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ThisisanautomaticTranslation.

orDzhmeansJoule
BmmeansWattandBisVolt
AlsothenameF otios*ishowDr.KanarevreferstoMr.FotiosMiltiadisChalkalis.

Per petuumMobile
..,
.
2011.
PartofthearticleofDr.F.M. KanarevABOUTTHEPERPETUALMOTIONMACHINE,
dedicatedtotheyoung mechanicsof the10th AllRussianCongress.
August2011.

..
. ,
...
Announcement.Inventorshavelongagosolved theproblemofperpetualmotionmachine,butthereisno
clearscientificanswertothepossibility ofitsrealization,untilnow.Letusattempttofindit..

, ,
,
.
.
, [1]
Usually by perpetual motion machine is understood the device, which revolves eternally, consumes no
energy, butproduces it inquantitiesofsufficient forthesatisfactionofthe minimumneedsof man.Thus,
thisengine,Couldnotbecreatedsinceandthelawsofmechanodynamicsdenythepossibilityofdesigning
apuremechanicalperpetualmotionmachine. Thisfollows(resultants)from thelawtheuniformrotationof
abody,whichisdescribedbytheequation ofmechanodynamics[1]
MP +Mi - MC = 0 ,(1)
MP , Mi ,
MC
.
MP =0 ,,

here MP isaconstantactivemoment,whichrevolvesthebody evenly Mi theinertial moment,directed to


thesideoftheevenly revolvingbody is MC themomentofresistingforcestorotation.
By turningoff theconstantactivemoment MP =0 ,which revolvesbody evenly,wehave:

2
M i -MC = 0 Mi = MC .

(2)

(2),, MC
Mi , MP ,
M i = MC .
. MC
,(2)[1]
Equation(2)resultantsthat,ifthesumofthemomentum MC ofallresistingforcestorotationofbodyis
equal toinertialmoment Mi ,thenafterturningoff ofdrivingactivemoment MP ,theequality ofmoments
M i = MC mustleavebodyinastateofuniformrotation.Butinrealitythisisnotwhathappens.Minimum
changes in total moment MC resisting the rotation of the body, transforming equality (2) into the
inequality [1]
M >Mi
(3)
, ,
.
, MP (1)
. ,

.
.
.
,
. ,
.
[2].
(.1)
.
and the body, which so far revolved evenly, passes into the regime of the delayed rotation and stops.
Hence it follows that without presence and action of active moment (1) body cannot revolve evenly
infinitely for long. There are information on the Internet, that some inventors have managed to evenly
revolveabody withtheuseof thepermanentmagnetsandsuchdevicesrevolveevenlysufficientlyforlong.
The duration of this rotation will be determined by time the demagnetizations of permanent magnets.
Moreover,theusefulenergytheygenerateisprettysmallandthatswhytheydonothaveanycommercial
valuesofar.
In order to get rid of this deficiency in the permanent magnets, it is necessary to replace them with
electromagnets. However, this immediately requires additional energy for the forming of electromagnetic
field and the idea of perpetual motion machine disappears. But the idea of the reduction of energy
consumptionfor thedriveoftherevolvingbody remainsanditalreadyhasversionsofitsrealization [2].
In first approximation, the steadyrotationof the pendulumofFotios* (Fig. 1) can be considered
uniform.Then theangularkineticenergy ofthependulum spheresisequal

mV2 m (wr)2 m (pn r)2


=
=
=
2
2
2 302
.
45,69 (3,14 160 0,51)2
=
= 1666,43
1800
EK =

Joule

(4)

,,
,
Sincependulumrevolvesevenly,thenits kineticenergy,producedineachsecond, isequal to
mechanical shafthor sepowerofthependulum
P =EK / t = EK /1c= P = 1666,43 .

(Bm=Watt)

.1.
Fig.1.schematicofthependulum of Fotios* (*FotiosMiltiadisChalkalis)
1.

,
,
,

,
,
,./
,
,,

,
.,
,

R=1,12

L= 2pR= 7,03
l =2 0,03= 0,06
S = L/ l = 7,03/0,06= 116,67
45,69
r =0,51
160

P =U I = 24 17= 408B
PC = P/ S = 408/(116,67)= 3,5 .

