Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 36

- ..

140 (1874.) -

105 (1909.) -

65 (1949.) -

- ..

. . -

, -

. -

23 .

( ) , ,

74 52 -

42 , 52 -

, -

15 .

, , --

530 416

. 18751878. -

11 -

--

( -

, -

) . 1890.

: I -

, , , -

- ..,

; II ;

..

III .

55 (1959.)

50 (1964 .)

20 (1994.)

.-. -

-. , -

270

, -

- . -

, -

.. ( 1977 . ..)

, .-., -

. -

50 , 37

1149 , 49 ,

, : -

503 .

139 . -

. -

7,3. -

, , -

40.

. -

350

), -

160 /

1991 . 40% .

3 .

: ..

6/2014
RU

EN

transport construction

- .
1931 .

Science, Technology and Practice Magazine.


Founded in 1931

CONTENTS

TRADE INFORMATION

,

-


( )

Renovation of Schelkovskoe shosse

02



INTERtunnel 2014

Transstroy presented projects in the sphere of tunneling at the international exhibition INTERtunnel
- 2014 in Moscow

03

ISSN 01 31-4300



,


.
.

SELF-REGULATION

..

,
,

L.S. Barinova
NOSTROI standards are equal to production development, increase in labour productivity, construction schedule reduction and cutting of construction
costs

RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION

..

K.V. Merenchenko
New approaches to designing of track at
interlinkage between roadbed and man-made
structure

RELIABILITY AND LONGEVITY OF STRUCTURES

.. , .. , ..

()

B.N. Monov, A.I. Likverman, V.M. Mezenov


Considering the durability problems of bridge
pillars (beginning)

COMPUTER-ASSISTED ENGINEERING

..


-

B.O. Belyakov
Application of adaptive finite element methods for
stress-strain state analysis of transport constructions

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING

.. , .. , ..


M.S. Pleshko, P.N. Kurochka, A.B. Kopylov


Mathematical and physical modelling of interaction
process between bridge foundations and surrounding buildings

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

.. , .. , .. ,
..


N.A. Babak, L.L. Maslennikova, N.V. Markhel,


O.A. Kapustina
Geoecological assessment indicators for negative
impact of transport construction on environment

HIGHWAYS

.. , ..


E.K. Kuzakhmetova, A.I. Veshkin


The more accurate design norms the higher
quality of engineering facilities with the relevant
mechanization of operations

FROM THE MEMOIRS OF TRANSPORT


CONSTRUCTION VETERANS

. .

G.N. Polyankin
How the first metro in Siberia was designed and
built

:
1027700294973 9 2002 .

FOREIGN EXPERIENCE

Railway tunnel under the Bosphorus strait

: 16.06.2014.

.
: 1000 . : 6022.


:
70976 ,
90963 .

TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS

The world's first excavator with hybrid engine



.
. ..
.: +7 (499) 501-33-70


. ..
.: +7 (495) 749-05-60

..
..
..
..
. .
..
..
..
. .

..
..
..
..
..
. .
..
..

:
..
..
..
..
:


107023 ,
. , .11, . 4.
.:/: +7 (499) 750-70-17
+7 (499) 750-70-16
e-mail: ictrs@mail.ru
http://www.corptransstroy.ru

/page

04

07

10

14

18

21

25

28

31

32

Microsoft Word , Adobe


Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator ( jpg tif), , , , , e-mail ( . 2 2012 .).
, , -
, , . .
.


.
. .



.
.

9 14
, 118 120 ,

.
,

100 ,
450 .
50002 . 30 . .
.


, 30%
.


. .

13,5 , 34 . -

02

10
, ,
5
, , . 9-

547 ,
.
.
20122016..
.
-

6/2014



INTERtunnel 2014
14 16 2014
VI ,
INTERtunnel,
.

, .
- ,
.
- , .
,
.
- .
- . , ,

,

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

, , .
INTERtunnel .
, .
40 , , , , .

03


,
,

, , ,
, ( 400).

-
, , . ,
, , ,
,
. , ,
. , ,

, .

, ,

? , ?

.
, . ,
, ( ),

04

, , .
, ,
.
, 184- .

, ,
.
, .
(184-, 315-, )

, ,

.


,
. , ,
, , -

6/2014

.
,
,
( ) .
,
- .

. 20012009. , :
, , , , ,
.


, .


.
.
,
. , .
, ,

-,
,
. 300
175 .
, ,

.

, ,
,
,
. , .
, ,

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

, , ,
.

?

.
20102012.
.
,
, ,
,
-
, .
, ,

, .
,
,
. ,
,
.


, , . ,
,
.
,


.

