Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

, 1, 2011

628.49
.. , ..
, / 271, . , , 65026
email: uasigma@paco.net
.. , ..
, . , 39, . , , 03113


2

2,
. 2 , .
. /
(). . ,
, ,
10 % 40 % (
). 24 .
: . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G.K. Lavrenchenko, A.V. Kopytin, A.I. Piatnichko, Yu.V. Ivanov

OPTIMIZATION OF COMPOUND AMINESWATER ABSORBENTS


OF UNIT EXTRACTION 2 FROM SMOKE GASES
In installations for the production of lowtemperature liquid carbon dioxide of low and
average productivity using gaseous CO2 extracted from the combustion of natural gas.
Extraction CO2 is carried in the unit absorptiondesorption, consuming large quantities of
heat. Consumption of heat in a unit depends on the properties of the absorbent. Most of the
units of absorption/desorption is used as an absorbent water solution of monoethanolamine (MEA). Except the MEA also discussed other absorbents amine groups. Calculations taking into account subject to the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of these
indicated solutions revealed that the consumption of heat in the boiler and deflegmatore
reaches a minimum when using an water solution of 10 % MEA and 40 % MDEA
(methyldiethanolamine). The load on these machines in the case of application of the
absorbent is reduced by 24 times compared with an aqueous solution of the IEA.
Keywords: Carbon dioxide. Absorption. Desorption. Amines. MEA. MDEA. Boiler. Deflegmator. Absorber. Desorber. Pump. Waters solutions of the amines. Minimizing of heat consumption.
1.

, , , 
[14],
.
() 22NH2 -

 .
.
100 2.
2
:
2RNH2+2+2(RNH3)23;

.. , .. , .. , ..

31

, 1, 2011
(RNH3)23+2+2RNH323,

,
. 2,
. 2 NOx.
8.
.
50
.

, 
/ .

R 22.
;

. ,
.
.
, 2 :
1. ,
312 % 2.
2. 
2 -
, . 2 2 -  .
. -
2
,  . .
2 2. , . - (), (), - () .(. 1 2).
.
 3. , - . . 
2 , N,
. - ( , 2 .).
1,53 %.
4. SOx ( ).
1 2 , - 2. /. , ,

, (2) SOx, - . .
:
5.
, - HOCH2CH2NH2+H2O+CO2=(HOCH2CH2NH3)+HCO3.
(),
.
6. , , , .. 2 ,
.
- 1.
180 ,
. - /3 %
,
0 , 103 40 ,
,

2,5
15
118
5
1,0
7,4
.

6
63
124
50
6,5
4,0
7. NOx

2
21
118
5
1,3
7,4

2
27
118
5
1,06
7,4
.

2
24
118
6
1,06
7,4

2
30
118

NO2. -

32

, 1, 2011
2. 
-

,

20 , . -

/3
, 20 , %

61
1016
171

[22N2]

()
105
1053
221

()
[(2)2(2)2N2]

987

133
248
87
[(3()2)2N]
(45)*

1090

105

96,4
[(22)2N]
(30)*

119
1040
247

[3N(22)2]

149
1124
360

[(22)3N]
: *) .


. , 2 , . 3.
3. , /

1920

1510
2180

1420


,
. 2.
, . ,

2
,

[1,3],
.

, , 1020 %
.,
0,300,35 2/
[2]. , ,
CO2 (. . 3), ,
.
1015
() [3,57].  13.

:
, ( 50 % .) ( 0,8, 2
0,55 /)
;
,
, ;
, -

, ,
, .
( 10 ),
. ,
.
, , .

,
.
- 4. 2
:
, ,
,




,
1317 % . 0,150,2 .
N2 1 % .

115130 .
4 .
, .
5 ppmv
, 2.
3540 .
4050 %

0,050,24 .
.
2 
130 .
2 50 ppmv
12 .
-
, 2.
3590 .
. 4.

33

, 1, 2011


;
1,351,43
2,
.
, ,
+ N, 

O2 ( ) . .
. , , ,
, , 
. [3,57]. , . , .
3.
2

()
.
,
0,5 2/
:
2NH2CH2CH2OH+CO2=
=CH2CH2OHNHCOOCH2CH2OHNH3.
, 
:
H2CH2OHNHCOOCH2CH2OHNH3+H2O=
=CH2CH2OHNH3HCO3+NH2CH2CH2OH.

