.

192

Active

,
.
,
.
.
,
.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

IV
IP-
(195)
(199)
DHCP (203)

193

194

23

23.1
, ,
HTTP, telnet, SSH SNMP IP.
IP-
, .
,
, , ,
SNMP ping
IP.
Telnet, N1.
R1,
.
SNMP N2,
, R2.
93
N1

N2

SNMP
Telnet

R1

ES-2024

R2

195

23

23.2
, IP
Application > Static Routing.
94 IP Application > Static Routing

, ,
.
63 IP Application > Static Routing

196

Active

/ .

Name

- ( 32 ),
.

Destination IP
Address

IP- .
.
, 255.255.255.255,

.

IP Subnet
Mask

Gateway IP
Address

IP- . ,
.
, .

Metric

. IP
, 1 , .
, .
, 1
15. 2 3.

Add

Add,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clear

Clear, .

ES-2024

23
63 IP Application > Static Routing ()

Index

. ,
.

Active

Yes, , No,
.

Name

- .
.

Destination
Address

IP- .

Subnet Mask

Gateway
Address

IP- .
, .

Metric

Delete

Delete, .

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

ES-2024

197

23

198

ES-2024

24


(DiffServ).

24.1 DiffServ
(QoS)
.
.
, (CoS).
DiffServ (CoS),
,
DiffServ
.
DiffServ (DiffServ Code Points, DSCP),
.
DiffServ
,
. ,

, .

24.1.1 DSCP
DiffServ IP- DS
(Differentiated Services), ToS (Type of Service).
DS 6- DSCP, 64
, 2
(currently unused, CU). DS .
95 DiffServ: Differentiated Service
DSCP (6 )

ES-2024

CU (2 )

199

24

DSCP ToS,
ToS, DiffServ
DSCP.
DSCP
(PHB, Per-Hop Behavior),
DiffServ.
.
DSCP .

24.1.2 DiffServ
DiffServ,
DiffServ, .
(A . 96) DiffServ (
DSCP) , (Platinum, Gold,
Silver, Bronze) .
.

.
Bronze
DiffServ , Platinum.
96 DiffServ

P G S B
P Platinum
G Gold
S Silver
B Bronze

S G P P

S G P P
S

B
B

24.2 DiffServ
DiffServ
IEEE 802.1p .
, IP
Application > DiffServ.

200

ES-2024

24
97 IP Application > DiffServ

.
64 IP Application > DiffServ

Active

, DiffServ
.

Port

.
,
.
,
.

:
.
Active

Active, DiffServ
.

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

201

24

24.3 DSCP
IEEE 802.1p
DSCP IEEE 802.1p

DSCP, DiffServ IEEE 802.1p.
DSCP IEEE802.1P
.
65 DSCP IEEE 802.1p

DSCP

07

8 15

16 23

24 31

32 39

40 47

48 55

56 63

IEEE 802.1p

24.3.1 DSCP
DSCP IEEE 802.1p,
DSCP Setting DiffServ. , .
98 IP Application > DiffServ > DSCP Setting

.
66 IP Application > DiffServ > DSCP Setting

202

0 63

DSCP.
IEEE 802.1p,
.

Apply

Apply, .

, Save

.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

25
DHCP

DHCP.

25.1 DHCP
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol, RFC 2131 RFC 2132)
TCP/IP .
DHCP.
DHCP DHCP.
DHCP, DHCP

.

25.1.1 DHCP
DHCP,
DHCP.
DHCP
IP, .

25.1.2 DHCP
DHCP Global VLAN.
DHCP,
DHCP . :
Global DHCP DHCP.
VLAN VLAN.
DHCP DHCP
, VLAN .

25.2 DHCP
IP Application > DHCP. DHCP
Status.

ES-2024

203

25 DHCP
99 IP Application > DHCP Status

.
67 IP Application > DHCP Status

Relay Status

,
DHCP .

Relay Mode

:
None
DHCP.
Global DHCP.
VLAN, VLAN ID
VLAN.

25.3 DHCP
DHCP DHCP
, DHCP.
IP-
( IP- ) DHCP DHCP.
DHCP IP-
DHCP DHCP
.

DHCP. DHCP
DHCP. ,
DHCP VLAN,
.

25.3.1 DHCP

DHCP-, DHCP,
.
. DHCP IP-
. RFC 3046.
DHCP
Option 82. Option 82 DHCP, DHCP.
,
. System Name
Basic Settings > General Setup.

204

ES-2024

25 DHCP

DHCP, DHCP,
:
68

Slot ID

(1 ) 0
.

Port ID

(1 ) ,
DHCP.

VLAN ID

(2 ) VLAN,
.

Information

( 32 ) ,

, Basic Settings >
General Setup.

25.3.2 DHCP
DHCP DHCP Relay.
, IP
Application > DHCP Global.
100 IP Application > DHCP > Global

.
69 IP Application > DHCP > Global

Active

, DHCP.

Remote
DHCP Server
1 .. 3

IP- DHCP ,
.

Relay Agent
Information

Option 82,
( , VLAN ID)
DHCP, DHCP.

Information

,
General Setup.
,
DHCP-, DHCP.

ES-2024

205

25 DHCP
69 IP Application > DHCP > Global ()

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

25.3.3 DHCP
,
DHCP VLAN1 VLAN2.
DHCP, DHCP .
101 DHCP
DHCP:
192.168.1.100

VLAN1

VLAN2

DHCP Relay .
Option 82, DHCP
( , VLAN ID)
DHCP. DHCP IP-
VLAN ID.
102 DHCP

206

ES-2024

25 DHCP

25.4 DHCP VLAN


DHCP
VLAN, DHCP.
, IP Application > DHCP
VLAN DHCP Status.

"

VLAN, DHCP
, IP- .
, , . 7.6 . 74.

103 IP Application > DHCP > VLAN

.
70 IP Application > DHCP > VLAN

VID

VLAN, DHCP.

Remote DHCP
Server 1 .. 3

IP- DHCP ,
.

Relay Agent
Information

Option 82,
( , VLAN ID)
DHCP, DHCP.