(465)?
. 465 10 ,
. ,
,
, , .
100 , 200 ,

05

32 , 6
.
. 384- .
, .
465 , ,
,
.

, , .
, -
, ,
, ,
, .
,
.

465
?
, ,
. .
.

- . ,
.


. , . 40
465,
,
.
-
.


6 2014 . ,
, ,
80 .
.. 1934. ..
1955.
, ,
,
. 1962. , ,
,
.
,
60 .
1964. 1973. , -12, -9, . , .
1973. 2008. . , ,
,

.

06


.-. , ,
, , , ..
, ,
. , ,
.
.
.. , ..
- .
,
. - ,
.
. ,
.
,
,
, ,
, !

6/2014




.. , ., (),
(). ,
,
, ,

.
,
,
. .

, , .

( ) .

(), .
.


:
;

,
;

, ;

Abstract
The article deals with a new approach to the designing of track at the
interface between roadbed and engineering structure. The traditional
design approach proposes to increase the track stiffness on the way to
a engineering stricture, the new one to reduce it. The paper provides a
comparative assessment of the both design approaches.
Keywords
Track at interface between roadbed and engineering structure, track
structure, uneven track stiffness.

.
,
[1], , . ,

, .

,

, -

, -

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

07


. , , . , , ,

, .
, , .

, ..

. 1.

, .
,

. , .
, .
. , , , .
.
,
-

. 2.
(
,
)

. , ,
, -

, . -

, -

-18, .1 (

, -

).

,
.2.

. -

, -

[2], -

, ,

08

6/2014

.2 , -

, -

, , -

, ,

, -

[3],

.
.
,

1. /
.., .. // . 2013. 3. .

3050 ,

7484.

2. .. . .: -

30 . ,
.
,
50 6

, 1961.
3. .. : . . .
05.22.06. .: , 2011.
:
, 8 (495) 6842241,
kmerenchenko@yandex.ru


27 ,
,

70

1986 . ..
( 1993 . ). :
, ,
.-. , ,
, , .-. ,
- , , -

.. . - -

. 1963 . -

),

-162 (. )

.. ,

. , . , .

. .-

. , , -

I . . -

.-.

, , -

.-. .

1980 1986 . . , -334


. ( ),
.-. .

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

,
,
, ,
!

09


*
.. , .. , , ; .. , -,
*. -5-2013

,

,

.
,
(.1), : , -

. 1.

. 2.

10

(. 2) .
,
.

, ,

.
,
, , ,
Maurer GmbH.
- .7.41 46.13330.2012
: ,

.

, ,
- .

, .3.

,

.

.
,
.
- ,
0 40

6/2014

. 3.

98%, .
()
,
.
. . 1 28.13330
III IV : , .


, Stelpant [3].
, ,
Stelpant:
Stelpant-PU-Repair
20 ,
Stelapnt-PU-Combination 100
2100 ,
Stelpant-PU-Mica UV (Stelpant-PU-Cover UV) 6080
280300 .
,
:
(
4% 3 , 12% 2,8 );

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014


2 ;
33,5 ;
810 ;

(0,280,43 /2);
(
,
).
,
, Stelpant ,
,
, -
.
Stelpant-PU-Repair, , , .
- -0172007
(.11, .. 2526) Stelpant
,
.
,

11

, -01.39.36.740072011.
,
.
, ,
, , . ,

,
-
:
Stelpant-PU-Repair
20 ,
Stelapnt-PU-Combination 100
3150 = 450 ,
Stelpant-PU-Cover W2
50
520 .
, ,

. Stelapnt-PU-Combination
- ,


. StelpantPU-Cover W2, ,
.
,

, ( RAL),
- , .
Steelpaint GmbH
, .
, .

,

.
,

12

57% ,
2 .

.
, ,
, - ,,
, 100 .



.


, :
,
;
,
, , ,
- ;
, Steelpaint GmbH,
, ,
;
,

.

1. 30 2009. 384-3 .
2. 29 2004. 190- ( 29 2010.).
3. ..
/ .., .. //
. 2013. 3, 4.
4. . RILEM 130-CSL / , 1994.
:
, 89647623150, likverman-ai@yandex.ru

6/2014



-

.. , ., (),


-
.
, -
.

, (), - , .

. 1.

Abstract
The article considers the application features of the adaptive finite element
methods for the stress-strain state analysis of transport constructions. The
author provides a set of programs, which allow to perform the stress-strain
state analysis of the transport structures using adaptive finite element
methods.
Keywords
Adaptive mesh, finite element method, stress-strain state, transport
structures.

.

().
,
.
, .

14

. . 1 - .
,
.
, , .

