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byCa

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2003

32.973.26-018.2.75
36
681.3.07

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info@dialektika.com, http://www.dialektika.com

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36 Internet "", 8- . : . . . :
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ISBN 5-8459-0325-4 (.)
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32.973.26-018.2.75
.

, ,
, Wiley Publishing, Inc.
Copyright 2002 by Dialektika Computer Publishing.
Original English language edition Copyright 2002 by Wiley Publishing, Inc.
All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.
This translation published by arrangement with Wiley Publishing, Inc.
ISBN 5-8459-0325-4 (.)
ISBN 0-7645-0894-6 (.)

- "", 2002
Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2002


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240

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244

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246

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248

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, , , , , , , . / LOVE YOU.
, .


- Internet :
( Outlook Express) . . Internet "" , . , , , .
- .
" " . , -, .


Internet ,
( )
UseNet . , , Internet. , ,
. 12 " ".

/
Internet : , , , . , , , . , , , "
".
Internet , , . , . ""
,
,

20. ,

255

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Internet- Internet , , Internet,
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. , Internet , , ,
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. , Internet,
.


, , , , . . .


, , , , . -, ,
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256

VI.

Internet
, Web . , ,
. Web-, , ( e-mail )
,
. ,
. , ,
,
. .

Web-Mifqfiocifiu
Internet
World Wide Web ( 10 " Web-" , ). , ,
Web-, .

, I
, Web-, , . ,
. , 12 , , ,
. ,
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, , .
. 12 ,
Web, . , , , .

Yahoo!,

Web- (, , Web-)
. -
Web- Yahoo!, Netscape
, Internet. Web ,
.

20. ,

257


Web- . - Netscape Internet Explorer, , , Web- . ; - , Opera.
,
, ,
. ,
, - .

!
, - , Web- (, ).
, ,
Internet .
Internet ? !

258

V/.


404 Not Found. , Web-,
. URL
, ( ).
ActiveX. Microsoft ,
.
ADSL. . DSL.
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard ).
,
. . DES.
AIM (AOL Instant Messenger). , , AOL,
AOL.
America Online (AOL). , ,
Internet, ,
. www. a o l . com.
(Blind Carbon copy). . , . . .
BinHex. , Macintosh.
bps (bit per second ). .
.
com. (, n e t . g u r u s . c o m ) ,
, Web- , .
CompuServe (CIS). , , Internet,
, -. AOL.
cookie. ,
Web-, . ,
.
CUseeMe. .
(DNS). Internet,
Internet, x u x a . i e c c . c o m , Internet,
2 0 8 . 3 1 . 4 2 . 4 2 . .
DES (Data Encryption Standard ).
. DES. . AES.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ). , IP- .
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line ). , , ISDN 7 /.
DSL-. , DSL-.

259

Ebay. Web,
www. e b a y . com.
edu. (,
www.milddleburry.edu), , Web- , .
Eudora. , Macintosh,
Windows. Web- www. eudora . com.
FAQ (Frequently asked questions ). , , .
FAQ ( ) UseNet .
FAQ ,
www.faqs.org.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol ).
Internet.
FTP-. Internet, , FTP.
GIF (Graphic Interchange Format ). , CompuServe, . . g i f GIF-.
Google. World Wide Web (www. g o o g l e . com), .
gov. (, c u . r i i h . g o v ) ,
, Web- - ,
.
HTML (Hypertext markup language ).
World Wide Web. ,
, , . :
World Wide Web, . Web-
, .htm .html.
HTML-. , HTML. .
HTTP (Hypertext transfer protocol ). World Wide Web no Internet. Web-
h t t p : / /, .
HTTPS. HTTP, .
ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Internet
no ). (www. i c a n n . org), IP- , Internet.
ICQ. ,
, , . AOL, AOL Instant Messenger (AIM).
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol Internet). Internet.
IMAP-. , ,
.

260

Internet Connection Sharing (ICS). Internet. Windows, (LAN) Internet.