Information

,
General Setup.
,
DHCP-, DHCP.

ES-2024

207

25 DHCP
70 IP Application > DHCP > VLAN ()

Add

Add, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clear

, .

VID

VLAN,
DHCP.

Type

Relay DHCP.

DHCP Status

IP- DHCP.

Delete

, ,
Delete .

Cancel

Cancel, Delete.

25.4.1 : DHCP VLAN



VLAN (VID 1 2). VLAN
DHCP. DHCP
(VLAN 1) DHCP IP- 192.168.1.100.
(VLAN 2) DHCP IP-
172.23.10.100.
104 DHCP VLAN
DHCP:192.168.1.100

VLAN 1

VLAN 2

DHCP:172.23.10.100

VLAN Setting
.

208

ES-2024

25 DHCP
105 DHCP VLAN

ES-2024

209

25 DHCP

210

ES-2024

(213)
(221)
(241)
Syslog (243)
(247)
MAC- (255)
ARP (259)
(261)

211

212

26

,
.

26.1 Maintenance

. ,
Management > Maintenance.
106 Management > Maintenance

.
71 Management > Maintenance

Current

,
(Configuration 1).

Firmware
Upgrade

Click Here
Firmware Upgrade.

Restore
Click Here
Configuration Restore Configuration.
Backup
Click Here
Configuration Backup Configuration.
Load Factory
Default

Click Here
.

ES-2024

213

26
71 Management > Maintenance ()

Save
Config 1
Configuration Configuration 1 .
Reboot
System

Config 1
Configuration 1.

: Save

.

26.2
,
.
1
, Click Here
Load Factory Defaults Maintenance.
2
, OK
107 :

3 Save Web-.
Web- , ,
IP- , , IP (192.168.1.1).

26.3
Config 1 Configuration 1
.
,
Save .

"
214

Apply Add
.
.

ES-2024

26

26.4
Reboot System ,
. (Config 1).
, .
1 ,
Config 1 Reboot System Maintenance.
.
108 :

2 OK , .
. .

26.5

, , ( )
.

,
,
.

Maintenance, Firmware Upgrade,


.
109 Management > Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade

ES-2024

215

26

,
, File Path, Browse,
. Rebooting,

. (
). Upgrade,
.

System Info,
.

26.6
Restore Configuration
.
110 Management > Maintenance > Restore Configuration

, ,
File Path, Browse, Choose File
. Restore.
config,
.

26.7

, .

Backup Configuration.

216

ES-2024

26
111 Management > Maintenance > Backup Configuration

,
.
1 Backup.
2 Save, Save As.
3 Save in
- File name. Save,
.

26.8 FTP

FTP.
.

26.8.1
( ROM)
, setup, IP Setup ..

.
ZyNOS (ZyXEL Network Operating System,
ras -) ,
bin.
72

config

ras

.
config
,
, (
),
.

*.bin


ZyNOS .

26.8.1.1 FTP
ftp> put firmware.bin ras

ES-2024

217

26

FTP-, firmware.bin
.
ftp> get config config.cfg

FTP-,
config.cfg .
(T)FTP- ,
, ,
config ras.
.

,
,
.

26.8.2 FTP
1
2
3
4
5
6

FTP-.
open, IP- .
[ENTER], .
( 1234).
bin, .
put,
: put firmware.bin ras
(firmware.bin)
ras. put config.cfg config
(config.cfg)
config. get config config.cfg

config.cfg.
. 72 . 217.
7 ftp-, quit.

218

ES-2024

26

26.8.3 FTP-

, FTP-
, .
73 FTP-

Host Address (
)

-.

Login Type (
)

(Anonymous).
,
.
, -
.
Normal ().

.

Transfer Type (
)

ASCII ( ),
.
.

Initial Remote
Directory (
)

().

Initial Local Directory


(
)

().

26.8.4 FTP
FTP , :
FTP Service Access Control.
IP- (IP-), Remote Management,
IP- . ,
Telnet-.

ES-2024

219

26

220

ES-2024

27

27.1
FTP ,
Telnet SSH ,
Web (
), SNMP
.
74
SSH

Telnet

FTP

Web

SNMP

Telnet
, (multilogin) .

.

27.2
,
Management > Access Control.
112 Management > Access Control

ES-2024

221

27

27.3 SNMP
(SNMP) ,
TCP/IP.
SNMP
(NMS) (NE).

SNMP 1 (SNMPv1), SNMP 2c SNMP 3.
SNMP . SNMP
, TCP/IP.
113 SNMP

MIB

MIB

MIB

SNMP :
.
,
().
, SNMP.
,
. ,
.
/ ,
, .
,
.. (MIB)
. SNMP
.
SNMP /
/. ,
:
75 SNMP

222

Get

GetNext


, . SNMPv1,
, Get
GetNext.

ES-2024

27
75 SNMP

Set

,
.

Trap

- .

27.3.1 SNMP v3
SNMP v3 SNMP.
SNMP
.

SNMP, .
SNMP. SNMP
.

27.3.2 MIB

.
:

SNMP MIB II (RFC 1213)


RFC 1157 SNMP v1
RFC 1493 Bridge MIB
RFC 1643 Ethernet MIB
RFC 1155 SMI
RFC 2674 SNMPv2, SNMPv2c
RFC 1757 RMON
SNMPv2, SNMPv2c , RFC
2011 SNMPv2 MIB IP, RFC 2012 SNMPv2 MIB TCP, RFC 2013 SNMPv2 MIB
UDP

27.3.3 Trap SNMP


SNMP- ( Trap),
- . Trap SNMP
.

ES-2024

223

27

OID (Object ID), 1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16


(ES-2024A) 1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27 (ES-2024PWR), MIB.
OID MIB.
76 Trap SNMP (System)

coldstart

coldStart

1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1

Trap
.

warmstart

warmStart

1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.2

Trap
.

fanspeed

FanSpeedEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap

,

.

FanSpeedEventClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2 Trap


.

temperature TemperatureEventOn

voltage

reset

timesync

224

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap

,

.

TemperatureEventClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2 Trap

.

VoltageEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1 Trap

,

.

VoltageEventClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2 Trap

.

UncontrolledResetEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1
.

ControlledResetEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1

.

RebootEvent

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.1.1.2

RTCNotUpdatedEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1

.

RTCNotUpdatedEventClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.2 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2

.

Trap


.

ES-2024

27
76 Trap SNMP (System) ()

intrusionloc
k

IntrusionLockEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1
.

loopguard

LoopguardEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1
.

77 Trap SNMP (Interface)

linkup

linkUp

1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.4

Trap

Ethernet.

LinkDownEventClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.2
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2

Trap

Ethernet.

linkDown

1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.3

Trap

Ethernet-.

LinkDownEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1

Trap

Ethernet-.

linkdown

autonegotiation

AutonegotiationFailedEventO 1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1
n
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1

Trap
,
Ethernet



Ethernet.

AutonegotiationFailedEventC
lear

Trap
,
Ethernet


Ethernet.

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.2
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2

ES-2024

225

27

78 Trap SNMP , (AAA)

authenticationFailure

1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.5

Trap

-

/ .

AuthenticationFailureEvent
On

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1

Trap

-

/ .

RADIUSNotReachableEve
ntOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1

Trap

RADIUS.

RADIUSNotReachableEve
ntClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.2
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2

Trap

RADIUS.

RADIUSAcctNotReachable
EventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1

Trap

RADIUS.

RADIUSAcctNotReachable
EventClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.2
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2

Trap

RADIUS.

accounting

79 Trap SNMP IP

ping

pingProbeFailed

1.3.6.1.2.1.80.0.1

Trap

ping.

pingTestFailed

1.3.6.1.2.1.80.0.2

Trap

(
ping).

pingTestCompleted

1.3.6.1.2.1.80.0.3

Trap
ping.

traceRouteTestFailed

1.3.6.1.2.1.81.0.2

Trap
traceroute.

traceRouteTestCompleted

1.3.6.1.2.1.81.0.3

Trap
traceroute.

traceroute

226

ES-2024

27

80 Trap SNMP (Switch)

stp

STPNewRoot

1.3.6.1.2.1.17.0.1

Trap

STP.

MSTPNewRoot

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.107.7
0.1
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.107.7
0.1

Trap

MSTP.

STPTopologyChange

1.3.6.1.2.1.17.0.2

Trap
STP.

MSTPTopologyChange

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.107.7
0.2
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.107.7
0.2

Trap
MSTP.

MacTableFullEventOn

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.1 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.1 99%
MAC-.

MacTableFullEventClear

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.16.27.2.2 Trap
1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.8.27.27.2.2 95%
MAC-.

RmonRisingAlarm

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.1.1.15

Trap


RMON.

RmonFallingAlarm

1.3.6.1.4.1.890.1.5.1.1.16

Trap


RMON.

mactable

rmon

27.3.4 SNMP
SNMP Access Control.
Access Control, Access Control.

ES-2024

227

27
114 Management > Access Control > SNMP

.
81 Management > Access Control > SNMP

General Setting

SNMP community
().

Version

SNMP . SNMP,
, SNMP.
SNMP 2c (v2c), SNMP 3 (v3)
(v3v2c).

: SNMP 2c SNMP
1.

228

Get Community

Get Community Get


GetNext .
Get Community SNMP
SNMP 2c .

Set Community

Set Community Set


.
Set Community SNMP
SNMP 2c .

Trap Community

Trap Community , SNMP Trap.


Trap Community SNMP
SNMP 2c .

Trap Destination

, Trap
SNMP .

Version

SNMP Trap.

ES-2024

27
81 Management > Access Control > SNMP ()

IP

IP- ( 4-),
Trap.

Port

,
Trap SNMP.

Username

, SNMP
Trap SNMP v3.

:

( Management >
Access Control > Logins).
User Information


SNMP v3.

:
SNMP v3 ,
.
Index

( ) .

Username

Security Level

, /
SNMP . :
noauth
SNMP. Get, Set Trap
Community SNMP v2c. .
auth SNMP, ,
.
priv SNMP, ,
.
.

: SNMP
,
.
Authentication

. SNMP
MD5 (Message Digest 5) SHA (Secure
Hash Algorithm). SHA
MD5, .

Privacy

SNMP
. :
DES Data Encryption Standard
( )
. 64-
56- .
AES Advanced Encryption Standard
. AES 128 128- .

ES-2024

229

27
81 Management > Access Control > SNMP ()

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

27.3.5 SNMP
, SNMP Trap
Group. Trap Group SNMP,
SNMP.
115 Management > Access Control > SNMP > Trap Group

.
82 Management > Access Control > SNMP > Trap Group

230

Trap Destination
IP

IP-
Trap. IP- SNMP. IP-
SNMP Setting.
Trap,
SNMP.

Type

Trap SNMP,
SNMP.

Options

Trap SNMP,
SNMP. Trap
. 27.3.3 . 223.
Trap .
Trap,
. Trap
SNMP.
,
,
( Trap
).

ES-2024

27
82 Management > Access Control > SNMP > Trap Group ()

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

27.3.6
Web-
( ).
, ,
.
admin. 1234.

"


(1234).

( , , admin)
, .
, Management > Access Control >
Logins.
116 Management > Access Control > Logins

ES-2024

231

27

.
83 Management > Access Control > Logins

Administrator
, admin.
.
/.
Old Password

(
1234).

New Password

Retype to confirm .
Edit Logins
.
0 ( ).

.
.
User Name

( 32 ).

Password

Retype to confirm .
Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

27.4 SSH
Telnet FTP,
, SSH (Secure Shell) ,

.
117 SSH

SSH

SSH

27.5 SSH

.

232

ES-2024

27
118 SSH

C SSH

SSH

,

1
SSH- SSH-.
.
,
.
.

.
2

.
3

.
(
).