EK =1666,43
P = EK / c= 1666,43
1666,43/3,5=476,13

(5)

Table1.basicparameters ofthependulum of Fotios* andtheresultsofcalculatingitsenergy effectiveness

Themomentoftheinertiaofthespheresofpendulum isequal
I =2mr2 = 2 45,69 (0,51)2 = 23,772

(6)

,
[6], [7], [8], [9].
,,,
160/ 4 .

Itisevidentwiththesurveyofcompletevideoabouttheworkofthispendulumthattheauthorincreaseshis
revolutionstothegivenvaluegradually [of 6],[7], [8], [9].Butif heimmediatelyassignedtheparameters of
voltageandcurrent,whichfeedtheelectromotor,whichsetsintorotationthefrictiondiscs,thenthetimeof
an increase in the revolutions of pendulumto 160 rotations/min would be near 4 seconds. Then fromthe
kinematiclawoftheacceleratedrotation ofthependulum

w =

p n
30

= e t

(7)

wefindthevalueofitsangularacceleration

e =

3,14 160
= 4,187 / 2 .
30 4

(8)


,
If weconsideronlyinertial momentofresistancetotheacceleratedrotation ofthespheresofpendulum,then
itwillbeequal
MC = I e = 23,770 4,187= 99,52H.
(Nm)
(9)

In thiscasetheangleofrotation ofpendulum duringitsacceleratedrotationisequal

a = e t = 4,187 4 = 16,75
.

(10)

, ,

Theenergy,spentontheacceleratedrotationofpendulum,isequaltokineticenergyofitsuniform
rotation

E = M a = 99,52 16,75= 1666,90

Joule

(11)

,
,
.
, ,
, ,
U=24B I=17A (. 1). ,
,P=UxI=24x17=408 [6].
Wefocusattention on thefactthatwedidnotconsidermechanicalandaerodynamicrotationalresistancesof
pendulum in the phase of its accelerated rotation, since they the minimum are by an order less than the
inertial momentofresistance.
Theauthorofpendulum reports thattheinstruments,whichrecordedtheexpenditureofelectricpowerfor
therotationofthefrictiondiscs(drivingsystem),whichtransferredthepulsesofmomentumstopendulum,
showed U=24v and I=17A (table 1). This means that the primary power supply realized power to the
nourishmentofelectromotors, equal P=UxI=24x17=408Watt[6].
, ,
L= 2pR= 7,03, , ,
l =2 0,03= 0,06. , ,

6
, S=L/l=7,03/0,06=116,63. ,
,,
The overall length of circle, through which were transferred the mechanical impulses to pendulum, was
equal L= 2pR= 7,03(meters)whileoverallarclength,withwhichthefrictiondiscscontacted,itwas
equal l =2 0,03= 0,06.(meters) Hence it follows that the duty ratio of the mechanical impulses,
which revolve the pendulum, is equal S=L/l=7,03/0,06=116,63. It is completely natural that the average
valueofthemechanical pulse,realizedto thedriveof thependulum,isequal
PC =408 /S= 408/116,63= 3,5 .

Bm =Watt

(12)

, ,,3,5
. 1666,43/3,5=476
. (4083,5=404,5 )
,.
,
,.,
,,,
. ,
,.