Internet Explorer. Web- Microsoft; Windows,
Mac ( ) UNIX.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC Internet). , Internet , ,
.
Internet. , ,
. Internet-, .
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network
). , 128 /.
Java. , Sun Microsystems. Java , .
JPEG. .
. j p g . j p e g .
.
LAN. . , , , Internet.
Linux. UNIX, , IBM-. Internet- UNIX Linux.
ListProc. , L1STSEAK
LISTSERV. , , , ..,
- . ,
LISTSEtft; L.
MacBinary. , Macintosh.
Majordomo. LISTSERV, .
Microsoft Network. . MSN.
mil. Internet (), ,
,
.
MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
Internet). , .
. , Internet.
MPEG (Motion Picture Experts Group ).
, Internet. . mpg.
MSN TV ( WebTV). Internet, (Internet- )
Internet.

261

MSN. Microsoft, Internet, , Web, ..

MUD (Multi-user dungeon ).


" ", . Internet. , MUD, r e c . g a m e s . m u d . a n n o u n c e .
net (). , ,
Internet. Internet (,
www.abuse.net), , , , ISP.
.NET. Microsoft Web- XML, Internet.
Netscape. Web-, Windows, Mac UNIX
(www. n e t s c a p e . com).
network (). , , , ,
( ), . , Internet!
Opera. , Opera
Software (www. o p e r a . com).
org. (, www. uua. org), , , .
OS-X. , UNIX, Macintosh.
PDF-. .

Acrobat
(www. adobe, com/acrobat).
PGP (Pretty Good Privacy ). ,
.
web.mit .edu/network/pgp .html.
ping. , Internet.
, . ping, , , .
plug-in ( ). ,
, .
POP (Post Office Protocol ). , Internet .
POP- , . .
POP-. , ,
.
(Point-to-point protocol ). , Internet .
Proxy-. - LAN Internet.

262

QuickTime. - , Apple Computer

Internet.

www.apple.com/quicktime.
RealAudio. , Internet.
www.real.com.
RTFM (Read the manual " "). , , , ,
.
S/MIME (Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
Internet). MIME, ( ) ( ,
).
SMS (Short Message System ). , .
Shockwave. - Web.
Shockwave, ( ) www. Shockwave. com.
smiley ("*', ""). ,
- , : -) : - (. ( ,
, .
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol ). Internet . SMTP , .
SMTP-. ,
Internet.
SSL (Secure Socket Layer ). Web-, , Web-.
Stufflt. Mac. Stufflt . s i t , . UnStufflt
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol / Internet). Internet.
telnet. ,
Internet.
-Level Domain (TLD ). . .
UNIX. , Bell Labs.
Internet. UNIX Linux.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator ). , World
Wide Web.
UseNet. ( ).
. (
UseNet n e t . gurus . com/usenet.)

263

uuencode/uudecode (/ Unix-Unix). . MIME.


WAV-. Windows ( . wav),
Internet.
WebTV. . MSN TV.
Web-. ,
Internet. Web-
.
Web-. Windows ,
, FTP- Web-.
Web-. , Web- , Web-.
Web-. World Wide Web.
Web-. Web-, Web-, .
WinSock. TCP/IP Windows. , Windows, Internet , SLIP.
WWW (World Wide Web). ,
. XXI Web , .
Yahoo!. World Wide Web ( h t t p : / w w w . y a h o o , com); World Wide Web.
ZIP-. . z i p , ZipMagic,
WinZipnjiH .
. Internet : ( ; @) Web-
( XJRL).
. , , .
. , Java,
Web-, , .
. , ,
.
WinZip, PKZl?, tar Stuffft.
. . .
. Web-, ,
, . , , ,
.
. &
. Internet ,
Yahoo Messenger Windows Messenger, \RC, tnlRC.

264

. , Internet . , , ,
. (LAN Internet) , .
. . 1
( ).
.
. ,
. bps , . (Baudot).
. - e-mail.
, .
. ,
Internet
.
. , World Wide Web.
, .
. , . , , "".
. , .
. , - ,
.
. .
. , (1 000 000 000).
. ,
, . World Wide Web .
. ,
.
. , , .
, , , , , , .
() . Web-.
.
. Internet, d i a l e k t i k a . c o m .
Microsoft
Windows.
. , , , , .
. (, ) .

