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Cisco Expo

2010

Cisco ASR 1000


,
, ivasilie@cisco.com
Cisco Systems
CCIE No.: 19895


Cisco ASR 1000
-
- ASR 1013
-

Cisco ASR 1000


-

RP ESP
Cisco Quantum Flow Processor



QoS

Cisco IOS XE
-
-
- ISSU

Presentation_ID

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Cisco Confidential

- Cisco ASR 1000


Cisco ASR 1000 -

2RU/4RU/6RU
5/10/20 Gbps
AC/DC

//

Cisco ASR 1000 -



QoS

Cisco ASR 1000 ,



SP/Enterprise
BNG (BRAS, LAC, LNS)
IPSec
PE/MSE
CPE
Presentation_ID

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Cisco ASR 1000


6 RU
4 RU

2 RU

SPA Slots
# ESP
# RP
# SIP
IOS
1G

()

3-slot

8-slot

12-slot

1
RP1
SIP10G

4
3.5 (2RU)
5-10 Gbps
4-8 Mpps
Front to Back
470

1
1
2

7 (4RU)
10-20+ Gbps
8-16+ Mpps
Front to Back
765

2
2
3

10.5 (6RU)
10-20+ Gbps
8-16+ Mpps
Front to Back
1275


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Cisco ASR 1013


ASR 1013
Cisco ASR 1013
13RU

- RP
- ESP
-


- RP2/RP3 ESP40G/ESP80G,


- 6 I/O , 24 HH SPA,
360 !


- Cisco ASR 1006 PEM
( )

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Cisco ASR 1000


Cisco ASR 1013

ESP-40G

SIP-40G

40G

40G

SPA 4

- 1400 10

128

- IMX 7

Front-to-Back

QFP 1

Freescale MPC8548E

TCAM 40

ASR 1006, ASR 1013

256
Intel Wolfdale Dual Core 1.86 GHz
8
ASR 1006, ASR 1013

Presentation_ID

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Cisco Confidential

Cisco ASR 1000


SPA
SPA

1
SIP

SIP

0/0
0/2

ESP

0/1
0/3

0
0

1
ESP
0

RP

Cisco ASR1004

RP

Cisco ASR1006

ESP

SPA

Cisco ASR1002
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RP
Route Processor RP1 RP2



STRATUM-3

( )

RP1

RP2

1.5 GHz Freescale 8548

Dual-Core Intel Xeon 2.66 GHz

2GB 4GB

8GB 16GB

IPv4

1,000,000

256,000

IPv6

4,000,000

1,000,000

CON/AUX/ETH

CON/AUX/ETH

40HDD

80HDD


HDD
. USB

Presentation_ID

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ESP

Embedded Service Processor ESP5G, ESP10G, ESP20G, ESP40G



( QFP )

,
(BQS), QoS
- SPA
- : input shaping, reassembly ( ),
replication RP
(ESI)

midplane

- QFP
- ,
QFP ESI

FECP QFP, ,

midplane .. ..

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ESP

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ESP-5G

ESP-10G

ESP-20G

ESP-40G

5Gbps

10Gbps

20Gbps

40Gbps

QFP 20

QFP 40

QFP 40

QFP 40

900 MHz

900 MHz

1.2 GHz

1.2 GHz

~ 1Gbps

3 Gbps

8 Gbps

10 Gbps


QFP

256 MB

512 MB

1GB

1GB

64 MB

128 MB

256 MB

256 MB

TCAM

10 MB

10 MB

40 MB

40MB

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10

Cisco Quantum Flow Processor


Packet Processing Engine
40
4 ( )
; 160

TCAM4 I/F; 1-4


C :

1.2 GHz Tensilica ISA DRAM

flow-locks, lookup, stats, police, range
lookup, crypto

Packet
Processor

QFP/BQS Buffer/Queue Subsystem


3 (min, max
excess)
HQF

BQS Traffic Manager

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11

SIP

SPA Interface Processor SIP10G, SIP40G


SPA
- 4 SPA
- 4 HH SPA, 2 FH SPA 2 HH SPA + 1 FH SPA
- (OIR)


