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PosItIon FIxIng b y DIstance

P oPPsoIost IsI tP
oIInto InFoIFnxIIxnFI gnI gxb IbynyD
g IDsbIt saytna cnDec Ie s
P o s I t I o n F I x oI ns Igt Ibo yn DF II sx tI anng c eb y D I s t a n c e
t a n c e
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create a javatm program that can solve surveying problems using the concept of
i o Position
P o s i t Position F iPosition
n FixingFixing
x by
i nby
gFixing
Distance
b yby Distance
Distance D i s t a n c e
PosItIon FIxIng b y DIstance
P oPPsoIost IsI tP
oIInto InFoIFnxIIxnFI gnI gxb IbynyD
g IDsbIt saytna cnDec Ie s
P o s I t I o n F I x oI ns Igt Ibo yn DF II sx tI anng c eb y D I s t a n c e
t a n c e

i introduction
ni nt introduction
trroo d u c t i o n
on
A typical plane coordinate survey procedure.

Distances between a set of known control points and a point with


unknown position are measured.
Two distances measured:
Unique solution of the two
coordinates (x and y) of the unknown point.

More than two distances measured:


Least squares adjustment of
coordinates (x and y) of the unknown point.
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GUI (Graphical User Interface)

input for the number of known points and the reference variance
GUI (Graphical User Interface)

input for the coordinates of known points, standard


deviations, and observed distance
Computational Process

Determination of the initial coordinates of the unknown point:

Xp = (max X + min X) / 2

Yp = (max Y + min Y) / 2
Computational Process

Iteration:

Uses the standard Position Fixing by Distance solution.

Up to 10 iterations.
Output

a dialog box displays the coordinates of the unknown point


and the adjusted distances
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The distance to a point P is measured from three control points, as shown in the
table below. The reference variance is 0.01 km2.

a. Using triangle ABP to compute for the initial estimates of point P,


determine the
adjusted coordinates of the point. Iterate until convergence is
achieved.
b. What are the adjusted distances from each control point to P?
PosItIon FIxIng b y DIstance
P oPsoI st II tP
oIno nF IFxIIxnI gen ngb dby yD IDs It satna cnec e
P o s I t I o n F I x oI ns Igt Ibo yn DF II sx tI anng c eb y D I s t a n c e

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