, 0,5 2/ .
0,5 2/
:
NH2CH2CH2OH+CO2+H2O=CH2CH2OHNH3HCO3.
.

. () -

34

.


2 1 ,
,
, (21) 2/
. 2
. ,

.
2 0,40,5
2/ ; ,
, 0,550,65 2/
.
1,
,
2 .

1
0,10,15 2/ .

. ,


.
2
10 20 %.
0,03 %.
22,5 ,
, 2025 ,
. 2 2 .
2 .
,
2 , SOx, NOx, 2, . , 2 
2,
, ,
.
, 2
,

, 1, 2011

2 . 1,52
,
, [8].
2
100 % 90 %
57 2 12 %
. 160 / [9]. 2
, 9,3 % . 2,
20 100 %
[10] 7741,94 / (176 / 2).
, , , 2 , .
MA 
CO2
, , .
, ,
.
MA , , .

.
.
2
[1119].
2 ,
, , ,
, , , .

15 40 .
30 % .
/ 27/3,
25/5 23/7 % .
2
, , [20,21], 2 AMP
(2amino2methyle1propanol) , , [22].
4. 2

CO2

. -


, .
CO2 .
4.1. 2 2
CO2
:
CO2+2H2O=H3O++HCO3;
CO2+OH=HCO3.
CO2 2 CO2.
(1956 .):
lg(kCO2H2O)=329,85110,541lgT17265,4/T.
CO2 kCO2OH
. (1983 ). , (1975 .),
:
lg(kCO2OH)=13,6352895/T+0,08Ic,

, 

.
2
CO2 MA, CO2
, 0,5 /.

CO2 . , , MA.
, MA, ,
. , MA,
CO2. ,
2 , 2 2 .
4.2. CO2 MA
CO2 MA . ,
. , , ,
.

35

, 1, 2011

(1948
.), (1963 .), (1976 .),
. (1980 .), (1990 .),
. (1993 .), Ko (2000 .).
MA CO2 
, (1961
.), (1971 .), . (1976 .), .
(1977 .), (1981 .) . (1984 .). , CO2 MA
.
(1977 .):
lg(kCO2)=10,992152/.
,
, (1984 .)
(1986 .) (1977 .)
2 .
4.3. CO2 MA
CO2
MA MA.
.
, MA ,
CO2 .
, MA CO2. ,
MA.
, ,

MA. ,
(1987 .), (1988 .), (1989 .),
(1990 .), (1992 .),
(2000 .), ,
CO2.
, ,
MA (1998 .),
CO2 MA:
kCO2=2,5exp[6894,81(1/T1/298,15)].
4.4. CO2 MAMA
CO2
MAMA (1990 .),
(1990 .), (1992 .), (1995 .) . , MA MA . (1990 .), CO2
. kCO2
MA kCO2 MA
MAMA.

36

2 2,
,
(/).
5.

2
( ) ,
, HYSYS.
: .
. 5.
5.

I
10
0
90

, % .
II
III IV
V
VI VII VIII
15 20 25 30
6
8
10
0
0
0
0
40 40 40
85 80 75 70 54 52 50

. 10 %
30 % . ( IV).
VIVIII 40 %
6 10 % . , :
50 % .


a=1 : 2 9,3
%, N2 72,0 % 2 18,7 % (.) [4]. 2 250 /. 1470
. 3/ (1690 /).
:
,
, 1,2 1,6 /2;
40 ;
45 ;
2
25 ;
2
0,03 % .
,
2 2710 / 10 % + 40 % .

, 1, 2011

, [23,24], :
18,
0,5 .
.

2 . 1.

. 1. 2
: ; ;
; ; . ;
. ; .

, /.
1470 . 3/ 1,2 /2 40 C . , 45 C
.  0,03 % (.). .
1,6 /2 ( 3) . 101102 C ( 7),
. ( 5) .

. 113117 . , , . , 25 .
, ( 2),
, , ( 99 %
.), .
() ,
. ,
, ( 8) , -

40 ( 9)
. .
. . 2
.


(25 ) 0,80
0,95. :
, ,
2 ..

. 2.