265

. Web-, . Netscape , Web.


. FTP- Web-, , . , -
.
. Internet . ,
, . ,
, , .
, , , .
. Web-, , Internet Explorer . , .
. Internet (, c h i c o . i e c c . com).
. ( , Internet), .
Internet. Internet,
.
. , .
. 1RC , .
"" , "" " ", ,
.
. 1024 . KB, .
, .
. , Internet (,
).
. , (1000). ,
1024.
. , , . , .
. .
. , , Web- (, u s , r u , ). .
. , : , , , , .
. , .
. , Internet
(, Instant Messenger),
.
. , (1 000 000).
/. , " "
. , , -

266

, . ,
, . . , .
. ,
.
.
. , ,
, . ,
, .
. ,
().
. , UseNet , , .
. , , Internet. Internet .
, , , .
(, Winamp) .
. , . , , .
. , . (,
), . .
. , ,
.
( ).
Internet.
. Web-, , .
. , . .
. Internet.
. .
RealAudio ( h t t p : / / w w w . r e a l . c o m ) .
. ,
.
. Internet, .
. (POP ), ,
.
. , UseNet .

267

.
. , , , .
. , . , "", " ", " . , ", " " ..
. , .
.
. , - .
Web-. HTML
Web-.
. , . , .
. ,
, . . POP- IMAP-
. ,
Internet. . SMTP-,
. Internet, UseNet
.
. ,
, .
. , (e-mail, Web, UseNet FTP) ( ) . . .
. , .
. World Wide Web .
. UseNet. (
UseNet Web- n e t . g u g r u s . c o m / u s e n e t . )
. , , , UseNet , . ,
.
www.cauce.org.
. ,
.
, ,
. ListProc, LISTSE/?^ Ma/ordomo .
(Carbon copy). . ,
, , . . .
. ,
. Web-
. ,
.
. , World Wide Web.
, , , ..

268

1 . , 24 1,544 / .
. , , , , , - .
, IBM,
, ASCII, ASCII-,
. . , - , , ( , ).
. Internet.
- . ,
. ,
( ) , . , , .
. Internet.
. , , , . .
. , .
. , , .
. Intemet-,
.
.
Internet.
(e-mail). , Internet.

269

Coollist, 193

404 Not Found, 116

About.com, 120; 198

CUseeMe, 208

D
DARPA, 32

ActiveX, 107; 215


Adobe Acrobat, 108

Dell Computers, 133

AltaVista, 116; 120

Deplhi Forums, 215

Amazon.com, 132

Download.ru, 228

America Online. . AOL

DSL
, 60

Angelflre, 138
Antiviral Toolkit Pro, 227
AOL, 56
Apple
iMovie, 38
Web-, 134
Apple Computer, 134
ARPANET, 32
ASCII, , 148

, 61
, 60
, 54
Internet, 55; 74
, 60
, 63
, 60
DVD, Internet, 126
DVDTOP, 132

AT&T, 60

., 134

Bahus.ru, 135

eBay, 134
e-mail. .
Eudora,67;158

BareBones, 140

, 177
, 159
, 157
, 165
, 179
, 170
, 181
, 186

BBEditLite, 140
BMP, 143
Bytedog, 120

cc:Mail, 157
CDNow, 133
Charles Schwab, 132

Excite Chat, 215

Clip art, 143. .


Coffee Cup HTML Editor, 140; 144; 146;
147
Consummate WinSock Application, 88; 108
Cookie, 103

270

file
URL, 83
Free Agent, 67

FreePPP, 74
FrontPage Express, 140
FTP, 219
URL, 82
, 148
, 138; 147; 219; 222

Geocites, 138
GIF
, 146
, 143
Global Schoolhouse, 40
Gnutella, 224
Google, 111; 115; 117

H
HotBot, 120
Hotmail, 157
HTML, 79; 139
HTTP, 79; 82; 87
Hypertext Markup Language . . HTML

IATA, 130
IBM, 133
iBook, 53
ICQ, 203
ICQphone, 206
, 206
, 205
, 206
, 206
, 203
, 204
ICQphone, 206
ICS, 76
iMac, 53
iMAP, 155; 156
iMovie, 38
Inktomi, 120
Internet