27.6 SSH
SSH 2
RSA (DES, 3DES Blowfish).
SSH-
( 22). SSH-.

ES-2024

233

27

27.6.1 SSH
SSH SSH (
Windows Linux).

27.7 HTTPS
HTTPS ( ,
HTTP SSL) Web-,
Web-. Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
,
(
), (
) ( ).
, .
HTTPS
Web-.
HTTPS .
, .
,
HTTPS.
. .
1 HTTPS- Web- SSL (
) 443 Web- (WS) .
2 HTTP- Web- ( )
80 Web- (WS) .
119 HTTPS

234

ES-2024

27

"

HTTP Service Access Control


HTTP.

27.8 HTTPS
HTTPS ,
https://IP- , IP- IP , .

27.8.1 Internet Explorer


HTTPS-
Windows , . View
Certificate, , .
Internet Explorer Security Alert. Yes,
Web-;
No, Web- .
120 Security Alert (Internet Explorer)

27.8.2 Netscape Navigator


HTTPS-
Website Certified by an Unknown Authority ,
. , ,
Examine Certificate.
Accept this certificate temporarily for this session
OK, Netscape.
SSL- ,
Accept this certificate permanently.

ES-2024

235

27
121 1 (Netscape)

122 2 (Netscape)

27.8.3
, ,
. ,
.

236

ES-2024

27
123 :

27.9
,
.
Remote
Management ( ). Access Control
Access Control.
124 Management > Access Control > Service Access Control

ES-2024

237

27

.
84 Management > Access Control > Service Access Control

Services

,
.

Active

,
.

Service Port

Telnet, SSH, FTP, HTTP HTTPS;


Server Port.

, .

Timeout

(1-255) ( Web-),
-. -
.
Timeout .

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

27.10
Access Control, Remote Management,
.

,
. Access Control Access Control.
125 Management > Access Control > Remote Management

238

ES-2024

27

.
85 Management > Access Control > Remote Management

Entry

.
,
.

Active

, .
,
, .

Start Address
End Address

IP- ,
.
IP- ,
, .
, .

Telnet/FTP/
HTTP/ICMP/
SNMP/SSH/
HTTPS

,
.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

239

27

240

ES-2024

28

Diagnostic.

28.1 Diagnostic
,
Management > Diagnostic. ,
IP- .
126 Management > Diagnostic

ES-2024

241

28

.
86 Management > Diagnostic

242

System Log

Display,
.
Clear,
.

IP Ping

IP- ,
.
Ping, IP- (
).

Ethernet Port Test

Port Test
.

ES-2024

29

Syslog
Syslog.

29.1 Syslog
syslog IP-
syslog, .
syslog syslog
syslog.
Syslog RFC 3164. RFC ,
syslog.
syslog (facility)
(level). syslog syslog.
syslog.
syslog .
87 Syslog

: .

: .

: .

: .

: .

: , .

: syslog.

: .

29.2 Syslog
,
Management > Syslog. syslog
syslog.
.

ES-2024

243

29 Syslog
127 Management > Syslog

.
88 Management > Syslog

Syslog

Active, syslog ( )
syslog.

Logging Type

,
.

Active

,
.

Facility

,
syslog.
syslog.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

29.3 Syslog
,
Management > Syslog > Syslog Server Setup.
syslog.

244

ES-2024

29 Syslog
128 Management > Syslog > Server Setup

.
89 Management > Syslog > Server Setup

Active

,
syslog. ,
syslog,
( ).

Server Address

IP- syslog.

Log Level

,
syslog.
.

Add

Add,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clear

Clear, .

Index

syslog.
.

Active

Yes,
syslog. No , syslog
.

IP Address

IP- syslog.

Log Level

,
syslog.

Delete

Delete
Delete.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

245

29 Syslog

246

ES-2024

30

30.1

, .
,
VLAN.
90 ZyXEL

24


ZyXEL.

,
.

,
- .

A, , ,
.

ES-2024

247

30
129

30.2
,
Management > Cluster Management.

"

130 Management > Cluster Management

248

ES-2024

30

.
91 Management > Cluster Management

Status

.
Manager
Member (,
, )
None ,

Manager

MAC- -
.

The Number of
Member

.
- .

Index

- . Index Web - (. . 131 . 249).

MacAddr

MAC- -
.

Name

(System Name) .

Model

Status

:
Online ( )
Error (; , -
, .).
Offline ( Offline
,
)

30.2.1 -
Clustering Management Status - ,
Index ,
Web- . Web ,
.
131 : Web-

ES-2024

249

30

30.2.1.1 -

-
FTP, .
132 :
C:\>ftp 192.168.1.1
Connected to 192.168.1.1.
220 FTP version 1.0 ready at Thu Jan 1 00:58:46 1970
User (192.168.1.1:(none)): admin
331 Enter PASS command
Password:
230 Logged in
ftp> ls
200 Port command okay
150 Opening data connection for LIST
--w--w--w1 owner
group
3042210 Jul 01 12:00 ras
-rw-rw-rw1 owner
group
393216 Jul 01 12:00 config
--w--w--w1 owner
group
0 Jul 01 12:00 fw-00-a0-c5-01-23-46
-rw-rw-rw1 owner
group
0 Jul 01 12:00 config-00-a0-c5-01-23-46
226 File sent OK
ftp: 297 bytes received in 0.00Seconds 297000.00Kbytes/sec.
ftp> bin
200 Type I OK
ftp> put 370lt0.bin fw-00-a0-c5-01-23-46
200 Port command okay
150 Opening data connection for STOR fw-00-a0-c5-01-23-46
226 File received OK
ftp: 262144 bytes sent in 0.63Seconds 415.44Kbytes/sec.
ftp>

FTP .
92
FTP
FTP

User

admin.

Password

Web- 1234.

ls

,

- .

360lt0.bin

,
- .

fw-00-a0-c5-01-23-46


,
.

config-00-a0-c5-01-23-46 ,
.

250

ES-2024

30

30.3
.
, Configuration Cluster Management.
133 Management > Clustering Management > Configuration

.
93 Management > Clustering Management > Configuration

Clustering Manager
Active

Active,
. .
( ) ,
, Clustering
Candidates. ,
, Status Cluster
Management Status Error (),

(
).