,

. ,

, ,
.,
(.1).
(.2).
Thus,thecleanelectricalpower,realizedtotherotationofthependulumofFotios*,isequalto3,5watts.It
into 1666,43/3,5=476 of times is less than the mechanical shaft horsepower of the revolving pendulum.
Entireremainingpower(4083,5=404,5Watt)realizestotheidlingofthelongrunningoftwoelectromotors,
whichrevolvetheflywheels.
According to the law of conservation of energy, it is IMPOSSIBLE that the system has more output
energy,thanattheentrance(thaninput). Thedescribedexperimentclearlyshowsthatmechanical energy on
theshaftoftherevolvingpendulum of Fotios*,isrepeatedlymorethan theenergy,spentonitsrotation, i.e.
,thereismorethantheinputenergyintothemechanicalsystem.Thisissufficientinordertoforget about
theimpossibility ofobtainingtheoutputenergy of themechanical system morethan attheentrance.
Tothe lawofconservationofenergyis indifferentthepossibilityofusingtheadditionalenergyforour
needs,thereforetheexperimentofFotios*unambiguouslyprovestheinaccuracyofthelawofconservation
ofenergy initsexistingformulation andrevealstheneedfor therefinementofthisformulation.
Ifwe perpetual motion machine consider the mechanicaldevice, which eternally manufactures additional
energy,whichcanbeusedforourneeds,thentheneedfortheanalysisoftherealizationofthispossibility
appears. Let us carry out this analysis, using the already existing experimental results of the tests of the
pendulum of Fotios*(Fig.1).For thisletussimplify itsdiagram (Fig.2).

.2.
Fig.2.schematicofthesimplifiedpendulum ofFotios*
,,(.2),
,
Atthemoment,when theloadof thependulum of Fotios*,occupiesupperposition (Fig.2),ithaveitstored
uppotential energy,equal
EP =mg 2r = 45,69 9,81 1,02= 457,18 Joule

(13)

, r =0,51 .
, , , (. 3).
. mg
MP ,
However, load descends not strictly vertically, but in the circle with a radius of r =0,51 m. As a result
gravitationalforce,whichactson theload,formsthemoment,whichrevolvespendulum (Fig.3).Letustake
as the reference point A. then in the position B the force of gravity of load mg it will form the active
workingmoment MP ,whichrevolvesthependulum

MP =mgr sin wt .

(14)

,
,
,,[1].
In theinterval ABCtheloadwill revolvequicklyand,inaccordancewith theprincipleofmechano
dynamics,atany pointinthetrajectory ofincreasingmotion atthegiveninstantthesum ofthemomentsof
forces,whichacton it,willbeequal tozero[1].

8
MP -Mi - MC = 0 .

(15)

.3.
Fig.3.phasesoftherotarymotion oftheload ofthependulum
()
,(.3)
In thephaseofincreasingmotion (ABC)potential energy ofloadgeneratesthemechanical energy on the
shaftofpendulum,equal (Fig.3)
p

EP = mgrsinwt = pmgr = 3,14 45,70 9,811,02= 1436

Joule

(16)

,, MP ,
, , ,
,,.
Itiscompletelynatural thatafterpointC,theactivemoment MP ,generatedbytheforceofgravity ofload,
willbecomeequal tozero,butloadwillcontinueitsmotionin thecircle,astheyspeakby theinertia,andthe
phaseofitsdelayedrotation,whichisdescribedbyinequality,willbegin.
M C >Mi .(17)
, (4),
.
160/,
,

9
Certainly, ifthependulumdidnothavethereserveofkineticenergy(4),thenloadwould notreachupper
point A and would stopp. The difference between the kinetic energy of load in the conditional uniform
rotationwiththefrequencyof160RPM andthepotentialenergy,realizedbyitineachrevolution,willbe
equal

DE= EK - EP = 1661- 1436= 225

(Joule)

(18)

, , 1666,
, MC Mi .
,,
.4.160/,
,1666.
,
(. 4) (. 3, B)
(EK =1666 )
EP =1436 (.4),(.3,D)
.
Ifwe do not supplement, stored up kinetic energy, equal1666 J, then load will start up slowly, since the
momentofresistingforces MC torotationismorethaninertialmoment Mi .
Thegraphofthechange intheenergyofthependulumofFotios* inonerevolution, itispresentinthe
form,shown in Fig.4. ifweconsider therotationofpendulumuniformwiththe frequencyof160RPM,
thenon its shaft will constantly be present kinetic energy, equal1666 J. The changing value ofpotential
energyof loads,willperiodicallyincreaseanddecreasethekinetic energyofthependulum(Fig.4) inthe
phaseofincreasingmotion (Fig.3,intervalABC)theconstantlybeingpresentkineticenergy ontheshaft
of pendulum (EK =1666 Joule)will obtain solid addition (EP =1436 Joule) (Fig. 4), and in the
phaseof thedelayedmotion (Fig.3,interval CD A) totakeaway thesameaddition.