Internet-, 58
Web-, 51
, 188
, 24
, 24
, 26; 27
, 29
, 29
, 23
, 29

, 29
, 27
, 37
, 32
-, 29
, 29
, 29
, 41
, 28; 37
, 44
,
189
, 24
, , 28
, 28
, 40
, 28
, 28; 33
, 28
, 46
, 57
Internet Explorer, 66
LookSmart, 119
MSN Search, 119
Web-, 89
, 83
, 88
, 92; 94
, 88; 100
plug-in, 108
cookie, 104
, 84; 98
, 90
, 107

271

, 85; 100
Web-, 83; 87
, 100
HTML-, 147

KaZaA, 224

, 99
, 96

LAN, 157

, 119

Linux, 61

Internet Explorer
, 91

Internet,
66

Internet Mail Access Protocol. . IMAP

Linux "", 61

Internet Relay Chat. . IRC

ListProc, 190

internet-, 29

LISTSERV, 190; 191

Internet-, 52

,192

Internet-

, 191


, 63
, 55
, 61
UNIX, 59

, 67
, 65
, 57
, 63
, 62
, 52
, 62
Internet-
, 46
Internet-, 58
IRC, 210; 215
ircii, 216
Ircle,2I6
ISDN, 55; 60

LookSmart, 119
Lotus Notes, 157
Lycos, 120

Macintosh
BareBones, 140
BBEdit Lite, 140
iMac iBook, 53
Stufflt, 225
, 83
, 76
Internet,
66; 74
Mail.ru, 157
mailto, , 82
Majordomo, 390; 194
, 194
, 194

ISP. . Internet-

Man Style, 133

ITKOM, 127

McAfee VirusScan, 227

iVisit, 208

Microsoft Access, 140


Microsoft Excel, 140
Microsoft Front Page, 140

JPEG
, 147
, 143

Microsoft Outlook, 157


MIME, 184
mIRC, 67; 216
Molotok.ru, 134
Morgan Stanley Online, 132

272

Mozilla, 84

, 83

, 92; 93; 98
, 88

, 38
MSN Messenger, 208

Reload, 88; 100

MSN TV, 210

plug-in, 108

MUD, 216

cookie, 106

Multiple-User Dialogue, 216

, 84; 97
, 89

Multiple-User Dimension, 216


Multipurpose Internet mail extensions. .
MIME

, 91
, 85
Web-, 83; 87
, 99

MyElvisti.com, 138

,89
, 118

Napster, 38; 223

Newswatcher, 67

Netcsape Composer, 140

Northern Light, 120

Netcsape Mail

, 157
Netscape, 66
Netscape Communicator, 83
Netscape Composer, 139; 140; 144; 145;
146; 147
Netscape Mail, 158
, 178
, 162
, 167
, 179
, 170
, 186
Netscape Messenger, 67; 158
, 178
, 160
, 157
, 167
, 179
, 170
, 182
, 186
Netscape Navigator
Clear History, 107
Personal Toolbar, 94; 100
Smart Browsing, 118
Web-, 88
, 102

ODP, 114; 118


Open Directory Project. . ODP
Opera, 66
Opera, , 84
Orbitz, 131
OTTO, 133
Outlook Express, 67; 358
, 178
, 163
, 157
, 176
, 168
, 179
, 170
, 186
', 182
Outlook Express
, 179

Pagelettes, 141
Paint Shop Pro, 146
PCX, 143
Pegasus, 157
, 173

273

, 133
PGP, 173
plug-in, 107

Uniform Resource Locator. . URL

PNG

UNIX

, 143
, 155
Post Office Protocol. .
Pretty good privacy. . PGP
Privacy Forum Digest, 198
Privacy-enhanced mail. .
PureVoice, 159