, [1].
.
.
.
().
.
, :

6/2014

;
;
.
.
, .
.

, ,
.
.
,
. , , .


, - .
1. .
2. .
3. .

, .
,

. 2.

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

(), : , , [2].

[3] (. 2),
r0 ; u0 ; qm ; am , ;
; e
.

,
.
,

. ,


, ,
, ,
.

++. ,
,
.
++ (struct Rigid_
Node), (n1, n2), ,
,
6 6 (3 3 ).
(struct Element). , .
: ,
, , (,
),
,

(vector<vector<Rigid_node>>).
()
. (vector),
(list), , ,
15

. 4.

. 3.

(Rigid_Node).


. , . , .
,
( )
. .3.
-
. . 4
, .
. .5
-
() , .
,
-
.

,
. -

16

. 5. -


.

.

- .

1. ..
// . 2014. 2.
. 2628.
2. .. : . . . /
.., ... .: . ., 1968. . 493500.
3. : . / .. [.]; . . ... .:
, 1989. . 3942.
:
, 89252032091, for19you@yandex.ru

6/2014




.. , - . , ., ()
, . ; .. , - . , ., . ,
, --; .. , - . , .,
,

. .

.

, , , , .

Abstract
The article concerns the existing assessment methods of the impact of new
construction activity on the surrounding buildings. The authors emphasize
the necessity to conduct verification of numerical models of foundations.
The paper presents an example of a comparative analysis for the results
of physical and numerical modelling of the interaction between bridge
foundations and surrounding buildings.
Keywords
Bridge foundation, finite element method, method of equivalent materials,
settling, verification.


, , , .
[1].
.
, II

Sad i , i-
;

18

Sad u (, ,
) ,
.

, ,
.
,
, .
, , , ().



: ANSYS, COSMOS/M, -Windows, SCAD GROUP,
STAAD Pro, FEM models, PLAXIS, Robot Millennium, FLAC
(Itasca Company), ABAQUS, ADAPT, CRISP, SOFiSTiK,
CivilFEM, LS-DYNA, Z_SOIL .
,
, .
,

.
.

, . ,

6/2014

. 1. 0.7.1 : ;


.
,
, , Hardening Soil Model
PLAXIS, - FEM models, Gran - SOFiSTiK .
, [2].
.

.


, .


.

.


0.7.1 .
.1, 1, .
Geotek-Foundation.
,
, , -

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

. ,
.
1:100.
,
: e = 0,65; = 19,0 /
3; = 32; c = 2,0 ;
= 28 .

. 5
50.
.2.

,
.
.
.3

500 .

. 2.
: 1 ; 2
; 3

19

. 3.

, : 1 ;
2

:
18,4%.
,
, ,
.
,

20

. , , .


.


.

1. .. . // - .
2009. 10. . 208213.
2. /
.. [.] // . 2004. 8. . 6881.
:
, 99198713296, mspleschko@rambler.ru

6/2014




.. , - . , ., .. , - . , ., .. , ., .. , .,
, -
/ ,
, ;

.
.

, , .


.
, ,
. , ,

.
.

Abstract
The article proposes the assessment of negative impact of transport
construction on the environment. The authors developed the geoecological
indicators for the estimation.
Keywords
Environment, negative impact, transport construction.

, , , , .
[2].
,
; , ; - ,

. -

, -

, -

, -

[1].

,
:


.
-

, -

, .

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

21

IEQ,
.

, -

[4].

, , ,

100- . 1 -

, 100

, , , ,
, . 7,2 . 90% . 20
, 15 . .

= kii,

;
ki () ;
i () .

8,1% ,

, -

13,3%, -

10,5 24% -

, 29% [3].

, -

. -

, , -

, , -

),

. -

. , -

. -

: -

. -

; -

; .

, -

0,5 -

0,25 .

, 100%-

, .. , -

()

IEQ, -

1, , 1,

IEQ ( -

IEQ. , .. -

) , -

, IEQ = 0, -

, -

100.

. -

. -

IEQ, ..

IEQ

22

6/2014

100%- , .. ;
IEQ = 0. ,
IEQ
0, 100.
:
1 = 0,5100 + 0,25100 + 0,25100 = 100. 100.
,

. IEQ

, .

, -

0,5

. 17% , 40%

IEQ -

, , -

IEQ = 0. -

(.). IEQ -

( , )

40% .

IEQ = 0,6, = 1,67,

, IEQ.