ES-2024

251

30
93 Management > Clustering Management > Configuration ()

Name

,
(Clustering Manager). 32
( ).

VID

VLAN, ,
802.1Q.
, ,
VLAN.
, VLAN,
Clustering Candidates. (Clustering Manager)
(Port-based),
.

Apply

Apply,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Clustering
Candidate

,
.

List

,
.
. ,
, Clustering Candidate
. ,
VLAN, Clustering Candidates .

Password

Web-.
Clustering Candidate
Web-.
Web-,
.
Status Cluster Management Status Error
(),
( ).
, ,
[SHIFT]. Web.

Add

Add,
.
,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

Refresh

Refresh,
.

252

Index

- .

MacAddr

MAC- -
.

Name

(System Name) .

Model

- .

ES-2024

30
93 Management > Clustering Management > Configuration ()

Remove

Remove,
- .

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

253

30

254

ES-2024

31

MAC-
MAC- MAC Table.

31.1 MAC-
MAC- MAC Table (
) ,
. , ()
MAC- , VLAN
( ), MAC- (
) ( Static MAC
Forwarding).
, , MAC. . .
1 ,
MAC- .
2 , MAC-
MAC- , MAC-.
MAC-,
.
MAC-,
.
, .
MAC-,
, .

ES-2024

255

31 MAC-
134 MAC-

MAC-

MAC?

31.2 MAC-
,
Management > MAC Table.
135 Management > MAC Table

.
94 Management > MAC Table

256

Sort by

,
.
.

MAC

, MAC-.

VID

, VLAN.

Port

, .

Index

MAC Address

MAC- , .

VID

VLAN, .

ES-2024

31 MAC-
94 Management > MAC Table ()

Port

, MAC-.

Type

MAC- dynamic (,
) static (,
Static MAC Forwarding).

ES-2024

257

31 MAC-

258

ES-2024

32
ARP

(ARP).

32.1 ARP
(ARP) ,
IP- ,
, MAC-, .
IP- ( 4) 32 . Ethernet MAC 48 . ARP
MAC- IP-.

32.1.1 ARP
, - ,
, ARP
ARP , , .
IP- , ARP
.
MAC- IP- ,
IP- . ,
MAC- (FF.FF.FF.FF.FF.FF
Ethernet). (
IP- , )
MAC-, ,
. ARP ARP
MAC-.

32.2 ARP
,
Management > ARP Table. ARP
IP- MAC-.

ES-2024

259

32 ARP
136 Management > ARP Table

.
95 Management > ARP Table

260

Index

ARP.

IP Address

IP-, , ,
MAC-.

MAC Address

MAC- IP-.

Type

MAC- dynamic (,
) static (,
Static MAC Forwarding).

ES-2024

33

33.1

- .
, Management > Configure Clone.
137 Management > Configure Clone

ES-2024

261

33

.
96 Management > Configure Clone

262

Source/
Destination
Port

- Source.
.
Destination.
-.
, .
:
2, 4, 6 2, 4 6.
2-6 2 6.

Basic Setting

( Basic
Setting), .

Advanced
Application

(
Advanced Application),
.

Apply

Apply, .

,
Save
.

Cancel

Cancel, .

ES-2024

VI

(265)
IP- (273)
(283)
(289)
(291)

263

264

A


.
97

19-
ES-2024A: 438 () x 173 () x 44,5 mm ()
ES-2024PWR: 438 () x 270 () x 44,5 mm ()

ES-2024A: 2,2
ES-2024PWR: 4,0

100-240 . , 50/60
ES-2024A: 0,4
ES-2024PWR: 2

ES-2024A: 24
ES-2024PWR: 200

: 0 C ~ 45 C (32 F ~ 113 F)
: 10 ~ 90% ( )

: -25 C ~ 70 C (13 F ~ 158 F)


: 10 ~ 90% ( )

Fast Ethernet

24 100Base-Tx
RJ-45 Ethernet

MDI/MDI-X
802.3/802.3u


802.3x
( ES-2024PWR)
24 PoE (. 15,4 /, 185 /
)

Gigabit Ethernet

2 (1000Base-T SFP)
100/1000 /
802.3z/802.3ab
/
( )

ES-2024

265

A
97 ()

9- D-Sub (DCE)

:
1,25 : +/- 6%
1,8 : +/- 6%
3,3 : +/- 6%
2,5 : +/- 6%
:
CPU: 60 C
MAC: 60 C
: 3500~8000 /

98

266


(VLAN)

(VLAN)
.
.
. VLAN
,
();
.

MAC-

MAC- /
VLAN ().

DHCP (


DHCP DHCP .


IGMP


IGMP,
,
;
,
.

(DiffServ)

DiffServ
, DiffServ

.


.
:
(Strict Priority Queuing, SPQ)
(Weighted Round Robin, WRR).

,
.

,

,
(, ),
.

,
IP-
TCP/IP.

ES-2024

A
98 ()

VLAN-
(MVR)

VLAN- (Multicast VLAN


Registration, MVR) ,

(, MoD).
MVR VLAN- ,
VLAN .


VLAN,
.


(STP) /

(RSTP) /


(MSTP)

(R)STP
,
.
,
(R)STP,
.

STP ( ).
.

IP

IP-
ARP .

()

.
, , ,
,
, .


IEEE 802.1x
RADIUS- ,

MAC- /
MAC-.


RADIUS TACACS+.

Web-
.

Syslog

syslog
syslog.


( ) ZyXEL
Web-,
FTP/TFTP.

:
,
!

ES-2024

267

A
98 ()


,
.

( iStacking)

, .
,
VLAN.

99

268

IP-

192.168.1.1

IP

64

255.255.255.0 (24 )

admin

1234

4
.
RADIUS
TACACS+.

