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..

.
.. ,
.
..
.
-

x (t)
e(t)
u(t)
-

u(t) = F[e(t)] -

y(t)

x (t)


T
K e(t)
1
de(t)
u(t) K {e(t)
e(t) dt T
}
-
T 0
dt
T
1
e(t) dt
T 0

-
T

u(t) K e(t)

1
de(t)
e(t) dt T
T 0
dt

de(t)
dt

T
T

-
-

e(t) x x

1. -
T

u(t) K e(t) dt
0

u t K e T
,

1
T

- -

.

-
,
-

.
,

, ..
. -
,
, ..
.
:

h(t)

W (p)

K
e p
T p 1

2. -

u(t) K e(t)

h(t)

W(p) K



,

.
-

;
; .
3. -
- -:
T
1
u(t) K e(t)
e(t) dt
e(t)
T 0
=>

K
1
T p

1
W(p) K
T p

:
T

1
u(t) K e(t)
e(t) dt
T 0

=>

W(p)

K (T p 1)
T p

e(t)

u(t)

1
K
1
T p

u(t)

u(t) K e(t)

1
T p

e(t)

h(t)

, ..

(e(t)) (

e(t)

).
4. -
T

1
de(t)
u(t) K e(t)
e(t) dt T

T 0
dt

1
W(p) K 1
T p
T p

1
T p

T p

,


.
h(t)

1
e(t)

u(t)