.4.

10
Fig.4.Changeoftheenergieoftheload ofthependulum ofFotios* in theinterval ofitsonerevolution

, 1666
, , .
, ,
(.1).
, , ,
.
. ,
, ,
.
,.

[5].
, .
.
, .
,
[4].
.
, , ,
,(3),,

Thus, on the shaft of the pendulum will be present constantly 1666 J of kinetic energy, which must be
supplemented,otherwisependulumwillstop.Completionoccursduetotheadditionalmechanicalimpulses,
generatedbythefrictiondiscs(flywheelsofthedrivingsystem),whicharegivenbyelectromotors (Fig.1).
Thus,thependulumofFotios*convincinglyproves,thatoutputenergyfromthesystem,canbeconsid
erably morethaninputenergy.Thesameresultsareobtainedalsowith electromotorgenerator testing.Hence
it followsthat apartoftheoutputenergyfromthe systemcan beused forthechargingofprimarypower
supply, mainlystoragebattery,andremainingpart totheusefultechnologicalprocess.Thepossibilityto
developnottheeternal,butanindependentpower supply ofenergy with theprolongedperiodofserviceasa
result appears. This will lead the attention of scientists on to focusing on the development of the
independentpowersuppliesofenergy andthegradual switchingoftheattention oftheinventors ofperpetual
motionmachinetoanincreaseintheeconomy oftheindependentpowersuppliesof energy [5].
Scientistspaylittleattentiontotheanalysisoftheperpetualmotionmachines,createdbynature.
SuchengineisourmotherEarth.ThelawsofNewton'sdynamicsexcludethepossibilityofcalculatingof
inertial moment and inertial force, which move our planet around the sun. The new laws of mechano
dynamicsmakeitpossibletodeterminetheorbitalinertialmoment,whichwasreportedtoourplanetatthe
momentofitsgeneration [4].Andstill revolvesitaroundthesun,untilnow,in completeagreementwith the
newlawsofmechanodynamics.Sinceintheuniversetherearenoresistingforces,equivalenttothosethat
gravity ofplanet, is born in the field, or they are immeasurably less, the inequality (3), that controls the
rotation ofbodiesin thefieldofgravity,becomessimilar
M i >>> MC .

(19)

Mi ,
.

11
Thenewlawsofmechanodynamicsmakeitpossibletodeterminetheinertial moment,whichrevolvesour
theEarth relativeto thesun.Kineticenergy oftheorbital rotation oftheEarth isequal
m V2 6,0 1024 (2,98 104)2
EK = 0 =
= 2,664 1033 . Joule
(20)
2
2
,
,,,
Itiscompletely natural thatkineticenergy ofourplanetin theorbital movementfor onesecondgenerates
thepower,numerically equal,itskineticenergy,i.e.,
P = EK = 2,664 1033 /= 2,664 1033 . (Watt)

(21)

w = 1,99 10-7 /,
,,
Sincetheangularorbital speedoftheEarth isequal,theorbital inertialmoment,whichrevolvestheEarth
around thesun,isequal
Mi =

P 2,6641033
=
= 1,34 1040 .
-7
w 1,9910

(Nm)

(22)

R=1,5 1011,,
Takingintoaccountaradiusoforbit,wefindtheinertialforce,whichmovestheEarth alongtheorbit,
M 1,34 1040
Fi = i =
= 8,93 1028 H
(Newton)
(23)
R 1,5 1011
. .
,, [3].
Inthemicrocosmalsothereareeternallyrevolvingparticles.Mainthingof themproton.Itrevolvesinthe
atomicnuclei,itispossibletosay,eternally [3].

,,
. ,
,
.

CONCLUSION
The gravitational forces of our planet, generate resisting forces, which unambiguously exclude the
possibility of designing of eternal mechanical engine. However, in conjunction with the magnetic forces
theyformconditionsfordevelopingnottheeternal,butveryeconomicalindependentpowersuppliesofen
ergy.

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