8 . MAC- (2- )
MAC- (256 )


10 3000 , 300

8,8 /,
: 1522 /CRC-
(Store and forward)


(QoS)

802.1p

/
64
/ ,
IGMP
DSCP 802.1p

IGMP
VLAN (IGMPv1/v2/v3, 16 VLAN,
), 256
IGMP
MVR

IGMP

IP-

DHCP

802.1w
802.1s MSTP

ES-2024

A
99 ()


(VLAN)

VLAN
VLAN 802.1Q
VLAN: 4 ., 256 VLAN
GVRP
VLAN

MAC-
MAC-
/


802.1x RADIUS

RADIUS.
SSHv1/v2
SSL
MAC-
(MAC freeze)

RADIUS
TACACS+
VLAN 802.1X
RADIUS
TACACS+
IP-
IP-/MAC-
ARP-

RADIUS
TACACS+

2 Fast Ethernet, 1 Gigabit Ethernet


4 ,
(100BaseTX)
(LACP)
802.3ad

64 /
64 /

ES-2024

269

A
99 ()

24

/ telnet/web

FTP/web/

FTP/web/

NTP
SNMP v2c / v3
Telnet ( 9 )
RMON 1, 2, 3, 9
-/ ICMP
Cisco


Syslog

802.3ah OAM

(
).
100

270

RFC 826

(ARP)

RFC 867

RFC 868

RFC 894

Ethernet II

RFC 1112

IGMP v1

RFC 1155

SMI

RFC 1157

SNMPv1: 1

RFC 1213

SNMP MIB II

RFC 1305

(NTP 3)

RFC 1441

SNMPv2: 2

RFC 1493

Bridge MIB

RFC 1643

Ethernet MIB

RFC 1757

RMON

RFC 1901

SNMPv2c: 2c

RFC 2131, RFC 2132

(DHCP)

RFC 2138

RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service)

RFC 2139

RADIUS

RFC 2236

IGMP 2

ES-2024

A
100 ()

RFC 2475

DSCP IEEE 802.1p

RFC 2674

SNMP v2, v2c


P-BRIDGE-MIB, Q-BRIDGE-MIB

RFC 2865

RADIUS

RFC 3046

DHCP

RFC 3164

Syslog

RFC 3376

IGMP 3

RFC 3414

(USM) 3
(SNMP v3)

RFC 3580

RADIUS

IEEE 802.1x

IEEE 802.1d

MAC

IEEE 802.1p

IEEE 802.1q

VLAN

IEEE 802.1w

(RSTP)

IEEE 802.1s

(MSTP)

IEEE 802.3

IEEE 802.3ad

IEEE 802.3af

IEEE 802.3ah

Ethernet OAM (, )

IEEE 802.3u

Fast Ethernet

IEEE 802.3x

UL 60950-1
CSA 60950-1
EN 60950-1
IEC 60950-1

(EMC)

FCC 15 ( A)
CE EMC ( A)

ES-2024

271

272

ES-2024

B
IP-
IP- .
IP- .
IP- (
, , , ..).
.

. .

IP-
IP- , .
,
, . ,
,
.
,
,
.

IP- ,
(, 192.168.1.1). .
(, 11000000, 192
).
, 00000000
11111111, 0 255 .
IP-,
(192.168.1) , (16)
.

ES-2024

273

B IP-
138

IP-, ,
, ,
.


,
, (
).
32 . 1,
IP- .
0, IP- .
, (
) IP- (
192.168.1.2).
101 IP-
1- :
(192)

2- :
(168)

3- :
(1)

4- :
(2)

IP- ()

11000000

10101000

00000001

00000010

()

11111111

11111111

11111111

00000000

11000000

10101000

00000001

00000010


, ,
32 .
,
( 1). , 8- ,
8 , 24 .

274

ES-2024

B IP-

, IP-.
8-, 16-, 24 29- .
102

1-
:

2-
:

3-
:

4-
:

8-

11111111

00000000

00000000

00000000

255.0.0.0

16-

11111111

11111111

00000000

00000000

255.255.0.0

24-

11111111

11111111

11111111

00000000

255.255.255.0

29-

11111111

11111111

11111111

11111000

255.255.255.248


,
. ,
.
IP- IP-
(192.168.1.0 24- , ). IP-

(192.168.1.255 24- , ).
IP-
,
:
103

24

224 2

16777214
65534

255.0.0.0

16

255.255.0.0

16

216

24

255.255.255.0

28 2

254

29

255.255.255.248

23 2


,
32 , ,
. /
.
, 192.1.1.0 /25 192.1.1.0
255.255.255.128.

ES-2024

275

B IP-

.
104

(
)

(
)

255.255.255.0

/24

0000 0000

255.255.255.128

/25

1000 0000

128

255.255.255.192

/26

1100 0000

192

255.255.255.224

/27

1110 0000

224

255.255.255.240

/28

1111 0000

240

255.255.255.248

/29

1111 1000

248

255.255.255.252

/30

1111 1100

252


.
,
.
192.168.1.0.
(192.168.1) , ,
28 2 = 254 .
.
139 :

192.168.1.0 ,
. 25-
(255.255.255.128 /25).
, ,
; 192.168.1.0 /25 192.168.1.128 /25.

276

ES-2024

B IP-

.
, A B.
140 :

25- 7 ,
27 2 = 126 (
, ).
192.168.1.0 255.255.255.128 , 192.168.1.127
255.255.255.128 . ,
IP-,
192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.126.
,
192.168.1.129 192.168.1.254.

:
25-
24- . ,
24-
, (00, 01, 10 11).
26 (11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000), 255.255.255.192.

ES-2024

277

B IP-

6 , 26 2 = 62
( ,
).
105 1
IP-/

IP- ()

192.168.1.

IP- ()

11000000.10101000.00000001.

00000000

() 11111111.11111111.11111111.

11000000


192.168.1.0

: 192.168.1.1

: 192.168.1.63

: 192.168.1.62

106 2
IP-/

IP-

192.168.1.

64

IP- ()

11000000.10101000.00000001.

01000000

()

11111111.11111111.11111111.

11000000


192.168.1.64

: 192.168.1.65

: 192.168.1.127

: 192.168.1.126

107 3
IP-/

IP-

192.168.1.

128

IP- ()

11000000.10101000.00000001.

10000000

()

11111111.11111111.11111111.

11000000


192.168.1.128

: 192.168.1.129

: 192.168.1.191

: 192.168.1.190

108 4
IP-/

IP-

192.168.1.