Linux, 61
Pine, 157
, 83; 92
Internet,
66
, 59
URL
, 86
Web-, 85
, 79

QuickTime, 108

, 87

, 81
, 82

Rambler, 121

USB, 75; 202

RealAudio, 67

USB-, 75

RealPlayer, 107

Usenet, 189

Reel.com, 133

UTS2000, 131

RELCOM, 26

Risks Digest, 198


Russia on the Net, 121

W3,79
WAP, 55
WebCam World, 203

S/MIME, 173

WebTV, 157

Salomon Smith Barney, 132

Web-, 201; 202

Shockwave, 67

Web-, 222

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. . SMTP

Web-

Smart Udate, Netscape, 89


, 55
Web-
404 Not Found, 116
Canada 411, 123
URL, 81
Who Were, 123
Xanadu, 81
, 123
, 214
, 147
, 198
, 189; 198
, 92; 93

SMTP, 155; 156


Stufflt, 225; 226

TCP/IP
, 66
, 66
The Jazz Lover's List, 198
Topica, 195; 199
Travelocity, 131
TUCOWS, 88; 108; 216; 220

274

, 92; 95

, 164

, 149
... "", 87

, 169

, 25

, 171

, 34

, 182
, 175

, 137
, 88
, 103
, 195
HTML-, 147
, 150
, 102
, 195
, 101
Web-, 51
Windows

, 180

, 186
Yahoo!
Auctions, 134
Geocites, 138
, 111; 112
, 113; 118
Yahoo! Chat, 215
Yahoo! Groups, 199
Yahoo! Messenger, 201; 207

, 53
1CQ, 203
Windows 98, Me, 2000
Internet, 72
Windows Messenger, 201; 208
Windows 3.1

ZipMagic, 225
ZIP-, 224
zStores, 150

Internet, 66
Windows 95

Internet, 74
Windows XP

, 153

Internet, 70
WinZip,225;226

, 177

, 103; 144
, 122

Wireless Access Protocol. . WAP


Woman Style, 133
World Wide Web

, 131

, 80
, 79
, 25; 79
WYSIWYG, , 139

, 134

Internet, 27
, , 30


Internet, 127

Xanadu, 81

Yahoo Groups, 195


Yahoo Mail, 157; 158
, 179

cookie, 104; 128


, 226
, 212
, 63; 71
, 188; 226
, 184
, 127

275

, 126
, 69
,187
, 102
, 172. .

, 209
IRC-, 215
MUD, 216
, 212
Web-, 214
, 25
, 216
, 211
, 211
, 209
, 210

Internet,
126;130
/, 54
, 63; 71

cookie, 103
Opera, 84
URL, , 87
, 102
, 214
Web-, 222
, 88
, 86
, 92
, 106
, 85
, 89
, 83
, 91
, 88
, 99
, 85

Internet, 127

, 60

276

, 202
, 127; 129

ICQ, 207
, 226
Eudora, 159
Netscape, 161
Outlook Express, 164

, 184
,184
, 184
, 184
, 184
Eudora, 159; 184
Netscape Mail, 185
Netscape Messenger, 185
Outlook Express, 185
Yahoo! Mail, 185
, 184
, 184
, 29. .
, 135
, 219
FTP, 222
Web-, 222
Web-, 138; 147
, 219
, 221
, 55

. .
, 80; 81

Internet, 58

, 184
Web-, 142
, 220
, 143
, 146
, 146

, 142

, 86

, 148
, 127

, 88
, 91

, 41

Internet, 29; 38

, 142
Internet, 45
Internet, 40

, 29; 40

Internet, 46

, 211

, 42
Internet, 41

, 56
AOL, 56
, 56
, 56
CompuServe, 56
, 134
, 189; 198
, 27

, 122
, 122

, 219
Web-, 221; 222
, 220
, 220
, 221
, 220
Internet,
67
, 92
, 68
, 219
, 219

Netscape Navigator, 92; 98

Internet Explorer, 92
, 143; 220
.com, , 154
.edu, , 154
.gov, , 154
.mil, , 154
.net, , 154
.org, , 154
, 154
, 154
, 154
, 155