- , ESP
QoS

- ( )
- : ( ) ,
ESP . SIP10G 128 , SIP40G
256

clock distribution

midplane, OIR ( ), SPA

Presentation_ID

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12


Ethernet SPA

FE

48

TX

HH

GE

2, 5, 8

SFP

HH

GE

10

SFP

FH

10GE

XFP

HH

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13


ATM POS SPA

OC-3/STM-1 POS

2, 4, 8

SFP

HH

OC-12/STM-4 POS

1, 2, 4, 8

SFP

HH

2,4

SFP

HH

OC3/STM1 ATM

1,3,8

SFP

HH

OC12/STM4 ATM

SFP

FH

CHOC12/DS0

SFP

FH

OC192-POS

XFP

FH

OC-48/STM-4 POS

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14

Serial Channelized SPA


(4XT)

HH

T1/E1

HH

T3/E3

24

HH

T3

24

HH

OC-3/STM-1

SFP

HH

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15

Cisco ASR 1000



RP Route Processor
- (control-plane)
-

ESP Embedded Service


Processor
- (forwardingplane)

SIP SPA Interface Processor


-

SPA Shared Port Adapter


- ,


-
ESP

Presentation_ID

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16

Cisco ASR 1000


EOBC Ethernet Out-Of-Band Channel
-

-

- Watchdog
- ,
.. ..
RP ESP

I2C
-

- active/standby
- RP (reset,

power down, interrupt)


- EEPROM

SPA Control Links


- IOCP SPA
- SPA OIR ( )
- EEPROM SPA

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Cisco Confidential

17

ESP5G

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18

ESP10G

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19

ESP20G

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20

SIP40G

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21

SIP40 ESP40

ASR 1013

4 5 ASR 1013 ESI SIP10


Presentation_ID

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22

ESP
ESP10

ESP -

,
(.. 10G
ESP10G)
5G
5G

QFP

5G

1G

5G

2G

5G unicast
5+5=10

5G
6G

QFP

1G

6G

1G

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2G

10G
QFP

1G

1G multicast , 10
1G unicast
(10+1=11) 10G


Presentation_ID

QFP

1G multicast , 8
2G unicast
8+2=10G

5G

5G unicast & 6G unicast


(5+6=11) 10G

8G


Cisco Confidential

23

SIP40 QoS



- : low- high-priority
- 802.1P, IPv4 TOS, IPv6 TC, MPLS
EXP
- (TOS, EXP, CoS = 6,7)
high-priority
- /
VLAN

ESP
- : Weighted Fair Queuing
- minimum BW weight
( minimum rate High priority
)
- Excess BW
weight


- (line rate)
- : High/Low priority
- 128MB SIP40
- (ENET
PAUSE) (

High-priority )

Presentation_ID

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24

QoS

VLAN QoS
EF AF4
bandwidth remaining ration
interface GigabitEthernet 1/1/0.1
service-policy output Parent
...
EF

interface GigabitEthernet 1/1/0.1000


service-policy output Parent

AF4
AF1

VLAN

default

Physical
Interface
EF
AF4
AF1
default

Presentation_ID

VLAN

policy-map Child
class ef
priority level 1
police 128000
class af4
priority level 2
police 1000000
class af1
bandwidth remaining ratio 9
class class-default
bandwidth remaining ratio 1
!
policy-map Parent
class class-default
bandwidth remaining ratio 1
shape average 1500000
service policy Child

SIP
Physical
Interface

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25

Priority Propagation


(PQ)

EF
AF4
AF1

- Priority Level 1
- Priority Level 2 Priority Level
1

def

Port
EF
AF4

Priority Propagation

VLAN

VLAN

SIP

AF1
def

Port

- Priority Propagation?
- , ()

Priority Queueing + Priority Propagation =


- policer
- policer

Presentation_ID

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Cisco Confidential

26

Quality of Service ASR 1000



- Precedence, DSCP, MPLS EXP, 802.1p, FR-DE,
ACL, packet-length, NBAR, FPM
- : TCAM


- Precedence, DSCP, MPLS EXP, 802.1p, FR-DE,
discard-class, qos-group
- : QFP

Policing
- 1 rate 3 color, 2 rate 3 color, percent-based
policing
- L2 overhead ( Ethernet - 14
( src mac, dst mac, type )
- : QFP

WRED

- - : 64K ESP5, 128K


ESP10 ESP20,
(RP, crypto
engine)
- : Max
rate, min rate, excess weight
- 2
- ( 5) QoS
- , 100ms
(64/128/256MB ESP5/10/20)
- : QFP (QTM)