192

IP- ()

11000000.10101000.00000001.

11000000

() 11111111.11111111.11111111.

278

11000000

ES-2024

B IP-
108 4 ()

IP-/


192.168.1.192

: 192.168.1.193

: 192.168.1.255

: 192.168.1.254

:
27-
(000, 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, 110 111).
IP-
.
109

30

31

32

33

62

63

64

65

94

95

96

97

126

127

128

129

158

159

160

161

190

191

192

193

222

223

224

225

254

255


24-
.
110 24-

255.255.255.128 (/25)

126

255.255.255.192 (/26)

62

255.255.255.224 (/27)

30

255.255.255.240 (/28)

16

14

255.255.255.248 (/29)

32

255.255.255.252 (/30)

64

255.255.255.254 (/31)

128

ES-2024

279

B IP-

16-
.
111 16-

255.255.128.0 (/17)

32766

255.255.192.0 (/18)

16382

255.255.224.0 (/19)

8190

255.255.240.0 (/20)

16

4094

255.255.248.0 (/21)

32

2046

255.255.252.0 (/22)

64

1022

255.255.254.0 (/23)

128

510

255.255.255.0 (/24)

256

254

255.255.255.128 (/25)

512

126

10

255.255.255.192 (/26)

1024

62

11

255.255.255.224 (/27)

2048

30

12

255.255.255.240 (/28)

4096

14

13

255.255.255.248 (/29)

8192

14

255.255.255.252 (/30)

16384

15

255.255.255.254 (/31)

32768

IP-
.

IP-, IP-
.
IP-,
, IP-
.
192.168.0.0 192.168.255.0.
(IANA)
;
, . ,
(NAT).
,
(, 192.168.1.1), ,
.
, IP- .
IP-.
,
.

280

ES-2024

B IP-

IP-
.
(, ),
IP-. ,
(IANA)
IP-:
10.0.0.0 10.255.255.255
172.16.0.0 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 192.168.255.255
IP- IANA, ,
.
,
- .
, , IP .
, IP- ;
.
RFC 1597,
IP-, RFC 1466,
IP-.

ES-2024

281

B IP-

282

ES-2024

C


Copyright 2007 ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
, ,
,
, , , , ,
, , , ,
ZyXEL
Communications Corporation .
ZyXEL Communications Corporation. .

ZyXEL
, .
, ZyXEL ZyXEL
. ZyXEL
- .
.

ZyNOS (ZyXEL Network Operating System)
ZyXEL Communications, Inc. ,
,
.



ZyXEL
http://zyxel.ru.
,
,
, .

ES-2024

283


ZyXEL ES-2024
.

,
TW.46.B11222. 29.12.2006
28.12.2009. TW.46.B08943.
13.09.2006 13.09.2008. : 60950-2002,
51318.22-99 ( ), 51318.24-99 ( 1), 51317.3.2-99,
51317.3.3-99.


-1--0247. 25.09.2006 25.09.2009.
: 45.176-2001.

-
- 77.01.09.401..087979.12.06.
26.12.2006 18.12.2011. : 2.2.2./
2.4.1340-03.


ZyXEL Communications Corporation, N 6, Innovation Road II, Science-Based Industrial
Park, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
.2 .5
5
,
.

ZyXEL, 2007. .
, ,
ZyXEL
. , ,
.
ZyXEL
, ,
.
. ZyXEL
.

284

ES-2024



.
,
26 AWG
.
.

.
.
.
.

(110 . 230 . ).
, ,
.
, .
.
, .
,
.
, - .
,
, .
.
.
,
.
, ,
.
, .
,
.
.

.

ES-2024

285

ZyXEL
,
. ,
, ,
ZyXEL Communications Corporation.


1.
ZyXEL
, .
.
2. ,
, .
3. , ZyXEL,
.
: SYxWWxxxxx, Y , WW .
4. ZyXEL,
ZyXEL.
5. ZyXEL
,
.


1. ZyXEL
() ZyXEL .
2.

. ZyXEL
,

.
3. , :
- , , ;
- ZyXEL;
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ZyXEL; )
,
, ;
-
;

286

ES-2024

- , ,
, , ,
ZyXEL;
- , ,
;
- .

http://zyxel.ru/support

support@ua.zyxel.com

http://zyxel.kz/support

(800) 200-8929

(495) 542-8929

(800) 504-0040
(044) 247-6978

(800) 080-0055
(3272) 590-689

http://zyxel.ru

http://www.ua.zyxel.com

http://zyxel.kz

ZyXEL
117279,
. 37

ZyXEL
04050,
. 13

ZyXEL
050010,
. 43, 414

ES-2024

287

288

ES-2024

D

,
.

.
.
.
, .

+ , .
- ()

E-mail : support@zyxel.com.tw
E-mail : sales@zyxel.com.tw
: +886-3-578-3942
: +886-3-578-2439
: www.zyxel.com, www.europe.zyxel.com
FTP: ftp.zyxel.com, ftp.europe.zyxel.com
: ZyXEL Communications Corp., 6 Innovation Road II, Science Park,
Hsinchu 300,

: http://zyxel.kz/support
E-mail : sales@zyxel.kz
: (800) 080-0055, (3272) 590-689
: (3272) 590-689
: www.zyxel.kz
: ZyXEL , 050010, , . 43, 414

: http://zyxel.ru/support
E-mail : sales@zyxel.ru
: (800) 200-8929, (495) 542-8929
: (495) 542-8925
: www.zyxel.ru
: ZyXEL , 117279 , . 37

ES-2024

289

290

E-mail : support@ua.zyxel.com
E-mail : sales@ua.zyxel.com
: (800) 504-0040, (044) 247-6978
: (044) 494-4932
: www.ua.zyxel.com
: ZyXEL , 04050 , . 13