, 70
, 150
, 154
, 132
, 29; 35
, 35

, 106

Internet
, 63

, 61
, 60
, 57

Internet, 74

277

Internet
, 59

cookie, 104

Coffee Cup HTML Editor, 147

, 42; 142

File Transport Protocol. . FTP

, 31

Web-, 121

, 69

,187

. .
, ,
, 66
, 66
. .
, ; 117

, 113
, Internet, 126
Reload, 88; 100

, 172
KopM.com.ua, 135

, 127

, 126
-
Internet, 29
, 145
, 147
, 99

Stop, S8

, 88; 100
, 154
, 209
, 211
-, Internet,
126

, 29
Internet, 34
, 121

, 172
, 34

Internet-, 58
, 54; 58
Internet, 133
, 52
, 23
, 51

Internet, 127
World Wide Web. . W3
, 131

278

Internet, 127

, 40

, 212
, 122; 174

, 29
Macintosh
ICQ, 203
, 92

, 25
, 2 0 !
, 134
Internet, 29
, 132

Internet. . MIME

DSL, 54; 75

PC Card, 54

Windows XP, 72

, 54

, 75

, 54
, 54; 75
, 58

, , 84; 100

, 53

, 190; 196

, 68

, 190

, 94

, 30; 69; 212


, 101

, 221

, 38

Internet
, 54
, 62
, 34
, 137
Internet Explorer, 98
Netscape Navigator, 97

, 84
,
, ,

142
, 144
, 145
, 149
, 140
, 150
, 145


1CQ, 203
, 202

Internet, 28
, 101
Internet
Windows 98, Me, 2000, 74

, 74
Internet
DSL- , 74
Internet-, 52
, 74
Windows 3.1, 66
Windows 95, 74
Windows 98, Me, 2000, 72
Windows XP, 70
, 58
, 76
, 53
, 65; 67
, 51
, 68
, 69
, 55; 65
, 51

Windows 95, 74
Windows 98, Me, 2000, 72
Windows XP, 71
, 145; 166

, 109

Internet, 28
, 34
, ICQ, 204

Google, 115; 118
ODP, 114; 118

279

Yahoo!, I l l ;
, 118

, 220

, 122

, 227

Internet, 65; 67
, 185

, 109; 310
, 111
, 120

, 66

, 121

, 189

-122

, 224

, 117
, 113
, 116

DVD, 132

, 224
, 66
Internet, 63
-, 67
, 227

zStores, 150
. 130

, 131
, 134

, 189

, 126
, 127; 129
, 125
, 132
, 132
-, 132
, 133
, 133
, 126
, 135
, , 59

, 46
, 66
-. . plug-in
, 156
Internet. . IMAP
. . HTTP

,
130
Internet, 58
Internet,

, 145; 166
, 28
, 41
, , 114

29
, 131

URL, 82

, 173
, 25; 156; 1S6

, 131

, 3. .

Web-

, 25; 185
, 153

Internet, 28

, 226

, 139; 221
, Internet, 34

Internet, 56
, 44
cookie, 104

, 56

-, 1,32

Web-, 137

280

, 116
, 41
, 156
PC, . .

, 99
, 59
. . smiley

, 174; 213
, 116

CompuServe, 56

, 55; 58

Cookie, 128

Internet, 26; 212

Web-, 102

, 155; 156

, 45; 187

, 155

, 187

, 66

, 189; 190

Linux, 61
, 63
, 156
, 190
, 190
, 190

, 38
, 211
, 171

LAN, 75
, 75
, 63
, 27
, 29; 34
, 42
, 41
, 42
, 34

, 23
, 23
, 131

ISDN, 60
, 92
, 54
, 96

, 190
, 191
, 190
, 47
, 47
Web-, 195
, 190
, 195
, 190
, 197
, 193
, 196
, 190
, 190
, 190

, 197

, 80
, 86
, 145
, 79
, 85
, 145

Internet, 55
, 57
Internet, 125
, 57
, 57; 62
, 82

281

, 146

,145
Web-, 148
Web-, 145

, 53
, 59

DSL, 60
ISDN, 60

, 31; 102; 126; 173

, 54
, 122
-, 79

Global Schoolhouse, 40
Internet, 43
Internet, 26; 37; 47
, 145

, 41; 48
, , 110
.
. USB
. . URL
-

, 210
, 36
, 36
, 153
smiley, 172
Web-, 58; 87

, 67

, 177

, 155

, 88

, 64

, 224

, 180
, 188
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