Shaping
- token bucket
L2 overhead ( Ethernet - 14 (
src mac, dst mac, type )
- shape average peak
- : QFP (QTM)

- Precedence, DSCP, discard-class


- : QFP
Presentation_ID

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27

Cisco IOS XE

Route Processor

IOS XE = IOS + IOS XE Middleware +


Platform Software

- CLI
IOS
IOS Linux


(, SNMP, CLI ..
..)
32 64
Linux

-
-
- ISSU Software

IOS
12.2SR
IOS XE Middleware
Chassis
Manager

Forwarding
Manager

Interface
Manager

Kernel

Control Messaging

SPASPASPASPA
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Interface
Manager

Chassis
Manager

QFP
Forwarding
Manager

Chassis
Manager

RP Failover
Kernel
- <50ms ESP Failover
-
Presentation_ID

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SPA
Interface Processor
Cisco Confidential

Kernel
Embedded
Services Processor
28

Cisco IOS XE

Kernel
- Linux, CPU (RP, FECP, IOCP)
, , IPC

IOS
-
- CLI , SNMP .. ..
- , PPPoE .. ..
- IOS ,

Chassis Manager
-
; OIR (active/standby)

Forwarding Manager
- FIB RP ESP, RP
ESP

QFP Client/Driver
- QFP

SPA Driver
- SPA

Presentation_ID

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29

Cisco IOS XE


IOS

IOS
Active

IOS
Standby

IOS XE

ISSU

IOS
Active

IOS
Standby

IOS XE

Cisco ASR 1000


( )

2
ISSU

IOS

IOS

IOS
Standby

IOS
Active

IOS XE

Cisco IOS


Cisco IOS CLI

OpEx,

Presentation_ID

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30

Cisco IOS XE -

RP Route Processor
- (control-plane)
-

ESP Embedded Service


Processor
- (forwardingplane)

SIP SPA Interface Processor


-

SPA Shared Port Adapter


- ,


-
ESP

Presentation_ID

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31

Cisco IOS XE


IOS

IOS
Active

IOS
Standby

IOS XE

ISSU

IOS
Active

IOS
Standby

IOS XE

Cisco ASR 1000


( )

2
ISSU

IOS

IOS

IOS
Standby

IOS
Active

IOS XE

Cisco IOS


Cisco IOS CLI

OpEx,

Presentation_ID

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32

Cisco IOS XE



Cisco
ASR 1000

RP
RPBase: RP OS
RPControl: ,
IOS

RPIOS
RPAccess:

: 2
.
SSH SSL ,

(RPAccess RPAccess-K9)

7
()

Cisco IOS XE
,

,
ISSU In
Service Software Upgrade

Cisco ASR 1000,
7 ,

Presentation_ID

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SIP
SIPBase: SIP OS +
SIPSPA: SPA FPD (SPA FPGA )
ESP
ESPBase: ESP OS + +
CPP //

+ ROM Monitor: ROM Monitor ,


ROMMON RP, ESP, SIP (
)

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33

Cisco IOS XE
consolidated package sub-package
IOS XE
Consolidated Package
Sub-Package
Consolidated Package

Sub-Package

Consolidated-package

Consolidated-package
. sub-packages
consolidated-package. RP
sub-package

sub-package

Bootfalsh,
USB TFTP

Bootflash

, SIPBASE,
ESPBASE SIPSPA,
RP.

ISSU

Consolidated-package
, RP
ESP, SIP/SPA

Presentation_ID

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34

Cisco IOS XE In Service Software Upgrade


RPBase

RPControl

ASR1002-F/ASR 1002/ASR 1004

ASR1006

Linux
.

RP
RP

RP. .

ISSU

ISSU
RP

RPAccess

ISSU

ISSU
RP

RPIOS

ESPBase

ISSU ,
dual mode

RP
RP

, IOS

RP.


(, NAT ,
, Firewall .. ..),
.


(, NAT , ,
Firewall .. ..),
ESP.
.

, .
.

SIPSPA

SIPBase

- < 50ms; RP

SPA ,
SPA .

SPA ,
SPA .

SPA

SIP

SIP ,
SIP .

SIP ,
SIP .

SIP

SIP

Presentation_ID

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35

Presentation_ID

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Presentation_ID

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