()

, -

. -

, -

. 87,68, -

IEQ

5 -

, , -

1 ( -

1 5 /1 ),
IEQ = 0.
, , IEQ
0, = 100. ,
:
2 = 0,5 1,67 + 0,5 100 = 50,7.
- . ,
0,75;
0,25:

1. ..- . .: ,
2008.
2. ..
/ .., .. // . 2006. 7. . 3339.
3. (
.., 3 2008.)
// . 2008. 7. . 612.
4. - (
): . / .. [.]. .: . -
, 2012.
:
, 89062446878, babak.ru@inbox.ru

= 0,75 100 + 0,25 50,7 = 87,68.

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

23



*
.. , - . , .. , .,
(),
*

, -
: ( ),
,
.
.

, , , , ,
, c - .

. : 1 ; 2 ;
3 ; 4 ; 5 ;
;
;



. , Abstract
The article reveals, that in the present context of road construction in
order to ensure the required performance it is necessary to have a complex
approach to the all stages of construction: designing (including property
evaluation of soils), building works and their supervision, choice of machinery
and operating regime. The authors consider some ways for the solution of
this problem taking into account the latest scientific achievements.
Keywords
Active compaction zone, compaction factor, difficult engineering and
geological conditions, percolation path, precipitation-evaporation ratio,
refusal of roadbed, quality of thickening.

, -
, , 5070- . . , ,
() ?
, ,
()
. - -

[1] ,

. -

, , -

, :

()

. -

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

25

<< . -

(, , ) -

, ,

, -

, . -

[3]. -

- ,

<< , , , -

, ,

. -

, -

. -

(). ,

, -

. -

(). () 30%

( ) -

, -

. -

. , -

. , -

[2].
,

.
, , -

, -

, 50- . .

, BOMAG

. -

BW 219 DH-4 19,2 -

60/2, , BW 219

PDH-4 19,6 , ,

. -

. BW 219 DH-4

, ..

19,2 -

; BW 219 PDH-4

, -

, -

. -

( , ,

, .) .

26

6/2014

, , -

, -

. -

, -

[5, 6].

.

, , ,
. ,
, -
[4].
-
, , - ,

, .

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

1. ..
// ,
. 2011. 6. . 1621.
2. 227332002. . .
3. ..
/ .., .. //
XIV - . .: , 2013.
4. .. // . 2010. 5. . 811.
5. 544772011.
.
6.
. .: , 2004.
:
, 89161778341, kuzahmet-m@mail.ru
, 89039786037, veshkin89@mail.ru

27



.. , . . , . ,
, ,

35 , ,
,
.

.

:

. 1971 .

-.

, -

, ,

, ,

, .

(, , ,

.)

60- , -

1,2 ,

.. , .. , ..

. -

582

.. .. -

. 1975 . -

[1].

- -

, .. . -

. -

..

..

.. , .. , .. -

. ,

, --

, --

, -

. ,

1968 .

, -

28

6/2014

. 2.
. 2145 , .. 896 .

( ).
, ,
. 1.

. , .. .,

52 36 -

: (18,6 ),

896 . ,

(10,8 ) (21,4 ). -

, -

(. 1).

(. . 2.).

29 1978 . -

. -

( 70-89 ), -

, , . -

11,3 (

: -

; , -

) 1,8

[2].

( -

( -).

, : -

( ) .

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

29

13,1 ,

.. -

15,6 .

, ,

15 1979 .

.. ( 1993 . -

- -

).

; -

: ..

2 -

, . -

29); .. -

.. ,

; ..

.. , .. , -

, -

, -

.. , .. , .. , .. -

, .. , .. , ..

( ).

1979 . -

.. . -

.. ( )

.. ( ),

1979 . -

, 12 1979 .

, -

, -

, -

, -


, .

. -

1. .. . :
-, 2004.
2. . . :
-, 2004.

.. ,

30

6/2014



76 .
.
(1,4 ) (9,8 ), (2,4 ).


1860. ,
.
, 1902. .
XIX XX. ,
. ,
19061910.
(.. Michigan Central, ). () 1942. . () 1944.

. .
1950- . . .
, ,
. 100-
, , ( ) .
1987.
, 1995. , 1998.

, ,
35% .


.
,

TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 6/2014

.-. : ..,


25, ,
, ,
2.
, ,
.

31

2004. - .

, 11 ,
130 18 . .
60 (55
4,6 ). .


. 2013.
10 2,5 .
..

( : ru.wikipedia.org, www.marmaray.com)



Komatsu PC 2008 Hybrid
.

.

, , , . ,
,
.
,
.

,

.
, ,

. , -

32

,
.
Komatsu .
19,821,4
0,51,2 3 140..
, PC 2008

.
,
, ,
. ,
PC 2008 Hybrid 2540%
.

.


.


omtrax,
.
..
( Bauma 2013)

6/2014