. 3
, . ,
4,63
/ (200 /) 2 0,979
/, 
2 0,8 (. . 2).

. 3. ,


2 I, II, V,
VIVIII . 4. + ,
,
.

37

, 1, 2011

. 4.

2: 1 10 % ; 2 15 %
; 3 20 % ; 4 6 % +
40 % ; 5 8 % + 40 % ;
6 10 % + 40 %

. 5.
: 1
( IV); 2 + ( VIVIII)

. 5 (
IV) + ( VIVIII).
0,8
. 6 . 6
( 25 40 % ), 10 % ., /.
,
40 %.



(. . 5) 
0,8
0,9 . 7.

. 6. ()
()
: 1 10 % + 25 % ;
2 10 % + 30 % ; 3 10 %
+ 35 % ; 4 10 % + 40 %

. 7 , 10 30 % .
3 , 40 %.
840 2 0,85, 4,855,6 / 2 
[4].
,
,
, 10 %
40 % .
2 1,5
, , 34

23 / 2.
6.

, 10 % + 40 % 24
2 , 0,8 0,9.
1,5 .
, 6. , - 10 % + 2540 % 0,8 2
- - ,
..
, / , ,
,
1 10 % + 25 % + 65 % 2
3040
47
235
40 %
2 10 % + 30 % + 60 % 2
2830
44
213
3 10 % + 35 % + 55 % 2
2750
43
203
4 10 % + 40 % + 50 % 2
2710
42
195
-

38

, 1, 2011

7. 2

,
%
.

10 % +
90 % 2

15 % +
85 % 2

20 % +
80 % 2

25 % +
75 % 2

30 % +
70 % 2

6 % +
40 %
+ 54 % 2

8 % +
40 %
+ 52 % 2

10 % +
40 %
+ 50 % 2

,
/ ()
-

, , - - /
2
5,04105 6,17105
0,8
(586,2) (717,4)
1,1105 8,81105 9,98105
6160
92
0,85
(127,8) (1024,0) (1160,0)
1,99106 2,12106
0,9
(2313,0) (2460,0)
3,70105 4,34105
0,8
(430,2) (504,5)
5,5104 6,33105 7,04105
3730
79
0,85
(63,9) (735,4) (818,1)
1,40106 1,48106
0,9
(1625,0) (1715,0)
5
5
3,6910 4,4510
0,8
(429,4) (517,5)
4
5
5
3,910 6,4510 7,2710
2915
67
0,85
(45,3) (749,0) (844,6)
1,45106 1,54106
0,9
(1688,0) (1788,0)
3,62105 4,41105
0,8
(421,2) (513,0)
3,2104 6,47105 7,32105
2385
66
0,85
(37,8) (751,6) (850,7)
1,48106 1,56106
0,9
(1714,0) (1816,0)
3,67105 4,44105
0,8
(426,0) (515,7)
5
5
4
2,3510 6,5210 7,3510
2035
57
0,85
(27,3) (757,9) (854,5)
1,51106 1,61106
0,9
(1760,0) (1865,0)
1,34105 2,57105
0,8
(155,6) (299,0)
1,37105 1,99105 3,28105
5170
78
0,85
(159,2) (231,1) (381,4)
2,98105 4,32105
0,9
(345,9) (501,8)
1,10105 1,77105
0,8
(128,2) (205,4)
4
5
5
5,8210 1,4610 2,1810
0,85
3255
50
(67,6) (169,5) (253,7)
5
5
2,3110 3,0910
0,9
(258,3) (359,5)
1,09105 1,68105
0,8
(126,2) (195,1)
4,2104 1,44105 2,09105
0,85
2710
42
(48,8) (167,0) (242,4)
2,3105 3,01105
0,9
(267,7) (349,8)

810 % .
/-

,


, , 
.

1. /
.., .. , .. . .: , 1977.
488 .
2. ..
. .: , 1980.
293 .
3. .., ..


// . 2006. 9. . 9597.
4. ..
, . .:
, 1982.
208 .
5. 



/ .. ,
.. , .. .//
.
2003. 1. . 3436.
6. DuPart M.S., Rooney P.C.,
Bacon T.R. Comparing laboratory and
plant data for NDEA/DEA blends//
Hydrocarbon processing 1999. No
4. P. 8186.
7. .., ..,
..

