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ISSN 01 31-4300

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RU

EN

transport construction

- .
1931 .

Science, Technology and Practice Magazine.


Founded in 1931

CONTENTS

BRANCH INFORMATION

Evaluation of Transstroy activity in the field of


ecological management

HIGHWAYS

.. , ..

A.M. Akhmedov, S.B. Karimov


Pecularities of development of international highways in CIS countries

TRANSPORTATION DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS

.. , ..


A.M. Ishkov, L.V. Efimova


Impact of railway line Berkakit Tommot
Yakutsk on social development of adjacent areas

BUILDING MATERIALS

.. , .. , ..

A.B. Kozlov, V.P. Ivanov, N. V. Shvetsov


About quality of crushed stone in transport
construction

13

.. , .. , ..

V.A.Seregin, S.A. Vysotsiy, N.I. Potapov


Consideration of concrete quality during repair
works at longtime operating reinforced-concrete
constructions

18

MASHINERY

.. , .. , .. ,
..

V.V. Zamorin, S.M. Kuznetsov, V.Ya. Tkachenko,


S.I. Vasiliev
Efficient use of resources during performance of
earthworks

FOREIGN EXPERIENCE

Progress in long-span bridge construction

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

..

L.B. Svatovskaya
Energy aspect of geoecological protection during
transport construction

SELF-REGULATION

Questions and answers in the sphere of selfregulation

/page

02

03

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The analysis of condition of the CIS international highways revealed, that
they did not comply with the up-to-date requirements. The authors come
to a conclusion, that it is necessary to harmonize the CIS standards and
the European ones. One of the main problems is the passing of haulers with
the axle load more than 11,5 t (up to 13 t). The article contents the basic
trends for the support of failure-free operation, uniformity of regulations for
intermaintenance periods, state improvement and futher development of
highways.
Keywords
Axle load, design norms, geometries, international highways, national
transport infrastructure.


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Abstract
The article considers the impact of Berkakit Tommot Yakutsk railway
on social development of adjacent areas. The authors provide major social
effects on adjacent areas after the commissioning of the railway.
Keywords
Railway adjacent areas, railway impact, supporting traffic network, social
development.

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The article analyzes the current situation with crushed stones quality in
transport construction. The authors provide typical examples of the various
construction projects. It also summarizes the major manufacturing causes for
production of the crushed stone, which does not meet the standards.
Keywords
Aggregates for concrete, crushed stone, grain-size distribution, grading, rock
building materials.

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bridge reinforced concrete constructions longtime operated in an urban
setting. The authors give some suggestions for the consideration of such
concrete during the repair works.
Keywords
Chlorides content, depth of carbonation of concrete, frost resistance,
operation of constructions, repair, strength, water tightness.

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which is recommended to justify the use of new and existing experimental
machinery and which takes into account many factors including external
conditions.
The authors also substantiate activities that allow to save material,
energy and financial resources in the production of excavation during the
construction of railways and stations.

Keywords
Earthworks, resource saving, rail transport.

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Abstract
The article presents the energy aspect of some geoecological processes,
which underlie the detoxification of lithosphere from heavy metal ions in
transport construction. The paper shows the approximate level of energy,
which can be released in reactions with the known materials (e.g. cement or
clay-containing materials) and which can decontaminate pollutants.
Keywords
Building, cement, detoxification, energy, geoecoprotection, heavy metal ions,
thermodynamics, transport.

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() + 4Ca(OH)2 ()
3CaOSiO2 () + 2,17H2O () = 2CaOSiO21,17H2O () + Ca(OH)2 ()
2(2CaOSiO2) () + 4,17H2O () + Cd2+aq = 2CaOSiO21,17H2O () + CdOSiO2H2O
() + 2Ca(OH)2 ()
2CaOSiO2 () + 1,17H2O () = 2CaOSiO21,17H2O ()

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TRANSPORT CONSTRUCTION 3/2014

29

2.
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Al2O32SiO2 () + NaOH () + 2H2O () = NaAlSi2O6H2O() + (Al2O33H2O) ()

-274,6

-275,45

2(Al2O32SiO2) () + 4NaOH () + 4H2O () + Cd2+aq = 2(NaAlSi2O6H2O) () +


+ Cd(OH)2 () + Al2O33H2O () + 2Na+aq

-419,51

-144,9

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-434,05

2(Al2O32SiO2) () + 4NaOH () + 4H2O () + Pb2+aq = 2(NaAlSi2O6H2O) () +


+ Pb(OH)2 () + Al2O33H2O () + 2Na+aq

-682,68

-408,05

-732,48

-457,03

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