ES-2024

228
SNMP 223
224, 225, 227
128

, MAC-
255
(MIB) 222
(BPDU) 102
54
54
, .
RSTP 101

A
VLAN 84
40

171
40
127
127
128
129, 130
129

Ethernet 259
age 112
aggregator ID 129, 130

145
276
69
ARP
259
259
ARP ( ) 259
man-in-the-middle 177
RADIUS 173

RADIUS 164
168
135
RADIUS 165
IEEE802.1x 136, 166, 168

ES-2024

(C)

30
29
30
VLAN IEEE 802.1Q 31
29
36
36
CFI ( ) 83
(WRR) 144
(VLAN) 72
CIST 105
CIST ( )
103
265
164
55, 216

71
71
73
68
215, 250
47
54
94

291

(D)

(G)

DHCP 203
203
203
207
208
203
DHCP (
) 203
DiffServ 199
200
DSCP 199
DSCP
IEEE802.1p 202
PHB 200
DS 199
200
DNS 75
153
127
127
132
DS ( ) 199
DSCP
200
DSCP
IEEE802.1p 202
199
DSCP ( DiffServ) 199

GARP 84
GARP (
) 84
GBIC 41
41
41
41
42
41
GMT ( ) 71
242
GVRP 84, 90
90
GVRP ( VLAN GARP) 84

241
ping 242
242
Ethernet- 242
127
(DiffServ) 199

ARP- 178
3

(F)
FTP 32, 217
WAN 219
218

292

(H)
42
189
STP 189
190
191
190
IP- 177
ARP- 177
177
. SSH
(MTU) 72
123, 124
124
125
125
HTTPS
234
, 234
235
234

(I)
IANA 281
IEEE 802.1p, 74
IEEE 802.1x
136, 166, 168
135
137
VLAN 76

ES-2024

IGMP
147
IGMP ( )
147
128
54
90, 94
232
43
69
ARP- 177
178
MAC- 178
179
syslog 179
32
67
IP
75
74
IP-
DHCP 75
42
94

91
91
(CoS) 199
261, 262
261, 262
261, 262
Gigabit Ethernet/GBIC 40
. GBIC 41

40
40

221
238
SNMP 222
238
231
238
238
123, 124

217
, 54

ES-2024

(L)
LACP 128
131
- 132
71

M
MAC ( ) 68
MAC- 68, 259
MAC-
141
139, 140
139
VLAN 85
274
247
143
MIB
SNMP 222
MIB 223
MIB ( ) 222
mini-GBIC . GBIC 41
MSA 41
MSTI 105
MST ID 105
MSTI ( ) 103
MSTP 101, 103
110
bridge ID 115
configuration digest 115
forwarding delay 112
hello time 112, 115
max age 112, 115
max hops 112
path cost 113
port priority 113
revision level 112
103
MST 104
MSTP (
) 101
Multiple STP, . MSTP 103
147
IGMP 147
IP- 147
149, 150
147
802.1 150
MVR 154
156

293

158
154
MVR ( VLAN- ) 154

(N)
74
197
215
73
77
NAT 280

ARP- 178

O
29
50
50
4

216
216
215
213
213
(CIST)
103
, .
CIST 105
70
ZyNOS (ZyXEL Network
Operating System) 217
143
67
IGMP 148
MVR 154

(P)

217
39

215
215
MAC- 95
PHB ( )
200
ping, 242

69
39
42
39
62
273
MAC- 73, 95
141
164
Ethernet 40
40
40
41
Gigabit Ethernet 40

128
242
123
/ 78
Ethernet 40
123
6
177
132
802.1P 78
, . SNMP
222

, . MSTP. 101
, . STP 101
(ARP) 259, 261, 262
70
70
(LACP)
128
PVID 84, 90
PVID ( ) 84

hello time 112


54
232
232
FTP

294

ES-2024

(R)
RADIUS 164
164
165
165
164
163
164
42
MST 104
, 216
RFC 3164 243
RSTP 101

(S)
55, 214
214
55
70
283
. DNS 75
(NMS) 222
242
69
SNMP 32, 222
230
222
229
229
3 security 223
MIB 222
Community 228
222
222
MIB 223
222
227
222
222
222
40
,
217
48, 61
129
43
69
62
61
STP 109, 114

ES-2024

VLAN 87
69
61
54, 214
. VSA 171
SPQ ( ) 143
(Web-) 56
139
139, 191
139
MAC- 141
MAC- 139
SSH
233
234
234
SSH ( ) 233
SSL ( ) 234
177
195, 197
VLAN 88
89
89
90
MAC- 95, 139
STP 101
BPDU- Hello 102
189
102
102
102
106, 110
bridge ID 109
bridge priority 107
forwarding delay 108
hello time 107, 109
max age 108, 109
path cost 108
port priority 108
109, 114
103
102
102
(SPQ) 143
syslog 179, 243
243
244
243
243
243

295

T
MAC- 255
255
256
177
177
TACACS+ 164
166
TACACS+ (Terminal Access Controller AccessControl System Plus) 163
GARP 73, 84
71
71
265
GARP 85
Ethernet- 242
(ToS) 199
283
Transceiver MultiSource Agreement . MSA 41

283
283
238
239
239


. IANA 281
247
252
247, 251
247
251

-
250
247
248
247
VID 252
Web- 249
247, 252
78
78
IEEE802.3x 78

118
118

296


FTP. . FTP.
.
. .
SNMP. . SNMP.
Web-. . web.
32
94
CPU 91
74

36
35
36
36
36
35

168
231
Administrator 231
231
231
231

(V)
55
55, 216
216
214
VID 83, 87, 88
83
VLAN
83
VID ( VLAN) 83
MAC-
ARP- 178
99
99
90
IGMP 147
150
153
VLAN 72, 83
84
72
91
83
VLAN 76
90
VLAN 87

ES-2024

85, 91
, 94
, 94
, 94
83
89
88
87, 88
VLAN 88
73, 86
90
VLAN 91
VLAN 73
VLAN 91
94
94
94
VLAN 83
VLAN- 158
NTP (RFC-1305) 70
Time (RFC-868) 70
276
VSA 171

(W)
Web- 32, 47
47
logout 56
48
50
49
56
WRR ( ) 144

247

MST, . MSTI 105


, . MSTI. 103

ES-2024

297

298

ES-2024