//
. 2010. 3.
. 2326.
8. Shrikar Chakravarti, Amitabh
Gupta, Balazs Hunek. Advanced Technology for the Capture of Carbon Dioxide
from Flue Gases/ First National Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Washington, DC, USA. May 1517, 2001.
9. Shiaoguo Chen, Yongqi Lu,
Massoud
RostamAbadi.
Critical
Review of CO2 Separation Technologies
for Post Combustion Flue Gases/ Fifth Annual Conference on
Carbon Capture & Sequestration/ Hilton Alexandria Mark

39

, 1, 2011

Center, Alexandria, Virginia, May 811, 2006.


10. .., ..
// . 2004.
3. . 817.
11. Kinetics of the Absorption of CO2 into Mixed Aqueous
Loaded Solutions of Monoethanolamine and Methyldiethanolamine/ Naveen Ramachandran, Ahmed Aboudheir, Raphael
Idem and Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul// Ind. Eng. Chem.
Res. 2006. V. 45. No 8. P. 26082616.
12. A Novel Design for the Nozzle of the Laminar Jet Absorber/ Ahmed Aboudheir, Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul,
Amit Chakma, Raphael Idem// Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.
2004. V. 43. No 10. . 25682574.
13. Ahmed Aboudheir, Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul, Raphael Idem. Applications of New Absorption Kinetics and
Vapor/Liquid Equilibrium Models to Simulation of a Pilot
Plant for Carbon Dioxide Absorption into High CO2Loaded,
Concentrated
Monoethanolamine
Solutions/
CHEMINDIX2007, CCU/09, 2007.
14. Mass Transfer Parameter Estimation Using Optimization Technique: Case Study in CO2 Absorption with Chemical Reaction/ Xinsheng J.I., Weerapong Kritpiphat, Ahmed Aboudheir, Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul// The Canadian
Journal of Chemical Engineering, February, 1999. V.
77. . 6973.
15. Development of Flue Gas Carbon Dioxide Recovery
Technology/ T. Suda, M. Fujii, T. Mimura and oth./ International Symposium on CO2 Fixation and Efficient Utilization
of Energy, November 29December 1, 1993.
16. Development of Flue Gas Carbon Dioxide Recovery
Technology/ Suda T., Fujii M., Yoshida K. and oth.// First
International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Removal, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Pergamon Press, March, 1992.
P. 317324.
17. Research and development on energy saving technol-

40

ogy for flue gas carbon dioxide recovery and steam system in
power plant/ T. Mimura, S.Shimojo, T.Suda and oth.//
Energy Conversion and Management, JuneSeptember
1995. V. 36. No 69. P. 397400.
18. Edward S. Rubin, Anand B. Rao. A Technical, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Aminebased CO2
Capture Technology for Power Plant Greenhouse Gas Control/ Carnegie Mellon University Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Pittsburgh, PA, USA// Annual Technical
Progress Report, October 2002.
19. Important Factors Affecting Carbon Dioxide Removal
Efficiency by Using Extrahigh Concentrated Monoethanolamine Solutions and HighCapacity Packings/ A. Aboudheir,
D. deMontigny, P. Tontiwachwuthikul, A. Chakma// Presentation at the 1998 SPE Gas Technology Symposium held in
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 1518 March, 1998.
20. Kinetics of the Reactive Absorption of Carbon Dioxide
in High CO2Loaded, Concentrated Aqueous Monoetha
nolamine Solutions/ Ahmed Aboudheira, Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikula, Amit Chakmab, Raphael Idema// Chemical
Engineering Science. 2003. V. 58. P. 51955210.
21. On the numerical Modeling of Gas Absorption into
Reactive Liquids in a Laminar Jet Absorber/ Ahmed Aboudheira, Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikula, Amit Chakmab,
Raphael Idema// Chemical Engineering. 2003. V. 81.
P. 604612.
22. Aboudheir Ahmed, Tontiwachwuthikul Paitoon,
Idem Raphael. Rigorous Model for Predicting the Behavior of
CO2 Absorption into AMP in PackedBed Absorption Columns// Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2006. V. 45. No 8.
P. 25532557.
23. .., .., ..
/
. ... .: , 1979. 568 .
24. .., ..
.
. .: , 1983. 224 .